Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 30, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 30, 1855 Page 2
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jhtebesting feom nicaeagtja. Oar ten Jnnn Oai i*?pondw?f. Ban J can del Nora, Not. 47, 1865. ginnry Mong?OivanitUion of tk? Sorsmwnl?TV rrrU't ?f HrUuk Autko, Uua-Ki?ney ? Chrrupond ant Sulycct' ... 4 Ike sperulati. ns now so generally Indulged in respect - in, the West India fleet, and the interference of Groat Britain in Ike affairs of Central America, may give in terest to the oorresponi cuoe between the Urltlah Vice Or mi! and Col. Kinney, on he oceasion of the latter'n attempt to establish an inde pen lent |ov*r*ment on the Meeqelto shore. No account ol it has as yet appeared, an* ita principal ralue consists in the fact that it ia the latest and noat positive indication of the pretensions of Great Britain to the co-ordinate sovereignty of that part of the world. Bef> re giving an outline of this correspondence, I may M veil meniion the fact that in 1860, when the people of Ban Jusn del Norte first organised a municipal govern ment, their right to do so wus txpies?ly recogniaed by the Biiti.-b Couful General for Central America, ac'iug as the agent lor the pie-ent Mosiultj King. When, however, the constitution was 'rained by them, the same 0 insul Gen arai, t'r. Jas. Green, in behalf of the British government, withheld his sanction from it, and the government organ ised under it, on the ground, as is understood, of its being too much on tbe model of the constitution of the United States. Not regarding his approving smile as essen'iai to their political eilstence, the inhabitants adopted their re publican constitution without the slightest modiflcati >n. To show how Utile consequence was attached to the British Consul General's action, I may remark that on his declining to ratify the doings of the people, he was lu fcrmcd by the gentleman whj presented the document for Ws consideration, that, tho.igh it wo dd be advisable for kim to ratily it, his refusal to do so would be or no con tinence. And so It proved. For the n-w g .vernoient went into successful operation a4 once and Its prosperity con tinned uueheckod till the time of the groat naval achieve ment which has so illustrated the annals ol Franklin Meree's administration. Mr. Webster, as Secretory of State, form i By reoogn ized'heauomalousgove roment of the town sd<i not a murmur of ilissatUtoctlon was afterwards heard from Great Brbnin. Yet. al this lime the American ?esidents, 'hough in a decided minority, were doing more than all other agencies o extend the influence of the Unit ed State* government throughout Central America, not enly by the example of I heir superior thril t and enterprise, but by means of secet *fiiliat?-d societies, of which the recognised heed whs in Pun Juan. One ot these societies, tailed "the Gsllluiypers," (the etymology of which, doubtless, expressed their independence of Mosquito sovereignly,) was at the time of the bombardment, do tog won. era in Nicaragua, and in a perfectly peaceful and fcglltaate way For tire overthrow of the e movements, hy ti c dest.notion of the 11 tie commonwealth of Grey town, the administration of Mr. I'ieroo is responsible. What is remarkable, too, is that Great Britain, notwith ?tor dii g her assumption ot the protectorate of the Mos quito shore, has not only failed to exact reparation for the onUage of Captain Holllns, but bus never been at all strenuous in prosreutirg the claims of Bri ish born ctti srus for losses by the b- inbardruent, although among the kuildh K? d> slroyed was the residence of Ibo British Cou * I over *1 ici. ih>- flsg of Her Majesty was then waving Me'- protecting folds." She has 'inly protested. How e' us see what she has done In the case of Colo nel Kinney s eie. tion as "Civil and MiU'ary Governor of San Juan del Norte and ito Territories," as the designa tion was. t should he remembered that the British tri ?ate hurydlce, of twenty-six guns was in port, while the naval force of the United Status had no representative. m> that Great Britain c mid ea-ily have thwarted Colon-l Kici.ty, and have had things her own way. On Septem ber IV Gi v. Kinney formally notified to Mr. Geddos, the Briti-h Consul tor -an Juan the formatioa of the new government, tom'eiing also his "ofiicial cooperation m upholding the public order." ? To this the reply was a formal protest, duted September T4. against Col. Klni ey's "assumption of authority' as Governor ot Greytowu, signed by Capt. Turletnn, of the harydici-. and Consul G' ddcs, in the name of theit go. verrmeut the ground of tie protest being that the said ??assun.ption" was an infringement of the right* of the Merqutto sovereign, anil in contravention of toe Clayton Balwer treaty. Accnmt.au>ing the protest was a longer commuDica toon horn Captain Tarleton to Mr. Geddes. reiterating the ?fejeeM'-n* contained in he protest, and mentioning snm-' ethers ol a less Important nature. It m?y he Interesting ta notice hat the seal on the Consul's latter displayed the Prill-h coat of arms, wi'U the word " ncdcri enth. and suriounded by the title, " 11. U. U. Agent slid Consul General. ' As Gove.nor Kinney has not laid the question before the British naval capiaiu, the lat'or's signature to the ?rotes might jiatursliy bo regarded as intrusive aud an ?Bwarranted assump.i.n of diplomatic authority, i he Cans. I himself was nnq.ly competent for the aanslaera ttou of the matter submitted to him, and uuh'S Captain Tarleton could produ.e seme spe.-ial autho.l'yfor "is prone. ings, he might bo cn-oderod guilty ot a gross offic'sl impioprie'y. tccordingly, to make bun show liis card- or ban out. as well as to avoid a tedious lUcis. ion of tlie Glaytou-Buiwer treaty and the whole question <>r M wquito sovereignly, appear to u avu b en the .bjec s ot Gsiveroor Kinney's reply, which. I am told, did net a Mtl.e gravtl his official eorreapendent*. Id that, r^p'y Sept. 16. 1855, while walling he discussion of the two objections stated in the protest, as lnsprlicnble to the subject in question, he remarks that the eih-tlrg government was "designed to be purely of a ?tevirienal or temporary character," and sras organised ! by churns who felt the need of some adequate m nici ?al oiganlxatlon for the protection of life and property; that he had acceplod the office cf Governor solely in ebrdlrnce to what he ueemed a majority or his fellow , dtkens, but should resign as soon ?s they in-icatet a wish for amore regular and constitutional establishment. ??Indeed.'' he adds. witU a sort ot diplomatic plea antry, "reg'C'irg a* I do, the necessity under which Captain Taifeton and yonr-elf leel, of protesting against the pro emit goveruiu. nt, I should, ?lth equal cheerfulness, as - nt to the loimation of an adequate or i.ltation fur the protection of the r glits or e citUecs of Greytown, by any duly em powered lepre. cnto'lve of Her Msjes'y's government; and nIuc? from the commuui :atlDn of Captain Tarleton, ?r which I have received from you a copv, It appears that be is clothed with special diplomatic powers, It would offer! me plessuie t? witness his efforis to secure the ob jects which I, In common with all good ci ixens, had in vie" In our la'e proceedings." ., Tbe rei ly "f Governor Mnney, a* I have sao orpears calculated to draw out the cards of t ? Brlti-h Consul and his nacal associate^ or, in other po ds, to disclose the ex'ent to which they were prepared to go in backing up 'he pretensions o their g' vornment In re'eren. ? to. Central America- and it had t ?i.-r.li elloct. Neither ol thnn held the trumps, proved tl.al neither of ihem was an'taoriAsd even to pi te t. and so fai as tijey wo e c .ncerned, the Ynns ' I'uvc overrun and occupied the country by thou rnr. ?, Wiihout rxieri.nrloR serious interrup'ion. The ic- uh of ln< com spond-nee was a subatontial triumph I.u tbe |? t o' KUioey. The naval hero, t iptain larle-on not ?l-hiug to Inve his fingers sny furth , fcep' Mhut. Mr. Gedces, lb" "n-ul, returned on answer ?Jed i-ept. -JO, b.c iug '1 wn as gently as he could frem the positio"s '-Ven hy Captain Ta leton and himsell ; to .he IT. est. sod o Utinh.g himself solely to the trtvo toi s rl jee'lon tbsi liaving uivenhis sancti m to a govern ment existing iriir to Kinney's, he oould n >t eou ?tstently sanericn the latter till the former was diaaolved. adding, m- reover, In substance, that he fully ooneedtd tlo ught of the people of ,.reyto?n to ?to. i their own officers, and should not Interpose any oh. ?Pardee to the popular will. In re-e .-noe t . hs govern Bictit. referred O ae al-esdy exisring wn. n Kinu?y s was foime.l. I may remark, that being irregularly organise 1 fey a few Individuals lor p. rpoam which were thought ft have reference more to private than tv public advtn'ages, H had . ied still born, o luaction and general disresuect It is thn* obvious that, on three separs'e occasion*, Gresi Briti.in has uiemorahly failed to in*int*-n her pre tensions in Central Aa ericv and that she has baete.1 down wher ever the most trtllmg rs l Uuoe has been of fered. Is I' a whit, more p obable than bef re that, al -r the abregaCon of ilie CUyh-n Buhger Trsaty ot W il li Consul Geddes and Cai tain Tarleton sttcmi.tei so absurd ?eonstrocth n, and with her band* Ml Tarfish eonfl'ct. she wl 1 seri.usiy In'erfrrewllh the eoh> nirstion of Central A.. eri-? ? If o'.t 'ha' Is the sense of the Isie war panic and the cry of Briilsh ln Central An.ericat ttAMINW. Si'1 NEWSPAPER ACCOUNTS. ITMXQTII AND EFFICIENCY OF WAI.HItu'H AHMY. [From tho 1.1 M-a agum<e, Not 10 ] Tho tfenmor wliich ar jred from Virgin Bay, on tho Ttli ln*t, Ir ought a conalderable iromulnn of Aiicl 'Aa fore# iS- nt ?U y-twn men, in two companM-i, on** ut'ltr tho eomiunrid of r?pt. 1 W. Arm* rong. Irom S?n Fran eioro *nil <he other under th<* charge of Cbpt Sw ft. fr >in tho Kinney expedition at Greytnwn. The fore** horo 1* aow folly ad>i;uale to *ny eniergen-y th*' c.en arl-a until tho arrltaj of Ho rui' ?1 earner from ?'an FrancUco, wieo It i* j?r?'ini o?l t hat tome thr**e hundred m**.i will dome flown. Agrodtlme 1* coming. tf n l trill emulate tho court* which ha? hitherto charaeterlnod tho Amed-in hrrf ** a body. United ami banno ion* theinodeei, to ah nU r*t which tnetence* t" tho nmlre min i thai ih**ra woo no two Amotii-an* *1 rarlance on any public matter, they *et ?n fi.n pie ?" Nlcar gia, w ich . ontta-t* in a whnleaome mitrnor with the frnttl-M.il horror* of tho eirll war* In wMeh th*y liaro boon ao | *ng indulging. Tfll Lint AND IXKCCTION OF TATUICK JORDAN, A MOLD1KR OF THE WALKER BATTALION?Hid LKT TEH TO BIN COMR ADNd. [From M Mcaragnense, Nor. 10.] IVrick Jordan, wb" nolle,el il a'li on the fid ln*t., wa* a na'ire of lieland. and about twenty-?ecu year* ?f ago. Ho laft behind him a wife, anil ao be believe*. ono child. Ho had mat rod in l*ot.(!on one Ceher ine Clancy, of Mary la-bone partah, In that dty. Ho had bo-n ahacnt f* .in hi* family oince 1B.M. Ha deolrod ihe puh'i<tiari of tbi* Cpe- to ro<(iie-t tho London fry??' d an*l Tim't to nutce i death a* tlioe* paper* *-e taken by ht< fa tilly. Ha farther d?*lred thai ther Won Id fire notice *o Mr. .l?fnot Jordon, hi* father, of the *amo part-n, 1/ Bring of lii* death. An* ho particn'arly ro*| a?tot that tho publisher* ?f the OrijnUrh and lit* would mention th*' I' hi* ?rife or lather, or any one dnlr au'hnrtwd lor her, wmldje >r re* pond with the puMiohor* ofthi* paper, heor >h? wmld hear of wanet.hlng V* liar a *1 tan tag* Any lotto- ondora ?d hy thoCia?h**lle prl*?t rf tho k>nn?h church. Mancheatar Bqaa/e, I/mt a will he promptly attondo-l .? iij n?. The following hi a copy of a lat ar La loft fo - hi* foil j g Mr doar boy* and comi^de* ion# rally?I faring hoea fried by a Jury of my JaU?w aoldiera and aoorlatad of tha I charge* brought against roe?though guilty of killing the boy. inoocnt of crime, as I hope '? meet my God In the world to eeme, which, thank* to Iliri divine free', in thenourol tiltmlatun lain prepare I t> uo with firm ft out ?di1 coulidi uce in hit merey e el g -odii si?I em ran-fied wnh theluue, >etl ti-d ths i i< e seutial to the preservation of peace and order, sat 'tied t at a con trary c. uree w mid ? ndenger tlie live ' o' tio wi.ole hiita licc?therefore, e* an example, 1 hope a ?i prey, fellow ormiade* yen will endeavor to aeoid a uong voureelven everything that might conduce t> Ian feeling or quarrel of any kind. In hi filling -u all Eood bye 1 would call your attention to -iv part og advice?while acting an aoldiere er re', -aerators of a couu'ry, avoid, by all mean- an iudulgeuoe in liquor?tte prime evil of our eondu it?avoid the counnl of quarrelsome or rita*a*i-Qad parlies, obey your officers, attend t j and rorre-pemt with tho dear ones at home, and before atliug let self counsel govern your onn duet, thus will you establish for youn-ulves a name and reputation, and as a precedent to tlie Inhabitants of this war-devastaUd land, fullll your mlm-ion from <!od with roan. And now, my dear boys, I thank you all f >r the Kindness I have received at yonr hands; I leave you hoping for a better future, and pray we will ail meet h- realtor in thai happy home, eternal in the heaven* Gcoc bye, PATRICK JORDAN. Not em i in 2, midnight. lie ncmi.-sed the parsons present at his execution s< mew ha* after tl e style of his letter, and died perfectly satisfied with his lot?bel eviLg In a happier 'ulure. NEWS FROM BAN JUAN DEL NORTE. [From the Central American (Col. Klnuey'e organ), No vem's-1 17 ) Ran Ji a.v i>sl Norte, Oct. 1. 1855. Col. Charles L. Whitehead has been appointed my le gally aaiborini'd agent, to act for me in the State of Geor gia ingitting g< < d, kduatilous settlers to occapy my and* in (entrul America. Any contract* with parties made by him will be condrmeu by me. H. L. KTNN'EY. On the night of the l(ith inat., a robbery of rather sin gular uutuie was committed at l'uuta treuas on *ome private individual, supposed to have beeu done by a man fiom Costa 1.1-a. On its ben g made known to the agent of the Transit Company ho deapa'ohed ono of their steam erg in pnrimit of the *hief ; being overtaken, he was brought hack to Punta Arenas for examination Further particulars not > svlng been fully ascertained, nothing mine can be said upon the matter until our next. We tare to rec-ud afistrossiug incident which occurred in our hmbor on Satur ay last, the 11th instant, which, being r.t rare occurleuco, created not a little dismay. Two young men, in tho employment of the Transit Com pany. named K. Flliot and J. W.ide, having obtained a to at from Mr. Rur*nn pilot, here, set out, during the afternoon, on a euidi g excursion; the <lay Icing a lit. le blowy, they made towards the entrant of th? harbor, whert the lea was running rather high at the tune; they not being -utiicieiitly acquainted with b at sailing, in bringing her round she got tilled and went down. El liot i hi ew to h<s ci rcnanion Wa'o. an oar. which he caught, calling upon Wade as he did so to swim. Tliey bad not prrcei ded *?r when Wade looked around for his uompw 1 n, hut of him he could not seo anything but his cap. His body lias not as yet been found. ADVERTISEMENTS IN GENERAL WALKER'S OFFICIAL ORGAN. Willfiim I/iunshury requests his 'rlends in New York and ban Francisco to correspond wi'h him. He Is now in (iianuda, serving uncer Gen. Walker. By the O mmi-saiy of War, a good baker, to do the baking for ihe troops staiioned in Gruuuda, to whom tho best ol WSgM will be glren. Ten good men can oh ain constant employment by ninklr g application at the office of the Commissary of War, situated in the government house, on the l'laza Granda. Mechanics prefer,ed. By the Commissary of War, for the use of the troops, rle?, sugar and tobacco. Dealers In Virgin Bay will please take notice that for articles oi a superior quality the highest market prices will be paid. Wanted ?Fix good co ks can obtain constant employ ment by making application at tlie office of tho Commit sary oi War, bets-con the hours of 0 A. M. and 4 P. M. Tho e having corn ami s.icate will find a ready sale for the same by applying to Mr. Chainorro, the provider general for the cavalry, on the l'lasa, Granada. DIED. In -an Juan, on the 2d mat., J. Grumlink, native of Germany. He was attacked with dyscn'ery and fevor, having been first attacked with cholera at Vi.gln Ray. On the 4th Inst., A. Carr, native of Denmark, of gen eral debl.ity. Additional from California. REPRESENTATION IN CONGRESS. [From the run Francisco Herald, Oct. 21.] Forre time ago, in order to secu>e a proper representa tion in the hulls of the national Congress, the project for the formation of leveral nc-v States on those shores was openly and freely discussed. The vast country lying | wist of the Rocky Mouutuins, composed of Utah, Wash ington and Oregon Territories, and *he State of Califor nia, is at pre.-eut represented by two Senators, two mem bers of Congress, and three Relegates without the right to vote. Such a representation is by no mesas adequate to sccuro for us tfiut weight, in the national councils to whiih we are most certainly entitled. The smsllness of the representation allowed to the State of California is particularly most unjust. The recent election demon strated the fact that there aie on'y tea States of tne Vnicn out tf tho thirty -ono ihat poll n larger vote than we do, snd that if the same ratio of re presentation prevailed hero as in the Srutliern States, we would be entitled to no less than ten leprerentatives to Congress, or eight, according to the ratio oi represen'atfi u in tlie Northern States, it is eerteiuly by uo means flattering to our vaniiy that, it ehould require fitly tiiou-ant Vo'ers in the Btate of C*li huoii to elect a lopre-rntativo to Congress, wulle the same piiv.h go is accorded to i v> <y ten thousand voters in the Southern S*:?t? s, and e* ery twelve thousand In the Northern Blstes. H is to be bopou that those facts will be laid befote CV ngre-s at its ndxt session, and that no ofToriu wid be spend to secure fhr us that to which in jo-tire we are eo*i'ird. It will not do to trilie always with the people of this coast, fliere is a point at which patience reason to be a virtue. At tho present time we aie denied a pri per represm'atl n in Congress?we are romp* III d to | ay three linn s more postage than the citi rens of any of the other Bintes of the l.'nion, though w ? are within tlie thiee thou- ai d mites prescribed in the rules <-f *he I'ost Office Depar-tmrn*, and. nhouId therefore lie called upon to pay hut three renin upon every letter. We have no geographical connection with the Kant?wo are com pletely l-o ati d from the rest of the Union, and in case of danger fioni without would have t > depend upon our own right aims for protection. We are, it is true, united to the people of the ia-t by ties of nlood; but if measures be not adopted to^bring us into closer communication with our f-ii-ter States hy means of a railroad which would have probably been c mn.en-ed before now hut fir tl.e obstacles thrown lu the war by the present mineral and narrow-minded administration, these ties will be come weaker cay hy nay till they are finally enapded. The ties of consanguinity are, however, very strong. It requires a violent Mugging Ito sever them,'but the c rodent dropping will drill n nole through the hardest rock, and though the-e ligaments of relationship may riniain unimpatred in our time, it i* hy no means certain they will retain their strength la coming generation*. RAN FRANC1RCO AR A WHALINU FORT. [From the Ran Francisco Herald, Oct. The tecont arrival 01 two wha.erx at our port, and the fitting out and departure of two others, have again at trac ed attention to tie Importance of adopting measures to make this the depot of the whaling licet. Questions like this, vitally alfec'ing our pronpe,lty, are discussed with ardor for a while by our excita de people, nu 1 are ihen suffered to rink into oblivion. It should hebirne in mlud that n? great pr.Ject has ever been carried into elfect without agitation. It waa by persevering agitation that the syaiem of penny postage was adopted in fJreai Dritstn?the Corn laws repealed?toe Reform bill and tte hmanclpathn bill passed. 1 was hy ceaseless agnation thai the set a1 ation of tlie federal government from all c mcctton ei'h rn'ten banks was effected' that a pro hibitory ?aritf was aii. Hshe* and tlie system nf oomtxtre tive five tiode adopted. 1st not oar citizens tberefoie oe dincnuisged because they do not secure at once the realisation of the minr gieat projects that have twee started for thc-lr advancement. The Overlaid Wsgon Koad, the I'acific Railroad, the Rhanghae lino of steamers, the rapid lntlux nf po| uTailon, ntid the drawing hither > f the great whaling fler t of the Vadfte, will all come in time. But we must, hot rest supine became our first ell' rts are uusuccosrf.il. Constant drip tngs will wear away ttot e. If we Keep o.ir grlevHt.ctH betom Congress- by ince sant reminders, we si,all at last extort a tardy justice. If *s tali u it to uiro upon those iiilero-ied' in t'i? whaling business the advan'egi" o< our port a- a haven for reilt'tng, obtatnirg snppdles, and t-an-bipplng ttirir nil and bone ve shall in time rar'y c. n>ictt r to their minds and influence them hy thai potent lever, s- If :ntc e.r, to aceopt our invita tion. It Is tow sottlec Is-yond dispute that whalers can be fitted out in this port for Utile more than It costs In New Bedford. We hnve kn wn instance-. In whi -U the eX|er-e was cotirlderaoly less. let our legislators de vote their at etitlon to t id- siipj'ct at the approaching session, and re'-iheir wits to w >i k to devin. measures th.it will biing 'he lleei here. Make ihe e .st of a liett he e as an ull as at iloni lulu and they most come here. It is suicidal to ,et*ln restrictions, l?r the sate o' a small ra leni.e. thstdilve oif business whien would ue Worth mil lions uf dollnra annnal'y to our eilizen ? THK AFFAIItS OF PAN FRANOIROO. [Kn m the Tithes and I'tstisrript Nov. V] Tl>e condition of Ran Francl co. as repaid bo:h city and county, bar never t-ecn so deplorable as it |s at preen*, and this, too sliils' It must be admitted that no other city snd county In the l'ulon p-esses greater resource*, or are In the rt ceipt of a more pr ncely revenue This c. million < f binge hae brrn b ought atiout by that sputt of est.rai.igan e which Is cluv-actcrlstle of Calif'rnta, cvu| led ?iih gross misman .gemen*. hi some ef the de. pa'tmenta of g- vernnient, '?> wlitli msy he ad lei many mjurions ant unjust decisions of our (Viurls Indeed in looking ever our past history. It would seem that but two objects, In Ihr insm, ee'uatcd our inuaioical otfi cial-, the sieudi- g of 'be public funds and th* acc imu del' * " " " latioD of a public d<bt; whilst on the pa t of ihe -lu-li cisry, whatever might have been the intention, the re sultof the dcci'i'-ns rendered lias been to divest the rlty of her property without anv equivalent, snd to leave ltprn her an incubns of debt wfilch baa virtually suspend ed the functions of gcvernment. The i nly coneulatlon lef us is the knowledge that we 1 ave at l< ngih a municipal organization whose Inten tions a*nan|fe>ted by their acta, a e absolutely good; anc who, if ihry may be unaule to accomplish much will still arrest ti e evil at its present stage It Is a console ration Inner,1 to know that not one act of our present government has lie, n cbarae'erlwd by extravagsn -e, wt.ilst sll aie lending tnwmds reform and retrenjhment. Ptlll Is otir government almost powerless, hampered as It Is with old debts, and exhausted credit, an empty treasury, a docket loll nf Judgments an 1 a most restric tive charter. To consul this state of afTurs, we may. to imme extent, rely upon < nr municipal governm?ut, but our chief dependence must be upon the next legisla ture and npon the memoe-n elect, we call to ob-arvu well the progress of affairs in order that they mar not < nly act promptly, hut Jwt-ely, the approaching evasion. Supreme Court. The Court have named Messrs Chan. A. Teatovdy, Wm. II. Iaonard and John Fowler, Jr., as examiners i( can didatva Cor admission to the bnr est Monday, Deo, I. Tkt Bo and Dm*. OPIKIOMH OP TBI PKBNOB rUM. [From 'he Baya, No*. 7J Denmark. with a view to solve the dim mlty relative to the Found does, aud perhaps also io the hope of grouping around us special inereata part of the Europeau Stales, has convoked the differwut Powers whom the question In terests to a ooufereao*, the day for which is now not far dial cut. Will this measure, on the efficacy of which the lanlsh government seems to have seriously counted, leao to a defluliiv a- lutlort We doubt it. IV. I..J ? ? 1V , ? ' "???uuoor neuouottt. by the aSe"of ' f th* luestion are cre?>ed .>__e ?f tbe United ctatee. The different com uuiru ."uim. ine different com mwrcial Powers have In geueral shown themselves de posed to reply to the appeal o Denmark; but the govern ment of the Union appears resolved uot to lisien to any conciliatory propoel-ton. We are assured that it has re plied to the project of a eoulerenco only by re affirming Its retfumlnation to consider all the existing treaties at ol no value, and to enter, wi-hnut payment of the toll, the waters of ibe Battle, as soon as the new year sets in. What aggiaraies this rest.Union is the tact that it seems to conceal on the part of the Uaited States another ovject than the principle ot the liberty ot 'he seas, which is the piatext for it, or even the material interests ol Ameiicaa commerce. Ihe right is evidently against the United States. An mmeoioi isl possession .1s.es back the urln iple of the Sound dues lar beyond the treaty of 182tl, con duded do tw< ?n the Aninicsn Union ami Denmark. That treaty itself was an acknowledgment and oou?eeration of it. The>e is no reason to d< uj log to-d?y a pit ciple which the Union itself admitted marly thirty years ago. As to the pec utsry inte enl of the U idled Suites in the matter, the table which we published In oar last aorres pcnrence trim Copenhagen proves how email and insig nificant it is. In thiee years the American taartne paid to Detrrark only 4 ?00 t unce whilst io the sauie space ol ime llie great European Hates have each paid toll to tic amount ot neariy 'AO IKjO francs. In the Sound question, as in many others, the gavern mentof the I nited States only tacks an opportunity 01 definitively mixing itself up with the allairs ot Europe and ol oiiginatu g a conllic'. on which iwenns strangely and obstinately lent. We str< ngly suspect It of wishing to procure at any pi ice, per fa* and nrjat, an ielaml in the Baltic, us it ha4 often tiled to acquire one In the Meiiterranean. The pi licy of the Unmu, cireetod for so many years to wards the adventurous Invasion of the ?h' le of the New World, now easts hack a lousing eye to words the Old C into nint. All i hose lost children of ancient Buro|te who hav> quitted their native soli under the pressure of misfortune, or with the arnbt ion ot enriching themselves, now be come wealthy bui still pm venues, would gladly return to their owu countries. Ihe g> ahead, so energetically pronounced by Brother J u.than, is no longer addressed to the vast praiiles unit the virgiu fjr-rsts of America ?It throws town t: e gauntlet to ancient eivi izatiou and "o ropcen uatii unities; every timo that an opportunity curs this tendency betrays itself?this policy makes tuel evident. We i hull have later to enter more deeply ioto the coo sequences of such a system, and the complication to wbtcli it inay give rise. For the pre-un. we routine oar reives to show the tact of its existence. His no'., how ever, as dangerous as It. would wish to appear. Our reader may have scea yesterday in our columns the curltu ststislical statement which we published of the "i lary niailne of the Union, taken trom an ottiiiU! document. A 1' wer which has only to second i's itggrettive pretensions two vessels of the line, and those in rattier a ricketty sts e, does not menace with large risks the salcty of tuber nations, l'he ex citipoents which fanu toil |turUcs in the United S'ste ?oroenl and keep up against Entope will Nuooer or lute, subside, lick ire tlie con ctcusness of the real strength ol their country, and the common sense if governments, nnd of men of serious impulses. It will be only anothci iliust.alien of Ihe pri verb "Much Ado About Nothing But ihio vaporing is riot the less regret* ile, anl it is to the pressuie which it exeicisa-. on he Cabinet at Wash iugten that we must attribute the attitude taken by America on the subject of the Found dues. However this may be, the ahstcn'ion of the United States and tlie dipl--rna'tc Impossibility of uniting in conference Russia and the Western Bowers, roude. almost impossible, at least officially, a solution of the question propounded by Denmark to the ditTernut Mates interested. This state ot things is very much to l>e lamented. We should be glad to see terminate amicably so sorious a difl culfy, sod we are convinced that to such a con clusion neither obstacles nor opposition will ever be of t red by France. What we do foresee, In any case, la, that, In theemver eations which, in di-fuull of the official iron lure ace, will tske place at Co|>en'Qng.'n, the question will bi trea'cd as an essentially European one, be cause it involves the situation ami late of a European Mute, the navigation of an internal sea of Europe and the interests ot the major By of the grca nations of the ancient continent. Under all these titles it is for the European Mates to regulate the question, as it li import ant to thvir Inter eta to avert the peills with which the ex cesses of ambition menace, on this particular ground, the repose and equilibrium of European society. [From the Uonatita'innuel, Nov. 2.] Unfortunately, in this world the simplest Ideas, al wsjs encumbered by a multitude of considerations and int? rests, aie those which have the most difficulty in making their way; and not withstanding the rather brutal effort of the United Mate, to Cat tire g rdian knot of the hound question, this eternal subject of dispute will soou become more involved than ever. If it ia true that Den mark m cresses l e. self exclusive to the I'owers possessing tl e coasts of the Baltic?Russia, Prus:ia. .-'weden. Meek Unbuig anil Lubeck?and hopes by th. lr aid alone to ter mil ate her dillrren. es wr-h the United Mates. The fol lowing is the infer matou which we have lately received on the sol jeo :?? Up to the pie-<nt Hu e the Sound dues have always be# n levied at the u ou h i f ibo strait. For tbis pur pose slips ere ohllgid to anchor before Kro-oberg. This cj eiation is not performed wi'hout peril to the ship, or silhout prrjudici to the owuvrs of the cargo. There rale's in Ihe eltslt a rapid current which strains greatly vessels at anchor. The ai chore go is the more difficult fr< m the fact that the narrow pa-sag? of the Sound is always encumbeied with vessel- which rapidly succeed each other. On 'he oihtr hand, the regulation of the accounts, and the documents to he pas-ed through tne custom house, occasion a loss of time, which greatly de lays the vessel. It sometimes occurs that the wind changes during this di-Uy, and berorae* unfavorable. The voyage is prolonged, the captain arrives too late at bis dc istiuatlon, i nd the ra culatious ol the owners of the caigo are entirely defeated. 1 cn mark tit sires to make c ncessions on these points to the just represent?tl..ns of commerce. According to the rumors which are current, she would consent to save vessels the dur.gers a d delays caused by their nnchnruge, and puym-nt of tlie toll In the strait. She would transport her receiving officers to the Baltic ports. Henceforth vessels would have nulling to jay during the passage of the Found, but all n-e: chandise disembarked iu uny of the Baltic ports would be liable to the Danish government f-.r a toll on 'his same pas-nee, and the captains would he hell bound to acquit 'bene dues iu o the bands of the agents win ni Dt-nn ark would keep un tne spot. Iu the a ami way., the vessels belonging to and i-sulog from these porta, to cross the Ft rait wou'd have to pay the toll to ibe seme spent-. If tbc-o statements are correct, they afford a fic-h oc casion for us to ui'.miie the dlplomati-: skill which hn never ceased to Vw v- ' 1 never ceased to be employed by the Danish goveroment'in c^U'ei"*/T'und du,-"> which form toe moat ^ uum, w iainrm tiifmiu: considerable portion of the levenues ot ihe kingdom. A sect ndary Mate, surrounded by Bowers of the first order which all have an In'ereet iu the suppress on of ?.hl? Im post, she has succ* eded for a long set les of years, with Consummate address, in pievenitng them from coming to any lllldcmtnniliriiron ibo-..ol.-. *i-i-> 'hese tolls* ZZSrZrl<? ... ........111 p-s-se-sion ol 'hese 'oils. I russia. her near neighbor, has never bee the last to cry out against them, and England has also made her powerful Voire beard, but Denmark, to tho ere dit <-f l.er diplomacy, has always dra-vn tlie toll safe and sound from th- claws of these I wo g eat Fta'ea. Tlie United Ftates ?i:l probably gel nothing more out rf the n atter than the pleasuie of making a noise and frankly wr do not regret It; for this Yankee manner ol falling on a delicate question which touches a thousand different interests, and ot cut ing in-ougii t* without con sulting any one, is not amongst those which w? like t see succeed. Such a mode of proceeding would spoil the best cau#e. Another Hcrllnn a f lh? Irish Kmlgrautt At<l Soiltly i;f Ni ni<rk. S'roni th>' Kcwurk Mercury, Nov. '.28.] ! inlfris:*?t An) Society hell another meeting last rvmliig. at I iberty Hall. In *mlh Canal a reeit Som. throe or Tour humlied persons were present, and tne pro eeedtngs acre charaete i?ed throughout hy great entbu siasm. The meetiug Ning organized, Cnpt. l.yons, oi New York, War introducer! hy ihu chairman, and pro ceeded to *| cik at length, explaining the ohjsele of 'h n'lariraiion, counselling onion and harmony, jet. He raid it was impo'i-ltde tot to roe that, in the presont complicated eoiinith n of^ affairs in Europe, an excellent onportunitj <? afforded for Ireland to make one more at f rt tor freedom. Ivery thing favo*a an attempt to break the bondage whtsh now crushes her jeuple. Even 'lie masses of England would rejoice at n revolutior In Ire land, and would not hi -itatu to lake the tl'ld agtlnn the government. They have gt own tire,| of ihe tyranny of tlie ariatocratic classes, and 1 rig fur mine opportu nity 1o at.ike di wn the ? ppres-or, In piooi of tuo <11* afteciion of the lowtr cl?n?? in England, tho sje'uker relirred io the recent bread riots In i/orn'on, which he raid, were inBnlteiy more serious than reported hy the government newspapers. Thr government, ho vtde*f. dare tint attempt to rupprer* these itiaturhauci-e hy phyri cal force, tor that mono nt a revolution woind break out In London which wonli convulse the wh >le KingVtm. As to the ohject <if the Fmlg'ant Al I shirty, he raid it war r imply to organize and concentrate that portion of the Irish population in Oil* cour try who are willing, when the time cotnee, to do wh it they can lor the couutry of their 'eti.er's graves. There are rl e*dy organisations in all the principal elides of the i'nii-n, and the movement

Ir rapidly rpieaoirrg to the lown-i and village*. On Tues day io x , the ?th of locemher, a general convention of delogaler fr< m all parta of the eoontry will h? held in New Yoik, and at this It Is expected that Rome mire definite p an of oprera lonr thaD a' jiresent exists wl 1 be agrred up-n. Ihe speaker Raid (hat of c iiirre much that ?ii dene in the general ertvention would h? kepi secret, but rufi cirtit would he made known to guide the delibera tion* end action of the subordinate societies thr oughout the country. He then passed to a vindication of the propriety of theee orgaiiitailon', arguing that lliey were not Incon sistent with the doty and obligations Iri-hnien owed to ? hie country, and concluded hy calling upon all '.me Irishmen who desire to s?e Inlaid f.ee, to unite with the Aid *-ceicty now being formed. The fhaiiruan ot the meeilng then sta'el that an op portuni'y would be afforded to all who i?slred to connect thitnrelvee with the Society, and quit* a number went 0 rward and attached their nims> to the papers. The n eetlng ihen, after * roe iriegnlar remarks from various individuals adj' tuned We underatand 'hat the Soeiety. which wa? stated at the mewling held n? Modday evening of last week, al reedy number* some of our leading (ihh rltlrens among its niemlers, and secessions to It* ranks are beln.- ? n stently made, rcinirthutton* of mouey are ?ot t ked firm members, except for defraying temporary expense*, and the enrollment < f members t* donktires, more rapid oncer there rirrum dances than it woald be If moner were sskrd In large stcnin's for liberating purposes, ft le expected that n^etlnge will he held regularly hereafter njpui rcHMnj deceive i# aecompUghed. Out Icbruka Omw?P?i4 Omaha CStt, M. T., The Cenmil of JNtbrmka?PoU iooi Jfoow Intnfm nrc and IntrrmeMUng?Bleoiim I ra.'ha?Abundance of Candidate*?Another light ttnlh Ike Indian*?General Ac*#, Ac. For tome toe pact 1 have neglected my doty to the IIehalu end its readers in sending ne ?? of general interest Aim this ier off lend. The sensus of Nebraska, ootu pluted some weeks since, nnder the supervision of J. W. I'ettison, Esq., Deputy U. 8. Martha), shorn a population in the TeniWry of 4,661; out of this deducting fl'ty f ruud on the half-breed tract in Richardson county, leaves a cor rect population of 4,601. In this population there are 1,610 white males upwards of 21 years of age, 182 white males between 16 and 21, 964 males under 16; 91T females over 16; 922 females under 16; 6 slaves, one free colored and oue not yet naturalized. The basis of represents ticn fer the House (the Council hold their seats over from last year) was 56The south of the Tlatte, ac coiclng to Ihe census, is entitled to fifteen members to the Home, and the north of the Platte to but eleven (quite a difference fr< in the arrange incut last fail.) In the oitier of courtiea?1 ep ak of (licit rank iu number of qualified voters?Ih u^la* couuly stands Hist, Ottos n un'y rec"iid, Case county third, KJcbardsin county fuuith, Washington c-uiity fif.h, Dodge county sixth, I awnee comity seventh, Due .tab county eighth, an i Dun county ninth. Ihe election! for a member of Congress, Territorial ufl.ctie, members of the Assembly and county ollloors. occurred on the Cth lost. A few weeks prior to the elec tion -'Ihe mirth and fun grew laKNaud furious" No lees than six aspirants presented theuiscdses ai candidates for Congress. Get. J. M. lhayer ess by far the niustpriuii nent, aod would have been elected wt h ut a doubt. A '?? works piior to ihe election he allowed tilmself to go into a meagre convention of the citizens of Douglas county, und ill ougl) the means of a m?t named B. D. Chapman be aat by a lew votes defeated, and would not ? Dow his nnme to again appear in the canvass. Mr v hspusn is the Inoividusl woo last fall inigiaid from jhiu to tl is county to ruu for Congress, was beateu and wm* home again. About a month rehire the cleftion he again presei ini himself, and ugutu appeared on 'he track I p to the time I now unite Die result of the election in this case is not kn >wn. Mr. H. 1*. Bennett, a whig, re ported to be a Knew Nothing is bis nppcuont, and I think doubtless elected. For the Home ever} couuty bad about one thiid ot its q>.stilled voters as aspi.an'* and the re mainder wantedsomeoftberemaining olltces. A st anger need not go astray in c oning hither, to attach tue title ot "squite"or tume other handle to almost any one lie meet* now. Tbe lu'eramddiiiig of tlie Kxocu'ive in nu e ecttons, both on the ros'iumand in snci?1 aod genera tree fugs i-u subject ot almost universal condemnation t-ecie'aiv < umiug w as not bchtod liaud wo a his iatrtg-i ing. What a goetrnd it would be if the President woulo make it a duly incumbent upon '.heir olficers in the Terri tory t i 'mind their own business." the people w >ul be ifJciced. Governor '/ard is becoming quite uopopu Isr, 1 find, amongst the bone and si' ew of the land. 1 S'n o future letter I purpose reviewing, iu an unbiassed I manner, his oflicial course. A lew days siuoo r ewa reached Sargent's Til off?soim lib miles north of this?of another tlgnt between til'' ' Failed Maf. s troops under lienors 1 Harney, snd 'be .Sioux lnc ans, at or near the Black lliils, sotue *60 miles to tli I ot hwest of this. Alwul 160 Indian- a. e reported kille and >etne 60 or 60 taken prisoners. But few f the Iro q were killed. Ti e Indians lit the upper country are qui alaimed at the wild waking up the " Mad Bear" (Gen Harney) fs giving the tioux. lie Is admirably calculated for ti ls frontier setvice. The United K'ates Courts in the several districts of th Territory ate now following in succession. A few cave. of stealing limber frooi the unsuiveyed land* of the fer litory, have been taken cognizanne of. 1 lie cue ol iieury for the murder nl'Hollieter, in a claimclfliculty, o 'tnw U| ?gain before a special term of Judge Ferguson's court, a this j lacr, tn about three weeks. The winter promises to be mild?vet many settlers, I fear, in the remote scttlemi nts, where not much crops were raised, wi 1 fare haid duilug the wiu'er months The Legislature of Neb: asks convenes here on the 1-'.h o next month. Questions of considrrab'o importance wil he brought up, and there is strong hv pes exis'ing on thi part of a majority of the people ihat the capital will be removed from here duiing the coming sessl in. If ilien is but half a chance to stir It, It will certainly be m oved. In tbe course of a few weeks I propose preparing foi th? Hlraid's readers a general ar.d particular ao-e.ip i >i of the coao'lea and town sites of Neb>a*ka?their orgaul rati' n, prospects, Ac., Ac. INK. Omaha Crrr, N. T., Nov. 13,1865. Cingrmicttal Eltditn in KtLraska?Farm. Work?Generaj Actor, rfc., ite. I understand from the general result of tbe Territory, red that from a icliable source, that ?lilram P. Bennett IV q., of Nebraska city, a whig, is elected to Congress from Nebraska, by a majority of about eleven votes. I have no doubt of his election, but from the influences ant in tiigues that may 1m brought to bear upon the (ins! re sult, in ttils executive section, be may not recetv his oertiflcafe. A man by the name < f Bird B. Caapman is liis opponent for the distinguished pos*. The news of Gemral Harney's second battle is eon finrra. 'ibe number of f-'ioux Indians killed is la-ge than my | revious letter represented. Fe?r ol a removal of the cardial ot Neb-aeka, i- pushing along tbe work It the people could only speak i. would be moved ?y a larg mejoiity. Our oflicial'are hecomlng unpopular?pirn rularly that p< rtlon of them c nflncd 1o Die State House This winter, 1 tear, will rake tbtm up wildly. lii.il Our New Haven Correspondence. New Haven, Nov. 24, 1855. A Catholic Print Pined for the Kxe.rcve of Hi* Ministry? Fini^ilar Deeteion? Connecticut Ignoring the Constitution Guaranteeing Liberty of Com ru-rice to AU Denomin / fiosu, <fc. Great excitement exists here regarding a fine of om bundled and fifty d> liars and costs of Court, asses-ovd on the Dev. Mr. O'Keil, a Catholic prie-t, for administering the rites of religion to a dying woman, at her own re prated request, and the implied permission of her bus band, who was a Protestaut. Tbe drc'elon was gi.en on Thursday, the 22d ins: in the Superior Court in this city, Judge Waldo presiding The courrel for the plaintiff we:e the Mayor of this ci > Judge Pitchman, and Mr. B'.el; and for the defence ot He pi list. K. J. lngeraoil and J. W. Web?ter. in this ca-e the pidest was lined the above sum fo- od n iuipt' i ing the rites of teligion to a Vlr?. Blakesly, w.to was always a Catholic, aud descended of Catholic a ?eos tors. At her oying hmir she vout for the Catholic priest V hen he came, ber husband, a Protestaut, intimnmd t the priest that he was not wanted. The prleit replied h bad been sent for, and ashen Mm. Dlakesly if the in? tage he teceived was fmm her 8he avid yes. The li ? hand then made no I'm i her objections, but, at the pries. . request, lett the room while his wife's confession ?o being heard. Yet for doitg this, and performing otli rltea usual on such occasions, the afore-nid penalty ha been imposed. Oh. t-mpora ! oh. more*! in this land preiuti od toleration, whe e the rights and Ubenies ? ri>DM lenco we>e supposi d to have found a secure asylum. < sx.not a f hiistian have the rite a and c nsola ions of re ligion adn ini-feted to her, if a l>igote<i and tyrannical bos.sand intimates his dl?pleasme or oh (Vises tn inter rupt the final preparation of a dying wile, going betni-e her 6'i.voreign Jn get Is ihe priest who per'nrms tbi n inistiy ot i.enoe and c< nsolation. with the Itiq iici oou a? nt of her husband, to be thus heavily mulcted? At least mi says our Superior Court of Connecticut. And n?t only this: but the Judge afllimcd that he had doubt and never bad but the priest could be obliged divulge the srcieta of <onf< s-ion. it It. ?ere pertinent m tlie ease hefoie the Cour', Gentlemen versed In l.i i know how oifferent neve been Die riecl-ions of eminent judges in t> is c untry. snd even In l'.nglaud, jefore t: lepeal of her pensl code. To heanre, the Jiu'ge, in giving his de -Dion, aoknow ieoged tbst' the priest uid uo iDD-ntional wrung," ye ? ?sided tlie sis ve damsges. Had rhe riicnmstarces been rever?e<l? had a Prutes' ant rlergymsn a'tendeit the l*r testant wife of a Cath ' hiishann in tbe same circumstance?would the neci-nuu fie legarded as a Just on?V i*t the Protestant as well a the f'nthriir. conimimity 1i ok st this deel-ion. with >u pn Jin ice It. affects all Cbri. tixn denomications. The picsent de< ision may fs- assumed as a precedent In do mdif g similar cats for all denominations, in ignoring that article of the constitution guarnn teeing the free exer else of leligi/n to every Individual. JUSTICE TO ALT*. Chimb im New Oklhanh?A semi-annual ret g of criminal eta isllca as made by tha Chief of Polo s tlie Mayor, shows tne following to'al :?Arrested for a pi n. 18 males, 6 femalai-; for as"ai.l'e wi'h Intent to m-i' der. 76 males. 10 lamales; for a sault aod battery, j males. 168 female*; ssiaulta with deadly wcvpnna 70 males, 9 lenialee. bleach of the peace, 684 melee, ;i88 fe nu-les. breach of tl net 64 males, U females; bnrgl iry, 1., males 2 females; carrying concealed ?ew|sina. 4. males ? fen-ales; dansereus and snspid-ius i-ers-ins, 266 males 9 Is males; fighting. 187 males, 47 females; forgery, 6 males; fraud 4 males; highway robbery, 9 males, in eel ity, 1.8 males, 17 fi males; drnnksnness and 'tiaturb snces, 1.640 males. 18:- femalss; larceny. 448 mah-s, 128 females; maybem. 6 mules, 1 female; mumer, 8 mules; htaioii g goods under fnDe pre:enres, .*13 ma'-s, 2 fe males; |is*lng ronnter'eit m--ney, 7 in ilss; pe-Ju-v, IV mules; picking pockets. 13 nalea; poisoning. 1 male 3 females; robbery. 44 males, 6 females; removing sti . a gnids, :8 males, 11 fpmalsa; stabbing. : 17 males, 2 fe nslea; swindling. 69 males, 1 female; vagrants. 1,322 n a'ee. 176 females. Total arrests 8,k69 males, 2 279 fe. n-a'es. The report commences with May and ends yith October. A S*ai.l Bit of Romano* with a Larok Ru> l r? RFAirw?A few week* aince there ?iw llrhnr in tie gi odly city of 1'hiladeli hie two couple a* happy Mid her n.onh n* a? the en-rage ,,f theeonaandoaugliti-raof Adam ard Ire 1'lchard Crow end Film Crime, end Jami-e William* end l ie wife. In ?" pllent linar," bnwerer, Mr Wtlllemr pereneded Mre. Cro** thet e Joirney to the V ffi wiMild he healthy, end they eh<ped acd eloped, nr.et irking 'be piecautlon neeeeeeryto ell trareller* of gather lip <ogether each l"??e change ee cool! be found teedlly, romiwhat to the dl?edrentege of Mr. Cro-e. Of tl elr trerele we need ray nothing? a- we know nothing ?rate thai they rafe'y atThed iu thieelty, ami eoon p-ir rheeed the hotel of Mr. Hanrnn. at corner of Huron and Main etreete, end paid therfore the Kiim of gl.Mht. They *i i k poerceelon. had good inceeee, and were enj'-ylng ' free lore''t nin< le-ted. Ann thle ie the mmance. The rea lty ie thty weie both arreeted and eent to jail laet Saturday. 'Ihe ranee < f thi* Inte-ruptlon of the romance Ie thu* ex plained:?Fie-n after the lotlngeonple aheronded from 11 lladtlt hlr, the Marshal of that city rent a letter to our kiayi-r. blntlrg 'ha* the par lee mlpbt he found In thl? r|ty. <?nr Chief of l'< lice, aaafrted by policeman Oarltc.k, after ernrldeiable tearch, tonnd the unauepectlnw guilty r.nee. end Immediately rent e tnereage to Philad-Ti.hU ? The hnibend < f the runaway wife name on. Identified hta at otoe, got ont e warrant, and the trareUiwa are ao* In Jail, <n a charge of adnltery. The end ol the reality li get yet fPunmnn, ?. 19. cf Hi, I Uja'ti?Orga ) rmntativf.'?a Clerk /rum Virginia, m The political cauldron in this good old Si >, the very paradise of politician*, is at 213 1'ahrenheit, and so pros pect of a lower temperature for week* to come. Yon are aware that among the moet prominent candidate* for the succession, are Hunter and Wise ; bat leaving tUU out of tie quest-on, the subject of electing a Senator is impor tant enough to excite all the attention and awaken all the machiavelism of the pipe-laying and wire-pulling community. In Virginia, a* in New York, there are several per sonal divisions of parties ; and while on matter* of prin ciple they all unite under the banner of their political faith, It becomes the most Kilkenuy-lnh of cat tight* when plunder or patronage Is in question. At preseut we have the Smith men somewhat, nettled, both at the < < nduct of their leader and at the oold shoulder he verv demurely received during the late canvis*, on account of Ms doubling" and twisting*. Then there are the Leake men, disappointed at the nomination of Wl-e in the Haunton convention over their favortte, and clam irous for a mbt.tai.ttal equivalent for th> ir support of the nomi nee in the canvas*. Next cornea the Floyd men, parti sans of the ex-Governer & Co., mighty In the Sou fi nest, and aliil smarting under the recollect on of certain proieeoings rix years ago, wherehy Mr. Mason ovalued ho 1-ena'or-hip. And so ther go, quite after the fashion t your ldcki nsonitea and tewardite." and Maroeyites in he hni| lie 8 a e. From some one of these parties a re put ha* originated 'hut Mr. Mason will decline a re election to the Uni'ed Stales Penaie ; and effoits a-e ma'e to have it exten sively circulated and believed ; but nothing can tie tur t> er fr< m the truth. Mr. Mae on would be plea?ed at a re election, and lam not awnre of a better man for the plaoe in the whole South, lie is a reliable, pure, consist ent statesman, of the stripe just now becoming rather tear re, and therefore all the more to be oherished wh"n found. The Knew Nothing* have no hope* in connect m wilh this subjects their strength beiDg comide a*ly under e*entlie whig ininoiity of the preceding Legi-la turc; but, in case of a stubborn rmrutr. between he dlvi -tor* of the democracy they may unite on F.xtra -tilly .Miiilb, who would not attack them (that is the phrase) in late canvass, and " run him in." The contest for the speakership iu the House of Delo gates of the Siste sill be between Floyd and the last in ciubcnt?CiutchQeli ?and promise* to be qui'e warm We lire so close to Washington 'hit the doings and say ings of the na'ional cspt'al are felt and heard almost as soon here as there. The row over the speaker-hip ot tbe Hi use will lie racy, and will cat the country many a thousand in the si ave of pay for idld days. The Clerkship is no lr-s a subji ct of speculation, a* Forney nmy be fairly said to have lo*t hi* thro' o by abdi cation. Rumor I a* it. that he 1* n?t altogether on a* gei d teims with " the powers" ns he oice -.va", hi* per sonal pielerence leading him to bark tho !'enn*> Iv.ini t rsg for he sweeps*ake- o' 1860. In connection with t.Uis place the name ot Mr. A. I). Panks, of the South .file Democrat, at Petersburg, Is mentioned. He W"Uid be voted for. probably, hy die entire Virginia delegation ex cept Cuills.'e, the Know Nothing member, and wmld c remand, cn this account, a rcspeetabl* support In the South, The Nebraska men of tho North inu-t unite with the South in tbe organization of the House, or nothing can be effected. RANDOLPH. Richmond. Va., Nov. 20,1855. John Minor Botta and our Richmond Corrtapon dent?The Richmond Diapatch and the Irish Movement, tpc., tpc. In your paper of Sunday morning, which I have just received,1 find aletter from Mr. J.M.Botta, ani madverting pretty severely upon my remarks rela tive to his aspirations for Mr. Mason's seat in the United States Senate. He denies in umnistakoable terms his purpose to bo a candidate for that office, ji.st us he did indirectly with reference to other pub lic offices in the gift of the people of Virginia, while, us is well known, every effort of his friends was di rected to the accomplishment of the very ends which Le himself feigned to disregard. If your corres pondent had spoken of him in a like connection with reference to the office of Governor of this State, member of Congress for this district, or even mem ber of the Legislature, certain it is that he would have manifested the same disregard, have uttered the same denials, while his public actions were shaped with particular reference to these positions. Whether or not this is so with respect to the posi tion of United States Senator remains to Le seen when the election con cs up. In fact, there is no office, from that of member of the House of Dele gate- up to the Presidency of the United States, to which,if his leal feelings were known, he does not aspire; and if questioned upon the subject a denial is tcitain to be given, when at the same moment cveiy exeitiou is being made to carry out his am bilious views. Be a si red that without due authority I should net hove associated the name of llotts with an office of ri ch importance. 1 was myself incredulous upon the subject, and had the it.f -rmation emanated front a less1eliable source I would have received it with s< me doubt?doubt abstract from my couviction that there is no office in the gift of the people or g( venment for which he would not aspire I should not of course have predicated any statement of a par ticular character upon this general impression. 1 un der; (and too well the duties of a correspondent to venture upon any slight grounds statements in re paid to public men, and, more especially, in regard to Botts, who would be anything and everything for the sake of office- He says '1 have no means ot knowing your correspondent; but, ii 1 ain not misinformed as to the perHon, he is not on ly a loreipn political opponent, but one who is altogether a stranger to me.' He is ocreginusly misinformed with regard to my iden tity; and he states what is untrue when he says I urn a foieign political opponent and altogether a ; tinncer to hiin. 1 shall possibly make myself betr ter known to him when heretnrns to Richmond, and he will know In due time that I am not only his renal in all that appertain s to the honor aud integri ty of character, nut his superior, so far as our rela tions to the Ftatc or nation politically are concern i d. He to dare impugn the motives of an honest mun! lie who is prepared to veer round with every current of public opinion, in the hope sooner or later of rncnirg upon some prominent political headland, there to luxuriate upon the spoils! Truly, according to bis idea of public sentiment, the stardard by which men are judged is lowering to a sad pitch "But," puvh he, "that he has some sinister object u thi s repeating his ceaseless fabrications, which are designed to place me in a false and ridiculous posi tion, is manifest, but what that object may lie, must he ielt to conjee tore." To destroy his prospects lor ihe Fenatc or for the Presidency, is it'( Good hea vens, destioy the prospects of a man who is as politi cally dead ns Julius C astir phj sically! That would be throning water on a drowned nit. truly. No human power, not all the electricity in nature, could for one im-taut resuscitate into life the defunct carcass of Botts. To seek, therefore, to inflict iuiury upon him ?a purpose which 1 here solemnly disclaim? would be an attempt no leas vain than that of killing a dead man. How far liis denial of any purpose upon his part to get into the shoes of Mr. Mason is sinct re, remains to he sten when the election for United States Sen ator shall come up. If his name will uot lie before tfce Le gislature in connection with that office, the indications, as well aa the information furnished me, an- tnily deceptive. The authority upon who h my stot'inent was founded is as respectable and as worthy of credence as Botta or any other gentleman in the country. If, after consideration, nc shall rnnsen' to have his name given. y<m will have it, with full power to publish it at your disci e t 0The daily jPispnteh of this city, referring to the itatamentsof your Richmond correspondent, in re ga-d to the 'movement tor the liberation of Ireland, and the spread of the organization in Richmond and other pa te of Virginia, says?"The IIkhai.o's cor n spendent, we think, irnst be decidedly misinform ed. The Irish of Virginia can scarcely be engaged in nDy such quixotic project," Ac., Ac. The uis f atch la a very efficient little journal, has all the news, is in tact ti e IIihald in miniature, and sup pi pes, no doubt, that ina?niu< h as the news of this n ovenent did not reach them.it could not exist within the city. He will probably have seen his m s'ake through the columns of the HcBALDbef ore his shall come under hia notice. The Green Will Case in Chicago.- An inter est ,ng rase l? to come on at the pru-ent session of the 'T- cult Court of this county. It is that brought in by the two sous of the lute Going-. IV. Gi*.-n. all*- Uavi'.t, who was found guilty of poisoning his wit#, and wh > tor minuted an extrso dinary aud eventful lite hv suicide in nor jail some months since. Green', sons intend in prove 'hat ha wee insane when he made the will, which cnta ;hem i ll "torn enjoying sny portico of his Urge p-operty, transferring all lor the benefit of hie yo..ngest s- n nad n tare ofti- death to the Mecban c-' Institute and Young Hen'# Ask eiatlrn < f this eity. If iher are abl? to do so it ey will cdmc in for a share of Green's e-tate uo-W the atneral laws of the Stale. Green's sec nd son, Andrew, msce a trip to iihode Island recently, and was fortunate enough to find his father's mother alive and In g -id hialth. lie also found hia brothers living. The rainilv name is GsVitt. Green left bis parents at 'he age oi fif-een yenrs. of his own choice, to seek his f rtiine. tthet he went thnngh after doing so his family had ll't*e or no kn<-wlsdge of. In 1W3 Green went hack to Rhode Island saw his frienda, and drew np e psper In his own hrndwritlng, giving one of his brothers the title to emne property which h*?l been left him by his fa'ber The I end writing is the .ame as that of his will made here. ,he di etunent was signed (diver Uavitt Ha told his filende when asked where he lived, that " it was under tl e settteg son." and tbstsras all they eonld get out of htm. His mother was, of course, greatly shocked at < esilng ? I his srieksd career in litis, end untimely and swir.l cesth. Mora th?n one of his brother*. H appae-s wesderaiged. A large mass of evidence will he brought forward in the eaee on *ha side of Green's sons, to prove bis insanity, and no doubt we shall have another very In teresting trial.?CXirapo Democrat, iVee. 28. i . ..Vol ceeJlmg*. Of eooi a no one knows uo? t W but General Gadsden lias a way or writing home to his frlan !? vague binMl of imisiituut ihluga going on, whiah seta on jee'u1 e all agog to ascertain the precise truth, The diffl culty about 'he payment of the toree millions of the la t indemnity, and the demand for reparation ft>r Callahitu'9 invasion an: the burni' g of I'iedraa Negras. all c umpire to assist this couc'usion, and procably belbre President I feice gnea out of office he will oommunicu e a new treat>, with a ires') demand on our surplus millions. The twemy-rttilh purallf I would throw Into the United State* tw< -ihirda of the Mexican State of rionora and two-til'tlid ofthihualina, with population enough to form one of our States. In auch case, the new territory would have to under political pupilage as a Ten ft'ry, or else Now Mexto would have to be admitted as a Hia e. A rumor is alloat in the newspapers to the effect that Gen. Gads den has sunt word to Washington that if the balance of the Mestlla iniewniy be Dot paid to the present govern ment of Mexico not another loot of territory will bo ceded to tl e United h'ates Meantime, we have various other pr> jeets tor acqui ing new colonies. Thus the iepori is itv'ved that Kussiu la wi'liog to se'l her American pos sesions to us for a consideration in money?rather too Arctic a matter f ?r the folks at Washington, as neither rotten, tobacco, hemp, rice, nor sugar can be grown up theie. rben theie is a re(s>rt coming from Kurope that Russia has suggest-d to lieumark the propriety of bo' llii g the ditbciilty between the latter and the United ? r es by a> Ding to us the Pani.-h West India [..lun I of St. Thomas, the prire ofwbio'i, (Ave millions of dollars.) may be talon also as our con. {deration 'or freeing us of tl e 'ouiui Pum hit. Thomas is a enroll island to the wit i'wa id of Porto Pico, with a popu ation of seven thou sand souls. Right near 'o it is another sm-il' island call ed Kanta Our., al/O owned by Denmark, with thirty-two thousand ii habitants. For live million . of dollars ?? ought to get both of these. Rut tit. Thomas is nt mrt impoi tai ce tmui its geographical position, which is - ? ') as would tender it a formidable position in the hand <d a natal Powt r. It hasfla One narbor, and is always tint s< cglit hy vejft Is in di-lresa coming from seaward. We ih it In our pos ession it would, iu a great measure, n llify tke purpose tor which the British hold the West ir-dice, us a i aval Power might from it command the whole ea tern hunt of the West Indies and the coast of tl.e l otted .States. Items from Texas?Martin Koeata. We take the following paragraph* from the Calve*ton Xiws, of the 17th Inst.:? el L'rtll /!,C,-V!hur 1 a ll:'fscuspr 0,1 41>e Mexico, being in charge of thirty rni o * f the convalescent, sick and camp W' lm n ot tho bee and regiment ot cavalr y, htvlng lelfc Jelhrsoii l ar acta ou the ad instant. They are on their ?"} t< j in the re^lti mt, which started by land fir Fort h< ku*p on the Hid of November, from Jefferson B*r Missouri, I.in'er coiuuraud of Colonel A. H. Jt hns on. Lieut. 11 (Arthur will reesive orders from Geo. joinU,e"g!n,e?t ttnd Fruceed thence by land to Martin hosrta. who has become ao well known as the . . V Hungarian iD whose person Captain Ingraha... ' ' ? ' ' ?'V ,''r,?hts of American citiseushir., came over ??. o his lady, by the Mexico, last night. Ha In direct trom Chic .go whom he has made his residence T. "i"1 making his home in T^vr^il 'he country come up to his anticipation-.. ?r,oL Ull3" the Uuadah.upe river will ff ste^TmV.f"" '? tho lon? w'shed for boon of steam navigation, and that the pnlllog out ot anurt and ren.oviig obsiructione have been done in a thorough manner; ao tl.at a boat can now come up to the way * ,h" darkea4 n'dht, without feefing hec Prom Port Plrrrw. ro ? - fin Republican, Nor. 24.1 ITnafd'cll. "n ' ,the ^"fermarrter's department, tutted States army, anived in this city yesLertfav frorn ll'uii ier>V' i l",,J8*nl headquarter# of the ,l Kioiix Kx S1'1 V*?VUet> it will be recollected acooot jenied ben. Harney's expedition to Fort Laramie and Upper liT-'sonrL "he _ .'H|,t.' y*" v,lel if41 Fort rierre on the 27th of October nelr the hid" sod em'"ing the Missouri new tie luit, and cctinug down tbe north <?f th* toreeVthaft n'and'h' h'0*^ Hi1 tneM,,re<1 the road be IWeen the fort and the boundary line of Iowa, and found the die auce to beHfO miles. Here settlements and towns c turner ce and the extent and rapidity wTth whllh (wTml ? 10 op* t td rod 'owns bi.llt up in that region is a matter of irsti nli J ment In . little wi lle d the indl^Tan be dispossessed of the 'Itle to lan a which ?hey own and upon whicn they reside, and lead a pretarloru lite' m-u tlen.ents will be extended to Fort l'ierre. The eo itry particularly that inhabited hy the Yaneton Si nx d"lrttb,e *friM the oountry from Fork Iar.n leto Fort 1 leire, parsing between'he Cheyenne and F. 1! T .L" i >Ut 0Un<! no ,odlan? H" U now at LnV?K 'f00'1 hl* tr0?P- in winter quarters at iha post and l-oil Uramie. hvery arrangemeat was maHirg lor the Com'ort of the troops, though the quar tern wt're hi^h uhat and very cx>d hpA.lt:nma vailed ifaiotighout. the v.iDiuind ^ * * pr?" J"*"' C""'Icll,w no <i?predaUons recently, and i.e. men to le* anxious !o make peace. The Mineon lhel b /'mi. Ji b*" InbabttiDg the country about ihe lit le Missouri, were said to he hostile, and It la pus. fiitrnl t ' " I"1 u'nl lh,m A , *f" v n ? 11 *'?ux? through wlirvte tardtorr 1 aptaln Un Yliet passed on his way to the frontier wer'n to.jlnen.lv and pro'essed a great ds.lre to .e^ail il V LLi.?"i 1"*? I'hey had crossed the Mis 1 m t " t e.1,8; itr fUVP Mw,e Suo*''' ?"? ^ the pettier,, ? u..i 7 # f "" ? h<>r depredation, than to steal a little ioiri f..r thetr subsl-ience. vi(?.V\-! ^ ?' U,c armZ ?* companlcd Captain Vai? en. L i ,1'5 ""'"r*'1 Hl Fort Leavenworth and will not he hire for some days. wa* Wterday evening we reseived the following letter from ourconesponoent at Kansas, which gives some ad ditional news from tire Mains:? 8 r? _ a _ Foot iAA'mrotTH, Nov. 17. 1855 I fsr . IR?'There lias but llcle .menrred within the Ka?e?wort|0lJ a">i0' thl" P*Tt of the Territory, .bf e . . growing apaoo and bids (air to be one of Ml!., . .? nn't, r"t ,'"1/ ln K%n'?,, but 'he ?per this post Whe.e he wdl remain for the wlnter^^ nev's L sn JU8t ?"'v*d here trom Gen H*r thl H7?h1rfirtrmon.h ' He * ler'!i Wh,ch ^ h8 of the MIssl.uH 1L th" ? C*m".?,wn thp north side I rr.e Missour i for thr pni nose of runirng out and me. suiing a road t?> the Big .Sioux river, on the frontiers of lose The Yaneton Sioux through ihoselmuntl. C.*. \*I; i'?4 jnd his narty passed, offered no motertatlon al hi tgh there was a rep. rtU?t he had had a ?,?r,ii!i ! with U.em on tbe Vermillion. All the dtonx border?.L mLIa bo,h "i<lM of the Mlesonrl, are repr^ vented as heiug ra st anxious for pease while Uiose ie> jm.u U e Q ejerne are quite hoe ile ' ^ ^ whhro fh'ar" "P*?""8 <?B be confined wl'lun 'he country of Lbs Miweeoohw, with evarv IMt nl a roiet a.<co?isful termianHoa. iII(1e?si one ui *a ?W 'he ?lonx Is looked upon as ahs*.lnt Jw ts. . ssa,y. anr. I' H. la c ndacte.1 wl.h ^ Our Indian . e.ghh rs .iUgive u.no?o^0ulIteloJ725* hut- ? v- lv u,r"y 8ho,,id ? aVetx^h'|Wi m' Pr"l'pr4J ?nd U'e will he ell i,r diau country. Ur* "n b"r(1*l',' ?f and W,lhln the 1 ' II unders BLd that r.en. 17arr.ey is pKdne his troop, i? Wlnti r qbarters, at an* in the vlcli.itv of p(,r? J ? Ti ?i,l tt J * " i r % Pr0,>*, ,U,y mi. ain there himself un il tl.e o| n.lng of th? next cun pr ign. ub.h Court of Claims. Mo.nt't, Voy. 2f!._the Court met at 11 o'clock The Judges were all pregrni. '?* "heaigiiment In 'he privateer Armatrons ease fad j* tuned . ver f < ro Friday ) w.i resumed by the aolldv.r telmwoi ""marks. The case will be contiau.-i Die following named gentlsmen. (In ad'ttlon to th< .<? ui*:z ;'r:!n,"d;2werp a"'" ^ tale ies Inw ny tn the several S'a'es na?M?d ? Main.?J.me* u Child. A. gusta. r rZl'Tpih,'tr~1?V,m "? W KV'ra?n. Hover, (oil. (V'lcut?l ev d J I'eck, New Haven. KierelbV'^ Mog'^rntL1'. ^v'r'^ BtiflVhl*' R T' frowbl,d?*. SjLonae; and A. Caakhn,' ^r;.f,!?sni,'-A'lkur M- Bu^8?d John*. Orier, MmMt7J"h" L Ptn,!rT CiDclnD?',i "d Amos Uyman, 'lliri. ls?William G. Howm*.*, Sluwoeetown. R wL%^nCMyB0#1' and WilIUn? Wh convn It lis el Mel anghltn Dabaqne. iiDsa--Jan es H. lar.e, Bei jsmin T. Fimmms Daniel A. N f.iover, ,n,t Allen T. llhhVa, Uwren^ Cltv Welrd1rtr1,~"e"rT n"r"' 8t- i ?'"> J- J No*H, | Fan*ir,s'nepLV "IUm MorH" kai W,?h"n MeBougall, N w VrTi^*' 71-'""T Pnll*r- Tshleqnab. w.:te.Ar? ?:rh F. o!" n^,7s"ln~R',,<,TtCR',ell0"cl,rIrt 88d Thomas CchlMmlr' ^m0nr n' BonMr 140,1 Mlehael N. Clarke, L!,Vi"e.'iJrJ;hn ?- B"Ur,ck. ^tiisviiie. \d**<!!tl''i i 51e(?"waB. Pankin oonnty. A'aiiATr' r kl* i ^I,4o,,' Pr*nkli? oountj. A al ,mr._I.oN rt ( hrlallan. Perry couo'y. I _ F'eh?rd F Harrison, New Orfeana. J*??? Pe Cordoon. Theophllus Allen Jones, an^ r rs S Normardle and WlllU L. Robards, Austiu Rfd F. P. flnat. Galveston. ? wArik.*11^,oh" ?'?ftial. Fort fmfth; Orvllle Jenaing. Wasl ii gton. Ham i stead eonntv. Florida?Id ward L'issell. Jacksonville. Adjonrned. Ti onst. Frv. ?7^The Court met at 11 o'elock. tho judge. w?>? all present. ""^a. in? sigitr.ent In tbe privateer Armstrongceae (a.1 jCt rrsd oxer frrm yee'erday 1 was rewuined. Mr Fi.dsrlek Vincent, r.f Phl'adrlphla, smeared .?a was swoin an attorney of this eoqrt. Adjourned. ' Obituary. n?d, at his resldrnr. ju Wlrehendon Haas TrrKim, I>q., aged PS ywera. Mr. Tnctw^W, u MHton and r.m red to Vlnrhendrn ln 17711 Til i?* '? of the earliest settler. In that to". MS American army a. an early period ?ns ' J?tB? the a. ss?? JBww, ?5.5