erived tny receipt 'or tbe ?oc On the 19th iut. Ca > uun Nichols called a', tike ouul lie and raque-aed RK to have John Madison *fce carpenter of ? ai(l ven.sel, tftMM ?ail teat on board stating tnat he ha.i J'm w.l ami re laxed to return fa/ duty I im tied lately wrote to Mr. May, Superintendent of Police in this colony, the oatlo^ed noto marked "A," to which I rejelved au?n.<?,r I subsequently called at the p. lice staiioo in company with lUptain Nichols and exhibited ' h.< bark's articles to Mr. May aD<t the A'sisiant Superintendent of Police, Mr. tirand Pre, and again requrited that the ctrpeuter should he placed on boaid. Oa the 20th innt,, Cipt Nichols in formed me that John Madison, the ctrpeater, had re turned on txiard his vessel, and that much was hi* con dmrt that it beanie necessary to use force to restrain hin violence; that tie hau made an assault up >n hiin, the eaptaio and tbat iu conswjuen -,e he and his officers had alter considei able difficulty put him (the carpenter) in iron", thai h- was a dangerous man. and thit he (Capt. NiehoU) had acted in self-defence in securing VlaiiMon; that upon that day several alined insn boarded the Rein deer in the absence of the captain, and without showing aay warrant or authority, released Vladison and f ircibly took him from raid ver-sul . and upon the mate demanding t? see the warrant or authority upun which they acted, he wu informed by a person who appeared to he th > leader of the party, that he (the leader) wai the authori ty; and farther, tiiat if the mate Would interfere they would tak< him likewise from the vessel. Mice that l.me Madison has not been returned to the Reindeer. On the l!.'d instant Cttotain Nichols was summoned to appear before the Petty Sessions to answer a charge of as nauh and lattery, made by John Madison against him. On the ad, in cum-iany with Captain Nichols, I called at the ohief magistrate' s court, and requested tj?e presid ing magijtiate, Mr. Hlbbier. to have Madison sent ?n board* the Reindeer, and at the name time I exhibited to him the articles of the Teasel, and Mqneeted him to observe that the man Madison was iMiund to be discharged in New York upon the return et the venae 1 in that p>'it. Upon his refa-iug to a?t upon my request, 1 protested agaiust his interfi rence iu this ?natter and as American Consul at this port cl&iraad sale jurisdiction in the case, as having occurred on board an American ship, and as beicg a petty offence, for t be eor teetion of which, aud like offences, I, the representative of Mm United States government, wi- pliced in this p >rf. I farther protested against the tight of tny fnreigu offici U to board and search an Ameri^au vessel without th>> per mit si<n and concurrence of the American authorities; and more especially without exhibiting a warraut or authority of anv tii.d for such action, and extended my rjtest to a total denial of the jurisdiction of the oo art the case ? complained of a want oi courtesy to me as the American representative, and desired the magistrate to no'e my protest before he should commence proceei tBgH. In the meantime Capt. Nichols was retained a Cieone- in tiie prisoner's box. lie then likewise pr? ited against the juri. " iction of the court aud his de tention, and declared 'hat he was amenable to the 1 itvs of bis oonrtry it he had committed an offence. The ease was continued? Captain Nichols mado no <lo feace. Madison in hia oatb stated thit he was bo>-n in Ba^ianc, an 1 the magistrate sentenced Captain Nichols Id the payment of tiity dollars tine to the Queen, and twemy-tive dollars compensation to Madison. The ma gistrate then asked if the Ameiictn Consul would be sMpeneible for the payment of the fine, or 'he return cf the prisoner if he was nei nutted 10 leaie the prieoiisr'a box. I again protested "gainst tie whole procee^infj ?f Hie mob, tbe police and the Court, and declared thu.. the flue should not be paid by my permission At'er tti'' magistrate h?d retired to jn adjoirtng room, I followed and expostulated with him, but without effect. I then walked to the door of the room, offered Captain S'iclols aay arm and re<itiesied him to walk to the Consulate and 4?e wiib me? the ro.ui lay past the jail d wr. A poliee aaan, who I h.ive since been toJd is cured an laid bold of Captain Nichols by the w ?u. ->lot wi-U eag to have apy difficultv with tne police around us, mo-it mt whi m were negrces, I passed around behind Captain Nichols, laid my hand on that of the "usher," lifted It from that of Caplain Niihols, and offerad to be respon sible for bis return, either iu the evening or the next ?aorning. if we were permitted to proceed, but not other viae; this being refused, and the police guaidUiving Ween vociferous called upon by the "usher," 1 walked on wHh Captain Nichols at a regular pace dawn th? street, watil I eanie to Queen's road, when I turned inti th<? store of Metsrii. i). E. Silver b Co., and placed Cep'aiu Nichols upon u chair in the counting rooui, aud returned to the door, again repeating to the " usher " and four or Ave black and white policemen, tbat if, without mole-ra tion, they would allow Captain NiehoU to proceed to my house, 1 would be rcppnn-ible for his return, but njt otherwise. This wa? refused. I then told ihem to take him if they could. My indention wot, that If they would allow ns to proceed to my house without moies'a *ien, I would request an interview with the Gov ernor, ard < ndes vor to hare him interfere with the illegal proceeding) of a mob calling themselves a magistrate s court and a police force. While stanuiug at- > he doir I was informed that Captain Nicbols, in com pany wi'h some other American captains, had left for the ('nited States steam frigate Powha'an. I waited out of the front door, jiassed around the hoace to the wharf, and saw Capt. N.. with others, goit g in a bo.t tow.irds the Powhatan, followed by a bout ecntait ing one white and three or four black policemen, l got into another boat and w?nt en board the Powhatan, where I found Capt. Nichols in safety and I now as American Consul at this port, htve to 'espoctfully but earnestly ro j iest that you afford Capt. NichoL-. the protection due .0 am American citizen. The following is a cescri,itinn of tbe can>enter. as taken frcm the articles ot the Reindeer: ? Name, Jolin Madison ; station, carpenter ; birth place, New York ; age, twenty one years; height, five feet six inches. This wan shipped at New York at the rate of $.'5 per month, and received $60 in advance, to be discharged at New York on the return ot the vessel to th.it city ; hut be is yet on shore, and I shall attain demand his leleaae. It is not necessary for iut to state to you 1he well known and cleir'y defin^l principle aoon which I ground my action In tin protection of the righ's of my c? untry-.uerj ? a piinciple for which you yourself in the war of 181^ gallantly fought a'id suffered ? .wr tore flerr.te to you the well known violence and insolenco to American citizens of the petty officials of this colony. Of ttese you are well aware and it only remains for ma to ??becribe myself, very i espect fully, your obedient ser vant, JASlilj KE1N AN, l". S. Consul. C?pt. W*. J. HcOktHR, Cctnuiaa-iing U. S. s 'earner Powhttan, Hong Kong. GOV. bo WEI. so TO CaPT. M'ClCJNEr. } Govkknmkm' Orms VicjoniA, * Ho.no Kow, Mi. '26, lift. ' f ?ie^-I bave the hoqpj tv address jou under 'he follow lugeircuir -KmoorB have reached me the*. Mr. K. N. Nichols has nought refuge on board th? I n't'd States steam frigate Powhatan, und?ryour command. If this be the ca.-c. I think it my dtjty to advise y.?<i th?.t a warrant tor his a&preter iiion ha* been i .sued by th<; Court of Jetty Sessions, and I hope to lea-n that there tae been no intended obstruction !o the authority of the 1?W. I Dave the honor to he sir. yonr obedient servant, JOHN BO WRING, Governor, Aic. To Tapt. ffsi. J. Ji' CLUNKY, United states s.<?in frigate Powhatan. CAITAIN M'CLCKEV TO OOVKRNOK EOWRINO. C.MTED STATW SlEAM KKJOATB POWHATAM, | Ilosc. Koto, (tuna. Oct. 27, 1855. j fin:? I bare the honor to acknowledge 'he receipt of vour Excellency's note of yesterday, stating that rumors Bad reached you that Mr. K. N. MchoN hin sought re fuge r.n brard the United States steam frlgtte I'owh itao, uncer my command, and if this be the case, you think it jour duty to atviso ine that a warrant for bm apprehen sion had been issued by the Court of Petty Sessions, an ' jou hope to learn that tbere ha* been 00 intended ob struction to the law. In reply, I have to state that Mr. E. N. Nichols an American el'izen, master of tb'- American bark Kswdeer, was received on board of thin ship at the request of the American Cenrul, inord"r to protect hies from an illegal arrest and imprisonment by a magistrate of II ,iig Kong, fc-o far a* I hav been infoimed tbe Whole course of 1his magistrate ban been unwarrantel by the circumstance^, and illegal. By Ms direction a police force wag . cnt on board an Amen \m ehip, and a man released from oonQiiement by it who had keen placed iu irons by or< er of bis captain for desertion . mutiny and a violation <rf the discipline of the chip ? an offence, not to Knglbb, but to Aineiican law cognizaole by the American Conrnl. Thi* magistrate, not conttu:. with this grogs outrage on the American ilag, sub4C Sently arrests the captain of tbe chip who oertainly d committed no ? tlence against the laws of the colony fine* him seventy five dollars, (fifty fo? the Court, and twenty-five for the mutineer,) and in default of pjyra> n' een fences him to incarceration in th<> common Jail. Un bar there views of the case, a sen-ie of duty ?itl conp ?? Be to afford an asylum and protection to Cai/tain Nichols ?at leant until it -hall lie made satisfactorily to appear te me that be has committed some offence or crime fur which he can j ustly be held amenable to English liw. Very respectfully your obediert servaet. ^ M. J. MeCU'N'EY, U. P. N., Commanding C. S. steam frigate Pow jata n. GOV. BOWRING TO CAPT. M CLCNE7. GOYKBVMSNT lirni'E, VICTORIA, ) Hono Kono, Oct. U7, 1955. f Hr ? I have the honor to acknowl-ige the receipt of your U'tter of this day's dnte I am happy to leain that an the tine ir.Htcted upon Cap'ain Nlcti'tU ha* been paid into Court, the f|ue?tion. as fa ? as tbe warrant for nis arrest is concerned im terminated. WUh reference to the geue'al and ?tore important question, f hope you will allow me to Htate, that as the laws of 'h>' I aited 'tjite* wo>ild iiri dotibt'dly. and rront properly, be en'orc?J in any ot tbe harborH of your coontry so the laws of Oreat lirtt hi n must be nuuutained in any liritish coiooy If tho^) laws have be?n violated by any public functionary of th eolony. I hope means ofrntre^s .*111 alwajs be ; >uud; an I I eballl^ ever ifndy to afford it witnout any ippaai t 1 ?ioletice. And I l?g ts asf are you th-it there Is no ooe who Er 1 re sincere y deprecats than I;h- 'M do, auy tking like a misunderstanding wth tbe aathoritle,-* or ettirens of the 1 11 1 ted States, or w'jo is more trnly d> nrous of associating bis f-?nse of duty h ev<'ry eonside ratten and re* pec 1. far both. I have the honor to be, air four most obedient servant, JOH.V BOWUlNfi Governor, k\ Captain Wn.UA* J. M'Ct.rNBT, C. d. .V , Comtnanuing V. S. steam fiigate Powhatan. CAI'T. M'CI-UNEY TO GOV. BOWRINO. 1'MTICD tfrrATW STtAM Fhkiatk I'owhatav, ) HoNti Kn.V'i, Oct. 28. 1856. / Sm? 1 have the honor to ackoowied<e the receipt o' your note of ywtei day, and am gratified to loarn that the late matter at issue has terminated to the sa'!-. fac tion of the authorities of Hong Kong by the payment in to tbe court of the tine inflicted upon C*pt?in Nich >U, which payment, however, I am asaurel by both the Con huI of the United .States and Captain Nichols, wv* unau thorized by them, and without the knowledgo or consent ?f either. i most cordially concur with you in deprecating the oc eurrr-nce of anything like a misunderstanding bei*e(-o U>e authorities ot citizens of Greet Britain and th Hnited Watea. and amgratilie<i at youi willingnoHN wb"n ever the laws hare been violated by any public function ary of 11< ng hong, to remove all cause ot complaint. I 4oubt not but 'hat ywur rea/Iy sense of justli* will can>e you to direst that the seaman forc'bly, and in rny opinion illegally taken from the American bark Rein deer, be placed "n U>ard that Vessel, as requested by the Consul of t,h?' t nlted States. With sentiments of great Veepect and reirard your very obocient servant, W M. J. Mof'i.UNBY, (>?pt. U. S. N., OotnmanrtiTig I'. 8. sler.m frigate I'owbatan. To his Kieellency blr Rowr vti, Gov., kc., Hong gtPg. HOVtJiN OU J?OW KIK? TO C APT. K'CLUNE Y . <k*WU?*ENT Orrnw, VlOT'lKll, > How KoN'S, Oct. J9, 18t5. ) sj.k?1 bive the honor to aifcnowtodg* yoar letUr of ' * ,u_ .. d tli&nW yon for the exprwtton of your i-on rio*,.c* in ?iy desire to iniiintAin * oordlal and trienoly ,udr islanding with the authorities of the luited 3tate-i. Hur ii a Britu-h colony ihe Uwa of Oreat Britain must L obeyed a n*l 1 cannot Interfere with their ordinary n mioZ The <iue*' i?n ot legality of proceediug* mu?t be left to the renponnibUity of th >*? to whf,in till vanUQiH tiation of justice i* eontided. 1 am advised th*t nothing in the ca*e in question hu bc?n 'lone but in accordance ?lih the Uw>, but 1 ehall ceem it uiy duty, in deference to yourself, to send the whole of the cortespona.-oce to her Britanuic Majeaty'i Secretary of S".ate for hut infor mation. 1 regret exeeedingly ttrtt I John Madison to the requirement* of the I nited ? ???* Consul on the ground* of illegal detention. A^ reganU the pavment of tEe fine imp->?ed, 1 hate on'y to siato that Ihe payment U officially reported to me ae having b??n made according to the customary form by a pr?cU-iug solicitor in th? Chief JUguuate'D Court. Tue ? pic eet against Hit payment will be duly ronnUd forwarded to her Majeity'* government. I h*ve the hnnnr to be fir your mast obedient servant, Honor to oe, fit, JuHN p; WRING, Governor To rapt. Wm. J. MrCinrer, U. i. Nary, Commanding I .3. bteam frigate Powhatan. PROTEST OF AMERICAN SHIP-MASTERS. Ho wo Kong , China, Oct. 27, 1855. The undersigned, American cHfcens and masters of American ships in Hong Kong aud China watars, being present and cognizant of the occurrence ol the '23d of October, between Captain E. W. Nichols, of the American bark Reindeer, and the Police Court of Hong Kong, ia its action against the said Captain B. W. Nichols, in the matter of forcibly and without warrant taking from confinement a prisoner named John MadiBon, a seaman of the Reindeer, placed as such for desertion and mutinous conduct cn board of the Reindeer, by Captain E. W. Nichols? the said Madison being one of the crew of the Reindeer, and being in our opinion under the laws and regulations of the United States for the government of its marine, was not amenable to any English jurisdiction, but legally under the command of the lawful captain of the said :ihip, and therefore illegally and with outrage taken by force from the ship. Therefore, wc hereDy tender to James Kee nan, the United States Consul for this government, our cordial approval of his conduct iu placing the said Captain E. W. Nichols in safety on board of the United States steam frigate Powhatan, when threat ened with fine and imprisonment in a common jail by the Police Court, upon what we consider a most unwarrantable assumption of power. We take this opportunity of calling, through our ' Consul, the earnest attention of our goverumeut to thi* niiitter, important in many ways to the interest | and proper discipline of the mercantile rnariue of the United States. ,\ !,rief review of this case may be important:? An American ship arrives in the harbor of Hong Kong, in the lawful pursuit of her business; one ot her crew, lawfully shipped in the United States signing the articles to make the voyage aud return to the United States-deserts the vessel, and after an absence of some days comes on board, behaves in a mutinous and outrageous manner towards nis superior officers, is placed in irons, and necessarily, from his resistance to the proper authorities, treated with severity. Suddenly, in the absence of the captain, an armed police force boards the ship, takes from confine ment the prisoner spoken of, and, without exhibit ion warrant or authority, conveys him on shore; then a warrant is issued for the captain ior assault and battery against this rescued prisoner, a suit .in stituted, and judgment, under a protest of the Uni ted States Consul, given, sentencing ihe captain to pay fifty dollars to the Queen and twenty-five dol lars to the plaintiff, or the defendant to go to jail. Under these circumstances the United States Consul places the captain nrider the protection of the Uni ted States frigate Powhatan, and we cordially sup port him in his course of action. . . , , .. We consider that the American principle of the denial of the right of search, and that the American ring and American law protect the American citi zen, when on just and lawful occupation, has bee'} ably and patriotically carried out by the United Stutcs Consul in this matter. , We also solemnly and tinnly protest against the assumption of a foreign Power, which assumes to take from and protects the subordinate of an American ship against liis superior, when that superior simply performs his duty in disciplining his ship under the United Stutcs laws, and protests against a foreign Power setting at naught the laws ot the United States, ar.d assuming to control the internal regula tions of an American ship; aud we respectfully ap j.cal to our country to protect us in so serious a po ' We*aie, very truly, your friends and countrymen E. Spicer, Jr., master ship Saml. Willetts; Geo Damer, ship Stephen Baldwin; P. H. Devol, o; the River Bird; J. W. Paul, late do., do.; T.ios Wath. late of the Cheeseborougb; Cha-i. Emerson, late of the John (ioshller; II. N- Osgood, ship sword fish; Robt. R. Carter, Act'g Lieut. U- S. steamer Powhatan; Ceo. N. Satds, New York; l-.C. Bishop, Washington Territory; Geo. Sewell, Chief Engineer U. S. hteam frigate Powhatan: J, ,y't Bennett, ActV Lieut, ifeiUalflgale to what in; Albert Isei burgeon; Lieut. *). S. ''J:**"*' rnn.d e IJ. S. snip J. P. Kennedy; Robt. De silver, U. 8. Naval Storekeeper; Wm. Collagan, ship Bos ton Light; Wellington C. Avers, coast pilot; Henry Wilson, schr. Bustnirente; Eliaa Davis Jr., bark Sarah H. Snow; L. 11. Eagleston. hark Ed. Kop ptsch, of Salem; Geo. P. De Silver, Philadelphia, l?a., Andrew Barstcv. ship Lantao; Taos. C. Dudley, U. S. steamer P *Latan; L. B. Kinney, bark Iturn harn; Ceo. Citleoa, U. S. steamer Powhatan; Morti mer Kello"" Asst. Eng'r U. S steamer I owhatan, W II. Porter, U. S. steamer Powhatan; Wm. Knapp, Jr., Luston, Mass.; Samuel H. Cuahman, Portsmouth, N. H.; J. Walwnrd, New York; h. K Cunningham, Belfast, Me.; Geo. A. Taker, New Bedfoid, Mass.; Wm. Holt. ^or^lk'RVj'v John f ampl^ell, Micnigan; Thos. B. bcliaeffer, Bj . ti more, Md ; W. K. Crc?-y, late master steamer Queen, Henry Coleman, master ship Houqua; tranus E. Yoraig. do., do., Sarah; E. S udder, do. do. Lllen Foster; J. G. Joyce, l/x>kout; M. Thompson, do. do IJriena; J. W. Marther, do. do. Nightingale; J. P. Cook, United States Marshal; Heury C. Endi cott. Salem , Mass.; R- B? Lowry. ^leut. U. S( steamer Powhatan; F. Uady, New York; Saml. ^ ! "s^rssis.. ^ ***>? 0?"*" Hong Kong, &c., &<:? THE VIEW TAKEN BY THE ENGLISH m CHINA. [From the China Mail, Nov. ID.] Wc believe the following will be found to tfc a correct Tersion of an affa'r that has excited some during the la<t few (lays: ? Information wan given at the police offln tnat a car penter on board tLe Amerigo ship 'n-indeer was in [rem*, an?i had l*en severelv fccVuo trtiile in harbor, ??y the manner, K. W. Nichols. The police had the mm brought on shore, and a summons .van issued against the ma?< ir. The cave tame before Mr. filllixr, when Mr. St ace, who appeared tor the seaman, a?ked th?t the cue might be debit ?Uh in a t;umruaiy in inner, as the yoanei Was about to depart. The magistrate found that t'ie assault h>;d l?e< n proved, and lined the master $50 to the (fueen, with 425 compeQ nation to the injured man. Dining ibc inquiry Mr. Kee nan. the American consul present, and objected thrcughru- to thr jurisTtcti- n ?l the court, on acoount of the affair having happened on board an American ship. 1 be matter declared be would not psy . ne cent, upon which Mr. Iilliier directed he shoo Id remain in caatodyof the u-her "n'il th? clow of the court, and in 'he event of hie still it ruling to comply with the judgment, lie would he committed to gaol for one month. About ha f past four, af'er he close of the court. Nichols per-isting in hi* re fo- a I, the usher requested him to jirocoed to t'ne ga >1 and he walked in that direction arm-in-arm with Mr. Keenan. On arriving at the gaol do ir, to t ie usher's civil htnt to step ir, the Ami'tini, Consul -oplied wltn an "fill'." and an allegation that Mr. Hlllier bad gi\ Jti Nicbol- Hti-rly to go and dine with him, and to re.nrn In the morning Tho usher desired t hern to s:?y until be cnuld a-rfrta n the truth o'?nch "tatement; Out they r? f. S'.d to do so, an'1 proceeded to m?.ve down the lull, upon which 'lie lister arrested Nicb'ls, >iy sei/.inghirn oy 'he colla' ""it v, i ; pushei >n one side by Mr. Keeatii. who, exela iMrg, " Mind whom you ire playing with," proceeded with Nichols at a rapid p*cO, followed by the iifher Maitln, to Messrs. X)e ,-ilver k Cn.'s whence th >f look a boat, Hn<i went on board tb* Cniod States s>i in I'owha'ar, on' sailing ihe usher aud liis assistants, Wao pt;r ued in auotber boat. Mr. f*npeiintenc< nt M?y. along with Martin, the usher, oia.ed with a warrant. u.>on tne re^c le lieir^j reported went "B board th" American mm of rar and emtnded eliher the surrender of the fugitive or 'he payment of the lines. ' spfain M 'Money, without, as w? understand, admitting that Nichols was on hoard, gave It a? his ooin loii that the proceedings of the m.igi-itrate wore alto ge'.ter illegal, ?nd that ne himself wo., Id not hesitite t-i ranis' with an airn?-d force any attempt ?>? the f?rt of tb" government authori ties to exercise Jurisdiction over American citizens in Arneilceo ?hitn in the twrborof Hong Kong. Such we believe to be tb? facts of the co.se, ir which our coti?ins have ic(#<J *<>me?hvt ungra-iou-i/ as well os illegally. liowtver unwilling the governmunt tnu-t take some steps in the rr a " . but as the-'e are rjit ? ? * c* I y to be prompt and <Je;li-i^e, we trust that, although slow, they win, ai they may, iw iea'ly eBwive. wi'h.m: aJTn-d ing nincb opporiuniiy to ibe a< tors lo p.iiitiM! cai tal out of thtir pro' acity. Th" flri? waa > uht?fjuently r>a.id int'i the police eourt, snd Mr. Kfinn wa> ?umii.oDcd before the j,ol ? i igu tiate, hut failing V> appear, a warm.nl wns l-^'ied f >,? his S|pn heosl< n. A' a Inter (irriod '.e w<s c rami'.ted for trial before ihe - o p ?m? <>nrt. 'hi'gwl ? ,h ;h< .'?cue of a prisoner, wrh a??Hult and wl'b ..wa<aod '?* i ty THE OTHER SlDi^ [F>ow the Overland !? lenc' of Chin*. N'ov. 7.] The law on tbe K?en?n caee proves tbst ou* p iliee thoritiee were not jntiii?d in dea'i'ig with the '-arpen ter'e mutiny on lot'd ti;? Kein?!*er, cut of which he put ting in iron* and &-ianlt Jarose. According to Daniel Wabeter's dictum, even bad the carpen'er been killed on board, only by Uoite<dStat?.H authorities eoaid the matter have been (kail wi h. Bo'.h Captain UoClun^y and Com modore Abbot ma'nfain th?t Coesul Kenan his been riaht throughout? even to ' aung Captain Nichols away from the p-li<-? court. * hen Captain Nichols foum he was charged with an assault, he rendered himself up to bis Consul, whose prisoner he then became. 1'hat cour tesy vpuken of by Daniel Webster ? that susceptibility on pobi ts of honor referred toby lord Ashbur'uo ? iuch feel ings alone, irrespective of any uthar motive, sltould have prompted Mr. Hi lier at once to yield to Consul Keenun's request to adjudicate In the conAaint. Mr. Htllier's conduct, indeed, "admits of no palliation." Very true, no doubt, but "Cinsul keenan might have proteited an inoeh as be please*)." Action, not protest, however, was wanted to bring the Hong Kong government to a proper sense of its obligations and position. Ibis opposition to American Consular authority, as stated by us the other day. Is no new thing hers. On one occasion Mr. Hillier notified the Uuited States Con sul. through his clerk, that in one hour he would proceed to release three seamen, then in irons on board the Ame rican ship Joshua Bates, for threatening the life of the ir aster. Consul Keenan roee from a si :k bed, wrote to Commodore Perry for a tile of marines, and when the po ice appeared alongside the ship, told th?m at 'their peril 'o come up the side. Mr. Ui Liter was not supported, and ? id not persist then, and the Joshua Kates left the barber with the nieu still in confinement. When Commissioner McLane arrived in H<>ng Kong he was waited on by the Acting Attorney tienTal, aud informed ot what had oc i nrrec . Aud whut >ald his Excellency 1 "Is Hong Kong then different from sny ottier British colony/ lot me tell you of what 1 did when practising my profexjMon In Baltimore. An ignorant and impudent, official made caption ?f a seauun on board an Kngli-h ship lying alorgside a -huif, and proceeded to abjudicate cn the case for which be was arrested, without referent J to ibe Biitish Consul. That olhcer employed me to move in the matter, ai d I had no trouble whatever in having the man gent on board and kr pt in confinttmeu'. nntil the ship left the port. The ignorant and impudent official for his share rccoitod, as he deserved, a severe reprimand." Mr. McLane further *ai? that he was Minister to OHna, not to Hong Kong, and that, in the absence of a d'plo matic spent, Consist Keenan w?s entitled to all the privi leges accorded by the law of nations as laid down in the 4th article of the French convention of 1863. O ir columns are open (or ".Nemo's" response to all this. We have leftout a few lines ot "Nemo's" letter, because tin aspersion ia them is not borne ont by the evidence. It France, so particular in points ol eti juette, sees tit to accord the rights of ministers to consuls not engaged in commerce, we do not see why &>gland should not also admit such position. Grant it, aud in wnat comparison with the act of the Consul would be the decree of a police magistrate)1 His Worship the assistant magistrate, on taking his teat in the j>< licejcourt this mornintr, notified members of the Fourth Estate present that the investigation aoont to take place into the complaint of Usher Martin was only preliminary to a committal ol the United States Consul cn a charge of misdemeanor, in forcibly rescuing a prisoner from Martin's custody; and warned 'heji (us) against publishing Uie proceedings before the matter has been decided at the Supreme Court. To those of our readers who may demur at the length to whieh we have found it necessary to extend our paper on what we thiuk may be taken as a right view of the law of tms ci.se, aud especially to th >se who may entertain a bias against the American side of the question, we would quote the home ly adage: 'What is sauce for the goose Is the same for the ?anoer." That which we assert to be the rights aud prmleges of Americans in Hong Kong waters, we equally asr.crt to be the rights and privileges ol Englishmen in American [x.rts. [From the Friend of China, Nov. 15.] British subjects and Ametican citizens in China have no reason for regret at the occurrence of the " little un pleasantness" between our police magistrates and the Consul for the United States of America, as several times referred to in past numbers of this and the other local papers. An imperfect knowledge of the position and lights of theiespective peoples on the territories of each otter appears to be very general both anaongst official and civil residents ; ana as the bonds of national amity can only be cemented by mutual respect, the learning likely to result lrom a discussion ot what each has to ex pcct from and perform towards the other will be benefl cial in more ways than one. Discussions of this nature app?ur to arlte occasionally almost as by special a;t of Provide ncc? to arouse John Bull (all too apt to the belief tbat his institutions and bis practice are the perfection ot reason; from his dreamy somnolence. Brother Jona than's rough liuiog i < necessary at times ; and it may be tbat we may biicg some of, if not all, our readers to be lieve that neter was it more necsary than in the causes of this "little unpleasantness," or, as a correspondent terms it ? " great Keenan case." In our last number we announced the in' ended publi cs ion of some extracts from the writings of eminent publicists in illustration of our assertion that the Hong Kong authorities Lave acted iltegilly as well as uncour tec.usly in this matter. Bctore commencing this publi cation. it will be as wall to recapitulate and bring up 'lie case to its present position. The American ship litini'eer was engagi-d in taking on board cirgo in Hong Kodj; for MstJla. wlien her ciirpenter, an Englishman, abipped in New York port, applied to the United States Consul for Lis discharge. The mister, Nichols, objected to its being granted, and he was directed to return en lioard. The carpenter reiused and deserted. The consul then applied to the poiice for his apprehension. Tue caroeu er. upon this, requested the As istant Superintendent of police to enrol him a constable. This could only be done on his Wing discharged; and, certified that he would be brought on shore if ne could provoke such a com plaint against tbe master as should, as he thought and as he was told would be c gnizable ny the muni apil au tboKties, he returned to his ship. Arrived < n board he iimuited und attempted to assault the mas'er, a-jd w is then forcibly put in ixens, the force necessary bertg great, whereby he received some severe bruises on the h ick. Next cay the poiice weie notified by two of his sbirmn'es of his being in irons, and a body of police, un tier direction fr. m the assistant magistrate and SherilT, wiheut cc mm u meat ion with the American OodsuI, we^o sent offto release htm. Further, on bis applijation wl.eu ugniu on shore, a warrant was granted against the master en a charge of assault. Served with this warrant, tbe fruiter rer.cercd hlinsel' up to liis Consul, aui ex "tested bis wi'lirgDess to ' .ivice by whatever thit fUBctlocary dirked. Ti(&liu? 'he chargs of as sault as a subterfuge on the part of the carpen ter to get his discharge, the Consul request I the magistrate to allow further adjudication to remain in his hands. This was refused, and the Consui then denied the power of the magi.stra'e to abjudicate in matters originating en American territory, e.rciai ing tbe magistrate's action as amounting to t -o :es cue ot a prisoner irom hia (the Consul's) hand' The ease proceeded, and a tine was inflicted, which the- C insul cirerted the master not to pay. Attempt to imprison the matter was further resisted; and flually the master left the Consul's protection ano took refuge on board an American man-of-war. The carpenter meantime was al lowed his liberty, obtained his tools, spurned the offer of a turnkey 's berth in the jail, and through the Harbor master, vas shipped on bo^rl tbe English steamer Um corn- snipped without that discharge for all other cues made ana provided ? and this, te>o, in the (Hoe of a lormal demand ot the Governor for his rendition, as written for by Captain Mc'.'luney, of the United States steamer Powhatan, and again reiterated by Cim trodore Abbott, cf the United States ship Macedo nian. The Keindeer, to which the carpenter properly belonged, being ready tor sea, to av^id further trouble, tbe fine was paid by the owner, and the m ester, on ac count of serious ill health, mainly caused by the excite ment, hod to seek medical assistance on sho:e. j.Pui the matlei does not end at this. The magi 'trate cause a warrant to be issued for the Consul's apprehen sion, cn a charge of assault and unlawful rescue. Tbe United htatcs Consulate is entered by a poUen private, who, not ftnoing ti e Consul in his office, nrocee'da up B.alrs to his bedroom; tbe Consul requests the policemun to leave liim, end piomises to attend the magistrate in halt an hour. The request is refused, and, guarded be hind and before, the Consul proceeds to the ]?olioe office. There be reiterates his request for dismissal of the con stables in attendance. This is again refused by the chi <f Superirtrndent himself; and, so attended, he is taken to the Police Magistrate's Court, for determined committal on a mi demesnor. Our authorities appear determined to persist in thei* ttncourlet us. and, as the event will prove, illegal dtport mcnt towards the United States Consul at this port. \V"? iefia'n frem entering further on the matter un'il Wednesday next, on which day Consul Keenan will ap pear at the police court to answer Usher Martin's com plaints- oie of assault, and another of uulawful and ioicible rescue of Captain Nichols on the 'Sii ultimo D our readers b?ar in mind the fact that Consul Keen <n whs never certified of the carpenter having been b?.neu c n beard the Beindeer (<Ja.pt. Nichols to this day dnnying tbat he knew anything ol it) ? and tha'. he looked on hi< (the carj enter's) conduct In its true light of* r<i*r to gst his discharge, a r.b; charge which he, the C'ji. . il, i>m1 alone the rij,ht to give? they will, we think, s sotti" r^asi n for tbe rcpeap^d refO'tal to ackno ri-dg't tlr. If il Iter's jurisdiction. But for the preliminary ciicum stances detailed iu our issue of Saturday last, w.' b.vs no doubt but cur magistrates might have adjuiti btsd, most willingiy, no fat as Consul K' erwin was oDOerned. Hut that gentleman appears to have thought Mr. Iliiiioi wan It'terlerirg with his duty, and, as we ihioh, \ 'ty pioperly protested. The Ice Buixik at Niaoara Falls? For a week past the communication between thin village and the Cauda shore Ikis been uninterrupted. The large body of ice which had formed across the icr ry. for above a week ago, has be<orr,e thicker, and iH < onwquently safer lor pedestrians. 'lTie i c is prolably from twenty to thirty feet thick, and per n?pH more. The crossing is perfectly sole, and the view which can now I ie obtained of the cataract is unsurpassed. Snch an QMortufitty M is now pre sented for obtaining a front, view 01 the fails rarely occurs. Previous to Saturday ice had formed up to Goat Island. and the lauding could be mad'' irom the Cnnnda side. This is'a circumstance of very rare occurrence. Wcare informed that such a thing hit not happened for the last twenty or twenty-five } ears. ? Niagara Falls (Jazettt, Jan. Id. Amendments to thk State Conrtttution r>i? T'knnhvi.vania. ? In the Pennsylvania State Senate, !> lew ciays since, Mr. Crabb submitted several amendments to the State constitution. The tb. t pio\ ides that "no person born in a foreign land, or who may owe allegiance to, or is a subject or citizen of a foreign power or government, ?nd who -hall be naturalized on or after the fourth day of .Inly, Anno D< mini oue thousand eight hundred and lifty eiKht, shnll be eligible to vote at any political or ' it'. Jc election in this Commonwealth, until he shall have resided under the government of the United ^'ats-t a period of at least twenty-one-yeaiV PWITEKCB of MoKinvet, in Newark.? < On the 10th Inst., Jnhn McKtnn ejr, who wl* coot ot?<l ol in ir.>l?<u|rhter, in cunning the (Jesth of Con -ad TUuit, in
v < wnik, V. J., the ptUoner -n%r- arraigned, aad Judg* BliMn pronounced the MtlMt of the COart, tpo-unR the full penalty of tho iaw for that rrla>e~ten jtart t*rvi?e Id tiic state prison, and a uue of $1 000. ADDITIONAL FROM EUROPE. Our Vienna Correspondence? Part* Fublout for January. &Th toe*, Sic. Advices from the Cape of Good Hope are dated to the 15th of November. The Cuatom House returns of goods imported (or the first six month* of 1864 and 1856 give the following results:? for the first six months of 1864, goods imported, ?879,788; for the same months of 1866, ?622,-18; making for those 12 months ?1,502,006. Goods entered for consumption for the first six months of 1864, ?827,702; for the same months in 1866, ?643,486; for those 12 months, ?1,471,187. The exports of arti cles the produce of this colony for the first six months cf 1854, were valued at ?316,670; for the same months of 1856, at ?440,816; for those 12 months, ?766,306. The ex cess of imports for consumption over the estimated value ot colonial produce exported during the 12 months re ferred to is thus shown to be ?714,702. It appears that, tor our years back, tbe people of this colony consume I annuallj foreign goods to the value of, say, ?1,600,000. In some years tbe imports greatly exceeded this amount. For 1854 they were valued at ?1,640,142. Bat take ?1,500,000 as tbe average consumption. Tbe population has been variously estimated at from 260.000 to 300,000 souls. This would give a consumption of foreign articles to the value of ?6 a bead. The Paris correspondent of the London Globe, writing on January a, (evening,) says There is no politi:al news of importance. In Paris, however. although the Russian circular has produced >ut little impression, the warlike tone with which It has beeu comment* d on by tbe ixmdon press bus created a decided sensation, l'eace is now declared to be further off thau ever, and with the exception of the frequenters of the Bcurfe. all seen to rejoice that the question should be once more placed in its real light, far from the deleteri ous influence of diplomatic lag". It was rumored at the Bourse, to-cay, that at the reception ?t the corps diplo matufur at the Tuileries on New Year's day, the Emperor expressed to the Neapolitan Ambassador his regret at the unfriendly attuuoe of his government. The Paris Honiteur of January 3 contains a decree mo difying the Frerch tariff as follows:? Until otherwise ordered, the import duties levied on sugar will be for sugars at and under type ? in French vessels from French colonies beyond tbe Cape of liood Hope, and in America ? as at present. In French vessels from China, Cochin China, the Philippines, and 8iam, 46fr. tbe 100 kilogrammes. In French vessels from other countries of India, 47fr. the 100 kilogrammes. In French vessels from other plasm out of Europe, 50 fr. the 1 00 kil > grammes. In French vessels from en'repots, tfOfr. the 100 ki.'rgramrn.s. In foreign vessels, Hbfr. the 100 kilogram mes. Sugars above the first type will pay the dutie? above cited, ,wlth an addition of 3fr. per 100 kilogrammes. The Cork (Ireland) Examiner announces on authority that it is tbe intention of a company of high mercantile position to establish a line of steam vessels, which will ply regularly between that port and New York. The Examiner further states, on the authority of an eminen' commercial firm, that the result of the present negocia tions on this subject may be loosed for before many weeks have elapsed, in the establishment of a regular and direct line of communication between Cork and New York. It is intended that the steamers shall sail once a week for New York with passdbgers and merchandise ; and wh?n this line has commenced its operations it is fully expected that, when the present contract with the proprietors ot Canard's line has expired, the packets be longing to that firm will make Cork harbor a port of call for the conveyance of goods and passengers. The Paris correspondent of the London Post says . ? I have this day (Jan. 2) received communications from Constantinople, which say that tbe unfortunate Ladv Ellenborough, whose romantic adventures are too fami liar to the public, was lately a?sarsinated in Arabia, by says mv informant) "Lebarfcme d'un Chiek Arabe." am only able to add, that the deed is supposed to have been committed at the suggestion of some women who were jealous of he* adythlp. The Emperor Alexander has ordered a special court to be termed at Kieff, for trying captured Poles and Hun gaiians. Tbe former are to be punished according to tbe military law of the country, but the latter are to be de livered over to the Austrian authorities. So many Polish and Hungarian prisoners are taken? in irons ? to Kieff, that no fewer than four judges and ten secretaries are continually employed. Advices from Alexandria of December 23 say A serious insurrection has taken place in the Mejjaz, in Arabia, wheie the authority of the Sultan in v?rv feebly maintained by a very small number of troops. The Arabs threaten to expel tho Turks from the coast ?>' the Red ires, and demand that the English and French flags be pulled down, and all Europeans diflapi ont of the country. Tbe primary cause of this rUe Baa been thi publication of the acti slavery proclamation and tbe de position of the old Shereef of Mecca. The East I edi t Company's sleep Elphinstone is to proceed te Jeddah, to protect British interests. Professor Dr. Oppolzer (at Vienna) continues his medi cal treatment of Prince Paskiewitsch at Warsaw, Vy means of telegraphic despatches, which he regularly re ceives from thence, and sends his daily medical direction' in the Fame way. Although the Prince is not entirely on', of dacger, he is in an improving state of health. Our Vienna Correspondence. Vie.vva , Dee. 31, 185"). Ptacr Probabilities ? Baron StetacK's MitH'>n to St. Pt tm'surg ? How the fhll of Herat and Kars )FiU Op: rat&?Kwjland'? Position in A sia ? Xopolton 's IkMrt J'or Pe/ue. The recult of Count Katerbazy'a mi.-sion to St. Peters burg, with the peace preposals agreed to by France, Kngland and Austria, it h1 ill enveloped in doubt and un certainty. Wbllat ou the one hand we hear that it Is pietty ccrtaln that Kuasia will not rejoct the Be proposal* in Mo, cn the other hand it ia maintained that there U no chkncfc of their being unconditionally accepted. Within the last eight days another diplomatist of . .to baa been .sent on un extraordinary minion to St. Peters burg, in the person of Baron Seebacb, the Saxon mini Her at Paris. Thia gentleman being tbe son-in-law of Count. Kesselrode, and a nan of g.eat ability, has alio repre Rented Russian interests in the French capital since tbe outbreak of the present war. Now, it has been related that a Russian nobleman arrived at I'arin cone time ago "In e^g," on a seeret minion from his government to Baron Seebacb, in co^sequeuee of which tbe la'ter gentleman held riiily Ion? conversations with the French Minister of Foreign Al lairs, and finally demanded a special audience of tne Km peror ot the French, which was granted, and immediate ly afterwards? thai is, on the evening of the same day r.n which the audience took place ? Baron See bach left f ? in for St. Petersburg, of course via D.-esden, where h'j .e inained a day or two to confer with his own g vernncru. Baron Seebacb had, however, hardly arrived at Ore* on when tbe Itresden journal inform" I its readers that t'ure could b- no doubt that Rusda would agree to neg tor peace upon the basis of the proposal for the ti.-.r, a lizaiion of the Black Sea, subject, to such conditions as the interests of Europe might admit of. This wa> ? vwi faur or five days ago, and since then nothing i .? rttitr has tram pi ted, nor bare we as yet received any ofliciil account of tbe arrival of Count Ksterha/.y or of Baron Seebaoh at St. Petcrhburg, though it may be i afeiy taken for granted that they have arrived, but un result of their respective mission i has as yet been received. Tbe idea also of a general congress hi." been staxtfd, and it is very jmsaible that the special million of Baron Seebac.h to the Russian capital nuy refer to the tealizatlon <ot this idea. But it would * I premature to say anything more hereon at present, iu tnrtber denounient of the present prelim; int ? ?ego tiaikna lor the parisoation of Euiope must be pa i -ntly I awaited. I But wt at ever chances these negotiations might have had, even a lew days idnce, it in very clear that the !i"' i intelligence which we nave reoalvrd from fndU by it,* overland trail, announcing the surrender of the forkre of llerut into the hands of tbe Persians, who wc-?- ni..aa in this important victory by the Russians, roust n- ' ? ? - illy operate very prejudicially against all pea:ep-i ? o.- , as this n' WS, whloh came r lmo*t simultaneously wiui the accounts of tl>e captur* of Kara by the Ru*ei>?ia, car.no- but produce ibe mow; serlons apprehension- ; >r the British inteiests in Asia. Whilst we h"ir of a i'er nan ambassador extraordinary having H*-en r?ce'\ e 1 at the court of St. Petersburg with great pomp and ere iwmy. on He other hand we leara vhat Mr. Murray tie rtriti-h smhassador at lebnan, h.ts taken down his Mug in cor.i i'.|uence of ss.1irlaction i a ing been refused for nine insult or other, the particulars of which have not. however, b'en made public. It we bear In mind that the occupation of He-at by tbe I'eTsians in, in a s rategic po r.t of vl?? a tremn? dou? I'low to Briiich iuterests in it. will beieidily uaoei Mood tbat tbi* 1'ertian victory will in all probabUi. ty lea<. ' * -tjiee'ly nipture between Var?ia and KngUnd li Jien 'he ''ersiHiH form an oilensivu and delensivo altl fcocn^tth Rn'fia, tbe most serious complications may be ? t?d to t ike place on the northern frontiers of Bitish Im \ i'nder these circum.-tancea it would be i .liy t j f o;.j e.s? tbat there is any chance ol peace being con '.?ird by England aith Rui-sia, whatever France m-vdo, wi ? e iBtere"t.H are in no way affected by the recc.t vie tones of the Rum-Ian arms and Russian diplomacy tu Ana. Neve -thelcsP, it is generally understood i-i our pollflcjl cities that tbe Emperor Nnpoleou is decidedly favor?bi?? to the early jiaciUcation ot hurope. and if t'je idea r.f a g'ncral oorgress of sovereigns should hip?!ly be brnighv to bear it is also possible that it rnig'"!, i* attended wit'i ;ac16c remits. But this would mAinly depend npon th> j retensi. ns of Russia, which, after her ecer.t victories in Asia, it. la fear ' u will lar exceed those eon.litinns which toe allies of the M Tieoember would necemAiHy ahV" t<. insi/t upon in order to render the b??is of a future i ire h 'lflactory to F.un pe and honorable to the nuccesa of tlx; aims of the allies. Vienna, I>?c. 31, 1865. TFiir jVsttw fi't tn th> <'> i ti'Cb?IIow h' AUiftl Troop* are Oartd tor ? Caution of IJi- Russian Comman'Ur* ? 1/ ip'si ma<-y Aeoinslth* Sword ? Priwtia't Pontum ? Ihtalrirau JVrw* fnm Om*tnntinn]>l*. Since tbe receipt of the intelligence announcing the fall of the forlrecs of Kars, we have been put in posse. ? Hon of nothing of importance reaper! r,g a(T r? nt the s?atol?ax. Tbeblt'.or experiene* purchased w dearly by tbe armies of the allien last year, seems to have >;e*a productlfe u/very beneficial effects, if we can judge fro-a lie correifiwhiJence wh'ch meets our eyes from tims to time. Tbe severity of trench duty, which proved last year so trying to the two scanty armies of Great Britain and Franee, has been almost entirely dispense 1 with since the fall of the Crimean stronghold, and the trojps of the cciiiblned armies being comfortably housed and eared for. are living in a comparative state of clover. Tbe accjunts which we receive respecting the Rmsians are of a math more sparing character, by reason of the greater precaut'on which is observed by one and ail of the Muscovite commanders, lest an j thing should be di vulged and made public of a nature likely to prove useful to the aiiiea and prejudicial to Russian interests. It nevertheless seems 10 be tacitly allowed by all that there is no prospect of ?Leir making a retrograde movement, at least for some time to come. By hook or by crook, they maintain their communications totally tree and un interrupted, and by home means or other manage to ob tain an adequate supply of provisions and munitions. Both parties are resting on thtir arms for a time, at the stein summons ot winter, and will probably remain in their present position until the spiing of 1856 shall enable hem to resume active operations. Affairs at the seat of war being thus brought to a stand stUl, tbe ovetstrung minds ot European statesmen are endeavoring ts loosen by diplomacy the knot which the lorce of arms has tailed to cut. Bow far they will be sue- - cessful in aehieving their end is at present but matter of conjecture, and must continue to be such until we am put in possession of facts considerably mn precise than those with which we are at this moment acquainted. Austria is still acting the part uf mediator, and holds a position at the end of 1866 but little different from thv which she occupied at tbe termination of the year 1854. While processing to be the friend and ally ot the two great Western Powers, she still refrains from taking a decided part in the toray. Much doubt exists as to the contents of the dispatches of whieb the Prince Kst her hazy is known to b? tbe bearer, and tho greater part of our Super* deny that the proposals therein contained are tj e conriaered as constituting anything of tbe character of an ultimatum. Tbe world, indeed, may well ask what progre s has been mtde towards a solution of the great European question. But It is easier to to ask tnan to arswer in anything like a satisfactory way. We are infoimed that the Km per or Francis Joseph has despatched an autograph letter to the King of Berlin, and that as answer to the same is expected immediately, if It has not all eady been received. The purport of this letter is said to be the expression of a wish that the King of i'rusria will use his utmost influence with the Czar, with a view to induce him to c onsent to '.he terms pro posed by Austria in the documents entrusted to l rince Ksterhazy. If the contents of these documents, however, be any thing like, those which common report assign* to them, it is pretty certain that Rrusfia will refuse them, and the negotiations will, in that case, be iu no more advanced a stage than before. Notwithstanding tiie little confidence which is telt In the results of the e (Torts of Austria, the population ot this capital fuels great anx iety to be pnt in possession of some decided intelligence; but it is probable that they will be compelled to wait some considerable time longer before their wishes will be gratified. The inhabitants of this city were indulged last Saturday erenirg. by the flirt representation of 'I.'Etoile du Norde. Tbe text, by Scribe, wa* translated iuto Ger man, and the piece was performed in that language, un der the name of " Nord Sturn." Though the perform ance did not commence till seven, a tail was formed by tour o'clock of such a length as to satistv the most excit ing theatrical munsger that ever entered the wallH of this city. Whai with the "Nord Stern," the pre?ense of two wizards ef considerable repute and dexterity, and three awarfa, who almost tlval the American Tom Thumb of '? Barnnm lenown," thegcod people of Vienna have provided themselves wi>h a tolerably good hill ot fare for the long winter evenings. We hear from Constantinople that the Sultan has ap pointed Prince Caliimachi, who has formerly held the post of Ambassador at the Court of Athens, to be Ambas sador at Vienna. It Is somewhat reuarkable that this will be the first instance, for some years pait, in which a tit eek bas acted tt.e part of Ottoman Ambassador at the Austrian Court. His Excellency Baron Protent has arrived at Constanti nople, and gone through tho usual preliminaries. It is needless to say that great things are expected of the ba ron, and bis previous character justifies the belief that bis government win not be disappointed. His Imperial Majesty the Emperor of Austria has be stowed the order of Commander of the Cross of Francis Jot eph on M. ltafour, Secretary in Chief to the grand Pa ris Exhibition. His Imperial Uighne?s the Archduke Al bredo arrived yesterday from Naples. Affairs In Spain. THE SUICIDE OF THE DUKE DK SOTOM AYOB ? HIS SERVICES AND FORTUNE ? POSITION OF DON ENRIQUE. [Madrid (Dec. 27) Correspondence of the London Times.] 1 regret to have to mention the dea'h of the Duke <1e Sot' major, which occurred yasterday, under very painful circumstances. Th" Duke, who hud not attained hi* six tieth yC'.r, ba? long been a complete raa-iyr to gout, ile returned hey about a month since from 1'a.ris, and hw friends observed at times a sort of ^ildio-ss In bis expre* tic n ai.d ? xces: ivc nerve usnes-. Indeed, hs himself ox preened at times biH fear* that he migrt mako away wi b himself, and precautions hud latterly been ra'^en by bis medical attendant.-, a rervant rem: ii.ieg <? nntan'.ly in his room. Yesterday morning a'. seven o'chck thn servant in attendance repotted tiiat he wan in a Hound s'ep. ami left the room for some time, und on his return the Duke ap pealed stiil to be ssleep and snoring, a* tbe ?erv.iui the tight, which he reported to the Ducti"M. who slept ir ai-o'her apartnv-n , and was then uji. The Utter thought this strange, ana went, tj the Duke's chamber, thoshutters of which w?"e still closed, and the heard the a tine sound, which caused her to orfler the shutters to be opeund, when the discrvered, to her horror, that he was dyinir from the effect of a wound ictlic.ed iu the head by n small pistol which wan found in the hed. there be-rjj biocd also on one of his bands. It ih supposed that he shot himself shortly after the servant left th* room, and that tbe pis'tol, being a very small one, bis death whs not immediate; be must have contented it in some secret place, or otherwise it would have been removed. An investigation is taking place ut the 'Jute's resi dence to-toy, by the officers of Justice. He leaves a very large fortune behind him to his Duchess, (through whom he inherited tbe title and Grandoeship. bating previous ly inherited from his father that of Marquis de Cnsa irujo,) and a family of three er four children. The de ceased Duke lad tilled in the coarse of his political career some of the holiest diplomatic and ministerial office* in Spain, having been Spanish Ambassador both in l/mdoo and Darin, Minister of Foreign Affairs at one peri id, and President of tbe Council at another. _ A private letter from Madrid gives some additional par ticulars of the death, received iu I'aiU, of the Duke. Ho had been long a martyr to the gout, which was heredi taria his family, and, as was remarked in the case of the first I ord Chatham, when the pain was completely lulled, the eccentricity of bis habit', and bis extreme netvonsness, assumed on soane occasions tbe character of madness. It is said tbat tbe Duke had attempted latter ly more tban oncce, to put an end to hlK lite, but was as often prevented by the watchful care of bis wile. Tue idea, however, teemed trith him to be a fixed one ? tlias one day he should die by bis own band. He had served in most of the highest offices of the State, and in capaci ty was far above the average of persons oi lit-; class. He was ambassador in Lngland in 1845 and 184C, and had while tn tbat post a long and interesting correspon dence with lx>rd Aberdeen on the Cuban sugar importa tion question. He was recalled to Madrid in 1847, and was appointed Minister tor Kore'gn Affairs. It was he who pent nis passports to Kir Henry Ilnlwer in May, 'S!8, and ordered liim to quit Madrid in rorty-etght hours. Vhile he acted thus as .Minister, he assured our Minis ter in private of his gnat regard for his person! The Dtike was named Embassador to l'aris towards the cluse of 1848. and continued in this post until 1860. llo filled no prominent post in the government alter tnis period, but as a member of tbe Senate he gave bis influence to the cialition which overthrew the detested government of Sar tonus. The Madrid Gasftu- contains the following royal decree, restoring his titles, A:c., to the King's brother, Don En ri<|ue as was ext.ecUd after the loyal and du'iful letter be wrote to theQaeen some days ago: ? In consideration of tbe reasons assigned by my Council of Ministers, and in conformity with their advice, I here by lestore to Don Enrique Maria de Borbon, Duke of Se ville, the honors and considerations of Infante of Spain, and tbe decorations of which he was deprived by royal decree ol May 13. 1848. Given at tbe Palace, Dcc. 26, 1866. (rlBDed by tbe royal hand.) HALDOMEHO K-PAlUKiiO, President of the Council of Ministers. Fa?hloni lor itiiiiau}. [From the Follet.J He wintry wind* which have now pet ia with rigor have caused hu increased display of vurm outdoor toi lettes. Wadded rrarteaus ami furs are lodl>:;.<>nsaMo. Cloth drrsees are more than ever in demand; they are e< sapoMid ol a skirt las eneu round the waist by a buckle behind; the caiaqne has turned ba*p:c?. in which are two roekete ? one fcr the pocket handkerchief, the otlicr for the portemonnale. Half pagodc slecros, with slashed cuffs and large j?t buttons on each band,. The body lu cUifed at front, with velvet b'tindebourgH nnd buttons. The collar in also ot velvet, and lined with Rfttfn. The r< tondes, or small velvet. talmas, are much in dc mane, : nd the minieanx-burnous arc still in f.ivor tor K/rtu tit t.til or e\tnh<R parties they are ijer eraily mate ot Angora cloth, and trimmed with passementeries inthu Critntal style. large senate shawls for rooming wear it wrsfn for the eaniage or railroad, are also made or Argora cloth. lb" moire sntlque wns never In greater vogue than at prestnt. It, in not only eaaplnytd for ladies' dres-es, but ?<me of *be mnrt elegant costumes for children ar? co?r.prs>d of the same material. lace is tbe favorite or - ns.au nt lor this fabric, although the mode for placing i*inds of velret upon moire antiqne in darker shades lit at ill muoh in vr.gve. Those bands aie sometimes em bioideie*! In silk and jet. 1 lie tnlietas is not less in favor than the inoirc antique, dr'"?netH and brocades. They are trimmed #Uh velvet, fs: efrenterle and lace. Jalleias will be much worn for <vminp diess. We have seen some morning dresses which ?we "ill d'(,crtbe tor the Uenetlt of our leaders. A robe of taffetas vnb a low plain body, trimmed with ?v double berth* and short sleeves, composed of blonde, /he fklrt la very full, with three blonde Hounces, leaving a decide? r? po/utlm between each. The blonde is edged w!th a iigh'. fvuther iringe, which gives this costume a very gr.u-.ofol and hercmlng appearance. Another lobe of a light eolir. i/ow pUln hody. Birthe toimed of (Jethic bl. nde. t-'hort sleeve- rrapee*, anil trln-rn'il by a tail of blende. The skir t him three flouooe* of tl? e|>)y indented blonde, ind a short upper sklit ot' tne ?amc fleet nt muter ial. Booles iiit H|?are, nith iilsstwms n K TVtnriadonr, are still in tavcr; they j,e? mlt the display ofthi elegant jew elry kwi'i It hi?nat)le. Vn ? 1 1 baf<(t. ires ol velvet, culled la Pnltnne, ?re t-lm med with sable ?'i eim>ne. Tbe pagoda sleevss are triru rmd to natch. We have n-en an elegant sortie du l>sl irf terry velvet, trimmed wli/h a deep wttte truirure. Ti.c 1'0< d is t'lmoied wi'b a deep bkmde, wtii-h Mis ever the .ec and lotnv a veil. A vif Itlng i'refs ol moire, with broad ??tln stripes. The skirt his a train behind without any ornament. Body wi'b bnnjuM, trimmed with black lace. ?ht sleeve, are flat hi Up, and very Urge at bottom, and trimmed mlb Jaced of different widths. A rot t of grr>H de Tours, trimmed with Hvj douMM, edged wi!h ruche* of ribbon. The s.une garrji'u-e form : bretclles. fcriige in much employed, both for tall dre?s and mo;e -i'npM costume. Amongst the newest materials, the robes Memphis, of which wt >poke formerly, are charming for eveunw; toi lette. The nkirtx art* wituout garniture, being covered with immtnse bunches of flower*, forming pyramid*. The robes ne'ge, with flounces trimmed in dosigns of plush, bave a pretty wlvery appearance at uiglit, anil are d. ci<1e<!lj elegant. Th? ttiffetas with camaieux lozeng <s; the flounces t: immed with velvet and fring*. Tnose with - 1'omuidour flounces ? ihe moires antique* ? with broad Htrtfei. Each pariake of the noe degree >f favor, the difference coualnttng oniy in their appropriation. Some are lor small evening parties, other* for fall dress toll' let ten. After these follow it crowd of material* ? beauti ful, although Bimple ? with b?yaderes flounces in runainsr pattern*, o* bunches of embroidered bouquet*; added to these are the popliDg, the broches damasks, the plaid tailataa and other fancy dresses. For neglige costume* there are material* of wool and sua, which are very aui table for till* severe weather. Kobe* de chambro are made of broche damask iu large deaigna, in piaid merino, plain cichemire, rooiisaeline de laue, and cbinee Uanrel; the latter, a* may be supposed, are the most simple. Bonnet* are still worn very back on the head. The trimming* vary according to taste. We have lately aeen among many very elegant one* one formed of ruby velvet, with a thin front; ou each Fide was a tuft of short curled feather*, the mine color us the velvet; and routfl the front ecge a deep black lace, whieh wa* thrown back, au<i fell over the curtain. Inside the front wa* a roll of vel vet, accompanied with sky-blue hanging flower*. Another waa composed of a grr und of a light color, covered by ribbona, cro -sed and attaehe<l hy little steel buckle*. On each aide were bunche* of pink lilios of the valley, some branches cf which were placed across the curtain. A third waa of white terry velvet. Pamela shaped, trimmed with white feather*. Inside wa* a bimple little bunch of scarlet velvet flower*. For full di ess, some bonnet* have lately been made of several croasway piece* of crape, and between each of tliein a row of pcinled blonde, a blonde to match failing o.-er the curtain: sprays of flowers with crape leaves or namented the outside, uad were the only trimming under tlie trout. Bonnet* composed of several shade* of the same ma terial are both new and elegant, especially wnen made of velvet, and trimmed with shaded velvet flowers to match. The beaver bonnet of the present season sir pass any thing of the kind yet seen, both tor elegauc* of shape ant beauty of ornaments.. Ano'l.er eery pretty bonnet wa* of gro t-ille velvet, trlmmeo with black lace, and feather* shaded blauk and groselli*. The shape wa* Pamela. The o u w*s made of white blonde, trimmed with bunches of white Mies of the valley, mixed with ooquesof groseille velvet. The follow ing are elegant drea* bonnets: ? Due of white ctnnele satin; the crown was round, und covered with a wide blonde falling over the curtain, which wis extremely wide. At the edge of the front was another blocde, also thrown back, inside, a ruche, with a bouquet of scar let velvet (lowers. Another of pink terry velvet, shaded ' and spotted. From the crown to the front it waa covered with bands of crofsway velvet, interlaced. A curled pink feather formed a wreath round the bonnet, begin ning at the curtain. The cap was made of a v?ry full ruche of tulle, with a small bouquet of roses placed quite at the edge. The fo.lowing are among the most charming ball dres ses we have aeen: ? A dress of rose colored taffeta*; double skirt, each of them trimmed with a row of curled feathers; the same trimming on the berthe; the body long waisted and pointed. A dress of sky blue silk, en tirely covered wltn white lace bounces; the berth? com posed of white lace, and the sleeves, which were very abort, trimmed with one frill of lace. We have seen soma dresses trimmed with crape flounces? some merely cub out in large scollops, not edged; the others trimmed with a uarrow flounce. This hu* a charming effect? A dress of tulle, trimmed with bouillonnees more tnan half way up the *kirt. These bouillons were spotted rather closely with very small chrysanthemums. The body folded across 1he front and back on the front, and upon the aleeves were small bunches of flowers similar to th?se on the skirt. The coiffure of narrow velvets, and Sower* to match those on the uress. 'Ihe head dresses are principally composed of flowers and nairow velvet ribbons, but ail placed at the back of the head, which is quite covered with the held dress. The colli ure Krigone Is composed of a bunch ot different colored grapes, mixed with small wreatns ot flowers so exquisitely formed as to appear quite natural. Feathers foim an elegant, head dress for full dress, and are gaining favor, and will, we think, lie much worn this summer. Trade with Canada. EFFECTS OF TDK RECIPROCITY TREATY. The following interesting document waa present ed to the Chamber of Commerce by the Hon. J. Phillips Phoenix, at the last regular meeting: ? The undersigned committee, to whom the sniject cf >% more perlcct reciprocity of commerce and navigation be tween the adjoining Bti iah Provinces and 'he United States has been referred, respectfully report: ? lliat the project laid before your committee is intended to remove all commercial leHtrictViuH on the c <mmerce :md navigation of the Csnadas and the United States? that is to say:? To admit into the respective countries the natural productions and manufactures of both, and to ojien to their vessels the eoasiing trade on the inter v< nirg waters o( the two countries alt the *i ivantagis that now exist between afijoinicg Btates. By refeience to the revnue laws of the Lni'ed States, ar.il pa; ticularly that of 1 7 00, it will appear that the ex portation of fore ign mei chMidise tor the bcnelit of draw I ack was confined exclusively to ' exports by sea," con sequently, our commercial intercourse with Canada was very limited, tnd deduced much upon tse smuggling enterprise of perm ns reeking en ihe (rentier of the twu countries. These difficulties prevailed until 1846, when the re strictions on the export of foreign merchandize by land lor the benefit of drawback were repealed, am the saiM facilities given to the exportation of foreign dutiabW goods 1o t i.nada as if ihe same were exported by sea. Hy the-e measures the people of Canada were enabled to re ceive tbeir foreign merchandize at a much eai her period and with leas expense, and to send abroad tln-tr surplus produce through the canals and porta of thi United States, mnch mote expeditiously, resulting to the advan tage ef llic commerce of both countriss. the Reciprocity treaty between the United States and Great Britain, in re ation to om commercial intercourse with the adjoining British Provinces, was passed the Stb of June, 1854, and notwithstanding the brief period that has eltphed since that important raeasute his been adopted, sufficient evidence has been developed to show that ihe result cannot fail to be greatly advantageous to both countries. While the trade ul Canada ny the St. I awrence has been reduced, that with the United State* has been greatly augmented? our canals and railroads have been tnricbed by tbe transportation of tbeir sur plus pioductions ? our neighbors have purchased largely in our markets of domestic matulactnres, and our ves sels have bad the advantage cf an increased foreign trade. l'rom a rei>oit made to the Canadian Parliament by the Chairman ot their Committee on Irade and Commerce, in May, 11465, it appears " that the imports of the United Stutes from Canata, in 1848, amounted to $64*2,672, and in 1864, to $6,097,204; and the imports into Canada from tbe United States, in 1848, were $'->84,604, and in 1854, $2,180 084, showing, dining a period of six years, an in ciesse in the former cf nearly tea to one, and in the lat ter, lor the same period, of more than two toon*.'' '1 here Is also "a sinking increase In foreign importa tions through the Uni'ed States: ihe impirta for Canada direct, passing through under bond in 1864, were ?1.386,770. 'Ihe amount pnrshased by Canada in the I'nited states, under their warehousing sywem, ?2911, - 41:8: the value of goods purchased in the I'nited States, on which a duty was paid there, ?144,024; the value of gccon not subject to duty in the United States, ?230, ?i0d. These flgaies gtve the value cf our importations from beyond ?ea througn the United States, at ?2,010.826, to which add importations c f tceir domestic manufactures, ?2,836.626. and it would appear that the to-al imports from the l nited States into Oanp.fi a was increased to ?4.846,360, and the exports ?2,M(fB20. or a grand total of ?7,450,607. Canada currency, " equal to $29,802,680. These estimates will be sufficiently corroborated. By reference to tbe Keport of tbe Secretary of the Treasury, on the commerce anu navigation of the United States, tor tbe year ending 80th .lur e, 1855, (page 326,) this most flattericg result appears, viz: ? Export of domeatic produce to Cunada $9,950,7134 Do. foreign 8,769,680 (?bowing a total o? exports of $18, 720,3 '4 Imputations into I'nited State- from Canada. 12,182,314 Making the valne of exports and imports gTowing out of the trade withCanada $30,902,658 Ixcelled only by the trade with Great Britain tnd Franca. The tonn.ipe employe! iu the trade with Canada, amounts to 1,770,730 tons entered, and a like number of tens c leared, and shout equally divided between Ameri can and Riitish tonnngc. Ine apparently large amount of shipping employed lu this trade is nodouby occasioned by the shortness and oom>('<ititvjt frequency of these trips from port to port; :* however exhibits the importance of the tracV. and the p:ophety ot giving to it ev(ry possi ble encouragement. in the judgment of your committee, tbe trade with Canada may be greatly extended, and maue in every .e spfct reciprocal, not only as relates to tlio Ktereh?ni<e oi the productions and manufacture* of the re'pecM'. e rtintrie*. but to the iumgatioa of tbe adjoining lakes i nd livers. Ihe result would be to make ireo and en lnrgi the demand for our manufactures and other pro ductions, now chargeable ?tth duty in Canada, aid tari bta'e the nnv'gatioi. ef the lakes by extending to the vessels of both like advantages in the coasting t a le, oo H e Inteivi nli'g waters of Ue two count) ies. 1be> therefore submit, for tiie corn- idera" ion of the fhsmher. the following memoritl to Congress on the subject. J ? PHIUJIN PHBNIX, ROBERT KKI.LY, ICrw York, an. 3, 1856. M. H. GRINN'Kl.u To nil' Hokorahij: tiii; Sknate ami Hotst: ok HmiRmoTi iivw or tin. Lm'jih 1-tatbi, tv Oiviiiimfl as-k i:u.ki> Tbe memorial ot tbe Chamber of Commerce, of '.he city of New York, most rerpeclittlly represent* that ? i partial rreiptocfil excharige of the rnturul productions of the United States and f an.idas having been established by their irsptctlve governments? -tb" principle of rccipro cl'y may he extended witb mutual adiuutago to the cltl zens of both countries. Your memoiinlists Ihere'orc pniy t'oat Congress will pass an act to remove all duties and re-frictions on the impoitatlons into the United States of a'.i articles ihe growth, produce, or nar.ufscttire of 'he Canada*, also to pfimlt all ships anH ves el- bi.ilt in Canada to participate onujual terra- in the shipping and coasting trade on the Intel ior l?ke* and wn'.ers tnUner.iig between ihe I?j cc uni i ie?, and for Unit purpose to ojm-h to the f-ce and crn<nii n ose of b< th nil ih' water .iranmunicatione, c?a?V ard pons on '^e aforesaid in'ervfvlrig water* be?ween t'ie ('?endas ?nd tbe I nit ci Stile? ? o laVeelfeet. whoowr the gi vcn.ment ot > ariadu sha l p.is a Uw t ex'.enl ihe like f t ivlif gca to the citiiens of the L'nit'd .-'tales ? ?? that vnseis of both ''ountriee may enitage ;ri the ooe't ing trad" en t>e lr.t tTenlng watem alorcv .id on eqnal teitT'i, ind tnat ihe fpt?rr.>iurse for nil po p os of com merce ? 1 PHVig?t,cn in the production? and roa ?> u fact u res of 'h>' twi countries msy lie placed t/'i tbe same ii*?t!np ?s le trooK iwoadjoining State*.