Newspaper of The New York Herald, 25 Kasım 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 25 Kasım 1855 Page 2
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niflcame. The Vw York Herald, a journal I not usually partial to England, calls attention to ' ?he circamstuuce, that au American engineer has i lately been engaged by Russia to t :ke the direction j cl the steamers m the Russian navy that the con- ' tract was openly entered into, the terms osteuta- ! IJoosJy announced, and that Mr. Thompson, the l? I dividual in question, had gone to Washington to conclude the terms of his agreement with the Raa ?tan Mini-ter himself Here in the very wse in point The Russian Minister dues that openly and hitherto without rebuke, lor which Mr. Crampton on mere suspicion, is being hunted from American soil. One thing is clear, if action is taken in the matter at all. Loth ministers must leave America on the United States openly pro claim herself the fnend and ally of Russia We have no fear of either of these events hap pening. It our Government have been as tempe rate and forbearing in their reple-. as they are re presented to huve been, the misaporehctihion on which the whole afihir was founded nmst speedily be explained, and tlie angry feeling* to which that misapprehension gave rise, subside So lar as di rect action is concert ed, there is iu? t ause to imixign the good faith of the American government. A rfrikmaii,stance of this is contained in the accounts which have just come to hand. The British consul at New York, a-ting apparently upon some in for mation received, complain d of a vessel that was about leaving the harbor of New York under sim P^ , a ci'CunisUnccs. It was apprehended that rhe had been fitted out as a priv tecr, h:r owners having accepted letters of tnarqao from the Em peror of Russia, and tlie rumor was that she was intended to seize upon some 01 the steamers thut ply between America and Grcut Britain. The au thorities at New York acted with the greatest promptitude. 1 lie vessel was det.i -ned, expl millions were called for, and it was not until those explana tions proved satisfactory to the British Consul him self that the vessel was allowed to proceed on her voyage. It is b> stu b acts of national good faith that the characters of both countries are elevated, aud that the bond* of uniity, have now so loug subsisted. Iiecome strengthened. And we may add, these arc the acts which wo should expect front our trans-Atlantic kinsmen. Whatever may he the cose with ti few trading politicians, the people at large have 110 interest in the war now unhappily raging in Europe. It is not to be expected they should take part with either side; hut le;u*of all have they an in terest with Russia. No interest of theirs, either political or social, is to be ndv.m ed by Russian success? none to be injured by Russian defeat. Buccaneers and lilibusters might reap a profitable harvest 111 the confusion; hut the nation at largo have no intcrei-t m their gain, cafiecially as that gam would be accompanied by great and . avion*, and it may be irreparable, loss to vast masses among themselves. The interests of both people are so thoroughly bound up in the preservationof peace, that we can hardly realise the amount of folly on the P*;iL?':tiieir.Prn",ie'ilfl' ?>f heated parties on either Hide, that would force them into hostilities, ?oflh iln V nothi?Kuf ?"?ber considerations! each has it m his power to do the other incalculable ii.jwy. without being able to make any perraaimut ?oriquc.-t, or airn e at a point where the war could both 'ides1 tXCOpl by Ulu thorough exhaustion of T?/.^fti"?n,,,tln<nt Mra of y,,B Herald? aioi'.l.t XC tt filibuster and u.cur [From the London Herald, Nov. ?.] "y 'be latent advices from America we perceive tnnt the threatened niisunderst ndiug lietween this government and that of the States, on the subject Si "V'.?vL,uttr * conduct respecting rn'iatmeni for -? ? A*A ,eivtc' witlnn lhe Union, has not been materially aggravated, notwithstanding the vorv sincere efforts of the democratic press to fan the I utmo8t- Most 01 the journals through out the Union are silent upon the subject altogether. The Nr.w ^okk Hbralu still keeps up a sort lrU!!g.,llre;? tat lt 5a tolerably clear the E n /eeii,ng i? not bached in this matter, and exim tK!r ? very y*reputable attempts to exasperate and inflame, on the part of a portion of S? .^o'orican., pre>s, we venture to predict the whole uflair will, if not grossly mismanaged, speedi bl0J,.over- "deed, our belief in*the good leHu t?K majority of the American pwple led us to this conclusion when we first noticed this (!'lyr \,c?'and we have ,,cen confirmed ti ? ^ ? Knl sequent consideration and J&iVn?, recent intelligence of the state of public Ice ng amongst our truns-Ati mtic friends. The troth is, a cry urns wanted for the forthcoming dec i" V '? rtPre,ent ? "nail but vera mwort,y St"*?, ami the occasion afforded by a supposed infringement by England of a municipal law, the spirit of which is, on the admission of the //era/./ itself, actually infringed by Russia, was seized with aridity by that parly, in hopes of creating bad blood hctwoeu the two governments.and of profiting by the opportunity, the ',v"."<',lan'Uo,y- Mr- Crampton refers the whole si,air to a "conspiracy of foreigners " having the same object in view, mid says he is prepared to show that such is the case. Even more satisfactory than snch proof is tlie fu-1 that il,c attempt, however originating, to inflame the t o countries, h<ui failed, and we shall be verym i. ii surprised indeed if the whole alluir does not speed Ijt uic a uatuml death. 1 It must be admitted, at the same time, that there ftrc members of the Ann rhau government animated by sentiments of irrational but relentless hostility to this country, and amongst those s<> possessed are to be numbered, we fear, the pre-., nl head of the administration, and the Attorney-!ic.eral. Presi dent Pierce's sentiments on the . i t of annexa tion go, we believe, the entire h-notl. of the Monroe doctrine, and it is generally summed his symna thies with the filibusters is f iber more marked ?n&n ijcfitM eiilier the honor or the <lijrnity of tlie chief of the great American ItepuhU . The latter acntimeut is, however, intelligible in General I .erce s case; he has been a sol.lier of fortune f liC", m the IVist. may be tufon to mean tomelhinx snore than a simple adventurer; perhaps, u.'eo fsnethmg less than a filibuster. He sened. if we mistake not, in the Mexican war, and it is said he hut jeerer lost the predatory (/c;ki? turn and pro penstty there engendered or fostered. Be this as it may, r ranklm Pierce's sentiment-, on most subjects are no secret, and we estcom it a fortunate clrcun sUncc, flre-t, that he has not, and never has had macA of a fotharing in the States; and, se-ondlu' that his /'residency must soon reuse anil determine' It need not be concealed that Mr. Pierce has en deavored to press this foolish misunderstanding to an open rupture l*tween the governments, and might poasibly have Mioeccded but f.-r the proin I tade, tact and g.sxl feeling of Mr. Secret y *arcy, who has evinced a very creditable ue ?uitr tC consult the true bite rests of ail parties. Of Mr. Galth Citshliig we know little b it that he Is the American Attorney General, and the author of certain recent letters, moie reni n>lc fur uume i Ing and absurd hostility to thi . .uutry than lor judgment, acunieri, or legal ability. We should have a much lower e-timute of the sound sense of the Ameriian people than we do entertain if wc could suppose them capable of being influenced against their liest interests, by v. ami l.omha-itic appeals to their worst pa-slou-.. .. h appeals we have already intiinated do not s?t the Ik-ets and armies of great nations In hotile motion. War! a serious business, not lightly nndertaken by ra tional n en, and never without a justc iuso ami a deliberate calculation of the consequence-', and no such cause has, thunk God, yet risen between En gland and the ITnited States or America. The up shot of the matter is, that there h no /o nidation for.the report tiiat the Am.-rlcan Governrn. nt hive demanded the recall of our Minister at Wa-lilngton, nor, in the event of such a demand U ing m ule, is it the intention of our government to appoint a sac cesser to Mr. Crampton. In this matter Lord Cla rendon has been, as it -eetns to uj, much to blame. He placed Mr. Crampton, as we took oc reion re oeutly to point out, in a hopeless dilemma. The municipal law of the States roibi.ls enlistment for foreign service in the Union. Mr. Crampton was instructed to procure recruits, hut on no account 11 violate the An eriean law Like lug >'s advice to Roderigo, ?? Put money i thy purse," Lord Claren o?n a)>pe?rs n->t to have bveu very nice as totha J",1 , w ^i' k our ambassador wa.s to comply witii ii" instructioiiH. An explanation is due for this in direct behavior, and tee tiustthat despatches are already on the,, wan to ll a,hi,^ton, in which the ITfairly hue"' "? il ,rou/d *"'? '? War i'rlnrlplea Is. K..KUnd_Tbe Ui.ltoil Btaiei, ^ [F rom fb#? f/jn 'on Tlm^i, Nov. 9 ] To say that if the war were popular, men would throw up lucrative employment to enli-t in the rnnkH, in to misn jitcm nt tlje oircuniHt in< e-? of ?h war, and to misconstrue the ordinary fe..liurs and motives of human nature. Had we ground to the dust by foreign domination, like I insula?were we threatened by an invasion, as LbA-or were our ararice stimulated and our cemfidenre raised by the prospect of a rich booty and a contempt,Idr enemy, as in the tat' war between the United States and Mexico such in stances qf devotion might be expected twcasiimally ooemr; but not in a remote struggle, waged in StSto ?rt??wnCipla!of right ?nfU'i"Mce!with ? \ J,m!!"'or',8 "r inHa">?' Hie avarice ?hJT.h!C? n">r'> res-mbles the the uH v . ,l l aentcnee than the triumph, . -' Ike uncertainty >>f r.rriinarv war Mr Cobden is very angry with the\ ..mmend7ti n" ? some as he terms them-whicl. havTiei' b^l.we l oponi the people of England; but this ?.-rv rlrZ tfiat the war IS not sucll se to rente vulgar nIwsions or enlist tmlgar sjemnathiee should Is-alone suffl. ?"t to convince thai tho-e who. from a re .pert r", right and justice in the abstract, evince a .letermhm i on manfully to meet cmuug .laiig.-m tefore they a-?il to unmanageable dimensions exhibit no ordtna ry qualities, an<l merit from every impartial write- and speaker no ordinary commendation. Mr. Cobde.i till i us we may recruit by conscription, by vulao tary enlistment, or by bounty. lie will not tell us winch he prefers, and ho he leaves the auestlon, upon which he has not shell a single ray of light, to which he has not contributed a single tact or idea, aud I rem which he has not drawn any conclusion, to launch t'ortli on a theme on which he is always at home?abuse of the war and, 11s he calls them, the war puity. Such a distinction between the advo cates of war aud peace does, indeed, exist in the Hfi.ee of Commons; out mm here else, aud wouid not exist there if the people were granted an oppor tunity of expressing tueir opinion at the hustings. England is to i* governed by herself. We challenge Mr. Cobdtn to bring his cause before this ultimate court of appeal, and we should be glad to know liow, on uny popular principle, he can question cither the jurisdiction or the soundness of tne deci sion. 1 lie Russian* Will Slot Evacuate the C? Imu. The following is the text of the order of the day, dated "Heights of Mackenzie, October 15," by which Prince llortsehakotf announced to his trooos his intention not to evacuate the Crimea^ lilt- Imperial Majesty, our muster, haviug^Barged tun to thnek, in his in.me, and in the oaais of Ku.-.-ia, i'is Vklinnt narii rs who have defended llie south side of j^ebastopnl with so much h. if-sacrifice emira:.'* and per tcver&uce, is persuaded that the army, afirr hawing I acquired fteedom oi operaIii.fli in tlio lipid, will cue | tin"<* hy a') tiorrible efforts to defend the soil of holy I K casta Hgiihut 'lie iowtMon of the enemy. Hut, aa it pleased the solicitude of the father of the great l-imlly (tie iiuny) to order, in hi' lofty foresight, the ci c. truc*.i> n of a bridge at Seb-ist >pul, in order to spnre at the Inst iiinmcnt as much Itmsisn hloo I as poesible the Emperor has also invested mo with lull powcis to copiinue or cease Hie del. nee of our poni .ions in the Crimea, uccordlng to circumstances. Valiant wir ilcrs! Vou know what our onty is. IVe will not Tolun larily abandon this country in which St. Vladimir re reived the water of grace, after having been converted to the Christianity we adoie. Hut three are niniiliniu which n mctimcrender Uir firmed rc'iintinin imprtwHcaUe am! the greater! eacrificn iifelees. The Emperor h-isdeigu-d to have nic the sole judge of the moment it which we must change cur pne of defence, if such be the will .>f thai It is for ua to prove that we know how to justify the confi dence of ihe Crar, who haa come into our neighborhood to provide fbr the defence of bin country and the want' of hie army. Have eoutidenao In me, as yon have hitherto had during all the houra of trial which the-decrees of Providence have seut us. The Pranden C'.att learns "from an excellent source" that the Russian armies in the Crimea aud before Kara will puss the winter in their present cuntonnients. Licotonnnt-Gciieral Wrange! keeps open the eoamw lotion between Stamherapol and Cenits' hi by means of the Arabut road. The army < orps at Nicolaielf consists of 45,000 and that at (lien-cn of 35,000 men. The following telegraphic despatch has been sent from Nicoluietl to St. Petersburg, by order of the Emperor:? Nicouuki'V, Oct. 29?0:10 P. M. The number of <hc enemy's vesse's moored near the I Spit of Kinhurn is still diminishing; to-day there are not more then HO left. 1 be chips that wee stationed near Ocztkoff, and a li'Ue higliei up, have moved nearer to the shore a' Kin- i burn, and continue to take onboard troops. A ahip of the line and two transport*?the latter itaving complete! the embarkation of inen?Ion-{weighed anchor and put to sen. Ihe numhor of tents on the .Spit of Kinburn is also leas than before. 1 here are two steamers and five gunboats off Cap* Stanislaff, in the embouchure of the Ilog. The main body of the lluel bus not changed its posi tion. Prirec Corfscbakoff lias transmitted to St. Peters burg the following despatch from the Crimea:? Oit 29?9 p. ?. The enemy's force kept Its position at the village of r'aki during the past night, hut at 8 this morning it his again moved to Eupatorta. Our outposts have taken their former pcsi'loDS. Nothing u'ui.nkiikle haa occurred on any other point. Movements of tlie Armies In the Crimen? Wlil Pence be Mode or tlx- W^trContinued. [From the 1 si no on Olobe, Nov. 9.] There are some curious symptoms in certain quurters favorable to Russia at this moment. The allied armies are reputed to lie preparing to winter where they stand; November has arrived; and nonce rumors fly about the Continent, born no one knows where, and expiring as mysteriously as they were born. Now it is Austria aiul Prussia who are concocting a mediatory proposal; now it is the Bavarian van der Pfordtcn and the Saxon van Beuat, who are described as impressing on the mind of the Emperor Napoleon the astonishing and novel fact, that all Germany would support seiioui oilers of peace; and that King Otho is, like another distinguished person, au " fli-uscrl man." Then we have great prominence given to PiiHsian correspondence from Orta Kornlos, and head quarters of the Russian army in the Crimea, painting, in glowing colors,the gay and happy con dition of the well fed Russian soldier; so amply sup plied not only with bread and me it, but pepper a id cabbages, vinegar and meal, and " a measure of brandy double that of the French:" with time on his hands to improvise huts on architectural princi ples, and a " sentiment du pittoreMme." Then the cavulry are in admirable order; tlie innumerable herds of rattle ast -nish you with their good condi tion; Ihe pyramids of flour aud forage are immense nnd imposing. In fact, Prince flort-clwkolFcoin maad- o hcuJtbv army, devoted and proud of its ser vices?" its immortal fpopte of eleven months"?an army ready to dare new dangers. " which will seem mere sport after the glorious lieil of the V ! k T." These winds were written on the O; her, two days before Prince Gortrchakoff is-acd hi or der of the day, telling the nrray that the Emperor had given ln'ni full permission to hold or quit the Crimea? " Hint country where St. Vladimir received the wafer of grace after ls ing converted to Chrhti anilj." Not willingly will we alrandonthis country, niys the gallant Russian General; imt " there are situations sometime* that render the firmest resolves impracticable, and the greatest sa -rifices useless," he prudently adds, aud does not, as it wis reported he did, declare that he will defend the Crimea to the lost. No one who reads this ex traoidlnary missive can fail to he struck by its reserve, and the stress laid ou the solicitude of the Emperor, who " ordered the construction of a bridge' from the south to the north side of Sebas topoY. "so ns to spare itussian blood as rnucli a? IK); sil)le." The fact which Prince Oortschakoff is most anxious to impress on his army is this? tlrnt lie has power to rctruut from the Crimea if he [ileases; the tact which the newspaper correspond ent from headquarters is anxious to overwhelm u? with, is the efficiency and resolution of the Rus sinn army to keep its ground. Another newspaper correspondent h eated lit Himpheropol, writing on the K;d Oi tolicr, eight days after trie uppcurauce of GorteclmkofT's order of the day, is equally saflgtiine. "c truly that the Russian po sition in the Crimea is very strong?thgt it is orq. longed from the northern forts to Slh\phctupol, witli nosls on the llelbek and Alina, so that all po.-Mt>le operations are provided against. He ad mits that 'he movement of the French upon Foti Su'u caused the left wing of the Russians to march on Alh.it. and he looks calmly on the efforts made hy the Allies from Eupatoria. Thus, with impreg nable posiiions uiul ample supplies, the Russians, he thinks, can nfl'orii to dare the enemy to drive tbem from the Crimea. I Those fire, st least, "curious facts," the more worthy of notice because they come direct trom the enemy's camp, from his headquarters, from his able aomnutnder: and are therefore the official view, or rather the view permitted hy the officials, of the .-tnte of things in the Crimea. Vet side by side with these glowing pictures of inexhaustible supplies and inexpugnable positions, we read in the Russian organ an elaborate article intended to. shoe that England is waging a war of piraoy, bri gandage, devastation, in which France cannot afford to compromise her glory; that Russia desires an honorable peace; that i ranee desires an honorable peace, but that England stops the way. "It is t'me that France censed to shed her blood and sneud her gold for ail ally whose blood already fails, whose gold may fail to-morrow!" The real truth is, that either Itussia desires peace, but is not yet willing to surrender the objet ts contended for. or Russia de sires that the world should think so; and, in the meantime, it is clear die is extremely hurt lie cause "the jouri als, tin statesmen" of the Allies have laid down the doctrine, that peace depends, not on them. but on Russia; and that peace will lie accorded when Russia, soliciting it, agrees to the terms of the Allies. Proaprrt* of Pence?\V tig the Allies arc Iium live [Pari* (Nor. 4) for re.penile ao*of ti,sI/rod on CVonlrla) The Austrian (iutrtte (formerly the Lloyd's) rays:?Count C'olloredo has brought the highly im |K>rtunt new s that Russia was disposed to sue for jicarc, even at the nrlce of heavy sacriflces. This new- is said to have licen tran -mitted to Vienna hy the ficrlin Cabinet, whi< h latter has also asked whether Austria was disposed to Concert with I'rns-ia. to recommend the Russian propositions to the ntt< nilon of the Allied Powers. But seeing that the latter have declared, on several occasions, their resolution to exclude Prus-ia from all participation in tlie future negotiation* for peace. Count C >11 ? redo is < barged, tney say, by his government, circ fblly to examine the ground at Paris, and then to disc to* this delicate question with the British government, it i- added that Austria, very far from declining the co-operation of Prussia, has declare I on the contrary, that she regarded it as very de sirnble and proper to ha-ten and se ore the re-cs- I tablishment of general peace. These Russian propositions are said to be the re. suit of seciet negotiations thot luive >>een going >>n for -ome wer k* liotween Pm-i.i and -tt. Fctersb>irg. M.fJourrpicney. it is added is to lia>k in ut Berlin on his way back to his po-t at Vienu?, and there dis nn* them with tlie Pnis-ian Minister for For>Mgn Affairs, and put them into -oeh ? shape as m*y lead to a decisive re<blt. Tlie greater hope is entertained Of KO de.,iral le a conclusion that the Western Powers have Hot talked of altering one lota of the liaaea laid down in the tnnty of the 'id of December, uotwitti titauding ihe lull of Subastopol?no thai 'lie path in (?till i jieu for Ru-sia to treat of peace on ni wt lio itir able terms. Tin Be pacific visions are not, however, in vogue here; ard, looking at the Emperor's order for a trcsh levy, considerable d<mbt in expressed whether Russia herself in sufficiently humbled to have become tciliy a purviaun of the " lVaoe-at auy-price " school. SI out probably these essays of the Pruasian and Austrian Cnbiuota will tum out to be rather officieux then nffiritls. I think the following may be taken as the only really official information vouchsafed to the public ns to further operations in the Crimea, it is from the Month ut i.'e I'Armce:? It appears licm the latest despatches received frcm the Crimea that the abundant rains prevailing there hud caused some modifications in the plaa of operations projected by Marshal i'eiissicr for the close of the campaign. A part of tho troops that hud been destined to assist in it have therefore re sumed their old positions at Haidar and on the line i of the Tchernaya. Tbe other part continues to oc cupy strongly entrenched positions on the Tchamli and in iront of the enemy. Everything, therefore, shows that the allied ar mies are moving into winter quarters. One reason for this step is probably that given in a letter in the Journal Je Constantinople, which suys the rtwon na seances showed that the ground was impractica ble for hordes; and that, notwithstanding the mnd and rain, tbe moment the troops left the Tchernaya they would be obliged to carry their water with licm. England's Onuses of Q,uum 1 with Spam. [Mi,<lri<l (Nov. ay Conespoudi-uce of London rimes.J There are two cases respecting which our own und the Spanish government are at difference, and which, 1 regret to say, have each arrived at a stage which seems to threaten very seriously the frie.i/lly relatione between the two countries; and I have rea son to think that Lord Howden has ri ceived in structions relative to these circumstances and the possible result of the negotiations respecting tlietn which will be very unpalatcable to the Spanish go vi rumen t. The chief details of the above mentioned cases are as follows:?Mr. Boylan, an English merchant of great respei tability, had been resident for fourteen years in the island of Cuba, and was established a. Santiago de Cuba, where he carried on an ex tensive commerce. About two years since 1 j was suddenly ordered by the authorities to leave the island, and proceeded to England to hy his case before his own government. It is said, though no proofs whatever have been brought forward to back the report, that be was suspected by the Spanish authorities of being implicated in political intrigm which Mr. Boylan iirmly denies, declaring, 011 the contrary, that he has never interfered or had any thing to do with politics at all, and that bis own in terests were entirely bound np with the peace and prosperity of the island. It appears that our govern ment took up Mr. Boylaus case very strongly. He had been subjected to Ueuvy losses by being obliged to abandon his large establishment in Cuba, and they insisted on the Spanish government making him due reparation. The result of the negotiations which ensued was thut the latter agreed to do so, and it was mutually ar ranged that the case should be submitted to arbitra tion, our government nominating Mn Muir, Eng lish Consul at New Orleans, as their arbitrator, and the Spanish government the Marquis de Esiiaua then Governor of .Santiago de Cuba, on their side. Mr. Boylan was also allowed to retoru to Cuba for a year to arrange bis affairs and abide the result of the arbitration ; but now comes the most serious part of the case. In April last, before tiie result of the arbitration was known, and, indeed, lie fore the English uibitrator hud even arrived, Mr. Boylan received a peremptory order from the authorities of Santiago de Cuba to leave the island within eight days, (lie pretext tor which was thut he had not ful filled the conditions on which he was allowed to return, the principal of which were that he must either lake oi.t a letter of naturalization (which would requireliim to change his religion), or must ap ply to the Captain-General for special permission to remain longer. The latter condition he had complied with, having memorialized the Captain General, stating that he had found it impossible hi'.lierto to dispose of his propeity there, and praying for fur ther time to allow him to do so. To tins memorial no answer waa received, nor would the authorities of Pantiago de Cnbu allow Mr. Boylan to proceed to the Havana to lay Ids case liefore the Captain General, but lie was put on board a French merchant vessel at Santiago, and conveyed again to England The result of all this has been that Mr. Bo, Ian is ruined, and that our government, naturally indig nant at the conduct pursued by the Spanish authori t.cs, after the two governments hod agreed to sub mit the whole case to arbitration, have demanded toll and speedy satisfaction; and I believe that it ha been formally intimafed that the conlinoanre of friendly relations between Englarul aiul Spain mm/ with" 011 d> viands being promptly complied lhc other cause is also a very serious one. A ' paiifeh ve.' Stl rolled the Fernando Po, and owned by ban elnnu houses, sailed from that port for Fer nando l'o, having on board a great number of water cafckn. re&netting which she po^ac^ed no document to prove that they were required for any lawful pur She was captured l>y two English cruisers? the Dolphin, Liev.teuant-Comnrxndor Webber, and tbe Minx, Lieutenant-Commander Roe?on suspicion of being employed in the slave trade, and wus sent to Sieiru Ireonc for trial by the mixed commission Ihne. The result is not yet known. The owners hove addressed strong reclamations to the govern ment here, and among them is Don Domingo Moostieh, who was long established on the Af rican coast, and, according to the ollici.il reports oi our authorities, was engaged most exten sively in the slave trade at Whydah, and other parts, it eanie to the knowledge oi our government that thinpciHon had UhjD ted hy the government heie to fill the post of Governor of hVruamlo ro, which, lying in the hight of Biafra, and under the abeolule away of auch a per.ton, would heroine a nure depot for the convenience of slate traders, and strong remonstrances wire made against sucli an appointment, in the face of the engagements existing between the I two countries respecting tho slave trade; but it ap pears that the Spuuish government persist in their inti ntiou, and that things have gone s.i far that our government have felt it necessary to intimate that the appointment qf Dim Uomingv Mo.stick as Go ret nor of Fernando l'o will be regarded as tanta mount to making that island a depot for slaves, and 'hat it tcill be dealt with accordingly. Interesting; Financial News. man rmcu op monky?tiuc drain of billion ANll riltCF. OF PROntJCK. [From tbe bunion Economist, N ?v. it.] The duty of a wire physician, Uilnre he pronounces a rirriC^y far a Uisea?c, is carefully to study the motes which have Jeu it? utl'l the special symp toms by which it ia attended. Althougii thlv be a general and well accredited mode of trcatiug Particular complaiuta. yet its application must lie skilfully modified iuiiI varied according to the ?pe cial circumstances of the cose in hand, (red the constitution ol the patient. It is tho < lmn-y uick o tbe ignoiant practitioner to have resort upon all oc casions to some favorite nostrum, no mat -r how true in general principle it may Is-, without dlscriu. - ",Hf,l,?V' u" Is the highest quality of learning und skill to study and to watch the peculiar symptoms of each ,-a!c, and to treat it accordingly. And this general principle applies to almost every act of life ?it is, in point of fact, simply the difference between rule and routine, anil the exercise of tiiat fine ilisi re lion whii h i an alone lie acquired,even by the able ' by careful study and patient investigation. ' The circumstances attendant upon the drain o" gold, anil tiie consequent raonebirv derangement upon the present occasion, are different from u which have happened in our day. and are mucfi more difficult to lie dealt with. The yearn 18" L-3il and 1-47, the three periods of great monetary d? rungrnicnt within the experience of the prcMerft geneiation or practical men, wen-all traceable to the same cause, and were all curable by the same remedy. At each of those periods great ex. itenn and speculation prevailed,and bad prevailed for a long tunc. Prices ol commodities bsd been driven up to an unusual rate; importation- had accordingly been very extensive, und, as the (ever began t? de cline, ?wr warehouses were full of commodities of all kinds, with enormous quantities still on the wnv In comiilitlon of orders which had been sento ? when the tide wss at the full. There importations led to the dpiwing of very birge amount- of bills upon England, and the presence of tiowe bills in for eign markets, to a general de. line j? tbe rates ol ex change; at home an unusual demand arose for accom modationrrom bonkers by merchants, to enable the n to meet their increased liabilities; while the luge balance thus created against this so ri ? duced the exclmgcs that it tieciime pri.fi! ,blc to cx port gold, and thus a drain was created at the very moment when an unusual demand for di-connt, ex l-ted i.t home. The cure for this state of things was clear ind ?ininle. In fait, it may be said to have been inhe rent in it-elf, and that without any action on the 1 art of the bank, it must soou have been c rrccted though with the aid of that action tho cure was more eitain and more rapid. Importations luvd been in cx.es* of consumption; stocks rapidly increased prices fell, Imperial on- Iscami unproflt-rele ami w ere diminished. Goods were abundant money cor respondingly scarce. The former ri ll jn price and the latter rose in value. Thus, largo stocks the dif ri< i Ity of making sales, the high price to I repaid for accommodation, all tended to a still greater reduc tion of prices, until it became profitable to ex port to ether market-, while further Im portation* were neatly suspended. By these oite latiom?all the natural result of the actual circnm slsners of the niomi of?the exchanges were rapidly corrected, and bullion again Sowed into thn bank aa last a* it had Sowed out. In January, 1*47, the bullion in the bank wan ?15,000,000; on the dtli of November it ww reduced t > ?s,478,000; aud in March LH4H, it bad again increased to ?15,000,000. No d< ubt thin operaQon vvns attended with great kuses to individuals, as the early part of the speculative period had been attended with great gains. But those losses arc the inevi table results of overtrading; of supply being in excess of demand; and of the necessity to sell by those whose capital is too limited to enable them to h"ld until the surplus stocks are gradually worked oil'. On such occasions it is the fashion to inveigh against the hank, and to mistake the re cuits of a too sanguine speculation for some indirect consequences ol our monetary regulations. At such periods the cause of the drain was clear aud easily ui dors tad, and its corrrcctiou became simply a question of time under well recognised principles. Now, however, matters are entirely different. We have hud no speculation, no overtrading, no excess

of imports. We have no large stock ol goods in our warehouses; on the contrary, they have seldom beon ? o empty of some of the most important, articles of consumption. Nay, so far from an excess of Im ports, most of the largest articles show in the pre ent year a considerable decline, thus:? IMPORTED?JANUARY 1 TO SK1TKM1IKR 1. _ . 1864. 1855. Horn aod flour of al! kind-", qrv.. 6,693,(100 J,172 003 Pax, cw?? K51 oo , 461,000 ?ilk, lb 6,674 000 4,274 000 brnn.iy, g?ls 1,889 000 1,312,000 7.243 000 6 680 000 (ottnn. onU 6.219,000 6,660,003 Wool, lbs 69,000,000 60 0.(0 0 0 limber, loads .. 1,260,000 770,000 sugar, cwt* 6,5"0 091 4,200,750 Under these circumstances price shave been rising, not from speculation but from actual scarcity for the most legitimate reason that tbo supply has been unequal to the demand. Thns, as it may be easily conceived, there hus been no unusual abundance of lulls on England abroad ; the exchanges, therefore, have not teen adverse; but, notwithstanding, we have had a (Treat drain of bullion, and a more rapid increase in the demand for accommodation at the 'j^k than has been experienced for many years, i be bullion has sunk in a short period by more than ?6,000,000, while the amount of bills under discount hus im itated by nearly the same sum. Now it is qmtc clear that neither the oue nor the other is to be attributed to the operations of trade. The figures we have quoted show that so large an increase of bills has not been caused by onr imports ; thut a de mand for bullion has not been created by a balance of trade against us, in the ordinary acceptation of the term. It is not within the scope ot our present remarks to tra< e the causes of these phenomena; but those who nave carefully perused lire Economist for the last two months mn.-t be familiar with then. Our ob ject now is to show that the same eusy and simple cure ns on former occasions is not at hand. Wo liuve no huge stocks?on the contrary, our warehouses are bate?prices are not likely to be materially low er. in some cases they are rather likely to be higher. To tnik, therefore, of lessening our imports in order correct the exchanges, would only be to aggravate (he present scarcity, further to enhance prices, and to give a new and certain impulse to importations; iird the refusal to discount bills connected with le gitimate trade would only the more certainly lead to the export of gold to cfiect purchases, which would otherwise be made through the ordinary credits of business. While, therefore, the cause of the present drain diners from all former ones, and while the same siiiijilcgiatural and sure remedy oannot be rolled upon, yet it is < ei tu inly that, so far as regards the operations of trade, they arc not likelv to be so much impeded, nor are the sacrifices of merchants likely to bear any comparison with those which tiiey suflered at former periods. So far as the price of produce is concerned, it cannot be said that any sacrifices of moment have been made, or are likely to be made; and, therefore, there is no reason to' unpitcund a recurrence either of the discredit oi the ruin which involved the commercial classes iu Ih47. In these remarks we confine ourselves entirely to the posi tion of produce, and in no way include the question or investments in shares of all kinds. The value of these must depend entirely upon the value of money, and their price must to a considerable ex tent rise or full ns money is cheap or dear, and as other channels offer more or less temptation for its occupation The same reasons which are likely to protect men hunts from losses on pi-oduce, viz., the smallncssof the stocks aud the necessity of Importa tions, are likely to lead to a reduction iu the price of shnres.by furnishing a more tempting aud profit able use for capital. TUB PBIOE OP OOI.P AND ORAIN IN BirjlOPt (From ih" Ijindon Globe, Nov D.J Everybody expected an ultimate rise of prices Ircm the gold discoveries in California aud Austra in. And we do as; urcdly experience a rise of price li the articles which most attract attention, because r'rt K *-'t t'lose ?' most indispensable necessity. ?I' r.. * e ^cheve '? have been owing iu verv con siucrable measure to the gold discoveries, "from wh ich n rue of prices was, as we have said, expected. But it has not taken place in the manner expected, it hasi indeed taken place in so indirect a manner, hat the whole result is popularly traced to the war or to any other cause tliun that which wo believe to nave, vciy n.ainly conduced to it. Tliere tun be no doubt that the war has contri buted to raise the prices of agricultural produce ,n Western markets, in so far as it his chocked production in Russia, and his al-o (with the assistance of the Russian government) obstructed the outlets for such prcduc as has been raised. But ItueBia w, after all, only one lielil of production, and its yield by no means proportioned to its extent. Hessian inroads have indeed temporarily injured others, which are still open, such as the Oanuolan provinces; but the active and passive part of Bus la. and the dire, t and indirect effects of the war, will by no means entirely account for the present prices of the first necessaries of life throughout the commercial woild. The best proof of this is that which is stated by a morning contenijiorary?the Vut y After?viz., that in February, I 54, the price of w heat stood at *bs. I0d.: in November, 1*53, it stood" at 72a. 6d. Those high prices were not caused by the war, which only began In March, 1*54. After ihc war wns declared, in September, 1*54, the price ?vas 5C?. 7d. We must look farther back for the first sources of the deafness (which means comparative scarcity) of the first necessaries. And we agree with our above ''ltcd cotemporary in rffriTing this universal phc ncmrrnn in great mtasuee to the pns'igious stimu us afforded by the Californian and Australian gold discoveries to commerce. To commerce?rather than m the fiist in-ranee to agriculture. Thestimlus isnow i.ctnip on agriculture likewise. But the growth of mod is not accomplished in a day?the seed is not put in nt one end of the machine and the harvest draw ii out of the other, after the manner of modem manufacturing operations. The first effect of the gold discoveries was to stimulate mining and trading ad venture to an extent unprecedented. Hiiiee 1*4* When the average price of wheat was about 6(?s? the exports ol (ircnt Britain have risen Ironi ?52.000 000 to ?117,000,000 lu 1*54 The exports from Hamburg and Bremen to Australia and the South Sea Island rose uoiVi ,'cr; !!'u" lOo.hOV tjiaiers in 1*62 to 2/ton 000 tbalers in 1864. 7/i the Umtid States the operations of agriculture had slackened, while our enterprising fund folk wen migrating to "CaliJorny'1 driving the Pacific u we were (hiving the Australian trade, building ships making railroads, and adding year by year to their town population. Thns, throughout the commercial wo, ui, the ru mber* of consumer- of agricultural produce were increasing more rapidly than those of producers. The balance is now in course of b ug redressed. Throughout the United States aud British Aniericn, as we ll as in this country, an in reto-rd impulse has been given to cultivation. But the eflect of the enhanced value of the first r>" icsiarksof life, as compared with all other pro ducts, mining or manufacturing, has neoessarU., been slower in bringing up the supply to the demand than In the case of products which a capable of immediate and indefinite multiplication by mere mechanical means. In a word, gold has i/een playing its usual tricks; aud, like the load-tone mountain in the "Arabian Nights." hus been loo-en >ng every screw ot sober padding Industry by i overpowering attraction. Immense activity lias everywhere been called into exercise; but the agri cultural ba*e of operations bus suffered --.in-* neg lect. To this, which we cannot but regar 1a nc main source of the pi erect doaiih of agricultural pro duce and other articles of provision, A must b ad ii, it t, d that war taxation and war demand akii contribute their share in raising prices. The opera tions ot increased (ustoms or excise duties is obvious, lint the operation of increased expenditure for m-iiti tabling native or foielgri troojis, Ac., is n?t quite equally go. It nmst, however.be plain, on a little iellei tion, that such a j.nrcha er iu the market as th> govei nment- with increased revenues, ami! ram Is sides, to eflect whatever purchases It will, and n trained by none of tho-e prudential ealoulatiotis which compel private capitalists to consider priced and pr< fits in thiii operations, end cut their eort a - (tiling to their cloth?mast act considerably on the t>rh rs (t nil those artic les of ronsnmpti m for which it bids, in a manner, against private consume-in on so immense a scale. If, on the one hand the effect of war expenditure is to afford emplovniont )0 all those branches of industry which' are en gaged in supplying "appliance* and means" of wsriiire. on the other hand it abstracts rem the general consumption, or the gene ral pocket, that q amity of provisions, or the means of paying for them-whicb cornea to exactly "nT*" ? which it wants for its soldiers, Mrllirh or foreign, and all other agents aud lustru incnts ol warfare. An immense which mav Is- term ed artificial incrcnse of consumption is thus created ??lumtme art maintained in the public service ne etsiortli; on a liberal scale, who would not IW mam ta.n,ef-<-r maintained mart frugally?from private rteoitreet. Thus the public are first taxed taxed for war expenditure, and ehen are taxed a-mlu in the enhanced prices which that expenditure una voidably helps to create. These are facta of the present aituation, which niuet be looked iu the face; not that we should shrink Irom any sacrifice which the national honor and interests call for but that we may not become the dupes of very shallow and mischievous delu sions. We must not have millers, farmers and bakers (as in revolutionary Fiance of 1793-4) made responsible for prices, which they can no more con trol than any other class of the community. We must have none of that spirit which turns high prices into famine by " laws of maximum," en forced by metropolitan mobs. The bakers' windows of Paris, at the present day, still exhibit grating, which were required to protect them from the di rect exercise of that popular sovereignty which was flist exerted in compelling an unwilling Legis lature to pass a Lot du maximum,and then in taking vengeance on a class of tradesmen, more inuocent victims than the sovereign people itself of tho law it hud mude. LONDON JiONKY MARKET. Nov. P? Noon ? An imp ovcmeiit of % per cent ha, feken place in tho price of Consols thii morning, u|ion th> cln-ii.g quotations of yesterday. Most other descrip tions of stock in 'he English market Indicate tho same de arte of Improvement, and all have an upward tendency Ihe tinnovs of a probe Me Swedish alliance with Jhc Western I'owers supposed to have affected 'he fdpds sligh'ly, but tlie general opinion is that tue favorable ymptoms am caused by tl-.e continued purchases on the part of tho public. Consols for inouuy opened at 88V, ' *pioiy ,rnl't U> 88-^' and nre DO,r 80; for the account they ire 88?,' and 89'?. Ano'her cause which assists ihis im i roremrnt is the expected satisfactory returns from the Itank of hngiand this evening. The reduced 3 per cents ? re quoted at 87 J;. 88%. Exchequer Mils hare exchanged heed* at 7 per cent discount. There have been moderate transactions in fireign ait! * slight advance upon Ust quotations. I ^,4 .f11 the l'arla Bourse yesteroay exhibited more Activity than usual, and tbe tone of the market fai buoyant, with an advance of % to % per cent on the .'J [ ,^r,.ftnl r,',' e*' ,n tlle share market., those ot tho Bank of Franco slightly receded, and the Credit Mobiiier were quoted at 1,165. By telegraph from Madrid, we learn that the sale of the i eccieHarticAl inndg continues to go on vory iavorabiy and the government In liiiely to realize a larger sum from them than was at first anticipated. Tire partlcuUrs of the receipts at the Spanish treasury during the month of September have been published, and present a diminu tion of lifteen millions of reals, compare! with the cor responding nion'h of 1854. Upon tlie subject of the tea trade. Messrs W. E. Franks s hens sts'e as follows: The increased t ightness in the money market, immedi ately after tlie date of our last, produce ! a general de preetlr n, and great cau'ion in commercial circles. From the activity ot the picvious month the tea market be came bcuvy Mid inactive, and with the exception of the business in tbe n< w Mason's tine tea, tbe transactions ot the month have been limited to the actual wants ot tho trade, (in tlie ltltb ult the deciston of the bank to charged per cent on 60 days'bills, and 7 per cent on longer dates, incrca-ed tho depression; this step, though pressing leiy heavy on the mercan'ile communiiy, has succeeded for the piesent in preventing tho continuous drain of gold great anxiety still prevails as to our future monetaiv position, which, with tho high prices of nearly ill articles of consumption, will iniuce gieat and neces sary caution throughout the coming wiiiier. There can, however, be no doubt thtft trade war never iu a sounder state, and should our m melary affairs take a favorable turn, me may reasonably expect ac five and improving markets. The present sta'O f the stock of tea is worthy of notice. Since our last of tea in Isoioion shows a decrease of 2 993.*K>0 ,s CI' tnpared with the previous month; this consisting chiefly of common congou, which lias been taken for ox l?ort. The statistics of our exports for thi, season are ?eniurkuble. as sliswiog ari immense excess over any pre vious year. On tho loth October. 185-1, our export to date was 6,6i7,,33 lbs., while on 30Ui September of the previous yeor, the actual export to date was 10.726 720 lbs., an increase ou tbe previous year of 6,008 987 lb. In April of the present year our htock was 59,360,08) I,,* ,, ffra<3ua,lJr increased from month to month ^intil in July it reached 61,000,000 llm., sinco which it oas gradually decreasi d to the present stock of 60,316.000 ?bH., showing an excess of about 3,000,000 over last >ear. ' ' Two o'clock P. M.? The funds are rather 1-ss firm, oon sols being 88V to 68Ji for money, ar.?J 8SJ2 to 89 for ac count. Exchequer bills are 7s. to 3s. discount. Bank -lock is 267 to 208. Half past throe o'clock?Tho English stock market is lirm. Consols are 88% to 88% for money, and 88% to 89 ior December. jamkh M'rjENnr a oo.'s circular. ? Liverpool, Nov. 9, 1865. i RovimoNR.?-There have been fewer inquires for bacon and it becomes evident that the high prices a-e che-klm. eonsumntion, which is turning to fresh meats. All feed mg stuffs benign! extravagant rales, farmers are at pro -ent forcing their stock on the market at a considerable decline from last season Beef and pork without change ?tho result of tl.e government contract will be an "aST? ?"* 1 ,W?'.. Chce"e 1"W here is only of medium end inferior descriptions?roally line would go off at 5ds. to ooH. i.nrd meets ready sale at 67s Tsucw has advanced to 6Hs. with large sales ot the dtffi rent qualities, ana s. me excitement. B?E.iiihTiMP? Within the last two or thr"" days here has l*cn renewed excitement in all articles ?inoi.viiyib.ng.jfferingi.as b,.,,,, taken ?f an advance. -Mk w' . * whiu' W,'?*L V2s. "d. a 13s per lo'n J.D c??al tlour'Dhlo, 46*.: Baltimore and 1 hlladelphla, 46s. per barrel. Indian Corn, 46?. a 47s. for nnxi d and yellow, and 60s. a 52*. for white. Lenox.?1 he market ban be ti active all tho week and ?ho supply being very limited, holders have been cnih'c 1 to obtain a further advance of a %d. per lb. To-day there is rather less doing, and the extreme rates of the week are scarcely obtainable. Bu-inens is bettor in Man chestei Middling Orleans, 6%d. per lb ; Mobile, 5 11-lfld. ? Boweds, 6%rt. Stock of American 194,202 bales; same ime last year, 347,022 bales, ,-iales this week. 7V,680 ?ales, of which 48,940 American. HERMANN COX A CO.'fl CIRCULAR. _ ? . . Liverpool, Nov. 9, 1855. The Manchester market has further improve 1, and iu -ome departments an extensive business has been done. Large purchases have lieen made ia shirtings and water twist for China, while a fair business has been done iu yarn by Cfnnan merchants, ami some large transactions nave taken place in pi ints arid shirtings on Mexican ac count. Ygina may be quoted about %d per lb. dealer, nd tbe finer desciiptions of cloth about the same tho heavier fabrics however can only be naid to be more sale able at last week's prices. 8ever.il of the largest spinners ?n Manchester have given notice of a reduction of wages. 8ii<l it in foe red a torn out will cn^ue. ' Nothing new in |*>ltiica. The differences between this governn ent and that of the United States are likely to ho amicably arranged. Money is abundant, and decidedly easier but there is l et no reduc'ioh in the Ugh rules of discount; however, he j.oMiion of the Ilank ot England ia becoming stronger nd we lray very .hoi tly expect a roUxationoi the screw. 1 onsols clorD to-day at 88% %. BAKING BROTHERS ft CO.'S CIRCULAR. ? v Loxoox, Nov. 9-5 P. M. There hns been a fair business in coiunlai and foreiga produce market*, withon4 change in price*, except in vo5^r J.11""*' Money is enster. Consols lexye oil 68% a 88J, for monfy, 887i ? 89 for the account. Mexi ? an dollais, 4s, lljad., nominal: bar silver, 6s. %d., no niinal; Houth American doubloons. 74*. 6<], AHFRirftx ftooKH continue in calm, with a limited ! usiness. belters of I ntted States 6's, i868, at Kid; of lassachi,setts Sterling at par: of I'enusylvauia 5's In icriptir.ns at ,3. Boues at 80; of Virginia 6's at 8d Hter (tog 6 sat 81 a 84yt ? of Boston CUy ?.'? at 90. Buyers of .tnnsylTBDi* Railroad 6's at 88; of Maryland Sierltog h at 91 Catada 6'* luiprovi jg 107^. . f ?'. CO bugs "ITer'd cnivHy sr ld. Honduras? to d blaek. 4s, llil. a 5. 7d.; silver wi h ut change; Mexi can black 3s. lOd. a 4s. Cotosi.?100 bags Tiinidad have been placed at 66a. t'>d. or good grsv to SPs fd. for good red. CC7TOb\?1 860 l-ales have changed bands at firmer ?atis. :mat 3%d. to 8%d. for middling to fair quality. At i.iveipcol prices hsvo risen, and middling drlein- yes terdny was quoted 6%d. ar?d. per lb TheCorra; market is lory firm. 500 casks, 260 bags plantation Ceylon, at public sale, realised 56s. for fine ? rd, and 6i's. a Ola. for low mid.; 95 l.a^- Costa Rici went from 68s. a ' 5s. 1'rivately tbeie is more enquiry for nu tiie Ceylon kind, and sales to some extent hiye t*en made at 70s. Cd. for g >od ord. To-day iheie has been an ? c'lye ilemaud, and 8Jts. has been i>aid, the market elos ing fir n i. llic fiof-li supply of rngli?h wheal at Tiif'aday'fl corn market wat ffhr rt, and it ?<?ld at an adviuce of 2*. per iir. ? n the pilcp* of that day week: f. icij^u wa.-? In fair de mand, particularly tho finer norta; but biiNinon* wa* ? becked by the higher pr\&* axked. I^a?t week'a HV*,.,g? wa>< 80a -d. on 120,Bfi? ?j rei. returned. To da jr. the *up ply of ail kinrfa waa ehort, and the rate- of Monday w#ie I !? ^ ?iifdatned. We quote whl'e American who it 84*. a ^<8 : r#Ml 80^. a 84*. p<-r qr. American flour 43*. a 47a. , er banel. ilKMiv?r.us.ian without ra-iatlon atd no buainosa. Jut,? egg bales a' aucii.,n were nearly all disposed of from ?16 16 s ?|(l for middling to g.K>.l fair. Imcco?The transactions very imall, at last sale prices. lii, \?We bare no change to notice in rails and bars, cotcb pigs, 76s. Cd. for mixed Nos. on the Clyde. 1 i.n-H I,?1 he arrivals consi-t of 7,160 qra. from the I a 1 Indies. Purchase, for arrival have been mude a' an diaiiro of fully Is. 6,1. iier qr. Thn* caigoes of Be sa labia and Runelln reed have been sold at 7?'>s. 3d a 70s t d., c. I. ft 1., and one at 78s. fld., free delivered. On 'he pot, Black bea s?ed Is firmly held at 76s. Calcutta at 76a :i j I** nil^y at ,9-. a 80s. Linseed cakes find buyers at full ra as. ' Ixjn.?Tin re is no alteration. Out?bj erm lies ris, n to LIS" per ttin; in comivg fish t.otbii.g di irg. For linseed there is a g >od enquiry a ot quotations. Rape unchanged, and littls offering. A ugf business has M eu done in or.,an it, and f>0s ha, ten 11,id for f.Vichin. I'alm. 48s. a 60s. Hick in improved demand;4,000 bags Dengal have fetch ? d l.'-.W'.a ]l>.9H. lor middling to goisl middling Two float .g ra g.es of Airecan have Iwen soM at 12*. Od. a 12s. 0%d.. and one of Moulmein at 13s. 8>1. hi ki is actively inquired for; about 2,000 casks haie ? 1 nrg< d liatidr ; Iwewards proof. 3s. '2d. for'hrown, 'is. Id. 'or pale; Jamaica, 4s. 'id. a 4s. tvi. for yellow; apward.s ? fl.066casks bast India, afloat, have been purchased for laiuling hete at 2s. 0d., proof. S/mriBv is dull, aboui 1,100 bags Berg*] bxre rhang m! lisnds at 43s. ior 2% per cent refr., aud 30s. ior 612 I er cent. bi i aB.?The excitement alluded to tn our Ust has con ilmied, and we are able to quote an advance of fully 6s. a 7s. on grocery qualities above price* of Ust Friday the mniket elo*lng rather quiet. The sale* of West In II* are 1,0*0 bhd*.; 11,409 bags Mauritius bsye Wn -old ori. vKtely at 48?. Cd. a 69*. 6d. for yery dark to grsal mi l brown f0*. a 62?. for mid. yellow; 3,050 bagi Iteuaal from f?s. M for mid. yeUow dite, t.. 67. fd TTflnTrei l,w Coosipoie privately 5 600 l.sg. Native Mpdrn to arrive, ha* been taken at 47s. Of p,reign the uni? vales at auction are 220 bhds. Porto Rico, and ' 50 Unl Havana; by private contract sate, have beiln mad* ?:ioxt of ? eargi.ot 2 7(0 b-xe- Havana (No. 17). a, 36. ; V.ViO thus Manila, at 31a.; for ufteiayed, 34*.: for clayed, iali vered in Liverpool, 1,000 boxes (S'o. 12), Havana. bound lor Antwerp, at 36s., f. o. b , and 660 baskets No. 13 Ja va. to arrive in Holland, at 60*., delivered hi re. On the spot, 1,600 b lie* HaTana (No. 14>?). aohl at ',0h, and eorn# pa reels 1) tog in France, the particular* of wbleh are not kUTUcre ha* been a further rise in tallow; 08*. a 88a. fld. <>n the spot; 69*. for theapriDg. Ti'ri'Kntink ?A rale ot rough, fine quuli y ailoat, ha* been ni.ide at 11a. 6d. American epirita, 30a. a 39?. ?d. A. DEhNISTOOS fc CO.'fl CIRCUl. <iK. Liverpool, Nut. 9, 1856. The money market baa been quiet and comparatively easy during the week, and discuuut* are obtainable at ^ to % per cent under the bank rate. Tire drain of gold from the Bank ot Er,gland ha* been arrealed, a* well, we underatand, aa that Jrom the Bank of France *, and afier the sudden and revere action taken by there institutions, we rather expect to And that the stock# of bullion in the Vaults of both are temporarily augmented. Along with thts increase of ease in the money i.iaraet, and notwith standing the denrness cf money, renewed activity has been showu in nearly all commercial transactions. in particular, the upward movement in the prioea of some articles (if flirt uecesrlty has contiuoed to tnakc prcgress, an l is deeervirg of serious attention. In tbe I one article of rugar, the cost to the counti >, at present 1 prices, of its supply lor tbe coning year, would be no tea- a rum tlisu ?7,000,000 sterling, in exuess of the cost of last year's supply. At Muncbester tome was an active demand on Tuesday last, particularly for goods suitsd 10 tnu Oilua market. The advance in cloths was said to be 3d per piece, and in yarns >2-1. to >,d. per lb. fn m the lowest point. G n..ols bave advanced to 88JJ to 89. LONDON TRADE REPORT. Tiii ssnsY Evrai.vo, Nor. 8.?Sugar?The basin*"* ou he spot has been restricted, owing to the smalt quantity ITeiing. There have been no public auctions. and ol West India the sale* amount to only 200 birds. C inside able purchases ror this market have again benn effected o day and late yesterday of sugitrs on trie Continent,. 1 he sales on arrival comprise also two cargoes of Manila, ogether 600 tors, at 46s. for Muscovado, and 63s. fur clayed, and 6.000 hags of Madras at 47s. per cwt. Coffee. ?The market lor native Ceylon has advanced to 51*. for good ordinary quality; a good budncss has neon done and tbe closing sales at the price mentioned. Of planta turn 180 casks were brought forward, the bulk oi which found buyers at extreme rates. Am AnglieFroicli Rvyal Marriage nt any t;o*1. (Paris (Nov. 8,) Correspondence of ihn Lonoou Globe. ] There in uo news, hut, en revanche, rumors by the huf-hel- The most glaring is, that the visit of the Duke of Canibridge to the Emperor has on object which will uot a little .surprise tire English public? i. e., to negotiate a marriage between nis sister, the Princess Mury, and Prince Nupoloon.' Some apo logy is perhaps due for lucutiouing a canard of such formidable dimensions, but it bus been su persever ingly circulated for the last month, that the realisa tion of the Duke's prophesied visit gives to it a cha racter tvnich might lead the "Smiths and Jones's" to look upon it us not being devoid of foundation. Should it turn out true, it will be the turn of those mysterious personages, know to the reader as form ing tire "well-informed circles,"?from whence va limbic information is sometimes derived?to is: sur prised. Dr. Knne'e Arctic Expedition. TO TilK EDITOR OK TUB LONDON TIMES. Sir?It would lie prematura, in thu ab.anco of Dr. Knno's rhaila, to c.iticl.-e hit lo .ter to Mr I'eubudy, pub lished in your papur of tlri* day, too guveiely; but I wish at once to draw attention to tbe strange incongruities which it contains Id cue place l>i\ Kane slates that " there is no open water above tbe mouth of Nuiilh'* Sound (I'elh irn 1'olnt at Cape luglelield)," where, it wi)l be rcuieiu'iered. Cap tain Inglelield stated thai he sew open water; and in another part of hi* letter he says, " The exploration* of our party embraced the entire shores of rluil'.u's Sound, and a Dew channel expanding from it* northeastern curve into an open I'olar sea." Then to niy*ti:y u? *tiU more, I)r. Kane add*, ' Smith's S'eund terminates in an extreme hay, and the coast of Greenland, afte- being followed until It faced the North, was found cemented to the continent of America by a stupendous glacier, which checked our lurther progress towards tbe Atlantic." A glancs at a North I'olar chart, containing Captain lnglertc'd's discoveries, will show the illogical nature of Dr. Kline's letter. I am, -Jr, your oOedi^ut servant, Somerset House, Oct. 26, 1866. 0. it. WELD. Ttlp ecrau fire Atlantic In fire Pacific* CorrbSpoudeDce of the Newark Sentinel. ON Ik).. Ill I THR i^TSAMBB 1'AC.FIC, AT SET, 1 Oct. 2, 1856. } We lpft the wharf at Liverpool at 2 o'cl >c< in the afier noon of Saturday, Sept. 22, in * steam tug, to go on board the Pacific. lying in th>- stream some considerable d Lata ace from the city. The tide not Stiviag. the steamer was unable to get under- way before 6 o'clock. While at the dinner table, Hint beard the noise of the wheels, and Ina few minutes afte'ward the partirgsalute of the gun. The Weather wa? Uilld, but Uary. Ft'MUY, i'fd?The weather still continue" mild, but looks more suspicious, dark clouds I iwering la the hori zon. Wind easterly. Lev. Ilr. Baiid prea led in tbe ladies' saloou. The run oi the ship up to 12 o'clock If., 21 f miles. Monday, C-lth.?Cloudy, with rain at interval* daring the day. The wind tte.i 1 ahead. Our runup to twelve o'clock M. wa~ 296 miles. Tr EBDzY, 25th.? tin- sun came out early this noornlng for a brief hour. The dark, heavy clouds looR threaten iLg. The run. 294 miles. WniNWidT, 26th.?Aaoveie storm set In during the night; the ship robed and pitched dreadfully. This morning a heavy sea. Now and 'lien a wave more auda cious than its fellow, would dash against oar bows with startling thump, sending the spray over our bulwarks. Dow diiniuutive tvn a noble ship like thin, was the tb< ught that occurred to me. a* amidst the Uproar of the elements, I stood and Nurvpyed with rilerit wmder the scene before rr,e. Never was I so forcibly impressed with the Insignificance, nay palt'innss of the loftiest works of man, wuen compiled with those of hi* Creator. In tbe whole scene I read a lesson, If not more instructing, at h aat more humiliating to human vanity an r mure eh ? queutly demonstrative <>f the piti'ul folly of all burner arrogance than I ever hea d inculcated from the pulpit. I he wind during the day has been X. W., with oesasional rain. Kun, 294 mile TnrRfDAV, 27th.?li cleaieo during the night, and the snn shone out this m-uning del.ghtfuUy; oef>r?- anon, cloudy, head winds aud nigh sea, afleruom a th-us" f ig. Kun, M mile-. Friday, iRtb.?Very thick fog the wtn-l fir an hour or tw<< favorable?soon changed and settled down m Its old quarter, dead ahead. The *te?ra whistle is giving tbe note of nlaim; how mournfully and pah.fully the aonnd talis upon the ear. The wind to day is southwesterly. Run, .'.10 o ilea. Sah rdav, 29th ?The fog rolle>l off abont ? o'clock this no ruing, and the weather was mild and neautiful. At noon to-day were in the immediate vicinity, passing over almost tho identical spot where tbe ill fated Arctic was lost. At 3 o'clock the land lor the first time was distinct ly seen, tbe bold outlines oi Cape Race presenting a dark, elevated appearance A large steamer was discovered some twrlve miles distant ou our starboard bow, sup posed to be the Africa, from Boston to U.erpool. Capt. Nye ordered signal to be given, and the sta*s ami strip.-* were run up, floating proudly to tbe breeie. Toward* ever.log the weather became exceedingly chilly, with heavy fog. Run, 292 miles. Mrs Day, 10th?This has been. truly a lovely day throughout, weather ml'd, alia a sum oh sea, so that the roll ol tbe ship is scarrsly perceptible. At noon ths Rev. F. I). G Prime Drenched a plain, sensible sermon; he was Hssle'ed by tbe Rev. Mr. Wickers, from Columuia couoly, New York. In the evening, at the request of several of the passengers, Rev. Dr llilid gave an interesting ac count of the evungellcal meeting, or I'rots-stsn' Congre-s, ii cently held at I ail*. Thirteen different countries we-e repnrented at that meeting, and a In ge am nrut of ex . eeolugly valuable and important iufornut'lon ' btain*d in legan! to the prP'cnt moial and religious condition of -bone kingdoms. I hi* address made a pleasant, and, I trust, profitable close of our second Nabuatb at sea. Run, 318 mile*. Mondat, f>et. 1st ?Another mild, beautiful day. Wind aoiitlr by west A whale, ap|?aren'iy thirty feet long, rame very n'gh tbe steamer, spou'ed a morning salutatii n. and then dashed off into the broad ocean be ymd. Tlie sails are all set to catch every puff of air. Pun, 319 mi e*. It d-day,{ 2d.?Notwithstanding the sun went down last evening clear and beautiful, Hie night, wa" very tern pestuous. At 7 o'clock the wind, which ??< freto the south, began to blow quite fresh, and increased to almost s gal* befbte midnight. This morning 'In- run shoue out fr.r a few hours heavy cross sea. which retards rery ma lerisliy out progress. This attemoon the Ixrog Island cr ast can.e into view?pas-ed a small tow boat full of waicr. A twoma'ted vessel In the breakers, with some of her sails still up; probably ilriveu on the *h< e Las', nigh'. Run. 31R miles We reaches! the l.igbt float near Sandy hook about 7 o'clock, but the night was to > dark to ven tore up to the city. We have a large number of passengers, with a great variety oi csa'rscter, and of ua'iorisll'y. American*, English, German*. French, Norw-gian*, II -ogarians. tbrre physicians, four mluistei s ,,f the go* pel, and one "exhorter" of the Methodic! church. The Is eg ruaj irt ty of our paacengers are travllera and men of b loess, returnii g to thet" native shore*, or to the laud of their sdoptlm. As to our gmd ship i'acilie, >he is too well known to be a su|*rrlor. first rate vessel, to reed a word if commendation, so, too, is her captain a ssilful con maimer? < aplain Nye?on* of the bert captains that el'her "sails" or ''steams" from New York; vigilant. |.?i mpt, energellc, he has aa w?U regulated a ship and ctew as ran be found In the world, t'apt. Nye I* not so i o| uiar as "nme others, mainly because h? dnee not spend much if hi* time talking with the passenger* Rut this, tn toy opinion. Is a great recommendation. A captain of rut b a ship baa rumetbtng else to do than to talk with ladif* and gentlemen whilst his vsaaei la under w^gh ? ( apt. Nye maintains admirable discipline aboard hi* ship. no lor.d and boisterous falsing among hi* ofiicers an 1 crew, bu' everything 1* d n* quietly ami eltb ieatly, lis* the great Woi king ol l.er |si*ertnl machinery Our voy ?ge commented *ltb twrr or three days wf mil l weather winch enahltd us to get Wv-ll clear -if Europe ami her roaster*, and just a* wr approached Newfoundland. Jwh*i* .)* <> murb needed <'c*i weather, the cloud* dl*p?r*e,i and the sun came forth In hi* majesty, enabling a* t< learn our exact p-sitlon. From that t?-int the weather has been beautiful up to la?t night wh>n a revere l'1'1* with heavy rain ret in. t>nr voyage has been ?? a w^iole r\ce+1 Ingfr prosperous and demands tb* g-atituu# ofoui hrarta to rjie great Author of every ble-wing Kailhoad from Nkwar* to HoboxkD?The Newark Advert,?er ? ivh:?The merat important ap pliraiion notitcil ivayet, in which n of on' ittizekfiire intcre*-t< d. is that D ra railroad IretWMl the upPer part of thia city and Hoboken thria mak ins another road to New York. The application, w. are told, will b? vigorously proeecntc I, and ererj efloi t made to carry It through. Mr. fta' hguta, the tiowly elected representative from that section of th< city, if said to lie opj>o?ed totbe road. Uutit is hnp^ I bat a major'ty can lie found in Ihc ,rr er.j tAEielv . ture who will favorably entertain *och a proposition