Newspaper of The New York Herald, 8 Aralık 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 8 Aralık 1855 Page 2
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INTERESTING FBOH EUROPE. ODE* RELATIONS WITH GREECE. London. Paris, Marsrilles, and Madrid Correspondence of the Niw York flerald, Sit; Sit; Sic. Advices item CV'ng ne ?:ute that the sentence passed against Mr. Curtis, the Kngii.-h Consul, accused of having collated recruit* lor the lliltlsb Foreign legion., has been object-d to by ihe humun government on the ground ?file being inadequate to the offence and brought as an apieal case before the higher correctional tribunal. The penalty of tbree months' imprisonment, decreed by the puisne police Judge sgsinst Consul Mr. Curtis, has been raised to six months, and the Consul's secretary, M. Kray, who had beeu acquitted, has been condemned to three months. The Paris correspondent of the London Newt writing on November 21, says:?General Adrian Woll, of the Mex lean arm/, ha arrived in iheis, accompanied by his aid* de-camp, Colonel Thory. The General, who is a Kren ih aaan by birth, was one of the most Intimate and devoted friends of the ex President, Santa Anna, and was by Mm appointed Governor and Commandant-Uenera) of thn provinces of Tamauiipas, Nuebo Leon, and Coahiula. The Paris Palrie of November 20 says it is informed that the difference between England and the Paired States, although not definitively arranged, is in a wsy of settlement, ann that the efforts of ths American Ambas. aador in London have contributed to this happy result. The Paris goisips, who lately would have it that the Puke of Cambridge's sister was to be married to the l'rinee Napoleon, now 1 int at the probability of a a itch being made between her K yul Highness and the Klugof Sardinia. late advices from itonie mention that the Rev. Mr. Til hot, whose name has been lei eatedly mentioned as ooe H:ily to be raised to high t| ilitual office in the Itonan Catbolij (hutch iu England, hus been appointed by the Ptpc to pro -etd to America, to regulute some affairs be tweeu the trunsatlau-ic bishops and the Holy .See. liiitnillag from Greece. DIFFICPLTY WITH THE UNITED STATES SETTLED ? PROPOSED PUHC'H ARE OP THE ISLAND OP KILO. We hi. ve amices (..?in Atli.ns of the ltitu of November. The Green (haulier, which had been clued for a few days, litd been le-op-i.ed by a speech from trie throne. All the fori igu ambnssudors were present. 1'be speech tsys thai ti c change ot ministry which his taken pl-.ee was a i i ces-iry of coiistiiutlonul right, Ihe King ttnina* ihe liati-u tor the expression r f a'ta teuiuut i lias giv.-n him. Grice will inam'-iu an aUi'uds of strict ueu trslity in the itrugglo which is aatu.lty g-dng on. The hienoly m lat ot>s wl h the Western Powers havo lieeu c no -lids1 eo. The re-rstahitshuicut ot amicable relations wtih 'lurk.y have iriven a iivi.y to 'he friendly tuter c ipse between the w i States A slight dilfe enoe with the liniie.i Mute* has been Satisfactorily arranged. Ener getij measures wlil re taken to ftseute the pub'ii safety. [Vitr us, Nov. 10.?Co ire potideocn of the Ismd'-n ITtnes J A lew day' since, the(.ie< k pa>riots were te ighied at the wpieaiai ce ot an Au.eiicnn squadron in the I'trwus, but bey are no longer so well plea-etl with their un-x |?ecled tlsttsrs. An At ens c.?r sspon eut of tho Irietl Xdlvtig writes, thai an envoy extraordinary wax on bos id one of the vessels, wli .c business It was to settle ab< ut. tho iiid. tnnification to be |.aid to a c arUiu Mr. Knight, to. a piece >1 ground which bad been ta'ten front hint ly the Greek government. Mr. Knight vain, d his property ? 118,t 00 ilrschtoas, (about ?4,1180 ) out two years ago: the author! ies offered 'opay 48 IHO diar-huias, wbi.h air Marsh, who <as th- n Charge- d'Affaires for tho Uuitec- ttatrs, e jected to. Alter the appearance of the aqusdnn O" further oifliculty was made, and the suin originally deTrsnd.d has already been p.id. The superior ?meticHu < Olcets were iovitcl to dine with their Majes ties Two ol the Vleuna papers learu from tneir lon vtaiitjm | le cnriesionr .nrsihut the s[iecial mission of the envoy from the I'm ed Mates did u-n i elate exclusively *o Mr. Knight's u/Viiir, To tlie north of Candia in the 1-1 aid of Mit?.?the moat westerly of Ihe central Cyclades --ana on ii the Washington government, has ea*t a long ing eye. Tl.e a ea of Mil ? U ab ut nice Kngliih square mtle>. and tt bus u in ml harbor. Thn air and water of the hJ'tid arealike bad. but still tha Americans ai-so desi rous to get a pitd a letre In tho Mediterranean that they affer a high piice for it. Our liondou Correajmndence* LoKBaw, Not. 23,1855. Courte of the Lcnth.n Timet cn the Angho American Diffi cult}?Misrrprctehtaiicni of the. Britith Brest m% Ameri can ^urtiu as (Jtvetally?til.aky l otilitm of Lord Pal wcritca? The Br em h Alliance and the Krujlitk Arittucra ey?l.t,vit Napolten't Peace Speech?Or. Davega awl American I.union Pioeliritiet, etc. The I ondon Tim** i* ci.her * holly Ignorant of the rial point* in disputo between the I'nitcd State* and the Brtliib government, or it purposely conceal* there, and Allege* others of so ridiculous a nature as to throw all the blame upon us In the eyes of the English public. It ateks naturally to shield its own government from cen ante, but it gees further, and endeavor* to discredit our ruler* and our institution* in the opinion of this country and Europe. In the face ot this tortuous and disreputable conduct, which, in common with the BiltUh piers, it has pursued for ytars, it wonders that the peo pie of the United Stales do not beg the honor of aiding them to conquer Hus.-i i, aud that the Americans *houl I not on all occasion* offer up prayer* for the success of Brhish aggrandisement the world over, and, above all fur the success of Ihi'ish intrigue against themselves. The limes must egregiously underrate our intelligence, or overrate our solicitude for its good opinion, when it expect* n* meekly to *wallow its Insolence, or submit quietly to the menaces or crafty design* of her Majesty's minister*. The Tims* do dares that the whole difficulty between the two countiie* arista from the electioneering manoeuvre* of I've Went Flame aud hi* Cabinet. In other words, thai the deliberate violation of oar neutrality law* by an organised system of recruitments, and the shameleHH disiegard of the Ntipulat'.on* of a solemn treaty in the oase of Central America go for nothing The American pec pie are too blind or too *tupld to no tice such tildes as these, and are consequently just the ?tuff to be made use of by designing politician* to car. y vat the Hellish pu* pose* of their reckless ambition It is not improbable Uiat Ei.g ish journals and English state* men believe this nonsense, aud regard the public of t..i United Ma'es as only an ignorant and InlUininable mob and ihtlr g >veru?ent as composed of unscrupulous de magogue*, who can play up in their passion* to their own tones. The eonnequenee i?, the press and politicians of this conntry ate always astonished to see their explana tions and p Cdiotioo* ou American affairs falsified by the reeult; and I think on tbi* occasion, as before, they will be forced to admit their unfairness or their ignorance, which will only damage their influence in the estimation of the public at homo, whom they have mUled. One fact Is certain : If the Timet misrepresents inadvertent!?1, it still refuse* to be enlightened. Any Rtatement from aa American?Umugo sustained by positive proof?at v* riei.ee with their own assertion*, is mrer admitted to their columns. What could be more outrageous than tb" in ult to Mr. Buchanan, whose court*on* letter of denial to the TV?om of it* ridiculous charge of having off..re 1 the American alliance to Englandag ainst Russia, wa> r-j-ct ?d unuolici cf However, the time has ooroe, a* I have sad before, when the people of these two couu'rie* ?b?uld understand each other better?should loaru to know and appreciate esc j other more, when they are Wse bkely hcreaf er to have Ul blood stand up bctw.cn tbem ei'her by trafficking journalism or unprincipls I politicians. Ttere ia seme talk here of a dissolution of FarlU nen' which you know Is elected every seven year*, nu t this hn? only sat three. Is.ro fslnutnhlf lias ? all 'he >a *uU" ?train ?t bint and be let * being upset If he Ware quite a ure < t increariog bis rnaj .ri y. ho would appeal to t is ? euntiy; but th ugh the p? >pe are quite hearty in th -ir ? nthUMasm for the war. yet. so powc-'ul Ir tho Inllileusr of rhe l?n<t<*t arhtocracy that, perhaps, a stronger oppo m it. n would be returned nguiusi Calmerst -n tk .n he ua? ew to eonteu 1 *i fa. the French alllu.ee. wht.th U the work of lord I'almerstrn, I* But popular with too artoto r*cy, >h< ugh th<y are o'Aiged to cn- oal it rfavy don't c rraar he such Intimate awvwdtuoa with d'moc rat c kranaa, ??ring Itseffeat* ou thatr own (*>? pie am) In'titu'lom hay are forced to admit the gvtduc *nd p >wcr ifYtpo ecmlll., but Ihsy still regard fclm a-a ,*1 ;?rur and w .aid ? itgb' g ad to res hint mppW fr. re bis betg it and tuc eeoed on the throne by t re Tivtn. family of royal trie si I otinetnred by plebeian tutji.no. Ku-.L-rn* ire ih? Boaaian war I* not popular wl'h them ut o.ily wovlcn* nv naivhy in Europe the best lappoet t an aril 0V?<ty to pampero I and privileged as that of Kri< and. I'll-y ? ie pefec'ly right as far as tfa?ir a .u la'erott* area .u ceruied The a lla> o* with France aud t'.e war on h is / la era both wedges 'hat wi.l make the widen oreara in 'ba British coo-U'o'l n that It Ha* ev r y?t tufferrt Trie English a'Ut.-oia y U m.guLt-y rngtcdius. fhey res the danger* "f tbeir position, hot at* Tory eau'in m Jww thay prosed is aacapr tb'*u>. n>*y ars >a )s*v iriog Slyly to ge'oa? of th? w.r vrl'h llwdi sod tv-aib-v will dimleUh lhar relwtaiit latlmw-y vuh tue K aasb and Napoleon Iff. The ? *:>?*? on* a ? adv s >?t tb.rn ?le?r. England baa I law* wrev'.i st ? dh In fuifwga and America, whilst .ha aristocracy hav* ) ?* *, *a! 1/ at faorrg. Loui* Nafwieon baa row'* ?WdVr '$*?*?* ' J' V h usual tact. H* isdatsrwiwd la f. wnM ??. a jt ho seo?* to *how France rk.*t :ware ,? k, , p I*J dt I* right, for if France ..rws ibiwHs that ro 'te R'?? aarta onig mean* aaorker C/ir-y*** v>? n-1 ? *?. Jpiat' drap" omeday, as they del hl? awe A <o .. g Jbaiars in hi* discourse I* the trlbnts pm-i yt< r m (Mtp, ft ia dear thia axtraordiadry ma* U no* ,ru n anted with power and know* that Ma sweat aaare ia In the merai support of'ha a%'ion . The ' 'strikes ' ??.'M wa lane at Maaabester. As yst they are confined to one branch f f mannfaature only, snd Mm oraratiegi ooodact thew *elrea peaosgullr enough, pbough thay mil ftrorg tpftiltrt jq their pqblfc meet log* TWey verdure to *ay that "v^e ItaM aristocracy ought <t> be expelled from England." ud dm other simi larly uoeert-m. ntoui phrase*. Such sentiments as thaM ''irnDt bo h-ve for Richard.** The statement, puMmbed by the Nnw Yobk Hbhaiji, of l>r. Iavvga touching the retreat of the Russians from Sebaiiopol, 1as lawn Copied here. and ha" led to a groat deal of comment. The Engtl?h are natmally annoyed at the credit being giv. n 'o ihe French by the Ruiuiiana ot having w lety carried on the war. Hud at sedng thein ivlw* rpoken of by 'lie Itu-sion* with contempt. It naa been denied by 1 owe journals here that Pr.Pavfga was ever in t*elas'op. I at all. wliilat others attack him Ur hawing abeuoened tus own wounded. A man who writea any thing in favor ot Russia now-a <lay* must make up hi* nnud to run ihe gauntlet of tne Knglieh prc-a; but the Americans 1,art-ruji-y'he ftm. 1 hoy are Dwinwd to aec the Kvgtteh, who affect to rtdicuie 00r susceptibility to a remark wmlting I U rn-elves opto a rage at the aly poker of a Van tree Kscnlapius, whore yen cute aa aharp p.* hie lancet. V. ?? ate goir-g to hare another grand turn-rat In Pari* and 1 ottdr n, in honor of the King ot Sardinia, who ha* bent invited 1otry the t rench cwwineat St. Hood and to ree Via way afterward* tbr< ngh a ismdon fog if be can, which at hi* time of year otten make* gaa a* necossary itldMnit u alright. The journal* Iter* arc drum iricg up the people to the pitched' euihusle-m deslrod, the the King of Sardinia la an cape-tat favorite of the firtli-b yoiennMiit, not only hs-canse he i* trn ally ot tl-v ulli- s, but that he is a product of the British consti tution transplanted 1? Turin which mean* that a king i* a puppvt fn the hands of hi* Prime Mlut-ter, mm, in hi* turn, i* the sieve of a Parliamentary majority. The King of Sardinia ia therefore ctied up to the skies a* tbetncdrl of yerfeetb n a* a constitutional King, whoae rmall ] ecotidilloe* aio sib,wed to jma* free, aa was '.he rate with id* prerloce**or* here ot constitutional memory, Wiilh.ni IV. and George JV., wliom Victor Emanutd com pletely distance* to hi* tuvo for lite fair sex. The rumor I* tlic't iic if coming to ley nege to the Prince** Mary u ('co bridge whom judging from her exceeding Btouturn* it wit cert Win a c.nncideruble effort to carry off, if *he tlntiia not oe di.-po-ed to return witlt hiui other own ac cord which, however t* not to tie doubted, a* thin i* likely the la*t chance ot marrying that will erer offer, Ttiere i* nothing very nriking to oomment on in fluun ri?l ma for*. (011*01* lurve g >ne up somewhat these laat few dais. and it in rejmr'ec that Sweden ia going to join the alllauee ngninst l(u*tia. Tbtro 1* certainly Rome probability of 1hl?, and ,enc a un.inentary buoyancy in 'be > undr. The new* from America i- looked tirward to wi'lt rnvioFity and anxiety. There are a great many in doubt bete a* to the (Inul upshot. 1 ondon. is very dull ju it now in the way of public cn-iif ement. The then' ? c* nff-r nothing in the lea*t at tractive, and popular patronage i* di.id-d chielty between JttHen and't o Wizard . f the North, who are struggling, lil.-e two tin-eke of old. for the supremacy. Jull en is try irg to drown opposition in the noise of three oroh?*tras, but Anderson has *0 p'ora.oed Isradon that bis rlvilean not find a corner for his posters. A NEW YORKKK. I/tjiDO.v, Nov. 26, 1865. The Kar Cihnial MiuiUer?Tht 'Scandinavian Kate*?lie ported Alliancecf Steal en and Denmark with. IJie Weetcrn t'ewn!?III hehttg Between Avsh-ii 1 and England?'Jan. jt lcrl at StmkhiAm?The Sound Ihier, ifc. England iisH a Colonial Mini ter at last. It appear* ihst it w hs <ffer<d not ml) to 1 ord StHn'ey, but toSil cey Hcibert, and even io tbc Duke of Newcastle. It ha* teen accepted by Mr. Debouchure, wno, it not of very bri'liunt pnr.s enj y* t~ Iea*t the e?ii era of all parties t* an bmept, uptigh* man. He wc undersecretary for ihe Colonies foi a rhort time under Lord Melbourne's ministiy, Chief becrttury for Ireland, under the whig miids'iy, and for a short time President of the Board 01 Tiude. He is a brother-in-law to the Duchess of Suther land, on 1 first cousin to the Earl of Granville. The cfTect which the S[?ech of the Emperor of the 1 tetch, at the eli si g of the Paris Exhibition, baa made, is the Home all through Europe. It 1s regarded as a plain hint to Austria and Prussia to do 'lure themselves one way cr the otht r. Austi ia appears more and more aiding 1 tf lewutd Russia; and the recent cincardat with Rom-*, by which the whole of the snbje.:t* of Austria are plac.-d under 11 e clergy, is not likely to endear her to tli .se of lit r subjects who entertain anything like a love fur free dooi <>t courcience With Eug and, Austria it 011 any thing but good teim*. Ihe recent ariest of a Hungarian in the British unlfotm, at Bucbsreek; wiillead to explana tiona in the House. I here can be no doub'- that it was a viola nor, <t a neutral teirito.y. Mr. Cob|ution, Eng lish C< Dsul at Bucharest, ha elaitned him. Coroniut, the Autiiiari General, tefuses to give him up. The official c> riespt-ndtnce relating to tbis affair has not transpired; but it does not tenu to endear us to our Austrian ally, lie, mnienvsr, learn that An*tila has been tajilltatlng the expei t of sulphur to Ruseia. the na-i-iou oi Gei e-al Canrobert to Stockholm can -not tail to alai m the German Powor*. His reception by the king ant by the people has been moat enthu siastic ana similar ova'lons await him at Copenhagen. Actuat ing to the Pails cones.-ondent of the JVmcs of yesteiday, * n-iliiary conven t >n ha* actually been agreed upen hetwst n E'ant^ end Sweden, in virtue of which Sweden will ftttni-h a contingent next spring, to ac. con jointly w it h the Allies, In tii? event of peace not being cenaiin ed lief re then, and her gunboats will co-operate with the lltet* in -he North. It it also sia'ed that an am y, c> tnposed n' Fiencb, Ergltsh and Swedes, will be sent to Courlard, which w ill make Austria and Prussia dtclftre th? ui-elves. As a tew.ird for the alliance, Finland will lie rest, red to Sweden. If Swe'.en joins, of course I (plnuik wil' lolliiw. T on w ill remember that an offensive and defensive troa ty o' alliance was entered info by the Scandinavian Petr el s ht the cunimeuci ment of the war. , The gov*inraent of Holland has determined to hare it self represented at the conference which i* about to take l lare a' ts-penhngen on the Sound duos, and has selected Oount de Pyiandt, rc*i tent Dutch Minister at the Court of Sweden, for the purpose. Oar Pails Correspondence. Paris, Nov. 21, 1855. Details of the Ckmjlagiation at the MamUentiin MHi'airc-? Immense Destraiitm of Government Stores Com feel by it?The hire Said to be the Work of Political Refugees? 7he Disturbances at Sariie/ossa?T'ie French Tickled with Dr. Daxefjas1 Compliments to their Military Skill and Bracery. He tapir, which still er gages the attention of all classes is the tenible lira on the (Juay <\e Billy. The fact of the ilsnutention being a depot where stores were provided sufficient for the sustenance of 40,000 men for a period of three months, and that upwards of 40,000 rations were baled and prepared each day. will give your readers some idea of the interest a conflagration in such a quarter mfttbt l.aturally create. The ConUilutionnel gives the following account of the building:?The Manutcntion do Avoirs de. la Guerre, in which a great portion of bread for the army af the East lias been made, lies 800 or 4<-0 yards from the end of the long gallery of machines of the I'nlversal Exhibition, and is oi ar the large water works of Cnalllot and the Immense n giue factory of Heroine & Carl. The Ore broke out with rxtirn.e violence in the part of the building facing the Trocadiro. This part was built in 1840, ani formed a vast paiallelogrom three sto ios high. In it were collected a great quantity of wheat and floor. There were also fourteen or sixteen pairs of millstones for grinding wheat, a steam engine for work ing an apparatus for facilitating grinding operations, various utensils, and some objects of equipment. The other J art, whl"h is the ol<*er, having been constructed under the administration of Marshal Soull, in 183d, is situated to the east?that is, facing Paris, and separated from the other pile of builcings by a sort of narrow Una, abich is crossed l.y means nf moveable bridges. In this Is uade the bread and biscuit, not ouly nf the garrison of Paris, hut of that of the First Military Division. On the grnnnd floor of the old building, on the side nearest to Paris, Is a post of firemen. As soon as the Sre was per ceived messengers were dl'ptvchod to the Foots HillUire nr.d ihe batnuks oi the firemen for a-tsistauce, crowds of !?opIe olso Hot ked to'.he scene , f the disaster. The fire spread with snob violence that st T o'clock all the build ing was in tlstne? in spite of the large quantities of wa'er thrown by ftf.sen or twenty engines. At this mo n eat the I nipe or sod several officers of his Msje'ty's boutehoid arrived on horseback. The Minister of War, ti e Minister of he Interior, M. foist Thergtet, the Prefect of Police, aid the CsimtnanSer of the Firenten, also came ??p. lbe flrenii i a* eroded to the roofs of the set tnd part oi the Menu eultou ana of the houses on the opposite si le, ?rd directed volumes of water on the ventre of the Are. Ihe wind fortunately ble* from the north, and so turned the flamrs toaards the liver. At flo'vloak 'he fire was g?4 uisie',u??d only the four wsjls of the building in which it commenced remnined. Detachments of firemen at.*< sidciers pas-rd be night on the seane of the eonfla g'?ti<*i. Ihe huildiog le-t'Oye! is said to have cost . ,<VO,0uOf., and rue materiel sud flour It oontaioe I to be woitn an equal suui. Ihe Emperor did Dot quit the spot unci v e'ei ek whi-n ail danger had di apnea red. Seve ral en'ire rtgimt nfs. IheGendsiiar.te, Orenar.iere^Ohiras siersof the i.uard deterhjnsB'.-of all the regluidd'a in gnrrissvr at la.is, the Chasseurs de Vhtcmnes and the Guides. r?? .cr-d iis-istaooc at all points The lireoadi. r* rescind a vast numlier of sacks of flour frovt the Hemes, end lire papers 'rom the ircouri'Hct'* oilI -e wvre also ssvesl. At 10 o clock s number of light carta were em pi. y.d to remove the stores that last! been resc ted from dretiuetion The foltowirg are so-ne aJdi'ierral detail< As eoonaa tbe flre *?* Ajve'v.-I, ijeoerel Regnault it Faint Jean d'A gie/ ordered e psrty id the Cuirassiers o the f.'uard to tnount. whilst tir. other part of th?.o in the regiment of Volttgoore of the Guard w?ut to the sp > ,>q | loot at dooMe qolcfc time. MM Ftsury and lie Poi lv>gnn, aide re tamp and nrderiy officer to the Eritneror, Wo-e early on'he strut, ev?c rourging the mett empl tyed, sndsfld not quit the seen- uatll si' krrnf farther danger was .< moved. The Minister of the Interior was one of the fi??t to arrive, and on lesving give fjtt ft. ta M. Co lo tn be, the Commissary <4 Poll e. ta he distributed among toot n^B who bat been ioj tred by soma 'inbar falling. A * ell d;xvo-e<t yoong man wlurre na na is not known, hratd at ta? tltoe when the floor was barniug rno-t vio leo ly the sta tu whistle of the sream euglua which in dtcated that 'be boilers hs<f beeom# overheated sad were sbttii to es,.l <le. every passage was ob<truited if the fUrnas, hut ti <? you tag man, guided by ths "-nrd o' the whi'tle, ru* .e3 Jlrtrward and .'psusd ttat valves and thus pisventiMi addition U roil ? hts-f. Two Kagtfsb n<H. co-pmis Monad officers in wadtsss who trs iu Pails l-r ths vrvdMef the Engll h t'warnmati' at the l?tv?rv?i KahlMti.to, made then. ??-fr? s retpsrkahle by the flnolnesa wi h wi deb tbay wsnt. into ths great, st deafer. Ii tset ft may N> remtrr ?d enfassart that the French ate too . ilt?b> tor this hind nf wors, which demands of all thl eaal iSmoered a*ifh discretion. All that tie etirehcase ronts'oed? sorts flowr. sad malarial, as well as the mnveaW* rrihv rlas w^ch wt?# ia tha baUdlng-fell a prey to the games. t The mill bee been somewhat Mmm4. tfce storehouses spvdally ?ppr< priated to the blew pi ng at hoar wd where the greatest part of the atfp^ly WM placed, were pre sented. There still remains at La VilUtte a supply ?f Soar for three umutna. The two bwkeheusea aie again at work on the Quii de Billy, ar(1 the oveus are unin jured. The Are appear*?if it did not take place by de> sign?to have originaied re a flue runuing from the grenary to the steam engine. l'he soot which reu aired in this flue U said to have caught fire In in ct niog in contact wi'h tome sparks in the chim ney. The teim ?f those granaiies, and tbeir being emit < f cral. explaion the rapid progress of the (lames. All toe building niatei >als ot the burned premises aw lost, as the stones are -calcined. Ou the ground floor there still remains a laver of earn, i ice anti flour of a certain t biek ?M, but it is alt en mixed with ashea and rubbish that It will V useless unless it csn he converted into march. I Behind, and to ike north ot the burnt building, is aoakh- | er, mo h larger, but the wind, blowing toward the river, | carried the (lames away fro in Use latter pile of builriug, and it wasicarceJy touched. (if course ? elicit- siauoe so unusual In 1'arts as an enormous conllsgiaUon, and that tu one of the govern ment dejaits, exp'essly suuplted with ms to rials for the army, which is expected to carry death and destruction amoug ti e toe, could not take place without leveisl reporis of a sinister character be coniing pievebnt. it is sail that the same tnaciiou tlons which elle' teti the teriible oxpl iciuun of the " Moil tin' at Bebu stopol, and oaueea sucu fearful haves to tfte property ana camps of n? al ies huVe nut been a whi< less busy at 1 aris. inhere again, u .tempt to fasten the crime ou the Lonr.on retugithough tleci ed.y the Bus sophobists huwe the mujoiity if you cannot, it is said (iod out <he c iminsl, hi k and - ee who the c line bene fits. nd you will not be tar off t be object df search. The Manulentiou supplied li.e Fieuch army; ihe Freuch army seers to conquer tie Russians: ago if tie food 01 be Frvnrh army i- burnt the Kuasiarn are benefitted? i iiDtniueitly the K tstiats set fire to the Manuientiun? . ott hue, f rr-f hr hoe. No reasoning can he clearer. Without at emptiog to flud a mare's nest, it is really estraordii ary that la.ge tires should he of suet rarity in a city where so little precaution is ta.en to avoir them, bach house is inhabited by ail sorts of people, who keep whaler er kind of tires they please?wood coal or ebaicoel. Servants have the npper part of the house entirety to themselves, without fear of citcumrpec'i' u or coutrol; they play any tiieks they pit-are, go iu end out as they like, and in hot are the it cost, jollied must roring | t uple in the world; Dut it rarely ceppins tb*t even a rblinuey catches (Ire, and a home in Came* Is slm sl a? rare a thing Ma swallow at lb: id inns. I'ouaequVnUy, lie p'ovlaton made fur extin guishing tt es in I uris is nut w bat might be ex[iec ed in a city rrbeie all put lit matters are c induced with so ii urh ptecisi. n and ixacti.ess. Is it not passing ? range that with so ii sny engines and so much water at hand 1hese engines th uId liuve no meunu m self supply bat dei end en'Irely on the tBidy process ot bucko's conveyed fitm one hand to another? Yet so it is, and till Mr. I cry, the good American, as he is now universally culled, atrl ii witb his engiue, the Fret cb means of ox tingiiisldig the Humes were cnmpurativriy nil. Tha> ei gine is i till playiDg on the rniouldeilng em iters, and wherever you turo ot o hears of cothiug but that extia Ordinary machine Americain.'. But to turn to other (o bjects not so near home. All it ee tints at tie that C-utntreit has fairly hooked the b' wecl b tiout. liuy thai the Northern tl*b tssik toe (Tal bc tmit with an "liteiity uptiruscuing to greediness, The French nsviguitou laws being abiopated ex>ctly io suit the t ccation, lets in the Sseei-h tie tier, and all Sweden is in raptures. The King ol -sidinia embaTked atileuoe for FlsiFeil.es on theifli-n, wi'b a brilliant ssit. and the buy sf er to-mon. w (Friday) is expected at 1'arls. A letter fi< m k udriu givs. s. me detail' of ine disturb acres at raiugusi a. On the lVth. it says the rl iters com menced throw Dg rtor e? at ih' coatnien on the be ks ol tbe F.hro, who were shipping corn, and several of the lit ter wne sounded Crowds of people then formed, cry ing: ''l entil to the tlcli I" '? I own with 'ha octioi I" " Lower the piiee of hrosrt!" "the Republic forever!" These crowd- went through the streets, causing the gimlet slu'io. At 7 o'clock ir. the evening the (eiitiale ?u* heat and Ihe .National (luo'ds got under airrs. During the light several sho's wete tired by which two persoi.s wete ki led and several wcunded M. I esitno, formerly Civil ti vnuor of the ptovinceof ha-agosur, was forced to ahando.i the t-'Wn. in on er to frv? bis life. Another rich u.crcb,mt w?. comjiiled to ac in the same way. The eight ol the llth passed over with the gr-uir.-t agitation. tin ttie fol lowing mi irung Ibe muni -ipal council lowered tbe prije of bread, and Increased the wages of ihe workmen. T'be men then die) ersed, fleclai tug t hem-e ves -a' i-tlcl. On the 111b a tnither leduction tn the p-ice ot bread was made, end a v duntary sui-criptioo ?as opened fcr the purpura ot indemnify!'g the bakers for their losses and tor tern ei ii-g every puss ble assistance to tho poorer classes duilr g tr.e pteient h'gh ptice of piovi-i'ins. Ttie subsciplion Lea tu en ?e'l supporteil by the iuha'titants. Verily tbe s'ate o- Spain is not such as to give her much ngh'to iliii k of sluing the Western nllunce, or even of caring much for her Queen of 'he Antilles. The I tern hare, by the w,iy, decidedly pleased with tbe srlicle in the new York IIkrjiid, which gives a gra jhic act onnt of Dr. Da-tgi's sojourn In the Russian enn p. Tr at it rliou d be the Kussiin opinion that thoy alone are the sturdy toes?that theg alone won tbe bat tles of ihe A ma, Inkeiurann Bslaalwa and Sebis'.'ipcil? is sweei music to tnetr csrs. The tugllslr ha-e, doubt lei-s am tber version of 'hes'ory in one or two of thoclr cuirist?uc?s mentioned; but let that pass?the Doctor has car tied the Fn-n.h witb hiin, to a man. They knew it, u> bo is ore, all the while Frenu uueu a e, of course, the only lu-roes in tbo world, but it is pleasant to know that others are ready 11 the raine opinion At present ihe ration is loo discsetto treafl on the corns of Eng. lti d, hut tl.e day wid coubtless come "for plain l itelligl l lo )|<aiing, w Ion we shad bear what spooneys 'he Eug Utb ?en?what muffr?and how they woulr have been swept Jiko chatf tefore the wild, but foe tho chivalry of France?how, iu fact, when p'hers hold their tongues. 1 r. i avrga afore spoke the truth, and d a-tied his lancet, into the throbbing, puiulent tumor of r.ngiUb p eten sitn. BKR flft. Pakis, Not. 22, 1855. /.ore/ Paimertltn't Official Stability a frnirceaf Un&uinets at the Tvilnit'?Examination of hit Pont'.ian?Louit NafUetm Paying Court to PovvUir Opinion in England ?//vitia't Exaggerattd Estimate of her oum lle-tource*? The Emptrtt Eugenie, etc., ?fc. Tbe petition of Loid l'sluierston's ministry bu for acme time be en a source of rome uneasiness at the Tulle i ion The I mj.eror, duriDg lit* 1oi>g sojourn in England, became too well versed In the na'ure of parliamentary gbvernuients not to know that without oratorical ability it in quite impossible for a ministry to keep ita place to any length of time. The poaitton if the Talmeraton min irtry has, id litis respect. 1m en graiue ly growing from bad to won*, till on the benches ot the ooposttfcn there is arrayed against it a force at which tbe stoutest heart might tren be. Ihe overture* which tbe noble lord has made to all section! of bit opponenta, are now perfectly un tierstocd, An t xpeii.uced haliiut, like his lordship, knew petit ctiy well frim ti e beginning that he had no ehanie of nieces*; bo' notwlth'Uiidlng an Important object has b< en galm d, In thus p< epaitng for hi* ultimate appeal to the constituencies, which it is generally beiieTed must be made in the ipring of 1860. It is, however, by no means certain that a new fleet ton would displace anyone of the piesent ox| otiooced debaters though it would no doubt swell his majority on tbe war question. At the same time F.igUtd wl.l soon be getting towards the third ya(p of the war, and many, what wi U inciiassd sxatirn, the price ot provisions the secession of three who began ti e war, such as Gladstone Herbert, lie "red and others, begin to be sorely puiiled; and should the press at sucb a moment, show any sympt.m* ofvaveiit'g there i- utr saying whe her Ihe war mauls might not ritdr'eirly unk hclow aero. It is known, t >o. that there is a large secit tu of tbe English Cabiurt in lavor ot ItitiiilDu ?ut tire light hritrrl to Russia before matters are posited to greater extremities. )/>rd I'alraer. s'on is, therefore, in a c nsirteiso'e - tlx," and the Em peror In- ws it l ersoually bis lo>d?bip ha? no doubts on the *iilij.ct;h? Is tor making clfuo work of the North ern Best, t all*hed that, even U it sh uld have the effect of giving France a farti ions ascendancy the intestine trouble* which stark like a Neu eels in the wake ot the ' entitle wilt ultimately reduce her tu good bebavi tr. But soaething must oc d ne as a sop to the peace earty. and a vum uu call' u hts taken plueu between the two Cabinets, or, to >|t*ak mote plainly?for lr?rd I's'iDflrsfon like I'i?i. in other days, is singularly discreet with his "?tv * v-wrs. tu v-yu, so ni*agui*Mlj lUPlirwik IfilU III own Cabinet?he-Wren the I rsmlei of Eng and and Na polera, the result of which ts that King f?op Id 1 as been deputed to fcel ti e wav between tbe allien and Kus la. 3/ tmaanatipcatent tbr cheonl*lebataiilr wt'1 in some rtiear u-e fte wifbtl'DWi. frtmi beneath si.iue <>f Lo d Baltum s-ou's irppohfirts. who csnn t w li sccu.-e hln of duel lug m push ihe w*r p?il|(y to extremity, wbile ??? pr<*j>rio motn in the hour of riciory, he h*a Uirougli thft Kit g iif Belginm, held out the i live br?ncli. That tbe WHols will f rm a niete figment?a wilt o' tu* wisp?at. ignis f<U>iu??no one here la* tbe lemoteet doubt but it may an wer its pur pose of strengthening Ihe hi g'i h ministry so neoessary at piwecnt to tbe plan* of tber u.c i Fan per nr. The truth if. mm tike hir Jsme- Orshani, 1/irl Rtanlsy ?not to sey Onboeo and Bright whom we must give credit for rerer havii g twru . rcetved? tiegin tu sue thai Ns pi let n is hint ufS'ii making such a hit ml UMo oon't rwiiiitl ?l t?i re sgsiuet ht.ssut ?tt" ihe sld of fnglsuti, *. in iheerritt of ?nr sub is,ten', mt-vimicrntandir g may be?. ti e falsi to English inte-wsis lode.'rny *b* ttsvil power of l<us-ia dmee hei nut of ibu ('tinea, at taasl, of reboa-epn-. and "? pull u.iwn about h r e?r? Kherson files** Ni o sh If Ac., A*, si.I s KnelMid well enough, but aGem an lltauoe, W"h 1 more tlie ru i.ig sptrl'. Is quit* aan'hcr ts. ng, and this will prows thogo-at stum t ling bh<k. Napsuaww's speech at tic Kxisodtiou the wu.no.r in whicb he Is pushing affile* at ~t ckboiwi a*n lenwisil, his dff-rritcsto public <vta<>a b's deal a hst *?l alio til t ?j ?i,., |a right so.l who Is wring ladies'* clestly the l.udercy o' hi. s uoewhat nnsterir us csairm, hue these are alarmists in Englm-I who ree it, aird who pterhaps, hereafter, will *'p. ssh it. more cleat ly. Af est objec through.tut #ith the Krenqb ttuis-ror ts te ?-?*> himself p. p.ular wuh the English people, for tlreie he knows iris true strength Hee.ee, therefore, fellows fee ree on the subject of 're? trsds (every one of which y, at the titling time lie as e?*ily rescinded), is lltb priucee at s fcn d upo a,I miu tram. and i t glirh p* "t* down to the lowest artisan, ate ntsde much o'. ?* b ig e? the nation gulps it all, Na P> l?n? w:ll never quarrel wi'h It, not be. forsoo h ' for hy tbts he gain* mere toeo by a tlmj-as l battle., aai it <re efTec'uslly svrnge* Waueriee than if he spilt the hsxr.n Mood in fortints In the mien I me I* ere *c#m* to be no doubt that Rursfa i* about t- ettrronnd ht. I eterstoutg wit t forti t rations and earihwotks. Mcorc log to a plaafuridskad by I rife i sjgteoukl. h? ltini*ier of War, aad there are t*rt*irly tlgwi ft Ber belpg harff pot to it. The . ni'thif onfl 'ie? to t'ay the following remarks taspect ?her power ? It s la hM been ami Judged fur ti e ia*t forty year* tbroi gh a prism which has greatly exsggemtad her real 111 jortions. I' c< t U alm> t.tt ? imagined in* shehaa i.t. it duped by her otau false grandeur, aud that she now jrt her prteewt I-Ofi ion ao>l resource* with the same I stilsl eye as ques'it na>l the power of the Waate^go. tdwtWur nwent* two year* age. Forty yean of eoasuMt directed to eoolrs?t aUianoM with the nuii Noctfefra ccerta bad apparently sueeeeded in fitnio* 18 Germany for Russia, the more so aa tba oligarchi c government of Um German confederation leuda Itself more than any other to intiigue and corruption. The little Stataa oyer tl>? lhlue are the refuge for tredittona, prejudice* and feudal authority. Luxury, gold, and tlatvery, nni'ed with the Olymnfan menaces of Russian diplomacy, suc ceedad in producing in the Eaat the aame reaulta ob tained in the Weai by family alliances: superficial

minita could believe that the Emperor Nicholas wat lemlly the serioua and lasting arbitrator of State*, The unlimited despotism ol the tsar praventa the depar ture from Russia of any family, without special permls ab n. Thia peimtasion, granted with conalderable tact ano uircretli u, had atill mote increased the prestige of Ru-eia for Seuthern Europe in observing the elegant and generous nobles, lavish of their gold, acoom pa tiled by the most distinguish* a ladies, imagining that thoee were the faithful repreaentatiTea of ? ussia. where all were auppoe ed to be equal'* wealthy aud well Informed. Even the population of Kaasia, undoubtedly great, has been eem ployed to augment the general opluion respecting her mi itary strength. The population of Russia, It is said, is twenty miliious; that is very possible; but this popula tion, Isrge ss It soutds, is but trifling in proportion to the extent of the territory it covers. The populaion of Russia gives < ne Inhabitant to the square kilo meter, (Ave eighths ot a mile,) whilst that of France p> events thirty-five Inhabitants to toe same mea sute. Toe Russian at my?even on paper?consist, only of a million of men, whilst the ac tive French army exceeds half a million?thus. In pro portion to the respective populations, it results that 1- ranee possesses for every soldier she loses seventeen time* more recruRs than Russia. The poHileal supremacy claimed by Russia is comiletely ruined; her nobles are lise her supremacy, and with respect to ber armies, they iar fr, m accord with the gigantic idea of the torrents of u en who, it was said, were t > submerge Europe. 40,000 French and English have resisted the most determined efforts ot the combined Russian armies, which have been shamefully defeated on their own soil at Alius, lukermann, and Traktir. In war, one must not expect to he tilwsys victorious, bttt we must be resigned to perish when the dignliy ot the tlsg demands It. 'l'be Rus si-b navy thus will never wash out the stigma of havlog igm Dubiously avoided all contest. On the contrary, the Turkish squadron coveted ttself with glory at Slnope, wheiclt sank ita last sai or and its last gun. Russia, who has ever considered the Turks as batbarians, has not once availed hersotf of the huu dteds of occasions tflVred to display her broad, tides to the allied fleets. Russia, launched by her g< vernment Into an insane and dt" eatable war. deceive I by her diplomacy with respect to the resources of Eu it pe, seems to he reserved by l*rovi 'enoe for that severe punishment which a.ways awaits unbounded and imino ialsmbi ion." From 'be above exit act it will be seen that if the gov ernment of Fiance wishes aa ha* been said I)r peace, tt ia cot i articular y catciul what language ita semi-otficiu' oigsn holds. ( fllcial notice is given this mornlDg, in the Mmits.ur, ibat on the 16th of l ecer.iher ttie process of demolition will take place in such carts of the Universal Ex hibition a* were never intended to be permanent, ai d that 11 the various goods, works of arc. Ac., an not by that date removed, the government cannot be respdnsible for tliem. Tbe Empress yesterday diove up to the anrixe, and with ber suite made tbt tour of that part of It wheie the machittns we-e in motion, llsr Majesly looked claiming, and therm ton ) i iiil which her inleie ling situa i in giv-8 to her llgurc tu'l er adds to. than detrac.s from, t"e gracefulness ol Iter dspoitmtnt. bhe appeared in capi'al spi its, chat iit g w i'h unceasing v.- luOll ty to thoee around her. Hap pily tLere wetc few visiters, ar.d her progtesi, for once, was not impeded as sue moved to and fro. Her Majesty hsd j.ost returned fr m ti e Champ de Mars, where she had it en assisting at a review under the auspices of No polot n, aeet mpanitd by the I>ulo ot Cambridge, who was in the foil dress uniform of an Encllsh General. The duy wflk miserably Noveoobe rish, and by i c mean* suited the prantfe trm/e ID which every one appeared. As the Em feror returned through Ihu Champs Elysees. ajjoinpaui ed by tb * English Prince in blood red uniform ridiug a snpethcbsiger, foil >wed by a billUaut staff and a detach mevt of tbe Cenl Gaide, the crowd of people which col lectcd was (uorinuus; and an the I'ukerf Cambridge I km wn to have displayed heroic gallantry during the preient war, there was not tbo usual crl iciam cotcertirg the detesHble red Jacket which geuerally assails the British uufoiw; rn the contrary I heard him {reeled with considerable fervor. As 1 wilked up the ue Rlvi 11, tbe I mprea. In uu open carriage and four, preceded by yreqvttrf, and followed by a similar carrltge, psssed me. and encountered at the gate of the Tullerie. Mar.bal Magna n and Ids stuff wca:lug his broad ribbon si d in tbe full dress of a Field Marshal, who weie returning ftom 11,e ralace. lbe old republic n and, as some ctvl' Tim, " butcher of ihe Boulevsr s"?can do bis devoir be fore an illustiious lady, aa well as any carpet, knight. Hi leintd back his horse as he saw the imperial cortege ap prcHct ti g, placed hitn at light angles with the carriage ar d raised snd lowered ft the very arms of his chargei his cotked Lat; and as be reverently bent bis gray lock and broad mariial head before llie young and beautiful sovereign of France, who received the salutation with that sweat dignity which Is so peculiarly her own, I as suit you it was a veiy pretty pageant to witness. BKRTIE. Oar Marseilles Correspondence, MrK.nai r.iis, Nov. 21, 1855. Lcuis Xopoleun't Ptaee Speak at the Close of the Paris lirhi lUxoti?Its Motives and RrtuUs?Sensation Prvdwed by i> Throughout Pviofo? Ike Canalisation Project of M. V Law?The Heruh Emperor awl the Hourgelise?Pal merstcn's Policy Towards the Uniletl States Disapproval ? lylhe /Wrick C'alinet?Au- triain the Principalities?Th Sound Duet, tie., <Ce. Y< u will have perceived, from the tone and chtraeter of the Emperor's speech at the closing of the Industrial Ex hibition at Taris, that the peaceable Inten'.ions which 1 attributed to him in my last letter have at last found a public utterance In the face of Europe. Franco is to< I eace, and the Emperor, who U the creation of Franc, and the aclnal aitua'ion of the country, hastens to giv ntteranoe to the popn'ar sentiment. This la not merely a diplomatic mara-uvre, reassuring Rossi* and Germany of the eoniervative senticoeats of the Emperor, but n ? ord in season, on which Russia, if she feels thus io clinec, may act with a certain degree of confidence. Th, Emperor and the Emperor's family desire peace, and the attitude of all the diplomatic functionaries of France in foreign countries corroborates the official manlfestatlMs of the Fmperor. Fiance Is a military country, bat she is at the same Ime, industrial and commercial; indeed, sie must be so if she would raise the means to carry on a successful war. The French people of the present day would not support Napoleon I. in his prcj -cts of conquest and uni versal cmpiie; but they support Louis Napoleon in his war against Russia, as lerg as that war is necessary to the liberty of French commerce in the Me> iterraneon and aa I tg as it csn bs carried on without serious detri ment to French industry. The speech of the Emperor therefore, baa a twofold objeet, vix.: one, to invite the diplomatic eo operation of r.ermany and direct propo *>,In in m Kosa'a: ilie other o justify the war, and apolo giie for the burthens it inflict* oo the French people. Re ecii merely as an instrument In the hands of Ptovtdense ?be has no choice of bis owe; and when, in the spring of ltfifi, he shall again call on toe French people for sub ? rtiptions to a new loan, it will be because be cannot help ' lm>e)r, and because the honor and safety of Frace re quire lhat new sacrlfloe. The ceremony accompanying the cloture of the Exhibl ?1< n was, yon rosy rtly uoon it, no mere coup de theatre: t< was M-rionrly luteuded and will, I am Inclined to b. lte*e, have terlous oensequences. The Emperor Is stron ? ly Indu ed towards peace, and to secure that boon to I ranee, is willing to Tusks considerable saerifiees. He erlly coes not wrist on more than the original fou po<nts, waii ing all claims lor damages, or in Ueu ot them ? f territorial acquisition. These ?ertcs Russia nan accept with honor, tor they do not imply more than the original <1, minds cf France, consequently no iiupnta ion of In tel lor power to resist to em. Both parties wonid return to tl e ileitis quo arte belJum, France merely jasttfisd in her 'I mends, and Russia confirmed In the Integrity of her te. il ory. The moral power or France wonld gelu imm-nsey "y such a pence, which woulo insure her the confidence ? I Europe, und the respect even cf her enemies; while, at the fame time, it wor ld doubly arm her la any future ir< vciurnt, una srenre beforehand the auceesa o' her iniopean diplomacy. England would have no right to c> iriplaln and yet she wonld leave the contest as the oust injnrer puityvf all the bdligwrents. Peace would rsiablisb the pirpondersme of France over England in 'he council" of Europe; it would emancipate the Conti ? ent Ir, m 'he c romenial supremacy of the British islsa, -no !s?la<e (ireat Britain among the Stater of Europe as c, n.j le'ely as E'rglsnd, during the wars of the French Re vouilrn, "ucceedrd in isi luting France. This would be an s cbievrn rnt wo thy of the successor of I e great Napoleon, and It would be aooomplished by the ?"i'i of t.rea? Britain herrelb Nap le u's speech has not failed to produce a profound "?iatt< n throughout Europe, while it has been decided ij popular in France and not very acceptable to England. II e war has become popular in England; the nation ha* u'ace np its mind to hear its burthens and to snbni.' to ta- nai les; It has been taught to look upon it as a ne . easily?as Indispensable 'o British supremacy in the last, And to the preservation of the empire in India. I i si.ee oesires but the freedom of the Mediterranean, the ext< in i e cf her power In Africa, and the construction of a slily rauaI errors the Isthmus ot fuel. 1|.e eonstiucHun of this ship canal is of vital Import ?> re to France snd to all the nations of the 'lontiiient; but n i re paiticulsriy to Austria and the Italian Stems, -il l wli be pre eed with great force by all the contlnen s> Jowrrs as toon as peace shall be established on a per mamt basts. Ftglanu will not be able to resist the in ttwfl demand of all tie continental govaramente?that f Rjssla included?and ibe canal will be bull*. As soon ?s bat shall be d' ne, Mtrsel'les and Trieste will lie the i n at o,iMii ports of Europe for the trade to India and line will be eosatwi e and ne longer round the c spot, lie old deospfd cities of I'aly will take a new li e, Oe ne etd I,gcorn will become great eenires of trade. ' htie Ireland will he more than ever obliged to f,?ter I mdlt IseNngs and oommeroe with America, whicb both feidr and employs her manufacturing population These ere >-oe? of the immediate commercial consequences ?II, h me t follow 'lie conclusion of neaee. it stands to iiiin that U?e prditimi change* which will be wrought l y <bese moat he equally lasting and affective. ! ouit Napoleon, while be imi'ates ul, great une'e in Lis >tiM?* to power, is determined careful-y in avoid Un neh in which that power spilt. Rets indebed to the dewatli n of the army for bis aucoses; bat he has an idee of fee ing Ms ereww on that atoele pillar. He is deter mined vo have the todaairioua eiaaass with him, no' or ly she 61"usee, bet the merehaa's and maaataetu, are, the lersg.iore on 'Charge, and the paaaantry. He is, sieve ell tWngr. detai uunat to bwild up e navy, for ebieb ibe yedaawt war baa ifnM him as admiral,le oppoiiurdiy. wfljtowt netting Uta jealousy of Fngtand, and te will (mproe# the peace whiea will foil iw that w?r in buildirg up rsswsh naainl, by whieh alone a large naval establishment aas M rappetrtad. But to sua seed is bU tbase Mterpriaee be meet pot ovar burthen th* M lton with daM snd daatroy her prodnolva industry by Wtton. France must h?fi thttp bn>d, rlr*P fcod of all reecriptton., ud tor this purpoee u tew lcw loans a. pomibre. u u the prepare of the morey market which inclines France toward* peace ard10 one understands this better then bonis Napolaun. He Id??b 'hat it wee the bourgtcitr. that might hare tsveo hi* ancle In 1615, lr It had not been tired of the war. if prate at any price had not been p-eferrad by ibem to new sacrifice, and* faither ruin of their for tunes. bonis Napolfr n ia too wiae, and knowa the Fran. b people too well to put their devotion to hie per ron and to his government to tto great a proof. UuU .-apt li'on in far Diore j>ojiti)ftr in the province*?tor in stance, in Lyrn* and Marseilles, and htiasbourg?thao he is with the Lourytciie of 1'arie, anc yat the tourgrviie of 1 ana has more to do wi'h supporting or chnngiug the government of Frame than the people of all the pro. vinee*. Nothing but a rery highly increased material wall teii g will ever o> in pern-ate the Parisians for the Lisa cf 'hat Intellcctcal li*s which they ecjoyed through the liberty of tbe prase even tinder the (gwramut 7>r uw?"Iv0'"''b# "jier"'the Moles and the flontalemntrts W bile the government ol tbe Kinperor U undouateaty serious|g aid honestly Inclined toward peace, it can hire ly he suspected to he In collusion with tbit of Buiiarid ? , pfovole new difficulties with the I'nlted States. This "?ian ? seve. er blow to tbe boargeoiae than two w*rH aitb Russia, and it would fall heaviest oq Paris. Be ai > aria thatDIs!rd V l"" 'i*hk.when 1 ,n my last from aria that l ord I simerrton, iu sending a fleet to the West ncies has acted entira'y on hie own resp malolllty. and the act has >ioc? met with the disapprobation of the French government. laird I'almerston ia probably sorry lor what be has done, and would like to back out of It if .overnor Matey will afford bin,0, decent op^rtanlty.'' I lave no doubt that the able Secretary ol rttutc has a strong him*d,Tin h lordship on paper, and ihat he can writ! Mr n" if be wrote down Sou''" 11,1,1 General Scott atui inferences. It will o.?er .v, i 5 to lw,T? the British government pro (em a bole to cieep out of; as he migbv otherwise "u*L^ andTi "le'*,itt,'econclu,l'n ol P*"10? sritb now mike, hfm" ?a'erl*HJ change the situation which the British Premier from power: but if P.lmerston fall, le will be succeeded b, a peace ministry, andthe7.very falng may sgain be reduced to where matters stood tin mcriafely preceding or following the Clayton ItaW trea y. Governor llarcy enjoys lhroughout Furooe the lr;P"U"on ''f ^come,7a1lye%(a.esmang aud Le U fo^ed upon uh Mich iii tb^ L nittjil 1 .? Kim h. not to saetifice It, to the approbation of a mere ^^[0 wtj'ch itm.'1 o'T"1" ?tr"n?"r thon the head, and in in ability bjr Ujen b' k? b> ? ln th" f^lmea has come to a complete stand Mil), ?nd the news from that quarter for the past week bat been quite onimp. rtant. It appears, however, ths' tbe lurch, accustomed to blow up totueb ) ly have at Mwe hTn 00 CMTrfie)TV ?nd * f?7 ofth,,ir B,i,Uh ?,?? - .o "f gunpowdv r exploded, cio-lng a l ui? ?7*'" u "M tllu Destruction of a va?t amount 0/ military stores, which, however, if wo Z S G?n. I ellreler, will not be felt by the army such is the TT "Prumulnt,'d in ,he ' euin-ul*. Tue Ul.n,k **?"??* lime past, threatened a general a tack .n the French and English Hues: why ihe> di 1 XiTTh o moment is a matter not easily u .der rau ? 7. ? nothing impor'ani wr'I he under r win,er end tlatlu Iho mean ? lDie ail ihe resource, ol nipiouiscy will be employed l > j uvir.t the( resump'i. n ol hostilities iuihe spring, ['his a least, i' the ojili 1. n of I'retiehcm-n p'aced in high oil! fault^f il ."i- lhej pr< V<' d' lutive, it will not be the K"vernm?nt, but ibst ol Kussia, wvo nJiW^nteLohw!* t0 WCept lbB Four Puiuts ongi J lie success of On.er Pasha is not decisive one wav or 1 sv. " ,tbe Bugllsh prints only beoause fhey lt l> hut lhe'w mm?, nt to I'Wmt to their readers o bin save hars: but sbonbi the If ?JtDt7e1 'Q lh" "P' 'iff, the T0rki.l1 (4eue*ali**im . wi.l nndeubleoly be able to threaten Tiflis and with it ?Peration* lu Asia, lur the'w.i thffi, undoubtedly dispose,! to continue the war, though her very successes may hasten the dis memberment of the Turkish empire. oT nolic? t'ndouhtcdly the con Austrlar0. I T ?\ ^ Upalitles hy "h, austtlars. It is not true, as lean m j.t Dosirivsis in form you, that there have been your parleri b?twe-n Austtia snd bianco lor tho purpose of arranging a p.rrg campaign in Cessarabia. No such campa*gf i gin that sti'aYl oomr , rtfch ?<"r?ru?'??t take any steps if ? conipromtse the present positi ,n of Austria wfll onl.lUti 1 i"fC'{'"li,,eS Wl 1 rt,n,i,n 1,1 ,UUu V" '. ami m .r. Tluf i ?f?Dge.l with the cnnclusi >n of P see. The Austiian g. vernment, on the other hand does not semi 'o interfere in the slightest rWra? ?r.k 'he approaching election of Hospsdori Tbore^eemT to be a Ucit agreement between the French and Aus rian governments t-v avoid everything that c.^emhroU he two nsliuns; Austria kuo?i?gihat a rupture wWhKranew irai. i ufll,,iUl her national independence, ana Frsece sppteciating tho value of tho separation of Austria and HXA^n? VqUiT*,IWit 10 lh9 ^"trucBon^ftu He Jy Alliance. France, In aeeeptirg the al iance of Eug the cVnUnent. ^ * U.1?hhJitn!f^iav0/l",fn- Qlnrobplrt to Sweden, though it , uss hart a slight inllucoco on tbe stock exchaure ri w? in 0 t U'^VVl b7 ve,y important unXWo^ 1 tstion and^oniv h i'1 f a'a? oe"''P?!'?? mere s/m: u ; ak .fl c 9 n i y bo,p i? add K? th? can mo r?f tbM , ' war im nndoubt<dW popular io 6wot\on th?? Old heredi .,y enemy of Kussi',Pbut the dvn JtTrf'fW "n'n^uii ftVn SllT> -t?i>;1;hpd ?n the Swedhih 1 -u .uj flJJtl,t#rao mi houtM pofithe guaruniee m it \lD? mhcBO CYar ban, in fact bt^-o The I f1?' 'n |,l,clDff 11 on the Swedish throne Jhc mission of Canrobert will produce very Uti mora {;? .itiral change than the vi-it of the Ih-igiau priuces 10 ??J?V Lr*DCC "?rt BwHen wUI "'vntinuo on terms of of. .rial js Utenewi. but I doubt whether, m any case Swo deti would declare war .gainst Kus-ia. ' lire Sourd Trues qoestir.n ha. lost all of ib Importance , *?) ? f.V teruKluK to hike part iv the cin V Ts whole matter will undoub'erlr hi ar ranged by accepting, muuitis <nrUurwu, the Danish rrro LiTr n" "?fBalue *heee onerous duties, and be done war Jbh" Ter'. D,'c,u*,k u n"t i-> a p-rs ti .n to g.rto war with any country, nnd will readily accept, an, re.. :i?SU3K?&.*i!S "" !???? n.o1oteirr,wt P"IJ l0Hl DOW exhibited In lied "sT?iubme/oveernTsensl "?W t? he the only 1? . governmcDt of Italy, it is asionivhtmr ti. m.dDef In the' tTt' 11?*"** tb? ,P??Pl? of Piedmont hive maeTv vet XL J ? government, and the .1!"'. ' chaste, indeps nueuoe manifested bv their public journals. Next to England, true llhertv < t the press exists only in riedmoat and Be'gium anutoMtthsT of them Is that liberty abused to a degree m*l nlng the iiowor or energy of the govwrnn ent. Tn marra pT?U of ^VFJ^ h,Wk,e" have Mien from the pre^ br . ! . faXT' th<,g"V?om?ut.; but theTr.fJra ' IhVTi^Tr! TfThe'n iet,*T're<1 lhe of freedom fu-bi r? i V ,n (,et many isnotyotan In-I. "WRstresss 'Si.VXVosWrSSU'^,'?",.t. "? Our Vienna Correapondenee. XiviHA, Not. IB, 1855. Peace Prospect*?The United State* In be Called In at Me dialer?7 Ac Proposed Line qf Steamer* between Mew Pork and 1riede? Important Denclopement which it tooulel gin to oar Commercial Relation* with Atuirit?Mr. MuLie mann Railed to the. Rank of a Minister Resilient?The Concordat? A rreit of a British Agent in the Principals tie*?The War?Theatrical Tfewt, dec., Jr. Nothing baa occurred of late wbijh ia calculated to ?o Ugh'en the public mind aa to whether the belligerent To ir on earnestly eon template the early reaamptioa of peace negotiation. or int. Thia year's rampsigu ia the East, If net yet positlreiy closed, ia at leaxt f.tm drawing to a close; and, oertalnly, the time ia not far distent whan, if negotiations are to tie entertained, they must be begun. It la generally bettered in well Informed circles that Rua ra on the one hind, and Prance on the other, are de .trout to put an end to the war. But, aa regards tie eonditl ns of peace, no positive approach has as ye' been nade on either aide. Thia ia the more easily to be at counted for, aa the difficulties of such en approach are ?aaily enhanced by the fact that England, the ally of Prance, is altogether averse to the resumption ot peace i egotiationa, until Russia shall have been completely humiliated. As for Turkey and Sardinia, they wruM doubtless he glad to Tote for tbe early restore ti n ot peace; but their wL-be* are only In so far con sidered as suits the objects and Interests of England and Prtnce. There has been some talk lately that th? I nifeioi of Ru-sia contemplates re<(ueeling the gorer ; ment of the I'nited Mates to accept tbe office of menf ?tor Jr this great Eniopesn conflict It remain* to be teen whether there be any truth in this tie eraent; bu' to judge from t'l I hear, there Is but little probability of its being verified. The (lain truth Is, we are very much n tbe dark as to what turn events are likely to tako dur i g the present winter months. My letter of tfce SOth Sept. last, which was publishsd lo he Ntw Yi aa 11 kh.iio. seems to have given rise to the mpreMina 'bat I wanted to throw cold water upon the rrojeot o establishing a line of steamers to run between Trieste and New York. As this la an exceedingly wrong mpression, end one which I am most anxlins to remove, you will, perhaps, allow me to say that, in truth, I think very highly of tbe plan, and xh iuld be delighted to see it carried into execution. But, I greatly doubt that, under present eirrluwtancee, the capital required for tbia purpose will be readily found In Austria. On the other htnd, If this , rejected lino at steamers were established by an Ameri can c mi any 1 am certain that thia desl'ehls undertaking would he well s pported In this country. If, In my sala previous letter I stated the " pros" and " cons" which ,.rc entertained in Austria uuoo this prtJoct, I certainly rid not meen to diaeoursge the enterpri.e. Ilv chief ob 'ret was to point oui t mt tha dlffi. utttee of gei'ing np a 'i>ans At antic steam navigation company are almost in upcrsMa et the present moment, as opportunities for be mos luevntfve amp oyroent of capital are superabun dant. At tbe same time, some of the arguments s-t forth by a portion of our Journals against tbl. nndertak bg, as tot being B*elj to pajr. are not worth a rush. It ?.ost be orne in mind that aH tbe trans Atlantic lines of ?.'esse e mmuntcatlou wl'h Europe derive the greater pert of their rwreuues from the t'afle of passenger*, and .Hhosgb It may he reasonably arrued thnt It hi act llksly bat nary passengers wfB cm. direct from AtueriOa ;o Austria. STeu When the projected line of steamer* runs Cram New York kg THetU, yet it map tat*ly be taken into calculation, that of the many thousand* of Ameri cana who visit U ? (onMnent of Europe, year b- , ' a aery large portion will be (baud happy to r ,( selves of this communication in returning ' .t*T ' land from the Levant. from Auatrta, e "fr* " . ? of Italy, inateadof retracing tb'' # Europe, at ti e coat cf cobh?' i*J at p? to the north of -wreble expeaae and fatigue, for Ibe Wirp.?e of r. uruM the Atu*tic'. And thus a Terr P .rotable aouroe of Income would be scented to the at.^.metg plying between Trleate and New York. Bosh,eg, the f.mmereial relatione between tha United rifatfcs and Awf tria are capable of a greet develope mw>t, at 1 thall shortly take occaeion to demonstrate. It would bq indeed exceedingly gratifying If men on your ride of the wwHu, such ait Mr. Vanderbllt and other*, *<he to take this project seriously In hand. Tha Aus trian* would aurely not be alow in seooooing the enter prir* if the IniatiTe step* were ast on foot in America. You are aware that in the coarse of lent Rummer the American government raised the rank of Colonel Jatk eon, its reiueientatlveheie, to that or Minister resident. In proof of <be good feeiiug that lubalata between tho Cabinets ot Austria and Vienna, this government hart now returned the compliment, by rnUing the rank of M. liuleemsn fn m that of an Austrian Charge d'affaires to that ot Minister rcaideur, and by appointing Mr. liarkworlb. as beore'aiy o the imperial legation at Washington. The American cltiun who haa been iuvoluntirily de tained for manv m< ntha at Prerhurg, has now happily been pe-mittcd to isturn to the United States it having been dissevered that, at the time of hi* first emigratioa to America some years before the reroiu'iun of 1849, the Austrian lews which prohibit the acceptance of a foreign cititcio-bip without the special consent or this govern merit, did not then apply to Huugvy. As the person tm question 1b a Hungarian by biith.no tran-gresslon of law attaches to him. 'the long expeced concordat appeared in the columns cf the Vienna Gut Or List Tuesday morning. Whatever the people of Aus'ita may think of it, the Pope has every eason to be satisfied, and his holtnea*' generosity in the istrlbutlon of fevurs, lends us to believe that in hi* rstlmatioa, Mother Cl.urth has fn do way been defrauded' f her rights. The conclusion if this treaty with a Po ver like Austil* would have been no disgrace to aKomin Pontiff in ibe palmiest days of Popedom, end wk?n we consider the situation of the prevent unfortunate rep rrsentarive of ike Apostle St. Peter?sustained in hie sear by physical force against the wishes of his people, by the bay ne'R of foreigners?we mu<t all eHow that l ope 1 lus the IX., If he be inferior to hla predecessors in ii mpr-ral fewer, cm in no way be accused of any neglect of the spiritual mission with which he baa boon charged. The Importance of the document is nota little eni acred fry the circumstance that it Is to continue in force up to tire very end of time. Austria and Home have made a cr nrordat to endure for em'less ages, and t^e House of Hri) slruig and the l ope of Home are about to enter in a gulden uge, the termination ot which la to he m ujri t onlj in bouDdies* etsrniry. Happy will they be If no unscrupulous Jo-eph, > r no v.igabund freethinker like Harry the VIII. he riesl ncd to sit in future daya upon tt e throne of Austria, tvi h more regard f r their per sonal pleasure than for the lulertsu of the Catholic Cbu cb 1 But this hoc hurled in toe womb of time. A circumstance whi h ha* lately occurred at Bucba reri her given rise to no Utile sensation here. An officer attacked t? the liilisb foreign legion, ay name of Ste pleii'lsrr, foimerly a lieu'enaot in the Au-Irian ser vice havit'g fn en sent to 'hat city to pu<ch*?? harness lor ti e Brilish gorernnu ut, was i cognised and arrested as a discr'er by '.he itgiuent iu which he hid formerly reived. Sentence id' death was, some ye.?rs sluie, re cur' cJ sguii st htm?nut only as a do erter, out as hav it g se vtd in the I alien >nr against the Austrian army, and having in< i ed his comrade* to desert. The Brit ish (oi cul l en-1ot a' Bucharest has done bis ut.uost to firneuie his n leave, but r is elforts have been nnsasoesi lil. The question, of couu-o is nd as to whether the Austrian authorities were justified In apprehending a t'etctter item the Austrian at toy but as to whether they i nn a light to act in such a marneron the soil of the Turkish I riLcipa'itles, which it Is he d here they were justified Id Or ing according to oveiy reongoW' | rinciple of internatl mal law, and ihe rights of ju< isdto tim which 'l.e Enioiron gieat l owers exercise over their own subjects Id all paits of Turkey. The prisoner is a pre (nt u Ao.t-'A, and it Is generally believed that if the original sentence of death be not carried into effect l.e will at alt events, he Incarcerated for life. It is sfaed that the Austilaa government was very unwilling to apprehend him, and warned him to quit ibe place, which be refused to do. The priea of pros 1-tons still continues to "rise at Bucharest r nd throughout the lMnrlpalitie* The quan'ity of corn forwarded ftom thence for the consumption of the Kng Ihli and Turkish armies is so great that at one town ahne (Kalma cb) 1,200 wagons are constantly employed Id r< nveylDg it to tie Isnihe Tha Kusten-tje railway ptopresses favorably. A large number of horses have her n sent from Hungary during the past week to Sdiatria, from whence 'hey will he fnrwarced to Varna They are destined it r the use o' the British army ?>0,000 Tnrki-b tit-ope arc already oollec -d at Hehumla, wh- re they will shortly be joined by . 0 (00 more, it ia said that the hsnks of th" I'ruth wi'l be 'he scene of war sa'lf in the ensuing *[ ring, and that tbe srmy which will >>o collected tl>eic at tbe opening ol the CMnpstgn srl'l number HO 000 men. The fact Hint tbe French loa ds will not remcin in ttefiimeaduring the winter would asem In deed to Indicate the selection of a different ?tone of war; the locality. howe< er. is probably pu'posely kept secret. T1 e M inicipal Council of Trieste poh-ed a resolution on the 14th, to erect a monument for the purp >se of com memorating the fo'tunati-ecpe of his imperial High ness the Archduke Ferdinand Max. who is progressing 'avnrsbiv towards recovery. Tbo execution of the plin has keen entrusted to a eommt.idow of six municipal rtuncillors. His Majesty the Emperor ba< aelxed tbe opportunity offered by hU vl.it to his Imperial brother, lo confer reretal r'lfl Inctiens on tbe municipal aoth'Ui ths of Tileste. He has aho issued an edict of grrce, whereby sever*) ciminals are entirely set f.ee, and the I unisbm* nt t f others c mmuied. Tl e eminent cor-rci/se, 8. Tagil nl who ix at pre te?t. performing in this dry, will leave us shortly; tut soother affection baa been provided by a coo lant Into which the eminent tragic ac're-a, M'lle Blstori, has entered ?I h tho Plrector of the 1m I ens I Burg theatre This lady is to arrive in the month of February, together wkvh ha* whole eun tany; IP,PfC florins is the sum sg-eod upon for eigit eprestutatlens. The expoSf ion of II. P'opcecrlb has I ecu attended vrith no siov oi succeax. as he has heen unable either to Isnd or to load his vessels at BerdKaak, in consequence of theaVmco of all the quarantine ofli crrs. Considerable anxiety I* felt respecting the clrcmn ftance. as the -ea ot Atolf will very shortly be froxen over, it 1* en hi. on Yhw nihnivj ot the Military Qa rsttc, that the whole of the Austrian infantry regiments will shortly be aimed with rlflea. Onr Madrid Correspondence. Maimm, Nov. 17,1855. Kxpinre* of Killing the OarlitU and Dying of Cholera?The Miction r*ed Up, and alio the Cholera?Te Drum at Madrid? bediviliei? Lawt Pruui by the Grrtea?llilU la ter r: ting to American Trade which tctll be Passed?Tbboc co?Salt?The Tariff?force tf the Army?New CiAonirr to be Eetulliehed?Hank of Spain?The DM?The Land* ol the Clergy?Stale of the Road* and the Math, etc. The Minister of War ha* asked fur 98M.000 to eorer the extrartdlnary expense* occasioned (nth* army by the chiter* and the supprersten of the Car lit t baad-t. -Both have now disappeared. The last of tha guerilla ehlefa was ihot in Ca'ahmia last week, and the poor devils ol rank and file of the eimita cf Don Garloe VI. bare eome in and anrrendered. For the cholera we sung Te Denm the day beCare yee trrday. There waa aho a (rand ball at the French Am baraadoiV, In honor of the Empreee Eugenie, and the population of Madrid all went out to the hredo, and other cocrt i,lent Ircalltiea in the eoun'ry, to eet aweot aoorna and ri II on the earth Ilka pigs, eseordlng to the 1 cornealo rlal euetoni of this prt at city. The Cor'ee are atlll occupied with the discussion of the articles of the new conrtitntion Fixty.flve are approved already. Vari oe articlea still excite debate and are ? uhj?ct to amendment*. but it ia hoped the whole work, will te Rni-bed before the end of the year. llltern lawa have just been voted, and approved by the Queen, on various subject#?the establishment of aieetric t?l?graphs, channelling 'he Et?ro f>r navigation, railroads, agricultural colonies, force of the army, circulation of American rt oneys in Spain, foreign poUtioel immigrant*, trd others, more or less Ineristlag. bills for the abolition of the g< vernmeD" m< avpoly of tobacco and salt have bt en i etc and will pan. Freedom to Import, maou (scture and sell tobacco is declared complete aad uobur IbtBtd lo sil men after the 1st July, 186.. The establish msnta ef the government lor the tnsnafa tore of tobaccs me tfletedlui sale at public aucti n, ami the rates sf duties on Ibe Imports ii ti, msDiifw nu'Od aad iu leaf, art ot clsirr in the bill. As "Wis bill may suffer wuteodtneit ce r te its | mssge, I do t ot send it to you yet. There will be au tilt rt to It *ei t lS.'ifl irstead of 188". Tie rait t'aoe is also thrown open free to all men Our. "he tame dale ol 18C7, by Ibe bill referred to, an > the go sen mrnt sell wo'ks see ? ffe ed Cor sale at public au? tiin ll e?e sie popular raessine., for whleh the p# >*!<* bi.re be* ti sgt atiLg lor a long tin ? past, wtxl wni-h will be vrty Inttiesliig to our trade with the I otiiaatile. Cite ledue'ion of (he 'atiff l-> sin coo of 'tm tuewyurs?f/ the osndr of contn ittees, and will so in coin# on lor die eneslon. Iti '/srsgosrs and other p< Ints there have been mobs to I resent the exportation org, sin and prevent the rise of pile** for t >tides i f flrel n*r?>*ity. ?t;iSe? h*vr 'aki n | late also, lor It rreaee of Wsge* to day laborer*, I i,i <b* Cisco, ers have 'hoe tat kmc easily repre?---d Ihertaiiish at my wbl-h in 18-16 eno-tsted of 130,0)0 n'antrj ?n> lit lit bt-ties, and coat tie aatteu 818,it?, ( 0 i e: anui to Is reduced in 1886 to "9 838 In'aatry and 0 ItC h< rs*s, aho e cost >?9l:t COO 600 per auoatn, with Hi,ft 0 men organized as a reserve, the otlieers of wh.ch slot e are )aid. The roh nitaiion cf the lrlands of Fernanda I'o aad An < b> n he* be* n tie reed, and a naval station baa been lo afed in tbnre i-.lends. A ' ill for the establishment of banks of discount anl rhcolatl-n In (he lei Insula and adjacent Balearic It Is tide has been prnenud by the government to Ihe Ct ires. The Bank of San Fernando, of Madrid will be e*lwd "be Bat k ol hpsio, and Will establish branch banks in ail tk< principal elites. by -he Investigation made on the Dial of October by the s<-i i t n it g Othre of He public debts It appears there wet* three outstsnditg credits against the treaeary te tie amount of 82,fC0C0t)?two millioiis Ave hundred th< n-snd dollars, ibe tale of lands rt leased from mortmain already smonn'vd to 98,OCO OCO, and was going <?n briskly. In some provinces as In Ferine, estates wete sold at tiiree l tinea the appraisal by U s anverumeat w lea brongtit oe". at audit a- lb la shows thai the Spaniards bare lost their War of be I'npe aad tha clergy, t wndetvawQ there ia not at this m.meat a great roast >n hpatn wMch is u?t almost Impassable. This maker mr t*ar you will aet have reached my enrrsspsadeses lately * tth "he same regulari y as It haa been sent. Met tha weather is bow good again, after tare mouths sf storms s ad tempests and floods waver baton steadied la thlt y 11 mate. JUAN.