Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 20, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 20, 1855 Page 2
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TJic RcrrallliiK In the Unites! H'atei. TO TBS ntTLI OK THE UNITED STATES. Pbjenm a? u KamwiMI?The newspapers in *??? of the AtUniie cities of the 1'iii'ed States have, of lute, teemed with articles hsvng re'ereu-e to British recruit ing in tliii couutry in winch it has been throughout as sumed thit her Britannic Majesty's agents were doing awnething which they had not a right to do, aud la vio lation of your laws. It is due to the government and people of the United ftates, and to all the parth<s concerned, tbsl this matter aliould be tsiily understood. It i? duo to those who may ib-sire to fate service un<ier the British erosn that they should understand it. A few brief expl uiations may, Uierefote t>e useful at the ptvsent moment. The British Parliament pas-ed, a low months ago, ?what is called the Foreign Knlis'ment Act. By this act, her Majesty's go' ernnieut was empowered to raise, either In England or vises liers, a Foreign legion, to serve with the Briti-h artny abroad, under the same rulos an 1 regu lations?the officers and men to be entitled to the same jmv and allowances as those received by British tro -pa. Parliament I presume, had a right to nass this law, wnS be Queen to givu her as*ent to it. British Miuinters have the same right t > act upon it which the American Fecn-mry ef Suite bad to draw into the army whith con quered Mexico, English. Irish, and rjcetchuien, French meu. Poles, and Hungarians. A few weeks ago His Excellency the lieutenant Gover nor of Neva Scotia, Sir John i.aspard l/e Marcha-it, was duly empowered to raise, in Halifax, the capital of Urn Province wliich he governs, regiments to be incorporated hito the Foreign Legion. Sir Gas paid is hiuisel a'sol dier, the son of that General lo Marohant who won the battle of Salamauca by the splendid cavalry charge which Napier so spiritedly records. Sir Garpard his ssen much service, and is the old companion in arms of General Str De 1-acy Fvans, under whom he served as Adju ant Geuorsl in Spain. Instructions, lui.sed on an Act of Parliament, and to be executed within the limits of territory, it la quite apparent that Sir Gaspard was bound to carry smt. Be did so, in no fur'ive or disguised manner, bu ixi that straigttorward lend manly style which best com ports with his character and that of the Government which he represents He issued a pa Vic notilic.i'ion of the nature of his instructions and. intentions, expressed hi tbe following terms:? MEN WANTED FOB ITER MAJESTY'S SERVICE. I'ltovisi ial SsntBTARv's Omcs, | Eiur.ll, Nova Scotia. March 15, IS55. _ Tbe Ideutenant-Qovernor of Nova Sco'la having been ein Siwereil to embody a Foreign Legion, and <o raise British eglnuiiis for service In ihe Frovin-os or abro id, Notice Is hereby given. Hew able bodied men, between the ages ot nine Veen ami tor1 y. on applying at the depot at II ibtax wi I "?<!( ? Receive a bounty of id stoibug, equal t-1 5>'-0; and, on being enrolled Will receive Jh per month, with the clothing, quarters, and other advantages to which British soldiers are ou'"led. Preference w ill be given to men who have alrcvdy sesn service. Tlie perloil of enlistment will he fbr three or live years, at the option of tbe Priti-li govvrnwianl. Ollieers *bo have served will be eligible for commissions. Oenileuieii who wish u> come luto the Province, wot please Judge their uames. rink, date of service. Ac., at this mfl n. Persons who serve if the Foreign Leglou will, on the expira tion u! their term, bo entitled to a free passage to America, or to the country 01 ihelr birth 1 actions or gratuities, for distinguished services in the field, will be given. Nova Boo Ian andothe" shipmasters who may Urine Into this Provinoe poor men. willing to scive Her M ajesty, will he en tilled to receive tht cost of a passage, for each man shipped (ruin Philadelphia New Y- rk. nr Boston, itv command. LEWIS M. WILKIN'S. Provincial Secretary. Mow 1 think it will puzzle the most a dent enemy of Creat Britain, the most jealous stickler for the hon >r ?ni peaceful relatl >n* of this country, to find fault witu any thing done by the British government, or by the Lieu tenant-Governor of Nova Scotia. 8o fer, it sill he perceived that neither hsvn done any thing which it Was not tight to do, nr any ac b yon 1 the boundaries of the Itiitjsh empire. When advorilasineats Are published in this country recruits for the Amei 1 epn army, who question; tlij right of your olflcars to issue them? Who complains if they find their way all over the world? V ho stops to inquire to what Ration th< recruits 1-ei 'ngV Who attempts t, i prevent persjm wanting to enlist from leaving the British Islands or provinces, or France, or Germany, t> com" li?ro for Xhat purpose? Who would think of preventing p -or xnrn, without arms, noi'her enlisted nor enrolled, hut intending to take service abroad, from leav ing Mam ho-ter or Liverpool, nr Liverpool or Glasgow lor tho United Elates? I quite admit that it would oe another matter if any attempt wn-o toad" to organize and arm men in the British dominions for shiurnent abrcad,or for aggve-sivn or intrusion oaa friendly I'ower. That would not he permitted in England, and I tru-it it never will be pernor'cd again by the people of this coun try, although men fully armed and organized, have some times most unacconnahly been thrown across the fron tier, without pn during half'ho excitement in the United Stales that bis been < sured by the appeai atiee of a single BrttLib American gent lem in at a fashionable hotel In N -* "York. So fur I trust that I hsvo mad* it ve-y plain that no Violation!! of the laws of this eountryjhave been com nlttad by her Majesty's government, or oy the Lieutenant-Go vernor ot Nova Scotia. Th"ir acts have been le ;al and aonstituti rial, and in strict accordance with the Iritioily aelatious viUich B'ibslst botwi-eu two great natlmi. tVt ?an afford to respect eoch other, ami each others law, whatever tin ir by-gone . tlfcrences may have heeu But theie is an,ther explauatiou waich i ought t ) give, in all fairness When it is givon I tru^r hat th? American people ami tlieir authori leu, general anil local. Will perceive how little there is to complain of, and how ??reasonable and ungi nerous has been the clamor raised upon this subject. A number of letters had been sent in to the Imperi il nnd I'roviiuial authorities, from Bri i-di oifl ers. from foreign officers, anil trom otlie - gentlemen rest liug in ft is country, who tithe r had seen or weie desirous of seeing service, irouie of i heee gentlemen not onlystitod their own desire to j in a (iveign legion, but expressed the opinion that great numbers of persons, foml of Ite excitement of military life, or thrown out of employ ment by the depressed .-ta'e of comme.cial aflUirs in tuts ?Ouctry, wo ilei followr their example. These voluntiry tilfurs of service neither the British government nor t'ir Gnspard 1st Merchant iovllocL T iey were made by people lit iug in tbis country, who a ipp wed that their swum were their own, and that they ha 1 a right to go out of the I'nlted States as freely u t ier came into them; who were under the i.o jre--ion th even before the passage of the Keciprocity tre ity, tin y might have gone into the lirili-h Provinces to enllsf wf'li no more violation of the 1 iws of this count ry than if they had gone to get a wife, to buy a barrel of tntckerei, or a cargo of potatoes. If these impressions were natural on their parts, what m?uc natural than that the Lieutenant Gov truor of N'ov.t Ecotia should select a person, in whim he hid ennfidnn ?*, to come into the United States to i-co-lai i whether tho?e offer-ot service-ere made in g??l faith: whether the parties wei e gent" men of g sul character, of capacity a id experience; and whether there was any foundation fir their belief that a largo number of the unempl ,y; 1 class.-! here were diai osed to j' In the H itisli arnty ? Sure.Iy his Kxcelb-ncy ho 1 a right to do tbl*, and the pors m so se lected hud a right to comr. 1s t us hope that lie his die charted his very delicate duties witli the common sense and discretion of a gentleman. it. must be confessed, however, th it th" duties were delicate. The person to whom tbey wero coulid 31 thought that he was doing n dliiug very U-iuou . lie Hved in an open and public in..nner?saw anybody wu > nailed to ?re him?and explained frankly to such officers and o her gentlemen as had made ten lers of their ser vices, that rir (ia pa d le Manhunt wis now empowered to accept them upon their lei ig renewed to lit u w.lhin the boundaries of his owu Province. Nor did Nadu guise the expression of his implicit belief that auy num ber ut able-bodied men would be ear .lle l In Nova Ajiti.i, In the tern s of ibe advertisement signed by the Provincial h'ecictary; that any merchants seading, or shipmasters tailing, st< erage passengers to II.i ti'u :. might rely la Illicitly on the l.on r and good f,,ith of tlie lirilisii g iveru merit. If a gentleman IV. m North America cann d say and do all 'hi. in the United States, then what ciu ho nay and do? All this, I presume, was done snd said. If anything more was done and said, in ignorance or iu viola Jon of the laws of the 1 oiled States, I nm not going to dele-id it. What I sue j cut. however,' is. that a go si dual lias b n done and said by un.iutho.tsed tier-ons having m ire zeal than discretion, by rascals suit to defeat the object; by ?pies and Informers?"rested, as all such person.- should he treated, with perfect unrc owe. But lot us look at this matter from another point oi view. The profession of arms is an honontblap-utessinu, and has, since the earliest ages, presented to ttia young and active irrc istible attractions. Again, the veteran soldier is rarely, after a certain peri m1 content witli any other mode of life. Shull it he said, then, th?t republican America will deny to her own sons tue right, if so dis posed, In see n little of (lie world, aid to win ci (iu-tion in the civilized armies of Europe? Stall it be said tint when an old soldier drifts, by i he accidents of life, or with the storms of ren lu'lou, within the chinned circle of this republic, he must never serve even his < pa country again l That " who enters here must shut out hop.*"? must give up ambition, allegiance country, (lie pride o. race, the noblest feelings of our nature ? O il forbid. Would you deny to a Frenchman the privil" ?* of Join the gallant twied who ia the Crlinsi are illuitr.iting the gaiety and valor of liia nation? Would you restrain ? Bole or a Hut ingaiian from Hfiing his sw ?rd agai isl the Northern despot whoselronhsn had prostrate! th 'liberty of his country? Agiln 1 * ly, find forbid ! I thinli more highly of the American character. 1 have m ire reliance ?pun the elasticity snd freedom of yourln-tilution-. On the cau-es of the present war 1 do not wish to dvell?nor on i's management, which we may assume to have been defective. But look at the magnificent battle of Alma?at the splendid charge of the Scotch Greys and V-nnUkillen Dragoons at Balaklava, who statu* ?d tbo hordes oi ilusslan cavalry likechaiT before the win I took Jt the fight of Inkermann, wlo-re eight thou-and n ible follow held their ground for half a day agiinst iu army ?f Billy thousand. Now, -hall It be wild t*iat an English nsan who wi-hes to leave this country, to till a VsCint place among the Col.lstre im t)nards, and keep up th* re nutation of that distinguirbed corps who cr >sso*l their bayonets with the eue uy eleven ilmws in oa- battle ?hall not got bnppo-e that in Irishman sees a v.uiut ?addle In the Ennlskillens, an i thinks that h- ml /1 as well fill it for the re?t ot his Me, with g ,od nay and ra tions, a* to lie sweeping ihe strive** ot Now took h II he not go 1 Suppose that a .iOotclimao, dreaming of tu it thin line of Highland warriors, who u->n the s i o r.i t u Of the world st lUUklivs, dre.atus also tint be might li he had the chance, swell tl?? ran .? of that tin- r -gttaenl and perhaps emulate the example of their leaner, Mr Colin Caniptiell, himself s poor widow's son?Ua I u? not go? Shall not s British Amerlcso, If he de?ir?s to Co i i cross the frontier into ht-own Province, or take In one of bis own ve els, without being csllel u; u to declare whether he d">es not Intend to eali*' w'..?u he get s home ? But above all?shall Fiench, or German, or tlolsteln gentlemen?shall the gentlemen of Hungary an I I'nl ind. thrown out of their true position* by the convul-i <m* of hurope, be condemned forever to teaeli music, or fen trig, or dancing, for a Uv< lit. -vi, wheu hoQ" able servi in is offered to them in the pr ifeselons to which they we-e hrwd. when *heir rank ?? officers, and the socl il distio tions te whleh tbey hsvo been acrnstomed, are again witiitn their reach1 tshall the-e gentlemen not he freo to go into Nova Heotla, if so di*j,nse.|? An I if tliey do, ?nd many of them have gone who can prereot their countrymen, who have fought under their banners s'l I have confidence in their leaderships, from following their example? ^ Barely, en rely, It has not come to this, tha' th* United Plate* are to be converted into a great eel pot that lets e erybodj ia hut nobody out, % tUat a ring feuce is to b? msde round Uncle team's farm, so conti ivod that, though ? 11 the produce of the farm cm go abr ad, the Ubore-s cannot, .til this is too ridiculous to be supposed possi ble, and yet come people are sanguine enough to hope tl at it will turn out to be true. I >lo not believe it; 1 have too high an opinion of the intelligence and common sense of the American people? too much reliance upon the free spirit which pervades their institutions to believe this possible. let. the ques tion be fai'ly staled in any drawing room iu Boston, Mew York, or Philadelphia, and every American la ly would say?" l*t them go !" Sta'e it fairly to the democracy of any large cl?y of the Union, in their wildest moment of exci'emeut. and the people would say?"Let thorn go." Put the question tn any g.lUnt regiment of rille-.nen In Kentucky cr Tennessee, and I tnu-Ti mi take the charac ters ofllie men if the answer would not be?'? Let them go 1 have the honor to be, with great respect, your obedient servant, A BRIflhH AMLKICAN. The Wnr and the New York Merchants, SI'KCIAL HKKT1NO OK TDK CHAUUKR OK COMMERCE | IN HKKKKBNOE TO THR ACTION OP TUB BKlTIdH CONSUL IN mZlKGI TUB BARK MAURY. A special meeting of the Chamber of Commerce was held yesterday at neon, to tslte action on the seizure of the bark Maury, in October last, on suspicion of being fitted out as a privateer to sail under the Russian (lag, and 1o take such steps as might he deemod necessary to exonerate the owners of that vessel and the Mew York merchants from being engaged in unlawful enterprises. Mr. I'KtjkTuu 1 'Kitit, on taking the chair, explained the object of the meeting. It will be remembered, said h*. that during the month of October last the bark Maury was seized by the United States District Attorney, on complaint of the British Consul, charged with beiug fitted nut as a privateer, to commit depredations on British vessels, under the Russian Hag, and in the pay of that government. Subsequently, the vessel was released after a few days detention, nothing on hoard having been fouad to justify the suspicions of the authorities. The fact of the seizure of the vessel, and the papers le'ating to it, were sent to lord Clarendon, and when Mr. Buchanan called upon him for explanation, lie was sbowu these papers; thereftre, the imputation still rests with the people of Ivigland thit the owners of tho bark Maury are culpable iu this mat ter, and it behooves the merrhiuts of New York to in quire into tho facts and allay the unnecessary irritation that has been excited in the, minds of the people of Kng land, and show that they have no sympathy with lawless enterprises. The Maury, as was well known, was built for the China trude, aud there was nothing in her con struction or equipments to justify the suspicion attached to her; jet while that ffeeliog remains, it leavoi a stain on the commercial community of New Yoik which It should endeavor to wipe out. Mr. i'eiit, ia conclusion, hoped the Board woulo lake immediate action. Musks U. CiiiNNKU. offered the tollowitig preamble and resolution, to test the sense of tho m je'iti; :? Whereas it appears f,*om Information derived from re'lsble sources, tlutthe representation mide to the British govern? ment ret j/eoilntf the lurk Maury which was seized at Litis pottln On obor last, oil eusflc on of being fitted out as a pri vateer to cruise under the Russian flay, is one of the causes wh cli led to the recent bli'h excitement. in Bngl ind; and whereas, It. Is just and proper that the re ?pecta'ilo owners of that vessel Hud this commercial community ah mid bo relieved l"r "t ? ll'1,'i'U'ft^'n needle ,s y throva uptu, there - Resolved, That n rmnmitiea he nppolnted to Inquire Into the r?et? end report the atinie at a subsequent meeilutr of the number, Mr. Ja.TE-t ( rj; wa? of opinion that as thn action of t.hi Chamber would ho made public Immediately, it woul t ha well to give ? sfatemeut of facta connected wi'ti bi,*k Maury, to justify to the public mind 'he passage of tho resolution to investigate by tho Cham be*. Mr. (,Ui.v\EM. pfttd that Home of the facta were ai .toady botoio I he public. In hi." opinion, the cou.-e of tbo Hiiti-li consul wus most unteisonible, and he was blameshle for much of the feeling llsat cxlstod. It w >ul l be usrlc-s 1 i gtvo any facta until the <sOmmi"oe had ro pe r ed then tboy would be legitimately public property The public should know, continued Mr. Orlnuoll and the people of England should know that New York mot chants aie not in the liabit of engaging in unlavful outrrprUet. Mr. Ids was not eonviucvd l'ho action of the Biarl and the lacts Fhoud go together. Mr. Jonx A. Stevens siid that it was well known to tho merchants that the M?nry wus no*, fitted out ftr any piratical excursion. as the owners would not be ongue si in any such nefarious t tan suction, yet the suspicion hid gone f rth. It muRt be that agents of ths IJri' goveu inirt ln this country have Home justification foe what ttcv have done; if not, their action shontd be condemued. All tiie facts, however, should lie knowu before an ex pictsion of opinion * a,, h id on that j oint. Mr. IJvK explained. Ilt> favored tho movement, hut Wan'eu light. He had letters from England which showed tl,e filling there to be one of great alarm After an exj-lunaii m fmra 1ho Chair, Mr. Grinnell's re solution was amended, and carried unanimously, and the following named gentlemen npjminUd to investigate and report, pursuant to ihe icijniremont of the resolution*? Moses H. GrfnneU, K. C. Go slhne, Koyil I'helps, Stuart Brown L. It. Morgan, Geo. Griswold, .John A Stevens James lee, than. H Marshall, Thos. Tlleston. On motion, I'elatiaU Perit, the chairman was added to the committee, after which the Chamber adjourned, Wi?wa? A IT*Irs, TO THE EDITOR OF TOE IIEKALD. c., , , ,. . NOBKOLK, Nov, 17, 1855. hi nee rely believing that you weaver ready to lend vu or powerful aid In the cause of injured justice I en dose lor publication a copy of a letter whio i i recently addressed t?. the Secretary of the Navy and also t!uit official's reply to tiie Hume; they sp<*ak fur themselves. 1 have In on die missed fiom ,,..e Navy, and deprkel of an honorable means of obtaining <? livelihood, without even hiving the small uatisiaction ? t snowing why; and the Secretaiy ol the Navy has npjiroved of the sentence, und ut the trine time in a- ignorant au myself as to Ids reasons tor 'I' jrig' ho. My case |.j ail the more vexatious lor not fo, i i# aloe in any way to discover an approximation to a reason lor the Ii nrd'.s action. Very respectfully, your most obedient servant, JOHN POSEY ilA'X. Nor.soi.K, Nov. 7, 1856. On the 10th of Sep em'er list. I received from you a communication informing roe that In ttoconlance withi thn recommendation of the Ute Naval Retiring Hoard, my name had been dropped from the rolls of the officers of the Navy. Since then my time lias leim ptinchtally occupied in attempting to discover a reason fortius, to me, unex pected result of the Hoard's proceedings, end endeavoring to find future employment lor myself. Not having suc ceeded in the first named object, I Bet down to acknow ledge the receipt of your letter of announcement, to nsk ymi il possible to furnish mo with the re nous for the proceedings ot the Board, so Ear as they aflfect mo, to re count to you wi.1t my -ei vl o has been Mace I enterei the navy, nnd to protest against tho Hoard's action. A glance a' the Nasal Register will show ilia' ray s>a Mcrv.ue compares most favorably with that of my enn lines. I have done duly in all dimes, and have seen sci vice wherever ordered and I believe that I h iveurii Ver ally -.eceived tho approbation of my comrnau^iuar ' ofliC??r?, ?avi? in one cam*. B 1 have iailed *(ih Captains Tat'nail and t'endergrast and lieutenants-Commanding Leo und Hitchcock, and can with pride reier (o them fjr my .pnUdcaUons aud fuborrit ati' n w! list nil ier them. The m ly time thu I have come und-r the bin of tho ? Upl.-a tire of n.y commander wis in tho Pacific, when I was tried by ord?r of Omujodore T. Ap Catchy .lou"?s and by sentence ot court martial, sent homo, iin reach ing the I nltoi Stales 1 was at onco reinslated by Presi dent Taylor, "not as no act of mercy," as he himself, | > cures, but because "lie could not hoc how her mid aot Otherwi.-e." t'u reachlug the I'nite.1 States, Coram slo-o June- was himself eotirf martliled, and the w >rll knows the result, it Is quite tinueeessary for me tirel'orto it here; bis sentence wis a vin.H a!f tiofmy conduct. An t this, nr. Is the orly thing that could ho possibly brought against ire, that I am aw ire ,.r, ail th it .occur rence look place seven years ago! Since th it time I have b. en much at ea; and in the last ship In width I f'"', ' **" P'inclpally in trumental in saving hor from her baaardous position on "Olinda lleef " Young and vigorous, aod willing to ,lo my du y a. all times and under all circumstances I cannot iinff'iw, " "ffjt'pf to re-iit the oppres Mon.,1 these who happened to he placed ovor mo seven years sgo should now bo visited by d.g.-.iling dismi.sal In in the service, and by turning me out upon the world to seek subsistence for me and mine, with no o.her re commendations save that I am a disgraced officer I cannotl submit to this without solemnly pr .testing against the pr-amedings ot the late Hoard, an I without 0 ' that I ?biH u*o r1! I''gn und proper rno im regxiu inj p' fiti- n in fho .-ervic?? und l.y ?ipr.cili tr 'o Onrgress to have this foul stain on mv fair charactor wiped out. I tespectfully request that w.II be pleisol to put tail) letter on fllo in the licpertment. Very respect fully. I mi your obedient servant, JNO. ?'. fI#I,L, Hate Master of the U. S. Vivy To Hon. J. c. 1 Hut mix, .'Secretary of Navy, Wishing tun, l). C. ' , y*vY DKfARTVKvT, Nov, 10, 1855. but?t our letter of the 7th inetant. In whi,*b you re (jiie.,t the I'ej artment to furnish you with tbo reason-* for he pro eed.ngs of the ?.?rd of nWi officer., so far as they fifi? ct y-m. has b?c n reoelTftd. Ill lep.y, I In term too that the Hoard nvirely reporlel, i with the law, the names and rank of the ? llicers who, In their ju lgmm', were affected by it with out assigning any reasons for their action. Your let er ii placed on file. 1 ?ra, respecT'illy. your olwdlant scr J?o. roHTT Hall, late Master U. S. N^. N^rf?',^*. Murine Affkln. TO THE EDITOR OK Tng HERALD. CarE Vki.nE tin.AM*, Sr. Jaoo, Hurt I'rita July <1, 1855. ' , Notwithstanding the prov-rbtwl supp irt and a Mention the mercan'fle navy ol nations In grne-al receive fro n the Cnitcd States ships of war. In whatever they ?re found crnisiog, I am In duty bound, tbrough the medium of your valoahle pa:>er, t> pre-ent to the Gun tnondcr and wdieers of the sloop.of-w*. Virion my in Ml Slreers lhaiks for their very prompt and judicious as elsUnoe render*! to the British bar* (ilessa, of Iy(?j1>n n a sinaing atekc. entering this port on the .list May I.- re w cos'[,l.*telv exhausted by istigue ?f. tlis poaipi and lor the continued {hospitality an 1 kludaen i receive*! from tbcm during their stay in this p irt Th ' I la. *1 jn similar p oltions can lully ap,jre.*U'e tlio ue "r aiirii services, J*r "flirers ao*t crew unite in tic above reutiav-nts. Youii, I'. iNilEH, H?stjr Hark Glean. Fiwr llfTxtwo.?The steamship Doe an Hi-d, Gaptaln ik^cTekT m'" v;k vi? 1 Si- m 1tn#? f,riw u on W4v d?' 'fn^l a! ahawtl ,ni , ,4U', b",rrt*<1 'be ream r.H.H^.r1 '*?' H 'If- itsNbes on board, and Jjft* ii*' U" fM,,t 01 ?'eMph Street, at ?o rlosli, mAkinff tlic p% from th# T^.t tr? thi* r?i ? in iix hours and thirty minutes?.v. o. IM!4L, .Vor. 11. Mil^' Cr,?8'Iy nt */ 11 r* ^nford, at ?t. Haul m ' flr* "D tb- 9th inst. I^s' Our Cincinnati Correspondence. Cincinnati, Oct. 80,1856. Th> Corn Crop Out West?Sowing Wheat?Ohio fMirt? Wade lole Re- Elected to the Senate?Lew. Campbell Wants tc In Speaker of the Homo?Chase a Candidate for Presis dad?Sward Won't Do in Ohio?Henry Ward Bn her' failure Oat W?t?Mrs. (Jove Nichols' free Lore Hoard ing House and New free Love Rook?The "New York Herald" in Cincinnati?A New Drama?Theatrical Items. Some weeks ago apprehension* were generally enter tained that, owing to the greenness of the corn induced by the unusual rains in the months of August and Sep tember, that staple would suffer severely by the fro ^ But the frosts have come and the eorn is unharmed aaj our rich valleys are laden with it as never befor tiic corn crop of the West Is beyond all example _ good and enormous. It appears that the season has, throughout, been extraordinarily far arable, and the grr<an<j planted in corn has produced *11 that it had the c opacity of doing. The quantity of fodder saved is unpre?,<e,ientcj) an,i 0j ex. cellent quality. The copious rains canned an astonish!tig developement of cornstalks and bjades, which make, as the gentlemen i* your agricultural department know, first rate food on which to w\nter "stock." But the wet weather was so continuous as to iajure the autumn pas tures. The grass is rank, but not nutricious, aud the cons?' ucncc is that milk la not of average richness, and therefore batter 1b of poor quality and very dear, selling at 26 and 86 cents per pound, which is at least twenty five per cent above the ordinary figures at this season in J.his market. The farmers of Southwestern Ohio, North ern Kentucky, and Eastern, Southern and Central Indi ana, have, to my knowledge, sown more wheat and less barley this Call than any year since their land was cleared. The breadth of ground over which wheat has been sown is astonishing, while the barley fields will ba scarce next harvest. The leaders of the republican party of Ohio, and the masses of that persuasion, too, I believe, think the Gover nor elect of this State, Salmon P. Chase, Esq., is the only man Identitled with their party who is at all eligible as a Koithern candidate for the next Presidential canvass. It is their universal sentiment, that Seward "'wont do," and they do not hesitate to so express themselves. Your p ( tlcnlar friend, Seward, can never carry this State, rest assured ol that. He could not get 100,000 votes in Ohio on anjr consideration. The republicans, you know, hare an overwhelming ma jority in tbe Legislature of this State, which meets this winter; its sessions are biennial; and has a Senator to rltcL to OU tho scat now occupied by Mr. Wade, ( made a speech at Portland, Maine, some time glu And I can asHurc y?u, most positively, that In spite oj that speech, Mr. Wade will be re-elccte.l. It WM thought that Guiding* would compete with liun, bit. UM OiiV organ^tlre A'hiatmU ,^>n'b-eomes out dl-tii ctly and strongly for Wade, saying that he is " the very man to be his own nu jcorRor." 'Hi" cen r i i-gad or the republican*?the Slalt Journal?alao deal Wude. It va- thought that It. |). Campoodl, M.C.. 1Trooi tho thlid Ohio, bad senatorial asplratt ms, b it i. he did entertain hones hi that direction, he bat al J( urne.1 them for a time. The paper that speaks .or bun ?the CiiKiona'l (,'nri-tto?in out tor Wade. In Tact it b. Wade nil the time, and nobody else. hew. Ca it, noil i workbc for tbe Speakership of the next Home ol K pro rcntutiveH, and Is iikoly to oe strongly backed up by the free Roller a of the West. Keep an eye on him. Henry Ward Bencher's falhre In his Ohio lecture tour is > fgnal and complete, and he was hi no very happy state of ml ml when he l-ft our State. He Attempted to make a vindication of himself hi Cleveland, and ,.a n('uneed in flac ing posters that he would do ho In addi tion to reading his lecture, and forty-two persons turned out to bear him! His vindication wis very lame, and the }!-rab> of that town was so unkinl as to say, and what was worse, to prove, that the material statements of his attempted vindication?from the charge of renting him-' If to Mr. Weils, of Chicago and dick ering with library socieths about hit lectures, rais ing bis demands 11s the inn . ent sec ctariea were about closing a bargatn with him, in very bad Van! ee style?were untrue. The bargain and sale having teen nailed Ui hi in-he left his reputation out of Which he was exceedingly vatn, having lessoned during bis vi it most beautifully. Mrs. Milry (iove Nichols denies, in an energetic card, that she has any idea of starting a free love boarding house ard school, as has been alleged. She says that she an t ber husband are "authors, teachers and physicians, bhe rr her husband, or bo h, have a new hook ready for the press, which let ites to free 1 >ve matters, and the oilier day tbey opened a negotiation with one of our pro minent publishers, looking toward bringing this new reveleatiou beiore the. world. The publisher examine 1 it anil told them that such bocks were not in hts hue, and that, be must decline issuing such a work on moral grounds. Par* publisher I What they have doue since T do not know. . , . Your puper finds lis way out. here now, in ponderous nnckegos, and newsboys wc an institution beco-mag fa miliar to the eyes and errs of nil; and the cry iu the streets of'"lire's your New Vohk Hicuu). new "II about " fcc., &c., is heard on the corners as shr.lly cult ily 1 presume, as within the sounrl of your big press whlih casts off '.be damp shoe's for which they have such veneration and I' ve. ..... ,i l onsidcrable intcco.t lias lieen excttod by dramatis no velties ltdo lec ot'y, the la'est and ilchest of wh'ch wis a farce entitled tho "Hypochondriac," written, and the principal character pi >yed, by Mr. Ch?". 11. Birras a ccutlemsn of this city. It was imTuensoly successful, and I presume 1- the most genuinely racy new play th.v. bus been produced for some time. It is a well c incciv d and admliably written picco, embodying tho invl and,' of a ' Hypochondriac'' very happily. There is limner (and a decidedly rich vein of It, to< ) enougii in it to make a fine play go off cheeiliy, hut it is condensed into one act. ? Misses Ptisan and Kate renin commenced an engago incut here last night. Mr. Batsman, rather of the famous "Ba'eman Unl dren." is about to take the managoinentof Bates threa tro. In St. I/Ouls. A new theatre is to he openel here in a few wocks. For some jears tlicre lias been but one in thocPy^ Oar Mlrhlgmi Correspondence. IlcTKarr, Miuhigin, Nov. 15, 1855. Bfert of thr yew York F.lrclion?Shock to th', Work II' jml licani .Sfcuxird's Presidential CKitnct?Chw, Grow ing in. PUeon?Chnpreitional C'b-tisi/icuUon? The Speaker thip?Ohio CaiuIidiUet. 1 cannot forego the expression of my gratlhcUion In common with the conservative portion of aH parlies in Michigan, at tlie result ot the recent elections. In the complete overthrow and downfall "f the b'ac'.i republican, or Seward Holy Alliance, in the State of New York ami the "old Bay State." Such a remit in two groat States, either ol which would usually decide the fate of a Presidential contest, is "glory enough for one day," and places the jiKBU P in a proud posiliou for the important ag ai *y it had in the good work. I he black republicans hero now hang their hea ls in deep de-pair, in contemplation of tho f?tn of their fanati cal party In 1856. Before your election they were blatant and boastful, ready to "bet their pile " on the success of j t .?rlr tloVet in either State; and when the swift winged mcvenger begun to indicate the result, each report I sounded to them like a loud clap of thun ler in a cloar, . cloudless sky. Poor fellows! haw fori iru they looked! | Previous to that?to them solemn and fatal even'.?they talked of no oue but Seward for President in '5il; but since then they don't knotv that arch agitator, or even his supporters?his especial friends, the Irish?an 1 the abolition pre. * here are now hoiping anathemas upon their devoted heads for not coming up to the support of the holy abolition alliance. They drop .Seward novas unceremoniously a- they did the ' restoration'' of tho Ml ; souri compromise, or poor Pnssmore in th" walls of a Philadelphia ptl'on, when they disc ivered that his mir ty rdom would not ?' boost" them Into power in tho Key stone eta to. 'lhoy are an ungrateful set of demagogues, (out hero at least,) for the/owo everything to Seward's agi tatloc for giving them the lorm of a party, yet they altandoo him the moment they find he can get only about one of every four votes in his own State, upon his own favorite Issue. Tbey are now castiug about tor a mor? available candidate, and Bre gene rail T concentra ting ujem Chase. with n divisicn in favor of Hale. Chase, they say, can carry his own state, which Seward can not do. * ] notie?, In jour oUnfiflefttlon of mcmbfim of CiopWi elect from this State, that von plice three as whig? and one democrat. The latter is oorrect, but the three set down as wbigs are not all such, though they formerly acted with the whig party when it had an existence. <?no of them, who was elected a whig hss since then, at the late B'ate mass meeting of the nagrn party, annoumel himself as " in bed wfth Dinah," w.ille one of the other two leans that way pretty strong, an t probably upon a test vote they will all lie fmn l in " Uncle Tom's fnbin" together. 1 hate strong hopes, ho- ev -r, that one mam ber of tho deviation from this State bmiUot the dent > erat will not he Toend a pliable tool in tl>e ban Is .of the Seward league at Washington. IBs sympathies are far from being with them, I know, hut whether he will have the stamina to stand up again*' the agitators, as his own good Judgment dictates, remiins to t>? so?n Going to W.a-hlngton a graen member to all the chic in -ry of 8e, I predict he will fill a vic'im in tire on<e' upon the " Boeder uuestion," at the oiganiaaMon of the it mse. By tlie way, who is going to be .'?'p.-ake.- .? 8' a'"( C mptwil will lie urged by "Wo, but his late oon-tlvince with I'hase and his b"tray*I of the interests of tlie Ame rican party in Ohio, will materially lessen his prospnotss. And would he be a safe man' In a public speech at the City Hall in thf* sdtT, in the f.iU of ho .effected sum ? very nnsate and revolutlonsry doctrines lie was g dng to offer an ame iduumt fo the <Vpp' ipriatl in bill resto- lng tbe Ilirsourt compromise line, ;ll'Kcoull not be rost..rod

Mfherwfse.) and tojia.. the hill o-make a iy ap r r. ;.nation, for kc-oing th? wh- |. -f g verninent in n. i ! on until his object a oinplished, If U cos- the I nion. He preposwl t?i ?? sit if o.r''with the Soc'h .f lie could get the matter In tills all Aui 'ng all he candidate* for ( le-k-hlp there is to he ?u ? fi?.m fihle, in esse (HmphMl .b." n t. sneered in the .Akership. Mr- J- R- Williams, of the Toledo Hlal' * liw? fosionist and davoted follower of i "base, an I who, .r' bablj, had more agency in Cha<e'< eomi.iati n than riy ilher msn In nhlo. fie now claims rowv !. If ami > ell must step a Me, his chance may be g *>d Alt re l< s king with no small Interest to the orgsnias'lon of be 11. u?e, and the subeeipuent acts, upon the political turtle board. No one exp ?t? .? tv;a aa,*inn that anv ^.e" li tbo #CounSV^t"; Jla-e-Yt u<i.t> in iR'n' * . upon the fortune of rime body'* ^ . r i be a great savin- of cost. If ??!'i ?f ^tng to the country, if there was to bo election wus dr *?*?* until bfter the next Presidential election was dc 3ATCHELL _ - ????????? /or Kanw Correspondence. Ijuvexworiu Crrr, Kansas, Nov. 6, 1855. Citter /.'jrapc from Prison?A Provident Cattle Pettier? 1 alal Shooting Match?Judicial Progress?The Constitu tional Convention?Governor Shannon's Position. "Things is working" here in Kansas, according to the words of the wise man, who said " there is no end to ail the labor which is done under the sun." In the absence of Judge l.ccompte, the clerk of the court, and the adjourned Grand Jury, a prisoner in our jail, awaiting the action of the adjourned Grand Jury, prior to his trial, took it into bis head to lock the jailor in, and him self out, of prison, and make tracks tor the prairie. It seems the fellow was a genius. Ho had ail summer car ried on a large cattle and drover's business, riding up boldly and selecting the fattest aud best beeves from the cattle of the ownors, and in sight of these sovereigns, and 'hen bringing them here and disposing of them to our butchers. The butchers have been supplying and we have been eating this stolen beef all summer, not dreaming that we, as " partakers, were as bad as the ibief," according to the old Presbyterian maxim. The prisoner was chained, but he managed to slip out, lock he jailor in, took off his irons, and vanibhed. The jailor bad to be cut out, after several hours commit ment, sufficiently long to lot the people see there won n > collusion, and afford the prisoner time for a safe deliver ance. He is gone, and God's blessing go with him, for such a genius is not found every day to supply a poor starving set of squatter sovereigns with beef, aud then acquit himself without the intcrrentiou of the adjourned Grand Jury and honorable Court, thus saving the ex penses of a trial, which would have amounted to more, probably, tlian all the ncel be bail sunoc. There was another man shot 'load in Doniphan a day or two sinee. It seems that l'atriok i/iughlln had pub lished, oyer bis signature, something of a secret free Stale organization existing here; and Judge Codin*?a Missouri free State resident of Kansas?went to him, to have hiui disown or take it back. This being rehired Judge Collins snapped a gun at him, when he (Ijaughlin) drew a pistol and shot Collins ihrsngh the heart. Col lius expired immediately, when ills friends shot l-aughlin through llio neck, who is not expected to recover. Next week we may expect the terrors of the law to sih nee these outrages and breaches of the peace?for Judge Lecompte, the Clerk, and the ndji>uruod Grand Ju iy, will not only as-enible. hut there will be a mass meeting of the law and order stamp h^l I io this city, according t J previous notice, 'o enforce the laws. Air >ii iioiiists may well trerab e, and take themselves oS before the assizes commence. lbe Ci nstitutional Convention is also In labor, as you will perceive by the Kansas Free/nan, winch I send you. Governor Shannon has also come out, defining his prsi th n, and denying the slanders of the newspapers from John l'yier's time down to the present, in two epistles, one it long, and the otbor a short one. It seems the Governor lias not committed himself ou the vexed i)ue s tion, and has ODly followed high judicial authority and "in the footsteps o! his illustrious predecessor." Gover nor lieeder con veind the I.egl-1 ituie, decided upon the c eotion of itB members, gave them certiliSates, and de livens] 10 them his massage. The Governor goes over his Mexican diplomacy, and avers that Mr. Calhoun com milled a id under; and as regards the "red petticoat," said to have been presented to him by ttie ladies of Chili cothe, he says no such petticoat was ever presented to him, "his heirs, executors, administrator-; or assigns." This letter writing has become an epileiuic since the famous "fearlet letter," and what with the letters of Gen ?Scott and the secretary of War, the loiter of Hon. Jere. Clemens on Co'onel b'omey, and Ctminodore Stock ton on tlio Kev. Mr. Van Kennsselaer, we have enough to keep us in countenance and good spirits. Obituary. lieutenant CowmEL Ci'DDI, 65th Regiment nf the Brit ifh army, who lout, his lire at the Kenan on thc^th Sep tember, received hi t first commission ou the 31st of May, 18.>3, and obtained a red mark at. the Horse Guards tor volunteering immediately to join his regiment (the 55th), in India, where he sewed in different parts uninterrupt edly 1111 1841, when he accompanied them to China. Ho vwioat Arooy, Chusaa, Chinhae (including repulse of night attack), Chapoo, Woosing, Shanghai, and Ching-KUng Foo. where he led the advanced guard at the escalade of the city, was the first man to mount the walls, an 1 was severely wounded. For this he was made Brevet-Major. Colonel Cuddy Kudei with the British array in the Crimea, and was actively engaged in the bombardments of the 7th and 17th ot June, an 1 in the assault on the 18th, when the 65th Regiment formed part of tho sup porting column of tho t-econd Division, which was to at tack the sulient itnglo of the Itcdan, and for that purpo-o occupied the third parallel. Right Honorable ?ir Rohut Adaib. G. C. R.?This vene rable English diplomatist died on morning of the ltd inst., at his residence in Chesterfield street, Way Fair, London. Sir Robert's illness was very biief, the first symptoms tnv ing shown themselves on tho 241.h ult,, while ou a visit to 'he Duke and Duohcss of Bedford, at Woburn Abbey, 'lhc deceaf cd, who was born May 21, 1763, and, conse quently, had attained the great ago of 92 years, was son f Mr. Robert Adair, the eminent Rurgooa (lie was ieer fMBt-SorgMB to George QL), by a daughter of the se cond lud of Albemarle. 17* married, in 1S05 Mdllo. An gelique Hah. idle. da tighter of the Marquis P'Higlncour! and the Countess de Champagne. Sir Robert was brought up to tl.e diplomatic service. He represented Appleby in the Home of Commons in 1802, and sat. for Caraclford In 1800 and 1807. He was appointed Minister Plenipo tentiary at \ ienna, Ap>il 6, 18oil, and wa? sent on a spe cisl mission to Constantinople in June. ISOil, for tho pur pose of negotiating terms of peace between his country and the 1'ortc, being accompanied by Mr. Canning (now Viscount stratford do Recleliite) and Mr. i'avid M irler. He was mace a l'rivy Councillor in July. 1808, and at the termination of liis successful mission he was nominate 1 a Knight of tho Rath in 1809. In April, 1809, lie was up pointed Ambassador at Constantinople, which high di plomatic post he held till March, 1811. In July, 1831, he was employed on special missions at Brussels and Berlin, and was so engaged until the Utter part of 1935, when he returned to England. Right Hoy. 8m Hjwry, K. C. B.. died at Brighton (lag.), on deptemttcr 28. The deceased Accompanied the rail Amherst in his embassy to Cblua, and was wrecked with that nobleman on his return, and had to make for Java in an open boat, reaching Batavia ufier a perilous voyage of several hundred mites. Ho was Minister Pleni potentiary ad inlrrxia in Persia in 1814, prior to his g dng to China. In July, 1836, he was appiin'.el Ambassador to Persia, which post ho lelinquishe 1 In November the following year. Ho was sen' on an oxtra-irdiua-y and special mission to the Brazils io August, 1842, and In 1849 was appointed by the govorumout to attend tho con ference at Biussels on the affairs of Italy, since which he has been unemployed. Coi-OMit DrPCB, of tlie French army, wis among the many gallant spiilts sacrificed m the in -ruing of the 8th September. 1 his was Colonel Dupula, of Boulogne, who fell j-ierced with several bills under the walls of Sebus topol, while leading on the 67th kegimrat, whijh formed part of the division of General Dulac. Two brothers of the la c Colonel Inputs re.ude at present In the upper town of Boulogne?tlie one la the owner of a baker's shop, where he came* on businoss, and tho other is what the French call a vnprirlaire. The following letters have been lately recoiveo by those brothers, and were written by the deceased ottirer but a few lirurs before his drat!. Isrcr.uKAV, Sept. 8,1855. Mr Ooon Deab Florvht?To day mere will be, I hope, wi -. the help of God. a great victory for tlie French *-my, but iherc will be also lor.-lble losses. Inllie beat of the battle I will Iblnk of vou all. That will dome good. I love to think lha Divine Providence will preserve me, and tint I will have the lupoid ss of seeing you again, alth lUgh It Is glorious In die fo one's courtl y on Ihe 'latilo Sold. Time will not perm i tne pi wille to all my good friendi, especially llcn'y Iforbau't. Do id, Ctaveau. Ac . but I shall always have hope. Adieu, dear bro ther; 1 embrace joti and tours with all my mm J and vvidi all my heart. Your devoted I'rlcnd and brolher, TdK.onORE DCPt'I8. M. Viorsrt Dunns, Proprletalre, Boulogne. I.nkvmias, Sept. 8,?Stw o'clock tn the morning. Mr Dooo a.'i'P Dkau Fra It CM?This Is the day?the groat lay of nttark. We shall take toourariusat seven mod eight o'clock. At twelve c'clock the assault will lie severe?at iwelve o'clock! 1 have full confidence In Hod anil in my return, but in thus writing I Wish to prove to you that even to my last hroith I will think ol thee, ol thy children, of our good sister Floreo tine, of till our good friends, audof our beloved city of Bou? loyne. Philip lias just comr In to see me, and speaks most af ferilonatelyof you Adieu,mrdearest brother, or, rather, h i r* toir 1 embrace you wph all my heart?widi all my mind. Thy devo'ed friend and brotner, Dl'PDIi P.8.?tllve 'JO franca to die Cathedral of Notre Dame and 3d franca to the poor of the city. In tee margiu of the letter was the following . If 1 die, vou will give to the Mun'tut of Boul igne some of my good tiling-; and to Ilia Cathedral ol Notre Dame my cross of i /omraaMsr, with the assent of the venerable Abbt Halfreingue. M. Ps Hrrcia, Boulanger, * liontogne. I'billp, who (? ai laden to, the nephew, wi> one of the gill-tit band that tlmt mounted the *-*11* of the ilnlakhoff at the assault. WbiM engaged In a hand-to-hand slrng fte with the Kuaidana, and amid a murderou* Hru of mus etrv and atonea, he received a acveie wound, hut I* Uki ly to recover. The family of Colonel Pupui* hare obtained from the French Miniatcr autnoilty to have the body of the deoeMed officer brought hack to France. On the arrival of hi* mutilated remain* at lioulogne 111* nb r.etjule* were celebrated with all the honor* due to hi* late rank and hi* glorioua death. A aubacriptiotlli being made In the town to erect a apleudil monument to hi* memory. The late Colonel Puptila entered the aervice aa a Toltn teer, at the age of sixteen year*, and in 1812 madj tin campaign of Uui-ria, and in 1813 and 1814 tho campaig. , of Carmany. In 1816, he *?? cvgaged in the mcrnorahle atruggle that terminated tha career of the grea. N'api htn, and wa? gradually promoted for h!* gallant achiet omenta. He wa? made t'hevalio.- of the la>gi <n of Honr.m in 183d. He went to Africa in 1842, aa major of hit regiment, and at the battle d'l.sley he was made officer i 1 the l egion of Honor, and promoted to the r ink of lieutenant Colonel. In 1862 Ue was ma la full Colonel and Commander cf the Isgim of Honor. Ti e Jfca'cwer, of Tahiti, announce* that Prinze Amur* eldrat son of of Queen Potnare, died on the alght of the 12th of Hay. The Inhabl'ant* on th* following day* ,, tj j thot* of condolence ,to the Queen; the w.>m< n had their hair cut off, and lh? men their head* shaved, and all brought preaent* ot all *ort* of food. Af'er filing oif lw> fore the Queen, thev formed Sliem<etves Into a circle round her hotiae, and Apo, the neulor of the Uaatira* of Atlmah*. cried, ''Salutation to Potnare, Quean of Tahiti, mlntati'n in t'e nam* oftlie trne Cod ! We c.,m* here,' WC Judges, milted* and hnl rantira* of diatrie.*, to salute yon and "re*P f'11' T01' the death of y >ur a mi." Tal raj a, the Qu. cn'* ornlor. rep lei; " Chiefs Judges, mo tola, a.hd raatira* of dfsttlrtia?-I'omarp la hsppy to see you, tliaOk* yott for thi* mark or into .eat. and invite* you to en1 or thi* houae and seep oyer the body of her em." The crowd then en'erel the hou*? atil wept aloud. The ."uneral of the decencd t <ok place on the !td of May, wltH much pomp. The French aathorttlea and the Kr.glish aid United States tun-ui* alienled the ceremony. National Hebrew Convention. Some time ago we published the following:? "SALMI AL IHbJeL." "PEAOB MB TO ISRAKL " In the name of Jehovah, the one OnJ of Israel, and larae'i holy- religion?The ministers, rabbis anil delegates of the IarieilUsb congregation are re pec'lully lnel od to assemble In a conference to t*ke place on the 17th day of 1 lotober, WHO A. M., In 'ho city of Cleveland, Ohio, to deliberate on the follow Ide points:? First?On the union of "American Israelites." Second?On a plan 10 establish regular and permanent Sy nod or Sanhedrim ot American Babble. 1 bird?On a plan for the religious and scholastic education of lie Hebrew you'hs. Fourth?On any other propoeltlon which may be brought belore die conference. By order of the Provisory Sanhedrim of American Rabble. Rev. Dr. OuaN, Albany. Bev. Dr. OUKNZHCHO Baltimore, Kev. Dr. 1LLOWY, ht Louis. Kev. Dr. KAL18H, <:ie?eland. Rev. Dr. MKRZBaCHBR, New York. Rev. Dr. Wle>B, Clnclunatl. We have not aeen any of the proceedings of tbie c in vention. We have looked for them, and looked in vain. But by yesterday's mail we received the following:? FBOTR8T. According to a statement in the Itradiis., of October ?6, it appears thnt a conference, compered ot several rao bina and private persons, lately met at Cleveland, O., and 011 mo lion of the Rev. Dr. Isaac M. Wise, of Cincinnati, dopted the following part of a platform:? '? Tnat the Talmud is acknowledged by all (Israelites) as the legal and obligatory commentary of the lllble." We, the undersigned, having solely the interest of oar holy religion at heart, respond to the solemn duty im I osed upon us, of offering our most decided p rote it against the said platform, and on the following grounds:? It is an indisputable fact that a very large portion of Israelites, who are admitted to profess a profound know ledge of sacred Scripture, and whose attachment to Juda ism cannot l>e questioned, do not com-idcr the talmudis 1 xegesis of the Bible, which so frequently clashes with the tpirlt and text of scripture, as legal and obligatory. Even the most distinguished biblical scholars of antiquity?Inn Eton, Maimonides, Samuel Ben Meir, Ievi Ben (lershom, and others?are net seldom at variance wi-.h the talma lie interpretation of holy writ. Is it, therefore, justifiable, that the great majority of our fellow believers, who carry out Is practice such anti tjilmudic inter pretations?who, for instanoe, shave their beards wKh a 1 aver?should he denied the name of Israelite? The members of the Herman Rabbinical Conlnrence, who counted among their number theologians of acknow ledged reputation, took a decided stand in many of their propositions and resolutions against the whole talin ido helarblc exposition of Scripture. Can it hence bo a IB rul ed that there men haveceu-ed to be Israelites ? The said platform would condemn Judaism to a per petual stagnation, consign its countless treasures, avail able for ail times, to toe uarroqr confines of an exclusive Jewish nationality, and expose to derision its entiro his torical developement, as well as the incontestable results of a wholesome biblical research, 'l'ho doclared legiti macy of lalmudic authority cannot heal, but on the con trary will render permanent religious condition, which consists not in thepllSWff conlllet of parties, but must be sought for in the dcmoralliifig ef fects of an antagonism between the >ry and practice, and in an oppoi ition between prescriptive rules and the un yielding nature of re'igious and social wants. With the Talmud in hand it is 110 ioniser possible to ob'alntlle honorable mid efficient mi a is o> healing the gaping wound in (lie bem t of Israel, unil leforuia bearing on public womhip anil the general conduct in life, c.tu at best !>?? only smuggled in by a disrcga il of the la v, and a resort, to juridical trick ami chicanery. An article in a recent number of tlie lera-lite oilers a striking example of the manner in which 1 ohirms are inten >ed to be intro duced in ctmlnrmity with the eui 1 platform. It is there proposed to obviate the force of the biblical enactment, koonti a-tbe leviruto biw respecting Ohiilizao, by means of the prearranged agreement, that should the husband die without. issue, ihe "arriage ahull be considered as null and void from the date of its consummation, mi I consciiuently the parties are understood as having lived in a state of concubinage. Sucha proceeding is certainly rather calculated to undermine than to increase the estimation for our religion and her institutions. Attempts of this kind, which endeavor to re-enclose the Jewish life current within tbo inanimate forms of bygone tatmudic views, show in the clearest light the dangers which threaten the most sacred provisions of the law. Instead of unlocking with great pomp every door and closet for the entrance ot the Talmud, and at the same time to pro vide a mi nus of escape from its powerful grasp by sums buck window, we, on our part., prefer to deny, in the most unreserved and emphatic language, the legi dative au thority of the whole Talmud, and declare its conception of biblical legitimacy as an onini oi which has been left far in the rear of su improved reiigiou i knowledge. We nevertheless confess our profound regard for thetalmudic wr itings, on account of their rich exuberance of contri butions to a religious progress, aud t oo excel lout forma tions which Judaism hail engendered during this stage of its developement. We ali-o appreciate peace In Israel as a predial bo m, but a peace which nece.'iarily degrades Judahrn, our greatest boon, appears to us to be too dearly bought, cud is iu Ihe highest degree of a precarious tenure, when a few men in the name of collective Israel set up articles of fuith which douy to dissenters a place la the communion of professing Israelites. May tho free American Jsrael keep a stilct watch on hierarchlal movements which would again forge its chains, though un or the m >st eharmipg lullabies of pence, now ii the guis? of dogmas, and ere long by a Minhsg Amo. ica. The plan of a consistory whicii ? a originally intended to ho esta blished, is un omen of significant import. The great work of peacemaking bring once finished, and evorytuiug brought under one hood, it would lie an ea-y matter U> charge this hood into a bishops mitre?and nothing more rcai onable hut that the great united flock mas', neu.l have a chief pastor?and ail is ready for the advent of Jewish popes, us rather thank God for the blessings of religious liberty wo enjoy in this country, equally secuied to all di-nominaii' n< and uiay we not put a yoke on our owu shoulders which would interfere with the full expansion of the old and reformatory Judaism, and eventually reduce both to inisernhle caricatures DR. DAVID EINIIORN, Ilahin of tho liar Klnai Vereln, Baltimore, Md. A. NACHMAN, President. Faitivore, Nov. 0,1866. [Here follow the names of all the members of this con grcga In. The Tarf. A Stallion Pace.?The well known trotting stallions Win. Ttll and Jupiter, trot a match this afternoon on the Centreville Course, for $1,000, mile beats, best three in five, to wagons. Farmors and breeders of stock are much interested in races of this kind, as speed and but torn are the requisites most sought after. Wm. Tell has Requited an enviable reputation from the number of matches he lias won, and also from the superior quality of his celts. Jupiter, en the other hand, has his reputa tion to make on the tuif, as thii will be his rfefiu/, in pub lic. He is a fine young hone; has icceived premiums from various State Fairs for hi? style, sjmmetiy and size. He is thorght well of as a stock horse; and all he re quires to place him at the head of the stallion list is to beat Wm. Toll this af'ernion. They are both very fast, and a capital race may be relied on. CONNECTICUT. Trottp o and Facing on tub Statu Fair fiROrvnu.? Theie was quite on excitement in Hartford on Thursday, to witness tie match to come off on the State Fair giounds. Multitudes found tlieir way to tho course? ?i rue of the prominent men of our town, well known and highly respested. both in religious and financial circles, were < n the ground. These matches, it should be under stood, lire not races, and do not eome within the scope of the statute prohibiting the running of horses. Gentle men fiom New York, New Haven, Bridgeport, Ac., wore present. The following is a summary Tin rspat, Nov. 16.?Match for purse of 6100, mile heats, best three ia live, in harness. J. .fi.-lvu names br. h. Vermont Colt (pacer) 2 111 i.. li. liiUer namts b m Kate Miller (trot'er) 12 2 2 lime 9: ??2:'.6-2: it?2:3?. Tike Wont her. TO TITF EDITOR OP THE IIEIIALD. Fildar, the lfith, a sudden squall of wind and rain cime up at 6:20 I'. M., followed by aurora, and next morning, at 7 and 8 o'clock the temjerature fell to thirty four (31) degrees, and 12 M. again reached that line, an t became equilihriated for ten consecutive hours, ending t 10 1'. M.. at which hour the temperature commenced rising, and before midnight reached forty-one (41) de grees, bring a rise of five digrees dating the night time, alter w hich it commenced falling, and at 6, fl and 7 A. M. was at thirty iix (36) degrees. At 6 P. M. of 18th, ano ther equllibi la I ion commence!, and continued till past midnight, when it was succeeded by another, which con tinued till after sunrise, terminating in a temperature of tl Irty four i egrees. Four-tenths of an inc.h of rain tell fr< m ICth to 18th. There was a slight sprinkling of snow on Fatuiday. The cause of the change, as indicated by tbeequilihriatinns, remain to be hoard from. Tiro inches end < ue tenth of an inch of rain fell thus far iu November. Brooklyn Hworrrs, Nov. 10. 1866. E. HKIUAM. Thrntrri and RxiilbKion*. Bboadwat Tiibathf.?Tho tragedy of '? Fazio, or the Italian Wife,'' in announced for thin evening, when ttie eminent actre**, Mri. JulLi Dean I lay no. ax Hianca; Mr*. BuckUnd aa the Counleeg Aldabella, and Mr. IF Fisher as (?Iritidl Fazio, will appear. Mr. W. A. Chapman will sing flip cel. lirated " Tea to-tal Song." aud Hie amusements will clone Willi the farce of " Box an 1 Cox." Bownrv Tiikatbx.?Thi* establishment ia doing well? ihe theatre ia every night well tilled, an I the enter lainment* (flee general aatlafn'tion. The perform aneee will commence with the frama of th? "Mil ler'* Maid," Mr. Ward a* Cilee, and Mra. Ward as 1'hoebe. The new drama of the "White Wolf" will follow, and the amuelrg farce of the " l>umb Belle' cinclude* a'l. BrRT"*'? Theatric.?As nana!, thla theatre ia largely patronized. To night a eery amusing bill Isolfaral. Puckstone's comedy of the " Breach of Promise," with Burton a* Fbenezer Sndilen, will commence the amuse menta. The very mousing piece call'd " Vlltkens and hie Irtnah " will follow, anl tha " lie NIc and Water Par ty " will close the entertainment*. Waii ace's Tux-crnr..?The much admired oomody of a "Soldier's Courtship" will he given to-night, lAstcr as '>>1. (layton, and Mr*. lioey ?a Fady Mllforn. The favorite comedy of a "(lentleman from Ireland,"with Brougham as FiU-Maorice, will succeed, and the terminating place will be "Favater," Mr. Walcot a* Inrater. Wot-P'a Misamme Thla hand, under the able guidance ot Mr. Henry Wood, ta doing a great business, the hail la > rerv night crowded, and the arrangements please arery visiter. A lina bill for thi* evening. lh xirr'a SlBtwwAWSW ?The burlesque o|tera of "Som ncmltnla "which is greatly admired ia announced for thi* eve oil g.' Miss Milien, w. I'ercival, 0.8. Buckley, and R. B. Buckley in the prlnclpai part*. SaiBKD larrraza.?Mra.flihb*. the vocaliat, willdeiirer IW" locturae. Intersper.-ed ?? 1th song*, on the aacrc 1 work* Of t .e great maater*. at the Apollo Rooms, on Saturday evening next. FnaDhvon> RwrranosB.?Mr. J. B. Brown will giva reading* and recitations in tha lecture room of Clinton Hall, tola awning. FINANCIAL AND COMMERCIAL* UONKV liBKIT. Monday, Nov. 8 p. M. The stock market still tends opw*;a. xhls morning there was a very active moveir {? tU the leading stocks, and all the sales aerq better prices. Cumber land, Erie, Reading, an^ all the Western railroad stocks, ware lu demand ar the Improvement. At the first board Illinois Central Bonds advanced 2 per cent; Hudson River Railroad, Xi Nicaragua Transit, X; Pennsylvania Coal, X; Cumberland, X; Ward Coal, X; Erie RR., X; Harlem, X; Chicago and Rock Island, 1X| Reading, IX; Michigan Central, 2; Cleveland and Pittsburg, 2; Galena and Chi cago, 1; Cleveland and Toledo, 1. After the board the market was a li'tle weaker, but soon recovered, and sales were made at full prices. It was anticipated that the bank returns to-day would be favorable, and the buoy ancy of the market was attributed to that. Various es timates were formed of the probable increase in specie, end some of tbem run as high as one and a half million of dollars. The fast that the Cunard steamer from Bos ton on Wednesday, the 21st Inst., will not take out much, If any specie, had a favorable effect on prices, and gave the bulls a good deal of enoourageinent. After the adjournment of the board the following sales of bonds and stocks were made at auction by A. H. Nl> olay (6,000 New York and Erio Railroad, 1875, int. added 80X 6,CfO il'cb. h'outlierc. Jackson branch, RR. do 81 4,000 Northern Indiana Railroad 7's 1893, do 78X 8,(00 Virginia fixes, 1880 flat 94X ;?() shares Excelsior l'ire Insurance Co 95 10 do Third Avenue Railroad 48X 140 do New York, Albany and Buffalo Tel. Co. 25 6 do Hoirn Insurance Co 95 !0 do I'lionlx Eire Insurance Co.. of Brooklyn 93 40 do Lenox Fire Insurance Co 00 100 do Passaic Free Stone Co X At the second board there was not mnch change. The tendency wus slightly upward for some of the Western railroad stocks. Nicaragua advancod X P?r c?ot; Cleve land and Toledo, X; Michigan Southern, X; Miiwaukie and Mississippi Railroad, >4. The market was rather quiet this afternoon. Erie !el! off X per cent. Mr. A. H. Nico lay will sell thta day, (Tuesday.) at 12 o'clock, at the Merchants' Exchange, $77,800 bands and moitgagt s, being the asrctsof the National Exchange Insurance Company of the ci'y of New York, sold by or der of'111- mns A. Watson, Esq., receiver. Tie Assist,iut Treasurer reports to day as follows :? I aid on Treasury account $6.5,481 05 1 [('reived (id Treasury account loft,188 00 balance on TiCi-uiy account 6,420.000 47 I'hid for As-ny office 600 0.14 88 I kid on disbursing check* 30,017 01 Tie warrants entered nt the Treasury drpartnieut, Washington, on 'ie 16th iust., were as follows:? For tie redemption of rtncka $102,022 05 l or the Tu asury bopai troe t 16,780 00 For tic luteinr l eparlment 2,824 61 Fur lie Customs 8.ti.:6 61 War warrants reotlvod and entered 42,725 71 Wur repay warrants received and euteed 42,681 70 Interior repay wan ants icceiied and entered. 1,8.54 51 Coved in lroui nil. cellaneous sources 400 71 Covered iu from CuMonis 2,0i)0 00 On uocount of lie Navy 28,000 00 Tie receipts of tio Hudson Kiver Railroad Company f?r October were as follows:? Oct oier. 1864 $160,642 18 " 1806 138,706 65 Feoreasc $26,875 53 The following circular lias been sent to the stockholders of the Nicaragua Company:? Chuck ok thk Acckhsoky Transit Company, j New 5'oiik, Nov. 12, 1855. _ Tie untjwnid events of revolution on the Isthmus, and sickness on our steamers on the Pacific (both of w hich are now happily at an end), have ao diminished our imints that the managers will have to borrow, temporarily, money to pay the bonds due on the 1st proximo', and the board have directed the President and Secretary to Issue tie bonds of the company at nix months, hearing seven per cent interest?to be secured by the ships Northern Light and Star of the West?in sums ol $500 sud $1,000, and offer thera to stockholders at less, if necessary, than the par. Please let us know If you Will take any portion of this issue, and wiiat amount, prior to the 20th inst.; payment to be made in full 30th Inst. 15AAC C. LEA, Secretary. This looks as though there was a very " big nigger in the fence." A few days since tho President of the Com pany stated decidedly that they were nut in want of mo ney, that their finances were pe-foctiy ea.y, &3., Ac. The tbject of the above circular is, in our mind, transpa rent enough ; and that ta a desire to depress the market value of the stock. The amount reported to be required is $116,000, stnl the bonds said to be due on tiis 1st proxi mo are held by Cornelius Vanderbilt. The Company have carefully avoided to state in its circular the amount required. The mystery which surrounds all the financial ? perations of this ouncern is sufficient to destroy its credit. The Company's worst enemies are in the Board <r Managermnt, and the stockholders will look in vain 'or the first dollar of earnings until some radical change s made in the adinini tration of its affairs. The above is only rine more of those financial dodges the manage ment have so frequently resorted to, for purposes best known to themselves. It is our opinion that there was not more necessity for tho injunction applied for some time since, than then appeared. There has been fine pickings in the way of salaries and commls-ions, and so nr the entire concern has heen managed solely for the brnelit oi a few individuals, who arc rapiily extracting its very life blood. Iii a few week* tbe Legislature of the State of New York will convene. The members hero been elected, end it 1* pretty we 1 known how the partlo* stand. We have a great deal to nay to the memberi elect before they meet at Albany for, and in the meantime it would be well for them to turn back and poat themselves np regard - Irg the history of the great money power of the State?tbe New Yoik Central Railroad Company. As this company has played ari important part in State politics, aod will again be found in the market with its money, aeeking new grants and new privileges, it wouid be well enough for new mem bers to look into its history, that they may not he ig norant of the monster when he appears in the legislative lobby. All deprecate the position to which the Stato ot New Jersey has been reduced by her railroad monopo lists, and no calm, lelleeting mind can fail to ob seive that the State of New York is now cursed by a more ihautelohs monopoly in that of the New York Cen tral Railroad, before the consolidation of the various roads now composing the Central line, none of the stock holders complained of a want of business, nor of the divi dends paid on the stock. Their charters were granted them upon the express conditions that their roads should in no way inhrfere with the State works, and should not be allowed to carry froight during the season of canal navigation: and it was upon these express terms that the charters were granted by the State to these various companion. Their legitimate busioers was to be the carrying of malls and passengers, though from the latter the canals at the time derived their chief profits. The roads were built and put in successful ope ration; no complaint was then made of inability to pay dividends. On the contrary, the various roads paid handsomely, and added yearly to their surplus profit-'. But this was not sufficient to gratify them?they muat have the privilege of carrying freight through the year, but at the same time shrewdly professed their willingness to pay the State tolls for the privilege. Not yet sutisfled, by means of impure legisla laticn the toll clause was removed, an] they became merciless competitors of the great works of the State. They bad not yet reached the climax of their ambition? there was something still wanting?tbe power of thete roads was somewhat divided, and something more was necessary to add to fheir gigantic strength, sad then came the great scheme of c >vr*olidation, and by the same unwise and impure legislation the crowning point of their ambition was attained, and then they boasted openly of their ability to control the State. With one man at the head of a capital of some $-7 ,<"00.000, the scratch of his pen or the cod of his head could turn to the right or to the left tbe representatives of our three millions of peo ple, and thus fairly block the wheels of government. This shows with whet tenacity they grasped for power, and llieir ambition to become a great political engine. The Slate for the test four years has been struggling gainst this monstrous power, exerting itself to rescue its own public works and place them in a position to sue ceirfulij compete with this unscrupulous antagonist. The revenues rf the canals, In consequence of the privi leges granted this monopoly, had become Insufficient for the various dralta mad" upon it; hence an effort was made tn retell the roads, but how vain the attempt! These "railroad gentlemen," of whim the Journal speaks so lovingly, soon put n stop to that, and the re sult was that all the banking and iusurance corporations of the Htate must he subjected to a tax in order to plea-. thia "honest and modest" corporation that professes so much friendship for the " widow end orphan," aud one half at least of this onerous tsx is paid by the city of New York. Now, by wbosesid was all this rascality?f,r eeranu. eno milder word?accomplished ? And which are the mouth - pieces of this monopoly ? Can any tail to detect? Is it not known thst the Albany A ryu* is controlled " body and soul" by the " Railroad King " Do we not see that whatever t!i? A n; ,u says in regard to tha "grasping Central Road," finds a ready responsive echo in tbe Albany Journal, All plain enough. Next comes the 11 penny Auk If