NEW YORK HERALD. JAJHEI OOKDOI BEIICTT, KROPRIETUR AND RDITOR. gpric* *? ?? ooiunm or namau and rtlton m. 'niut II .Hw? AMUSKJfRNTH THIS IVENINO. UOItWAf THEATRE, Broadway?Fajdo?Box AffnCox POWER Y 1HKATBE, Bowary?Millar's Mi id?Whits WOlJ ?PCMB 1'ILLE. _____ JHiRTO.N'H THEATRE, Chamber* street?BxxiOtm FiHILT ?Tli i. Toojuxh. W ALLACK'H THKATRB. Broadway- Tub Soldier's 4)cntTi<iiir-?u?TL?MA* fko? Iuuxd-Uvitui. ?OOP'S MIA'HTRRLH, AM Broadway?Ethiopian Pxa waaABCET. ____ BUCKLEY* Bl'RLBSQUB OPERA HODHR, 539 Broad Mar?^pwwoPE Opera and Nbubo Humuur. MECHANICS' HALL, A72 Broadway?Paop. Macaiustb&'s i Maoiudes. ACADEMY HALL, 66t Broadway? Battle or Bonkx fhPIRK HALL, (VP! Broadway?Tors or Bomors?Bieob ar ttDArrorciL. low York, TacAday, November AO, 1950. MUila Par JRurwpc. ?V YORK HERALD?EDITION POR EURO PR. The Canard mail steamship Asia, Capt. Lott, will leave Benton oo Wednesday, at noon, for Liverpool, ?w European mails will close in this city at a quarter two o'clock this afternoon. The Hwuur (printed in English and French) will be gnkH' ' at ten o'clock in the atorning. Single copies, In wrappers, sixpeoee. 8nb*crii>tSons and advrrttsements for any edition of the 9m York Hjouijd will he received at the following placee InEnrope:? litawoot. John Hnnter, No. 12 Exchange street, East. psmm Sand ford & Co., No. 17 Cornhill. Pah h livings ton, Wells A Co., 8 rlaoe de la Bourse. She contents of the European edition of the Hsralo *Mi ?wnbroee the news received by mail and telegraph at Ike edice during the previous week, and to the hour of fsAioatieu. Alalia Ibr the Psilflr THE NEW TORE HERALD- CALIFORNIA EDITION. The Coiled States mail steamship Empire City, Capt. Weadle, will leave this port this afternoon at two I'i'ock, lor Aapinwull. The mails for ('alitor nia and other pane of the I'acido it til >lose at one o'clock. The Nrw York Wvxkxt Herai.ii?California edition? ewntamieg the latest intel^pnce from ail parts ot the world, will be published at eleven o'clock in the noming. Single copies, tn wrappers, ready tor limiting, sixpence. Agents will please, send in their orders as early as posai hb. The MfWH. Our despatches from Washington, published un der the telegraphic head, contain important infor mation with reference to the threatened difficulties between Great Britain and the United States. We refer our rcadera to these desj>atche8, and to the ?oniincuts upon them in the editorial columns. The merchants connected with the Chamber of Commerce held a meeting yesterday, and appointed a committee of ten to investigate the facts connect ?d with the seizure of the Lark Maury by the United States District Attorney, with a view to exonerate the owners from the charge of fitting out vessels for unlawful enterprises. |The merchants desire to show to the British government that tlicir agents in this country have been altogether too hasty and thus allay the excited leeling that now prevails in Hnglaud. We take ihe following paragraph from the Newark (N. J.) Advertiter of yesterday afternoon: ? Handbills arc in circulation .calling a meeting this evening at Liberty Hall, Canal street, of the ' residents of Newark'who believe that 'Ireland's opportunity has arrivei,' for the purpose of form mg an ? Emigrant Aid Society.' It is hinted in some circles that this society is intended to form a branch of an Aid Society in New York, said to be organized with a view to tbe forcible redemption of Ireland from British rule. We learn that the meet tog contemplated this evening, together with it* projectors, was warmly denounced yesterday from the pulpit of St. Patrick's cathedral by the re* tor. who characterized the movement as ridiculous and senseless?at once opposed to the laws of the conn by as well auto those of the Church, which com manded obedience to the State. Its secrecy w,.s spoken of as one of its most objectionable and dan gerous fratnres?its members, if Catholics, on that account being deprive^ of the rites of the Church, and also of a ' Christian burial.' " The case for the prosecution in the matter ot j Judge Stuart closed yesterday. The counsel for defence declined ruuking the usual opening to the >ny, but examined qnitc a number of witnesses chiefly police CHptains and officers?'o show the kind of a house kept by the principal witues-, Mrs Connolly or Duval, and thereby to break down her credibility. The .nee lor the defence Is not vet tlosed. The legislature of Missouri have agreed to go info an election for United State- Senator on the Mth in.-t. Among our police intelligence mny found a re port of n c??e of alleged fraudulent financiering, brought to the notice of one of our magistrates yes terday, whk b from the magnitude and character of the operations developed and the position of the pnrty implicated, will attract attention, even in those days of rottenness and corruption. The Board of County Canvassers yesterday *u ceede.1 in completing the count of the First ai,J Hecond wards and the First district of the Third ward. With regard to the Firet ward affidavits were read alleging certain irregularities en the part of the luspcctors of the Second di-trb t. but tbev were laid on the table without debate. Both branches of the Common Council met List evening. In ilie Board of Aldermen the .loscpli Walker affair came up, on the motion of Alderman Herrick to refer the reports upon the .-joe to the Councilmen. with a request to inquire whether anv officials hud been guilty of violating the city charter" with the view of impeaching sad. officers, particn.' tony Mayor Wood. A I ter an animated debate the motion was lost by a tic vote. A communication was received by Mr. R. J. Dillon, the Counsel to the Corporation, staling that eight suits h id be n com men:cd against the . By, growing out of this Walker ?we. The Aldermen refused t. concur wiih the Couucilmen in appropriating $1,000 to defray the expense of celebrating Evacuation Day. An extra appropriation or ten thousand dollars wa? n ide hv the Councilmen for defraying the expenses of the city government. Dr. Theoderic Romeyn Be k, well known for I,-, connection with the cause of public education in ,ilit Btate died at Albany yesterday morning. Wc publish a couple of interesting letters this morning, one from Prince John Van Buren, in which he promises sooner or later to make important reve toUona respei ting the causes of the disastrous defeat of the soft shells in the late campaign, and the other ?mm Commodore Stockton, adopting the principles of the Know i'-othing party with characteristic en thusiasm. We continue elsewhere tbe publication of our re port of the testimony in tbe case of Julia Ann against the Roman Catholic Bishop of Brooklyn. It is quite interesting. Our correspondent at Barbadocs, writing on the ^2d October, states that the schooner Anne, from Bermuda arrived there on the 18th with seventy thousand staves, shipped from Norfolk in the brig Velocity, which vessel put into Bermuda a total wre- k. Staves were much wanted, and the cargo of the Anne would prove a remunerative one. as the < pidcmie at Norfolk had stopped exportation* from a. port. Anew lighthouse on Needham'e Poitu was illom nated for the first time on the dtb ult BOO I ?Th1 ye"te,,,ay ?*>out 500 a 000 bale*. The stock continued light and muk,:X C'?- Hour again sdvunced n oommon and medlnm grades of Hute and r bout 124c. per barren Good to prime wheat^ firm, with sales at fbO prices. Indian corn closed at 98c. a 100c. for good Western mixed. Pork was on. changed, with moderate sales. The coffee market was act ire, and embraced sales of a boot 11,000 bags Rio, priccH of which ranged from lOjo. a ll jc* Sugars continued firm, with moderate sales of hogs heads. About Id,000 bags of Manila were sold at about 6jc. Freights were steady, with moderate engagements. The steamship North Star, now in her seventeenth day from Havre via Southampton for this port, had not made her appearance oft the Hook np to a late hour last night. Sbo brings intelligence a day later than the news brought by the Pacific. Our Relations with KiigUutda-Impoi-tant In telligence front Wathlsgtos-Jintliig of the Hew York Chamber of Commerce. We have two important pieces of intelli gence to send to Europe to-day. The one is contained in our Washington despatch of last night, by which it appears that our difficulties with England have no reference to the Cen tral American question, but are narrowed down to Mr. Cusbing's instructions to the Die trict Attorney of Philadelphia, of which such a handle has been made by the English press. It is stated that when Mr. Cushing's letters reached London an immediate demand for an explanation was made to our Minister, and orders were at once issued to reinforce the British West India fleet. The Cabinet at Wash ington is, as usual, hesitating as to the course to he decided upon, and the whole question now turns upon the probabilities of the Presi dent being able to make political capital out of it by backing up Clinking. The other impor tant piece of news to which we refer is the special meeting of the New York Chamber of Commerce, which was held yesterday, to take action on the seizure of the bark Maury, in October last, as a Russian privateer. In the narrative of this afl'air which we pub lished on Saturday v c think we showed con clusively that there were not the slightest grounds for the charges made agaiust her by the British agents. The supposition that it could be made a pretext for increasing the naval force of Great Britain in these latitudes appeared to ns too preposterous to be justified by the fact, and the information to which we have just referred bears us out in that opinion. The merchants of New York, however, with a very commendable desire to fully elucidate the facts of Ihe case, and to allay any iuiu ginary irritation to which it may have given rise in Kngiund, have thought tit to take pub lic action on the subject. At the meeting yes terday, on the motion of Mr. Moses II. tirin nelt, a committee was appointed to investigate and report upon the circumstauces under which the seizure was made. The aflidavits upon which the vessel was libelled will be laid before them, and a full and searching inquiry will be made into the whole transaction. In order to complete the history of the case which we gave on Saturday, we now publish the affi davit* on which the proceedings against the vessel were based:? City, County anil Sta'i of Xac York:?Anthony Barclay, Her lliltuunlu Majesty's Consul for the State or New York, being duly t.worn. dotli depose and say, that from infoiinalit n given to him ho veiily believe*, and expect* to be able to prove, that a ceitain new vessel now in the |*irt if Nov York, cal ed tho Maury, ha* been built, fit ted out and firmed, with iu'ent that such ve*-el should be employed by the Russian government to or nice and commit hostilities egvinst \ho lubjoct* and property of the een of tireot Hi i'uin, with whom the United Stite* meat |ience; and this deponent aland* re.vly to bring forward hi* proof thereof, anil he respectfully claim* tuat proceeding* b" bad and taken whereby the raid venue , will, her ta< tie, nppHtei and fumiiuie. together withall material* and uniniuniiion and atoiva which may hi to lieen procured for tlii* biiildii g and e<|iiinment thereof, ahall him) may be forfeited. ANTHnNY fi.VilCI.AY. Sworn to this 10th day of Octobor.^BS.'i, before ine. (iKoruK W. Morto.v, U. S. Commissioner. City, County ami State of Xew York :?John A. Cornell, of New Yotk i-Ity, p diie nAioar and dock master ol the h leveir.li ward, being duly * worn, nnii.oth oath and aaith, that hta sutpisdous have bo-n excited for several week* pn-t by the appeatauce of a new tlirec misted, toiu irc liggeil echin o> r, which wh* lying at tile loot of Stanton stiret, New Yoik, up to Mondiy evening, th" 8th < f Oc tober instant, when -he rnoveu down to Diver *treet dock, and is theio now; tliat *hc tin* the name of the Maniy upon her at< . n. ou' lis* ueyer yet b -ou out of port; and deponent has ascertained at tiic t'liHtom House ol the port ol New York that sh" hi* not at present gjt her register. 1 bat thic deponent i* well n<v|unintel wi'li tie build ol iCsarityand he has no hc-nUlion in de po-lrg that thi* vc-sob naiooil the Maury, is huilt, rigged and nquip|ied for wuillke pur|*>*ea, and has not the con *t ruction td a vesas'l 'or ihe inerchaut service. That hi* suspicion* were particularly arousOl from he nature of the caig > i he hoe taken on board, which con*i*t* of war cannon, cannon luills, Hio'lll aims, ;???!, i ixty or eighty ex'r* spars, and other mercantile article*. That this de ponent, witLiu a few day* last past, ha* been over the whole of tie- mill vessel, nt tin* bottom if the *ai I Vcisel, snd jus', al* ve * hat appears to lie intended a* ballast, are In.in '.OP to .00 s,|Uaie tax.*, iioohtluiug cannon ball*, also, theie arr trom eighteen to twenty ctnnon lu twrniiighd with the raid luxe*, apparently so that they may |>*cl ?el'; ou the top of tlie cannon i* a I irgo quan tity of i? cil while on ti e top of the con) is a lot of lum ber aod the aforesaid extra spar*; in the locker* of the cabin i a v ry laigc lot of guu*, pistole, sworde and other Implementa ol war; nnd tbi* deponent verily b? heie* ilivt -he is sohtiodoui for wailike p-irpo-e*; her cannon are * I loountm, and she ha* port hole* or oan l on. And this deponent, further say* that a pei*en who assou.e- to act a* llrst mate of the ve-sel showed lie.- to dcjenenf, and temaikel ihat ?hehvl a carious hind of cargo; and the tuntiucr of tho mate was such a* to make dcj.i neat believe that the vessel lit g lag on a wartlk* ?y*K?; the said mate (old de,n U"nt thn' imnt of the a.said can.on were for eljnteon and twenty ground tail, and thn) tlic cannon ? u the main de< ? were ol nine I otii d l*.II calibre. I s pout nt saw the mark 2*1 upon one of 'hi rnnnon. and 'be mate slid tha' was the nu nsorof the i *nnon And this d*|>onent further salth. that from all he hmovs and has been informed, and ha* observed, he beli* v- ? that the said ve?<?!?ti e Maury?ha* been hmll, and aimed and < i,uipp"d as aforesaid by the Ku* slan government or its agenta, to 1>C u-cd for war pur pox- agnln-t 11rest Britain, anil he hereby inform* gainst Is* and her s- pili io.-ut accoriUngly. JOHN N. CORNKM.. Se orn nt th* city nt if i York, Second t.lrcult, Use lOlh City ot ilctober, 1 h.i.V before roe, tiKbi or W. Morthv, I*. S. Commissioner < ito. Otuhly, am' Staff qf .Viae York:?-William D, Oral', of New York, 1 usi lieutenant of I'olice of the 1 eventh district ol police for Ihe city of New York. being duly sworn, doth depose and say, that ?n the Ofh day i if October in-tant, he wont on i?ani a new vessel, called the Msuiy, then lying at th" foot ot Manton street, Ntw York, and was shown over her. fin het upper dech were six caunon, all mounted, an! port In le* for the guns, and between desk* were ten cannon, all ununited. Al-o, deponent saw a i|uantity of horee pistols in the cahln , there was coal on board, and dep> n> nt *m infottnesi that there wa* a number of guns un dernralh the rial. Iwjs n?nt also illscoveriil boxes lie tw een i'c;k*. The between sleeks were all clear, fore anil aft. with the exception of pump, well and chain box. She w?* peintxi wh.'e lietween decks, with the exception of the lower side of ihe deck beams?they being of yellow piDc. And this i'i|onent al o ?alth that he wa* a ?hip carpenter by trade, and, from hi* obsersatlon of the partlrni.ir build, lurnitnre and apparel of the said Maury, I In belitvi - she I- a vessel of war. IVM. I?. CRAPI". Sworn a' the city of New York, second t'ircuit, the 10th | day of October, lat'tA, before ire, I!. W. Morton, 1'. fi. Commissioner. City, fhuttty cue! Slate if ,V.?e 1 orA-.?Charles Edwards, of th* city ef New York, counsellor at law, being sworn maketh oath nnd ?a th, tbst he verily beiieves the new vessel Maoit has Ion built, *Hnipped an! loaded by and for the Russian government, to be need In the pre -en*, war again-1 the vessels aud subject* of (ir-at lltl tain. That a |wr?i n who deponent believe* bos been In the pey ot Kus-la, gave htm a full explmation of the arit anient en l*?r.| the - .Id vee el, which talliri wi:h the statement contnlnrd in tb* all davit ot John N. Cu re!! heieto annexed, eicept that the explanation to this depsment was inn. h more minute. Abo, this deponent gsthrred frtm the per-on refsrreil to, that the said ve-sel, the Maury, when ontode of port, would ship a new rrew of about eighty men, and ah* would he en ployed at lirst more particularly, In attempimg to overhaul sett* one or more of wluit are K-own as the ?fnnard steamers " (Rtitlsb T?*-e'? aad taki hem a* irises, put aodltloral real on board, and gun?, so.: the,, g. in company: wbll* there wvrc also other v. ?*el< hul!t and (Sited out by the KussUn government, si- ,llar to the W*ur*, wh" were reauy to Jcdn her on similar errands with an ultimate destinati. o against Bri'ish p"--r*. n* it. the Ka.tern hemisphere. (3ARI?j R'W \Rt*t B *' t! e City of New York, Second Clrcalt, tin 10th day of t , tober, 18 A, before me. '? w Mortii.n , V. f. tommi-aloner Tbeee Affidavits, with the ether document* which we have altcady published, give all the facta which it will be in the power of the com mittee to arriTe at. They do not in the lenat alter the opinion already formed by the pub lie, that there i? nothing whatever in the case to justify it* being made a subject o! quarrel. As the en)>tment question appear* new to be that upon which the whole difficulty turns, we will briefly recapitulate the proceedings of the British enlistment agents in this city. It will complete the history of these curious transac tions, of the first stages of which we gave a co piouB narrative on Saturday, and, according to our information, will show the lengths to which the parties concerned thought themBelveB au thorised in proceeding in the faoe of these in structions, and of the determination evinced by our government to put them down by the strong arm of the law. It will be recolleoted that, after Lord Claren don's instructions were Btated to have been received here, Mr. Strobel had, in February, tbe interviews with Mr. Crampton to which be has deposed. It will also be borne in mind tbat the British proclamations are dated the 15th of March, 1855. On the 22d of March Mr. Angus McDonald inquired of the United States District Attorney in New York, whether it would be a violation of law to engage in the enterprise of opening an office at No. 36 Pearl street, near Broad, for the purpose of sending men to Halifax to join the Foreign Legion then being formed in Nova Scotia, and was answered tbat it would. The office was already opt o, but was immediately shut up. The next day advertisements appeared in the German papers calling for the same description of re cruits, and Mr. McKeon addressed the follow ing letter to the Marshal of the United States, which was published in most of the daily pa pers, and also in the Washington Union:? March 23,18 5. <ijjt Knm the newspaper* duriog tbu lout lew (lays, and oilier .ources, I am inclined to believe that person* in thin city are engaged in recruiting men, and ?h'PPi"J? Diem to aome [dace out ol Uie iurbtiction ol thei Uidted SIuIch, with intent there to bo formed inW regiments, to aerve in the present war of France, England and their ah lhehnUed States are happily at peace with all the nv tioiih of the world. The continuance of peace to our country dependa upon the strict enforcement ol our^neu trality laws. Hie government is determined to execute these laws to tbeii fullest extent. This duty we owe to ourselves an 1 to all the nations with whom we are in an.l v. 1 b. e. therefor", ui call your attention to the second section or the ceutrality aotof 1818, which pro vides that? If any pers-m shall, within he territory or jurisdiction of .Uw United htales, enlist or enter lilmaelf. or hire uerson to enlist or enter ntnnell, or to go beyond the limits or ju rl'dlcUon ol the li tilted S talcs, vrtlh latent to be etiltstei oc enteroU l rv i li?. servlre of any foreign Prln v, State, colony, district or peo olc as a soldier, marine or seaman on board ol auy of war. letter of nutrnue or privateer, every person so olfendluif ?ludl be deemed enlMB of a lilgh mlsdenieacor, and lined not exceed Ing one tboussM dollars, and imprisoned not exceeding three years. i 1 wish you io use such moans as may be at your com mand to privent any violation of the 1 iwh of Die United I Stales winch arc passed to preserve our neutrality. I I will cheerfully co-opera'e wllh you in such meMnres as yon may adopt to prevent the infraction of thin ira portant satsguard to our national pesoo and prosperity, i have the honor to be, very respectfully, your most obe dient scivint,^^ McKFOw u. 8. District Attorney. A. T. Hit.i.yep, U. a Marshal, New York. These instructions, it will be remembered, I were in perfect harmony with the course pur I sued by our government in the cases in which | the governments of Spain, Venezuela and j Nicaragua were concerned, aud were not framed specially to meet these infractions of the law by the British agents. Shortly after, Mr. McKcon went on board the steamer State of Maine, and there dispersed a squad of men ' who had already received their tickets for Boston. Some of the parties were arrested and subsequently indicted, but the two persons whose conduct indicated them to be the direct agents of the British government succeeded in escaping. Mr. Bueknall, the confidential agent of Mr. llowe, was arrested, but dis charged for want of sufficient evidence, with an admonition from the authorities. Mr. I ic ton, De Bougars, and others, declared that they had abandoned the engagement con tracted with the British agent from Nova Scotia. This was about the same time that Hertz was actively engaged in the transaction for which he was arrested in Philadelphia. Advertisements of a recruiting character, re ferring to No. VI Chatham street, again appear ing in the German papers, Mr. McKeon caused the occupant ol' those premises to be informed of the illegal nature of the busiuess, and en deavored to put a stop to the enlistments ; but it was only after the party was indicted tflat he promised to suspend operations. Nevertheless the recruitments went on. The plan adopted to disguise them was changed. Advertisements were daily inserted soliciting applications at places in various parts of the city for situa tions alleged to be open to machinists and other mechanics near Boston, Mass. ThU plan was detected by the complaints of wivcB whose husband shad been enticed away by the false lure of immediate and secure employment at good wages, and their families left helpless and desti tutc upon their friends or the public charities. About this time an Uaited .States Mar shal's officer dispersed a number of recruits from on board the brig Tweezer, at the Atlantic Docks, Brooklyn. The persons ar rested were generally bailed by parties to whom they were perfect strangers, upon what was understood to Ikj promises of in. demnity from British officials or their agents. A number of indictments were found here, but, as shown by the trial of Wagner, in spite of all these efforts the enlistments were not stop ped. The brig Buffalo had recruits who were put on board here, under the command of a party having the written instructions, it is as serted, of a British employ* in this city. The payments were made at Boston, by a mercantile bouse, on the report of the same employ* from New York. All this was done in the very teeth of the administration, and in some instances with personal and official insults to the Ameri can officers superadded. And this, too, let Hntt be forgotten, in defiance of the alleged instruc tions of the British government to the contrary. This completes the history of the British re cruiting opertions in this country, whioh may yet involve England and the United States in serious difficulties. Although the Chamber of Commerce has appointed a committee to obtain all the facts connected with the seizure of the bark Maury, yet ber case has nothing to do with our present imbroglio with Great Britain. Will Mr. Crampton be recalled? Will Mr. Ctisbing be sustained ? Faahi.t Jam?Thk Kansas Question?Tiie 11. n?. Oruan or Gen. Cabs Lectures the Cabinet Oruan at Wahiiinoton.?The Detroit tree J'mt, the homo organ of Gen. Cass, reads ?be Washington Union a wholesome lecture in re lerencc to its late impudent interferences in the local concerns of the democracy iu th'iB State, that State and the other. In the course of thfs reprimand, the Frtt /'< ?* says:? ?m. r* l? ooeotl.er point we are going to tooch- The Wa.hiturlon VnUm 1. eM crm ly anximia that WhitMd
.1 mill ho admlttel M th. delegate from J*? J"*? h* will not bo admitted. And wo hope, to \ that K'*<l?r will not b" admitted. Tbr adml?lon of WhltflaW will be a virtual recognition by the House of RepreeentotlTM of Dc authority ol the paeudo legislature ol hanaea, end ,if II. validity of nil Da diagracifal and monatrnua acta, and . Idmieai'ti of lleeder will Hfalite an Irrogul.rand nr. .li rtion therefore it la that we trnut both will be rejected, auJ the whole matter ?ent buck to the people of kanMi. . , . , This is, doubtless, the ground occupied by Gen. Cass, bo the contrary, Mr. Pierce having Utn run out of the North entirely, from New Haroj shire to Wisconsin, is playing the game of a desperate gambler for tbe vote of the South. We shall see which wins in the House of Representatives-, Mr. Pierce and Mb South ern ultras, npon WMtfleld*, the black republi cans with Recder, or Gen. Cass, with his plan of sending both Whitfield and Reederback for a fair and constitutional trial before the p- ople of Kansas. Tbt VnlUd SUM Ud France. In the recent talk about war with England, the name of Napoleon has not been mentioned. On former occasions, since theWestern alliance, France and England have been coupled toge ther whenever tbe war question was mooted, and the policy of the one regarded as the po licy of the other. The omission of France on this last occasion may be chance, but it may also be intentional. Certain it appears to be that of late France has shown a desire to conciliate this country. When the Danish question was debated in France, the pretensions of this country were discussed temperately and in a tone of perfect friendliness. Every indication of late has pointed to the friendly feelings entertained for the United States by the Emperor of France. This is as becomes sound policy and the best interests of Napoleon. It would be the height of folly for France to allow England to dictate to her a policy on American questions. What ever may be the effect of the community of blood, race, language and religion which ex ists between the English and ourselves, there can be no doubt but the United States and Great Britain are, and must remain antagonis tic nations. From the very reason that their pursuits are similar and their mode of thought alike, they must be rivals, they must interfere with each other. Where the one ex cels the other will excel likewise. If Eagland builds up a great trade, the United States will do the like; if England's navy is powerful, that of the United States cannot be insignifi cant. Thus tbe points of contact and the op portunities for a collision between the two are multiplied by the very causes which philan thropists expect will secure a lasting amity be tween the two nations. Now, a sound French policy would turn this circumstance to good account, instead of al lowing France to be made the instrument of British antagonism to this country. A judi cious French statesman would rather use the United States as a counterpoise to British as cendancy, especially on the sea, than submit to receive the tone of his own policy on Ame rican affairs from England. This was the sa gacious view of the elder Napoleon, and is to be found asserted in many passages in his writings. He invariably adhered to the doc trine that the power of the United States should be fostered, in order to coun terbalance that of his enemy across the Channel. Nor was the view merely theoretical. He sold Louisiana to the United States, not alone because France wanted the money, and did not want the land but because he foresaw that each accession of strength to the United States weakened in a measure the political strength of England. Nor was he the inventor of this astute policy. Choiseul pursued it with unswerving directness for many years before the Revolution, and during the war it waB not abaudoned. It should be pursued still. France stands as much in need of a counterpoise to the naval supre macy of Great Britain now as she did in 1770 and in 1800. The Emperor has shown that he is not blind to the fact When the Eastern war broke out, Napoleon proposed that the Allied army should be led by a French general, and the combined fleet placed under the com mand of an Englishman. He foresaw that what glory was to be won would fall to the share of the land forces. Unhappily for his project, the prospect was as clear to the eyes of the British statesmen as to his own, and his proposal was rejected. This shows how fully alive the Emperor is to the necessity of coun terbalancing the power of Great Britain. If France, instead of coinciding with England's opposition to the extension of the United States, were to further that extension by every means in its power?were to facili tate the annexatiou of Cuba, the Americaniza tion of Nicaragua, and the acquisition by the United States of portions of Mexico?it is hard to see how she could possibly sailer, aud quite plain that she would assist in raising up un adequate counterpoise to her natural rival. That the need of such a counterpoise will bo felt at some future period?perhaps not far dis tant?by the French Emperor, is too clear to require demonstration. Great Britain is help ing France at present to reach her natur al p > sition as the arbiter of the Continent, just as Russia is lit Ipiug her against her w ill by her losses and her checks; but both these alliis may soon cease to work for her. At any mo ment, a new government in England might shatter the French alliance, and without the means of controlling Great Britain, Napoleon would find that all his work would need to be done anew. The United States is the only Power which can furnish Napoleon with those means, and the stronger they become, and thu more closely tbey are drawn to France, the less likely would it be that they would with hold them. It is hardly necessary to insist on the far greater analogy between the political institu tions of France and our own, than that which exists between those of Great Britain and those of the United States. France is, and never can be anything but a democracy?under a new name and new conditions, it is true?but a de mocracy still, the obvious and unbending foe of all the old dynastic and feudal systems. The time docs not appear to be yet ripe for the adoption of elective forms in France; and in consequence, the natural changes which the ballot box effects here quietly and regularly, are there accomplished spui-modicaHy, with violence, at the bayonet's point. But still, for all this, France is a democracy at bottom, and her > overnmcnt has no affinity with the mo narchical institutions of Europe. The natural ally of the French people is the only other truly democratic people in the world. Thk Fkward Lkk.tk B a no a r.vivo vni Sroux ok Conurkss.?The elder Seward* of this city is becoming remarkably liber of a sudden, to the Know Nothings. U standing that this party are laying their for the election oi Know Nothing offlcei the House of Representatives at Wa?hin our Fourieritc ami fusion philosophers crj "hands off"?shares, if you please. Let i shares. You have not a majority. We not a majority.. You are opposed to I'ierc* his administration, so ar?- we. Let us unl opposition to Pierce, leaving the third < and the Wilmot provi-o in the back gi and ao secure and divide the spoils. This ia the latest Seward gull trap for catching noo dles. Let the American party beware of it. A union with the Sewardites in Congress splits the Know Nothings into two sectional factions officially. Let them take their own course in Congress, avoiding all junketings or fusion cau cuses with the Seward men, and they will save at least their character as an independent party. But if they are tempted by the bait of a Speaker or a Clerk to iuse with Seward, their nationality becomes a hopeless case. Beware of the embraces of Sewardism. Facts and Figures for the Kitchen Cabinet ?The Vote of tub State.?The Washington Union endeavors to draw some consolation out of the results of the late election in this State, from the assumption that two hundred thou sand voters remained at home, and that they were democrats who will hereafter be forth coming when called for. Now, the complete returns actually received of the vote for Se cretary of State, as compared with those for Governor last year, foot up as follows:? Sec. cf Stale. 1866. Governor. 1864. Headley....148,789 rilman.. ..122,282 Inc 24,467 King 134,230 Clark 15*5,804 Dec 22,574 Hatch 06,5*518 Seymour... 153,45*5 Dei 00,497 Ward 68,376 Broneun.... 33,860 Inc 24 616 Total 436,312 460,431 435,342 Falling off 34,089 Majority in the State against fucioD 301,112 The Know Nothings have gained upwards of 24,000 votes, the democratic hard shells have gained some 24,000 and odd, the black repub licans have lost upwards of 22,000?but, most of all, between the administration and Prince John Van Buren, his promised soft shell plu rality of 50,000 is reduced to a dead loss, as compared with the solt shell vote of last year, of more than 60,000 men, equal to the main army of Prince Gortschakoff. And here is thj> difficulty. While the aggre gate State vote, as compared with that of last year, falls short only some 34,000, the admi nistration soft shell decrease is 00,000, so that if we allow that all who staid at home at the late election of the said 34,000 were Van Bu ren soft shells we have still 2^,000 softs to account for, who voted either the hard shell, or Know Nothing, or Seward ticket this time, i# preference to remaining any longer with the faction of President Pierce and Prince John. Where did these 2ti,000 stray softs go ? Or were they liquor whigs who went last year for Seymour ? The vote for President in 1852, and a rea sonable allowance for the increase of the vot ing population of the State since that day, will show that there is yet a strong reserve be hind in our aggregate vote, which no subse quent election has brought out. Here is the vote of 1852 For t ierce, dem nai Pcott, Vbig hcu Total ? 622~294 Add for increased population.. \ \ j* j1"\ j" 20 000 A nd we have a total of 612 204 T his total, at the November election in 1856, will doubtless be fully up to 550,000; but tak ing at present the full voting population of the State at512 000* And this year's total vote at! ! ! ! 435,000 There is a deficit of 107,000 ly ing dormant in the late election; but where this reserved vote belongs can only be de termined by the Presidential election of 1856, which will doubtless bring out every voter in the United States that can get to the polls. The vote of this State for President, in 1852 in connection with this late election, is worth looking at, democratically. For example ' The whole anti-democratic vote in 1852 was? For Scott Ha , *?r H,,e itSs 290 211 In 1855, the anti democratic vote is? For Headley, Know Nothiag 14,?, 73 1 l'?r King, lutdon ..!!!!', l'U 'idO r?ta' 280,069 An opposition increase of 20,000, whereas, the democratic vote this year, as compared with that for Gen. Pierce, shows a democratic loss of 68,000, which leaves a sufficient margin for the desertion of 20,000, or even 40.000 de mocrats, hard and soft, to the Seward fusiou ists or the Know Nothings. Another fact, the actual combined vote of hards and tofts is reduced from a majority to a plurality in the State; and if these two fac tions come together in 1856, it may possioly be upon such terms as will still retain the American party in the ascendancy. The di vided democracy have aided in defeating Se ward's fusion programme ; but we cannot sec that the prospects for a democratic reunion ?re much better on that account than they were one ytnr ogo. The great impediment is the administration. Will it gct out of the way? Can the Kitchen Cabinet make that suoriflcc so essential to the reunion of the democratic family in the commonwealth ? Mr ricrce first gave the State to Seward-next he .as turned it over to the American parly, uod all that they now ask is that he may be nomi nated for the succession by the great demo crntic party. Which will the party sacrifice New York or Mr. Pierco? We commend the political statistics of this article to the Presi dent s organ at Washington. All the comfort we can give it is, that the administration will not answer, and that unless something is done in season to reunite our hards and softs the lU ni?*rocy in this State will be wholly frittered away in the Presidential election. That's all. Will t.,Ere ,)K WahT-Wo^c positively Informed this time that if the British minister . trampton is not speedily recalled he will be finally dismissed. Gushing appears to have stirred up Marcy to the fighting point on this nsue; but will he stick ? Will there be war? Tim JUmrrr Hrvmr?Thi* .Skir tale* ?... ?renin?, at the Academy of Mmelc. The "Merchant of for "-Shakeeper. and Sheridan--willbe produced, with a powerful oa.t. The Academy wtll be crowded. Dalian' Inat Harhwr. The m.df reigned Truateea of theHailor*' Hnug Jlarbor lpijneet the favor of your company at the liuMtntioo on Hnten Wand. on Wednesday next, "ilrt ltn'an', on the cc aeion of laj lag the corner atone of the chapel, noe In pn ce?? of erection. A ateeraer will be provided for the aocmimo,latino of vistlere. to leave the pier foot of Whitehall street at 12 o'clock M. Arrangement* will be made for a return steamer at 8\ o'clock. Fernando Wood, I'alallah I'rrit, Wm. W. I hllllp*, DJ>.. Charlee 11. *ar-hall, Wro. ReriUn, D. P., John M. Ferrier. J tinea M. fraith, Jf-> New Tork, 17th Nor., 1666. Ezcttkmkmt at Paaztille.?There wan a good deal of caeltcnirnt In 1'arkTille Tueaday, cmua-1 by the appearance of CeorgeH. I'ark, the prcpric or of the old I'atkxUic l.nmlnary, which war thrown In the rlr?r lwt epilog. ?or advocating negro atealing. The ritixeni had a meeting end appointed a committee to order I'ark to leave 'own. Seme of I'erk'a fiienda interfered, and fhey ?*ete .,l?out to haee a fight. At laet account* they had b't trilled what ebenJd be done?St huvii AVkv, inc. 16. TBI LATEST JIIWI. BY ELECTRIC AND HUNTING TELEGRAPHS. Important troa WMkia|tim. OUR RILATIONB WITH BNOLAHD?THK 1UL CADS* OF THK INCRKASN OF THK BRITISH WEST INDIA. VUBT. Washikotow, Not. 19, 1866. The trouble with England U not nettled, it in thought that the administration la a little In doubt about ita owo position. It is given out that the Pacifle brought aaau raaeea that the increase of the British West India fleet had nothing to do with the Central American (juration. This ?aa merely to satisfy the public. The real cause of the Inereaae of the Engliah fleet on the American coast la to be found la the peculiar instructions of Attorney General Cuahlng to the District Attorney of Philadelphia. If any one will take the trouble to look at dates and facta, they will ascertain that within twenty-four hour# after the receipt of the new* in Ixmdon of the trial of liert/ in Philadelphia, the addition to the West India fleet waa under sailing orders. And I have information that when Cushing's two curious letters of instruct ions reached England, a demand for redress was mads by the British government and that <lrnand U noto be fire IM Cabinet of Washington. This is a fact, and an important fact, too r Will England or the United States recede P That is the question?noon, indeed, to be tbe engrossing question. More on this subject in a day or two. O. P. tj. THE FORTHCOMING MESSAGE OF THE PRC HI DENT - WISE'S PROSPECTS FOR THE SUCCESSION, RTU. Wahiuxoms, Nov. 19. 1856. The Cabinet did not meet to-day, as it is their custom to do, owiDg to the fact that the President had uot com pieted his Message, having been assiduously employed upon it for the last forty-eight hiurs, and expressing the desire, I learn, not to be Interrupted until it is iini died. Therefore, a Cabinet meeting may be expected to-mor row, when the Message will be discussed In all its meritrt or demerits. You can rely upon this?It will b? lull of " sound and fury," signifying a strong proclivity for re-election. Mr. Wise's friends here seem to think that the I'<#t and Tribune'/ endorsement of him as a candidate for President will effectually kill him for the nomination. The Judges of the Court of Claims have vacated the Supreme Court room, and will temporarily occupy the room used by the Committee of Ways and Means. I learned this evening that they have procured a room in the west wingof Willard'B Hotel, as a private couferenco room, It having been fitted up exprewdy lor it em. 1). PROCEEDINGS OF THE COURT OP CLAIMS ETC. Wabiiucitow, Not. 19, 1866. lu the Court of Claims, to-duy, Samuel C. Ftrid, Jr., continued his argument in the case of the privateer brig Central Armstrong. The Cabinet did not hold its regular session to-day. Tlift President is busy with his Message. E. The Mlaaourl United States tenatovahlp. St. I .oris, Nov. 19.1866. In the Missouri Legit lature on Saturday last, a resolu tion to go into the election 01 United States Senator on the last Monday of the present month, was read t trice, and. after an elaborate ditcugi-lon, was finally pa-ted. Know Nothing Celebration. ltorfUtHTKR, Nov. 19, 1866. The American party in this city are having a trium pbant glorification this evening, In honor of their recent State victories. Severe Gala on Luke Michigan. Chicago, Nov. 19,' 1865. On Friday nigh', and Sa'urday morning a severe gslc fr< m the eastward visited this par', of lake Michigan. The schoreier Reindeer was driven ashore about half ,v mile north of the piers. She has a cargo 01 brick, and will probably prove a total loss. Her owners *ye ( apt. Gllmoie and Benjamin l'hclps, of Milwaukie. The schooner St. lawrenee is ashore at (Iros-e Poiut. but a 111 probably be got off. She is owned by George Steele, of Chicago. The schooner Win. A. Small, Hooker, is also ashore, just north of the pier. Bold Attempt mt Bank Robbery. SrliivjHRur. Mass.. Nov. 19, 1856. At nine o'clock last evening ss tho clerx of the f'ynchom Pank was going into tha bank for the night, he was seised by two men, who had been awaiting him in the dark pas ?age. 1 hey demanded of him where the cashier lived, which he refused to tell, when one of them piunged iv knife at his breast, which penetrated his coat, hut struck, a thick wallet with coin in it, which saved a wound. Tho clerk then shouted murder, and the burglars llod. N ? lue to the would-be robbers has yet been ohta'uvd. Suicide of a Norm Carolinian. 1'niiAiiKi.piirA, Nov. 19, IBM. K. Prhnst, an eminent mineralogist of North ratolina, committrd suicide by cutting his throat at hi. hotel 1 ru tlds city, this morning, on account of pecunia-y debar rassinents. He wag the disc-verer of gold In North Caro lina. Marine Disasters. BtMTON, Nov. 19. 1S66. lire new ship l>ruic H. IV n-dmnri, which was askore et> Whole's Hack, near Portamr uth, N. H., fn .Saturday, got ofl the same evening without damage, and was towed to sen yesterday, lbs luig l'.inck Hawk, Parks, f.ovn New York for Calais, put into I'rovincctown last nigh , with lost of part of deck lead. The Weather nt the Kutwod. BosTOX, Nov. 19, A. M., 1855. A light snow is falling here. At Banger, oun inch of snow fell this morning the weather being ijulte cold. At Eaetport the weather U clear ami colT and at Calais it is the same. Marks ta. rniLADELrOIA STOCK board. . I'mi-APKM-IHA. Nov. 19, 18,55. Stocks steady. I'enoay IvaLia Stats 6's, 8254 Kei-llng liailr .ad, 46 V, I.org Island Railroad, 12Jf Mjrris Canal. 1. PrnnryiVsnia Railroad, 42?,. Br rVALO, Nov. 19?12 '0 I' M. Flour flrm at former rates. Wheat?Sales ot Mil waukie spilng at <1 78. Corn S'lj^c. Oats unchanged d.ate harley?Small a# lea at $1 ."5. Knox Knew* a ?Thing or Two."?Cutler ?lanotng dial, ta spite of the taw. a great man; bile of half, would be made on 'he result of the election, he mannfacurad a superflno lot of his heed gear of lb* latest s'ylca, and ta now prepared 10 sell rliem at the lowest prices. All of M net's hat arc beautiful and good, hut this new lot surpasses sny_ Jia' If evcr betore made. Knox may he found at the corner 01" Bread way and Pulton street. Anybody In want of a tat iha' caunor he lurpassrd will do well to call on K N'OX. Brooklyn.?-Ladles' Cook Ttlnaut top's.?J. LOCK ITT, HON A CO., 261 Pulton str?et, hare re-enUy re ertvod Imm auction a beautiful selection of mo..e smsiue. cloak vel-et trimmings plushes, cord and Las*' Is, A \ Order? ran fully attended iu and piomptly rxecuied. Grnln's Pur Emporium?Chr Pttr Benton having otTomenred. the aitentPin of the ladles is tnv.i.-d 10 this large and comprehensive assort men' of intiffs, vtororinee,. cloaks, rtitTs, gloves, Ac. including every specie. r>; tnr, rars or <omiron. and all made up in the he-t sule for sale whole-alc and retail, by fHCNIN, No. 214 Broadway, opposite Hi. Paul's church. Pars for the Aged?Pars for the Youthr!!', furs for the rich; furs fur :he economical; fun tor ibe b-..iiiifu); furs for ti e Innocent, cheap furs, high prircd iu-s, Bght and dark color-d fura. and flue furs, and niar-c fors, aic a.) e>o hrarcd in Kr.ox's stock, which 'o examine ( 'not topU - 'or flu.* a point upon It") jon have not lo go far. for they are d.-piay?t in every variety, shape, color, styl< and ?(iia'tty, a' hi ? ponu lar aril miivrnletitly locsied nstabl shmeni. 011 ih' i-o nor .4" Broadway and Pulton street, Indies, furnish your?it or wch lure, and lie sure to do It at K Sol's. I.adltV Mil Children * Pars of Grniit'* Ha rsar?1 l,e fur season hating or-ene-l, ibe aUen >0.1 o; I--.' e< Is tavfied (o 'he large and roiuprtbrrjsive assort Tier' <4 mu(f? ileiortnea, cloaks. coil-, glovr-, kr., a; Ibe lia'ja . ticludlng < very aperies of furs rare or common and alj vs!> ini in be 1 eat itylvs announced lu I'arls for Die coming w ?" OI'SlfA , a. car, No. ill Broadway, Sr. a. holes I In ?? 120 Pulton Mtret t?Don't Porgef-Drnwg-iM 1 A PBOCICN fltakk*eWwMkUueoC 5,OoTovep. variety, at Uie loweet rash prices. Die mo <*1 . ita r-uM > ultcil from ihla Immense sock. Pur*, of all Oiylr* and Rualtflea, and In. great variety, may he f und at WHITE'S, VB Itr ?.p paalte he Broadway theatre. Ins prow sd Shaker Knit Underelslrf a uurl t rawer-, all alxea. Also, lam'sr' wrnoi, merino sr'k and cofrm . f svrry kind, at Mr La 111) II LIN'if one pi .>rt-.iur' and lur 1 tailing store 292 (ireenwleh street, corner of Ul w.i.erv Tri ntrndou* Bargain* In Clafhliig.- I Isrgr lot of Cue black dr-sa arid rrock cnats. fa?taniL.i>)< t he v> IU ally made and lined througbmii villi sa'.io, well wo-ifc PB, selling at EV ANri' clo h ng warehouse, 86 and at f u u t. s'r?e-. at P. ?amvo-Dagncrrretypr Ttsla Btjrle of hike. noes exceeds all others yet tillered to the punnr, la I.cn-Ity (,r WdeetructlMUty. W 11.1,1 AWHON Brooklyn. Improved Ambretypw-BuigrM, \o. '491 Broadway, ta now taking vupertnr tri-tores ty il. ? new pro cess, whlrh rivals all ann port alts beret. .*. poi. e.| Call and examine speclmrns. German, French, and F spoken. Premium Amhrofyprs-Thi Host Srllilsiii and heaotlfnlly colored are taken al If. LKW|- . y? haiu street I'nptw Instruct. I In all 'he u eat arose menta ta the an A Pwct About Oagaertrolyfis,?Yna Cars proctre at KNaPB'8 only and ? a:e>..?'erfv. e t " p ,,1 way, between Barms and ??rare! alr??us, a larger are! ten Itkeneae. colored, tnr hiding rase, for 69 cent- ut . ivw charge rwe and two deUar* For. J*' ry.