Newspaper of The New York Herald, 24 Kasım 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 24 Kasım 1855 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAAMB &OH.DON BBHHETT, PROVRLETOR AND EDITOR. i?PICB A ?? CO EVER OP NAU8AD AND fTLrOR ST8. *K/t MS mrfi la a-b-Mut. 9HE DAlt V HERALD. I <x,?tt po- mpy, 17 wr (mkkwi. TUt.' U'EEKLV HERALD, very S u r Inv, nt A'i ?enle per mru rr tf per utnum; Ou Kefipnin etttim, SA per imam. In mty y,,,.Ori a Hrtfcmi, wUn i?n|/ >Ktrt?/ t*t Canliitenl, 6>4A Toil ?v.i&V CORKESfCbYDEVCe., mmatnnu/ (???*? hw.'i.Mi. ("Ju itnlfrvm .iny >l?urler of the jt'irii -</ u.r( h"7I fcc Ewolf* J*?d /br- *5"I,UX VoEKlGR tVlllKllSIMIIOKST* IBS Pii Tii I IJkRLT Rl?iUlt?Trll*0 8l?U ALL LETTERS AWD PacSaOF* art "a. ? NO NOTICE uUcmuJtPAtyeunu, romnuinaUiont. Wejot%ot erte : Jiuer / *? t'eUvl. JOil 1'RISTISO ar-rufrii u lh nea/nan, chcapntM iu?J Jt* ?HbA. ADVERTISEMENTS rmfved rrery <iay. faiaiut IX Soi 3H6 AMCBKNLKNT8 THIS BYENINU. MUiAOWAV rtlKATUB, Broadway-At iumike thc Ac fell' Two JtUMKIW _____ HJWSKV TflNATRB Row?r? Ri* 0Krn*E? Or CrjKE? Dav ArtsR tan Wtmwvu?Nurture's Frolic. ?HiETON 8 IHEATRH, ith?mt>?r* l.rm tT4P.ASCRE ?Tai.iKt>t ami uis Dinah? Breach or Pmhue. #aLLaCK'B TTTBATRB. Broadway Rctx A Wir* AND livn a Wu.l?1'uirtT Piece or Bunas!?. WOOD'S MINSTRELS, U* Breadwaj-Etbiobia* Feb auiMiB. ______ ?OCKVWra BTTRl.ltBQPR OPKKA HOrflS. tx Broad fay I-uklbwice Opera irti Neuro Hi!??t*kiat. .'tnnfi BALL, 606 Brondwaj? TOua cr Kbkom-A'bQ? t* SHOABforoL. ?few York, Rturdtp, Sorraktr A*. I83?. The Vbwi. Our political intelligence from Georgia is impor tant. A bill has been introduced into the Legisla ture of (hut State proposing to confiscate, for the benefit of owners of fugitive slaves, the debts due hj citizens of Georgia to citizens of the State to j which slaves may have escaped, if the authorities of tfaut Stute refuse to deliver up the slaves upon claim ?f their rightful owners. Such a measuro as this has been discussed hy ilic press an?l at public meet ings in various paits of the South for some time past, and it is quite likely it will soon assume the (arm of a legal enactment. The Legislature of Georgia has also lately had under consideration the question as to what disposition should be made of the numerous Insulting resolutions,and other emana tions of Northern feeling upon the affairs of the South,which the abolitionists have so systematically promulgated during thc la-t few yeare. In regard to this subject there is evidently no difference of opinion in the minds of the people of thc South, and it only remains for some one to embody the popular idea in suitable shape for it to obtain forcible ex pression. Wc give from one of the Rio Janeiro papers a complete narrative of the recent revolutionary events which took place in the city of Montevideo, Mid which ended, after a remarkably brief contest, hi the abdication of President Flores, and the in stalment in thcCh'ef Magistracy of the republic of Uruguay of Don Manuel Dasilio Bustamcate, Presi dent of the Senate. The weather was cold, raw, blustery, and unmis takably wintry yesterday. There was frost in the morning, and the ponds and lakelets in the vicinity of thc city were frozen over, not, however, as yet, hard enough to skato upon, to the great nnnoyauec of the boys, who are anxiously looking ont for a " good time." The afternoon was milder, but un comfortable from a cold east wind that was prevail ing. In a few weeks, if present appearances are to be relied upon. Jack Frost will take lodgings in the city, and remain, perhaps, until March. Professor Hare's lecture on spiritualism at the Broadway Tabernacle, last evening, was attended by a large andience. Wc give a report of the Doctor s perfoimance in another column. The Central Democratic Union Club, whereof John Cochrane is President, met at Tammany Hall last evening. and inangnrated a movement for the union of the tripartite shells into one harmonious agglomerate party, with a view possibly to the spoils to be wou iu the Presidential campaign of ft m the early bird that catches the worm. The time of the Board of Councilmen last, night was taken up in the third reading of reports, and beyond this nothing was done. A petition was received from the Magdalene Society, asking for $1.000. This was referred to Committee on Finance. The Board adjourned till Monday evening next. There was an immense Know Nothing torchlight demonstration at Washington last night. Six hun dred enthusiastic delegates from Baltimore swelled the ranks of the jubilant Americana. Br. Stephen T. Bcale, the Philadelphia dentist, was yesterday released from his confinement in the prison. Dr. Heale was convicted in October, 1854, of the offence with which he was charged, and was sentenced to nn imprisonment of four years ami nix months. M hen the news of his pardon was communicated to hint, ho was bo com pletely overcome as to be unable to articulate a syl lable. The t-ccne of his meeting with his family is described as l.uving been affecting in the extreme. Wc publish elsewhere nn interesting statement of the re ar, ns which Induced Gov. Pollock to grant the pardon. Under thc caption of " The Coming Crisis " we publish an ably wiitten letter from a Northern man on the dangers threatening thc stability of the Union from thc incrca ing exasperation of the dissensions bet wren the North and South. He contends that the abolitionists traitors to the constitution, and would lay the axe to everything to carry out th ir own fanatic views. Were they, however, to succeed iti di so lving the Union, they would not be any nearer . dvanccd to their professed objects. Thc de ntin * aw of our federal a; stem would not release a slave or rescue the Territories from the slaveholder. They must lie amicably divided or fought Tor, and whm it romes to the point the people ot the North will not tight the I attics of the abolitionists. We recommend this communication to the careful con sideration of the onti-slavery faction. It contains noma wholesome truths, which, if properly digested, may Five a sedative influence on their extravagance. Holders of cotton, yesterday, demanded nn ad vance of .jc , which buyers, in the absence of the Caneda's letters, were indisposed to pay. The sales consequently were not of sufficient importance to establish a market. Thc floor market was excited, and free purchases were made, cliiefiy of common to extra -lute, to fill contracts, with lots for export. The market advanced 25c. per barrel, with irregu lar sal-" us high ah :i7Ac. ever previous rate*. Wheat no*- up from 2c. a fie. Indian corn advanced 3c. a 4c. l'ork wns heavy r.nd prices irregular. Sugars were about je. higher, though transactions were mod" tntc, as parties were waiting steamer's letters, ard coffee was steady. There was more tone In freight-to Liverpool a d London, while they were slichtly easier for Havre. Several charters for Havre and Falmouth were mad- to carry out floar nrd grain. __ Tin blow Wkkd'b Obhan UrrtiEittNM mC >u yoBT.?Tbc Albany Journal is sorely puzzled in a vain cfiort to clarify the party lines and strere.tb of parties respectively of the new Uongn ss. It says that the Know Nothings claim 119 members ol tbe nou?e, tbc democrats 127 and that there are 123 republicans, which all lidded together, would make a House of 3C0 it. mbers, thc real numl>er of a full Tlonse being only 231. Finally, for all practical pur pose?. Mr. Weed's Jurist n says"that the House Wiil stand? PsriiblirBni 123 All other* Ill Tutsi 934 Well, the day is n<ar at hand for testing the unity of this republican majority. Wc -hall ace how it will stand in the practical business of organizing the House. Another New York election, perhaps, Do at got excited. The Cincinnati Know Slothing Convention? PvogrvM or the Colon Sentiment with Parties. The Free Soil Know Nothing Convention at Cincinnati, which adjourned sou die on Thurs day night, in an interesting episode in our poli tics. It is iar more remarkable as a slide from the general embankment of anti-slavery than for any intrinsic influence it is likely to exert upon the popular mind of the country. Two years and a half ago, General Pierce undertook the tu-k of consolidating the Ameri can people in a great union party?a pat'y that should be bused upon the constitution, lie issued an inaugural address in which he avowed primary attachment to the conditions of the federal Union, and an unalterable purpose to stand by its compromises. lie assumed execu tive duties applauded by the democracy, praised by the whigs, and condemned only by the abolitionists. This was all very well. It gave high promise of a peaceful, national, omn* servative and successful administration. The country had just issued from an agitating con test if that contest had served no other pur pose. it advertised toGene#l Pierce who might be relied upon as friends, and who should be distrusted and avoided as enemies. The Presi-. dent had his own way of serving his purposes ~bc determined to obliterate the landmarks of party, and to sweep the country into a kind of Monroe millenium. In order to eifect this end be adopted the singular course of buying up traitors. Uc relied upon the inte grity of those who had stood by the cause through good report and through evil report; he had only to throw out the loaves and fishes to the free soil abolitionists to draw them iuto his administration, surround thorn with its in fluences and its rewards, and he would, of course, have everything his own way. Without tracing out all the effects, it is enough to say that the utter disintegration and demoralization of the triumphant demo cracy was the result, aDd the inevitable result, of his policy. We predicted it at the time. Wo undertook, as the prudent friends of his administration and as the ardent well-wishers of its success, to point out to him that every aid be gave to the enemies of the Union, would ultimately be employed to effect its overthrow. We warned him that the great party which placed him in power would be dissolved by tiie influence of his insane policy, and that npon its ruins would bo erected * daring abolition organization, with the dis tinct purpose of overthrowing the constitu tion. In this light General Pierce, more, even, than Mr. Seward, is responsible for the repub lican abolition league. Without his aid Chase would never have been Governor ot Ohio without his aid the democracy must have tri umphed in Wisconsin; Vermont, alone (and perhaps Massachusetts,) would have been the sole representative of disunion. ? The Nebraska-Kansas law was forced upon Congress. Its principles were quite in harmony with the spirit of the legislation of 1850. It was u strictly constitutional measure?it was a measure of essential non-intervention, it re ferred the whole question of slavery to the people whose character and interest,d might be effected by it?a measure giving practi cal effect to the democratic idea of the unity of representation and taxation. It withdrew a subject from Congress which, since the or ganization of the government, hod been a bone of contention and strife between the North and the South. But the effect of the policy of Gen. Fierce upon the democratic party had been such tuat even that party, with ail its power, was unable lo meet the storm of denunciation which the abolitionists visited upon it. 1 key denounced flic Kansas act as a oonccssion to slavery the repeal of the Missouri compromise as a faith less abandonment of a sacred compact. The moral position of the democracy had boon lost. The administration was thrown upon the defensive. Its adherents disgusted by its policy, either remained quiet or abandon ed its ranks for some other association. It was manifest, strictly speaking, that there was no longer any party or any party obliga tions. This was a period of chaos?of an web J The elections nearly everywhere resulted in favor of the opposition. Fusion was tho order of the day. Mr. Seward and his friends mista king the weakness of the democracy and the apparent defeat ol the Union men all over the North for an expression of hostility to sla very. promptly organized his republican party solely upon that point. Ho made issue upon the repeal of the Missouri compromise, and everywhere denounced slavery as a moral aid political crime. Discussion followed. He abandoned bis issue and with all his party fell into the ranks of Garrison and Tappan. Meanwhile the Know Nothings came into ex istence. They commenced operations in the midst of the Kansas controversy. In the Norih, terly in the day the abolitionists got into their ledges, and. temporarily obtaining power, sought to lure them in the guise of Know Notliingifm into the republican ranks and obtain public conlidenoe and endorsement, npon that basis. Their first signal triumph as a Know Nothing party was in Massachu setts, under Gardner and Wilson, but It promptly extended to tbc South, threatened Tennessee, carried Kentucky, and fought a hard battle in Virginia. They thus assumed a national aspect.and had national hopes and as pirations. They held a convention In Philadel phia and put forward a union platform, which was adopted; but it w as denounced by ?hi free soil Know Nothing lenders of the North. The cheat was then discovert 1. While ail this has been going on. the public judgment has been rapidly moving towards the union of the States, to maintain which i? regard ed ns the highest duty of an Ameri can citizen. Abolitionism has been sink ing. Northern Know Nothings arc back ing down; and that party to-day, both North and fcuth. are contending for a constitntional basis. The Seward republicans arc no where ?ol no account. The democracy, partially re lieved ftom tho curse of their administration, ate everywhere recovering. The contest tor 185G Is likely therefore to be between thein and the American*. The Cincinnati Conven tion was of the Northern Know Nothing States: and they threatened to repudiate the Philadel phia repudiates and to unite that party upon a national platform. They failed as our des patch indicates, but tho effort shows the drift of Northern sentiment-the effect of the elec tions of 1854- the "sober second thought" of the people. It Is not altogether clear, then, that the trea son of Pierce may not turn opt a blessing. It has opened the eyes of the democracy to the neces sity of trusting only honest and faithful men. -fa. It has given impetus to disunion, but has near ly everywhere secured its defeat. It has con solidated the public judgment of the country upon the necessity of preserving the compact of Union as the first duty of voters. It has il lustrated the folly of trusting men whose past lives prove their superior fealty to sell-interest ?their devotion to sectional theories over na tional obligations and faith. The Americans themselves may well take counsel of the follies of Gen. Pierce. His course has illustrated how little short of madness it is to seek the support of dishonest men ?hoiv much stronger in the end is a good cause in the hands of a few true patriots than a bud one encompassed by trai tors. Swindling In England. In another column we give a full report, ali en from the London Timet, of the trial of he London bankers, Paul, Strabau & Rates. Their offence was appropriating to their own use the produce of the sale of securities depo sited in their hands for safe keeping. The pri vate prosecutor was Dr. Griffith, the prebenda ry of Rochester, who had at various times em ployed the defendants to invest money for him in tho Danish live per cents; it was clearly proved that the defendants had pledged and made away with these Danish bonds of Dr. Griffith's, and kept the money. The defence was slight nod trivial. The Judge charged against the prisoners, the jury found a verdict of guilty, and the sentence was the utmost the law allows?fourteen years transportation. Parallels have been drawn between the cases of Schuyler and this London firm. They were only analogous in respect of the motive of the dishonest.parties in each, and the result to their victims. Schuyler, being entrusted with power by a corporation whose agent he was, made use of that power to pledge the credit of the corporation to individuals, and thus create resources for his own use: the mischief he wrought only indirectly fell on the indivi dualswbo took Lis fraudulent securities. Paul, Straban & Bales, on the other^and, wero en trusted not with power, but with the securities themselves, which they sold and pawned, just as a servant might sell or pawn the plate of his ranster. Between the two it is hard to say which act evinced tho greater moral corruption, or deserved the more severe punishment. The Eng lish bankers, it will l?c noticed, were convicted on a statute passed as lately as 1S28, (7 and 8 George IT. cap. 29), expressly framed to meet their case. One might have supposed that the common law wonld answer every purpose for so simple a species cf fraud as theirs; bnt it seems the English, with a high appreciation of the danger and injury of allowing swindlers to escape, had this special act passed nearly thirty years ago, lest a case should occur in which the common law might be found insufficient. The act, or rather the section of the act, which we publish elsewhere, will be found worth the notice of our Senate and Assembly. Our laws on the subject of mercantile fraudc certainly need re-trimming, and the sooner tho better. ?t is not generally known that if Schuyler walked down Broadway to-morrow it is quite doubtful whether tho District Attorney or the police could interfere with him. Such, bow ever, is the opinion of the best lawyers. Another point lo which it may be well to draw attention, is the feeling and temper evktcod by the British people in relation to the trial. With one voice, the entire press has commended the verdict; and on the occasion of some sympathy being expressed in a public quarter for the condemned, more than one journal has loudly observed that a sentence to fourteen years hard labor was less severe th in the doom to which these swindlers had, by their rascality, condemned many innocent per sons. There is something very healthy in this indignation, in tins country, public sympathy Is too apt io be on the ride of the culprit, no matter what his offence, or however clear his guilt. If it were not ior the case of Dr. Web ster and one or two rare others, it would be quit? questionable whether men of family, wealth and station, could, in the United States, be condemned for nay crime or misdemeanor whatever. Even when the jury does perform its duty, the Judges often fail in theirs. We commend to the judiciary the charge and sen tence of Baron Alderson; and wo think the inhabitants of Wall street cannot do themselves much harm by giving the whole caso a leisurely perusal. Wetoh voi r Coat..?Most people take the weight of their coal upon trust; but few know what the exact weight should be. Even tho latter submit contentedly to be plundered by their coal merchants sooner than undertake ( the trouble and uncertainty of seeking a legal ; remedy. In Pennsylvania, however, there are some adventurous spirits to l>c found who ap pear to attach as much importance to the so'u tion of the difficult problem of the precise weight of a ton of coal a? to the discovery of the Northwest passage. In a caso lately brought before the Supreme Court of that State, by one of those inquisitive and troublesome searchers after truth, Judge Grier, to the sur prise of every one, decided that the legal weight of a ton of coal was 2,210 lbs., and that no State law could be enacted altering the quantity. According to this decision, every conl dealer who gives but 2,000 lbs. to tho ton can be arrested and convicted on a charge of swindling. In this city ai l State generally, the rule on the part of the coal dealers hai been to give to tho law the narrow ^construc tion possible. Two thousand pounds is the conventional standard of weight allowed to the ton by these conscientious traders. Ig there au or.c in this large and patriotic community who has spirit enough to app-al to the law to know what the weight of a ton of coal actually is? Form Can uxa Por.mcs?Sri:r< ti or Hov. W. W. Borer.?Wo publish this morning the interesting speech ?of lion. W. W. Boyce, of South Carolina, to his constituents, upon the question whether that State should or not bo represented in tho Cincinnati Democratic Con vention. lie is against it, and in favor of standing aloof on the Calhoun ground of per fect independence and armed neutrality. His views, though peculiar, are strong, and are strongly put. Opposed to him Is his Congrt s. ' sionnl colleague. Colon' 1 Orr, who >e p hie/ is to bring South Carolina regularly into the harness of the democratic party. Considering, too, the seventy-live millions a year of the ftdond government, and tho "coh< sice power of the public plunder,'' we suspect that Col. Orr will w in, and that South Carolina will go to Cincinnati. And why not? Let her come in. What's the nse of working with the demo cracy and refudeg the sp'ib? BueiacM is hueinc*". I Anti-Slavery Fairs?The Women Coli.bct ino Funds for tub Abolition Demagogues and AoiTATOKS.?The National And Slavery Standard, (ultra-abolition) published in this city is garnished with several conspicuous ad vertisements of the anti-slavery State fairs for Dec* mber. The first Is the announcement of the Western Anti Slavery Fair, to be held at Salem. Ohio, on the 2 itli and 25tli December. "Contribu tions of money and of every description of merchantable articles" are solicited, "wi.h a hopeful confidence of a generous response from the friends of the slave.-' Signed by Sarah Bowne, Laura Barnaby, Ann Pearson, Einily Robinson, Angelina S. Deming, and ten other ladies of the committee. The next is the Pennsylvania Anti-Slavery Fair, the twentieth anniversary, to bo cele brated at Philadelphia in all December. "Con tributions in money or goods will bo very ac ceptable," and "in making contributions, it is earnestly hoped that the importance of tho cause may be recognised. Not only is the aid given for the freedom of millions of slaves, but for tho liberty ot all the inhabitants of this land, and for promoting the cause of humanity throughout the world." This is a large breadth of philanthropy. Signed by Sarah Pugh, Margarctta Forten, Lucretia Mott, (the inevi table Lucrctia,) Maria M. Davis, (a shining light,) Emma Parker, Abby Kimber, (another Abby,) and about fifty other benevolent anti slavery ladies devoted to the cause, and anxious to do something to relieve the sutterings of poor old uncle Tom. , The third proclamation of the scries is that of the "Twenty-second National Anti-Slavery Bazaar, to beheld in Boston, Mass., during the Christmas week of 1855. The committee in this instance very fully, frankly, and cordially set forth their opinions, objects, and purposes, to wit:? Convinced we ?r? that slavery is a sin and a crime nerywhere and under al circumstances, that all com plicity or c-jmiivauoo with it implies moral gull' just In

proportion to the extont of the sunc'iou given, that con seiiuently all poli'ical and especially all religl jus fellow ship with such a system of abominations Is esnltenfly criminal and-dtngerotiM, It is our endeavor to promulgate these sentiraonts, so 'tar as it may be in our po.ver, throughout the whole length and breadth of tne land. VVe propose to do this through the medium of newspaper* lecturers and tracts, and wo cull upen all who fear ilod or regard man to giro us their sympuMiy and oo-opera tion. The country is stirred as it never yet has boon, hut oh, bow inadequately for the accomplishment ot the greet wort that lies before it, and, in too many cases, by what poor end infufllcieut mo'ivcs. The ladies of the committee further say, that the members of their society "refuse to be cou cerncd iu the administration of a government cemented by the blood of slaves, or to recog nise as churches of Christ the apostate eccle siastical bodies of our country, who consider as good? and chattels personal, subject to all the fluctuations that mirk other property, the souls for which they profess to believe He died." And the committee "solicit comiseland assistance from all frionds of the slave, whether at borne or in Europe." Signed by Anne War ren Wester, Mary May, Anne Greene Phillips, Loui?a Coring, Abby Francis, (another Abby,) Helen E. Garrison, Henrietta Sargent, Lydia D. Parker, and about twenty other strong minded women?Abby K elly Foster and Abby Folsom being left out. This Boston establishment is the chief of all t-hesc philanthropic, negro-liberty-diepcnsing bazaars. It has its business affinities with the Duchess of Sutherland and her Stafford ?House and Harriet Bcecher Stowe societies in Eag lond nud Scotland, ami the contributions re ceived through those channels at this Boston bazanr, since the publication of the doleful story of Uncle Tcm, have been large, and, we preseme, arc still kept up. The moral of this and all these anti-slavery State fairs is readily suggested. From the fact tbfcl they are under the exclusive man agement of women, old and ycung. married ami -ingle, interested in tho cause of aboli tion. thoy show that whatever of hypocrisy, demngogneism and mercenary considerations may actuate the bearded agitators of negro emancipation, the macros of this abolition league arc self-sacrificingly devoted to the cauco with tLc zeal of the intensest fanaticism They have trade the abolition of Southern slavery their duty, their labor of love and tlicix religion, and tlicy are but the advanced guard of the great Seward movement of the North. This movement has lately received some wholesome chocks but the decisive battle has yet to be fought which is to determine the sufficiency or insufficiency of our federal Union for the peace and harmony of the two sections. The objects of these anti-slavery fairs arc frankly stated. They are expedients for rais ing funds to keep the fires of a disunion sec tional agitition hotly burning. Wo hope, therefore, whatever the attractions of the ladies concerned, or their merchandise, that they will be left exclusively to the patronage of Lloyd Garrison's advanced guird, and Seward's Iloly Alliance. ThkLwoi: Deai.kiis Cau.ed to m TIip Albany soft shell John Van Burcn free soil democratic or can, thus arraigns Colonel French and the Liquor Dealers' party, before the bar of public opinion *.? The direct vote* of Uijunr dealers, ov 1 sUUmrSth* diversion ol their Hoppctfc from Seriroar to I Union Its year, rlectiO Ilaik, lUo author of tor prohibition bill, i.fferrior. Thh jr ar they place In ttir State cbqiartm^nt lieadlcy nu'l W ballon. t?h:> voted lor the law. Tlit-y alto elftaroaj titj of the Judge- of the Sup emo Om.t. wlio hm tn?lr>w. The two liori?en wlihh tliey alao Itolp to i iv, id r.o.r p :d, th'tfh tli j my f'lil'y lit ? law lij a 1 Htlonal ?af?g inrdn. For a good deal of '.his, the V*w York A-t(i' ition, tir.der Colonel Fronch, which ga^o lta fltou >?t .? t-. pr hihiiion p<peis, and it vote agnl-iat tl,e op I r-ncnta of the Maine Iaw, are respond bte. Much of It, ht.wev.r, is due to the T.itea of dealers who have g tie iuto the 4eciet t rier, and otfrr up *.lt?ir trades *t> weU a< fhut; pertu nal libeity to iu dlctatora. Ferltap?. if thorn had ben less of Saward's free soil doctrines and more of die linrd shall nudt nnlity in the soft shell platform the liquor dt ulor? would bavo done better by tb >m. But as the choice was really between the Seward and tho American ticket, It may he that the liquor dealers, as such, did the best that could be done, even If they did vote with tho "secret order." Those advertisements in the Tribune were probably but a stratagem to lull tho I Maine law party into a false security. Terliaps I Colonel French will explain tho rial objects and results of his movemcuts, including the cash account, and the balance remaining of the original liquor fund of sixty thousand dollars. We know as little about it as of the lund of the Irish Directory, or the Ko- nth collections, or the receipts of Father Mathcw's benefit. Ainit; hop llionns tvit Kx i'iti stpnvr FfUi lioni:.?A fbort article which we give to day, from the offlc ia) organ of Archbishop Hughes, shows that his I'evcrcnce has no very exalted opinion of tho foreign policy of Mr. Fillmore's administration, nor of tb?-cx-Presldent himself, a? a state-man. T: Arbor-hop has a much l etter opinion of Mr. h'tward, notwithstanding his flock prefer to run alth the democracy. What a pity that Mr, Fillmore has Ukeq tUc third degree. Railroads ?We no frequently hoar of railroad* fencing just claims that it gives ue pleasure to be able to record an Instance of one which only fences in compliance with the demands made upon it. It appears that at a late meeting of the Wilmington and Manches ter Railroad, a resolution was adopted direct ing *be Superintendent to make arrangements lor fencing in the road wherever the same could be done at the joint expense of the com pany and the owners of the land or other per rons. We have always been of opinion that when a charter is granted to a railroad com pany it should contain nn obligation to fence in the line. It i? somewhat of an infringe ment upon the rights of property that railroad companies should not only ave the right of cutting through people's lands but of killing people's cattle. In Europe such a latitude of railroad discretion is not allowed. No com pany can obtain a charter of Incorporation without special provision being made against its running its trains at pleasure over the car oases of man and beast. We trust that the creditable example of the Wilmington and Manchester railroad will, by compulsory legis lation, be rendered the rule in this country iu stead of the exception. THE L, A T +i ? T NEWS. BY ELECTRIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS, Closing; Proceeding;! of the Cincinnati Free Soil Know Nothing; Convention. TH^ rLAXFOBM OF T11K HOLTBKH?KKFOKT OF TUB MINORITY, BTC. CivavvAn, Not. 88, 1855. The National American Convention adjourned without day at midnight last night. Hie Committee on Resolution* presented two reports. The minority report was signed only by Thomas Spooner, of Ohio. It reaflirraa the old principles of the free soil party, and insists on the nun-exten sion of alavery, and that the general government should not interfere with slavery In the Sta'os where it is now sanctioned. It ?.1<>0 docl ares that proscription on account of birthplace is unwarranted. I' recommends tho pirty to act openly, regarding the slavery question as the paramount issue; favors river and harbor improvements and a generous foreign policy. The report was laid on tho table. Tho majority report was adopted, with amendments, as follows:?The Select Committee, to whivh was reforre! various resolutions and proportions mainly on the sub ject of the differences existing between the North and Small on the subject of slaveiy. has had the same under con-v deration, and lias approve 1 tho following resolu tions, and recommended their adoption at the proposed so. sion of the National Council to be belt at i'hila lnlphi i on the 19tli cf February next, in lieu of the twelfth sec tion of the Natlona1 platform:? That the repeal of tho Mi monri compromise was an in fraction of the plighted frith of the nation, and that it sbcuhl be restored; and if efforts to that end should tall, Congress should reftose to admit iu'o the Union any State toil-rating slavery whi-li stall lie formed out of any por tion of the Tei ntory from which tliat institution was ex cluded by that compromise. this convention protcta againit coalescing with any party which daman la th? postponement or abandon ment of American principles or the disorgaabint.un of tho American party. That this Convention rocomuiend to the delegates of tba Ftates hero represented to the National Cjuncllto request the 1'ro.Mimt c.f tho Naii.-Oil Council to cull t mooting of the st me, to be held at Philadelphia on the 19Ji day of February next. There was a noisy debate on this, which was tlniHy carried by a vote of States as follows:?Ohio?Yeaa, 15; uoys? 8. Rhode Island?Yeas, 4. Massxchu-et s ? Yeas, 13. Illinois?Yeas, 11. Indiana?Yeas, 13, J'enn sylvania?Yeas, "7, Michigan?Yeas, 3; nays, 3. Ver mont?Yea!, 5. Wiscoasin?Yeas, 6. Total?Yeaa, 9d. Nays, 11. llr. QorWUBt, of Pennsylvania, offered a resolution re questing the C.raod Council to expunge the twelfth sec tion, and exclude the slavery question from the piitform altogether. host. Mr. fixut, of Pennsylvania, ottered the following, wh'ob wasa dopted:? Resolved. 1 hat *e rcrauiii-roi the National Ctnni-il to abolish all but one d- gree, and require the wor 1 of 1. nor ins'.-ad of tliool-ligaiii'D now requiri-d by the Ordor. Mr. Oonwix, of Ohio, offered the following, which was lost:? Resolved, That we are ri ndy to meet our brethren of Other Htatea in National Covention and nominate cia-li dates for Fri - " mt and the President, wbo-o claim are baaed up n thiir patriotism, love of country ani ad berance to tho connilutiou. With the eve -ption of the last debate, tho Convention was rather a dull affair. tv. Know Nothing Ucniunstratlou at W&'ltlitg. ten. Wakhivotox, Not. 23 1855. There was a very large torchlight procession of the Americans here this g. It was enlivened by bands of music, l>uom i s hearing various devices, amd monu ment!, on wheel*. The line extended upwards of half a mile. Before reaching the Capitol, four to six hundred Rjltimorcan.; Joinel the procession Uonflrea blazed in varlcu- parts of the city, and cannon were Urcl from different points on the route. From HtifTilo. COLLISION OK THE BUFFALO AM) BRANTFORD RATE koau? i ovn mi s kii.led and others wound- u. BlTKAM), N'or. 21, 18i ft. last night's rrpreas train on the ButTtlo an 1 Brantf>rl Pail road ran into a wood train near Caledonia, smashing several ears and killing four fiotm in 1* borers, names un known. A tnin nntned MoOormlck had both hU logs br< -Ion. A Air. Wii-un had one l.g broken nni the '.:hnr badly crushed. Tho schooner Pearl, with a eftrgo.of wheat, boun 1 to Buffalo, ran on the shoals of -" ' 4 Ulster Island, lu lake Erie, during the late gale. Ihe teasel and ca-go will probably he a total lor*. The Americans tne now firing a hundred guns Inh "nor of their victory in this-Hate :.lso tw n'y guns in h mor of Fcnafor B.ooks, Ihe I on concludes with a banquet at the St. .Tame Hotel to night. Kiom Boat on. CANDIDATE ICR MAYORAtTY MYSTERIOUS DidAF PEAl'.ANCl. Of A t.ANK DIRECTOR. Bono*, Nor. 2J, 1855. Alexander n. IUcc has teen n.miiiatel as tho Ci I zen's candidate for Mayor tf thi- City, at Hit cot.'-ig municipal flection. Joslah H. Kinbotira, of the firm of French, Wells k Co, crockery d-lera In Mi;k at. cel. is mining, under circumstances wllch lead to the ?u, .poeiti-.n that ho has committed suicide. He vas a Director in tho flroeers' Bank. His finan. hi account-an aid to bo all correct. MtudtT by mi 1 l-h SI >li. I.AM1LR, 111 , Nor. 2J, 185ft. An Jri h rnoh, a' a late torr U?t night, irr mn led th house of the ktO]>er rf tl.e firry, at the old Ceo -al Hail road btidge. Pe-.cial shits were fired whei the firry keeper csrae to the door and wan tn-taotly MM. The mob then Cc 1. < tie man has been a re-'tt lib < rj irniag lisrgrdwith l elng in the a<i.-ir. Tilt Rtfiat Ureal Mm on, tin. Clientkstos, Nor. 22, 1 8ffJ. Tlie fire at Macon, 6a.. yesteidaj, destroyed lUlst-ra's entire range of .tores, but not th" Floyd House, which la situated In the i-ne block. Ka'-ton's loss Is $.10,050. Mr. Ayres, adry goodr dealer, eecnpiel one of ths burnt st. re*, and his loss Is $29,000, of vhich 012,90;) is In sured. Mr.^I'a'stou is insured for $6,000 in the JKtoa, of llartfurJ, and to.fOu in o'her llartftu-d "dices. Fntal IITiroj nt Mo'ille. Moniia, N"T. 3d. 1855. Wi.a, H. Toooe, of Virginia- was shot last night by Thomas 6. ranks, at Columbus, Mississippi. Toone died itemed latrly, and Banks has bsen r.rtested. Ratlwny Britlgt Rnrnt. OotruiiiA, f. C.. No*. 2d, 18V.. Fire spans of the Nashville and Chattanooga Ili ilwsy bridge wore destroyed by Ire on Ff-in^Ur night firhoener Qnthon Velioro. PROTtv-rrosr*, No*. 21, 185ft. The schooner Hudson, from Phi' i lelpije, with a cargo of coal for B> n *?ut ashore here (his aft<m . o, anl will lrob?h'jr 1 i'ge, The Aita (Vtwartl Bound. Haijvax, Nov. 23, 1855. The Cunard ?Keam'-blp A ;o rr'ved here from Boston et one o'clock this morning, ami -ailed again at hilt' post two for Liverpool. Buhtu. I'UILADKL; I ioUK BOAKD. I 1 ill a, Nov. 23, 1H5Y Stocks were cteaiiy st Ii" -' - '?oi to-day. Mnnyl vauia .-tele lives sold ?i ? i -a lug Rlt. 40' I.cug Island RR. 12>,; Mortis < a ?1 1 ylvanU RR. 42,'T. riilLAl'l Lfi I ?IN SI ABKLT. I'ii .imai'iitA Nov. 23, 1855. Tho t tarn-act lit* lu i,.m ug the pas', week have been small, say 1 iei 8 for No. 1: i2fl for No. 2; and 424 lor No : H.. ? . :?it sale of ltW tons ha* been aiaue for C'alifor i . tu active request at $05. Nail" stoutly at lit u . o .\Y t ? i.i.f.ANS. Nov. 22, 1855. Our cotton ins ktt c iit,? t-aies to day add up 10,000 halt s at 8 U,l'- * "idling. Sugar declined '4c. Molasses 2vc. a 291,o. l-.cfguta, cutton to Liver pool 4ad. (' u '.i:i B'Ton, Nov. 22, 1855. The ales of cotton for it M<i<| up 14,00J bales at \e. a Ij'j. advuiitt < >d i '..ling quoted at tho.. Middling f*lr 9J," " fptmt' 'he week 15,00(> laic, ."to k on laic "?*! I *. Rice declined }%c. oa the week, litigh iniag. n mm. Nov. 22. 1855. Hour has ndvsn-"l ah- .001 run-els, at $8 25 a $8 75 (or common to cxlu '.ti. lug.iu ill a SO 25 for choice to xtra Ohio. Indian.". ? u an?l improving: sales 22.OtiO bushels, at H <- Milwniktc spring, $182; ed Indiana, $1 Si ? m 8;?, -in,.Oh and Kentucky, $2 10 a $2 JMfo- White Uli'i-i.a i.od Ctuadlan corn is linn, alcs^Wi biu-hol-, ? t ats are nominal. Rye $1. Whiskey 1? eot'vi ..t ,c. An -f, Nov. 23?12 30 T. M. Our market tor tloui is uu.-> " -d An advance ot one a two shillings on common ;;r'- ---s is asked. Sal"', only MO libls. Giutn iuv-ve. Sales of 9,000 buslieis four rowed barley at * 1 26 I a '.-it. Cam sells at 90c. afloat, and #1 07 delivered. FlUUI V\ itaiiliigtona [Corrc pondence of tit. t'ourie and Enquirer.] W.vhiiinoion, Nov. 21, 185o. Meri'-an /n<ltm it ity?Tke ifrm flan tn Organic? l)i>: Ilotue. Major Emory,?lnm ot the Mexican boundary survey, has arrived, fie left an u--i- 'em to complete some small portion of 'ho work net c-xenlUI to the report which it will be his duty to make. lm- cendLlon of this affair in hui h, that ii any Statu i.e. I y required it, the last In stalment of 1bc indemnity might no v he paid. Mr. Sala zac has signed the repmt <i the Commissioner condi tionally. Ibc cnncitlou is, that the maps and other por tions ol the reeorOsfdiall confirm the written description, l'bat condition may be Oic|.< n??d with by either govern ment, or Sr Salivai inay b( uli ect"< , by the newMexican adminisirstinu, to withdraw 1 lie condition and make hie signature positive. The new Minis'or, Sr. Mau ign, Is hourly expected. H? will bring lustiuolons to protest {vehemently agsinst the payment of the drafts, now preseed by their hoioere, noon the Treasury It is also a strung < uguiiiet the interest repre sented by tbe bolters <.f tuem -uspended drsfrs, that General Gaesdi n has eti'ered th Geld against them, ami bus written to the State I dpa-imeut, that if tite balance oi the ties-ilia lnden nl y lis nut paid to the present go venunent, not another foot of oniiory will be ceded t# tho United States. Tt Is intimation Is or importance, be cause it fuvnlshe? proov, vr at least strong evidence, that the American Minis or i? even uov negotiating with the {[ovenimcnt of Aivan-z f-u another atrip of Mex ico. This ast communis.' ion goes far to conliria the ruraor that, when Gen. Gsdsden broke off hi- relations with the Cabi net of Santa Anna. tie was engaged in a negotiation for a cession by Mexico to tbe United ti n o- of tiat portion of territory lying between the pic-ent lino and tho 29th pa rallel. As his influence is very great with the admlnts tinlion of Alvut-z, ami hs his portiinn makes him nearly independent i f Ms own gover oment, there is now a pros poot that this scheme will tie carried through; that the purchase will bn n ude 'or twenty or lifty millions of dol lars, and tl-at ih<- c ni<-mplated psrtl'lou of the territory will provoke another do t' active civil war in Mexico. in tho meantime, however tuoio can searcely be n doubt that our government will llnnlly reject the drafts, and will pay tho money diiec'ly. to tiie Minister of Mexi co. The subject, however, will n >t lie disposed of until after tbcmeriing i f Coiigiess, when it is not improbable that, the advice of lb? -enate will be taken upon It. It ie well to lOn.euiber, in this couuectioa. that during the last resslon G'-neral Husk proposei) to '.lie Senate to give tho < rocn'.ive the powei t-i pny this money whenever the public interests should appear to require it, which pro pe sitijn was lejccte-' wi bout a cunt. Of Son or Maudigo, I learn t' at ho was at one time Se cretary of logati ui at Carls, nod afterwards Charge <i'Affaires. For .everal years pr.-t ho has remained in re tirrn'orit. \inny years sgj oneot his brothers wis Secre tary of the Treasury It is uucer'nin whether be now cvr.e- in ihc oa| seiry of reaiib n| Minister or as a special Envoy to receive the three uiulh us. The nnti-nal convent Inn, fe 'he formation of a new Mexican constitu i"n, is periiaps now in se*?ion at I'ok'ies, In tho ."lute of Uuiiiiul ..vara. It was called by the friend- of tjjo roovxiiu-nt vrbii h piacei Alvarez in power, at d is i!mtt"d to ou dilica'ions of tho plan of Ayutla, whi<-h is Ihsti f tb" eomcderation. lh'^ no# plun ol eiganizii'it the llcnso by a union oi 'lie Merit and NYornska e< m in at- with what remains oi 'he old whigs, is" under f.v r. blc eoudduration by the fornier party. Every ten.iu.e uisn, of course, perceivai that it is in effect a'prop<BP >u t" absorb the whigv into he rival organization. srBlr. finally destroy the identity < f the party, which, if n-1 dead beyond releutptiaQ, is death stricken. If this n i raus em rut he now carried out, we shall witness a repetition of i'.iC proce-s by which the federalists merged thoir p<>li teal exis enco in that of tho democrats. In conl'Uiui'y wiiIt what then happened, many whigs who are uov wan (ring blindly among the ruins and reminlscensi ? of ih ir parry, a ill beeo-ne lejid ing ilem-v-r-'is, and we .nny piopnie uu'solves to -eeGov. Hunt, -er alor I ish, Mi Harnad, Mr. tVinthrop and Mr. ( hoate flahting lu-iily tne same tl(g with i iorce Douglas, Cass and Dicaiis?n. [Correspondence of the Journal of Conimor-e.] W.isn'xuTO.v, Nov. 21, 1855. /. iw:re? 5 (o f'ha fnfoti? frtc'C'.iV'm Mexico. A direct lino of telegraphic eouiniunication is now opened with Ciiaifsston. ft -111 in some mnasure supply the lack of ie. nbir mails. Is- 'ors mailed in New Ortoxns <ui th" liih d:d not (each tbl' city till yestenlay. Wc are gi-tting hack to the tiuie of the slow mails. Advices from Mexico show 'ha' the jevolution has not yot produced pMiiicsl nor rrr??ii( Uod it^ l^Adorii to any one CJUrn, of cove-nn.eiii, or of internal or external po.icy. General Alvwrez was che-en as President, provi nc nn ly, lur x n,ont?s. Hcf . c the end of that time, an lien i'.|y of deputies fr .rn the btatef. two from each ."'ate, vill meet at I'd -re-, the place wliore the rcvolu tt n wis b-gun, col wo t a p an of government, and n> annate a esmlidate for the Presidency, under it, sub ject to the co nil in 1i t of tl,e pot u ar vote. At present there Is quile an aiima'e. -fruggle between different D-piranla to the J ri den.v. Couicufirt is one of tbe pretoir crt csndidut ; but \ idau -id's prospects are good, and be "dm to have I-come a general favorite. General Abni nfe has also much fopnlariiy, and may be a can didate. Mej.r Kmo?y. the Roundsry Uommis-ioner, is here; but it appti irs tout bis report i-aunot tie tecbmeally com pi -to fill about the 10ih ol I sco-it t--r. There is no need of much haste in the matter, fur the new government has not yel demanded the three miilioua, and will probably present Its clai. i thr-ugh the new miaister. ilut the now governnrent knvo >.n?cicxl a prote-t, by special in sfruc i' n- to f,en. A'ii" nte, rgmnet tho payment of tho in. ney to the American or oilier e??ignccs of Kan'a Anna. Ibesc ual payucnt of the umnoy will not, therefore, be made fill nt> ut tl:?- middle of tbe ucxl mcnth. The Amtri cans ro;" e?en ine fsnia Anna's jmrt -Mfr will he sadly di 'ippoin ed, i' ihey i xp- ct to get the money from tho pre en' :.dnilui-ita\:. n. It la- hreu suggested thr.t the qitesilOB might be re fh'red lo the t-ena'o, n I' concerns the construction of a flinty; hut tlje ."enate havi alien ly acted en the subject, and itici.Ud not tu meddle wiinlt. At the late .scsion, Gen. Pu-k u ved as sn fin.oedmcnt to tho General Ap oroprlaiien bill, that t e 1'resirient l?e authorized t-x pay ."an"t Anns, in advance of I've completion of the tiourulary line, li e sum (f two millions, rhis was In tended to aid .-aula Anna in Ida difficulties, sal sns tair hii i for a -hurt tin . tnti. tfe uenxtc rejected It. aatgoq! . nily, tl.e executive v vc nmcnt, upon an appU c:vti:n ot lie mifdsUr. ai l- .nti Aura's requast, refuaed to roe- guire lis sselg-iiio-nta or drafts, by promising to pay them when they might become duo. If to Santa Anna. In perron, ti e g-irerti <ni vnullnot pay money, nor pr. rui-e t , pay it up >n hi.s order, when it might under tbe 1-ei1y t eccie duo, cerUlrdy they would not pay it t bis or cr. of'er lie I ?? cess?v| to Jiave any cvn ??otlon willi iho grVtrno.rot. The contingency upon which 'he nuney is j ay-1 e has r.ot even yet arrived It prufw ly will lappeu inn mouth. Meanwhile, all Santa Anna's acts are repudiated by the new govern mcnt. ki.-i i- Is to he existing g 'ernmcat that wc arc to Eos or < li ge frr :r the r M'gations of the treaty. Ti e m ? cy v In u it tree, tors due. mu t be paid '? to 'he Mexican y viun. nit in ttie city of New York." Who ever nisy ' tl.o moroy If mut be up-.n the order ef tho ^Xi'Mru: ffnvcinnioot. rcvlu <1 1b* ATn^rit?n tniji I tv r gi#t?d t'LIni m iii%l ^ovrmment, ari l (f^t it.l Mfler tt r'Cf ivt t)?o rone . j m pc hapn Anni may, wwnwiiil?, Ihi rc^*orM to r.owc*r. and then waif# Ula clftlrrm fi r t v In iiftiuir <if tjiom* to whofti hd m* ? Jpreo {?, fvhtn ho box] no C- naiol orei It wha^erer. The ktiet ii 111ch^trf. oi i >ul/<': u of tho .-(ate of WlreomUt, nc in to the ju.t taken, competed with 11 a of If50, ii a? folic* ;?? '*? ws.on ItH-Tt+o 248,116 The I llov. ? g l?i.U bo*a Uit) preeeot ipuLiU ,a of the ] rimipnl fowi:',:? MiiWM&M *,447 Tolnt MiiOieon 9,884 Manitowoc. 2,1M W.Vcrt >g H .rt 1 .ragjUty 1* lie cine Mt'l W. ulii'm ,,,,1.811 Jan>" elite ".(>18 Crtcn B,if 1,044 f ond 4k Lao a.'.itj Aanleton 1,414 Oi-bku*h 4 118 r'litoflB* 1,424 henoeha ? *7 JVns lo'joygH,i(.... ;.,rao Omukee.,,. I,Hi R?' n"Wi t N i. n' U'i. -?on Monday evening tbis ] nj v!ir mortlrfll be rrop-ned for the winter aeea in Tl,e coi( brate,| liavel Family wll' once mire delight the Wti>mutt-wMM jnt'iic with their laughable nnd it tisoiultary performance*, end p f?nt on the opening night tnree entertainmente of distinct and varied chareo ter, er niptUing a comic i>antar.,lm? a grand ballot, aad a ep'f ndid fairy *p?et*ele. Among the new artiate engaged to Btrri gthen the alreedj powerful ompnoy, we And the rnmee ?f no li?? I'm-i three do m*n announced for the firet night?-Ml!-. I ereea P' hcrU, Idle. PauUn-<? n-. and W Ui a Wtndell. <* .Vilie. Eoh-rl it la only n*ce?. ??ry to ? ay that ?l>e liaa died! ?i the honora end app!.an?e of the HNfofetl m i n- a ? th (Vrlto, at th- .tv.dwnle :r. .I.--. (-? ?iL-i1". ..ii