Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 30, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 30, 1855 Page 4
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ffEW YORK HERALD. lAMRI fiOROOll ifilSIVT. rsopunoft and auras. dm k. v. ooum or xajdac aw* fuitoh am. #?*???? X*T MoT 88*4 ANVBDOirrs TiiiH rrxMKO. VMAJDW.tY THRATRI, irMlwaF-WKMnrica'S Dacou ?t-U*DV or TWK Litl. WMLO'B OAKriN, ?ix*Cw*y?J^TiO?Ca?ft?AjthO ?OWT.RT TUKATRf, Ajwtry-Tui: KbsalS CaholxB? Tor* im. ?BKTON'P rnEATRE. iTbwabors atreot-fleaJOCS FAJSILT ? Dm Toosu.1. VUAaOII TTTEATttn?lw?r Tub Ljmr. T?rj?r?r? Mr Ki,??d Eiook. jioud'k MiNMTaam, M Jraadwaf?DrawiA* Two BO? i ?ct*. 1 WCRI.rrs SYTRLRflQUR OFSRA HOOOI, 68$ ftraMb rmm Suiaseuvm Omu ax? Wbobo Mdriimi. THE tl-MSOlIANl ANH, Mecfeautea' Hm, 4I& irooilmj? WMtlT. *?w *?Jfk, FrMhqr, Immktt 30,1856. TTve New*. The Atlantic, now in her thirteenth day from Liver pool for this port, with one week's later news, had not been heard from when our paper went to pre*. Thanksgiving: was very generally observed in this eity yesterday; the courts and public establishments wore closed, and all classes of our citizens paid the day due respect, by abstaining from business aud attending to their religious duties. Tho weather was flr.e, and tlic churches, as a general thing, well attended. The Five Points attracted a considerable attendance to witness the children at that place go through their exercises. A bountiful diuner was provided for nearly a thousand persons. The chil dren at Randall's Island were also lea-ted. An ac sountof the observance of the day, together with the military parade, will be found elsewhere. Yes terday closed the Thanksgivings in the United States lor this year. The following tabic show- the d lyson which it was observed in the different States:? North Carolina Oct. '.5 New Hutnuttaire...,Not. 29 Virginia Nov. 16 Uawochusette " it) ?*i>lun<! " 16 Coonectient " 29 FtertSa " 22 Rue<|p Islr.nd " '29 E??n*jlvanA " 22 Now York " "J9 ?bio '* 22 Missouri " 29 Mmu " 22 WLcotu.n " 29 Ian " 22 Michigan '? 29 Maine " 22 Texas " 29 Delaware " 22 New Jersey " 29 Our despatches from Washington inform us that the Know Nothings held a caucus yesterday, in porsunncc of the call issued by Thomas R. Whitney and Bayard Clarke, of this State, but no business wm transacted. Messrs. Broome, of Penn., and Campbell, of Ohio, were present nd active in look ing alter their chances for the Speakership. The democrats held a caucus lost evening, preliminary to the one to be held to-morrow. The administra tion, it is said, will take Orr, of H. 0., as their can didate for Clcik, and the opposition, in cose of a disagreement, will full back upon Humphrey Mar shall, of Kentucky. Forney is said to have lost all hopes of re-election, but desires to retain the colli denco of the democratic members, to give him a helping hand in liiB designs on the 8enutarship in Pennsylvania. The black republicans were still woiking to concentrate all the opponent? of the ad ouuiwtratkon in a general caucus for the nomination ?f officers of the House, and ranch excitement pre vailed throughout the city, at the hotels, Ac., in regard to the organization. The President's message will be put in the hands of the printer on Saturday. The uncertainty in regard to the organization of tho House was the only difficulty in the way of sending it to the Postmasters of the different cities in ad vance of its delivery. There was a ruiuor in Washington yesterday of the death of Judge Douglas, but which could l>e traced to no reliable source. The last heard from Judge D. he wss at Terrc Haute, Ind , where he had keen sick, but was rapidly improving. Our correspondents at Havana, writing on the 14th of November, allude to the great dearth of poli tical news which prevailed. Quiet appealed to reign all over the ibland. Some lucky drawings had been made by newly arrived strangers in the royal lottery. The "booking out" of England from her late war alarm position regarding tho United Whites, had acted beneficially on trade, whilst it humbled the political advocates of a Spanish Crimean contingent. The British wreckers who had porsc-sion of the American bark Tribune, ashore nt Neuvitus, were driveu oil'by a Spanish war brig, and one ol them killed. H. 11. M. frigate Enrydice had touched at Havana tn rouU for Bermuda. Trade was good. Hegars hud advanced in price. News from Australia is dated at Melbourne on %th and Sydney on the 2'Jth August. Flour had again declined in both places, but the market was less leveri-li. It was thought if a further supply did not soon arrive, that the markets would im prove. Lola Montes had appeared at the Royal Victoria theatre, Sydney, in a piece entitled " Lola Montcs in Bavaria," wltich was loudly applauded. There is no political intelligence. Our correspondent at Ban Juan del Norte gires Mine further particulars in regard to the Kinney Colony, the organization of the government, aud the ?otrespondence between Colonel Kiuney and the British Vice Consul in regard to tho establishment of tfre colony on the Mosquito shore. Our Nebraska correspondence contains some in teresting details n regard to the census of that Ter ritory, and the result of the recent election held there, it also speaks of a battle liaving taken between the United States troops under General Hnincy and the Sioux Indians, in which the latter were defeated. We publish this morning the opinions of some of the French press in regard to the question between this conntry and Denmark in relation to the payment of the Sound dncs, and the convocation by Denmark of the differ nt ronntries interested in tho question. A perusal of the articles will give onr reader-' an idea of how the subject is viewed in franco. The speech of General Calhoun, delivered at an evening session of the Kansas Pro-Slavery Conven tion, which we oory from a St. Ixmls paper, will be found spicy, and the entire report interesting. The steamer Metropolis, of the Fall River line, yeetcrday morning, about 5 o'clock, ran into the frrry boat Imuisa, plying on tbe Cathoriuc ferry, while the latter was near the slip on the Brooklyn side. The M. struck the ferry boat with such force am to break in her hull and shatter her machinery A number of pasM'r.gcra were on the ferry Isxit, all of whom escaped without injury. One deck hand was injured, but not seriously. Id consequence of the strong northerly winds, no attempt was made to raise the wreck of the Eudora, at City Island, yesterday. A fail rrportof the twenty fifth anniversary of the Revolution of Poland, which w is celebrated at the Chinese Assembly Rooms in this city, last evening, given in our puncr this morning, tlov. Reoder uddivHsed a meeting at Trenton, N J., last evening, on the wrongs of freemfn in Kansas, rad the advintuges nt that country for agricultural pui pores. A geld medal, intended for presentation to ( apt Icgraham, by riirei tinn of Congress, has been struck at tbe Philadelphia mint, and was yesterday sent to the President. Much excitement prevailed in Philadelphia ye ? Unlay among the parties interested,ill consequence ot a muntierof regvtored 1* iters being missed from Ike Port Office in city. Bl.vEWtrtA+'iun ksof Pkmi?Good old Zachary Tnylor said in one of hin im-Mages to Coiigrew, "We are at peace with all the world wrd seek to extend our relation* of amity to the rest of mankind.'' From all that we ran learn thrre ar? a frw more messages of the Ham*1 sort left, and that the annual menage of Mr. Pierce ?will be particularly pacific and oily. Wall free? anxer had such a public benefactor. Kngltah bmmntlM In Spanish AbmiKu UUrt>The l*royisss mt (kg Untied Stale* In Mexico, Central Inirfca and Oaks. The attitude ol England towards Spain; their strong protest against the appointment of Don Domingo Moostick as Governor of Fernando Po, on account of his alleged connection here tofore with the slave trade; their intervention in Porto Rico; their abrogation of the Clayton Bulwer treaty, their great projects of dominion in China; the success of Gen. Walker in Cen tral Ame^ca; the anarchy of the Mexican Re public; in fact their offensive assumption of authority over Spanish American affairs, and their known hostility to the United States, have served to give peculiar significance to the re lations between us and the Queen's govern ment. In fact no question concealed in the future of American progress is more important than hat which involves the relations between tne United States, Engl and, Spain, Mexico, and Central America ; aud it is doubtful if there is one that the history of the past 1b more likely faitbluliy to interpret. The differences which have risen up between the North and he South, having their origin in the in rigneR of politicians and place-hunters, and exposing our system to periodical fevers and hysterical spasms at each recurring elec tion. amount to nothing compared to the great question ol' annexation imposed upon us aliki by the position, popul itioo and resources of the Union; its enterprise, its peculiar industry aud advancement, and its contiguity to the neigh boring republic of Mexico, and its relationship to the blood of Cuba and Central America. There are those who deride the popular dogma of manifest destiuy; but ia truth it only expresses the inevitable progress of oar indus try, the action of the superior up?n inferior races, the actual conquests of American labor and enterprise. To set limits to these conquests signifies nothing less than that they shall be put in subjection to some pswoff competent aud aide to govern them Such a power certainly docs Dot exist in this country, and if exercised at all, it must be by the governments of Spain and Mexico, or by the direct intervention of the great States of Europe, with a view of main taining existing territorial sovereignties on this continent. It is enough to refer to the past and to the obvious condition of Spanish Ame rican and Mexican affairs, to show that neither of these sources offer any substantial resistance to the tide of population which flows onward in its resistless course. It is then to Europe?to Rngland, in fact? that we must look lor active interference ia oar internal affairs. Tne London Times Has just now pompously avowed the purpose of its go vernment promptly to suppress auy further movement of our people; and that paper tells us that the i 'almeraton Cabinet had determined to anchor its navy in mid-ocoan to intercept the buccaneering spirit of the country. Tnis is all very well. Mid-ocean is a safe distance from the scene of active operations on the fron tiers of Mexico, where, if anywhere, offensive aggression is going on. It will require Home thing more than the Baltic fleet to stay the hanil of frontier industry; to strengthen the crumbling Spanish monarchy, or intensify "the dissolving views" of Mexican nationality. A bolder polity and a more direct action on the part of the London Cabinet will be fouad ne cessary to stop the progress of this country, and especially to prevent its early conquest of Cuba, Central America and Mexico. That is the issue, and we warn our transatlantic cousins that it is the tendency of the existing state of thiDgs in the United States, under the simple laws of population, to produce this result. Diplomatic protests and remonstrances will have no earthly influence upon those laws Their action has been steady and uniform since the first adventurers, fifty years ago, pene trated the g'-cat forests of central and western New York, when the lakes of Cayuga and Sen eca were given to the dominion of our people, and " the white woman's tract" was the object of eager conquest, down to the day when Texas and California became States of the American Union. Nothing Fhort of the interposition of a power capable of controlling these laws, ca pable in fact of overthrowing this government ?will be sufficient to check the onward move ment of our industry and enterprise. These, in truth, are the great weapons of our aggression, 'fliey are the expressions of our system. To admit that they can be controlled is an admission not only of our dependence upon some other power, but that that power is capable of producing an overthrow of the federal constitution. That constitution, as the organic law of our people, secures to as all absolute freedom of industry and trade amongst all the inhabitants of the Union. It is, in fact, to this .great principle of our system, to this free covenant of our polity, that we are H debted for the marvellous progress of our la bor and it? endless conquests over the aborigi nee?. and over every other inferior race with which we have been brought in contact. Suc cessful intervention to prevent the operation of these law s signifies revolution and the down fall of the republic. It is not strange, perhaps, that the politicians of England should mistake the rapid move ments of oar population for a lawless spirit of adventure and aggression; hut it is marvellous ly strange, in the face of the great results we have laid before them, in the extension of our commerce and manufactures, in the vastness of our agricultural productions, in the un rivalled system of our education, in the ad vancement of our literature, in the utility of our inventions, in the extent of our newspaper issues, in the stability of our government, and in the increase of our popu lation. that they should dream of sueco.-*ful in tervention with such a people. Nothing short of coming here and resisting by physical force will answer the purpose; and we w.mld say that England has no right to disturb the peace ful operations of trade by threatening thai which the least intelligent and the mo^t self conceited of her people must know is but i atu presumption. Ilor recent bluster has not created a ripple upon the bro wl waters of American sentiment. She might as well have proclaimed her purpose to draw off the waters of the Pacific Into the Atlantic, or to inundate the peninsula of Michignn by railing the great lakes on either side of that State, as thus to proclaim her purpose of regulating the labor and industry of this country by her ships of war stationed In mid-ocean. If she would give effect to her hostility to the United States, and execute her threats to put our progress in subjection to her ideas of propriety, ?be has but rne possible way of ac complishing it, and that is to measare her ut most ability on sea and land to ennnnsr tho spirit which she deems bo offensive to her ideas ot civilisation, and bo subversive of the rights of nations. There is no other tray to reaoh her object. Protests she hoe found to be un availing; remonstrances have only exacted ri dicule and laughter; intrigues hive been in Bifiieient to secnre her purposes: blaster has failed; she has been unable to impede our pro gress, and has done little more thtn to make herself a successful aspirant for the honors of that species of distinction heretofore exclu sively enjoyed by our grandiloqicnt Mexican neighbors. Meantime, the position of the Spanish mo narchy forewarns us that the Cuba gem must i-oon fall from that crown. In the movement of naiioos a lew years more or less are uo ibing. Time iB rapidly closing the aocounta ol Spain as an independent nationality. Cuba and Puerto Rico are her American assets. The destiny of the former has been fixed by ite con tiguity with the United States. The existence ol the ruputilic assures its absorption into this country. Nothiug but our overthrow can re lease it from our grasp; politicians may dis avow this conclusion; crazy abolitionists may rail at it; European governments may de nounce it; war may be threatened and precipi tated to prevent it, but the lawsoi population, the conquests of enterprise, the organized re sults of past labor and the necessities of the future demand it and will have it. its uses for the human family demand it; benefits to all the world demand it; humauity demands it; equality demands it; and justice io the people of Cuba demands it I'rum the decrepitude of Spain and her con sequent inability to retain the island without great exsrtious and expense, it will soon be found necessary to relinquish it. Even now her military establishment required to keep it in subjection baa reduced it to a mere instru ment for recuperating the fortunes of a few poverty stricken officials at home. It is no longer a source of independent revenue to the Madrid exchequer. The influence of this state of things, with no prospect of relief, but a cer tainty of increased embarrassment*, will soon be found to looseu the bonds which bind it to the Spanish crown, is England prepared to prevent its absorp I tion in such a contingency by the United j .States? We say here, in advance, that wc ore prepared to receive it and will have it. It is well to look such questions in the face?to be prepared to meet tbein. lu this state of things, it is well that the British government, even now, should undertake its work of interven tion. She will never be stronger?we shall never be weaker. Try it on now, then. The Nkjakaoua appears quite certain that General Walker iB determined not to allow himself to be over set by any treachery on the part of the Nicaraguans. The example of General Corral, who was detected in a traitorous correspondence with one of the officers of the old legitimist army, was tried by court martial and shot, will undoubtedly have its influence on his fel low countrymen. There is probably some thing to be said on Corral's behalf. A man in his station cannot be shot at the present day without loud outcries from his friends; we may soon bear Walker branded as an assassin, and Corral canonized as a martyr. At the same time, it is beyond doubt that the fatal fault of the Spanish Americans has been their want of truthfulness. It is their fatal facility for mak ing oaths and breaking them?for setting up governments and conspiring against them? which has been their own ruin and that of their country. They inherited the quality from their forelathcrs, and each generation has improved upon it. Clearly, when it is known that indulgence m this national sin will be followed by condign punishment, and that the highest rank will not shield the traitor, restless men will pause to reflect before tbey plot. And this should be taken into account when it is proposed to cen sure Walker for deviating from that excellent principle of modern policy?that political of fcnces do not merit death. Ab to the reBt, General Walker appears a wonder iully successful man. When he left for Nicaragua, only a few weeks ago, ho was a hunted filibuster, despised by the public and anathematised by government officials. He now appears to be at the head of a party in Nicaragua strong enough to establish order and keep down its enemies. Friends are flock ing to him from all sides Several of Colonel Kinney's party have joined him, and Ameri cans from California and the Atlantic ports have cast their lots with him; believing no doubt that the time is close at hand when the Americanization of Central America shall com mence, and the Anglo-Saxons shall supersede the mongrel race of Spanish Indians. When the means which Walker had at his dispo al, the character he bore, and the temper of the foreigners among whom he went are called to mind, this result will appear so startling as to be almost unparalleled. The subject will engage the attention of CongresB at an early day. It is to be hoped thai when it comes up it will be treated sober ly and sensibly ; that members will not be frightened by foreign taunts of tili bustcrism on the one side, or blinded by the smoke of Walker's victories on the other. The policy of the Ktate is clear. With Central America it has no concern, and if any man within the limits of this country presume* to lit out expeditions to invade it, he must 1m; stopped. Further than this, it docs not appear that the government can go. To as mine that it is answerable for the conduct of every American citizen who voluntarily exiles hini-clf, and so behaves as to be chosen the leader of n foreign people, is to display entire ignorance of its duties, and of the sovereign rights of private indiv iduals. ORi'AMiUTinS of Conorkss?A VaUABIJI Hint.-?Gut Albany journals are very much concerned in respect to the organization of Congress, particularly the Seward central or gau. Father T\eed, or bis fa t<Aam, says that Ksery on*- aatMliatei a prnlraatdd atrnggla in the or i-Aniauion <' the ii? ??-?? of Kcprf wntitivM : mkI jvt "?Very on#" maJ t* disappointed In isfil there w?rr SO haUotd fcr Si-'Skor. is tbieo work., when s rcw<lntiin wee ititopleil that on tl?* t.'-t ballot a plumllty ? boolit olert. I ruler tbi* inte Howell (VibO was eho**on. Now. n litnilar rnlr way 1* sooner adopted; but ubIom the (fame of 'Monybtaoint? rhwll lw mon rlfo than ww b?h*.ve It to tie. cbotea will l> ? easily or upoetltly all-cl od without rtirh .1 ralv. Hero is a precious hint thrown out to the democracy. If they can unite they can com mand a plurality of the Ifou-e; and who knows but that a motion that a plurality shall elect the Speaker will be supported l.y the ultra Seward men, in order to defeat the conserva tive Know Nothings. This is the hint, we sus pect, of the Al'wny Journal. We have only WW If Into a Hill* nlnJnpr ?hane Venality or tub Panes in Tuiatrical and Artibtical Matters.?The American press has eomibow got a bad name amongst foreign ar tists, who nine casc.A out ot ten have them selves to blame for the grievances of which they have to complain. They suffer them selves to be victimized on their arrival here by a set of literary loafers and outsiders who have only a sort of guerilla connection with the newspapers. The money which artists mis takingly pay to "gentlemen who manage the press," is, in the great majority of cases, en tirely thrown away, for no one can now pre

tend that it is possible to influence nay respect able journal here by such means. Tbe hungry tribe of jackallB who live by the false promises of literary support which they hold out to strangers, are so well kuown, and are so care fully guarded against by the newspapers that they have no chance of carrying out their un dertakings. The process by which money is extracted uuder this pretence lroin the pockets ?fuitints, cannot therefore, bo designated by any milder term than that of swindling. It. however, people will bring their foreign habits and prejudices t# this country they must expect to pay the penalty of them. The idea that what obtains abroad neccsaari y obtains here cannot be drummed out of the heads of strangers. It is especially difficult to convince artists who have been accustomed to purchase "the sweet voices" of the critics abroad, that they oannot buy them by whole sale in this country. They are but too ready to pay their money to these rogues, and have not the good sense to hold their tongues when they find themselves duped. To add to their mortification they sometimes find that the very course which they have taken to shorten the read to lame, leads people to set them down as pretenders in their art, and creates for them greater obstacles than if they had trusted solely to their own roeriie. Thns the system works, but we are not to blame for it. It was first introduced here by foreign or tists themselves, who did all they could to corrupt cur press and to degrade the standard of public judgment in theatrical matters. It is to the continental, and more especially the Paris press, that we are indebted for the source of the evil. Owing to the system ot placing the theatrical fcuOUon of newspapers in the hands of a particular critic?generally a man of some literary reputation?a wide field has been opened to corruption. A9all these theatrical articles are signed by the writer an artist liaB no difficulty in ascer taining where the bait is to be ottered. The open and shameless manner in which this sys tem of bribery is carried od would astonish any one not acquainted with the working of the social machinery of France. Some of these CTitics, with only nominal salaries from the Paris newspapers, make princely Incomes, and live in the most elegant and luxurious etyle. It iR no wonder that they should bo enabled to do this, seeing tbe enormous sums which they levy off the profession. They have got a regu lar tariff of black mail to which an artist must submit, or resign himself to be written down. The amount ol praise is graduated, in regular Grub street style, to a certain scale of foes, and even negative criticism has its price. The tyro who would not be unmercifully cut up is compelled to pay a good round sum to purchase the silence of the fashionable censor. In short, a viler system of tyranny and cor ruption was never before known in the annals of the press. And yet it iE in the face of facts like these that foreign artists complain of the venality of the American journals. They first try to introduce amongst us their own corrupt habits, and they then abuse us for our acquired profli gacy. The real sting of their complaints, we suspect, lies in the fact that, like the judgments of Lord Chancellor llacon. the accessibility to a bribe of these pretended critics is rare ly followed by any published indication ol the temptation. There is, in fact, no press m the world that is more independent in these respects than ours. We may have our par tialitics and our favcritisms in the arts, hut we do not, like the French critics, sell ourselves bodily to candidates for public favor. Be sides, owing to our policy of devolving the duties of criticiem upon several persons, iu stead of one, and giving to no individual a monopoly of this department, we render it difficult, If not impossible, for artists to otter temptation in a quarter where it would be likely to be successful. We trust that they will for the future act upon the information and spare their money. J cut in Time.?Vespasian Ellis has resumed the helm of the American Organ, at Wash ington, in view of the printing of the House of Representatives. We thought he had returned to the sarsaparilla busi ness of the Oronoco. He says that all sorts of efforts are being made to disparage the claims of his Organ, and that "some men dacious scribblers (hard language that) for the Nkw York Hkrald charge him with an attempt to carry water on both shoulders," and that ultra Southern men say he is "not sound on the slave question." This, we think, is rather too much. We beg leave- to say that it is our decided opinion, from the reading of the Organ ? editorials of the last three dayH, that it will be a sound abolitionist, a sound free soilcr, a sound WhitQcld man, a sound Recder man, sound on the slave question, sound on every other question, in exchange for the printing of the Houee. The House print ing is its platform, aud like all the other party organs in Washington, without the great prin ciple of the pap all its other principles are moonshine and green cheese. Tin. Missouri Senatorial Question ? Bk.v. ton vs. Atchison.?The letter which wc pub lish in another part of this paper, indicates a feasible plan for the triumph of Benton and the defeat of Atchison in their struggle for the United States Senate. The place of Atchi son is vacant, and that of Senator Goyer, whig, will be vacant in 1P.17. The Benton men propose, therefore, to elect two Senators by a fusion with tho wbigs?one a whig arid the other Benton?and ull that is required to do this thing is the agreement of the wliigs to the bargain. There con be no difficulty about electing a United States Senator two years ia advance of a vacancy, it is frequently done, and has just been done in the cat-* of the re election of Senator Rusk from Texas. There is. then, yet a chance for Benton. It would be very interesting and somewhat exciting should old Bullion and Senator Kootc tome together again on the door of the Senate, after all the wondcrfol events of the last live year*. ?? Let A Million of Men in tub Field. The pre Bent Biruggle between Russia and her enemies has, we dare say, drawn off a million of men from the avocations or pastimes of peace, who are now in the field, in the bloody business of war, to say nothing of the thousands sacrificed already to this insatiable Moloch. A circular, printed at Vienna, estimates the Turkish and Allied forces at 300,000 men, without includ ing the Turkish army of 24,000 men on the banks of the Danube. The enumeration is thus made up:? Under Outer I'aafca 48 000 At Kara 18,000 Erzeroum and Trebiiond 20,000 Id the Crime*, on the Xchemaya 9&'<>00 Kuptfort* 60,000 KerOcli, 16 000; Kinburn, 12,000 28.000 On their way to the Dnieper -J6 000 Sebartopol, 8,900; Uaulalt, 10,000 18,000 309 000 Add Turku en the Danube 24,000 Anfl wf hare a grr.n l Uit?l ef 338,000 And this does not include the Allied naval forces of the Baltic and Black Seas, and the Sea of AzofF, which will probably foot up ano ther item of at least fifty thousand men. On the other side, Russia has about 200,000 men in the Crimea, perhaps 50,000 about the Caspian, Kara and Turkey on the south shore oi the Black Sea, 100,000 at and about Niko laiafl', 20,000 at Odessa, and perhaps 200,000 at St. Petersburg, Cronstadt, Sweaborg, Helsing fors and the Baltic coastp generally, with re serves in Poland, and debfiphed squads scatter ed around her vast frontiers, equal to 200,000 more. These figures, if summed up and added to the forces of the Allies, will give us over a million of men appropriated to the humane occnpation of cutting each other's throats, and destroying by fire, sword and bomb shells the homes, the hopes and the happiness of millions of helpless women and children And all apparently resulting from a puerile quarrel concerning the lloly Places of Jeru salem. We can now believe that the thirty years war in Germany originated from a dispute about a well bucket, that the first French re volution was precipitated by a diamond neck lace, and that the British licet lately detailed to this side the Atlantic was for the express purpose of arresting Russian privateers and the Irish-American revolutionary expedition destined for Dublin. " What a great lire a small spark kindlelh!" The Meeting of Congress?The Organiza tion of the House?Views of the Press. We transfer to another part of this paper a number of extracts from our newspaper ex changes in reference to tbe organization of Congress. Nothing very clear or definite in the way of a fixed conclusion can be derived from these extracts; but still they throw some glimmerings of light on the otherwise inex plicable confusion of parties and factions of our new House of Representatives. The latest report is that the Northern Know Nothings and black republicans will unite, and divide the plunder of the House offices, leaving the matter of principles an open question. We have yet a day or two intervening before the assembling of the two houses; and in the in terval there may be some joint stock caucua ing that will settle the difficulty, at least upon the Speaker, though it is more likely that the House will meet without auy effective pre concerted arrangement for a speedy organiza tion. While awaiting further developcments from Washington we turn over our chapter of extracts to the consideration of all parties concerned. One thing is very certain?we shall have a most exciting, turbulent, wrang ling, pungent and extraordinary session, and the fun and the trouble will commence on Monday. Tracking the Hards.? Wc find it stated by a soft shell cotemporary that the aggregate democratic vote of 1853 was as follows:? 93,766 Hard* 95.976 Total democratic vote In 1868 182^731 The democratic vote this year is as follows:? Soft* 06 M? !!!.!!!!!"!! 6^026 Total domoc-atic veto Ihls 6.11 140.432 Decrease of democratic votei i?inee 1863 43,290 Forty thousand liards missing?carried off, perhaps, by the dark lantern. At this rate, unlets something is done to harmonize the party very soon, there will be nothing of it left worth harmonizing. What says Mr. John Cochrane ? (jOld in Cxlifobn(A.?Our neighbors on the Pacific teem to be more fortunate than their rivals in Australia. Our last accounts from Melbourne were that gold had become bo scarce there that it was quoted at XI the ounce. In California, on the contrary, new gold fields Lave been discovered which promise wonders. A reliable jourual positively (dates that the new placers just opened in Tuolumne county promise a larger yield than any yet opened. It arrives well: never was gold more wanted cither here or in Europe. Tnw:s?PHlNGOJf A Idmi Cutcon.?The feat of telegraph ing direct, In a sint,lo circuit, between New York and New Orleans, was witnessed last evening at the otlire of the New York, Washington and New Orleans line, Messrs. Cure, C Kerr York, and Iturdarin, of New or leans, officiating as operators. This was effected by the aid of six repeaters?a very simple arinngeraent?by which the n.d of way batteries at intmals of several lion drrd miles is seeureil. Telegraphing in very long circuits, by the Morse %stem. is practically, day after day, quite impovible, but it is believed by those competent to form a correct judgment in such matters, lhat the newly indented and wonderful machine of Mr. Hughes will render it easy to telegraph at all times, when the wires are not actually parted, in circuits of even uvc thousand mile-.. Wo unoer-tann that several of the Uughe. ma chine- are nearly completed, and thiit they have been secured by ? c.unpany who propose to open i new line to lb<- Houtli In the course of a fuw weeks, the most am ple ami ngemonts for this purpose Hm u(t bee.i already completed. The Kudorn Trwurwl). TIIK VESSEL NOT It MU D YET. err: nwoui noRawtMStinstW. Vat Islam*, I. I. Sound, Nov. I8,g> In con?c.|BPac# of the string iiortlieTly w.nd, the wrecking schooner were unable to come alongside the wreck to-day. The owner* of the Sudors are in waiting antUguily for a moderation oi the w?ather, so as to per mit at the schooner l>etug raised this week, t rorn pee sent apf ears noes, there Is not much probability of the work being completed lor at least two days. The scene of the tragedy wwsvulted by hundred-yes \ ter.iay, who came Ironi tar and wide trom the surround ing sountrv in Older to see the opeiation of rui-ing the schooner, hut tLey were doomed to <11 appointment, as tt.e alnu continued to Wow with much violence through UWI the entile day until sundown. lost night Captain Arnold, Mr. Hennietown and ether* proceeded to the wreck in a small boat, and dragged the poi surrounding tin wreck with ,rons pre;stjn.. 'nr the nil. pose. Willi the hope <il finding some oJ Uie hodlsw. which many -oppose had teen <ast cv- j board by the m-gro. I be} leport l.o , in; -t; oik r -id .looked - ,meth.*ig wbi'h, t" I heir minds. f?.t aofi *u 1 might nrohably lutve trenaliody. Alter several InMTsctmd attempts !o drsw I thi n ?-? to the surface, ihey wire rompeiled, frr m the ri-ing of th? tide, to piy? up the task and como a?hire. 1 ; ,.r . lo'hing, < and oilier ..rlicliM found wi'h the negro and which gt> to Implicate him in the tion-nc tion. together wl h the blood-stained lewlelctbes anal other evidence- of vlolecre, till remain at ih? hnu.e of Mr. thai lee MM l? i mm, where they ha\e hourly I ron inspect ed t,y the crowds ol visiters who lines to lh.'p ?v_ Til JL A T HOT 11WIJ BY ELECTMC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPH!. Prom WaalUngton THE KNOW NOTHING CACCU8?MOVEMENTS ?* TH# BFBAKKIUiHlP?WHITFIELD, OP KANSAS, VKHSl'9 TRUMBULL, OP ILLINOIS, ETC. Washington, Not. 30,1865. Political wire-working at the national capital has com menced in earneat. The Know Nothings mat in eaooufi to-day at noon, in obedience to the following Call, which appeared in the Huui p in the early part of this months New York, Not. 1, 1856. Ptr.?Ah it is now clearly known '.hat the American re proKentative-i to the coining Congress will constitute a large plurality In the limine, it in eminently desirable that a conference be had prior to the oommenoement ot the session. In this view, the an 'n. signed solicit the privilege ot inviting, through the modi .ui of yoar columns, the several members of Congress who have been chosen ad the representatives of the American policy, to meet for conference at the Hall oi Kepi ei-euts rives, on Thursday, the i!9ih day of Novemb> r in-t., ut <iie hour of noon. By giving this iavi'aiion an ertion in yonr widely circulated columns, you will cutler a favor on your verjr obedient, seivants, THUS. It. WHITNEY, Fifth N. Y. district. BAY Alt . CLAKKJfi, Nlntn N. Y. district. There being only fifteen members present, no business was transacted. Campbell, of Ohio, and Broome, of Pennsylvania, were present, superintending their respec tive ehances for the .- peiitieohlp. Of those in canctui to day, Broome was the iavorite. Fuller, of Pennsylvania, s expected to-night, ami until his arrival his friends are on willing to make any move. Their next meeting will be to-morrow evening. Cnllom, of Temieseo, considers himself sate for the Clerkship. The democrats hold a caucus to-night at the residence of Hon. Charles J. Faulkner, of Viginia, preliminary to the caucus advertb ed for Saturday. AU the democratic members now in the city have been specially invited to attend. Gen. Whitfield, of Kansas, has just reoeived an anony mous reply to his letter to Governor Roeder, of the most scurriloui character. Uuleas Governor Reeder endorses the communication, it will not be noticed by General Whitfield. Judge Trumbull, of Illinois, is here as United Stated Senator, but without auy certificate of election. Should the fiee roile s of the lluuse exclude Whitfield, tho Senate will reject Trumbull. E. THE CLERKSHIP?TACTICS OF THE ADMINISTRATION AND OK THE OPPOSITION?RETREAT OF FORNEY, AND 1118 ASPIRATIONS?A NEW CANDIDATE FOB PUBLIC PRINTER?TDK AMERICAN MEETING, ETC. Washington, Nov. 28, 1855. The intimtaion which I threw out In regard to electing tho Clerk before they d > the Speaker to the House, is gain ing ground, and will eventually be adopted. The adminis tration will undoubtedly rally upon Orr, of South Caro lina, as their candidate. On the part of the opposition, Fuller of Pennsylvania, Campbell of Ohio, Meaeham of Vermont, and 1'enniDg on of New Jersey, will each be insisted upon; and iu case neither of them can succeed, Humphrey Marshall, of Kentucky, It is thought, will be elected, lli- name is not to be mentioned until the four above named are satisfied neither one of them ew sue* ceed ; then his name will be introduced as coropsomise candidate. Forney, I understand, has no idea of being re-elected Clerk of the floj^Oj but merely wishes an endorsement by Iho democratic members that he stfl retains their confidence, and in hopes that it will give him a boost for United States Senator from 1'ennBylvanla, that being the great question with h'm now. I hate just heard of another Richmond in the field for public printer, viz :?Hugh R. Pleasants, oi the AiturU can D-mccral, at Baltimore. Ho will bF strongly pressed by tho Maryland delegation. The Know Nothing meeting in the hall of the House to day was very slimly attended, there not being more than a d> izon or fifteen members present. The object of the meeting, I understand, war merely an interchange of sentiment. It Is deemed advi-able by some not to have a caucus, as it may widen tho breach which now exists between the twelfth section men South and the Northern wiog of tho party. They may, however, have a caucus on Saturday, which will indicate what coarse they will pursue. DON. HE PREPITENT'N MESSAGE?EXCITEMENT IN REGARD TO THE ORGANIZATION OF THE HOUSE?EFFORTS! OF THE REPUBLICANS?RUMOR OF THE DEATH OF JUDGE DOUGLAS, ETC., ETC Wakiiinoton, Nov. 29, 1865. The President's message w ill bo put in the hands of the printer on Saturday. Tlio only difficulty with the 1're-id1.'nt about s< nuing it in ad unco to the Test Masters of the principal cities, lor delivery to tho press as soon tu tho telegraph shall announce its presentation to Congress, is the anticipaieu delay in the organization of the House, and toe p' s-ibility of its leaking out before if is presented to Cong es-. Tho agent of the Associated Press had an interview with the President to-day, and suggested that the copies to he sent to the principal cities be directed o the i'ostmar.ter General, which would prevent the seals being broken until authority is given by a despatch from the Postmaster General to do so. Tho President holds tho suggestion under consideration. Intense excitement exists here in regard to the organi zation of the House. The democrats give np alt hopes of electing any officers. Mr. For ney will be the candidate of tho democrats for Clerk, and Mr. Richardson for Speaker. tumoral Culiom of Tennessee, it is considered sure wiH be elected Clerk of the House, ft Is understood that tho democrats have resolved to vote flt-t and last for the caucus nominees, refusing all coalitions with other par ties. The Americans and wbigs calculate also in gaining some recruits frcm tacte democrats who arc on i*"> anxious hi nth. About ti\er,ty of the American party held an informal mceltig this afternoon, for consultation as to the course to he pursued in the election of officers of the House. The democrats and the Ohio delegation, severally, arc holding private meetings to night, Interchanging views on the same subject. The republicans are still working to couccntrato all the opponents ot the administration in a general caucus for the nomination of officers. Peve ral caucuses will be held on Saturday. The National Hotel is the scene of considerable excite ment. Upwards of a hundred members of Congress have arrived there, and Intermingling with them are numberless politicians ot every stripe, many of whom are oUiee tetkiDg. There is a rumor that Senator Douglas Is dead, but it cannot he traced to any reliabla source. Guv. Bt?ilrr at Trenton. Tretton, N. J., Not. 23,1946. Oct. Header addressed a laigc meeting here thin even ing, oo the adTantugoH of Kansas a- an agrUuttural coon try ; of the v rungs of freemen In Kansas, and of tho prospects of th" fnturf of Kama* under fair and proper legislation. From It.llurlelphla. ItOMlOlY OF RHUBTEBKD Li.TTKIlK AT TITE E09T OF no:- MEDAL 1 OB 0 A FT. lNOBAHAM, ETC. llnLAina.i'tnA, Not. 29, 1959. A number of registered letters In the Philadelphia, l ost are missing. and Jure U quite an excitement among the parties interested, and the elerki. Among the jetter* are two mailed by Thomas Kiddie ft Co., containing a fl'.' O'O coupon of the 1'enueylrania Statu Bond* and 94 600 worth of tire bon'l* of the Wfstche?tar railroad. Meters. flaw and Moca.lister haTe also lost $2,000 in bonds of the latter description. The remains of Karon tie -t. Andre, late French Consul in this city, who wan ktiied in the Hu-lington catastro phe, wero yesterday rrmo.ud to thr- Cathedral Cemetery in the presence of the brother of the decease I, who re eentiy anlT<d from France. A gold modal has been truck at tho Philadelphia mint, after a detcgn furnished by t ,pt. la-tman, of the army, under the direction of a resolnt ion by Congress. ?* pro scntallnti to < apt. Ingrahaui, nnd wbi rent to tho Presi dent to day. It weighs twenty-seren ounce*, oostiag t'tiO. The lace rr nrr ent- the A merles n and Austrian Teasels at anchor hetorc fcmrma, and the obrcrae has the followirg inscription on it:?'Tre ruled by the ITe.-ident of the I nited btatoe to Comma r.dd? (ngraham. as a testi monial or the high ren-e entertained bjr Oougrese of his gallant and judfeious eon'uet on the lid of July, 1843," The Urperls e) the Unthcr. At ALWA'.V. Aursv, Not. 29?P. K. There has hern a slich' Tall of snow tiere tu <l?y. Tho weather is ceidu , the the. moraeter standing at 23 dug., and falling. AT NEW ORUUNP. New I'mr-ws, Nor. 29?9 F. M. The weather hew i- plea-sat, and moderately <-ool, but not quite cold enough for OTCreoaU. Markets. ( H tuamw, Nov. '29, 1M5.V t etton has der'.iaed the sale# to-day foot up 2,100 bales. Nr? Orijuts, Not. 29, 1865.