Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 28, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 28, 1855 Page 4
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(SEW YORK HERALD. IAM11 fit'KUOl Bfl'.MBTT| FROTH SVOH JLWD EUTPOB. trrict r?. w. c?awBn or menu awn pxtltoi* btb r/CH MS, .*m.\ in iklnjnrt!. ill>: U.in V HKR.iLD t trim per r.py. VI per mwn. Tfifi H'UKKLV Ut'.Rlt.O, every H ilar Uw, Hi 8V? <v*fc> fit egiy er R1 j?r mnm; eA. /?>T?fvwn nlitvmj ft jnr avium wyjwt ui UnU Briton*, uC t& to any pari it/ the Qmtirrnt. Intk VII-MtoM VOiirSTIK Y SOKREBTOttoBNO*, cmiftini*., Wcpnrf ^tliwict, e. irth. j /ram an^ <(*MirUr af iKtwarVl?if w?i us* Is ^eruOy -paid far.' ?Jr <>i r. Consul* OuuuieirosiSETWi >>? Ts ??i.y HsMCramt to Hkal *vl Lsttsus amo Ptos *?** jflAT n?. NO NOTICEfcrtu r/jRttnymotMtwnWMHituNWM. H'? do w4 lA.v wfJ Jufl PKCfTISO,mecul?l itilh isatnrm, itmpi'.eee e.nd <fc? ?it VBRTISEJiSXTS renewed fry day. . do. WO AWB0SMKNT8 TtflS BTSVIVO. 3*K0J rrw ? W TTTRATR8, Brcwdway?K?? OuuutlMO? A VoMI AK H*SCI. *TBTj?>'S oardrr, Breadwsr? JoviTi, ws tn Bcoca bkiu? ilifmi. KWEKV TIIBATRE, torntrj?Tut CarretOT o? tn Dmr Mtlin 1AXIS*. CWTOH'g TIfKAT&K. ttkuCimi Onrt r a Pbwsv OVXU JoVSkNOlt -Tint Tuoklch. WAl.l ACK'B THKVTHK. BrmnlwAy?Ladv I* Dirrunb ?MnfO'Hi llOX T-iS? X. V. UAPRA KKFNE'S VAAIIWlKH, Briulway? 0u> BbaO! Ajru-/.Ctii IU.non VaIUY oir FUOWXBS. WOQtVB VflNRIR vLB, M MroMh;*; -irmowAJf Tern irUTBItT mr<nci,-Y'B arRT.eiQUR oprra. hoop*, M9 PPT Ow*** /no Sbuho Mimstnsut, ???* Tori, FiM?]r, Owmher 88, 1855, TTie Sow. The RtMnahip Pacific i* now fully due a*, this pen , with one week's later news from Europe. Our accounts from Washington arc somewhat ?w ? citing. The House yesterday voted three times tor Speaker. On the first vote Banks came within there ?f an election. A miss, however, is as good as a mile. A number of members were absent, bit they wx.n rallied, and the second and third votes demon ?touted clearly that no choice could possibly becr lectcd Great excitement was occasioned anting Ac session by Mr.Millwavd, of Pennsylvania, who charged one ot' his colleagues with attempting to bribe him to vote for Mr. Banks, by the promise ot The chairmanship of the committee on Engraviug. During the explanations which followed strong busts were thrown cut implicating the black repul.lieaiiaia ?tameless attempts to pr ocure support irom among the inflexible patriots whose candidates are classed * scattering. Important revelations, confirmatory of these charges, are promised, and will perhaps be forthcoming to-day. As we expected, the House -rescinded the resolution providing for a continuous session, and Mr. Campbeh withdrew his proposition fiwtMr.Orr act as Speaker pro tern. lheSenat; met nr.d adjourned, alter a short executive session, it is stated that a number of appointments were rent in by the President, including thafjof Wilsou Shannon, as Governor of Kan*w. Shannons re jection is regarded as inevitable. By the arrival of the steamship Daniel Webster at New Orleans from San Juan del Norte we have two weeks' later advices from San Francisco and IHcarapna. The news from California is nnimpor taut. Iheic had been no marked change in com mercial affairs. The Oregon Indians continued troublesome. The Star of the West left r*n Joan Tor this port on the 20th inst., with passengers and a hah a million in treasure. She will probably ar rive io-movrow. Everything was quiet in Nicara gua. Walker had received a rcinloreement or troops from San Francisco by the Sierra Nevada, which made the connection ou the Pacific side. We have important news from Vera Cruz to the ?2d, and from the city of Mexico to the 18th iast. Alvarez, having resigned the Presidency ami retired to the soni.li, Gen. Comonfort had assumed supreme autboritv, and organued a new ministry. Or Kane, the celebrated navigator, addressed a jncetmg of the members of the American Geogra phical Society last night, in Hie ehapcl of the Uni versity, upon his voyage to the Arctic region-. The eharel was filled with an audience of both ladies and gentlemen, which the doctor was surprised to see, as he supposed he was only to have a eonvei siMon upon his cruise with bis old associates ot the so ?u'.y, instead of giving a lecture to a mixed au dience. The doctci says he ill c overed at the high est latitude l e readied .in open sea of thousands of mlhs In extent, abounding with animal life, such an fish and fowl, and this sea was Icelcss. Hew o? opinii,?that this sea might he reached with bouts with proper organization, and l.e doubted not it weld some ,'?,v he leu lied, and navigated and ex Blm-d. In connection with the doctor's ivmarks we l-ul,lbha;i interesting article relative to the bark ?...oli.tr nd Sir Edward Belcher's a indoiimont ? t the fleet under his command. lc tlic Snpicme Conrt yesterday xnoruhig t'1" resi i e'ivc claims of Judge Gowles and Ileury h. lVavii s. F <1-- fm tb' 01 r "ir'' in place or .bulge Morris, dcce.sed, we^ settled >?y a dt. ir.i in f..vor of Judge Cowie-. The opinion of j(Uifr limiscvelt In th- c.ise is given in another column It is tlinugl t tli- decision will ?>e U)ipoal-d ?num. _ The Ron id of vlde.men clo-cd it vcMiun- tor tu year l?ft) la t evening, a coniiiiunicaiion was re wived from the Mayor, giring hla reasons for wilh holdii" li- .--cut to the resdutiou directing tie 8t.eeM emm.-sioi or to adv rtl-e tor prop-lls for regulating and grading t ifty-ninth street, from Broadway to Tenth avenue, uml to charge the same, in case a control la made, to Petor Mu ter-<n. Al dcriran Briggs,chairman of tin- special Poll'-' oni Biitlcc. to which was refi ned the message of tlm Mayor In reference to the remo*al of ti e thief of Police, piesented a leport opon that Mibjcvt. Both tic - itocun.ciits a it given in our report of the pro ?codings of the Hoard. After the tran-ac lm or some oth.-r business, Mderman llerrhk pmp<?v.l the cu t- mary vote of th .r.k.' ??) the pre-idin-roffl rr, Mr. Irn.u- O. Barker, who delivered a gracetul va'.e dU tory address in response to the :ompU<neut. The iuipt riant act of the Board of Conn ilmcu I wt iii?lit v,as passing n res-lution requesting the Coin, n 1 of the t oriioratli.n to draft a law perm tilng U.c . By to borrow nion-y to the extent of *1(10,000 per month, towards d. 'n.yhig the expen-esof erect ing a new ('By Hall \ petition was receive ! fr -m the visiter-' now at the different hotels, setting forth the imperil! ?-s to which travellers are objected in the city fn in hu' kmen, and u-kinjf for refium. Till' Is a significant step -we stineT eta>nirh alrevly from our own leglalation. but if the whole Un'on is coming in to legislate for us. we may well pray to be delivered Tmu ?too much goveri uent.'" The Board of Supervisor* roetyc-te day,but tranr acted no bn-lnesaof gone ml IraporUuoe. The Pegislntive Folic? Committee re-nmed their investigations yc terduy. Mr. M- KclUr, Clerk of Ibe Chief of Foli-e. and Justice M mntfort were f xamlnedwilh reference to the routine of hnsines* in the police courts and the disporitinn nude of recovered -tolcn property. Judge MouniiorVs testi mony aud anggMtlon* are very iuterc-ting. We give a foil report of it ehewht re. The Aldgrmanic Folicc Investigating Committee held a meeting yesterday, and examined sever* witi.e?e* as to certain alleged Irregularities of eon slnct on the part of IJeui. 0 Keefe. 1 rom the evi dence, a report of which we give, it seems that police station hon cs are occasionally m*d for P?r ports ilif.hrent from tho-o fi.r which they were do nigiu d by the Common Council. Arrlson. of infernal machine notoriety, whose Meond trial for the murder of Mr. Harrison com menced last week in ( lntlrnati, has )*en remanded to pri-on to await another trial, the Jury Is-lng un nblc to agree upon a VCTdlct. The Jurors, It wa? , nVrsU nl. were eight for ecqiiitta! and four for ..ivi.tMii. Oce of them, n.mfl S,wn er Copier, ?U! BtHlcly K]ffiflW?dva hj tl' ?' lU ?*r"P tttioualy handing a written psper to the oounsel of the jcctwed. t'ooaiilcriug the llghtuasa of stock. a fair biu-inesa continued to be deuj tn cotton yesterday, audthe Hales reached about MM) a 1,000 bales, the market cloning quite firm. Flour waa steady, with fair sales both for domestic use and for export, without iqjp portant ihsuge in prtees. Among the transactions yesterday and t>e day before -were purchases of 14,ou0 barrele uf Southern flour for Hhipment to Mediterranean poits, with a portion taken for the Crimea. Cvngtwi (lid the Np(?lwrihlp BttU TtaA Vp.syucpt?u? of a ttMBtcr?Oe Opentmg tor BavUs?Policy dt the NkOowa Kmw TKothliigit The proceedings in the House yesterday upon the Speakership were pretty much the same o'.d repetition of the stale and disagree able farce, with a variation or two, however, deserving of seme little notice. Mr. Campbell, black republican and Know Nothing, of Ohio, who proposed the previous (lay tbut Mr. Orr.ot South Carolina, be adopt ed -ae the Speaker p*o km., till one could be re gularly elected, withdrew his motion yesterday morning?the result, perhaps, of the outside pressure of H'ted, Greeley & Co. on 'A cilncs duy night. Tho idea that a South Carolina 1)T0 slavery democrat should be made the Speaker from a nomination by the t.rst anti slavery candidate for the office, was of com sc ? Hat burglary'' to that flaming alieVition Don Quixotic, Tbwrlow Weed, and h'.s faithful Sanebo l'anza, Horace Greeley. So we guess that they set upon Campbell and shamed him cut of a really creditable and manly proposi tion in behalf of an early organization of the Home. Our FnnrierRe philosopher, with hut a sin gle thought in his head upon this business, could not discos cr that, as a party- manoeuvre, there was considerable sagacity in this motion of Mr. Campbell to make a South Carolina slaveholder the temporary Speaker. It is well known that Mr. Orr has been regarded as the dernier resort of the Fuller men or the national Know Nothing balance ol power, anil many have supposed that they have only been par tially waiting the dropping of Itichardson and the concentration of the democratic vote upon the South Carolinian, in order to carry him in. Campbell, of Ohio, therefore, may have made his motion in behalf of Orr with tho express object of cutting off this retreat from the Know Nothings; and it is very probable, thankful as Mr. Orr was for tho compliment, tlint it has diohwl his chances entirely. How can Humphrey Marshall and his friends agree upon a candidate for Speaker proposed for the office by a black republican ? It will be observed that, in the voting yes terday, Mr. llanks fell but threo votosshort of an election, owing to democratic absented, from the House. This looks as if the hitherto im pregnable democratic column were beginning 'o give way; and Campbell's offer m behalf of Orr may hove bad something to do with this apparent softening of the hard democracy. With these symptoms before ns, it becomes tbc duty of the regular Know Nothings of the House to determine upon some decisive course of action very toon, or Banks may yet be thrust npon ttu iu as the-ir Governor. The de mocrats would have no objection to the elec tion of llanhs. becanee one of the methods of destroying a political party that is an enemy, is to furnish it the knile with which to cut its own throat. The issue, then, oppcars to have come to that crisis when Humphrey Men-hall and his patty must cboote Richardson cr Bauks. Mr. Marshall has told us that in such an event he would vole lor Richardson, though opposed to his platform of the Nebraska bill. Why op posed to it? What is the difference between that, Mil and the doctrine of popular eovereign iy iu the. Territories? Is it because that bill is the "raw head and bloody bones ' by which weakmindtd men and old women hare boon fright cm d in the North, that Mr. Marshal! can not risk 'he danger of endorsing it by mine.' If you g<> for the principle, why not say you go f.-r the principle at laid down in tho Ne braska bill? Why take two bites at a cherry and choke iu swallowing the kernel 1 Tie Kansas-Nebraska bill is the existing or ganic law lor those Territories. It provides that slavery may be established ia either ol th<ni. or excluded therefrom, as the people thereof may decide., Mr. Marshall agrees to this; but mark you, there is a leal-urn iu this Nebraska bill somewhat inconsistent with the Know Nothing ritual that feature which, upon a very short pronation, admits aliens and t'at'uolicH to the light-, oi' suffrage and office in Kansas a il Nebraska. I\ hen the bill first passed the Senate, the Clayton pro viso gaveU a shape n little more compatible wi'b tbc exclusive docuiuesof the Americao party; but that proviso was strickeu outio the House, and the bill was luudidcd to the form in which it has become tho law. This, then, piv.s tithe hostility ot Mr. Marshall and his party to the Ncbrasba bill a pericctly cou sibUnt and satisfactory explanation. This being the case, we can understand at once the antipathy ot the Kuov Nothings ol th; House to the Nebraska platform and to ilicb ordsun. If Douglas be tho father, Richard-on was the godf.ithir of tills Nebraska bill, alien privilcgi h and concessions included. Too lat tcr gentleman in the House occupied, in ro ard tu tic act, as Chairman on Territories, tho precise relation ol the form r iu tUo Kina'o. It iipi-u thl ground, however, there are Kiov Nothings enough opp< d to Richardson, but ready to unite upon and elect some loss obnox ious democrat, wo caiir.ot perceive why tho de mocratic pnrty should not try the experiment ol some ij'h--r man, espec' illy when every una of ihcm stands unoo th platform of* tho Nebras ka bill. Here again, koucvi r, th-' burden of initia tory action falls bad up >u the Know Nothings, They are the smaller puny. The overtures of a junction should corno from them, f.ot th.?m, therefore, name tho democrat that would lie acceptable to th -m, as a medium for defeating Banks, if there lo ooe; if not, lot them authoritatively declare to tho IIou-c that th'-y have no compromise in view, and that Fuller is their ultimatum. Thu?, in the first instance we may secure a speedy organization, and in the second also; for, when authoritatively in formed of tho fact that there is no democrat upon whom the independent Know Nothings can unite, the democratic party ot the llonse, as the minority in the body, will be authorized, in view of the public int. rests, to leave the field open to Banks and that division of the opposition majority which promN.-s to be least detrimental to the democratic ticket in the rresidintial campaign. Tie national Know Nothing* must unite with the democrats upon Richardson, or some other democratic nominee, or make np their rnimls to the election of Banks. The old story of 10-1 for Banks, 74 for Richardson, 30 lor Fuller, scattering 9, has been run from a farce into a nuisance. Let the orthodox Know Nothings, therefore, decide lor a demo cratic, or prepare for a black republican Speaker. He must be e(t cr one or the other, #Dd the twelfth seotkm men can have now no other alternative than Bonks or a democrat as the head of th? Douse. Thk Dark Datsbf 18">.>?Si'ikitcai.thm and thk Mi'hdk*. Cai.fsdar?There is not inoeh doubt thnt in point of morals at the North and Fast we are retrograding. We build great clippers and astoniabiug bridges, but in the arts we are behind the old Greeks; in the graces we sadly need missionaries; a wild In dian Is more polite, more generous, more civi lized than many a New York politician ; in morals wc have examples ol deformity almost as gross as those of the lowest South Sea Island ers ; and future historians will write that we are more superstition* and bigotted than the most insane worshipper of Brahma?the most profound devotee ol Johanna Southcote, or the most ardent disciple ol witch-hanging, Quaker whipping Cotton Mather. The criminal calendar of eighteen hundred and fifty-live will substantiate a great deal of wbat wc have said. The Mormons at Utah? the Free Lovers in New York and Wisconsin ?the insane asylums tilled with maniacs on the subject of spiritualism?the general tenden dency on the part of a large portion of our infatuated people to run after anything that is new, however absurd it may be, and the readiness of certain presses, such as the Tri bune, lo sustain novel doctrines without any regard to their foundation or tendency, is tur tber evidence tbat, although wc may be "smart pcoplo" in the making of revolvers and patent pitchforkp, we are in some respects the great est mass of fools that ever lived in any age of the world. There is no* so much talk now-a-days about the spiritual humbug; but we bear of it fre quently through its effects. About four months ago a Kcntuckiau, who bad emigrated to Cali fornia, became impressed with the ideif that he was a medium. Do was a person of fair cha racter, respectable connections, nud some edu cation. He took np the doctrine ol "affinities" and formed a connection with a young woman, (aUo partially insane on the subject of spirit ualism,) whom he afterwards murdered. lie wa? executed, after having made a full confession. In Paris, recently, we hear ol the death of oue of the most notorious of New York courtezans. No turn-out on Broadway equalled her's?no liveries were more tasteful?no horses more spirited?noeoupt more neat and (Hslinyu . ller house was the resort of statesmen, politicians, merchants, and all sorts of people. She was as notorious as Broadway itself. After numerous adventures, which we shall not detail, this woman formed the acquain tance of a .shrew 1 old French womau who pre tended to be a spiritual medium. The courte zan got up "circles" at her hou.se, which were attended by numerous respectable peo ple, so called. 8he was pronounced a "seeing medium;" and strange things were said to transpire in a mysterious ?room which was reserved entirely for the : "circle." The chief priestess was the old ' French woman, who persuaded the usually quick witted courtezan that she might thus obtain a title ol nobility. The spirits Lai in formed the old woman tbat a barber near Bond street (the old woman's reputed heir,) win an illegitimate son of the King of Denmark. Tue courtezan believed this story, and married the barber, bho sold all her property, amounting to twenty thousand dollars or more, and thcu went abroad do look for the large title and estates which her husbaud was to Lave as the gilt of his AJnjesty of Denmark. The party went to Hamburg, where the poor deluded victim was persuaded by the "spirits'' thu* she was tnru.ile, and that the King would settle a large sum on her child and make her a countess. She believed everything and only awoke from htr dreams when her now husband walked off with all her fuuds, leaving her entirely destitute, iu debt, and in a foroigti land. The remainder of the story is not rpiite clear, but it is stated that the deserted worn in found her way lo Paris, and there died m'sor ably in a public hospital "Wc might multiply these cases to an almost indefinite extent. There is not an insane asy lum in the country that docs not contain one or more victims of this delusion, and their insanity is generally incurable. In Now Ha ven, Connecticut, last week, a moat horrible murder was committed by the dupes of an oil woman, who pretends that she is one raised from the dead, and who has quite a large circle of followers. The scone was more horrible than any that transpired in Massachusetts during the dark days of the Salem witchcraft, delusion. A man named Mathews, it seems, was blindfolded, bouud and murdered by the New Haven maniacs, on the ground that be wras po?'csscd by au evil spirit iunt must be cast out. His sister blindfolded Li in ar.d tied his Hands. One womau testified at the inquest tbat she be lieved in the divinity of Mrs. Wakemia, | (the prophetess.) " I believe," said this wit. nefs. Abigal Sables by num.', "that judgment would come il Mrs. Wakcman should die; Ma thews (the dead man) was driving away her spirit with his evil powers." She also -Tore that Mathews fastid tbrec days in order to starve out tbo evil spirit. Il further appeared that the murdered man was persuaded that if be offered himself upas u sacrifice the Mille nium would come, and that he consented. He was first knocked down with ft club, his skull fractured, etcd his throat cat. Ten of t velvo people were in the house?they all heard his [ ciiis, but made no efforts to lieip hint. AH this transpired in the uiuctoentii century, in the plea*ant < "y of New Haven, the capital of the moral .State of Connecticut, which is dis tinguished for tbo piety aud enlightenment of its people, the excellence and number of its common schools. Let ns not talk about for eign missions. Wo could take' a U sson in do cency and true religion from the man caters of Borneo. Wc hav thrown together these fact* to show that while we are boasting of our enlighten ment und our greatness aud our learning, wc are still, in some rc?peet*. little better thin savage*. The spiritual delusion has spread into nil ranks of society, from the highest to the lewrci; the fYc love and affinity humbug has groan out of it, and the tone of public Utvrals has luB lAUcfelcwmd- TL; Uojbv cir cle has b?en desecrated?wires have left their husbandr,?children bare disowned their pa rents. The victims of all these delusions have been swindled and humbugged and murdered right and left. And the end is not yet. The af fair nt New Haven is the breaking out of the sawe morbid disease in a more malignant type. A partial remedy for the mischief may be firund in the prompt execution of the law. We hope that none who participated in this foul murder will be allowed to escape the scaf fold or the lunatic asylum. The Northern Light Nicabaqpa Emigrants and tiie Government.?It appears now that the grounds of the government prosecution against the Northern Light steamer and the Nicaragua emigrants on board, arc:? 1. That these Northern Light rmigrit were military recruits destined to the reinforcement oi the army of Gen. Walker, whose govern ment is repudiated by the administration.

2. That the expedition was in violation of the anti-colonizing article of the Olayton-Bul wer treaty. 3. That the movement was in violation of our neutrality obligations. ? 4. That these alleged fllibusteros were not destined for Nicaragua, bat for the island of Cuba or St. Domingo. On the side of the alleged filibusters it has been proved or admitted:? 1. That they were destined for Nicaragua. 2. That they calculated to join the army of Con. Walker. 3. That there were some vague givings-OHt among them that Cuba or St. Domingo would be their ultimate "happy hunting grounds." 4. That they had not paid their passages, became of an understanding of some sort that that little matter would be settled on their ar rival in Central America. The third party in this affair, to wit: the Nicaragua Isthmus Stcamehip Company, have substantially pleaded:? 1. That they have violated no public law in the premises?that the Clayton-Bulwor treaty does not apply to these emigrants, or military volunteers, as the case may be, and that the interposition of the government in the libel, arrest and detention of the Northern Light is an outrage upon the company's rights as com mon carriers of traffic and passengers. 2. That Walker's government being the dc facto government of the independent State of Nicaragua, the company had treated with it as sncb, and had accordingly agreed to take out emigrants to that country upon certain terms not yet minutely specified. 3. That our government in bvinging back the ship, and in overhauling and sorting her passenger list, has rcuderid the company a substantial service, in relieving them of the charge of several hundred emigrants or volun teers who had not paid their fare. These, as we understand the case, are the material points and facts upon all sides; and in thus dove-tailing them together they pre sent us a very complicated and "pretty piece of business." The whole merits -of the case, as far as the government is concerned, rest, we think, upon two questions:? Is the government which General Walk er has set up in Nicaragua, dc facto the government of that State? If it be so, is Gen. Walker or the State of Nicaragua engaged in war with any other State with which we are at peace ? To the first question there can be but one answer. Walker's government is tic facto the government of Nicaragua. To the pecond interrogatory, we can only say that there is no public evidence that this govern ment of Nicaragua is engaged, or about to en gage, in war with any other State with *hicb we are at peace Accordingly, we cannot per ceive how these New York emigrants or voluu I teers for Nicaragua were liable to arrest and detention by our govern cent, either as viola tors ef tlx Clayton-Bulwer treaty or the neu frulify laws of 1818. We fear that Mr. Trcsi dt nt Tierce, in this matter, has simply been aiming to fortify himself for the belligerent philippic which it is said he has prepared iu bis Message to Congrcm against John Bull aud bis Minister Cramptoo, tou hing thoso enlist ments for the Crimea. Oh! that Congro? aouU organize and give u? that warlike Mos fogi! 1. must be something unusually strong when our uniform international policy and the rights of our own citizens are invaded to bol ster it up. Citv Tvxks.?The Finance Committee of the lloaid of Council men administered to Mr. Comptroller Flagg on Wednesday evening, u lecture which it is to be hoped th it gentleman wili not readily forget. The readers of the Herald have long been familiar with his ha bitual mi-manag-incut and mintatimcnt of ilie financial aflaiis of the city ; they will be glad to sec that the committee of the Council men have at length found him out. The com mittee notice but a tew of bis errors. They obj.ctto his calling the annual increase iu the city tax lor police $318,000, aud that lor print ing $70,000, when these sums arc In fact the aggregate increase for tcur years. Tu ;y com plain tbnt be sends them his printjd rep irt fir too late iu the year, lcaviug them no time to examine it thoroughly; likewise, tint he pro mises year after year information on the sub ject of the city finances, to show how the taxe> arc swelled; but that he never luraish':s any thing of the kind. Several items of ex p. ndi* lure called f ?r by the heads of departments, the Comptroller took upon hi nself to omit iu bis budget: the committee restore them, svach are * 175,000 for building Tompkins \f irk -r, $x7,000 lor a monuiu. nt to Gen. Worth, $30, 000 for Third district jail, 830,000 for a county jail, <.'>0,000 for a bulkhead at Manhat tOLvillc, #37,.">o0 for removing Hi* and llctf, $19,006 for pay of Street Inspec tors, <100,000 for bon or Belgian pave ment, .Vc. The committee suggest \ few reduc tions, the chief of which ate <09,221 la the 1 menu of Cleaning Streets, and $20,000 for the l uildiDgs for the Fire Department. De ducting the proposed deduction from the pro posed increase, the latter is equal to $ 119,382, and swell-the total amnmtto be raised by tax to 8>1,9.12,337, or $1,090,011 more than last ymr. In justification of themselves the committee rhow tbat three-fourths of this increase are earned by the acts of the Legislature, and arc wholly independent of their control. Th '-?e three-fourths arc as follows:? A)m*ho<i>a, Incr^a:? tXl.lM Ilcanl ..ft.lucail'.n lacrrti* . <17,.1*1 I, n.m-in Seh? ?!* far State, Increata 19a,<>39 -'lata Mill T?*, tncrwoa -i)l OiH? T< Ul laeiter# *7K> .w The committee complain bitterly that fhe Legislature has usurped legislative patters I ? properly belonging to tne Common Council, end baa latterly aeramed to tax the people of tbe city for otycts which ought to be support ed by the people of tbe State. IIow extrava gantly institutions under State control, and freed from the supervision of tbe city govern ment, are managed, the public inay learn from tbe records of tbe Almshouse, which did not cost quite $200,000 in 1845, when under the control of the Common Counoil; but now, un der that of tbe State, costs $817,600 in a year. There is no doubt much truth in this por tion of the report Thievish Postmasters,?We beg to propose to the Postmaster General and to Congress the adoption of a law whereby the New York Herald shall be furnished at the expeuse of the nation to all PostmaateraJ^rougbout the country. We are willing worder to ctl'eot this object, to sell it considerably below its cost. We propose this sacrifice because we find it. impossible to transmit the Herald by post ia safety to our subscribers. It must pass through. the hands of Postmasters, and some ono of these?perhaps several?almost invariably take the IIerai d out of its wrapper, and cheat our subscribers. If?as everybody knows is usually the case?it happens to contain some particularly amusing or instructive matter, the roguish Postmaster c. nnot resist the tempti tion, but takes it home to his family and keeps it. Now, wc ask Congress whether this is fair? We have a letter before us from the Naval Academy at Annapolis, Maryland, in which the writer states that the IIerai.o is habitually de layed between New York and that place, and often retained altogether. A subscriber re siding near the boundary line between North and South Carolina, assures us that h<5 seldom receives any Herald oftener than once a week -that, then, five or six come to hand-together? but that the paper containing the European news is generally missing. Similar complaints from the Noith and West have also reached as. The question must be grappled with ia a practicul manner. If the Postmasters in the country cannot live without the Herald?and we are bound to say this appears to be the in ference from our experience?they should be made to buy, not to steal it. It should either be charged to tbe State, like stationery and so forth, or it should come out of the pocket of the Postmaster, like election tax and party black mail. We care not how the difficulty is settled, and are willing to furnish it, as we said before, at a loss. Anything rather than submit to have our country subscribers pil laged day after day by the Postmasters. T H E L. A T Jfi ? X NEWS. BY ELECTRIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS. Two Will i Ivdtcr from California nrnl Ylcn raguii. ARRIVAL OK TnE DANIEL WKDSTKH AT NEW ORLEANS ? DALK A MILLION OF THE AW R C* IN ROUTE FOB Ji*W YCKK UV THE STAR OK THE WEST? BEIN SOKCEMLNT8 FOB UKN. WALKER, ETC., ETC. >kw Orleans, Doc. 'JO, 1855. The steamship Daniel Webster arrival burn yesterday from .Son Juan de Nicaragua, bringing Sun Francisco Cater to the 6th m<t. The steamship Star o! the West left San Joan on the 20th for New York, with a fair complement of paMMngora anil about hall a nilllion of dollars in treasure. The news truin California present* no feature of im portance. The raluy season hail f.uty set in. At .San Francisco ami icvei a! of ibe interior towns the full of fit hastcpol bad been celebrated by banquet* and oilier de monstrations. The Indian, continued to be very troubles .in-1 la Ore gon and eleewheie. Tlio San Fracciicn market* were generally quiet, an 1 provisions hud a dull and Declining tendency. Tii" following ships from Atlantic ports had arrived 1 at Sun Francisco dining the fortr ight, viz.:?The Andrew i Jackson, Dying Dragon, Atu.ena, and Spirit of the Time., I from New York; the West Wind and Grace Darling, from j Boston; and the fir ec<> and Thomas Watson, from I'htla ' dilphia. Affrir. iu Nicaragua were In ?u apparency settieJ state. The Walker party received reinforcement, to the ex tent of 120 men by the . earner Sierra Nevada, which made the connection on the I'ncillc side. Importntit Aesv-s from Mexico. RESIGNATION OF AI.VAHEZ AND FI'CCBHSION OF I.EN. CDRON* 0R7 TO TUB PRESIDENCY. New Okt.iusr', IV-o. 26, 1855. The steam-bit) Texas has errlvod at this port with Vera Cruz du'es to the 7SM, and ci'y of Mcxio to the 18th ins to. Aivaicz had resigned the I're.iJrncy oi the republic, and been tu- weeded bt General Cumontbrt. A new ministry had be. n organized by Comoufort, as follows:? Foreign Rotation* Sonor Koen. Justice. Minor Mod tea. Goveitn.cut -tenor T.afiacwi. W?'., -tenor rtelici >. 1 tu.ncc tenor I'aync. Aliarei li.nl gone to the south. I'nltea Stahi Hnprime Court. Washington, Dec. 27,1855. No. It'll.?Wm. S. Hungerfjrd, nppchint, vs. John St germm. Appeal from the District (Court of Wisconsin, tin motion if Mr. flhlet, the uppc.il was docketed, and liinuisftd wi'li coeta. No. 17.?Wm. f). l iice et al., vs. the Tanners' ffc.nk ol Virginia in trior to the Supreme Court of Ulzio, Th" de cree iif said court affirmed with costs. No 28.? Jcikir, Torre k Co., et ah, appellant*. Ar gument in this coae wns continued by Ilevcniy Johnson for appellee, ami concluded Ly Mr. Ncl-oa fur appellant. No. ?0.?Adam Ham, plalatitT, vs.tlieMta'.eof Mlseourl. Argued by Mr. fisyrr for pbiintiif. The Weather and the Tclrgrapti. Ilirrroan, (Conn ) l?ec. 27, 1655. The s'.-nn of rain and sleet on Tuesday night was rery s?v?ro in ibis vicinity. The tch-grsph wires were ?n loaded dswo wljb ise tha'. over fifty sections are bro om berwf. r heie and SpiingEeld, and w* learn that nulU'rs are mil! worse between tbe latter ci'y and Boston, Inrg.) tne- ' n the r tit?. some of tln.in wi'.h trunks two fee'. in dianutor, were also broken down hj the weight of ice a* cumnls" d ou their branches. It will ptob. My tike ;w i or itnes days to put the telegra, h lines In thorough re pair opsin. B' rrun, I?ec. 27,18'.'.. "1 ere ia gmd fifo'ghieg here. We,tier cleir nod lery whudy Th# e 1 est dsy ol the sis - >n. Cm: t. Dec. 26, 1835. The Vl-sls-ippi is full of flo.tD-g ice. The l!:<>rmstn ?? tri heie stand* at It cegiees above zero. K.iCM'oTKe, Doc. 30?A. M. Thi i-tti meter 11 degrees sie ve zero, sad growing cole,r, wi b high winds und snow liii'tiu;' badly. K.ni:m8n, Dsn. 2''?!'. M On - foot of snow has fsih n'.o isy. .rnl sleighing i, fine. The HoaDinn Mull. Hai ti sort, Dec 27, 1856. We 1-aso r< celve-1 no mail south <f I'ichui ind. ?-? IaJ? ?arlrth I MILADEI/PUIA STOCK aOARD. Pmi mvini z, Dae 27, 7856. L"i,?>s arc toady. We quota Pennsylvania l'i,os84?2; ' laiiicg Itoiiioed. If',; )?W IsUtd, 1316; Morris i. mil, 13; I enn-ylvai la PeDro.i6, *3J,. IISLTIMOM CATTLE M AHKFT. IlslTiMon, I low. 27. 1655, At HIT cattte m*r'.et to day, only 400 hern! of l?evei writ offered; I'll ol the.-r were diien i-a^tward and the nmelnder rvlii at *?'? 6"! a #8 7.5 net. n>ost|r of superior I.nall'y. lis ft In large suppK?sales at 6i 25 a ?7 New Orm sss, Hea.o,, Cotti n eales to dsy B.OfiO bafos. I l..nr a! 66. Mens t elk fl'. t inn ?7',r.a 70r. LraVh's i.u c-.tt-i ti U VslffCl, 11 lfd Cmuieei is, lue ?7, ,t6". toitih qeivt. tiki tu dej, 600 5* vs. j The SAO,OCO Robbery of tho Aweartcam Hx ptctt Company. Booton, Dee. 27, 1858. Messrs. Ayer end Kin*, Implicated In the rohberj ot ilitv thousand d .lien from the American Rxpreea Com pacy, were cnveyed to Albany to-dey on the requisition of Governor Clark. WnviKnoinof the Hudson Rlvcr.^ Ant ant, Dee. 27, 1855. The j iver w full?f floetlr.g ice. No boats ere op, end none expected. The theiunmater et 7 A. W. stood et > degrees. OewlUgretieiH'. DESTBCCT1TB KIRK AT BBADFOBT, 8. C. Com em A, 3. 0., Pec. 27, 1855. A fire occurred on Monday last, at Beanfort, 3. C., des troying many dwellings and stores. The total lose ie estimated et 825,000. hhe at eingston, c. w. Ktvasro.v, C. W., Dor. 27,1855. A fire broke on' on Christmas ere In the Commissariat wood store in this place, but by the unlfd exertions of the military end dromon it was extinguished before do ing material damage. fire at ctioa. I'tica, Dec. 27, 1855. A Are last right In tbe store occupied by Mr. Goodwin, book auctioneer, did damage to the extent of about 82,0U0. No insurance. FIBE AT BRIDGEPORT, CONS. BRnxutfoRT, lies. 27, 1855. The Pequonnock Hotel, in Kest Bridgep >rl, was destroyed by fire .his morning, together with two build ings adjoining, occupied as dwelling* and stores. Tbe total loss is about $16 OCO; insure nee 810,$00 JKntnl Accideat. I'BOADmFHtA, Pec. 27, 1855. Ilenry McCirdy, f-om county ltosm, Ireland, was killed by a blast on a railroad in PaupMn ooun'y recently. / nj friend want ng information, can obtain the same by writing to Patrick Ciutnlan, Humelstown, Daophln coun ty' ,>a' _ Lsnra Keesc'sVarlltlM -Opening; Night. 'Xbo initial night of a theatrical experiment is always a pleasant thing. It *s like tbe first dinner party?the first New Tern's call?the first flirtation?the first psir of trowtors, or anything else which one Itoks forward to wi'h pleasure, and ei joys to satiety. Whit u pUy it ie that everything Is not slways couloir it rose. We have hardly ever paitirff ated in a more enjoyable ovation loan that at tbe Varietien font night. The house was crammed, and an immense LsmVr of people went away without a sight of the Interior. The audience included all tbe wott known people about town, and tbe boxes presented a brilliant array cf tenia e beauty. Tbe house has been considerably Improved, anl tne private boxes in the second tier F?om to fill the great gap which formerly existed between tbe audience and the actors, and make the house look more cheerful and compact. Some im portant alterations have also been made in the stage ar ro momenta. The patfonB&QM'' eommoncfd with tho "Star s?pingl??l Panner," sung by the whote company. Miss Ke?ne then came down to the footlights and was received with eu thuaiastlcacctoroatiorie. She commenced to recite the opening address, of which the following is a copy ADDRESS. Once more Rurroundca by my early friends, On whom each hone of fair success depeaos; 1 f.el lir pe> -d?1 hough some may deem me vum? To crv with joy, "Iaura's herself again!" Night af'er night, * ni'e ti lling in tne ciuse "per otlmrs' good, you. generous applause Made study pleasure, 1-ib ?-s'methlng dear, Cherished nrnbi ion end extinguished bar. How, for ny.eif, I try my uiiui'c ?kHl, Anxious iny luxes (pu.y and cash) to flU. Will you assist me w"h you. generous ai 1. ]f no. s grateful riebt..r tuloe you've made What shall I promised?Tbat ail things shall be done, Or i.ew or old, e'er seen beneath the sun. Make up a pie crust nu'cli. profoundly spoken, ro pear the ptor? rb . u'?both made but to be brosen; Dec In* the paten- cnli'd fr-u. every land hball at your U"tl otfoM yott itlflQ. ? i oh. no; excuse m-; rpl eot the classic rhymes. Which foun d add o?e? In oull good oli times, I'll try the railroad pace e.l tbi- oar eg-, _ And hurry up by .teem their slow coach stage. Variety ta lile's nest spice, folks say? ? That be my ntin?n j notio, " Ever gay." Not hersaball 'ragic uiuse. with teaiful ore-. And heaving b.eaet ep'ete with anguished sign*, l?8x*. on her dagger uu her fatal cup - a if ohout on pois-? s'tll V> sop He?I' ahe come uuless wo toil in vain, We'll till her p -It u cun ?f'h imrth'ti charoptgit*. Wi>h Muses' seel ? n she glad each li.t'nbig ear, And dsnce with fly ng Krt i'?j from care , 1 O nil we c.n to did ? life's gloom away, i.d end with joy he Klaus of tho day i ive welcome 1o yitu a ! Then let me ask. ! ad'ee, your unties, t > cheer our willing task: Ar d you?gooo gracious ! haf a palpitation 1 fool beiorn you. '.t r-s ot 1he creation I Ixcuso me?-"a- ever snytnirg much more iioni thy ? I hate no smell ug >?lt. . our ?.'vn a decent bouquet, 1h< iefore take pi y on n.y -ad com plaint. Yon s.-e 1 most proceed; with feelings truly heenc 1 ask jour presence at our t'cettve scene. An anxious suppliant before you stands? !->?U I succeed ? Ilia' ml. n id eh ,w of ba u.I? Remove* nil doubt armed in Hope's fear proof mvl, 1 feel, indeed, there's no uch word as?fin . MKs Ketne bad sp k n only about ten linos, when alio showed signs of rev-re illnpss and Was suppctel by U-ne MonpUl-lr. Hit sgtln attempt >.-d to p". -o ! ? ih the delivery of the address, but f.ilated, and was taken off by Mr. H. Hall, her Mage man gcr. Tho new polka, ' BooMog Around," wits thco plsye-1 by tie < rrbestia, which is rrspcet?b!o. The polwa is not brihlant. Mr. Hail then came before the drop, nnd apologireil for Mies Kceia's Illness. IK assured the audienoe that ?ho weu'd only c'isim * to -1 r iudu1geT*e for a few u. uncnK' Alter a abort delay, the evening's progrsmute was eon. tinned. The openT g (ie'e was Mr. UourrleinJl's fi. e ict concoction, "Old livads and Young ll-ar's," cist as follows Earl I'ofnpion.. Mr. Wertys, Colonel pocket ?v-r; '}? 1 itt'eton Coke Mr. (..lorUu lord Roebuck Mr ^ ,1 , Tom Coke T V-;;m'It.H Johnfe: . oun'iws Vompi m' ' 'rP?n"j Ionly Alice Mis-Ia i-a ha. ... Mi-s Rocket Mr-. Ho When Mr. Jordan was discovered as Littleton C kc. h w?? greeted with a c.pl'st reception , aud Miss I-lurid Ktene. on her entrance iu t ic second act, was r clve.1 with thice cheers. The . t'-er nicmhe-s of thn "rr* i>-' v.aliifut wo.e also hearuly applauded. Tite ciu -dj w. generally well acted and was very wall mo toted. Th< pctfi rrrnnee of Mii-a Ke; ne is espoi i *Hy enttfK.l ; P1 the scene with Mr. Jordan, a* the ml t>C the 'h r. wa- capitally done. Miss Knene looks ws'l a."l i- quit, as clarn.irg as when she d'.? all young New Nork t WaiUck's two years Fine*. A r'ght p'tv "it an j i^v.unU afftrese Is M-s l*ura K?a.ne. Mr. Jjr lau as sayed Littleton Coko for the firtt time, ws bcU-ve; h. played It niwiy ut,d g.acefally, as hi d es (" cyttila he undertake*. We bar seen Je -o Rural puyed betSo llisn it was dor.e by Mr. IJiS". Ho acted to t rr.uch, an wasUo fast for the ?)-,nt inindtd old pri?st, whit raslly a strsnge chxrs-ter for nn Knglis! play. Mr "bsr.dicr. a stiaogsr he e. was rather unwieldy in I/tr CharlcaB. ebueV. and ?a hardly 11 die e.1 n ? gl. f >r London drawing room. Mr. Jehu-ton pUyo-1 IV b a li usual c.i-p in.l cl ver ttjle, ml?-ljg no p-.n's an rr.aklr g f. tno that the au'lu r never thought t. M. -<r I jrtt fd 1 Hall were guo-l. Mrs. Hough <1 I re.' 1 ve'npc Ka'e R' ci st eoff. im ly. Kste is soiuw.litngmr fan a rmld wal kit g lady, ail ctnfMenie and rii^et thinks to llitF K<eie and Mr Jordan, the pi .-o eLt < pte,-.?anily, at.1 apparently much to t <? .itKfo" oa, <h? audience, who o 'M every body out. Arcyp -s'ui ballet, led byCi'.cca, m -. -ie.led, and 'Iwn everyb.i w> tjl l-unie char mi - w i ll icura Keeuo a'i'l Iter 1 ?. irtic Miss Keer.e ha- a f*>-t?r?, and our lis- wi-k- h nceats. Tltere is r??>ni enough for a 1. Gorrsr-i'Atk'is Co.vitbt ?? right, at IMtrortt-'- H-> n mnst no* 1* 'org' ten. It l.s ger.-r lly a'Wn'. ' -dg ti nt our AmerlcHn pi*, i-t has no ajnil i j t> ? beto jhcip, and we hope h" wl'lbc nsed ?'s :?--'"u? ' ? ' .'etc-'*" ir anch Is the "A r Ikvlwoith" T * ' i ontuln hUaulhnce tl.U ennicg. NtPt. '* < 'Ft rv ?lbs o. v grand pant"-'-' ,'1 ' < titled "Jov'ts; or, ?' e Hnceanes-rs. ' w ? p?rf me. I r.igh; wt Mblo's for the fir?t time In thl" c-mntry. | p'ecai-ttieof the lwst of lt< kln.lthitU*- e-np .lured at this place r.f amusement lor a 1 ?ng H e, i wi.h lie exception 01 a tew slight drf.-e'e hi th- v- ?rk tfthenacninery, wa- very successful. The ptlB9i ottrsetler, next to the l!??els, who always .haw cro nd h..uFce, was Mile. Robert, who Is 'Ws? rv .Ly rani among the lift dancers that have appear d 1-f -e ? York audience for some yours past, l-he [ > -eei rare qnaltty of performing tha mo.'t <1.1 ? 'Ult step an ea-e and r?c that we hsve never ?e~n cv 1 e.) me well supported by Miles. I'auline '.enn, Re-/ i S'toe. Manet'I, >i. '"sol R'Ulant and V. ?mngl ? n. ike p. formentes concluded with !'.? r y paj mime, ? M?d.ne, ?*, ? Dlta% uu l.ealt-;, wh