Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 9, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 9, 1855 Page 2
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?im and effect within the said Territory of el?where In the United State*, except the eighth eection ?< the act preparatory to the admtasion of Missouri Into be Union, approved March fl, 1820, which, being ineon Mietent with um nilnelple of non-intervention by Oon greee with slavery In the Stales and Territories ae reeog nieed In the legislation of 1860. common'y called the Com promlac measurer, ie hereby declai ed Inoperative and void; it being Uw true intent and meaniDg of thin act not to legislate slavery Into any Territory or State, nor to exclude it therefrom, but to leave the people thereof per fectly free to form and regulate their domestic institu tions in their own way. subject only to the constitution Of the 1'nited States: provided that nothing herein con tained shall be ooostrued to revive or put in foree any taw or regulation which may have existed prior to the Vtb March. 1820. either protecting, establishing, prohibit ing or abolishing slavery. EFFECT OF THE BILL. The passage of the act caused a great excitement all over the country. Emigration began to pour iu upon Kansas ftxm all sides. The abolition organs in the Xorth were loud in their denunciations of the supporters of the kill, and a socio'y was formed in Boston, for the putpose of emhtlng emigration, in order to make Kansas a free ?Ute. WHAT KANSAS IS LIKE. In order that it may be seen what sort of a country nil this fuse is made about is, we subjoin some notes taken on the spot in the spring of the present yeni? The route to Kansas is via St. l-ouia and the MIs eouri river to Kansas City, on the Missouri river In Missouri, four hundred and fifty mile* from its mouth. This city oonsists <f a trading store and a few miser able cabins. This is the place at which the New tyglan 1 Emigrant Aid Society deliver the goods forwarded to Kansas; from thence the Weetern emigrant has tc find hiin. gel' and hii way to the modern Utopia, Kansas; here ho finds that he ia fifty miles from Lawrence, and Is ob iged to pay lour dollars to get himself hauled to Lawrence, and two dollars per hundred for conveyance for his plunder. He may be detained at Kansts for two or three days, at the charge of seventy five cents per day. On nis way t? Lawrence he passes through Westport, a respec table town In Miisouri?as towns in Missouri go. Law rence upon the Kansas is well located, but without water, except from the river and a well sixty feet deep, a short distance from the river, but at present dry. The house* are of mud. sods and cotton cloth, about fifty in number, Kmc three or four log house s aud some fear emigrant tents. Borne nunc respectable buildings are being erected, an i the New England Emigrant Aid Society are putting up h hotel. It has now about throe hundred perm incut re aidants. EawneeClty. one hundred and fifty miles from the month of the Kansas, h is about fifty inha jitants, two big house and a barn, used at present as a boarding house; this place is said to he the ben.l of navigation, and may he said to head navigation abogether as it is only six or eight weeks in the spring tnat there is witer enough on Ms shoals und bars to tloat a fiat boat. This city is owned by speculators, aud is staked out in ?treats, squares and lots: the lots arc 21 by 100, and the map books as well as possible. IK all the Stales and ferrito rles known as the great West, there Is, perhaps, no coun. try that presents so mauy objections to tho emigrant as Kansas; the best portion is held as Indian reserve These hands are exoellent?abundance of timber and water; b it M you travel westuarl you will look iu vain for timber; you have a vast open country, without water fur inter vale of fifteen or twenty miles, until you reach the Big Blue river, some eighty miles from lawrence. Here may be found timber similar to that upon the Kansas. The country west of the Big Blue is mostly prairie country and of (he poorest kind, abounding in hills, short, sharp and sudden?in many placos these bills are covered with ?nail Hat stines, resembling slate stone, with sharp edges, which give the country a desolate appearance. Corn and pork Is tho staple food, and fifty cents the price per meal, and hard to get at that. APPOINTMENT OF OFFICERS?MEETING OF THE LEGISLATURE, Ac., Ac. After the pasmge of the Nebraska-Kansas act the Preel dent appointed Andrew H. Recder, of Pennsylvania, Gov wnor of the Tetrttory. Mr. Reeder lived at Eas'on, anil had a fair reputation at the bar. The seat of govern ment was fixed at Fort I.eaveo worth, on the Missouri river, thirty miles above the mouth of the Kansas and tour miles below Weston, Missouri. This Is a military poet, established iu 1827. The government resrrwaOsa eon'ams nine square miles, and is said to be* pleasant place. Governor Rem'*, proceeded to district the Territory for the election <f the legislature and ascertained that there were two thousand nine hundred and five voters in the Territory. He was accused by some of his opp meats of giving unwarrantable prominence to some districts, ami intentionally adding to the returns, in order to elect aboli tion niembt re. I The Governor call'it the legislature to meet at Pawnee ? settlement one mile below the continence of the Repub lican anil Cbetoluh. This place could boast of a stone bouse and a hotel in course of erection, but the inemije. ?f the legislature slept in canvassed houses, upon th" ground floor, covered with their blankets. Politics run high iu the Territory. ?migrants (locks' In from the Fast, each bringing iiis Yankee prejudices, and primed up to the hilt with abolitionism Tito free Bolters charged that Missouri people came over and Vote I fihe pro-slavery ticket when they had no residence in the Territory. The pro-slavery men charged, on the other hand, that the New England parsons sent men out to steal their negioos. Iu some places there were all anti slavery men, and In others all pro-slavery. So high did the party finding run, that travellers were refused loilg tag or subalstenec, even for pay, tieoau.se thoir senti ments were believed to be different from those of the anttlers. THE BORDER RUFFIANS-MURDER AND LYNCH LAW. The men living near the border were led by a m i named Stiingfelluw, and by Senator Atchison ; and it was ?barged by the free soilers that the-<e leaders brough' men from Missouri, armed '? ruffians," who obatruc' A the voting places. In ? row at one of the voting p'ac ?<, ? lawyer named M'Crea, a member of the free soil f ir' v, shot one of his political opponents. An attempt, was made to lynch M'Crea by some of tbo lead man's friends but it was unsuccessful. M'Crea was taken to Fort Leavenworth ani is am awaiting hit trio I ItUelai.i ed that he acted in self-defence. Mr. Saui -I Park, the ?alitor and proprietor of the I'ark.'Villu (Miss jurij Lumi ?nry, having taken strong abolition ground, was ordure I oat of the 8'ate on pain of dea'h. His type, presses, fix tores, Ac., Ac., were thrown into *b" river. He was the ?minder, atd one of the leading alliens ot the pin o Mnoe that time, lie has been invited to retniu iu a aerie, of resolutions adopted in a public meeting at Parksvlil ? An itinerant Methodist preacher named I'ardee Butler, was sent down the river on a raft for preaching ahulitl m doctrines. Several other persons were ordered out of th" Territory for not paying that strict attcution to thoir own affaire, to the exelusl n of those of others, which i? so eommendahle a virtue In tbe human species. "SQUATTER SOVEREIGNTY." The squatters Diet in August, IBM, and chose a Chief Justice to try disputes ab iut claimv, a Register to record claims, and a Marshal to assist them. Every man must move en his claim sixty days after it was marked off, or else it would be forteitod. Other regulations were made to prevent speculators from monopolising tbe lauds posi Mwdy set spart by Congress for actual settlers. This is Ibe tea) squatter sovereignty. ELECTION OF A CONGRESSIONAL DELE GATE. An election fur a delegate to Congress was had io tbe Murine r of 1864. which resulted In the choice of the pro slavery candidate C?n. J. if. Whitfield, by a large ma jority; about 1 800 votes were east General Whitfield is m Tennessean by birth but was for many years an In dian sgsn*. in Kansas lie -at in tho It?use during thv shot t re .slon of the .;.'id Cong e-s. ORGANIZATION OF THE LEGISLATURE. The 1 egidatnre met at Pawtoew m tli? 21 July of this year. It was found that the pro-slavery party was largely In the a-ceudaut. It was claimed that th?y lisl elected thirty tight ot tbe thirty nine member' chssen Govrraor Reider refufld to grant c rtlfl Was M - 'me ,.f the prn-s'avery delegates, on tiie ground of iolormeli'r tn the election. A new election was oidered, and they ware all retu n"d to the 1-egidature hy the v t?i of MIs ?euriane, as the free soil men charge Or. ftrlngfell rw brother of the |*i on before nameil, wta- ch sen Sju-ak r of tbe House. A short time after the Horn* organised, the Ieglslatu*e adjourned to a place called Shawnee Mission an older set tlement tlian I'awnee and (-ne.lt Is soil, where there were better aceoniiiuslationa for the members This place is a Methodist missionary station, <>ue mile from the Nu aouri line, and near Wei'.pnrt. This removal was In opposition to the will of Governor Reader, who seems to have bad a deep personal interest fin keeping tbe capital at I'awnee. Ite claimed that tbe UgiaUtttjre had no right to adjourn to Shawnee, and sent them win addfMifi to "Tha Leglalatun of Kuhm," 1 ft terrible mistake, bftftftuM be said in the Nine meeeage that he did not recognise th?m u ft Dagialatura. The Legislature, however, went en without his, and enacted ? code of Iswe for the Territory, Including several very strong guards for the protection of slave property. Judge 1-ecompte, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, and his associate*, gave an opinion, saying that the sets ot the legislature in their opinion were legal. The free State party, however, refuses! to acknowledge the authority of the Lftgielature. REMOVAL OP REEDER. On the 20th of July Governor Reader waa removed "roue the government of Kansas, and Secretary Woodson reigned in his stead foi the time being. Reader had been unable to restore peace In the Territory. During the early summer he came home to Gaston, Pennsylvania, and made an injudicious speech on Kansas affaire, and called Mr. StriDgfellow bad names. Mr. Strlagfellow male a row about it, and knocked the Governor down in the go vernment house. The alleged cause of Reader's removal ' was that he and Judge Johnston, Judge Elmore and Mr. Isaacs (Cnited States Attorney) had been speculating in Indian reserved lands, contrary to the acta of Congress and the regulations of the department. As we have stated above, nearly all the good land in Kansas is on the Indian reserves, and these gentle man probably wanted a good dip into it. We are told that Gov. Reeler did, through interpreters, tell the half breed Kaws that he was the only person who was author ised to purchase their lands. From time immemorial, individual reservations to balf breeds, and also to In dians, have been purchased by the whites, wbloh pur chases were sanctioned by the Indian Department, and the purchasers received patents for the same whan area, sonnbio compensation had been paid. Thousands t-f acres in Illinois and Indiana, now under nigh cultivation, were so purchased. The twenty-five sections of the Kaw hair breeds were lying upon the Kan sas river, 120 miles from its junction with the Mis souri river. Government objects-d to Reader's specu lating exclusively iu these lands, and using his offlcal position to get them. Tliey removed him and Judge El more. It might be well enough to inquire why the heads ef Johnston and 1 hooch weie not also cut off. Judge KJmore intends to contest the question of whether or not the President has power to remove l.iui, and aH it has been several times beibi e t he federal courts, it oughtto he ettled in some way. Sir. J L. Dawson, or Pennsylvania, was appointed to sneered Mr. Reader, but he respectfully declined the dangrious honor, lie wrote a V"ry sensible letter, giving much wh'deson e advice to all parties. Of course, none f them paid the slightest attention to it. ANOTHER APPOINTMENT?GOV. SHANNON. Ihe President then appointed WIN n Shannon, of Ohio, as Reede.-'s successor. Mr. liannou was a national democrat, and was Governor of Ohio in 1812, and was once Minister to Mexico. He sat in the Thirty-thhdCon gie.as, and voted for the Nebraska-Kansas bill. He ac cepted the anisiintmcnt, and arrived in Kansas early in August. He was received at Wextport, Missouri, one milo from (he Kim-a- line, and made a speech, wherein ho said he was In favor of sluvery in Kansas. He eiso ev'deutly thought himself in the iait named Territory, as he said to the p<0|,lo that he endorsed their Legislature. THE MISSOURI MANIFESTO. Early in September last, a meeting of the eitlz; ns of Lexington, Missouri, and others, was held, and its result is the following manilesto:? AI>f>UE8H TO THE PKOPI.K OP THE UNITED STATES. We bavt been appointol by a convention of cltlzous of Missouri, mainly repieseuling that portion of the State lying contiguous to tlie Territory of Kansai, *0 lay betore you some suggestions upon a topic which vita ly concerns our Mate, and which, it is believed, may, to a serious ex tent. allcct the general welfare of our country. We propose to discharge this duty by a concise and ciirriic (xposition of tacts, touching out couditlon and its heating upon Kansas, accompanied with such reflections as the tacts naturally suggest.. lhut portion of Missouri which borders on Kansas con tains as nearly as can now be ascertained, a p ipulation of fifty 'housand slaves, and their estimated value, av. the prices prevailing here, is about twenty five mill! ins of dollars. Ah the whole 8tale contains but about one hun dred thousand s nves, it will be neon that one half of the entire slave population of Missouri is located ia the eighteen counties bordering >n Kansas, the greater por tion of which is sepa'uted trom that Territory by uo na tural bi-undaiy. and Is wi'hln a day's tide of the lice. This part ot cur estate Is ili-tlDguisbed by a uniform 1'er lllity of soil a ti~i*o?i? and healthful climate, aud ? )upuiatton progressing rapidly in alt the elements that oumtl'.u'e a prosperous commuuity. Agriculture is in a race' tlcu< idling condition, and the towns and vil lages which have sprung up inticate a sb-ody pro gress towaids wealth, refinement and commercial imp -r taiico. Nor have (he higher interests of education, reli gion and science been neglected; but common schools and lespecrabe institutions of a higher grade and churches of every Christian denomination, are found in ? very county. The great staple of this district is hemp, although tobuoso and corn arid wheat are also largely produced. The culture of hemp has been found profitable ?were -o than eottou iu the South: and this fact. trlf.li the additional ou. e, (but almost every foot of 'and within the counllea allud>d to is wondorfuliy adsn'od by nature 1o its pfoi action, in gren-er quantities and finer qualities ami ut smaller cost, than in any otoer State in the I'nion. end ihnt tne chaste is such n' > ?'r -.i the growtrg ot thie article to re-l'o on their e.;a will readily explain am account for the unexampled g -.v'h of the c.< untiy. Already it constitutes the most densely populated portion of our Mate, and ila remarkable ffu tility oi s> il and general sulubrd'y of climate, with the facili ies tor outlet furni-lied by a noble river running ? hrougb its midst, and two great railroads destined sjori to tiaverse its upper and l wcr borders, will reuder It at no di-taut pciiod, if left unibaturbi d, as desirable ami tlou'iahirig a district as can be found iu the Mi-sissippi Vol ley. An idea ba* to sotne extent prevailed abros.l that Mi> fouri contained bat a veij *m II slave population, and that the pmmaucuee of this lustituiinn here *vs tbr> *'ered by the existence of at least a ro ?ptctable minoi it;, of her citizens, ready and anxious to abolish it, and that only a slight external pressors was necessary to accomplish thts purpose. We regiot that this opinion has to sotno extent received coun tenance from the publication and patronage of jmrnal In our commercial metropolis, evidently u luring at such a result. Without, however, going into any explanat on ot political parties be,e, which would be entirely foreign to oiii purpose, we think it proper toaiate that tho idea above alluded to is unfounded, and that no respectable pait) cun be found in ihls State, outsideol St. 1/tuis, pre pared to emlwrk in any such schemes. In that oity, constituting the great outlet of our commerce, as well as that of several other Mate* and Territories, it till nut tetru sutprk-iiig thai its h< terogcritout population should furnish a ft,o hold for the wildest and most, vidian y projects. St. Istuis was, however, represented in our cm."entJon, and it is not thought now or ran table to assume that the re elutions adopted by this body have received the cordial approbation of a large and intlue.i ttal portion of her citizens, other counties, besides St. Louts, outride of the dis-iict to whioh our obser ratioin have been principally directed, were also rep eten'ed by delegates; and had not the season of the year, the shirt nottce of itg intended session, and the locality Where tho convention was held?remote from the centre of the State?prevented, we donbt nut tin-, delegate* from every county in the State would have boon in atten 1 at.ee. Indeed, a portion of the upptr Mississippi an I lower Mississippi c lunvies are a* deeply, though less di rectly in'eres'ed in this <ioes Ion, as any pirt of this State ; and their vlt'.zenv are ku?srn to accord most tvvrti ly in the ?entin>eute and aetd ins of Woz'eru Missouri hwu in the knullrweat partol our State, from the Usage t4 the border* of Aihanms, where th-re are but few slaves the proceedings of public meeting* in itcale tho eutlre and a jtive sympathy of their people, f rom the general tone ot the public press throughout the .State, a inula, inference is .Inducible, and we f* el warranted in as sorting a very general, if not unatiitn iu* concurrence in the principles adopted by the Is-xingtou Convention. Tht -o principles are emboaled tu a se.tos ?f res duti on app?ndedto thts aodres*, and which, we are hippy to any, wcte adopted with entire unanimity by a body te preK n ing every shade < f political upiai n to be f mud in lite Interior ?f our State iheso tacts are conclusive of ti e condition of public sentiment in Mls-ouri. The pro hebllttiea of changes here fn re'eten.-.e to the question ot slavery, ire not essentially olflerent from what thoy arc in Tennessee, or Virginia, or Kentucky, in relilimi to nomberv, * reference tc the census shows tbst Missouri contains double the nuut'ier of Araansas, nearly doubt" the number of Tex*", aud about an e piai number with Mat) land. The.r I,lets are stated with a view to a prope- under standing ? f out position in reference to the setlemrnt of Kansas and the legitimate ami necessary interest telt in the pr. grt -s sod character of that settlement- Previous to the repeal of the t . ngrrsM. naJ restriction of lkJO, by which Missouri was thrown iato an iaoUted position iu releient e to the tjtie. t"n ..f slavery, and made a solitary exceptifii *o a general rule her eon.ildon in regard to t'.e tcrrilorv we-t of Imr border, and yet n .rth of the gv> giaphi al line which Oongrv w bad tlxed a* tit.* ter ni nu'. ol s-oulliern Jns'ilull ne, waslr .lv tincn. labia. TVIth tw.. Mates on her northern and eastern border in many portion* if which th> ranaMtntlon of the input state*, std ihe Fugitive Slave I* w pa?-e<l t pursuance (her# if, were known to ha as iaefficacioa* fir the protection of our rights a? fhey would have been tn Isind <u >r Can ula. it w?s lef to fits will of Ohogress hv enforcing the re strict! n of 1M0, to cut Missouri nfTalmoat ?n?telr f on all lei 11> hi la I naaalion all'1 States having institution* c eg. i ial to bat own ?r.?l wi'ii popuh??t..ns ready vn 1 wi1 ling to pro*#< t an l defend 'he?. v.. alternative *,i? left to lb* Is sly an* to re(s.?l t'.e restrict! n, arid thus leave to the ron-tiintlon and the taw* of i,autre the aet'Jament of c ur Territot e- or, by retaining the re*trlcti>n, indi rectly to abolish 11 .very In Miaxtarf. If i he latter alter native had t?. to e!?.i#d, |> would l.ave been an a t of rhailty and o.arcy to the slaveholders of Missouri to warn tb m In time ..f the necessity of abandoning their homes, or manumitting or "dllng their slaves?to give thcni ample-time to tietcrmin* '-at ween the sacrillcs of lilt) millions of slave property, or ?et nty million* of landed #*tafe. Mred leg si atlon would have iteen pre fer .l ie to Indirect legislate n letding to the same result, ami the enforcement of he restriction in 'he settlement ef Kansas was vut.mll> the abnlrion of slavery in Mi*, aetifl. But ('ongrew* ac'ed more wisely, as we think, and with gTcater Hdclitv to the oon?tltull?.n and the I'nt.in. The history "f the Kansae-Nebraska bill is known to the eountry. It abolished the googranhical line of .VI deg Ml mln., by which tho limit* of slavery were re stitoted, and subetitutaA a ooaatttutloaal ??d just prto cipto, which toft to tto setttora ?( the T*rrtt?riM to adopt ?ueh domestic institutions a* suited themselves. If ever there wee a principle calculated to eotaiaend tteelf to all reasonable mil, andreeonetto allcoutiietlug interests, this would eeem to have been the one. It wax the prtn dp e of popular sovereignty?the boats upon which oar Independence had beeu achieved?and it wax therefore supposed to be justly dear to all American*, of every latitude and evaiv creed. Bat fanaticism was not ?etto lled. The abolitlonUU and their allien moved heaven and earth to aceompllih its defeat, and al though uneucoeMfol, they fid not tbarefore deipair. Out-voted la Congrexrt, receiving no countenance from the executive, they retired to another theatre o( action; and, itrange to nay, they pros Utntad an ancient and respectable common wealth?one of the Old Thirteen? to eommenee, in her eovereign ca pacity ae a State, with the mean* and importing attitude Incident to tuch a partition, a eruxade against olivary, novel In lt? chiracter, more alarming in it* foaturee, and likely to be more total in ita consequences, than all the fuuatical tuoveiuentrt h.therto attempted, lince the ap pearance of aboil lioniszn ae a political party in 1836. They originated and matured a scheme, never be'ore heard of or thought of in this country, the object and effect of which wax to evade the principle of the Kansas Nebraska bill, and in lieu of non-interventiea by <Jon gress to substitute active intervention by the State*. An act of inoorpoiation wax passed; a company witn a capi tal of five milllous wax chattered; and this company war authorized to enlixt an army of mercenary fanatic*, aud transport hem to Kansax. Recruiting oiBcera were eta tioned at places most likely to furni-n the proper mete rial; premium* were offered for recrnlte; the public mind wan stimulated by glowing and falrfe descriptions of the country proposed to be occupied and a Heeeian band of meicensrfes wae thue prepared and forwarded, to com mence and carry on a war of extermination against ?la very. To call thexe people emigrants, in a sheer perversion of language. They are not xenl to cultivate the soli, to Letter their social condition, to add to thoir individual comforts, or the aggregate wealth of the nation. They do rot move from chtdce or taste, or frrm any motive affecting, or supposed to affect, themselves or their fami lies They have none of the marks ot the old pioneers who cut down the torests of Kentucky. Ohio and Indiana, or levelled the canebrakcs of Tennessee and Mississippi or broke up the plains ot Illinois and Missouri. Tuey ?re mostly Ignorant ot agriculture: picked up io cities or villages, they of course have no experience as farmers, and it' left to thoir unaided resources?if no' clothed and fed by the same power which baa effected 'heir transportstion?they would starve or freeze. They are hlreiinga?an army of hirelings?recrui'ed and shipped indirectly by a sovereign State of this Union, to make war upon un institution now existing in tin Tent tory to which they are transplanted, aud thence to 'u lllct a fatal blow upon tlio resources, the prosperity aud the peace of a neighboring State, ihey are military co lonies, phnted by a S'ate govornmont, to subdue a ter ritory upend to settlement by Congress, and take ex clusive possession the eof. In addition to that ei/n-it du ct/rjs ahull of necessity pervades such an organization, they have in common a reckless and desperate fanati cirro, which teaches them that slavery is a sin, and that they are doing Cod's service in haHtening i s destruction. They bave been nirked and culled from he igoo .at ma- ch which old England and New Kugl.n l negro philanthropy lias stirred up aud aroused tu madness on this topic and have been selected with reference to their views on this topic alone They are men with * siuge idea: and to carry out this they have bceu intslruc'ed ami taught, to dlxtigard the laws of (iod and man; to consider b'oMlshid and arson, insurrection, destruction of pro perly, or servile war, an the merest Utiles, compared with the glory and honor of seducing a single slave from his master, or harlx itag or protecting the thief who ha eunied him off. That such a population would be fatal to the peace an 1 security of the neighboring dtxto of Missouri, and imme dialo destruction ot such owners ?t slaves as bad already moved to the Territory o( Kau-as, is too clear to admir an argument. A horde of our Western savages, with ivivid purposes of destruction to the white race, would be loss formidable neighbors. The colonization of Kau-as with a population of this J character was a circumstances which aroused attention, and excited alarm among our citizens here, and thine who had already emigrated .o Kansas Could any other result have been expected ? Did sensible men at the North?did the abolitionists themselves?expect any other V Missouri contained, ax we have seen, one hundred thousand sl.ves, and their value amounted to fifty mil lions of dol ars. Had these fanatics who pronounced slavery an individual sin, aod a national curse, ever yet [minted out any decently pluutible xcheme by winch it could be removed 1 Tire entire revenue of our State, for orcinaiy ffseal purpose-, sca-cely reaches tivo hundred thousand dollars, and the abolition of slavery here wonld involve the desti uctlon of produo'ive capital estimated a' lifty trillions of dollars, or taxation upon the people of five millions of dollars annually, which is the legalized interest upon this amount of capital, besides the adci tional tax which would be necexxaiy to raise a staking fund tu pay off tho debt creu ed. The constitution of Missouii prohibits the legislature from pas ing laws emancipating slaves, without a full compensation to their owners; and it is therefore apparent that tenfold the entiie rtvtnue of the f-tate xould be barely sufficient to pay the Interest upon a sum equivalent to the actual money value of the slaves, without providing any means to txtlugui.-li tho principal which such a debt would cieate. We omit alt< gether, in ihis calculation, the im practicability and impolicy and cruelty to both raues, of llbeiating the >1??? here, with no provision for (Ltir irmova), nnd the addttiozai debt wbirh such rtmuMtl would create, equal, in all probability, to thnt occasioned by liieir mere emancipation It would .-fttn, then, that the merest glance at the sit tistical tab'es if our rtae, showing the population and rivenue, must lia.e ratufied the most sarguine ab di tii nist of the (utility ot his schemes. if the Investigation was pursued further, and our estimate was made to em biace ilie three uiillima and a half uf slaves now in the Southern and (southwestern States, and the billions to which our c< nijiutatiou must ascend in Order to ascer tain their value in money, this auii-slaveiy crusade which pit-rents it eel; in a form of open aggression against the while race, without the semblance or pretext of goon to that race for which the abolitionist professes ro much regard, and wi ich stands roimichhigher tn his affections tlisn his own, is seen to be on - ot mete folly and wicked ness, or. what is perhaps worse, a selfish and sectional attuggle for political power. It 1* a singuVur fact, and oue worthy of not! e In tht* connection, that in the history of African slavery up to this litre, no government has ever yet been known to abolish it which fairly represented the interest* and opinions of the governed. <;;eat Britain, U Is true, nbelh hot slavery in .Ismaioa, hut the 11 inters of Jamaica had n<> potential voice in the British Parliament. The abolition of tlavery iu New hngland ami lu the M1<1 to Mates can haraly be cited as au exception, since that ?b n ga'ion was not so much the result of positive legist* tion as it was of natural causes?the unfitness of climate and piodueti ma to slave iobor. It is well i no rrn to those laminar tilth the jurisprudence of this country and <f hngland, that slavery has been in no instance cuated by post ive satutory enactment, ubr ha* it been thus abolished in any country where the popular wilt was paramount in legislative action. It* existence and non existence appears to depend entirely upon cause* beyond the reach ol governmental action, and thii fact should tsiieli s< ino dependence upon the will of an overt ulin r Providence, which w uks out it* end* in a mode, and at a time, nut si says apparent to liulte mortals. The history of *omo of our sluveholdlng States in reU tion to efforts of this t hara ter. it would seem, ought b> bo conclusive at least agiinat those wbo have uo actual interest ii too ed, and whom a proper sense of self-res pect, if not of constitutional Obligation, should restrain trem impeitit ent iDteifcrenoe. Virginia in 1841, *iv< Kentucky more rectntly, were agitated from centre circumference hy a bild and nnrestrio'od discussion o' the subject <>l eu nnsipafii n. Upon the busting* and tire LegislR ivc Assemblies, the subject was thoroughly > r anili cd, and every project which genius or philanthropy eoubi suggest, was investigated. Brought forward in Hie Old I'unilnlou, under the sanction ol names venerate I and reelected throughout the limits of the common wealth?well known to have tiocn a cherished project ol her most distinguished statesmen?favored by the hap pei trig of a then recent sei vile disturbance, and patron ised by son e of the most patriotic and enlightened citt sens, the sjheme nevertheless fulled, without a show of stiengih or a step in aovance toward the object eon tem pi n , ed. The magnitude of the difficulties to b< overcome was so great and so obvious, as to stiike alike be em,n cif ationists end their adversaries. The result ..as been, both Iti Virginia and Kentucky, tba slavery to use the Isngusge ol one of Kentucky's eloquent and dieting t' h e<l sens, and one, too, of {he forerrtost in the win* of imai cipalhn, 'has Wen accepted a* a permanent part ot their Borlal system.1' ( an it be that there is a desti tution ot honesty?of intelligence ?01 patriotism and joely in slaveholdfng States, and that these qualittea arc alone to be found in Great tirpatn and the Northern free States Y If not. the conclusion must be, that the dlfficul tie* in the way of such an entrrpiise exceed all the cal culs'iona ot statiemauship and philosophy, and their re moval must await the will of that Being, whose pn tive it is to make crooked pntlrs straight, and justify the ways of Hod to man. We have no tlioughtef dlacusaing the subject ol s'evory. Viewed tn its social, moral or economical aspects, it ia retarded, as the tes< lutions of the couventton declare a* solely and exclusively a matter of State jurisdiction, an i therefore one which does not concern the federal govern nrent or the Slates where it die* not exist. We have n erely adverted to the fact, iu conueutlm wi h Hie re - cent addition movement# upon Kansas, that amidst all their <t? roe derium-iatious of slaveiy for twenty year* past, these fanat lea have never yet been x de to sugge*' a plan for it* removal, consistent with the safety of the * bite nut', saying nothing ?f constitutional guarantees. f> detul niiti Sta'e. The ci.loniratinn schema of Massachusetts, as we have saU, excited alarm In Missouri. Its obvious design * a* to ' lerate further than the meie prevention of tae natu ral expansion of slavery. It was intended to narros i * exist It g limits, to destroy all eqniHbri in of power b? Iwr cn the North nnd South, an I le*v? the s!av>-ho!der a' the will of * majority, r'ady t > disregard constitutional oldigati ns. and cany nut to their hitter end the man dates of iganrerre, prejudice and b;g,dry. It* success ii.sul.ostly involv d a iadic.il change in our federal go vnnmrnt, or Its total overthrow. If Kauaas could be thus aboliUoDiatd, every additional part of Hie present public domain hereafter opened to so tlrin<-nt, an I every tu'uie accerrion of territmy, would lie the subject of similar r x|erin on'.*, and an expl sled WUmot prorito thus iim.ally enforced throughout an nteoded domain slill claimed ss national, and still t-esrlng on it? military ensign* the stars and stripes of the Cfcion. If the I Is ii wa? constitutional and legal, It inus' 1>" ion coded tint it was skilfully contrived, and admirab.y ai sptril to its snds. It wns also ?mir>cr.?ly practicable if no resistance was encountered, s'nse the tvlatoa adopt i irg It contained a surplus population wldeb ccu',1 be hicughtupand ?b'pped, wbllat the Siu'h, which had an iritertst ia rcsistui*, had no such people among ber white population. Tlie Kanaa* Nebraska law, too. wnich was so ? xtrfinely hatrful to Ibe fanatic*, and hi* con stituted the principal thime of their recent dennm-ta tu ns, wonlri tie t dead letter, ho'h as it logarda the Ter ritertea for wbicb it eras pertlcula ly frame ] and aa * precedent to Congress for the opoiing of other district* to settlement. The old Mlsaourt r?#tr1;tl n could have dou# no ? oi e. and the whole put pose of the anti slavery agitators, loth tn and ou' of Congre*s, v? .(uisUy ac complished. But the rehense faded?as it deserved to fell an-* aa the peare, pro?|p*Hty and union of our conn trT required it sheuld fell. It was a theme totally at variance with the genius of ear government, both State Mid federal and with the soeial institutions which these governments were designed to protect, and ita -nieces* would hare been aa fetef to those who ooutrived It aa it cuuld bare been to thoNC intended to be ita victim* The circuu stance of novelty Is entitled to its weight In polities aa well aa law. The abolition irruption upon Kahmj in without precedent in our hintory. Seventy nine years of oar national life Hare rolled by: Ten-It try afler Territory haa been annexed or settled, and added to the galaxy of Htatea. until from tbir'een we have in creased to thirty-two; yet it never helore entered into the head of any Btateamun, North or South, to deviee a plan of acquiring exc uaive occupation of a Terra iry by tftste colonization. To Maaaachusette belongs the honor of Its invention, and we trust she will survive 1?a defeat. But i-he In nut tha Massachusetts, we must do iustioe to her pant history to aay, that ahe was ia the times of her Adams, her Hancoeka, and her Warrens; nor yet ia ahe where ahe stood in naoie recent times when her Web eters, and Choatea, and Winthropa led the van of her statesmen. Her legislative balls are IIlied with ruthless lanatlce, dead to the past and reokleaa to the future

her statute books are polluted with enactments pur' porting to annul the laws of iJongress, passed in pur. tusnce and by reason of the special requirements ol the constitution; and her senatorial t-htfta at Washing t< n are liUed by a rhetorician anl a bigot, one of whoui studies to disguise in the drapery of a ciaasic elo ration the trust hideous and treasonable forms o' fanaticism whilst hii colleague is pleated to harangue a city rabbhi with open and adul.eiated ?llsunionhtwi, associated with the oracles of abolitionism and infidelity?a tnelaucholv spectacle to the descendants of the compatriots of Ban! t n.'n Krsnkiin. No Southern or sUveliolding State has ever attempted to colonize a Territory. Our public lands have been let t to the occupancy of such settlers es soil and climate in vlted. 'Ihe South has rent no armies to force slave labor upon those who preferred free labor. Kentucky sprung from Virginia, as did Tennessee from .Vorth Carolina, and Kansas will from Missouri?from contiguity of territory and similarity of climate. KmigraK n has followed the parallels oi latitude, end will oontinue to do so unless diverted by such organizations as Emigrant Aid Societies ad<1 KaiiN&h 1 eaguori. It has been said that the citizens of Massachusetts have an undoubted right to emigrate to Kansas; that thi* right may be exercised individually, ur in families, or ia iurg-r pr'vate associations; and tiiat associated cnte prise, under the sanction of legislative enactments, is but another and eoually justifiable form of emigration. Po litical actions, like those of individuals, must be judged by their motives and effects. Unquestionably, emi gration, both individual and collec Irs, from the free States to the South, and vice versa, from the slav. States to the North, bus been progressing from th" foundation of our government to the pre-ent day wl'h out ointment and without objection. It is not pre tended that snnh eiulgrath n, even If fostered by State patronage, would be tlega), or in any respect objer. tionabie. Tfce wi'e expanse of the t-rtlle West, aud the dtrerted wastes of the tunny South, invite occupation, and no man, from the southern ex'iemity of Florida to the northern boundary of Missouri, his ever object ed to an tmigrant sim,iy because he was from the North and preferred free labor to that of slave. Upou this subject he is allowed to consult his own taste con ventence, snd conscience; si d it is expected that he wilt permit bis neighbors to exercise the same privi ege. But no one can fail to distinguish Itetween an honest, bono /'/< enitgia1i< ii, prompted by choice or necessity, and an organized colonization with offensive purposes uoon tin institutions ol the eountry propo-ed to be settled N.-t can there bo any doubt in which class to place the move menti of the Mii.-sacbusetts Emigrant Aid Societies ant Kansas iAsgues. Their motives have been candidh avowed, and their objects boldly proclaimed throughou the length and breadth ef the land Were this not the case, it would sti.l be iiiipossible to mistake them. Why we might well inquiie, it siDgie emigration was in view are there ex tram dinary efforts confined to the Territory ? Kanrast Is Nr-brarka, which was opened to settlemen*. !> the r ame law, less de,.if able, less inviting to Northern adventurers than Kansas? Are Iowa, and Washington and Oregon, and Minnesota, and Illinois, and Michi gar, filled up with population?their lauds all occupied and furnishing no room for .Manachuvetts emi grants? Is Massachusetts herself overrun with population?obliged to rid herself of pauper, whom she cannot feed at home? Or is Kansas, as East etn oretois have insinuated, a newly discovered paradise a moc.etn El Iloraro?where gold and p,colons stone cun lie gathered at pleasure; oi utt Arcadia, where na ture is so bountiful as not to need the aid of -o iu and fiur'e and vegetublea of every desirubte desctipti u sport taneourly spring up ? Thete c?n bo but one answer to thee questions aud that answer shows conclusively the spirit and intent o this miscalled and pretended emigration. It is an anti slavery movement. As such It was organized and put in motion by an anti slavery legislature; n? such, the or g a nixed army was equipped in Massachusetts, and trail ported to hazsaa; and as such, H was met there and do lea tea. If further illustration was needed of the illegality o these movements upon Kansas, -wo might ex'end our oh solvations to the probable reception ot similar movement upon a Mate. If the Masrscbuse ts Legislature, or .ha' ?1. W btale, have the right to send an army ol abolitionists into Kansas, iltev have the same right t transport tlitm to Missouri. We are not apprised ol am provisions in the couslUutlun. or laws of theStatoa wife", In this rt-Bpcct distinguishes their condition from that o' a ienitory. We have no laws, and we presume no slave h riding State has, which forbids the emigration of nor, - slaveholders. Such laws, If passed, would clearly cmflic u'?tl,e J*tlersl constitution. Tho Southern and South wester 11 slavclioldtr g States tire as ojarn to emigration fro i> non-riavtbojdilig Sta'es as Kansas. They differ only in the pi ice ol Isnd and the den ity v f population. Igtt us sup. lose, then, that Massachusetts shoo Id turn her attention .. V5r": 411(1 fh,'u,M ascertain that the population ol thst Mate was neatly divided between those who favore, and thou, who opposed slavery, and that one thousand votes w ould turn the scale In favor of emancipation unit ac It g in accordance with her wot Id-wide ur.Uunihroov sire shot-Id resolve to transport the thousand v-.ters nc. c< ssaiy to abrllsh .slavery In Texas, how would such s movement t o received there ? Or, to reverse the propo sit ton. l et it be supposrd that south Carolina, with he. latgi siavel elding population, should unvlertuke to trans poit a tbou-and slaveholders to Delawate. with a view totu'r the scale In that .State, now understood to b raj idly passing over to ihe list of free State., w tuld th. raJJajit sons ot that ancient State, small as she is terri torlally, submit to such Interference ? Now, the lustl Infinite of Kansas are as much fixed and as solemnly guar an tee.1 by statute, as those or Delaware or Texas JaT* ?r K1n;ns Tcnit^T may be abrog.ri.ed by succor ding legislatures ; but, so also may the laws and even the constitution., of Texas and Delaware; Kan fab c?niy diin'iB frc m their condition in her limited r* sources, her small population, and her large amount ui matkt 'able lauds. There is no difference in principle between the cases supposed ; If Justifiable and legal In the one It Is equally so in the other. They differ only io p. int of prscticahillty and ex|>edleney ; the one would l>e an outrage easily perceived, pmniptly met, and spec, lly repelled; the other is disguised under the for,us of orgs riizHtier , and meets with no populous and orgs 0 .5^ cornxr,uni?y io resent It. We arc apprised that it i aaid that the Kanias legislature was elected by fraud and constitutes no lair represeaUtion of the i pinions , the people of the Territory. This Is evidently the excuse "f the feslig party, to stimulate renewed effor t amor, their frit rids at home: but even this is refuted by the t. cord. The Territorial Governor of Kansas, a gentleman 1 ot suspect. .1 or, cr chatg. d with partiality to slavery o to ?? advocates, has solemnly ceitllltd under his oitfe,*. seal, that the statement la false; that a Urge majority ol !i i W"r,i Me,e rtu,y H"d legally elent?d. ICveu in !, (il, rl"r w,?fr# Governor Boeder set aside the efer tints tor ilie iiality, the subsequent returns of the special ejections ordered by him produced the same reauk ex cept in ? sl.ge rbtrlc . There lit, then, no pretext lof toting H|'P'1,1"'D.t th*ri 10 fcend "n *r?y of abolitionist, to Kansas to destroy slavery existing tltere. and ree.g n .v -Vu " *J,"(? Justified on thep.Vt of the Massachusetts Ugislsture than it would be .. send a like ferce to Missouri, with the like purpo- - The cnject might be more easily and salely accompli if ,?, in the one care than-in the other, but in both eases It i, equa ly iep?cnsnt to every'pnnciple of Interaction , 1 con ity, and likely to prove equally lata! to the harm u, nrd usee of the Union. ' We conclude, then, that this irruption upon Kansas by i mipVant Aid >ocieties and Kansas leagues, under th patioiiage cf the Massachuset* legislature, is to be re gardtd in no othor light than a new phase of ab litinn imu, moie priiciicnl in Its aims, and therefore more d?u geroua than an; form it ban yet assume i. We have shown it to be at Tar lance with 'he true intent of tin act of Cru.gresa by which the Teriitory waa opened to settlement; at vaiiaore with the spirit of the eonrtitu lion of the United stales, and with the institu'lon* of the Teriitory, already recognizee by law; totally st mo tive oi that fellowship and good feeling which should ex 1st am >ng cilizena of confederated States; ruinous to the aecutify, jwace and ptosj^rity of a neighboring Slate; unprecedented in our political annals up to this di'e, and pregnant wi'h the most disnstrous on*e<|U*noc --o the haimony and stability of the Union. Ihuafar its purpore* have been defeated; but renewed efforts are threatened, Political conventions at the North ted North seat have declared for the repeal of the Km ??? Nebraska law, and anticipating a failure in this direr, ion ate stimulating the anti-slavery sentiment to fteso ex ertions for abolltionidng Kansas af'er the Massachusetts fashion. We have discliaiged our duty in declaring th light in which *uch demon'(rations are viewed hem. snd our tlrm belief of tho apirit by which they will b* met. If civil war and ultimate dieuuton arc desteed, a renewal oi these efforts will be admirably adapted to such pur ports. MI?sourl has taken her |io*ition in the ie.edu lions ado; ted by (he le-xington Convention, and from lhat poshb tt si c Will not be likely to reesde It la bam ttp< n the constitution?upon Jua ice an ? quality ot tights ernot g the plates. What she has done, an.. w' the la still prepared to do, la ta #?lfde*enoe and for ?e.t prt serration; and from these du'lc* sl.e will hardly be erjeet'd to shrink. With her evrythirg is at stake the security of a laige slave property, the prosperity ot her cituens, and their exemption from perpetual agita tion >.i ri border feuds, whilst, the emisaane* of abolition are {lursntng a phmitcm. an sic traction whi li. If re.l ired. could add nothing to their possets! >ns or happlne* sno w.uld id) produc Ive of derided injury to the race for wbo-e b?netit they profess to labor. 8 every is an evil, and it is eonee.b-d that Congress can not lnt? i (era with It in the State*; it is most manifest thai Its diffu-b n throogh n new Territory, where land is Vil-.e less aad labor productive, tends gee itly to ameliorate the e? ndltlon ot (lie slaves Opposition to 'lie extension of sla very is cot. then, founded upon sov philanthropic view*, ?o upm nny kne for the slave. It Is a mere grasp for po litical power bey nd what the constitution ot the United Metre ct.nctde--: end it is so understood by ihe lead-re of the tn irneent. And this additional ptiwer is not desired f i] c natltutinual puiposos?for Ih* ndianeement of the giieral welth-e. or the national reputation. For ?*ch putpoeee the majority In the North Is already sufficient, *rd no future mem* are likely to diminish It. To* f)?v?holding fate* ai# in a minority. put so for, a ml noiity which has commended respect in th* national rcnteil*. It has snsweie?l. and weh.-pe will continue to ?dociv th? parp'?*e< of self-protection, t.'ons-rvative men fi<m other quarter* haT* come up to the rescue when the rights ot th* fmuth have been seriously threat ened. But tt I* essential to the purposes of**lf.pre?erT* Hon ihat this mirorlty should not 1>* ma'eriuiiy weaken ed; I' is essential to the preservation of our present form of government that the slave atat*s sh .uht retain suffl eisnt jower to make effectual reeistance againet outward aggression upon an instltntlon peeul-'ar to them aJone. Parchment guarantee*, aa all history show*, avail noth ?* ?? o^nrhalmlng public clamor. The fate of the fugitive slave law afford* an instructive warning aa th# (abject, and ahowa that the tnoat solemn constitution *1 oblige .ion* will be evaded ear scorned where popular prejudice resists their execution. The South must rely on herself for protection, and to thl* end her strength in the federal government cannot be safely diminished! If. indeed, it be true, as public men at the North have declared, and political assemblages have endorsed, that a determine ion baa been reached in that quarter to refuse admission to any more slave States, thee Is an end to all argument on the subject. To reject Kansas, or suy other west, as an of en repudiation of the constitution?a dis tinvt and unequivocal step towards a dissolution of the lTnion. We presume it would be so regarded everywhere, North and South. Taken in connection with the abroga tion of that provision ot trie constitution which enforces the rights of the owners of slaves in all the S'ate* of the Union into which they might escape, which has been ef fected practically Throughout nearly all the fre# States, and mote formally by solemn legislative enactments in a portion of them, tire rejection of Kansas on account of slavery would be disunion in a form of grossesr. insult to the thin sen slave States now comprehended in the nation. It would be a declaration that slavery was Incompatible with republican government, In the face of at leas', two formal recognition* of its legality, in terms, by the fede. rat canst!tutun. We trust that such counsels have not the remotest prospect of prevailing in our national legislature, and will not dwell upon the consequence of their adoption We prefer to anticipate a returning fidelity to national obligations?a faithful adherance to the constitution!!' guarantees, and the consequent prospect?cheering to the patriot, of thla and other lands?or a confirmed and perpetual Union. WM. B. NAPTON. Chairman, STERLING PRICE, M. OLIVER, S. H. WOODSON. REPLY OF THE NEW ENGLAND AID SOCIETY. TO THE CITIZENS OF MISSOURI. The Directors of the New England Emigrant Aid Com pany are desirous to correct some of the misrepreaenta ti< ns which have been sedulously circulated iu tnauy of the public prints of your Mate, rn regard to their plan and purposes. So long as these misrepresentations were made by irre sportibla and prejudiced persons, who-a characters iuul no weight, we did not think them worthy of a reply front ns. But when we find ihcm repeated and endorsed by rren of lonje inline nee in your community, we feel that it is cue to ourselves, and ta the character of the erni gi ants who have gone out to Kansas under our ausptoas, to stale the truth. In the published resolutions of ihe Convention lately held st lexirrgD n, Missouri, we find mistatenren's in re fard to our enterprise which we desire to co reel This empnny is th> only incorporated association, known to us. in the lTnit<d Strifes, which has for its object both as sistunce ar d orgiiniza ion for western emigration. We most therefore infer that we are referred to in tho reso lutions which alluded to "moneyed associations under tiro patronage of sovereign States of this Union." The resolution* charge Ihe Company th-n, 1. With recruiting armies and hiring fanatics to go to Kansas. 'J. Witli fanatical aggression on Missouri, with the in tention of putting the to cb to the dwellings and the knife to the throats of its people. a. Witli sendirg perrons to Kansas who do not Intend to remain there, but who go only to interfere with an' emtio] the acti.nl aettlers. It is ossj for us to show the entire falsehood of every one ot these i barges. 1. To the ch urge of "rrcrnl ing amies and hiring fa natics to go lo KaOMs," our unswor is Very simple. Wo have mvei hired a%>aa to go the'e, or paid the passage et a single emigrant. Every settler wlio has gone out under our auspices, has himself provided the means of bis passage. it is possible that you in Missouri may not have bo fore observed bow large is tho regular emigration froin New Erglaod, to the new States ot the West. Every year the seas and daugh'ers of Northern States, in numbers to be counted by tens of thousands, choose to emigrate to 1hoae more fertile regions. They do not wait or nwei to be "hired." Thy go with their own names, make their own selection of anew home. Tno favorable accounts which reached us of the soil and cliinste of Kansas, and the advantages which it of let* to the settlor, turn the atten'ion of thousands of siu-h emigrants to that Tcrritoiy. They resolved to go there, and wete f ager to obtain every Information as to ? he best means of going and forming perrnauent settle ments in that country. The fact 1hat such persons were willing t? go rendered it possible to form this company, whose object is to fa cilitate their organisation, render their journey easy and safe, by the eroc'inn of mills and hotels, and by ttie promotion of such other enterprises as are found condu cive to the common good. We do sot hire them. No com pa i y en earth could hire them. It would be more proper to say that the exirtenje of such men, and their resolution and intention to go to Kamais, created and sus tained this company. To speak of such men ss "paupers," "mercenaries" aud "htrsd i(tv?nt?*rw," l? timely ?Uu.i. l't?* ??? rican citiasD*, who have the enthusiasm which all their couBiiymin have for colonising new tagiius, and luing ingttiein under the sway of man. They car ry wi'h them 'heir education, tiiei * .skill, thoir money. Th<y are erecting in Kansas their steitneu girirs, ihrir machine sb'ps. their factories of wood, pa per, iron, and all things useful to men. They have gouc there because they had a right there?because they choose to go?I ecau.-e they had the means to g >?aud because the* believed that in so doing tliey cruld better their condition, and pcihapedn good service to God and man. * lbat Iher might g> conveniently and cheaply. thU Company has been organized, it i i one of the customs of New hnglaDd for men to organize themselves to work in co-operation for any object winch the.v can achieve thus better than separate individual*. Ttii- ia one of ou. institution* to which we are attached, and to which we ewe much of our pro'peritv. 8. The resolution* rf tlie Convention charge in with ' fanatical f>gpree*ion on Missouri." We have looked in vein for the first detailed specification by which thin charge can be supported. It la our earnest wiali toat the rmigi ante who go under our auspices, a lion Id maintain the kindest and moat friendly relation" with all whom tiny n.tet on their way, whether In Hl.utouii or any other State. We have every reason to bollcve that they have done so and until some distinct case of "fanatical aggretsion" is tr.u. e rut and austained by the citizens jt tb< re towns wlierc lliese emigrants meet your people, we must entirely deny the truth of the charge. lty the accidental conditions of travel at the present time, it happens that many of the Northern emigrants ? ass up the Missouri ilver, on their way to their new i mes. If this be a grievance to you. It M none the less an inconvenience to tbetr. It lengthens their journey to Kansas more than four hundred miles. We ven'.aro to ray, however, that they have borne this inconvenience so as to give no serious ground of complaint to those with whom thsy have had routings in your ^tate. ho soon as the rapid advance of the rai toads in Iowa per mits, they will be able to sbortsn their Journey tuateri il ly. and you mav then be relieved from their presence, iill then it will he convenient for them to takeyoitr steamboats up the river, and to provide themselves with supplies trom your merchants. It is our belief, however, notwithstanding the misrep resentations of interested parties, thai the true citizens of Missouri do not feel this passage of emigrants from other Mates along their magnificent riTct as any grid - snce at ail. We believe in the brotherhood of all the States in this in ion, and in the hospitality of the people ot Mist-ouri. We aie confident they will cordially wel come travellers from New Knglnnd as citizens of the sate a great country, and will bid them God speed oa their wsy. 8. 'Ihe remaining charge against us is that of sending peiscns to Kansas tor political objects, who are not the bctm fidr settlets. Ihe entire injustice of this charge will be evident from a simple statement i f what we have done and are doing for enigrtnt* in Kansas. The whole action of our Com pany is based upon the presumption that they are to be and teroain there as actual settlers. Our diet object is to iviu emigrants on their Journey. This we do, not by pa> ing for theic passage, hut by pur chasing ticket* at wholesale and furnishing them to ia cividuals at Ihe actual coat ; by combining our partie- ' so that friends and neighbors can travel together ; by ap pointing for each party a conductor acquainted with the route; aud by making it for the interests of rival railroads to carry them comfortably, safely and cheaply. We thus teduce for the settler "the exit of his Journey guaul him against frauds, and bring him to Kansas wtlUtbe ut most expedition. On his arrival In a new country the chief dlfRcul'y of a settler is the want oi i^utul. This want is particularly felt in Kansas. One ofUHnaBeiutinns of the [-exington Convention expires'* n-gfUtftst the settlement of Kan sas was not lett to lonely pioneers like those who settled Ohio and Indiana. We refer you to the letter of (Jen. B. I Mringfellow to Messrs. (Tingrnan, Brooks anil other*, for the opinion en this point of one who know* that conn try. (Jen. Sttingfellow assures those gentleman that such a settlement Is Impossible; that such pioneers as have hi thcrto levelled the forests and tool in up .he 'plains o the West," cannot do the same work tn Kansas. His let ter shows that such labors need the resource* of capital, and that eapt'al may veil l-o embarked lu a**ia'ing thcin. to the mutual benefit ol a,I conferu?d. So moi sa it was i vtdr nt Unit the westward emigrant* from New I ngland intm- . d to move in large numb.r* Kumar, it became cleer to ns that their most urgen* need would he forth -sc iinprovtraents which capital an I thnt or ly can supply. Th?-y must have first of all, com tort a hie home*, school houses and churches To supply sawed lumber lor these they must hare 'aw milts and other conveniences, to secure which their own capital war t erc-arlly Inadequate. We at ? -nee, therefore, con nected with our iinder'aklng* for th" assist,mce of emi grants on the wsy, such love tmont of e ipital in Kansa i.s would tehove son * of these first want- of the now set ilenints Our intelligence Irom the Territory shows us 'I at we judged rightly, and wilht.be daily (nctraae of oi r capital we continue our investmmts In this way. Hey ate fx|-*ncllfnnM of advantage to every settler, wha ler be g-u s frr m ns or from yon. You will r>e at orce, from these statement*, that it is direct')- for our intirest that the emigrant* to Kansas I? ii'si '-e> ?ettial settlers. We advise n< n# other* to go tlrre, ai d we i ncourage all to stay. We try to in*ke tl elr c- r.dlth n 'here as com'ortable as we can. When a hi n.e-rick Iwiy comes hack to say that the land is barren *nd worthless. |t Is quite a* muck a matter of regret to ns as It i*n possibly he to you. We join you heart and hand In the wish that Kansas mav never see any settler* bnt lotto jMr settler*. We have dune much to indue* *11 who goto remain. With our increased facilities for frrmntlrg their Comfort, we shall be able to do more. ) ou w ill observe that our plan Involves no control Whatever, of men who go to Kansas with passag* tickets obtained by onr Intervention. We a?k no questions of there Who hay. They ate pledged to no party If they ere "fana'ica," It ia an fault of ours. If they are spies npc n our transactions. It I* a matter of In llffereoee to it*. All we kr< w is that they want to go to Kansas, and we aid them hy all the mean* In our power. We sre |<rteetly willing, however, what yon nin?t al tesdy I- aware ot, that when wa organiaed noraelva* to extend such facility* to the emigrants from ihe Kast. we knew that hey wonld he ?*n who meant to live in a free Mate. They are men who hve hy hard Work, a* we all do; ?nd tkqr would not go anywhere where they thought the permanent luetltutlcn* of the Hta'e would mete ha-d wort disgraceful They knew that by the principles of the Kansas-Nebraska act, the actual settler mu<t control the Institutions or Kansas and Nebraska, Thay were willing to take the cbancee of an appeal to this priuci Ve lit ye never thought of marchiog men iuto Kansas for an election and theu bring them homo again. We hate never wired upon Indian and* against law aud right. If we cared to reeliminate, we might nay that ce u'n us ?oeiallona have ommittrd these outrage*; but all the world knowe .hat 1- war not the NowErvfUad hmlgsant Aid Company. We have lepliel, and the *ettler reHee oa ttie principle of ' squat e>- eover.ig lty," which loavee tie actual settler inmi'lested in hi* hard earned home. Wo wee almost a* confident when we begin i* we are cer tain bow, that uncer thin principle the actual settlers in Kintal ?UJ mike if* lawn such a* sha.l prohibit slavery in that Ten I lory. But the action of then* settlers will b? on their own i*oil in K?omh. They have enoi^b to < o there, and have neither wish nor thought to intorfsre with you. They hive Interfered with no inao s rights, nor sill they long allow any man to interfere with theirs. W# trust that this id tuple statement will satisfy all good ritiw ns of Missouri that they have been do :elv?d In regard to the plan and pursues of our Company. We have d-ne Dott ing that friendly brothers of the same great nation should not do. We claim no rights la Kan sas but what are given us by the constitution and the lawa. We claim none which we are not ready to ocncede to every living man. The misrepresentations which hive been made of our Company, do not injure ux. It is only to defend the chaiaeter of our friends in Kansas, that we have felt railed upon to notice them at all, and we write this fiienuly address to you. and claim your candid at 'ention to It, that you may be no longer misled as to the peaceful snd legitimate purpose* or the New England ret tlers in that Turttory. Ihey are people who know their tights, md are lesolved to maintain them. But they lespert also rho rights 01 otheis, and will make no "ag gressions" upon neighboring State*. Ji nn Carter Brown, <f ProT'dence, U. 1., 1 resident. Mi Thayer, of Worcester; J. M. a. William*, of Cara bil'ge, Vice Presidents. Amos A. Lawrence, of Boston, Treasurer. Wm. 11. Ppooner. of Boston; Samuel Cabot, Jr., dm; John lsiwell, do.; C. S Higglnson, do.; L-Baron Huss. 11 do.; Wm. J. Rotrh, of v?> Bedf ird; J. P. Wile stop of Northampton; W. Dudl y Pickmsn, of Salem) R. P. Wa ters. of Beverlv; R. A. Chspman, ofPprlngtlold; John Ne? mitb, of Lowell; Cbarle* H Blgelow, of Ijiwrence; Na than Hurfee, of Kail Kiver; Wm. Willis, of Portland, Me ? Franklin Motxy, of Bangor. Me.; Ichabodtioortwin. or Pott.mouth, N. H.; Thomas M. Edwards, of Keene, N. H.; Albert Bay. of Hartford, Ct., l ireetora. Thomas H. Webb ot Boston, Secretary. It Is well eDoogh to notice that these so tettes were started in New Er gl.ind. There can be n > cavil about that fact, and we have given the above documents in ex tnt*o in order that the arguments on bath ?1 lea may be heard. AN EMIGRANT AID SOCIETY IN GEORGIA. A society to aid emigration to Kansas was f irmed at Columbus on the 24th of October, last past. The asso ciation is called the Kansas Emigrant Aid Society of Mus Uogee county, at<l lias for its object to raise money, by voluntary contributions, for the purpose of aiding relia ble Southern men, who are attached to .Southern Institu tions, in emigrating to Kansas Territory. The Executive Committee have the g.neral direction of the allvirs of the society, and unlimited power in sel?cUng emigrants and appropriating the funds of thr society; and upon them more especially devolves the duty of rai-lng money. Any citizen may become a member of the society on the pay ment of one dollar. The following is the platform of the society:? Wheieaa. the action of the non slaveboldlog State* with tegard to the settlement of the Kansas Territory has thwarted the natural laws or increase and Immigra tion, ami lends to form upon that Territory their pec i liar Institutions, in violation of the spirit, and latent cf the Kansas-Nebraska act, it behooves the South, and eveiy patriot who desires to preserve ihe ?quiltty of the Southern States in the Union, to oountoract these insidi ous attempts of Northern abolitionists to stifle the Iree action of the cltizrws of Kansas In the formation of their aoclai institutions, and thus to convert that msgntflemit domain into an engine of oppression to the South; be it, therefore, . , Resolved, by the citizens of Muscogee coun'v, without regard to old or existing party divisions, that we form a Kani-as einigraib u society; lh?t lie chairman of thia meeting appoint a oominiitee of ten j<rrs->ns to draft a constitution fur the government oi the society, and to select the names of permanent officer* (it the same. Gen. Stringfcllow hat wiltten a letter to ? friend in Alabama, in which he claims that tb* Missouri people had a right to look after things In Kansas. He calls on Ala bama for help. REED EE'S VIEWS. Kx-f!nvernnr Rio..lor, Wo ?'? -.Moosn ne lollow iug as his plat'orm:? We proclaim by our platform of prlDclplos that we de mand the right of free speech, free suffrage aud free g> vernment; that we dcsl'e to build up here an ither grevt republic by Iree white labor, and to exclod i, as we have the ilght to do, the institution of slavery, which we believe would blight our progress aud our prosperity. We aay to our brethren ot the Union who differ fro.n u that al though we might deny their right to bold sia*es in tha Territory, yet in the spirit ot lllierality we wlU And no fault that they bring taoir slaves along when '.hey ootne to enter into fraternal contest at tire haliot-box f rr deter mining the character of our institutions, and will recom mend that their slaver be in the meantime unmolested; and we declare that when free inati'utlens shall be estab lished, the right of property which they cldm lu the slave within our bcuuils shall be treated with that mode ration and charity which should eilst between brethrun of a great republic Who differ in opinion. ANOTHER ELECTION FOR DELEGATE TO CONGRESS. According to a law passed by the legislature in July ? their session lasted only three weeks?tire election of a delegate to the Thirty-fonrth Congress was appointed to be boldeu on the first Mouday in Oc'.obeT. Mt. Whitfield received nearly all the votes cast, 2,462?so stated in the Kick upon 1'ioncer. The fue State leadors refused to acknowledge the right of tbe legislature to hold thia election, and bell a meeting at lawrence. the free State strong hold, In September, where Mr. Reader was nomi nated by acclamation a* the free State candidate, and announced his platform as given above. Tbe fee Hate men voted on the Oth of October;the pro-slavery men did not go the polls; Mr. Reerter, according to the Herald ?/ freedom, received 2,8?4 vote*. This would give the united vole of the Territory about 5,200, althoughuue of the free State papers says that 1,000 illegal vote* were cast for Whitfield, which would leave the straight vote of the Tenitory 4,600. Tbe white population is variously estimated, hut from all the accounts we- ean get we should not think It was over 25,000. This is dolag very well for the first eighteen months, and it is undoubtedly true th.it tbouiand* have been driven away from the Territory by the brutal eonduet of the leader* of the political parties. The fiee State party teem to lie strong In tb* m ire popu lous precincts, while tbe pro-slavery men have their adherents in the sparsely settled district*. It will be seen by the above that Mr. Whitfield was elected In the regular way, the election having been held by order of the legislature, on the day app Anted by it. The authority for the Legislature to do this is given io the act erecting the Territory, and be (Whitfield) has the certificate of Gov. Khanuon as to the legali'yof his It lection. On the other hand, Mr. Reader was nominated at an irregular public meeting, and voted for after the regular tay ot election. Unfpbtedly the people voted lor him In good faith, and * msjnrity of their vclcs# may bo in his favor; but his election Is decidedly "free." Mr TV bitfield's name was culled on Monday Ust by tha Clerk ol the House, and he now has tbe sea',; bat Mr. Reeder is only waiting for the organization of the Hou?e to contest it. The free t-Ute paper say*:? At tbe free Ptale election the jnJges were solemnly sworn to poll no vote cast by any non resident of the Trillion ; while the evidence of residonc at the pro vls. t-ty election v? v* simply tho leeetpt for one dollar lax, snd in someinstanceslhis was not even required. The l egislature imposed tbi* one dollar poll Ux, and it 1* ? great hnntbttg if it is to be used as a test of quail flcation for a voter. THE FREE STATE PARTY SETS UP FOR ITSELF. TV.* free State men not liking their new Ooreroor, re ached to bold a convention at Mig Spring* on the 61b [ September, Which they aid. C?. W. Smith, Keep, presided and tb? folio*irg plei-aut resolution* am mg other*, wrre pa*?ed:? Revolted, That we *111 endue and submit to lh*?* Un Itlior* p??'*d hj lb* legi-latur* ..f th* Territory) no forger than thr be*' Interest* of the Territory re (sire, v ll:* loa.-t of two etila, and all! re-rat them to a bloody Irrno as soon a* w* a*e*'t*ln that (???. *? 1* re medio* *ball fail, and forcible resistance shall furnish any rew *? nahle prospect "I eurcess, and that, in tl.e meantime, we reron.mend to nnr libnd* throughout :be Ten! ory th* organiratl n and discipline of volonteir cmpanimt and tlie procurement ai d preparation of arm*. I Resolved. 'Jhat it la the rpnhn o' thlr convention that tb* admission of free r egroe* or muUtte** in'.o the Terri tory or lutrire bta'e of K rira* will I * productive of evil to rbe people of Knn?a>, and dangerous to the in*tttu tton* ot our sister d'ate; ar d that we will oi p are Ibelr a. mission into tbe Terrftory or future State ol Korea* now anti tor ever. And this a? the autbortfy for Reeder's election:? Resolved, by tbe ctltiens of Kansas, In convention aa s< n.fdtd, that en election shall be held in the several e!ec'lun < Istrlct- to this Territoty. on tbe ?arond Tueeday of t.ctr ber next. und. i ihe regulation pr*?< iloed for tbe c'ecticn of th* llith ?f Match laat, In refe-enseto th# p'ace at.d tnanrer of l.i ldtrg the Mm* and th* manner of making the return*, a well a# alt matters mat log to the formula of tl.e election, excepting the appointment of i flioeis and the pereona to win m return *hall he made, which shall de dct'imioed by this convention, the th# purpose of elect irg a delegate to rr present this Territory In Oie Thlity f uith Congress of the t'nlted k't*t*a. ThU convent!'a adjourned to meet at Topeka on the 1?tb. where an executive committee (J. 11. Laae, chair