Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 11, 1856, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 11, 1856 Page 2
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Mtofrsyk lettex frsw hi* toiarrtgti, c f whieh be im "se Am to the ecntenw <}/ Vlih uaperatl ?lii?i\e, ??iMng bw mufirad. We l?n tk>: Bburtlr After mm arrival of the ? rer'.er fceae St. Pwwtbu.f, whs ieMpectol ot the 21th tnefc, 41 br?T? ellacWd to. > eaj who will frttj*My >>e (he bearer m the <ta?*isn signet ore to the ?re. mJneriei of peace Ike neeeeeery ?t?ys ere fu- thwith V? be uu-i ?w the pcrpoee <if eeeenhl'Bd u Pa?c? Gontrref ? e*'b?T At BraiiM's, lrenifrt ar Dreitden, f * the difcDMioo and rertleuent ci the general '-ea'y ef pee ?e. In tb? meanUae, we ere e-t.ureJ that ikeee liplotnane labors ere to be pr*oed?1 by * ferae! uns ,ce Indeed, it t? iT ornxl .he' orie-e *>r the sonper mod cf bo#li, (ties ba<1 already bean rrwariied to tke Kaniu and to the a Ued geoera'j? coaiEnaJ.a?r a ehial'et he eeate of war n the Crimea end a A*i?, w'h 4toeetioae to sottie eonvoeien' lioee ~>l de-narkatxa, ?ub jwet to the approval ot the tep?il's gi-renuaeaid. Chpfaia 3 k. itenham, or the United 9(atee Km? n?ere, ku arrived here. Thia dU?in?(al*hed offloer. who, 1 nn dwrotand, ii at the bead of tbe Ajner:sa? Coe? Surrey, wwhee to range a nnmoer of engraver* to eeahe hum a ike I n. ted Sin tee: utd it u edded the: Materiala have nfceedy been collected them, vhieb suffice to ?ecura fall tfcirty j ears' work for the men thet * 11 oe ?he ged hen?. W eooree the reel lee' an of Cept. Becham'e object will he warmly enpjmrteJ *>) ' <"? Jecuns, the American min iver reriden! At ihie plaee : end 1 ^h' all supooee %Uo by tk>' Am'.rftn eu'hori'iee, w'-.'Mse *li*bi: ity Uiwerde Ameri ?u officers hex bean ra.Aer conspiioeceot 'Ate. THE DIPLOMATIC HISTORY OF THE WAR. THE VIEWS OF RUSSIA. On the adjournment of the Gonferaase of Vleona, at<d the temporary is term p . ion of tego iailoaa, Cout Nw eatrede explained the views of Russia, and the p -anti on ha ktiiM to maintain, in the following circular to >aaaian diploma tints abroad : ? St. PErtawitrm;, Aprtt 29 1855. "i* ? Tb? deliberations of the Oonfrrenoe of V.aaua. wtbeat boing ftaally broken off. remain sospeooed, the atcaipcten ianae of France and cf Great Britain narlng toalatcd their butraeiions exhausted. To esakle the Imperial Leff&tiooa to form a eirrejt jwdgraent of the actnal s'ate of the ncgoti?ii >o, 1 ranke * a ou'j to draw a sfcetca of the who.e. to s?a e th? re ?mlts eorainec, io u to point out the which, in arresting ita progress, have keen an oxlicte to He success. My despatch oi the 2oth of February made too ae Vklntfd with the ?pi; it in which ttw ins'rac line were eunorirM which th? iafe V'taperor Mche'as, of glori-ms ?saiory, gave to hit representatives when the Vi noa acaferenoea were about to he opered Oo .Armed by ou aaguet master on hui advent to the throne th se cire; Mens w?re faithful. y a:t?d upca ay the D>anipotea<i?rie* selected by hie M?jest.y to take part in thai sapo.-tAnt Mgetia'ioa. It com pneed roar que-tium : ? I- Immunities of the Principalities. X Navigation of the Danube. 8. Rension ol the treaty of 1841. 4. Guarantee of the re g'cu* yid civil liberties o! tbo Christian population, sucject to the denization of th-' ?ttojran en pi e. Be'ete entering tnte a disenssicn of the<*? articles. th? Bnseian ph nipotvn. Uriel made a fonn al declaration, a* teaartrd 1b protoe >11. It is ai ft Uows - ? Prince GorU- ;tuuu>a sere? I: is only by euterior into the it tails ml each question that It can be Moertaloed whether we -?Q eeete ta an agreement or not. We hare all the ?na.e s arUog yssai; 1 also dodo we have the same object in rie-r? came<y. a general peace? a peace which can onij be so Id and of p-a rii eel raiue if hoaoia ie to Both parties. If from wy qoer-r whaurerit should he attempted to im,>o*r*ccodiuons upon ?wKia for ihat peace in -ompatible with her hocjr, Rtwia wwuM rever consent to them, however serious rn'ijh; be ihe eenieqoencea. 5?ncn was the point of departure which 'he Ru?i*n pkaipctt n'Jaries, confbrtua:*/ to the orders 'cf tneir Ouur-. dearly eetabll?hrd at the very outset otpthe nv foliations. No member of tho C efe ente c- n'.eited tbe validity of that declaration oi crioc p>e. Far frim *.t; they each of them attested that it waa f?r from *h< in tontaon ol their Cabinets to make propo*iti->n4 h ortfcl to the dignity cf Ktusta. On the streng h of those as surances toe cetioeratinn-j opened in tie 15th of ttartii. The sittings cf the 17th and 19th of March were de vested to the question of tie Pilncli>?.itt?. It *u sect>d honorab'y, loyally, and olsint?re?tedly, at tae late Fna pei or w>n?d it. in hi.-< angust 'h>oghU be had eseenti?.iv 4kt heart to maintain the populations ci Hollars, vTii 1 aehta and e> ServU in the ^evefnl er)joym-?Q'. of tie re J Igiou* and civil immnni lee which Ra?si? had s. ,?v ed to them as the prico of hor blood ?hed for a eeniu-y in the ?aat-e of her co-ietigiui>is*s. Their immunitiee remain intact. The ?rotocol<< of Vienna - and 3 havr ? vefl to coneclidate their mn'a "? ?Muafe under the collective guarantee of all the hu?b ?D>traciicg parties. By this guxrantee the pririle^d regime ot the I'tinclpa'ttfes enters t jc domain of :hi law et public right in i'nropo. Httti?r'o th^careof watch **? over the exe-utionof tYe engagements tak^n by the forte in her quality ol sovereign Po ?>er hU a ?on Hassia * <?k>ne. Henceforth she will share that obligation with the other guaranteeing Powers. Thiacoinmuni'y of duties will pnt an end to that fueling of rivalry *hicK the oiila- , aire suneiEanee exw.i.?ed t>y ?. n-siag?ve rise to. JPor too Irrg * time public opiu on had demmnoed that state of thing* to the hatred or the stranger under the same of the RaseiKQ proJectoi-i'e. This is th? proper pike*' to remind you that you wili not tind that expres sion used in any of our treating? either in tha*. of Kti rar^ji, or ia.*hat of Bucharest, or in the convention of Aherman, it in tho treaty of Adrimonte. There eoo'd ke no question therefore of erasing from our act" a pro toetorate which never er>ted. Russia, in the pa?t, had eontraotcd a promise to guarentee tfte prosperity of the Principtlities. Tae treaty of Adrianoo'e cocilrme<i that promise. The Imperfil cabinet lias fultilied it again to. ?ay, and will ftalfl! it in tha fature, when tn common ac- , cord with ail the lowers, it places the unmunitie : of thfe Principalitleg under the forma! aanctlra of thi law <f pusilc right in ftarope. in this point of view the Tionna protoojis >leef rve ap- | Soeiation as a permanent ple^sje of (.ecnrlty giiea to | ? bases upi n which the political and Batlonal exist ence of the Pannblan provinces reposes. The imperial cabinet has the satisfactory con vi it Ion of havjnsj loyally aeeomp limbed that result with the double obje t ot' a* -^?urinz on the one hand the welfare of those ountrie , <4ad, on tho other, of putting aside new canafei of miv fulfil I'n n 'In ~ rivalry, and perturbation from . ilitiee la It was in the sMae -pint that the Russian plenlpttei ? Varies discussed and solved the sectiin ?; uestioti ? that of th? navigation cf tl<e Danube. It ?'&< the object of ttw afttitrs of the 21rt and JTd of March. By protocols tor and live It wa? agreed t ? appir to (he navigation of the Danube the phnclpios generally ?? tobiishen concerning river conn oni.-auonri by the urta of the CcDgresn of Vienna. In Virtue oi that legislation, ? mixed commission will henceforth have the i-isk of vemoviog the material otMnades which have implied the navigation, and on more than one occasion aavn giron xtae to the complaint* ef oorraaeroe. Havirg happily ove rooms the diffieuKles presAjite? by the first two articles, the plenipotentiaries posse<l to the examination et tl o third, comprised ul iter the denomina tkn of rteisier. o' the treaty of the 13'h of .'nly, 1641 The Imperial (ahtact calmly awaiW the <*xylan..'ion trf tie views th(- Western Powers held ?? this jioint. Btheit} their Intra iont-, variously oommente?l ipon wither by the pres? or in Parliament, ha<l rut beer cio^?ly defined in the preliminary meetings held *t Vi?ant oil the '2H'h of Jiecen-.ber aad the Tih ot Jaaearr. At (hat period, tae representative* of France ami Kngland bjui limited 'bemselves to a nta>ment thit. In i the ey*? of their oMinets, the iwislon of the treaty of , M4t c-gLt to have the object of connecting in a more ?< mplete munnor the euaten'-a of 'lie Ottonun empire to the e^nihbzituu of Europe, and ta put an end to the ?uipoc'leranae ot T iis?a in the Bta k .--ea. Am regard the arran?emtnte ibr carr>uig on I that object, the ytenipoleiitlane:* had loclued -hat they dt-oended too mnch u|.ou The event* t-f tha war to allow the basee to to setti?l at ouob. Pv.blic manlfwtaUous in France ana Ei.xland, howwr. suflicientl/ b?;traj*ed the idea which lurked bnhind the?e words. It uimed at the destruction of catiattopo1. IHmhtiess, a'.orrrtlng to the calculationr of the Cabin* ts o? i^rnl. n and Paris, tae military operntloas in tne (Irimea. goi.iif haul iu hand with ctpU mafic deliberations, were to aiii>.euoe Ma jmwi >* the Vienna eonlerenot ?. When they op? ed, the enllcireti iB wae act justified by events, an i 'her' for* ti.e name of .-4>ba?u,put "? *s aaner nttered. iv'.iwtla ie irdebto'i tor tbus siinaoe to >' taroie resirtsnce of her brave generals, officers, a? > ?cd soldiers. Their noble devotion has been the umet victorious meats of ae^'iatioa. The imperial (.aoinet deems t*>elf h?f?jr iu being aWe t?? say so. in its p.-? mrwc< tie combination* of eur, took anotlier ?ha;? aad ?''!iinel an'ther tone. In the oonforeooe of the . !th ol March, the plnnf;?t?ntlarfos of France and Fxg)ar<'! a<ivanc<si the tdna that it was fcr the two lowers p< >?"MiiLig c art territory 'n rhe Hlaok ,--ea to eei?-eri togerther the means of aqual.zljtg tlioir riavU torres. Abrt&inintr, biiw, ft< m cuJiiag a clear aod precise pro|rf??al oa th* mibjeet, ther left it to the Rus , eiaa pieoipot?r.tiart?- to i*ie the tcltiatlve of the dioa ??ur> i which the imperial Cabiwet might deetii it advisable to indicate jicutaceously, with a vie* to 'jetahixsli a Just I eqnili*>rti)m Oetween th* rotative ftircee. j Priuco (?ortscHaiicfl sr.dW. fitofl, without j Tejn^piDg ' the Intentions of thrtr Court, th^ug it U s<fv'*?bli to ? ? eertaiu tbe t iopMor's deci?i.n as to the j>>? aspect to the third p nt unuer AL"cus?iuo. ILuit, on tLe tJCth of March, the de tberstl<me were adjonrtie'l until a tepiy oonld se reoetvt?l from ri?. I'e eei'oirg. f i tiling the late-.-ral, the p.saivotenUiriea ot Awiiik and Huseia ugr? \ that it would be ndrnatiuj t?. pee- to ttr fxarninatl'm of the fmirth ar'U; e, rcJaUve to tho immuaitlee of the iTnlrtlltui poj^Utit^ns in tee ieat. As you aii aware, the national feillag it Koseia at taches co blgh and so ?e*i :wa an Itu^taum- to thu< question, that tbe late F.anpe*<w hid ortered fcii re pro #?ntativos to gi?? it tha flrwt place ia the *#<t of the treat/ about to be eua4ut)*d. >mbtlee? all the Pdwts like IlusMa, rec/gnl?ad the |iud<v of th/.t irtte^oet. eommoD to the whole nt f1>: rirmi'y, io '*&? unanlraoi^i 1 y avo*ed object cf watohing o^wr, by a b'u.-ep<*u act tie future ae fhre of the ' hrtrtiari j-op- ll'iem ut me Xisst wi ho?<t dirtiaetirn of fona ot wotwhlp. Wf regret to say that the pletii potential le- 1* Fraiw^ and Kcglttoti. after receiving 'he iostructirn* of f.uei.* ienrtf, refared to p turn cm to the t?ammaUrxj uf hl? question as loi>g *a the dlsomvioa on ti.e Uli-1 point w se ie a state of su-iiiettse, Th" 'o-Tnalities lequirei uj ftate and exf'Uin th*c r?fi.'<el ooonpied the M?Ten'n aad eig nth eiltimr. the y?th of Marnii and 2d f?l April The ninth sitting ? that '4 "he 9th of ApHl? wai de voted to the verification of the full powers of M. Jlrouyn d'liruys and of All l asiia. Th? pmeeare jf tlie Frenoli Wiwiaterof 1 f*e*n Affaire, iu giving an ail Utiinil tie g.e.' of importance to 'he laboo, >i the Contereooe. ?'?ired to strengthen the bope entsrtainod tha', they wenld lead io a ;?cit>c solution. That hope dicoiuisnel in the subf"' tiea 1 meeting, which Thava t*j describe, ( m let ii ol April the p.tissi^n ple-aipotonti i; ies r(V cet*e<i'ilH> ir?tTt ct ions they Ual densnd-d. Tliey were based tipooas'mp'c and tmer pr'nciple. t'ie idea of ?nhmitlAg to s re.lsion of the treaty of 18?1 ?ii-l not ap jiertain to ti.e t.atonet of (if. Peter -bti 'g. For its part, it woultt lav* U ?ti reedy to renew the eu.g.tgenients in virtue si wbirh the I "rn~r !p*ii!atloa Of the Octoman Vsnpire. conc roirir the olosiop of the Straits had ob tained tho sanction of a Kurepean acf The desire of rD?xl('Tieg that state o' things was evinced by the West ern Powers. It was, the/ efore, for them to fake the jpitiatlve u> nakirg th" proposi'ions for a rev'flon, 1 whi.-b. at >bo va-y ?I'L 'h?y oato oae of tho pr?bml ui tbtf for ?#bco. IhU'i Snipper. !? aothortetog his roproaeBtattvo to ??b? r?r beioln, b? i o^tped f - tovido tun with pro i rit* ia?tu -i !->n? ap - v*d >ry hi ?U>.'y ?* ? ? ?nd?i '.mi ) 3 ?r in *be . s4?tc.l t ?:( the opinio* oi th? V mium C?DteT*J* -?3. V.,r >* of moM J??n?<K- , I w.U briefly *t?te tha i twji ''U nl tho?o instruo i .n* rhey *U t ?rv;n .ho prir.'if'* tba? " sovo-clga ot ta? to- ritory 1 ti orbing tbe 'WO jtra't* of tie Dardanelles end of the ! B >>0'O ar ba* a .igtt to 0|<?n jr ?Lut the pa?eag?. 1 1 btj a."' not ojif, >.?oJ to throwing o(?n k? P.Uck Jsa to I firt'g.i a**, it Vie Port# tho princip'o la ; that ca>e bey deduxd ae oa'oral eina*.t ieuce cf a I >?rf? \t T?y;,>Tosttj, ??> ma', tutrian TM4la awjht l? free to pa?s tbe ?rr?:t?, 'o eiter the Mediterranean in the <?n>? mirror 'i ?t for# gn o?w%r mig it navies* tit Black ???. Th?y mortor r. admit4*! tbe pa -fee' lii>* -ty of the Sol'vu to exjrei ? hit ?o .erelgn righto to ec?)>D lnrkiph porto aa fcjrb vt* of rotuge and provision teg lor foreign tom el*. On ih?o co llilcn* the lal In. per or has authorized eventually. hit pleniporenbtrleo to give tb?lr aaeont to tDa afcrogatioa of tha principle oi ek<Mi>g >ho ?trait*. Val'bnil to tne idea of hi* augiwt fk'.her, the R?t* or Alexander 1L prescribed to his ;ientpo en i.rie- ?o ad here ?tii tfj to 'bo Inntru 'ions w:in which they woro ateea^y pr< Tirtpd. in itattng t' at deeUtou known to tiem on the 11 h of Ap i'. uis doigood to ??? tborin* tbt-n to eontiuu* tho deli&oratioD oomooocod in tb? i>ittii g i?f tb? Jii h oi M**ctk au i to di'caw -he mat ter thoiobgb'y, lea- ing to oar ?dvrr?arioa tuo otaga'.jon (f tak Dg the tni'Ut to o'' a ren-'(.o provoked Dy lt? Wenttrn fon?r?. aud n t Sy th- Kmtia Oaolnut. On tbo. day a i er they roseiTfd :ha in uuit.jt' of JkeLr Oonrt, Prtn^o 6-">rtar:hak 'ff and U. Titnff In "he 10A ?t tlng, that of th?- 17tb ?f Apr!, pot It '? the p enip .tun taiioa of Pikttroaid England vc -"xpl ;n tbrraaeiTM a* to the .tieauonx their Otbtneto <teaJurod to bare snodr in tbo uea'y of 1M1. ? Tb? m niodiflcati na ooevpiod the 11th and 12th ?it i it of tb? 19t i a BO 2l*t of \p-fl. In 'he first p. a-:* the pi*nip?>i?ntlapi?ii of the Wirtirn Poweru f\jlain-<l tha plan cnoc?rte<l between th-sii court,- li? the ?? ti a pleo;.><,t?aUarie8 of Ku*iia piv-m'M1 a counter- project 3pon the iortructi >as , of ?he Iwperini lanlnet. W? I briefly an*lj .:e b?i.b. tbe tfr-st yi rj ->et road u> tbo ri' tic^ of the lfl'.h of April ccnsiB r < t' ton a-ttclss. ( -lire f-.'iiow the via articles, alrenr j pub'iabel in toe sap*'* presented to Parliament. Annex A to protocol vl.) A' t; thin project wm read, be Hun. an ple^ipo'eiitUrieii, w:tnou> eateriog ijtn a <lifcua- i> n of the ar I !*? f?<im 3 to 10. rcvjrrod to tbem ??It-s >o yive a ,-oply in the next conference as to th? nedt of to n'wo ptop>?<ed. It e i? idl'.y ol lei grap'-i: ccmi-uuicati^ai e? tab' it bed b*t?oei> V l?Doa and ot. leVr^Wurg enabled Priaof i-or'e- I cbabf'tT to b -li g tbo propod?in aiade on tbo 19:h of -il imviou eiv t/> :ae ^n<' * lo.ige <tt the foper:?l Oahln<>. Tbay diifned pr.jiut ;W, I um the very .vaa-UWe dedtiiU- ? whi-h T*>r . Jobn P.o^boiI HtbrJ on J?e i'O h of VHrob to ?erre an a rule tir tbe 4oJuti -n of tcf pr. bJem which foT?xd tio <jfcj?:t of th? ? jtcal feisbert'i-'n. fjet na <iuoio the cr.da of the Ion i'?h ^.t-nipc'.^rtUry, iai-ertod 1c the text of proto col 8 ?? Lord Jotc KuiuoU tbo declaration made ai the opening o/ lie c< i;cla,l<".n by Prince Uotocbakoff tiw. be would uonpcBi tiiro oond (>'? InonrnpatioJo wicb the honor of KnMla nia>nuilB4d 'h^i >n i. e ojira oi KogianO and of he- a.. iirs too h?-; ard oi .y idm.-i. tie oioiIIJobj ot pe*ce would at ttoao wl.irb b.'in,; tbe mod. In Ua^ tun* w'tb ten honor of Hu? hU. abnuld a; tbe .^wo tunc be .-it-.oit lor ibe eecur.ty of Korooo a?-d to? trerent i.z a c'urn of cotspll>?tions such as tba: bs ?4t!>n>?ni tJ which i? no* in <t uc^uon Alter hu dt-c traaou to*?o forma.i; In the con'e ence of h<* itilh of jlarjh, i?rd Jobn Kits sell oaoaut oe onrpri-?d toa: ?ho p"-p-si i ia? ma.l# or) the 19th of *P'tl w-re n^t j-K'g-.i oj toe Imsrial Cabinet %? ''the ben- and ot.'y admi-albk on<-?,:' to quote i ho word* of '.he Jj)gli>h p eiipoten iary. Ia s >oth, to limit the number oi v->p?l.- in the Black ->a. wbile t>. e naval fjtce^ in tbe Mrditer&ai eon lomainod without control; t> opon the D?r<)ai<*llM aad tht> B ?ph ->rnst to i-ance and Kog and, ?while c:o?e.l to tn* Rt? tiiij; tin ally, to attpulAto t ez>oa,'aatkn o* fo'-?igti G<tsu ? in our po ts wl h:ul the ioji-e-tai gove.-unM at, h ivi.^ it in ite power to rewaa ibem c vjuatur- a tigbt ei j yed equally by France an) Sngland lo ih? torii: jr na submi'.teJ to tbeir rote ? 'nrefT ?p?i>e woro not eomiti ttt* cf a nature to?sn.>re tbo Sle-sinps of ? ulii en.t our ".be oeace to Kor jpe: for | a ttan-action, to he a potmanont one among States, tnnot ; be wntt.aO; honorable; othtrvitcit in not peace, but an i aiuiis.ioe, rhese considf raiitni appreciated In their exac* truth, I will coiaplo'e the pro i that in reality the comb'natigns eogtttsi.'d by the p'.'n'ooteotittrlMI of i rancc and lioglin 1 wooid ha we ('flared fbwer c.d V ??-? *cltd or tbti peace cf Knrope 'b.'UJ the p in o-wu up by the lafi K ta per or. He tbrew uprn h.> iJlick re* fcooJy to the li of all Da'ions. I'beroby be pn an end to "tbo isolation of the 0-ttomnn empi o, ai?'l V) the ?i p-ebonmon called in forHen ita'ee hy Mo oi^pro portion of tfco niTal torcen ol tbo two Powers ?ho have territory in tbo BUoit .-sea. By opining to be clo?> d it tvjj t_ide -.(.cewib.e to the .^tirreil Uno? add o"sf-Tvation of all other t<ovrers lain dil av.iy al:-o with tbe fear of tne prexnmed dangtr to which toe capital ? f the 'ttviraa eit. i>i e might bo exposed by the T?nl- j of our naval PfUblit-hmenrg. In a word, that plan. , conceivoo by a policy at tbe same time firovicen'. an'i iit inter dated, would, on the tne ki.'.d, h^re afforded a per ? manent guaran.y of u> iiuro&e. whU? on tbe I otjior, the digni y ofKuofcia would not have unffered in j the ^ligbtos? il?jrw. ' >n ber ,?iJe ahe would hive o >taiu ! er. tibial right* for her fisjj by the opouing of the I tarda I nel e? an : t)i the Bo!?pb< ru ? *>nbothsidM there would ! h?ve been, in tbo adoption ot thil plan, the more ot j a p?rloc* )P<- procity nhich tonns the basio ot in'Ornt i tictal io'.i!'on.i. tbo 'inin t*artle principle or juotiee which 1 1be ptniiment oi' honor ot every nation appr-iroi and re ' spects. I'onoualoi) with Uiis conviction, our aitguxt master re'teraier! to bis rearefontatives tho order ot' adhering to iho exccutii'Soi tLat piaii a* givtnt in their iustrac tif.ns rnder the late ?iuucror. The 'o e-,T?pliic ?omcnntca'ian.s >jave injrf llble oeleri | ij lo thc t.TJ n jmfc'ion Of that orde -. Thus the plan pro ' -fii.'ed at Vienna on the l^th cf April, examine! at r't. i Petersburg cn tho '^uth, was decimal by the P.a*?iin p!p | nipo'ectiaii-.-b is tho c^a'cienco of tbo ^Ut. . Having obeyed the orders of their iVturt, they present ed in tie name rit'inj: a co-mtor-project, basf'i upon i !n3tr-ue f nfi. on tie j-nnciule of throwing open tho Straits i and tbefroe poTijra'ion oft*;e Itladt Soa. In Hupport of '.hat i ian tboy real ? 1, a mfmoranduu draon up with a view to 'lcr?lop tho advantage* of .ho combination propoood by tho loiperial fiiblnet in the general interest c'. tho hal&roe of tower ia Kit rope, and, 'id, an ?xpo?ition coutalnicg the oericH of articloe .les i tfawdtoosamt tlwnUI projMt into a treaty. <>n tits demand oi the Kusnian plenipotonti:.rie? these two doau 1 Trentswnr e annexed to Protocol l'J. Ai* they atto?t to 1 i all friendly lower.) ibe sincerity and tbe perseverance ol tbe cabrts of the imperial Cabinet toward* the acc. rn plisbaoect of Ihe wr kof i?aoe by every moans oompat I ibiu with 'he <llgnity of Kiir ia. wo have thought fit to ? annex t> #o docucitut.i to tl.e present dor?;>atch, so an to ocnuplet' tbe relation of &wt*. [Anrfic . A aod Ft. a? prctn'ously paMhhed in the Nfw ! VOHkv JlJtR?I.D I I He ipsrrnt to "-3d th?t all the ette-rp's of out plenlao tentjam* 'ailec to pr 'Cure t'.o adoption oi'thepUn, and 'hat the* ooold not o-,c-ooiue the ob-itaclee to ltaewu 1 I. on. The first o4L?tacic wai raised by the Ottoman pleni ' j/otenti&rT. llo declared that his inntruetfona preacrJoed tie Mainifoamv; of the nrinelple of the cloung ofiho ' straits that the Hublin e Porte liad erer .vmfiidereo tut ' principle a guarantee of ita independence; and that it [ Wijhcd it to be respected, with ome exceptions that . might >* atipuhted. The pienipotentianee of J- ranee and I'ngland declined to direu-f the Kaplan cornier projest, as bcioT form '.ed upon a bnda entirely eontrary to their i instruction*. Con.-e ,uen*Jy they dedart-4 that they wj< ?ot autho:i7?d to -I'sctif . the drtailg of tbe plan. In coocln-rio-i, tli^y dooUr^d that ttbir" powers were eni-annted. Tlu Xuhti'An Minuter for 1 oreign AfTairs, Heeling t hut liifl Court bad nothing mere at heart 'aaa U> contribute to '.be oetabliali^ient of peaoe. expremed hta r?giet tl at Kneaia should propiae the principle of th-owitig op?T? toe feluok ???-. ?tlk t'ie o'Uot romtt uaac 'toou'ly &aii.uitjefl a c ntray principle as Myyw aary kottie txuanaiUifji oi J .urope. Hawwrtr, be did tot re?a ri the JUFrrent mode* of ?o'u tion ax exh&ueted, and he regarded It, a* pedal. ? for a rnjr/rorh'^n-'nt. He hjjwt the < onfcreooc woold m<*>t ag^tn a* h?h ax one U iie ;i.aoii*ir? new ->ropohi tfrni to make. 'fbe da> a't<" the <ttlr>g ?f the S<yt Lord ,'chc 'Tu.v*!! >?1 V'eana for l.undou. Hi* departure did not put ao end to the oomc ren^e*. The deliberiuons wete . inumel on the - Ui of Apr)), at Um> ro-jueat ? Uie p.eiuj..avaa tiarie* oi Ku-^ia. ltieir Instruction*, !.r. enthorfjing them to riv? M 1 seru of tb" liup":ia, Cabinet to the opening1 of the Strain. ?* a mean* of r.rf ri"it >?t a (ftaeral pacilioatioti, -(iiu nated from the Wen that a icmMnation oonooived In ?hat spirit, to 'i* carried ott. nuirlit t rst to ha-ve he ad he-don of the Port# m it? ..iiaatyo: sovereign o1' the ter lit' riM en tie Htrril* Ihe declaration m&lo by the tn.t. m.-jj I' enipoteotUry in the pitting of the 21 t p jt .in ? er ui t4j U>ut tvwua i'y. It t~m : ermfned far th? P.n^ ftiui Wenipotenttariw' to use tl. : in tit tide of their jynrrrx U mrr '.ra nt >nw ty.alim, in txjo<?.--Uii.oe vlth too olioct iaf???'it ijf Hm?ia. 1 r i m Tory flfwt, we have aaid, the Ii/lverlai Oitinet, without pro%okinx Uih rerUwmi of tii? trauty <> i 1??1 wn-< wii.'lre w retew rtipnliitir.Oh. ItWMonlr I ?? ?vh*nHt the n?eaa? of negotiation In it* fiwer tfcat !? ' thoagkt It t?' ri'?r f ed to tike intention* oi' Ui? ( abinut* of i a. i.- an i ?adon. by propoaisg U> tlin . # oi-m the Um ;k ^ ? t" the I ? s ni ?re-y oution. The "jfiMal to enter into j that rrtiu.i (,? c.mriliii i n cmjiMeh- :he 'ci|ie . ttai Offb'M't fror .'.-..el'inji ..pon I;. On the OJatrarv, there wct<- n a?y rea nr .,i i.vvor i/T the pritusiple of th - clo* uu "f ta- ? i rai '? wtirti we 3*/i up. not with .* rt?w an c1. . ?l*e pe'.itj but out <* aenoua o*i Jd?r atu to* for '.nr |f'-rr\i wt l,?Te. Alter shi r ' i' ...-u of h? ,1 n # rr th*' t^-eaiiw of t'n liUck -Va, oar ?.<-u.ji4e>itlari?i were ireo %>? pfjpoee a n?? plan. i lie n t*> here f-ive? a - mrmrv ->i irfpa*; ptw^ed at the o >eVif nr? of the '.'fttb <?, roi.->>> ?o. .'illi.| On the -.K'.h oi Apr'), M l>ro'iyn !'I! yt eft V u an*, uta la a i u.? . "<U - i^,.tle ? ,, . j, u> ot Apt il. I" pvinwi t i'i ?? <v-v. nt\ the oaarttcter </ ain-plMtyaadcatamir^i ? uirh is rtitable t? an ui'vorl cal nanaltw. ?h ,t?, earn ullr a-rrfded rvuri ml nation, it din i fvttKi li tbi- f*ete i i tbeir prci*-- order, to (M?? vmi ar .juuWti * i!h tiie iatenUtaa wkich the Em l* rial ' at iiii-i pr?-j(.e ?ver nacli oftue ;n.nw 4u i,H lilatn* jo, W> irii? reea-dit ?ati tbern briuliv. Tiie i rut ??? one Of pn ideal rlva ry. The i-mperor to >. tli? meet fJwUed trie*- ot ft: he re- t la trie intore it of he w*lfare ri liie i r' nci^aiitie^, .Uo pri.ft"4-r''. lit Vfcdcb T<?> ? Had :rr u> 'iiir.iov* . -iv ,A, gepr, and will tevfi ? e - pmn lie. Die #ecitid *?? cnnected wi , rei *r-i: intore i's iyf een ireroe. Ttie rjnpvror dm <loe.4a<J to t.ivcii of the ,?? tiad? of oil natkuH. 'ibe third cini-erci' ! n * only t* "en^ral Inl ine/ . ,f power, kot *'.U- .Hi nearly ,u. di%1..ty end h-?K?r t,f ItU'iia. it. w*m h ihat onr angnat master j n l/ed it. : ^he Mtlocal i-entimeut of tlie ?nvU- oooiitry *ij ;t>* joiii i !? hi* ileeieinn Tiie innrtu jv i?t v ? ore of r< ?i-'jHous libertv, of clvi'i. i wt.- n and i i?l or " > a'i Chifct^n l va. IntheeyM , of the impet (al < loin- ' !? I > that which ougat one day' > j be ptacei- .it ihe .*? .1 a tn aty c>fffr*)>>.al mm worthy ' of "loip^ inve en will ?be m oetl in of ail the * ireicj^nt I ofi-.orr.i e. The ileni) otenttortee of France and KAKtaed ' refii>e?t to touch ev? u tli<? qu"?- ion ot /eligtoat Interest j belore timt coacernliiK th* nmrl^atltto it tue Staek.>ita had been settled Atter tbl* re^er'lon tb"re reroaio-i oothiflg for n* to and 1 to tbe rental *? hav* _ antbori. ?d in ronsmiea'a Hdf ra:l**l *> >h? CVbiae . io wsich yiu hav# the hc.ior of oeiu* vr odve<*. <- eill ju'ge va;cl aids wis 1a si lots' la cutl ?>^ ,ng t-? pr>ci>r?ih< n?-p-_*i ? iihji i.l ;>?*??'; i ti 1 a?-;oo u 'wbi-ib side the obstacles a-. ?e wbicS h?ve pr4?P!i;el ten ?s?iiabf? nor*. I> t tlmily ;' ids 5* h?j cnptjrs ot ibs con'ereactfc. 'ho impartial o^.ni >a of frleadly Km j v.!) ^tieiot rrco* Ik* j :jb ke to Rue?.a ?% ,,jgC -ii4; ? bt- spaied t j rtTi,::,- to ?aei>re th? ?.t-m ot * Tyo'..? tl n deat'ned la lesi'ie the dee/ly >y,> e?*.Hi tlsel-e for a get er? t paciflca' ion. i ui ?**> may soa-it upon the eoovtaat and linn soli?'- j Hide wnicb 'he iiirperor will rfev . ?? tha' g^oat inte est, whea *.hs b :r anil b i?e tout* alien Dlvi .s '"rovidenee wil. naie e-iigtileued ibe co< soiea is of (hi Gstiaeta wbow> implacable hostlll'y, it, presence u! the m.'urn'sg whleh eoT?'-s ao august tunv m Ii nivon his to de'enj with h's 4ra*n twiri. the saf?ty a : i the honor of hi* eeuntxy .VK--3X".0DK. REPLY OF THE ALLIED POWERS. On the yuWleatlin of this ciieular, the Krenoh Jhnl*. ter af Foreign Affairs caused to be issued in the MonMrur, In the *b?p" of a dipkcatic circular, the following reply of the Allied Powers- ? Farm. May 23, 1855. ?itii? All the newspapers of Kercpe hare reprodneid '10m the Journal jr s 1. Petersburg tb? circnlar which 0 u? t de Kim r. oe addressed, under the date ot the 10th of May I i:8th of Af il on? stjle. ) to tfc* agents t f RwsU at foreign cour's. The government of tha Kmpercr bad in enure to a -ait the offmU cosing of me conference-. bef.?e expressing a comprehensive judgm-nt up >b .hem but -lure ibe Cabinet o St. ( e erstiarg hia thought 'It' to inaie, without 'urther delay, u appeal tv pabl.c opinion, no ote wiU teel laipiiaed if we, in csr to n f?U..? tn the path irbich has been t>a opened; and, for mj pArt, I enter that path with all the ci afilen e wbivb the moderation and npngataeaa et oar po ley are ctV.n latrd io latitat. 1 ^r'r of all oatl to mind tfce clrcwnstAncoe whi-h ind> eed Er gland ?cd f>*aoe to take pan ia the neg> tta>icn? at a me men: at. whish the active proeecation of the war appeared to be the principal obje* of tlie'r at tietj and tk?ir care. Tie treaty of the 2d ot Decern !?r baring baen concluded, tic Wes>rn Puwern, from defwence to Heir new ally, oon anted to make a Va?t sf ft rt at conciliation, founred on the possibility of inducing Rasfta to the whKb, f?>r the genarjJ in t'wsts ot Euiope, they h*d aa>igued for the re-e?ta> llsbneut 01 peace. It ia known that when, fir the firat time. 1 rince '.'itticbaa. il <m called npon. after he had obtained an offioia1 k no sledge of the common intentions ot fiance, KDglind Austria ?d<1 Turaey to explain birofel' on tb. *etf hi 4 Court, he e itegoricilly reft: -rd to adbue to tne cotditiom which were proposed t<i him It was only ca the 7th v! January, after a re'erence t.i St. l'uter'boiit, that bo ascopte1, without any reserve, the differont base< known u?'ler tbe Dime of th? 'cur tiuarantfe^. Ibis f?ct is attested ia the nwet pe r>mpto>y manner by tne nnauioiuus testunouy ol all U?> pltuipoifntiai io? present at the cuiifr/ence; nay, more, a de.-pat<h of Count Baol, ??ommuni ateJ ^ia;alta,ieoail; at tails and l.- neon, ??ts forth that Uie negotiations, the <iuit? of which ware thus daiinud, acre only opened at the nquest of Ru-iia. Is remains, theo, eittabi^hed. ibat this i'owtr r^inot accuse Ub cl Laving laleu tt un n ? ai e? ; it knew tbat one ot the iudispensaole couditii n - !????? ec nuuted U tte oesraiiun of its prepi.nderacice ia the Kuxine, and had cultixent time to hicert* ji the extent u ibe sic itices which lle e g>g?msnt tai;en oa that puhjajt was n?-ce?sariiy eaJcu a^?d to imoose upon if. The ahole 'juent on c'nuli.lii ia ascertaining vhctaor Pribce <Jotti.chtfkoff ana M. de Ii off fultiiieU tB?: en ga|etnent, or it, < n 'hu contrary, tney tailed to act up to 1'. Ttii? is a p^In*. w'xioh f will shortly examine; bn+ 1 dejdie pr-vii usly t - inr <?sUgare the correal nes j of aomn ot the a?i-crtii ns wi'h aliica the circaUr of Count du Ness?lro< e c. amences. In the conference, the Russian plenipa^antiaries, in ' tte r iacutMi n tfiae first g>taran ee, relative, aeoordin^ to ihi-m to the nia'ccenanue of the 1 n>nunuit4 of Molia sia. Wallaclia ?n- .-*)i t;t, an , according to ub to the ari<}it.ion of tne iltegitima.e fnflimnoe mtercijei by tte Caaicet of 9t. VetciBuurg in th i?o three provinces, Tas sais of th* Sub. ioie i*or;o seem to aave mttuoderstoo<l tte ieal one tf tbo discasaion. Count de Nessolrodc dive opes >he ma.e Ihocis. I will rej. y thereto by ijue t tn*. At what mrroent ?m;e the Ust wars have Uv immuEitiop ot'the Princifie i>iea of the Danube reca>vi;d 'be nigh e- lnjaiy from thi i?uz?rai-.? Power? .It whivt | epoch nas tie su tan contt-mpla cd tvithdrasing any of tb? ecnwsrioDS of nis pie. .ocoi>Hor?; When d:d Fraucs, togliac a*d Auatiia roaui est any other dc?i-e t,n?n that 1 1 c.ainti and impiov ing the regiint of adintu istrative inrtpent'cnco. wMcn, U h?ui bseu too much foe gotten, wns reithrr in Wallachia nor Moldariia reocot ? I'fjfst, tm toe loault of an agreement freely a include. I crttuties ago, aod mich modiiied ouly on tbsdar on *hich the haa.ioda'a began, in the wars o.'the ori'wn'h cfntuiy.toccns rimoiewitiith0Courton:nsgiat~i? witli the Snb!in?c Pone . It was tons that, MfWivla lou-, hal'ot tbeteriitorj which had !w?n gaaranteai to her by the Miltans. It ?as 'hus thai this proriace and la,-hii instead or lemaining what they ought to hava beeu, a lOhpecUd ban ier betwwu 'be Ottomaa empire ano Rtn tia, weie, e?eu atter tne treaty of Adriaoople, wuicli ?enred to rtecgniz'* in tbsrn better delnei iiahts, go verned rather by agents ol the Cabinet of St. Pe e.-sbor" than by thur own chiefs, and tbat in full poace, as i' they *ere cnly a proloiijfaticn of the Russian soil, they ! louiio theruM- ves suddenly cccuplc8. by a foreign armv. | buch. Mr are tne roal evils from which the I'rlucipaii- 1 t!?s of the Danube have suffered- such are tlii daace-x ? nich roeni.oe thew inceaaantly. It was ihe sola.obj^'1'. of the Jc nr gnarantets to put ai end to one and the o'her. W heihi' the inttuenee ?t Russia bey on 3 the " "th bw been or not exercised under the legal t tle o '? prctec ojaie," Is net the auettion, and to lay it do?n as Ccnzit oe -V?ss?-lrodc has done aould be to cause it V1 dejr?'nei ate into a qnarrsi of words. History prorea wha' ' MoldaTia and Wallach-'a have gained by their ancient relations with the Cou|-t of St. I'ei*rst>urg. audit is the return of this state of thiols which 1 ;ance, Enwlaud and Ati'tr ia hare to , I P?s.' ot er the second gnarantee; tha b?s?s for rf?T'i iating it are gord. I will conteai myself with observing that ir the navigation of the Dtnube. impeded d irioe ; twen;y five years, .vhali recover its freedom, war w.u. reotiisite to taduec Rinmiii not to leave useless lu k t hauls one of the laoit luugnidocnt Oebouchw in tin j weild. If Ccrmany r.btiinn this immeose advanta"*; '.or 1 her couimerce. she will ewe it to the Wo, <5 shed by l 'rant-e and Kngland. v Ikfoie coming to the prln-Jj al poir , I mutt #r-t reply toareprcach which Count ce >oas?drode addreiires to the plenipotentiaries .f tlie Wer.tern I'owera. Fi ac cuses them of having delayed the exarainatinn in -.Lis eoiter? of a 'juesti a of toleration and hnmanl y which ought, on the contrary, to have occupied tne ir?t place in Uie deliberationa, or, to speak tuoie coriest'y, of not haling taken Into cinsiOe: atiou iri'h 'he ic'ii they ought to ha vo done the conation cf the TirieUan subjects of the Sublime 1'orte. No dii cushion i.; j>oflfiib'.e without ru e,?, and it ni agreed that the foar guaran ttes ?hculd be cxammsd In r?gtil\r order. Niw, i' the disonasion *topf?d ut the third, tb? 'obstacle WM not ra>od by us; it was the pleaipv. tea' la nes "f F.tts.Jia who raided it, and our plcnipo </nly coolcfiutfd to a prt^i*unoene crawn np beforeliacd. < 'ount de Neestkcle himself, howcv J ju-tiC?? their reeei re, which was. moreover, MtolniBw: I oy tbaatuounmtocnt oftln , roxltr.a.e arrival at Y rnna o? the AliruJ'er fir I'OKign Airairs cf the "ultau. A re ligions question, envenomed by the pretensions o* ] sia, wa? tlie cause of the ivsr. It was natural that ii , shou;d not be entered ujion nveept in presenps ut Aali I'arba; anu, mi reover. it 00 lr.r .?'r stood on tho narae Sow 1! on which it h: Ifcen ? rs; brongh' forward. Tlie biaet of St. I'etershuig iiad deaiaaided a l.irmal en Ragnntnt. which, a tliougb oalv apoa on ly app icab.^ to reiigitus immuMtiee. woulo not tlie ln-s have lnnnillu.od the 1'orte, <-ha?kle<l Its admlnifrtratiTe action. ?ad rvtra .'jzed ah eflicati- us reform. 1 ranee and Koglan i iouilly declartt1, that the TniVi-h gc.vonunent ought to mfaso to sulij.iit to such ooedi'ion^, which would have >vjn the ruin of l's independence; and, if jetereti on be ta?de t?< the ?oxiotthe fourth guarantee, it la fimy to perc<.-h? that Rtth^ia 1 ei rained frun agnln bringing thf-in .'orward, una granted to the Jultan, with 'J10 friendly tmriee or hts ai li?s,th? initiative of m?v-UTes 'or the nigral ard taa re - Tiai it tereet- of hJ 1 subjects. It was not, therefore, foT the Conference* </ Meuna to i1i>cu*.i nj'st Tus tlejre^i eaiiy, but only to pr*?claiin a ritliiclpie exaotjy o ratrm^v ?o that the triumjib of whiib was the object of tie mlstif.n Of l*Tince foeoscklkrff to lk>tiTt:i nt ta^il". r?nr.l ?e Nessclrode has said m ,'jgh cn ;Jw eu^esi. lor doubts to be permitted as to w e.har the ti o.-ipo en Me ;cs / l'.u.-fia would hare enfined! with in tese limits TJicy proojolv won.d, as in hs diacm- 1 si<n r? a'.ive so tlie j.ancMan Pnncipalitie<t, ha?.e m-vls a inif-taVe as to tlie motive *<( the fju > th guarantee-, and 'hey would have fci^otvm tl^t Ihe on!y thing u u'i?n tion w sn exacnon by Ri.' ia to wl.ica Furope o/uU notsutmlt. Ihe )aat te orui- effected in Tarke/, and the ea_irn--s whi.-h tlie Sublime I'orte etln.-?l m - -t.'i..Dg td onr aoTice. rirove that the heart of . -? Sal tan is i.fs-n t?/ tt.e ino^t Ltmerons inspirations. All that J.1 ri'-Di-^ury i j hat fhtw n. p.'rations should be f-. 11 owed QP trouble, ut ! tbut ho who oiuoeiv diem . honJd Ij?v tin. nicrit of thetn in th. syes <,( his subiectM and of the world; and lu ur ;er that ttii? result ie- ob talnid, it is inoispi nsabie Uitot.K-isma ahr jM for tV* lu tore sbaiw-n the wnpons which she hm by t-j m? m-wte us?.. of. either to chtek useful reforms, or to "nm 1.30 ? ee.iniM of the pr.j. .lati m ugainst their rnverel/n. meSi is th* en-iand meaulag of the fonrtbgnirantoe , aad 00 tending the desf>ateh of Onjit do N^sselro'ie it m*y b? supposeo Uiat it if r. garderi iu tliat ugbt nl*i at .ii. l'e>erstmrg. 1 bow aon.?' t<> tb?- ines'tan ot the Black H?m. Htrook 011 iiW tsm; ?I I the i-: niacicuey of lao Unit) ut L J-'Ji oj u'liy, lbtl. to ,ecuro a j>e?in*ueut p.n<-o I'jr the l? vtr.m eapir? in the t i 'ai l)'/, aud, mi 1 u? otber, vltl. t..e raer* which 'he inorev-eof tneR.uMail i'.joes in tb? entA-'l cn Turkey, .and and A it; 'a ?'<* JrjtxI that tlie (ocventlon of the -treiU i:.u?i I- 1 t^n?ed, or, it sliotild m /mt on Mvid. r<miple:.<l; at d ttiat it wus my>?N~try, l>y mtUnjr aoi ..Mvi to ihe t ^iponreranoe of >:.-?*ia In he Oki'k h?i, t/i r? ? etablish x^et?een jtw and the other connti ifs ni'vlng a terrltciy m that aen Ant biinnrr- of powsr anion avl i'Oer) ^joker by *i soorewi .ti Of dis t- t^ons eventr ldri Ocitfcl.aJ.o i, aii?ra iirsi heefution, adhered, in th>- pi>. -in iIjiwv oriiiorcnoe of 1 he 7th of January, to tu" two ?enr-" that propo"tt:<n, wb'ch -dp'ains it-^lf, anii n o* < pert to any ambitruity: and it is m Mie fa'.lh .it tlii a?.h?Min l/iat tin rspraanttaCves a: Ftaoce an1! ^i-iglnnu at 1 .etna were Jnrrishad T th their fnlt pnwr-i. fhe g?/ver?in?nt ci tti? Km perot and tnat of h-u lllr.tAnnt'' li .jefty bao, I r?i oat, a rfjbt to tnppon?. 'bar th?C*t.ine of m. i'. tersbuiy w-.tild iat? Its / art. !n t'ae saerificfc. coilnl lor by the i-tateoi a fai'S, uimi In toat expecta. a the plenipotentiaries of Kussia ware Inri'eil to as*ucic no Initiative iut'-odeii to pro'o?.f the Tguiiv <>f 1> (r t.oiirt. 'hi the refusal of the Cabinet of ut I'eter; ,>,? fsi I e tlie first to annonuae the coni'e-- ions to w.ili.'i * woulu be di?j>o-?<d to oon-ent. the allies of the tntjime if e, io acordaaaa with It. put fonb the o'/n=iitior.? wliicji have breu <mted *n rne on the annerat of ti,o ijla pt ttrool. 1 shait not en?"< avor to iusti'y om denands; *h'l ? nn> <>n?itn is 1 videut: nei her shall J inter ich haie nm hee.otne superft 1010 J r a'.uc ? prsfor 1,0 mint 011 the lOteTfUts of F.uro/.# in the Itlv'. -'..a and atterward. 10 examine whether fbe donoie -.ila j u'r, 1 ueil hy Russia gives to those 111 te-ei,* tn%!. sa.i,fa ;.i which ii Is o ir object to obtain to tnem. i 'In .v<- ly borlered by the coasts of .lie two i.( lr' bor Stales. ;ind close*) t ? the na at fircis ,.f . I'l.wers, ihe Klaak Sea livl beno n? a utoir.a ai^oa wh. u ad'ersailes unequal In foroe cstne m eon ant, n :n', w)i< '???? tlie >i?l?r ??? at the me ?y of the m> re pow |u) A t-'inililabie fortreis contained wf ht.i Its c'tadsi r\o-1 'vai|,>i?ac an ?rtoy always reai'y ti erubirk, ?U'\ a : ?? a>*y? t?ady to take it on totrd ?nd fat *? urn. ffcls

? srl k? ?>?'? ?' preptratk-B. unnecessary r jr dtfoaee, 1^4 oat <ne ibi? aLj?H. It com i'.uted % p*.r necsat i n.ece ngeicist lb# Turkey, and lie myntery ?bi?h ? orruioitd * incrta*ed a l.inge- wa<>h at the ? 'igv?*t ?j mps? m of ci'.nis .ijrmed tfce whole of I -crops. .'?d?tr*ixif J, io spite of ?P- rts w ich history arill appre ciate, 1 1 hav# rexu.-se -,c ojw, F aio?ai.d FbgUnJ < to ? to btia>ev?M>, aod al*> -o Europe, not t> lay 'he >1 iIiwq u d i I ;te:r cork shall havs been *ecjmp iso?- 1. t? iK^tx; toat tha peace which ib*y ? iiUI n* .>*?.'>? ta'ied ihsll be tel. vedby ?-.ecur? rep S*. Woulu sush stytw'.ty oe toe oonseqnrnce of ei'her ?f Hie two eo?c& na'ioas rvc.imuended by Couut de Veaesl ride'f Id a word, would these two ays emi put an euJ to tt e prej onJerar.oe < f Huwi* in he 3l*cfc Sea'/ r&s unit ? ?ha*. ?>e<*d tn the p iaciple of the couplet* and re rpeaiig oftbe paseage rf lie Bos,'hvrr't ant it iho Dai <!an<jil*a ? Involve* the abolition cf a rale uhic.h '.be Ot oin<n fu^v ha* always considered as i'A t?feguan\ and wblch, sinee 1811, baa bseime pa;t of thn public law ot Kurop*. At pie?nt, Rastda, wno refuses to r? rtu-? be nurnoer of ber vessels. in alleging the e*i genries of ber hiiior and the prerogatives ot hat eova ttlguty, o-'ea set hesitate to apply to the SablioM Porte fjr the'ion of it* independence in it* internal waters? In tbe great aitery which patter througa its capital. -U e cki.-r^ >s?f patsage into the Madlterra ntan? that is to aay, th* mean a and the pretxi for aug menting in rait proportions ber maritime development, iu<d in eon?pec?a ion for the?e advantages ste choline-, bei self to giving her lucent that foreign *q<i<td.<ooa may in futuie enter a tea where they Wiu-d tind neither a port ef refuge n ?r an arseual rf supply. In order to n pnife tbe surveillance, the right of which would be in r lreet> eoneeded to them, Franc* and Kngiand would be obliged to impose on themselves forever the moat onerous ???vriilcofi. 1 will add? an t thU conside>aaon .? of great wcighw-th*t peace, if cooeladed on tmch oondiUon^, woald be handed over to tbe hazard of the irst inei'iont *bat migh' occur, and that tbe very objeet of tb? pra "?nee, oeoeM>arily intermittent, of the l're'ieh and Kng Irh lUeta in the Euiine, would already Intimate a pell which would be a menace of war. It wou)<l, \a fact, be a prtiOf that Russia would require to be again kept w'"h in boaud? ; hor preponderance would not have ceaaod to fiiat, and tbe orject ot tbe third point would have txwu fruhtratod. Would tbat object be better attained %y the adoption of tbe sy?iem developed in the tteocno instanoe by l'ruion tit rtnebaboff and M. oe titoff ? l'ae Straits it U true would remain clostd, but the sUdas que wbicb eiisted b? foietbewar would be ro-establiahea, the JUiMijn navy would be route red and Increased without control beiuud tbe fortiiinatW.ra of her porta; and, when the Saltan should regtrd aggression aa inmineut, l.'ieu naif would be be autboilxed to give the alarm to bis aiiie*. Tbe re ply to tbat appeal wcuM bo anoth* war, wkiali woalJ prove at the same time the want of foresight ol tbe W'em nrn Power s, and the regenerated strength of fhe enemy whom ti ?y are oombaulng at present. Could tney w<"i out itnpruoetico consent to an arrangement which would grn.Lt thuu <.nJy a momentary repose, troubed in a>t vance by their own provisijiw Finally, would the pra poi derance ot Ru>s'a in tbe Black Sea oe destroyed, if ic was nectar ary, at the very moment of uaklog pea ce, t> agrte t n tt e oceans ot one day patting an end to it? It wiiuid be supeifloonsto cairy tnis reasoning further and I txriieve 1 have oeinons'.ratcd that, starting iroin th piineiple ot tie opening or closing of the Daidinel <n and tbe B.wphorus, the Cabinot (.1 St. Pe'.ersbur?f did u.v k?ep tbe eng) g.'meot it Vy. V in canning itself to be ic;iicm aU d in tbe conferences at Vienna. In eon fitm thi.i judgment I will content myself with rx mtrding you tial Cjunt Cuol ia the bi 't meeting, on <ho I v?jtb ot April, declared tbat ''the Huasian projeo'., in wbicii he cuttlc see seithor a H'jlutlon uor a Oujib for a si lutlxn indicated only tbe ueaos ot reacting agaluit ib? I'bval piepmdciance ot Russia, wlien it wo'i.u havi already a*?un.ed tbe proportions of an insup^ >rt*nl? Oavger, but In nojiie -pect tended to cause it to ceaw in a |.e:manent and in the ordinary state oi' tbirgs.'' Ibe deiranfs of the Western l'o?ew, in conftmi"> wl'b ti.e wi-b''s it ihe Porte, adopted and supporwd t > lbe n d by the Austrian plenipotentlaiioa ana ooiAplot atd efti'iaeiona i-ynlem. were, oa tbe contrary, a< mode ra^o iu lorm as they .rere lcgit mate in their aabatauoe. We a. "ted notliug from Itutsii derogatory to her d. unity, aid at il less to ber honor. Wc invited nor, urgtd sole y by tbe gtneral inteteata of Europe, to C* on a bisis ?<]ui ably calculated und accepted by the Porte ibj nam bet ot voxels ehlcii she memi to keep lor the i??.uro in a "tn in which she lia i to dread no attack, and iu wui:') her navy, reduced to leisonablo proportions, amply su' fli.lent frr ihu regular HciTiccs lor which she would bav Ui provide, would ia any case have been at -earti^uai to ?he Ot otcan nvy. llio CalncetoV St. Peterabarg ro fure? this arraogt-ment, whiob would have rest ore 1 peace to the world. It has declined the authority vi i he examples tbat wero cited for it: it has forgotten " h** in .t? last treaty ol peace with Persia, it, imposed, it>i?lf, on t: at Powi>r the oDligati'n of abstainuig from navi? il tog 'he Caspian f'ea, and of exclusively resrrring that to the flo:i<las of Russia: it ha;i not consented to ar>oi what France, Kr, gland, the Lnit*d States, anu tho Netoer 'ands, under different lotnip, and at di/i'erent epochs, f;?vo acctpttd either to tennlna'e war, or to c)iwolida'-e peico. oi to >uj props genus ol ilvajry i>r conflict be; ween neig/i boring Mates. bb all 1 notice a point which Count Oe \esselrorw ? ig rali/es %? foigcUu ncss of what is due to tho sovcreigat* of ufia iu ber own territory^ He teproaches us nidi bavirg desired, contrary to international law, to deny to tbe Cabinet of St. Petersburg tne power ot refusing ?r withoraiing tie ??tqua:ur to the consuls who may Uo ic -talKii in the ports ol'the Kaxlne. We never enterta in i-i hnch a prciensicn. We only demanded that no residence vb'iuid bo interdicted: but it was uuder^tood thai, ac cordiiif to the rule* which regulate such u-.atlers, a ?: >n sul i>< & mated might always from plausible motive ! ap ^licabie tc bim per-niiiLy, and not to his poet, not re ceive Ibe approbation cf the I'nsMan government. 1 have now terminated this inves ligation: and I hop: it will ccsvince all Impartial minds that tbe WeMe'-u l owers cannot be responsible for the continuation ot a war, the c fleets of whlcb they have deeite4 to arrei-t with an much sinocrity and ?<al a* they employed ta prevent the breakibg ort oi it. France and Kngiasd Oc not entertain the sentiments ascribed to them; their he still 'y Ls not. al his t,een foid, tmplacalvo. ib?> have never desired to impose on KuMia a peace deroga tory to her honor and to her digilty: but nere<*ity ha inveBied ibtn\ witb a duty which, with Hi9 aid oi j?i> Providence, they will how to fulfil; and Europe c nsflidaHd ' n ier bates, wCl be ttankful to tbem U r haviLg lestrained within just be und* an Lntiueaoe which I tveiyv.Lere tndeavorcc to outstep the limit* ef it* l"~' i \ male uction. I auth'.me youjto read this le-pat< on t J'? and to your collcayuee. Receive, &e. WAT.EWSKI POSITION ANI) PRETENSIONS OP RUSSU. Count NeF.splrotle rejoined in the J-ntrnai Je SL. V'ttrt urg, of June 1*J la.?t, d'ye'.uping at kengih tbe poaltios an1, pretensions of Ilus.'iia: ? Count WaiewsVi having been ealttd, >y the ?onMi-n of his -overeiju, to too direction of {he Ministry ol J rtigti Tulri, lias reoeitly add rested to the mir ? * r- j Jiunoe abroad, oauer J?u.? 01 ilay Jt, a pa tcli. miring an MeOUit ot tha result of tM labors n :he Coherence of Vietirui. The in publish*!.* ?hi" dipicma ie document, inform? ux that it serves a> ? ltp'y to our circular cf Aprli i>v. ft* appreciate the advantage ot ?n imh.vwe of I' - betwee. cabinets wrhot.e direct rola'ions aie intcmipteii bv -war. To arriie at as understanding, it is useful that they ' hot) Id CTplaia their notions aa to the oojoct- o' th'ir diffeie&ee, ami on tiie moans of uijuning it. l'lil* CD't cannot be attained except bj a fcorehlcfl discuss on. by calm iaii(rua?L', and by a mutual .wire of cxplai^.o* oj in:on* wi Ihoat irritation. In t-hi h sptiit we shall txamine thu ciicular of >t?v 'J ta^itg 1l to account the Csc's on which the ?.'*0 cabinet; ?ro ot uxor a. ami ast'.y, pointing out without e(j .lv tion those on which they differ in opinion. In the first liiace ire are obtigei. to Connt Wales. vki for having ''leraUe'i tb* dlMMMN wi.ich dec'-: 1/%' land atd to lead tbensplvei to negotiation* ?; a Biiintnt when tt appeared that the active ;,ureuit of the war ought to bo the principal otjuot 1* UmiS? atvyu tiou acd em.'' At tbat veiy period th-' 'Ate imreror, NIcluv * 1., wan devoting bis efforts to the .'?-c?tnb nhment of n*i?. The cup ftSUg of veneratim which '.he lWulin/ tbat g eat monarch Inspner In no, com: uandg us .0 ; Jm ror linn (lie g.ory ?1 having oonsearettd the last ucl* 01 hi? itign to laying the bails of a general |.uclfleatic/n, whlM I'iulcp ai>i 1 j c,!s:id a' jiearel to be whiliy engsjed. u the despatch ci May iX, telL, us, Lo the car*- o' ?ot'viJy carrying (n the war. Wc accept this fnet. 1'. eiplairw "o oh b'<\e ft Ji iitpo-u th:?t the delibeifctli i:? ot Vie-na, in its* ; erf" spe.ifng a*, th ai E-uien??tTit of ihii year, ^ere retarded to the 15th of Mtiicl', a jeriod whon the rt turn of wax about v Ircpie s on the military ope.-auon* a ^otc lac'-LtO acu \ity. ' r tier the irHneneo 1 A this ab*ot tiir,r the rictJonteniiprie- yf t'rarf* and Kwrlari.t, it nr. 1,.. :> VI mittco. bad ?ri ungrateinJ ta k to i?ortVirin; for iae r.nnire n aciively carrying on the *arnnuht has?'U'Cn f?.uud in mealiest contra' I ici ion with Cia duty of airivi ni: ? -k,* ily at t) e t'.nr.lualon of paaoe. Aeocrditgly, wc iuve bud ocsvdon to remark She hfwi taiii 71 tl'il Ui fuf the tjtremc repu,fm?ncw ultii wnich >(ir u <ie Fiourqtier.ey :im! I ord M'C'-tm^relano t.<ok p t ti (he preiiminaiy negotiations whi -h pr?eeded 'ie opon irg of '.he formal coL?rer.o??. t'jo w?? tenp^U to l>e i v\i> that they weie negotiatliig Jti epiie of ti.>rcn>*t've*. We r< if) ot thut to rotojol w*i k 1 ot ibetr j.TOiinitnary meetftg'. 'i he if>pre?etita',itc<s o f-ante arad i or',111 t< f.K m.'-e t" 'lamp Ui?-w with t'(.? ohsnicter ot a pure / ?ivba! 1 xjilansAion. (?<> true N ihif, that they bel It incTiin'/ont on tlietn to ci n!r>.? tham'ulves t ino mero tesdlLg of tbe ftatement ot the 'fur 1, iiestions lo tskea into 'eiiberatioi!. itaror. <'ie Uoumcehey UaJ givtn that statmuent the naniv cf ?/< ' I/ . <n>any 11115 (In ni.') The Vti-. tder of i'.u?fi? ?id' rt'fi t'us "an* jjlan 1 ?&od tiirg, on bis tide, tbe l our lViu'.s, ?mb ho a mooted, in '.he aame oi hi* Court, a. hones ui uHgvt'itUoo, rtseiving tlie enuii'/g to an once'irt.tPv. inf :>pon tfioir iu t? 1 jo elaticn until tte otticiaJ opi'aing o! ths^onieren *,4. Ihfve i*[,"onati'^^ having 1>een lepr've't of tbeoh.uo j plVe < videnoe oi wiitten proof, tiie ('4bu?,t* toust r?*tj ? n tho goo?; faith of words verbaliy ewshinged I mm UiwriepresenUtives. We grsnt this rontl.t ?ns>, I .nd wo I en slid it. Without Culhi g luto dottot tie ?><?. iK'nee1 (A tho account toaJti tc Ihe I (<?ocl> 1 niui t l>y i'? repteeffilaTivf 1, Wi*. on our part, :riu,(t utidm en thu ; ?cc 1, racy with which the Minister ot .u??ia e?tah.; -b??l ( hl> !?i in t ol < epariuf, by de^lanng. at tae ontn> c the ; ?g 0 iM'ii.v, tbath'i woold not consent to ami ktji.j iu. cfiLj/s'ib e with ti?e honor of Ku sla. He flict of tbi- declaration ot p<iaciple? ? not 1 mu'vir of diypt.te. It was repeated in wriUog at tli?> '.'oTinai open ing or tbe contort nuef. Thi?- ant of poiiricul oi>enntn- in teioret aod the limit- at wLieti ik* liu si*n p.inl potent)?Ty must itop. We n??'d n t apply to th'h 1 ? tic 11 tin term of a ''re^irration." ^aeh a ten ? ai nil is to ligale wLicli are liab < to be disputed. Tboso of the 1 iirptror ore not ro On (be cr utrarjr, the plooip -tenVs lie of i ranee aud Fngiani ? w? areglftlto" th>:rn , t tiie jus ice ? a ere the firet to deeU.*s '.be Intention oi hei Courts not to pi' p.. re any eoti'ii'.i- n i"ju Cm 1 to t .vi I liot or at d dignity o. Iljssin. W e lied the .'?me a-.^ti %nc? it),iat?d In 1be circular of May '.'.1. lfiiuc i is the d p 1 .1 1. 11 of the 1 rtncli cahii et, *<? ircl sono < i/Tioul y l i j ?*j sinli g to owseives the a; doc with allien u eod'-i j * ots to contract I.h vlea< wlihoo.- ^ tj> 'h; jnVo'pri ' v Unu, In 001 liellec oouci iutirg at n eni.itab.V, iv 1 iiy ou - p ei ipot?n'iailf the four p'urai tees ?w.i t>rtn ibe ol jert of the negi tiatl.ins efVieD'ia. Count Vi?!ew?lii, psesirg firm in iovipw, h hy 1 p1i> lor .I i^isilit ('Q the i< 1> . n ' 1 ? vrli Uuldi^li unit 1 WaUtcbia owe to ibe iaj^.Toutiwn of Ku?sia. " fho cy< '? tf administrai ive independent of ih^ rrU?f oatti*, ithaab-entoolw forgotten, la his optica, irJTnot a r.ewtwMuee' but the r?Mult of an affluent L-eeiy crDefctMeMturie., and only alta,e.i the <.iy when liw Hosp. dare durirg the w.r, of tbe eifh'eeuth ? ntury , began to Bold more with than tao SiiWlnie lorte. " lo * pp'eeiate th? correetnesa of thl? llatomeat '? rill be sufficient to .ketch the pc u,* 01 the coWka to tthica the Danubian Protiniea ?Pre i> cueed un<?*r the rwie of the agreement 'reev concluded with the Porto centuries ago 1-3 j.rtrl ot their ancient conventions It was the a?-ee > ent which tubnists between the oppressor and the oppressed And this m he result : the Hospod&rs had ceased to bs taken flow 'he Moldavian and Wai *coi*n nooility the i'orto selected them from among .he Gteelt ."am. has or Conataatinop* distinguished for their merit, out even mere iliustj i >us ?U)1 from tb?ir alsortune*. At one tin* irlie. at Another the axe. brought their ci-eer to a ?**"?, , fader the eonstant terror of disgrace ta-j princes or Moldavia aid Wallachia purchased a precarious ovw - ence by the unceating ransom they paid to toe Oaploity of tha agents of power at Constant nople. The burthen of those taoriBcee ultimately rested wholly on the coun try. The riches of i's a??il no longer beioaged tc it. flier *#r-3 a*, the mere y of the Otti rtau treasury, Ttie P>n* P>*-?td?d for the ..upplv of the market, if lttcipi-Al at~ ^ MicifkftJiiiei. Tim roihidh merchwiM pu reached "if V.'i r*?le"n2 *l. a died prire. artitrarily I *irtabiisled ftt Conftteatino^le. below tbe vaiuo of th* articles] demanded. The Pachas of the l>aa :be f.,i- 1 ?"? ,J? ***c'*d provisioLs, Ubor and servce? of eU kin*. Commerce wax not heo ia any pwt of iho interior, and external tr^de was stal ick. five; far the ror'?. In order to augment the abaaUtct of the resources which it drew from the Danulian pro vineea, prohibited the expor'a ion of grain. The Turss gaiuaoned at Braila aid Ginrgevo bad fors'bly oxpe. d .he ancient proprietors and stripped them of thelr^, peity. Ihese Besohita, the ward ot honor cftho Princoj, were tbe masters of Bucharest and Jessy. The Hospj dars, degrai td from thefr rani, had d?cendei u ?h? ha mUiating put of farmer* of the tevenue, exhaahUoi? tha country fur the p'odt for the Onomau treasu-y. L nior tbia deplorable adminh.tration, the v.-nal!>y of 'he puelic offices, systematical'? praetuwd, comj)le'ed the demorali zation and wietchfdnf ?b of tho people. There was let but o?e scourge mora for the TnrVlsh rule to introdu e. Sr* 5a?.17l*'l,1*8u?' 't has fiequently prevailed in tj;> PrincipehtiM. and remaikably no at. the entrance of 18?8 the eumn>0no(imcnt of the campaign o." flariDg dr#wn the picture of tho condition of *h<" nanu b/an Prtnci|Kilities before the period of the treaty of AdrUnople, we may be allowed to irlaiue at the ch*n?e il troduoed into their system of rule at tt.? momput wb?B our provisional administration, which had bwn entrusted to General Count K" .-IbIT, replaced the go vernment of those provinoe . the hands af tb* Kox pmlars. ' An organic sUtute, adopted after mature dell Sera tion, l<> tho .Vfi-wiihly cf Boyarda ans Notabiee. nnii<r ihj futmal i action of tho Sultan a sued to the two i'rinci pR.itio> the ftenedt ot an independent odm.'aistratlun av stipulated ia the treaty of AdrUnople. The mode of'tbe etectian (jt the Hospodarsby the Assembly of the Divsns was regujate i. The courts of jusUce, the collect; m ot the tiscs^ the asMssinent of the tax payers, and tho or ganisation of the local military lorce, ware all placed on m i siable foot' rig. A* equal protection was aoccrded to the exercise of worship at the niUonal orthodox ..hurch, as well ?? to all Cnriseian communities. The i?ys;em o' education rectived a fresh development. Tho estates usurped by tte lUrkUh garrisons on the left bauk o:' the Danube were restored to their ibcmer proprietor*. \ quarantine line guaranteed the .sanatory stato cl the country against the danger of contagion. Tho transac tioi i o/ coumiei ce ia the interior weiw f.eed from all im P?ki -ments. At th# same tirte, by an ad.mli ;?tiative mesumre pf fount Hiwsclefl, the ports of <?aia'z and B:ai a ae.mir*d in 1 ^30 the beneilt of an entiro tree. ' Om of couimercd wiih foitlgn nations. And lastly, to -uia up all in a single word, clviii/itloa ifsuit ed its sway ou the lelt bnak or the Dmube. ihu is Ahat Mplcav a nna Wallacbii gained from their *u vieit relationw with the Court ot St. Kitersimrg. Toe circular of May 23 tvioceda desire to know. We htvo fated it. The task which Bnscia had at heart to accomplish W the paxroancnt interest of t e prosperity of tho I onubian rrineijialities is completed, from the moment when the prinleged jystem of rulo they enj y un ier tlio w'.i/eratBty of ihe J'orie, obial'is tho faoction ot tho pub 11 J law ot Kurope by a collective guarantee of til th> great Fcwers. >'ucb is the result us whiah our our plani ^oteDtlaries have taken an honorable share. Byajprov #i>!g the acts which thoy signed, the i-npeiitt Caoiiwi itgaids 1 1 in question as termina'ed. It ie the same with the second que-.rion, wliijt his heea similarly resolved by the pro'orol.-i oi Vienna. In this respect we adopt the opmu n of the Minister of foreign Affairs of France Wi'h hin; wesiy, - that the bates ot the reguUlions of the navigation ot the Danuae are gocd." i? They are goo< for all the contrasVag partiori v to esptcia'.iy regai-ds Russia, tho '-will gather trcm tlie es'al.lithc.ent or a mixet commission an aovantage wliioh we do not conceal Hitherto, the lii-le?!l?T>g of tne commerciil pub ic, provoked by the contrarieties exierienced in the navigation ot the river, lt-11 wh- l y on tl.e Bo sma admiii Jitratlos . ! The respor .-nilL'y will be shared in ? more e.:uiuW') manner when the prac ical e.\j.erience of a* mi-.ed commission shall have proved haw much <:\r?, labor aad cost it rwjuiree to mvinUin in trord oouditiou a Muvial communication exposed to numerous physical uiflicultieo. We are lndebte-1 to Count Walowski for the opjHjrtuBity lie has given us of here roctifyin,? tho im pietsion -which anight have influenced this passags of th" cucular of ka.y 23, reiutivs to the jiavgition ot the I>i nule. W.- have nb??dy said It is th? Russian ailminis tiatton which opened to the freedom of coounerco one ot the most magnlflrmt outlet Ui the world. Tuia ira xnense advantage did not neod to be acquired. It W beon iriven ever i-iaee 18?0. We bellevo it would be iu- j oorr. ct to affirm that from that period this outlot lian 1 remained u?e!e-? In the hamis of Russia. What proves tte contrary h the eoatintted increase in the navigation of the river dining the last twenty- five years. Undoubtedly, the more the concourse of foiei^n voxels has inereas?d the more tfce rerioiremonti of the service have become i ccjrplieateo. ona the more, also, the imper octlon of the l measures lor keeping open the mouth* of the river have made themselves felt. Frequently, tho negllgeace of vo* ?-la arriving n throwing ballast overboard wni.e iros.sinvr the bar, lias contiibu'oit to iocroafe the progress of the shoaling. Accidents have bocome more tr?r|ui>nt in c>aso- ] rjUeiw* of tie incrensing augmentation oi arrivals. Iho re mauis of the wrecked vessels have obstructed the c-'ianael and thus rendered the navigation rar re diflieT It in propor tion an it tec . rue more acli'e. Tho means ?mploved by the local authorities, we are far from w Wring to dispute, night have been icutiicieot to struggle asainut so many physical diUicultles. Rut it U nol ^ e,-arv to 'thed tlio bloc.i oi 1 ngland and of France, tw. the carculir of th? ?Ji.l of May savs, to irtmove this obstacle. labors more peaceful and mote unpretending are ifqui'ed to conquer U>e nlioals nhich <lefcnd tfce entrance to the Danube. It is neither diplomacy nor the rtto of anus which will have to rlaha the merit of this victory. It is reserved for atsiruoci :sbor day by tav. employed in combatting the tilfot eftorto of na'.nre. Oar good wflt, by render iog this Jabor mote active and more regular, will contribute, w!lun tiie linri'e of |H*."ubilitT, to accomplish tliis poa'je fnl contest We will cow !XMW to the eracination of Tha fourth Huesmii, . blcli the (Vspatah oi ?>uin Walewski enters on before 'he third, in order to juKiry tile plerdpoten. tianes t.1 i ubco snc! lii^land for having dererre.1 the liitcQ.ssirn ot this grave interest, whicb is common to all ' liilstianny. Vie hare i^rretted, t ia true, this adjoori Spent, it re'arced our e?.uviiicing our*iel%os whctii" r the inleritiorg of tJie Cai inet of Ku*na ao-ordwl wi'h those of 1 ranee and J Jigland. Jl we a?e io Judge by the lernuks rontained In the clr cw!s? o! May 2;; (tonat WalewskiV) there exist o i a c vain dr ^gence of view between the k ren:h < abinet and our*. At ui U the political queetroa pfesloiniuates; n? other ?(/-ds, the fourth guaraiilfe it conslrered in n let i o to the Infinence which tin- great l'owers oxur ? -e m last. At St. I'eteraburg the religionH i-snU ?? ol, "ii'- t.h' tentiment cf tho country, outaoighs iin coiiHfler.iticin belonjinj only to tire dowatn o! ?o!i tici. ' iKler the iu'.inence of thi* eonrletion. the ptfnci r?lotyoc: which the I'.u- cian vleuipoteniiaries nerc di **.'? 10 t-*,T view was to arrive at a po ico by vvnich tbe .lhorty ?>> worship and tke ?m?Horation of the eomii tu nofthe Cbititian yiorulatiot^ su'j-ct to the doufav f.<n of the Ottoman empire, should hv jt acM for tho fa tcre tinder the sal "guard of u c ileotive aet, suacti-.n ? u p? i nrof (ran 'aw. M *^f ' tfoit.- ?> all the I'nr#Ts tenifd the same no'.htt g wca'd be mtto etu-y than t> elotbe tlilt ?:l ! with thf f. it in deimed nece-sa:y to secure for the .^uit.ia 'lie ? frit oi a upootaneoos Kovorcign ? til aianiff sU*l in aver of hie Chiistisn subject?, in this resne-it we wisb ?.'? * uch ij? irn'ice and Fo^land to a'targe tir the Sultan the "pponui itv cfg'TiDg ilitD I"W ip, (O thu words of I ho circuUvr iisy '? to th* mo* ff^u^roTii imtilrv Utiu?." v ?ihe nteu'Vn of tbe Riuw<en 'eMnrt a anre.1ly is rot ?' to linen in Turkey all nseftU rel'on i-. or ?o exoita f.Ue iKjjuUvtitna Hiring tbelr -overeirr'..' it fi w(th eir bcsiuess thai .m jeproduee this ox pt-eedon from C .uut ^ al'-wski d . e>patch, ccti cioi e ..f il;e itip^ituuce wlil-h ull f.;yr rj>v.tru> attaeli to ireii-.r *1 in doctiino respootel not < n.y in '1- rkr y, but everywhere eteo. Me arrive at toe revision of the ties ty >>t 1?4t. That w-ilch mr ri-?f us at first Is, thnt tiw i renuh Cabinet lies r?.>rii|) < te ? fsssed tv?r in the re, alt* ..rertdy rbta wo Tt def rndnJtig tl\i? amicahly. iu .mr opinion the xn<.st u-mu ga*rmtre for u's-i ring the repose of the Invent iH not to 1^ sought. It In found, lueplou'pn uti'in. iew. n united fu co*r?rerice on April 1!), (v-taolLshed it <tt ritiixnoiiti v niie?.rtiio form of an et gagui ieut ooii ?Jve.; in 'he?e terr s-? ? " it aeonfli 't ariee petwe^.u Tho Sue'imt 1 -rte and ere <4 tee high cotit-aclm? im tf.> the iv Stat??4. bslore lesoitliglo the employment of i too, i hall put the other 1'overe in thit way oi .r?reat eg mcfi >o e^t^tu)*.y by r-acills mmns." ihl* -tinc'jtti'.B, to tell the truth, on rht to pit l >wi end to all lurthor <iuie.ns?ion. 'ihe foresight ot t^?. (ab.'tefs jmuJ I* uiabloto go l.e.ond 10u pjri'grv of lert.iify w ruaixied la th;? . ngas ctuf nt. fhe uru nj'Us if v>r . et reciprocity duuacteri ing tliis J ui .iilatiou t Ddsrs it equally r--aemung end hoo crable for nil th< contracting I't.w- rs. Al er rb/n gnarao tee |ii**n to iho v"*' rvatiwi ol the Kurorwt. t^milf oriuai, is it WTtf.-ary to pnootig the caiatui'.iaj of war n order to kh'. or axj irr namrial piecautions H is Tif-on tiiin rtsjV. tjiat 'he negotiations at Vienav sp it. ed more tepid ;b?n au'pti-e. fhe htimaii miod,t r?ab' Smpof/ihiiiilee. Jt ii?ks filiate io ita en terpHs. e when it Btt?o pte to go tevord. jhi" truth applies u> the iraternifunretilees with whJ.Ji It has been sought, tnorc than ? no? at ofber j'erlo*!", to snrronnd politicul traris aetio?;.j e'?seftiflt?l at other perlode. V.V find a pmof ,n : 'be e-rso f le of the trenty of I tiecht, to which .he II Btithh I' eiipetentiary applied, in our ? pinion, not vfrv oppoitune r. In fael, if ho txmiple ot HuoklrK is tfj aiij thing .11 only serves to provj how barren mate-ial fruaiontcei are. Jii spito of aaeiont treaties w? i f t,d ?? rai.'e In po- c el ,n of Jii.okii - and uer naval pow er. tejoi.d dssj/ute, stronger ei?r. thn our stde ul?r, we hate lea n* to doubt tbe so'.!?ity ol tho system of barrier*, Mnc*lH;;o, 'vheu ?e bohald the fo loi thnt erected afler so many ? if.irtv on I lie frontiers ot the kii - dftn if the N'etheriands. The ciperfis e ot ail rab'nets, then, ought to teftch them not t< count too nrxli in tllm-ory precautions, wbleli tend roor?* to h a'tsfact on cf national vanity for the preeent, thin Of? I < (T^r laftw g K'iara?itce? of ?senrliy for the future. ! As 'or the reference to the ?'.?,' p'.n See, mentioned fn the eirenli.r < ' ','ount Walewskl, It hs-dlf .eetn* tl sppiy to the Jilaek Sea. It ehould not be fu.g.?tt?ii 'hat, while the Caspian M* if ekeeo by nature, toe Black St* it epen to lite ts wbieb can pes* th? ?tr?itn of the Dardanelles and the Bosphorua. N#-kh?r should it be forgotten that the Black ,-c.a it closed < n'y so long ex furkey losses. Id this state of affWirs 'to pleui ,H>tenilarie? of BustU,< i therefore, went a* tar a* tbsj could when they proponed alternative)/ the two sy?'eor>, the one jf opening, the other of closing '.he {flask S? a, re >erviog to the eonfe reooeto cbio e that wiiloh light seem to offer to tho Porte sad to Europe the tieet pledge* of security. Bus we can easily he p?.r'U?red that it wa* hardly possible to es'sbl'sh ?s a piiorliH t'f < he law of nations that the B-ack See should reaain closed and open at tbsseme time. It appear* to us equaby contrary to sound lone to pro claim on the one nice the re?pect wueh all the Power* entertain lor the iaepeo em* of t ie Saltan, and to de teimine on the oiber the number of ships which hla high ness should no* excet.1. In right aid ta fact, 'hi* theory seems te ns inadmis sible. so far as we our-elv s are c ncsraed. The pleni potentiaries of Kn?sta dec areri it verbally and in writing, ft would be supe: tiuou> to reproduce their argntnenta. Such a discussion would be without result. One doe* not reason with n.istru'-ts. It roust be left to time to allay them. Then it will be understood that the trua equilibrium ef Sta .es dow not^reaw on figaers of arithme tic. Governed by a bigb?r law it bus for it* basin in thorough knowledge i t ibe j/enosoeot interests of th* Sreat l owers In their je.silnns tiwsids one another. UHtla does not, ecnsldt-r h rseif called on to oount the number of ships which nlsp'uy toe French Hag m the potts of Toaion, Cuer ">nrg, Hsvrs and Boalogne. At war with Prance, Bu^l* fee/* no animosity against her. rhe interests of tiie tw ? e.unt t les have nothing to gain in this struggle. Thin ?n element o' equilibria* which dotH not require tigue* o or soundly epprecisted. In the ssiri* o der c f S-ea w? will draw forth another truth; and that is, it l>i t reasonable to misconstrue the interest which mvr' lead Kumia to preserve peace in, the East. It i* evident t: at every tonliiei in thsfc quarter eventually produces against her a com plication in ;whicu the Western Powers are thro wis into opposition wit a her. Their lavsl force* united against h?r, must undoubtedly carry the day by their numbers l'h?> result is too mani'^st u? | have need of pi oof. In the foroight of it consists the i best material guarantee of jetco. Hero it may be asked, bow it happened thjkt tl.ix guarantee failed to prevent the present ooptlict? Must we sunvo f was thought proper to let the 1'nrte <ake >he iul iativo of declaring war with Raisia, while 'be allied representatives had t>r the:r mission to dissuade and prevent that war. It hvt been asserted that it was the fanatlaism of the dam** thaf ine J this act ot hostility, f >11' wed?or rather pre ceded ? a first invasion ol our Asiatic frontiers. The truth 01 the sitnatt n is that there then existed a pre dominant influence at Constantinople, wliich thought the iroment&voraile.for iejuv<-nl-.iug the Ottomtn eua l ue by a warlike impulse, rhat influence triumphed over the wlfer counsels of a 1 the cabinet*, which were drawn into the movement bas precipitated Europe into a Crisis far beyond ail human anticipations. The moment seemed fc> have ar ived when tne wisdom of fbe csblicts asi-t- cuttle lu o nterenoo at Vienna was to r<ut an end to this ciistn. Russia has the satisfaction of knowing that she did all 'hat vas in her power to coa tiibute lowardM t*at ?oik of j.eaci>. Sho has reason to ! believe thai her elfcrts i a;e not been entirely fruitless. > The majority i f tbe difficulties tbat bad to be overcome | have received an bonorhbie solution. I The opinion oi bu<t>pe Is i ot sufficiently enltghtemxl i on the importance of this result, it is well to state it ?a it ii Tne question of the Vrln ipali ies U regulated. So lh tba-. of .he navlg-i'ii.n ?1 the Oauuoe. The thirl point is ha f setJeil. fu 'key is admitted ta the fcD jo j Kent of ihe advunUff-s wuich result from the . general sy?tum estabii- hod oy me law of public right in Kurope. Moreover a *peci*l clause p-oviles for the case of a luture dill'tf encc be i wen the Porte and one of the > contraction pnrtios, and K'lpaUtcs that ocfore having \ reecur-e to forco. tbe other I'owers stall be enaMo-1 to i prevent that esireme uieature by pocilie means. Fi , ually ? : The fourth i>oint, although not discussed at the confer ences, appears to ns moraiiy teU.ed. All the Powers are sgxeod between them on the necessity of p aciog freedom ol T>orsiiij? and the ameli >ra ion of cue condition of the ChtlBttaii populations In Turkey, under the protection of \ European set. Ail are equauj aciioia'en oy the desire tfc give to that act the forms required to place it in har mony with the just lespeot due to the ix/ve.eign author!- ? tj cA tbeffultan. Kinslly, all the Cabinets roc gnize that by means o? this security given to tbe laimun ties of tne CbristUa - populations, a colJec'ivc guarantee would pat an ead to tho.-e rivalries which have hituerto been oaused by an isolated intervention. We %<k whether a pacificatiaa ? established on ther? bases wou d not contain all the dp? sirablo elements tor tocurinx >h? peace of the l^st t Wa ask, finally, whether it is wxe to compromise that it ? by prolonging, unnecessarily, a >iruggeofa nature to exhaust the ktM rotou ce-t of the Ottoman empire, whi h the Western Ba'wem have contl':erod an essen'.ial condi tion for the maintenance of the balance ef power Is Europe ? .Such are the eonti derations which present themsetve# to oar Blind at the moment we learn the closing of the Vienna oocfcrercee. It wee provosed by the refusal oT tbo plenipotentiarkN ot France and England to acceod to tbe projiosiliotis of the Court of Austria, made with the object (ii an airsngexeut. On hi* retnsai Count Bod de clared the sittings cicted on the 4 h June. The blame of t)ie r.ipture falls then upon the Western Powers, lhcir ill will put aa end to the negotiattm. The Bushian Cabinet is not roep nsiole for 1%. If, on ihe one hand, it opposed to Franoe ant Erg, and the lirm roso lntAm of not ptittu. i up wi'h ex ic iorm whica exceed tl?e limits laid down at the opening 'it tno conferences, on tha other hand, it offered to tne friendly Powers the proof of ite sincere deshe to cantrisute loyally towards a naeiti ca tion coiifornab'.e to tbe sentiment of tbe dignity of Buasi*. Constant to these priscip es, it wilt leave the path ojreo to an honorable i econci'laUon, when the desire of peace shall have made itceit' mere generally evident in France and in England ? whoa experleuoe sbsil have enlightened tbe opinion of ths two countries on the mistake of a war without an object, ot a hatred without a oat**). Tbe re sumption of negotiations nay then be allowed, with .be hope of success, to assure to Europe the blessing so long deeitd to general repose. VIFWfl AND PRETENSIONS OF THE ALLIED <>n the Aimi ruptnto of the conferences, the Earl ft I'larocdon presented, in the nee shape, ft condensed rtaUanant el' the view* end pretentions of the Allien:? Fotwtm Or hick, June 19, 1856. Six ? On tho 4 th instant, a oouferenee ?h luinmoaeA at Vienna by Count Hoot, the proceedings at which in recorded in the protocol of which 1 enclose a copy. This protocol, together wtth tie protocols of the con terences held at Vlei.aa between tho 16th of March aixJ and 2Pnh of Apiii. of whioh cepiei have been tranaail'.ted to yon, will plar* you in posseee! 11 of the detail* of the negotiation in which her Majoecy, in conjunction rith htr allien, hns reoently been engaged, and wliieb, tohor M.\jesty 'n great i*giet, hare not loeul ted in the conclu sion of a peace with the Emperor of llussia. 1 connidtr that the present will be a listing opportunity (o state for your information and guidance the riowi of Iwr Majesty's government npon tbe negotiations wiich have thus been fcwoght to a close. The stipulations lor which, woile referring to tbem >(?lvfB the right ot itvJjUng npon otlier .special and wldi tional < auditions, hur Majcety and bor allies osnsldertd it more particularly inoumbMA on them to provide, weteaa lol,ows:? 1. Hint the radujrive right to inter ft rd to a curtail ex tent in the inV rna. AiTaira of province* belonging to tie Tuil i ll empire, wliJafc P.uhbU had io former times anwg iron, the aec&.4Uen of the l'orte, should ns longer to cx eielsed by 'hat 1 Vrer. 2. That tlie channel of the !/>wer Itenube, andtnoier e?pocinlly the outlet* of that river into tan BackS'*, should no longer be subject to the ex Uuaiv? control of lU)s?ia, but rhonld, oa the contrary, be noullded W the Huperintetdenw of <tclcfiates appointed by oilier l ower* a* v efl ?v hy Russia. and who should take mowura foe ft eeliig and Keeping free from obstructions the p;rc?iwa 'it oon<muj.ii?!ion Control (iermany with the rmt ot tlio Mm Id. 3. That th TitrXWi empire ahould become pari ?f tl?? i-j>st?in cf Ewopeaa ?qui ihrium, and tnat means nbonW bo tilt oi i to put &o f ii'i to tbe piep >u'tcrance of Uui?1a m the Iliad. V).?. i. Thai the prH'-nhicmsof Rowria officially to protect tlie Christian luljotte ct tlie Forte should he re*otmoe3f? a; C that ihe i'ov.i rv hould use their influence to ostai* Irou) the Su.'an, by an act of his own earereign author!-' if, the coLfli nation Bird obforranoe ot tlie rwUgiow p-U t lieges jf nis < 'liiict'uii hunjecta. A ccmmnnlcatien to thin i-iloct was made to Sb? Court cf Riii-tia&t tho Uc?e of la?t year, ai>d w?i u tcofi'^d ?T that i owcr as the bvu <ta vLir.h negotiation* mi; it \m ent*ie<l into. Nigotlations wfi-e iM.ooti'. xg'.y ooirunMiceil at Vmu, but, unfortunately, it i" oniy on tho first acd imom points that anything approaching to an agreement wa? srrmd at; for, the \?. nsal (Hue Bussiin ji e^ipoLentia ties to accede to the r"aco?eble propinals uiade to Urun by the pler.ij otnitiaiie- oi tnc allies ou the third point, U' pj.ta Uisj.xogie'Mi ot the negstlaioni upnn : ha' p ibi', ago the lomth point in o.^rise^uence, not brought* undor disci. K-Ion. Jt is . jtw, howerer, to her Majv-ty 's g?T?n? nimt to i:c atle to appv*i t <> the pro tor jt.i on he I'.mt ind ?rctiiid jK/lutM as an i virtonte of toe anxiety *no ?u by the allies 1o dtTiuO Ioioih ? f -'.'t'lfnicnt Rdvauiau;iHius to the general interf*t? cf Kun -jm, and more iinin?ilt-i'.e'y con ouch e, to iho tii yc loj^-OHint Hoipciiti of Gear amy;' and her J'. .:< ty's govwnment, tho-e'.i-e, regrvi he more that tho lei'ufca! of jittasla to accept Ute propj* i rf the al .(???? <i a.n thiid i?int should tia.e YAtoa in ?Jie **) o? (he wiich would hare resulted it i4i) the Nrra?eu ?nir?n might have bnen tuvle ia | i>g?/C to tiif mu toiti to xUich the two Urst pjlttta >e I laud. | llor goven nitit are aware that Count Kea? ??*Jrr<1e, in a iiespatch which he has reeontlf a-ldre?st>4> I to the i.nwlun Vto"-t?r, m foreign Courts, lian w tight lo j'lsce In a tavorab ?' i''ght the O'tirsn pursued by ituwia 'n th' .tticui- ?!?>?? tt? thetwo fi rut po4nt?, and to porauade toHijin poTn t n^Tvie, and more particularly those at (tamany, thnt the wnit.mieil pi*pciioeraute ol Kit via io ih. Piac* .?hi ha- u-> nirect tnintBg on tae nm'stiona vhiih n lnt? to tho IV.ooipaliiioK and to fh'? nuFi^ati >n o: he Uktiiibe nor tho interests of Oa.-ni'mr, ani_ tl thft>'"ie. en.'tht not to eo-opnra e *ita ?l.? all ei< in t'hMr illoitf tontduce that p>epi?dorauce . Utr Mnjosty1' 'joTerneut arts, lionrrec, p".'-mg^el lh?t tin In pfnial cor. td"'aii<n ol the real fiicts or thn ohm- will torre to ri-fiet the <llaMnn which l~ ???? the ob ji-et rf Count Nwili wl*>'? dt?ipatch to oreHto. Ifi<r Afu j?H; *H gotouniei i bi.\o no ooeirf trt unJerr.iIue tl,e lrn I ' nr? n" tlie n *.?> which the arrangements iu itgdid >o the iwo p Intx <te chod oat ia tho pfol.i eoja cf iht eo?t -rtnee r>-l)ite; bat her Mtjn y's g.vorn mm' must lie J .1 to ohrerrs that, a? rrgarrti the i s: j -h wni h Raeafa might \> ;weM* or c sini nirferher lofjn'r tieatl<>s ware at once extinguish Kit ytt. *hrfg?ti''i) l tho#e tteanos on toe breaking i ut nt He war. i i d ?: it, onfi^wiuently, the nv<mptton of tin1 1 ir i );? ?. II ? 5' i 't< ti the i xctuiiie proleo.ioa of Hu? >1* lator the rrsult cf n y ?oncc-ldn b* Ra?*lat} the ol I.'fjmnty, hu? is ?be di e;t coti'iequmcuof the \iulent act "'.rf ?r ii n committed ty Am >ia on th# T^jVHlienipIre; tin- , n* i>.gatda the uuvlgmt'oit ot the 1 ariiitf. tt i ( ". < 0' i i i ved that til'li-'tigb i ..e a; rang" fepoKii in ? 1 1, 1th protrcol wcnldbe, tiacer ?i.i cxiert, rati ctnj yet it. wan malnlr owing to tba e niofl ufmi tr. acci de to the rtaMinao'e suggcHtiniu* put ? rwrirnd by the r1rnlp<4< n laries of A m il* In tho tctrtb c< jiiaitnte, ihat tht?e piopo-ed arrang'.'meut*