Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 14, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 14, 1855 Page 2
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tu contemporary coupled the int metioa ef the (aet that the FngH-h government had roeohred to reinforce oar Weil Indian fleet with (-peculations of its own regarding the of, ect of -nich a movement, coached in language cai ewia'rd to irritate the Amerioan public. and *o expressed a* to p'odnoe an impremrion that the Jbiocs wax speaking the * uimenU of the English Cabinet. It would hate as toainieu no one had such a provocation been responded to by a universal burst of indignation end defiance throng! oat the United States. That this has not been toe ca. e proves that the American public have at last kerned to appreciate the thunder of the lima at its real veins. The dignified contempt with which our New York eor Mspendent speaks ot that journal's habitual style of lan guage whenever it has occasion to refer to the affairs of J toe United States is, we believe, a fair ? pert men of the in which its tirades have come to be regarded by all Americans whose opinion is of any value. A* lor the fow ultra torv journals which have on this occasion yelp ed In emulation of the Timet, it is very unlikely that they can do any harm. It would be rash, however, to allow Yourselves to iae gis e that all danger of a serious misunderstanding be ?ween the EnglisL government and the American people la over. We know that though the insolent article in the Timet has been treated with the con tempt It deserves, it has not entirely failed to produce an effect It has caused the brusque movement or our Ca binet, in ordering the West India fleet to be reinforced, to be regarded in America with a degree of suspicion toat otherwise would not have attached to it. "The article in the Timet," writes an intelligent correspon dent, who has ample opportunities of observation, " has deae harm." Tne sense of suspicion that has been awakened in the American mind la, perhapa, the more dangerous as it is slow to give Itself vent in words. We ought to beer in mind the strong totally likeness whioh ear transatlantic kinsmen bear to ooraelves. The inflexi ble determination of Englishmen to carry on the war In which we are engaged until some definite and tangible result, adequate to tha sacrifices they have made, is obtained, is the consequence of the deliberate re fection with which they entered npon it And In fhs manner, if the Americans qnatrel with ns en account of the attitude assumed by oar government, the wnerrel will be the more inveterate, as they have paused I refrained from a strong expression of their feelings irt taking it up. The correspondent, whoee words we have just quoted, goes on to say:?"Our government is atllns on the fact that England is assuming a less paciflo aepect. The Russian Minister had despatthes by the name steamer which brought instructions to Mr. Cramp ton. Now the moment has come, here, for Russia. Let ear ocuntry on:e believe that the British Ministers will aet out the article of the Times, and you will see a new treaty between Russia and tha United States in less than sixty days; and then how shall we get on? Pierce 1h beaten everywhere, but be can recover?though only by aeme coup d'ttat like this." It is to be regretted that Parliament is not now in ses sion. If It were, lord l'almerston would have it in bis power?would be compelled to speak out in a manner toat would assuage public anxiety on both sides of the Atlantic. The people of England are at this moment reso lute trrsupport Lord l'almerston as the only possible Freroter who appears thoroughly to sympathise with the national sentiment regarding the war against Kus-ia. totill the antecedents of Lord l'almerston are of a nature to inspire us with serious uneasiness in so far as our re lations to the United States are oonoerned. Two Culiaiities have characterised lord Palmerston oughout his career aa a Foreign Minister. Be is addicted to keeping questions open which any statesman less daring and lesa confident in his own resource! would be eager to have closet], 'as likely at any time to provoke collisions; and he has a pride in showing how close he can steer to the shoals of war without running the vessel of the state npon them. Bearing in mind these rather dangerous propensities in a Prime Minister, men are asking themselves whether he may not have been playing his favorite game on the pre sent occasion. Lord l'almerston has done well in back tog out of his attempt to obtain recruits for his Foreign Legion in the United States, as soon as he saw that it | gave umbrage to the government at Washington; bnt he weald have dene better had he ascertained the views of toat government on the sul>ject before giving his sanc tion to the attempt being made. There may be good and urgent reasons lor strengthening our West Indian fleet at the present moment; but was the adoption of toat measure preceded by the courteous explanations scqnisite to render It palatable to a government so sui esptible as that of the United States is well known to be? ngHshmen will shrink from no daDger or sacrifice that to really required to uphold the honor and substantial tutor efts of their country; but if they are to incur dan ger it must be with their eyes open,and with a fall know Mge of all the circumstances. The remotest prospect of a war with the Doited States Is to the last degree repug nant to their feelings: rot from mere considerations ot owmmereeand gain,but because they regard su-.h a war as equally unnatural with a civil war. Mureovor, they are well aware of the importance of a thoroughly good un derstanding between tb. only two free nations of the tost rank, at a crisis so pregnant with results to the whale eiviluod world. They cherish the rntmle. nrdiale wtth France, and they treat (he present ruler of France with that respect which is due to the de facto sovereign to that great nation, and also to the'good faith wtth nhlili he has hitherto acted in tha war we are waging in ?ommon. Rut they deeply regret that his domestic foMey cannot command the same amount ef respect and sympathy which they gladly pay to hit loreign policy. Aey cherish the alliance with him as the uhmbs of up holding national independence in Europe; thev are axxlous preserve an entente cortlialt with the Dotted States, as the means of giving due weight in the councils to nations to the great principles of civil liberty in the internal organization of states. [From the London Times, Dec. 1.] Owr readers of ever? class will, we are sure, peruse With the same unmixed imtiifaction as ourselvee the des patch which informs us that there is no longer any rea mat to apprehend it Is the intention ef the government of toe United States to fasten a quarrel upou us. The ?n swrarrr that the reinforcement ot our West In-lia equad son was not with any design upon Central America, nor with any object hostile to the United States, is said to have caused tha American government to send a single nel, instead of a squadron, into the Gulf of Mexico, I to givo np all notion of hostile preparation. For this age m the counsels of the republic ere believe we are Indebted rather to the moderati n end good sense of the American people generally than to sny peculiar exercise of these q oallties on the part of the govern ment. Everything thateonld irritateand embitter a small difference into a violent quarrel?everything (bat could rouiotne national pride of America and wound the far less active susoepti MMy of England, was put in rootluu by the Cabinet of Washington and i><v Instrument! in th- press; and we feel convinced that if the bait had been swallowed?if the peo ale ef America had t eeo |>os,eased of no mere patriot tern and good sense thsn those whom they delegste to net tor them?we might now be on the verge of another ?onflMt, far more serious than that which is now waging between the allied Powers and Russia. In this instance, however, as in so many others, the people have taken ?pen themselves to undo what their government had dene, and pronounced by an unmistakable ver dict ef public opinion that they will not sutler the Interoonrso between the two countries to be troubled to suit the cunrenience of any class of aspirants tor place and power. The general th-ory of government in that it Is an agency employed by the community to toansaet its business for it, on the ground that a select body *f men is better able to manege its affairs thsn the pnlilic itself. We de not deny that this is gen- rally tree: but really in America it may well be do a ted whether any body of men reuld be selected more unlikely to govern well, and more unfit to govern at all, than thoee who actually form the government. For the "Nice to President only two classes of persons seem hen- 'brth Itoely ta be else rod?successful military commands i, or moo whose obscurity protects them from being tliern j?ct? attack to any powerful party. The certain off, jt of deliboratloi Jens ahi :h precede the appointment of a president is, that every in?n of eminence or known ability la carefully eliminated (rem the list. If a man of toton's or decision seeks to obtain tire office of President, to In only by counterfeiting weakness or mediocrity that he can poselhly hope to succeed. The turbinate oo anpants of the White li-use are seldom known be tore their election, on this side of the Atlantic, and arc, indeed, chosen as much fir their obscurity an tor their other merits. They are Intrusted with powers tot larger than those which, in a constitutional mo narchy, fell to the lot of a saveieign. Th< v have the pakrenege of some 18 000 places In the public service, aad tea anrolnate a ministry which is sure of retaining ?fliee for four years at least. As elected magistrates, toy ought to be superior to herelltary numarchs, hnt of later years st least such superiority Is bv no means manifest. It Is io such men, and to those whoin toy may promote to high office, that the safety of the wastry is confided. Even so, the thing might work to leraMy well, wore It not the nnhsppv dos.lny of every pahlie man in America to spend bis whole life in oontest #4 elections, only ending one in order to commence pre pamtli an for another. An English Dante could imagine am mere severe pneishmeat for on nnprincipled puMtietan than an eternity ef contested elections, in fore tog upon him every day, and all day, those extravagant profeseiviis and handlisting compliances to which in septennial .Saturnalia he Is not unwt ling to submit. This Is the hapless destiny of the American pub Be man. and Its results interfere most serir-nsly. not with his liapptaeea. but wtth the character to public men in general, and wtth the welfltre and gasd government of the country- to to* declarations aad conduct of Ameican statesmen we shall always And tola electioneering clement more or less clearly present, y state papsr Is In the nature o( a placard, every th in Congress is In reality a nntrfn (to jMpulem. estimate the actions ot sn American govern ?t at ail times w" must extend to them the name lenient construction which we are disposed to give to the myisgs sod doings of our own senators to the Nat of a contest for a seat. Now, sneii a government, noting nader such Influences, la clearly a Very unsafe depositary of popular rights or nations! dignity, and wi nes inclined to 'liink the?e things are safer In the hand* to the people themselves, to whom, in the moss, party pell ties and the rise an-l tall of indi-ldiisls are as nothing, and the permanent aad durable interests of the wwntry are everything. Tb this appeal from the rash designs of trading and mod si tonal politicians to the g?w>d -wince ant c -I (bei ng to a great nation we are, wo fool persuaded, indebt ed for the strange sod sudden change which has oome over the troubled countenance of Amor i on aBxlro. Government proposes, bnt, happily, the people, the masters of that government, dhrpase. fin long as it was only sympa'hy with Ku??la that was prnfe*?cd the American people trnueted them selves very little with what their government might be plmi rt to say or their prose to write; bnt when, en ewrsged by the success nf their first attempt, their plblic men began to drive things oa towards a rup ture with Great Britain, the people of the Unian seemed to e rne to the con-lusion that the mains'* of foetton and the Insolence of little-nasi Itcd mecsas had gen* for enough and that It was time for them to take their ewn affairs into their own hands. Thus has It been ?n every previous occasion. Thus have the attempts to sow disunion between tha two groat Mate* ?f the world been repeatedly felled, net br Mm wisdom of diplomatl-ts, n -t by the skill of ptMitotanr but by the nntutored good sense of the masses to both as'icns, amms'ed by s onvtctloe. to whi.-h all flho deebmetma In the world could add nothiim, aad from whl-h all the abuse to the meet reek' Ises partisans could take nothing sway, that Bis re t? no poin' of difference that can poeaj. h?y arise between England and America which conh) ho worth a single day of thooo horrors aad losses which a war between such countries aunt in fallibly proiuee. ]? urging upon the nonsideratiou ??? our trans., tlan tie brethren those defects in their institu tion* which have just emlaugt red, and may again emlan ger. the f>?aee of the world, *? hove not been actuated by any wish to encroach upon the domain ef domestic Sihlire, but a* forcibly as we caa to oriug to the atten on cf the great Am? ican nation defects in the working of their government which, unlet.* corrected, they will anturedly one day or other have to regret. It is not granted to nations more than to Individuate to eet their will up aa the only rule of action; and by teaching bar ?'die men to think of DOthiag but the manner in which applause of the multitude may be beet secured, Ammica degrades them below the level of their duttea; renders them unfltithful, because set rile and sycophan tic counsellors, and teaches them to lower their notions of administrative and executive duty to the temporary objects of n narty, Instead of the permanent interests of their country. THE SIXTH GREAT POWER?FUTURE INFLUENCE OF THE UNITED STATES IN EUROPEAN AFFAIRS. Efnna (Nov. 20) Correspondence of laind-m Timet.] Chevalier von Hulaemaun, who for many years rep resented Austria at Washington as a simple Charge d'Af fturee, has been appointed Minister Resident, and the GM Dtubche Pctt has a leader on the subject, which deserves attention, as Mts object is te show to the Americans that Austria is willing to lorget the Koszta affair, and to im preie her lelatlons with the "sixth great Power." The article being very long, it will be given in a oondeustd form:? the United States has loag been looked on as a bugbear to be avoided or ignored, bat the diplomatic tradition of there being only Ave great Powers is growing antiquated. The ornii deraUcnof States on the other side of the Atlantic is beginning to claim its right to be considered the sixth greet Power, and to interfere in European affairs. We ? ee that England wishes to remain on good terms with the United States, and that autooratie Russia ostentatiously ndeavors to obtain the friendship of the Transatlantic re public. If the present war is to remain a "localised" and limited one, the United States mnst not interfere in It. II i he Washington government should tlunk tit te Introduce its word, sword and fleet into the quarrel, the war would soon assume very different dimensions, as the second rate European PoworB would immediately declare in favor of the one or the other party. If America resists the temptation to meddle in the Eastern question, It will be a proof that those persons who afilrm she has no states men libel her. Good sense is the basis of statecraft, and we have seen that a State, whose diplomacy is astuteness personified, has get into difficultiee because it lost its bon sens. It is not necessary to be a political prophet to foretell that the time is not for distant at which the United States will make its influence felt in Europe, the condition of the Caucasus, of the eastern frontiers of Turkey, of Asiatic Russia, forms part of the Eastern question, and the idea of a balance of power In Euro)># is fast merging 'into ihat of a general balance of power. Need it he said the republic which rules over the larger part of North America will, and must, play an important part when it is the question of the balance of power In the world y Prudent statesmen always look before them, and therefore Austria, sacrificing lier Inng-cherishid preju dices, arranges her diplomatic relations with a Power which is advancing with giant strioes towards maturity. If the post: ions of Austria and the United .States are re garded dispassionately, it becomes clear that a good un derstanding between tuera on foreign matters cannot but be beneficial to both nations. 1 he two countries are ao distant from each other that it Is net to b? feared the one can exercise any great Influence on the internal af faire of the other. The difference in the form of govern ment and religion formed no obstacle to the Intimate alliance between England and Austria, which lasted nearly a century and a half. Henry VIII. and Ferdinand II. supported the same ci.use, Marlborough and I'riooe Eugene fought side by side, and the policy of the British Parliament and that of Prince Metteinich harmonised. Why. then, should there be anv duality between Vienna and Washington in matters in wliich a co operation would be of advantage to both ? This article would hardly have appeared in the Vienna paper if a misunderstanding had not recently arisen be tween the United Btates and Great Britain. THE WAR IN EUROPE. ?T I MILITARY OPERATIONS AT SEBASTOPOD RUSSIAN OPINION OP THE ALLIED MOVE MENTS. The Austrian Gaseitr. of November 20, publishes a lengthened report en tbe military operations in the Cri mea nuce the taxing ol SebaH'-opui, from tne pen of M. de Kotzcbue, Councillor of ctate ot Russia, and one of the persons attacked to the military secretary's office of Gen eral Gorti-chakrlf. The Aiistriun journal doee not say if M. de Kotzcbue has eent in the document to the Oebinet of St. Petersburg n? an official report, but from the posi tion of the writer hie icnr.rk* possess a certain Interest, as showing in what light the late operations of the aillet are regarded by the Russians. The following is an ana lysis of the report It commences by slating that it ie very difficult to ac count satislactoiily for the of the allies since the departure of the Russians from t-'ebastopol. it would teem, it says, as if they had intended attempting to force the Russian am j to quit the northc n forts, and after wards the rest of the Ci itnea. To that end they attempted to turn the left wing ol the Russians, but when the large body if the allied troops, to the number of between 20,000 and oO.liOO met?tbe Russian writer seems some what loose in bis namherr?bad made their onward move ment into tne valley of the Raid<r, and found that the Run ialis had roncru'rated large forces at Alrgoul, a po sition dftciibed by M. do Kol zebue us almost unatUcka ble, tbey th'ught it more prudent to retire and again lake possesion of their former positions. ''Since that lime. Oct. 1," say* the report, "the allies have not un dertaken anything of importance in tliat quarter." M. de Ko.sebue th' n goes on to say that Ut? allies having renounced their plan of turning the Russian left, com menced ( per aliens in the doec'ion of Eupeturia. The al lied forces there are described as very considerable, al though from their landing having own effected by night, the writer Is not able ?o stale their exact nura beis. The report then gives an account of tb? reconnais sances effected in the mouth ol October from Ru pa tor is, and admits the defeat of General Kolff. which is attribu ted to the "unpardonable negligence" of that officer. The capture of Ktnburn is also d?-c, ibed. and astonishment la expressed that the allies should continue to occupy ft. Thp report then proceeds lo make the following obser vations:? ttur army in reality received considerable reinforce, merits in September and the beginning of October. These .einfrrcementa were composed of the corps of Grenadiers and ol the militia ot the governments of Orel, Kalveera, and Tula, in conrequt nc.!, the Russian gene ml in chid had the means of Conceut.aUng in n very short time enormons lorces against the enemy, if the latter should attempt any serious movement trom the side of Ktipa toris, and he could do tbut, while still leaving a suffi cient force on the heights of Mackenzie, and In tne other positions on the north of Subastopnl, to repulse any at tack that might be made. It Is difficult to ..ivloe what the future movements of the enemy will be. but it is nevertheless probable that they will still make some at tacks In order to take our srmy either in fl.unk or rear. It may be therefore expected that the allies will make some movements on the side of hertcn and Yenika e, where tbey have lately rcinfo.oed iheir troops. It is, however, to be hoped that these projects will be de feated, for ?? we have before mentioned, the Russian army of the Crimea has received such considerable reinforcements, that the general in chief mhy ma terially add to the frrres under General Wrangel who eorers his extreme left, on the sido of the peninsula ofKertch. This is also the case wi lt the shore of the Black Sea ft. m the mouth ot the Danube to 1'erekop. Latge masse* ol cavalry and infantry have been stationed in such a manner that they may be concentrateJ in a very short time on d liferent poluU, and particularly on Nteolaleff aud 1'erekop. This latter town is bod le.s surrounded by fortifications and batteries, which give it the appearance of an entrenched camp. In adili'ion to the brie gas and passages which previously existed on the Bug and the Dnieper, sevsral new ones liave been of late established in order to be able to more proi more promptly nolte the different oodles of troops stationer on the two banki of those rtveis. Several of those bridge* are remarkable as well for their solidity as for the bal lnass of their con struction. M. de Kotzebue concludes by again -efcrring to Kin burn, dsch.i uijt that its possession cannot lie of any utili ty whatever to the allies, particularly alter the have taken their departure. " It has not," says the report, "any -strategical importance, and cannot he of service as tbe base for any military dkaratlon. It, would us as dW. therefore be as disadvantageous as dWcult for us to re tack it, for a small number of light ves-ela. planed near the coast, could prevent every attempt of the kind by land or by sea. ? For from which side and at what time did the enemy enter the city? Whieh Rus'ian regiment was compelled to lay down Its arms or retreat? Where are the trophies of victory, the hundreds of tsnnnas. heaps of standards, masses of prisoners? Of all this there Is net a vestige, and the truth is that the allies were so intimidated that they did not venture int-r tbe city, alter it was evacuated by the Kosslan troops, ter three whole days, and theu only with the greatest precaution and with fear an t trembling. It was only for the purpose of no longer serv ing uselessly aa a target to tbe enemy who were approach ing the walls every dar mote aud more, that the Rus sians crossed over to the in.rth side, just as one changes one's dree* or releat* another path. To he sore, it was a pity to put a-ide the beautiful purple drone of Sebas to pot, bat it is only for a time, and the Czar will soon give it toolbar one, far more magmfioent than the for mer. and the genius ufTotleban and his companions will weave it at their lei-ore and without a scant. No joy has been *xpre#.-ed at the so ealled victory by the Wet ern Powers, neither hy the knghsh who wer? completely beaten, aa they liave been in every ae'lon since the com mencement of tbe war, nor by the French who nre now In a condition to quote the well known words of Pyrrhus. I he sole trophies of Erglitixl and Fiance are black erape The armies Imth fought without any reason, and solely by order of tbelr respective sove reigns, who give them no protection or connotation under their misfortunes, by whien they arereduoed to the verge ofdeepair; whilst Ruseia, on the other hand, art*-kv t wtthout any cause , moght gallantly for honor and self preservation. The i'rfttf A'Orimt pnbloshes the following Ve.Urr, dated Kamieech, 12th November:? The wintor, which is fa*q appnaoblng. oblige* u* to suspend all military operations in the Hell. The awpe of army on the Teherntya is eonlisually under a ruts ?n<l attentively watching the movement* of the en"my The rematndar of the allied troops are actively engag- I making preparations for the rigorous season. Ma.snsl I'elissler maintain* his ?Idler* in exoellent condition. The attitude of the Russian*, and their habit of availing themselves of the night and fogs to attack us, render It necesaary that we should be constantly on the lyuf rinc. On the other hand, whatever may he the real strength of Prince Gortschakolf* army, which is said to have been increased within the Unit few days, we are fully prepared to tnecneter It, sbonld it sgafn attempt to force the Csage of the bridge of Traktir. Numerous arrivals n France have amply filled up tbe void left In our rarks by tbe departure of 'he Imperial Guard. Yon m.iy be certain that the Russians will not surprise us. Gnr line ef defence Is at this nsnisat truly formi dable. The heights of tnkermann are covered with t roe pa, ami all Una redoubts are well armed. Every day we pared#. excrHse. and maneavrf. The troop* are " MBSifned," tad no end ie allowed to quit the oaap. Precautions are likewise adopted for the night. Our cartridge boxen are plways well stocked, our Knap-ncts full of biscuit, onr water and brandy cunn ready, and our musket* within reach, *0 that the moment the drum* beat or the trumpts round the entire amy in en foot In a few minuted. All then* details arw*eru|.ul m-ly oMerved, the i thoers strictly attending to their exeiuiion. Our friend* the l'ledinontexe hare done wen.ler* in their eamp at Kumarn. They hare thrown up admirable intrench merit*, and their installation lor the winter in excellent. Our quarters hare been partly modelled on theirs, the campirg system of the Atd-ons and Turk* being deemed too uncomfortable in this ellmato. Our aoldl?ra lire with the Sardinians en asm t intimate tei ran. Their eamp is to our* and to tuat of our cavalry. The Eng lish reoelve evmy day irerh reinforcements. fhty bare erected gigantic work*and rons'.rueted magnificent roads. In the camp en the plateau all hand* are busily at work. Every man is an architect, a stonecutter, a ma son, a carpenter, a chimney doctor, and eren an orna mental painter. Buildings of every description and siae arc being raised. The materials are drawn from tfebaa tenol. Every day fatigue parties are sent into demolish the houses?that is, to complete the work of the artillery? in order to procure the noeeanary atone and timber-and all return fended with hi kks, tiles, boards, ho. Thofce constructions will enable our aimy to spend the winter much more comfortably than last year. Ijocoinotion in he streets of iSehaatopol Is vary unsafe. The northern forte are determined not to leave a wall stanuisg in the own. When they chance to perceive auy of our posts, they pour upon them a shower of projectiles, and ocr* (Tonally succeed in kindling Ires among the ruins. Oft realties, however, are of rare occurrence Our batteries have not fired ibr the last ten days, but our men are working day and night to extend them. Forts Nicholas and Alixander will men he In a condition to reepoml be comingly to Fort On* tan tine aud Co. The mlnee in tended to blow up the docks, are progressing satisfac torily, and towards the close ef the menih those gi gaatic works will probably be destroyed. It was repotted the day before yeeterday that the Em Cnor Alexander had reviewed his army on the heights of aekenzie. The silence of the Russian batteries on that day was ascribed to that circumstance. We took advan tage of it to remove many aiticles from the town. Yes terday the fire recommenced with some intensity. We still enjoy magnificent weather. It has not rained for a montn on the plateau. A letter from tbe Crimea In the Qo&ite du Midi, of No vember, after giving an account of the explosion of the 10th, t-xya:? As it is necessary to console ourselves under every misfortune, 1 may mention that it is fortunate that the accident took place whin it did, as almost all the men were then away, and the artillery horses all gone to the watering place. The ambulance of the Fourth division, which was all knocked to pieces, had been cleared oat on the previous day,so that this trigh'ful di* aster did not pro duce all tbe mischief which it would have done If if had happened either sooner or later. The greater part of the prijectlies which have been destroyed had been brought from the aiege batteries and from Kebaatopol, and had been only placed in the park prorisionaily. 'I he engineers are busily employed in piling up the balls anil projectiles which remain Intact. Wo thus rec iver some of our own outlay, ami it must be said some of that of the Russian, ali o. As to the siege guns, they have been all sent to Halaklava and Kam>e*ch. wh--re they will he shipped to Malta. Toulon, Marseilles, Gibraltar, France end England. The Russian guns have not been yet sent down to tbe port, but it is expected tbat they will soou bo removed. All that remained of Pebast .pol has been nearly destroyed. It would be now iniuossible to find in the w hole place a piece of wood six inches in length. The health of the army is excellent. GENERAL SJMPSON'BJEWELL ADDRESS ?*f ^ *' isb army u *8 <?.? ??<ral V r J/"nPH Mmiwwro announces to the army that "'graciously pieased to permit hirn t<? Cw flngfoVTC*B' fh^M1Ppoiat 6#ner?I slr William 100 ring ton, K. C. fl., to bo LL. uuuoessor. On resigning ^S'X'yL11* Urp:nl d""0H 10 **P?- tfth? 101 t f he et?t?rt?in* of tho admirable conduct of the officers and men of tti? array during the time he lias had ihe honor to serve with them. In tak i ?i5i h? tenders his best thanka to all ranks I k ????* wishes for their success ?d bSn? in all tho future operations of this noble armr. snms ihl! J" f0'r,DKtan will be pleased to as . command of the army to-morrow, the 11th ?* * BARN AM), Chief of the Staff. ADDRESS OP GENERAL CODRINGTON ON Cener.iro^SfPlING COMMAND? coramm^ r bi- assumption of the ?!???wliJEStr*", "M ~ ?"???? ??...-^ra'SiSyrarSyvSi. enre to her Majesty's orders. It is with a' tollcT, whvl tf *1(Ln ["??ng <lf confidence in the supm,rt w th sorhT r?r i ( 'ily K1?811 to ?J "illcor honored with such a commission. The armies of Frauce and Sar dinia are united with un on this ground. We know their S^io "forVi'* *?Jh*T" h88n > we kn?w their friend, ainfj. u? .vo P'?Ofcd by it; we lravo shared dinners diHifulticM and PucccnMes?the Kroui*mork at mntmil "team-ami .11 will ? our fo ibe^ntiml^Vlit km'vy in,crr"""? which ts due I sn wMl T ollianco 01 the nations tbemselvea. Our Tt.^y T V ,lw"J" P twits its high character in the field i t b> Tn/f'f' ! 'n,or crn,,uot, and the discipline which "u?ese :^y1trrl'rU'?U"' arS *8 be-" sureties?"futu'S , fl id I triiht to the efforts and nPFistHuo? of it!I 'enks In thus keeping the array to be ,n instrument lf honor, ot power, and of credit to England. W. J. OiDRINGTON, (?encra) Commander of the Foroe. THE RUSSIAN FLEET IN THE BALTIC NefiteUtWs de ilambr ury alleges that it is the inten tion of the Russians to bring nut uieir Ha It 1 - fl(1-i i (, sS? ''""f W"0r^src "SK ,.jL !t . ia" "mi,,0'd too long inactive and ih?v wi-Ji ?^?^^Sb-2S3-?K^?r. ? uronsraat. l.ientrnnnt General Burmeistcr has m >Ihj ?s said L?sPr" "I tipFtn"1'8. <"??' will S. r?oW know 11 at h'etuiiftopol. *b<> ?"*?? himself THE WAR IN CIRCA8RM.-0MER PASIIA'B [Prom the X-ondon (lure tie of Friday. Not. 88,1 The Feri ,1 n j Fomogn Dsn fa, Nov. 28, 1855. Major Mwra n? t'" .V .bM recf,veHi * despatch frcm to the am?? ?f nCr ll^r' t'ommissi.ner attached lowkgu7ioVj.-mtr laiha',n AU?81 vw uv 1??, , v... ??f*p. ^"WWAieo, No*. 7, 1865. ?^Khc^fr wsjasMrs&r standing ?. d lately constructed for The ""ihe ?nd*?ChLM^l',^<, ?r lfl hatulions of?afanf r fan!0 tte whS*.0! h*""8""' under Lionel V.I lard the whole commanded by Ferl)sd Pasha <Bar n KrtLte;d "nUle ,8lh0f(^8b" to rfC o? From 'hat day until the first of November his flhrWs. m ard^m , ?,"*??)!11* i"P I'0/*-*""" ?? the adv-i-re.) fshii ?.i ^ / cr tro<,P? ?? sopport it and 1,, ?s T?h?l LhS d'r0.t" "f ,:od"v?' ^th8 mouth or the Brilas meau' protUion his army for a forward more mile" torward'^havlng 'ill'^anS?'Joa^n rond fo Hugdkli" ?U1 CMtle "",'1 on the teries were armed r? the fr ll?,wl..w niTa. V. 8 h8t" their Hte on the morning .-t thiT efu r? !' ^ ?Pe??d On the same morning "* High * s. m :k>V>"\n"re of infantry <24 ba'tatt) ? arlranced guard of three and a half batTahonT'of about seven mile.; whe?, ? brLl J j- d("UD<'8 of AM Iw^ml^'wide "CD,e mlUt la ^ whreh crosses from the island to the left baTlr nf ,1 41E5^?-teSs,u this forrt sent ofiBow^toTbw'rtiht'tSaiS2ft,ln3"ibSrn,r *' aram,iB "-1 ? ?sas? two battalions of inr.ntrv ,'nd ^hTeT^JSl'Z*! by senrs by shoul 4 PM. ftiN tiirrhn? "PJo'esof Cuae me with this son,man,I, I mor j? th??? he a?K .n twV jhrocgh the forest unperrelred hy th??Mi,Vwbl IT,^ In about MX) jArrfAof thp portion at tbi?'c ? T?i J S.\"X SZSZS^S. ? The enemy SnmelHatsly friniT^t r8*8,P8- , break through the Turks m colnr^ hn? ,^^?^1 * besyy firs tn their froat and on I and dispersed hr the forest U.Ju,- *nk", tbeF hrok" field, wlSb three piece? \?\mt"ffJ" ?iuni unit ion wafonn in our pouMmlnn a! ![ y * that th. Kites ian columns our line, I gtleye to say tl,?t m?.Tr. br""k Djraoek "?th Regiment' hanJVrrt had'^hl?k? frT3 under bW wa? wound^?c2e h* mw .1J?U h '* k!lM the Turll-h troop. nl^aT,^,^y ,ldpt ?"^uraglng U fo be deplored as h" iZtTtfi,* 'J""'b :Tm-'A-Siart^p^'^ piisued to me hi. high e,.?,m n-.J*8 '"*l"*t>tly ? accompanied m. fr, m th. 'ommeBcemeJt'M?^ fS&zrarsvzErs&xsrxi. ? *s forced a peaeage in front of a foroe belte^to b? of ?* batteMons, hut without aniller^ ami . 1'T Thre operation succeeded, and ^ ?fter diri ^K'' isb force, on the left heik H" T,urk right to left, and rcm,4ete maater?TS!?^Sdi""* ?!S f.wer throughout this lingth U*t "d* of Ihe lose en the eMe of th, Turks has been kin arn^i ?4.-SS1 .irss-ssrtisiris,?; terms ol the highest .alinffietfon of oMhe British officers who eeeuuipaeiud hi* force. Lieu Colonel BeU?tJ eonduo'.ed the advanced gu? < taintd ? veiy heavy lire from the ei-omy a toe p I t'i rd about oue hundred yards wide, from noon un dark at 6 1'. M- occupying the euenoy nntil hie posiLou wat* turned ky th? Turki h l^ft. -??.pHod u Capt?i" tVW? ***o good aerrU*, ?tUubwl w sexier artillery oflicer to toat Oraueli of the snr vice Kin Interpreter wan killed. ,.lllw..w. llie loss on the ride of the enemy ha. not yet hetm a* cer tallied but up to the p re-out 'une (nouu) d? nave bem bur let', of whom eight are officers, among whieh the of lofootr,. bo,Woo ? gooot notolor oi hiogrelioa mil' tli. opposite the main ford. I e^ Jtc., aiMUOvg, The Earl o* CLARaRbow, Jtc. JOHN L. A. BUtUtwo. THE WAR COMMENCED IN EARNEST?POSI TION AND PROSPECTS OP THE COMBAT [8tAl?eter.burf (Hot. ^Correspondence of I-ondon The Russian Journal, rarely contain leading:

generally restricting their commnnicaUoutt ^ ^ occurrences mere or tore garbled. The AtortAe i. ??, however hae ju.t published one of the-e exceptional p? ner. It i. headed " The War Beginning m. - and quote, a. a motto the memorable wordHof Hutua?*. "llxe Iomm of Moscow is not the l:?iw of HospU. *? outsat It lay. it down ae an Invention of the ^neh and Enwllsb Dree, that tlie Bueelana were conquered on the S?rfS$?ber, and that the allies had taken Sebaeto ^S^eh adiffirence In the moral element of the twoaon tendinff Dartlcs cannot fail to terminate eventually In fa vor of the Russian arms, whieh wae only at a momentary disadvantage, because ll had not sufficient rallroade^n guie of suc? extreme range aa those of the . Who ever nuts forth othm reason* for the misfortunes tha hare hitheiion befallen us, Is worse than "traitor tohi* country, far even the enemy acknowledge* the herid. bravoiy of the Ru-riane, and the superiority of our artil lerv and the reieutillc attainment* ol our engineer., _ _ ^ At first it wae supposed In the West, that by obtaining wseeslfn ofrte of Sebastopol they hadgUnerf and are now the more unpriced to find out their error and to see that the war lias In reality only just eom moriBi1?i war which cannot possibly reflect any glory on the governments which brought iton, and Ln only end In total praetratfon. Evsn now the bhxd of their own subjects is not sufficient for their Insatiable ambition, and they are obliged V> bete recourse to all sorts of shift* to obtain other nations. With Sardinia the contract of sale has been concluded, and Olosags. will no doubt be easily pur chased; but it Is still a question whether the brave tarii lians will allow themselves to be sold. The loan or 1,5110 millions of francs 1* no proof of patriotic sentiments, for It was nothing more than a Jobbing speculation of Jewish bankers to suck out the resources of France and leave her bound hand foot, when *he will find out to her cost that the Empire, instead of the promised poace *nd plenty, has brought nothing but war end desolation on the unhappy country. England lias ?aw'1 lo*> k?th in the estimation of RussU and France. Turkey la nnv ble to move under the weight of tha Erench and English pro-Consuls. How dtflereut i* the case in Russia, where the Emperor never abuies ki. power, and the' P?'P " never suflei from tyranny and the cold egetlsm of their rulers. The Cxa- and his people are Indlssolubly nedted, whilst the first reverse of fortune will not Ml ud the alliance or the enemy. But it it not only behind stonewalls that the Russians can light. Their pierfut circumslnnces in the Held are Just as favorable. Our troops are now in the open country far that is the natural scene of action for their valor, hut the enemv do not dare to attack tbem, preferring to si^down aod en trench themselves. The enemy axe not a le to nu.ler take anything of Importance, and their position is fir from being so favorable as they would make the worl l ^hTthe beginning of Ihe war, a great pan of Europe was, no doubt, unfavorably disposed towards Rutsla, who has, however, now no enemies except Louis Napoleon (who ought to love Russia, which is the natural ally of France) and England and the democrats, who aUo hate the E'rench Emperor. I'ru-sia and the whole ef <>ermany stand firm on our side. Austria 1h become cautious, au I the other States wi 1 oorae to tbeir sense* in time, for Napoleon's overbearing conduet infirocce, Turkey, Runs, Sardinia, Spain, Naples, and all Italy, as well as toward* Ergland, whom he leads by tbe noae. show sufficiently that he fcllows tlie traditionary policy of the flrsf. empire. The Russians are still in possession ?r the north rice o( FebaHtoiM'l and wn if we should loee It tbe eoemy have gained nothing by It, ana would not Jm ?b.e U; march inte the interior of the country. A few attempts may be made to effi eta landing at polnta of no import ance, such as Kertch and Eupatoria; but the lm portani places on the coasts are effectively protected, ud perlectly safe from any attempts ot the enemy. They may come again with mora ships, but they will be re oeivrd by the Russian gunboat., and we can await thvir coming without any alarm. Tbe Emperor returned to St. Petersburg on the 10th Instant, sfter an absence of nine weeks and will proba bly ueain take up bis residence in the winter palace 11 is to be hoi ed that his presence will restore some anima tion to publie life, w hich seems extinct. The winter has alieady Interrupted the communications which might otherwise have been carried on by sea, sinoe the depar ture ol tbe allied fleet; but it will *erve to re-open tne land communications, suspended by the hud state ol the rc&dti in conneaucnce of the automDai rains They are still workiDg Incessantly in tie dockyard on the construeiion of gunboats and other small vessels, Is generally hoped that In ere the enemy'* fleet returns nrxt spring, they may make at length some attempts at ^Together with the Emperor, the first order of the day !s"?uea by him whilst ou his journey, has also arrived It is dated tbe Oth of November, from Buktolu-dorai, bu. contains merely a long list of subalterns promoted to the rat k of captain, f lenerally, a great deal of promotion is going on at pieeent, especially in tlie fleet; numbers of petty < fflceiB and masters' matee are being made oliicei s. Onee ui on a time they seldcm reached this gjwle, but new it It the natural results of the gaps made by the ""iir latest news from the army before Ears is dat' il five weeks b.oa, and we do not know whether the ?isg? ls still goilfg on or not. It Is certain that, shortly after the unfortunate asrault made by the Russians, the giester l ait of the iiregular troops left the army and f timed tr. their homes. It i* probable tha. the very ftr-d intelligence snnounclng the appearance of TurkHh troops on the Caucasian tonltory wiU determine tne rest of the mllitia-to follow the example. Tie first drushine of the Jaro?lew militia in R areaw, and is quartered iu the citadel. Thirteen other driishiues are expected in ? * * rations tie making lor their reception. The extansive workshops ind storehouse* In the arsenal are being fitted up ss barracks and hospital* for them. A letter to the Cologne Gawttc, from the Russian fron tier dated the 224 of Novenber, says.?Tbe Russlvn government is chiefly engaged in three "bjecta-the con ?imftLinn i t raUwATH of at^ameri, sfta th? manii tucture ol M'me iliiea; adtllog to thO^ BMMtirw Vie eneimoue military levies, and the rapidity wltb whl h the riganlsation of the mihtU proceeds, it bec"?r ?J' dent that we must not give too much the ru mors of negotietEns which are so constantly heard, but rather con-lode that Russia U preparing for a long and (butioate Thr Dnnlih Monad Don Conference. A correspondent of the Gazette de Coidf/ne write* i.-cm Cnpenhsgvn, under date of November 20. that the con ference* of tee Hundrxoll (Hound Due*/ did not open on that dav. because the representative of the t'nl ed Mates refused to 'ake part tn procceedlng* having fir object the capi'alixation of dnes, whoee legali ty it contested. It ia known that none of the Power* having reprerentative* at the Conference, have in prin ciple acknowledged the legality of the Mound dnee. 'the Itrue-ela paper, Ae Nnrrof the 27th ult., assert* positively that the opening of the conference* in ri ion to the Hound dure, which ?- to take place on the ' Ith, Iran b< en *? jouined. None of the Powers interested in thia question, it says, have cent deiegatea to Copenhagen: hot the re preventatives of those government* which are repulaily accredited at the Court of Denmark have re ceived sufficient inrtrue'lon* to listen to the prepositions which the l-nnish government promised to offer in its memorandum. The negotiations will 'hen be eonduct< 1 diplomatically, but will necessarily take some time t >? fore they can lie brought to a saUsmetorv eenelnslo*. In consequence of toe attitude assumed by the Wash ington Cabinet, the latter wilt exercise a preponderating influence in the rotation of the question; and it seem*, according to the advice* received from America, that the 1'reeidrDtlel tre-sagc will announce the firm reenlatlon of that government not to take part in any arrangement In tliT* state of affair* we ran readily conceive that diplo macy will not he In a harry to open negotiation* that are not likely to load to *ome ennelmlon. tleslde* this, we have already *tated that thi* question of the Mundioll will be entangled with ail the difficulties and differences of interest* which characterise the general ittuati. u, and will not be ultimately settled until the eanclu*ion of peace. [Berlin (Nov. 27) Correspondence of I-nndnn Time*.] No near* ha* arrived here of the Mound I meet onferenoo having been opened at Copenhagen last Tuesday, whieb wh* the day fired: either the opening did not take plaoe at all. or the business done waa too unimportant to ad mit of reporting. The Ru*aian government alone haa depuUd a special repiesentative to attend fin a late let ter of mine It we* incorrectly printed that Prussia was the sole Male that had done this); all the rest have heeo satisfied to instruct tbelr usual diplomatic representative to receive ad referendum the proposals that the Dan ish government may have to make. It U not im possible that the whole matter may be kept n abeyance until the President of the T'nl ted Ste'e* has, In hi* message to O ngre-s, intimated whet course he in tends to pursue in the matter- As far as we hear of the views fhst rule in Washington, the United State* go vernment abide* by the denial of aay tight on the part o> I er n aik to levy S nnd due* at all. The American rtwl Robert I'aton, Captain Kelly, which had excited suspicion* by it* lytog at anchor for *<.me time at Handhsmm, arrived at Stockholm on the 16th Inst. The cargo, as it was found on inspection theie. contained only a very innocent amount of cotton sr.d dyeword*. it had been believed the'- ihe had od board a large quantity of revolvers for the ?niaiait mar ket, which she waa waiting tor an opportunity to send across to Finland. The King mf Prussia's Speech. The frUowing is the tali extent of the King of Prussia'* speech en the opening of the Chamber*;? lllust ilons, nobis, and dear gentlemen of both Bouse* ?1 rejoice at beholding again assembled round my thr< n* 'be representative* of the country, and bid yon, from my full heart, welcome. The new session com w.ence* under cirrumstanes* the increasing Importance of wbleh haa already in a high degree occupied tbe atten tion of my f vernment. I rely upon find log, as hereto fore. a powerful Support In your exertions. Above all things, I am grieved at tbe increased pries of the most necee?ary article* of food, which it to be attri buted to tbe unsatisfactory reeult of the tele harvest in msnj district* of tbe country, end to the impedimen's to traffic ranted by the war; en the other hand, an allevia tion msy be leaked forward to If, with Hod's blessing, tbe bores are fulfilled which the favorable promise of asrrl enftursl produce and increase of production justify. Un til thee I confidently hops that a careful continuation of Dee traffic, founded upon previous experience, and a ?ve economy, combined with the never tailing private eha.-ity whirl' eiisfs with an, wiQ help to Ir sen the weight of the high pi ice ol food. rhe continual exteii/1nn of artificial roods Ikurulmu itn) cufl the incestantttc'lvlty of industry promise to ihe working lUM-es additional opportunities of remuiu atiug labor. (trtain brau.-hr* of Industry tmifor, it is true, unuer the pressure of high price*. On the whole, how ever. lbs g-nsral activity of 0"tum?rre ie undiilurbed, and the prospect* of Industry are si'isfact.ry, A strik ing | roof of this i* to he found In the favurabio results of the postal and telegraph servicer, and In the intrude of railway tiaflic. K has tr.veu me ?aii?lictio'i to lay the Inundation stone to the important r muple'.ion of the rail way iy?um of try klogdi'ie. A' the Fxbihition of the Industry of all Va'ions at 1'arls, Frusaian industry was worthily repr?^ented In the depsrimerits of art, apiculture, mining aud commerce. for a long time the want nas been felt for regulating on a fi oting beci rning the eireu-mstan-es of the day the jo lire and inuoiripal system in the eastern province*, piling it a more stlid basis. Projects for ibis purpose will be submitted to your rot solera'ion. )'r. je:t* wall also be laid beluie you for bettering the district and pro vincial regulations of the western provinces. ' Ihe budget for the next year, which will be laid before you, will show a happy prospect of an increase in receipts, snd oilers an additional proof of the order which pre vails in our finances. Tho maintenance, with yonr sanction, of the taxes already imposed will enable a balance to be drawn between receipts and expenditure, and provide for the increased wants of the State, and enable the vigorous continuation of important useful undertakings which have been already commenoed. Ihe continuation of political complications has also mate it neuestury this year for me to maintain my army, it not on a complete scale, as in former years, still on a footing of increased preparation for war. 1 was enabled to do this by the bill passed on the 7th of Hay of the present year, which sanctioned an extraordinary credit for that purpose. My Ministers of Finance ana of War will lay hefoie you the special papers relating thereto. Reatlemen, the conflict between different (European Powers, the commencement of which I had to deplore last year trc.m this wry placo, still oontinue*. to my most sincere regret. Our fe'herland, however, still continues to be the abode of petce. I trust in God that it will remain so, and that 1 shall succeed In preserving the honor and stanciug of Prussia as a great Power without inflicting upon our country the heavy sacrifices of war. I am proud to he able to say that I know of no people 60 well prepared for war or more ready for sacrifices than my own, whenever its honor or interests ore really in danger. Ibis proud consciousness, however, imposes upon mo the duty, while abiding faithfully by obligations already contracted, not to enter into further engagements, the political and military liabilities of which are not to be estimated beforehand. Tho attitude which Prussia, Austria and the German G nftderation have assumed by common cannon' gives a h<lid security 'or the further maintenance of that inde pendent position wbl'-h, with upright good wishes for all, and an impaitial appreciation of circumstance* is equally conducive to the attainment of an equitable and hurting peace. Gentlemen, the serious aspect of the present makes it a duly for us all to devote ourselves fully and unreservedly to the interests of our country. You will have shortly to fulfil Ibis duty at the coming deliberations, the result of which is of g~evt importance lor all and every one. 1 am convinced that von are all actuated by this feeling and that the blessing of Him will not he wanting to your acts who in His Alnuglulnoss and justice decrees the (ate of nations. Spain, ANOTHER DIFFICULTY W1TI1 ENOLAND?A SHIP OP WAR FIRED INTO BY TDfc BFANIARD8?Mil. BOY LAN'S claim?official difficulties. Advices from Madrid, of the 234 of November, ia the Pari*./Mpr, says:? . , ? A sad incident hoe just taken place on the eonst or Mo rocco. TIio English chip Valiant, from Gibraltar, was fire J on by some Spanish gnardaooatas in the neutral waters of Manila. I-ord Jh.wuen, th#EnglUh Ambassador, haa addrersed to tbe Spanish government a very energetic demand for satisfaction lor tbo affair, which, if not promptly nettled in an amicable manner, may become vo y serious. A number of English workmen, who lia i come to Spain to woik on the railway from Alar to San tender, have been reduced to the greatest diatroea, in eon sequence of the suspension of the work* on that line. I?rd [ Bowden has, in consequence, given orders to the Consul i at Bilbos, to tend them to England at the expense of the BTitieb government. Mr. Beylan, who has had a dispute with the erpanish government, in consequence of hi* ex fiulsion from Cuba, b?* forwarded here an affidavit, made i l^ndon before the competent magistrate, to establish tbe material loss which he baa undergone from the arbl I trery expulaion to wldch he was anbjeeted. He claims j aa indemnity pme than double what was demanded by Mr. Moore, the English arbitrator, and rejected by the Spanish one. The Madrid Gatttte, of the 24th ultimo, contains a cir cular from the Mlnieter of Justice, enjoining the tribu nate not only not to suspend their sittings in times of public disturbance, but, on the contrary, to assemble Immediately in such casee, in order to consider the I measures to be taken for the restoration of order. Tbe ParUimmto states that the question of the tariff : is likely te caute great embarrassment to the govern ' ment. The Catalonian deputies hare called upon the man" I facturera of their principality to unite their efforts tor | the defence of their rights. The Marquis del Duero *up | ports that section of the Cortes. It is eurtently rumcred tha' on aeronnt of that state of things, M. Bruil Intends resigning the north ho of Finance. A letter rays that the royal order by which tho yueeu refused to accept M. Olosaga's resignation of the embassy at Paris, was drawn up in the most flattering terms for ilmt gentleman, It de.laririg that be had rendered great seivices as ambassador, and that it was for the interest of the country and of the monarchy that he snould ret*in his peat. India and China. Telegraphic adviere from India and China are da'"d at Calcutta, 2Vd October; Bombay, 2d November; Hong Kong 16th f';tober; Canton, 12th October; and Shang hai. fith Oatober The Fantal* were sti.l in rebeUiou. Much rain had fallen In tbe Bombay presidency. Busi ness was suspended on account of the holydays. From China ?e learn that exchange had again ad vane, ed, tbe quotation at Canton being 4s. 9)4d. (a rise of Md.), and at Khanghai fie. fid. (a rise of J4d.), a rircum stanoe which has already led to an increased inquiry on this side for ellrer for exportation. The exports of tea to the 16th*ot Octrher were 27,500.000 lbs. against 29,000, 000 lbs. to the 24th of October laat year, the nearest date with which a comparison can be made. Of silk, they were 16,600 bales agatnst 17,000. shanghai was again threatened by political troubles. .Te chops of new eong u Bad arrived, and 12 had been settled at 26 to 32 tad*. There wee little disposition to purchase, and the once i was declining. Silk, likewise, waa a shade cheaper, but the transaetTena were confined to few and strong hands. Rcwi from Australia, THE GOLD YIELD? IMMENSE FKODUCE?COMMERCIAL REVIEW. Advices from Australia are from Melbourne, September 14. and Adelaide, August 26. The Melbourne Prion Vurrmt of September 13 ha* the following commercial items:? The approach of spring has caused a slight improve ment in demand in this market. Some parties are in vesting in the expectation of a rise in price. A few or der* have also been received from the Interior. Tbe wool MaKOii being about to omntneiice, an Inc. ani matien will probebty be given by order* for supplying the station*. While these are favorable eircumstanoes, ibotr effect I* counteracted by others of a more gloomy cha racter. Just as matters, commercial and financial, in Melbourne, were about to improve, we hear from sydney account* which indicate that something like a crisis there has commenced. _ . . . One result of the pressure in Sydney is, that good* of all descriptions, but more particularly brandy, hare hern sent on here by needy houses, who have drawn against tbe shipments, which must accordingly be realised, even at a sacrifice. This has senonsly injured legitimate trade In Melbourne, But independently of the aliove tbe prospects of a brisk epriog trade are not so good as in frrnier yearr. Stock* are still heavy on all tbe digging*, and even if they were light, a brisk demand would not in consequence arise. The great impiorement in the reads baa altogether changed she nature *f car trade with the interior. Formerly, during the dry ?ea?on supplies lor the whole year were taken up by tne store keepers at tbe gold fields, and by the aquattore. It is now found that tbe storekeepers get up supplies at all seasons aa they require them, and that the squatter*, except In very rem"'c Cisirlets. find It moat advan ageous to purchase at the town* In their neighborhood. At ?time# they have been able, of late, to buy flour and other merobanoise on the digging*, at a muck lea* advance on tbe Melbourne eoat than thaprloe of carriage. A third ctr cum stance, of serious Importance at the present time, is tbe critic*I position of tbe Melbourne retailer*. We for merly mentioied that the improved condition of ths gold fields, the good prospect* of quarts crushing, and the sys tem adopted by the bank* of purchasing gold on the dig ging*. have attracted a great portion of the population and trade of the seaport towns. This has operated with great severity upon the retailer*, and particularly on tbe lleensid victuallers, many of whom have been mined. Meny others are going out of the trade, and are conse quently not replenishing their stock*. The publican* have hitherto been tbe chief suffers r?, but In truth near ly every other branch of trade ha* been overdone, and it la universally felt that many more moat go out of busi ness. The banks are actinff on this principle, and are restricting their accommodations. On the part of im porters, goods are in general held firmly, and there ia no df*po*iti< n to sell except for cash. They We confident that present emberrassment* are tempore-y. and that tbe continued large yield oi gold, independent of the woo) clip end promising crops, must era long re establish confidence end trad* and reward their present prudence by tbe increased value of their stock*. With reference to future prospects, it is right to warn *htp|?r* that the high prices whieb ruled for provision* and candle* a few months back, will probably hav* in duced large shipment* from Great Britain and th* United State", and aa the demand he* greatly diminished in con seqnence of Internal production, such prices can never again be anticipated. 1h? Melbourne Journal <f Commerce of the seme date "its hav* the most conclusive evidenee to offer of a* grttl and continually incrtanng amount of our pol<i pro duct The population on tbe varlens gold fields are d* voting their energies to mode* ef obtaining gold etbet than those which until within these f*w week* hav* been almost exclusively employed. Instead of searching for tbe precious metal solely In the alluvial drift*?i. e., In stead of gold diggiug-thay are now commencing g Id mining, and we are happy t? from re.iable private Information, with th* mo*t latisOvctory result*. Our friends in England win scarcely eredit a yield of ten ounces per ton, hot w# know that the quantity obUlned from one elatm at Mount Blackwood has equalled that for nine successive day*, during which time only the ma hlnery baa been in operation; and this ha* been even *clp?#4 by the produce of another c'aim, about one hun dred yard* from tbe on* which gave the preceding result*, the amount obtained from which?If we did not know it for a fact?we should he-list* to publish, for K ex ceeds 60 ounce* ?er ton. 11)4 ewt. having produced 63 ounce, or over 6 lb*. Troy. As yet, these are individual rases. It I* necessarily *o -for ihere ara Ibw machines of any aott. and 'ewer still of any valus. at present in *ps ration at tbe Mount Blackwood field. When tkrae eao be incmeed la nam bar aad efficiency, the multe wiu DO doubt be mill more aetoniaUng, for the reef rorom'-o ly knuen as Simmons' Keel, is only ju*t opened .m<l ex peris need miner* inform uh th it as thsj dasiend fron iho surface the quarts -weenies richer. We know thi thin reef is being worked for a dUtanie of six miles, an tliere are other reefs already opened, which protui*> nearly?-pcrbapk those working them b Hove e . tally?a well. We here pleasure in reportiug a general unprovi-mi-n to burins-#-, and tliis would b? more appstreut but the importers are vety chary in alb-ruin;; credit, exotp. to known hnuius. Though this checks extender trutlir, it en*urra sound ami legitimate trade, am pi events rash speculation. For the last lew dau theie la an observable increase in the number "of i'iays loading for the gold iiehls; and it Kegii-h ship eers will regulale their shipments by the exuort list ra ther than by quotations hence wa may loo's forstnl to t large and healthy businoss. fbe shipments from law don, I-lverpool and the Clyde to Melbourne aod Oeeloorr, lor ' be month sDning'_6th May, arc in value ?118,Ob. against ?169,726 the previous month, showing a detre* ?? of ?61,837, or nearly 3d per cent. The totaTshipments for the year froip and to the above named places wert Talced at ??C?.ML' st> :li-.g. The stocks at the d pgtnga are now ps-rcept-tily dimi nithlng, and a slight demand Is felt ia town for several article! for that trade. Aliuough business with tbt diggings has been undoubtedly dull durinir t'i? past win ter, we believe that consumption is just as great there as at any former period; ard the oause of the dnines* just mentioned has arisen, in our opinion, entirely fret; the fact that, during last rummer, besides the regular ? to'ekecperr, other parties engaged in the trade, who, being disappointed, have had to clear ont and sell at ve< j low rates, to the mauifect injury of those who conduct their business upon a sounder baric. But the iaunenst returns of geld, alluded to elsewhere, must tell favorably upon our trade in general. MAHKHT8. Mmjh.vbvx, Sept 18.?Liquors.?Heavy riilpmso* from Hvdrtoy having been forced on the market, brandy in balk has declined elnee our last to the extent oi Is. a Is. 6d. per gallon. Mvrteli's can be purchased at 13s., and others in proportion. Groceries, Oilmen's Storea, 4ic.?There is very little change. Pearl barley and sago have been quoted higher, hut th'we are still sellers at our prices, rait.?Cowi se livetpool is worth ?6 a ?5 IDs.; Halt in jars is unsaleable. Soap and starch are dull, the prices ot the latter having given way. Breadstuff*, he.?This market is still very unsettled, and the.e are fbw transaction*. Huxall and (.allege are dull at 76s. a 77s. 8-1. per barrel, and < hill fan and colonial have In lien ?2 per ton. The re eeiptsfrom Chill and California have been trifling since our last; but the Intelligence of e'nipnents on ther way have prevented speculation. In Kycney Chilian rt ur has been sold at ?28 10s. Wheat is relatively high. The ?U cks being altogether exhausted in this colony, all the mills except one have ceased working. The milters in Meibouixe purchase at 16s. a Ids. per bushel, and m Syd ney New Zealand wheat has been sold at I ts. per bush'l. Provisions.?Bacon has declined. Very prune hams command a slight advance. Butter has tnain'aiac-l a good price, hut it is likely to be affected by local pro duction, quantities of Itssh butter being now brought to market. American pork has advanced. Cheese.?ibis article is in demand at is. 0d. to Is. lOd. for Cheshire, and Dnn'opls. 8d. a Is. 9d. There is a hrhk demand for all des criptions of salted Ash, which Is very searce, but price-' cannot be quoted higher. I'reaei ved salmon aod sardines lsve-tj edited- Metals.?Bar and holt iron i* quoted *t ?12 to ?14. The stocks are very large. Pig Iron ?t). but) there is little demand. H >op iron has declined, ehenti has a* vaneed. I.aar ? There is an upward tenilency.bat. ?80 ran with difficulty be realized fur either sheet or] pipe. Tin plates?A third advance can be redisei for the) most saleable klmis. Bull ling Materials?Blue fie bricks are worth ?11 to ?12 per thousand. Mates have declined! ?3 to ?4 per thousand and are very dull mitir timber] has improved during the pat t month. The icwss* tendur i to govemmeat lately for 3 hy'J deals was Hlfd. Swiss; have been made on tbo wl.arf of flooring, tongued and grooved, at 2)fd. to 2X-i at>d in the bay at 2d. a 21, d. 8 A cargo ot assorted lum er bar been told in the bay at ?12. In consequence of recent ad rices announcing that ship ments from the United States have ceased, there j is more confidence and holders are not disposed' to sell except at advanced rate's A demand is springing up fur building and other purpose* in the inte rior. The prices of timber are, how*ver, still ruinous to importers, toft Good*?Stocks are still large, particu larly of fancy goods. U-eful slops and plain good , suit ed to the season, will now obtain a mode-ate advance above genuine home invoices; but drapery sale* by auc tion are sold, general'y speaking, at ruinously low prices; and on ibney goods not more than 6s. to 10s. per ? on home invoice can be obtained, tbiles of silts run only se made at from 20 per cent to 80 per eect uisouunt, according to assortment. Stocks of black sitae are very heavy. Boats and Shoes?It should be ob served that water-tights are suitable in all season* in thin market. Suitable summer invoices and water- tights| are worth at present 26 per cent, advance. Hungarian , wax and grain (American) are worth '26 to 40 per cent. Hardware?American shovels are declining. D. H. are, however, still worth 60s. to 06s. Collins' handled axee have declined. Superior cutlery commands from 20 to 26 per cent advance. Ilolluw ware is lower, and Kwbank 's patent nails are not worth more than coat prist. GOLD CIRCULAR. Mxlhourxr, .Sept. 7. 1866. The price of gild during the week has fallen from 7'is. Pd. to 76s. Pd. to buyers, in consequence of rumored alterations in exchanges, together with the small demand The Kent, which ve?sel sail* on the 13th inst., k*expected to take a eoneideiabls quantity?even fullv more than the White 8 tar end Ballarat. Tub escorts for the week a< e again very large, being 61,860 its., (16,722 ou. euning liotn Ballarat alone.) Our gold-buying banks are now flndtng that tbey cannot drive the merchant, the legiti mate trader in the produce of the eoloay. from the field, i s when they reduce the price so as to even leave a mode rate margin npon remittances, they will s ep in and share it with them, the late prtcee having left only about. X per cent margin for profit, as remittance. Now. how ever, they itave found out their error, a* tbey are getting me re gold than they actually kuow what to do witn, ant consequently down goes the" price at the diggings , the price at Caatlemaine and Besdign, according to list dvieee. having dropped from 70s. fid. and 76s. Sd. pet es. o 76s. 9d. Markets. LrvmttOL Cotton Market, Not. 30.?.Sties thin w??k, 40,4*0: total tlila jMir, 2,807,400; same period ?> 1864, 2,171.370. Imported thin wrrk, 214: total this year, 1.930.730; same period in 1864, 1,016,048; total imported in 1864, 2,080,400. Exported thla year, 170,007; tame period in 1854, 216, 010. Computed stock* this day, 388,140; mice period In 1864, Taken for consumption this year, 1,022 000; not pe riod in 1864, 1,703,000. Bob*. Taken on speculation thi* year 784 210 Same in 1864 261,013 Stock in Liverpool, Dee. 31, 1864 361 ,140 Same in 1863 607,300 Incrrnee of import thia year, compared with the same date la?t year 14,772 Decrease of export 44,013 Increase of etock 'J0t'.,450 Increase of quantity taken for consumption 219,000 There has been a loir demand (or eottou during this week, and, though the market has been freely supplied, yet useful American, of common and middle quality, has been saleable at full prices, in some cases eren a slight advance in such kind* being paid upon good buum -?* . " last week, while, there trieng a good supply of "fair quality and little dtmand, quotations for such are reduced t?d. to )4d. per lb. In Hen Islands a fair amount ot transactions bare taken place at pravlius ra'es. Fgjptian* have been In pretty good demand, .0*1 tin y aie supported in price. For Dragila the Inquiry conti nues very moderate, and prices remaia wtthon. change. A g< od business has been dene in tfnrats, at previona laies. 1,960 American ard 940 Jurats are reported on specula ion: and 2,260 Ametlcan, 60 I'e. nam. and .7 490 t aat India for export. There has been a (air demand to day. and the aale* amount to 7.000bales?1,100on specu lation and for export, at rather lower prices. 1 osdo* Moan Market, Friday evening. Nov. 30 ?Tho Fnslish funds opened this morning with area: lirmne-s at the advanced prices of yesterday, but ultimately there was a partial reaction. Consols for money weia ti rat quoted 89 J, to X, and stood for some time at 8914 Fe H. At this potnt several speculators seemed disposed to realise, and a decline occurred to 8" S to 14, from which there was no alteration up to the official close. For the Janu ary account bargains were entered Into during the day at 00, but the laid regular price wa *91,'. At a later hour there wes a recovery of an eigh h. The decline from tbe foil prices of the morning wae partly attributable to an extremely active demand for money In connection with the settlement of th? account in the foreign market. In come cease 6 per sent was paid for loans oa government securities. Dank stock closed at 209 lo 210: reduced, 88(4 to 14; new throe pec ceuts, 88*, to V; long annuities, 3)4; annuities. 1883, 1014; Indie stock, 224 to 227: Indie hoods, 6a. re 2a. dis. count; exchequer bonds, 98; and exchequer bills, 7s. to 4*. discount. At the Bank of Fng'and the demand for discount con tinues very active, but not to an extent beyoad what wai anticipated in fhre of tbe heavy some now finding their way to that cgtahlisfament for rev eons and ether payment*. fn foreign secnrttlee the transactions were numerous, owing lo the settlement, and prices in the early part of day wtre buoyant. The reaction laCoaaola subsequently caused weakness, purchases having been suddenly cheeked. (Ft.m the Iondon News (city article), Dec. l.j Tbe general inference to be drawn from these changes (in the bank returns) is, that tbe heavy payments made into the bank in liquidation of the instalment* on the British and Turkish loans, whilst adding largely to the aggregate deposits at the disposal of the directors bare isolated In causing extensive applications to the luaiitn. tion for discount accommodation and ndwanes* upon stocks. The increase in the other securities is thus heavy. The Item of 'government seenrHiss" held by the estab. 1 shment, at length shows n sensible augmentation, being the first lor mtny weeks pest On balance, however, the outstanding note circulation is becoming contracted?a circumstance which help* to explain the present tight ness of the money market. The change In the coin and bullion Is (on the urtavoruble side, but the difference ig not heavy. The English stock market showed much strength at the 0| entr.g yesterday morning, the extreme rise of yea. teidsy afternoon being even slightly exceeded. A reac tion ol W per esnt was iub>e]uently eccaekmed by seva ral saleis 01 mot ey stock, but at tbe cloee the market wag again firmer, and only i to h per eent below the high est point of yesiercey. the reoeipt of higher price# frm Peris Laving n favorable effcet. On the ether hand, Uig upward tendency was oertalmly held In check by the ac tivity of lbs demand for money. In the stori ?tchange money raedily commanded 4 to 8 per eent open govern, meat seen title*. We hear of sevemllnetunem. in which the latter rate wae paid upon "New Three per Ueots and Flatten tier Mils- In Lembert* street also the demand was extensive and strlegent rates werw enacted. At this period heavy amounts are paid into the bank on account of the revenue, thus contracting tbe circu lation. The commercial demand In aatlcl ration of the ?th of December, and the arrangements Be tbe ato?; exchange settlement In aharee and foreign stocks, ma elan be referred to as tending to explain the si* Eresatire In the money market, in taoe of w'ueh ? uoyanry of the stock market fi.rmc a striking fee tar*. The report el Mr. K. Y. Sntterthwaile is ?ot>)oioeil>*