Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 6, 1856, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 6, 1856 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JABia BOKDOI I1II1VT, FKOrBICTOm AND HDITOE. ?m?i h. w. ookneb or namac am* Ftn.ro* m ~~~ 36 Avusjuoim this etkninu. ntBATKB, InMwii-Bwio JlR* Jvubt ?IBIXVH OilBKN, 8cMOUiir?-Kinr TttiiTar. ?Will THUTU, lowtrr-Hiut ru BDsran, on BtmtOlTR THBATBC, Otaonn iW FaiMLT Tia? ma You 0*ai. LADIA IKIim TARICTIB8, Broadway-flaa ?!<>??? ? Oongwmn? rtcuoot roa riu?K*. WAUACK'fl THEATRE. Broadwar-Dtrca BcuruaET'* hMU-TiLuot Vouioi-Lntu Taatacan. WOM MMBTBBLfl. 4U Brcadwar? BameriAa Paa i rw XofiM?. ?posLvrfl bcblbbqdb orm houbb, nt inm ? ?? SoMXAaainbA. a?abr*t hall M3 iMtMi-PAXouao nonu m OmmA Am Jam. lawloik, Wednesday, fiW? 1| ft, MM. ?V TOM URALD ? EDITION FOB KFBOFB. tk* Oon*r<l nail itwimMp Africa, Oapl. Shannon. will ,mi this part thia morning, at ten O'clock, tor Lirer ?nL *m Bnropean mDi win oIom la thii oity at half-past ttkte Morning. A* Bltin (printed In SngUnk and fnuk) will he fhUalml at eight o'clock In the Morning. Single eopiea, lafMfpcn, aixpeoco. Wbaeriptiona and advertisement* few nnj edition of Raw Yobk Umlald will he received at the following |h]ii in Europe:? IHMH'ia lai. k tCoropeaa fxpreee Co., IT and 18 Corohffl. Fanw ? do. <lo. 8 Place de la Bon rue. I nil ool ? do. do. 7 Kamford Htreet. btmrooL ? John Hunter, 12 Exchange atreet, ICmL The S?w?. Keither of the steamers due from Europe hid teen signalized from Sandy Hook op to a late hour last night. In the United States Senate yesterday Mr. Wel ter introduced a bill authorizing the coinage, at San Francisco, of gold " unions," of the value of one hundred dollars, aud " half unions,*' of the value of ttty dollars. Mr. Foot delivered his speech on the Central American question. He will be succeeded by Mr. Wilson, of Massachusetts. The House was oo?upie?l in the election of officers. Mr. Glosbren ner was chosen sergeant- at-arms, Nathan Darling doorkeeper, and Robert Morris postmaster. Pea<l tag a resolution declaring O. Follc-tt, of Colcimbas, Ohio, printer, the House adjourned. Both branches of the Legislature arc busily at work, but we find uothing in yesterday's proceedings of general importance. The Governor of Georgia sent a special message ? we give it in full in today's H*ualp ? to the Legis lature, on the 26th ult., transmitting the resolutions pawed by the General Assembly of Vermont, in re lation to Kansas. The Governor gives the Northern abolitionists quite an overhauling: find after justify ing the acts of the "border ruffians" and endorsing the principle of squatter sovereignty, he settles down upon his reserved right*, the fire eating reso lutions of 1850, and tells the Legislature they must prepare for the worst, and place the State in the ?afest attitude for self- preservation. The proceed ings in the two bouses, when the Vermont resolu tions came up for action, were rather rich. Some of the members wanted to send them back, accom panied with a leaden bull at, a charge of gunpowder and a coil of rope; others desired that the Governor be requested to transmit thm to the "deep, dark and fetid sink of social and ptfitical iniquity from which they emanated," with the inscription that "Georgia heeds not the ravings of hell-born fanati cism." Another resolution was offered In the Sen ate. recommending the President to employ a gang of laborers to dig a ditch around the Green Mountain State, and float the thing into the Atlantic. Georgia la awake. The Massachusetts American State Council met at Boston yesterday. Delegates to the Philadelphia Nationil Council and Nominating Conveutiou were chosen. The State Council declined to instruct the delegates as to the course they should pursue, but i*-aflirmeil the Springfield platform, which ignores the twelfth section. The New Hampshire American State Convention ?et at Concord yesterday. Gov. Metcalf was re nominated by acclamation. The convention was attended by about fire thousand persons. The Almshouse Governors met yesterday, and hud several important matters before them for considera tion. It appears there are now 6,616 persons in the institutions under the charge of the Board, being an increase of 70 over the report of last week, and an increase of more than 1,(KM) since the last Novem ber report. Of these. 1,604 are in the Almshouse proper. There are 33* patients in the Penitentiary Hospital, of whom 232? over two-thirds ? are from the workhouse, and only 33 from the Almshouse. This either shows a very poor state of health among the inmates of th? workhouse, or a great amount of roguery, which is more likely, as they can thereby escape hard work and secure comfortable lodgings in the hospital. Simeon Draper, the President of the Board, stirred np the delinquent committees by calling over a list of the subjects before them, and compelling some action, or else discharging them at once. This is an excellent plan, and should be adopted in all our civic legislative liodies. It is well known that committees are generally very neglect ful of their business, and the reference of a matter to them, unless there is some buncombe to be mide, is tantamount to its rejection. Elsewhere we publish interesting letters from Dr. Kane and Mr. C. R. Weld, of the British Royal Geo graphical Society, relative to the Arctic explora tions of the former. Mr. Weld, who prematurely expressed an opinion underrating the importance of those explorations, has recently, before a crowded audience, at a meeting of the society, acknowledged his high appreciation of the Doctor's achievements. Such frankness is as creditable to the heart and head of Mr. Weld, as it is gratifying to the intrepid ex plorer and his countrymen. Hon. T. H. Benton has addi eased s letter to Com. Btewart relative to the proceedings of the late Naval Retiring Board. He thinke that the set under which the Board was held was a bad acl , ps-serl in a bad way, and made worse in its execution. Want of space this morning compels us to de 'er its pub lication. We have Havana dates to the 1st inst. There is no political news. Nothing is said of the rumored recall of the Captain General. The -ugar market was inactive. The persons recently examined at Cincinnati, on tbe charge of having attempted to violate the neu trality laws, have been discharged from arreit. The cotton market continued firm yc-ter iay, and the nales reached about bales. Quotations va ried a little, but ranged from '? c. a 10<\ for mid dling uplands, and 10. c. a IO4C. for tuidilin? New Orleans; closing chiefly at the outside tiguros for tots in hand. A pari of the sales were made in transitu Flour was heavy for the common grades, and t, Jr. a 12c. per barrel lower. Wheat was qnfc' and trans actions limited, without quotable thangr in prices. Corn was without change of moment. Pork was heavy, and sales made at lower rate-' Siijrar waj quiet, while a moderate business was done in coffee. A moderate business was done In freights t*. Liver pool in cotton, flour and provisions: while t<K> bi?l< cotton were engaged to Havre at c. per lb. Waximj W ahmkr ? The agitation in this State between the American organs supporting Millard Fillmore and those advocating as tbeir first and last choice for thi White House, *? Live Oak tJeorge Fjr? away. Tnree *?.vk ;c4. tc go ?JIN B igwmttwi mttMm WiTkMi. The nev/? from Mexico, co ling from an j other p?<rt of tho world would be regarded m of the highest importance. Tho government of Comonfort, which ig the third in the last three or four months, in in process of rapid de cay. A revolution is in the fall tide of suc cess. We lay before oar readers the programme of the incoming chief, Senor Haro y Tami rez, who proclaims the basis of an imperial government. This, of course, is an emanation from the church. It presents a moet remark able feature, even in Mexican politics. For once we regard the announcement as honest ? it looks to the consolidation of the govern ment ? to bringing in the political power ac,d j making it subservient to the ecclesiastical. It is of course not very important ia fact who rules in Mexico for the coming lour months, or what may be the form of the government It is certain that in any event they will be subject to convulsions and to periodical spasms. Mean while, as a more lasting movement, looking to the permanent regeneration of Mexico, we re gard the tfforfc, mentioned in the papers, to turn the current of German and European emigration from this country to our convulsed neighbor with extreme favor. It is obvious to all that either the church or the people must rule. The cherry cannot be di vided. Comonfort has utterly failed to effect a compromise. It is not a work for compro mise ? it is a war of extermination. Something, then, beside programmes and revolutions ? the surging and seething of the popular billows ?is necessary to effect permanent reforms. The error is in the constitution of the Mexican mind, and it must be removed, if at all, either by a powerful invading force, capable of put ting all parties into subjection, or by the slow er infusions of emigration and consequent mixture of blood. As a practical step towards the regeneration of Mexico, we regard the plan of Mr. Riotte and Gen. Vidaurri, by which it is proposed to secure to the border State of New Leon great numbers of German emigrants, as of far greater importance in the present and future than the revolution headed by Haro and the hierarchy. The latter are like drunken rows in certain places of our city, which enjoy a kind of government of their own, and have about them all sorts of people except the po lice? the former movement, in character, has ever exerted upon the race the most decided influence. One of the chief sources of our indepen dence and our ability is to be found in the steady movement of emigrants to us from Eag land and the contineot of Europe. So im portant was this feature of our economy re garded by the patriots of 1776, that they made it the subject of solemn declaration in their act of abjuration from the British crown. It is enough to vindicate the policy of this national avowal to refer to the condi tion of the colonics at the time, and to our countless acres of the finest soil in the world, which invited cultivation. Besides, the repub lic itself had its origin far more in humanity, in its broadest, most liberal and philanthropic sense, than as the specialty of a particular class of men. It owes its existence as well as its origin to nearly all the nations of Europe; it was, therefore, fitfing that it should be held out to the world as an asylum of the oppress ed and the land of the free. The inducements, then, offered to emigrants to settle here and become members of our political family, con stitute an organic !>asis of our government, and the policy which underlies this action has been consecrated l.y the noblest achieve ments ever effected by man. It ought therefore to be a subject of rejoicing if our Mexican neighbors have determined to overbid the United States in this matter of emigration? to offer greater inducements to the crowdcd populations of Germany to settle atd cultivate the vast tracts of unpro ductive lands in the States of Mexico. It is alleged that Gen. Vidaurri, the Governor of rsew Leon and Coahuila, has granted for th?ir occupancy and use more than two millions nf acres of fine lands, and has guaranteed to the incomers all the rights of citizenship, with certain exemptions from taxation and military service, for a specific period. This liberal grant, it is paid, has been made to Mr. Riott\ I a man of distinction in his country, who was obliged to leave it in consequence of the un fortunate efforts at revolution in 1848. Mr. fliotte is the trustee, or rather a kind of 'diplo matic functionary, self constituted, but de voted to the interests of his countrymen. In presenting himself thus to Gen. Vidaurri, he assumes to speak not only for a large class of his countrjmen residing in Texas, but also for the people of Germany; and he avowB that the growing hostility of the federal Union to foreigners, their proscription politically, the'r slaughter at Cincinnati and Louisville, ind;. rate too clearly that the Congress of the I I nited States will soon close up the avenues to citizenship; and in any event public opinion will render tl^e residence here of his country men both unsafe and uncomfortable. Upon this subject we have little to say. It is unquestionably an exaggerated picture, drawn with a view of consulting Mexican prejudices and German antipathies. The truth will work its ou n way to light. Isolated instances of outiage and wrong cannot be made to cover the infinite advantages which our country c- n tinues to present to 'oreign emigration. Ger man witneeree are stationed all through tfao I nion; th. y will testify, and their statement* will be credited. But this is matter of little con-equence. We have anivedutthat point where we can g*t along without foreigners. It would bo un- 1 ,0 fxcl"de the?n-it would be unjust to prescribe them- to make thom feei that th ar' ul,etF whcn th<7 can point to so many guarantees that they should be regarded as ei*?.s and equals before the law. Hnt (,bl>4 [n t0' wc occupy independent tbfctl' I ? rf'j0iCe ta the movement bat lr,?* to their settlement in the neighbor ing republic of Mexico. * It has btcn long evident that from the vory oaturc of the Mexican mind and the struck of it* society stability in government there fa impowjbl... *he evidence of this truth i3 t00 palpable fo admit denial ; the causes of such a condition of things ft i- m0rc difficult to disco ! v. r. Government, from the very name It bears j Of whatever form, must be absolute. The re- ' | P"b!'(!!'" .[OTa>l ttre tb<; of all the ruins ' : of cml life. This Is 30 ; because it is wholly n I ,7 M ,!*w? because there is no volition to | take the place of stated enactments. I[encc " ? th{re 18 hat ono nt*P ^tween democracy LumI cm no longer be enforced, there la an end of government, power reverting to the people in dividually. The difficulty in Mexico may be found pre cisely at this point. The hierarchy of the chnrch has never ceased to claim certain ju risdiction in secular matters. 1 has exercised a positive force in the State. It has divided authority ~with the government. It has gone far enough always utterly to prevent the con centration of the civil authority in the political department of the government. Gen. Comon tort saw this, end abolished the secular juris diction of the church ; but it is probable that he will find it impossible to maintain a govern ment on such a basis, as it is certain that none can be maintained on any other. Now, with special reference to this condition of affairs, we look to the infusion of German liberalism into Mexico with extreme favor. If the world had been raked over for exact oppo sitc8 of the Mexican people, it is certain that none could have been found to answer that designation like the Germans. They are not only free thinkers, but the freest talkers and writers in the world. They come nearer than any other to the proscription of all religions forms? they are the most unmitigated demo crats. They are without peculiar national prejudices, and intermarry wherever they go. In fact, they are the very leaven to leaven thy great lump of Mexican prejudices and igno ranee, and to sow the seeds of freedom in the very vineyards of the church. Besides, they are patient, laborious and economical ? just what the Mexicans are not They ar-i learned, thoughtful, anil, to a certain extent, philosophical ? the Mexicans are neither. Tnoy are fond of education, and have wonderful faculties for acquiring knowledge; they find a home wherever they are, aud enter at once into all the relations of life, as if they consti tuted a part of the oldest society. These ar* qualities wholly unknown in Mexico. It io maDifcst if the great current of emigration from the north of Europe can be turned into Mexico it will soon effect those radical changes in society there which are necessary to a pure stability in the government. It is iolly to expect order where the chief authority is divided between two jealous and rival inte rests ? the State and the church. Tne latter, in Mexico, possesses more power than the for mer; and this is the true secret of Santa An na's popularity and strength ? he assumed only to exercise those rights in the government which the hierarchy did not claim. General Alvarez undertook to limit the church to eccle siastical matters, and he succeeded in over throwing Santa Anna on that basis. He drove j out the chieftain, but he left the power that sustained him to revive another revolution, and in turn to triumph perhaps over himself and his friends. In this state of things, and as a politico philanthropic movement, we regard the pro mised infusion of liberalism from Germany into Mexico as a perfect godsend. Its extent we know nothing of, but if it is at all suc cessful in taming the tide of emigration from this country, it will require but a few years to regenerate that country; and it is difficult to see how elBe it is to be done. We can spars, for any such object, many of our own people. If our abolitionists would like to make a sacri fice of one or two generations, they have now a chance. That they are enemies of this country will recommend them. But the mis fortune is. that they would add nothing to the liberality of the Mexicans, little to their intel ligence, and render their stability utterly hope less. Wc are in fact better able to defend ourselves against traitors than our neighbors. Ckntral Park.? At length we have the sa tisfaction of announcing the confirmation of the report of the Commissioners on the Central I Park. For eome weeks the matter has been hanging by the eyelids, in consequence of va rious small obstacles; even now there are pur tics who have little to do, and who are men of such strong faith that they contest the decision still. But we believe there is no doubt th23e muTmura and discontents will end where they began; and their auihors will come at last to admit that, though their plan was not followed, the Park itself is no such bad thing. The only regret New Yorkers will feel in seeing the question set at rest, is that it was not done twenty years ago. A quarter of a century ago, a Park might have been laid out above Fourteenth street at a far less cost than we shall pay lor the CcDtral Park; and had it been done, New York would have now been by far the most beautiful, and perhaps the licalthicBt, city in America. Better late than never, however. Let us be thankful for the Central Park, tardy as it has been in coming. If the Commissioners lose no time nov, in completing the surveys and ornamental woi' * which are in contemplation, our wives aud children may have a decent place to walk about in, and workmen a wholesome spot where they may breath the fresh air, before the end of the year eighteen hundred and fifty-seven. Thk Message or the Goveb.vob ok Georgia, which we publish elsewhere, will, wc trust, do the Vermontciv, to whom it is addressed, name little good. Governor Johnson isauijiu who personal standiug gives importance to what ever he raj*; and his po-ition as Governor ot the Kmpire State of the South enhance! tb.it importance in a very marked degree. Ver mont bad hitherto 1VH herself at liberty to meddle in her neighbors' affair* without fitin': reljing, no doubt, ou h^r iusigniflcanoe to shield h'-r from punishment. (ioorgia, ; seerus. b?R not allowed the diminutive siz ? of her assailant to stay her arm; the V'ormon; 1 ere chastised into notoriety. There is One thing clcar, a.-> wdl fiym L.i ' m'.'i+age of (lovernor John-ouV a- from the pp< ech ol Governor Wise at the late banquet at Richmond ? whatever tii?; r-tL int nd. thv .South is ready to meet them licit disunion, or be it war? be it trade a;.d Liendly in1 course, or be it absolute bostili-i'H, aero-, ort of Chine se v. all? 'be South i* prcpand and will not be taken by surprise. Let th Northern abolitionist? beware bow they count on the inertia of their antagonists. Cmu/B Plat.? Our As?emblj< the other d.n> ' parted a vote of censure ? lw to \< upon Go vernor Clark, for certain language in h>s mc*> fag?', to the effect that magistrVes hih! judg hnd in pome raws conspired to djfeut our Maine Liquor law. This is child's play, ft'hy not pass a resolution repealing the act.' V.'e l>elieve they have the power in the Arsemhjy, a* far as they are concerned, tfhy not, then, make an effort to wipe this mockery of a iuw frvm Ui? Diatutes of ti?? State f Why not ? | A New Charter Proposed for our City? i The Way it Was Secretly Concocted by the i Boabd of Aldermen ? A delegation of the Board of Aldt-rmen left this city yesterday lor Albany, to urge upon tho Legislature the adoption of u new charter for the re-orgaciza ticn of our municipal government. A copy of this important document will be found in ano i her part of this morning's Herald; and as the movement up to the present time has beeu ic volvtd in eecresy, we will, for the benefit of the uniuitiatid and the unsuspecting public give a brit l sketch ol the circumstances and lacts connected with the afiair. About a month ago it was resolved privately among a majority of the members of the Board of Aldermen, to hold an informal meeting for tbc purpose of drawing up a new city charter. The meetiug took place; and as it was desira ble, for certain reasons, that the proceedings should be withheld lrom the public, no report ers wtre admitted, and an obligation of so eresjf'was imposed upon the members. No oath, it is #ue, was taken, but all agreed that the action of the Board should be kept as private as possible. Three of these meetiugs were held, the last of which took place on Satur day, the 2d inst , and at this the copy of the proposed charter was adopted. We should ptate that but one outsider ? an ex-Alderman was admitted to this self- constituted Charter Convention, and he waB selected as the caucus agent who was to procure its passage through the Legislature. The democratic members who co-operated

with the wbigs and others in the movement, uDder the impression that it would invest the Major with the needful executive authority, have now, it appears, withdrawn from it al I together, anj refuse to take any port in secur ing its adoption by the Legislature. Tney say that they were seduced into it by the repre sentation that it sustained his recoonnen datioEB in regard to the appointment of an Executive Council for the administration of the city government. This deception? if it was really such? was, it is urged in their defence, the more easily practised, as upon a curaorj perusal of the document it bore the appear ance of ha\ ing been drawn up for that purpose. In a matter of so much importance, however, this is but a poor excuse for the improper or careless performance of their official duties. The charter it is proposed to substitute for that under whioh our present city government is organized possesses many objectionable fea tures, and will, if passed, be productive ot more evils and create more abuses in the ad ministration of our municipal affairs than those under which we at present labor. In proof of this, it is only necessary to oirect attention to a few of the thirty-fire sections of which it is composed. The first section, it will be per ceived, invests tho Board of Aldermen, when acting as Supervisors, with the power to a-eetsa and collect all taxes necessary for the payment of the expenses of the city government. Tne eflect of this will be to render the presence of the Mayor and Re coider ? who are, under the present charter, members of the Board ? a complete nullity. They have also, as may be seen from section 5, conferred upon themselves the power of ex tending the time for the canvass of votes, which is now limited to twenty days, and put into the hands of unprincipled politicians, who may hereafter be elected to fill their places, the mea&B of excluding a successful candidate of an opposite party from office for any length of time that may suit their pur poses. Section 12 provides for the creation of an Executive Council, consisting of a Comptroller a Corporation Counsel, a Chief of Police, an Engineer of the Croton Aqueduct, a Street Commissioner, a City Inspector, andaCommis I sioner of Repairs and Supplies. This is called an Executive Council; but it appears from a further reading, that they are simply to assist the Mayor in " Eupcrvising " tho executive duties of the city, and which duties, we are further told, "shall be clearly defined by ordi nance of the Common Council." So that after all, this Executive Council has really no power at ail, and will, to all intents and purposes, be the mere creature ol the Boards of Aldermen and Councilman. Even the appointing po?*er which is given to the Mayor is rendered ut tcrly Toid, by compelling him, in the event of the rejection of his Dominations, to nominate within ten days after such rojection "other and i different persons." This section is not to gj | inlo effect until the expiration ol the period ' for which the present incumbents were elected providing, of course, that the charter posse? our Legislature. But the mo^t objectionable section is the seventeenth, which gives the Common Council almo-t unlimited control over all the appoint ed officers of the municipal government. It says that they shall have power to create *uch departments and offices as they may deem neceBtary, and to appoint all officei , with the exception of such as are elected t j the people, consisting of the Mayor and tho members of the Common and Executive Coun cils. The effect of this will be to place the po lice force? not to speak of the officials of tho diflerent bureaus? under the control of the Al dermen and their Assistants, and to convert the whole police department into a great poli tical machine. We have frequently pointed out the abuses which must result from such a Condition oi thing*, and earnestly hops tie Legislature will, if they should deem tii s charter worthy of their serious consideration, expuuge this scction. Tlie la't taction? which provides that u,e charter ah all go into effect on the let of July next? invests the present members of the Com mon Council with the authority and piwers conferred on that body. This, of itself, is f-ufliiicnt to taint the whole proceedings of t!ie secret and self-constituted Charter Convention with suspicion, and gi\ es it the appearance of a pclit:cal mo', ctoent. If it was intended to bene fit the city, why s?ek to throw around it gush % Tell of tecresy ? Let the people know what you we doing, Mef stows Aldermen, if you are not athamcd of j<?ur acts. V o w ant u reform in our city government, bat will be safisfied with u return to the old charter of 18H0. A Back-Hakded P?u>w at Livr OiK (.r ORUK ? Our old silver gray whig contempo raries of tho Covmcrraul Admtiter say in re ference to the fhackling ferry boats employd between the BatUryand Statan Island: We i hare la an opinion we linro frcqnentiy lieurd px jrfKFed within tho>r Uw days, that Mr. Owrge l,iVw tvoula do l.lmKi'if cicdit. n.id ilia Iilan.l friond* and into rent# got d Mrrlee, if fcc would a little more o( lb* management ol tliat ferry into his <- wn hands we ti< lint- he can do, if h? chr ofn. A gtnUeman avowedly ?f idling to no high a portion ad he in, fhould not? permit a j ublic inntltutini trhlch he I* Ulkvad tj Uxiin Ihiliiy to oootjol, to dwindle BO nearly to a puijUa i??ee M that ferry ku done, withoat waa effort to ra roTi r it from ita dilapidated condition, Mid to ?mTtoM ki? fellow e'tU'DK, that bowerer much ha lovaa to atquire ictlib he il>o dfHlrw^to make a liberal retain out of that w*?ltfx for the public convenience. That's cool. And the worst of it is, we Lardly kuow how to got over it, except after ' this fanbion ? that the Advertiser, being a Fill more organ, in, oi course, ready, upon any pro vocation , to pitch into " Live Oak George.'' Will there be peace ? Resurrection ok the Prohibitory Law. ? There ie a public functionary in New York named Judge Capron, and he has just charged a Grand Jury. Where this Judge has Bpeut the last six monthB of his life? whether he has been plunged into a Rip Van Winkle sleep, ont of which he was suddenly awakened to astonish the Grand Jurors in the Court of General Sessions; whether he has resided in the Sandwich Islands or Japan, and returned home by mail the'day before this charge, or whether he is professionally a wag and would have his joke ont of the Grand Jury, we are wholly unable to say. Bnt one thing is cer tain: the audience of the Court of General | Sessions, in all its experience, never found it I harder to preserve its gravity than when this j Judge Capron took in hand on Monday to lay before the jury his notions of the Prohibitory law. We have all of us a very clear remem- | brance of this curious statute. Most of us re collect how it was said by the country folk to be a cure-all, and passed and signed in due form; and how, the very day it was to go into effect, judges and juries and authorities and police all agreed that it did not apply to large citics, and it was thereupon thoroughly uulli- ' fied and cheerfully buried by the people of New York. We think of it as we do of the | United States Bank, and the bill for the ad mission of Texas, and the Protective tariffs, and the diabolical treason of Col. Burr. Well, this Judge Capron, no later than Mon day, actually rises in court and says to his jary : Gentlemen, this Prohibitory statute is the law of the land, and I want you to enforce it. Such and such are its provisions; you must do so and so if complaints are laid be fore you, for I suspect the law is occasionally violated. You may have heard some people tay that the law is unconstitutional and void; this is idle talk. Yon must find bills against tbe rumecllers. Changing briskly from this to the pathetic, he bursts forth? we give his words verbatim : ? "Is there no balm in Gilead ? Is there no physician there ?" We arc left in doubt as to whether the Gilead ites are really in want of physic and proper medical attend ance ; for the Judge, turning from them ab ruptly and sadly, appeals "kindly and most respectfully" to the jury, and implores them to have the Prohibitory law executed in the city as it is in the green hills and fruitful val leys. All that is required of them to ac complish this end is to turn informers and present a few leading offenders. Judge Capron j is careful to let them know that they need not | hear evidence on the point; their own observa tion suffices. We notice that the Hon. James Harper, ex Mayor, is foreman of the jury. Fancy his in forming, of his own observation, against the Astor House, the Irving, the Metropolitan, the New York hotels! Fancy a man in Judge Capron's position talking such bosh as this at the present day ! A Difference Among the Doctors. ? Wm. Lloyd Garrison, (white man,) insists that the federal constitution shall be trampled in the dust, because it sustains and cherishes the in stitution of slavery ? Fred Douglass, (black man,) demands that slavery be abolished, be cause it exists in violation of the principles of the constitution. Garrison should keep his colored brother posted up. 188 LATSBT VSWI. BY MA6NETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS, From Albinfi REMOVALS AMD APPOINTMENTS BY THE CANAL BOARD. At.bist, Feb. 8, I860. The Canal Bond have removed W. B. Taylor, resident Engineer; Ogden Edwards, do. ; W. H, H. Gee, do. ; Or ville W. Storey, do.; Chan. H. Beich, First Assistant En gineer; Calvin Newomb, do., and appointed the following in their places:? Random L. Cclborn, Resident Engineer; Window I*. Kidder, do.; Tnomas H. Hates, do.; Ensign Bennett, do.; Hvgh M. f-overanee, do.; Julian A. Wat kins, First Assistant Engineer; Byron M. Ilawks, do. Newi from Oavana, Nkw Orleanb, Feb. 4, 1856. The steamship Cahawba bait arrive! at this port, with Havana dates to the 1st instant, but the newi Id wholly unimportant. The wea'her was unfavorable, and the ungar market inactive. The Democrat* o t Piklladelplila and Air. Bu chanan. PHlLADltrHU, February 6, 1866. A City J'emocratic Convention, to which delegates were elected last night, met to- day to choose delegates to the State Convention. Resolutions were introduced declaring Mr. Buchin.in the choice of the Convention, and instructing the dele gates to vote in his favor for the i'rcidency. Kefm-d to the Committee on Bosolutions, with direc tions to report 'hem to-morrow. 1 lie rote in favor of Mr. Buchunan was nearly unani mous. Ntw Hampshire American State Convention. COHCORD, N. H., Feb. 5, 1850. Tbo Xe ? Hampshire American State Convention to day was attended by about 5,00(jJ<*elpgatep. Governor Met calf was renominated by aocltm^ti >u, and Gnenliaf Cummlngs, of Lisbon, was chosen for Railroad CotnmlMioner. A macs uioetlnp held in the nfternou was largely at ten<1!d. Hon. John P. Hile, Amu Tuck and Geo. Xe sniitli were .among the speakers. ll.e demociata anticipate a rrand rally nn Thursday mxt, when the Hon. John B. Waller, of California; llcvrell Ctbb, it ( margin, slid J. L. Orr, of South Caro lina, ate expected to hold forth. MekitacluiselH American State Council. BjSTO.n, Feb. 6, 1856. The American ?'a'e Council of Massachusetts met In this city this af\cm? on, ^ro Uuiidred dfe!apat?s biting In attendance . Mr. FJihu C. Hafcer, President of the State ?-eint*, and Mr. A. A. Richmond, of Adums, w<*re oho'-en delegate* at large to the Philadelphia National Convention. and tho lim Timothy Pavis, M C., of (.lo'ieestar, ami Joaep 'Ihiixte-, Es<i , of Plymouth, substituted. The teelre celegsles elected to ths National Convention we re nl?o selected to reoreof nt the State in the Amo tic; ti f.nttrnal Oounsil which is to assemble, for a ?^eoii. clj?et, at Philadelphia, on the 18th of February. Af'er considerable debate, the Council doolinod to in struct the dehgatos to the National Convention as to their course, hut as a State, the Council re-affirmed tin Pprlugfield paltfoim. Deli gut* to the Know Nothing Presidential Convention. lUuusnrnci, Feb. 5, 1856. Imv!d K. Small was to-day elected delegate to the! N'a th.nal American Nominating Cmventiin, from thet-tix leenth Crpgre.-Monal district of Pennsylvania. rf>) is instructed to Tote for postponing the nominat:o<i of a car, dilute for the Presidency. Charter Election nt Dlnghamton. "T? Hixc.ii a kto."?, Feb. 5, 1850. At our charter oVe.tloa for President of the village, to day, Mr. Pisson. tt>e Amen -an and democratic canttcate, was elected by 1% majority. Hrery ward eleotod Ameri can and democratic trustees, United 8 to tea Supreme Court. WASHINGTON, Feb. 6, 1856. No. 58 ?John ('. Podge vs. John M. Woolsev. Ar<ni mant continued by Mr. e>|MM.iiigturapp?liaat, ud l?v Mr StMbmy and Mr. Vlaton tot appelle#, ' HKW YORK unsiiuma. Senate. Auujrt, Feb. 6, 186?. ranTioMn pnnotvrKB. For ft hospital for children Id New York; for ft bridge ?t Albany over the Hudson, ngaiust the mioufacture <>t hats by convict lftbor. BBTOT'.T9 By Mr. Bikkjks ? Favorably with amendments, the New York Registry bill. Mr. Kb.lv, from the Comtnlt'ee on Banks, reported by bill on such portions of the Governor's message as re lated there o. By Mr. Krli.t ? Favorably, on the bill authorising banks to act a* agents. The bill for the incorpot ition of the New York au'V 1'htladelpiiia Steam Navigation Company was re,->orte4L upon favorably. HI I.I A INTBOOTCBD, KK\ By Mr. Bbookg? ItoguJating tl>e Malirien of judi?Ul offi cera, and tor increasing ihr t tilarins of the Juogtw of the Court of Appeaif $1 600, aua of tbe Supreme Court $1,000. By J. A. burnt? Mutative to labor done on canals, andi txtencing the old lft * one year longer. By Mr. PPKHcnt ? Tie New York tax bill. By Mr. Waduwohth ? For the better protection of the public health, and to deteruntii the validity o: taxes and assessments. To organize a distinct department in the State govern ment a* an Insurance Department, and creatine a super intendent of the department hi a sa'ary of ?2,600; a de puty at $1,600, and two c.eik- u' $1,000 each, and placiug stringent rules on insurance companies. Also a bill to secure the better observance of the Sab bath in Brooklyn. By Mr. Haihixad ? To erect tbe county of Caniateo. By Mr. Kambky? To amend the general act relative to railroads. The Senate, in Committee of the Whole, took up tbe bill to prevent the manufacture ot hat* in the prisons of tbe State. The committee roae and reported progress. Blllg TAWED. To exempt the edifice and i>it? of the New York Hl? totioal Society from Hale uncer execution. To enable the trustees of tbe " B'nal Jeeburun" so ciety of New York to protect their cemetery ? alao t? change their title. To renew the ?ot incorporating the General S jciotr o* Mechanics and tiaiesmen. To pay tbe Harbo.' Commission expenses. Mr. WADgwoTiTF offered a resolution to refer a?l caoap claims to the lana' Board. Adopted. Adjourned Auembly. Albany, Feb. 6, 1855. A report was re :eived from the St%te Oom ptroller, stating the expendittue for printing the Senate and As sembly documents, bills and journ&la last jeir, to bar* been $61,40-2 00. The special committee on Mr. Nortbrop'n resolution, inquiriig into canal contracts at Cohoea, ii constituted as follows:? Messrs. Northrop, Van Santvoo-d and Hin ford (Ameri -an?). General orders were then taken up. Several bills were pasted by a third reading. The use of the chamber whs granted the .-late Medl .al Society to-morrow evening'. The bill in relation to auction sales in Baffalo tvaa pisped. NOTICEH OK Blt.IJ. By A. Woodr? To abolish the City Inspector's oflioe la New York. By Mr. Hnkdkrkkb ? To amend the Mariners' Fund Act. BILLS INTRODUCED. By Mr. Roott? In relation to summary proceedings to recover potest ion of land <. By Mr. Djkhlkb? To enable the Buffalo Orphan Asylum to share in the School Fund. By Mr. B. IUilcy ? Relaiiig to the bridges over the Hailem river. By Mr. Bbmon? To increase the manufacture of salt. Adjourned. Accident on the Philadelphia and Harrln burg Railroad. Philadelphia, Feb. 6, I860. The eleven o'clock train for Harrisburg l??t night, was thrown from the traek near Whitehall, Montgomery oonnty, in o:nsequenee of the breaking of a raH. One man was killed, and a number wounded. One of the pasaenger cars rolled over the embankment, where it took fire from the store and was consumed. Tbe man killed is supposed, from papers found on hie persen, to be Abraham B. Hart, of the firm of Hart t Son, of Cincinnati. Twenty-seven persons were more or lees injured. the most seriously wounded being Mr. T. S. Watson, of St. Louis, who had one of his legs broken. Be was one of the survivors of the Gasconade accident on the Pacific Railroad, and wtus recovering from the in juries he then received. Dr. A. Finney, a member of the Pennsylvania Senate, was nligbtly hurt. Quite a number of members of tbe Pennsylvania Legislature were in the cars, but none of them were seriously injured. The State BItdleal Society. Alua.vt, Feb. 6, lMfl. The State Medical Society met to-day. Several ofit? members are delayed by bad roacs. No import mt busi ness was transacted. The election of officers takes place to-morrow. Dr. Frank H. Hamilton, of Buffalo, deliver! tbe annual address to morrow evening la the Assembly chamber. The society gives a grand entertainment to the mem bers of the legislature and others at the Hospital to night. Railroad Detentions In die West. Bi vfai.o, Feb. 6, 186". AU the railroads in thin pec 'ion are completely Mocked up. With the exception of a train over the Niagara Fal'j? read thin morning, there have been no arrivals. The Detroit mall via tbe Great Western Road, w?? the only nail received to day. A trJn started on the Central road this mortilng, but returned, being unable to pro ceed. The train which left for Cleveland yesterday morn ing on tbe l<ake Shore Road, has only reached Hamburg. Several engines sent to its assistance are frozen upon the road. Reports from Dunkirk say that a large number of passengers were unable to gbt away fr >m thore, the Erie road being still impassable, Rochsbtkr, Peb. 5, 1868. We have no communleaticn with either BuiTulo or Nia gara Falls to day. Two trains are test in the vnow on the Buffalo road, and nine locomotives are in the snow basks and otherwise disabled, within twenty miles of Ro chester, on the Niagara Falls road. A number ol'engines, with a large gang of men, went up this morning to clear the tracks. Tbe Rochester aud Syracuse eld road i* still blocked up. Relief wat sent out this foreaoon. Many strangers are mow bound here, waiting an opportunity to leave town. Ofllren of the Lehigh Valley Rallraul Com - pany. Ea?to.v, Feb. 5, 1868. An election for oflloers of the Lehigh Valley Railroad was hel<" at this place to-day, with the following result:? Wm. W. I xingetreth was chose n President, John H. Hutch inson, Secretary and Treasurer, and John T. Johusoa, of New York; Wm. H. Gatzmer, of Philadelphia; E, A. Packer, of Philadelphia; Asa Packer, of Mauch CfiuncT. and David Raraet, of Kaston, directors. Mr. Edgar Young, ool doctor on the Iyehigh Valley road, died at Maucb Chunk to day after a few hours' illness. Mr. Your g wss well and favorably known. Conflagrations. TBE COURT B0U8B AT SYRACUSE DKftTROYKD. Syracuse, Feb. 6, 1868. The Court Hoiue In this city was destroyed by fire at 3 o'clock th's morning. The County Court was in ses sion in the building j etterdc.y . A portion of the Count} library and some Important papers were destroyed. Too loss to the county is from $lu, 000 to $15,000. No In surance. DESTRUCTIVE FIRE AT MANCHESTER , N. H. Mj.v hkstkr. N. H., Feb. 6, 1856. The building known as Patten's Building, adjoining the City Hall, in this city, was destroyed by fire this morn ing. The newspaper offices of the Manchester ,4m triran, the tlirn/r. Union Democrat , and the Stars and stripes, weie in the building; aleo the Msnshester Bank, the 'Jlt> Iibrary, Sheriff's office, an! soveial stores and law offices. Tbe City Hall was saved by the exertions ot the firemen. The loss is about $76,000; half of wlilch Ls covered by In nuance. I DESTRUCTIVE FIRE AT CHICAGO. Chicago, Feb 6, 1858. Tbe tew hotel near the Illinois Central tlailroad pas senger depot, w?n destroyed by fire lait nigbt. It wss owned by <;a?e Bros., of tho Treuont House. I/>ss, ?V6 000. Insurance, $12,000. The depot w.ts not In jured. Boaton Weekly Bank Statement. Bofirox, Feb. 5, 185*. T.ie followtrg table showf 'he footing of our bank statt merit for ',he week ending February ?, as CJtnpaw.l with the week previous ./an 28. Pth. 4. Capital stock 131,980,000 fit. 060,000 I<t.:ins ?nd discounts A2, 010,600 BC, -10,000 Specie a, 606, 600 3,633,000 Due from other bsnks 7.142,800 7,370,000 Due to other banks 6,821,(00 6,750,000 Deposits 14,8h5,800 16,091,000 Circulation 7,2'.ib,000 7,10o,8<:U' The Irish Plllbmteri at Cincinnati. COKIVVATI, l ea. 6, 1868. The nine Irishmen who have been on trial he e for name time past, charged with vio'atlng the r.estrnli'.y laws, w?ie discharged to day by Judge I eavitt. the Weather Throughout the Country. PRoviDRXTt, Feb. 6, 18a?. The river Is closed by ice, and the boats to Newport and Fall River havn ceased running. ....... H-""1-?. Ohio, Feb. 6, 1858. The weather here is clear and very eold, the thermos meter, this morning, indicating eleven depree? below zero. The sleighing con* in net. excellent. _ . , ? ? Atracc ss, Feb. 6, 18 W. The tvilns on tbe(?ntralsnd Binghamton railroads are jetveiy irregular, and oa the <>*w*go road no train* Lave been run this week. Vessels at the Oelawnre Breakwater. fiAFETY OF THE 8CHOONKR MART ARM OITRMT. 1'miAnwt.rntA Feb 4 18'^. Ihe schooner Mary Ana Guest, from Mew York tor ?n U* M Hit, fgf wfeoM