Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 27, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 27, 1855 Page 2
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THE NEXT PRESIDENCY. r fce Democracy, the Enow Nothines, the Black Beyablicuns, and the Defioct Whig Party. MOVEMENTS OF THE PIPELAYERS. IfflDEBClBBENTS OF PUBLIC OPINION. Tien of the Nebraska Frew on Ira, Frlncl* dpIeN, Sections and Faction*, Enow Jo things, Jiggers and the Constltntlon. NORTH, SOUTH, EAST AND WEST, Ac., Ac., Ac. THE CABINET ORGAN READS A LECTURE TO AN ARKANSAS DEMOCRATIC PAPER. [From the Washington Union.] THE PRESIDENTIAL SUCCESSION. We have observed with gratification the general tone of liberility and forbearauce with which the claims of different prominent democrats to a Presi dential nomination have been discussed by their respective friends. An exception to this general course is furnished in a letter written from Wash irgton, and published iu tho Baton Rouge Ad varute of the ttth iust. We quote from the letter as follows :? The f.ct 1h, the Prerident, with good intentions, hoe been unfortunate in Aeakoning he force of almo.t ererjr thn g irally good in hi-, adinl'iistiatlon by an appearance of indecision a'- the in. in-ul of it.- execution. To a g ?i 1 Pie-ideut there are needed not only elevated priuclple and grod jtidgintnt. b it a firm and resolute will. 'hi eonviclienin oeii g more and more Impressed every day apt n ibe public iiilod. If Cass bad possessed ooe halt' the boidiitssol DougU-t he would long since have tsa-n Prerldent. IfWI eaud Hunter werii blended into one, and Virginia could pieseul a rail with the dccist n uftho one si.d the real stu'csmaio-lup of the ?thcr He would be hailed with .ic< liii.ia'i'>u as the loan foi the next i're-i deucy. Biiolinni.n w s always timid, and, it he n, not ?o? out of the political arena, would stand no chs'-ce. Mr. I id as resins to pus-ess a cuiotdnati >u of i,u.ili>iss Bio-t suiter', to the wants ot the times His b .11 a..d de ridm position, yeais ago, ii denouncing the Mi-muni line as unconsti-u i mil sutl Ul-judgcn, his manly stand, thn i gh all the changes of ths polliluul world in defence ef .-out lieu. ugU'saud thct.uo o-lnclples of the coo-ll tuii n. his nest elation with Mr. Polk; his pu'riotic au bei. le.easting Vote on the tariff when pre.lring ntttcer of the tier.a'r??ll tlie ?, m l ted with the fact, or his absence Iron, all I'tlitical lutrigu. and lii- tufmllful private cha - eater, would appear to designate hlin as the uiau for the aria in. We have no exception to take to the language of warn commendation in winch the writer sets forth the di'tiugui.Hhed services anil merits of Mr. Dallas. On the contrary, we rejoice that we have iu our party a (.tutesi! an whose public and private character furnishes ground for such oompli.neiits. Nor do we except to the abstract truth that " to a good President there are ui eded nut only elevated princi ple and good Judginent.bnta lirm and resolute will." To assume, however, as the writer does, that none of the distinguished men nurred by him, exveut Mr. Dal I as, posses.-, nil the uoiiie attributes of charac ter requisite in "a good ?Jkiiiletit," is as unjust to them as it is unnecessary lor the promotion of Mr. Dallas' claims. We are very sure tli it no one would be more prompt than he to repel sitfcli an imputa tion against democrats whose public services have identified their uuute.s with the honor and the pros perity of tho democratic party, and none more ready to condemn the indiscreet zeal which i-ecksto advance his it ten is by underrating the merits of those assumed to be his competitors for a Presiden tial nomination. It it ucre necessary to vindicate President Tierce, General Cass, Mr. Hunter, or Mr. Unch.uian, from the imputation of timidity or want of bold ness, or Governor Wise fto:n that of rash precip would be readily accomplished by pointing to occurrences in the public career of eieu which are wholly irret oncil.tble with the assumption on which the writer for the Advocate so unceremo niously disqualifies ail of tiiem for the Presidency. It is not a little remarkable that the very ground on which t lie enemies of our pat ty have heretofore as sailed these great champions of democracy is the one which the advocate of Mr. Dallas adopts as true, and as sufficient to establish the superiority of his claims. How strikingly true this remark is in re foid to President Pierce will readily occur to all who ave observed the persistent efforts of such opposition jourarls as the Herald and tiie Tribune to make the ini[ue-fcli>n tliut his ad ministration has been eharacts ri/.ed l.y vacillation and indecision. Not witlistaiuliig the fact that efery public position field bv Ger. Pierce, whether iu the Legialotnv- v iu tha of New Hiimp-thli*, in tlic II .use of Representatives of Congress, in the Senate of tho Ui i'cd Mates, or iu the Presidency, abounds with evidences of the most conclusive cha racter that promptness, decision and fii'iitaess havo been amongst the imst prominent traits of h: cha racter, and those to wliich he has owed, in at, eminent degree, his wonderful success as a public man i yet this writer overlooks ail this, aid unhesitatingly adopts the thro ul bsre falsehood of tho worst enemies of Presi dent Pierce, and palms it oft'on the democrats of Louisiana its proof that he is deficient in one essen tial requisite o; a " good Pre ideut." Such rank injustice us this to President Pierce was not en nigh. With like disregard of the well known events in the ui,bit lives of Messrs. Cass, Buchanan, Hunter and Wire, which stump tlic a-sumptiuii as utterly gronnd less. he denies to them an attribute of excellence, without which it were impossible that they could have attained respectively their present political eminences. We have 110 objection to a frank and free discussion of the merits of our several promi nent itail-mien, whose names arc associated witha Pi evidential nomination; but when the discusei >u is matked t?y such indiscreet partisan r.etil as dtarao teiixes this wh >le letter, It is well calculated to ex cite personal feelings, which will cmltarrass the har monious action of the convention, ami certainly tail to promote the prospects of any Invorite aspirant who is thus sought to be elevated by de t at ti from the just claims and merits of others, it is n . our purpose to engage in su h discussions, but we cannot consent to see uiijust imputations cast upon any of our democratic leaders, whose public a I private churnetcrs arc the property of the dent ? oratic party, without repelling them with prom, - nrss and firmness. AN AWFUL LICK IIA(;K FROM PENNSYL VANIA. [Kiom the Kaxtou (la.) A'gus, democrat.) We must acknowledge our surprise and regret a the HttcmntH, originating principally with tin: oil. ;c holders of the general govcriirnent, to bring the name of (len. Pierce l>efnve the Cincinnati Convention for re-non. inatiou. It can have no ef fect except to divert the attention of the people and the expression of nubile opinion from seeking for fit and available candidatc-vji il can result in nothing. No national convention would be, in our opinion, "> insane as to notninate lorn, and no defeat would bo so titter and inglorious us that which his name would briug. The course and policy of his administration has uliuost lost Pennsylvania to the dem >era y alieady. and his nomination would give it the dnish log hlpw. No man at nil confer ant with the tone of public opinion in our State would entertain a par ticle of hope, with bira as our standard bearer. A general and deep seated conviction of his wart of nerve, his want of honesty and his want of ability, perrades our wh ile people, and no amount of elti rt could eCaco it. We hear it cnnr>tnnt.iy and daily ex preyed by all classes of people in this region, trttd are informed that the virae outspoken sentiment is heard all over tltc Stite. The blua dcrs which marked the fii^t year of his administra tion, instead of being redeemed, ha>e only lieeti a < grumted. The people have with nam seen the small manoeuvres of the township politician emana ting from the Pi evidential chair. They have mourn ed over the eriden. e that digriitj- and statesmanship are ignnrcil in I ttle intrigues to build up cliq ;es for n-nominati >n, and ure compelled to admit that the only prominent feature of his administration con aists vn the pusillanimous dodging o. ctvry crttbir rawing question, and a per.-Isteut shutting of his eyes to every perplexing .1 ,tv The weakness of his regime has evoked gross violations of the law and the constitution from the faiiati - Know Nothing legislature of Maaeachueetts and the nullilicrr of Miwonrl. and tfhen the eyes of all the conservative men of the nation were eagerly turned to W'n ihingtoa for a demonstration which should nt one etIVtrt tnidi - cate and dcfoitd the constitution against abohtloiv ism and disunion,the president, calm and smirking, seemed to be lite oulv man in tire land who ha I never heard the startling intelligence. His official organ, to the editing of which it is well understood his leisure hoursarc devoted, and for which he alone is rcsp msible. excludin t everything that does not square with his see nothing, d ? noth ? lng tactics, publishing whole columns for the -ake of saying nothing, and o-eupying lw>th sides of every dangerous question with a nimble agility that would earn applause for a Ravel, is a consistent a id lilting expm ent of his policy. With thete things staring ns in the face na the dc velopements of the last lew years, freely spoken of by his former political friends nnd boding dlsa-tor to onr party, we should be delinquent in our duty not to speak out, when we see him laboring for a rv ncminution, and when, as we know, office holding emissaries are at work in Pmnsrfautia, to secure her aid in bringing it ..bout. Now is the time to speak not end to sp< k (lalnly, if we would save the party from de'ent. We havn'uo favmiti ti|n-4i',,r tlie nomination, ht>t we wan-, a ' ? ... ? ? irifln who shall be worthy of the tlmeh to e<J itand ard he will bear, and about whom t!i ug to will rally with enthuaiaau and pride. A SUGAR PLUM FOR MR. WISE?A ROUND ROBIN. [From lha Richmond Fnquhsr.?Coinmun eattd.J HKNKY A. WISE. GsAflAMC?'There are a >ort of men wS?*e visages 1 o cream and mantle Ilka a sUndlog pool, At d no a wilful stvllneva eDtertain, Wi'h gurpott to be dressed In an opinion Of win out, gravity, profound conceit, As who shouli hay, " I am Sir Oracle, And when I ope my lipa, let no dog bark!" [Mr re hunt of Venice. Talleyrand, the prinre of politicians, aaid that " ti e power of speech was git en to mun to conceal his thoughts-" The statesmen of England act out the idea of Talleyrand in the preparation of the yuecn'e speech, from which all thought or meaning is i aiefully excluded. The House of Peers, in their debates, follow quile closely the some rule, and in dulge only in stale common places. In the Hou -e of Cr run one, a new country member does occasionally give vent to a little wit and originality of thought, but is soon hissed down by the regular debaters, whose speed.?s Are move tedious than a thrice told tale, Yexii g the dull car ? f a drowsy man. The Senate of the United States is becoming almost as well bred, us dull und monotonous us the House of Peers. But for the " Bear garden" in the Lower Hourc, Congressional debates would be as soporific as the sound of o mil) or the dropping of water. Politicians generally reverse the maxim of Jonathan Wild, lie said "a lie was too precious a tbii g to Le told olten." They* think that truth should be must carefully economised. They prae tite noruommittulisui, and wear at all times a cluttk of nitsterious reserve and affected dignity, to con ceal ibeir designs or to cover their intellectual in firmities. As they grow iu reputation they begin, too, to follow the advice of that unprincipled but cunning statesman, Henry IV. I y being M-ldum *?? n. I could net stir, But, lile s comet I was wondered at, lh*t men would tell f ut-lr children ' This Is he:" Others would ssy, " Where Y which is Bolijgproke?" Thus did 1 keep my person fresh end cow ; Wt presence, life a rule pontifical. Ne'er seen, but woudeied ?t [ hKr$t part of Kinij Hrn ry IV. Became Mr. Wise will practice none of this trick H7, hunt buggery and charlatan!?i?itco use she is 1 old and cancnd, generous, run served, and social in his nutuic?because lie detests vuo uud meannessso intensely tint be will neither wink at them nor coin promiie w ith them, but is ever loreinost to denounce tiiid lush them?he 1ms made many enemies, and subjected himself to much disparagement. But these qualities, united to Roman simplicity and in tegrity of cbuiiktcr, and to that singular facility with which he meets danger in the face?and by foiling it. avoids it?Lave made him two friendi wbt'ic his virtue* have lost hi at one. Ills cond.iot of tl.c gubernainrial canvass alone is snllic.ieut to pr ve that lie is endowed with quick perception, ia) id and comprehensive powers of combination, great courage, eloquence, energy uud perseveruuee The lest ot his public li e has been of a piece with his Ic.uiug on this occasion. lie is a good lawyer, scholar,flute:man and orator; but above ail, lie is an honest ai d a fearless mun. He is emphatically the man for a crisis or un exigency?such a* Rome, in tioubluus times, would have made dictator. Vi e much fear un exigency or a crisis impends in this coi ntnr. We do not non inatc Mr. Wise for the Presidency. Wo huve agen communications in the papers which vvne guilty of the bad tu*teof recom i.ending otuers liy dispnruging liiin. To vindicate him from asper sion is ai we desire. Let the range of selection be wide, and tLe choice of a candidate unbiassed by ] lcji dice or misrepresentation. Hunter, Buchanan. Cass, Dickinson, Pierce, Dou glas, and several others, are unexceptionable. We would write their names with that of Henry A. TV ire iri n Round Robin. Hunter is the Fa bias of Virginia, Vice her Murcellus. And yet they can inicK hurge characters. Hunter, on occasion, c m pity Man-ellus and Wise Often corneals a Fabian policy behind a seeming rashness. WH-AT SHALL SOUTH CAROLINA DO? (l-roui the on Meicury.) Let South Carolina, then, go into the Cincinnati Ccnventio?, and what can he accomplished at the m> st ? Simply, a union of a party in the South, not ef the whole South. Her act will not obliterate the natii.i ol divisions which elsewhere exist through cut the Scuth. It will rather intensify them, it tvill strike r pung to the hearts of true" hut scattered men, who have watched her course of independence with patriotic pride, as of a State devoted solely to 1he i ncae of the South. SLe will cease to be the pole-stur of intense South am feeling ml principles. Ot r extemporary speaks as though the past cour e of South Coreli en is just cause of otfence to her sis ter PoiitLern states. Where is tlie reason or jus ;;- u;;))n What more have a right to m-k or expeot of her, than that she slioi !d wibtain their measures, aDd, ff proper, vote for their nominees? Georgia need not be assured, by our striding delegates to Cincinnati, of our rea diness t<> stand with her upon the platform of her ( ( mention. She ai d the whole South know, in ad rpnee, 'he M?rt of mm that will receive our support, lier ir in making the nomination will be far stronger, when it is known that she will support nunc bi t a ht candidate, tlian, if. by going into the Convention, she were bound, with the rest, to vote fcrtlic nominee, whoever he was?a condition ex acted hy tbc caucus system, whereby the inin-riiy are made to execute the will of the majority. W hue, tl.en, wc ask our cotcnipoiary, are the grounds of his expectation that his scheme will ao cdrplit-h the union of the South? If, as we have re en, it can at I est effect only the union pr a party in the South,and that not for Southern, but national objects; it it will distract South Carolina herself, w 1 ut is tbue in it to commend it to our approbation? A GEORGIA KNOW NOTHING'S OPINIONS OF MR WISE FREELY SPOKEN, [l-i'-m iho ! uviiuiuili Uepulilkitii.] Mil WISE AND THE rKBSlDBNCV. Wc aim ost shudder lit tlie ill-omened juxta-poaitiou pierentcd in Iho above option. Tlio very idee seems to convey the etrence of au evil that we have Ix-en tought by the who\< foii.c lemons of our fathers to hln n as pregnant with calamity to the country. Canted away sonic months ago by tlie triumph of Mr. Wise over the American party of old demo cratic loitrees, the Slate of Virginia, and undcy au enthusiastic feeling of gratitude for the temporary check he had given a tide of popular Heutimcnt that bid lnir to break up end destroy a cornijtt old party iliat bail ho long worked so well for the individual profit of its n.embers there wcie a few who ventured to far in their zeal as to connect the name of their timely bcr.tin< tor with the highest office in the gii't of the people. The uoggi stioii met with hut little favor in any portion of liic country, and we had sun pored it hud pa-sol away with the temporary ebulli tion that brought it to the tuna' e. It teems, how ever, that we were mistaken. The movement Una taken a fie-h start, and the old President-making re gem y in Virginia teem determined to press the nmtici upon a reluctant pi hlic. The Richmond En qir.rer is boldering on Ike clanioroiiH in his Itehnlf, while Mr. Wise iiimsclf has recently w. Uen a letter in width he very modestly agrees to accept a nomi nation from the democratic party. In regard to Mr. Wise, wo can only s.iy lie h is Its* of the (laallQcationa necessity In a President of the United States at the piesentday than any other l abile mini we know in till the broad limits of the f'nh n. lie has talents, but he has nothing else, lie bus been an ultra radical, churlish, pot soup dragon nil his life, wholly destitute of ahility to govern bint'elf, much less the delicate and mo mebtow aflUn ora great n.ition. Ho has BO ad nilnltdrathe prudence, no judgment, t,i d would carry the country to the In te a than nix months. The selection of such a man as the Chief Executive of the nation, in preference to the h.ight array of aide, cxiicrieuoed and tried states men that oierihudow him in everything that nnper* tains to ii tie political and j-ersuiial worth, wou! 1 In* tl.e ftrongct evidem e of our incapacity for sel -go \ eminent that has been presented to the world irom ihe ntruggle for Independence to the provrvt day. The p; iU that would venture upon ao perilous an ex J e riii ("lit in there trm i bloc* times, may well lie suspects d of a secret intention to tear down the cita dil ol the I i.ion, Noothern men as we aro, and sin cerely desin u? of seeing the government in hands that will Dialings it i (insistently with the riirhts of the rlavehc ldii'.g SU tes. we deprecate the election of rtiih ii n un to any important national trust; as to the l ieriilcrny, we pray God that that cup may t* allowed to pen. The ti hUtm that support the lublic of our raionaiein.ido'|aate to ouch an ordeal. A TEXAS DEMOCRAT DOWN UPON THE KNOW NOTHINGS. [Fr in tbo Imi sio li (Tcxm) IhilliMln.] the rnrsii LJtcv?m-wekv. It if averted iiy the wise men of the East?Tien nrt'.cf tie \nv Vimit Hnt a LP. and others?that it e controlling eh merit in the next Presidential election will he the slavery question. We arc in < lit c,t to bel ? ve tiiis to I* true. That is, we believe tl at i there vi>? no slavery question the democratic crtal'.date would te s-> easily elected, so certainly trii n.pliant over the Know Nothing candidate, tint the '?< nti -t wt,i.|,| excite hut little internst. In that question ah ne is ihctc danger to the democratic parly, and to tie South, and to the Union. Theie will bo two cm dhiatcs for the Picsidcncy? ore nominated by the democracy and the other by tie Klu-w Nothii rs Tlic po-i'f.n wli'.eh the derao cratlc n mime will o<?npy upon this subject o< slavery, a?- a iiolit'cal nsii' ? net a matter of | roi'Je Everybody km t ,t plattorm of tb" I (Urncrracy of the confeiorary irpon tliat snbjert, 1 and that it ?a oppc td ti the /aim! -ig of ulsrliti i i. litis subject, we canrot disguise from ourselves, the u dccik which environ our Presidential candidate in the doming election-, arising aa they do from the nnrquivocalness of that position, and the equivocal position occupied by the other party?or ratuer,the att< mi t by the Southern portion of the Know Nothing party to assume for that party an eqnivooal position upon the subject of slavery. We do not desire to do injustice to the Know Nothing parly Booth We are willing tocoueede to a luige mujonty of the individual members of that party 'D the Booth sound opinions upon the subject of slavery. Nor will we do any injustice to the posi tion taken by their National Council at Philadelphia. Wemnstsiy, however, that it is a fact, notorious all over the North, that neither the State Councils nor ti e leaders, nor the membership of the Know Nothing parry, in the Noithem States, adopt or ad here to the national platfuim upon that subject. Even with the pretermission of opinion on the con stitutional que^ tion, they repudiate the platform and rofioc to stai d en it for a single day. Put, to admit that the platform presents the true position of that part j as a national organization,and tin t upon that platform the party is to inn its can didate for the Presidency, we still say that the po sititkv of the Nnow Nothing party is equivocal and entirely unsafe for the South. ? ? * * * # ? Can it be possible that the Booth will deem itself safe in the lui ds of mere expediency nietiV We trust not, and it Is not from Fouthern votes that we app'eLcud danger to the success of the democratic candidate It is frcm the North, where the aboli tion itelirg is rampant that the danger is to be ap prehended. The Know Nothiug party South, by as si mil g ilie cqi:iv< cal, expediency position, seek to sen re abolition aid There is not one of their lead ers Noi th w ho is sound upon the eonstitutioral ques tirn? i ot one. Whilst in the South many of them, ave. hosts ot their most distinguished men, are un coil.d A rd of these the giant (Gen. Houston) lives in our mid.-t. As the North largely preponderates in tho Eleeto ia! College, if by equivocation the vote of the North largely, and a small electoral vote at the South, can I e catrh d for the Know Nothing candidate, aboli tion will seat it-elf in the executive mansion, and to a great extent rule the destinies of the repub.ic. We have 110 doubts as to the South, hut for the Noilh wc tremble, and look to the sober second tin i.gkt of the people there, led by such heroes (tor 1 eroes iidicd they are) as Cass, Douglas, J)hJ.. sc n, Pallas, Bmimraii, Pierce, Cushiug, and others, to save the constitution mid the Union. A beward organs opinions of live OAK GEORGE-PREFERS HEM TO fflLL 11 ORE. [From the Buffalo ExpreBa, Not. 20.] PHKMDEM1AL CIJaNCVS. It is an intevectiiig time ior sin h of our disUo gt ithed icllow citizens uu have a wishful eye npon tlie 1 ext Presidency. The unexpected result ol the election in this Stale lias sharpened the optics ut' fun e j.allies wotede rl'ully. The success of the so called American pai tv wua uulooked for, and w^old have I ten impossible withor.t the efficient and 1 in ely aid of George Law. lie furnished the vital tlen ints of the flplit, and in the city of New York alone so applied his efiortu and means an to secure the dcriied The figures show that the change in that city-decided the election, and that without that change (he State would have gone, it* everybody supposed, for republicanism. Under stub tire i. instances, ii there is any such thing in the American party as gratitude, George Law will share largely of its exercise, and find a prompt and hearty retin a lor ids invc trifcnt. The indications now aie that the Know Nothings ot this State will rally in 1 ebalt of Mr.Law and bear his case into the National Convention with willing hands attended by warm hearts. Tlie Albany Regitltr lias a letter written ly "A Soldier' in the Ranks" in New York city, which may be taken as a si_n of the times. Alter exulting over the late election it says:? And in chin connrc'ioo let it not be overlooked that the connection <>(' tlie name ot George I aw with ho future na i atiiilnof the Amei ic?n party, har had mightily to do with our micem in city and Mtt'e. The hand* of hi? le gii ts it fiiec.ils purlieu forward the Ante.lean car, and upheld the hanuer men, and cheered the aeotiter on the walls. They run a 'Live Oak" keel under the American rlipi or, and injured her triumph. Nor have they been inc. cive in o'her States that now Haunt victoriously tbe Ameilean banner 1 .et th?r-e cecta be icravmbered, tn, now ihat the State election ir over, all eyer are turniug toward ihe na'ional eouire. and the Ameliatn boys went, to Me a mark rider mouolod tn thtirparty. Ihey in tindiowin he race?and they cut if (leoige I aw?-aVe him all and all, ihe largest ami sonndeat i iliviciual type o ihe American i e-p'.e and epic it living?la putonthe tra, k, If George Law is really put on the track for the I y tLg American party, lie will be a luiid uug to leut in ihe National Convention. He knows light where to touch men, to nuke them re spond licuitily to bin wishes, and being abundantly blot with tbe elements of success, each as he l?c stc.vid upon the late election, the conservative! end fogies inert whip tip or they will be <li: timed W\ jj;r.y c*[ict sooh ti: lienr oi a distlngni.-bed ar rival from Europe a* cloi.da l.Pgiu to " lower aremnd oni Ik,ute," ai d tali for action. .George Is ft men of the age in which he l'vce, nnd will take hold in the spirit t f that, age, which in its progress out stiijs ant tpiity and leaves its fossils far behind. THE BLWARD MAN AT BUFFALO CHANGES HIS MIND ABOUT LIVE OAK 0130HOE, AND PITCHES INTO HIM. [>ioto Hie llufTulu txpiess. of November 2?.j THE 11KJ10CR ATIC PKSCBNT. M'hen James K. Polk was elected to the Presi dency over tl.e most illustrious man whose name glares the annals of our post Revolutionary history, and w l oie lame like a star of superior magnitude shines highest in the gnlusy that adorns our coun try, we thought it bad enough then to see? An eagle MUiing in bis piiue of place It; a ititublug owl hawked at and "lain: but the culmination of politi -al disgrace had not been then attained; it wan rctervcd for the same party to ascend to a poiut of disgrace far beyond that, in the elevation of Frank Pierce to the seat of Washington. Another peak has been discovered yet higher, lor we see it gravely urged tlmt George lxiw, oi New Yoik, should be President of the United Statin. George loiw! a man whose sole merit Is tin,tot a successful steamboat proprietor, something of an engineer no doubt,politically, rough, rude and blustering is Boreas, with money nud greit influ ence nnu i g the steamboat runners and agents. a.,d the pcoph who constitute the surroundings of a gieat steamboat proprietor. Has not the fuicc bee i playcd out? is there another act of disgrace to the country and of repudiation of nil statesmanship, ex perifine and talent yet folic acted? George Law! wc doubt whether he would nuke half so clever a Prcsi diutaeour active and energetic fell w citizen, Mr. Bill Lock wood, and certainly he has not a tithcof the tali nt of the funny Fred Emmons. If we are to have v steam In at man lor President, give as a chance in th.s quarter, and we will agree to Hod a man who shall have all the guaranty of success that grows out of this kind of capital, and quite us good as George l.uw. Not that George Law or any other nominee of the Kuow Nothings has the remotest chance of ruccess in a strife for the Presidency, if put upon tbe course, but it is lowering that high and more than imperial place to mention in connection with it such a man. In his business a good man, ener getic and enterprising, fertile in expedients for making money, u? d undertaking many a gn at plan for tiiat purpose, and h iving too the merit of sue ccm, but no tnoie tit for President than he is for a bishop. We know that money and llqn ir are po tent engines in a canvass, especially when aided by the sanction of a church and ecclesiastical advice, tut ro man's fortune ia adequate to purchasing votes enough in tlie whole country, and any litrw rely ing <m money to accomplish a Presidential clc 'Uoj and win it, will inquire the treasury of C<rr>ii<?. V.'e are so low now that the strife shonld be to n< nil uate preper mea by all parties. m A DEMOCRATIC CALCULATION. TEI rHK*<Il>i;?<TlAL KLIXTION Or lh.56?THB I': OS' r?CTK AT TUI? TIMK. [From tbf (illclnna.ll i'.n ,ui er ] If no change occurs In tho political sentiment of ihc American people. as indi' iited by the remits of the Btute elections In Id in l-.'i.'i. the nc.xt I Resident 01 the United States will certainly hi a democrat. Dnr<rg the paot summer uiid fall the folio ??>? in g States nave goue democratic by decided majorities on the popular vote. We (tire them in their order, with the nun'tier of Presidential electors to which they are entitled:? fUtcbrral Pi<<?*. Virginia 16 10 000 Illinois 11 20000 Virih ('AioUoa 10 * 000 Teantuee 11 '1 000 a is tm in* <* 1: coo torn. 4 t.000 Vntne S _ (l ?rw,cr*Uc legislature And lo vernor.) heorfU 10 II.OH) hul hi R l i -0 <HVi Pennsylvania 21 loideMM..... 0 V.OkI iiirii-firpi " 6,000 New .itiwy.. 7 ? (I'miceu'le lagtHlature l>y hind rm? v-'r.) Wiem-ti 6 1,000 T<*olf lit 109,000 As ei e hundre d and forty-nine electors trill chocr-e a President, the States that have already gone de nim intic lack 1 nt five of that number, W'e presume r.o sane man w ill qnestlon the ability of the demo cracy to carry, in addition, the following Slates:? Kln t'irnl Vota. A>V?n??? ? imlh i'?riilin? 1 Mis-1 utt 0 Hl'IMlR 3 line we b. ve enough and ninel- < n electoral votes to n .-.te. to iry nothing i f our rh neon (which are li In than tlio-c of any other party) for earning hit l . irii. 1 iir. iov.i- and M, h von w itli a electoral votes altogether. In Kerr York, at the late election, the democratic rote, hard and soft, exceeded that of any other organiznt m, conclusively n lends have the ab.lity to cany proving that our that Htate with its thirty five electoral votes. Hut, granting that State to the enemy, the Know No things nave only carried with it the following Statea:? Electoral ttola. Kentucky. I CcUfornia 4 Marj land 1 New York............ .36 Msst acbusett* .13 Total VI The black republicans have succeeded in Ohio and Vermont, easting tweuty-eight electoral votes. We have, therefore, beaten both factions, even if they had been united,handsomely,in the State elec tions ol 1866, and have, altogether, the beat chance for It 66. In ti e last six mouths the democrats have chosen no less than eight, and probably uine Go vernors of States: Wise In Virginia; Andrew John eon in Tennessee; Pease in Texas; Winston in Ala bama, Wells in Maine; H. V. Johnston in Georgia; in Mississippi; Wickliffe in Louisiana, and probal ly Harstow tu Wisconsin. Thi The choice of so iiiHi.y St ate democratic executives indicates that the Union will choose one of the Hame politics in 1K56. A MELANCHOLY VIEW OP THE WHOLE FIELD. [From the New Bedford (Macs.) Mercury.] WHO SHALL 1!B OUR NEXT PRESIDENT ? The Htate elections being settled, it is about, time

for tbe initiatory movements to commence for the Presidential campaign. Ever since President Pierce came in the entire United States have been under a conviction that ot the close ot his term some body would be win ted to fKl his place. Only a few gen tlemen in oflieial stations, who are bound to worship the meridian sun in preference to uny rising or to rise, have contradicted the universal desire for change. We cannot consider the pre-ent incumbent us a candidate, since nobody, except in discharge of official duty, diearns of liis re-election. First upon the list ccmes Daniel Pratt, and close by, following, Geoige Washington Frost Mellen. Neither of those mighty men ran be spared from the post of private viiine- Then Com. Stockton, who Is supposed to be popular in the navy and with tbe sailors, has been nominated in New Jersey, and will nit decline if much uiged. Gen. Houston, who has a life published, ai d who apccurs therein as the impersonation of gieutrem and goodness. Gen. Houston was once the light to be well ahead on the track, especially since he was happily baptised Samuel. George Law Iiuh iiIso a< cepted nominations, and George Jaw is reported to have a gieutdenl of money; so that, contrary to the popular believe, those who "go to Law" will get rich. Mr. Dallas, of Pennsylvania, has 1 een named in connection with the Presidency, but in consequence of his foreign antecedents, is theuy lit to be ineligible Henator Douglas was much talked ol three yenrs ago, but, at pre:-ent, none are so poor as to do him any reverence. Millard Fill moio has ti e advantage of practical experience, lie has ol.-o takin the "third degree" and ought to find favor in the eyes of the Know Nothings Then Mr. l ' chauan is a sUis hng candidate, and may 1c considejcd the "first"Juice" of every body, but for "pruoi-iitinl reasons" Ti' t to be nominated. Lastly tbere is Henry A. Wi-c, of Virginia, whom the Louis ville Jttrrnai called "Mr. Otherwise." Mr. Wise hits written one or two remarkable letters, spicy as a New York gingernut, und short as himself. Mr Wite (if eieitcd, it will not be by Know Nothing votes, it is sale to say) will draw the sword of Virgi nia, and proceed to cut in pieces the personal liberty bill of Massachusetts, and to decapitate all and sun dry, the editors who have said one word agains. Jnricc Lot inc. Out of thin profusion <>f candidates what barren ness of choice! We have numed half a hcoic oi men, not one of whom .with the exception perhaps of Mr. Fillmore ui.d Mr. Buchanan. has given cvi dencc of a paiticle of that administrative taleut whit h should lit him for the post he is defcired tolili That neither of those gentlemen hut e a shadow of n chance, makes it only the more striking. But we have no belief that the choice will fall upon arty we hate named. The happy individual is now reposing in innocent obscurity. To be talked of for that place is a certain emeu of defeat, unless upon tiie ot the convention of nomination. Tire policy of modern politics requires obscuiity. The republic dreads her great men. The popular mind of dei iics not a wise leader, but the idol of a day. The itss that is known of the here, the better. Take up a country attorney, like Pierce, and jou can ascribe to him every virtue under heaven, for he certain no one knows any thing to contradict what you say. li the cunuidule has never made a speech or written a letter, so much the letter for his chances. We wit h we could cce some indications of a uew < re?of a better time coming?but we cannot. The descent in Presidential ability has he ___ been gradual hot tme. We hive got from miiitary services down l nit ie military rank We have left worshipping the tv oid and gone to deifying the cout and epaulettes of the general I'cfcie the change for the better comes, wc fear it must te rtill worse Wo look yet to see some po liii? ?1 back, or seme accidental notoriety, paradedai u ci, lor win m the country will have hourly to I lush and lesnd. The Mike Walshes and tin bill 1 cr ies aie net many years distant from the high places cf c fli< c. Tn'c.-S the common sense of the country is aroused this result will surely come nponos. We have seen n tacit crnscr.t of parties ignoring the claims of the best men. and seeking the availuble men. There in hut cnc issue to this fatal march. It is the loss of cli respect for?fliecstl at are filled by political dema gogues, urd lor laws th.>t aie administered only for the of party. Republicanism in this com try need never tear the ambition of one man; it has every reason to dread the corruption of the many. Ogti'lng of tlie Corn 'Chiuige In Sew Orleans. [from the New Orleans Hcajrnue, Nov. 1S.1 f stab ishmeat opened "n I'uesdey, the G-n inst with a'air attendance ot business men crmnectad With the Wester n interest, at d silica then ft has dally increa ie.t iu inteiast. in numrn and in practical influaocei. 3ucb an institution hrur long bean wanted bare to ennwntrate B'siij important and varied departments of our oonn r. < res; to bring the Western buyer and . elter, broker and shipper, face to fa re at one special hotp; to exhibit I i nt room the ram pies of ail produce on ihe market; i obtain by legitimate sales in rlie 'Change lmur, at legiti u nte sir: ?> at price* a respectable standard t>) direct the market; anil by bslrgiug 'he Western merchants t -gotbor ilstly ? . cirate am. og them a nniiy and hermouy of fcet top and tit a-]<s, tus.1 bare a. en and arc me r<ce(td, tr.d which cannot bit s?rongly tend to els vats tr el re, u'rtion and influence ubroen. while hattO' irg tt tlr position at home. The p.resrnt 'i hunge i* y et but In Infancy, and It win itqtitt peth?|s n cnplc ?f month* or more be!.ue It henetcinl edicts in eccm-mlxlng time, regulating the Vtislen trade, and expediting that business lu all lis do l artn ruts can bo fait. Tito leading We.-tern merelntl ? .bia'Dt d tbe ntrtsear.v . ub crlptions ai d have been ?M to secure for the runt ugement of the 'Change thee tiers i t Meiers, f lu rr an Wharton ,'c Co.. proprietors tl>e Uiantwrclil News and herding Rooms. these gi tlerurn 1 ?tc the iequhad experience for sjob an undet ?aVii g nod fiom the resources at tbrlr command at tl ? l??aoirg r.tiotn.r, B'o t tabled to'are the 'Change an ? ptBriitura of over ?1 0C0 per annutn?thereby tnsurlu, lit. icotion icBI management, r.nrt pcihipa thecerlalr'y of Re being mrriod through sitcics'lully. II e Corn K.x.change la not inter led merely fir transae tuna in Hour, wheat, n?te, ftc., a- Its tMo w iuld etoin to imply, but all bianct es onnmcled with the Western bu ncee are, deaited and ex re ed to tind In if their centre ot rl opt infinite. For instance, the list o' sudbcithere now in eludebesides rcceiTirsnnil buyers, bickers and shipping eg-nts tmnlbus proprie ties, bakers grocers warehouse kerpers. and ho on, while the . ample tables cxhluit mot plci of limir, wheat, oats, Sran. rye, sugar, rice, salt oil fte. Ifce sugar and ciToe litle'orfs atv not ho lurgely itprcsenled as they should tie, nut 'he per-on* Interest* iu them will presently find it very liencfirLil, no doubt to attend on 'tbunge eveiy day. The 'Change hour is from 19 to 11 o'clock A M. The tahsdutlng this hour ate reported "n the both tin board ? o scion s? made, wtlh prices and iiiali ies, their teport is closed at 11 A. M.. and Is copied into a book kept ft the pqr| ore. to serve as it legitimste record for after Ivi cure. The linatd i? tuinlshed regularly with reports of steamboat nitival- and ra'g'os ship arrivals and c'.fi tit'ce- and met ks and tounds of produce. Tted.iiy 11% papers and the vtrlona prices current a e n t.le. and the room, which 1- fur 'lie p'esent 'ear s.tos'rd on the second of the now building st the comet id Pr.jd u and N'ew levee sttoets, it iu i tin t to-pscis neatly tin ugh plainly fitted up. Tbe hies lion is an cxci Ui-nl one bring tn-ar rhe |e?ee and not to far front the n.ajoilly of the subs" lliers' couutlng tours The 'Chanpeii under tbr c rn'rul of acommlttee-f lite, uppo treo by thesnbecrthere, and i omp-ved of Messrs. hent eoy, IVIkt.ap, Fox 1'c la Hue and 0>ub, to serve f" the (its; tear and to act as arbitrators, when desire ., in caies ot diflsrence between buyers and s?dlers, cap leinr sttri clerks of steamboats, masters nf Teasels, public uspcctorsof produce, new-paper reporters and slran gers. Non-rendenfs bare the ettrai ce to the room fae' < f cistge, their names heft gentered ort a bo ,k kept fl.r be ) u'pore. lite totiris of subscription sre nuufcralo, sr-d Httbterlbers arc privileged to ierd tbelr clerks free of ibsrge. A Tisit to the '(Trnnpo will show better and mere ptcelicslly iban wc can do tbe advantages the un deifsklog posresn*. and we are glad t" see the project, t its establishment sttccaesftilly realized, alter so many tain attempts to giv* it form and substance. A p.rivai. op Mormon* at ContoiL Bttrrrs, Tow.1. ?A f?w dsys tsent slx hldrts arrlve t Com I t?b, as missionaries to olfferent part' of tbe rr.lted c'stes and hutope. limy wi re fifty fays cro'sing iht plains, and had rather s hard journey. Ilie grass on the ( tit part of tbe route ??< deTonrad by crickets, and on Its is'ter |art it had been killed by frosts, so ibat their ? t Imals hnd to soloist on scanty'rations the ?h?1c dl< sree and wcr* much iciinccd. They disposed 'if thnm blue and depart!d Immediately by steamboat and stage to thi Ir dlflr ri nt destination'. ihsy hifng quit* fnTora be .rportsfrim I'tah. No'wlthstsndtog the i*vnge? by nil kit' ar.d graihopf.ers there will be enough ral.-el t? t-.le thim thr ngh to another harvest. but th? people hsve had to be persevering and industrious, and many hs?e I ed to put in tbetr noiia the second or third time. Tleles thl-gooi1. Tlio Indians through the te ritny wr I a I,n let and peaceably disposed. Tie pttbll- vr.ik* arse p ipregslng finsly The em'g-atio u??e utiinglu v |u n it ey Int, in f to "t di i m. 1. u g uf ic d t i:.y w'th ti e litdiat s in lis io-itg?i. s r /</. u itri 1 INTERESTING FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE. Dlrnt Communication Between rhlcuxo aril I.lvnpool?A Line or Steamers to be lomtd. UtiHi ihe Eastern Counties (Eng.) Herald, Nor. S.l A id. Lg ihe veil, els which have muled from' Chi. aeo to hog, i peeing lor the first time a direct rade between the t... inn place and Europe, wan one for hia p-ri via: ? the baik T. K. Larks. t-be cleared for Hull at th'e be ginning of October, with a caigo of oata, oilcake, Ac. ? ami hir fteight was laken at $18 per toD. She had the privilege of re-sbipp'ng at Montreal, but It was mid she would oeliley In go through herself. Ihning the past jeer *t.e subject of oiiect tiade with Europe has occupied the general attention of 'he mercantile and commercial ir. eie.t* of Chicago, as well as other clis. es of the com munity, whose wo. Idly wel'a<e hangs so much on the ex tension si d devtlopimnt ofita trad; with other ooun tries. Atihe commti.cement of last apiing, when navi gation war recpeifr", the anticipatl-us of the public in i hat part of the globe who lu a fairway ia?d, ai d to roine extent they were so. In the summer vst-sels set out tr. m Chicago to the ocean, and a vessel which hsd Uco to Liverpool ?as also seen in (he harnor. thin came ite despatching of a vessel for Hull, with a large cargo, soil others for this and various other Enro ot an ports, will tp< sdily f How, if commercial enterprise have not already gl. en 'uU life to the trade between Chi cago end these , arts. It is stated that now the St. law it nc< husbten opened by the rrcipiocity treaty, noob-ta c eeti.te to prevent a large majority of the vessels tra oir g 10 the At an ic rr to the ports <f Europe. Vessels aie loaded at Chicago almost every wesk for Montreal and it has heeu a mailer of surprise that large shipments tor Europe buv< not been made by that place. It is said <1 at not only has .l,e produce purchased on foreign ac . our.t bete ehi| i ed hy (rswego and Buffalo to New York, but the whole of the foreign goods imported by Canadian merchant* in the cl" l?s on the north shore of Lake Onta lio and the west of it. have been coming through New York and Boston. Arm tig the many reasons which ave beJievtd to 1 av? led to ibis Is the present war. l'he Eng lish government hate mono policed the ve-seis generally trading to Montreal and ijuehen in furnishing supplies for Ihe frfm. an army, and hence ft is asserted that, there si a not vessels enough trading' in the St. Lawrence to afford c mpe'ili. u siiifirient to keep freights down tJ a ffguie which wilt enable shippers to forward prod use ami rcce've gr mis in return by that route. Vessels bound from the ft. lawience to Europe, in order to eoa'inue la the trade, must have a tefurn freight ?f foreign mer cbtnrise. It is hoped that another season will not ex pire without a gri at in securing for the west dis trict trade wl'b Europe; and we may odd that several fli.s steamers now char ired t> ihe Eng'ish government. wiJl it is ?xpi ctrd, tun txtwoen Chicago ai d Liverpo .1. 1 oubiless Hull will participate largely in (he newly oj emd trade, and we trust, those who have taken the matter up so spiritedly on the other side of the A:luetic will not res' until they have carried out tin ir present ? chime to as gient an extent as it is practicable. An Ki.fclUli Bnnk It*>bi?cr Amited on Bonrd the <Aaiihiii)ilaiii [Krrm (lie London >ews, Nov. 8 ] HoHrt Mar Idhid, (lie Vcwrustleon-Tyn- Flunk cashier, wbo?bscoodel, alter stealing neatly f>,tK)0 was upp e Leiided yes ei dag, at Southampton on board the United Ntul' e n iiil c'?Bu er IV lti< g un just, as she was about ' * ' 'York. ~ " ** * to lenvt that port for New YV ?rk. He lias been advertised for tic lai v week, art! one hundred guineas reward offered i?? wl< i vet would give such inforn.a'i 11 as would lead to his a. | r< Uensicn. A detective p. lice ollicor hus been in rni.thaii'i Ion lor r me time on the look-out for him. Martinet n it uppeurs. arrived at Southampton on Friday last, and frequently pusnd the uetrcMve witliout being notii en by liiir. Mr. iilliier, a clerk to Meatus. Croskey ? Co. the again n for 11n; vt ashing ton steamer, recognized him ami i est the otho p-issengers on board the Washing ton. aim gave lilm into custody of the dcte -tive. Thade )irqi <Dt cashier hmt been living at au inn in the town very freely. Yesterday moi ning, two or three hours be fore the \Viohtng on mile! he gave the landlord of the inn wo ?110 Bonk ci hnuland nn'e-i to get changed. The laitei tin k thrui to a bank in the town, where some de mur was mude as to gi-ing char ge for them. The pre sinter of the nolle staled that they be onged to a g-n t>emsn who had put up at his bou-o. This caused the hanker to dieiine dunging them, unless tha gentleman could git e a reieie ce. ^lien the lai dlord roiurned to bis hiirre. he found that theowrer of the notes had gone on hc&id the Washington to arrange about his tier'h, ai d he then thought that ho would take the notes to V.paaro. Croskey fc Co., to endeavor to obtain change for them there. Mr. Hiliier, the clerk in the office, hoa'iug the SaniMi rd mention the eircumstanse about the no'es, and havirg read the advertisement about Martinson, ?env on huaid, saw him, and also taw that he auswerod the description given lu the advertisement, and he then vt ry quietly put himself m raji"vt with the detective, and gave the robber into custody. In loss th in an hour attei? a da, the latter was on his way to l.ondon, instead of to New York. Castlnir of the Ttsshliignm Hviiumeiit at Munich. [From Iho l.oiidon Builder, Nov. 7.] The cas'iug of the burre for thi-' mnnament, at Mu nich, is r ne of the great tents of modern tmindry. As fif teen t< or o> bronze had to br- melted and kept In a a'ate i f flulutiy for several days and nights previously, a large (itc was at there huge masses, which required to be ati'red at dines When the bronze was liquified, an ulti mate crsay was mude in a small trial cast, and, to beigh'eu the cclor, some more copp.r wa? added. Sue err inly ad the chumbfrs tbrougn wbteh the metal had 0 How in the form were cleared of the coal with whi h 1 ty bud been kept warm, and the muster examined nil 1 e uii rpirale am' isrues of the metal; the props of the tubes were thin |Tired, and every man hud iiia duty ami pluro ssrigntd to iilra. I ii ally, the rco'ter, amid the ln'erue expectation of lie if n'v ait mnattur* present, pron>ttncOo the words 'In the rente of Cod." ai d then three mighty strokes opt 1 ed the l.ery gulf, out of which the glowing me al I'oveoina citcui' to 'he large form. ITie sight was n ogr ili ent, arid in the little sea of fire stood the master. ?t o |,ave his '?( inn.hi ds about ttio succos?ivc opening of 'he prop*. Hot viipor .oured from the air spirslsiln ihe conduits tt e metal ooiled in waves; still n i decision jet, i.b ihe Influx ol t!ie bronze in the very veins of tire figure could be but slow. At enre l r.iuirg showers jumped out of the air con duits, end the muster proclaimed the cast to bu.-e snt-tecd.ed. A loud cheer fallowed, wbca thu mentor s] pi oik lit d Mr. Ciswfoid the artist of the Washing ton liu m merit, to c< ngratulate him ou his sucx-n. /notber cheer v-ni given to M. de Miller, the chief of t.iie > ojnl 1'ouEdiy of Munich who had personally couductei the work. Ileitis, ark a> d the Unlterl Statea?Cession of tire Island ot St. Thumss. [Hamburg (Nov. 9) Corresponoence ot leiron News.] ll.ere s some reason to believe that, after all, Ku--ia has nccepti d iberflice of medi iter between Peummk and the i'nited Metis and proposed as an .i ju.-ument of the dift eultits, that i'cniimik shall cede her island of St Vcma* to ihe h il^il slot, for I If mm ot fiPf million* of dtUarr no'' O 'til u tn of Awrrioaii ssfjw and ? ikv i from th?fvtvrrpai mml if thr *mnrt due*. Although the CO I ny Is of nil vulue to renmark In a pecuniary paint of view, rati <r cau-iug an expense ihnn biluglng in a *ur j lus yi ? I or rraik u snld to have declined the proposal, cut (i vontiders'li n to he Western Powers, m whmu stuh sn ncqui. 1th n cl'tenitrry on thu part of the Ameri ca! k, so close In their own West lBflla possessions, can not he desirable. Ii.tcivlexv bciwtrn Plu? the Alnth and | Mi iltftn Vnryvr. [Mi we (Oct. 31) tVnespondenre of the l.ondon News.) < n Thuttdny last the lope surprised 1he IsmitM < f the Careen Nuoye. or New Prisons, with a visit, an hi * fir which hart not hem conferred upon that locality tin v the time ef I en Ml. Mist of the astonished prloiic'a u ado in.n eiliatr u-e of the golden opt>e rt unity tlm* a1 Inrrii d tcr imploilng an allevia'ion of their ponal.lea. As the fYtciii Nui it are allotted to crir.itnal and not pollli e?l offtttdera, Mi Holiness frit Juattfieo In protnisltg that hi* t-o. eloign cWn.imy bhould l>e exer-ised as far aa whi t< mia'lhlr ?iih the exigencies of Justice. Amongst those who throw themselves at M > Noun's (rot wan a I'cxiean nannd Momos. recently Imnilsoned in con<e i[vmce of telegraphic instruction* from lonrton, ac tntleg himtfhatli.g forgeu drafts, with the signature ?1 the tx.|>ie?loint O halloa, upon the Iainrtnn hanking hmneol Mnite'ta 4rf'o.. to the amount of 1,604 ecudt which cash he lectin<1 from the bankers Komi, at Horente and Toil mU here, Hgnor Ceballoe had aet nit trom I oni'i n to coi.t'imt hie teal signature with thai of tie forger, and wan expected daily ; but hearing of polltturl even's reejtiiring bin tmmertli.ta merrnco in America, > e forwarded liis tignature to the hen an tiihunal instead o' eoiniog tn person, and lett Ku ir J r, ohani on'ng Elgin.r Karoos to bis fate in the Carceri Nui\r, whete he emteavo ed to excite the Pope's com I anion by assur log hltn that he was a dntlngiiahe I gen tlrtran ' t k>x?eo, and a tea Ions < atb. lie, detained in du rance tile ibn iigh a mere trdstake. t-fl? Holiness does n t appetr to here hull any enmpt nctiotia h dings in ta ti r of the ktesicen, hut he ordeted many of rhe prisoners retained for titfing off-ncea to lie set at liberty forlhwith, and lien extended his clemency so far ar to pardon the authors of the inrrmllaiy at'arks upon fh? cfrtlnala' inr lagea, ao trany of which, with ?i?atr gorgeoua trap Tings, were burnt or deatroyed on the rmo lc pln?7*a of Mi n e after the Pope's fight totisita. 'Ibe?eeo hn-latts, wb< iff coLfcroned to fiffeer years' imp" omncut are now at large, after bating iitu'eigono nue third of their tit in; ard ihe >?eng men who In ldwi cci hrated the an niti rsaiy < f I he Potnan epoblic, or ratter who Intended to dr. so with Ihe Bengal lights vrnlch they ware disco tend r ani fio turing v. ill, It is aaid, bo ? rtuseu from re. i lining any It nger in tie penal servitude to which. In ? !?? i i| e of that heinous Intention, thoy were dinned for n perloii o( twenty years. The Commercial Lain of San Domingo. [From the Isiniion (,'arette.] Poirn up Ikade, WuiTPtun.. i)ct. 31, 1RM. Ihe R'ght Honorable the 1/rrils of the Committee of I'. Ivy ( oi.ucil lot 1'iarte nud 1 lautatlons hare received, II rough the Secretary of fate for Foreign A (fairs, a copy < t a rte.i ?t;.h ft- m her Majesty's Consul at fan liomingo, trnuimlttlrg coptee of the laws on maiitime commeroe, ito of the M* tor Iff". hy the lost of lino i the tonnage duty of 60 cent*. Spa n'r.h (Is. Id ), per ton, formerly h vied on national rea eis. or vi?se|s tf.h iglr.g to a country hating a treaty of ret i|t wily with the In minican republ'c, Is raised te 1 fpatilsb il. liar (Is. 2d.) per Inn; vessels belonging to a rath n not In trmtj with the lepubhc paring 1 rh liar 60 reufs (f.s, ."d ) per ton. Um ciastli g hade is re-etyed to national r easels. Fo reign rrsfrls are, howerer, perniitled to load on the c sst, ou jajmrnt of the same charge (2a. Id. per ton) hitherto made. Iho r.n borage ra'es hawe been altnert fr. m CI fts |^r v. ml lo hit. per ti n. The eame alb- atlon has taken plare (ti the pllo'age charges. The entiy chatge. which wv foimerly Irts. M. per tes sel, for a I Vessels of . rer twenty tons bufen Ls al'eiol by the exlstlrg law to 1 d. |.?r ton. The charge h r siege ha* been altered to fis. 4d per cay in lien of ICs. fd. prt tlrusly charged for the wh. le tin e occupied in unload Dg the ra'g". ?hatge ir, b- w Tor, only made In the eTcnf of the accootmodati in bring reot 'red. He wis fsge dutr, f.tmerly |c*led at Jp per cent on .1 e t. 'al ot'lt' ? p ?" >'I- by tl e vt s?ei, hes ,ua rsi.e I to f I?r ?>' f, ?t. ? lo tf e PI t'-r oi ?? l L? tnf? 11H 'e 'eel. -ge ?fbr.-iJ. pa- tisse hae O altered by tbe new law to It's. M. for v? ??1s ot ?V,vo one hurdred ton* buro'en, vessel. of legs burden paying ibe fern. amount as formerly. Each vessel alio here to pay 8k. 41. towei ds the mulnteuanoe of the tele graph. The Heal'b Officer'! fee remains unal'ered. / \\ uterine, formerly ehaged at the rate of 2d. per cink, h?B been rained to 4h. 2d per cask. Ail Veseels of lorn than '.0 tone burden, coming from abroa-', are aubjee' or ly to the tonnage duty, wharfage* cu'y, and the duty for eoaat loading. By ihe new tariff, 'he ad valorem duties payable on ar ticlen having a fixed value, have been raUed on the ?v eraire 40 per cent. The export duties, although nominally the Mine a* previously to the promulgation of the present tariff, have virtually been raited 12J* per cent in eooae.;uenoe of the deterioration of the Dominican paiur currenov, which in dow reckoned at 61X pesos to the Spanish dollar, In lieu ot tt-e former rate ol fib pesos, itl vslue being thus dimtn i-htd 12k per sent, und the new tariff having eatablisbsit that su.'h duties as are desired to be paid on paper must be settled at the market value of this currency. Faihlom for November. Winter fashions invariably assume a decided character in November, and although the s turner seaaon has been 'bis yeur unusually ptutouged, our manufaotuiers anrl srtists have not been unmindful of the approaching ?ln 'er, aa the variety of elegant novelties both in style and material testify. Main cachrmire, plain at.d terry velvet, moire antique, Inxart and dsnra k hold the highest place in toilettes. A rich material half velvet., half brocnrt, U very elegant, and is worn without liiiomirg. raife'as, will be much in favor, black espe'tally, dreravs of which will be wura with lour ces, entirely covered with narrow ribbons or Irani# of v< Ivet. Moire an'ique dreaaes are very much in repu'e in all moors, either witti tiouncos, double skirts, or pi tin} up. n the former, abeauiiful ' rimming composed ?ftl iwera i f velvet, and leaves of plush ia ot'eD u ed. Velvet will be very much used as a t' imming this wtn'er, woven in 'he dress, or apjlique. As an in dcation of the material# likety to he worn this winter, we Kkve remarked sr'veral light cloths with double face, resembling those u'ed l ist year. The upper side i- of a dark shade; the lining blue, scarlet, orange Ac., sometimes spotted with blask. A kind oi flannel, in irritation of this clo'.h, has been made, which mity be cKl'idJIauntlle Angora; it is alto rlrab or or gray, and is well auiled fornc't'ecs tsaat?i and morning dn . u s. Aeltf/M nundrovx are also marie of black cloth, edged with broad bands of dark blue or violet plush eluded with black. Tire manti-avx are lined with tha ten e color as the plush. Bonm ts aro Influenced by the change of seasons; for example, vi Ivet is taking tiro place of ribliou as trim mings and, when mixco with beautiful fanny flowers, forms a mi*, elegant gaitlture. We mast, also mention that the tire of bonnets is 'ntber increased. The crowns rontioi e rm?)l, round, and flat; tbe cut tains are drought up ) lgh on (sen side and from a rounded queue behind, lire front edge of tire bonnet, both inside and out, la trin med with s profusion of ornaments. The matrnUI mostly adopts 1 i? terry v?l et or spotted satin as a foun I'ntioo, and harmonises well with light and magnificent while or black lace, Willi which some of the most ele gant bonnets are ornamen ed, mixed wl'b autumn flowers made ot shaded voI et?. Tire ,|me is pas-ed when each tee.on has i's dis'loct material., and now it i# c|irite as allows; le 'or tqtfrttai to be need in winter as vel vet to be ? wpli yi d In sun nrer toilette*. Ihc B'yle ei d rr O'erinl flu vvmtravj become matter# for serious considers)inn. Nothing hut vel et and em broidered tacktmire sre sdmrtted for full dress, sud cloth aud liar nel for uijlige eo.tume. It is more particularly in the style ?rd urns merits that tbe greatest noveltle# ore to be obrerved. Tl.e lalma will decidedly bea fnvoritw this wiu'er, even if the name should be altered, or the Jurin rljghtiy modified. K< iloua Klot In Ifcw H<tT?n?Hurdrr of a Po* ilea Ofllt rr. [Fr< m the New linen Journal, Nor, 28. A moft ub-gfacefni uud desperate lot <nam red in thin city on .?-htuicay evening, re. uli.iug in the death uf oua p hot man, and venous if r.ot fatal injury, to anuther. iniitcuhirH, ?* fur a., we havo been uole to Ita.u tlicni, ate given below. It stems tbut a nun. named Creamer, living In M >rnc co ntrcet who ha* lalely lost hi* wile an.l it reoieiented ?* being poor and needy war to have a "raiHe" on haluruay evening, the ?v,.ll* oi which were to be applied t''h'S heneiit. In order to dra* a crowd end make tins iifTtir ?tir?c:lvc, a dance was go; up to pie:o,l* the ra'Ue and tome twen.y.flve or tbfity people wore gathered at the house of one Mulvy, in Itorocio near C ngre,* avenue. It appeara that a girl cum.d 11. aly at .ended the dance, unknown to ner pa.ents, and in the course of the evening her mother went to Mulvy'* h< use after her. The glil refused toi go, wlien the mother took a stick and beat her which cuused a g.ueal dtaturbanoe. and ao much tube wa* made ** to attract the notice of Mr* tummies and Wrn. Grant, polictam, who were in that section Of tbe town. I'bey immediately repaired 10 the house; in orrer to quel' th? noire, and nsticiog a ton ol (reamer to he in a state of intoxication, thayat teppted to attest hmi. Upon thin, the light* in tiro room were put out, and a general nntrulc took place. Mr. t.rsntwa* th own to the lloor, 'be drunken Creamer failing up< n him, clinching him hy the throat. Mr. Cum loin* went to hi* assistance, and while in the di*oharg* at hi* duly, wa* .t uck with a slung short or some other iiu.tiun.ent, which made a terrible wounu in his head. A number of tho gang p.. ent?all of wb .in wire Irisii then il chec upon (.rant, took away his club, kicked hi.n o*? 'S,1he ,4CO ?,r"u '1' '"'n a heavy blow .n the brad. TJie crowd then lef-, audfj he policemen both lof whom were tuint and nearly oxuau tea from the loss of ij.iod?raccreted in getting away from toe liouso ?nd itacliii g iho jM.lice office. Young Creamer, the drunken offender, wa* snorted and lodged in jail. Aits i* Cumniir* and (Irant, although c vered with lord and presenting a rightful appearance, were not (nought at ihe time lo he dingerously wounded; and ler fc.'.vu it Ihe wounds dressed, Mr. (irant went home nd Sir. Cummins lei ahed lo the St. Paul's church?of which he i* sexton?lor the of building tt.e lor vnky. ' Nothing mote v:w e?n o heard of him until yesterday m. rt ipg. about 7 o'clock 'the children connected with I.e n.hhath .-cb.ol iepalre.1 lo th> church at the usual iuui in the looiulng. to attend their lessons, but were, tit able lo obtain admittance. Seine of them looked iu .t lie window*, Ht.d raw nlin si'dn^sthere, apparently a-!?p; hut he answered not theip^all.i?he wa* dead. 1 i. H.? ker was .al ert upon, who entered the room, and fro nd him a* described above?add and at ill. ilia Honor Mayor lilacWrt an and Justice Dennett, were immediately inn roitu of lire jaj-oly, and a Jury of ioquest w?a iuiu nii iu*d. 'Ihe body was removal the vestry r-om, and *n vxaiuinatfon of the wound waa made by lira. Ho .ker and Jewelt. After the examination by the physician*, the body wae innoved to the late rusidouco of the neoesased in Park, street. Mr. Grant i* considered In a critical condition, and at pcih.d* yesternay was in a dangerr.ns state of mind, lie b?r a frightful wound in his head, and hi* face was hunlbly mangled by the kick* he received from hi* a.L rai'ai.t*. Two Salt Idee In Phladolplua. We have to cLrmiicle, sars the I'hlladelphia American, two suicides ol a melincholy character, the circum stances ol which posse** a painful interest. The first i* thai ol a young woman, ol beautiful person, and evident ly lvrieili.hle c mine 5 lions, wnicli waa consummated on hrid.y night. About nloe o'clock on Friday evening, A e sr*. and MeCalvcy, Custom House watchmen, heaid a struggle in the wa'er, in a dock on tlie Delaware, just above Mue street. They soon found that the pjoceedrd from a drowning person; aud, alter nnit diffi cult sxertion, succeeded in taking from the water the hccy of a young female?but the vital spark wa* extin giished. The body was conveyed to the undertaking es tablishment of ilarnet Cohen, In Fifth street, below isun buid, where, in the absence of the Coroner, Alderman Co,igc M. oi*; Jul.! nn inquest. The jury rendered a vsr cict of suicide; but the laxly waa not identified by any witnrsses ptoduced at the inquest. The deceased appear td to have been about 17 year* of age. She waa rather under ihe n.idium height, robust, and witn a moat p.e j ossetring conntei.auce. Phe had dark brown hale, wlil. o wa* lather ling Irhe woreadark, striped man* in de lsli.c dies*, wl'.h l?ce under*;*****, and all her elot ling wus ot a mat and evrn elegant description. There were no mi ik* upon tbe clo'hing bv which the person of the un lot tor ste jouig won an could be identified. The only orna mtntslanicles about her -ere l.atr bracelet*on her vrists, n < unttd with jet. The shawl ot the young woman was 1. tmd or. the mud, within a short distance qf where the body wss iccovcied. It Is woollen and atone colored, w ith * br w n b. rdrr. Pp.? the wharf near hy was a phial. vt ich still conlaiued a small portion uf laudanum, at <1 il e label :et fmth .'.a the article had been obtalue.' !n tu 'he drtg Btoie of (ieorge K. Hmith, No. 140 North 71 i <1 slieet. 1 be bonnet of the deceased wa* not recovered. Those who iaw it <m the wait' *ie un-er the l.npressinn that It ws# blue or green. Th* tide ea* low at the tune the d.f,sr?'e act wa*; and it is believed iha- the w.elchid young woman tef into the do -k, end ? sl briattly walked into the deep, dark water* of Ihe liver. I r <<nd, who made the [sist moriem exaroina ii'ti, fa of theoniiiiin (iiat the yonrg mmian hal n-ver ltd a Olssplote II e, wliile her hands Were ?* *<?'l and dsll cM. ss if sl.e ha.I never t> il-d. Tlie na-urreace* that lri.'aed ore so young and fair so d*-porate, must have levxt it a sac at.0 toucbirg ch?ra<-ter. K large nu-nber .1 |?.sor.s called to Tiew me b .dy yesterday, but up lo a late hour In (lie evening it l ad not been identified. Aboi t II o'clock * u ruiiduy niorniiig, the ci'izens in the vii in it y of It pi.i. an.1 Apple strreta were throvn ml' a s'aie if excllrm.nt by a lou<t expl.Mion which sue Inn. tbe ttrond *1. vy trnnt'o-mt ot iheh>nseoc l 11. d I y A. nm 1 . io In-Imster and dealer in finding*, on the south sh e it t plsr s'iee>, bel >? Klf h. I pon in. j*r>. n* proceeding to ihe r.stm, Mr. Rein himself ss found in the ag ni?s of death, and in a few second* ecvptied. Tbe l?dy pr<*cn'cd a shaking npectacK lad inavtly 1-uded a h?rae pt?t-,l placed he mtmle of It to his mouth, and blew hU face and bet I In u-t t?< pie :**. Ihe wesp n *a# ?haMor?d hy th* expleei .n; on* hand ws* tuo. b u anglci. he breast wounded by the frwgoteu a ? I tbo pis'*.I the shirt set on fire. The w'ndo* gta*a rd stveral anicles in the *i?r!ment were al*o much r'strsg. d. Jn tbe *.f tlie Cotoner, Al.lermaa K'el tek an inquest, and a verdict" of sui- waa rendered ty (be jury. It appears that 'he deceased had not live.1 hsp)l } wi'li his wife for lome time past. He had fallen, into iniempeialc* ..nd tbi* led t? th* eet >f 'elf feafrne'toa He w*? doing a good bu-inem. Anne 9600 In gold was found in the house. RivkscK Marine OrKicr.iw 0rrkred.?flocon.l I hub Janus li I slier has been ordered to catter Dob hin. .n ibe M'ilminston (N. C.) station, and detached tfc f-oiu-rt Mcf Icllaii", on tbe Mobil* a'ation. f. r. rdl irut John M.* h?* been detae??ed from the I . b'in. and order, d to the cutter forward, al Wll mirgt. n. I el. S. t'd I ieat. D. J. hldum ha* t>een d. 1 ached from the forward, and ordered to th# cutter Harrison, at (kiwego, N. Y first lieut. A. fe'aster. Jr , has lw*en detached frctn ibe cutter (aleb Cu-lung, at Portland, Me., ami < i. end lo the Kciwaid II.s: Li*u'. W J. f..gc-s has ban detached from the For wan", arxlrrcerrd to the Cushiog. A r?o lu'loe h s p - ed the Ooorgla leci.latnre to in ?net II' 'l. i'lu'v ( omo. t ee to r*p..r' np-.n the pro