NEW YORK HERALD. JAHKM OOHOOH 8KHRK1I, PROPRIETOR a SI) KWTOa. tyyiOtf *? w COHNiti or KA'.-iAlT Aa1> FUX.TON HT8 TEKItfl, "?A ?ttttcunr*. THE ,< 1T7.1 H E R A I.I) l v?Oi ptr MfdMMm NO frO'll '''Ay* l>/ v ""A n.niwiMOD" 41* W*<J?|Ktf Omi >? 1) * W?l (f i'< I'Mti'l'INii ateetatd tciui twiUvk. aulii.) J/> I'ER TISE.HEN TH rtm. u>?l wrj 4a*. VX ......Mo. S MtV^MKSTU TOMORROW FVVfnfO A. iaDj*AY TUKA.TRS, Broadway -Wrecker'* 1)ac<ih l.tMi Wli. Five Shillings. WIBLO'j OABDtS, Broadway ? Bon ut and BektuaJio? K ?t>v?AH'nOKru POWER Y THlATU, Bowery?Sixteen String Jack? IVjkti Tamil. JDRTOR'S THEATRE. <Ti?jnber? ?trnot?The Little tRBAMTRB?To Vaiikntk and Uuaruians?Turning tuk Ta BI.CH. WAIXACK'B THEATRE. Broadway-Rule a Wire ash ? ail a W IllK?PttBlTV Puce ok Musiskes. WOOD'S MINSTRELS, Mi Broadway-Etsio?aii Pee MUiKM. JJDOKLBY'S BDRLR8QUK OPERA HOtTSR, 639 Brood ?Bty?BUKLIUKlCC OrauA ABO NkURO MlRBTRCLrr. lew York, Monday, November 96, 1839. r<le f? W4. The steamship Oceau Bird arrived yesterday with Havana dates to the 20th iuat., and later news from Nicaragua. A report was current in Havana that General Concha had been recalled, and that General Zarzlla was to be his successor. The dowager Conntess Reunion died on the lsth, and wan buried the following day, with great pomp. Don Nicolas Vinet had been summoned to answer fur the homi cide of Castenada, the betrayer of General Lopez The cholera raged with alarming virulence among the negroes on the estates in the neighborhood of Cienfuegos. The news from Nicaragua Is very in teresting. General Corral had carried out the terms of the treaty, and surrendered his force to General Walker. Don Rivas was duly inaugurated, on the 30th ult., as President. It was understood that Parker H. French would be Minister of Finance. General Walker was appointed Cuntui inder-in-Chief of the army. A (Fairs were progressing favorably with Colonel Kinney. His party was rapidly in creasing in number. So far from there being any rivalry between Kinney and Wa'ker, it is asserted that a cordial understanding exists, atul that they will act together in future in advancing the cause in which they are engaged. The Washington Union, by authority <>f the State department says that Sir. Buchanan had couferred with Lord Clarendon with regard to the augmenta tion of the British West India squadron. Lord Cla rendon stated that the squadron originated in no act unfriendly to the United States. Its objoct was to protect British commerce against Russian privateers said to be fitting out at our ports. The case of the Maury, as represented by Mr. Barclay and Mr. Crampton, was cited in justification. As our readers are aware, this humbug exploded long dace. One of our Paris conespondeuts sketches out a remarkable picture of the coming time when Ger many is to be denationalized, .and the empire of Charlemagne re-established, lie shows the popu larity of Louis Napoleon iu the Catholic countries of Europe, and tells of the existence of a powerful French party in Italy, Spain, Portugal, Belgium, Switzerland and Germany. His ideas as to the probability of a political union botweeu France and Germany, with lxjuis Napoleon as Emperor-King, ore formulated with so much clearness and precision that it is evident such a union is contemplated as one ?f the contingencies that may result from the pre. sent state of affairs. Another of our correspondent- fiom the same capital?apropos of Canrobert's mission to Sweden ?gives a curious and interesting history of the Bo. naparte and Bernadotte families, and of the mutual influence which they have exercised ou each other from the day when I he petit coporol proposed to the lady who subsequently )*camc Madame Bernadotte and Queen of Sweden, and was refined, to the pre sent moment when King Oscar, the sou of Berna dotte, holds in his hands the balan e of power be tween Rossi i and her enemies. Another communication from the same pen, graphically describes the closing scenes of the Paris Exhibition, and gives an idea of the sentiments which will pervade Louis Napoleou's great speech in distributing the prizes; and still another reports a remark uttered by the Emperor at a private soiree en the subje t of the dispute between England and the United States, to the effect that a war bet vcen these two conntries was a thing not to tic dreamed of- Onr corresjiondcnce contains much that is very interesting. One of our Vicuna correspondents discusses the commercial and other relations which ought to bind more closely the connexion between the United States and Austria ; and gives the reasons why it is the interest of both conntries to cultivate tlie.se re lations. Another correspondent from the Rime capital gives us an epitome of the latest war, polit ical, personal and other news of interest. Among the letters of our correspondents to-day will be found one from Matamoros giving an ac count of the condition of things in that part of Mexico. It appears that custom h mje- have boon established at Keynoso, Canmrgo and Mier, and that the movement ha- been so unfavorably received by tho people thai they refused to allow the no w Collector to take charge of his oflicc. There was great rejoicing iu Mataiuoros for the election of Alvarez. Hut, per haps, the most important feature of the news is the ramored invasion of the country by twelve or fifteen hundred Texans?a report which has created, as may 1* supposed, a great excitement. Prepara tions were making to give them a warm reception, oral it is said that the country will rise to a man against them. The trial of Louis Baker, indicted with scvcra' others for the hoiuiddc of Bill Poole, will be called on to-day in the Court of Oyer and Terminer; but from the numerous causes of challenge which exist under the present law, it is thought there will bo great difficulty in finding twelve jurors who have not read the transaction, and formed or expressed an opinion as to the guilt of the accused, or the justification of the assault which terminated in the death of one of the desperate characters engaged in the affray. The value of foreign goods imported into the port of Boston during the week ending 24th inRt., amounted to $034,854. A desperate fight occurred on Saturday night in New Haven between a party of Irishmen and a couple of policemen. One of the policemen, named Camming!, was so savagely beaten .that he died in a few hours after the battle, and his companion waa yesterday at the point of death. Dr. F. 8. Zemp. of Camden, 8. C.. has received a verdict for the sum ot ten thousand dollars damages for Injuries sustained on the Wilmington and Man cheater Railroad atom two years ago. Huchver dicta will do more towards the prevention of railroad accidents than all the laws in existence. The sales of cotton on Saturday were limited t& 500 a doo bales, at about Ojc. for middling Uplands, dealers piefcrring to await tbc receipt of private ad vices by the Canada before doing much. Flow was less active, and common State brand - were slightly easier. Wheat continued firm, with moderate >ransu< tions. Indian corn was again firmer, and sales were made of fair to prime Western mixed nt pi i cs ranging from *1 0.1 a $1 08. Rye sold at $1 28 to fl 27. Pork and i>cef continued heavy. There *?? an lUroawd activity in coffbe, owing to the avormble reports from Europe by the Canada, at Bostor, and -;Uej of Rio wtre freely made at about ^c. advance. 8 igara were firm, bat quiet* Freights were steady but engagements were light. The clipper ship Flying Scud was ' bartered far arse-Pee to load with grain at 35c. CiHUh Dfal&ita on CMna-Pmpnt of a Saw ('hint ae War. We commend to the attentive perusal of the public a letter from Paris which we publish in another column. The source from which it comes entitle s it to consideration; and the vitws it puts forward are equally new ae?l j striking. It has long been known that Great j Britain?ov rather its agent, the East India Company?was pushing its triumphant arms up the valley of the lrwuddy, and reducing the kingdom of Birmah to the condition of the 1 !ajuhships and principalitieB of Hindostan. The fact bus been noticed over and over again in American journals as conclusive evidence that the remonstrances of the British journals with this country in relation to the acquisition of ioreign territory were hypocritical and in sincere. Bat it has never been Btated to our j knowledge that the chiefs of the British Indian empire only looked to Birmah as a means or a road, and that their real aim was the South western provinces of China. This hypothesis is thrown out in the letter of our correspon dent ; and conjectural as it is, and must be for the present, it appears so plausible that it may well engage discussion. The Chinese empire, as is well known to those who have paid any attention to the books of travellers to China, is in the last stage of decay. Everything Chinese is cor rupt?the government, the magistracy, the army, the judiciary, the clergy, and society at large. The Imperial government is far too weak to assert control over any distant portion of the empire : and the consequence has been that a band of robbers, organized for purposes of wholesale plunder, have been enabled to overrun the country from 6outh to north, meet ing with very little resistance from any consti tuted authorities, and actually leading foreign ers so far to misapprehend their purpose as to call their foray a native revolution. The Chi nese army is the purest farce: numbering several millions of men, it is wholly incapable of mak ing any head against the smallest disciplined European force, and would no more resist the East India Company's army than the Creeks would rythstand United States troops. Up to our latest accounts the feeble central authority had not been positively thrown off by any of tbc Provinces, save the strip of sea coast which the rebel Tacping Wang liml subjugated. But the bond was so weak, and the afflaity be twecn the northern and southern provinces so slender, that several travellers have been struck with astonishment at the duration of the empire, and have predicted that the moment European energy and restless ness penetrated the interior, disunion would follow, and the four hundred millions of Chinese would be split up into half a dozen nations, warring against each other, and ready to full an easy prey to any active and unscru pulous invader. Such is the country on which the insatiable statesmen of Great Britain have sot their eye. If they had followed the policy pursued in 1846, and picked a quarrel with the Chinese at one of the live ports, and waged it by sea, it would have been impossible to hinder the United States and France from sharing in the spoils. At most, England could only have hoped to obtain one third of the rich booty. Whereas, by pushing her arms gradually north west and westward through Birmah, the ob ject of the government is attained as speedily nnd without attracting any attention. The British soldiers may penetrate to the heart of China by the southwest tlank?may espouse the quarrel of this party against that party, and secure the victory to whichever they please on condition of subserviency to British interests?may, in short, reduce half of the Empire to the condition of a British protecto rate, before the world is half aware of their designs. Whether the Emperor of the French is wholly ignorant of this scheme, or whether he is willing to shut his eyes to British ag grandisement in the Eaet, in return for j a like complacency on the part of England | wbi n he proceeds to extend tlio frontiers of France in Europe, and the area of her colonics in Africa?cannot be stated with anything Ilk ? certainty. The schemes which arc on foot ap parently for the spread of intelligence and thought, but in reality for the diffusion of Bri tish and French influence, arc absolutely stu pendous. Only to mention one of them?a telegraph line is in process of construction thai will stretch from Loudon to Canton, and Mel bourne, Australia, passing through France to Corsica and Sardinia, from Sardinia to Algiers, frtin Algiers along the north shore of Africa to Cairo and Suez, from thence along the shore of Asia to lliudostun, which it will cross: from Calcutta through Birmah, on the one side to Canton, and on the other along the coast to l'olynesia and Australia. What is most won derful perhaps in this remarkable enterprise is the fact that in the whole line from London to Melbourne, and from London to Canton, there will only be 400 miles of submarine wire in any one place. The canal across the Isthmus of Suez is another enterprise of the same kind and with the same purpose. Now, if the United States do not intend to be left far behind In the race for supremacy, these proceedings should not be overlooked. If we do not want to wnke up some fine morning and find the whole of Asia British, and the whole of Europe and North Africa French, some notice should be taken of these schemes of annexation and aggrandisement. A commissioner should be sent at once to Birmah, and the British gov ernment should lie notified that if it adds an other province to its already enormous empire in the East, the United States will, for their own protection, take what measures they deem needful for extending their area on this conti nent. To sleep, to be negligent in this ago of telegraphs and railrouds. is to die. A Pretty Piece 01 Ei lm. . A Mrs. Fonda is making speeches iu Illinois against Senator Douglas. What lim the Senator done, we should like to know ? He has probably been seconding the Virginia demand for the nomi nation of that terrible slaveholder, Henry A Wise, for tho Presidency. Anything to defeat the old fogies. Does he Give it Ur.?% is said that Mr. Fill more has made arrangements for spending tho winter in Italy. IIow is thisf The Know Nothings will probably meet in national con vention in February. Has Mr. Fillmore heard that ?eorgc Law is ahead in New York, or docs ourMiiablc ex-President give it up? The Mexican Tseatv Money.?Report says that Mr. Cushing is of the opinion, as a lawyer, that tbc three millions unpaid of the Mexican treaty money should be handed over to Santa Anna's bond holders. Very likely. 1h. rutr of Mexico - Cnl)11_The Grejlt Question of mnd It in n otTeleps obs ^.j-ver that does not Fee in the position of th?\q,, st,ates matters of peculiar interest to the American people and govern ment In n .ithinu are politicians, of whatever count'y, more remarkable than for concealing tie operation of tbo laws of population, and I misrepresenting tbo tendency of those liw*. A little more than a year ago and the Turk ish Empire, threatened by the colo=?al power of Russia, excited in the minds of all m n the livelit st interest and the deepest solicitude for its safe ty. Subsequent events have gone far to prove that the Turkish people possess few of the true ehmeuts of civilization?that iu al most every respect they are iuferior to nearly all the natious by which they arc surrounded, and that their decline has been fixed by the contact iu which tin y have Iteett brought with their superior neighbor* At this day it must lie uj'parcnt that the Sultan's government is d< stincd hereafter to be a dependence of some ol the great States of Europe, and ultimately his territories partitioned between them. The history of the settlement and subso juont con quest ol Texas, the settlement and conquest of California, now constituting two prosperous agricultural and commercial States of the Union, and intimately identified with the gene ral pro?i/crity of the country, bear a striking analogy to the present position and the proba ble lnture ol the Turkish empire. The differ encc between the two countries, in their popu lations, iu their habits of life, their pursuits, and their ability to become great producing com munities. arise from the radical difference be tween the American and European mind, it is, however, only one of degrees, the superior acting upon the inferior there, as here, iu re ference to the absorption of Texas, it will be rt intmbered, a large portion of the people of the United Status were utterly opposed to it. Our government again aud a^ain avowed its purpose to prevent it. A large in tjori ty were hostile to its acquisition. Meantime it was rapidly settled by our ra e ?its institutions were ioriued on the model of our States?its civil polity was essentially American. Its intercourse, 'ts local institu tions, its commerce, its general industry, and above all, its thoughts and feelings were Ame rican. The laws ol' population had accotn pli-hed all this; they hul done more?they had settled the question of its annexation to this country, and sooner or later, with or with out war, Texas was destined to come into the federal Union. The dogma of manifest des tiny concealed the immutable law of progress. It had decreed what timid st itesraen felt must take place, but what they dare not avow. ^Though excitiDg questions of internal dis cord nnd strife now weigh upon the country, the time is not distant when the fate of both Mex ico and Cuba must be settled by the American people. As in the case of Texas, the public mind is straining itself to put them otl. Com merce nnd capital, ever cautious and fearing war, is avowing hostility to any further annex ation. They tell the American people that we already have enough, that this government is extended until its parts no longer feel its eoutral authority ; until antagonisms are war ring upon its harmony, fretting its councils and threatening its stability. Meantime, the an swer lo all this is apparent; the States added to the Union nrc firmest in their attachment to the Constitution, nnd among its most succes.* ful in every branch of industry. Population is rapidly advancing its frontier limits, and political power as rapidly transferred from the East to the West. The influence of this trans-' formation upon the general policy of the Union will soon be felt in a bolder and more fearless expression of the purposes of the na tion in TctCTcncc to contiguous states ; giving effect to the superior industry and enter prise which has already subjected Louisiana, Florida, Texas and California to its dominion, ond will in the cud absorb both Mexico aud Cuba. , i This question, it is evident, has an interna tional bearing as well as a local interest to the American people. It is important to see that Mexico and Spain are in a rapid and cer tain decline; that all the conservatisms in the world of the balance of power and the Mtatiu rjuo cannot save them. They are, like Turkey, lulling piece by piece into the bands of poli tical administrators. \ itality in their sys tems is no longer visible ; their extremities are paralyzed. They can interpose no resis tance of themselves to whatever may be re quired by their neighbors. While this is un deniably so, it is not strange that their heirs, or these that claim the inheritance of their estates, are particularly active in looking alter their concerns. The governments of Europe, perhaps with no view of securing benefits to themselves and with the sole purpose of crippling the power or preventing the extension of the I uitcd States, have determined that Cuba and Mexico shall not bo absorbed by the American Union. Tbuy have undertaken, in the lan guage of Lord Clarendon, to regulate affairs on this continent; which means that they have combined to prevent the further progress of the free institutions of our system over any more territory. This is the question. It is a question which must be decided in the United States, for we have the right and the undoubted abi lity to determine what course we will pursue, and whether wo will or will not acquire both Mexico and Cuba. This Is a problem rising above all filibustering expeditions and projects -- a great national interest, to ho settled by enlarged and comprehensive views, not of the present alone, but of the future. As a practical question of the dny, one in volving in fact the ways and means of accom plishing our object In the end, but at the same time wisely considerate of the course that should be pursued by our government, it may be proper lo withhold from the European Cn biuets an expression of our views on the imme diate subject of^anexntion. Hut when those Cabinets shall Wow a purpose to force a pro tcctorate over either Cuba or Mwnco, or in any manner to attempt to oxrrofae control and supervision over American aflolM, we hold It to be the duty of our government to moot them by a prompt declaration that we will not sub mit to It. Wc would go farther : and when our transatlantic opponents come on this side of the water to attend to the affairs of either Spain or Mexico, we would promptly avow to (h< m that no exertion of our power shall be wanting to transfer to ourselves all such territories ns may bo thus brought into dispute, and relieve them ai OUCo of the necessity of Intervention. We inist come to this. It 1c all before us. I( will lw forced upon us even in sclf-defcuce. The attitude of Enrope is unmistakeable. Tier governments will under take to decide how far we shall go; they will declare a purpose to set limits to our industry and to our enterprise, to fence in our frontiers, to circumscribe our relations, in truth to place us in political dependence to monarchy. Our great strength lies in the freedom of the laws ot population, as well as in the freedom of our political system. It is the former which are the subject ot attraction, and which have drawn to our shores millions from the other side of the water. It is what has peopled our new States, what has raised up an army ^of inde pendent proprietors and hardy citizens, which the combined aristocrats of the world cannot conquer. These are the real fllibusteroes of America. It is they who have conquered Texas, subdued California, peopled Louisiana and Florida?who have invested Mexico and Cuba, and who ultimately will possess both those countries. This class it is who, in fact, stand ready to meet the intrigues of the London cabinet, to answer Lord Clarendon and the Loudon Times, to put arguments and resolution into our gov ernment, and to direct its future action. They are Dot abstractionists, agitators and counter feit moralists. Not from them have come pro jects of disunion. To Massachusetts, Vermont and South Carolina are such honors reserved.
Holland's Dealing with Japan.?We trans fer to our columns this morning the translation of a report presented by the Colonial Minister of the Netherlands to the King, on the subject of Japan. It will be found to be a highly in teresting document. It is a narrative which commences in 1815, at which time the King of Holland addressed the late Emperor of Japan, r*. mmending the abandonment of the old ex clusive policy ot the empire, and treats of the events that have since occurred there, embrac ing the visit of Commodore Perry, of the Rus sian Admiral Pontiatine, and of the Dutch man-of-war Soembing. It also comprises the draft t>f a' treaty proposed between the Nether lands and Japan, with the explanatory notes and suggestions belonging to the subject. It would appear from this report that the Japanese themselves have begun to recognize the benefits that would result to them from au abandonment of their historic exclusiveism, and the consequent cultivation of the arts of Euro pean civilization. At the urgent solicitation of the Governor of Nangasaki, some hundreds of the native youths were daily?during the stay of the Soembing?exercised in military and naval tatics, the science of engineering, &c., while others had commenced to learn European languages, particularly Dutch. Furthermore, a special commission of five members of the high government were sent from Jeddo to Nan gasaki for the purpose of inspecting the man of-war, and of acquiring information on ship building and engiaecriug. All this goes to prove very satisfactorily that the old barriers of prejudice and barbarism are beginning to give way in the empire of Japan before the engines of modern civilization, as fir3t brought to bear by Commodore Perry aud the Ameri can squadroa which he commanded. Read the report. The " Nigger" a Great " Institution."?The New Orleans Crescent throws off the following pointed paragraph concerning the slavery sys tem of the South:? The -'nigger" is a great, in fact, a stupendous inititu iion. He answers a three-fold purpose, and that is more than nany white men are capable of. in the fir.it plwse be row*, hoes, and gather* in a product which clothe* a world; which has made Massachusetts rich and saucy? better than her neighbors; which enables England to carry on the war against Ruaala; which supplies France with the sinews of conflict, and which helps Christian na tions 1o cut each other's throats, by furnishing the raw material indispensable to the prosecution of muHiiarious blanches of iudustry. Secondly, our cotcmporary says, the nigger serves the purposes of the abolition agitators of the North; and thirdly, the secession fire eaters of the South, which is true. Wc must admit it. Dispense with the " nigger," and the stock in trade of these ultras of both sections is gone. Common charity, therefore, to the abolitionists and the secessionists, requires that the institu tion should be kept up. Thousands of philan thropic demagogues in the North, who livo upon the sufferings of " Uncle Tom," and the credulity of benevolent political women and sickly fanatics, would be thrown out to starve or to steal if the " nigger" were abolished. He is, in fact, a great " institution," and lie must be kept up to regulate the currency. Keep CutV -e in the cotton field. We can't do without him. Mr. Dickinson Declines.?We publish today a letter from lion. Daniel S. Dickinson, decli ning the Invitation to lecture to the Abolition rhilosophical Society of Boston. And yet ho lectures them pretty roundly in bis brief rcfu sal of their generous offer to give him a hearing on the subject of slavery. Mr. Dickinson's p isi tion on this subject is so smooth and easy that it fits him like an old night cap. Why don't this Boston committee apply to John Van Buren? Revival of the Ebo.vt Link Project.?We published yesterday an interesting communi cation from Mr. Thomas N. Carr. formerly our Consul at Tangiers, urging the establishment of a line of steamers bet ween the United States and Africa, as a commercial and philanthropic speculation. This is substantially the old projtct of George Sanders, of some years ago, a project, which at the instance of Mr. Clay; then President of the American Libcrian Co Ionization Society, was adopted by that socie ty and recommended to Congress. But it scarcely had a hearing, and wc presume that the present mixed up House of Representative will have too many other fish to fry to attend to the subject this session. One ebony steam er, however, by way of experiment, would be no great sacrifice should it fail; but if sncccss ul, it may open up a prolific trade with the rich but unappropriated resources of Africa, to say nothing of the benevolent object of the quick, cheap and comfortable transportation of " free colored Americans'' to the thrifty color ed republic of Liberia. We tnrn over tho whole matter to the forthcoming Naval Com mittee of the llousc. A Jar Amono the Washington Organ-.? The Washington Stntinel (hard shell) is giving the Union (Cabinet soft shell organ) a merciless hauling over the coals in reference to its affini ties and partialities to the free soil wing of the Ncav York democratic party. ApropoiHmboUe*, they cay that the Union, huving no show in the I loose, is pipe-laying and undermining to oboupc the Sentinel out of the Senate printing. The Sentinel has accordingly thrown a comouflti, as the French at Sebaetopol call it, or a stink pot, a? It is more bluntly denominated by tho English, into the pit of the Cabinet or^an, and if Its sappers and miners are not smoked out, it will ho apt at least to sicken them considera bly. What a blessed thing it is for men and brethren to dwell together in unity! We hope it will not be a hard winter for the poor. Onmsa or toe Si.aveiit Lectpres tn Boston?Wiuttter'b Abolition Poems.?The J course of lectures on slavery in Boston arranged for this winter, (and to which bo many of our distinguished statesmen and poli ticians, North and South, have been solicited io contribute), commenced on Thursday even ing last at the Trcmont Temple, with an ad dress from Horace Mann, (that bitter enemy of Daniel Webster), his theme being the sigulfl cant one of " Equal Liberty to all Men." After this address, an out-and-out abolition affair, a poem by that meek and charitable abolition Quaker poet, John G. Whlttier, was read, of the staple of which our Southern readers may judge by the following extract. The abolition poet is describing a Southern village : ? A village straggling in loose disarray, Vulgar and new, in jirematnre decay, A tavern craay with Us whUkny brawe, With slaves at auctl'iD garnishing i s walls; Without surrounded by a motley crowd; Ihe shrewd eyed salesman, gu rulous and loud, The squire or Colonel in his pride of place Known at tree tights, the caucus and the race, Prompt to proclaim his bono- without blot, And silenoe doubters with a ten-pate shot, .Mingling the negro-di iving bully's rant With pious phrase and democratic cant, Vet never scrupling wi'h a iiltliy jest To maII lliA i lit Ant. fmm its tnnihnr'a hri To sell the iulant from its mother's breast. But the following ferocious description of that class of men known among'our Seward organs as " Northern dough faces " is quite as complimentary to the parties concerned. The fiery nullification orator of South Carolina, McDufiie, said in one of his nullification speeches, " When 1 hear a Northerh man cry, ' the Union,' the glorious ' Union,' mcthinks I hear the bugle blast of the robber band ; but when I hear a Southern man cry ' the Union,' the glorious 'Union,' methinks I snuff treason in the tainted galel" Whittier's abolition poetry eclipses McDuffie's nullification elo quence. Think of a Southern man smashing through every obstacle like " a cannon ball;" think of the " mean traitor " of the North with a " nasal speech," and the " mud turtle living with his head chopped off!" Listen to the gentle muse of the saiutly Whittier, oh! ye "dough-faces" of the recreant North. Hear him :? Whom Khali wc strike?who most deserve our blame? The braggart Southron, open In hi* aim And bold a* wicked, crushing stiuight through all 1 hut bars his puiposo, like a cannon bally Or the mean trsi'or, breathing Northern air, With nasul speech and 1'iiritauiu air; Whose cant the loss of principle survives, As the mud-turtle even Its he?d outlives? Men of the North! Beneath your very eyes, By hearth and home your real danger lies, Still day by day some hold rf freedom falls Thro' h< me-bred traitors fed within your walls; Men who yourselves with vote and pur.-.e sustain in. At posts of honor influence and ga; The right of slavery to your sons lo teach, And South-side go-pels in your pulpit preach Such were the opening servicos of these abo lition lectures in Tremont Temple. Mr. llenry A. Wise has declared that he would rather fight such vicious fanaticB than reason with them; but Mr. Toombs, of Georgia, has promised to give them a piece of bis miud, face to face. Considering this flattering poetry to the South, we think the least that Mr. Toombs can ask of the Tremont Committee is, that they shall pro mise to open the proceedings on the ovening of his lecture with a repetition of this highly conciliatory poem of Wbittier, the affable and amiable Quaker poet aforesaid. It would serve to warm up the Georgia orator to a spirited discussion of his thcine. We submit the sug gestion to the consideration of Mr. Toombs. The Celestials in Australia.?The saine sentiment of hostility towards Chinese emi grants which has manifested itself in California, has also sprung up and become even more fully developed in Australia. The principal cause oi this hostility is that the Celestials in Cali fornia, as in Australia, do nothing to promote ihe prosperity of the country they come to, their sole aim being to extract just enough of the precious metal to enable them to return in comparative wealth to the Flowery Kingdom. The Provincial Parliament of Victoria has taken up the matter, and enacted a stringent bill to put a stop to Chinese emigration. Qae of the clauses ot this bill is to make it a misdemeanor for the captain of any vessel to bring more than two emigrant passengers for each ten tons' measurement; and unoAcr is the levying of a capitation tax of ten pounds (fifty dollars) on each of these emigrants. This bill will cer tainly, if rigidly enforced, have the effect of putting a stop entirely to the emigration of John Chinaman. Murine Affair*. New fTFJMsmr Link to Mobile.?Tlie ateamahip Qua ker City arrived here yesterday morning from Philalel pbia, making the pa?.<sgc from dock to dock in eighteen and a hnlfhouru. Hie Quaker City n* built at Phila delphia for the Charleston trade from that port, but had recently been purchase! by a company in Mobile, and will commence her trip* from thia port to Havana and Mobile about the 3d proximo. The qualities of thia iiue ateamer were fu% tented during the time nil" was on the Charleston route, and established the reputation ot a steamer of the first clans. The ahip ia built in the mo-t sutrtantial manner, aid her powerful engine enables her to attain a high rate of speed w.th perfect aal'eiy. H?r interior ariangomeuta combine neatness, good u.te and comfort. Captain Robert W. siufel it, the hte popular c< torn indor of the steamers Black Warrior and Cab, * aba, wUl command the Quaker Ci'y. Mr. J. Gideon, lute pur ser of trie Black Warrior and Ca'iawba. will occupy the sawn- position in the Quaker City. Pe>-Noual Intelligence. Governor Myron H. Clark wi!l be at the Ail* House to-day. The Hon. Geo. E. I'ugh, United .-lutes ?ena'or tint fiom Ohio, who takes his seat at the opening of the a<vt Congres-, ?n* man led yesterday to Mils Tercet Chalfaut, who was nni .ersally recognised a- the belle of 1 i.e Queen City. She will be the reigning belle al the capital this winter, tco, aa she i- one of the most > eaatiful von-n in America, and consequently, in all the World. i Lailek Rowecroft, the British Consnl at Clncinniti, i ay a that the letters of Attorney General Cashing to th?' i'niied States Attorney at PhiUule'phia, in the Herts easo ?re the roots ol all the dill oul'y between England and this country. This vi"W of the matte- he expressed before the antral ot' the Pacific gave llutf inter pre tat,s? to ihe riOicnious war talk of the fits'*. Mr. Rowesroft U under indictment for aiding In the enlistment of Crimean recruits here, li it the principal witness against hi n lis' ? led since the indictment was found. TheJackrin tfitiimfpfian, of the lflth last., thus no ices the arrival of Gen. Quitman at the State cipital 1 The distb gulshed member elect to Congress from thj Fifth di'tih t reachel onr city yesterday rvenlif T mocrn< v welcomed hia arrival by a salute of guns, in h not of hi? visit and his recent glorious triumph.'' glorious triump' ARRIVALS. In the steamship Ocean Bird, from New Orlewts and Havsn\-J p Aliratns, .Ir,Cap' 0 Foster, lion .lohn Sllde'l. Ceo MA'eu Mnd, Mrs J w Robinson and ebdd, Hon I'lo ibuo < i< nirr, AMonl? M Yrnag* Vaile, Itonna Maovlom , Haeaua.. I 'd na Belli Facetiae, Donna M Josef* Estrada, Doona Jose s Ari.rra, Angus* Amend Dupray, Casio J Yturrslde. lhn Rt 'srde Ponce de Leon. IRm Ruts Alteuhai, Pablo ilersr.L It b Rocbabrun, Abraham Hirasbnrger, Beiisuno s?;,ua., A Ib trple, Ksg. I'aol Boraer, A Al'eman, Joam Mn BaaLraluo Ilsrfo Beckengaa, Rksnajd Darby, J W Bradford. M.iiiuii Fiho, Mm P L Voi.slaven. In the rleamshlp Roanoke from Peie-sbnrg and War 'Ik.? James V Manning. A L Howard. J J OMa. W II Cook, f; H Morris, Wm II UPibs, John R fade, K B latum, Mri? t I iibbe, John R l anf ilr, Wm B Johnson, Jaine. c OntwelL ladv ai i twe ehttdren*. Mrs A p Moore, Richard Bllck. lemnet ? Dryer, Isdy and three children! A T Palmer. Ceo l|err b jrt, K P JarrIs, Mrs B C Ilentlar. nTTARTTRKs, Pnr Havannab, tn ihe sieanjshlo Als'srn?f? (? .,-v ?? Msiahail. R R ?eituomery, II R true*, J IJuJe, Jr. Ti n?'- ti Crosby, Mts? Mary ?' Sameoo, Miss Mars*, if re Hon ?" children end servant; Thomas P Btijdam, Mrs r>n?u t h'l dreti and eerygntj AT Jggkgoa, kit Tony. H oart .Mankay, R a Reode, T L Mlih-U, Mr. Davis, Mrs M f| M la, Mrs * - * Pelt'ek and iwnehlldrrn. R C fprh?m flvn.e i rlls J.,...si, II rsrre 1. Jnhn Onleord H Ranter, Vis. Abby WhTusy M ?s Mar* Whitney, D Hnedeker <J A Mmmons, Br- Pwieet ha?i,l t, ih wry, J Iteipe, and l? in the steerage. THE LAT?ST K K W <S BY ELECTRIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPH* From WathliiKton. LOUP CLARENDON'S EXPLANATIONS TO MR- Bl Oil AN AN RESPECTING THE BRITISH WEST INDIA HOCAPKON. ETC. L WAFUignTOtr, Nov. '26, 1855. The Union has been authortaad by the S'ate Depart Diont to k?jt that llr. Buchanan h*a had two conference, ! with I/>rd Clarendon in relation to the West India squad ron, at which l-ord Clarendon l. vl stated the squadron originated In no purpose unfavorable to the Unl'e-. State*, but that Its object was to protect British com merce against hussian privateers, three or four of which, according to particulate which hod been received, ho (I-ord Clarendon) understood were lifting out in New York, one being nearly ready for sea, and one said to t? a very large and fast vessel, specially intended to Inter cept British ships conveying Australian gold?wi-.h the purpose first, however, to capture one of the C'unar steamers. In Justification of the six,lenient, Lord Clu.roa don made reference to the ca.-io of the bark Maury, a represented in affidavits sent to him, and emnmuuica'ed by Mr. Barclay, the British Cousul In New York, to Mr Crampton, and by him transmi'.te 1 to the British govern ment, and at the same time laid before our goverarueu'. My former despatch having been, without authority contra icted, I repeat, on the boat of information, that the present determination is not to forward copies of the President's message for distant newspapers, as heretofore, in advance of its delivery to Congress. It may not even be printed till that time. ARRIVAL OF DESPATCHES FROM MR. BUCHANAN* Washington, Nov. 25, 1855. Tlicft'ate Department has leceived despatches brought by the Canadu. The Cabinet moots to-morrow, when the news, whatever It may be, will be disposed of. Hon. Samuel A. Smith, of Tennessee, arrive! to day, and (s stopping at WiUatd's. Ih 1 HE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE READY. Washington, Nov. 22, 1865. The President's message wum completed yesterday, and will be submitted to the Cubinet to-morrow. Tlie present determination of the President is not to send out. copie for the press in ndvance. This determination, however, may be changed. E. Bloody Frarai at New flavvu. MURDER <>F A POLICE OFFICER BY A OANO OF IRISHMEN. N?w Haven, Nov. 25, 1855. A shocking ttfTair took placo in t'.is city 1**1 night. Two policemen, named Thomas Cuinmings and William Grant, attempted to arrest a drunken man in an Irish gropgery in Morocco street, whuu the gang present blew out the lights and fell upon the odicers, beating them so severely that G'ummlngs has died of his injuries, and Grant is not expected to recover. Cummiags was sexton of St. Paul'n church. He reached that building after the affray, began to make his fire tor Sunday, and was found dead near the furnaces this morning. His skull had been fractured by a slung Mast. Serious Illness of Rachel. Phtudelpbu, Nov. 25, 18.55. Rachel Is very 111 indeed, and there is no prospect at present of her being able to eontlnue her perfvrmauce* here. Her physicians have advised ber to make a trip to Havana for the recovery of her health. The Southern Mall. Baitimoek, Nov. 25, 1556. New Orleans papers of Welncrday, the 14'.h, and U ,n day, the 10th inst., are at hand A new contract has been made for the conveyance of the mails from Montgomery to Mobile, and tho hope is held out|that they wUi be regularly received hereafter Msikets. Providence, Nov. 24 1856. The sales of cotton for the past week add up about 2,000 bales, the ma kct closing hrm at an advance of }ic- above the rates of lasWweek. The stock on hand i. light. Wool?The market c ntlnues unlet, without change In prices; sales <0,100 lbs. Printing clot is ? Sales of the week, 44.600 pieces. DiaiimUr and Musical Matters. At the Broadway Tiibathk. Mrs. Julia Deane Hiyne has finished the second week of her highly snoccessful engagement. This evening she will appear in Sheridan Knwwles' play, "The Wrecker's Daughter," supported by Mr. Its her as Robart. A new pie.e, " The Bankrupt,' is in rehearsal. The scene is laid in New York, and greenroom report speaks highly of the play. At Bi rton's Theatre, the bill for this evening includes the highly suecesaful piece of "The Little Treasure," 'To Parents and Guardians.'' and "Turning the Tables.'' The new five act comedy will lie done next week. Burton is as attractive as ever, and drawing large auliencas. At Wauack'r Theatre " The little Treasure" has also made quite a hit, nDd it will be repeated this week. On Saturday Mr. Lester took * benefit, playing Leon In "Rule a Wife end Have a Wife," to a crowded house. This comedy will be glvea again to-nigh , with the farce " A Pretty llece of Busiuess " At Niiilo'h Garden tbe Ravels open this evening in three pieces, " Robert and Uertrand," " Ivatey the Vivan dicre," and 1 Asphodel." M'llo Robert, of the Academy I'aris, wUi make her tlihu' In the second pleee. At the Bowery Theatre, the bill Tor this evening in eludes two popular dramas, ?? Sixteen string Jack" and the " Forty Thieves." At the Acadtmt or Minn M'lie N'nntier IHdu e lias play e<l Arsaco, In the "Heinlratnidc," twice. Hhe made a bit, bnt the house was not full on the second night. "The Prophet" Is announced for this evening. M'lie Ra< iiw made her <UtnU in Philadelphia, at tho Walnut street theatre, on Monday laat to a full h-mas. She has not played since, on account of illness. We hive received the following official statement of the re elpts at her performances in New York and Ponton. NEW YOKE. Voir. ?Ploy. lUr-ip*. September I e* Horace 15.010 4 Phi-ilre 3,7 H C...... Adrikunc Is-couvreur 4,117 10 Marie Stuart 3,856 12 Adiirnne 1-ecotivreur 3,448 1 4 1 a s IU ruse 3,075 1 7 Angelo 3,518 1 8 Anarou.aque 3,518 20 Baj*ret 0,506 24 Angel t 3,Big 20 Phi die 3,223 2 8 A-lrb tin* Is-couvreur 3.395 October 1 Amromaqqe 2.320 2 Polyeuete 2,025 6 Angelo 3,302 8..... .Los Horace. 4,057 10 Marie Stuart 2,857 12 Polyeuete 2.903 1 6 ieanoe d'Arc 4,216 17...... Adriennc I-ec mvreur 3,172 18 Plied re 3,771 10 Adrlenne Teccuvreur 3,445 2 0 1.ea llc-ace 3,097 2 1 Reading,. 1,678 BOSTON. 2 2 1es Horace 3,782 2 3 Phi-die 3,728 24..., ..Angel' 3.3*7 2 6 Audromaque 3.915 20 Marie Stuart 3,428 2 7 Adrienne LecouVreur 3,214 2 9 Pen-ting 880 November 1 Adrienn" Isronvreur 5 040 2...... Vlrglnic, la Marseillaise 3,587 NEW YOKE. C Ad i ionne I ec.mvreur 1B!4 8 lady Tartnfe 1,822 1 2 Angelo.. 2,tl88 1 3 Virgiuie 2.406 1 5 M'lie do Hello Lie 3.002 1 7 Phedre, le Moinsau........... 3,924 Total 8129.38V Mr. liEriRr-a H. llAi.arn'- farewell ImoeTt t >ok place the Academy oa Tuee-lay. sod was a very IOC ssful af fair netting, we hear, about 12,050. Tbe Haniat Night od Tuesday at the Academy, mikes a great deal of chat in advance. There Is, we hear, a" food prospect for the pecuniary success ofthe affair. M. Putts, the Belgian giant, who h is lately been qui*' ly pursuing tbe study and practleeof agriculture on Ising Island, leave, for Cuba to-day, to astonish the natives at Havana and Mataniaa. M. Blhln, is a magnificent speci men of the iptiiu Aonm, and is so Urge that two auto rooms had to lie knocked Into one to give him room to trctch in., Monsilt* C v'Ttgit. well known here as a pi. nistan I composer, will give* grand vocal and instrumental c-<n cert at the Metropolitan theatre to-morrow ev 'Wing, when be will lie assisted hy a inrgt numb.- >r ? i-iu ent artists. The feature of the performances will .. the Ap pearance of Senor Narctso lope*. the etdev s ,o of the unlortnnate General. Penor I-oper, we heir, Is a'ready an aceompllsrird pianist, and we have no doubt he will receive fiom t)>e Cui-an*, au<l the frtou-L of Gab*, a hearty r< cepth n. Amfrkas ftt'WiT:'' VlTTi As'sjaynnv.?Till- I allow i g g?ntiemen hsv been elected direct- - to flit the va--anci<s4 caused by the ahrenreof Messrs. Davhtge kfonrne, B?|l*wy sod Thorns, namely. Mcs-rs. Dycitt. ' eirge Christy, if. B. Phillips, an-l Ratdlc Corl-yn. The aflalrs of the wet* ly are in a prosperous co ' uon. snd thirty me in hers have l-e?n ad-tad since May ia.*i. B-mssaiKr. l orrwst is rtID at '.he Boston theatre