Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 7, 1856, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 7, 1856 Page 2
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HEW OCEAN STEAMSHIPS. Tbr Mew Meanitblp Pulton, for th? Havre Line. 1)i? aew steamshij Kult a. which was Uancht-d on ibo 4tb of September last, and which is to run In aonn*>ctioi | with the Arago, between thia port and Have, ?? ?? n(MMhil trial trip on Tuttflay No exoenif >ppears to i )>VVD spare-l in her eou.-tructiou, '.be total coat o f \ which ni MM), 000. Bar entire length (row stem to j ?ten is uCO fwt, and <>u tae keel 27tt ? while her breadth of beam is 42 and her depth 31* feet. She U doub'e pleated outside up to the twenty foot mark ; has fir* water tight (with fore and aft) bulkheads running her ??tire lerg'Ji. Every precaution hu been taken to vender ber sec are in ease of accident, and even the eagine room* are ho eons* -.acted that they onu he made perfectly water tight. The engine*, which are regarded as masterpiece* of workmanship, are each six hundred bortte power, witn sixty-tire inch qjUader and ten feet stroke. The tellers are tubuUr, ?tad capable of beari.g a ptewure i A tlii ty pounds to 'iio square ineh. In aduiioa to th? uuiple provision whioh to Made against accident* from leakage, there are two large 'Worthing ton engine pomps, and two bilge injec ttoaa, which, when In nperaii >n, throw off four thousand fre hundred galloni of water ere ry minute. Then they hive oa hoard three hunt roe and fifty lite p -eservers, six feurg| Krancut life boats, each capable of holding sixty petpoaa aad two wooden boats, with seat* for thirty per sens each. The acoommdation* are amply snfiieient for two huu fead first a?d one hundred second churn passenger*. Tbe Kale roots 8 are fitted up with a nice regard to aomfort, and the saloons are furoiahed aad de aerated with admirable laste. The paanel. trigs are of satin and roue wood*, and the ce!l n<s of wnite aud geld blended. But it is in the ladies' saloons, of whi h thfrr are two, tbat the decorator hius expended all the resaorces and beauty of his arc Tnese apartments are intended exclusively far ladies, and although rather lhnited in their dimensions, are amng ths finest that we hare ever teen on board a steamship. Tae carpets, the Jhrmture, the ornaments, and the hundred other things that make up a well fu- uished api'tment, may be found here, and all of the finest workmanship. lit fact, there appears to be nothing more to desire. Every attention appear* to have been i>aid to that noet icclspm: ab.'e part of a ship's appointments ? fee eoeking depajtment. The wine csdar, the iee home, the larde s, tlie butcher's store- j kease, and ererything connected with tbe ruuin from j the <kk k V galley to the turnspit, is perfect in its line. There is also a barber's shop, which is furuUhed with ererything desirable in the shaviug aud shampooing line, an j several bathrooms for the use of b >ih indies and gentlemen. The staterooms ate fitted up in a st\ le cor responding with the other parts of the vessel, and are well lighted and ventilated. In regard to light and vea tt elion, which are generally less thought of than any tt the other requisites on shipboard, we are glad to per aeive that they have not been overlooked The second ales* staterooms a:e furnished in a style hardly inferior to these intoLded fo>- the first class passengers, and the oaly wonder is thst, allowing so much room to each person, there are, af:er all. accommodations for so many. Tbe Fulton was originally owned by Messrs. Aspin wall, and was intended for tbe l'acific trade, but is now. as we have stated, destine^ for the New York and Htv.e Mae, as the consort of the Arago, having bsen purchts?-'l by the Havre company while on the stocks. She also un forwent great alterations from the original plan of lwr construction. Her register, acoo.-ding to Custom House measurement, is 2.300 tons, and her capacity for the con veyance of freight is estimated at 800 tons. It is a fact parti tuiarly deserving of mention in con nection with the name ot this splendid stearaslxip, that the Dean of Ripon, while speaklug on board the great j Baglmh steamer Persia, which is now en her way to this | port, stated tbat forty eight years ago be was on biard ' the first steamboat built by Uobor*. Fulton. What a c sta men' ary on the progress of science during a ^ing'e life I time! j Trial Trip of the Stctioihlp Persia. 8PKECHE8 ON BOARD THE NEW STEAMKB? THE DEAN OF RIPON AT THE TKIAL TKIPB OK THE KOUEKT FULTON AND PERSIA- SPEECH OF CAPTAIN COM 8TOCK, OF THE BALTIC? bPEKD OF THE PKKdlA ? DESCRIPTION OK THE VESSEL, ETC., ETC. [From the Liverpool Courier, January tb.J On Wednesday !*? t the steamship Persia, tie la'egt built ve.-stl ot the Cunaid line, ai d ".he Urgent and m irt Cwerful s'eamer afloat, m?ae two tual trips, the first tig f>om Greenock well down to Holy Island aad tiaik, and the feoond being from CreeuoJk to Liverpool. Tbe day *as aU that could be desired. The sua roue in ?plendor, iti inll orb being deeply lustrous, and its centre more rajiant still, ae though It said to the :er jieisons from Liverpool, ??Welcome to Scotland;" whilst it UBg>*i the mountain top* wi'h a det-p nr >wu, and brought out tbe en mm it of Ben lxraioad, with its snowy mantle as thouRD it had oeen the tleecy cUrada. As the party n-aed the I'ersia where to*}- were received by CaoUin Ju luios. the band of the i'.e&frewciiire Militia, which was ou bja'd ? payed ' Bule Bii'anrjia." From tke deck of tha r'eriia | tbe waters ot the Clj de, spread into beautiful expanse, | were liteialiy fts scoooth a* gUs?. their appearanje , wherever they were affected by the wind, being as though j ?tine gentle breath ha] ilgiuly touched their suriace The f>cotch papers speak of the beauty of the m orning ' with evident delight, and it will create no suiprise if the aeene should have been more striking tj an Euflish eje on a lire t tie it to Norland. From these diseursioLs, however pleasant, we mu it re turn to tbe matter in hand ? the trial trip of th- i'ersia. Captain Judkins, the Commodore of the Bri ,ish and N jrta American Sceamshrp Company, took the cjmtnand ot his new (hip. Captain Main nnaert.iok the pilotagj of tha vessel daring the trip, aud on the voyage to Liverpool; his long expeiienee entitling him to tint distinction. ' Captain !?oiig!as, the shore superintendent of the com pany at Glasgow, also gave bis assistance. A brief account of the first part of the voyage, no far 1 as sailing is concerned, will suffice, as the vessel was not put to her fnll power, nor was a direct course steered, 1 the steamer being put oyer towards the opposite s here, to give the perrons on board an opportunity to see the j aeenery close at hand. It is usual, however, on thess oo- ! ?asions to lime tbe spent ot fteauiers within mewurad distances, and this w*s iore with the f'ersia. Tw msa I ?ared dis snce on tne Cyce, wnu;b is W!rwj 'he CI %,'h i and Cumbrae lijjhtbiuses, is 16 , statnte miles. His I the v-ssel raD agatist the ti^e in 58 minutes, as f Uows:? ! Abreast tbe Cl?.cb lighthouse lib. 4n. 46s. 1 Abreast tne Cumbrae ligh "house 12 2 45 j During 'his run tht engines averaged 17 revolution ' per minute. On passing tbe last named lighthouse the engines were reduced to balf spefd, a- d the company <at down to a magnificent banquet, supplied by Messrs M'Lerie At Attwood, of Glasgo?, who we-e ably aa->ut?d b) Mr. M'Cubbln. ehief ste sard of the I'ersia About oce hundred an' seventy ladies ant ge< *'emen sat down in tbe a't, and fifty in the fore sil ?< ... lie >rge Burns. Esq., filled the chair, supported right and left by I/ord Blantyre, the Honorable and Very Reverend, the De?n of Ripon, 'he Ixird ?'rovoiT, Hrv. Norman Ma^leod. K'bert Napier, &q., Ale*. Has'ie, Esq.. M. I'., .Sir Mictiael Stewart, M. I'., &c. John Burns, Esq and Capt. Judkins officiated aB croupiers. Ibe Chairman then sai l be was g ing tn p op ,? a toast which might appear son ewLat extraordinary as ?)miu< from himself? bin much rMpected friend and partner, Mr. Cunard. He did so not In his capacity as an own r of tbat vessel, but he did so as a frient o' nearly tweo { yeais' s anding. He had been hi nself engaged in t1 > fr> secntion of s e?m navigation thirty years, and t?.j thiids r.f the time in close union with that gontl.-man. He took that, opportur.i y to p opo?p Mr. Canard's healtn, as that gentlrmaa was not prer?nt, aud he did not fish tbe trast to fall info other hai,r?. V ot on'y huns-if aod ki? partners -ere iodeoted to Mr. Cunard for the ha j 'J conneetinn with him. but the aoontry also was in dpbtel to h'm. In allndi:4r to him, b* oetsd not say tba' in addl'i n t/> his grea* outlays, a Very Ia-i{e portion ' of tils success was ?tt Inutable to tr.e adml ahU '?inp-r be nlwsys aisjaayed. He w mid ?lso al.'ide to th'd v panments cf g' vemment with wbie.h 'hev nsd hcea im me< iately contested The (i st of these di'|iar'-nents was the A^mitalty rni he was happy t" -?y he wai a(f r ied an opportunity of pissjni? a remsr* or two on tli^t i>r" sart lirst Lord of the, Mr Charles W . il. He did so. liecaupe he was the first ia th<* r .u itry ? ^iig tl.'tn Jsaetetary to the Adn 'ralty? who lent a bel^Mg har d to this under aking: and not t > i' only, bi, als ? t , othrrs, wbich had been e>itia?ly beneficial to the coon r* Sir Charles bad said to hill tnnoy jeirs ng>, 1 I look fl|ton tbe reninsular and Oriental i/imoiny and vour company, ss my two obiidren." Wli*tever benefi t there might have #?*>n in enrrylng out the opera tions of the company, they would scarcely ev?r have been accomplished, had it no-, beer lor th* assistance of the Admiralty and Sir Charles Wood, and a'terwards by the assistance ot -ir Francis Hiring, his suoceesor. It was this assistance which ena bled Mr. Cunard snd the pr'jectors of the company t> link tbe old word ?o<l tne Dew They hvl ev?r since tbat period experienced the grea-^te' k'n Inwis t^ma all depanments of the BrMah govnroroent? f ? nn the I'oit Tnaster General down to the loweet |offlaial. Mr. Kjw Jand Hill had not be^n able to attend, but bit ?on was present, and also Mr. Paee, of the I'ost .ffics, to which department the company owel niaoy thanks fcr the nnllorm kindness ex'en W1 to t jeui. !'er haps he snould not overliok another dejartneol. To?y li?<l re?eived very great kindness from the T-aasury, and without its aM>tnan"e he believed tf ey con 1 do- ba e be^n there no enmf irtable that dsy. He move 1 (hit toe fx irj any shrnid drink to Mr. Gona d and tha de|i?rV matte he had named, and to the noblemen who wn e at the head of U>o?e departiaeo e. (ftraak with the ho no r?.) Band? "RuV Britannia.' The Oiaibmav pr"p"-ed the L >?lth of Mr Vs bier, the bnllrier of tbe sh\p ?rd engioes wi h wuom the com.nriy had bean lorg connected Mr. Napier hal h ult iurty large vessels for the oomttaty's line, and the e hal never been a fault or mistake from tbe starting to tbe earrylng out of any of tiern. (1 **><??) Hiis was xnyimj a vast deal, but tbey wete m> iodefjte<l to hlna. I?oking at the vet?el they wers o? board, and rintra?t*Bg her ?with the vessels they had flf?een or sixteen yea ^ ?go, ^h?y mnet teal tha". snoeess hvl so fsr crowned their labor1, bo'b in tbe vessels and machinery. I !*? o.ed rtoi pay more of a gentleman so well known a<t Mr Nspi.'r, hot Ilk* h r .sel they would loin in giving ft most cor dial toast ( Cheers ) Hand? 'Heaita of i??k " uT vr'KH thanked tb w r. r the kind ?wwr ln ?W h ti.l.talui hat bewa prop?e*d and received. tie would !l.n. hraib" bo?>?J ???&?" lleet of ,hips than wake ooe Ht>. ?cl>. ( A| pla?r? *"d laughter ) . . V? ? CitU*A.N Mia he tiftil now t. prop. Ml a tra* wlich w ula iiiKke K.UW am*' d-1 tor tb* i>ar*on%tt y ol tb>- oie h<- hid .*1 eady He roeunt to props^ ?u - <*?? to tteir rival lUe, cwmouly called tje L. Illus ? <U? i-'e?a er? hen.Lgi.gto tL? Americas* vemmeat, *ud rui.iiiig bttweeu Liver pool anrt New Mk\, with M? company's. Vbe g*ut emeu e 'uduc i g t ie U Ui !, .1 found noihitg but jotor an klritnem on tke pai. of Mr Amei ieau tr lends do. lug 0?e mauy je*n? they> had hoe* a-aociateU la carry i ?g ojit it .e great in- ar MU?? U wten Ameiica ana Ureat Britain. H? w uld take ilit h-ertj of .datlug ?n in-tacce. Some ai< nibs ki the British g< vernmeut ealled on . nli . ? ?? ? p?n tc eupply tb?mwi!h?),*rg? Pinner (i f rat ^consequent* ot which we- the ^ weekly e n wlh Acre Jce, duredtoseiHrg. o' or ce ? fortDi^t (T^ 0om?? un went on Wednesday*. end they on *?tur ays ) mating thi? to Mr. Brown and the other maia^oo that oonoern, they at once J Into *n iirai-ir* rotate tak* np the blank baturdaj, ^Tn^r.uTdtnf that when hi. > rVcSSya T.M'e -K" .?'*? , art of th, SlES* series suss ^7f,"a all ttev oiroJd to promote he interest* ? J W( mpecuve c.mpv^, ? <? Jet at th< rHn,B 11 T? 4" the n.< ?-. pe-teot t ienc.Uip. prop.-se.l i.icseM to tbe Collinn line of *t**mer?." (Uieat applacw ) Band? "YankM Doodle." . Tke (1iji!R>mv th^n -aid there was a g?nflein*n on his left h?nd ?h" hsd t.avelM, either 11 ^^'-v ,r-V? 't?' ,-a'lv oTer all the world, and who h*d. at #11 event*, b^n over America. He begged to nay, tence that tn?re ?' no man whose heart was ?"*.?? servine of aui >hation ihan the donorable and ?ery r.eveiend ih? Lean ot Ripfn, whom he hoped to see more Ireqnent y amonwt tliem. ( A\ipl?u~?. ) Band? '-rte lass with the bonme blue ? en. The P*AJ( ??W he eould not Bi.d w^rds ,0 admiration and gratitude at the adventure. It had reedy been ? ire half 'be *o:;d over to see, and eenalnW It w. rib his while to mak- a (ousney from fcogiatul to ?? pretfnt. Mr Burns had spoke u of his patrou?geof the ship aid company, but that could not amount .to m ich, a- the company was patroni.-ed hy all 'he wort l. ?n / ?1)ofRrialM fron? prvernm^nt t'owoiTArclH, a^ *e\l 4S b . ? An eVican government. He had l. ng been per^a ed th* tbtre wa? noihi. g to cripple the progrese o me |ha,ioal i ciVneeso 1< ng as it wi- backei oy the en'erpr -e ?j lih^rfllitr vt huflUn<1 8nd rt-otIa?3d (H^ar. hear ) \ Whsn Tr^tYJi Xr^nytkat*? ^'^xTXTZ wet hr accnmpaniat tU^rt Mmanlte ,.rx, ti,amrr i hut rr<r fallal in thr ivorUl? ( hwarnew ; and v bm he c.rt*ulT<si that Within the mat,', lift hr had mi to'fvd tke trui! f '"?<>? and <hr trxat tnv <?' <*? Ferxia, anc that he w+8 still ai<e to mske fcis v., .ce' beard in ihtt spaiiius cabin his h-^5 ?r ,a t: ust iva* that they might be enaol?dto mv e P > (jtes* with ptiil more se>urity and back^l by the s.!uod priccip es o' science: anc he truly hoped that wrea th ^ gl .nous ve^elcr ^ed over to Am?i? with intell^ gence the -an.e cordial goo.1 leeliog be wi'oes<?d at New York as had marked its departure from the Clyde. ' AU?roUBuiNTYHE then proposed a eordt?l bumper to the health of the Mcpbtr. Bump, in eoncexvon vtth wh . e llreralHy and espetien :e ?he Cunard Company had con fined so many oenettts on this country and America. (Great spi.iause.) Band? O ncerttd piece. . . The Ouirmaj" acknowle'ged this comphmen ., ana .o serve.1 that, although thecompsny was in prosperity now, he could net forget it* past aad unseen struggles, wu,n human ly s^akiTg, could not have been o*eroome an which ["ever could bave be?n surmounted without the aid cf a divine power. (Hear. hear. ) , . . . The Chairman ssid their time had now?plred, bn tbei e was or e toast they shouli not torget? tne h?a. h ot Cer.'ain Jaflkinc. tne commander ni the ship, and who held < ne cf the most impprtact positi ns in the concern Ula. of coiciiocore ol the fleet. (Loud e?>piaus?. ) Band?' The B?j ot Bisc?y " _ , . . . , Csprain JCDKiss, woo retorted thanks, stated that ne had Intn a commanrer ia the service of the co-npa-iy for tif fee years, and he h' ped he might continue iu It tor ye,rs t? come. fch< old any of theaa like to tike a jlea gure sail with him iu the Persia to America, ne w^uld rejoice to tee their happy Uces on boird hia ship. 'r^iuotio* of Mr. JOHN Bmvs. three cheers we^e irivfD lot the ladies , after which the comjMiny rose kud prcmftaced h? d-ck un.U the attendant a eame.- came At'abont four o'clock the steamer \ u'can took oil the party, who i eturn-d to Gia^g .w, and wao cheered hearti it as 'b*y de. sr e.1, to which ihe crew at- loudly resprnd e<- 'he Vulcjin steaming arourd the l^rsia to give those returning t . shore an opportunity to take a full and floal view of ti e ief Eel ere she departed for her permanent ?r!on as ihf ship was cleared steam wa? 8?t,uJ)'. Ani the engioes were ~et rn at full speed lor the trial trip off the teii < t Oreencck Bank at 4h 35m. P. M At 4h. 57ro. P. V the Pe.rsl* was *b eaut the Clo,.h Lighthouse from whence the v.yage to Liverpool attuat lv rt tirei.eed. a voyage for Fpeed. has never be lore been made and it is one whi:h will ever live in memories ot th se wtio were on boare the sbip. At first tt e weather was ca m the ship going abou - tn f?n.e iate ?a tb? wind, which aas Vir. From the Mall of Calloway to 'he Point ot Ayre (Ne ol Man; the wind was fresh on tbe beam wi'h considerable swell, and l^r tne remainder of 'be vo>age it was a fresh breeze. Ihe nhip was runr.'ng I'ght, gtir'ing with probab.y about ons of coal on board; lur draft of water beirg 18 feet aft. Tie rse-sge f the C och lighthouse withe Bell B-ioy was u ade in 10 h' urs 43 minute?, being the shortest on record, ber time be. ng as f.llows:? Abreast the U ch Ugh house 4h 5,m. I . M. Iiilto Cumhrae ditto litto Pladda ditto otm Wtto Ail- a Craig l itto Boreeili oh ^U^n. Ditto Mull of Galloway -lOn ]r?' Ditto P.intofAyie ^ 4om. feet of tbe vovage their average -as eighteen revolutions per miru'e. t'ome time wa? lost owing U> the number vessels in the channel, which called for tle*i"Ds out of the course. Hid It not been for these drawbacks, th.- I'ertia would have made tbe p?a**g? in at leart bsif an hour le-s tban she t<x k Uj aeoompltsh It. But all obstacles overlooked, the passage was truly ^ ex traoToinity, being nearly five boors under the ordinary "'ihe eoft Fcotch coal w?s used Vj generate steam on the trial trip. Tnis coal is not so well adapted to steamb >a tise as 'be Cardiff coal, wbish generate nwre siea* and maker no smoke, and which is ordaariif ti.^dbytbe Cnrard >teHine:"*?. 'ihe Scotch coal, on the o< ther n? io i, in t f po unall a gmvitv an<1 saiuky, thet with thedra. - in tbe Pe-sia's furnaces great vol mes ot ?moke and uu cotieumed eoal were drawn Into tbe funnels ?ud there ignited This f.ct n us', bave caused no "ttle .urpriee ti tho.e wbo saw the vea-el steaming lown ^h' '"""'L wi 1. the jets ot ilame shootiag from her chtmoeyj i f ..m nine t" time, and with ber great spee.' Tne oaly thing we could com par" ber to was livia h?n wvo hal runaway with two Sco'ch lighthouse*, and rtiwu be?rir;g his flaming thefts dowa the channel wt h P'n^ Ing i'iide?, as though the lx.rd Provost of Glasgow, wl h ad the police, were purming him Tbe dh.tar.ees rnn by the ship were as followa? From Clcch Ughthouse to Ail. a < aig . *' ioCo*?^ili I oint 1? to Mull of (ia'lowoy... 27 ?' to Point of Ayre 22 to Bell Baoy 1 Total 175 " ?which is eqiial to 'JO mile*, no thit ihe vessel steamed lfl kuota, or 19 *'atu*e mile* per hiur, whiatl iu the acUn) ?h'nigh the water f' might be ?u o< se i that thi* high rate nf ? ??<? wonM have woo cancerous, bat engineer* will undera'and baw distant that f>*?r was whan ?t *'ate 'hat the preparathn o' tal low and whi'e lead u-uarty pat on th* t?rf urht ?? >rk of the engine* of Mi- gong --teainar* *>* u bard a', the ?>od o' th-^ voyage a* ?t tlie beginning The sl-^hr?s'. heatin? of the n.gine wouH bare instantly mel *<1 it away wuere ew fr, *** near a heailnc. An it ?a* low w?u-r *pwi i)p *e sel arrtT 'd at he BeH Buoy , ??he a/nine*- e* ? y about durin/ the morning At ? eleven o'clock ?team wn- put on. nnd the vea.el was [ h'Oiig' t in'o p>;r , Obtain Brew?t*r, of the s'aa-ser .laoiali aaluticg 'be i'areia wi'h hie guos as ah* atetuad 1 into th? tirer. The l'ar?i* ?a<- take-i In'o the U i kiaton I 'C k at no t , the Anoer !?v. u ?te*icer Battle and the O'her veMele n th? d ck !ren>iig tiamselvee up wi'h co or* in hoaorof th" f'T?nt. ^ i ? c- ?* t O'lmhar* of .eraocs ?vmgre gatad ' n 'be pieia to Kruet. U" ve*?al on her arrir?l, an 1 not a lew critical eye* we e fixed uoon her ita'e y form. ! i'uring the paa^age much m wui pa(d to thi I wni'h were a<ijiis t-d on Mr. <ir*y'4 patent, inn a bich a<;'ed ?iih admirable pr?c.iioo. It i- not jroD'ierful that tb* n?'?*of the ferula's arrival ?h' id make n renealluo on 'CLamc, and that nany ,'*n tlenvi f ould com* r own to -ft her. ri >-ne ot the'a euro# 'D b<ard to Inspac' the abip and as the rssa-tl wn ?otm lire in the dock before a i-omrjinntcuion could be ?gain eftaldtshid wi'h ' be ahore, Cantata Jn'kinsvory V lit'1 j it.%i ad them to wine, and dirinif Mieir ?? ty The health of the Hon -?m>.ei Ca ard f ?ucdar of tha line, was p < posed, and reaaived aritta en h utasrn faptaln Co.*f--i ck, uf the O.lllna utMitwr B?tis,ro?e hn<* pr< pcfen the b' ul'h of '"aptatn Jodkiia a' din/ the^ t?>n>?. ,i May hi* c it.phj io th? l*?. nia be "QSal to woat It hu fvei hew in Cui>ar4 ?r?loa." (Oneem. ) UapUib Ji dkiv," nmuld only hops the Mil .> ind hlnn-telf wuld bave ibe wi>b?-4 tor inaiexa. If he hat *. g >od fir'nne which had utberto at*?id".d bin in h# Caiard fp'vlc?, be dtd mt 'hlin hi* wows w tuld be "itai?'.>d?d with tb? enaolng Toynge fAsplaiae ) (apta'n CoWffWK nheer-ved tbat. Hr. Caltwell, 'ho erisji r??r of the ship, I ad clia';? "f the Otie< p'jginaa in tie wo?Jdj ?fl at oraahore and pr >po-"d thehe*itiof :he M*pwr? Btiriv of <iiaagow, in very <3 mpllffio jtarjr ternn, to which Captain Dou^l. a reyli -d f^ptain ftoroi^D wtahed to pro K-a? hs heath if a gan t>r an who had le?u long c>nne?t?d with the aarrlft" hut ?b" wan awmt l. nvp them t -tke theomnaod ol 'he larg" a'< ?m'hi > r; ???*?. KA 'ern, b.iloiog i >y v< r J. PcKtRnaaell. (Hear, hear ) H t ?iog Cap'., tlarrtooa mt((fct have MCfle* in th? bix ?hlp, lie b?gg ?i ti prop we it- health. M'htara.) Captain Kvwic propn?ed the health of (;*pt. n't ok i t th ? Ainaiican nteanwbip Baloe ?? , e -??il i 1 trieod' !r t'.nra^er wnnki rie apprecii>i hy i r< h ? i- - . ) < i; lam CiifHrtx" com t only in?-n 'he o f<i e maa r/ r? which hi" health hu t '-pu. ' .,] (,, fbe cteat* er they were ' n IXiaM f *'n' toe la odMtloa of the ! uniiril line, he hoped iba Wonll e?|H .1 r, \ < ie etjieo tatiotis of bar ownera and cooiiian'let il ar i IIa bad Mftrtmia mote perlee ve?*el it ?><. y dep?rt<n?i.i ! than the t'erala ( Hear, b?-ar ) Hto Cth* r '? > 1 1 i ira < c >m paoy ware a boo', to produo* ot? whlih httr.i?te-l, ?oiM met tt'lr i*pe?t. -i i.e. and ilval the mag iilcttr v;ae il : they werethm.n b ard. (3ear, W.) H. #iU <Dr_ b< 'he ui|'nuif aould ???k to rival eieli ink.. I ? f.< tie stiBi'ort o' " 5", . "i"* U.Hr%t,? u, ,w -u,h *?!??. ?*""* ti-ecaiMj < r tl>**i p?#,-uj?r, ? if u of>Ui{n)ot,r_1*1,,,illu,W)_llll(1 lB hsir trinesiUii io ,t?! (palm h? B. j,?ii i boy wou J liral e*rh o'har n> ? , ? . ?p.*., b,t i Z.rytLg .hloh rl-lTj; KS *<!rt SrSA'ATiiSf f" wsrart; wr ->.f" r H s^sS^r==?ss I !?.?.? .1 fo .Uff sjem ?*?srt?& 'b< Uguu, he b*d rndeavo? a to aid iu the Hair I r *?/ ,ifo ~ -Twn^v;:^! rC hmr.) *? outfit 0fhi,fo I wcreuuH-. the V*a -h of Mr. E. K. Onl . ea'n.era b^d'.bo Th!tl*^'ir;f ?T f =? ?ws i'Mm. 8 Tu?n "?uld Jure had th.t lini <f ten^to i iUoe hMl *"nbi'k'Hi in he eu win. . J ?. e?lwgtd lioeraiity, hi* iniiviutl wfh^n- ? reputation. j<e really thought Out wt-hoa 'he patnotinn of yr Collin* tiL? - Tij have had the ine at aU (lp$H jy? oT/ "h,p la ihe ?>*?. u lul to think ?t it Ont the nutrbcr of nar erew an<1 n* sees1 * ?^rf k 'hu ?r towa* ia ?* ei f at let thum mMHK f r r?^P?o*' ?>illtle? were A Wt ,h"m lB lhB bent spirit. So ??tinir there wax nothing to gt0p th-ui. f ADDlau-e i ftf tonmiDBtofpea, tonre particularly ?f the hUio herself, a. to her build, engine Sower, ?n,i pa .""."j I S' O'oetiKi tin of U.e thip may m Urnt bt?t?d, a e an fujlows :? ' J 1 l.trrb be'wefD perpendiculuta ma i ? 1 1 to (wr*l ^ Breadth of bull jV , I'itto oyer |.Md<lie liuxes. ?i u j!.'?p,b ;;;;?; >( Gro? t4 nemgf ? JjZ . Sj.ace for ci^ii e? V.V.V." . V." i w? *" fhe ifi r ggfd at a birk (not hbip'riir 'Ih ?tit??<i in roo-t o/ ibe papery ) and .h? aii, hare^ ""fflrfi l!?? aras r ?* ff y ?"J'i ftH'l A &lJ l60ff h BtOdbls Hcurfi n*> ?*.(} r?. P? other \*tiole?"of "fcm ?' Wi'h a'V,,i';ai i'^'-rurn^w ?li?h.i. !?I. f^alw nc?uP???'>n. ihe padoleooxes K '"y Bi,d "> the cm re of each is % b.?ld nurt tiflg. 96 g * h<m from between two pUrn .""''"irrS.rirtTh.T.aT^ir1^ Ibe t uuarf line, as it 1h p j^ulAriy df Kla-uAtad Kit) ced operation* in 184t; rub the vi?? f ' ?, 1 2 e K<. fun and We, ^r? hefflinheJhT f-tii) li-i; of stfdin^rw tiw. ? i i>?riodiciii x.rssd^ liil' Uk?U WaS tbe firflt Bt???er built for the ocean ^Arjaa^^'-S c"~?* '"W"'1 C""" La Plata, Aiabia. t'ixH i, tbe Persia. 7b^? vfi?e s may be clarified u follows:? IS," , ' 01 4/i0? ton8 <40 horse power ?aCh p< wt>r e?chrDU 8DCt ^0tia' 01 15'J0 ^ Xm .^OO r^ow^ eeaIb8'#lB n4al<,,, W"h hW' 1840 ^ end!0 AMa *n(1 Afr,ca' 2.n5? tons an<l 800 horse power JA I')at. ?Dd A.abia, 2,393 ton. and 1000 hor?? power But ^ 3'6f? t?B' *M 1'800 horse powor. But perhaps the e'etrest way of patLinir the hize oi v^ell^Vhe'linelnT/^ h<r ^b^ife wither include nthVI- len*th.. P?we.-, ano ion vug* and u> stf utter'?? compa tson some other weil known Itntfh. R?gU(T. K'/nUnal pt, SS';:::;:::::- I ? ^??=ss i 2 320 2. .'93 Atianiie rCoiiVnV "line j! 287 | o?o 5 Wio O/'a- Hi i tain 3S0 3|600 S) V 860 3-500 700 the above hbipp, the Britannia, tbe Acadia the Cm!#? d(nU,ar.dHlbertia were sold a few jears .^ .me ' , them going in'o ibe hwids of the Spiutfh K ,vern ?e?t 1843^ TV*? The Columbia wM8|o?t la Ju"y' ^ wa? aola to replace tbe i)i fated A mi Jielurnicgr If the vessel and Seginninir at the bezinntnir ta hSu1" !*e ke"1 " '""be, deen and 4 ^ In ^hl t /clrI,.d ln 'engtha of 86 feet, and a rabbit ? i i^r. g* 'board streak to Uy Into. The terD post Is 1,1 inches broad anl 5 imlies thiek Th^ ihln iJ hf"?k ^ ? iDCl'e,' lu uUn!et<,r- 1'be framing of th? tetrad of lS^rVh0? ace<J IJOrmi ^ t0 th" at in 20 b7h?V i. ? fr"H1 CP,jt'? 10 ?"?re smidsbipH, an i M a .bee front centre to centre ab^ut five 'e?t i*f,.,? ??,i abalt the erjlae toon, hnithea-la. i^7.Wps Xse ,ih are 10 ip^es ^D, wtth a,g X m?' t each . dge so as ( recent In .ec ion tne apnearanaS of a e-ter H placed .luewaya, .hus. S . Xue & h dlv.d,? bei? ' nteodueaSri^f ''h 0 :mPirlmen,'> ""'i ? n veliy b/t beei. .nttoduced into her framing fur?ird which in th. fttti stvisi '-J^ance^'.h re"' pre^^,'; paies k,e 1?> loth^ of an iach in thir_kn?^ rw? ? <!,?? ?eclloti to tbe ?oad water line they are v if a' .^h S2 hi"Ab*' ar# of an iach in thlaknew' n.e platee round tbe gunwale are J', of an inch in tbir.K. nee?. ETtryihittg that ao4 skill coulil derise to mike the Persia a ?*fe ship tia* been done by Mr. Napier. Ii thf wa'er light compHrtioena, for example. provisim has been made, ranch he sam? in principle as that ad pied in Mr. J. Russell's ship th? <<re?t Ka. stern namely, the toimaiim of a t-ubsUaiiil double snip. The got-ds oariled hy the Persia ate to be stowed ia tight coa>p*rtni?nis, each about 72 feet long. 11 fret wife, aud <0 tei-t deep, which form a siiecie* of tanks sufliJent in th?mselve? t> float a considerable weight. ibe next p< int to consider is the ?utive p:wer of the. slip, which c- nsiet* of two side lever engines, wuich weie constructed by Mr. Napier. hare no standard ot entnpu irg engine jxjircr to which all will acres, hia* there Is a difference in expressing .he power of a steam boat, ?bich Mr. ."?apier to .s applies to the Persia: ? ?"/?? Cording ro the stric.t guverrmen* rule of admeasuremoM, her l? wer is ??|U?I t? t bat of 000 horses; according to tfce n n laid down in tie Karl of liar" 7'cne's b'U, h<*r p'wer i> equal to tba' of l.'.OO hove*. a i ac; rding to Jaine* Wau'n old established rule of 8c. 300 fee' It*. to Hie hone -he Is expected to vruk up *?> 'lie pi b of be tw?en 4.00<i and ft COO hor-M." As a ? dn<iard, we adc>pt the Kail of Ha: dwicke's bill. let u li k, however, at s w e . .1 the dlroen-lons of >u?> Persia'-, and other I a r ictusip, ?birb are n? follows:? Itibb e'er of cj tinders 100 inch#*. I.eigtb ( f Mr' k? 10 fiiet, Iiiatm ter of padt.lo wheels 40 " '.ei.^th of float* 10 '? f eptb i f floa's 8 " Nun lier ol b< ibr* 8 Nun.beroffo cares 40 1' chsnre on boilers "JO lis. l^igtb of ergine room 115 feet. Rrefdth of oivtf) 46 " Ceiaci y of coal bunker* 1,40') tom. fetimfcteo c mium|i>ion of ooa' fp?r hour) 4X " The boilers, width are tubular, are placed in two grouts fore, and aft, hnd tbey are flr.d amidships. It nay also bo sta'ed that the ship has been *o planned that \be ??lg> t home will rep .*e on iinor paralUi to tie K'ei. The r ii bunkerR are placed b-toad tho b lilers a'. t?ih extremity of tfteengia* r.iora. bach holier has live luiuae** 'md tliev ar<? so independent that any one of tl i m .'ao be shut ofl -h uld l n it bn required In one I m 1 1 1 iilur the Perm* differs from the Ar.tuia, 'he sfaiuar wb'ch came !a*t on tbe i'.ie, nine v. bnving snallsr b ilers, but a k"eat*r cutn'^er of tli'in, so as to eni.b'e be er glneei to fol'ow up tl.e stroke of the eniffne 'I h a ??'r.ffr presto e of steam r .ere a e be ide< iwid.>n*';y fi I r-r? ard er.ginps lor pntip ng tiie feed wnts<r into tne b< ile'Sj at d n p- rrexi >n with '.bein are eight refuge ratois for abe'rac lr< 'be w?sM heaf from oeb'iotjai it |< bV.wn f fl f om " b I r? to h?*t *>ie l ?3 Winer. N'oibitg Pan l>e ci i.e< ived <nore i'.r king tnan tio W' >rk I?g >' Ibe ej.'.'I /.< \ I'l.e e *as a .it le n >i"'? fr iui 'he ei gne* on ?l ' ial 'rff . a* It Is us'ial ou h?se or ; \sl ins <w< rk t b'- io ?ely: mi' wli"n ih-y a. e S3 " ted up win' Ii 'lev w il *?> 'or s- the e will e no tio ? v > it er-' b the low ?fr r ?g o'' , xba ?? fld r.ylinders. -neb p' ' dor i b *. tohii i ry . 'a- n t ? (s^w ere eiis' *ud ?i i" the ur-rinn n, on end lo k up at h> .l/iiy -I alt". crm.aK a.U, 43 .'Ing ?i h ulent, steady and ? 1 ?nir.. but i> w -rfnl etsp, N r Igti-, wh'"h must a tract e f u 'l,e rr.o t 1b0vib')?'ss oh^erv. r snd prodrre resp'C'. o the lot*! eel prac iral >)ti t uf the tn?n who ^ro < 1. ?d tben f K i n be er gin"-riy>m totbf ca'in Is a shcrt transition. ll? if a'e sen rr-mrdntlons for left jis-' who will h ? ep l*i irerrh-i xy one ?'ick. There N a [is -ajs all r ur.d be hip telow <he tniin r.'ck, so 'bat D yt.aMDg 9t will re?d to i nme on i eel to get ?o or f c.m hi* berth. On tbe sane ceck IK tii eiegaut cm la (>r gentlemen xrb ) dtt klr* to ?'t tn 1 h* eentre tf the mip, and adjoining it U iff ladies' ??! in, w-iinh t? a g g H?in ? did, upcwlatMred I fit h style fit t(u t qne?n aim *o?.rn?l with eh i-.? paiot i-g* tr m the p?oeil ot Mr D. UiCulmii of Oliwgow, ?b?ee gro-jpti of tiowera al?i dec rate 'be mtin sal) in. Ibis cabin is i*n.e.ud witii blrd'seje maple, awl it ic t?n'ro by Me.'in as are also alt <rh?r pvt* o' 'be jlvp lb* t ? ijhi between rem* in :bit put o lb I >bi|' is eiub* fcet ** iuctie?, ami the tw? 'b < <?.?<? . u.> > I ligLted boo veu'iia ?t Tt?e bertno i.e j wiw tbc | vtuai conreiiii u?; and It nny m nv a in ed tut there ? Me no lee i it* a t wen ty water clue's io v?rtu<M uart* ?t the lo?er deok. On eta-* upper de.-.k .ire tbe niiin aud fo*e ca ? wiiih tbe officers' bents and otber AfCtimmoda tiors. At 'be ex ? enio alter end of be ship i* a ifyo picking rocro wi h cabins for tn? aiptatn aud cbief of liter, from which they can ree the eini- e wording ol (he thiv Next to these i? toe maiu saloon, whiah in tiO teet loiig, 'JO I eel wide, and 8 feet hl^a. Ibis calnon will din ? ah* ut 1 70 It it peutlied in hi d's eye maple, wvb t?i?ted pi lusters and net ly gilt 'riese t.d oeilin^ The upholstery id red velvet, with red r*Un window cur tains, en broidered iu goJd. Tbe p-.teli aro btied wi'.b floral paistftigs, similar to 'tie Uw'iea' e.iiu. fitegaatly framed mirror* ne piaeeo at the fore i ml of t be a? tn tbe other veeseie ot tin line but at the after- end a difleienee has bteu made by the iutroducion of two beaat<ful b okflaaes. jnd maeaive folding doo-g which oftn into the ^milking room. Tbe skylight is filled with ? am*" gl ? ??, the proirineLt features being a Pendan and a I eniao ?? man U t'leir na ive c<iHt.ame. Forward oi tbe raioon a>e tbe kitchet and nantry, *ach of which ban an area of ?00 <eet: ttie Ooora of irhioh are beautiful ly ltid witi til**. Tbe oieakl on, ana tbe varions i-torrf reon r an' officer*'' njariiricnts, are alao placed on the ,? ain l i ck , wbib-t the crew art accommodated in the top g?) aiit lo' ecm lie. f? might ?i umera'e the conTftnlensoH of the Persia to ani ex>ut, red i jieak ot her baker'* and her butoh?r'? i ?fci p*. be>- jolier'r and carpenter's workshop*, her aur ftry, icehoutei, h?ni-j bott?e, oath room, and aiimiar ar rakgem?Lti<. Bnlit it> i ot nucennirr to o ?ell upon tiiOf? pointi, an the 1'tirtla uurrioH within her?elf appl:anoea of c< mfort exerl'.ing the tlrnt, h'j'ebt In the country, and nb?

pOK?ei<w>? ntlrone which have not unfitly b?en oompared to toe apsrtmi'DU of a WoDial reaideuce. Bat (KtriiipH ? n allni-ion to one part ot her o .tlit will be oiore atriaiuir than nmte deiioiiption. Tbe 1'ersia. fitted out on tbe ?aite fcale aa the other ve*pela of the line, will require 400 e< DDterfanra, 1,200 blanket* 1.600 Hfiei-ta, 800 pi'., low rlips, 4 ?00 towels, ami 400 table olothn; all of which, or nearly to, would come into requibition on a current voyage. The pumroit ot the saloons and offloTn' mesHrtxim^ forms a huiricane deck, we 1 railed, on which there in au uniiitrrropted promeuade 370 feet in leng'h. and of pro portionate width. Huh deek will form the passenger*' promenade and it will be very seld ira that it cannot be upvd as a d'* at (l coaJoriabie plaoe for walking. Tbe IVtfia l'?b two se's of d< uble steering wheels, so she can ce steered either aft or amidsaips, as oir cuijihi?dc?- may require. the crew of tbe -nip will be made up as follows:? Ei glutei's department? bngmeera, 8; firemen, 64. f e *a;fl'a t'epar'nient ? Cooks, 8; litewarOs, 36. Sailing de^artccect? (ifiicers, 6; notf bo' led seamen, 64; doctor, 1; purser. 1: carpenter, 1; joined. 1. Total, 170. Tbe Persia will aecomm' date 'JbO *, and Oirry l.'.OO tots of metsaiemet t goo-'.s. and 1,40D torn of coal", at a draft of 22 feet, the weigut of heiNoif, cargo, and et i e King then 6,400 tons. One word more: Liverpool h?s approved of the I'eraiu, but pl>e I as to make her appearance at New York, wWere ? lie will undergo a sciutiny of tbe most rigid churctRr and wbe;ntlie American itind will award Its veraioi. W> >?nd her forth for any criucit-m which is jus!, and it li lo be h< ped ihat justice a- d generosity will meet the Persia on her arrival at New York, tor which she will s?U on the 'Jttth ins*. The next. Bhip for this line will be called the India Fire at Syracuse ? Lom 9800,000. Tbe following are toe particulars, from the papers, pi tlit Sre itt i-yracuse on Saturday. tbe 2d Inst: ? Ihe Armory of the Citizens' Corps was first destroyed Mont of tbe memb era of tbe e<mpanybud tb-ir i nemal untloim at heme; ooceequcntly but a few suits were cestroyfd. A nombcr ot muskets were awed. The lot a to the company be about 11,000. No in surance. Tbe VhrtnicU minting office, in tbe next story, was entirely destroyed. Their books and papers, in the Busi ness ofiice, were saved, and 1 heir ??fe containing inauy booka and papers of value, ij s ill in the ruiu . Their loth is about i(i 000 ? inxuieo $4 000. Tbe Odd Fellows' Ball Association lost $1,200 ? insure $t00. Syracuse Lodge No. 18 lost their entire regalia Thslr boots nere ta*et . Loss about $500. Fully injured. AlpliadelpbU Ledge Ni. 44 ioat every t hi ug except tbe'.r books, lheir loss is $1?0. injured $o00. Oncndaga Lodge No 27 lost everything excepting their books lheir Joss is $V60 or $oC0. No iusnraDce. h< hlller lx-dge, No. 408, lost their entire regalia aa i hoiks. Their iota ia about t'.OO No insurance. ( jnosure Km-amptment, No. 14, lost not far from $f00 Instred for 92b0. I Mr. Joy occupied a room in the third story a.i an ar chitect's office, Bia room was not entered, and all the properly in it was destroyed. Loss $300 ? no insurance. Bil in & Morgan's law office on the second fl ioi; siivod all their property except a e* papers. Some of their books were badly dau aged by water. Drs. Shipman & Afiums, on the ceeond floor, lost a large rot tic n cf their library and a number of anttomi ci.1 specimens, and a laige m -dicine case. Ixjss abou $2 COO? no insurance. Smith & Kandall, dentists, occupied a room on the second floor, lately vacated by Dr. Campbell. They were about moving Into the Pike blojk, and loft a few g ods which were basil y removed, loss not seii-ias. llayden ft Letchwor'h, saddlery hardware, hid a stjck of about ICO, (ICO. About half was removed and the baL nee burned. Insured $10 000. Mam, Lewis & Belden, crockery merchants, o;cupI'*d a store on Salira street. A good shaie ot i he crockery was taken out o! Ue stare, but their lo.,s ia probably jfi.CC 0? fully insured. K. Stillwil.'* Sons iccnp'ed the corner store as a box and shoe store. Tbey succeeded in getting out noarly all their goods from The first fltor, but the basemen* and upper story otntained a Urge amount of proper y. Their Joss cannot le less than <lfi, 000? insured, $j.000. T. A. Bartieit occupied the firs', store on Fayet'e street as a drog store. Most of his goods were removed. Lo^s about $1, COO? fully insured. J. K. Starin occupied the next room as a toslery sto--. Bis property was sli tiken oat. Ixsss not very serious, and be levefi to be insured. r Sbei.len occupied the last store in the block as a bakery estahili-lment. Bis goodi were ail taiicn out. L< ss not serious ? no insurance. The bt tiding was v.lued by the proprietors at $36,000. and wasirsurrd tor $i2,000. A G. Alger's boot and shoe store, in the hcilding next to ibe Dillaje block, was damaged by ?awr and the tak ing walls. Bia loss is ab"ut $l,6?0?fully inanred. Miss Mable's millinery establihment was serlon?ly i >? Jured by the falling walla, and her goods darned y wafer. Tier loss is about $1,200 ? Insured, $600. 'lie block was not very substantially built, and 1 9 heavy cornices, together with the top part of "the wa , fell as somas rheiicibers were burned off. This mad< tery dangerous for the firemen and citiiens who wt-i? ?ariyirg out gow"s from the stores and offices. It was fo'tunate, 1 owever, that tbe walls tumbled diwn so ?juicily, as the fire was beyond the reach of the stream* frcm tbe hjdiants. and the fa ling walla deadened ihe flames and dept. the fire from spreading For a time it ap). eared that tbe fire could not be anested by simply ucstrojing the Liilaje block. It was one of the co'.dest nights we have experienced *hla season. A oold, biting wind was blowing a per feet gale from the west, atd thr air wt.< filled with spaiks and burning embers. The Episcopal church caught fire serveral times, in tbe belfiy ai.d tbe steeple. The hydrants again proved their usefulness and t .easy in case ot fire. There ere some doub's as to how the fire originated, but it is generally believed to be the work of on Inoen dia ry. Many of the firemen froze their hands and ear.- rug ging tte hose to the tops of buildings, and In their x*?l to arrest the flames. Affair* In Mexico. LETTER OF DON IONATIO COMONFORT, PROVISIONAL PRESIDENT OF THE MEXICAN tttl'VBLlC, TO THE GOVERNOR OF THE 6TATB OF ISACATKCAS, D- VIC TORI ANO ZAMOBA. My Hitiin Y Imkembd Friehh? I have just taken pos session, a ? acting President, of the provisi >nal govern v flit ol lh? republic. I came to the resolution of ? c eepittig this difficult charge as I became soldier, not fr m tl c allure*, ents of pr< ?cr and glory, but In order to per form a H'.iict duty, a a king fur ny cou itry the greatest sacrifice that a rran in mi position can offer. As President, I si a 1 n >t furMt that 1 was chic' of v democratic tevoluMou, and this reflection will be "i guarantee if my d?ep respect lor liberty, that io'' 'til la ble bles'Irg wbu b cost u* a struggle of thirty years. But at the same time I shall watch iritb Infirm lie s. veri ty < vsr public < rne-, else I could not. tiifil the me naive missi ii of all gi.verninenti. For tlie same reas >? uiv aamLr istration >^llt he gulfed bv th?i oounaels ot pru dence an J the sac 1 d der anda ol jus1 ice. lierepuh.ic. sulTetlng trom the evils of In'ern l dl? o'ganlzstioti and weakened In tte eyes of fii-eigu na tn ne, can be re-establlshe'* In ita inUgrily. atd a rrgulsr and p/<gre?a ive e<>ur?eof public affairs introiluc ed, when ail th se who eomuiand ami those who obiy, perform witb unanimity their mutual duties; tb refore I shall especially devote mjae.f to the task ot prwibrvlng and stnnir h<-aing the national unity. 1 hope that no pre-judgment of my public acts will be found, any hosti'e prejudice nould he ungrounded, -<i4, far from facilitating the nohte\ementof good, ? uld mul tiply the obstacles by which lira aire tdy sui roaudo I. I flatter n-jsell that I ihall rion he In a position to rep' , by my actions, to the g.atultous ai?u^*'.lons of wijvuv die ? . f<,me of thoe? assniled mo In thr Minis' ry of War. and finally pror< ked shame'ul oisorder?, but puhlic opl nion has already ooodemned them, and I roy 'lf have paidcr.ed tbem. I hold piw?r without nourishing any vindlctiveaess. I amoonvioc?d that, wi hiut the co-ope rath n ot ml good Mexicans it will he impossible tor mi </?, 'Mff.inate, In a i-alto'actonr ?ay, the oomplinatel and lrop< rtant public affairs <m which the future welfare cf t; e ciuntry defends, and I nm SMttsfted tha' you will Itr1" me y?mrs; fof you have given me repeatedly honor able prr/ofs > f jour esteoiH tfou will not, I kn iW, refuse nie vour aid at a moment "hen I need it uur? than ever. Your most affrc'i' ns'o servant and friend, MsJtico, Dec. 12, 1866. I. CoMON'FORr. Polltlrnl 1 i ljg? !?<?<?. Hch. AM I\ae**R, OF The Kaston, I's. Arpr'it mj : ? the Nkw YoIIk HtUUV in In enum eration of tho ateentees upon the oc?sl< c ?,f the election of -'peaker, places Hon ,if* Puc^t th<" ii mlirt tr in this district, rmoigat he republicans. Thnii if^lly newi to bitf triet^s, as ht fcns slw- >s been regartM here m lat tion. 1 dem< crsi . The H En a in should mile the omctltlt. arid i ?ce mir friend the lu i-e in a true light I'otire "he country. Be was el? I'! ^ democrat, acted with the ritn i ciats In the n .uso, lind there ia lo doubt of his <le uiccrs oy. The Tenth H strict Know Nothing O nventton of Massa thusei.ts tabled a simplo resolution endorsing the c ourse ? I Mr. (hsflVe, M. C. for that diatiiat, in voting kic Mi . Bank*. Tl?e <Md Weather and III effects. 1 HF.RMO MKTEK DOWN IN NEW MEXIJO. A letter tr< niSnnU K?- of t e V/thof Ooceuioer, say*:? On a t tbe 28o the mow tali io the |i1im oiga txu inches deep. and <m the nignt of tbe 'JAin ibe tier tuometur stoi d vt8 ? ? m rt e- below it ro. Thia ht4 been tbe coldest twason Cot the la*t eight yea is. SNOW AND I CI IN THK FAR WKST. The no w Htotm of t*ie 2dth ultimo, prevailed ?? f*r west up Km s*s. The mow ;i?* * foot Ueep izi St. Louis Ibe 100 cn the rl?er at Palermo Kansas, ueuurH trom o*e bd<i a bait to two faet Id thieknow*. 8no? (e l to St. U iHunii other parte of Missouri three days la>t week, aud it is ?*ij to be deep an 1 iaci-:n!u.; at Boonaville Independence, St. Joseph. Lexlogvin au 1 Kanear Along the eeurse of the IUtmia and t.ue Upper Mlssssirpt and tributaries, also an unusual depth ot mow elothM the grouni, and will be the means of swelling those streams to a great extent. THE ICE EMBARGO AT CINCINNATI ATTACKED. The seamboat men at Cincinnati are having a channel eat through tbe ice In the river. Twenty-nine steam boats and their cargo* h, v.lued at a milii>n of dollars, will be relieved by this movement. COLD WEArBER IN TEXAS. The lato cold weather says the Galveston AVub, w,ts very fevere on toe tipper Braz)s. A letter from Fort Beitnap Mays tbe norther ret in on the 2:td, suddenly, when wiudoaa and floors were open on aco.uut of the heat, atd in a few moments trie eold paralyziai?, killing borees, ealves and chick-tns, aud frost-bl'.ing seveial person- exp sen to its mercileas fury. Toe Brazo-. froze strong enough to bear up a horee. fhe merettry, at Hunt ire on tbe 25th, w?s 1 deg. ; on tbe 26th OCeg.; (s tbe 2Hh, 1 deg below zero; on the 28'h, 0 deg , and on 2i)'h 1 deg., and daring this time a tierce wiud blew trom tbe north and northeast. BTKONO ICR ON TBE MISSISSIPPI. One of the heavy Cincinnati steam tire engines w*s aken tver the Mississippi river on tbe ice at Sr. tarns m the 21st ult. A bold teamster ot tbe city, named Meyer, undertook, for $100, to haul it across with a team of tive horses. lie gave a bond of $8,000 to deliver her safely in St. Louis, and accomplished tbe feat. ICE AND FROST IN FEW ORLEANS. The New Orleans lif. of the 2tJth ult., says: ? To our hyperborean fi lends, who. at the North and West, are congealed into an icicle it may seem rather p'eaaam and comfortable for tbe deoicens of the Crescent Ci'y ,0 shiver during thirty days oncer a temperature either barely abeve. or positively below freezing point; but to the said denizens themselves such a Hucoes-ion of eold spells Is utterly unexampled, and partieuiarty disagreea ble. When it la borne ia mind that aeare within six degrees <f the tornd zone, the fact that Mnce Christmts sr.- nave enjoyed but two intervals? each of a few hours of mode rate wea her? it most appear rather surprising. The old Creoles, whose beacs are silvered by tue frjstn of age, are li'ernllv aa'ounded at tbe continued cold. It is some thug 10 which their experience offers no parallel.? For thirty days we, children of the sun, have been visited by almost uninterrupted frosW. The ioe re trains uudUtutbed in the streets? tbe portion melted by the sun during the day is again solidified at might. A RARE SIGHT IN LOUISIANA Tbe Thibodeaux Mineriv has the following:? An unu sual sight presented itself to the people of I.t'ourohe on tbe^orniug ot Tuesday, the 2 2d Inst. Tue shores of our btuuti'ul b*vou wete margined with a sheet of ioi some tlx teet in width. The " oldest inhabitant " wai imme f lately e< n> nlied, and be asserted that at no former pe riod wi'.hin bin memory bad such an occurrence taken place. Ihe inference is a nvurnl oue, taerefore, that tie 22d January, 1850, was the ool lest day ever experi enced In tbis pniticn of I/Miistan*. We were shorn ice two inches in tbiekness, wbich, all will admit, id a pretty fair erimen for a Bicgle night's oDera iot. WINTER IN NA8BVILLE. Tbe Kaslvllle Advocate, ot the Ulst ult., says: ? The old est inhabitants Fay they hate never witucsaud soeontU noous and uniform a period of cold weather as duriag the pi (sent winder. We have had very little variation Mnce the 21 d cf December. At the da e ot this writing (January 24) there is scarcely any atM ement of the cold. A snow fell on i^a.aiduy night, 19th. whijb yet ocntinnes in the ground; and tbe mercury on the morn ings of 23d and 24th waH down to zero, or below. Since the above was written we have had another great fall of snow. WEATHER IN MOltlLE. Tbe Mobile Advirtiter of the 20th ult. says: ? We bad hoped ? and tbat hope asd subeequeut experience are tut an illustration of the fulln-y of human hones ? -hit we we.'? finally through wi.h the c li of the season. Ibis was on is?tnrd?.y. bu . at S inday noon the mercury bac tullen to an uncoiufotta'oly low ]>oint. and jester lay and tbe night preceding were exceedit'gly Eevere. Ice was to 1 men p'ectltully atd the ground was frozen o a etuDy cf'Misteney. Vegetation haa suffered severely during the recent cold weather. Tbe leaves are falling, all biown and witberei, froui the sweet orange tree 4, and tbe Advtrtutr fears that they have experienced a frost biting fjem wbich they cannot tecover. PUTTING UP ICE IN CHARLESTON, S C. The Chsrlestonians are putting up their own ice from thspocds surrounding (3iarle<t'>n They u^urtllv import it. Other Southern eiiies this year have their ic* supply at their own doors, which will affect the trade in tUit article nt xt season. EFFECT ON STOCK IN VIRGINIA. A :orresp< ndent of the l'etersbu'g Houlli. dvle Democrat, writingfrom Amelia Court H?ui,e. Va.. sayh: ?If hts wev thercontnues rnucb longer I fear half tbe stock wi 1 actual ly treefe to ceath; many tf them have already died, aud tbe balance of tbeui hove their tails and eara trost tit ttn. It will take double the usual quantity of provisions to serve this winter. BAY OK BALTIMORE. A 6ubscrip1ion has been collected at tbe Ctrn Ex charge of Baliimore towards opening a through tbe ice fr< m Boulby's Wharf to N'orth Point. Tha pro position is to ewiiU'S a thousand men, or more if neces sary. ICE IN THE DELAWARE RIVKR. The Trenton, N. J., Gaiflt of the 6th instant nays:? It Is said there ban not been ruch an amount ot ic ' la the river since the year 1804 as there is at present. We have Feeu the l?eUw*ro at illff-rcn' tlmei for nearly ftrty years, but never remember to have seen it present tbe same nspect as it does the preaeut seas- n. The aigbt eppos te Ibis city is quite grand, the river being | tuil of miilature icebe gs. BRISTOL HAIIBOR FROZEN OVER. The harbor of liristol, K. 1., was completely frozen over on the 4th instant, as far down aa the eye could reaeh. 'Ihe steamer Liberty, from \ewport, arrived at 12 o'clock, ha vug been retained for seveial hours by ice iu Newport hfti lxir. The Brae foid llurfes ha< not arrived from Fall I'.iver. Mount Hojie ba> is frozen down to Bristol ferry. TBE RAILROADS IN WESTEltN NEW YORK BLOCKED UP. We copy tbe following from tbe Rochester Democrat of tbe 6th instant:? We learn tuat the mail traiu which left here on Saturday afte: noon, for Niagara Falls, was thrown from tbe track at Suspension Bridge, Injuring Mr. Hobert l'ixon, engineer. Mr. Watters, conductor, and Mr. Sher wood, baggageman. Their injuries, however, were not very fevere, they being able to beip them-elves. T1 e tmiti due here from tbe Kalis on Sunday evening was threwn from the track ibis aide of Specccrport, by tl e breaking of a driving wheel belonging to the engirt '. The train and passengers remained out all night, as no atsistacce eould be sent them. On Mtndaj morning. C< m. Jackson rtarted wi'.h two engines for their relief^ but had proceeded e.nly a few miles befre they were on tbe track, one of the erginas rolling in the gutter on one side, aLd the m ow plow on the other. At thl * writing no communication had reached the passenger train. Tte passtnger train which left here a'. 8 o'clock yester day morning, for Prracme, drawn by two engines, hid pr ceeri* d but two miles and a half when the for rard en gine. the " Cayuga," was thrown from tbe track, by the acenwulaMoB ot Ice. Information was sen# back to tbe depot, and another engine was despatched to go and bring tba train back to the city, minus the -'Cayuga." Tue express train due here at 7:45 yesterday morning, from Sytacnse, was thrown from the track seven miles east of this ei<y, acd bad not reached here at 10 % A. M. Tbe trains cn tbe Genesee* Valley road were all behind tirre, the r< ad being hi badly drifted. It was the in eutioD of th? Superintendent to start the 11 A. it. train caat, on time. but it wax thought thai the reed wouli not be clear before night. If even then. There was no train Bent either w?y on the Central road on Monday, txoept tc? Buffalo, that uectiou being the meat clear of snow, until la'.e in the afternoon. ? On the Rochester Hn^ Niagara Kail* section there are Two ergins* off the track. k.e?i 'e the two th*t are off within seven mile.' ran of the city. (tee cf the gentlemen connected with tiiii offloe wai on the train wbtih hecamo (Enabled betw.-en ttii -> city and i-poncorpoit, and giffcR tve folic wing accouut r f the pert!* that vf re endured flaring the cold night of rinnday. Tie tnise-hl endortd by a party so ciicutndtauced miy bo imagined bnt not described : ? Tne. t'lmt-j train en the Migara l'?l!g road, due here at C:W) I\ M., when at a poiut nearly half way between >-'l ericerv',rt ?nd fhi? ci>y, waa ohl'g d to atop for thi' nigh1, portly on :icoonnt of the breatingof the forward rt iviLg wLcil ol the en^n.' ' Ottot.nj," which wi' at .cl co to the train, and paitly btcaui.e of the gr<at mow dt iff* which aTe ] il?d npon the track in feicial plaoea Ti ere w n #u". a single p*H*<n(rer i-ar attached to the trait., whith was crowded \w li ladies and g?nt!ero?n. no?r<y ail in a Miff-ttng condition. A me?,i'?ger w** despatched to give intoriraiion to the ^superintendent cf the state affaiiK, and got another loc moiive to draw the train iu'o the ciiy. Iwo enpinex were sent out early on Monday momiig, but one o: tit m <tiis thrown from the tra'k by the snow drift*. tlun p evfn'iug the other from gettitg near the train. Ail the paaacrgera, except about a doztn, a*a-ted on toot for the city, wh-n hey saw that the prcapeet for getting the truin through became fainter. Ahout 10 o'clock, Mr. I >atii?-l Warmer, who re.-dde* ahout a quarter of a niile ftom the place whee the traio wan de fined, went up and Invited all the passengers to hit house *o getiCtreabtaent*. Nearly all couaooHfJ to do no, with > ui r><|uiiiDg a second Invitation. ITad it not b*?n for Mr. Warnn'H hospitality, the mi Uf rings of th <*e on board would have been protrac'sd much longer, and would havo leci ui* at length very acu'e. A'ter partiklug of a boun tiful repa*t, the company were furnished with horse* and ileigh, aiC tb?y set out in high glee far the ci y. They hnd to meet with an adventure, however. When about a nn e from the starting point, a hage drift of sn*w wa< c< n. extending acros* the road. No difficulty wa* *n? icipa'ed li. crotflrg It, but when tlity had reached toe op u e hle'gh Hundeuiy f i.rnecl over, i-.rnl tbe waole com pany were deposited In fte mot. Fortunately n > ono vas'h>,rt. Alter resMi.g a lit'l*, and recapturing the borne*, who had made t IT at full speed, the company again i el out. pi me on fie t, and tbe rent, in sleighs pro vided by the nospitab'e firmers tn the neighborhood, and a'tera h;ief atiopfle with tbe wind and snow, reaoheil the city In mtetj . I p lo 5 1'. M. yesterday, the tisln from the Full* had not arrived here, and pa ienger? who eanie to the city on i. ot fny fhe cbarce* torrailrr adlngfor the r.ext tw.wty h.iiT*i,ar? not feiy flattering In that direction. They al?o teport the laborers in a miff- ting ivo.di'inn me i f them with frozen fa"ei and o'hera with frcieu hai c.1 Pt'd the. f k In rtibbrd completely off lie fein-i on the new joad between IhUr.i'y and Hyrn ( nee arrived here about noon yesterday . On the old road ue' I It g 'a lartivedor departed, that road being com. pletely buried In snow. Me Jea n 'hat tbe |.?**e'ger frrin which left N'lngara Fall* j esterday mornlig, and due here at 10:48, cam" la colliflr n with a freight iraln e,i m'ng east, r ne mile we?t cf idatr'* HaMn. Infornation of the nccldrn1 wai >m. ttftiaiely >eit t) the cily by Mr. Maik Weila, on due' or of tb? passenger train. A* there are two or U cher iiaius 'b la side of the seen# of the disaster uno up, e< iua>iioinatkn by rail was Impusiole. The i desi airb'd with the uewa c?in? through on horseb' and r>poit* tbe roai in a horrible condition, lie c no* (five ai y particular*, u> he left before the aiooan (tna^di'Dt ou kn<wn but reports seve-al pass?vi( Be>i">isly injured. If possible, we thai give foil parti lain In tbe morr.tsg poitiou. T' e l''lc* (hurtle of the 6th says: ? From every ?li tion we lix e Hi rountH of the levari ty of the storm wb ban prevailed with more or lee* violenoe smoe Fri Bight. In our own vicinity, North ani Booth, the snot drifteo to t uch an extent an to render many ot the ro actualM irr.pafj.ahle for horses, and on the Blao< Ri KalLr art ?? oom?tiT?B seem to hare found quite th mate1! in the immense drifts peculiar to the region, tbe time we wiite thia (Monday, U P. M ,) the tr which left Boonriile Saturday morning ban not jet s eeeced in reaching Utiea. Engineer Jenne left thin c with a powetful locomotive for its relief on Satnrdty M., but. in the Deep Cut, between Trenton and item* foul d the snow s. me fivo or ?ix feet deep, and had t nUiortune to get off the track with his relief train, other bei a still further north. The massenger w brought tris information auemptsd to do no on hvr back . but finding i' impossible to do so took hack i horre, and performed he journey on foot. EFFECTS OF THE COLD ON RAILWAY MACHINES The SuperintdMent of the Erie workshops at S<i?| banna, repor s, the beginning of this uoek, tb*t he ? I never knt.wn so hard a week upon iron In his Hfe II 1 been wi h gr?a' oiffisnity, aud by working a Urge toi of men several nights, that be could keep the road-si plied with power. 6'uethng like a dozen loo<uno'l were brough* in disabled s"me with pumps frozen end burst ; some with sido rods broseu-, somecyiinit burnt; but tbe irreatest difH olty was in he broken ti of wheels. Theee are of the best vrought iron, over t. inches thick, but they are not sutHoieat to withstaud I difference of con 'Taction between the oast Iron centi and wri ugbt iron bands upon a frozen road, where elastic ty waB congealed to a risky solidity, l'he brei age of axies, wheels, r?tU, in fact all the stationary moving iron, has requied a mobt unirlng vigilance, a an extraordinary txpence. MELANCHOLY OCCURRENCES. A jovi'g lacy ot Cumberland county, 1'enos'lvania, few L'gii ts since whi e sleigh riding, complained of fe ing cold, but 8>.on af'er on c ubing to a tavern, she . fused to g? out, saying t-he felt very comfortable, a they drove on. A' i ? ving at. h Jtue. she had to bo assis out of tbe sle<gh in a s'up^r like manne.*, anishor afterward* expl >d. Tr e Philadelphia A trurienn says : ? About two o'cU on Sum'ay afternoon, a German named Ismis Bnn, ai about thirt y five years, w?sf>und lying upon tbe si wa'kh in Seeono srree , ah ve Mon ginnery, in the Ni teen h ?a*rt. He ?ai c tiveyed to the sta'ion house, t it was then discovered 'tin tin was . ea i. TUE DESTRUCTION OF BIRDS. The winter's seve Ity I an f?lisn upon no por 1 >n of animated ciea ion with g.ea'er rigor thvn upon featbeieo tribe. The por bins are literally now I staiveu c u 'It on. The si.ow covers tbe ground ove vast track ?>! country, c mji le'.ely cutting off heir us supply of food, or c rnpvUiog tbem t<> subsist on poison leaves or berries. They ?-e driven to farmers' bur stacks aiid hout-es f. r something to eat. The boys t or shix t them by thotrao^s. Tbe danger is that all , iLKectiver us birc.a iu the country will oe destroy, which co ild not happen wiihou' lr jury 'o the farm{ crops next summer, from myriads of destructive insej JVewn f>om Brazil. > OUR NAVAL CORRESPONDENCE. 1 U. 3. Surp Savannah, Rio Jankiro, Oecembor 16, 1855. Fact* Concerning the Montevideo Revolution ? An Am*ri force on Shore ? Don i'edro and Paraguay ?BrUith r French threes in the Pwific? Weather and Health i ports? Movements of War Ships ? Marriage of an A, rican Lady, The m\il from Montevideo arrived here yenerda y, | brings iatelligenoe that another revolution, on a at scale, had disturbs i the temporary peace of the ph| little blood wai eliei, but there was great excitem' and the mtiines of the U. H. sh'ps German town and B. bridge had been tent ashore to look after the inter, of American ci'izeus. Th* annexation to Brazil had t literally ''knocked on the head" by, it is reported,' interference ot Frsnoe, whl:h opposed that project. The affair between Don "edro's g jvernmeot and th^ Paragnay continues to employ the faculties of ooliticr in devising means for its adjustment, rho Paraguay are as stubborn as mules, and will not give an u' The Brazilian ao.'d*ers woo hare been withdraws t( Montevideo are kept, in readiness for a campaign aga the aforesaid stiff-necked republicans, in case they sist in tbelr cry for war. ' The marriags of our Consul's son, the junior Mr. Sd to Miss Maxwell (firm of Wilght. Maxwell & Co.), is^ topic of the day in Amotion circles here. The ha^ couple go home to day io the bark Fame, to Bpeud "honey moon" in the ;and ot Washington. Our ship's corophi yha.eo.t t?eeu content i i erp-. ing sympa*hy fjr the yehow fever sufferers in N ij snd Port, mouth, bu^, determined th*i a subs ADtial e, of their feel nps shall be exhioi;ed, a sub oripiloul been laisea, the ao oun: of ?hi:H a*, piessn'. cx -,ot:d.4 munificent, sum of Ave hundred colls rs, the jjint w t butione ot oflieeis blue s aud naiines I nope, believe that thn ^avanuah is tne first uu i inal ship r which si. ch a it? ditib.'e < emonstra'i -n of charity o? the atliiciea cities has beerj witn-ssed. Kow ihat an American c.oud appears in the air* blackene< tirmamert <f Biiti h atfalrs, I cauaet calling to jot>r ti'ention 'he fact tnat ihe L iod >a fi implied boast of tbe >agasity of British Bta .es men ia ?eeing sen gusidlng egsiiist an e-upti>n wi'.h toe Ui State*, lias not teea so chimeri -ai as manf are dispa to think. Recollect tfat everyone of my letters to: test.} ear has chronir-.lod a. diti jnal retoforoemoots ?, allied smaorons in the-P.'cific. Not a single shlpj been lelieved? all are letained. Many point ti P< pauJ'.wki and the imaginary Ruasiui frigates crul " arounr tne Horn:" bat there are some, not nivioa pohtiaal intrigue. ?ho believe that Calilornit naa' s< mething to do wi'h tbe addition of more than 300 f to the tbglish and French forces in the Pacific. 1 m< notice those facts for abler men to ruminate upon. , The wetlher is extiemely warm, but thtnkq tr admirable quarantine regulations, no siskness has t imported. We still expect to go to Montevideo b< this w nth expires. ^ The British mail from Southampton arrived orj 4th and will leave to-morrow. ( I may w . i '.e short 1) if the plot tn the fiaree of Brazi diploma' y U ickens wi.h regard to Paraguay. War ships in harbor: ? American, Savannah; Bri'. Madngascar, atearter Sharps boo ter, b ig Siren, tt port, 'lyne; French, i'oursoivsnte, Beauaaanoir; an'T usual fleet of Don Pecro's steamers. EDi( t Interesting Texaa Items. 1 The IWwocra ic Con' enlion which a->sea,bled in A? on tbe 11th alt., n >n>iiia'eJ for state office's: ? I. Wy of Washington, for Attorney General; J a rues B. 3h*i (teflnBtr; Janies H. Kayoioud for Oreasnrtr. ' The Krw Masons had a grand pr ce?sloa sad nuet on theowCHhi"n of 'h? meeting of the Ciraod I /J The GalTMton A 'twt, in giving an account of the a* say* : ? "Tbe banquet anO ball at the Tremont. in the erei, wan in keeping with t.h? proceeding* of the day. ? number of persons preset t was between seven and " hundred. 'Ihe supper wa? abundant, aed both sab' tial and el?g?n'. fbere ban probably n?v<*r been at' bled Id Uih a more intelligent and respectable ?>, rmn than the member* or the Grand Lodge. Mar? ttem are citizens of long Mantling, and men to id foresight, patriotism ant self- f-acri Being spirit Tei laigeiy lncebted for her pretont hnuoraole and pn rous condition. The tact of their present meet'ngj, will lmg be a tbeme of pleasant remembrance t? citizen*.'' Tbe following are the officers electcd by the M Ixdge for tbe present ye?r:?M. W. Grand Maser, T (Sexton; M. W . IH-pnty Grand Mas'er, John B. M?M>? M. W. i-enior Grand Warden, J. E Cravens; M W. fl and Waidtn, Henry Sampson; M. W. Grand Treai* Wm. Steduian; M. W (Iranf f-ecre'ary, A. 8. Ruthv Wo learn from tbe jV<*o? that during the recent of the (Viand Lodge of ttie .Masonic tiaternity in Gf ton, the corier stone i f the new Vtasonic /talc in tha wan laid with aptr< prtate and imposing cerem onion f Governor lN-ase has vet<ed the aci amending tli supplementary to the act incorporating the Hendlt six) Bnrkvllle Hallead Comp?ny. Speaking of tbe* the Aw* i?ys:? It give* appearance that Texa*-, longer to be sua e the sport of visionary speeu'ato y tidv.nlmerx. and a nauc oi reproach io the Htockr ket* of the North and Kuiope. , Mr. Francis Fore <?le?i in Ccpns Chri'tl on tb# nit., agn fit! jesrs. llo was bailed with Maeoticlr In noticing lis death, the JiJmrtutr says: -In the wj 1812, Frenela l'ord was a aoicier; and the sury heroes or tbe bsttle ol New trleaes will reraemtw'( as a companion io mm*, wt.o sbaieo the lau'eW ?i well Ictiglit liel'i ? lhat glcilou< net ty. Tbo a-r' tbe u'? nitnoles, ii. the fwauips ot Kl -rlda. "tslce* blood" from rhe deceased during that long and! war ; hiki on tho plains of Mexico he again sfl /u% his mussel in his country '* c?u?e. 1 It appears tbat the public debt hi 1 passed i.hs "I by a vote of 10 to J4, wl>h a proviso offend by Mr n" that the ncoeptanoe tho Oongre-noual act *h<mB le (cnctiued to bar any oilmen of lexa* from fjrci? cUlnn- sgmnst tbe Lnued Mates for la< ian depredti, The legislature has pas?e?i a bill for the pmteotai the frontier. It authority* tb? snri Iment ai/d org? tionir at.d Tor the rnoie exposed frontier settlein?*'i not ?xce?<tltg fifteen cotn;*nie? of minu'e men 'o^ protectti n rgHinat hostile and ma'audlng iudian companies to he c n pjwd of not morn f?rtjb rach, Includirg one caji'ain, one lieutenant and t*N gearte. S' 'ilie l egislature has p?*sfd the bill w> ich provi<? Uio (.ayiront of tie six cam panics of vol un tears ?. out in November, IBM. ; Ihe (ia)T*at?? AVwt hns a le'ter da'ed district, Jsnuary 10 wlm-h says : ? I am gr-tifo ?. t able to in'ouo yoti (hat the Indians have not '????'tj tbe :-*ldto jImt In 1hi> vicinity, sit c? (Upt <xpenitii n to Mexl o in ptiMoit of tho 1.1 pans. T1 , jecitl nhiid the oesireil edict, of stri?Ing terrtOH them, and checkit g their frequent pilinging inoir\ ui>< i> this fr? niier. > Ve hum lr<m a litter from Houston to the A 1 1.'?, that lie lirst, locomotive upon the G?lv l!i un col, !>d Hun lti?llr #d wat put In to'1 J' ibe i.'lo nit. Hie wiiter ssyn : ? Atout 4 o'oUh k smmct the hiiixas and cttun of n a entli'isiast'c^ nn ? jotvod t< wlti e s tb* start irg of th" Won^ 1 he was (,? ovpht f??rtl? from hia temporary r' stln^ ai d S( ? ' i n 'lie rosd, n en'irgly in fine travelling A fn exhiMfir.g sc n e kIrtis ot restiv?nesi<. he t , ? i aoilj >;j on his ostein j'OH my - ?' " first of his 1 ttist stir ielt the Julici not Whlie Oak atnl ^ lityoti (,tii*e a In g'" m mh'r or our eitlrenl i ' ) i r i elves or lie] ri vl Io,. e of taking 1 lie llrst i Idefji Icertr.otlri . which c (lt.lnm d to msko sbort ex^aij hack and toith the dlstf ore of half a mile, during itrto' n , n i oh to the gru i llioa'.len ot a'l pre#cot.