Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 11, 1856, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 11, 1856 Page 1
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J ' ? ' f THE NEW YORK HERALD. WHOLE NO. 7105 MORNING EDITION-MONDAY, FEBRUARY 11, 1858. PRICE TWO CENTS. THE EUROPEAN NEWS. ASPECT OF THE PEACE QUESTION. Views la Londoa, Paris, Berlin and ?i?m? | The Basis of Zffegotiatioiis in 1199 and 1856. THE DIPLOMATIC HISTORY OF TIE WAR. 1BE PRIVATE VIEWS OF THE EBPEEOBS. WHAT WILL BE THE FATE OF ENGLAND? |?or London, Parte, BadrM, Berlin, Vienna, Constantinople and Sebaatopot Correspondence, ftc*i Ac., Additionally to the voluminous extracts from our ?European files?from French, English, Russian, Austrian and Prussian sources ? of the important icws brought by the Persia, and the cQmmercial irculars of several of the leading houses of London nd Liverpool, exhibiting the commercial and nancial aspect of the news, we publish to-day our ^correspondence from the principal capitals of En pe, together with a full diplomatic history of the ar. With all these data the publio can perhaps ?form some idea of the effect the peace rumors have ?had in Europe, ami of the probable result of the gotiationa which we are led to RuppoBe are about take place. The latest dates -from Liverpool and London Krc to the 26th, Paris 26th, Berlin and Vienna 4th, and St. Petersburg 22d ult. Our London Correspondent-. London, Jan. 25, 1866. e Cmtral American Question? Public Opinion Declare s Mr. Buchanan Right? Lord Palnumton's Pugnacity /longerons ? Hi* hove of a Bow ? Peace Prospects ? frajioleon Negotiating Direct with Russia ? The Anglo French AVianoc in Danger? The funds? Theatricals. The Central American question, that neriously threaten - the most unpleasant results, ha? received a prompt oluttoa, bo far as public opinion in concerned, by the ?ubiicaticn of the respective despatches, and, more than T, by t&e able and ?t<iKiiig article of the London Times t Monday last. f-otMth.%taudiDg the eopblstry of Lord Clarendon's rguments, cotveyed in most approve.) diplomatic lan mge, the common sense and right feeling of this coun ry to entiioly with Mr. Buchanan in his straight for a'd views, expressed with so much clearness, foice ud digi'ified moderation. Justice mnst be done to the imes, too, for, seemingly cor scions of its bad behaviour |o Mr. Buchanan rome time back, first in misrepresenting and then la cfuticg to repair its error, it now Of- not hesitate t>> complimeut the American Minister tii for the ability he has displayed in these negotia :lns. snd for his elevation of tone and language. t-o ur, then, as pub ic opinion fs concerned, the dis ut? about Central America may be considered settled; ut jn'j may depend on It Lord Taint erston will not give It up so eauly. There in a great likelihood of his lord hi? loiiog his senses before long, if thingi should go n in tie frightfully pacific manner they promise. The suSden cessation of the war with Russia, if carried |ut in spits of the British Trims Minister, is bad enough; ut to rob him of the delight of wrangling with the I'nl Mates, and keeping both countries in hot water for aoy months, perhaps years to ooms, Is little short of lrect cruelty nm the part of the limes and the sennibl? ublic of this country. Whilst everybody must admit ie splendid taients of Lord Tulmerston, and his unpar jlelled expeiiekce in public affairs, thers is no dsnying t his lordship has a peculiarity which affords a deal f fan to himself, but an infinite amount of annoyance to lrd parties, be has all an Irishman's love of a tbdj , and he Is never so completely happy as when he st pot everyl>ody quarrelling, growliog, and abusing Itch other. Depend on it, therefore, that i/ord Tslmers n U of the opinion of Sir Lucius, that the Central merican dispute is " a pretty quarrel as it stands," and e will keep it up just as long as public opinion here will |em it or his teaure of office will allow. Fverv day adfr to the probability of peace with Rus i. It is repotted that orders have been sent from St. |eter*burg to the Crimea to suspend military operations. ii? is an adroit soinceu vre, and forces an armistice upon e allies, to which Kngland is greatly opposed. Lord kimeistoni* dispsted to imitate Napoleon in his first I.iuptign in Italy, and to fight whilst he sguti&ies. Kranct, however, is holding back, and ie-e is no dmbt that all I have state 1 my previoui letters, ot the determination of rtiis Napoleon to cake peace is stiistly true. He his 'ted in this matter with bis usual decision and iudepen tnoe and has been carrying on his negotiations direct i'h the kmperur ofltussia. regardless whether LordTal erxton liked it or not. When I state! a month ago, no Itubt to your astonishment, that the alliance against Lis? ia was really at in end, I declared no more* h&n the ?ents of every day ere rapidly confirming. The dkeii i d of peace has givtn a natural elasticity to the flnan ?1 and commercial vorld. The funds have shot up here th singular buoyincy, and speculation has already i*ived an impetus '.hat will lead to extraordinary re lit*, if not checkeaby new complications that may pos joly ariee. At no previous tin* have theatricals been more pros roos. The theatrss and other public resorts are night crowded, by cotnuon report, and the entrepreneurs ist be making a goo4 thing ot it. The star ot Professor uiemon is still in the ascotidnat. The ingenious adver pg of his factotum, Hingtdoti, has given the "Wizard" ch wide celebrity tkat people run after him, whether pUya tricks for than or upon them. To the surprise p ay goers he sudceily transfirmel himself from a enn lor into an actor, aud has been doing Itob Roy Mao -g' r, O A lich bit of burlesque was expected, but, on ? contrary, it turned out a racy btt of g^oi melo dra (?ic acting. -< ? ?? Ity has been iiilulcing.too, in the.itrinls at Wind Cm>tle, and "Her Majesty's eorvantu," called/rom the ri- uh theatres cf I^ndon, have been acting tragedy, Iredy and farce, uDder the sagacious direction of Charles an. greatly, it ap|>e?rs, to the satisfaction of his royal ie?s and her numerous guests. A NEW YORK UK. Our Constantinople Correspondence. CONSTANTINOl'li, J&D. 10, 18fi6. *i Prices of Prm-iiionf?The War? The Jrerv-h in Ootutantxnojiie, <fr. rala, flour, pork mil beef are all extremely dear, Utter beicg ?8 a ?10 (>40 a $50) pt r barrel. These Ire# mu?t continue for some month* to come, for thin 1 ii'.. y produce* nothing for Halo, anil France and Eng irt have nothing to spare. I he war will certainly continue for another year or 1, or mere. Ue French are quietly fakir g pnfl*en>ion of all part* oiuiUotiuople, and will not leave it. John Bull i< J. C. Our Rehaifopol Correspondence. Sebastopol, Des. 7, 1856, Ir ell Armri<t the Prnimula ? Prevalence of hirer? The y? Pat hi and Jiucia Traek-i? .Vnow, Slush and Mu l ? Mili ry M r, Evrytohere ? Sad Scene* in the City ? Its Former eauJu ant Oramteur ? Probability that the People Left Early During I hi Siege? h\ihe Rejxirtt of the trench id Knytuh ? The Jiiusian h\re ? Immense Rati ana their r ecv lahmz? Shocking Scenes/or Romantic lleroet ? 7V plan, Malakoff, tlagtiaff and Other UaUeriei ? Igno >7i reef the Hritith FJngineers ? Terrible Slaughter and no r ulti ? Out Door Ixidi/ing ? A Sea Trip ami Danger of in j) Burned Up. i? now nearly two months since I arrived in the Crimea. <oy first visit, the weather wan very warm, and a fever )ar to the Chagr?* ferer, both in it* goner il fitality ug those attacked, and 1 s debilitating effect* on those a It d?e? not summarily take off, prevailed to a great nt. With the exception of a week or ten day* which nt in Constantinople and the surrounding country, I i been here ever since. When I inform you that dur I that whole time I have been continnally moving J r D>' land or sea, you will, 1 think, belinve that I I it ti know pometlilrg abcut the country. y portion of ihi* once beaut, i'nl town is now at fa I j tome as New York, and equally *9, are Kameiseh, v'uvs, "Ponpy Brook," or a* It in now called, Kadikai, ? ,?a6x"led?termu>*tio?U)?b.Ui1?from all hwty Wrn^.7 !!? COmU,m't ?B U* P"P??. P?Ucy( go whichTh *"!?* dt0tiajr of countries M JmZ! ^~aaUl ""*** ?fm' ??l?t*ncy to ,J* 'tbei* from Policed examination, ud reliable orma ion, ti the mate CMn>of my long silence. par , "^tuie ??? ludicrous incident meeting m, 'Twy ?tep, multiplied so rapidly that ina ? passing allusion U Omm in a paper Uke the gautp soon became utterly impracticable. Previous to the commencement of the rainy season wbich dm somewhere about the 30th of la?t mouth (No vember), the whole country wa? Inter**** lu every di rection by irnveU.1 paths, which were a. plainly dUcer 2*?? f W,t ^ " th#r ^ road-; but the alternate ram, snow and a)eet vhioh so inces untly p owed down, speedily converted them and the w.itle surface of the now cheerless waste through which SSTT1. ?-??"?'? " -wb L Dating the fite weather you would oocaeiomaUy meet p,r. ?ons other than soldier* and cmp followers. but for ? rr*'^*k" *Mt 1 hl? not "?? outside ICamiesch and BalaklaTa a feing!? civilian. It is impossible to conoetve anything mora dreary than the P^ect aspect of the e?ttre Crimea, and uZ and repeated familiarity are alike powerloaa to eren mo d.fy the indescribable feeiiogof heart-oppreenlng s.dne? ?m i e.X.Ptr'*n Ds aj fir?t solitary walk through his deserted town. WHh what trathfWrt^Z o2o.Gortach.koffe*p-e?ed itscoaditien when hesaid that and m"*7 77 ftna BOtbln* ** ^?^a?topol but blackened ?nd Wocd stained ruins!" I <V> not Member rilK1!!? shot Md Hhe^r ? ski tjs* sstr r,1?; u more complete-, [W0uti? ?oreapp.luDj. I| murt h?te rew ' ren"iDiD? ?? "treets, with rerr . ?XMptkllf'' run ?'?tt angles, or nearly so and the ?aa.r.irs r Bebsstopol, in the days of it. peaceful prosperity, a most charm, ng and ploture-que appearance Kyery habita tion seems to have had its courtyard or garden, or both and everything you meet, either iMil, or out of them, bears melancholy testimony to the former happiness a^d r.rrf -to. ?. * war as seemlniily aimles* in ltsoSjecui as it is ruin fli.8ht?f UV# l0D* Hinec ^ deHpahing flight from their homes. 1 The greater portion of the people must have let; at a ?ery early F'ag? of the siege, as it would have been utter / ,^StMe t0T ,hfin> to have escaped annihilation under Wh? fT! fire,tDd lr"C " dMC#nd8d the plac. When I first carae here I found the town ju?t as the R? IndthS I ,t,"nd1it,e*I1J Se#me<J as 'f there were shot and ?hell enough laying ?b ut to pave It three time, over. then walked for hours through it alone, without ineet . * *?Ul> flave fhe few ^atineta wh3 weie pested in the east exposed ,K,,Uon?. There never was the slightest and V flt&teiDentu ontainei in the English and retch papers about its streets being mine-1 nod bunT l'Pf Tberer '' n0t " "iDg'e "trfet in tbe n h >'? P'ocf ^ War w"s <3? by 'he shot and t-hel! < f ihe aUies nSTfal^'"^ c,res'eif was c outrtlevrj nut f>rth with n,* ? * i . ^ st^teioeut commanders, and j.redir-od b/the Bntf.h!., T ^-ai'iel molested manner in wtlch the whoIe R^. ' ' lht' "u" enabled tr. cross tbe great harW ? . ar'llJ food for them. H?a u ,? n. ? . speedily /ec 'uiicg .-ffrxaba?"" sssa 'i exploded and shattered shell lis so^uli-k J^1.8 and un" compelled to nick vonr star thick that you are ? me twentyorthi vtlm?PilU pft8eUi? :hrou?t? the? ffirrfcd" WSc& we?aonlyU e^ nt7^a unflinching heroism With ?qua.iie<5 by the who have never M*n ihU Ta ,mU"B<?r?tood by those es and parallels ne?r?r ,?.??? ? ^ their approach bl? '?r no- having Insisted that the 'assault If'*!?!9*" sHSSEyA S ficaUon; wber^?D?n?^e ?a^^regpect,trit1?an^'4'^ saaflite-aa ? number of heavy cun? whir>? w.ir' a # ' and cross fire every Inch r-f tTTn |T?F . , thelr dir*ct seems really incredible hn- . i ,wterremag space, it derail a us.? much with mawkish sinmbTfty "and' vet , tr"ublf'<1 s".',.":; ,s.',&rs4r rif r ^ -? m? Km p#ror of the World be the ?ntK W6r? /* t0 make S "sts? *:d Russian flag, n-.w while [ wr^T"?""8 reflultw The r^srh.r.'K,,, '^rr' ff.gsS. r-tt s^.S3t&t5sSftias=s which tbey threw frtm fh.lr ?.. L ht,f> rockets of the nori side * F ?eW Work8 00 the sea front -.'r,5?K,oK"w' Onr Nwilld Corrmpondrnrr. Madrid, Jan. 18. 1856. The C7i angtof the Ministry? IK*m'u/cu1 ion of all Partiei? Cha, irter of the Nnr Minuter/? huurrtcliin?Civi' THtordrrx to Otmr ? Knparlrro't Sand Running OW. ? T he iUvotxition al Hand ? Th- Itemorraljt?The A uthori of the Mutiny of the 1th of January Stilt Untried ? Spain Hooded ? R'mxU Dettroyrd ? I'rice* High and Loborert Starring, <fx., dr. The announced modification of the ministry has at last taken place. After a thousand laborious combination*, a nort of patched up reeult of the effort* of girernment ha* been produced, but in ?uch an unfinished shape that the pres* and publio opinion have pronounced against it. Three? no more? is the aumber of ministers who bare left their po?t*: that of the Interior, l'ublic Works, and Grace and ,Ju?tlce. For the Interior they hare named Don 1'atrteio de Ks rosura, Deputy to the Cortea and Minister l'leaipoventia ty in IJsbon; for Publio Work*, the Rrlgadior Pin Francisco I.nian, Deputy to the Cortea; and fjr (J race and Juatiee, Don Joav Art a* Iria, Deputy, aad formerly a magistrate. The Fenor Kecosura i* a man of accommodating and vacillating opinion*, for when he * aw htnaself slights 1 by the "moderados," to whose party he belonged, he be came a " progressiva aLd ii 1* certain that if a Turkish government wwre to be established in Spain he would be oowe a Mussulman. He speak* a g**?t deal irlta not much in It, taut pretty strong- lunga and in T?ry unpopu lar. Hla poiitioo-mlnliteria) existence will bo of abort duration. Senor I.uxa?ia a progrearfs ta of the tanUm (old fegy) hcUooI, which means thoee who have been figuring for many years. The country ia aatoniahed that a man Ilk* thla ahoald return to the minlatcy, which ha left but a (Saw month# since on aoeount of uotttoau, and other aula vorable quail Ilea -whieh haw rendered him unpopular. If a tew month* elnca he wom&not d> for minister, why chooae hi a nowf ? now, wnen Ike eitaatiou ot the oouu try la mora eritical'than it wan alKmonthi since? 8eno - l.uxan is a misfortune for the administration aad the country. The Senor Adas Uria is an. unknown man. endowel wl h no particular maiita, eitaar as daputy or in his la gal career ? in chert, t e is nothing. He is a gool gaUfjo, who will go od like a donkey wHh the opinion of his oom panlonK? he will do what ha- is told. There remain than, Espartero, President of the Council;. O'Donnell, Minister of War; Bruil, Minister of Flnanoe; Santa Ctue, Miaiatar of Marina; and Zavala, Minister of Stat*. li is very certain thai that the nation is getting tire I of a situation of thicg* no unpleasant as the present, an I that Kpartero has- nearly lost ail his prestigp. It it Indubitable that O'Donnell, associated wi n some generals of auaplo.oua antecedents, is endeavoring to pervert the situation created by the revolution of July, and that be is leaving nothing untried to effect this. It i* beyond a. doubt that the oppoaite pities are moving, seeing the disunion of the government, and the Insignificance and nullity of a asajprity of tbe-dapntiea, and the general au saiisf action of well meaning men. Thus the announcement of this new ministry la also that of irnrutf*y revolts, &e., whleh will follow, and tha results of whieh it is not easy to foretell. Democracy is called upon to figure ; democratic opinions train, ground in proportion as the government loses it, and the want of energy and ot kaowladge of Kspartar), of the As sembly, aid of tha government, is the cause of the de lay In the path of ihat progress which the country de sires. Than* is nothing laft but to appeal to a revolution, which will be a bloody one. Thli U the last resource of a people whan their cries of desperaiion are unhealed. The soldiers of the national muitia, who revolted when on guard at tha Gorton, have not as yet been tried; tb?y are still in piison, and each day whiih pass**, their crimi nality decreases, looking at the strange and unoertain oath ot the government presided ova r by Kapartero and managed by G'DomvIL The minds of all are exasperated with so many pieoea of stupidity on the part ot tha ad ministration. As It' th* cholera, whieh has just disappeared, had not been enough to render pitiable the situation of Spain, rains audi neavy storms are desolating the country. Kvarytblng is paralyte>i; the roads, which are destroyed and inundated by the waters, do not permit the- transit of article ? of the first necessity, and everything Is going up in price; there is no proviso* whleh has not to lament the Iowmjb caused by such contlaual floods. All the coasts ot Spain are full of vessels on shore and- wrecks thrown up by the waves. The disorder of nature appears to be in harmony wih that of the men who govern this coun try. Krcm the Nation (organ of the Ministry) I translate for you the follow iog paragraph: ? We can conceive opposition, radical, intolerant, and ex cuthive: we can comprehend that the modarados should see nothing good outfit e of their own pi Iicy ; we are not astonished that the retrograde party ahouto dissent from doctrines mote liberal than their own, and we cm even accept aa a necesaary consequence, that tne ultras should never be in accord with us. But what cannot be ex plained satisfactorily ? what cannot be seen excpt la ?pain. or rather, in the press of Madrid ? is, that a mo dilisation of the Ministry should unite all the oppositions, as well thote who wear the badge of liberty and or der, as those others who wilfe on tfceir banners the di vide right of kings, or the three words ? Liberty. Equali ty, Fraternity. From the Sovereignty (democratic organ) 1 translate the following: ? In proportion, and at the same time that General F.s partero lcees his popularity, General O'Dannoll i-i filing up the files ot tbe aim). This ought to hive a grave nig nti ation or tbe progreasb>ta* ot good faith. For us it certainly has. Again: I'be same journal dasoribes the situation of the eountiy iu the following worda: ? Everybody is dissatisfied; deep complaint* ari.-e fiom eve?y class ; ? men ot property pay their eu6rmous taxes curaiug tho govcrumeut ; labor is des'ioyd ; tne atriets of the towns are tilled with hungry laborers begging thrtr bread, trade is pOHUVHed ot a mortal stupor; the ministerial change* carry alarm into the ranks of public office h >lders; com plete anarchy flourishes in onr proving*; the pe>ple, in almost all pirta. are struggling with the autaorities; (?ot-hiocs are beaud. hates are charlslied; capitalists have taken tbe alarm; fear multiplies itael', ariicles of the first necessity grow still dearer, misery Is extended like a leproay, and In all diiections cariies alcng with it vise aid crime. bach is our situation? very fit for insurrections and diaorrer. Tbe AJwrti, organ of the mi'i'ary power, says Persons, who merit g'eat credit, and wbo have given us news. although incomplete, in advance of the events of Monday, tell as now that events are prepating analo gous to that attempt maoe against the Cortes; but that this time their proportiona ate greater, and their im portance much higher. Two days afterwards it repeats : ? It ia natural that our loformati . <n should have caused a vivid impression. We ought to be believed, however, fora?much as we predicted a mouto be'Ore tne outbreak of the 7th that an attempt was about to be made against Gen. O'Donneil, and the majority of the deputies, which would take place in the hali of the A vaembly itaell. Tor baps It was owing to that Minister's not being present 'hat the affnir was of no more consequence. To-day, we ? ay that a new 7th of January and a new 28th of August aie preparing', that the works are carried on on a great scale, and that persona who have the eiUiit in political regions are not ignorant of the pints of the fatura revo lutlon. The tempestuous debates to which It Is believed the question of finance will give rise will present a con vet ieiit field tor certain patriotic manifestations. We think, also, that the government la not ignorant of what la parsing. THE PEACE QUESTION. The Reported Negotiations? The Feeling In London, Paris, Berlin and Vlenna -Dlplo matle History of the War? Official Circu lars, Peace Propositions, Counter Proposi tions and Kanlfeatoes Views of the tmperors, Ac., <fer., dec. THE REPORTED NEGOTIATIONS. OUR LONDON CORRESPONDENCE. London, Friday, January '26, 1856. 77.? Great Question of react or War?ltnprestiun in Kit rape. Kurope in still rather in the dark a* to what is going to take place. A few days mora end all will be cleared up. The preliminariea of p?acc cannot be signed on the stiength of a telegraphic despatch. Th?? locument Itself, bearing the Russian Hgnatuie of acceptation, must first be received. It ia ere thin at Vienna, and probably at London and Paris, and a orj>y of it will soon find its way Into one of the lot don journals. The flf:h aitlcle promise* to be the (tumbling block to the prelirtinaries. With all <luo defi-rence to the supe rior Diplomacy of the gentlemen who drew i ;> th^se pro posals, 1 think it would have be?n as well if ihey had de fined what the pointa were that were kept in reserve. W by not hare stated them at once? It would have saved trouble. The fifth article is in fact so generally worded that it might be liable to any Interpretation. It is said that what Kngland means U : prohibition to reconstruct the fortress of Iiomarsund; a more precise definition of the Rusao- Turkish frontier In Asia, and the establishment of European consuls in the different ports of the Black Sea. The latter poiat is, however, coatained already in th* fourth article of the proposals, which says: "The protection of the commercial and maritime interests ot all nation* shall be assured in the porta of (he Black Sea by the establishment of institution! con formable to international lawand tothansages established in such matters.'' It is, moreover, hinted at that the fifth article means to refer to the settlement of the Polish and Itnlian questions. This I very much doubt. The French government is decidedly peaceably in cli&ed. The English government is not so much so. I tears trickery, and thinks that a Baltic campaign in the spring could settle the question at once and for aver. In Italy the announcement has carried a feeling o general depression among the patriots. They regard peace aa a death blow to the hopes they secretly enter tained of a regeneration of Italy. The same feeling pre vails among the Poles and Hungarians. Meantime, pending negotiations the blockade of the Rui.sian port* in the Baltic ha* recommenced, and various trailing vessels have been captured by onr cruiser*. The mild weather had enabled no less than < 00 vessels to convey cargoes to Russian porta. The report tbat order* had been sent to suspend hosti lities is not true. Parliament treats in a few days, and the soasion pro mites long debates. There Is no trn'h In the nimored likely resignation of 1 aimerston & Co. He is adv cated as a fit representative tit {? i (<land at 'he Conference* ; Count da Morny for France; Hit j now or llonti nielT 'or Russia. Wags say Prince Mens rliik fT lTiew bas not been ary fighting. The enpec'ed at'acVs tin Keriteh and K Inborn had not tak on place up to l<ts . ml vices. VvTS'J MJiC- ,*?1^ OUR PARIS COKRNHPONDEKCE. Pakih, Jan. 'h?, MM. Startling SffetU of the Putre Nevm?lfoMmg LibeM Sinat the Retvm </ NafoUon from KUn? Quick IMiperrkm of the Ctmnril tf ITdr?TH s Ctmr Himmelf Surprvol Pointt to be Negotiated ? England' t Reprenntativn ? Th ? Jlritiik Crimean M4dat? Clumsy and Lott by the Soldiers ? *Mm. p Retpeeting Central America'? An American Lawtutt? PuUic Iikprotrmmlt?lhe Nap*? Vfmatty and Ut TrmtUet. Since tbe sodden announcement of the famous Bight frem Hb* to U?e Congress which it thtt epoch in the world'* history wu Bitting at Vienna, there hai been nothing 8o startling m the recent pacific intimation o< R ass la. At that time veteran warriors, grave states men, astute diplomat into, were bnsily oeonpiei, in com fortable easy chain, slicing np countriei with their scia bow, and pasting on card-board a new- and symmetrical map of Europe, when, suddenly, their occupation was radeiy interrupted by the Intelligence that Napoleon was at Paris, the restored Bourbon at Ghent, and a hundred' thousand of the b rarest troops t? the world were ready , to narch wherever the victor ef a handred battle* com manded them to follow. Co an sellers, warriors, diploma tists, noble princes, aeereUMrie* and all, spread them solves out like the crick* of afan, and fled back to those ? that sent them. Then, it was the genius of war that bi ought about lha dispersion. Now, it is the white robed messenger of peaoe who produces the same magie&l results. But a few day* ago there waa assembled in this capital a council of scaroe less solemnity than that whicb fai?y i ears ago met at Vienna. The composition, to be suie, was slightly different, for at the head of the oouncii boaid sat Napoleon Bonaparte; by his side, the brother of the former banished Emperor, surrounded by the representative of Bagliah royalty? the Duke of Cambridge ? Admiral. Lyons, and twenty oth ?'re ? marshals, general* and- admirals of France ? intent on sketching out a campaign whish in its result, should reconstruct the European map, and cripple for a century ona-of the foremost powers of the world Reviews, distributions of medals, ball*, dinner*, fitet, digged the footsteps of. these personagee-on each occasion when the couaoil< rose. All Europe was playing bo-peep to pick up a word. Newspaper correspondents were prowling abeut diplomatic editions for but a crumb

ot information. The mooted intereet was Huttering like a stricken bird? tW mother's heart blet for her son, over whom the fate of battles hung ? the martial yonth of Europe wont io bed and dreamt of c >rpaes, medals, baton*, peerages and princedom*, when, all at onoe, every thvg ts turned upside down, the Council of War has vanished like a vapor, Us English contingent is flying in hot hatte acioas tie Chai.nel, the funds jump up six or st ren per cent, the wnrri >r's arm is withheld, orders are pent to every seaport for the workmen to bold their hands, and prcv>ion* and munitions of war are suddenly a glut in the auikt'.. It is really impossible to describe the intense excite ment which cuii'icnoe to pi e rail in every circle. Every cne has evinei tiy be?u caught ?'napping," for it U clear nobody antic'pa^l the 'act. The truth Is, the principal party himself? *,re 't?T Alt tender ? waa surprised, for be accepted tTrni uhlch, only u fev days before, he had pronounced Inadmissible. Th* King of Prussia, whose role in the present Kiuop??n drama ha* throughout been regarded with supreme contempt, appear.*), after all, to have found the mainspring of the whole business. Count MunteufTel aecettainod for hltn at Vienna that Ihe Austrian offensive *nd de/en.ii7e treaty with Prussia, signed April 20, 1 8 f. 4 , was, < It facto, at an ond, and that the territories of Prussia, already menaced by the con templated b'ockadn of her port*, was not safe for a mo ment; that, in fret, Austria was steeled to the chin in the Western alliance, and without the acceptance, Husfia, of the propositions, the allies would infallibly have the assistance ot he: armies. There was no mis take about it till* time ; and King William, tho roughly alarmed, wrote off irutantcr letters to the C**r, and also to the grand Duke Uotstantua. M. de Nessel lode took the opportunity of skilfully combining all these matters and layiig them before the Council ot State at St. Petersburg, thi- rorult of which was a majority in favor of terms which had been indignantly refused a day or two before, and the Czar accepted the proposition*. The fifth point, about which io much has bees said nstrely, the power to impose special guarantees ? I sus |K?:t was not eft so vaguely as the words imply. The nature of the.-e guarantees was explained to Russia be fore she signified her acceptance of the propositions, and tliey apply to the non -reconstruction of Bimarsund, the evtablli-hment of ccn/uis in the Euxine, and the exact demarcation of the Russian frortier in Asia. It remains to be seen how the Russian population will view the matter, for they are no less suddenly taken aback than every one else. We hear thit the war mani* was at it* height on the merning of the 16th, and at night a rumor prevailed that the Czar had yielded. One car not help suspecting that the European ferment of the last two years cannot be instantly allayed by the ''yes" or "no" of one in*n, be he King or Kalsar; and not withstanding the reputed good faith of Alex inder, diffi culties may yjt arise over which he is powerless. A general report prevails that the conference* or con gress to be held will take place here. The Emperor It said to be anxious that Pari* should have this advantage. The F tench nation, be say*, ao sorely wounded in her arncvr propre by the treaties of Vienna, cannot fail to be t>*chcd by auch an act of confidence on the part of England. Beside*, this i* the season when Parisian com merce looks to make lti returns, and the presenc* of a number of dignitarie* will give the seaeon au impulse which, in a political a* well a* commercial point of view, is most desirable after the sacrifices the army has made. Ue argues that in I,ondon, where a free Parliament will be Hitting, a congress would be quite misplaced. It is su*]*cted that Lord Palmers ton himself Intends to be the representative of England, and that a conviction of the immense value of time to him would tend to cut short illscuesions which might otherwise be prolix. The three freat field night* of the British Parliament are Tuesdays, hursday* ana Fridays. Widnesday is always a diet non, ?nd very often Monday. This, 'herefore, would easily admit of the Premier's absence for a couple of day?, now that I'aiis and I/ondon are within eight hours, by nuch (Xpiess trains as Prime Ministers can command. Tbe Crimean medal distributed to the French troops in the name of the Queen of England is so heavv that it tires lis away from the pin which fastens it to the coat. Among the articles picked up and deposited at the Pre fecture for the last week are no lees than twelve of then* medals, which have been lost by the soldiers. In political circles I find a Ktrong belief in the justice of the American view of the Central American question. The French view is decidedly in accordance with that of the 1'nited States. "If," tt Wsald, "I make with my proprietor an engagement not to occupy his apartment, I plelge my self to withdraw fr< mD." The word ' prospective" cannot apply in such a case without an absurdity; and it is not pCHMble to believe that Sir Henry llulwer understood the words in any other fenee than Mr. Clayton. Every one resires to see thia bone of contention removed, so soon as the Russian business is arranged. It msy be remembered that In July last, Mm. Rldgway, in American lady ot great beauty and wealth, long resi dent in Paris, brought an action belore the Civil Tribunal against tbe Duke de Valmv and other*, to establish her claim to share with her relative, the Duchess I e Klaiaance, in tbe distribution of the property appertaining to the family. She did th's in right of her descent from Thomas I.loyd Moore, brother of Kliaabeth Mooic, who waa mar ried to M. Baibc de Marbols, father of the Duchess. The case turned on the legitimacy of the birth of the said Thomas and Elizabeth Moore, and as Mr*. Ridgway originally succeeded in showing that an entry In a family Ilible set forth the foot that William Mooie and Snrah Lloyd were married 13th December, 1757, besides other proofs, the tribunal admitted her claim. From this de cision the Iiuke de Valmy lias now appealed, ami yestor day M. Beroyer, his advocate, required that Mn. P.u'g way fhould come Into court to prove the authentic!.* ol tbe entnr in tLe fomily Bible. M. Defaure, Mrs. Kfdg way's advocate, objected, but laid If the Court granted in a|peal, he should be able to prove not only f im the entry in the family Bible, but from other documentary evidence, that the original decision of t tie Civil Tribunal was just. The Court oas ordered an investi^ati )n . Everything in the shape of scaffolding has now dis appeared from the Louvte and from the new Rue Rivoli, and one Is lost In wonder at the giganuo labor which has Veen effected In soshort a space of time. The extraor dinary mildness of the winter has permitted the works to go on uninterrnptedlv, and now an architectural ei./,/ a'iril Is pieeented to the stranger's view, such as could be found In no other city. Some of the stone carving at the I/CnvTe is as fine as the most deli sat* lace. It was a difficulty at the ontaet to find workmen competent to undertake such artistic labor, there naving of late years been so little done In this way. This difficulty was, however, surmounted by the following meatus? THe Fau bourg St. Antoine, If not rich in stone carvers, wa* abundantly supplied with the most skilful wood sculptor*. What mattered it to them to which material they applied their chisel, provided the remuneration was good ? The coni-eqtenoe was, applications were made to the govern ment authorities, which were eagerly accepted, the ordi nary vages bslng doubled. Thus Pari* has been crowded with rton* artiraas of a elass immensely superior, and the wnl> i tf cated Is found to exceed in beauty any whioh the < Idr it n < n. met s -an produce. It Is thl< which has i o*V' d V?fwiln it t * .rrifj ht.i tngn in a mtnner qi>'*e n?i ?<? 'n-e.; *?? '?? ?iMfui ? )??? .* It,. ,iai|on-- la a H'f ?? "?< i't'.i K'r/i. b is Vctt rttittvu iritU > ft delicacy of detail which rende-s it on* of the mo?t striking beauties in a city wttere everything M.? m beau tiful, and the statue* of tin heroes ol tb? (itaod Atmr which ornament the Loavre, arrv maiir of then worthy to be placed by come of thrbeet model* of antiquity. A gcxxi deal ot gossip i/f gnlog oq about an apparent es trangement between Jerome Bbnaparte and the Ea?peror. At m period wkw the- hope of founding a dynasty ? up petmoat in Loot* Napoleon'* thoughts, any eoolceas on the part ef relatione who stand nearest the throne- baa a disagreeable look with it The reason alleged H the noa promotfon of Prince Napoteon'l officers. BKK ri>. OCT* BERLIN COCSK8PONDKNCE. Bntuir, Jan. 22", IMtt. 7%e Actrptmn a of Me Peace Propottliom by KUato ? 7V Mffrct and BxcUemrnt in BerUm ? What art the Tkrnu ? ? WW U*y I/tad to Peace i ? Jit de Setback' i Miction? h he a Special Envoy of IfagoUon i?Marriagt in the Royal IbmUy, <?c , ?fc. The universal excitement oocesioned by the late joy fuj intel'igenee from St. Petersburg has not yet subsided. No thing is talked of but the approaching peace, and maay are the hopes and erpeotatioM it gives rise to. The Stoek Exchange has been taken completely by surprise, and recurities of all kicds, after experiencing a steady , fall for several weeks together, have suddenly grown m t buoyant aa corks, and are rising like the qu'ckailver in the thermometer on a sunny day; the bulls are rampant, and the bears in a state of desperation. Even nature ap pears to sympathize with the general feeling, and after a bitter cold spell the weather has all at onoe become so mild and genial, that people are laying aside their furs, ' *?4 preparing for the advent of spring, which seems ready to burst prematurely upon the " winter of our dls \ content." So far the prediction I hazarded in the letter addroosed to you on Christmas ere has been verified. After some hesitation, real or affected, the Ciar has accepted the Austrian propositions, and the conferences of Vienna will soon be disinterred from the tomb of all the Capu t lets, la which ther have reposed quietly for the last nine ! months or so. I hope I may be mistaken, bat I am ta - c lined to believe my anticipations respecting the Issue of ' the negotiations about to be entered on will turn out t"> be equally well foundtd. Tho-public are apt to be obli vious, but they ought to recollect that this is the third time that proposals, transmitted through the median of Austria to the Court of St. Petersburg, has been ac cepted, "purely and simply," as the French have it; the first did not prevent the war from breaking out, the wcond bom continuing with redoubkd force and exas peration and It remains to be Been whether the third will lead to more favorable r exults. It should not be overlooked that the "tour points," eren with a fifth tacked to them, are not a regular treaty of peace, but only the preliminaries, or basis, on which the treaty is to be ctnoluded, and are nearly all of them so loosely worded as to be susceptible of a widely different interpre tation. For instance, it Is stipulated that neither of the two Power* possessing territories on the Black Sea is to retain war arsenals or fortifications on the coast which might interfere with the in'ended "n*ut*aliz&ttou, " but dees this oiause include Nicholafeff, which is not exa ;tly on the B ack Sea, but en the river logul f And what refe icnce bas it to the Sea of Aroff, which is really a mare ilcrisvm, being completely eurround?d by Russian terri tory ? If the tea of Aw?* is included. wouM not the Rus sia be justified in rcquirirg the neutralization to be ex tended to the Sta of Mainiora? Aqain. the "recti fication" cf the UuFfl-u frontier on the Iuaubs is grat ted by that Power in exchange for the petitions otcupfed by tho allies in the Crimea ; but hov Is it with Kars V No mention is made of that lortrcM In thn five point*, and P.usala is, there fore. under no ei g?g?rr euts concerning it, Is she to keep It, or ran she be expected to give it up without an equivalent, when the allies insist upon one for their con quest* Altogethc-, the legulation of tbo frontiers may had to endlee* difficulties, as the French or Austrian ; diplcmatMs, wtea drawing their new line of demarca 1 tlon, omitted to ascertain the existence of the mount am I ous lidge which is stated to exteDd from Cbotyrn to the | Danube, and wbieh no one acquain'ed with the topogra phy of those regions has ever he?id of before. The re ligious question, to which Russia has always affected to attach so mnch Importance, Is, perhips, the knottiest point of any, it beirg clearly impossiole to secure the Rayahs in the enjoyment of the clvtl and religious im munities prom lied them without the Christian powers exercising a surveillance fatal to the Independence ol Turkey, which It wa3 the ostensible object of the war to defend and gua-antee. IhustLe pacific te:mlnatioa of this great struggle is hedged round on si I sides wi'.li doubts and difficulties that can only lie overcome by the dlsp'ay of great tact on the uart of the mediating Powers, and a conciliatory spirit on that of the bell'gerents. If ail parties were sin cerely desirous ot peace, it wou\d of course be conclude!, even In the face of obstaeles still more appalling. Now, tt is notorious that whatever may be the opinions of the English government, the English nation have no such desire; and as to Russia, we may reasonably suspect that she is now anxious to dissolve the formidable c:>aH tion arrayed against her, or to prevent it from being tticngthened by the accession of new members, than to make peace on conditions mortifying to her pride, though not permanently affecting her power. By renewing the con'erences she affords Austria an excuse for persisting in her " masterly inactivity," deters the Scandinavian kingdoms from openly joining the allies, paralyzes the warlike preparations of France and England, and then may break off the negotiations at any time Tather than sign a final treaty on the terms offered her. The question is, therefore, will the allies consent to meet their adversary half way, aud compromise the mat ter by mutual concessions tr It is pretty certain that England, If )?ft to herself, would not abate one lota of her demands, but it Is generally believed that Louia Na poleon will show himself less inexorable, and tt is now and then hinted that Baron Seebach was the bearer of a con fidential message to that effect from the Frenoh autocrat to the Emperor Alexander. To be sure, the English papers scout the Idea of the Saxon diplomatist having been entrusted with any snch commission, and even go the length of asserting that his journey was entirety un connected with politics; but no one in his senses will be lieve that Neaielrode's son in-law would post off from l'ai is to Petersburg, in the depth of winter, for no oilier purpose than to wish his papa a merry Christ inas ard happy New Year. <>n the contrary, both here and in I'arls, M de Sccbach's expedition was looted upon a< an ertnt of the h'gbest importance, sud I have heaid it stated on good authority, '.hit it i.? to bis rerrehtntatior.s and not to the persuasive eloquence of Count Buol, tbat the unexpected acquiescence of the Czar is to be attributed. It U well known how devoted bis Gallic Majesty is to the "/</<? tfajioUtmienne*," how jealot.sly he endeavors to revive the tradi inns of tue first Empire, aud ho? etiaerly he coplos it even in its smallest mlnutiir, and po?slb)y he may be willing to pre si nt the world with the spectacle of a second Napoleon and asecsnd Alexander conciur'inga second peace of riUi', and meeting at a second congress of Krfurt. Besides, he has attained all the ohj?cts which really induced him to wage war against the barbarians of the North. lie has raised himself to the same pre eminence among the sovereigns of Europe that was enjoyed by the late Czar Nicholai; bis troops have covered themselves with glory at the ex pense of their friends as well as of thtfr enemies, aud ha may think it high time to repose upon his laurels, and to oeeupv himself wlUi the internal condition of his Kmpire, which it not^qui'e so satisfactory as its external relations. As for the man of the coup d'elat beirg serionsly anxious to prom )t? the cause of humanity ar A civilisation, which has served him as so luel'tit s staging hi- ire Tor lila ambition, that, of course, -?il nilfie A' any iate h* hnon more than ever ?' n n uter ot 'ho situation," and the ts'o ol the world de 1 em ? uron his nod. ibe whereabouts of the future congress is not yet de cided upon. N>m* mention farts, others Dresden or Hi nsn-ls, but all previous negotiations having been oarried en at Vienna, tiansferrirg them to another place would ovlnce a want of consideration towards Austria, which the Western Powers are not likely to be guilty of, after she has just been exerting herself so successfully In their tavor. Wussia, who had seconded the Austrian ultima tum by the most urgent representations, though without making its rejection a rams belli, will certalnlr be invited to at end the conferences, and thus reaume her place in the European " concert," It is rumored that our Pre mier, Baron Manteuffel. will appear there in propria f<r supported by Count A1 vers ben, an ex-Minister of >'ate. and Prussian Plenipotentiary at the conferences of Divedsn m 1860. At present the Court of Berlin is engaged in a round of festivities occasioned by the farvaillf, of the daughter of the Piince of Prussia, with the Prince Regent of Baden, which came off en Thursday laat. The relatives of both the royal families here collected together in great foroe to wit ness the happy event, and levees, balls, masquerades and reviews follow each other In rapid succession. The King is in high spirits ; and encouraged by the promising result of bis pacific endeavors In the field of politics, he has ven tured upon a still more difficult task, and is actual!-, said to have effected a reconciliation between the <Jne?u and her sister-in-law, the Princess of Prussia, who havu had a domestic lend of many years' standing. His health, how ever, eontlnces to h? pr?c*i ions; the comp'aiot which hint eV' bint to the of 'he g->ve a'ew moo hs sin -e ts n.. cr. . -nlr > , n 1 'hoi hiss ? j-. .* <4 fi u. i ;? hi jb tit..- rtJd It 111 feared ? repititlon of the attasks will lead to fatal cons-qoercre. Alter unusnalJy pre traeted vacatii/ns, the Chimtwrs, ax will persist in tailing them, in ?plt? ol their m* title of Wet. have a^aln met and proceeded to Hum' new. In the Houeaof toras, thePiince uf Hobentohe ha* b?an ele* ten 1-rrsideat, in the room of the Prince of Plana, i& ceased. In the ffomae of BepreeentatfTee, the cbtlraui pro u-m, Count Kalenberg, f* eoattaued in hiioffl* ft* the balanoe of tba session the liberal candilat*, Conn'. Sehwarin, having been Anally reverted. The mrtlwuM api?ar Cetenniaed to makceeod um of the overwhe'uaing tnajori' j they possess In both houses, and not deeming it advisable to do away with the c nictitation "purely and ?in |>1?," they ar* ondeavoriag to weed it aa feat an possi ble or all object ionsble element*. Thus, a resolution has just been brought forward for riaei \cing two of Ito moat important enactments, Tit the pa tgraph stattoy that all Prnssisu cltlsens are equal in -nc eye of the law, and justice ia to he adminiatered' without dU(inc'.ion af classes, and the claum; stipulating the entire removal of religions .fleabilitiew. By thw move the aristocreoy ara to be reinstated in the free enjoyment of thtlr aneiaat privileges, and the Jew*, who ara quite numerous here, and from their wealth and intelligence form a very influ ential portion of the community, aire to be reduce 1 oaea ?lore to theacnditian of Pariahs and debarred trom tto exercise of all political rights. Ne doubt the liberal par ty in the Chambers will do everything in their power ta defeat thee a- projects, bat their rank* hare b??n ea thinned by the fate election#, as to deprive them of tha possibility of of ering any eflfeotual resistance, and we 1?m government interfere to moderate^ the ardor of thrir too zealous supporters, the reaction can hardly fall to obtain a complete triumph. A. B. OUR TJBNNA CGRRESTOMDTTNTT?. Viksna, Jan. 31, 18M. The Peace Rmrnrt ? What u ThaugM of (km in Vienn* ? Will Kart be Giren Up'?Wxll England Agree to m Peace! ? The Aeeeuity of a Peace to Europe ? Arrival ff Captain litmhtvm of t he United MatrrBngin* en, <fc. Since last I addressed you (this day week) ft mighty change has taken place In the political situation of tt falrs in Europe. Before these lines can reach their des tination yon will doubtless hare been Informed by yoew I/ondon and Paris oorrospondents that, contrary to the gene'al expectation, the Emperor of Russia condescended to acoopt the Austrlin ultimatum on the 17th Inst., aa whioh day, fn the evening, about nine o'clock, a tele grsphlc despatch was received by the- 1 mperiai Cabinet from Count Eateihaxy, the Austrian Ambassador at 8t.? Petersburg, aanonnoing this important event. It so hap pened that a ball was give* on the same evening at tta imperial palace, and- the Emperor 01 Austila availed him self of this opportunity to communicate this all-im portant intelligence to his distinguished guests. As may be eeMly supposed, this great event, whieh hoMfl out reastnable prospects of a speedy peace, has been uas ver ?*l!y greeted with the most lively and unfeigned satis faction, especially la this city. But although' the world at large U apparently extremely confident that the peaoo negotiations ti.ii* auspiciously begun will also be brought to a happy und successful termination, yet it will be wiso cot to indulge tn over-Hanguine expectations. There are yet many and extremely grave difficulties to be overcome before the anxiously wished for peaoe oaa be finally concluded. The courier who ia expected to Ar rive here from St. Petersburg an the 24tb iust., with tba wiitten despatches confirmatory of the telegraphic InteW gence that tho Russian Cabinet has ' fully and withewt leiervaticn" ascepted the ' five'' points of the Austrian proposals, must be patiently awaited, and the detail* of thine daspat-hes mu*t become known before a sate and sound judgment can he passed upon this unexpected concession ou the part of the Kmpercr Alexander II., who has thus sub.cribea to preliminaries of peace, dic tated, as it were, by the Vienna Cabinet, and acting im acooraance with its W estern allies. The great question which has to be ui.vive.ltd is, how far iaay the sinoeritg ofKuMia. in her p'eeect unreeetved acceptance of the Austrian ultin at ai, bo rnlied upon'" .Strange to aag, the five points of tha ultimatum were framed and for warded to St. Petersburg before the capitulation of Kars was known in Europe, and henoe it is doubted by bcbo politicians whether the restitution of Kan to Turkey is sufficiently provided for in thia otherwise very ably drawn up Stete paper, the contents of whioh are now to fOrve.as ptace preliminaries. These reaau? a. locking at tb* matter in a lawyer like spirit, apprehend that, unless the general principle here applies, that tha ir^giity of tie Ottoman empire ia tho first indispensable condition for ^)1 peaoe negotiations, Russia may yet aot up claims of indemnification, if called upon to rostora Kars and the Turkjph territory in Asia, now in her poe t-ens ion, which, supposing they aimed at an extension ( her former Axiatic boundary, may prove exceedingly in convenient, ard mere especially so to England, as neither France nor Austria would have auy direct interest at Make In contencing against such claims. But these am doubts and misgivings which can only be entertained ky those who are prepared to impugn Russia's sincerity in the preeeut peace negotiations. For my own part, I have reas-jn to btlitve that, with tha excep tion ot Eig'asd, all parties are sincerely rejoiced Hi tie actual prvupeets of peace. They have ell had enough of war. The early restoration of peace ie ?alro more or lass a necessity for them all? England, ee I have before raid, alone excepted. Russia panta for peaoe, having neither hopes nor prospects of finding allies reedy 10 assist her in carrying on the war; acd without then, her chances of being worsted increase from year to year, ss her enemies increase in nnmber and power from e*e campaign to another. Russia, theiefore, has much to lose, and hardly anything to gain by a further prossen - t Ion of the ww; besides. her internal rexouroes, both in point ot men and treasure, hare already been fearfully exhausted; her commerce ha* been already sadly rained, and her revenue* bare been lamentably crippled. She wants peace, in a word, to enable her to reoover both physically and morally from the disastrous effect* of the war; and above all, she moat leel the necei-sily of righting herself again in the geof opinion and estimation of Europe. The Emperor Alex ander II., therefore, has motive* sufficiently powerful to induce l>im to conclude a peace, though the prioe of UmU peace be both dear and hit ter. Turkey stands more in need of peace than anf other Tower on the lace of the globe. The sick, man is UteraMf as hard up as it is poseible tor a Saltan to be, whose em pire and government superabound with Can Momenta of an inevitable dissolution, which nothing but a oomptot* regeneration can effectually stavs off for any length at time. The gitatest boon which can be accorded to Tur key is ? a sp?-edv peace. In in* concluding this peace. France will also to vastly benefitted; the former prestige of her arms under Napoleon I. regained, and fiesh laurels earned, to gratify the cational pride, Napoleon HI. ha? re-ee r.ared and influenced a power for bis country in KaroM^ such its no monarch in France, since the days of Bin jfreat uncle, ctuld bast of. It must be confessed that great have been the sacrifices whioh the French natioa have mace sinee rhe eortrneiicemeot of this struggl*. 1 he Km perur Ns poison knows and feels this fall weU. But his is uofiuesUonsbly the great master mind thto msinly rules the destinies of F.urope in our days; aoA there is every reason to believe ttiat he concnives the measure ot the sacrifices of his country to be full. Hia objects in waging the present war have been achieved ? rucoees has attended his policy. Franc* and Eu rope womd now be grateful to hiai for the resto ration of the peace. With this general grati tude cf the civilized world, (he Emperor of the French foresees that the consolidation of his dynasty and the greatness of France will become inseparably in let woven, and hence Napoleon III. will now be tou>4 to advocate peace with all the sincerity and determinates of purpose. iheie are many people here, who are generally well te fomied, who firmly believe that the framing of to* Austtian uUimaftim, its transmission to St. Petersburg, its advocacy there by Prussia, Bavaria and Saxony; tan first nuahlii-d and final unconditional aeoeptanoe by Kv sts, were all parts and parcels of m grand scheme, oie verly and ably preconcerted, with the view of arrivii^ to the desired result, M rut ? peace. Of course, an inmeate deal Is aaid about the resolute polioy of Austria in thesa lat'er negotiations; nor is it possible to deny the highest meed of praise to her exquisite diplomacy. Hto will and must come ?nt of these complications, if a peace to now concluded, with flying colors, and deservedly so; tot the tact ot her havicg consldeiably reducei bar a rmj almost immediately? that is, about six weeks previous to ha departure of Count Valentine Kiterhazy with the alti m alum for St. I*etersourg? i? a vary curious circumstance, and one which goes a great way to justify tba suspitooa of the existence cf a preconcert*! scheme. And thM again, the secret mission of Baron Neebach, the Tmm Ambassador at the Conrt of the Tnileries, (and aon-in-lavr to Coant Nesteirode), troin I'atis to St. Petersburg aad back again, savor* mncb ot a confirmation of thto suspicion. Hut the great and all-inportant question new arises Supposing such a plot for the pacifloatiea of Europe to have Wn set on foot, can England to a wil ling f arty to it? Probabilities are again at such an as sumption. The general opinion here, la. that England is at heart s verse to these peacs negotiations, and that her Britannic Majesty's government were constrained to sssent thereto, "hm art. mat gri," out of consideration for iheir great Krench ally' In short, that Kngland neither wishes nor wants a peace just yet, tor reasons too oo vious to requite recapitulation from my pen. If tlx* be so, the speedy conclusion of a general peace miMt still be considered extremely problematical. Be this %a may , the English journal* and your London correm .... dents will be by far more competent to pass an opin ? < ? hereon than I can possibly be. (ieoeral Count Htakelbnrg, the Russian M iliary P potentisrr attached to the eonba-<<r he e :i -tve r' po <? ?Hinr a few ('ays sgo, ?n<l yn.t?ruyhat i,< b. n ?r <? N'U r-e >?,| h, .fcr v?,? ,, ? , , , % ?'?l' ?"?*' J V? yiffb v