Newspaper of The New York Herald, 12 Ocak 1856, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 12 Ocak 1856 Page 2
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MWiavia and Russia. AD the arms the river are to be fret ant the Ooaaach itatiene ne*; the Suhiw JMitti to be withdrawn. My own cpimon U, that Rair t is anxious for hot the will doubtless give an evasive and make a counter proposition. If she 4me net conclude peace before the spring, she will be bard trod. Every preparation ie going on fee great doing* in the Baltic. An immense number of floating batteries and mortar bout-* are under cjnstruc tie* in England and lu France. lhe nsx campaign wil be essentially a Baltic eam^^n, the objects will be Kron Stadt and St. Petersburg. . jfj We are now official y informed ef the flr?: resa ts oQd Chnrobert's mission to Suiokho ui. The Muni^cur of yes-V] terday publishes the text of a treaty, concluded on the 2I?t November last, between Prance, England and Sweden. The ternw have, doubtless, been made with Denmaik. , . , , It ie declared that the treaty is concluded to prevent ?very complication of a nature to trouble the balance of MM in Europe. _ , By article 1 the King of Sweden engage* himsel' not to ?ace to Russia, nor to exchange with her, nor to allow her te occupy any portion oi the terutoiies belongiug to Uie eteau ot Sweden and Norway. Hli Majesty the King of bweden and Norway engage kl ? moreover, not to cede to Russia any right of pasturage, or tishicg grouid, or of any other nature whatsoever, as well for the said territariee as for the ?oast of Sweden and Norway, and to reject any claim ( Russia might raise to establiih the existence m any of the above name<l rights. Art. 2. In case Kuntia should maite any proposition to hte Majesty the King of Sweden and Norway, or any de asaad with a view to obtain ei. tier the cession or ex change of any portion whatever of the territory belong teg to the crowns ot Sweden and Norway, be it the per ?issien to occupy certain points of the ?md territory, or the eeeeion of fishing or pasturage righ..-*, or of any ?ther on thoie tamo territories, cr on the coast of Swe den and Norway, his Majesty the King of Sweden and Merway engxge- himsell to communicate iinm diately ??eh proposition to bis Majesty tae Emperor of the French ana to her Majesty the ^tueeu of England; and their iaid Majesties take on thei r part the engagement *o provide his Majesty th<' King of Sweden and Norway with <u tin leno cava! and military forces to cooperate with the naval and military torces of his saiu M ijesty, with a vtew to resist tbe claims cr aggressions ot Russia. Tae natnre, the importance, and the destination ot' the foices in question shall, the rase occurring, be decided hy a ooxnion agreement between the three Powers. Ik is moreover confidently ass rted that another secret tecaly exists by which the Scandinavian Powers will be bonnd to assist France and England, if Kuseia does not eerne to tern s. Tbe Hamburg Bortrnhalk of Dec. 10 states that the toeaty just raiitied at Stockholm concedes to France and Bngiand ihe privilege ot' est?alis:nag depot* and hos ?Halt on Swedish territory. In return, the Western Fewers to main t un the integrity of v-oen eguinst Russia, should the lu'ter treat th? conduct of the Swedes as a br-ucli of neutrality, and declare wa r. As regards the S.und dues very little has fceeu done. Buatia and Mecklenberg have pronounced them?*l\e? in ?ever ol tbe dues ren aming as hitherto. MecklenVurj Snrs the Elbe aues will go next. It is undfrn'ood that LerS ilarend. n h?s declared to the Danish Minister with reference to lhe posslbili'y of at.y vessels of th* I'uited States pasting the Sound or ItelU withoat peying dues, (hat, whenever that should take place, no English mials te* would be able any longer to suDmit to England's pay Thin would fully corroborate the view 1 expressed to yen long sinee. Eus?ia bas negotiated a new loan at 5 oer cent, ^ne epeied at St. Petersburg. Hamburg and Berlin, but ha? met taken very well. The new bank arrangements at Vienna have been at tended with success. Ail the shales were immeillately bewght up. From the actual theatre of war there is really nothing. A sheet of ice gii is the Baltic asd Black ae? coasts. Naval ?perati ins are out of the ijue-tion. As jet we hav? no notification of the President's me sage. Tbe weather is intensely cold, and the waf'J^' tbe paiks covered with skaters. EH Vhc Sound Dare Difficulty? Oar Relation!* ivltn England. [From the London Times. Dec. 21} With trie increasing relations be ween the United States and the European Powers, with the extension of Ani eri ean eornn erce. and the consciousness of unfolding strength on the part of the American people, many inter national questions are likely to arise, and many right s aoqnleacen in by custom are likely to to be contested. A document has just issued from tbe American Department af State which places in a clear light the position wtiicb the limted States government conceives itself entitled to ?aintain. Since Uie navigation of the Baltic has l--eu eeeenual to the trac e of nations, it has been recognised ae a right of Denmark to regulate the passage of the Sound, and establish fixed dues, to be pail by every parsing vessel in proportion to its tonnige. While exercising this control the Danish government has been bound by usage to extenl to the ef all nations the assistance which I? neoe-ssry to the navigation of strait and shii.iow sew. l^irhthousen h?ve been constructed, bu >j* laid down, and pilots have he-u hi readiness to facilitate the voyage of every me: chint maui. In accordance with European customs, this pre aoriptive right found general assent from the family ef eou merciil nations, ibe grounds of tae claim an ill onder.-tcod. but it is felt that practically the arrange men. was beneficial, and France and England bnvt paid without a murmur. Snt lately the rlg\t to demand such dues ha* b?en qnestioned ny Uie United States. America and Russia are both producers of raw miterial conte jusntly h^vo had till lately litte di ect intercourse. Bit now Ameri ean enterprise bas pene rated into tbe Baltic, and the war whicti prevails may ha>e made the tratt'. ; wi n Heme! and Dantsic nwre lucrat vs for cu' kins ?hd. The cxa-Ji jn of a tribute has not fund Avar with the Americans. Wbere there is a rigtit to demand it there miut o: course, be the right to stop a recuian t vessel, and. c?n-eituently. the right to commit an outrage on the Americjji Hog. llenc? the Ken'ad Dues hav?* been debated with more or l^s? ai"i aieny throughont the port* of tbe Union, and th<- govern menv of President Pierce lias brought the mat'er be'ore the Danish Cabinet, or rather p.oclaiuied its t>.ta! denial t4 the right nssn nod. The di*.-nssion h?* pr^-eei'.ed so hr that, in the document whi<hi wh publish elsewhere. Mr. Marty e?: ,iressly te.ia his Minister at Cop'-a hsgen that he han no intention o! arguing I'a-thcr .m the question: enough, he hinkii. has t.en said ? Amorica has arrived at Its conclusion, wbieb i? tliat it is not bound to pay. The >errtt?ry of -'tate 'hen proceeda t-> speak of the proposal which lieam irk has 31 tde for a solution of the difficnlty: and, reasoiinir from hit own position, b? eertaimy has the tn-st of the argumen'. The 1 nite<l Slates have totally denied to licht tf a Power holding the shores <f a g'rai*. waleh led to the waters of some other Power to exclude foreign me-eiunt verse s from a pa.'vsage. Tbe alternative which Denmark lays uotu in default of payment is such an exclusion. The foiled ?'.i tes <lecl*r> the Haiti.; to te in the same ? -a teg .117 the Hli.-s Sei. or even the Mediterranean, and deny that the isonn.', should tie obstructed any mere tnan Un Struts o tilbraltar, or Hetmina the ltaicanellef, or the Kospl.^ru.s. Demmrk in be* ae- wer, nna^counta t>iy loses sight of tbe r?ai ?iur tion, and mak.js T ty? lolloping propjilil:? The nation < iu te/e-ted shall send reftesentative-' to a congress at Co aeiijageo, ?t which i' -tall be debated whet sum siiall he palo' to Permark, so as to capi'-ali/e the S->und *?!? 0 aae?, and inilnc" l enmaak to free the e-in inerce ?.f the world. Mr. Marty's answer obvious. T ? send a re pte. entati\'' to such a coiigresa would be to yUIdth* whole question, which i^, whether for<-'gn nstio-- a e Vand to pty a* all, and not bow much i- a i-r^pcr tri bate. It does not give a high notion of l>ani-h ilipU>ma<-.y ?b?t Hs mi iister> <noutdhaw' givn llieir opponent suctt an ev'rtent ^dran sge. Th?* *n eriean teirs up the fallr -y to his heart 's ci nteut, and then open new ground. The Dariifh geverninent, in iu'itmg a onigtess, hid given a rea- n supplementary to 'he main one of reiu lating eemn ercial rights. The >ound dues were not to he eoiifidere-.' as form nz 1 question "f trade only. There was a p..litieal pha>e of the mutte.-. I uiess me re,;re ?enfcitives of all nations were invite l, though ' there might be an fcrrangeni>-nt merely'cial and fiscal, there eoul<! not be one destioed to serve as t complement te treaties of yaee and c mpromises by w.ijb th? ?ys tern r, f tbe |< Da!au ;e nas been adjusts 1. luis wee enousrb lor the American Sec-e'ary. He struiglitwsy dee<a.-e? than -'the Tnted States will n-jver consent V)th?i prlensic n tha' 'he s>w World is to be appropriate! to w jn?t the poli'icel l-alance of the "Id. Enough," eon tinne? Mr. Marey. has be^n seen ot the theory o| the balance of power to impres?- iLis gi.^erniiien* with 1 fixed determination to a'ovl being brought w;'bio Its vortex."' America wiii avoid forever suci a dr.ngerous c mplicity llnving thus, cn the ques tion ef ^'atjt aod the '|U<' lion of State pt.Ii.ry, declined all in'erfeience in thee proposal oongres^ the Secretary ol State deroMds to practical matter- The ?ound is narrow and ite slv ali are dan/- roue the lune are aecustomed to plve lighth-m ???s and li ioys at 'he s. r viee of the mariner. Here Is worli ???r ne which ought te he paid for; the l'ni'?4 States, tber. ,ore, ai-e wll. og to < 1 ter iiito an arr iDh mo'Lt to ; ay 1 Ur e,nlVileutlor any a<!vantages their commerce iu.iy receive, but sr :n payment must m' dis-Jintiec'e1' trom "?tiy pre'euled rin lit toecntrol the iiiivigat-on of th>- Son rid and Itelts Such i? th?- latest ph.i -e <?' s displ'e on v?h ? h ouch haa been saio ano written. Whatever Justice th- ? aisf be in the a'gnments which tl.c Auoe'i ina eo pere?p'?rily arpe, there can lo> no that the issyment of these Ones, con-eciated by prescrlpttan and justified by ? m wion sense, mny faiily be denand d. To such an 'i iea', indeed has tins demand been edmi'.t"! i.y i> Britain, ; li- 1 ter- st on Danioh loan ra:sed ia thr oountiy ha* been guaranteed on t:.e re eelpte of these v?.y Sound duo*. Ag^in th? e* peo^e of keeping no tiie iid;- <? uavitra'ion would fall < a n small and poor -eafe, wuich g%im bat ii"?ie from tbe ?tade of its great nelgfcfccr?. 1 .?nmark hn -. liowti^r, n-? < oobt, grounitd her 'Jam " on a wrong bii-*; ?. he < laims'tho right to slop an; ship at ple isnre, not ofv- *n --e she lias built ligbtbowse- bnt b<*iysu^e -he is on* of tlie I frwers which hold tho fstrait.. .-i< alleges?tliat it i? only ?f her free b.uctv that a 'hi proceeds even when It lias paid the duet. She holds to toe theory that a Po ver po neseiDg the hbores of a strait nay e.xcludc all f.-rsign ves h?I^ a claim entirely indefensible, and one which ?oui as Mr Marcv urges, cloee the Dardsn? !>? and the Sjraits ?l KeggiOj and evon the Medlt-trraneaT. f th- B.iti^h crnce more possessed Tangier If I^eamart, t ? kr* 1 iw-r irrtmnd. she wi/l have the world on side. Every nt Moo is interested in pi jeering th- >Af" nivig.itioa of the Sonnd s nd Belts, and is wLiing to pay a fi|- amoun*. for ?uch safety. The trade of the Baltic will proHpy be ??stl? Increased when this wai h .s l^en b.ough' to* rlo?-e snd we t.ruH that by that tirae Denrna -1 wi! hive n ade' fair t?rm- eith the nations ot Vrth the Old an'! v e>% World. JKrom the T/ondnn Shlpplin: '?s-'ette. Dec 21.] We wei" enable*l - nr.e time sinee to snr, nines- tba' tbe t'nitsd States had declined to accept th?- Invltiitkin nt Item, ark to ?co.! n n.inister tj tne fsmgres* a. ('/.?jr~nha gen to tare Into >nslderation the subject of the .-'?iiitj'l does. We pul/llsh lii another part of onr imp ?s*|on of to-day the official despatch of Mr. Mercy, to w it h ? ? ?iwn referred, and ?? tain's imr mftders Will sxree w th 11s that the views ?f the I ni ?o r\at?s government m g ereln expressed, are sensible, clear ana cee.islve flie (TriHed State- refuse to have anything to do with the | fjtJltxuil Cejs;ai,e|{< c, l?Muuth as Uiey art BV. iU j Wt'Jj interested id the subject natter of discunnion. The object for which the conference is assembled in to consider in whet way the presumed right of Denmark to levy the Stun J due* can be eompromi-ed. The I cited State# d.-ny th?t Denmark possesses such ri^ht, anil repudiate the idea of deiibeyating on toe ccmpniniee ot a right which doe* not exist, The ( cited states, like Great Britain, den? that Denmark ha* any right, either |by custom, prescription or concession, to obstruct the free entrance ei any ship into the Baltic, and to make suei entrance coutinirent on a toll payable to any State in the world. The Baltic, a a a freo sea, be longs just m much to Great Britain and America an it does to Denmark , and to contend that Denmark, simply from her situation at the entrance to the sea, hu a right to interfere with and obstruct the free navigation of all other nations, is to argue upou an absurdity. So long an Denmaik could induce foreign States to continue the trea ties for the payment of the dues, go long she had the right to claim them; hut when these treaties ate lormally terminated ? as is the case with the United 8taien, and mast be shortly with Great Britain ? Denmark's right to demand the tolls cetutes. The crrumeroe and navigation of the world have submit. ed long enough to the voluntary exaction o: a toll which has always been cpprei-awely felt; an<i now that the question is tnirly n ooted, and Denmark comes forward to cUim as a right what ihe ban hitherto enjoyed in? neession, it is important that &Ue should undtrstaud her position, so that, kn. wing the worst she may nil be deceived by vain h j i's. The Sound dues are doomed, anu the ship* ol the I nited States will pass througu the Sound and Bel's without asking permission, mncn less paying tolls. Will I "i n. ilk f Iiiifawggjj pr?-T-'nt them r We thiuk no'. Hi will be no friend ^^.-nmark wlio aJviaes her to do any thing of the kind. It, on the o'her hand, Denmark should permit the ?hijs of the United States to pass through the Siun.l arc Belts unmolested, British ship* will undoubtedly claim the Fame right, and, at '.he termination of the treaty now existing between RDgl md and IJen naik, will iDi-ist on all future exem ption Irtm the dues. We depiecate violent measures, In the present in stance, however, we cannot help regarding as pr-.lse woitbv the determination with win th the United Status have handled this question, ani tlie pnettwi way in which 'hey have dealt with 'lie continued vacillations of the Tanish court. Twelve or thirieen year* ago Atne rica, though even tlieo repudiating the right of Denmark to txuot the Sound dues, oiTered to compromise the claim. During 'he whole ot this p?riod has Denmark been tritilng with suc-i offer. Hence, the United have done what th'y had a perfect right to do, vix. : ? tern inated the trea'y under which they had cou.sen ?d to the imposition <>f the dues, and given notice ot their intention to c.a'm a free passsge through t!ie Sound and Pelts into the Baltic. Mr. Marsy, in hit despatch, very properly adds, that the United States are quite willing to p?y Denmark a fair pre; o. tion. with other nations, of ?ny ex Dense to which -lie inay be put in rendering the navigation ot the Sound and helts -ale, b it passing or other toils, or any arbitrary detention ot American ships by Danish authorities, they will not countenauce or permit. The British Knllst mti.l st henic In thetnlted male>?l'?iupli<lty of tike t'utoiiiet ai Wash lii^ton. [From the I-ondon Herald, Deo. 20.] We believe it will be rl und, u"t withstanding ali that has bien '! ?! and written upon the recent American ai ' ficulty, the bluster on the other title of the Atlantic, and the eici ten ei. t so ii rati jnall," crea'.?d by rertam "puolic writers" en this, that the true hi-f> ry of the affair h?s yet to be told, and whin that history comes to be generally known we tlo not dmbt to which side public minion will eventually incline. In plain language. the American government., when the uct-> are properly brought out. will ap(>ear not only to disad vantage, but in a light by no means creditable to the administration of any country. There Is no doubt, then, that the formation of a foreign legion in America was the result of numerous application* tor eervice on the part of American volun eers and that, in the fh-t instauce, many of the applicants were actually introduced and re Commended by the. American authorities. Suggestions relative to the undertaking were put forth by leading members of the Aineii-au pre<s- -amongst others by the Net York ourirr and the 1'bt'adelphia Ledger- ? it the instance, it would seem ? at ail evenra with toe knowledge aud consent ? of the American Secretary ot State. Tue British government had directed the embodiment of a foreign legion in -Nova Scotia; ind taking the American government at its word, relying, moreover, on the sup pose J sympathy of the American republic with a struggle lor freedom and tie rubut of nations, proceeded it step fnrlher. and an official lrotn Nova Sco'ia ( the Provincial Secretary, we believe), was directed to repair to W'aah ington, to see Mr. Crdir.pton, and, through him. to com municate with the United State* government on the sub ject of a foreign enlistment. This was done and no objec tion was offettd to the proposal of the British govern ment. fbe enlistment thereupon proceeded; hut it hid hardly e:mmenceit when the British Consul at Cincinnati was arrested, and the law of the Union put in "notion against all concerned in the undertaking. This bid eneugh, but worse remains. Hr. '"aleb Coshlng and Mr. Marcy weiea-. issue to the interpretation of the la *?. According to the latter Mr. Howc oft's conduct was st- ctly fegil: accrding to th>* Attorney General. Ihe law mght. and should be widely stretched, ihe Attor ney Ceneral prevailed, and thedi-renuiable trial ol'Ilenii Hertz nominally, in re-ili'y ot Mo. Crampton, ensued at I'h.'.drlelphia. A. th.s tris.i two foreign witnesse--, by name strobel and Burgthal. we:* produced, and the con ttuct of our representative a' Washington was ma le the snbjec' o) the summed viliticati.ra ot these v.igibonds. As might have been anti'.i|iate'l, the t'uing was gi jss even lor a Yankee court of justice? it was proved btmbel was utter .y unworthy ot credit, and that fcuiBiuai rever either ciw or c jmmunioated with Mr. tramp'on. An eff.>it, eoually unsucrjessful. was then made to implica'O Mr. Matheu . oar able ai.d respected on"ul et 1'hi.a lel ih! i. That this at cem it tailed is no* the fault Of that ftiuctii>n.iry, whom the United States combines the of!'. :e of puolio prosecutor with that ct ilctective. Mr. Matoew. who very prope-ly woujd not condescend :?> answer the chi-ges ct th? cea tare Hertz, was deprived by tbe Attorney t.'eneral of the opportunity r,f making his d< :enc? in the legiliaiHte way, and Mr. Cushicg foiie<l :n his a'.temp ? to 'stretch tUe law,'' lell back o;?n his ability e- a writer of Sta'e pa pei>. i-nd gave to the those productions, trhioh tor gr^^sne's. vulgarity, daring attse tion. and Ittsonjlu-ivH r.e-s, ara unsurpa'sed by nuyUiing evei reeogniz/ ! t>y the gt/vernment ot a civilised cmn'ry '-uih is an i.u'line of the ori/iu of the Late tor- tened misuncerstandtug with the l Tuwd -^'site'. That it shenld bave littn trea *d with eonteciot by the h"uest portion of tbe AmeiiiMtu community is no mere tbtin we should i?a\t ?xp?ctec ? thru a ; lo should Have b' en laid by ':er t^in inemli->rs ot the American g- vek-nment to i-iphcate our officials in order to g- 1 up an eleo ione^ring cry sgainit his cDuntry, is alu nte ligll-'e, wht-n we kao <r the- cbarscter of the men who are the most pushing and vis-ent in the CkMaet of Washington. We could name the in dividual- we tefer to. und :o show "hat we ft nut aht gerker astray in our e-timate w?- may say that our remarks do not apply to Mr. --??er^ta.-y Marcy, nor even to I r<*-iilent i ierce. So much for an affa'-i w^ich a - it seems to us, has never yet been pnt. c-early before tli* public of these countries. It could be no busings* of to;rs to defend lord Cl-rendf.D, but in this instance very little blame in deed attaches to the f oreign Office. 'hir -entiments on he principle of foreign enli -tmeat, and of its pies"-nt applieiti n. ?r?> wtil km wn. We cou tier ned the . e in the ab-t-act, ami ?e can palut to ita operation in both contici r?f fn pre rfof f evi ^"ulra, and ol the rmtb and jam :* of onr an'i<:v?dpns. Kor tb" ?akeof a few ''oeggarly hirelings " pi ?* ?d up in ?jermsny and in Ansfiiiv we hiv- b?-.n tumpellel to ?nbm'r to vulgar and rti re- nag in >,ilt. fl' the aJn'oii trali-jH whictt burlesrines gjv.-rnjunt lure wer-? in earn* t, KngUnd neet' not wint mercenaries to fight her buttles ?na to prc.i-.-ot her honor. From the hour tkt* Korae surrendered the ou'enees of the State to hi -ed h ir iarians >he entered npon that decline from which there was no escape. C>nr gove-umen1. '.are uotU ng I'.-r the future -lanper. and^:*h -eu'-lo Cn'ui'.y close their eyes to the tendency of tbe onreer wj? hive entered np?n: ,>nd the Briti-h ! arH ni.eiit h ive coB-en'?* i to m tka such men the deptsi' of p iwer at the prxeeut strangely ' veT.tful c.i?is, aud to giv? then I'nug-nl fv cilltres tor lowering our uatlona' dignity, a d for etfec" tris- our national ruin. Ker rea-oos. howev?r. wUl :h are snfh -ien'ly obvions wt do net anticipate uny interruption of our re;..ti nt with the United .--tates, not arlthsta i niug tb-: ef forts ol the tt-tigglers for ontoric iy, tV: mi iignity of thB Si.uLhe-r-e'-. and the inextinguls1^ ? hie fjatred cf <hej|' idus-rious" Irish. The VankB' may bluster and u'?. and ?heu the t p orvjui fy ones exhibit fci? sir. -me - in a.terrpts , . roti'e a bitter feelir.g again-' Kngiund -ojeh a* t-ia' Whic'i 'o lgcc tnleiunsly hr,<*.e down at I'h 'adelphi t. A ted feel ing against this t-euntry we believe, floes animtt.-- the mesne', and we regie' to re-' eeur b*-Ii<-f in iti advince men'. hot against it- explosion must lie s -t the solid barrier <f Tanfcte commercial interests. Hie oities. t :e t ottf n South, the --orn grower, ihe iork packer of Ihe wist, ell dedenrt on j<e?'-e and e.jfT'nereo Fnr'hei more, th<' United staiet for their extent *r,.: pretemrieins, c.oc sUttire in reality anytmng but a i< -mitiable power. Thev brtre an enfrmouf snaooardontwo oc -ai.s exj-ose j. - ?cru ??'. so in- u| portable has tlietr slavery be- ome tl-tt. <h. '..?lidirg a lew thousand eolotrad tro"p' on th- southern flnast vould kindle a m -v. e *?- w ilch ? >uM becone t a.- < f extermination. Le' fie I'aloo hlc-te r.ot an :t, rr.v of 00 t<Kl men and the annevn'ton of the Hri')?hp -o vitirt g; the.,e provinces laugh them to era. fhey <? ?> Id gin. nothing ly an incorporation wi'h tbe t niott, hut would Wise some of iheir me?Mt s< Hd poll'li*ai .idvantsges. Ihe l*(see Ktoiinr'? fnettlon Of Ihe G'l'iiinn PllWfl ?. [Paris flHr. 20) f'"1 esr - nden 'e of T/rndon turner.] * I 'Vate letter from a p< i son who pUd much at ten en '. the p<'litic*: itu?.s'.<< -a of the day e- presses the following opinions : ? sfn-e every one i? tr 'kiig' a paac? too much st ti-n'ior ctn hardly be tin d to tb" s<tn%ti?n io whi-b l'i rope would be pli.c?-d hy I'. let n ->np;os" f. r im> rent that pesee is con-lnded on the rr t 't adv^attgeoas c-.nd'.tion that we can -i#n ? o ,r -Ives to hofie tlw ptextnt raomiDt; t.ha "ns-i. lyt'.l.t expenses <'f t?n war am' abindone the Crimes srd tha* 'hi psn:ri'-?rla I t t'Ted to th'J vll!'in 'llotje able to Ire. I ? ? <uppo e thti' to "trergtl.ei-, ?he I'ne of '.be Troth, -t.e it>ri ibi-in P'o'.fn. nr.rted under the of a s ng'e lio-ip dar, wi . retntin subject U the 1'i.rve ith' .r' it? autuority beinp weakened by a iy sort ot protectorate ?n i that fortitiM p.sces |.nd go il Torsi-h gerrieon* agaio de '.?nd tint fron'icr suppose all this, ai d 1 a!u.-'' t1 r the o-timtri empire would t>e t:?en -a' from it- ! r mMabls n?iglilsiv, hnt the dat.' . ? to Ftupe w .v not be less, ihe Russians would be < oly obiig- i is ct,.,nge the!" direrlior f"r. If 'he events which have taken pi/"- 'be lar' two y< t ? - b?r -exhti': < i to ?i? lur' ey ae *tr nge ol ffi.i s - ^h!i < *' 1 existence t.jr. Wa ? ? p{ e?; they have a!-" rrore-l th ? excessive wuakne-> r>. ticrtnany so . or soos' r ' i';< s, rvl ary S'.'.'ee, "1 el' contemporary fttcts, the-e - not .?!??? of uore importattee, err that Inspire more regre' *h" lit- a- n'hilaion ?.! a1' dignity an : patriotism in 'ha: pa t ef Europe. Ihf petty States, sn> h 11' Hi n<. 1 "**>.. t. T vn-r ? s-wi' /4wiand. Btine ?? n- Naple?, wlo i it r the la?t iw 'y ye. rt nave teer. sei asid* l-y the Ailiaa ? thou I r?"lgn th?TT'?elres vo their r>'ill"y a-d vr n<-^ - trh'y event" pass he- -re ther. ? thont r* 'er. boo ' tri* the n'hle esample ol Ti*iiir<n should Bet inspire th*on sllh ?ihtrri' , eir the desire to exhlb'v oaesper* m 1 i* th . these ear* %s*e sf,t ' :d r ' t . (? r a moment V ga. i icleed W u*j tWCflTf i I ?t Vhbv raw-*) *-i* l*s" a s and her bragging, her army, bet I,andw ehr mi) I And storm, her preienaiona for forty years pant to form pari ?t the tire great powtra, to assist at every (Vugrewt, to have weight in the events of Karope, should continue to remain indifferent when the destiny of the worlu ma; depend on a single campaign, passei all human understanding. 1 repeal it, the mix. serious tact is the weakness of Germany, which we were ?o long taught to regard aa a protection to Europe I do nut accuse the Austrian government; I, for my part am oonvineed tftat it has acied in good faith, and that It it hu not declared war, it la because it considered thtt it would be imprudent to do ao, even with the powerful diversion which our aruiUa were effect1 Dg in th? Crimea. Austria felt that she atlil needed the oo-operau m ol Prussia, or at least of the secondary States; the infer ence, nevertheless, is that aha is very weak with relation to Russia. But if the Court of Vienna addressed Use. J' in vain to the Prussian government and to the COn edera tion ? if both refused their eo-operadun during .he m )nt seiioiu and the moat favorable circumstance* ? then thanks to the efforts of Turkey and the Western powers, we had only to will it in order to re-establish the e.iuili bnum ot fcurupe; and then could Austria count on the assistance of her confederates, so jealous of her po?v?r after the coalition should have been dissolved f Was it the blindness of stupidity, a shameful oo vardloe, or a detestable poiiical organization which reduced (ierroan* to impotence 1 This is of little importance. Rut tun 'act is not the less patent, a id ahould not bo lost sight o as affecting the situation and the policy of the onlv reai powers which exist in Europe. No one ca i deny thi> danger. No one can deny that since the partition of Poland, autl ? specially since 1826. the preponderance of Kus-i ? ba olsturbed the eqihbrium of Europ**, and that thUfac' is neither accidental nor transitory, but the result of the policy of I'eter the (treat, ? a policy which his successor have never iost sight of, and which tho princes and psr ole of Germany have a way* encouraged Nothing, ii ttu'h. can i>e uior?*stiai>g<' and more ludicrous than to s*e (ieimany proclaiming b?r patriotism between apjt ot heer and a pipe of tulnc^o, and at th- same tiuie crouch 'Dg before Russia. Hew the shadu of Frederick II.. under ahom Prustii hijjl so much weight la the baltnoe of Europe, must feel indignant with shame a', witnessing the <1?g??iie rucy una the clsgraceu.'his successor! But what Is the put to tfcerri 1 The braggit g Germans ot our days forge.t all that has conferred houur on them. They swallow bee, thejr tat and sasoke, it is true; but they care as little about tbo lu'.ure as ihtiy do for the past. What, then, ihould be the conduct of tie Western Powers? Ihey cannot inaks peace without weakening Kustia seriously, lor (ieimany, on.'e with her ne-.k bowed to the yoke, Russia onoe on the Rhine, resistance will J-e impoffible; both for the sake of liermany and tor that cMhe equilibrium of Europe, a modification of the nr.ap cl l.iirope is indisp^nsaole. As to powers like Be gium and Holland, instead of waiting to bo solicited, tbe.v ought to follow the example of 1'iedtn int. We read in the Hanitury Journal, under date Vienna, the 14th of Dejeniber:? I he rumors of peace, as well as the pacitic attempts thenisehes, originated here. You may rely on the cor rectness of thu following information. The Vienna cat intt bad, it is true, declined acceding to the prop >? srtioD made to it by Prussia, in a despatch ot the 17th of Sepiemtjer, to join her in a pacitic interven tion. The jourrtfTr ot M. de Prokeseh to Paris, wita a view to ineuce the Kinperor of the French to neno'.iate, was not either attended with success But towards the middle of last month Count Buol spontaneously Invited the We'trn Powers to reopen conferences havng peace for their object- He propose ) that they should be held m Paris, and not in Vienna, to render them more imputing, and to maintain the guarantees as their basis, at the same time that the thiro. relative to the annihilation of Risaian domination in the Black Sea, should be extended. Such is the origin of the rumors of peace. When Austria took that step she had received from Russia no official or formal assurance of her intention t> send a representative to ihose conferences. Prussia, without coming to any understanding with Austria on the subjcct, made some similar proposition to Russia, to whom she suggested the exjielicxicy of treat ing on the basis of the four p iol*, and making c< Dce-.-iocs on the third. A few days ago, however, Kussia had not yet returned a reply to the Prussian communication. Nevertheless, person? wh i are in con stant correspondence with St. Petersburg affirm that Couut Nesselioc.e had declared that Russia was ready to join in new conferences, but that she would never permit her hoLor, as a great Power, to be disparaged by the limita tion of her sovereigu rights on he' own territory, it is very pro-table that peace conferences will be opened in the month of January, but if Russia does not seriomly desire peace, they will be atteoted with no result; for it is not to b*s supposed that the Western Powers will ad mit the argument adduc d by Prussia in her despatch of ?he liih of September? namely, that the Western l owers may ce-a-eto insist, af er the tall of Sevastopol, on repairing ftom Russia a promise that she will only maintain e limited number of ships of war iu the B ack Sea, Russia hav<rg no longer a fleet in that sea. This ?act has more weight >hsn all the promises hitherto do nunted. In her last despa'ch, addressed to St. Petersburg i n the month of >oveinber, Prussia ar.peurs to hav*d become colpcious that this reasoning was not verv conclusive, for she lecomniends Russia to accept the interpretation given by the We-tern aUies to the four peints of gua lanUe. [Vieeva (I>ec. 15) Correspondence of London Standard.] 'ILe question of a possible jteace has be?n much di. cussed of la<e on the shores of the Thames, the Seine and the Danube. It has been much questionel in political cir;les w' e'her pre?eiit clr^uiastancei warrant the pre ??- T I OMtion of sincere wishes cn the part of the Western Poaers to conclude a j-cace even no*. It does no', per lain io n.y province to s,;euk out my own opiuiun ou this subject.; but it ts my duty to report to you what o[>iuion? aie held in cur political circ'-?;? here. Now, icany of our po!i icians think that the Kmperor Nap-deon has already donee enough in tbo Oriental qmstion.'to warrant the on elusi.-n thar the intere-ts of l^rance, of his own dynasty, would at this moment be Miiiicientiy secure on th'; whol i Continent if he were n >w to pursue a deculndly p i-.tlic policy. But it Is questioned by well ioformed |?a"ties wheih?T the de?i> ions of Russia are likely to facility t? th"-* viewsj considering tlmt the allies Save deprived llus-ia in the preetnt war of the glory of contuttes. R? sii'es, ^.apolton owes toti muc'i of the popularity of the Ul iei -^ear.i of his leign to Lis al.imco with Knglaud to induce him fvr one tuomeut to ihinkof dissolving tnat alhanee lor the sake of peace. It is also hsld oy sensible men, whrse Vve of peace is uot permitted to blind thei - jndgn'ent, that in order Ui con.iure a lasting peac?, the gnat sasrifn-es to which the Western Powers have besri forced in the Fastern war by the ta'al necessity of effec tually protecting Turkey against Russia, must ba fully leqnittd btfoie Napoleon can seriously contemplate to stultlly the srdi.cus labors of his reign for the s .k>, of pa'cbiig up a peace vith Ru-.-la with a view to guilty ti at Power atid her Geriuan allies. i)n ihe other; hand, it is highly ioiprobabls that Russia would evrn now accept any anangement wui;.i did not euibiace the inaiuteiianLo of her past righV Mid hold < ut prospects of promoting her future Inteve.sts. Those bsief reflections will be sufficient to prove to you thai, howtt ever pe.ue drunken the Vienne.-e politicians might Wirh to be, they are, nevertheless, fully c luscious of the ItMiieii-e Oitticuities which will have to be overcome on all sices before reascuable prtrp-cis of peace can be en tertained. Ihe Emancipation, of Brussels, quttes the following ; a"FMge of a letter liom Vienna of th?> 11th ultimo II is a notorloos fact Uiat there hi a general desire for T"*co In Rutsla, from the h'ghest classes down to toe lo * Ci* t, (inly a few fanatics still persist in calling for the con i.:uance of the war. alihough it wi'l comp ete tae rUn ol tb'ir country. The following h-jt will give you an inaea of the want tf money in the country The iiu p<oial pi in< esses* of Rusria have sold tLeir diamonds, and psirt the amount received for them into the coltVrs of the State. All the P.u-sian fatnUie.s living at Vleuni. nmst of whom belong to the nobility, c mpialn bitrcrij o the war , and loudly call foi its ees^ati ;n. well aware of trie teiriale coneequ<nc*-s it may 1> ad to if oon.Lnued for another year. If A'i/rrf, 'ho P.uspisn organ in Brussels, says He do not > now whether we ongbt to continue to dis cuss the trnt.h of ail that is mven.ed, printed ami p.ih Mshed oay by rti y on the subject ot negotiations tor peace, le cay ( ilondsy) we have from I jig:aid ths announ-M rrent that Cr.unt l>1"-ha?y hs,- lett Vi(.nna f>r St. i'e tersburg, hearing au Austrian ultimatum. We bcli- ve this nnnouncenient Co?s not meiit the least conliden -e. We do not believe that the allies have aitreel amoii/<t (hi nice v#s as to tiie terms to be asked of Hussia. A- to an ultiiim'.inn iendere<l by Aus'ria, there is nothing in the recent acts of that Power to induce us to believe tl at -he Is dbpo-ed to allow beri-elf more rigorous to wards Husi-iathan she has be?n hitherto. Bat i ' it were a well eftaoll-d ed !att that Austria had seat to St. I t ters burg ,-uch a message as is a-cribed to her? hid joimsl with I ogland to forh'd the Bl rk Sea to the Ruvian Hug, tiirn eitainly wo shonld be farther than ever t om ac.o If, rinci the oon'ere'ices Austria ha? changed h"?r opinion as to tho teuas of a peace wbirh Russia might bono, ably sign, Rus.'ia re tain ly retains her opinion as t : wlucli it would be Lii-graceiui and impof ale for r to acept. Oiru r Poahi.'s Position 111 Asia. [Fioin the I^ondon Times, !iee. 30.] According ts. novices jnat received, Omer Pas) i lias fought ii no' her battle, taken p"s?evion of Ki>oni. a', mf ft rty mr! S in a Ivante of ].i, n:d position, and v pre paring lr, atlaciv l.ntaU. Whatever may be the uhiina'e result of the press nt campaign, It is at least ^ratircin^ to find that the enemy have >aot been strong enough t(, oppose the Turkish ?;ener*l's advance on the cap1' ?! ot tmeritU. We shall p ohably have to wall *<.<n i a) s More the iie'ails cf Ihe tng g'ment aud tne prepira ? ions fur ih- In rt her atta-k are mude known. In the ir.crfntin.e, it will not be nce;?s* to eonsicer the m.?? si. irs by wh'ch the Pasha's army mey be n inforc'ii, arid to Inquire why the allies have done so little a- yi to sdvsnce rueh impsjr'sot operations, it I frora the Kngii-h government tbe. world has chleiiy expeTlfr. ths* aid woold he furnished in tbe Asiatic campaigns. More than ".0,0<'0 Mu-s; almens have been I te!y enrolled inmer the British liag; Baltlsh oflirsrs e??ci?d the loitiB intions ol Ri/.eroucn and Kars. and were kiviwn to be en dargered e.y the advance of a powerful Russian force France, with her conarlp'i^.n. has not felt 1' m ssary' to provide keratlf with any soldiers but her own whilo her cfficera have found ample euiplovment in theh ,)*-n army, krgland has labored to supply the deficl-u y of her own numbers by foreign aid; her adtejtur ous orticers have home a p?rt iu more than one canlilct creditable to the Turks, and she has been closely associated iu* ni'.rds if every one with the uiovemeat, of the'HVonati srinfes Vet Kars has fal'on nnsucco?ire<l and If0m< r ?'a'-ha is succea?ttil. it is by his own unni ;e1 fo-r. s cm * ? ? o, ' 0 The def? nd?TS of Kars are prisoners of war, arto s nne tjoie mn/rt elapse beh're their naintiveoi fac's c.m l>e known: but i' no secret that lienornl Williams and his . ft, conceive tbemselV' r to have been negiec'str) 0y th" Kri'ish Ambs-salor at Consiantmi pie. V>'.. will a/ r , - '.re on the subject, hut, whate-er may hmefc. ,-n tf immediate cause of the recsnt calamity, ii j? b^.v n,.| dmbt that i' was at tiift n<-t insvltebie. With tbe p.-est , .oorees rf KJirland and the still nnmemus army o t -,i - ijian. a oonsioei alile fore# might hate n, n d's|*Prti"I I sit month- since to the Asiatic fronU'". We H-e 'o 1 ti t'i ac jii* *? mW to cam ion a id s!..wntx- of mov ,n<.Dt that an advunct on Kars from the coa- ? ?pp ,, -i r |i?hty snterprise. V' t It is little tf*in railes

I rem Patouro ; and, ?ven k ,ngh '.he rowic |.e ru/vi", ?nd 'hsr it.ry n ma.-y parts a d??et. yet a lor niilt's t-.r s w uid h?ve Iro ight ^O.Of.O men to the gs-? ui ih>' inv?sled ei'y, and Mouravieff might not hive NtMflMf H ;? t.e Nf tv deplore the events that are past, or to revive once more ih- old sty le of recrimination and shifting of blams. By all means. lot any abort coming* be investigated and ?n sored, but only ai a turning to others, or a meant* of experience tor the future. It is now clear that the c in tent in Asia must acquire importance, anil, should the war last, 'success In those regions may most effectually wound tbe common enemy. The Portuguese on the West Coait of Africa. SEIZURE OK AMBRIZ. Cape of Good Hope papers in noticing the arri**al of & vessel from the inland, which left there on the 0th of .-September, give tbe following extract from the St. Helena Herald, by which it appears that the Portuguese goveru ment have taken forcible possession of a portion of the African coast, their right to which is not admitted by the British government. Ambriz in looked upon at I/> ando as Sebaatopol is in Europe. It appears that I'ortu Sha? laid claim to a part ot this coast, to whi<:U the tMh government do not reoognize her right. By the treaty of 1817, her territory is reoognized as lying between 8 d?g. and 18 deg. south latitudge- bat Portugal, at the time, declared that she reserved her rights over the coast between 5 deg. 13 min. and 8 deg. south, which rights she claims by virtue of priority cf discovery . Within the latter limits is Ambiiz, where a flea: ieliing trade bos sprung up. cons idera Sly augmented since the suppression cf the slave trade. The English aod American factories established at Ambrii. in con feijnence of the absence of all restrictions on their trade, a-e able to undersell the merchants of Angela, ant play mischief with the trade of the proviose. Some copper mines have also been discovered lately, and the quantity of excellent copper ore s'.iippud from brlz during the past year has been considerable. This has attracted the attention of the Portuguese govern Bi?Lt; and, after debating with the British govern -netit ?be question of their rieuts on the ooast between 5 do green 12 minutes and 8 degroes sooth, wbk-h include* Ambriz, and railing to obtain a recognition of those rights, they have made a bold stroke, and, act ually taUi-ig posse i -n of tbe coast, are about to establish a etistouj Louse, levy duties and port charges, and proclaim Portu guese law. An expedition was secretly Acted out iron Iisbon. a frigate prepared ostensibly to ca-ry convict*) to Mozambique, in which were secretly e.ibarked a governor tor Ambriz, 100 soldiers, and extensive sup plies of ammunition and stores. The same secrecy w*? ob served on arjival of the frigate at Loando while a British cruiser was there, but on her departure the bugles sound d to aims, the Governor General and 400 troopa embark ed on board the frigate, and sailed for Ambriz, accompa niedby two brigs- of- war and a transport. A proclamation was published, stating the object of the expedition to be that of chastising the natives of Ambriz for srme annoyances lately given to Portuguese resi dents. The Governor General had no sooner dis embarked his troops th%n the natives all lied; and alter burnirg several defenceless towns, he commenced erecting a i'ort, forming entrenchments and temporary public buildings. A proclamation declares that the place is to be considered a jprto franco tor all nations for twelve months; after "vhieh time duties and imposts are to be levied on all foreign ships and goods, as at I.oando. It remains to be seen wh%t view the British government will take of these proceedings; but they were viewed with tbe greatest anxiety and alarm by the British and other foreign traders on the coast, and must involve questions of serious importance to all parties connected with the legitimate trade to Africa, now so greatly increa-ing. The Latest Despatches. Bkrij-v, Dec. 20 ? Evening. Letters from St. Petersburg state, that it was al ?ays intended to act merely on the defensive agai nut Omer Pasha. It is not supposed that the fall of Kars will make any change in bis plan, but that General Mourarieff will make that place bis winter quarters. They hope at St. Petersburg that General MeuraviefT will disconcert Omer Pasha's schemes by threatening Ei whb There is still a talk of Austria's laying resolutions before the Frankfort Diet in relation to the Eastern question. As Austria and Prussia have both recommended peaea, it is not improbable but that the Frankfort Diet might be brought to address Russia to the same effect. The Russian loan has been a oomplete failure on the Bourse, notwithstanding great efforts made in Its lavcr by and from influential quarters. About ?'26,000 is all that has been actually Bubsciibed for. Paxis, Dec. 20 ? Vlght. Advices from St. Petersburg state that fee main fcroe at Odersa will be removed to Nicholaleff. Tbe Czar has ordered a concentration of forees on all tbe strong positions ot the Black Sea and the Baltic. It is reported that Prince Pasklewitch is dead. Tbo Paris correspondent of the London Post, writing on night of December 20, says: ? I am assured that the Em jeror of Russia has written to the King of Prussia, stating that, if he wished, he could not agree to the demands of the Western Powers, the nature of which be wus per fectly foniliar with, althungh they had not reached him in an official form. [by Ti:m;iui'H most London to uvkepool] London, Dec. 22, I860. The Daily JVnts city article, dated Friday evening, says ? On the Sto<k Exchange business continues greatly re stricted at present, pending the receipt of indulgence from St. Petersburg. General opinion is decidedly ad verse to the probabilities of peace ; but the inflaeatial buyers, whose operations have of late formed so remark able a feature, maintain their posi ion, and still aJl'or 1 great support to piaaeg. Market*. THE ENGLISH MONEY MARKET. Ijondo.v, Dec. 21?1 I'. M. There is no particular alteration in the aspect of the money market, The discount bunineKs is confined chiefly to the Bunk oi England, the discount brokers and the joint stuck banks. The city private bankers are doing little, lheir customers are placing their surplus depo sits on call with the joint stock banks ani the discoun' brokers. It is reported that, in consequence of the drain upon Ibe Bank ot' England during tbe last few Jays for both gold and notes, the return for the present week wlH show great change*. Tbe aspect of the English stcck market ii nniltered Prices are steady, and rather firmer than otherwise, but there is very little going on either by the public or the speculators. Consols are 88 to 88?,. 1 here is no fresh movement observable in the foreign market. railway stares attract scarcely any attention lrom any one, but their value is steadily supported. Canada land shares are down to 140 to 145, being a fall of ?8. in consequence of this year's receipts being uiiic'1 less ihan tho?e of 1854. The company will distri bute ?7 per rhare on the 10th January, out of surplus profl ' s. Half 1'aht Two O'Cloik. Confols are steady at 88.^ to with scarcely anytbi doing. Canada lands are down to 138 to 143, being ?2 lower. [Eroin the I/undon Standard. Dec. 141.1 Frimt, Dec. 20? Two O'Cr.ocK. Notwithstanding that tbe present deaiand for increa^ei pecuniary accommodation liy the mercantile body is ac knowledged t<> be of Itself of a temporary nuure, awl likely to ceaee at the turn of the year, serious misgivings appear to be entertained in many quarters whether an easier state oi the money market will hereui>on super vene. There are many causes for this feeling at pre sent in operation, the chief being the defiuit of larg." and continuous arrivals of gokl, the generally un satisfactory position ot foreign exchanges, the cer tainty that very heavy remittances of bullion must short ly be made on account of the Turkish loan, and the proba bility cf a government loan being negotiated ear y nex' Sear. There are, in addition to these grounds of appi ? ension, many others which bear in the same Cirectic.. but which it is not necessary to enumerate at present, the quantity of gold known to be m raw, from Australia is by no means equal to our requirement, since the de mand from the Continent continue- to cause a reg"!** absorption of all the gold offered for sale in the tnar^e . and also weekly diminution in tbe amount held by the Bank of hngland. We have also large balances to p" y >o the I nited States for corn and cotton, and o'he- staple articles of import from thence, and our exports to that Sart ot tbe world by no means maintain the ratio ley dil som* few years ago, before the effects of re i cent commercial legislation were apparent. The ship ments of silver to India and China continue very large, and the ]*y for the urmy and works in the Crimea form not an incoBBiderable item in the demand for the precious metals. To meet all these addlti inal drains upon the resources of the country the government tin* couserUei to the fMPission of ?175,000 notes, in addition to the s i i of ?14,000,000 previously i mutable, without a .?? periling amount of bullion being in the bank vaults. It will thus easily be ,-een tnat the a tditiunal issue is per fectly inadequate to meet the requirements of the public and to avert the peril which the Huik (barter A <-t i? bringing upon the whole commnnity. Perhaps, howcvi . another turn of the " screw "* ill cause the mercantile classes to remonstrate more forcibly with the govern oe ? on the iniquities of the present sv-tem of curren >u4 lead to the adoption cf sounder principles WRIGHT, JTHIOR & CO.'h CIRCULAR. Liverpool, I)ec. 21. 1855. | Po little of novelty has occurred in our produce mar kets since the sailli g of tb? Pacific, which took out our circular of 14th inst., that we are depiived o! matter j .incident to impart more than orilitiaiv interest to o i idiiees. Political rumors are of the same vague au<l I nncerlaiii tenor, and until government requirements and the inten iea metisures for raisin? the necessary funis for carrying on the war are made known, tlie oourso of monetary atlairs ronst necessarily assume th?tr pre <-nt unsettled aspect. This feeling i~ *o paramount in !he minds of all that no spirit is lnfued into the business in prrgress, and caution dictates prudence in limiting operations manifested particularly in our cotton market, which continues vrid of all animation, in spite oi a di minbhing stock, large consumption, small leiwsipt in Immediate expectancy, and various opinions as to tbe ?stent of future supplies. The densano this week hm been chiefly confined to the dally wants of the ti ide. which holcers bave met with freedom: Hnd, though the sales are to an average extent, prices have been main talned with difficulty. Adverse widds ag?in prevail, to the pjejuiMc" of shipping interest as veil as to the limi tation of ft 'ate r relection. Ibe ma.ket to-day closes with a dull leclin- the salt^ estimated at 7,000 bales? 1,500 to specula iops and ex - j, rten- ? a' the lowest rates of the w<ek. It wis < flicially announced tint the laige quant I 'yo' 81.000 bales had been exported from the port of Grimsby, atd not hitherto Included In nir tablft , and which aro now reduced from onr stock. Ibe total "-ales ?f the wtek amount to 86, ISO bales, of wlu-h 24,880 are American. Speculators have t.'Jceu -,<'0, ami ?xp'rters 2,4.0, leaving 31,050 bUosofail kinds to the tiade. The iroport for same time is 42,996 little* of which ??5(<llare American. the quantity known to be h\ sea f r m American por ? i.< air-rat 126,000 hales. In th< roannfiC uriDg districts little new business Is re por4"d '. but, existing engagements extend i ve ^ometimo, ar <1 111 ibe a brer-* of stocks, either in the b inds efspto u< rs or manufacturers, both go's!' an<l yarn arc firm in p, in some instances oven higher ,-uc.h is the sound nets of t.rsdethat neither distrust nor nnaasint. s follow* in tie Wake of some hemy l^Hore*- announced Ihil week. Tbe arrivals of breadstuff* b?l rig henry during thn * ack uiitlcr rfiiew, rensib!/ sCcclet cy c?ri BHtiktt, And Wrought fr rward many buyers a di'ttier who ?xpected v* eperMe on lower terms; but, being dl lap pointed, t moderate biuiMki only ensued. tt? slight re auction ou taut JLrkay'B quotations for all article*. It teem* problem?loal whe'ber America will be able to for* niih ibe supplies el early estimates; and ax we look in that direction alone for quantity, thia feeling in having its iiilluenoe with bolder*. Should thia happily be liasl pated, a contrary effect on price* would result. At to day's market busmen* was very alow, and Kales were made at a decline of 3d. per 701be. on wheat, Is. per bbl. on flour, and la. per quarter on Indian corn. The Alleged IrUh mibwter* In Cincinnati. [Krom the Cincinnati Commercial, -Ian. ?.] SECOND DAT. Some time bclore the opening of the aiurt yesterday morning, the room was filled with men anxious to hear the proceedings in the cue. John Powell, recal I ed ? Cross-examined by Mr. Piatt? Stated that he did not make any effort to go lnt? the bailment of the Catholic church in Hamilton, when the meeting was being held ; saw no sentinel stationed at the door; was within four feet of the entrance; did not know what the room was occupied for usually; door was closed; saw persons goirg in and out; went to the east side of the church; was alone; the window shutters were npeu, and tbe windows low enough (or a man s -andini to look into tli a room; Mr. Burke stated the object of the meet ing to be to organize a society for the purpose of uniting tbe Irish to overthrow the British government in Ireland; Mr. Dalton spoke in opposition to hiai and said it contrary to the constitution of tbe L'nited States and tho neutrality laws; left before Dalton got through speaking; was acquainted with Mr. Burke be'or* the meeting; did uot know that Mr. B. asked him where he wai from. Piatt ? ''Speak louder." Witnesa? "Pick your ears." Witness? Did not te l Burke that he was from New Yo.*k : might have told him he was from Philadelphia: believud bat Mr. Kowesrott lives on Ludlow, bet ween Third and Fourth; ha<l no consultation with him In' t night; walk id home wilh Barbour, but did n>t 'oik about what had passed in tbe court room; lived on Western row, be tween Clinton and Beits; commenced watching the bulid irgut corner of Klghth and Western row six weeks ago; was not employed by any person; was requested by Bar bour; the society meets cm Friday nights: American Protectant Association meets on the same night; Barbour told him that the Robert Kmme; Society met there; had btea in the building, as he belonged to the Odd Fellows, who met in the upper room; about four months since Barbour requested him to watch the movements of the suspected persons; I.yle and Hughes were there with him tomeumes; he walked around to keep warm, and thought that perhapsthe others aid, also; stayed near the build ibg until 0 o'clock at night. Piatt ? Are you a married man? Witness ? I believe I am. Piatt? Answer positively. Witness ? 1 am mar rried. or at least, so the Court says; Mr. Rjwecroft was never up there; Barbour went down to Mr. H.'s; he had followed bim (Barbour) down to see if he went there, snd stayed till te came out; the Emmet Society and Protestant Association met on the same night; could distinguish them by knowing them; could see them in the second Btory from tho street, there boing no curtains to the wiiidews next to Eighth street; saw as many as thirty person* in the hall at one time; thought the room was about as large as the court room; he was a hatter, but quit working at his trade five or six weeks since, and commenced labor for Merrit & Kenton; was introduced to Reidy by Barbour at a coffeehouse; after they came out Barbour told him that was one of the company: the fol lowing Friday evening saw him go into the nail; hail watched to see who went up, eo as to kno u them if it was ascertained that they were wrongly engaged ; one day met Barbour, Reidy aid another man in a coffeehouse; heard Reidy say that "it was a shame that such an in trigue was played upon Barbour;" heard no more; law Reidy once afterward*; did not know John O'Dowd by BUB St Piatt asked witness if he ever heard of the company that Mr. Rowcroft tried to raise to send to the Crimea. Objected to. Witness said he did not know of any office being promised to Reidy. To Sage? Knew Barbour for four years; lived a square from him, and worked in the same shop our week*; were fellow members of the I. O. O. F., and four months ago first talked about this Emmet organization; B. proposed to join this society to find out its object ; he told him first to consult an attorney, he went to an at torney himself, aad got hi* advice; he h?id been down to Rowecroft'* four or five times, and wita Barbour ten or twelve time*. The Court asked witness if there was any fact he had not already stated. Witness answered he believed he had told aft lie knew about the matter. Edward Dalton was next called. He testified that he lived in Hamilton ; he knew Kenifeck and Captain Burke: four or five weeks ago was introduced to Keni feck at a pi Hate residence, and to Burke three weeks ngo lait Saturday. Met Kenifeck opposite the Catho lic church in Hamilton, and saw Burke in the base ment of the church, where tbe merits of the society to which B. belonged were discmsod ; tt was said that the society was located in thii city; at tbe meeting, be asked that tbe object of the society be stated. Mr. B. said that it was ta unite the Irish, but disclaimed anything like an oiganizallon for a military expedition. The nlterior object was, that iu case a war should break out between the l'nited States and Great Britain, they won d be ready to make an endeavor to cinaucipate Ire land. He (Dalton) opposed the plan in u speech, be cause be thought it contrary to law. Read from Kent's Commentaries, in support of his objecting. Kenifeck said it wou Ul not apply to this case, a* it * a' only to unite Ibe Jrhli to the society, and not to mike a mili'ary expedition, anddiscUimrd anything like secresy, though he said theie were some things he did not wish to com municate to all. Kenifec-k .said it was organized in a good many States, and at the Astor Hou^e Convention twenty four States were i* presented, and that as good men as were in Amoiiea were members. At the meeting io Hamilton tbe doors were open, and ?nme Geimans, and one or two Americans, were present. He (Dalton; had not beard of a society being eigsniited there. Heard Mr. Hoiloran t-ay he sympathised with them. Ail that Bnrko said te could have endorsed. To Giottbeck? Burke uid not say they cauie there to raise aims and money to invade Ireland, nothing was to be done unless a war should break out. John M. Lyle called ? Xo permanent residence; had been about the city for twenty years; three weks ag" Barbour d him to help mnke the arrest of the p?r aoos engaged in the movement; when he came to the place found that everything was not ready; Barbour wanted him to go in, but he refused, as it might excite suspicion, he being known by some if the niemiers; saw a man come out of the hall, walk on the balcony, as though he was u rentry ; from the opposite side of Lighth street could seepersois in tbe hall: Powers was with him; they saw several persons go into tbe eutranco to the hall. To Groeaheck ? *fo person asked bim to join the so ciety: the A. P. Association meets the same night as the Emmet ssHjiety; the same entrance leads to both halls; either Barbour or Power* asked him to go into the meet irg ami recgni/e the officers; he had hud no consolta tion with Mr. Rowecroft; Barbour told hiin the U. S. Marshal would lend the arrest: we went up to the meet ing cf the A. 1'. Association, but made no observation as he paired the door of the ball occupied by tne Irish so ciety -.did not know that Rowecroft had anythlnu' to do with the arrest until tbe opening of the trial. Hewy nughes called. ? lived in Cincinnati three i ears past, and worked for Merritt k Kenton: was acquainted with the ball where the Eminet Society met; was in the ante-reom on the 14th Decern tier, and went into the hull: Reidy was the outside sentinel; gave two knocks on the hall door, and the pas-word, "Granny well;" the pass word at tbe outer door was "Tone;" in the ante-room he told Hslpiu he belonged in Dayton; after ho had entered tbe room some were initiated, taking an oath t?s uproot asd ovot throw the British government in Itelaud; H'llpin acted as President ; he suid they mo m pay $1 ns a te >. and ~5 cents per month: there wero thirty- five or foi i^, in the hall: Harbor ciine in and sat down by him (Hughes); he lett Barbor there. The witness then tola how he came to go. lie was at work in the cellar one day. when Barbour canto to hlm and asked it he was aiiaid to go with him; he told him lie was not. I heard only the oath; beard no speeches. CroM eTamincd by Mr. G roes beck ? I was born in Coliv rain township, wheio we've helped to elect tou 'ooilice ? (laughter); Birbour came to me first about this matter; we work in tbe same shop; 1 beard tbe oath about three week* ngo; in Ihe rorm of the society were ch ttrs and ? eats: 1 carried a little pistol; you cansieit ifyou like: Beibour una 1 belong to the American l'.-otestar.t Association; 1 know this !-sriety was the Itish Emigrant ' Aid Society: Mr. I.yle, Mr. Barbour, and Mr. Powers, were nil witli me in the evening referred to; I have seen Mr. Rowecroft several times ? first on tbe 16th or lHth: west with Mr. Barbour to Mr. Rowecroft's house; T went iheie to give the Consul information of what 1 sf.en: we went out hunting at rne lime, and coming hack stoppeo at OiucniliioViiic to watch this same Irish Emi f rant Aid Society: Fred Barbour was generally my coin , anion: Power s was with me rometlme* at Ronccroft's: have crank cherry bounce with tlie Consul, just as wits sny neighbor: the object of the Cumminsville hunt w is to waUn the Itieh filibusters; I am a ltttle Irish myseli"; my whole object in this action M* been to keep ? r??c*1.4 from kickitg up a furs between Fngland aad An.eiica. Mr. lirrc-beck ? Mr. Itnghes, tell me now, ate yon not actuated in tl is piocecdlng by a teeling of olttcinets to wsrd Irish andCatholics'.' A. I'll tell you pi ccisely what, luy ides was, Mr. Wra. Grresbeck; I concluded tbe object of this Irish Hnigrsnt Aid Society was to get up such rascalities as would get this count rv into a w?r with Fngland, aed then poor working men like roe must light It out, while rich incn likt vou, Mr. Groesbeci, wonld stay back and hurrah u? on. (l.aughter.) 1 liavn no bitterness toward Irish or Catholics: I nm nnfliendly to the Catholic rehginn. or any other religion that lets a men cont ?s lus sins iu the moinicg ami go get drank. Ac., in tbe afternoon. John Barbour called. Mr. Matt objected to the witn?ss, unless be took such oath as was roost binding on hi* conscience. W itnesn (who La* a most peculiar ' stoppage" in his speech beiutr arrested in the midst of a Mititeoco, and apparently forced to iepe?t the words: " Well, in fast ? In laet ? in loct ? well, in fact, right plum ? well, it's right pltm." Mr. Butke, 4:c.) ? I consider my oath not con tacting with 'he Bible my mother taught me, or with the constitution of the i nited Htato.i: 1 have been .worn in this ?oiirt, and in a nuuiro r binding on my conscience. 'jjflljj 'Pie witness precede.) to identify all th- persons nanus! In the ofli'iavit under which 'hive piocec.linjjs were takin. 1 live at No. laurel street, between Western row and John; have lived here since lHol : be1 ore th(?t was a ste?imb"ft1man on the river; tir-t h"-trl if the Robert Kmmet Club, or branch ol the Iiis i I mlntunt Aid Association, on the 17th of ,?'ep tembsr last; <>. B. 1 arley told iue ubmt It. and a-ked me to join It ; I consulted the a*-lstiint I'ro-e cuting Attorney, and bad nn Intei view with Mr, i:'t; Mr.linines told me It prohoMn that Its Object* v ere uiilawlul; concluded to Join, sua l! 1 found Oist rbe oatb was c vifntmahle to the constitution ol' ihe Vetted Stiit?*s ami the Bible, I would keep tt to iho ? n i of theesrth, otherwise 1 would expose it; Ktirpy told me tlie member* of the Robert Kmmet Clnb we.e to so I Ireland <m a military eni.?dUI<''n to help o\erthro<? the British sovernmcnt there; I was initiated ? m';uber, the: e wee a doorkeeper; 1 at first took a fjrni of oath in the snte room, afterwards in the main hall J took this oath:? In the iiwtnl presence of Ood, I, John Harbour, do vo'unta lily swear and sav lhat I will nsr nif ntmnsl srdea'.ors to uproot and ofcr'h/ow the 6'^im^eiit ui JrcJaud, I and that neither hope, fear or reward shall influence n oaj# give evidence agaust any member or iMmtmi or (Jilt* Society. I was initial ?fl id tile 24' h ol September. Mr. Probaseo propied to read the oath as iassribed on the cninutu, rema< king that h6 would prove vlien the oath wna changed to a premise. Mr. Fiat'? 'Hie prosecution has no right to nlur the officers ef tl is oourt, by saying that it is a tr..i?ter ol proof when the oath was altered; the oflie rs say the book was cautiously kept since the Arrest. Mr. Prohaxoo- Wo shall (how by this witness when the society changed the oath to a promise. Witness continued? I now see some forty person* in this room, who were members of this Rooert. Emmet Club, but who are not under arrest. The President. Mr Hal pin, gave me thle copy of tue address (exhibiting the was going to one of the meetings, Mr. Bjrke shew ed me a shooting iron whi :h be said in the hands of tifiy pood men, would do good execution in Ireland. This was the second meeting; Burke said the shooting iron wa< for trie Queen GVy Cadets. Be gave me a subscription paper, with which I was to collect money to aid In purchasing those arms or guns for the Club to go to Ireland. lie gnn Bur xe showed rue was u specimen, and cost ?15? the subscription paper was to buy these gao^or arms to go to Ireland, and subvert and uproot the Brit ish government. I took notes and memoranda of almost all o. taese meetings. [Witness exhibits a roll of closely written manuscripts^ and stated that thev were the notes he h? 1 ta<en at the meetings of the Robert Emmet Club, the members of which were now under arrest.] , The Court took a re ?esa. AFTERNOON SESSION. I xaminatlon of John Barbour resumed ? My memory embraces nearly all the meetings i-ince my initiation; at the meelirg of November the 0th, Keiii^ect said It Wil li is instructions from New York to take arms f r mi thi i eity to Ireland; Mr. Lurasden aaid there whs no use In that, for they (the membeis of tho Irish Emigrant Aid Society) would be furnished witn arms in Ireland; Keni feck said they started with 22 members, Vu' would soon have BO members; Murphy and Riedy and tbe members generally, were almost always nresent; cn the 16th of December Balpiu was in tho chair; Kenifeck and Hight were pres?nt, with 26 others; new ciem'jers were iai tiat' d; delegates we-e appointed to the State Convention! of the Order, held iu this city, which wae l>.r the ap pointment of delepatcs to tho National Convention at the Astor Bouse in New York; tho gist of the upeeohes w*s for to ? well just right plum to put pinck inti the IriiA for an expedition agaiost British rule in Ireland; on the iOth of November, Kenifeck said at Curmni'isville th'it 96,000 could be easily riised for the expedition; he .s .id that 100,009 Irish American baronets w mil look right well under a morning snn on Vln*gar Rill; Lumfden said at one of tne meetings that he had that day organized a club of 100 men in Uam ilton, that they were ready for the expedition. At ano ther of tho meetings, W. G. Hal pin showed a revolver right plum, and said right plum, in fact, that in was the like or that he was going to use in Ireland. At one of the meetings I remember Mr. Tiernan said that going up the railroaj to organize light plum filibuster clubs, he ex plained {he objects of the exhibition, or of the club, and the Irish laborers flurg uway their picks and ^hovels and cheered for the Irish filibusters. .Them's right plum the worda used. At the next meeting nine members were in itiated; at this meeting or at the next, the oftth was changed to a wdtt of honor because the priests wanted the society to be such that their fceareri could all belong to it. On the 15th of December seven new me-r.berg were admitted; Halpin in tbe chair. Mr. Hughes got in that night; he was not a member, but got in ou the password. I did not give Hughes tbe password. Halp'n, Kenifeck and Lumiden, the delegates to the National Convention ot the Order at the Astor House, New York, reported tbe action of that convention; I.umtden s id that himself and Kenifeck saved tbe National Convention from disgrace. At the National Convention in New York it proposed or resolved to raise 9500.000 in the North, and 9500,000 In the South, for to inrade Ireland right plum, and to uproot and overthrow British government there; Lumedeu was the first man in the National Council to put hie name to the subscription paper, and signed for $1,000 to the tund for the invasion of Ireland; the Cincinnati Club pissed a vote of thanks to Lumsden for his subscription; Riody, Lumsden, Tiernan, Kcnileck, HaljJn, .Inn. Hudson and others were present; I see ir the room now about fifteen persons not in the affidavit who were at this meeting; a vote of thanks to Captain Lyons and to Robert Tyler, or Jamee Tyler, son of President Tyler, who acted as Presi dent at the Astor House Council; the came of onr socie ty was changed to the American Irifh Emigrant Ajd Association; I was given to understand that Samuel Lumsden -was the Chief Director of Uhio; I heard them say they bad been organizing in Canaaa; I went to Hamilton in December last, as a volunteer; f'aptain Burke, Jno. Power, I'd. Kenifeck and myself went up to gether in one car; tbevsaic the Hamilton members were "flying tbe track," and they went up to straighten lip things; they went to O'iiulioran's boarding house, and then to the priest's house, where we saw the right plum female" cook and the Virgin Mary, with right plum child in her arms; they went to get the priest's permission to hold the meeting in the church; the priest was at confession, and O'HsIloran picked up a candle from tbe priest's table, and we all went into the hasen cut of the church or the school house? the objects of the meeting were stated to be with a design to an lri?b expedition to overthrow British government' n Ireland; a Mr. Dalton opposed the whole thing; said if. w?? uncon stitutional, and no better than a filibustering expedition. Tbe next meeting was held iu the room corner of Eighth street and W ostein Row, on the 28th of December; a uew pet of officers was elected : I was at a meeting at C;i m minsville on tte 29th. at the rtoro of Mr. Kn=sel; tup les and Powers went to Cummin ^vi lie to watch tbat nothing ?f harm was done to we. At the Cummitisrille meeting Mr. Keniteck said there had been some difficulty among he members, but he bad come to make it all straight, nd inspire Irishmen for the struggle; he said a hard > or kin? Catholic priest was at tbe bead of the move ment, that thirty Catholic priests in the Cn' ted States eie members of tho order for invading Ireland, but heir names must be secret; Lumsden said the Cat noli: I ricf-ts had been with tho Irish through seven hundred jears of oppression iind stuck to them on tbe English jfibi.ets ; Samuel I.umsilen said that, the order was ?'oing its best to involve England and the United Mates in war. and then would b<! a tine time to -lip over to Ireland. I have seen Captain Jac? son at these meetings. At oae meeting John Clark was initi ated, tbe rules being eusoended, so that he could leave the next morning for I -eland, to let the friend* there know we were up and doing here. I have enlisted in one military company connected with the Emigrant Aid So ciety; I had m.v name put down as a m "moer r! the In dependent Consbaa Ouards; Conahan bad been ciptain of[:tbc Sarsfleld Guards, an 1 war a head man tn the Kn>i grant Aid Association. About the time Upturn .licksoa was on here irons New Orleans, he told us of a ride that would shoot five times without reloading. Lumsden faid a simpler weapon would be better. < apUtn Tiernan at-ked me to john his company that he wis forming, for to join in tbe military expedition to Ireland; I joined, and (rave him 911 tor luy initiation fee and J > towards buyiug my uniform. Senusl Lumsden said one thou fund men of the expedition had already left New York for Ireland. The plan was for to go over in merchant vessels under the American Aug, with our arms vritb us, to make a landing and join the friend* who would be ready to receive us. Iieidy has told me that Tieman's eom| any was a humbug, that Tiernan humbugired roe out of my 98 and would never go to Ireland, that he spoiled everything tbat he undertook. I PAPKRS I'CT IN EVIDKNCE. Mr. Sage put in evidence an address issued by the Iri"h Emigrant Aid Association: an add less delivered by W. G. Halpin, on the reath of Capt. Conahan. aad offered a sealed letter, directed: ? "Present, Irish Emigrant Ail Association. " Mr. Mallon proposed to put tbe letter in his pocket, sf It had not. yet been epcued, and was directed to his clientg. At this point the Court adjourned tilt Thursday morning. I The Irish Invasion AiRilr. Attorney Uenebai.'s Ohiit, Dec. 12, 18.V>. llos. John McKkox, U. S. Attoknkv. New Yokk ? Bir? Iliad the h< nor to couUt with you personally several weeks since regarding representations mule by the British Minister as to illegal combinations en the part of certain persons in the I nited Statos tc an expedition tor the military invasion oi Irelind, nnd to re quest your special attention to the suhjejt, so as ti pre vent or punish any infringement of our relations of amity with Great Britain. In consequence of a meeting pur pcitiug to have some auch object, which has recently oc curreci in New York, the President directs me anin to invite j on to vigilnuce on the subject. While It w diffi cult. to believe that such intention is cnte-taiaed hy any persona in tbe United .States, or if entertained, th\t tt Hill reach the stage Of an overt Illegal act; neverthe less, it sterns pro|ier that tho subject should iiave vour consii'ct ation The 1'iesldmt is. of course, solicitous that no violation of l?w shall go unrehuked, and espe cially none which touche? our foreign relations, and thus a (Ted the honor and peace of the whole country. He therefore particularly t'edres yon not to fail to in-'itute criminal proceeding- ogairut any person who shall be en gaged in illegal acts of the character above referred to, or otherwise coutiary to our obligation.' of friendship to Great Britain. I have the honor to be, very respectfully, C. C: SHI NO. Onr Nebraska Correspondenc e. ? Omaha City, N. T., Dec. 2?. 1856. giuhlm Death qf Ihr Vailed Stale* Manhal for llie Dirtrlet ?f -A ~. n ktx ? Jit -I It. Ifiiii-wt A tljourii'xl in dNMi^MMe. It Is with pain 1 announce the sudden death of El! ft, Dojle, Esq., t'nited states Mar -dial for this Territory. He died last evening at al>ont 8 o'clock. The etrcunstunce* J are as follows Wi'h bis fsroily he had temporarily oc 1 cupied tbe United ftates Court room ? in thesccoud tUny ' f a rew and anlinish' il building here, Tue balnst-ade had not been added to tlie stairway leading to the g-,oind IU or. Having business down stairs at th.U. time, b? sen1) tfliwn in the da-k. Supposing, we presume, that he had t cached the loot ol the stairs, he stepped ?? the njut and iell some six *eet, hitting hi.i side aicrfinst n trnak ? r box in his tall. Mr. Tuttle, cashicr of the Kxehang" Bink cloee by, liwtiiugthe full and soms one groaning in the lieU, went immediately to his relief, and with tn.- ^s-ost Hiite of llr. C. B. Smith, carried hiin into the . hink reom. He expired in lititem He now lies ir, ;tia United Stales Court room, attended bjr his deputy, J. W. T'at'i. son, and hiends. ilia family, thus suddenly Iwl't asm nearly frantic, He will l? buried to-morrow, a better officer could not In- found. A more honest, ui. 'ight m an never breathed. The lerritory has lost a valuable ofti ii unda most worthy HMascn. Thepeople oieurri hia Uss. The flag over the State nouae lianas at kn'.f mast, una both houses have a.y? urm d in consequence. IKK. FiLlitOSTKitfl in Nhw Jkrskt Tt m stated that n parly of filibuster* is oiganfoiog with gieit see-esy in lhe town of ltergen Hudson county. N. J. It ha? al '?a-ly liatbered eonnirii rable stiength, and is destined for Ni"? lagus, to j< in the !orce" of lien. Walker. It mas set oo fcert hy parties In Now York, who believed that the alti.U could be conducted with more privacy and greater s*ic cess there than in New York, tinder the espionage ol the I'nlteil States oflioers and police. It Is pr diab'e that this l>arty will start at an early day. and will le.ive Be. gen f'oint in a sclw>oner, and be ptiton board of a steiiRK r or other vessel, together with their onttit and muuitlWA 'I- vkt KrwnU; ? I/ nrtwi ^Hfi.