Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 19, 1856, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 19, 1856 Page 2
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>*w*r ; par tie because they are ia themMlres appro )Mt* Peecebatb bar virtortai Not leu reaowned tbaa war. Ow tkl two rides of thu great par .lament ary contest Ahiwi dir|>lt)t>l as touch intelle -.tual power, m aaaah mt ml ooui ?><?. aa much e'.etuuon or m>u1, m in My ?Mpii|t, ancient or nuxlern. And from the wars mt tk?i old A' sj ri?n kings and con<|uerers, whose m?r Me tiihfw^ mow ljing <>n ihc floor of William Anpleton's nwtwx, after sleeping for twenty- tire Band red year* on tke hanks of the TigrU, bar*, by the s-range vi elaaitndea and chance* of human things, bt>*n dog op from the rnina of Ntnerah and transported aorr? the Atian'ic? a woodor and a *how ? 1 .ay from the war* rf hcnnacherib and Nimrod bim.?elf, do*? to that bow raging In 'he Crimea, there n?rer r*? ? battle fought wbote coneeqnen leu weie mo o import aav to bumaiiiij tbaa the maintenance or overthrow of tfca* court itn'ional T'nion which, in the langasge of "Waakiegtoo, "n>ak? o? owe people." J*1? AWnmD.Ter pe.ishe in the firanicus, better had A>dru haJ tiiomphed at the Mftaaru?, ho'.ter h*d Neteoa ta ten ?t the month of he Nile or Nap'leon ontbe Hoi t <* Ma- ] rwrw . ?aa that owe link sh nid part In the golden chain which binds thi- Tni. n t getbe-, or the bluings of a peaceful cou'ederaey be eicnaeged for the sec ilar curaee of triUr war. that strong nodal <Upoeitlaa of Mr. Web?t#r of wtich I have ?p ken of eout>?, flttod him admnahly lor -onriTi*! lmerwrnree. 1 use that expree ?don in it* proper ftytnol' gijal sense, pointed out oy Ci e*ro m a let-er to one of his frioods, and referred to by Mr. Wevfer in a charaing note to Mr Rash, in which be contrasts too auper.or rettnomtnt of the Roman word tamirittrH (thring togeth?>) with the Greek tyntpotiii rn. which is m?ie y d inking together. Mr. Webster entered m< si itilly iuto the een iment ? f Cicero so beautiiul y ex. pr?nn in t-e tetter allotted tos sed aebenuK kI Po 'e exu-ajocum, mooeo te.qu>d per ?n?re ed beat* rivet dtm arMtror; wt cum vtrl* boots jun>in 4h, laaauubtui tin dram J>*ll afMlaa ?! oi; nihil ad beat* vt rendum a~o nmodailus Neo id ad roliip >aiem retero, aed ad eammnrtiaiem rt' ?? at Tip'ns retnl?Kiotn!.r.|UO aajnorom, juib n uiisa Honnooo eSUciiur familiar!. 'iui est in I'onrivio Mi . Webrrer loved to live with hi; f. leads, witi 'gcod plcataat nen who loved b<m " fbis was big IclUjht ahke wham oppremed with tha multiplied oarei of ? ,ffl:e at Wifb'ngtoi/, and wLen enj oing 'be >ep ose and quiet of Mar?hi!?>ld. He 1 ved to meet bis Men a at the social tMrl because It is there that men most cm', off tbe buicfco f tiin bu iuoM.s ana 'bought there, a* Cicero tt)>. tbac cuevcr-a'ion Li gweeteat; thore 'hat tie kindly MClkitl have bo tullest ol.iy. ily tno g-xsial syui pe hie* thus eultlva'ed tbe genial coa-ciousue-s of In dividual existence h?c>aien ci.?re intense. Ani who teat ever *nj?y d It can f ig*t tbe cfcarm of hit hospitality ? so liioral, fo eh ice, ao tho ijfutfu':' la tbe very Wftt <iji if his life, and when coafinei to Ike conch from wblch ne never rose, b? con tinntd to giT* mioute c tree ions lor the h">?p!t *bl<> entertainment of tbo anxijua and sorrow ol fnenda who came to MarstuieM. It be enj y*l socie'y hiaaeif, h wm.chfce contributed to its en] .yman* in ?<hers. tua cultequial p vers were. I think. quite eqiial to but parliamentary and forensic lalont. He had so ne tting instinctive or ingenious to Nay on tiie most fa alii tr I ooctsi-.n. la hi* pLiytul nn od be wan sot afraid to tnile out bu never p osed? never tal <lgej in coxm n pl^c* ? never cog tua ized iw never iffe.ted. His range ? infjimati' n *n m va?t ? his "bservi ion ?:< acute and accurate ? his tact in -cpa'aung the Important f'r .m tbe ODCiten tal ao niee? bit mem >ry * > re'eutive? his cm ?aaiid cf huiguag* to great, tha* his common tao e til*. W taker down from his lips, would h > ve stood toe test ot publication He bad a keen senso of tbe ludicrous, and ?epeated or listened to * humorous anecdote with infinite glee, fie narrated wltb unsurpassed element, brevity and grace; no tedious, nnueoessary details to .tpia out the stcTy ? the fit u It or mist profound raxm'tun? hat it* main points net each in its place. so as often to ?sake a little dinner t-ble eilc, ?ut all naturally and without effort. He delighted in anesdotes of eminent men, especially of eminent Americans, anc bia memory was stored wi h them. He would briefly discuss a question in natural bisto y relative for instant to cttttiate, rr tbe races and babits and breeds of toe dtf fereot d mystic animals, or the van >us kinds of our na tive game, for he knew the secrets of the forest. He de lighted to treat a totic crawn from life, m inner a and this great industrial pu -suits if life; and he did it with ?neb sptilt. and originality as to throw a cUanm arouul sobjec'B which, in ccnn.ion hands, are trivial and trnin vitii(. Nor were the stores ot cur sfe'ling liters " tiro Seas at bis command. Hi had such an acquaintance wi h tbe great writers of our lat gunge as enabled him to enrich hie c<ATcrsati"ns with tbe m >st apposite illual >ns and il histrntioDs. W hen the ooeaf ion and c naracter ot tbe e o m pa ny tnvi ed it bit col versatii n turn* d on higher themes and MMneiimes ro*e to he moial t .olitue. He was not 'oml of tl.e t?cbi>tcal language o metaphysics, but he bad grap pled, like the giatit he was. with the most formidable problems. In. Juiinran was wont to sayofBarke that a stranger ?hc !-b' ulil chance to inoit bin under a Mheo in a thower of rain would say, "Thitwas an ex traordinary wan." A stranger woo dil rot know tfr. WebeWr, n.igbt have pished a day with bin in his sea ?ins of rel>iSation witliout detecting the jurist or tbe ? ales tun, but be could not hare patted a hilf hour with him without coming to he conrlusi >n taat be was one ot ibe best infjimodof sea. His itersonal Mppetr- | mtice contributed to the attraction of his social in'er oourte. His eoTjn'emnce, ftame. exuression and jre eesce arrested and (ixed attention. You -oud not pa-s him unn.ticrd in a cr< wd, nor fail to sec io Id a a man of high n aik and character. No onn c ul l see hi n and net wirh to tee more of him; and this alike io puoilc and p in* Not-?itb taLdiog Ills nob: ? a -iture .itid a'hlitie ?le\ rl percent in after life, be was in his obilda > d frail and tender. In an aatob'ographi xil skotca taken do *n from bis cictatlnn, be says: ? w-is a weak and aiiio?r child ard suffered from almost every disoaso that fle-h ?? beir to. I was not able to w>rk un the Urm " This it wa a which detomined hi' father, though in straigU'nn ed drctimstiinc- s, to msko tbe effort to send Dinicl to eoilege; bornu>e, as ro.ue said, ''be was n t Qt for anjribicg tbe.'' His br ithor Jw, " tbe wit Gf I tfte faaaily," reoia-ked that -'it was necessi-y to send Dan t > tcno 1 to uuaks him equil to tbe rest of the boys." It was a "omewbat cart ju- feitare of .VcwFag land lift at that time, not w> oily unknown niw. ?nn it was cwing to tbe 'act that he ' ivas a wctlt and ailing ebi:d" thai Mr. Webtter received :n youth the beacBt of a ooJt-ge education. This inversion cf the c ear, liw of onr i stuie. which ?e<(u,.rej in the perf??ct ra-tn ,4a soand nJnd in a sound body, was, I supp se, o:c*su;ncd by tne arduous li'e nquif?<l to be led by tbe lndustriour. ye> ?aac in a Brw country. Wnsievcr was the aause, in a large familv < f sens he pilvilc'e of a ",iub'!,3 C3UC1 tion,'' ?s it was called, wa* usa-liy rcnerved fir 1 1: nar Km-'Jicsted, pale-faced Bepjittan ot tho tl >ck, the mo tber'c darling, in consi era. ion of ahoning prn.n'onis of endei ey to pnlmi nary di-ease, be was po!- :teJ lor a life of hard study acd sedentary labor. Kickeied a woile in tte puJpit. an l too of en crept before he was tif'-y to a comer o' nis own churchyard. Mr. Webs er by tbe blei ?tog cf Provir.enee. overcame tbe infirmities of :IiiIdhood, and altbcogh not lung subjected to the nardships of frontier li e, gre v up in the love of out do >r existence, and all tbe aanly and b altbfnl pursuits, exercises and tnit s of tbe country Bo?n ur-on tho verge ?f c.riltza ttot? bis father's b? use the furthest by four m'l*s on the iadlsn trail to Gknaca? hi- regained t.o the last his love lor tbat ptue f t*h nstcue in which he w*s eradied The dasfctog streams, which conduct the water* of the owe** of >ew Hamptbi e's lake to 'he noole Mcrnmai. that snpetb group of mountains (tbe Switzerland of th" United Stales ) among whinb tbo.-e wa era LaV'i thei ? ?ourscs ; the prineval forest, wnose aal- rum bick V) toe twelfth verre of tte litst tshar^erof Ocno-is. and never siaee creation j ieU e<l to ths settlor's aw, the g ay hnttjesses of granite which pi op tbe eternal I killfl- tha sa/'TAi altumn ti.m nf tlifl sfn.'nna sifh I the icy j<av?mcnt with whi h tbfy are floored in witter; tbe verdu e of spring; the prismatic tints of the aatumtal words, the leafless branches of Pe ?ember, g.< erin^ like arc^ee and c nidus of stiver anl crystal in the enc?anteu paiaces of (airy laid, soartllafi in tbe morning sun with winter's jewely, diamond and amilhyst, and ru'.y and sapphire; the carhelral aisles of patbleM woods? the mournful be nl wk, tbe M e oun-iMrkiag" pine ? bung with drooling creeoers, Bke funtral b.nners pend?nt from thereof ot chancel mr tran?ept over tbe graves of ihe old lords of the land; these ait retained for him to the clore of his life ao un dyiif charm. Bat though he ever clung with tondaess to ibe wild mountain scerery amidst which lie *as born and pass* d bis youth, be lovul nature in all her other aspects, rbe sir 'pie beauty to which he had brought his (arm at Mart hfidd, Its approaches, its grassy lawns, Ha veil disx?ed planta ions on the hill sides, unprc tondirg bnt taste ol, and forming a al iasing inter, change with bis oora fields and ta nlp potihcs, showed his t*?*fbf]|ty tr tbe miloer benitles of civilized c 'li ter*. He iBdsrstcod ? no one more ? the secret sympa thy of nature and art, and often conversed on the principles which govern their relations wi h each otber. He ap].rcnia*ed the infinite bounty with which nature furnishes materiiU to the artirtic powers of man, at once her ser' ant and master, and he kn-w not less tbat tho blvhest exercise of art is but to im iia'e, interpret, ssleet an<\. c tr.blne the properties, aflnitlt-s ano proportions otta?ure; that in reality they ?re parts of oae great ?y-t?>m; for natute is the Mvlne Cieatm's art, ano art is rn Moral man's creation. Tlia meanest weed and the bumhie?t zoophyte is a mo- 1 won Arena woik of a more than human art. and a chrono ?safer or an t lee trie telegraph is no dead machine, bnt a portion of the Hvirg and ioscrutab e powers of nitiue? magnetism, eobesion, eUstlcl y, ^ruvitatifn ? comsioed in new torms and skil'ully'.^rrarged conditions by the creative skill cf man. But not less than m urUin or plain he lon-d tbe sea. He loved ti wolk, and rile, and itive upon that nugniflcent be* eh that st:e'che* from Green Harbor all round to the (iurnet. He 1 rved to pass hours I might say. da^ in bis boat. He loved to breathe the healthful aii of the salt water. He loves', the mnaie of the ocean, through all the mighty ac laves d rep aad hlgb of iia far resounding register: from tbe kiry plash of a midsummer's ripple upon the margin of somo cosy creek to 1hc sharp hrrwl of the tempest, whiah wrsncbes a light house fi?m it* cUmps and bolts, atboa deep tn the living ro :1c. as easily as a gardener pulls a weed from his flo wer birder. There wn s, In tact, a manifest sympathy between bis great mln'1 and taii wotld surrounding, deep heavirg, tocasureleis, evsrlast ng, infinite deep. His thoughts and conversation otten turned np?n it and its great organic re*ati ms with other parte ot nature and with man. I have heard nim alludn to the my iter ions antilogy between the circulation ear Tied on by veins and arteiiae. heart and longs, and the wonderful ieVrchsnge t>1 venon? Into Mierlsl blood that miraculous comoilcntirn which lies' at the basis of animal ufe ? ond that equally eomplica ed and more stu pendous ciren'atlon of river, ocean, vapor and rain, which frem the fr?.?h curren's of tbe rivers fills the depths of the salt sea: then l r vaporous distillation c*r ries tha wattn which are under the (lrmaitteni up to tlie cloudy cisterns of the waters above the Armament ; waft* them on Ihe dripping w'ngs of the wind against the moun tain sides. piecfpita<ea tnem to tbe earth In tha form of sain, and leads them again throngb a thousand channels, opt d and sees et . to the te Tsef tl.e rivers. He loved to ecn template tbe prrfasion cf life tn the ocean, from tha ?careeiv animated g< lafn^n- spark, which UghM op the how of the plunging vetael with its apactrai pbos pbere?*?t gleam, through tbe vast Varietif s of fish that tarm m iatporlant a part of the food if man, ap to the Mighty MMt? rs which walliw tbrougii its depths, from ?Web they are drtjrged by the skill and courage of the whafeMw, to light our dwellings? a specie of industry, by the way, frst piaeticed in this eountrv la the Waters ?f the ?M eoicny. Tew persons, not pr.,feaaed men of ?elence, wer# as trell ioitr-clsd a# Mr, Webster wl<b 'be natural hirtory of th. function! if th? ft? ? |ifcr?W tO |M etTofelUOQ MST^W^Tto theeomn-reW ?n4 poli*?l re gions cf nations. You can easily see, my fhends, how ^po,?Mf attraction a mind Uke hU would be ted to nicitate en tb*w> subject*. 1 remember with great distinctness a drive wrich I took with h m upon that noble N-ach to which I here just alluded, <n the aummer of 1A40. It wa? a rainy morning and we were In an open ohaise, but lie eejoyed the drive. Heavy clou<U alternately li'ting and (linking, hung over the wjter, aiid the wind was cbUly for the cea?on, from the no rt heart The nate of public affair* wax interesting at the eomnonoeroent elf a new ad mini?tiaik?n, but not a ward waa said of polities. Hp taihfd principally of the scene before ua ol the tea, dwelling upon acme of the topics to which I have alluded. Me did not like the e pi bet "barren," applied to tbe aea in Bt mar, aa u#u?l)y translated , and w u gra tided with the rogg* stlon that thei e were other interpretations of ihe word more elevated and (nil of meaning. As we drove off the txach. being compelled to do so by tbe ahower. be raid, "When I am at Franklin 1 think there is nothing like the rivers and mountains, and when I eve to Mar&hfleld it seems to me there is nothing like 'he ?oa. There is certainly something in it which fills the mind. I'pon the whole," Byron was right : ? There is u pleasure in the atbless woods, There If a rapture tx> the lonel' ibore. There i? v clety where nene Intrudes By the deep Ma. a' d music ui lis roar. 1 love ret mas tbe lew*. hut nature mare >or ib?f? our inlet views in waicb 1 steal Prom all 1 may oe aad have been before. To Birdie with Ihe universe, and t'-el V bat I can ne'er express, but cannot all eonceaL Mr. Witwtu'a keen rtlsn lor the be*uties of nature gave a fieahi.t.ss to his peremption cf her every oay oc currences, which, in coi sequence of their tain illari ty , are looker upon b? loost persons with indilfe euoo. Hit tees lhat beau'lful loiter on ' Tne Morning/' which has found it* ?ay iuu> tho paper". Surely never waa ->uoh a tetter wjitu-n before by a ?aUistn*n in politi al life, starting on a tour of ohsei vatk-n. Spending nut a singe day in l.iohmi nd, he n>es it 4 o cloc? to su vey tie ci y tn tbe grsy cf 1be moini< g, and returning to hi* lodgings at 5 o'clock, addresser* that admirable let'er to his friend and lelative, Viis. J. W. I aige, of B. stun >? It is rooming, and a morn to:: sweet fresh and dettghtfu'. Ercjtody know* ihe morning in Its mitathori.*' sente, ap plied to ?o inativ ol'jent and on so manv oocwkjo"< * * Bot ibe moruirg ItaeX few people inhaMunta of .?illes? know any btng abou'. Arantij mir k"">od people of Boston, not ore in a ihomand fe<-s the sue rise orce in a yesr They know 1 otbiog ol ibe morning 1 belr Idea ff It i?, Uiat. It Is mat pa-t of the day which wines along alter a 'up of cilloe and a ^oet Meak, or a piece 01 toast With Ibum morning Is not an bluing of hght, a new bnj?Unfj forth of tbe sua, a no ? w>tking on of all tbat has Ife trom a ac rt or temporary d?'V.'u, to ncho d scsln ihe wr>r! 9 of t?od, tho Heavens and tbe Bsr'n. * * Tbe Urn fslni ftresks of ituhi. tho earliest pnrpleing of the ?an wbi-b tbe Ui' k spring* up to *r*-ot, and the deeper vid accocr Cf ioring into orange and red, U 1 at length the glorious sun Is aeeti, 'rcgeci ot day," this loey never trjov 10- tnoj never sen BesuiUul description* nt tbe Hun abound m ail languages, but tbey an* the strongest perhaps in tha-e of the Ka". where tho sun is so often an ohjee' of wor?hlp. K iti< David speaks of tatn* to bim?eU' the "wuigs of ibe momleg '' Tblsls liU'biy B Ucal ana heanllftil 1T?; wirgs of the morning ?ro tho ma of ibe ri?lng Sun. haisof hgh> are win t**. ills said tbat 'the tuu of rigbteon?neas kha'1 arise w th boa 1 in,' In his wings;" arising sun abloh sM 1 scat'er life *ud hca'ib, an.l joy througbont the unU en e. ? * * 1 * * I know tbe morning, I am arvjnalnte<? with it, and I love it, freihaLd sweet as it is. a d?ily new oroati?n breaking 'orth ami calling ali ttat have lile, and bi eath and being to a new adoration, now enjoyment, and new gra*. tudu. But Mr. Wess'er's lnind was eminen ly practical, anil it was by no means through his taste and feelings alone hat he entejed int? this iniimate communioa with na ture. H? allied hiinseif to it by one ol the chief pursuit! 01 his lile. fiotwlths'anoiog the engrossing nature of bis piofessional and official duties, no gave as much t ms aid thought to sgiiculture ?s is given by most persms to thfir main occupation. His two extensive farms a*. Franklin and Marsnfifcld? ' the lortner the much loved place ot his buth. the latter the ?< ar<*ly lets tavored re son of which he became posaessea in middle ii'e- wjro carried on under his immediate superintendence? ?ot tte normal supervision ol n ma'.eur agri mltuH tts, leaving everything, gieat and aaall, to a fo.eman; but a minute and intelligent supervision given to particulars, to tbe work of tvery week, and whcie it was possible every diy; when at heme by actnai direction, and when a>s?nt by regular and detailed correspoudeoce. In the large mass ol Mr. Webfter's letters, there is no subject more fre<iueat ly treated, or with greater intcie.it, than this, in hi* ccr legponaccce with his foreman and ot&ers In rela'lon to his lai 1 us. Brought up on a New England farm, be knew sometbii g from the associations of his early days, of old-fashioned husbandry, and in later life, ob seivation, experiment and bo. ks had kept him up with the curicnt of all ihe re *nt imp ov utnents. Witu every department of liusbanory? the <{uallties of the soil, the gicat art of enrlchir v it, to which modern chemistry h^s given tuch extension: the ?uccesoijn of ciope, an 1 h-i : comparative aJsp'atiin to our soil and climate; tho vane its of animals, and their preference for dralt, flesh and the dairy; the construction and use of agricultural implements? with all tbeee subjects in all their tranches ana detaiit, he appealed to me as familiar as witl ttie eltmentary principles of his prufe&sioo. His knowledge of tbeu was prac<:cal as well *s iheoietU'al. denv<d in part from experience, and actually applied by him in the man<-geneiit ot his ow a firm . lie had an c.spe C'al "onJLees for fins U\c stock, and [>oss<' sod ad mirable specimens d it. Euroaosn and American. Ihis ta>te never ("ewted htia. On ona of tte lasi t!aj 1 ol his life, le caused hiiutelf to be moveil to a lavoiitd baT-?in?ow, and af'er he had been empojed ?i h bis friend a\>d tecretyry (ilr. (S. J. Abbot) in dic'ating a part ol' Lis will he dirocled thne favo ite y< ke of llungxriati oxnn to be driven up to tbia wind.-w, an: hoMr.genieieu IntoapMUcuurdessrif ti n < f tteir age, b e~d anil history, gave dfr?c*iODg far tbolr being weighed and measured the following day. No subject attracted moie of las attention in England titan 'arming. Hit- only public Sjitr-ch taule bv hi n in tnat country, of which a i?rport baa b*cn pree-TV*-!, ?n that nwn'e nt the meeting <'i the loyal AgTloltar-il Society a ' Oxford. i<ia firat public aiditvs, on Jm rotaia to thli countiy, de.i.oed it the f>'aro House iu Boston, oon tii ir td Hie re tilt* of his obsf rvitlnns ou tbe agricu turn ffKi gland. Many of >ou ioy fiends, mu.it have heard ! Mr Webster conv"crs? on agricultural tepics. I recolleet ou one occsahn t< hove beard him explain the 03! -ii .Ions which determine h* limit* within wcich tiie?ari? ig co Ttal T>ain8 cut. he cultivated to r.dran'age 'n Europe and Amence: urfol 'ing the do:tiice of l?o'hermal linos, in eomi -lion vrtlh the rations grains, jomo of which n quite a lorg mtnner and s:nte a hot sum tier. Hta rem&t'-s on (his tubject, evidently th-nwu off wlh.nt premeditation trcold have "enriched the pates of a tcieiililic j- urrn1 Onanot.er orcninn I re u-emHr to hare lieai d Mm stac with pre ition the re fceLt of a fnvoiite n-itive breed of hoire*. with a 1 the ehaiaeter'Wic points of a good nlmtil ; and on another, tho ooestion leiaive to the lndig-?non.s otigin ot lndita corn I n?ni? these fart. liar ins uoees, which nnv o:cor to lie jruong the lecoi.ectioi s of ;he sooial board, .^e tjiiiI ol you, rr\ liic-tri.-. conld greitly eularge the hit. In fact, whether a? a fitSsieo, a patriot, or a pra<tic*l philosopher, Mr. Wel>stn> n-lcd was powerfully di a vn to agrlcultaje. C-.uld he ).&va chostn hi- precise pjsl 1 ion in iife. I think it would have been t hit of an ex ttndvo lsn< holder, corfiur-'ipg the operations of a largo foiin. At Oxford be -aiti:? Whatever else may 'end to en'ich and beattifv society. :h?t whi''h 'eeds ai d c'othes ? outioi-tablj tlie *n.i?s of mink od, ihonld always be regarded as :he great louniatlon oi nationsl prosperity. In tbe lieginningof th?t at.Vre*s in the ^ta'.e H&u.-e, to -chub I ha*e ieferre<), he Kl<3>? I resard aarie.ilture aa the leading tLle'est of *0 -let*. ? " ? I tare bees Uaih^tr wiib is ot i raiions ('? om my rouib, aud 1 have always looied upon rhf fnhjeo*. wit'j a II rely and lee!) in tntere-t. A? the m. ctiog of tbe Norfolk Agricultural Soc'tty, a* I'ednrin, be railttl a^rirnltuie ' tae ir.tm p usr.it or life." Weighty w- 'ids fM>a? aueh a -ource W hut Mr. Gobbler con-iuftci "ihe leacing iutere-'. of i-ocUty'' and '?iht giDai founua'.lOTi ct Latiouiil pmcpority" ml!?ht vtell oecui y bi? time, his Ifcong^its ond hie profound at*en tion VetuTe pofuliir bodies he (poke of it In It? econo mical relation* ; but In narrower clr:le? and on pr ipci tccasioni be- delighted to dwell on iu sutillme philoso phy. And what waribier thcae, my frien'ls con oectpy tho niostexttl'cd intellect, what aneject is so weal enlcn lnted to t at-K the highest powers of though".? Wnere in ttie natural world uo we come ao near the trnces of that inoflable Power, wtich, in the jreat ec .nomy o' vegeta tion, hant* orchard and ^rme and fjrest wiru th- pom pous drapery of May, an<l strips them to their shivering branches in Novem:<cr: which lnya on', univ?rwil nataro as *e see it now in lhl< cold niueing sheet of snow, not to sltep tlie sleep of tV nth, but to waken her again by the concert of birds and warbling brooLs and tbe soft breezes of spring: and whlcb, when man eiira to heat on for hia daily bread, iustend of giving h>m n stone. sn\tto? the ma't c el ?'?da of winter all round the g'obe wi li his creative w^tnd, and bids tbe m bring fortn graas lor the eal'lo and herb fjr tl e aeivicc of n>an, and wine that waketh glad the h*.art of nsn aud oil that eau?eth hie fire to shine, and bread that streigthen*th tbe heart of mm. I meant, my friends, to have smd a woid of the delight taken by lir. Webster in the healto/ul and invig'ira'ing nporis of the toroet, tbe field, and tbe ton; with waat keennesn ami success be lollowtd tliem, bow well ho underuo d them. In tfc "?e he fonnd his tavori'e relaxation from the anxie ties ot office, and the labora of hia profession. Toey were to him a div nion, in the proper sease of tbe word, they illvcttad, turned away his mind ? r >m the grett care:: of life, and fntnitbed him an exhilarating oc^npi tlon ; which, withf.ut mental atrain, stimulated and re frtsmd his intellectual powers. To these sports he brorght sll tho scienee and maste>y which their na'ure ndmi s. An apt pupil in the ech'xd ot old Isaac Wal ton, ho was tDtirely lamiliar with the an^iei < cu i ion." loie. The <li.1*r?nt kinds of Sah that All our waters? their h*bit?, their resorts, their rela tions to each other; tbe birdi" which frequent onr shores, loafshes, and cpian'.a. with every variety ot larger game, hac^keen auljecU'd by h:.m to axurate inveatig* tfon partlculaily i-j i-'erenoa to thcl r noinM of resem b'anrc to their European congeners. It was not e?sy to a*k bim a quenion u}.on any topic of this kuid. to wntea a a*ti?r^eto) ? leply wa- rut ie?dy. I hope tuy fricadt. yon will n< t think I atr. owtlhrig on trifles. Voa aU kn?w how Cfffh tl.e taste h-r these manlv sports en tered Intu Mr. Webster's character. The Amerisans, as a people? nt least the profesd nal and m?re,intile c'assrs ? have too little considered the importance o( hialtbftil letfrotia recreation. They have not learned the lesson contained in the very word which te??te4 that 'he worn out man Is ie-crcrted. made /vt r arain bv tbe ~tn+r natle relaxation of toe strain 'wl laeul tft?. Tbe old woilri learned this lesson years ago and fbutid on*. / flerrd 1. liili th?t as tile bow always k"!Brl will at last break, po the man. forever on tne strain of thot:gbt sn.t nctlon. will at lest go m?d or break down. Thrown upon a new c. ntlnent? < sger to do the work ot twinty centimes in two, the Ai glo-A nerican population has over-worked and is d iUy overworking itts i. PTcrm n-.ornlr g to night - from Junutry to I??cetn ber. hiain ar.d bar.d<. eyes p.nd flngors? tie powers of the b <ly and the powers nt" 'he mind ? are in spismodic mer dJoss ac ivhv. Tber- is no lack (fa few tasteless and fullers '* isf- ipstioEn which are eailt'l amusements, hut noble athletic sports manly outdoor ?xe?eis?s, are too little enlti-at#'! in town rr tour try I>e' me not con olnde, ny friencs, without .peuklng of a irtiM more en sealing aspect v( Mr. Webster's charec'or, f itenn tbe wurmth and stnogtb >f his Until/ natnral nfl'ections. The great sympthlfs of a t/as> generous spirit were aa strorgly i*eveioped in Him an the mascular r- 'tveis of his frame or the capacHi)* of his migh'y iitellect. In all the gent e hnmanlHn of I!fr h? had the ten den, ess of ?? w<"n?n. H-- hnaored hi-' p*rnnt?, he lav?f) '."-(otji, r at .? ?ist- 1 ;hm! aoij ehilJ, be cherished Mta4 and neighbor, the eompeatoaa of boyhood, tovaa taa?, >H schoolmaster, humble ttpnduit, felthfol mrvant. aad cultivated all tho otMl kindly Inattncta, if o*httt there be, Willi the ?mt steadiness, wanuti and energy of Mai vith which be pursued the feat secular object of life. Mere socUl complsoeoey mar have a se.ilsb basin, but Mr Webster's heart was toil ot pore disinterested love. Religious convic i in ii an aet of the understanding bat he bowed to the infinite with the snbmtaslveneBs of a child. #lth what tendrrnn*e he contemplated the plaoe of his birth; how f *ndiy he pointed to the site of the humble cottage where he first diew the breath of lite; bow he valued the paternal trees that shaded it : how hi* heart meitod through lite at the thooghtof tbe sacrifices mad* by hit aged pa?tnt? the hard working veteran of two wars? to procure hm , on education; how be himself toiled to soeure that advantage to hia older brother; how he cherished tbe find ?ywpathiea of huaeand and la her. how he sor'c wtd over the departed, how he planted ai* grief, if I oar ssy so, in the noil of Marshfield, in designating tne trees by the names of his beloved son and daughter, how benn'iml the dedications in whijh ht has consigned his ftWLdshiP* aod hU loves to immortall y, how sublime aid touchlrg the pathos of his last fhrewtUs, how saint like tl)t limitations of hi* departing spirit? h>w can I a> ten pt to do justiee to topics like these, whose sacredn-ss thinks from the most distant approach t? pub ic dis eutaicnl Tb<>?e were the pure fountains froui which ne drew not mere'y the beanty bat the strength of hi character, evsry tacuUj of bis mind and every porfwe of bb will, deriving near strength and fervor 'ross the wai roth of bis heart. But some may ask were there ao sbad< upon this bright vie tire, no spot* upon the disc of this meridian sua* Was hi at leng'h 1 cat faultless monster wi ich the world ne'or saw, or ^id he tsr'ake tbe infirmities of our common huma nity f Die hiit gr-at intellectual, e mo tonal, and phy sical ngai lzu'ion, amidst the stroi g ac i?>n and reaeuuu cm lis vast energies, lis iu'oc-c cou>ci"UBoen ot' p<iwer its btering ampliation*, its hard stroetfiott wl h tor tune in early lite, its vehement ai:'ag' r.i>m? o? a Utsr [o.-lxl, tte eihilaiatious <>i triumph, th? la?stu< e of exertion ? d d it n< ver, under the urgent pressure of the in*"ro!tt.?. the parsi< ns, the txlgencies of the hour, divign in th> slightest degi#e from tho g.ld< n mien in which clui.iteied phurst.phy pltces absolute moral perfect irn? To thii questlm, which no one has a ti*ht to put but an angel? wh< te sen ne virion no mote distemper* ? so which no one wi'l expect a negative answer bui a I'hariooe. with a besm in his eye big enougi for the croc*- tree of a >*vaa gi'gue? 1 make no response. I c nftac mytclr to \wo lefleetims? first, that while cout. mporaty meiit is lor tbe most part grudgitgly estimated, tbe tauit!< el' veiy gicit met, paced ax th?y am nj rn cu inctKe whu e no hiog ccn bo oncealed, and ob ject.'- if the most scrutiniri' " *.ostM'y pei io. al and (.oliticaL and Hko tne spots c .ho son, u> which I have ct.miaied them, '?otn ft 1- the mo*t part through tel?s that magnify a hind e.K a thoimaiid t raos; and teornd, that not seldom, in reference to iiiim Im tha Btr< tjilj izcite tbe public mind, the imputed error is on tbe fc'dM of the obsert or. We learn fro u iho fca 1 o' R'SS, that 'he most difficult problem in prac ic<l scionc* i' to c Bhtruet a lens which will notcistortthe b'?fy it reflects, lbe ('lightest aberration from tho true curve of too apo cula- n-iri' r ut ei ough to uuench he liies ot hiiias and oxeok to club ot Bcrcu'es* The nn.tiv<M and c >t>duc?, the P r it i i j. Joe ana tho characters of tsen are notions 1 kely to fce luihta'stu than the lined and anplo* of mato rial bt-tiep. Tho uncharitablcnoai or iii( ivlauals and pariion ti ill sometime* cot found a refect in th? b1i..~s wiih a bleni'h in tic object. A fly. hatched Item a niaggot, in our own brain creeps into tho tune, sad uttaigntwav we p:oci?im thtt thcro h a mtnstcr in tbe heavens, which inruatci a u< devour the sun Hnnh, my iriendn, mo4 inadequately -kctcaol, in some t f h*s private and personal relati< n.?. was Mr. Websler; not tie jurl x, not the Senator, not the atatos tn:in, not 'he orator, but tho man: and when you add t > then- amiable per sonal traits, of wtich 1 have etidaav ired to tnlivtn your recollections, the remembrance ot wha'. he was In thofO great public capacl'ies, ? n which 1 have iiujpoelj omitted to dwelt, but whi .h it h*? tasked the t ift est surviving talent to ceserlbe, iiijy *9 not fairly say that, in n any tespects, ne stood without an equal siroig tto men of his day and genora ion. Beni cs hi< nubln ptiieuco and majestic countenance, in haw n u?y pflnttt. and those of what verrati e ex cellence, he towered above his fellows ! If you desired enly a companion for an idle hoar, a summer's drive, an cveiiibg romblo, wo> 0 pica sant conversation would charm the way, was thero a man living ytu would sooner Lave sought than lilmr But if, on the other ham*, you wished to be resolved on the men difficult point of const l'.utional jnilrprudea-Hf or public Jaw, to whom would y< u have pr opounded it sooner than to 1 lm ? It' y<u desir ea a guest for a social ci'c e who e vo y ptt siucc, when ceremony is dropped and care bailahtd, save lite arid cheeifn'neas to the boa'd, wou d not your thought, ttLile be was with us; havoturnot 10 htm r And if your life, your fertune, your good liaw w( re in peril; or you wished for a voioi <1 patriotic ex hoitaticn "oiirg ihtough the land: o{ if the grea' iato rest? 01 the coi:nt:y weie to be explained and vindicated in hi fcnato or the cahiret; or if the welfare of oar be lotol Lail?f .Ehd, the union of the states; pcaco or *%>r with fottigii powers, all that is dear or important tor yr-utj-el-vesststi jotir chilartn were a' stake, old t orelivo tbe n an, nay. did there ever live the nun, with who.-e invllect to cncei\e, whose energy to enforce, witotu vi ice to proclaim the riifbt, y< u would hatre lesttd so sccuie? And 11, through tbe ?' clouc" of party opposi tion, toctienal pjpjucice, personal " detrasti in,'' and the tr.:ll nty avai'abitl:ie.'i which citcli tho dazzled fan cit> 01 TLen, ht c- uld have "ploughed his way," at the nioililias of his life nnd the ma'uiity of nis foculUeS, (.:> th:<t p< nttian 'nhieh his talen's, his patxliti'm, and hi* tuibhc "uvices so h Uilv merited, woeld he not, oey -nd all qtiidirn, burn adraitirttrcd the gaternment nliha dignity, a ahd'm, and a fide l'y to the constitution not Fin pat-sod sinco ftic days of Washington? Two days b> ft rt tte dccrHse ot litnlrl We'csier, u c<ntli ana thought ful ?pliit tfuched to "the finest issues," t'liov. I)r. Fif.tli t jhaai ) who know and levered hit* (ar r bo toat tttiiy ki on hita did not.) c. n'emplatiig tho "ctling snn aii he shed hlf part iDg sniiie" on the tnellow sLies of Octo'.f r, and anticipation that a brighter sun was soon ti .-c-t. which muM use no moic on ear b gave uurianrn to his feoiirgs In a chs-te and elevated sua in, which, . him yuic, ctptcsses tbe feelUgs ofall present:? S'l.k thou autumnal can ! The 'K f? will miss the r ad tauee of tfclnc eye, fJlud in their .Joseph roa* of q,iw a djo. 1 ho pioni/i will mhs tbco tn the fading sky; But now in other elirm-s thv racc tnoat run, IhU d?y ot glory (lone. Pink . thou of robler light I 'lit'! lud * III mourn ihteln it* darkling hcur. It* beftvena a'o * ?ray at thv rellnnp po ?c.r, rhfcii shlLing orh ol mind thou beacon tower 1 Be thy ejeat n. emery still a gnaidlan might When thotl art gone from siirht. i*ctcs vreie also made by Hoc. Ilutus ChiH'e, Gov. 8. Hllip.It ar.?l others, and the festival was prolonged till a late hour. Theatres and Exhibitions BHOAiiWJnr Tiikatbb? tbe speciaalo entitled "The j ef Jet'-' on inr.es the gt eat fc.nnre of attraction at thli hd o. TLc>c- who <n>ire to wl'nefs a graphic represen tation of the (ffteU of Tint or in the Polar region*, wlth ont sapei ienring any of the bcii'ly discomfort* incident to tb.it eld ana cneerloss quarter of the globe, slioulj see the grand panorama of the breaking up of an ocean ot ice, togetiei with a won'ertuIlT na'ural portrai'n.c or tlie aurora horoelis. as delineated in this ('tain*. "Catch irg a Met il aid" is the efrerpleco to night. N two's f:Annt.v._,\ new si mlcillty fre.ro the (n ei> pen cf Jerome Fa-el, called "The ?cboo.ma>t<r," in which all tfcp Rareih haTO oharf.e'.er' spec ially adapted to their anilities. Till to aft seated to-night. The piottylit.ie ballet rf' "rerpslehtte, or He's of the Muses," will fo! low. M ile fcobect, the bjiUiant thmv w, ana Other rut nit ers o' '.be great bullet corp*. perfoim several ne# and ticgant ?Ju ret? in.tl'l* piece. The anu> ementa elos-e with Jerome Vavel'a great fairy pantomime, entlteu "Beenl," n L i oh is ore of tbe fine"* scenic ptccee ever produced at this ftvorlte houje. Eavtm' TnnATBr. ? Mi>a DcutU will make Iter third ap pcarancc th> evening in the part of I'psdemona, in ehalnpctt'l jr cut tragedy of ?'Othello." Mr. Johnston wi;l suppott her a* l? go, uni Mr. and Mrs. Wa rd as Othello litid Fmlila. The rrageuy will bo sucseeded liy the highly PTcltif'g oiaica <ierotnini.Ud "A Father's Dream" ? Mr. K. Jobs* ton as Old Adam, auJ Mrs. Ward B Pho-be. Between Ifce plays there wl l be a song by Misa tinbam and csncing by V.iz. f = G allot and Melvdie. li U ;eld?m that a lill is pififutcd posi-ebsicg so inajiy at tractions, particularly for a f-V nrday i igbt. JlimroA FTtinMPi ? Tht: Indusliion" nan igi; will again apptar In two of the taree excel cnt pieces offered at bi-? lion-e to-r i(jht. The opening picce is "Twenty tllnatei wi*b n Tiger.'' foliolred by the charminT curoedyS' ' ."weetbmits ?nd V i?e?" ? Mi. fiaiton in hU gtest eht ractcrcf BUly Lack*day: l.iigeni* by Mrs. A J'arker, bcr llrst *ppparai>p? here; tne other parts will be we 1 repici-f-ntea throughout. The comical cratca of 'Hur. ton * ?-pw York Directozy,'' Mr. H.irton a* Pic->4illy, cl .sea the enteitainments. Tun eno gh for <m? niqrLt. Witisoi's Ttnatar. ? The revival of Bon ret ^tilt's c.meey of -Ixitc aid Min<y" seem.? te hnvc oceu a ionrct- of rjui e as much plcafure to the audiences ai it has 1>?en of pioflt to th< pemi'W tnansger Toe lending eliartctcis could not l^e entrusted to More at. e hin<1? trail Messrs. ixn-ei. Brougham and Wnle it, Mead^aes Iioty, Vernon. ^t?-phiiQH, Hi nughvn, C'opovpr. andntherx. The Vorctdy will V- follnwid, this tveninp. by the greit ixtraTugtitixa callcd ?Tn-cn-h m ton." fWch ha.- no? been running a month, and would probably run as much kirgtr, f ?T ?A Knt B'S VARtniw ? Tlioffi who de*ire to wit nes- the ikgant eorneoy ?.f ill Water* Hun lieep," with it* adiDiratlo cast, should not neglect the present opp> tt unity, an it will be wtttidrawn af or to-night to make room tor other novelt.fn. As a gaaran'ee that ??cry churapter i*. ably rendered, it is only rcqui-ite t?i mention that Mils Keene plaj* Mrs. Steruhold: Mis-i Kcignolds. Mrs. Miklmay; Mr. JUtar. Mr. Potter; ilr. Pyott, Jchn Mil imay, aod Mr. O. Jordan, the villain Hawks'ey. The ipiejM jd I .allot < f ' Tne Prima Donna" , will also be performed lor the last t'mo. Wood's M:.Vp"ntKt^.? After rendering a number of their best scngs, both jocular ard ?rniiraent?i, thi> favorite troupe wlh to-niglu appear in the VirloMjue of "Robert Macau e." Bcf*JiT> Pekkv AnHtP. ? The tnrlc!"iue ealhd "P.ichar l the Tblid,'' which Das been the can?? of groat me-rWnt for a foitclght, will t-e performed to utght for the last tlire. 7"he custoirary rwlety of sing'oj and dancing. Ibj Boon Cnif rnr> will gi?e readings from fihakj-pere and other authors, this afternoon and oreuing, at the At" '.It !'.e.rm?. These talented jnTenilei heve a W-g, numrcr of tnends, who, it is hoped, will not forgtt Item on thla eecasio*. Sara) Intelligence. The XaraHourt Manlal afsem led yesterday at the Ntrv "i aro, Pbiladelpbta, for the trial of t'ommandor Ito be- 1 nitehie. for lnraltlng larguipge nwd to Capt. fcainnel F. Di.pent, . tncamiaf the notion of tbc l*tc Naral lie til log Hca'd, o( which Captain Dupont was a munbor, snuiy which Commander Ritchie was retired on lull leave pay. The following Is a list of tho officers wh > cenr.pofe tlie Court t'ommodore I,. Kearney, President; 'ieoi^e W. Hi orrr, H. A. F. lavalette, If.iae Mnyo, Gap laina Thra. A. f'onover, .faD.ee M. Mcintosh. John It Mf nteomery, JtH-hui R. Hands, WillUm Vieholaon John" Kelly, Tb'mas A. foniin, jl'iederick Fugle and

John Hi, /Id. Commander IT. B. w. Ktaneo/ will he Ji.dge idTooate, and Hon. Charles ('. Coria l ex Scceeta?y of the Nary, euun-el fer the accused. Owm nail ??BTto?pe<WMa tMVnlM Halui ?lad HUOM> New Tout, Nov., MM. Harlrg In view the renewal of my proportion tv pov orotuen', 'otiauport the (.'sited 8t?t*o mail from New Yotk to hunpe, twice a nnn<h, alternately with the Collin* line, 1 tar* t bought it might not be improper to acdr*** a lew remark* tearing upon the * abject to the member* of tbe Henato and Boom of BepresenU t lvoa, for the purpose of drawing their attention thereto. 'lhe p ac icablli y of navigating the ocean With ft earn er* of great eajaeltj and power had ben d>*eti?t l for twenty jeat* by merchant* and moa of sclenoe, before th* rzpei iment w*a toocoMtnlly made, Individual en terprise, unaided by government patrmagw, wired the luiportatt problem. Tie Great Western, constructed in IK 8, made her first paArage atror* tbe Atlan'ic from Live pool to New Ton, la flfttea days. Ibh aeklart mtnt, inatiguratir g a* it did, a new era in oomaercitl history, gave a toeih impul** to the fa* aeeing and aaga cion* poiiey of toe British government. A rapid and punctual com municat ton with uUtant fort iga porta, a* won as with the eo onial possessions, which contributed in lied the main anerie* of her eemmerce. Boomed now ?xriu>>)Tely wltcin the power of cmr great ooaamorcUl tital. l ur the time bring, ahe had oUtanced competi ti u, aid apparently reeurtd .he suureocacy cf tbe com io?ic??l woi.d. Her po.tey In relation to ihi* great en it rf rise was at once prompt, liberal and c imprehenst re. liat government, justly apprehensive .hat p. irate <-a| iial ai.o individual an < rprlno could not al'ine accom piiah tt e rean t ot tecu lag to hor the ascendancy of the often, deto mined to U nn her aid ; and, a a early a* 1839, ootitracMd with ibe Cunard Uuo to carry the mail twice ? mouth between Livarnocl and Boeton, via Hail ax, for ? be sum of tmce honored aid twen-y.flve thousand dol inrr <8*.6,CC0) per annum, This compcasa 1> n wa? after ? ui dh lnciea rd to four hone too and iweuty- live thou ? una oi Ua h ($4Vt,0t0) per annum, with the tiipuiatim La. <be fct?aiue>t should be of not lesa than 1,200 tons riuitlien, and four hundred and tify horse pmvor. I bete was na'ional economy, as well as a high er grade at national poiiey in thia proae iog. tttween the year* 1841 and 1846 inclusive, the tuard line u.ac'e two hundred and twenty-foor tt ij s. and p?!d into tbe Hritlshfltreasury. in the ahauo of pi Mvie in m tillable m*v?r. teven minions tight hundiei aic thi tj-aix thoui-and eight bandied dollar* (87,846, fct#). Ibe sum ? aid to the owneis of thi-> Uuo witbin tuo use petit d. uiOer ;ibe contract of 'our hundred and twezi'.t-fivr 'humane. ci ilai s (8425,000), pet annntn. was '?o mi II ma five bund td and fifty thousand dullara ( ? tbo, 0), leaving a balance of iive million* two bun ? ?d ! a righty-cix thousand eight bun ?> ret dollar a (I3.2?ti 800). <o U ecitdii of the Stilish g- vornrnent. Thi* tuo> e then Uvo' able result no doubt t ad much influonce in Uicncing the latter to enlarge its operations in lhat oi itviii n. Ihe number of * eauisbipi in tbe line was in ?ita.-eo, and the allowance for ine conveyance of tbe mails ftxrd at nine bnudiod and forty thou and t#o huu d.ec d< liar* (1940 :00) pv annum, or abmtaixeeu boutaLd tix hi ndieo and eighty oulais (816,680), for ea.-b ri i nd tiip. ti? w ? ver munificent this allowance may seem, snd 1*. lie ) sjilci t was dictates by sound and patriotic policy, frjcni tbt Cuuarc line ha a sprang into exUtoc.ce, iu a vrt m ertully abort tpice of time, Great Britain's h upeu i i uo tyftem ff oc?an mail steamers wi'h an agg o^ite 1 1 1 em y forty ihouFaml horte pover, steatuing ovor one uncahai niilli us of n ilea annually, trareisirg ovary natlgable orcen, and \irititg neatly every important buitui in tbe woild. Ihe s wilt ocnvo>ance ol co aimer dul in'eiligcnce, and iho facilities ot travel obtained thuujjh ihe ocesn bleam natlaeivice o' Great Bcl'.ala, a a coat o' nearly eigat million* ot dollar* per annum, i?, In IsCj in a rational p int of view, a aourco of 1m mit c pioUt to be country, icastunoh as the oountlesa tiitame oi conmorcial weanh that flow trom it ilnd thrir way into bet great, toapor a and her m'gbty capital. Nor la tbia all: mote tban half of thi* dmo-uno steam naiiic, ao uatlul in peace, baa been already taken np py Ui? goveimeit kr the transport ae'Vlco, and ha* tbua bten mar t available against tier enexiea in war. It ia not ttiai ge that ihis new and rapidly developing cltn tnt ? f ccrnn eieial and naval piwer and gapremacy, struid have awakened the ateention and itimnlated the aab.tion of our own peon e and government. Treading 0 i stly. a* we do, wpon the hoeia ot our great ocean ootn pe iu r. we et t.la not remain inc liferent i-pec Gators of the attam tiinmphstf Gieat Br'tain. Out lake and river Kttanbcata wtte, confeaitdiv, ane()nalled in thevorla. Tt ?j were, tndied, Ihe ctfaptlng of individual enterprise But an or can steam marine wa* a vast untried experi ment. Ibe fitlo ?aa entirely new. Tho great abun dance *f capital in Eng and, and hcnce th?l' unequalled laciHita lor <ho c nstiuc'ion of heavy macbineiy, alone itndoea ber a 'oimidablc nval. But when vo tiic.su ai vsatagoa war addtds gtnerona gtvi-rntnen'. patronage, i> w as t\i(.? nt that no- hi eg short of the asm'? kind ot euour agimtLt brie could hold out to Amcricnn enter pi Lie the le^at pic? | oct cf iDcceaiful competition. litir giM'iimin' adopted tfce ps^aci .us policy of Great Biiiuln std jaid tbe fjnndatlon of our kjhioji < f Autnrl can mall ttiamcts. By meat* oi the B etren line a di rtel ciinmnnieation was ojiened with Havre, Central Gtrr.aty and o'her parts of the Knropean c jn 'incut Tfco atieniion o' tbe American people otwunc awaken e<! to ihe neccstily t-f toe rstaollBhmtnt ol a a omn ma ins tf our iwn, wi'ich rr.ipht see.uie the pnrpoec* of our irctiiisitg eimmerce in times of peace, and aid in the pron-ction of ihat ccn mtn.e in thee^ent of war. Tha rr-uHhafi pr< *(-n that tl'.l-i policy was a wlaoone. C>xj Ibe 6ib of ilKicb, 1846, Mr. Collins and his associ aVt- asce p rope tab- ta tho IN ttmaatc.r General to carry the I micd ^tb'ts nail bstorcn New Yatk and iiverpool i?ite a north curltv c'ghi months in ibo yoar, and or ?? a mi mh i.'nring tho other four months, lor the fim f lb tee i)t<rut(<i and cigbty-five thcuand dollars (8 tJ.(CO) jcr :,nm m. jsjab'e qiarterly, or rinotcan iliouraid iv o litn d. to ird filly dol.ars (81P.ia0) fo. ta'h louno ;tip. Tt ny propoaOil to build flvo Hteamera, ? f no1 1( si" thin two tlmusund tens measurement, and 01 e iboiuanc borse pawer enoh 1o be ot grout speed, *id fuBici>nt)y t'.icn^ for tbe purpose*. The proposition ?utivcd lie sanettcs. of C. ngiess on tbo Cd cf Mireh, 1M7 Intl'twe ot wblck a for in >1 contract tr:i s made on rleltt o' Ni vem4 )tr In tbe satno year. ? n ti e ?' a o' August, 1848 an art w*a pa^se<l for the icl'ilcf 31 r. Cobii/S .nil a>'iocit;es, "in order to rai?c tft rninl.-iie amount of funds to carry oat and com plice tl e afti emtut." By tlis act -be Navy Department was empowered to ad vat c* on oscli steamer from the line of bet Uuiching twenty live tboufsmd collar0 (f TOO) por month, with tbe provlto tbat he wholo ?nn aitranrcd slould not ex cted ibtto bundled ard eighty- fire thousand dollars (Si.85.CC0) Jc any one ji ar. Kvi*n with tliis ? iuiely anc libra al bid ibe pcilt.d for tbe fulfilment of the contrac* btd to be txtei fee by special act ot C>Dgies?< until Juno I, 1S50. <n tbe 5th cfAptil ci tbat year the Atlin'ic was Inspected, and totn alter coamenccd Tunning. The ft ci lie was jcody by tli? l"tt of May following: and by tbe 12th rf Jnr.e the A-etlc ar.l Baltic were launchod. Bj act <f Cot.gie'a .Tnly Ul, 1862, the number of trips per ;nnnm c.l thcColliHB line wna increased from twenty mi t? en'y M\ ami the compenna' ion for tnoii service wis .irgnuntC'd ftim niietetn tn. tuand iwj huadted and tif ?y d Hats ($19,Ji0) to tLiily-ihree 'housand dollars ffSljOCO) per louno trip, rruklnjj a total cf eight bun dled and flfiy-tignt thousand dol!?-s (J86?>.000) i amine. CtTfra:* tepcmd to itvlf tic right at acy time to 'emimite tLc increased nll.wr.nce, upon giving six m< mh' ' puviors notice. Hut the notice not having Wn givtn, the Collins line is row performing the moil nor vice, and ia receh ix>g cck pen'aiion therefor, in purau nrce < . the net of 18tv. at !he tale of tliiitj- three thou itni dollars ($?.:,< 00) the rem A trip. 1 late i.-tarlued iniijg the project year a Hue of s'esniets between New Yoik and Kaiojia, whijh has sinco tl.c n-outh of Arill la. t, made mr athJy trips between New Vrjk and Poutbampt< n and Havre. My sieatrwrs. ibe Noith irtar and the Ariel, are atill employed in tha : Ma vice. llv | ui poat m the establishment it tno line wit* 10 f'ai nish ili ose inoieved facilities ho much required by itaxiii of tbo withdrawal to 'he British transport service, of 11 o Niw Y? ik branch of the Cunaid 'in*. and to sti>. jitt o a practical lent the question. wnether without g - M itn.rnt aid in the form cf laana towaida construction, or in ih? turn ot c< mp<c<t".l .ii for mr.il aenrice, a ,cnr< liue it ocean *ail atomics can ?e sustained. The (Xperlr-bce of tlx months has satisfied me that it ia uttei ly impossible tor a ptiva o individual to stand In con ^ i tic <1 with u lire drawing nearly one million of dollars per ai Dtim from the natimtl tietaury, without serlons si eiifice. Ibe (xtiavcgance which ft compensate ;i ??. muiihctnt naturally e? genders, i.s utterly ioc onslpte n ni.h the exetciae ot thateconomy and p udence essential to tie succersful marageuient of any private oaterprb-e; and I have become batleficd (and but liltle reflection Mima lefjiiUite to bring every thinking man to the aauio conclusion) that no piira ft Individual can be exacted to enter alone ir.to competition with a line deriving such n ateiial aid from th-i geneiai govcrnmen.. The rate of occan postage ia 18.\ cents per letter, and I did ku[> pose, whin I ctaated n-y line, tl at 1 would he allowed tl is c< n pewation on tucb let'er* as tbo interest* and eor.vtnieuce of partita might induce to place on hoard. In tble I was ols appointed. as the exUtirg postal ar raigemm'i and contract* rave cnljal'owed me two cfi'ts per letter i??r such service rendered. mu t bi-ie'ote rtllnnulah the < <ean to the ships oT that Ul , or he pcrir.itteu to receive such rea; enable compena. - lion for nail service rendered ns shall enable indiridui 1 into. pii.-e to sustain iiself in the competition. As uu Aneiican citizen, 1 am unwilling to be d?harred fn in the j.ri\iler^e of ravigatina the < cean with my t*n Mean #rs. because ci the protection afforded by my ?o\ernitent to otlir* and denied to me. ] am low constructing with my own tina'dod resonrces, uron a plan which I an tnablcfl from large experience to ai atrt to tc the tost adapted to ceean navlgatian, a pteattship of upwards of G.QOO ten><, and whieh e iU cost lotween aevtn hundreJ thousand end one million < f df.llnrs. !? propose to pltooherinmy At antic lln? ic the conne of the ensuing spring. 1 a-4 for no g.r | goveiiment loan, or advance to aid me in Its conatru - lion; bnt apprentr.sivo tb.it she cannot maintain b< r pia?e without serl<ms loan to myself, if the government paitonsge is to te wholly bestowed on others, to the esetiiaion and embatni??n.ent of the enterprise :n * h ich 1 h? ve already emtaiked a capital of near tiro mil Hons oi dollar*, ana twlli.g satisfied that the public cen ve/iietce demands greatly Inert ascd facilities for the translation of paasengera, merchandise, and mails he twein Sew Tcrk and Euiope, I have determined t*> re rcw tre pro;t-aitioa made bv me to the I'ostmaaier-iiane ?nl u tiling tbe last session cf Cong* rsv and I now j.ropose to :nn a renal-monthly lire. alterraKng with the f'ollin< lite, thus eatabliehlng in connec ion with thai lice a weekly c< mmvnicaiion bctuocn New Vork and i urope lfce fhcllitifrs tbns to b< afforded are by mtr eommei-siai perple decmid quite inadequate to the pub.^c re<iulre ment at the pir-<ent time. I propose to carry the mailt twice a month? thus retiderlog the same aruount of mail aeivice periormed tv ihc Col! ns line? and I ask !ot cumpensa fm at the late of slxtstn thousand six hundred and right v ?\ liari ($1?.(S0) the round trip ? leirg about one bail the amount paid 1c the Collins line for the name service, and the piteue auin paid to the Cuniud ilne by the HfiUj-h fp verm ent for similar mt i ice; and I further profoe tliat uiy stipulated c?ln|tnsatlon shall cea?e whenever t> fgj ess chall adopt tbe lollcy el withholding g ,ve-n ment ihlronage, In al' its Tonus, from *:r?n\<lilp? tiaveia 11 g the Atlas' ie ocean. inmakiigtfcis j topfsilion. pnrely it U not n(vre^?iry forme to cwc'alm any hlng like hoatilfiyto the O Hlna Ike. The <ceao ts free to the whole world. As Ameri (anp, onr < niy nvalry si.outd be a national one, u-i?h cur powcr'ul rompet!i??ron the other pide of the Atl-mtic. Tlewnefieial effect of government aid, in the estaMlal ' n.ent ol toall ines, lias not been felt alone in the mere cr netrvcllon of onr aohie ocean steamers ; it has cilUd nto cxUtf nee aitiosg us many important ?ppl'ut.cci (*r \ the >p?< dy mh factme of powerful machinery, tkftl may l| mined to good Keount iu any national o?erg-n c.?. la he t*oe < f the* ttcilitiCH end tmpro*? tenM, ii d of <b? ir ie?olt? klr?ai) before ur, it does teem to me that to American should admit for a moment, that in tb'f finldpf rn'ci prib* we einnot oompeta oo equal term* with Grtet Br tatn. It 1* fiom a firm conviction of this feet that 1 prop* re to rrguiate the compensation for my mail fervice by 'he Ouuari. rather tcan by the larger anoOLt paid tu the & Uti'S lue. It la for the tiro ro vero&ienta to determine the time when the receipts for the tiswportatioi. of tte mails between the United States and Europe abail be the i-ole element ot patronage la the c< 'Hi petition between the mall steamers of the t*o dbHobb. Notht g leee than tbe nme supremacy attained on eifrj r?a >>y our pack eta, liner*, and clipper nh*pe, either will or ought to titty our people with referenae to their ocean inatl seame's. Kb.ie. boweier. tbe British government smtaina it? malt ?' earner# be'wren fcogland a no thia country with the present amount 01 1 maietial aid," American ateamstilps cannot rucce'afuUy oompete wttn them without like ad Tan'agea. If <ne g-v?rt>ment txteods ita Deouniary beauty, even be) oac the time when the line should be s-I'-bi, named tbe other f im necessity must do tbe fame. To fay nothing about our mail service on other >oQiea. tie jKietiu hne between the United states and ! f uroie world I bare no doub% to-day sustain itsfli, tf tbe two gov*1 MMnts were by aompact to withh dd fro-n tbe owners a. I c> mi enfa i n whatever, exempt that ac ctulr jt for se ual ?e?v'ee <endered in carrying the mill* and ibould my prcposi ion be accc^ioo by government, I atu'd S'lii recommend tbe adoption of thts poller, and a fat mat compact to curry it out by the two gorern oitn's. It seems to me that tht> true, if Dot the oniy legiti mate ibject of govc nmeu eoueein la such matters, 1* i? 11 > lo ano loniijr iho enter puce of our own ol ' I wd - sgainst the stlvuse 1 yii-iarlon of o'her nst.iona, wbile ? Lg?ped ii> buitcing up new and iarpoitant lines, essen tial to tbe a?c?nl ucj of our commerce. The va"ue rt such ervtoe xo tbe nation at large is not <<> be c< wpnted tri m tbe mere entries of profit and le ss iu our portal department Tbe increased protec tion tci df!?d to onr commerce by the hequent di-plty of our flag, tie rapid and regular transmission of the com neitiai correspondence, u run wi ich the foreign tr*de 01 lbo corn try is tweed, carry with tbnm advan ages ?h'co it Is ciffieult acsuraoiy to estimatu, but whidb are not tbe leseceMaio and important en that account I*. Is 'he putt of wle Uaislato a to watch these developments, ?td to be cartful tba1; no g ivemment monop >lj or rjecinl patroi age shall retirees ti dividual ea?rgr anl cbscli i'*e eomjeiitit onln tbis great. Held of ente ptiae, a cay t eyona tbe period w ben .oglMmve trade and a fair aim ?dpi) mile c< mpensa if'btor mail service shill be sifficisnt tu svsiain tnis branch o' our stetm marine In tj t evei t of oo'ilsion with any of the great maritime lowers at ibe *a>tb, >nr present ocean mail stiaroors w< ulri be four d a potent element in toe cjntest. Op n ibe wi>e lepisation if Coig ess depends the future of tlie power i.l arjuLct of our proapeuty In p->*eo or war. Mtoulf? It. hec< me the settled pol cy of oar goeernmen', as It is witb irgland. to fistor tho commercial steam nsrine inteiests by a wrise and ju?t ays em, wbxh siail b end its patient. go wto individual eflorts, capital and eki 1 a fit*' j ears w ill place ua cowmen i?liy in a mist en viable posl i?n, and at tbe ?an.o tune a position of great nalioi.al secuiitj. In conclusion, I bope the importance of the subje:t, iu a na< lonal point of view, will ?>o a sufficient ajxnogy tor my troubling yon so mnch at leng h. Very rtspoct'ully, jour obtdient servant, C VAN'OKRSILT. Set ict Cornspssi.deisee of Napoleon the Ft* at. [Finn a new Work in tbe press of 1). Appleton fc Co.] NAPOLEON TO JOSEPH. [919.] P-abm, May 19, 1815. My Brotiikr? I wish to create a houi-e ot peers, and to appoint at first eighty members. As I desire to profit by the acvice ot those In whom I place confidence, 1 ask you to preisnt to me on Rum ay a list of 120 persons, whom jou will fcltct at if cbeir nomination depended upon yon. It there are any among tbem with whom 1 an not ac qnalnted, please to aid no es to iheir names. This list will rtitain a secret betwetn yon and me. You do not requite to be told that no one need know that I hare asked yen for it. I have despatched a similar letter to each ot my minis ters, and to otber perrons on whose jaogment and at lacLinxt I tan depend. N.SPOLEON TO JOSEPH. [f?0.] Paris, June 2, 1816. My Brotukr? Having resolved to assemble the Houso of T etrs on faturray next., at 3 o'clock, In the room which ?o 1 sivc appointed lor Its titling', out wish is that y >u be there, at d that you take your place, that by your iu flutt.ee tou n ay -contribute to tbe good of the State and tbe consolidation of our iinpetial Authority. As this let ter has no oihei ol joc*, 1 pray Goa. &c. NAPOLEON TO JOSEPH. [921 ] Avesm?, June 14, 1815. My Bkothkb? I sball carry my heou-quarters this eTO niig to Beatimont: to-&-otio?r, the 15th, 1 s sail mtrch npin Chaiit-K 1 wbere tho Prussian army is, the cooso quenco of ?hlch will be el'her a oat'lo or tbe re reat or tbe i mn y . My army is excellent, and tee weather toler ably flee; tbv e unuy Is pcifecU>Sw- lt disponed. I wi 1 writ* to you this tvei u<g as to whether tno coinmani;* tions should bo iLade on the 1.0th. [The declaration of ?ar.? In i In ihe meanwhile preparations must be uade. Adkn. NATOLSON TO J03KPH. [9^2 ] tMinoM, Jn> c 15, 1815?3 A. M. J.j HBCiiiiiR ? A* the enemy has made an aggressive mivemeLt, I am advancing to moot uim. Bontilitiei will ? be ?lote con.n.n.(e U.-dav Consequently, I wi-.li you to pub irh tbe ctc!aia'k.n which bau been prepared. BiKON FAIN TO JOHEPH. [ff23.] CHAfciFSOt, June 15, 1815?0 P. M. Mi vsiwiri? R is 9 o'clock. ih< I.'mpeior, who ha* t'< t n Id the sac ale since three in ihe morning, has just jf't.c- in 1 vet powered by fatiirue. He will tdrnw himself on ois ted to sleep for n i? w hours, and get on hor?e'>?ck again at mlttr igbt. A? his Mi-jenty is not able to wri?n to yoi r highness. "bo hae desired me to sen! te you the fol low irgintelUgenre: ? ?be army tor ceo tbe passage of tbe Sambre, near Char Ifrd, sid placed advanted guar is baif way botwoen Cbat leri i at d Naxnur, and between Cbarleroi and Brus sels. We have taken 1 1 0 > prisoners and six pie ?? ol caLnon. Fonr Prussian mlmen's are destroyed. Few ol onr nen were Killed, buttbeKroperor baa sustained a loss wt'icb gritve? him deeply: bis aid-de-cioip, General l? toit, waa killed ?n the tabls land of Klenrus aa he was li'^Pjii g a charge ot cava ry. It is tmposslole to deecrise tbe eni^ntiaim of tie inbsbltants of Cbarlenil, and of all the country through which we have passed; tho feeling is tb' isiue as It was in Butgundy. The Emperor, t' c m e;gi eur, wishes ycu to communicate this nowa to tbe ruisisterr, and to make an> use of it which yon m%y tbiuk prop it. An sc'.ion of tbe utmoat importance miy lake plate to nwrrow. NAPOLEON TO JOSEPH. [924. 1 Chjuiibroi, June 16. 1815. Iv Bhw nxu ? The bul'etin will acquain: yon with what has psfft"1. I am carrying my beadqnartera to Flenrn*. Ibe while of this army is in mction. I regret deeply Gc netal letort. Our 1< ss yesterday was small; it fell el rr.o:t entire y rn tbe four squadrors of bonseboid troips. P, S.? I^tort is better. SOELT TO JOPEPH. [f>*J5.] LMBi*. Jone 10, 1815-8:*) P. M. M?rBiRXxr> ? Tbe kupelmr has just obtained a com plete victory over tbe Prns ianand Biitlsh armies, uni'el tinrer tbe c<mm&nd ot Lord Wellington and Marshal Biutber. Ibo aiiuy is a dvat cing In pursuit of th 01 ins.' throrgb tbe village of IJgnj- beyond Fleunta. I Ukhti n to at'Donnce ibis happy newa to jour Imperial Piahi.cpa [ Tbls letter waa ti.o last which Joseph re ceived fron tbe amy ? Ed.] BKKTRAND TO JO8KPH. [MO.] iBLfc 00 aix, July 14, 1816 PaiNcx? "ibe Emperor communicated this morning wi'h tie Biitish ciuisera. Ibe admlrat'a anawer haa njt trochcd ns. but tne captain [Cap'ain MaiiUnl, of the Belleropht n.? Tr.J ia oroer?d by his fovemaaentto roceive the F.npercr, if he should present himself, with tbe per sons crmposiig bis suite. Tbe caj'tain ia not acquainted witb the further intentions ot bia govern ment. but be dtea not donbt that tbe ftnperor will be well treated; for even if the government eboaid wish to act 1 tbcrwisc, public opinion In England will, bethinks force them to behave as ihey ought to do on anch an oc casion. M. delaaOeca has returned onboard, [ot the Eoileropbi n? IU ,] and to-morrow morning the Emperur will repair thitber. Bis Mejcaty de-.hes mo to give you this inoimatlt n. BEBTEAMTi TO JOSEPH. [927 ] Ixodou, Hept. 10, 1821. l'li.xt*? I write to you for the first time since the aw ful misfortune which baa been added to the aorrows of your ftrrilj. Uncertain whether a letter would reach jou, as I was not quite sure ?f your adiUeae, I hoped that a letter from you or frcm Rome would acquaint me with it. 1 have decidfd ou depositing this letter with Messrs. Baring, and I hope that you will receive It. Your highness ia acquaint* d with tbe events of tbe Cr-t years of this cruel extle; many persona who hire visits d St. He'ena have informed you of what was atill ir.oie interesting te you? the manner of living and the unkind treatment which aggravated tho infi aencea of a deadly c'.imate. In the last year of hie life, the Emperor, who tor (tour y far shad taken no exercise, altered extremely in ap nesiance: he became pale and feeble. From that time tiis health reieriorated rapidly and visib'y. Ho had alwaya been in the habit cf taking baths; he now took then* nrore(frcqutnUy and stayed longer in them: tbey a; peart d to relieve bin for the time. Latterly Tr. Antomarcbi forbnoe Mm their use, aa he tboisht that they ony Increased bis weakness. In the month of August he toon walking exnrcise, but with difflenlty . he was forced to stop every minute In tbe fi:s? j ears he used ti walk while dic'ati'g; he walked ab(bt fcia io< m. and tbu- did without the exercise which be feand to talc out if doors lest he should expose him e e It to inrult. But latterly hia strength would not admit even of tbls. Be remained sitting nearly all dav, and rtis eortinntd almost all occupation. His he si to declined ?(n?ib!y eveiy month. Ob re In ft ptember, and again In the beginning of Octo ber be ii<le cnt, aa hia physicians doTred him to take exercise; but be was so weak that h? was obliged to re tuic in bis catrlsge. He ceased to digest; his debility Increased. Shivering fits came on, which extended oven to tbe extrwDities; hot towels applied to the feet give him soa.e relief, lie suffered from these cold fits to ths last 1 cur of lis life. An he could no lorger either walk or tWe, be took several drivee in an open carriage at a foit Caee. but without gaining strength He never took off f? dressit g g< wn. Hia stomach rejected food, and at tbe ev! cf tie jeer he was forced to give up mea': he lived api n jellUs std soups. For some time ha ate scarcely stiTthfxg, and disnk only a little pure wine, hoping thus to iuj p< rt nature without fatigrnng the itlgestion; but Ibt inviting con tinned, and he returned to soups and jililes. The renr.eties and tonics which were tried pro duced lHOe 1 ff?et. His body grew weaker every day, hut bin iLirid tetniied Its at???ng1b. Be liked resdlng and conversation; be did not dicinte muth. although r.e -I'd so from tine to time up to the Isst cajs of bi? Hie. He felt that h'a end was apptoacb irg ?rd Ic fieousn'ir recited ths passagefrotu "/airs"' which finishes with this Unci ? A tev?<lr Parisr.'e nedo*s plus prendre. Keverthelcsf, the bope of leaving this dreadful country et en pteitntcd I'SCU tu bU imaginaMon; m mm> newspnper nitic'ecaid fait e lenorts excited our expectations We stnet-mes fat del that we were cn the eve of starting for Anioiica; ve trad travels, we made |>lsns, we arrived at j? ur h?u f, we wan? ??d t ??t that hntostiiecoiui^ry, wk era aleae we might hone to enjoy liberty. Vain hope* t vain project I w fetch only mdl us douoly fee 1 oar mis fertuM They cottld no* have been bom* with more serenity aid courage? I ??tgbv aluost add gaiety, lie often Mid to oa in the dtkd'di, '-Where shall- w > guV to tie Theatre Fianeai*, or to tue Operaf" And (hen he would read a tragedy by Oirnallie, Voltaire or Raeina: an opera of Quivault'* or one of Uoliere'i oomedlea. Bis strong mind and poweif 1 character wen perhaps area more remaikable than on 'bat larger theatre, whtre he cclipa d ail th*' I ?? Slightest in ancient and in modern b)stoiy. Be ofien seemed to forget what he had been. I w?? never liied of a<1oi:riLg bia philosophy and courage, the gfoe *en*e and th* fortitude which iuaad him abova misfortune. It ime?, however, *?d regreta and recollection* of what he bad done, contrasted wirh what he might hive d??e, pre?en'ed themselves. He talked of the past with perfect ir*ntnen? persuaded that on the whole he bad done what he am required to do, and not ahaiing the airaoge and out aoiotory opinions which we hear ex pie-sed every dav ? n ?-venis wbicb are not understood by the apeak)- re. If the conversation took a melancholy turn, be soon et anged i* ; be liked to talk of Corsica, ot his oia unci* lucien, of hi* youth, of yon, and of all the rest of the family. Ti'wa'da tbe middle of March fever came oa. From that, tin e I e scarcely left his bed, except tor ab ut balf an h- ur in tbe day; he seldom had tbe streig'h t< kh? v ?. Be now, for the ftrat time, became mrernelv tbln. fhe fits ot voalting be came more ' equent. Be then questioned the physicians on the o information ot tee stomach, and about a fort night before tii? dea h be bad pretty nearly guessed that le was rjiig of <hu er. Be was read to almost every day. scd tic at da few d<ys bef ire fci? decease. Beoften 'a kednatu. ail* aa to the probable mode of bia death; but when be became usraie that it wa? approaohing, he leit off speak irg on he tuij-nt Be thought much about jru and yi-ur children To his last moments be was kind and affeottmiata to us all; he did not appear to goffer so much aa n.tf hi ha*e been expected from the cause of hie death. V hen ?*e questioned bin he "aid tbat he Buf feted a little, but tbat be could bear it. Ilti memory de c in 4 fibrii f tbe la-t ive or six days; bis deep sighs and his exo ema ions f om tiue t?i time made us thluk that be sun in great pain Be looked at us with the pene trating *i?i c? which you know so wob; we tried to dis simulate, bat. be was soused 10 read our teoei that no doubt he frequently discovered our anxiety. Be felt too clearly tbe gradual decline of his ucnltics not to bo a?are of his ?t?-e. V?r the last two hours be neither spoke nor morel; tbe < lily found *as bis difficult breathing, which gra dually but regularly ceceased; hi* pulsn ceased; ana m> died, surrounded on y ny a few servants. the man who bad dictated lawn to tbe world, and whose li?e should bare been preserved for the sake of the happiness and glory of our torrow'ng country. Forgive Piinee, a hnrrted lot er, which tells you so lit.t.'e when you wi->h to know so much; but I should ttver ind if I attempted io tell all. You aie co fa' off hat I know not when I shall hare the honor of t-teiig you i g*in. I must not omit to say that the Fmperor was mo?t anxious tbat his correspjn deice with the diile>ent sovereigns of Europe ahoold be pi inter1; be lepeated <hU to us several times. In hia w ill tbe En pen r ei pre* ed a wish that his remains sbou'd be buried in France; however, in the last days of hia lite, he t rdeied ne, if there was any difficulty about it. to lay him by tbe ride of the fountain whose waters, he had i>o long drank. PRINd LOUIS NAPOLEON TO JOSEPH. [369 ] New Youk. April 22. 1S37. ?y Diua U5cu? On my ai rival in the United States 1 hoped to find a latior from you. 1 own that your ohplea-ure g ievtd me; kt owing, as I do, your good feme and j ur kindness, it surprised me. Indeed, uncle, my concuot must have teca strangely misrepresented ti you before you could have been lndused to repel as enemies the men who sacrificed themselves for the Empire. If, having suocceded at Strasbourg (aid I very nearly did so;, I htd marched on Paris, followed by a people fascinated ?y the reeolleo tions ot the empire, and, arriving in tbe espi al as Pre tender, 1 had seized the government, then to disavow me and to bieak with me migbt have have ocen nobie and msgnanimous. But when I at empt one ot the bold en terprise* which alone eould bring balk what twenty years ot p?ace have effaoec : when I offer to it the sacri fice of my life, persuaded that even my death would be ot use to our cause; when agaioat my will 1 escape from the bayonet and the scaffold to a foreign shore, I fin* thue only con empt and dkdain en tbe part of say fa mily. If my respect and esteem for yon were less sincere I should not be so sensitive. for I venture to say that tne pnbLo will never allow tbat the.e can be a schism betwetn us. None wid believe that you repu diate yrur nephew became he has perilled his ltie f< r jour canst ; no one wiil believe that you can treat * as enemies men wbo have expoeed their Uvea and their iorttinex to iep>ace the eagle on our standards, any more tban it woul' have bten Dt-lioved that Louii XVUL had repnisec the P> In e de Gonde or the Dac d'Enghien be came they failed in their enterprises. I know y< u too weil, dear uncle, to foubt your affec tiou and not to bope ina' you will in liuo Ao justice to me, and to others *lii have compromised themselves for our cause. As tor me, however you may treat me, my be haviour will not alter; the general evmpatby, the tranqui lity ot my c< nthitnee, and ub>ve all, the persuasion that if ibe 1 nuo.or looks do?n on me, he approves me? these are the ccrsideiations which comwusate for the many moitificatlons and it Juries which I have eudarad. My attempt tailed, it is irue; hut it proved to France th it he faaiiy t f the Eii'peior ia not yit extinguished, that it por?es-is devoted fiiendf; in short, that its pret en tit n? are not to recla<m a few pence from the govern ment, but to re-establish in favor of the people wnat the foietgners and the 13ou'D>ns have ^es'roye<l. This is wtat 1 have done; i-i it tor you to reproach treV 1 annex tbe account ot my removal from the prison of 8tiast>ou)g, in order th?t you may be acquainted with sli my pn'ceec lng?, and thit you cnay bo canvioccd that 1 have done nothing nnwortby of the name which I bear. 1 b*g you to preeent toy respect* to my uncle Lucien; I trust uy cauao to his judgment and to his affection. 1'iay, dtar uticie, go n >t be offer ded at tbe brevity ai'h wbkh I iepie?ei>t tic s as they really stand. Never ooubt my cnal'eiable at achnicnt. Your affectionate ato dutilul if) hew, NAPOI.EON IX>UB. I', t-.? l l ave dclsyeo wiitirg because you left my let leis Uom Europe unanswered. 1 own that in this respect I vu wmg. On the 9ib o Kovcvber, towards eight o'clock in the evening, fiuec'or Lebei came to toll me that I wis to be ri hj erred lion pii-on. lmmeoiaely alter nates ibe four wu opened and 1 na desired to filter a carnage, where *we already General Voirol and tne Pr?lec. fceiieving at first that I was to be tifcnsleried to armtbor prison, I entreated Gene lal Vohol to tea ye ne ta the sane place with the other jriMimrs. Un leaching the court of the Prefecture we sot cut of ih<* carriage; i then peroeivtd two pist chalses with toi ? o-. fancying that I wis to ho taken frtro Stiatbcu g, 1 nrgec Genoml Voirol to let me remain in prison. Si on af erwartt* I was placed in a cirrUgo with <hiM >e tons whom I did notknov, and who Inf imee me Iba' to?y h?d order* to take rae to Paris. 1 ih?L understood that I ? as to receive a special par don; aid, nimble to re tiain my tears, 1 explained to tfce ( fficeis *hoacs<mpeflM ma how pain'ul to bm was the thought of a paroon Jfeich might make me pass for a cowaro. and w< uld dvfBtf me of the mean* of disaU peth g the calamities by vbioh my intent iun? had been mi?iepre?entM> to the cuuntry M. Cugnat and 11 Thioautot, whose consideration and atOn'M n 1 en mot suffiei-n lv piaise, tried to console tne oyktaying thai my removal might oe nsefol to my com pai'kiti b n l-toitune. We teaclud Paris on the 11th at two in the morning. I wat taken to tb? 1t< fee ure. where I found IL Dalee atii, wlo la the o. ty pe.-son whom I saw while I was In Pails. He ii-ft?n.ed me that my mother bad come to fiance to atk n-y pardon of 'he King, and that I was to be taken to Uirien% and thence transported to tho rotter states of Amenra. 1 expoatn ated one* m >re with the Prefect on my re in < vai, acdirg tli?t my absence would deprive my Ihilow tnffeitrs of mm b tvidence in their favor, rhe Profect ? n-weied, ?' When yen reaeh Lorient yon may make in wii >ng any reixti'io??i which yon think ptoper." Waa he aware that C'emmandant Cugnat had er proas orders not to let ne write one word beh ce I embaraod?? otdors a-> ati lot that. wbtn 1 wrote to lladame iAity, through the I rotect of lorient. to give her newa of her aon, the g< ve'itmnt leJtgnpbed to M. Cugnat that he waa to tx< cute pienl.'f y the order* which be had roeelred. My fate being Uievocahly fixed, thai* remained only to oe alt that 1 could to be uteful to my friends. I weto to the King to n? y that li e waa a small favor, since I bad xntunctd It when I p'anttd my foot on French g?c and; hot that, if to would pardon my companions in mlrfortur.e, 1 should !><? eternally grate'ul. At four in the momlrp 1 qnUUd P? rla. On reachlngthe citooel of 1 ott l.onls I wrote ?ecret'j' '-o If. Oaillon Barrota 1-tter In which, taking all b an a upon myself, I endeavored to clear my fiiends of ac Ing with premadi'ation. On tha 21at we tailed trom Lorient, imagining that we were goirg to New York. Whan we reached la itadaS2 leg., ibe captain of the frigate opened tealnd orders in the bantfwrl'lng of iheMiniftcr lor Mnrine Affairs, which erjolr *d blm to take me to Rio Joielro; to allow me to hi* ak to nobody; to remain t bete only l mg enough to lake in water, at d then to sail for New York. Aa tho filpate bad no bnalrieae in the Brazil*, she mnst hare b?fn oideied out of her way in order to prevent me from rommonloaihig with Ibe prisoners at Strasbourg until the trial waa over. IHDIOTHSMT OP TBE CONNECTICUT WACTM ANITEP. ?He Or mo Jury elf ed tbelr va.y liborijus seiaiin late jmterday afternoon, and found a t me Wl> for murder igtilist fnmuel ?ly, anr f>un 1 Mrs. 'Wakeman, the pro jbc eta, accessory btloie and atler the murder, and Ilsiktnl S. Heraey accessory after the murder onlv. A latge number of wi*ness?s were examined, a. I their dn 1tes bsvt be?n onwoua, but they have at last concluded th?lr deliberatim*. rhe cvlde ice before the jury of in q urit very strongly implicated Jackson, tho colored man, but he sterna to nave been acquitted by the Grand Jury. I'ua itiko PfthlM ?M mi indifltid ai un tri*nmnll?<o r.?rmi~t?d to ao to, the should remove immediately to Matt aebnaetta, wt ere her friends reside. Oar reporter viailtd the prophetess at the jail last evening, to ascer tain how ahe rtgorrftd the proceeding* of the Grand Jury, end what the had to ray about the case. 8hn appeared to be very much depressed in spirits, and a ?id tnat she had braid c.f the dciiigs of the Grand Jary. She said that the whole world ?ai perweuttng her, and moaned and cried bitterly cv? r the tnct tnat she waa indicted aa accasscry to the m order ol Matthew*. Phe protected her Inroemce. and said that she know nothing about tho n nider, ?ith<-r befoie or af er U took pi tee, and that sbo had it teveeled that the jury were prejudiced against her. snd wanted to peiaecute her. This astonishing an noon cf Trent waa fellow ad by another equally aa absurd' ? vlr.. : that the rose would i ever ceme to trial for ttbad h?tu rerenled to hoi that the Judgment would r rtne be fore the ease was Irltd lelore a court on tartb, but it wouM so-. n ccme ta'ne "another court;" and tho ptin'ed toward htsven. She taid. In eonclnalTn, that fbe ahotiid permtt us all tt live a while longer on proba tion. but ahr ebould bilng judgment <*ny wbsa aho got rtary to do so ? JV <t? Waiy-n Cuurin, Jan. 1&. Josiah A. Norinan, ]>ostirft?ter of Milwankie, has hterv indicttil hy the Grand Jury, say* the WAtromin, for having |.aid a mall contractor, contrary to law, In nthan ? TUtancy than that whlah the la* moket ".htlgalory.