Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 22, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 22, 1855 Page 2
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ONE DAY LATER FROM EUROPE. ARRIVAL OF THE NORTH STAR. TPE TROUBLE WITH THE UNITED STATES. Iin RESTING NEWS FKOB LNDIi AND CHINA, Ac., Ac., Ac. The steamship North *tar, R. A. W..maek, En,)., com manding, loft Havre on tha evening of the ad inat. arriv ad off Owe* on the morning of the 4th, leit Cowan at 10 P. If., and reached Quarantine at 2 A. If. yesterday. The North Star experienced tha moat terriflj west arly galea duriDg nearly tha entire passage. On the night el the 4th passed a steamship off Start i'ulnt?possibly the Union. On Monday, Nov. 12, at 4 V. M., (lat. 48 JO, long. 44 16,) passed a ateamahip a tearing eaat, with two stack pipes painted red?supposed to be tho Hermann. The North Star bringa 360 tons of French goods and 117 passengers. By this arrival we have received the socond edition of the London Times of the 3d inat. We are consequently In poaaeaaion of one day's later news than that received by the 1'aciflc, which arrived on Thursday morniug last. We find nothing new in the liuies respecting the threatened difficulty between Great Britain and the United H ates. The circular of Croakey A Co., of .South ampton, however, contains the following paragraph :? The question of war between the United States ami Great Britain hat been a leading topic of conversa'lun and discussion for the last ten days, though few believe ? ">e actual realization of such a direful event. An un em-tain apprehension is relt on all side*, nobody know* what la going on, or where the first Mow will fall, and Wvcn the abnurd idea of an Americs n invasion of Irel tn?l le gravely discussed at Lloyd's and on 'Change. Hie reported quotations at tho isindon Stick Exchange at 11 o'clock, morning of the 3d lust., are?Ooneols for Money, 88 to 88 lu; do. for account (ilec. fi), 88J(. The I'aris correspondent of the Jimri makes no allusi in to the war question as regards the United S'ates. The Lord Ijeutenant of Ireland had visited on the it met. the public institutions of Belfast. His reception was a brilliant one. In France an imperial decree had been published con firming the promotion ol fifty-seven |>ersons belonging to the army in the Eaat, to the rank of officers, and the no minath n of 672 to tho honor of Knight of the legion of Honor, as well as the grant or 1/384 military medals con ferred by Marshal IN lessier. The list comprised per sons of every grade from colonel down to private. The following is a condensed translation of a long (Rus sian) letter, ol the Itfth inst., received by the (Mt. Deutsche Post from Odessa: By advices from Simplieropol we learn that there is a great movement in that city. Many of the inhabitants are moving tothe north, and all the hospitals are bdmr removed to I'erekop, Nicolaieff and Cherson.' The sick in more places are sent to VosHnorsensk und Ellzabetb-Grod. The pi ices of previsions at Himpherop d are enormous! Knee the cavalry action at Kong,11 the enemy makes sim pie excursionsirom EupatorU into the interior. The Rue of observation before Eupatorit consists of (v men> -0,000 of whom are cavalry. Intelligent ? JtUlt'ry n,en are ?f opinion that an advance from Kud r loria and Mniplierupol and lUktshlserai would b-> a bad JDa7e\ u"Ie'm the Allies had u poworful cavalry force and plenty or artillery at their disposal, Tho opinion ?f the Anglo French press that i'rince (iortschakoff is m a critical position is positively ridiculous. His whole winy i* now mobile, which naturally was not the case as long as ho had to defeud Foulh Hebastop >1.' It is a mis . ?*.to..b*U?T? th*t tiebastopol was ihe arsenal from which (ho whole army drew I'* materiel. Between the let of March and 16th of August, the fortress of Kioff alone sent 2,700 000 bombs, grenades, and -18 lb. and 9'1 ?. balls to the Crimea. The State paid 6 roubles and 40 , Vv 7" f0,r,th:' tr*n"l'"rt of each pud (about 36 lbs. Figliah) from Kieff to HebastopoL During the last few days the famous engineer Major Genoral Todtleben has been here. The headquarters of the southern army are to be removed from Odessa to NicolaiofT. General of fovtlrj von Helfrecht will succeed General I.uders here EUhll? i. >Tnd J.eve[d,l?L Lieutenant General Gro tenhjelm has left, with the Third Division of Light Horse for Ocxakoff. The commercial harbor of Ocrakoff, which all ships coining from Nieolalcir, Cherson, und Odessa eu wwa, id of Homo importance. A letter from Vienna of the 30th ult., in the Cassel Seurite, says:? Various rumors as to the probable corclusion of peace 'ifi.c y po'iod are current here; one there is to the effect that the kings ol 1'russia and Wurtcmbeig have induced Russia to m ike concessions, and that Count Col soredo, Austrian Minister at Ixindon, has conveyed to ? note on the subject ot the Russian propositions. Aeoounts from Vienna give the particulars of several agrarian disturbances near the Croatian capital. They trfire suppressed by the police. The Overland mail, with advices from Bmnba/ to the 3d and Calcutta to the 22d of September, had re veiled London. Mr. H. V. Conolly, Collector of Malabar and Provisional Member of tho Council of Madras, was mur deved by a patty of Mopiahs, on the 11th. The in ir reetinB of the HsnthtLs had not been quelled. The re llgions quarrel at Oude was still active. fihaoghae dates are to the 7th September, but they eon tain no important political news, A large and heavily armed piratical fleet has been do atroyed, or dispersed, by Ilor Majesty's brig Bittern, to Jhe northward of Hhanghae. Nine Wen piratical ve-wels have been Hestioyed. The Taoutae of Shanghae has issued a procUuiation ordaining that from and after the Chinese new year (February, 186li.) all dollars or foreign coins of the kind assayed at the Custom H-uise, in the presence of th Consuls, shall be taken at par with the old Carelus dol lar, with relet once to their Intrinsic purity and weight in "?liver. This is an important step towards doing away wtth the fictitious value of the Curolns dollar, but the nnthority of the Taoutae Is limited to his district, an \ Ihe reformation of the currency must lie a matter ol rime. We hear nothing of the rebels in the north. Price* of tea at Hhunghae show a decliuc of 2 to 3 ts. per picul. The remaining stock and expected supplies are of the inferior kinds. During the month four vessels had sailed for Americu. ? Freights had declined. The passenger traffic lietweon Hhanghae, California and Port F'hllip has been almost on ttrely annihilated by the restrictive measures lately adopted against Chines** immigration. Tha United States steamer Powhatan, the sloop Van dnlia, and the L nited States sloop Macedonian, were at Shanghae. The Anglo-Am*-) |, m.i \\..r. (From the London Standard. Nov. 1.1 W* should grieve st a war with our kinsmen at the other side of ihe Atlantic, but we should grieve without any mixture of tear for the result. As to any danger to be apprehen led from a nav il c. n'est, it is a jest; the I'mtfl Stut.s hitrc nn naval J . owp v with one ?} oerr tqtiQiIri ns. And again, as to i unviia. *ivla proved sufficien' for her own defence in the war of 1812 and the defensive power ol|?he British North American Previn has infinitely increased since that time. There b* ano ther ciinsid*! ation that may che ik the belligerent spirit ?f the re .ublicans ot the New Woild. A war wi ll Kng land now would involve a war with France also, when-a* in 1812 France was the zealous ally of the Sta'es. A w i with England would, in (act, hermetically close the Con unent of Europe against the cotnmerc* of the North American Republic. Hut "Omc sage Jonathan will lie dis poned to say that the union of Fnglsnd with France is n>t Uie to be permanent. This, however, Is a great erre ugland and France liave fouud out, too late, alts ! that the* hsv* noconilh ting Interests?that, on theothor hand their interest* in the i*are and prosperity ol Europe is identical. The right of each nation to choose its own form of government and it* own sow reign is now* settled ?oint of public law. It is the prond title upon which Louis Napoleon rest* his authority?Uiat great nun. who knows that England, as she s-as the first nation ts* e*tah Hsh the right of national choice of a sovereign, so ske wa Jhe first to recognise in his favor its exercise by the French people. Swagger as they may, the Cnitmi Htm., ?err mt gu u. ueir with tnylamt ami franrr write!, those nation., rommandUg the sea, and having an invutne-a point of vantAg* in tho occupation of (4ina?U. Nor id thin al. Iheto if .l*inK#r in tho South M woll a* in tho north to qu?li th# aa.Niticii ot the bliiateriiur republlantni. There are the slate States. If, aocordiug to the writers JJ* '?*, the state of slavery is but a cim tlnnsnce of (be state of war?and there U no reason to VZXXrx:1*"-1* *u 8,uth#ni ?>* ^ ?lies W It Ti. outaumhered by ene ?lie*. W*w to those Who shall blow into* llame the *m*?il rofsiatevy, for we epeatft. though smouldering, lavery is still war. Hut if ihe republic should be so mad as to compel us to the use of all means of defence, a few black regio.ents must be seat to the American con tinent, ami it is as easy as I" must be painful to tell what would be the effect of their pre-snce amid a popula tion of tbeii kindred and relor, held tu ever... not to eall it eruel. slavery, by a handful of whites. The.e kre oa tderaiion* which muni occur to the great body 0f the of the American people, thongh polltleal sgttstoni and political writers, tongue valiant and pen valiant, as tbev always are, may lm? to obtain distinction by violent warlike demauatrations. Meanwhile, absurd, and. la the abstract, even unjust as we must think the Interdict ?pon recruiting for the British sei vice in the territory of a now independent .State, though once a British depon danry we hy no n-aa* defend the violation of that in terdict. il, indeed, D has been violated. The law of the republic lor bidding the enlistment of soldiers fur foreign service would, however, have a better face of Justice had not the .-state* constituted themselves the general rod pients of all emigrants ur fugitive* from their native gsountrie*. The Haiti* of Vienna?It* Mortgage on the fJovemment Damning. The Vienna (Jeuette ot October 31 contains the two of ficial publication* which were looked for with a certain mpa lienor by the financial world. The first contain* the arrangement *,greed upon between the Minister of ' tnanoe and the bank on the subject of the domains of I e ihgts handed over to the latter, and the second the W ere* relative to th* fc-Nfidatloa of a mortgage bn*k. The following are the4 principal point* of the oession of | the domains to the bank >? ? Theee domains, estimated In value at more than 15# miiMona ofdortns, are handed over to the bank as mort gage the ineci iption will take place gratuitously. The management of these domains Is transferred to the bonk, which will receive the net revenues of them. The State has a right to redeem any of theee mortgages by paying ^n equivalent sum in ca h, or by substituting another mortgage of equal value. The bank has a right- ""*e*cri to sell these mortgages as promptly as possible. There shall be organized lor that purpose, under the 1 residency of the Governor of the Bank, a commission uamed by the latter, and for whose guidance special instructions wilt be drawn up. and their execution subjected to the sur veillance provided by theetatutes of the bank. If the produce of tlie sale of all these domains la not enough to Jay off tl.e debt of the State the State'wUl pay the r* mainder in cash: but if the debt be paid off before aU the domains are sold, those unsold revert to the State. The cecree relative to the establishment *f a Mortgage Bank contains the foil .wing clauses Tfce capital of the new bank shall be thlrty-Bve rail Hons In cash. It has a right to Issue mortgage bends for live times that amount; their dates caunot be Lasa than a year without the special authorization of the govern ment; the bank, however, may take them up befere they come due. The National Bank, with aU its fortune, is a guarantee for the punctual payment of the capital and Interest of these mortgages. In con equence of this guarantee, all public foundations, wustecshlps, ?c , are authorised to Invest their funds in these mortgages. The latter have moreover ihe advantage of passing from h uid 10 band without the payment of any duty; thev may be discounted by the bant? or given as security fur loons but only to a certain amount to tie hereof er ttie" ? rn y may be quoted and sold at the Bourse. The meat_un poi taut clause is contained in the Br'*,*.h{j? states (hit the Mortgage Hank is released, li >tb lor the pment and for the futSre, from ah legal re.tr oUone as to the rate of discount. By this regulation, not only are the revenues and the profits of this bank carried up to at indefinite sum, but the first step is made towards a general augmentation of tne rate. Above aU, a severe blow is given to the existng usury laws, which will pro. bably be soon repealed. The RBMUn Mobility and the War?Prlwl IcgM of the Body tonfirmed. The following is the circular addressed by the new Rus sian Minister of the Interior to aU the marshals of the nobility in the different governments of the empire. Al though dated Sept. 0, it lias only just been published in the Moscow QtUftle:? ,, . ., In virtue ofa ukase of bis Imperial Majesty addressed to the Directing Senate, I have been named Minister of the Interior. Having accepted this nomination with a feeling of profound voneration for our well beloved novo reign, I caunot but feel proud that to the post of Mini tor ot the Intel lor is added the high attribute of being the re presentative, near his Majesty's throne, of the valiant Russian nobility, always renowned for their devotodness to the impei in 1 bonne, for their ardent lore of thia conn try, snd who at the present moment show themselves animated by the moat patriotic sentiments. Our august sovereign has ordered me to protect inviolably tho righ's which have been conferred on tho nobility by his august predecessors. I consider my self happy in being able to transmit this high favor of the Emperor through you to all the nobility; and it is particularly agreoible to ine to be able to assure you ibat from a strong convic tion with which my heart is deeply penetrated, I havo always considered the body of the notillity us the taltbful ally of the sovereign |?iwer and the liim support of the country In this conviction I expect that you viU zealously execute all the-let ignsot the government, and cordially co-opera'o in the arrangements made by the superior au thorities of your province. 1 consequently hope that be tween them and you no other rivalry will exist than that which tends to the same object?the public good. You sre well aware of what great importance to the -cryico is the choice of ir dlviduals in the elections of the body or the nobility; what sacred duties re imposed on them, and how closely the exe:ution ol those duties on^ t.ieir part is allied to the repose aud welfaie of private Indivi duals It is thcrtjare tinorrely to be cleared ?hat the tela turn for tmbUc trmi>loyment ahovhl full, not on tii'liti f/uils nho merely bear tn> hame of nobles, but on those who, from their intellectual captKities ami th-ir moral uualUie*, really merit their high distinction of nobility. is. LANsMJI. A St. J'etersburg letter in tho Hamburg Newt ramarks as follows on the above document:? Ihe publication ot this let-oar appears tocouflrm reports that have from time to time crossed the frontiers ot Rus sia and been whispered about, that the war is very un popular with the nobles, who have to bear all tho ex pense. Hie result is slated to have been tho formation ?ofa stiong coalition; and although this has not yet, per bapH, assumed the form ofa conspiracy, it may never the less have induced the Czar to issue the above declaration as a sort of concession to an influential au-l numerous or der whose ostensible ground of complaint was that tho Fmpernr, on coming to the throne, had neglected to con firm the privileges of the nobility which was invariably don. by his predecessors. Thia is generally considered lieie the solution of the declaration, otherwise uncalled for. Mlssellaiicon. Foreign Items. The plates of a large numlier of the most popular en gravings weio destroyed lately In London by their pro pi letor, Mr. Beys, ol Oxford street, for the purpose of en hancing the value of the existing impressions in posses sion of subscribers. Tbe works of art referrod to arc, perliaps. Hie best known and most popular steel engrav ings wb Ich ever existed, and which liave been published by the present Lord Mayor, when he carried on the bust ut'FH of a printHcller ana publisher, and the original cost of ergiuviug and copy right, &c , of which has been little short of it'.U,000. Ihey consisted of the celebrated-'Wa terloo Banquet," painttd by W. baiter, and engraved in ill e by W. Urtaibach; the "Christening of the Princess Royal," painted by C. R. Isslie, engraved by H. T. Ryall; '?The Queen Receiving the Sacrament," painted by C'. 11. '.aLo engraved by Samuel Cousins; this pla'e cost ?3,000 eugra^os ??<U2,0W the copyright." The following, from paintings from Sir E. Laim-eef, vil.: smith's Forge," large and small plates, by C. G. Iiewls, "The Sanctuary," l?ige and snull plates, also engraved tiy I e * is. Ihe splendid subject, ' The Return from Hash ing " engiaved by S. Cousins; ' Crossing the Bridge, on graved by J, T. Willmore: "Th. Deer Stalker's Return ' by C. G. Lewis; "Christ Weeping over Jerusalem, painted by sir C. Fast lake engraved by S. Cousins; and "Ihe Three Hunters," by Undseer, engraved by C. G. l ewis, The steels of these nignidcen' p'-.tes were in ihe fust instance destroyed by disfiguring iu'. - nj ings, under the *u|>criiiteiideiiee of hir. Loys. el ifo> . -rwet, their prc-ent proprietor, and Messrs. Dixon & Uo.n, the printers, of the Hampstead road, who have token tho whole of the impressions from them for distribution among th. public. The plates were subsequently cut to pieces by machinery, and were exhibited, nailed to boards on a sutface of white cloth, at the Albion. (in the ilOth September, in virtue of a right conferred en France by th. capitulation, ot 1740, the national Hag was solemn ly hoisted on the residoncc of the French Consul in Jerusalem, In presence of Kiainil Pacha, the Governor of Palestine, and the civil and military autho rities. and sainted by tweuty-oue guns from the fortre-? bf David, (m the same day the Frencli Consul was pre- . sent In the church of the Holy Hepulehre. at the 7> /h um. song successively by the clergy of all the Chris tian communities, fpedal prayers were offered up by eseli lor tbe Emperor, kiainil Pacha, as well as Colonel Moustnfa IW y. tfce military commandant, were present in full urlfortn. Tie church was filled by a great num ber ot people, and those assembled on the outside testi fied their joy by the dtsclia-ge of firearms. The regular troops took part in the/it' and rendered military houoi a to the Fiouch Consul. Kiamll Pacha ami Colonel Mous tafa Bey afterwards called on M. de Barrier# to oiler their congratulations, and he was also vtsped bv tlie agents of tlie foielgn powers, an-1 all the heads of tbe Christian cleigy. Public rejoicings were kept up suc cessively for three days for the taking of Sebastopol, and prayers' were offered up In all tlie churches, ihe mosques, and tbe synagogues. There wetc also salute, of artil lery, fireworks, .nd illuuilnati.ti., aud tho enthusiasm was general. Tahln No. ho in the finance accounts ol the Pnltei Kingdom shows the number of new vessels built daring the last thiee years, in the various ports of the kingdmi and plantations .? In the yearn cruling bth January, ,? igf,3?, ,?1854.?. ,?1856.?, Pels. 7bas. V"ln Ibw. Vedi. Thn'. England 65.1 123,082 till 150,150 581 114,301 Scsfi IulisI lill 41.059 163 60,326 158 53,1."9 Ireland. 26 2,480 24 2,095 53 9,512 Ulan of {Jueihfcv, Jersey aud Man 30 2,033 32 4,007 28 *,W British planut'i. 677 138,880 723 152,550 513 119,lt-6 Tl tal l7l9 3#V. 04 l,55il !'.89,788 1,343 320,809 Tbe monthly r.tarn cf desertions from the ariny an I navy of England. and the mililU, have been raa-le up for October, and exhlDit a gross total of 618. The returns to the War < Hlice comprise 369 from tbe regular army?o theee 12 are from tne Household Infantry: 2d from the Royal Artillery and Royal Sepper* and Winer*; '29 from ravalrv regiment*: 7 from tne Kent India (oinpany * troop*; and ihe balance from infantry regimenta of the line, the land Trannport and Medical s^taff corp*, and the Fmeifrn I egion. The return* from the militia allow that there hi.re been no tower than 266 defaulters from that brsncto of the service, and those received at tlie Adml laltv from her Majesty's ships In commission contain the i.anirs cf 17 deserters, two stragglers, and one man dis charged wi'h disgrace from the Royal Navy. The conflict which has sprung up between the heredi tary Prince of I ecsiark and the ministers, on account of the refusal of the former to accept the new constitution, is tar from bring terminated. A Copenhagen journal, the Hrrlimhr Tuhndr hints that In caaa the Prince per sists In his refusal, be iray |>erhape tie deprtv.J of his rights to the crow*. The negotiatlona now |>endtnf, and wTiich are t? ing iarrie.1 on by the Minister of Finance, rest on uew basts. Die Prine* is no longer required to accept completely tlie fundamental law; all that is aske l of him t? his promise to work no change in it hereafter, untos in a Constitutional manner. The Hamburg Cor rtfiemdmt is of opinion that notwithstanding tlieae c in cessions, the two parties will not be able '.o conw- to a good uudeis anding. A letter from Bucharest give- the number of troops in tlie several Turkish fortreises which can be ma-le avails tile in the event ot war breaking out cn the Danube. From this It ?t pears th.t the town of Varna is at present ?arrisc.nesl bv 3O00 Turks an<l 500 Frenchmen, fehnmt* fo 8(io lurks Silistrta by 5000, and RuUdiak by 1500. Abont 15 tOO Turkish troops are eolle-te.1 *t Baltsehik ami Kustendje ; these latter are, however, Intended to b, conveyed to Asia. Provision, have bemme exceeding tr dear. The high roads of Bulgaria have tocome .otn secure that it is imposaible to travel from Rutaehuk t? Varna, -xcept by the Turkish poet. The cost of a horse for tl>e atxve named diatance is 500 piasters, which, fo.wrvrr, includes the pay for the aervteeofa well armed tnan. whore company, in placea, if quite indispensable. Measures of great severity have been ordered by the Czar against nobles who continue to reside abroad. In Liionia the estates of several noblemen have been placvd under guai-Han?hlp, although their term of per mlseion has not expired. According to a coramnnlca'ion lately made to the anthorltiee. the Emperor la deter mined to put sn end to the mania of abaenteeUiu oo the part of the Rusatan nobler. In case of any landowner re maining abroad without leave, tbe tribnaaie will manage the estates, and render an account of the reveuuea to the owners for one year, at the expiration of which term the estate#. If the owner, still remain abroad, will be confis cated unless particular circumstances eau be brought forward to jurtif> a longer delay being granted. The greet Hotel du Louvre ?t Peri* coneiete of one ?n .r BOUI house, the aide* of which measure respectively 488 feet, 468, 196, end 147 feet, the luogeet side feeing the palace of the louvre, and the longest end forming one si le of the Place du Palais Royal. Round thoee two ?td*? au arcade runa, with handsome shop*, in the style of the Peiaia Royal; the other two aide* are ateo formed of ahopa, but without any aroade. Above the range of ahope ia an utrnol. and above that, the rooms belonging to the hotel, four atoriee high, and comprising 800 apartm"uta. The building ia entirely of atone, ana baa coat ?'294,009; the ground on which it la aitnated, ?137,641; and the fur niching and capital for carrying it on are eatiruatad at ?60,000; forming a total of ?611,591. It ha* just been intimated that the Lord* of the Trea sury, in England, have granted to the following late offi cial* of the li i?h Poor law Department the undermeu tioned annu ' lea an compeu*atiun for loaa of ofttoe, viz :? Mr. Arthur More, chief clerk and lately A**Wtiut Sejro Ury, '23 year*' aervlce; maximum salary, ?750 per an num; annuity sanctioned, ?360. Mr. George Wilkinson, architect, 10 years' service; salary, ?000 per annum; annuity sanctioned, ?300- Mr McMuIieu, architect a assistant, 10 years' servioe; salary, ?160 per annum; annuity sanctioned, (by previous minute of the Treasury,) ?37 10*. Mr. Charles Waim*ley, '27 years' iernce, gener.it clerk and lately cashier; salary, ?416 per annum; annul y sanctioned, ?250. A circular, printed at Vienna, estimate* the Turki-'i and allied force* at 300,000 men, without including the Turkish army of'24.000 inen on the bank* of the Danube. These trot ps are distr buted nearly u* follow* :?At Ho tonm, under Omar Poslia, 46,000 men; at Kars, under Vaiixif and William*, 18,000; at Krmerunm. under Vely and llafia, 12,000; at TrebisoDde, under Sellm, 8,000: in the Crimea, the main boc'y of the allied urmy on the two bank* of the (Vheruaya and on the Tchouliuu, 96.000; at Eupatoria, under Gene-al il'AUonvilln, (10,000; at Kertch, 16,000; at Kinburn, 12,000; on their way to reinforce the landing corps at the mouth of the Dnieper, 26,000; at Sebastopol, 8,000; lastly, the reserve in the camp of Msalak, 10,000. By an English parliamentary return ju*t issued, it ap pears that the aggregate amount raised by all the railway companies in England, by ttharee and on loan, to Decern bor, 1863, was ?273 324.616; and that the amount s>> raised in 1864, wss ?12,744,278; making the total amount rai*ed by shares and loans, to Decsinbnr, 1864, the im mense cum of ?286,068 704. By another part of the s*ui* leturn it. appears that, in the case of no less than '2,380 miles of the line authorised (and lor making which capita' to the extent of 40\ millions sterling had heeu appropriat ed by Parliament,) the powers for the compulsory pur eha*e of land hud been allowed to expire, previous to dint December, 1854, without the exercise ot such powers. J. D. Barron, clerk of Dungarvom Poor Law Uuioo, in Ireland, has been dlrndxsed from Ills office fur embezzling the union funds and for Imimrallty. Kev. Ileury Part ; >. Human Catholic chaplaiu of MulUngar Workhouse, re signed his office to the Commissioners on account of the reduction of his Kulary by thcin trotn ?76 to ?60 a year The master, Mr. Joyce, of MountbeUov Union Work house, hus been dismissed by tho Commissioners, th malron schoolmaster, ami schoolmistress have been *us landed, find the weaver removed from his place, in eon sequence of a series of wrangling* amongst *ho*e officers. The clerk of this union has also been called ou to re- i. The Kev. Dr. Vaughan, incumbent of .St. Matthew's Brixton, (a wealthy and somewhat aristocratic sub die trlctoftlie large metropoli'an parish of Isi'nboth, Ism don,) has been at feud with ins parishioners for smm time past, snd a couuni lee was appointed to investigate certain charges publicly made against him. On Monday evening the con mittce made their report, which was'o the effect that they had discovered many Instances of 11 legal burials in the district churchyard, of illegal fees being charged, and of ful.-ifled entries in the register hook and they recommended that legal proceoding* should be taken. The International Scientific Commission appointed to examine the project for cutting through the l-tbraua of Suez, assembled in Pari* on tho 30th ult , and decidei on leavirg Marseilles in a few days for Egypt, accompanist l>y El. Ferdinand de Leeespe and if. Barthelemy St. Hilaire. liny will proceed from Cairo to Suez, and make a con plete survey of the Isthmus, and will then embark at Pelusn and survey (he Gulf, and follow all the coast of EgyptJrom Gaza to Alexandria. The Viceroy of Egypt has made every arrangement for facilitating these ope rations. The construction of a solid bridge, instead of the bridge of h< at- across the Rhine at Cologne appears to have given fresh life to the plans for erecting a similar brldgo a Strusburg, so as to connect permanently the two hanks of the liver at that spot. Tho E'rench coni Pany of tho Strasburgand Nancy line has petitioned the rench grverment to make application to the (iormanb' Diet ai d the Baden government for leave to build this bridge. In conbOquence of this demand, the Krenoh gov ernment has submitted to that of Baden the plan of a fixed bridge between Strasbarg and Kehl. The Military Oairttr of Vienna says :?General Moura vlelV may be reproached with not having taken proper piellminaiy measure* in hi* attack against Kars. Up to September '29, the Russians had not finished their parzl lei, nor were the 36-poundar batterioa iu the trenches complete. The assault vaa not ushered in by a cannon ade, the General having resolved to take vara by sur prise. He also changed hi* plans when four Generals had already fallen; lastly, he did not deploy a sufficient num ber ol troops, and did not send up his reserve* until the chief attack had been repelled. The duty en tobacco, in New South Wales, 1* to be in creased to the extent ot titty per cent. ; upon the otlici articles ot the present taiiff the Increase is 100 per cent., vvi h the exception of dried fruits, on which the present duty is |id per lb., and this it is proposed to raise to 2d. Upon sail, the duty Is put at 2s. per cart ; on vinegar, i per gallon ; on soap, 4a. per ewt. ; on can ilea, 2d. oer lo., on timber, in bulk or sawn. 2s. per 106 cubic feet; On shingles and laths, *2s. per 1000. The estimated receipt* fnn> the customs under the proposed rate of charges, aru ?079,000. A notice ha* been issued from the Boat Office in Ism don, staling that the postage of a letter not exceeding half an ounce in weight, addressed to Canada and for wauled through the Lnited Eta to-, is 8d., when c in veyed by British packet, and Is. 2d. if sent by a United States | acket. Letter* weighing more than half an ounce will he charged proportionately. Unpaid letters will ha sent by a cheaper route, unless specially addressed ' Re united Stales." I'repaid let so* will be forwarded by the route indicated by the po-( ige paid on them. 1'iivale .Tome* Salmon of the 93d Highlander* *t tried on the 6th ultimo, lu the ' i iinea, for deserting from the trenches with "intern to go over to the enemy." He ?a? found guilty and sen ten ol to lie shot, but the com insiider of the forces commuted the sentence to penal seivitude for life, entirely from consideration of the goo 1 anil faithful conduct of the revlment, and of tho army t > which lie lielonged . and of which he ha* been so unwor thy a member. The Wexfn.d Indepcndtnl fl.iland) says: We under stand that the humble hero who bore and held In in >ii< death-grasp the colors of England at Alma, hi* predeco* surs having been shot down, wac a brave sou of our ooun tiy?1'hiUps? from near Ballycunew. I/vtter- of Inquiry ait- In town for a sister, as to tho disposal of ?1,000 amnnt the immediate heirs of our gallant countryman. The award is made by the order of our gracious sovereign, an> this enhances the prize. Inhabitant* of Cork, Ireland, have got up a pctl 1 ??? to the lord lieutenant, in favor of " luvltlng a par; jf the Bal ic lleet to winter in Cork harbor," fur the reason thus given: there are over 1200 sailurs' wives, bo-He other claimants on the men employed on b-ard these ves sels residing within the Immediate vicinity .if this so a port. Theiels ?40(0 paid quarterly frout Cork custom li--use and ?2600 from llaulbowliue, tu the relatives u! suitors belonging to the tleet. The Bombay (K. I.) paper* record a drought such a has not been experienced for many years, and a famine or at least a great scarcity, seems to be Inevitable. Tti Bombay lime* say* that even if rain should fall it ' I only iiggiavato the evil by ad ling sickness to scarcity lot Ing the crops already ri|ienlng andadd* that drought snd consequent famine, when it does happen, extend gtneta ly to ail the 1'rosidencles, hut the pre.-ont year has been an exception. We learn by successive number* of a Cslcntta (Ka?t In dies met cant ile publication, that the quantity of whea shipped from that port fur Great Britain during th< mouth ending the 7th of September, wa* no lea- than 1'27 884 tnsunds. or 22 6fi4 quarters, at the rate of 601b to the bushel; and we understand that, at the dvte of l ie latest account*, shipments were still gel rig on with cm niderable activity, and at rate* which prumi ed a hand some profit to the exporters. A great bil'lard match, for ?200 a side, was played be tween Mr. John Roberts, of Manchester, and Mr. Starke an American, in the end of October, in the Llnw md Gal lety, 1 eiceater sqitaie, 1-ondon. The game (English) wa plsjed 3,000 up, 1.600 point* to be given to Etarke. The match was won by Mr. Starke. There was *nme admira Ids play. Mr. Roberts making forty-three red hazards lu succession. During the year ending the 1st of July. 1856, f ore wi re within the Hidlnhurg police hounds fifty-four c ? is ot housebreaking, thirty-seven of which took place du.iuf the night. The value . f the property stolen ia aatitii i'ed at ?80. Theie were ten robberies, all by night, excepting one, tire money or article* stolen tieing valued at Ct J add there were 2.847 rase* of simple theft, the pro rtj stolen being valued at ?360. The directum which the Cherbourg (France) line U to tske between Va'ognea and (lierbottrg, has Just been fixed lite line wi . follow the hasin ot the IHvette. croy the valley of the Itoule, and have Us terminus on the ground between the Ke'enue canal and C-immereial dock. A brunch line commencing near Martinvaat. where then a ill lie a station, ia to cross the height of Dctevllle, and to reach the military port by the hill* above la Dole. An Arab manuscript, entitled "Luminous Document ?.n the Exploits ol the Ilassite Dynasty" tKl Adilia m Abu. uonui a M'farrkh rtI Ikmta el-11,una) has Ju*t been die covered in an Arab l'brary at Oonstan'.ine. in Alge.ia. It i* of the middle of the fifteenth century, and ia stated to be of considerable historical value. The au'hor or it is one lon-Uhvmmn, who ii held in high esteem by his learned countrjmen. Major Owen, R. F.,, of the Ea^' ?!, army, who during the Siege of Eebaatopol loet hi* tight leg in the treneh**, and who bad the honor of staying two days on a visit to her Majesty at Windsor Castle, ia on the eve of lea-ling to lb# by menial altar Miss Cubitt, daughter of Sir William CnLltt. It will be recollected that the gallant Major (then captain) was one of the Iceding official* connected with the Greet Exhibition of 1861, in Iondon. The Glasgow Chamber of Commerce has memorialised the Elrat lord of the Treasury about the ope-ation of Deel's Act of 1844, praying that It* action may he sua. i. nded so far as respects the Hank being restricted in its i?-ueof notes beyond the ?14.000.000 to the amount of bullion it holds. Atrial tilpwaa lately made on the railway from Cm cow to lb mhiee, In Western Gallicia, belonging to Aus tria. This line, which, after leaving Cracow, pessea through 1 ochlna and Tarnow, before arriving at Dembim, wa* declared by the government authorities to be most satisfactorily executed. The Sardinian government has Just approved of the convention of August 31, 186.1, for the excavation of a tunnel under the ( ?1 de Menoeve, ami made a oommual cation to the Ecderal Council of bwitaerlaad to that ef fect. The teutons of Vaud aed I'alais have, In see se quence. been Invited to commence the work. Pauperism has decreased to ?ueh a degree In most of the unions in the south Md west of Ireland, aad tfcg workhouse inmates are ao reduce*] in number*, that 'he guardians are contemplating the consolidation of smaller unions, for the purpose of economizing the taxation. The Koinei Gazette statea that many Swiss governesse*. who lived with rich fkmille* in Kusaia, have returned to Switzerland, those fair Hies having found themselves, on account of the war, under the neceistty of reducing the r establishments to a more economical standard. The Jaurnal de Framkfurt states that a political journal in the Polish language is about to be published at Vi enna. It Is said that 20,000 eopies of the forthcoming vo' umes of Mr. Macaulay's History of England have been subscribed for. Trade with Venezuela. [From the National Intelligencer.] dbckek regulating commkrck by TRANSIT.

JorTadbo Moaenaa, General in Chief, Preailent of the Republic of V'enesuela, Ms.:? Authorised by legislative decree of the 4th May, of the present year, for the purpose of regulating the transh commerce with New Granada until a convention on this subject shall be entered into with that State. MOB. Art. 1. The transit commence with New Granada shall bo conducted only through the ports of Maracaibo an 1 Ciudsd Bolivar. Art. 2. Foreign merchandize declared in transitage for New Granada shall besubject neither to import, transit nor any other duty for the bene tit of the national treasury. Art. 3. The consignee, agent or shipper of merchan dise thus destined for either of the two New Granadiau ports above designated shall, in conformity with tin laws in that case made and provided, enter upon thei manifests the destination either tor ru-exportatlon to or consumption In New Granada, as these regulations pre scribe. 8eo. 2. It is to be observed that in case of re-exports tion or for consumption in New Granada, the form pre cribed by the custom houso laws must be complied with. Sec. 4. prescribes regulations for the custom house offi cere, respecting their duties as regards transit merchan dise. Sec. 6. Within three m< nths from the date of ware housing the merchandise it must be officially made known whether they are intendod for consumption or in transit for Venezuela. In the former case?that is, for consump tion in Venezuela?they will besubject to a duty of on per cent per month, agreeably to tne value asslgied by the invoice as first presented. If, ho vever, they shoul I be destined for New Granada, they will be liable to a duty ol two per cent per month, according to the same valu i" tion, besides the duties prescribed by Art. 31 of the la fur the regulation of the Custom Ileuses. Art. 6 relates to the manner and form in which thes< payments are to be made. A't. 7. Same as aliove. Art. 8. provides that if the merchandise deposited fo. transitage shall not be withdrawn and the duties satistle wiihiu three months, then it shall be lawful for th customhouse officers having cognizance of such matte to offer such goods at public auction, and from the pro. reeds of the sale to first liquidate duties: due tbereou wf'h costs, and to hand the balance over to the partic interested. Art. 9. Ths consignee, agent, or shipper of all racr cbundise destined for New Granada, shall present to th proper custom house officer an invoice, containing all the particular marks, letters or sigus by which his carg is designated, so that, on examination by the proper ol fleer, whether the chief collector or aDy of his subord! nates, said merchandise can at ouce oe recognized an iileniitied, and in order that the said chief c ulector o uny of bis subordinates may suffice at the bottom (pie) r,: each page his mark or -ign, by which such merchanais may be Known and properly entered in the custom hour register. Art. 10. Within six months from the cloaranco of sue merchandise from Venezuela, the party in'erestol mils present to the custom house officer at Maracaibo <n Ciudad Bolivar, as the case may be, a certificate from New Granadiun custom house officer, vintd by the Vene zuelan Consul, or, in the absence of that officer, by com petent authority to that effect, that such merchandi* ? had passed through the custom house of that republic | ?Dd was duly entered on Its books. Art. 11. At the expiration of six months, as pre sciibed in the foregoing article, merchandise entere 1 for transit to New Granada shall be considered as Intro dnred for Venezuela consumption, and shall ho treate accordingly. Art 12. Merchandise and produce which shall enter th< republic for consumption through the custom house o ban Antonio del Tuchira, shall be subject to the sam rules that govern the other custom houses of the [State of which the officers at that port will take proper no tice. Art. 13. The Secretary of Foreign Relations will open a correspondence wlt.i tie government of New Granada to the i-Dd that he may obtain duly certified copies of ail in voices to that republic from the Venezuela custom house and lie shall, in like manner, forward to the proper office of that country copies of ail despatches from the custo - houses of this republic. Art. 14 relates to the organization of the requisii gourds on the frontier. Art. 15. With regard to merchandise already introduce I and entered for transitage for hew Granada,three month shall be allowed from the date of this decree for Its trau shipment to New Granada, after which period such mei chandise shall be considered as destined for home con sumption, and will pay corresponding duties. * * Given at Caracas, this 10th day of August, 1855. The Trial of Ex Fonmutcr Kendall In Hen Orleanr. [Frcm the New Orleans Picayune, Nov. 13.] U. 8. Circuit Cot bt?Before Judges Campbell and M ? Caleb.?1 he Irial of W. G. Kendall, late postmaster ? 1 this city, on the charge of taking out and appropriating the contents of a letter ($600 bill on the Citizens' Ban1 of this city,) addressed to W. W. Mitchell, of this city by S. N. Ilite, at Galveston, Texas, on the 8th of Kohrti ary last, commenced yestenlay. U. 8. District Attorney McOsy, Isaac Morse, Attorney General of Louisiana, an C. lloseliue, Ksq., appeared tor the prosecu'ion; and Ran dall Hunt and I.. J. blgur appeared for the accused. The following are the names of the jurors : Richard Nugent, M. Musson, H. 8. Buckner, E G. Rogers, C. M Walerman, H. T. Lonsdale, R. B. Sumner, E. I'eele, J II f-ta offer, G. M. Pinckaid, 8. Wulffe, George Urquhirt G. M. I'lnckard was appr.iuted foreman. J. B. Root, the Galveston postmaster, was the first witness called for the prosecution. He stated that a flv hundred dollar bill was enclosed in a letter by Mr. Hit in his press nee, at the Galveston I'ost offico; that the let ter wus diiecteu to W. W. Mitchell, at New Orleans, a >1 registered; and tba'the letter thus direct* 1 and sealed was encl< red in an envelope and addressed to W. G. Ken dall, Poel master. New Orleans. 8. N. nitc testified that he enclosed a $500 bill on thi Citizens' Bank in a letter addres-ed to W. W. Mitchell, m this city, aud mailed it at Galveston on the 8th of Febi u ary last. A $500 note was rhown witness, which, upou inspection, he recognized as the oue lie enclosed. HI (witness's) name was written across the face of the note. The note was one which witness took with him from New Orleans, and ho mailed to Dr. Mitchell the day after he reached Galveston. While ab lard the steamer Louislauu wltniss deposited the money with the purser. The money belonged to witness. Dr. Mitchell was called to the stand, and testified iha in February last he cent three negroes by Hite to Texas io he (old, and that he was In daily expectation of a reiuil tsnce from Ilite as a part of the proceeds of the sale, and went to the general delivery of the Post office io this el'y daily and wes much surprised that he received no c.vr muideation from IHIe. After Hite's return he met bho and Ilite asked hiin if be had received $600 from him Hn learning that the money lied net beori received. Hi < proposed that hey should go and see the postmaster, Mr. Kendall. They called upon the postmaster, taking with them Mr. WooClief and some one else, whom witnes. dees not i ecoll?et. Mr. Whitman, special agent of the Post Office IfepaM ment, was also present at the interview. On exann a tl-n a receipt was found for the letter in question, bej' log the signature of W. W. Mitchell, which, hovcv wilness pronounced to be a forgery. The receipt was on a notice which purported to have been issued from tic Post ? ffico. but which witness had uever received. [This receipt was pro luced in evidence and hears ?h? marks of having been sent by carrier to 13 Caondo ?> s'reet, which it ftp seared was not the residence ot Mitcaall at the time: then returned, marked "not fouud," and placed in the general do live, v. W itness received a subsequent notice a', the general de livery, and seme time after brought suit against Km '' for the amount of the lost money. Witness consider* the money enclosed was his own?the proceeds of the sale <>f his slaves. Messrs. Whitman (special agent) and Woodruff tool fled that they were present when Ilite and Mitchell cnu. to tee Kendall about the lost money. When W'-ihell denied the signature t j the receipt, it was agreed >y all parties that another notice should be issued a* a decoy which was accordingly done. This notice, It appeared wee taken on: of the geneial delivery by Mitchell him self. Two Dumber* of the Picayune containing the list of d vertised letters for two Huccos-lve Saturdays, 'he lith and 18th of February last, when according to the data* of the first notice issued, the said notice ought to lu.ii been in the General delivery, and consequently to have bien advertised, were offered in evidence to show that 1' was not adveitised on those days. Mr. Hay worth, a p >.i office o'e: k. testified that he thought the signature "f W'. W. Mitchell to the receipt was in the handwri'ing ol Mr. Kendall. Mr. Phlllipa testified that he took a letter out of the Post office directed to C. Roselius, Esq., the attorney of Dr. Mitchell, (subeeuuratty to the Utter'* insMtn'tfng Fiilt against Kendall for the recovery of the lost money,, which enclosed the $600 aot* In court, eeoompenimi merely by a memorandum that the note was of no use to any one ex sept Mi'chsll. Mr. Rousseau, cashier oi the Citizens' Bank, testified to the genuineness of the note , court. [It is proper to state la this connec Ion that th bill in court bore evidence of an attempt baring been made to erase or remove th* endorsement made upon P by Mr. Bit*.] Mr. Carroll testified as to hi* familiarity with the handwriting of Dr. Mitchell's and that he did not believe that the signature to the Post office receip' was in Mitchell's handwriting. The caee was here oioaed on the part ef the prna?o tion. Thr Plains ?We learn from the St. Louie Rt /.uhlunn, that scientific men are now exploring th* plain* or prairies between the Mississippi and the Rocky Mouti tains, and the prospect is good that an abundance or coat and water can be obtained at a assail outlay of money and labor. Mirceseful experiments have been made in t?*< ing th* practicability of boring artesian wells, and th* result!* most satisfa v'ory. In on* instance, near the Perm* river, about tho thirty-second parallel, at the depth of etx hundred and fifty teet, the greateet abundance of perfectly pur* water we* obtained. He-id*, this, th operatii n developed the existence of coal be<i*, ea*ilv accessible, and, as fkr as the experiments have pro gtf**ed, evidently underlying the whole of that Immense country. the importance of this dis eovery vrill at < nee be apparent. If river* can not be created by the** wells, water sufficient may l e obtained for all the purpoto* of irrigation, and thu the plains may become as thickly inliabi red, and th* land rendered as productive as any other portion of our eonn'ry. With plenty of coal tor fuel, the want of Urn her will hardly keep back the pioneer; for the materials for bailding are too numerous to admit of sueh a suppo ?itIon The thorn will donbtiess grow as well there ae here, and Uve hedges, even in section* where forests are abuident, ait now adopted by the farmer. Item* Cram Tcim> mraa or tbb legislature?tub governor's MESSAGE* Wa bar* Galveston ptprn to the 10th inst., and a few other exchanges- There U very little new*. The steamship Char lee Morgan, from the port, arrived at Galveston on Friday evening laat. The State legislature commenced its session in Austin on the 5th inst. A letter dated Austin, November 6, to the Galveston Ctcilian. says:? On Saturday night the democratio and anti-Know No thing members of both houses held a caucus, and agreed to nominate candidates for all the offices who were op posed to Know Nothlngism. The number ef candidates horn both parties was large, and, without such a nomi nation, would have taken up several days to organize. Each bouse made its own nominations, and to day they were all elected by the democrats and anti-Know No tbiofffl. In the Hout-e Hamilton P. Bee, of Webb, was chosen Speaker, lu the Seuate, James F. Johnson, of Travis, was elected Secretary. The votes go to show that there are certainly 22 demo crats in the senate, to 11 Know Nothings and those whoso position is not fully known; while the Home stands about 60 democrats to 22 or 2d Know Nothings, and 4 or 5 unknown. , , , , . .. ? Another letter to the Civilian, dated Auetin, Nov. 7, *ttlbe two Houpm have ppent to-daj in joint amnion, in electing a Public Painter and in counting the votea for Governor and IJeutenant Governor. The message was received and read yesterday, and is pronounced an ablo document. The Heuate has elected Kev. Mr. Wesson, of the Metho dist church, Chaplain: the House elects to-morrow. ME8BAGE OF THK GOVERNOR OF TEXAS. We have received in the Galieston IHvllian extra, a copy of the message of Governor l'ease to the 1-Ogial iture of Texas. It is chiefly devoted to the local matters of the Htate. Home of the topics are, however, of general lu teieat. . .. _ The Governor is in favor of the acceptance by the I/i sielaauroof the act of the last Congress for the uljust meet of the Texas debt, notwithstanding the result ot the late election, which shows about 2,200 vo'es against it. He reasons that as only 26,000 ot the 46,000 votes polled expressed any opinion on the subject, so small a majori ty is no test of the public opinion, and ought not to ex ercise any influence on the action of the legislature. He recapitulates the well known story of the Texts debt, the scaling process, and the construction at the United States Treasury of the boundary bill of 1850, with '.he ap propriation therein, and comes to the conclusion that the question can never be settled under previous laws, ami that this is acceptatde to the creditors, honorable to the State, snd res|>ectful in its terms, and he argues that it is for the iulerest of the State to accept it. He therefore recommends the passage of such a law as will give it ef lect concurrently with another law appropriating out of the amount to lie received under its provisions, such sura as will he sufficient to pay those creditors whose pro rata will be less than what Texas admits to be due. the differ ence between their pro rata and what is admitted, he esti mates at about $118,901 4?. This debt being settled, the Governor describes Tex is to be in a better financial condition than any other State of the Union. . ? . , She had in the Treasury $1 092,742 78 on the first day of the present mouth, besides the sctiool fund of over two millions ot dollars. In addition to this, she will re ceive under the act of Congress before referred to, the sum ol $179,166 93. alter n akiDg up the deficiency be twern what is {lue to a portion of our creditors, and the amount they will receive uoder that act. She has also a peblic domain, the value of which can scarcely be Estimated. The value of her taxable property is increasing with astonishing rapidity. The increase trom 1863 to 1864 was about twenty-seven jrer cent, and trom 1861 to 1866 about se\ entcen per rent. He leconnnenils a reduction of tho State tax, and a re liance upon the State taxes to meet the expenses of gov ernment, which have for four years been met by the pro reeds of the U. S. b inds, derived from the boundary set tlement, nod that the bonds shall be Umbauded for some purposes of geneial utility. The school fund of the State amounts to $124,000. In addition each county has a grant of four leagues of land for sch? ol purposes, which the Governor advises should, by amendment <1 the c institution, be vested in tiie State, to lie administered as a State fund. He is in favor of a Stale University, a Stale asylum for lunatics, and an institution for the oeaf and dumb. A large part of the message Is devoted to tho Pacific railroad and other internal improvements of the Stve.^ The Governor re fers to the act. passed at the last session for regulating and restraining the sale of spirituous li quors, which has proved iuoperative, and is very defec tive. He Is opposed to the enactment of a prohloito-y law, but is in favor of a ' judicious law" regulaliog the sale. . The Governor details at length the reasons which prompted him to call out the mounted force under Capt. Callahan; gives an account of the Indian depredations which made tMg inqierative, and sustains in full the con duct of Capt. Callahan, upon whom he bestows high per sonal coram* Ddation, justifies Ills crossing of the Rio Grande, and all his proceedings on the other side of the river. ... On the assurance of General Smith that mounte^rifle men would be placed at proper points for the protection of the frontier, the Governor declined any further service of volunteers. He recommends an increase in the number oi Judges ot the Supreme Court, an increase of their salaries, and of the salaries of the District Judges, and a geological sur vey of the State. , # There is not a w->rd in the message on the subject or politics or federal affairs. MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS. The great crowd lias dispersed, and Austin now pre sents about the usual degree of Hie and excitement at thi* stage of the session The Galveston Civilian. of the 9th, furnishes the foil i * - iug intelligence. The State Cazttte says that the official return* have been leceived from Orange, showing fourteen majority instead of fifty-two as lor some time past, had tieen very generally conceded to be the returns. There is therefore no lrnger any denbt of the election of U. D. Evans as Repre-enta live in Congress from the First district. Capt. Callahan was. at last accounts, at home and ?n well, but fully inlending shortly to make another attempt to punifh tho IudUinH for tnoir dopredatlonfl on th?> frontier. . , . ,. TLe remainder oi the iron necessary to complete tlm HariDburg rrad to Richmond, sixty-eight tona, arrived by the brig South, from New York. flic Matagorda OurtmicU say* the sugar planters are turning out a fine article of sugar, with the promise or an abundant product. In the District Court of Roberts in county, T. A. John son John Johnson and Earle Brown have been tried for the murder ol W. D. Miller, aud acquitted. Court of Claims. _ SATt nnav, Nov. 17 ?The Court met at 11 o'clock. The Judges were sll piesent. . .. , in accordance with a prevfous agreement, t ie case of Samuel C. lteii and others (the privateor Armstrong claim) was taken up. Samuel C. Reid. Jr., Esq., of rhi ladelnhia, appeared in behalf of the claimants. This is a claim against the United States for indemnity for the destruction of the brig General Armstrong by a Bri'bh Meet, on the 27th of September. 1814, at tire port of Fayal, in the neutral territory of Portugal, The lnd.umiflcaii.in wbicli the United States demanied ol Portugal was acknowledged to be just by that govern ment until after its claim upon England had been satisfied in part. England refused to make satisfizction lor the destruction ol the privateer, after which I or tngHl would not acknowledge 'he claim; and the United States during the administration of General Taylor, sen' a fleet to Portugal, and made a peremptary demand fir its lavmcnt. A treaty was afterwards made with I ortu gal, whereby Ihe United States compromised the rights r f the clnimants. and, for a bonus, agreed to refer tho ?Armstrong claim" to arbitration. I-ouis Napeleon who was selected as the umpire, decided adversely to the claimants, and the claim Is now urged against the I mted Mater on the ground ibat it ha* been negligently con ducted by the government, that It was impro|>*rly sub milled to arbitration, and that the treaty was impro perly and unskilfully framed. Mr. Reid had not con cluded hi* remrrks when the Court adjourned. Monimv, Nov. 19.?The Court met at 11 o clock, in tho room appropriated to the use of the Committee on Com merce. The Judge* were all present. . Judge Scarborough delivered the opinion of the Court in the cane of White and Hherwood. The petitioners in this case were messengers In the office of the Auditor for the Post office Pepsrtment, and claim compensation for . four years' extra services, commencing on the 1st f | January, 1889. and ending on the 1st of January. 1843. at $100 a year. The Court decided that the petl'lnn Is detective?1st. In not specifying what parson or Persons are owners ot the claim, or interested therein. 2d. Be cause the petition did not seem to set forth any claim *hAtt?ver, exwpt on? for interest. Until the petition U an ended, the Court ?1U refuse to order the taking of '^udee*Scarborough riso delivered the opinion of the Courtln the case of John Bnyd, who claims com pen*"' n for extra serv ices rendered ae a deputy marshal in taking the census In Louisiana. The petition was decided to be defective, in stating the claim, and In omitting to state the aclion of Congress 'hereon. Ihe Court will not o-der the taking of testimony until the petition is amended. The argument in tire privateer Armstrong case fad jonrned over from Saturday) was resumed bv Samuel C. Held, Jr., Esq., who ha<l not concluded his remarks Adjourned. Brutal Murker in Missouri.?We learn from the Weston N<i>?rtrr the |*rtleulars <if a brutal murder committed In Nodaway eOunty, on the 3lit of Oct* btr last. It appears that a gentleman by the name of Pees Murray, had a difficulty pending between tpm ?elf Henry Thornlillt and George Johnson, all living near Matysvll'e, Sodaway county, and on Wednesday evening. October 31, the two Utter met the said Murray, sotted in a wagon drawn by a yoke of oxen; a dispute ensue 1, in the eourne of which Murray called one of the other .arty a lUr. Upon 'hi* both Thornhiil and Johns*.n nischsrged the contents of their rifles into the body oi Murray" entering In the right thigh and left side lbey then agisted by a person of the name of Size more took the breeeh of their guns and beat him in the mi st unmsrciful manner. Not satisfied with their hellish conduct, they then set the vehicle on flee, in which lay, almoet llfrless, the said Murray; and yet nrt being satisfied, they set the prairie around on fire, per haps to disguise from the scrutiny ot the public eye th* outrage committed on Murray. But ?*? t^ Um laker, fright during the aff.ay. started off. and ran to the heuse of a neighbor. Tills created alarm and search wis institutsyl, when the half deed Murray was ills cb.TTlng was on fire, and he wee suffering from the wounds on bis p*rson. ^ hi* death, swore that Thoruhili. Johnson and Hi?emore were bis murderers. Thornhiil and J .hnson were ar rested and lodged in JaP. but Sit-more has not bevu beard of since. Another Indian Battle?The Platte Argus ?fih. 18th Inst., notice* a rumor derived trom a geo ?i inn! In from th? On<ihnMr, that tno'hr ?n??t hi icurred betwesn the'for-*, in com ,nn5*r,f (laneral Harney and the trioux Indian*. Tlie Informant nrofewed to have receive*! the Intelligence ?r, m sn express m root* for Fnrt Teevenworth wi h ? tnd despatch**. He learned nothing be jind the mere report that a battle had taken place. The IrUh AM Societies. MUTING a NEW AM, N. J. [From the Newer* Advertiser, Not. 20.1 torMSWnbw of Irishmen held a meeting laid even tag at Liberty Hall, la Canal street, to organize an Irfolz Emigrant Aid Sooiety. Patrick Kelly was appointed Chairman, and called upon a Capt. Butler, of New York who was present, to state the object of the asseoiatiou! He first read the prospectus of the association, which an nounced that Ireland's opportunity to make an attempt at freedom had arrived, and he called upon all true Irish men to prepare themselves to resist British oppression and tyranny. The association, it appears, has been or ganized but three months, ami already numbers man* members- in New York alone numbering three thousaiui, and In Brooklyn, Jersey City, and the adjacent places, rapidly augmenting in strength. The society was utvtdad into two classes?civic and military. The first was com posed of men with Antilles dependent upon them, and the (aat of young men who were anxious and ready to take an active part in the struggle of Ireland for liberty. He continued his remarks at length, eztolling the merits of the association, and said their acts were not contrary to the laws ol tbe United Utatea in equipping and ditiling for ??rvice.and when they were ready to act, the demands of God and nature were superior to the arbi trary rules of government Ireland would soon be li.s America?a republic and an a-yluin for the down-trodden and oppressed. In conclusion, he state-i that some six hundred Irishmen had recently lei*. New York for their native land, uncer the auspices of the association, and thousands of otnera will hkjq follow. A large number of Irishmen then affixed their narnetf to tbe roll, and a considerable amount of money was sub scribed. The following offioera wore elected for this city 1'resident, l'atrick Kellv; Vioe President, T. Baldwin; Secretary, Joseph Kiley; Treasurer, Franc's Quia. Great enthusiasm prevail d, and the determination of the assemblage was evidently strongly fixed to render Ireland any aervioe she might demand at any time, not withstanding the anathema of the Catholic Chu ch gainst it. Opening of tbe Theatrical and Amusement Season In Hew Orleans. The New Orleans papers Inform us that the theatrical season in that city opened on the l'ith Inst, with bril liant prospects. On the 11th the steamer Michigan arrived from St. Louia, having on bcaid Hen. lie Bar and family, tosMhec with the following Hi ttsts, attached to the corps ilmint (folic of the faint Churl"* theatre, viz :?Mrs. Booth, Mr. Gladstone and lady, Mr. Earren and lady, Mr. Wright and lady, Mark Smith and lady, Mr. Wal'lauer and lady, Mr. Ieonard and lady, Mr. Aiiolphe and lady, Mr. Noxon and lady, Mr. 1'htlps and lady, Mrs. Johnston an I two daugh ters, Mr. Kelsy and lady, Mr. Howard and lady, Mr. French and lady, Mr. Clark and lady, Messrs. (fompoeU, Goldon, Annan ItuU, S'.udley, Chaplin, Mrs. Sturkoy, Mr. Johnston, Mr. Prucclanl, Messrs. Kost, 7-inton>1, Oren burg, Kherhart, Mrs. Kterbart, Messrs. Mct.'luny, Glea son, Strrdback, Ware, and Grinstend. There also cams passengers on the Michigan the following persona at tached to J. M. Field's theatrical company :?Mrs. St. Clair, two Misses St. Clair, Mr. Meyer and lady. The following is the jnrKmnrl of the opera company at the Theatre i/'OrleausM. Boudouauuic, lessee uud manager. MM. Fiot, stage manager; M. ('holes, assist ant manager; Develle, acetic artist; Chaffary, libra rian ; St. Cyr, treasurer ; Dubois. prompter; Mariono, cor turner, and Clnvulon, machinist. MM. Kuge ia i'revost, 1st leader of the orchestra (opera)j Ourto, 2d leader of orchestra aud music teacher; Leon Pro vost, leader of orchestra in drama and vaudeville. The performers engaged aro MM. Rousseau de I.igrare, (grand opera) 1st tenor; I'uluc, (grand opera) 1st tenor: Auguste Laget, 1st tenor, (comic opera); Debriuay, 2d tenor, (comic opera); Crambade, 1st bariioim; Junca, lit basse taille, (grand opera); Graat, 1st basse taiile, (comic opera): Mature, 2d basse taille; Charles Calson, 1st afctor in comedy and drama; Gustave Dodoe, 1st ao'oc In vaudeville; Carrier. 1st oomiu in comedy and opera: Dutasta, A. Choi, Mathleu, 1st comic in vaudeville. And M'meslaget I'ranterrc, let prima donna; Cambier, 1st prima donna; Colson, let prima donna ounc opera; Pre vost Pulaurens, 1st prima donna and dugazoo; Darmont, 1st artist (drama) ; Yezian, let artist, (drama); Richer, coquettes snd dugazon ; Bcaudoin Bleye, duenna; Gontbier, engonue ; together with a company of thing chorus singers and thirty-five musicians in the orches tra. The arf ifts are now on their way to New Orleans in tbe ship Guttenberg, which left Havre on the 28th .Sep tember. Tho New Orleans Picai/un*. ol tho 13th Inst, says There was a groat turn out last evening of the seekers of amusement, and all the nhtces open for their entertain ment were fully attended. St. Charles theatre, the " Old Drury" of New Orleans, opei-ed last evening with tho tiagedy of the '? Gamostei,'* and the force of the " ft age-Struck Tailor." During the vacation and interregnum of amusements,.th" house hM been very materially improved In all reaped*. and Is now mrre worthy the patronage of a great city than at any previous time we can recul. The walls have been re painted and refreshed, the sceuery re brushed, and every thing considerably improved. The illustrious " Chen ley" still presides over the outer entrance, and the veteran " Mho" has charge of the Interior. The same corps of assistants aid within the doors. The tragedy of thu "Gamester 'was produced, with Mrs. Karren as Mrs. Beverly, Mr. Pope as Mr. Bevei ly, Mark Smith as Jarvis, and Mrs. Leonard as Charlotte. The applause manifested during its performance and at its close was a sufficient: proof of the merit that accompanied its rep-e tentation. At the conclusion of the tragedy. Mr. Dulli-ld appeared upon the stage "with u song," and was greeted with n<t common amount of applause. The farce ot tho "Stage Struck Tailor" succecued the previous performance, aud Mr. Mark Smith as Sir Matthew Scruggs, and Mr. DeBar as Tom Tapt, brought down no Incousiuerable amount ef popular commendation. Mrs. Booth and Mrs. Bernard were received with applause sufficiently strong and liesrty to assure them or the pleasant recollec ion, they left behind in years previous. Taking the first night's performance st the St. Charles as a crj'erion of the re mainder we feel confident that the prAlent season will bo a profitable one to the manager. Tbe Southern Opera House, at Armory Hall, was jam med, literally. Refore the overture was over the t ea - urer was obliged to stop the sale of tickets. The Pelican people performed their pieces to a good house, and to the perfect acceptance of the audience. In fact, it wan a gala night, and a merry opening of the gay season. Messrs. Houdou'quc and Huffier have mode arrange ments to fclve a series of masked society halls at tbe Or leans theatre, with I ehmann'a orchestra, during the season; and the restaurant adjoining tbe theatre on bail nights is to be kept by Boudro. We are told that seve ral heads of families have aheady started a subscription to give a ball and supper at the end of tbe ball season. A concert was to be given on the 14th in-taut at Odd Fellows' Hall, undor the direction of I'rufossor Curto, for the benefit of tbe Female Orphan Asylum. Hie best amateur singers In the city would appear on the occa sion, and a choice brass band were to perform. The grand It Drum, which elicited so much admiration at the cathedral on a late occasion, was to be lepea'ed. On tbe 14th inst. Mr. D. R. Frazler took his first regu lar benefit at the Pelican theatre, and appeared in threw of his most successful characters, lie played JacqueW Strop, General ltombaslo- Furloeo, and Jem Bogs, and sung tbe just now most popular comic soog of the day. "ViTikins and his Dinah." Mr. Cbaries played Robert Macaire, and all the rest of the company lent their aid ia rendering the programme ot tbe evening. "The Old Original Campbell Minstrells" gave their first entertainment for the present season, at the Armory Hall, on the 12th. There was an exceedingly good au dience present, and everything passed off to tbe accepta tion of tbe public. Matt Peel, the manager, is a doctd -4 and approved fovoiite, known for some years and found to improve on acquaintance. IFexv Patents leaned. list of patents issued from the United States Patent Office, tor the week ending Nor. 20. 1855?each bearing; that date:? Timothy Beiley, of Ballston Spa, N. Y., for Improve ment in kDtttirg midlines. Alexander Barnes, of Ashtubula, O., for improvement in mop heads. G. W. Ifigelow. of New Haven, Conn., for improvement In cutting teeth of gear wheels. J. Henry A. Blackmann, of Ronsdorf, Prussia, lor im provement in locks. 1-ewts 8. Chichester, ol New York, N. Y., for improve ment In cotton gins. I>. W. Clark, of Bridgeport. Conn., for improvement ia double acting pnmpa, Edward Pierre I'raissinet and Henri F.mlle flrboul. of Route d'Othans, Montrouge, Paris. France, for ticket holders. Patented in France, F'eb. 2, 1838. Thou. Henderson, of Ixtwell, Muss., for machine foe printing yarns and cloths. Theodore P. Howell and Noah F. Blanchird, of Newark, N. J., for Improvement in treating leather for enamelImg. D. W. Hughes, of New 1/indon. Mo , for improved me thod of attaching tops to seats ot carriage-. A. A. Marcellus, of New York, N. Y., for un Improve ment in potato diggers. Joseph McCord, of Philadelphia, Pa , for pjilcemen'il rattles. Charles A. MrFvoy. of Richmond. Va., for improve ment in rallnad aiatijn Indicators. John l'hlnn. of Rochester, N.Y., for improvement ia gun locks. Vm. F. A Charles J. Provost, of Selma, Ala., for im provement In cotten presses. Charles Rice, of Boston. Mass., and S. H. Whorp. of Roabury, Mass, for improved machine far preparing lea ther for the manufacture of boots and shoes. John Reily, of Ilart Prairie, Wit., lor Improvement la harvesting machines. F. Noette and A. Schmidt, of Brooklyn, N. Y., for im proved marble cawing machine. M. W. St. John and Isaac Brown, of Ieonarcsvllle. N. Y.. for Improved street sweeping machine. Gerard nickels, of Brooklyn, S. Y., tor improvement ia coal sifters. George H. Thomas, of Kingston, Mass., for lmprove4 method of Inserting tubes in evaporating pans, Ac. I^wls Young, ofNew York, N. Y., for improvement in revolving measuring wheels. Hiram Carslsy, of l.ynn, Mass.. assignor to blm-aifandf Edmund Brown of same place, for Improvement in nut meg graters. It surfs Drew, of South Boston, Mats., assignor to hlm ?elfand Solomon S. Gray, of same place, for Improvement in lifting jacks. I/-uis Finger, of Boston, Mass., assignor to himself an4 lazarus Schell, of tbe same place, for filtering tauret. Cornelius W. Van VUet, of Fiahkill landing, N. Y., as signor to diaries Parker, Merldsn, Conn., for Improve ment in mills forgrinding coffee. Ac.. Fmanuel Harmon, of Washington, D. C., for Improved envelopes, W. 0. Hickok, of Harrizburg, Pa., tor Improvement ia mills for grinding apples. Ijwh *.-BenJ. Wurdwell, of Fall River, Mass., for de sign for stoves. Gartsquakk in Gbokoia ?The shock of ah earth quake wee very di itiartly felt on Saturday last, in tbe vicin ity ol VlUanow. Walker county, Georgia. The oscillatory motion of the eaith, north sac south, was Tory percepti ble to persons airing, bat times who were steading at the timer did not observe the motion ol the earth eo dls tinc'ly. out generally hnsrd the low rumbling nnl-e, ap psr<n'ly to the south or southwest.?.V'v'A (On.) 75??z, Aev. 8.