Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 30, 1856, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 30, 1856 Page 3
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ARRIVAL OF THE STAR OF THE WEST. Cs of Two Weeks Later from California. t,44(J IS TKEABUaK ABUIVED. ?1,276,920 En Route. GOLD AND MINT STATISTICS. progress of the Indian Wars in Califor nia and Oregon. Carriages , births and oeaths. M AEKBII , tux, 9m., dux. The steamship Star of the Wept, ThomM Ulnar, Esq., inmanltug, from San Juau del Norte on the 10th uK, Kej West on the night o' the 23d, with $013,440 09 treasure, and 260 passengers, arrived here yesterday orning. The Star of the West eonnncted at the Isthmus with e team* hip Unc'e Sam, from San Franoisou on the 6th St., and Manzanil'a on the 12'h, bringing from both rts, in gold and silver, for New York, New Orleans and carsgua, $723,000 and 360 passengers. The passengers, specie and baggage met with rare d bi tch on the Transit? reaohing the Atlantic steamship tide ot twenty-two hours I Hje Star of the West has experienced strong gales and avy head seas from northeast all the disianoe from West to Gape Hatteras. JUft in *he port of San Juau H. B. M.'s frigata Eury and brig Espeigle. the following is the LIST OP SPECIE FEB STAR OP THE WEST. exel, Saiher ft Church.... 9180 000 tropolitan Bank 170,000 ?lis, Fai go & Co 80 00 ) cmae Watson ft Son 30,000 B. 21 101 Seligmsn ft Co 20 0 )0 ron Jacobs ft Co 15,600 h. Stearn 113 0 W. Schenckberg 10.000 Berwin 6,000 Kosfns'cok, Baltimore. 7,000 lining. Stan wood k Co 3 08 i H. Wines & Co 62,300 . I/>baok & Schepler 28 1 42 otal $043,4*4 he following is the specie list of the mail Bteamer 'it n Ga'e, which leftsan Francisco on the 5th inst. 'Xel, Bather k Schoile Broi 14,000 huroh $'.'50,000 Zeil. Berttievnli Co. 11,460 Davidson 203,328 Faulkner, Belli Co. 12,000 jl Guy 167.884 Ritchie, *sgo idftCo. 10,664 lla, FarjfO ft Co. 1*20, ttOO M ft L. Sacks 10,600 lant ft Wlide.. 114 000 Parrot ft Co 10,030 'atrick ft Co . . . . 44 000 Gold. 'one. Friea ^n* Kelly ft Co. 4'2,0'K) Under ft Ci 10,000 op ft Co 30.G00 Ilmnourgur ft 3ros. 8,661 1). Mil h ft Co.. 28,400 Heury 9sn>ch..., 8 OK) ian,Feigenbaum I. KingftB<-o 6,030 J. Co ;... 25.030 Dupuy,Foulke?& Co 6 388 loss Bros 17,(50 MaoCondray ft Co. 4,620 y ft Strauss... 16.048 Morgan, Haihtway eman&Co 16,406 ft jo 4.167 w ft R*ed 15 009 Case, Heiser ft Co. . 3,030 itj'eibndv&Co. 1ft, 000 Negbauoi ft C >. . . . 1,500 i. Howes ft Co.. 16,000 E. A. Setatie ft Co. 3,000 3M, Bayerqueft Other shippers..., 6,0)0 14.300 Jacobs ft Co.. 14.166 Total .....$1,276,028 |'e are indebted to the enterprising ex crosses of Wells, i ft <3?., G. H. Wine* ft Co., the Pacific Express Com |y, and to the San Francisco News Depot of J. W. Sul i, for files of California papers. pe steamer John L. Stephens, with the piste tigers mails which left New York Iieoember 7th, arrived at FrancUco on the 1st Inst. The Nicaragua steamer ra Nevada, with the passengers from New York of >mbor 10th, arrived on the 3d inst. ie weather throughout the State had been unusually Ice had formed in San Francisco and Sacramento it half an inch in thickncss, and muih snow had n in the mining or moun'-aln regions. In San Fran > the thermometer for several days had beon in the hborbood of thirty degrees Fahrenheit, whteh is the erne limit of the winter climate. ?!ly, convicted of the murder of Howe, in El Dorado |ity, was to be hung in Saeramento on the 8th inst. i the 20th of December, the TT. S. Land Commission Irnwd the claim of the Catholic church to the MIs eharch buildings, the graveyard* ana orihards, and pards attached to them, in the twenty -one old Mls i of California. Since then the claim made by Bishop |nany, for one league of land in eaoh Mission, on be r the Christian Indians has been rejected. e election for Aldermen in the Fourth and Seventh s of San Francisco, resulted in the choice of H. B. s and G. W. Bryant, the Know Notnlng candidates. O. Haskell, charged with embezzling $4,000 from his oyera, was discharged, no one appearing to prose him, and it is said he has gone to Nicaragua. The >lera who had won the money paid it to his em irs. am the mine* we havs the most cheering accounts. ent rains have given the miners plenty of water, |herefore plrfnty oi work. Legislature was to mxet at Sacramento on the 7th |nt, when the new Governor would be inaugurated, jor Townsenl, Captain Clark, and Dr. Stelnbsrger, iv U. S. Army, had arrived at San Francisco from ion. im?ry of tlie Prnffreaa of California In 1833. [From th* 8<n Francisco Herald, Jan, 1.] y?*r hM Iwn one of exulting incident* at home broad, bat, with man; drawbacks. it has, on the i, proved a prosperous one for CnitTirni*. Ia the part, the failure of a number of the 'winks brought ipon many itdiviouals, ami created a m me'.ary pa at. in tbe excitement of the moment, come cjq?1 a fatal blow at tne pro-pen' y ot the country. Bu*. tot in quickly passed, ana as on "he oattle tie 11 fresh ta All up tbe gape ihn ar iitery has made ia the .and to appe*r?uoe present as btrong and bold a as bet'me, bj new aspirants t jr weath and step into the places of the fallen, aod the gees on as before, and s Mety appears the sufferer. From that disaster onr peo |?oon recovered and pursued their aTocitljns, iuirg tn> Ir improvements with as mush spirit ore. In our own ei y we hare been peculltrly I. No peetileiice has vi-i'ed us? the c imate has d praises even from professional g'umolers. Dar tyear but 1,262 dea hs occurred in a population .rly CO, 000, and of theie a large proportion contract eate e.sewliere, and came Dere from the interior, " oieign port*, and from ou hoard vessels, to die in oar >ala Our mortality statistics, compare I with those ler large cities, will stow this to have Been the iie?t ci*y in the Union during the past year. Nor je work cf improvement stopped. It is not, to bo so apparent in the heart of the city, where splea id enduring structures have been lon< erected, let one who takes an interest la our progress make the circuit of the suburbs, and he K surprised to see what * vast amount of ts been done dut tag the past year in the opening racing ot new h tree is, the e^eoti in of handsome ana rtkble residences, the emoelllshment of the groants the nwtlllngs ot our citizens, the laying out of lul gardens, the construction of valuable m*nuf?c aud the dressing up generally of the watte lands atx ut us. Tbe aaieesed vame of the property in lay will probably reaeh thirty five millions ot dollars, cU add bo lie ten millions of dollars loaned on m >rt od we shall have a total of forty-dve mllll >ns of invested in property in this city. To the sse**ed it is always usual to *dd one fourth at least, to oh 10 cash value of the property, for holder* rarely the full valuation where tuAs ate to be _ Moreover it is impo?mb>e fir the As to get a statement of all the personal j belonging to tbe community, and ao, g allowances tor these Items, it woald te s*fe to e total value ot property and money loaned upon |-ty in this city at the present time ts little short y,(lve millions of dollars This, divided amnag housand inhabitants ivould give Line hundred and r6te dollars to every man, woman and child in Immunity, a fact thai publishes our clai n to be ered o?.e of t.ho rich s' cities in the world We the materials fnr c 'mparlcon bff.ire ua, but we whether, New Bedford excepted, there is a richer America. This idioiAd set at rest the fears of rs here, who represent us as rained because we owe of two ndilient an l a half, and of those abroad |>ok npon us as a mnshrooom growth blooming and us In a night, wi hnred and gone the noxr? y??r en the whole has been a prosperous one to ercartile and traiin < c immunity, despite the ustaioed Intne early part. Within the last six trade has re'lved, go ids anl produce have 11 remunerative prices reus and expenses have icduoed, i he ca?h sjatem has been more strictly i to, and we doubt not the balance shaet will . fcir profit duMng the v?ar. farmer* have done well, too. They have i n twenty ronties alone, out of fbrty-one. raised 'iMi.Tltt lot wheat, 3.813 4*8 bushels or barley, 1.O2606T i cf oats, anil largo quantities of smaller sufficient to supply not only our owa bnt to permit an export n[ domestic pro i the value of 94 648,000 to less favored ooun In those name coun i e. In addition to cletrlng up t'ing their land- in a culUvatanle condition, they I anted full 400,000 * Bp? vines, 100,000 aople trees. |? peach trees, lb 000 iiear trees, and 100 00.) of ru'.t trees, all of wMch will yield handsonely h coming years, aid hold 78, Ml horses, 436,871 sheep IN 'i8f> tiogs, aad 14,101 males. Ipr, dnee ??r Me' v ? 0 Kthds Is pfcylng A remuniwa lire snd we NMlldl n.e agricultural das* I hav? l(,ti nmmpintrt Itahf the year. The sam? may be said of the miners. 7hiy have pr vlioM g>l<l enough duiinf the y?ar to j osttfy an et nurt of $ >\19AM}, acc>iOlog to tltf i^u'in-hul manifest*. tu ?.lduli?a % tti.i, U mij of ijintrlfd, the miuetn htm b wtltl their ??'? Ugs tu a greater extent tuis .year thtn vrar b?fjr? it. cut >equei ce of the failu-e of the btuk*. F"r Ibe same rMttOD. t> ery la gj amount baa wen takji a*a| In piivate hau ls, . f wiiic'. no r?c ir 1 erjr appea-s. During the year, to i, the Mint In this ot'J fca* coaal gold and silver to the vain# of $?t,12l,76i, of irtaiol (11,(W 300 wax La gold coin, a large proportion of thiol baa been aloed o ihe circulation in tw H.aie. raking tbe-e matters in"<o cunaiderat'on it will ha ^a's t.> *?im niate U<e product! ' of our uiow tbii at CM 000 000, wfrich fbo *n auythiug bu- au indication of g-Tiug .ttt, ?a ?one of our rei y particular friend* at>rjal ? ft b?r< it th*y are doicg And, laltly, in?nu'a;;ories are rapid I jr inmca*ing and the propriet its Have bad no oiu?e to o in plain during the year. In twenty-nine couatlei oat of forty-one, tbere are seventy Hour inula, 261 "*? tnllu aul 40 quarts mUU. Ia this aic 'ant, Sau Fr?a!i?n >, .rUlu contains more flour mills thin any e'her o .un .y In thi State, and a very Urge number of Haw JiilU is not lac u>l M. Were the returos full. we hare no- a qua-titu t>ir Sta'e would snow 100 flour mill*. 3U0 m* otitis and 70 quartz mills. Toe two first have done well, vhile tb? quartz mill* have realized a splendid profit tor toeir oaners. Manur ing up, we fiud the comuercial, agricul tural, mining and manufacturing olasses h+Te *11 cuiw for congratuui ion. Their labor naa t>e?n regarded, their improvements stanl, their business has been esUbliloed. they have learned valuable learn >na ny i'xpert?n;n ami ha to a prcmtsiug future before the'u. Woo nays Califor nia U ruined, or Call Torn tana without reiouroea, <rlth such an exhibit of the year 'a opetations before them? Snipment of Uold. The following table shows the ship moat of California gold for five years:? 186 1 $*4,492 000 1864 61,429,101 1862 46,687,803 1866 44 640,090 lt>63 64,906,000 Total shipment for five years $231,05 4 994 For the qua-ter ending December 31, 1866, there has been shipped:? To New Y. ik $10,883,421 82 l'o London 1,619,784 71 lolanama 43,000 00 ro China 122 0/8 00 To Manila 85,8*8 00 To Calcutta 4,000 00 To I'eru 6,200 00 To SaLdwioh Islands 89,241 00 Total lor the three months $12 702,608 63 For the nine months preceding .' 81,937.482 00 Total for tbe year 186$ 944,640,090 64 do. do. 1864 61,429 10138 Decrease In 1856 $0,789,010 8' Bllnt 8UtbM?a> Tbe following table shows the operation? of the Uulted States Bianch Hint at San FrancUoo, from its c <inmenje ment to date <MU>. Drp<mit?. Coin. Bart. Re/. Bart. Tot' I Vol. 1864. OZ.. &f9,;74 $4 1 84,207 $5 633.444 $5 BS8 $9,713,614 Jan., lfrtS 64.110 796,000 3hft,'J6? ? 1,181 m Fenruary. . . . 81,854 1370, W0 19/ 757 ? 1567,757 Mar (to *2).. 81,101 1365,000 190,516 ? 1,561,5^ Aprl None. 52 500 Koae. ? 52 5)1 Ittav (from 9). 129.479 1 200.000 18ft 8 6 ? 1,415 83-! June 107 7 58 2,800.000 ItO.SOll 15,109 3, UOl.O'O Ju y 137.499 1,90.000 397 8 )6 10 US 1,372 991 August 137,941 1.6.V.OOO 600.14 26 100 2.i6l,274 September... 130,484 2 400,000 478 496 13,023 1.951.11!) Ociooar 140,981 2 0(10,000 327,93.1 24.673 2,35 ',607 Novemte-... 102.841 I,494.8i0 3*3,628 Pona. 1,848.428 December... Moue. 400,000 None. None. 400,0u0 Tota s 1,164 217 21682,507 8.904.039 94 646 30 0^1 191 Deduot '64.. . 587,774 4,084 207 6,833,444 5,8?3 9.7U514 Total, '56 1.174,443 17,698.200 3,270,594 88,782 2^,937,077 SILVER. 1866. Depotitt. January ounoae 274 l'eoruary... " 6,8)2 March ? 34, .176 Apdi " None. Mi j " 80,631 June " 7,422 July " 4,990 August " 4,912 September " 24,193 OitobW " 26,888 November " 3,104 Deo-mber " None. Total ? 142,210 $164,076 RKCAPITI'LATION. DtpotiU. Gol<^ deposits, 1864 ounces 689,774 14 Gold lepssits, 1866 " 1,174,411 48 SUver deposits, 1866 " 142,218 10 Total deposits since April 31, 1864.. " 1,906 433 82 Cuinagr. Gtld coinage 1864 $9,723,614 26 Do. 1866 20,957.677 43 Silver coinage 1866 164,076 00 Total coinage slnoe April 3, 1864 The BKUaea. MEW GOLD D18C0VERIEB IN TUOLUMNE ? QUARTZ VEINS, KTC. The Son or* Democrat says that great excitement exists on the Mouth Foik of the in rated tu new dis coveries that have been mada In that region, rue editor rioted the spot, and fouud it to be a spur rery similar in appearance to the famed Table Mountain of this vicinity. It piesenta, howerer, none of the abrupt prutnon fortes which characterize the latter; but the fenwal appear ance, firmatiun and strata bur evidenoe ot rslauomhip. The fame to eanic deposits on the surSace, and the samj etdimentary clay appears, which are here regarded as an user ring index of the existence of gold beneath. A large number of shafts are being sunk, and several tunnel* have been started in this mountain. The excitement Just at this time Is the result ot gold haviug been found by cne of the tunnelling oompaoies on the north side of the mountain. The gold is very similar in appearance and quality to that taken from Table Mountain proper. Coon Hollow U a mining locality in tbe immediate sub urbs of I'lacerville, long noted for its Taluaole gold depo sits. An immense riuge is being levelled down, mostly by hydraulic power, and the gold saved In sluice*, by tbe ordinary mode. There are a great number of those, and their accumulated waste waters, after leaving the sluices, form a s'ream of muddy water, sand and gravel. Mr. Sprague, though working no claim, conducts this water through a set of blnicM containing rill lea, false botvomn and quicksilver, and with no other labor or coot tuan re newing his fa ee bottoms as often as they wear out, say onee in a month or two, actually realizes from one to two handled dollars per month, taus securing a handsome gold jield, without possessing a mining claim, and with no ir justice to any one, a> he only savea what others per mit to run to waste. Up in the mountains the snow is proving somewhat of a hindrance to mining operations, but there is encourag ing news trom the country about Alpha, nevga and Gold Hill. At tbe former place, four companies oo time need washing on the 22d inst., ot.e of which took out nearly $300 in a few boars. An extensive tunnel has just oeon cm oleted In that place, a" 2 feet in length, ruouiug con ple'ely through the hill. The tunnel is supplied wi.h a Hum- i whtch has a grade of fifteen inches to tbe box Tbe opening w*s made tbrouga the bed rocir, an 1 blast ing for upwards of 200 feet was found nej^ss^ry. The mow at that point is still at a level of from two to three feet. The extensive preparation, fays tha Neval\ Dcmtrra', wllob has been made throughout the miniag regioa, leads to the belief that the coming snasou'will be un equalled by any previous product of California huwti eg. No distiict bas been idle, and ditsbing, tunn?14og ant oilier noceassiy improvements hare been raoMly carried forward during the summer and fall. The rains have now faiily commenced. Cap alo Maltby, who arrived in Stockton on the 10th, from Kern Kiver, turni-hes the following items Trom Talare and Kern River. Some companies on tie lUwk eye and lximismo Gulches were making from 85 to $S per do; to the hand. Ihe bulk of the mining Is n>w done on these gulches. Quartz u.iaiDR, at some futuie clay, will be can led on very extensively. Veins are beiog de veloped dally, which, in point of richness, will compare lavoiably with an; in die State. Captain Key's vein bas pi oved to be exceeding rich. During the pait fortnight the rock bas yielded as high as f lxteen cents per pound. Captain Maltby's vein is very cxtent-ive and also valua ble. A company Is now organizing in San Francisco, tM work a rich vein recently c ^covered. The qaartz veins are all on Kern River. There are at present live stores In the neigh btrhood of the mines, where everything usually found In similar establishments can be purchased Flour Is selling at $12 60 per 100 pounds, and bacon at 40 cents per pound. 8ILVKB MIKES IN CALIFORNIA. [From the Sacramento Union, Dec. 18 ] The fame of the t liver mines of this State is as old a* that <f the gold placers. Both meals appear to have been known to the old padre* of the missions In their Ta rn us localities, as well as that of the celebrated quick siiver mine of tbe new A'.maden. For instace. it U well known among the natives and old settlers that prior to thej ear 1820. tbe Indian# of ths Tulare Valley usel to come over into the Santa Clara mission Unds, to get out the native vermilllon for coloring their bodies and dresses. The old Indians of lhat neighborhood had many bloody battles with the surrounding tribes, for the possession cf the same cinnabar mine waich has caused such an ex pensive outlay of late (or litigation in our State courts. The only difference between the present white men and the old red ones stems to lie, that the latter shot arrows and shed blood, whereas the former sned ink and shoot with dollars. lie old plicem of Han Antonio, San Femardo, Santa Ynez, La 1 minima and Santa Cruz? -such as they are In their comparative poverty -were known to the old priests and their Indian neophytes lor the last fifty years; but the w lasts luva la My ctiseouraged the hunting and wotking for gold and minerals, and very properly as ? mat er of po icy for themselves, the occupation ot mining S' liking at the very foundation of their system. Tbereare sa'd to exist in the arc t Ive* of Mexico letters from Upper Oa..fornia priests, stating the dlsooveries neer.aoiue of tho missions of silver and silver ores In large ma*>es. This may refer either to the mines of thi A izal ltancho, in Monterey conn y, which appear to have been known to the inc ian.s of eld f>r mtkln? or naments of lead, and use: often afterwards by the native Californlans for making ballets for gun*, wherever they ohose to go to tbe trouble of melt ing the metal on*? the mineral beln? a mix fart of lead and allTer, the lead greatly predominating, whicb made the ore easily luatole with a fire of hot coai*. This latter fact has keen efton proved by oartioi on th* spot since I860. As the AUzal mines lie wltnin tw <nty flve mile* of the old Mission of San Carlos del farmaio, which was for seventy years the residence and afliivn office of the head of the mictions of California, he letter in the archives of Mexlio may refer to these; or 1'. may rtfer to the Immense masses of antimony trine al near tie Tejon rasa, which was within the jurist lotion of the old Mission of San Fernando, and whiih la said to bu sufllclent in quantity to furnish tbe entice supply of tho world for the present u?os of that mettl. 1h?n, again, the old friars had tradi'.tons of silver miues on or near the King's river, of the Tulares Other vlns of .sllvor ore were kr.own. and ire still known, nesr the i Id Missions t.l Hants V net at.d f.a PunMma, In t ie piw^nt county of S?nt? Barbara. Oi latte/ears we hear | o' the Aurora -live- mlbe. ne?r S?rt?u? !*???, twon'y talk* frim t'm Mi-*i>n of fWn B.i'titt, t>ut liiU* it ??itl oy in nwa ? g -U t> '>e i?ily en inniHaie d-? p HI of ohri me mineral. In n? mountain r mi h? Auii>rk Ditf e h rr i- r*i I ' > }?* a u very ri:ll flu 01 ciuiia:*', eqoal'j h v?lu l>le .* th?t of .ue No >v AIji i deo, po' the pu > ic are a? yet iu Uio Car*. as u> Uxu r il lllfl t ? if tilt! Vlt'll It U also kuwu th%' ther? ve veins ??f silver ore, which a-e known to '.hi- miner i i >.'?Uvi'ra>> and Tuuluinun c > <ii ties; t-t .<.???; mi 1 wm st,?'i?d In th.i puol'B j.<ariitU of th'>-H tin ur'io* in the eir y p?.rt of I. 6?. lhri<i bo V ? Xmt 'iu the r in b of t rie All ill, in M iituroy u iin'f not i?e? tiisn ?h'?" dintiuot veins < f inlftorti, wi.ioh a>e raid to ld'hio ci v ir- t'fio tlrst v?iu l< 'he One u ?l oy h* Indian- i.r C?iif'irnltn< for mtkiag bui lt ta he., and Is xl.uateu in the f??t.htiia on ih-i aint site of 'be p mo of the ti?iija&. i'ar from 'hd old muni m of S If- (lad, iu toe inifst of one i f ih- uiost fer iie a.d salubrious p ?t4"na of our St* a. From tha accounts of the ii?hi|h?? ia tie Leigh'ui kI, it appears ti hsve Iven tl ? at worked by ?n md Mexican mi .Mr, ia 1811, wii . ficin ^iiaia dls??(rreiueui ?ri h he p op ie?i>'S of tun laj d, a- to the own# nliip of the mtue, cJUieaLid the T>tin after be hid worked down m ot U-a fen t in *> ihe ground, aud pn-ietded lb a' it w ?? not ?r utlb irking. He afcor *? ((" went out o' tbe c iun ry, and ? daid to ban died ft. or bear La Far., In Uiwor Cail'arnW. Ybip inii-? ?a?- ag?iu wo ke.l in 18ft 2 oy a par'/ of lu.-r peHenced tierman mine1-*, ia connectro with noise Frann<*oo c^piuli ca; but nun van*. ?'f proper ar-m^p mrtnU and lack of pi tc'ioal ui'nerb. -uu >.jo from w?ut of "oe grand onih," the matter tenuivad ia Iim. Tbe ts fult, thongb if oereral innlnou* of tbe ore or t-iii old retn proyi-d in tonietitiniy tba' it wat Tory ilea in lead, and ea. ll y fu*l ile by a nooimon eiareoal lire Kron th-i leid metal wan got about 12 pat oent of silror, of ait d tbe big moueyr of the mi .t ar-< made of. ThU .vas dotie by klmpiy ioel io<< the lead in a lacle, and thai evaporating tbe leao by a bi <tr pipe or fk'j uutil t'je oat Ub of ultrer wan Inf., wbich can't oe f*T?por&U>d, i> ap pear* by any kind < f heat. In 1863 wah found anot^r Tien of ore on the name land, and a 'xiut two thuueand yaran from toe old vein. Tb t No. a Telo Ulna hard quarts forinattou of bijecaroo u?te of copper ? blue an ul tra tr artne ? inlidd witb ><llrer, irou, an ' wuai apnea? t ? b? yenow oup *ir ore. Tbin rein, we learn. lA very ex'eos v? In tbe early ptrt ot the preaint jear, another vein or twt was f >unl iu the aniue hillr and w lich appearn to be to ere ' f an entirely din mot oharac er from taooe of the twj first, being in a eoft abite rook It Will -hoi be Beoa that tbere can be very little doubt that a* fact a" tte m >UD *ins of our State are eitploi ^d, aimr ore will be louLd io .a k? nuantitiej, a^ rioh m tho>e of Ouanahuato. in Mexiao, or Cerr > i'a.^co ia Peru. In afevyraie we iray yet ?ee tain laterent, under the puiclnrop and direeti n of enterprlaiof capita Uts and piaclicfc1 m'nen.. grow to bo one of th? most 'nvaiuibie in the mineral iuteienli) of the United States. Hie Indian War In No it Horn Caliraralii. From lue Tri-ka Union we gather the (oitowiu^ aldi tiobal particular a iu relation to tbe Indian war in the North: ? By governnent express we learn that a fjrce of ?ome thiity IndiauH, about oue l.a'f ot thorn Umpquai, and tlie irmaiader from Hogue ilTer aud probably tiie ringletdera, made a descent upon the aet'lemeut ot Tea Mil* i'rairle, in the llin qua, burned Sfteru qoumm, killed n > ne oattU and diove oif home, aud ?tole <. Irty h ;r?fn; and tUat they w v | wrmi MMl the prnoerty lettken; turee ludlaus lulled, only tlnee wai e men killed. Great excltemcut prevailH. ThU point ia only asout a da/ and a iialf iiom )he Indian camp on ltog j.e liter. Tue troop* we leaxn, a'rer hnvi- g been redu ied te half ratiou? at the Meadows, have been compelled t? retire f'tr want ot provi<ion?. We d> not kaovr by who?# fault thin diaantroujj onditi >n of Uilnifi is oiilfered tocccur but weki.ow tlicre uiutt be orijiinal negloat s< n owhere We are awa e that the.e is a cU<? of in?D in Orr-gor who are using tbeii luilaeune to embtrrasi tbe eili-rtti of the i roper tffioersto obtain supplies fir tbe army ; but we are assured tbut an anuudtnu? o' provi sions and clothing has been .secured in spite of tbis obata ole. And whe^e 1< it ? Why uiu-t the .olunteers. in ad ditirn to the seveie l-nrdsbrpo Incident to the rsamptl^!i, be oal'ged to euffer with hungei f A grea'. laul . mu?t lie aoBMWbere The Aitu, fJaMfomin ?ays: ? We letrn from Oeo. C dwIph, I>q., who was present noon ?fier -he tragedy that it diOl cul y occuired at a piase cjlie 1 Biuwell'.s Ran oh, in Rutte county, oc Wednesday 1 tut. which resulted in the death ot live lnriana and one while man Tte Indiana c*me into a store kept by Mr. Joseph Shaeffer, old acted for some flour, and demanded it without pnyment. Upon beiog refused, they immeJiate.y hhot bim down, and killed Dim. Tne white risideats in the neighborhood irather?d togetaer aud pu-sued the muiderers and succeeded in killing five of them. Airirali and Departures or Immigrants. The following laols shows 'he arrival* aul departures at San Fmnciso during the year 1S6d:? Aduit males arriving 21, '280 i Acult females arriving 5,3'.2 Child' e^ ar riving 2.014 Total orrivals 31,6tt8 Adult males departing 21 040 Aduit females departli g I,ld8 Ciiidren departing 52B Total departures 22.740 Increase 8,968 Mlacoll aneotu. Srverb Shock or Kabthquakb in San Fraxcbco,? At ten o'clock yesterday morning this Ti Inity tu visited by a severe shock ot earthquake, which shook moat of th? Urge buildings to their foundati >ns, and caused eerinus a.arm in several parts of th? At. tuo earthquake rsng.d ft. m North BeacD to RIocod Point, bat was moot severely felt in the lower part of the alt/. Too shook was fel in every part of the City Hail building, and ia the rooms of the third story the gas fixtures awtyed violen'ly, and the picture frames were rattliug agaiust the walls tor the space of half a minute. In the upper s ories cf the International Hotel, the confusion caused bv the shook was se great that it was a winder noon of the occupant* were iojared. Mothers caught up their children and rushed, or rathar flew down th? sttirwaj. shrieklcg for aaalatapce; and there was reason tor tbi* a'anu, considering Hia4. the window sashes were f>rced open by ihe shock. Tbe building occupied by James He Fieir try, on Merchant street south side, near Battery street, was considerably affected by the shock. The doors and window saehes were for jed open wi h great vio lf>r<e, and tbe iron shucers were mnoh bent ana warped; th? masonry of the walls was also considerably Injured. Inmost of the tinware and crockery shops down town, there was an unnsuai activity among the goods on the shelves. and in some instances the owners were ia great coni-lernatlon for the safety of their wares. The shock lasted about thirty-five seconds. ? Herald, Jan. 3. Thk I.kih?si>orit Ebtatk ? Reported Discovert of Tnii Brats? We undors'and that legal proceedings will be iusiltuted in a few days, for tbe recovery of tbe Leldes dcff estate, en behalf of the heirs of Lei'le^dorff, who, it is said, bave been discovered tn Copenoagen. Tae minor in relation to this matter carries With it the idea that the transfer from Anra Maria Sparks tn the late J. 8. Folsom, was without any authority from the real heirs, ant that she not only was not the mother, bat in no manner related to I*idtsdoiff. It is further said that a nephew of 1/eidfndurff, who lately arrival from Copeubagec, Is now in tbe city, and that he will roprn fent the abeenr heirs, and tbe suit be instl-ated la his name. We bave lurd thwt both Gov. Bi;!ar and ez liovernor Foo'e have beoo retained as counail to prose cute the ca?e. If this Is true, it wftl of ourse put a s'op to the sale of that poi ti in of the estate of the late Oapt, Kolt-om, which he claimed under the title frcn Anna Maria Sparks. Ihe whole matter at present looks tnjstt > lous, aud it Ik iuip-m-iole to get at anything more than rumor* bat tnere is evidently something in the wind whioh must lead t> new devslopements In regard to this vast esta e. ? San Francisco AUa, Jan. 6. Thk Cham-is i ok a Sknator. ? Politicians are already busy it canvassing for election of a United Stab's Senator to fill tbe vacancy occasioned by the expiration of the time for which I)r. (twin was eles:ed. Th i prominent, candi dates In ike Ame: icaa party are now nnd?r? ood to be Messrs. Ciabb, Foote, Man-hall, Flint, Newell olKldorado, Peyton and I)r. Hitch cook. Aecordirg to tie best Information, at present there are In the A^embly fifty-five American", t*enty-four democrats and one who claims to be a whig. In the Se nate there are lie van teen Americans, fifteen democrats aid one Independent. Fr_im this classification, It will ba seen that the Atnsri csn party can easily elect a l.'oi'e) states Senator, in case Its members go into an election, and are united upon a candidate. But there are othe r questions wMch will probably make a selection difficult. The Amf iian party baa been formed bv a combination of whig* and ceti. or rats, and It ia believed that jealousies will arise, by which some portion of t le party witi re*use to o >Ves:e wi*h the other. Indeed, we near already that certain men wfco were otliriaally democrats, refine to support Mr. Crabb, or any other decided whig, and in the same way certain whigs object te the election of Fodte, or a man who was originally a strong democrat. ? Sin Fran cuco AUa, Jan. 6. Aitkmvtwi Fir at? or A. A. Comm.? Deputy Sheriff Har risen, on looking around this morning for the above individual, went on board the Unite Sam, about to sail fir San Juan, and discovered him in a very retired position, in a part of the ship not devoted to first class pas?*ngar<<. He was arrested and brought on shorr, and is now In court, dividing the attention of the people present with Cota, whose case is there progressing. About half-past two o'clock, a brother of Mr. Cohen came In front of th* /tvlU/in office and tore down a piacard containing a no tice of Mr. A. A. Cohen's arrest, and drew a pUtol in a threatening manner, and pointed it toward tka door of tbe rfflcp? there being no one in front of the office, a futther display se?raod unnecessary, and as the crowd organ to collect Mr. Cohra went off. Mr. Ktig so n ap pea-ed, replaced the iilacard, aud was cheered by the crowd. Tbe brother or Cohen is also arrested.? Km frcen citco Journal, Jon. 6. Mnrrlagei, Births and Oenthq. MARBIKK. P?c. 36, by tbe Rev Itr Soott. ('apt. Jas. 9. Johnston, of SacMM&to, to Miss Mattle J., daughter of Joseph S. Fopg. Fiq., of Stn Francisco In Sen i rancUco, Dee 2ft, by the sarao, Mr. Jonathan Klttrvdge to Miss Ama J. Parker. In Pan KrancUco, by Rev. Mr. Moosh%ke, Mr. Tlmi theus F. Darders to Miss Jnhannette Schneder. In San Francisco, by the sam?, Mr. Charles Frank to Mlts Wi htlmena NIcoiM. At Pie a> ant Orovo Cieek, Dec. 19, Mr. J. N. Wehl>er to Mi^s Julia Ann Addingion In Mat jsvi le, Dec . William J. Perry to Miss Han nah IV gsrdua. At I inc (irovs, Amndor county, Mr. Edward Coulter to Miss Ma'tlda TVtlt.?. In 8to-:kt' n, by the Rev. W. C. Mosher, Mr. Wm. L. Over User to Miss Catharine E. F.itchln?on. At Red llluff, Mr. Stephen Breareilff to Miss Jane Wilson. A* his reei'lenoe, by tho Rov Fa'her Faher, Mr. Thos. Forties, of Mass.. to Miss T.ucretia Ri Vinson, of BUtimom. la Sao.amento, December U4. by the F<e? J. A. lleaton. Mr. George B. ftwarts to Mrs. Mary E. Hears, both of Sa eramorto. In Psjaro, by Rov. Mr. Buchanan, Mr. John R. Porter to M'ss F*nr.j (i SearL De-'er ber .l ~bn C 0)rtet', K.J.| , to Miss Mary A. Rnffley, both of New York ci y Ia Stooktcn, I^oember 23, by iu?v. R. A. latim-r, Mr. John N. Ktvraii to Ml<a Mary J.' *11 of San Joa IJU1I1 c Ultltj . Ii k-act ? u ento I>? V6, hy Rev. IJ. S PhHHi>s, Mr. 0. P. (J alt- to Mri H M >ii ,ey all ?' ru ilui'n In htciMwo'4, 'Vo. i4, by tev. <? 3. Iliflf >?>, J. F. ThjI.i t Mi? H 1 em <>n In <iriu>h by K?t Julio U. -""I Mr. Win. H. I'liikf t vt|. ? L zin i KiMii, n h of I *0 H 1 At Wbfe It u*, 1 ,u. a,? V? ley, J\ ? *ev. Or Van Mehr Wl.ll.oo H o<i, E tj , of Lo< U#?oo an! -!*u F *o cl-or1 'm Hit* Adu, <1?ugb?r ol ti? u?'? Sua*. ol Melbourne*, Viotou*. At (jiefuuiMxl, by Rht David Wo'ure, Mr. J >?eph i Sanger to ilisa Jo?nn* IVcraon li of ihe ??> pla*e. h. San 1 Vc 0, in toe Set-nto ? tfj-hei, Mr. Ge<>rgt W to m>*h Mary1 Si union

Id Sac Kraiic!?co. Dee. 24 t.y Iter R P Catlar, Mr. Jo p. ph It Scotch ler t . I'm* Kilcu M. lugtfv d, o( J. 1. T-g srd bq, By 6. C Yi'ur? E?q , Mr. Herry Rortgera n? Secret Ravimi, to Mia. Maty J?u? Gallagher, la ? of Brooklyn, N. m Yuk. In ihetownof H ))u:h('o, tiy W H BUnittvru Etq , Mr. luutuwi 1 tonoho lo Mi>a hlU-n C'tm^rl 'g?, Ootu ol K1 Dorado Hv ?be earns Mr. Au <>uey N> Mian lie i\m, formerly of ll'Ji-g Ki :.g mm ?i 1J I *>. art" Ti Cnlotta, a' i. e Aiuiiimh H >n?e, by J. P. I?ug, Esq., Mr. O F. D. Fal/banlui to Mlu .Sarali A. Vans*, both of PlaoarrilU-. At Sati /Vi.drm Dee 12, By A. Porter, Esq., Mr. A. P. Oht'IU o Mth Miza of .San iod'e*. A' Writ ii'i ve, by It. r. Mr. ktler, 11 r. W. A. Hogg* to Mi?a Sarah k Pi key In an Fran.iao ?, by R* v Or. ^ on the lat tout., Mr Geo. s. Dan* to MUa M?ry f.ltiabM h B*rg?r. AtlUkteurt I vc bl, vj K^t. San. B. Ee I. C. W. Rrid, P>q. to Ann i'u .wr, a tb of CiUDt in. Aiamitda c >un ty, Cai. 1b Han Kranniaeo, lat January, by R?v. Benjamin Br< ??rly, at '.he leAtdt-nne of tbn brf o'? fattier, wr. William Praneii' Heiii. k to MImm U iCy t Ihuqim, elaoai cuughte ? ot Mr. JoM){ih KnLdaU. Ja>. 8, a' Ht. Wury'a ea hedra), by Rev. Fatoer (UIH gV r, Mr. Patrick W. 14 loo to vUia 'ouiia Bxrtaa Jor dan. both of fan CrancUoo. In Sou Fr?D0'm>n. Jao 2. *>y He t R. P. Cutlsr, Mr. Atnoa K. Nichols to M1j>8 Laura f. It-dale. BIRTHS. In San FraDciaoo, Mr a. Ain^oder Rarrloch, of a rtaugh tei. In fan K. aitcla o, llei. 27, th? lady of Henry S. Banker, Km| , of a Oaughtw. DIED. Ju Saa Fr&i'olac, A'mada, aged 7 years, bob of Wil liam and Slary E. H af rd. At Wooc'a Crotaiug Dec. 20, Mr. A S. Saa'ord, aged -8 yearn. In >h?eta, Mr. Jamea M Datiih, formerly ot IHlnola. In h'aa Kraucieco, Pec 26 Mim l.ycl-i P. Nottlngtum, daughter of the ate Benj Not.tli.gnam, Eaq., u< Norfolk, Va., ag?d 24 >fa<a. At (;akl-ind, I)e<3. 18, Alice A., eldest a* lghter of Capt. iMvid atid Caroline A Nye, age>i 7 ynara. Dec.. 22, at<>akland agel :<1 yea s, (Caroline A., wi!"e olCapc. I'Hvid Nye, 'ot m?ny of New York. At. Newlowu, 'U"er coun.y, Dec. 18, Mrs. H?nderK'>n, wi'e of Mr. Jolin Hmrcmia In Weave Tilte a't<-r a ah jrt illnea<, William L. Drajier, of AUtn, 1L, In tbe '.8 h year of bin axe. In San t ianciaco, J hn, n D i.f Eaarard and Margnmt Saytr. "g'tt 2 ytara and II ni ntba. Alao. on llie l1 n inn'., r.-iwttrd Sajer, aon of the a'KTtt, age 1 7 month*. I>ii"?-ase, croup. lu .-an b'ranciaeo. Dec Al, of iuflatomaMon of the luugs, Edward Moliough, a native of A.bany, N. Y., agt-J 21 y?a ra. At bis lesideuce in Sha?'a, Jauies Daigh, late of Perry. Pike r.ouuty. In. Mr. Ditirfh wan rneuf the oldest and Bii-t rei-peceo rn-ident- ofShaeta. Wm. (iavitt, late tf Scot.i'a Bu. aged C6 years. Che drceaefd came from P<> k c< uniy, 111. At Sbaw'c Fiat Dec 19 Elvira WillUms, only daughter (I Mr. nnd Mre. Wm. WilllamH. ag e 3 years. At A'?tPMla, Mary Oe- truce, third daugh'erof Judge A. M. Crane, lb tee Oth year of her og? At Sea a' DUg^'fi a",te county, Thomas Kellay, ag<d 18 years, m n or Jeremiad and llaDoau Ke ly. ot fjiat Brooklyn. N. Y. In San Francisco Jan. 3, Maurice K'ig-ne, only son of Janes R. anu linda T. Hunt aged 3 tnon hi anl '9 d ya. At buiaun Valley, I?c. 29, fron w iuncs rectired by tbe explot-ion of gunpowder, Ge^ige M. Folger, of Nau tucket, Mass., aged 31 years. llarlteta. fcUA I'B.ocmco, Jan. 4. 1850. Floor. ? Sales are confined wholly t.? j ib?ir>ij wants, tod xhe t-.ot oi 'he dsy beios h teenier day preciudes auy possibility oi time and aitmtioo being giy?n to the con sirtira'iou of such ponder. u? ii<"gotU.f>n-( a i flour sales of magnitude invajiaoiy demand, fhe joining id mode late, and an yet w? have not noted 'he sligntest appear atu*s wl'h iespect to any inquiry for t?e interior, nit vttls'ar.ding tbe assertion tan been hszardei lime aad sgsin 'hat i.y the first of 'he ne<r year would oeoome aiouFtd an active inquiry for Interior supply. Rate< are doll, anc in view of the h an Inesa of the request miin taintd with difliculty. Transactions turn us ab Kit equal to l,h60 qr. saik* domestic and Chile, and ab^ut 100 b 'la. hichnund flour in jobbing lots. 100 qr. sacks Cuile soli at $9 60; ?60 do. domestic, and 100 do. Oregon sold at the same figure; 50 do. fli.e flour, unbrand?d, at $8; 400 do. Golden tia e. and 160 do. at $10 60: 300 do. Ashley's Self Hairing at $11 ; 200 do. Magnolia at $10; 60 do. Gatlego, 30 do., and 20 do. Haxall at $16. Mfal and Fran. ? 2i half barrels Eastern corn meal, sweet; (old at $3 26; 2,000 lbs. magnolia buckwheat meal at be.; 16 tons brat/ soid at $81; 160 racks do. at $32. Wheat. ? Tbe d.v has *?", ? *i ?'* the exception or ore slcgie transaction recorded below, we have fonnd nothing or special interest or importance In the market. There hare been numerous sellers, but tbe whole class of buyers are out of the market, neither millers, speculators nor sblppeis betraying the least de site to make purchases. The operation referred to abve was forctsh, and the rate constitutes the standard el the market for fair milling wheat to-day. Sties of 2,030 bags, in tbrne lots: 1,800 sacks sold at 3c ; 160 do. bo>4 tno Fame figure; 130 do. ordinary at 2\o. Barlkv. ? There are no buyers in the marke'. of conse quence; and though we have heard ct some inquiry to day, it has been mainly on speculative account, and at figures greatly below even the rodupad standard at whioh the msjority of holders are stationary. Sales of merely 100 bag? on piivate terms, and 60 Co. at 2%c. Oath.- a limited inquiry and nj Hales of importance to chronicle. We have been told oflarge tabs made yester day at figures indicating an extreme marke' rate, but from what we kn< w of the market ? the excessive languor prevalent at present, scanty demand, and besides the de pressed condition of barley at the present moment, en | whi"h this grain depencs in a great measure for appre ciation?we are inclined to believe them fabuloui. Hales to-dsy of only 160 bugs choico at 2Jic. Potatoes ? fc'aics ot 1,776 sacks, in nine differont lots at 1 he fcll< wing flgurtt*:? 76 sacks and 60 do. choice sold at 3JJc.; 300 do. and 160 do. at 3',, c.; 360 do., 311 do. and 100 do., sold al S&c.; 300 do. at <0. ; and 140 do. at 2%c. 20 sacks srld at 6>?c. Fay.? 78 bale* sold at $33 per ton, and 50 biles at $30. Eriiap.? 100 bbis. fine navy s>>M at6,^c.;60 do. pilot at 7,fec, ; '.6 casts fancy biscui'.s at 12^c. Ito ? 40 bbls < hicago packed mess sold on terms not stated. Pork. ?100 half bbls. clear and 50 bbls. mess sold on private terms. l.i mot. ? 146 firkins new choice sold on private terms; 60 do. do. ex Golden West, sold at 34^0. bt'flAR.? 1 75 bbls. crushed sold on piivato terrru; 60 do. do. at ll^c. Kii-ii ? '.6 1 alf bbls. markfrel snlrt on private terais. t'.'PE Qoom ? '<60 cases jams and jellies, assorted, told at 20 i*r <ent advance ou home cost , 50 cases pepper sauce. pints. sold at $1 26. (.< m*. ? V6 oegs Kto sold at 12,^o. Omhuw. ? 100 cases Baltimore sold on private terms; 50 do, d at $9. Tkas ?60 cl.esta Oo'ong black solo at 36c. Gaadleh ? 600 boxes sta'on Island adamantines sold at S2)?c. ; 500 do. do. do sold on private ternn; 100 do. sp?*'ic and 10<> do. imitation do., aiso private. Tobacco ? 40 casts Game Cock brant sold at 37){c. ; 100 boxes Goodwin's pmoklngdo. sold at $1 26. ConoAdR.? 10,000 lt>s. assorted sizes Manila sold on pri vate tetms. Naiui.? ICO kegs assorted sixes sold on private terms. San Krancwco, Jan. 6, 1856. There is comparatively nothing dclug this morning from first bands, and tbe jobbing trade is by no means so hi irk as usual upon the days toat th? steamers sail. Considering tbe extreme stringency of the money mar ket yesreiday, the shipment vf treasure to day is a large o*e, althoiign it is a considerable falling off from that of last fortnight's. Kloc*.? The sales are merely small jobbing ones, at previous rates, comprising only 300 qr. sks domestic, at $9 "6 a $10, and 150 do. do. Ashley's self-raising at ill. W iirat- Hales of 1,800 bags chMce last evening at 3c. ; 160 5o. very inleiier this morning at $4 20. Uahlkt? Hales of SfO bags, in lots, at 2>?q. a 2J,'o. Potato*. ? Sales of 40C bsgv in lots at 2?<e. a 2\c. Bt tit k? -Sale last evening of 146 flikins new ou p. t.; ?0 do. rboice this morning at 860. Ix>wm?? ' ?*!? of 160 cases on p. t. . Ca> dlkh? Sales of 200 boxes adamantines on p. t. Tiiipiwtwk? Sale of 1,000 gallons at 87 OaiKNT? Sale of 100 bbls. at $6. IEW8 FftOH OBEDOfl TERllITOUY. ProgrtM of the Indian War. Wf have Portland, O. T , papers to the 20th December. The 1 rw ? from he Dalles comes down to the 16th De cember. Great atxlety was felt there as to the progress of hostilities in the Walla Walla country, between thi w 1 ? s, order Col. Kelly, and the Indians. Tbe io'.lowit g letter, which we find in the Democrat!" Slnv<iur<l, is the latent news from the seat of war in the lidlan country > Dai.ijh, O. T., Dec 16, 1865. No tidings have been received from the Wall* Walla coun'ry t luce (!ol. Kelly's letter to Adjutant Farrar, o the 8'h of the month. An express is hourly sxpeced. Tuereis much anxiety felt to know the issue of th* battle between the volunteers and the Indians. Tee United Stj?te< army olli(*rs were g-eatly ohagrlned at th? news from Walla Walla, and eonsoled themselves with the reflection 'hit Of ti. Wool and Major Rains ' have stuck their foot inte it this time." Ospt. llembree left town last Thursday with nineteen men from P?lk and Klavkamas comities. Adjutant Kar rat sent In his charge twen'y pack animals, with provi slors for the forces in the field. Friday he sen', forward another park train. This morning a wag in train arrived from Fort Henrietta. Tbe teams are all used up, wl cannot oe sent hack. The Adjutant has sent out eom? soldiers to hunt up cattle to t?J(e the wagons luck, and savs be will get thim off on Sunday night. 1 regret to learu that Major Armstrong has resigned bis commission in the regiment. Ill health Sin forced biin to leave the rervice. He is deservedly popuUr with the men, and will be deeply regrettod. He is a brave, competent and sfflcient soldier, and the survive migh' lose many another r fflow far better than the Major, ills gray hairs and advanced years render him conspicuous among the yourg meo that make up the Oregon volun teers. He was out In the Yakima expedition, and sut tered from tht- severe exposures to which Col. Vesmlth's c mmsad w?s snhjeoted. He retires from 'he <ervios ?ith tlie highest res|>ec'. and eonfl lenon of every man to the reglmont. He deserves anil will receive the kindest I n,V!D" " 'rr,r '^e people of 0'?g"n on bin return t0%'w WllKmrVe Vail. y. '* ? d.ted from the liallek, Dee II addressed b j I AdJoiai>t hatrui to the Swndiii (i, the ?'ri 6r N-ys: ? 'eud *1 u '4jI? a r py oi au ufti itl c >'umu?l ladt/O I Lave lo-o'x'H m-mwi from Uol K-lly. Y iu will le*-n irom It t ?t u.f volunteer force at Walla AMU have had soid? <ie perate flgh lug-a warn . rohi e to that winch u to ojm-. Tb?lf pfc Of Oregi a shoull see to U at onoe, that oar gallant brother In t e Held are pr .inptly aud iafi ifentlv ?applied ?nh evt ryth ug u-eful to their c ontort *ul IU0. fut. W at most In needed at 'his punt U me*us fur tiai -porta ion aod gn> d mniuunitioa I a order that Kelly '* c mBud mi; oe t-ini?Oi*U-y su.ipli-d There u no means for tr?n?porta ion at t.e control of the IV:#, men tal Wuartei uiwior. Trout 'be In'tolltg-nce I have received from those la the fi<*id, I am irieets'lblv lsd to believe toat au aiundance of bard fighting U In store for us. I have thl i moment learned hat one or two c ><npaa'es of Unite>1 S'a'?w tioeps will ink* up ine liue of ia?rch from dire to-rnr row U r Walla Walla I oo not vouch for the truth of the report si' hough it n ay be true. lbe foil' wn g fener da>ed from the Dalles, Dee 11, al;o appesra in he SUirularti : ? Capt. Hsydeo, of coiucanv G, who had been out In the direction of the Warm Spring* with hit company, returned to HI tee o Mile Creek, bringing in a band of twenty-eight Inoinn urii-oners, a cj nan illy of cattle and quite a ban 'i ? f hortei. Iheise ludlau* profess g'eat 'i tends 'jlp and fidelity wo the wnites, and the uhler bad wiih bim a "pa-s" lurried by K. K rhompsoa, la lian anient aud certifying to tbelr frieoinh'p and fidelity o the whites Hayeen Oispnaseskea theee Indian* of ttielr gunk and ben turned them orer toFairar. Capt Harden Informed ine yesterday, 10'n Deoem ier, that hi> par'y found several rac/u? containing pea*, salmon, oreal, r >01* and trinkets in Urge qua "iues, at the Warm i Spiii g- aim i u the l>e Shutien ilver, all of which Wore ei llieiy clestri yed. No cattle it Indians were founds ' Major A> mftrcng'H cx nimaLd la under order* to nareh fro-u lt? )>re*eu . eucaini iue t on to Hock Crook, befond Jovii< Itk)'n river, and * ill leave on Wednesday morning. 1 learn thin m- inirg that Adja'ant Karrar pent out Capt. HsycJtn wi h bouu; 'hlrty io forty men, laat night, on a sec et ex)>edi ion. 1 bar* not aeen able to find out where thl* dctaol'ment Lai g**ne, or on what buninMrt or how 1 <i?g the ptrt> wilt be abient. Something id in ths wiud, j and tbo?e in the secret keep dark about the object of this I exi>cdltl?n. You wi.l recollect tliat two Yakima Indian* wire taken ( I tlrouer* by Nat. Olney ?om? few ago. Col. Nes miih tritd hard to get poesenaion of th? gentleinea, but ] as be would not promise not to hang iVd ')lf?*y turned tbtni over to the regular*. One of thfw? Yakima devMs j was taken along by the regular* at the time of the trip i to the Yakima country. Ur the leturn of the volunteer* and regular? to the Dailef ?om? two or >h ee weeks ai?o, the Yaklinas '.ere turnml adrl't, and went to liv* with tl e band < f Inoiaua r o.i 0 ney's. I.ast Satu^Uy night tljw-e fellows, with two oMiers, *to e e even fine aorso* (n m Olnty 's and tnado off. Notbtbg ha* been seen or betrdi'l ibem aluce. A> in-Vroriu, Fa-rar, Hayden and i ?be ofher ollicers here complaiu bttterly, and iwear a ! llitle, abi u'. tbe protection h(1. rded by tb? Indian agtnU \ to ihe trlei.dlj In< lan*. A lew cays ago, Farrar ordered ? bmall bt^lj ? f men, sta'ioned rn the De Shut'** river, to fboot every In ian, 1' ieur ly or not, who passed beyond j a given line. Yesterday one of the ajen t">l(l me tiiey h-.o shot live o the stray Cevlis sln'ie th?t orfer was given, sod that tbey just timhled tue bodie.i IntJ the Hver. Tl o Indian ugen's wiil have 'o look abarp for the Niftty of 'heir li'. U* llocks, or a good many of theui will ' turn tip mil-slug" uii less that order is resjimlol. Co). NesmiiQ is looked for to-night, 1 understand. I'liere are no sick mm In th.' hospital, as I learn f oui Doctor Mahon, ? i.o is in cnar(ie of it. Tbe wea'.her he-e ha* bten "awtul" ft r tue last week. It has either rained or Fno?ed all th? time rhe streets are muddy, the weather U cold anil citagieeable, and everyt dog betokens a sa vere winter. T. 8.? I open tbi? to nay thM. I have but thin moment learned of the resignation of Ci.luuel Nesmith. Ha wi.l be a gmat li st to >be service, and deep y regretted by the roli.n eets with whoci he was del ved y popular Tbe Yie) h linum, of December V2, givr* the following, exit acted fr< m tlie ThUt Hork Smlinti. No dae if tae last raroeti j aper U stated, but probat) y he news refers to a week or teu days esilier than the date of the Union iU elf : ? Binoe our last issue no material change has cocurred in the condition ot things, the mount das by which tlie posi'iou of the Indian* 1* fortified are covered by a depth of i- now which, for 'he pre?eut, precludes the id a ol leacbing th?m. )ibd uitil the obstacle is removed by natural causes, n is oilfioult to oonceive what tnovenenu can be made ? theui. 1'belr position I* probably tbe best that, could be ch aen in this region ? about forty miles from the Grave C eek House, on a flat or bar, on the south side of Rogue Kiver. In the rear of their ca<np rises a preciiiitous mountain dlvlie, along the Uinta of which defoeud to tbe river ravine* of heavy fir timber and thick ui.dergrowth. ti which they can retreat when attacked, or from wbi:h they can effectively ass -til a column of men descending upjn their camp along the di vide. Opposite, on the south side of the river. Is the point of a steep, narrow, ro^ky spur of the mountain, which they eviden'ly suppose could not be traversed at all by tbe troops, and wouU be. by most men, pronounced in accessible The divide of this spur lii the ground over which Capt Juoah was to take tbe howitzer, and much ot tte distance o! which be did actuallv overcome when executing the late pin of attack. The movement was piosectited so far as to demonstrate its practi lability, thc ugb tbat is a^niltUd to be due more to the charac teristic energy of that officer and his men, than any thing favorable in the nature of the ground. Below and above the eaten the m?o?r.i? -i..- t- -- ?< i * lie siream inhign steep walls, forming wh*t are known as tbe "Canyons," wbiie the whole south b%nk is co vered by a ("ense growth of timber. They are thus sur rounded by barriers which it la a'most Impossible to pass, in the fkoe of a wily and desperate foe, under tbe moft 'avorable circumstances, and in a time o' storms and deep snows, like the present, effectually shelter them from any force that can be brought agatnst tbom. The plan of attack upon whioh tbe crossing of the river was attempted was undoubtedly the best which the circum stances admitted, atd might have been successful, but could o ly have tx en made so by hard fighting Tbe tro> p? had but two or three days' provision*, and were three three days from the depot on Grave Creek, and to have followed np th* effort to cros* the river against the guns of several hundred warriors, whom tbey found occuyping the forest on tbe opposite bank, then to fina thorn selves in a situation in which the enemy would en joy every advantage, and the plans could not poasloly be carried ont, would have been the extreme of foliy. In retirii g, tbey met a provlaion train trying to reach them, but found the enow on the mountain in some p'aens very deep, and decided it to be impracticable to return to the river, or to operate when there, and so wore c impelled to abandon the enterprise until circumstances were more favorable for its prosecution. Tbe troops are now in quarter*, aod stationed to cover the settlements and roacs. Capt. Ktce's oompany Is on the reserve Capt. A'corn'* on Butte Cre?k, Capf. Wil kinson's at (a> knonville. and Capt. Hushey's on Apple gate and Illinois, and a few from different companies remtin at Yannoyn, while MtJ. Martin's battalion are stati ned at olber points farther f.owa. P<|RTIA5D If arketb ? The Oregon Standard has the fol lowing market review of date 20th December: ? Dutlng the past wetk t a?le baa been duller than usual, ali bough tur market is more plentifully supplied than for fome lime past. We no'loe a decline in cotfee and csndles; tlie f'ri mer being held at 14t-i U>?', anu the lat ter at 46 to 60 cents for good adamantines. The rates for Hour and wheat are steady at former quotation*, l^rge quan'ltie* are kcaumolating without any means of shipping. Oa's are aov?ncing. and are now held at 66c. Butter is declining; a choice article could be rolu at 40c. There is a good demand for oggs at 40c. per down. 1 SPOILT AM T FBOfl LOWER CALlFORfli. Alvarez Demanding Foaseiwloii of the Tfrrt II)i Soidleia Mil General Made Prl aoiiei*? Secret of tbe (expedition. The Alia California, of Jan. ?, says:? The oommanJer i f the troop* of the berk Archibald Grade landed at Capo St. Lucas. Id military unuorm, ana demanded pos session of I/)wer California, in the name ft Alrarez. lie aid liin party, consisting of about eighty men, were taktn prlsoneri, and were taken to Ia I'ai, where they r- rosined in a starving condition. They were trying to eliarter a vessel at Mazatlaa to take provision*, bnt had not succeeded. When the (iulllettl left the American Consul hail de ( art i<l for the pity of Mexico on some private business. [Krom the bnn Kranci co Evening New*. l>ea. 20.] The Kcko du I'acifique of yesterday publish d a letter frv.m UazaUan, pxrporung to eome trotn a private sodrje, ?bich contains an amplification ot the reports wh'ch have teethed this city relative to the Archibald Oracle aiid the fate of those engaged in toe expecition. The scLot ner GullletU, formerly (he Lady Ja.e, which ar rived a few deya i>inoe, reported having leaned at San Jose that (>? t>. blaucarte had taken the expeliMon, and that, there engaged therein were at I<? I'ai, in a starving condition. We translate the letter, as follows: ? SUzati an, Dec. 8, 1866. About half past two o'c'ock on tue atteinoon of the lHth of November, two vessels and a piiot boat presented themselves before the port of La I'ai ? the Archibald Gra tia. a bark whose name I have nit, and the Cuvitena. The first wan commanded by d. .T. Napoleon /srman, mi ditant Admiral ol the Mexican Davy, and had for Its Cap tain ine Mr. Dennlson. foe ??otd was commanded by Capt. Andrews; ar.d the pilot bo%t, under Mexican colors, was in chaige ot an Italian named Rtrntbe. On the 14th General Blauc/irte warned them not to en or the port, wbioh met with na re ptn?e. but on the lftth they advanced nearer the town and were received by ? discharge of cannon, killing ?ne man and tererely ?i ui ning two others on ihe Wraci'. Tne so called Ad miral lan^eo, aecompanied by au Hat m-i jor gro tesquely secoutiol, and ureseoted himself to the govern ment. ?ito a voJtiminou* budgfct of pa,)<-rs. Tne princi pal docM.ment shown by M. Zetman, consul*- i of an agreement eutored into between himself & id an agency in Han Krancsco, raid to te an agency of Alvarez, di rected by M. M. Matt.heeon, N. Noat, and Dm lAchiipel'e, contcrrfig, In the nam" of the Mexican g Vermont to ensue, on tne aforesaid Zerman, the gane and emolu ments of a jost captain, and, more-over, a project o' a oonatl'nUon, a piocUrnatkm to the lnhabf*Ant? another to the garrison, i?nd a plan for the terri orial organ'ra tlon. fie (7?rtna<.) ptopored to the General to embark with his tro^pi ii no go with him Riid tase the port* of Me/atlan, Guajmas, Manramll) and Han Bias, f.r the pnipeee of there proclaiming the now gov ernrnon', The G<ve nor, General H an carte, a'ter having viewed the dlffirent paters and listened to the p.opoet'ions of the pretended Admiral, arrested him and his nat nuuor. After 'hie te ati'in tie writer inuul^e* id iherdlowiog reHrctlons, whic, If his ata omen I U oorreak, places the expedition in a rlnleulons llgat: ? How csn this conduct, in men who come *o take a country, be ex .mined, wh> l.avlog at tneir oommand J50 or 300 men, six oannon, <ne bondred rillos, thirty six. handled | i*tols, roe hundred sabree and elg ty quintal* of powder, have esxaji-d the capture of the place withwt snapping* cup, aid allowed tbi?m*?lrm to be taken prls rr.ers by lw< boats manned by ten men eichf Sueh v r.duet, is no pr?a igionsty strange, that It l< inexplicable. Tlie j>ersrnn c>mprotnl*ed in tlila rUlliulcnn aiTiiir and who are prisoner* at !.? I'm are J. N. Ztrntn, whoa m me n-y la an I allaa, while ethers call him a Corsieaa. ^Ile toad with hifu kfi wife, a ? aoou'twdi* \fh " * midshipman, and a daughter ot fift*?u or ix Ven H?"7 ',,rr *"<>?, orticMrn ?* the troupe, h \?* i N coon* ano steward* ? in all, a tout tenor f ? L . ' ?" Englishman, ci.IbO C ilonel aa<l a aesur ed, were An??ricbk?> HEWS F101 THE 8AXBWICI HLAIM. IVatab of fCz-Conaol Ch*se ? Theatrleele? Trade Dull? YaiibM Aaillwaua and the Klag. From the Sandwich Mands we hare new* from Huaa lulu to Uw 8'h of December. U- rge M . Chase, Ute lotted State* Consul at the port of Itahama died'there, a'ter an illness of three daya, ? the Mh ?t 1. urember. He was about fifty year* ot eg*. Mr. Chase was born lu Vermont, but has resided br many jrea.s in Maine, wtil;h State he ha* represented In Congt> . *. lev It Marshall's Cireur is still in Honolulu. Theie is uo news of any importance. George Peoples w?s kt.oeked down in the street ?>n? u*Kht bauiy brwieef and left senseless. but bad recovered an . was able to play again after a tew nights. It 1* supposed th?t be waa ?i? tsktn for another membt" of the company, who bad had some words ? i h the Sullivan c.o d that evening. They complain o' a very dull btudue4* sea*ou at Hm Islands? but few vessels In, and generally <ri .h light cargoes. Two Engliih men of- war vessels, bat no American, kal touched at the Island* in toe last four mnntha. We learn that Yankee dull! ran is basting in the m?> sh oe of royalty. Me gives private leasee* ia the noete art cf self-defence to ttie royal family, aud is buttle ao? tankn and body guard to the King in barroom -i and aa fiarn saloons. He has gitrea two public exhibi-ijas be full houses. The Commercial Convention. [From the Kichmond Enquirer, Jan. '?#.] We would re<pec iully suggest ? few subset* forth* consideration of this convent! >n. We are pleased to see eucb movement* ou the part of the Sou h. No eonafcy in the wor d pos esses nuch abundant elements of *a? tioLal imlependeice aa the South; aud yet nooe, so ad vanced in civilization, ever relied SO much un foreign skill and foreign production, lor the ordinary neoetsariM arid coinfoits of life. Agriculture is the wo st paid, in the general, of all human pursuit*, and yet has oeen at> m ?t the exclusive pursuit ol the South. Hitherto, this exclusive pu suit r>( agriculture nas oeen a wise policy *i a the South, as 1 has enablrd her to spread her insti tution* over aa tiriu eoHe i ew territory, end thereby ii?> Ofrtu-fd the strecgili aud stability of those ins Hut'ons, and to acquire vait ^rosperoutk wealth ? f>r, in the long run, the lanls of tbe Soutiiwert will prove m >r- nluablo thsn houses and lots in Northern cities. The dtliu- i>n of the imputation. ant her energies, his rendered >iu pro jress of the South less apparent, but more permanent and real, than the concentration ot population, caplMl and Industry, prec'U d at the Vorth. But the time has arrived when we should people aid Improve wcat we have wisely and prudAutiy acquired. To do so, we must clversify indurt'iai pursuits. W? fhi'uld not cease to be an sgricu tural p?ople, fur our s< il, ciimate, and the charterer of our labor, p >int ta that ft s our principal employment We thou d no . eeeK 1o become an extensively rommerclal people, because the over pursuit ot trade always introduce* wraith with tM few pauperism with the many, luxu-y aul eff jinti ay | with the rich, and splritlexs dependence among ho poor. ! Such I* iheep resent condition ot English society, tad ueeA | by too mucti n ade. | Braides, a)l commercial nationi are feeble In ?ar da pendent upotimercenaiy troops, and bee me sh rt lived. The exclusive pursuit ol trade it more to oe avoided than theexclmive purtiul'. of a/'lcultu e. he f iriuer uecnoral izen and enfeeble* a ta'*^^ tte latter rouders i .ign iraut, but strong, hea thy an^^filotlo. In one sense we bava, n< w, too much commerce ? f r we are supplied by tt? from abroad, wi h what we should pr duot a-hum*. Tha ditLiniebing that sort of commerce would build up vat-ton* mechanic and manulhc.uring lute est*, and oegrt a Urg* internal h< me trade, and a larger ho :nu c>n*umpttoa at xgricitlinral produo'8. If we manufactured tbi raw ma [ torln'H prod not d by agr icu tuie, at in me, w? should be get n greal increase ot prolitx, of capital, of popula'aon, ol internal trade Btd internal coutiumptioa. We pre* u ma the er.tvemien will concur with us. that i' i* desirable t* carry on our own fore'gn commerce in out own ship t, bat not to increase our iiejiendence by increadng sup^Uaa fion abroad. Again, trade betwean Northern aud South ei n people, always enures to the advantage of the Norvh. , The North is kt-ener at a bargain, and produces IUU* whioh the South cacnot produce better and oheaper at home. The slave countrle* of tbe world are now feeding the hair sta'ved free countries, and feedlDg them lor haa price; for labor employed in mechanic art* and manufac tures, ift twico as well paid as agricultural labor. KnglaaA and the North make larger prohta from suave labor than tbe slave owners, through the instrumentality of trada and manufactures. We a'e not so well sisu^ted for (Euro pean commerce, but occupy a commanding position foe Southern, California, African and Asiatic trade. Should WW not studiously endeavor to take advantage of thit pod ti on and increase our Southern trade)' Should we nab vigorously, and at any co*t, torm railroad conuejtiona With Ihe North-west, so as to conduct her foreign trade and beget identity of interest*, and kind and friendly fte'.ing* between us? The growing disposition to educate our children at . *- ? imrp. vi nff nnr u>haol? and ool eges, and begetting recpect and oontidenco in our ios'liuti jna. In fine, it seems to us the convention should advice satoh measures as will render the South more independent? rnch measures as w?ll enable her to produce m *. within bersell, snd footer education, energy, skill and industry, by varying and multiplying our industrial, professional, mechanical, commercial and literary pursuit*. We do nat propose such Utopian schemes as cutting oS all trade with Europe and toe North, but, by increasing our trade with the Morth-west and the South, and vary ing our pursuits, we would render ou selv**, in c-tse of necessity, wholly Independent of New England. When they see and feel that we are aoout to establlth such In dependence, they will cease to iniult and Injure us. Than trade with them will be agreeable, because It will b* carried on between equals. A Sad Soink ? Mother an# Child Frozen to Pkath ? A Bamk Dyiho is its Dkau Mothkk's a**u. ? We learn from .ftku Brooks, Esq., a Deputy Sheriff of tUl county, living in the torn of Broome, that on the 8(h January Inst., Mr. Joseph Thompson, of taat tor a, ktr iLg occasion to go to a mill about four millet distant from his house. If It Iiome for hat pur pone. His wile in formed him on leiving tha-, she was g>iag t> a quilting at a Mr. Reed's, about three-quartern of a mi:e from their residence. Her husband told h?r to reatiin there anttf his rf turn, and he would ca 1 for her. Hh* went, tstisf wiih her three children? one boy aamt seven years old, an in'ant about nice month* old and her sister's child, abrut twelve TP*rs old. About five o'clock. i\ M.. Keed came to his louse lntcxicau-d, having a jug of liquor wiih him. He began to insult toe w >men present, and laid his hand on Mrs. Thompson. when she mapped him in the tace, at ehijh he tbre<r her en the lire. Aso* of Keed, a young man, interfered to protect the women, when a soufHe endued between then in which the young man bad hi* leg brokaa. Mrs. I'hompton now left tne house, it bt>ia( about 6 o'clock, fearing to remain longer, and dlreote* her way cross- lots for her home. The night wai intense ly ooid, and when about halt way from her House, tbe llitle boy became so cr Id as to be uua >1? to o farther, I ai d lay down in tlie snow. The mother, ?iih ber baoe, croucte l do?n bihii.d him, and told the little girl to lay down with her. the girl did so, and they all lay there, till uioiiiinu. Mr. Thoinps n. on arriridg home, talk a lmtern, and went In search of his wile and childrea. The girl, who mii vived. raid she saw a light In the night at some d'stam n f om them, but she daied not mate a noise, for tear Reed mould come and kill thstn At day* light this girl was still able to walk, and wande'ed off till she got within sight of Justus liagadorn's house, when* she was discveied, and was brooght in'<o tlx hcuse. When able to speak, sh? inftrmed the *amfly where and how she bad passt-o the night. Mrs. Taosip son and the little bny were found fruxen to death ; tu infant, when totird, was not fro*e?. but deid. Toe Uttfe girl will survive, with tho loss of two of her toes on aaok of her teet.? Schoharie, F., Patriot. The Otstrr Thadk in Baltimore ? During th* la?t pension of the dry Council, an ordinance wa< adsnt ed prohibiting the bringing of fresh oysters to the ? fiom the middle of May to tic middle of September. Last summer It was found to set Injuriously, as a larga number of persons were throwi out of employment, and the principal trade wl h the West wv) carriml from tha Eastern States. Ihe wboie of this trade whioh tha city has heret 'fore enjoyed riches to naariy $(,000,000, ona flfth of which was lost during the paat su rmer, Id coa seqnence of the operation of this law. The alleged ne cessity lor the law was as a sana ary regulation, but It failed entirely of that object, as there were plenty a I oysters brought to and ado in the city, tho only difficulty and loss being that sus'ained by those who are engaged in the packing business. There are nfceen hundred per sons employed constantly in the prosecution of thia business, moit of whom have famines, and it fa' Is with a pressing weight upon them, while it cannot fal in n shot 1 1 imp, to drive the trac e entirely from the city. Tha West lcoks to the city ot Baltimore fjr Its ohiei xupp'y, bnt if they o*n only be served In the alnter season wMs the means of transportation are diflicult and uncertain. it is not possible to retain oca of tha most Important branches tf our trade. Toere are employed so na five hunr red schooners, all of which, in the summer snasoa. are almost entirely idle, and the consequence is that the* ar?- obliged to take ihe canal routes to t'oiladelphia and New York, where no such obstructions are thro vn in tha waj of the prosecution of thoir*. I is a ma'Mr tor the serious coi.side ration of the Ri'y Gnnnoil, and cerfaiiy a law working so mjurlonsly upon an important dener'trent of trade should at once be repealed, <>r ee m< dlfiod as not to conflict with the export trade.? JM Hmore American, Jan. !tf). Fikk? Distressing Situation.? On Wedaeedap moinn g, 1he tew and be?nlilui cottage rosidenoe of ea l.ieim in.nt Governor i?abe, at Madison C. H., Va., wsn d?Hit"> e. by fire. The family? all ladles and girls? l-are ly escaped In their night dresses, ami vers forced to waft in bare feet through snow twenty Inches de?p to a neigh bor's bouse. Nothing of value was saved fiom the burn ing building. 1/Oes $6,000. Two Children Bfrvwi to Death? A hulJdlnf owned bv Mr. -Ka'.hl>un was burned dewa on Thursday. Two children? a boy and a girl? named Burgess, weif burned wl h it, aid tbelr ren ains were reoov?red L*d mou it g. due appeared to have Been -.mothers* te death, while the othsr was so badly burned that it ooalfi hardly be reocgnlred. ? Almira KcjmUican, Jan. <6. Fortt Data WrTHorT Food,? A lady ?????* Ml er upwards of lOywor ag.-, resl 'Ing about ?SS miles from Pittsburg, has been Ivlng ne.iouflv lil^? ft me lime. Dorlng |he last Ibrty <U)s the has not mL ens morsel of fried ff any kind, aid her on it wsfer. She Is a widow and a mother of a famUy hJ? ! jhysirian- huvs n..t given the disease anv .lsfln l.. Sbo wbi slUi alive, though very wt?ak dtBoite a*oi ?.