Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 13, 1856, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 13, 1856 Page 2
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NOTICES OF NEW PUBLIC ATIOK6. imtrtrm utmnn. <hrvu>vsm a or Autanc a.n Lit*ratt*i . Em bracing Personal Uil Critical Jioticoaof Authors, . ud SHwtionM from their Writings, fri>tn the Kar Rent Period to the Present Day: with Portraits, | Aulojrn?|>h>\ alid Other Illustrations. By Kvart A. Duvckinek and George L Dnyckinck- 2 vola, ?to., New York, The title of this work Justices an expectatiia of its cwhraciag a careful, undid aaO oxhaus iw osWDition ef tbe literature and literary hWory of the L' oitcd Wates, full and exact in bibliographical intcrmaUon, M is pernor al '(nfti-ceneM connected with literary Mfe, oompletr In Dtut entire circle of Uste which Uhis torte our iuwasctoai advancement, and iadicativa of a oMttd and judicial temper on the part of its authors. 1)M "Cyclopedia of American Literature," If judged only hy Its ?air and tie extraordinary preliminary eoouMt datteas which it has received, would probably find its way to the principal public and private libraries or this eeeatry and Knrope. It ha* been a*.M, perhaps with perfect sincerity, that the werk of exhibiting the past history or American le Iters is mm doae, " for the first time, and ft>r ail time,*' since ths eapacHiee of the human mind are not likely to admit a* nay improvement upon what the Messrs. Duyokinek hare hare accomplished. Perhaps it is so ; but the mset ceacammate displays of genius and executive ability haw never been held to be privileged among critics, lbctf only just advantage has bean a repelling power against injustice, and we may venture to examine what Haas to he the common judgment la this case; there - fere, without presumption, and with a perfect assurance ?hat It we err in our estimation of ths merits of the pro tection before uh, those merits, more truly aipreolated by either s, will be a ufficient foil against our errors. the time has passed when a reviewer's epithets, earn mending or condensing a bo _k, were conclusive as to its 1*alitieH. Certain recent uud tamidar instances of praise as nairersal ss it was absurd, ot jock* which It Is now un derstood no man can keep upon his ahelvos without ha sard to hiri god reputation, have mads readers auspi ?lows of "(ho opinion* of the p;-efs." Criticism at pre sent, therefore, is am imitative only as it is demonstra tive. Estimator , nea.'i.v delivered, are read, and, if from approved source*, have a certain intiuence; but in all eases the intelligent reader wishes to have before him the ?sore significant tacts upon wlu?h they a e based, la the desultory observation,! we propose upon this "Oyclo pecia of American Literature" we shall endeavor to be ?e expli.lt and particular, and to deal only in facts so wadtly appreciable by every per-on 01 ordinary intelii DMM and understanding. that an v snspisioa of prejudice ss want c: candor will be isiposbib'e. In tha few h^urs which we can devote to it, ana the narrow limits that aaoessarily hem in tbe writer for a daily pap? r, the work araet of course be treated supeitcially, and we cao tcwcti but here and there a point, merely indicating, as It ?were, whatu<gbt be done r'the book's Importance wool! jwstify a more elaborate criticism. 1 Its general plan Is llt?- eante a.^ that of Chambers'* weM hsMwn Cyclopedia of i.nglish literature, sail it would have been better If the model h\l been more rigidly fol lowed, though it might )i_.ve bean departed frotn by a jadteimns author, tn many instances, with si 5711] adran The simple rule o! consW -rin.- our.nvikers of books I te chronological orler, Is oce so easily observes, that the Meet rigid adherence to it could scaro !y ba deemed a po sitive merit ; yst the Messrs. Dayskinck disregard it so fcetwently as to -ug^est a eonviction of unpardonable eareiessne- s. The composlti-m mown a* tho "fore fether's Song." which, thuy admit, was written as early as 1630, is placed attor a net.co of the works oi Benja min Thomson, wh j ira.s born in 1910, aaJ wrote his prin cipal poem.) about the year 1700. John Cotton's lines on Ihemas Booker ars mentioned in sash a way a< to in 4aee an impression that they we-e ur.st printed ia Mor ton's "Memorial'' 'n 1609; butth6> are "preserved" mom appropriately in tlockorV :ii*jrvey of tn? Sumtn* mt Church I)i>cipMae." publi-il.ed twanty-ens ye?r? be fcre? that is, in 1048. This sort of disorder pervades fee relumes. Ia a ' Cyclo;-eiia of Amerlsan Uterature," it was of course proi e- to notice the itnan* au : results ?f education among us. Tbe hir*trry of our eom ?sa uchoolh ? the spu>:ial boast aal glory Sf American civilization? is a theme to ex cite enthuKiapm, and its illuu' ration was ca y fmn the annali of our wa'chful an 1 progressive le,"Uia" tiea en the subject. A majority of our au tors, af. well aa men of affairs, haro been graduates, not of the on!- 1 verMtle-, but of the common schools. Vet of tliese in ?Mtutions we hare not a word, from the beginning to the cad of tbe Messrs. Pnyckineks' labors. las oad. we have accouats of a few of the principal coUcges ? perl ana of ame- fifteenth or one- twentieth of thofe now existing in the Pnited states, do incomplete an exhiblcioa is of no falsi. Vt'e refer tc tbe matter her . however, because it ? made oae of the eatiaes of that chao? of arrangement which must vex evory one who attempts to read or con ?aM these volumes. ?ucc:nct sLstikes of such entablish aaenia might have constitute 1 a portion cf a chapter on the education of the American people: but tho-<3 which aN noticed at all, are introduoed ? each under th*' 'late oi Ms foundation ? la the midBt of the personal memoirs, aod all the men of eminence ever connested with them have their stories told under the same head. Thus, In the earlier part of the first volume wc have noted the be gftaaiag of Yalo College In 1047, and in the pt?tt iimadi ately following, sketches ot .riliiman, O'.mstod, and oi .-r yrofcaaors who are no* bring. The selection of subject* for biographical or critic*! treatment appears to h*vo bem jrovraed by no rule or yatoeiple whatever, unless one me/ be loond la the fa dbtj with whleL paragraph* about certain characters oonld he eompU- d rr>m monthly ma^-a.inee, quarterly reviews, biograpL'cal dictlonarieH, er other easily Acces sible works. William MoreU enrne to New K.igl*nd In 1033, and remained < ne yuar: William Wood, about the mm time, made a nhort vLnlt to Boston. It doe* not ap pear that either of them ever wrote a line here, or in tended to settl o here; but both are formally introduced m American authors. Willi** Vaoqhan, who ri*ile<i Newfoundland, bat never touched the soil of what it now the fnited States, It *J? i treated m an American author, to two column* of biography and criticism. Captain John Smith was in \ Irglnia and ?. ong the ooMt previous to lfllo, tad six colu ins arc :ev <ted to his ashievemeti'.s to American literature. Soon after, we have a lift; ?( the Rev. Samuel Ward, of Iprwich, Knglund, with a part of ene of his sermons preached and printed in KnglanU? mtthoogh thi.s Tier. Samuel Ward was never In Amerloe, ? ver wrote a sji.able about Amerie*, or, so tar as ws Are inform ?'!, knew of the discovery or esistenoe of thia ???tine at. Another Ward, of whom there is a long *? ??cat ? Nathaniel ? did, when between sixty and seventy year* ef afe, oome to M&SAaohaseti* B?y. and after hi? jretarn hone, where he lived still many years, wrote several volumes, In some of which thure are ulliiskwui to hie visit this tU* the Atlantic. j On pages 262 and 2(& of the Ctrf v.ohane we hare b?> iptaphifa1 and critical not.ses of Ceorg* lloddesford, an Maglbh verstlkr of very lit'Je merit, and John ' Jipratk, ? Heetcliman. of the same rank, though neither of them ?ver eaine to America or u*d anything whatever to do wMi Aawriea or Aaeoricaa literature. Huddoeford is deemed worthy of frost sixty to seventy line*, an 1 La jsraik of abeut fifty. It would l>e dlflleiilt to ae ?tgn My adoqnnte reatvra for bringing uveee uanw* thus eonspienof.i!; iny> a " 0;, nlopadia of Atrierlsvn literature;" but the ctj unsatiidaeu ry excuse which l? ?toll is, that lindley Murray too closely imitated their songs ' It Is * poor rt;V> that wiii not wnrk Wth ways, *nd Murray himflotf, though born in Pennsyl vania, eaa hardly be called, ar American author, (stage Ma wont abroad wnUe a youth, before commencing his ?areer aa a writer, and ne.w returned,} b> the Mews, fieyekinck, who do not hesitate to regard as Atnarieana ?vary foreigner whose liter yj itfo, or any part of wiioee Mterary life, Las been paseod in thin e > mtry. The moat eorurpieuous, and, upon the whole, porhapi ' the most ridiculous example oi dragging In whese lai aw. o a place in the work oonoi . .n ;he ??** with whieh art teles about them eould l>e manufactured, i ? that of Bishop Berkeley. Moat readers are aware that this coeioaiaatic was an bUirjas, U4 those at all lainillar with hi* history know that ha was on this eontlnent but two or three years. Jta professional and auVrJnl activity ieera displayed in the Irish see of Uoyne. There would have been s Imost ?a much propriety in Introducing Hhak^p're, be~ao?e he wrote of " the still vexed Ter iootLea," or Burns, ke cans* he onoe ciieri.-hed a deeiga of emi? ating t> New Yrrx. ()ert*lnly Thomas M sore, wtio wrote dome of hi* km st exqufadte hon^i on the banks of the Sehttylktll, by the Dismal .swamp' and the Mohawk, and in whoee works are numerous Illustrations of Amei.caD neoncry and man ners, was tar more deserving of consideration in f.u?h ? work HtiU, the interest which Korkeley manifested In ?ur eoloni*l Institutions of tearninir entitled him to Home yawing allusion* in a history of Our Intellectual progress, ?ad we were not unprepared, therefore, fore* en the Gity ene Unaa bestowed upon him In the account of Vale Col lege, and the sixteen he reserves as an advisor of the ?ctrst of ftudy Is KJag t L'jU'ge, at >aw k'yrL TLeaa j noli* s ?' the br>V? ?V\-jywai* who happened to pa?* ? h* month* In Khodo Island, Monad, indeed, absurd ! It i ?g. when we discovered that the voluminous ui j t!' iWtons native author. Dr. Jonathan Rrtw*r<! i, whoe# tr oo ji liberty and Necessity," is among the mlra cf I ijii?, wlwvse work cm the Indian languages is one tf the *tui<Lird? in ethnologieal science, in) whose uam is Utserved'y held In tbe highest respeet by philosophers ?<1 theologians throughout the world, wee diaaisMOd wi'h a sinj'e paragraph, of but one fourth their length, In the (ketch of Inion College. Tet while the greU Edwards, whose ?uce it become* us ao proudly to cherish, ia not onee again allnded to in the entire work, this iri?h tra wllt*, the ILohop of Cloyna, la brought forward the third tune, ia an elaborate biography and criticism reaching through ten columns! As we have seen, the Messrs. Dnyeklnck qnote one of the rermona of hamuel Wari ai a specimen of American lite latme, (else why is It quoted at all?) though Ward was never ont of Knglaid; but of one of the characters really beat entitled to an eminent position in our colonial lite ary annals, all they hare to offer is, incidentally? "John Bigginion, of Salem, himself a man of mm literature, died In 1708, at the extreme age of ninety-two years, se ven ty- two at which he had passed in the ministry. " JJow, this John Hlgginson was one of the great men of New England, and iaocroparahly the best writer, native or foreign, who lived in America during the first hundred years of her colonization. That per Hon of hi* ''attesta tion" to the Uagnalia, which treats of the exodus of the Pnntans. has not been surpaas-d in strength and grandeur in all the orations ever delivered at Ply mouth r.ock, thote of Webster and Everett not excepted. Generally, the information embraced in these volume*, respecting the great lights tf learning and literature who were In New Bogland be tore the Revolution, is far more meagre and lers satisfactory than that which may be | found hi Ell ot's and .Mien's biographical dictionaries. | Of Thomas Hooker's works, not one- fourth in number, extent, or importance, are in any way mentioned. '* The Soul's Implantation," which has been e>nsidere4hls best performance oar authors seem nevm to lia?e heard of. Of the " renowned Mr. IbontM Shepard." they are al most as ignorant. In their peculiir style of Knglish, they tell u e, indeed, that his " reputation h is been among the most permanent ?/ Ait brethren qf the airly Jfeto Knghr^.1 dergy,'' meaning, of cour*e, that the said 3hsp*rd'a "re putation" was one of the *aid "ctergy," and to prove its or his pormacence they mention that two of his pro due i ns "bare been reprinted lu England during the last quarter of a century." Per. ?tons tolerably familiar wi'h such snhjesta have told them that the oin p'ete works of Shepard, edite>l by .he learned Or. Alger, ef Oaobnrlge, have oeeu reprin ed in four *xut octavos, at Rofton, witbln the last half dozen y<'-ars. In the life of Koger WDbanv, Instead of an estimate of his ?cni'W au'l tn/iuonee, ?o have three pointU as letters of a Jira, Sa>l Ber, Rn Eng'ifh woman, nover in AraerUa, wri tten to Wil liams while he wus in England. t ? pervade him to cutor the Episcopal Church. App-cachiDg the per'.od of the Eevolution, we 4n5 a profound i^norinco of all that political literature which shaped tbe public feeling and action, ex;ept ia a few in stances ivi th which evory ishooTboy is familiar, "fho g 8*t Or. Mayhow, of the Revolution," meaning Or. J. llayhew, wh"> died in 176fi, is briefly noticed, but not in the manner demanded by his character or ac'ivity. A Frenchman, St. Jean de Crevecoeur, who printed a feeble work aboct the common life of t!?e A; aericin pe iple. wklh BaJitt read, because the subject hid then th? merit of no-el ty, has eight columns du voted to him. The celebrate ! diplomat and philoi ipbor, Phillip Maz.,?i, who lived many years In V irginia, ab^ut the same time, and whose 1'oar octavo volumes of R> '//rV; llisfori'iuas ei l*nWuf>te3 iur Um J-.'iab Inv', embrace soma of tho most hrflliant sk etches of Areerlca i colonial life ever wri'teii, is not men 1 -neJ ; nor Is Talleyrand, whose description* of the American woodcut'er a.vl the American fisherman are declared by Lord llrotigKaaa to he his masterpieces in literary art. Henry Cruder, a renegade American, who rinriDg t >;? I'.evolt tlun obvaiued a seat ia the Bdt.ish Pav llaroen', where be made k tn'v commonplace spei'jlies, occupies nearly Ave coluinus. if v "ager, who wrote no'Jking, is entitled to so large a sj'ace, h'iw is it tha' wo have no notice of George 1 h&Uiers, cf Harylaafl, author of tbe ' Political Annals of the United Calonie*," the "HLitory of the IU^.ult of tha Am ricaa Colouies, '* and several other sUndard wi.-ks in American his tory ? or that the accompli ,hod Dalany, of Hary Innd, acd Oliver Doiancy, aai flf.y others who up>e ]<oliticaQy in the same calogorj, b it distlnga'.suod troru ( ruger by being inJustrious an 1 able writers for tbe Crown, are not named? fr-rentem columns aro given to Thoiiias Paine, whose abilities ai;l fcenriees are aluur.lly exagrerated. PaiJio. ol course is treatel as an Ameri can anthor, though hut a <iaiall portion of his li'"e wa passed here, and less thin ou.-th.ird of his worlds were written here. Two of the four e.\lr%eU from them quoted as sj ecimens of American literature were written in ICu rope? one in Fngland, before Paiae's first visit to this country, and the other while he was a resident and ti ti nea of J-'raDce. A considerable portion of the selections of verse In this part of the work have in little claim to the title of It i ?- * I ture as the jargon of Mints. A silly fallow n mV, I'arke, in 1786 published trajulaliona lrom floiace, with "origi nal poerua." Do wah a laughing stocit ia his dny, hsing justly regarded as destitute of any abilities that should ?ava him from contempt. He ^a- inleed inferior to Uie individual sinoe known ait " l'op Enmons," whose national epic. "The I'redoniad," in lonr large ?glumes, tinbraci" cantos on "Uetl "Sackett's Harbor," and '-The Wall of Dob Ten." Vet some half-do en columns of the "Cyclopedia of American Literature'' are devoted to hit pitiable riffraff. It illrntr*to<i the judgment of the Menrfra. Ihj^ckiuck, that the amiable, painstaking and eru ?Ute hiutorian and stater.aoan, Dr. Rarisay, of Sjnth Caro lina, bos** "life of Varhingtnn, " "History or the Inited States,'" aud other works, are fa 1'ighly esteemed by the judicious, oceupiei but the single page next preceding. Ycrty pejes are filled with a ?hapter <>ntitlei "Rillad Literature ef the Indian, French and Revolutionary War*.'' It contain* little worth pi-earring, except thocw specimens oopiod, tor the most part without any ac knowledgment, from an article entitled "Minstrelsy of the Indian V ara and the Revolution,'' in >,,ah i i'i M,i yariitr tor 1M2. Some o I the extracts of blank verse, and ?erne without a name, obtained by the Messrs. Dnyckinck from other souroes, surpass In pointless stupidity any thing we haveelseehere seen, and ar? a /rose libel on the ".evolutionary age, In which +hey w?rc probably as little known at in our*. I'.efen ing to the patriotic son? ' ( jme join hand hi hand, brave Americans all !" our aithors mj it fuit b>"t\ both to Merey Warren and to John IUckiason." Kow, in Tudor's I.ife of OUs, which in another part of the w irk they criticise as if they had reed it, John Dickinson says himself, in a letter t? Otis, that he wrote tlie song, with Mine assistance from Arthur I?, of Virginia. This, with us, is <;aite satis factory authority. in the sai'ie cuunesUon tliey.uote "The Yermonte: h' Peng" as ;>n undoubted antique, though It was originally writ two hardly twenty years apo. We do not remember that any of the histories of Kng bah literature devote much attention U>,th< live* of tio tot or Carl; but as they were, if not au'.b<.T*, the ac quaintances and employers of many eminent literary mBn, and nflen exercised an liinKrtent inttnenee upon their f it tunes, such attention would havj bee* pardona ble. Yet by what legie the appropriation of ten or eleven oolumns In a "Cyclopedia of American J.it*ra tnre, to James llivlagton, the "Kins:'? pr inter" ' in New York -'nrhig the Involution, can he justified, we shnti have to wait a long time in dl cover. Rirlngtwj was about as r.i icb a literary man as Mr. Jared \V. liell has been. The ehief mftuenee he had upon literature was an aretai bookseller, nod the Mesnrs. iHiyokincI; gi?? u* one cit his advertisements to show the extent of his Jt?k. It would haM- been perfectly proper 15 they had given oh an ace< unt of Stephen I*?ye, the first printer in New Knglsnd, or of William Bradford, the Unrt printer west of the flndsnn. or of John i'eter Zenger, whose fa mnu- trial In New Yort was tlie 'mmediato cause of the earliest public recognition and thorongii establishment of the frteiom of the rrees; but theee persons are not alludtd to; and our authors did not even know of the only fact in Mviugton's earoer whitfi eould h?v; -tnrfod a* an apology for iotroluclug his name? hl? having ad vert issd an intention of f-mpioylrg sow. ponton to com pile a volume of our oolonial poetry. We look In vain through every part of the work for itch fruit* of a loving tamiiiarlty witii tlie InlelWtof tlie country and its d?*veiop< meo' as should havo been an an iraoee to the author* of their vocatio*. Many o< the subjects demandoi patient and sagacious research, and v< re susceptible of sucb handling ae would have made them highly interesting. JUit everything appears to hav> be<n done carelw ly and feebly, which the oocinll ers 0 iij nnt find already done by other Lands. Tale for example, tlie ease of Joseph liennie, the celebrated elit/r of tl,e J'rrt fbOo. Although the wrftintri of i^unle .1 > not vindicate Uls traditional f%me, lie was unrtue?tionab!y a man of fine and jieenltar g?nias, who exercised In vari ous ways an extraordinary inH', en-re upon the montal habite and tastes of our countrymen. A brief obltrary In the I'nrt lblii>, wit a a few reminiscences in the aleafcant volumes of autohii.jfrapliy by J. T. L'uckuifbaM, lurnUb *J tUt ia li?;e gireo i 2L.*f v. nm*r^^ ttwctir. Mot one w?rt la Mid ot kit pmiucl troabW* in I'niladalphia, his I in imaoy with Thomas Moore, bit anmi,ir of K'xire't, I lit#, pr*flxed to the ftrnt eoilaetkm of tlut p?*Pe wort# ever pria wl in ttoe I'Ditod ? fates, his wondert.il ' ****?ta *s a raatnUiir, toe brilliancy snd kindliness of hi* i apokeu wit, ? whiih some' imes, " a?cirding to hi* friend I ' "fc'Pt W" frlonda in iaugnter mod tear* till ~*y.wr* ?**rtl?d from the night's an joy men: by briak ? fUfMis," M the ruiniuducea fry his amiable inrtnu. ?e?, the epitaph for his monument, la which h's youuir ( friend. Joan Quincy Adams, described his chara-tor the y? uthiul writers whom he had brought forward, or the I ourtoua lact that ona of them ? the subsequently re D*w**d .Nicholas BkJdlo? waa hla immediate anecMfcorin the aiHUrabip of his magazine. Indead, wo have almost nothing of what aaontd hare eonrttuted Dannie's Wo grapby. ?2 .i? ct whose literary life the Meaara. Duyckinek aeeai to bo mare ignorant than ofDenulo s, reminds us of his brother, thaprotound Uivver. the earnest and impressive Coagreaatonal debater, the astute i s-.-holar, JbmMar with tho best literature awl woiahttor learning of every age, who was as raipeetible 5T v l&Z -ttwms cist legal shed for his afcUities Richard Bi dle, whose memoir of Sebastian Cabot coosti tatea beyond <jue?tion the fluent ronaumaaC of Americas fciatorical research. latJ tb'm subject ittrtoted the Mr- seareely more was known o t the li!e of thl, famous oUeoverer than of the life of WilHam ^hakspore; but its diffleul lcs, not lees than Me impor tant, arrested and detained hl< Interest, and. with a mind trained to the subtle Inquisition* of the courts a ready command of the reeour. ee of reUted knowledge, attfan indomitable ardor which the labor of rears oouid not deptess, he began and pnrsned those inqnirloK wbleh weie crowned with the complete succeee that is revealed in his Memoir, published in London in 1832. The name even, pi euoateroua as such an assertion may seem, of lUckard Htddle does not once occur in this "Cyclopedia or American Uterature." But we an tie' pate: we shall hare occasion presently to mention a great number of other omissions, some ? f which are quite as conclasirs " *? *?? Ignoranoo and in capacity of the authors of this pretentious performance. It may he as well tin* to make ?? <?**? literary qualifications exhibited by oar crlties, to Me whether they should be exempted from the fcto of a sertain Gypsy heral*. whose ??ur ward*8 related in the diverting history oi Quentin A history of literature, it win of eour-e be admitted, should itself be litoraturo; vet it may be doubted whether me annals of bcofcmaklng furnish mor? melancholy ex amples than are to be found in this w irk of an utter in capacity to wtite Intelligibly, perspicuously, veu grammatically. As the monthly magazines and the weekly and daily newspapers hare, a* wi h one no*ord, averted the irdcfeciibls grase, clogance, pecsplnaalty ?ne ?y, frethness, .Vc., Ac., Ac., or the Messrs. Dnyck' inck's style, wo must demonstrate the justness ct our ccnsnre, and we aie sorry to say tha'. no morn easy ta>k could be set before us. should we transcribe one-Wo'h w 'f *> bongling and incomprehonsfVe seuten!es noted while hnmedly reading these volumes, n single nu-mper I of the JI'TUU) would act oontain e\cn 'his portion ol our review . W e shall be content, and ou>- readers will U> mere than content, with a few specimen- . t ?kea almost ! at random ; ? i!A|iltrff? P.nl"r y 'of4*12lierraot7ll)?lhav,b<?ei> byM-. 1! B. Urruly,,,[ hew a wiiinient gupj-aulfo of thi* vj inf icorit. i. x 7S%????!***-"*? u"nai"t snj 1 Is Mr. UnyckincK sure of this? Was not Wi^lfMrarth cne or th?Jmosi snoce- tul of oar early ivtiteis,' >',mo time Mnce tho Me?tioa?i war? ' inirP,M? Maiber JeTe'oped the lo r>u?o , rth, 1. 5.1. I eWlu?o2f? V* S5 eammffan'1 'heo/osrywas heaped 1. ? n 1:1s IS. eDter ^ the pm*ru 1 hc yjooma o! his tUs)>oeiMoni ^rew darker iu atr? tm dearh a.?. preached, a 11 lend whom he waa e;?.i :c mee!, % at the completion of b! 4 *ix?y- tilth year J. r,2. 4 ' mining -iPet',Derl0d ?' hiBLook pp#ducUveiiet? notadato In Did he publish a bork every day fbr forty years? . Co1; IiJ'rd 19 n 'IJ^0 In his l.in^natre, at times, but tlnf he <r>?.7? to the raco of neartv livers ei huccntur? -?i 73 I I7?^V ^7 became rector, whuh he tondnued tw vi v?l?Diinous ? ~<rrr<[? n l<nrr would iMor- have -lrfn I him a hifh literary reputation asa l-'"r wrl"s r, e'1 . , ofr hi* ?"?i'nct library ciimtwrttlona o u </ ? /"?<-? i tuu lahi/rH ol liiany wbu have workeu dlrcctly Or mm Uilon aud the boekseilara.? L i(fi. J J rl '"' tu^ULi ai u'Jei1 to tranklin'a ]'biloson!<v as indie .'"ve of t e religious po? era. Ilcre ic cay ^e Sidd hat no ra'ijcr Hve 1 in',,em, Ue appreciated ih.; do\oot aua tr.- is of such luonm Jonathan Kd?ard?. Iu i-.vi-, ? the toundHdODH, 'ot whatri und could empty his pockets at 'hr i heart sttrrinc appeals of Wniielicld.? /fti'i. P at ?<**,?*><:*<?> Qov. Beleher, an.l her a Mj;//itrr ol i.icu'. Gov. Taller. ? i. liO. It the daiif)?i!>r of a lieutenant Oov.'r nor a lessdiiroi l" d person than the niece of a Governor:- or h a eoond wife less nearly relaUid to her LusbanQ thuo a nr.. t. wllo? i,^l?<Lr"0?t w,,tl educated wrl'ers of ver?Kh0 Autrledhls 'ian.1 on a few of the i-.! 's oi Horace.? i. 13d. Cu0r.h0 th? render will suppose the mm wh-j k v COD P tins J8 still lit lag? hut lie <liai 110 yours ?^o. a bXlvwf-t tfiv0 rK"'ut'y DOt "n'r friend, but ' t"* ni"' ? Irt'.urm or Hcbro <i, it ia vaatU \'o\ovu*)lo ft07"" Im ttorou" kUi* J lie author ot "M'Kin^al" had more of the . Hojiklr ica^ fi/iiahed unci work [thantbe - ^Occaaioea/ of never isscie'i ircm fno -Acoenouij press. <^?^1 ? ? liUsr, . w ftnd Rn account in the "Aujo'jIo "u"> lr0IB "J "Sa1' sljr Uma(,T ^ <*'? -??k. "? - ? >t ? ' '??> He sailed from New Bedford to af rtaU ()?? Mm ^ dw roiered by (Joe cold, in U-O'J. rtiiieh be hsd sta<oJ .n"on -e ? jy in J?,7L '? ?<"!?>" '<k, r?- vro:e ?,? lif- ror the geoond vol^^. and totroauced a di-'rriptiou of the spot.? IL; n. pr. Robert fMnith, of BocrtO'lriali descent, who oomo to thi? oouwr, m hia childhood ? > ir. Hitherspoon, la 1783, was induced to rlf'r Pik/iand tnr 1 lu?^,'OT 'he institution; arailier early i,fi ai?ar Jte war, irhih n >ig t*jnnu-r*Wii?i. 277 ? rj sagacity waa shown in the old Continental Coii/ree* ?? ^w^to:!t,T0J''J-",e ttr??iatment,o. Thomas rv0? * '' whim ha .i knowledge of Dr. Witherspoon ena;?e. t,i dlvtr s ed' *" a'ne' *1"1 ?0t the i?. De wrote ike Oeegrewlonal Addrease* to fbe Pc->p)e, reenu mendinr tat!* and rAm ih't <?? lei'Wani LVterin, and ?e?er?: war topics In .he newspapers? i. 17/. We liurpect, but are by no meami confident, that the lies;?. T'uy.-ijnrk intended in the?e lines to con my ih; meaning tliat XMt.'ierspoon wrole tbe Addresi-es o; Con crete in which >?il* w?rt> recommended, an J an ?ns?r * ntitlfKl ' Uioopht-! tor 'he People," besides dinsusidng in the next 'papers Hereral anbjoet* connected with the war. A m.nv'on o' the?c iinea tuts been happily Introduced In the excellent rnvel '.it John Katon Cooks, of the Virginia Come dutni, which Introduce-' ur i" a i?i iri' ot delicate eeniimcnt ami elevated p-ii iuwe 10 in? chiwirio oiden time ot the I. Now, Mr, Cooke Is an estimable member of the Virginia bar, itfiU <11 - neitrr in i?n> way coun.cted with tlir play actms of thai Commonwealtu. lJut Is it '?? portion of tiioce lite*, or Mr. Cooke .4 novel, that '?i*trojuci.>t?'' >m to all ?.hi* romance and chivalry After pas?in-< v'ironsb college, deve'.efl himself to nxcrrho/t ill*> . a i .mi. I which he soon k'hu dened.? i. 2>7. w 1 a-^a ino.ftl in found In au epilogue I a the trnjeJ / or f;*.o, written la liTb. 1 ia occupied by x, paral'^l between the scene" and characters wbVJi have just pained 1<? fore U ? upcciaiora ' ojes. ard ihoee tn which ine author and audita. e were al'.'ne participant*.? I. 230. Which i* go occupied, the couplet or the epilogue? Tin ;' wmte rot'eifcer paper* tn <he ?t\ lr of tlie Spectator, l/.tn Lur h "indanl model tor this class ot eoicpoeitlon*.? l. .'J/J. Wten did fbe Spectator reaff to be tbe " s'andard model ' fur '? compositions " " in the style of ther-peoU tort" Tnnn'.nll returned to N'ew Haven and wrote what now a : t'..e !ir?;. aecoad and t-'ird cantos ot M'Finpd.? /'/(<<. HC'ju.iug FrcsUen', Madlaeti Ldcd the secrctaryahiii dm lni! hla adm'.nial.-adon, ouooeodin* to Q ? Preakiency itae lr. i <*'. On the nuctipl<'i:ou e. Uta aeooiiil term he wlthdreir ui his ? j> T:."iuiia, a, with :he neepjou of ? roopie or mon <>?, whlla-te wa i nu-axtd in tbc. revk on or the hta'e coniii'.ntiou at K.rumctd.audUis vWta to Cbarlottesville, where he "?(?? ee^det J'tou an roi-'or, h It. ; beyor. -r :L- /nt- rr/lW^'. ? i. Tbe ' rate! the' awcxUini of Gou emt'or MorrU who c ... Sratrd to Auierlcp- wat r.'ctjml Morris, rho la sakl ;o have Keen an oSicer in CorrmallU's army. life ion Ve\> la su> ceeJed tobiae. iaic, acd tLlc i, dur.'ij the )a*t jcai-kof ia? I <*, .lie oifioft of Qoveroor of >aw .'f t?*t. Tlia eideal Mn, r.oHrU, be cai?c a mcn'"er of i!ie New York 1/e^ialature, in whJsii ho adnptod the liberal ?lde. He had eichi children, four or wliom were aorid, aod em of iheee r *u Uouvai uttur ts aa ihe >o. .u#?av. - 1. 018. I rem all this it appears that ae-rul of the an --ators of OouTTnenr MoTii emigrated from aome foreiifn oountry, and that U.e drst of them, Richard, the yr?a! ffrui) ? rrar\\faU <r ofCouvemeur, wa< an officer in the army of C?rnr;aiU.H, a general ol ftl/rnt the aame a./o as dourer - aeur hmpelf This lsaater Ktcbard Moms must hare been rather an old folcier ! Tho Hnmition of the ex of Oo'iTeroeur we cannot determl*e. I^wi" Morrl* had el((ht children, 'cror of whom were sons, and o<?' c<" tliMe ?onf, CnUTOmn^r was theyeun(??*t. Is It potwilile that he w** ti e yO'JXg'Nit daughter 1 fusplui d .i'-im A tor Jjc i?M a > Haraioea.? I. .fjg The 1'nu.ouil, *<jon contemplaucg ,<?' inv?^j jr.- ,,^.?4 Hy what ir>?ans '? ?niride or a league with l;ob?-t Rakiamc, or a search lot the Fmuttein ot Voutli Oppoaun J3 the. Church of Kn?;'aiid mis. eat fjr a lour Mmt thwarleil Uit plun., <??? H>* n,luv, ? |. 37 'J. Joi-Ji Marnhail, the author ot the " IJI'e of Washington,' Md tbe j JieW""!- U<j of the Supreme fwurt tA iheUnned iLale*.? i. 401. We n- ver before iuiw It staled that Marshal; was tbe American ooir J'.ution, Tbe toadiiiot'd reputation of Arae> '?r eto.,ii >tre, ) i4?t 'tfnrn by hlatrieni'j1. and icilow poUliclana, ha.< n-?t eip|r?; m hia pmbl.ahe- 1 writing*. One of <'? - ir././W,, wiildi we r.are heard related, ftlhfbtu the ?r\n.? I. H The onlek ?aAfor. :4hr iaacr of Ames ? !'?4. Tbe eonelualoii ot hiam-oenhoa Jiu BriUa; troa'r, rJr-i I.e. alludes o hla reeble health.? I. 470. The letters o. Ames are, written, with^n'v, and .?? e-.jit'inal lellcitioa ot exor<>??'.oB. tin ihe? ure ei&Vraieor fi*hly lulahed oompowJons rarolv panahlng or ?Jie otaay rharaeter of s<.;ne of Webster a eoM'.us.- II.:. l From Ma us WZi. Wob^er resW<?l at tmli?rst, Mass., t ' lam heretarred to Sew Hayon.? i. *7C When .'he war wnoOiidnd he bid snopocr: rn',r to *lr? j.nx ' <?! hla abhlly with the pee. in hia authorship of .1 o cc .o' n..*i! '?*ewbiirj( IjCitera," d.?tcd Iroi.i '.ho cam' a. Jmt p'ac^.? I. 1*0. l.ippeaoott Kiontlon* no ?uj)i place as N'cvrbur^ JM tera. We may detect the lnf'iienc<' of 1'artWn, v,mo win 'kit Uie faabVonablt poet t>f the <ti y In his iln.jii. in tlie open'u of one Of the csno-.s he p?T* 'he "glial eoitiiiiimeiiia nf tkr rhn, I i his heather barde.? i. JW . I nhnnortart ae a eo leetton ot poeir}, it l? s eiirlous picture of the riofein* . ear* of the iast oenturf, wlieti WHahlngtor. de cilneil a re o ;rctt?? to the 1'resideie y '.hi subject tor *e?erta! takes of heroic verse), when fibei re!>ello<l n KHSiwwihtli-e >a "eie'irate<l m an Ironical wiix;. when Europe waaieetJi'nf with Jiei- rcrolufloo (a lire'/ ucrsiocin^sr a ?a la-i), ic., fr.-l.WI. What it the " subject of several page* of heroic vereef' ' Who or what ia ? ' celebrated la an Ironical song t" tad when did Lartpe, or the "coming r? volution,'' toesctne a h.oi y ?> ballad ??' lbe imuuU* writer of the poUtlca^oetlral tract of >fc? - I. U5> llo published an elexy, "The Triumphs of Superstition,'' which Jrtfl i bis thrughts sail feelUigs. - 1 NIL Horn in 17t>9. In the Mwn of IWr, tu Iklamare th? son of * Sook-a clerxiwan who passed forty three years of luiniauriai duty. Ac ? i ??. A aea cap sin, wbo bad retired with a moderate for? ana by lh. imi/ii* oj AVb t Shi Wirt's practice hi the Sunremt Court gained him prm t r-im lotion rhrre he frequently met hia legal antagonist i'lukney. ? 1. 1317. _ at ose time Wirt- sa what American auttnt hai not I ? medi tated a ptotlne km In tbe drama.? i 618. I?:miny l'lckerli>tr tbe earl/ wbl* leader of Stlem, bia oa tlve place, tbe fallow soidtet of Washington, and kit Secretary of State Urom 17% until hu removal In the administration of Admm !n I BOO; ?ubse<iuenly a member or Congress, a mem- I bor of the Board of War Id 'hi 2, a* he had discharged numerous similar duties in the revolution; again member of Cooarnss I from 181* to 1817, ??*?*? he retired, at tluitpari'xi, to private Bfe, employing himself In agriculture. -k &A. j Hla form seemed to Jill up a* amply to the oto, an his career I and words 10 the mind. tbe/W Ww 1 of a h Whop.? I. 600 Mr. Brlated was enthusiastic In the pursuit of hit conviction*. I -L?8 Did he aver cateh tb?m? He subsequently, In 1*25, returned lo tbe country, as minis ter plenipotentiary, under the adintuUtraUou oi Adams, where he maintained his pet-tonal ln<tep?ndei.oc-i. 601. Mr. Win. Irving, wbo had married bia titter, a man of wit and aenlua 11. 1. Heffi'oryl was a great fnvo-lle, with his handsome tlorid hee and long auburn ringlets- iL 10. Dane ottered $10,000 as the tooudation of a law professor ship, on the condition that Story atould oecome Ua first profe* sor. - J I' id, 1 be legal writlrgs af Siory frotn hi* own pen. ? II IX In U?l?he returned to America tor a period el' two yean, which be passed in Boston, and at thij lime married the Bister ci' Dr. ( banning- ti. 13. About ibid night, near the thtiening of Sunday.? /Aid. >ott irs left bin eacel or his desk, which wai not the ripe pro duct of lua tit i? d, which bad aoat not only labor bat perplexity. ? Ibid. 'l be work would havo been completed, and haot. created ? Ibid. Webster's father, a farmer, and according lo the habit of the eountrj ami times, an innkeeper? II. -J. Bo all Now Hampshire farmer* then kept taverns. Its author, wbo 1a understood to huoeUm C. C. Folton. When did Prof. Fel on die? or if living, who is he now V t'alhoun read tbe histories of Bollin, Bobcrlaon and Vol taire with such aisldulty, that In fourteen weeks he had dtn poU.hed itrTtU of tack.? iL. SO. Jt Ula ieraon.il chartictrt, Calhoun was of great purity and simplicity of charnrtr. ? lL 3ti. Col. Benton's moderate oowrae. on the slavery question not belnp approved by a majority of the Senate of his State, and his indeju-ndent amrtr on other questions ?* vil having added to the number of his enemies, an wit as his (t leads, he lost hla election to tbe Kenate in 1851?11. 14. Dr. Brown preferred report# of Nlsblt's lectures, which be cbarje'eriset as '-lull, thorough, philosophical, appositely Il lustrated by wit " in a letter to Pr. Mil or be Rives a spocl men from one of his discourses on logic, which fully ft stain* ih* ta*l Ifitrliiy.?ll. 89. His "touiaJe Uiographv." hnvuiff m.iny points o." resccn 1 blanre to bia eoOeetioit oj mate rct-hrit^f/k?ix. ti2. The meaning here perliaps, ia fhit Knaop'fl "Female Blographj" iesijmblen ia nu,ny rospec'.s tbe same nu thor's "liirgraphical Aetch^s ot Kmtueut Lawyers," tn. , It Is a striking discovery. laroentins the lack of Interest manifested by his /eSjio tnuit Itl/nu ii.? iL tw. lhis, of course, refers to Mr. Verpl/vntk's country ncightM.cs: '? fell jw countrymon" having no other e:gn'. licatlon. But what Mr. VerplaneV: lamented was the ia djJTcience of hit; countrymen? ft wo'd waich our autnori should be Informed incicates fellow ciUzcnc, or fellow in

habitants of the same nation. Juvenile Verses, written by Wo idworth?ll. 71. 'Ihc f ores' Kuw keeps po?scs?t inof ibr su^e o,i a > f die amusing Yankee character v. ho farms ono ot' the d rantalit pt rfona.?I'. t'rl , uls piojrcss in his History, and tbe other useful labors ot his tll'n, trcit interrupted. ? it. &">. Jack Tier was puhiishud in lift'1, ironi tlie pag?:s of U raho.tr.' * \ JU'.'t/asilrr, ti etoj n oj the .*?, Ac.? it 112. .Nuansitie km the first of a sortes tMuwdlg (!) written t . i daiuumr the anli-rent doctrines.? lbi<L Travilation: In ISatanhMie, Mr. Cooper denounced au ti-rentwm. With hin cnatomary spirit 1>"i adapted ft Inurl ( to the publish Lntc faih Otn lutiidncod by the of cheap reprints. ? It 112. 'I he government ot the Uniteu Stutes wm <>."? of Ut hu *>. ex ft- title-, and entailed as heavy a bu-ocu of tai.mon on Ummc under its su ay a- any In Ukj v. arid ? ti. 110. j- f me ot tho newoj aper coiioi-s of th* dt'!t. wbo 1'ir.^it good Planners, and ftertonall)/ assailed the auih >t '? pecnIUu rticn. i'he Messrs. DuyckineV. are doubtlos.t deserving of prai-ve lor letunir us know thai thonew?|iap(r editors who (inarrclled with Cooper woro not tiiose scurvy members of j the pesa-gang who livoti in tbo days ol Caeops; but wlnit (io they mean bv saying, tuey li personally'' availed Mr. Cxjpei 's ' 'peculiarities ?'? Ooes the word " porsoually" attach to r their action was eJitorul ? in writing ? by leading articles, as i: wore; orders ?? personally" rtfer to tiie*o " pecttliariuesV" Were tl<sy persons, and did the editors hhick thtir ojoa and crop ttletroar* ? Tbe author baa contrasted '-'rent mental i i"or, combined with lax moral pi-tLcipie (?> enieebled intellect, sircr.>;<hei'ed by ur. swervlnt; rectit'tae ? ii. 111. Die iij s oi the Hour \v;is dejlqned to exhibit the evils in lite otiilior'f opinion of trial hf jtt.ru,? It. 113. Iheold Kng I Lsb tlivlnts as noulraJisUnguisIied to the school cl l.ojkc.? U 131. _ An ediiortol connection was planned witlt tT.e ' r!ia* Spec taior, a theological review at New Ha ran, a position tor which he was well iiUkliCcd, but it was not carried ot ? K controversy wiih the Uev. Dr. Poits, which zre* out of n rettuhk Ut /alt by ItuTus tJhonte.? - IL lilt, of the '.'pi-v witloh ttl Ute years spec:!,!!;,- -ngagetl h's atifntion was'/ t nu ,,-rir pre'.'tced to lUaedtiKHi <f the works of WeUster.? ii. lil. What was the result ol hht attention to tbia " topic *" Did ho wilie a review ot the ?' iutroJuctorj :uemoir,'-' or merely think about it i lie continued in Ihc discharge of His protes*orehlp .? ii., 175 When it was t.nally i iwlHuytd *uai bjctuiie i: The particu ar in Jim no of Dr. Aott In Uie adnlnist radon ol' Uic coUq/e has teen the arartltal turn ichLJi hi hut gifato V'j t': in calling forth tbe earnest moral quiltiei of his ,..??? pil , and renri sMdj} the opposite proellv !tie-*i of j cr'Ji. Thietn a >>>rr'onal in!t.ieuc?, tor wnfch he will he gr?.v;f iUy remetntier ed.-ii. Ifl5. Now. Dr. Xott *iniinlot?irc(l tiio government of tlie col lege, *t\i1 not the college itself, ills iniiaeuse wax not the practical tnro given to coinage df- ci^linc, bat that pruciicai turn muv have twci a result ot his iafiu?nca in the next lice, it vrai perhaps intended to iniiaiate thai ho oev<:lopod tho manly i;ual'ties of bis pupils, a*>d re p?fnse?i tlitir youthful procliritiefl. The act or conduct aliuted to cannot, by any ruie with whicti w are ac quainted, be described an a " ]*?r>,onal influence," though it may have been a means of creating Much an io tintnee. Dr. Holhrook, inlft:i. waj oie' tod Pro feasor of Anatomy in the Molical College o! South tiiiroltna, a plnr.e w.'.loti he uow holds. 1h the Professor of Anatomy a place, or if hi Dr. Hol i v. ,-ook hold the college? Ot' the thirty or more poems <y' rhkb the tiM* mUs ir is .v?> t Drake wrote nearly o'ic hair Including 'J'he Aracnjau Flag, v hi 'h n/tp&trrU an^rrj/ '/i-.n. ? ii. ao.'t. " Uorn-'P Mann Is a native ef itfvsachusotts, v> ,-r he was horn at FrnDk.?n." " He oursuod the study of ihe law In lutthtield, trt nn.. and Drahurn, Mass. whirji fca represen:ed in tlie legislature." ''JOehas become ciniueut ?.< a sojiel re former and philanthropist, taking ur.dcr h if elargti be tempo run* e juesaon,'' Jr. "In 1M.'! he wa.i elected President of Antloch collect), nchv he also "pjiort the iliUir.i o' Protestor ot Political Kconomy," ?c.~ Ji 2ii l)r. Hush became oonnerted with the '?* tknirh, and devoted iim<telt'to Uie dissemination o i the writings of thai fihil'imyphrr ? li. 12o. Hraluaid-s |oalus Is a flower plurkoJ from the banks of the river which he lovndand yrri^rrcH for i>o''cnt;/, ? it. 'J 27. ].< gare s -'iicnslfc ei urtitioti -.ccius, aa in ?nrneilme* Dm. cane, to have ai :ed unfavorably V> his stiocoM.? ii. -17 't ne !?'(? tirtn brothers. whoso t tami-*, Ac.? -It. -"2. Ihc rapid ar.d 'atpe'iioux orator ot f?ew England, win** "to ouence aeacuDda '.ike the iloo-i oi a mountain river, besrinc a'.org grand anJ minute oojoeta In its course, M n. native of utai-jachtmelta, irh-rr be wtm born, at Ipswlc'v- ii, In New York on tlie anniversary oi the lauding of the PU griint u IMS. i' I th' Tattrmwlf. ? u. >7. Creerihuw, a'.ter his arrival In California, wat appointed, In lJo as.-o-i&ic la a agent t-> the C ruled S'ate< IJU) i Commlasion ? I er ?li. 311. Tlie author of "Georgia Soenrs," and a natiTCOf ??tt S'rti* -ii 314 Oen. Plockney and .Indue Johnson *?'? number* of t)i<i ^amiuee who made the Or- < purchase of books when U,c rot ?gr went into operation. The* tpnre procured in Lowtm, (rui'i the well known bnokscUei, lAckingkm ? 11.830. Driven from England by the part tio took in ret'emve to Frctcli politics - ii, 33L At af ktiiK Mams in n nei tapop r rommnntca'Jou, which he published In the Pennsylvania iterating M < A'ivwfoer.? IML H /i-P' Dr. * '-ooper was hit hf?, It was rut to meet Buoh ?hannljigooni'ersatiCTi aa im eihiblied thtitlhte . at the tiin uff tn'j' : aud nthr.r witlH Oi Columbia, in tchtfh <'oopcr, Henry, l'rcsfn and others, were coasplruoiw, and would not have anpearcd to disadvantage in the beet ltivitm tucitiy. ? a, Thts eminent Kpecuiatlvc iuuulrer, Ingeilotw tUlnkr r,?Bd ex fX'iient of various rrW^O".* in bt? written*, wan bom u Vermont.? it. 386. The Kum of Action Is but a 'hlneovenng. and a slight itrpedl mem to, If H doos not aaais', a purely pnilosophiOHl eauay.? The auilior of the popular lialiad of Oi l 'Jrltnes apootol citttlvatkm. and an anion: jwumpkot af 0 in hintoritnl lit, rotor* vtRkod* I -land, is a native oi that Htate.? 11. 33ti. Hr.rnc persons may Irish to know whether Mr. flreene lias acted in a strictly legal manner in thun piowtfing tbls hiftotical literature ? who appointed hint to thodt.tv, and whether he i* lCkely to gain his case. He passed his evenlnjs In reading aloud w hi* family, j troit which hi') /i on cont'm-ied - il. 3M.. He ha.< taken little pan in the public affal-s >,( u? 'lav, t\ i pt In the mattrr ol the tlnven/ gur-iii'jA, on which lie hat tie. llve-td jeve -al ovations in opposillor. to thru imt it nf :/,r, A i a Writer, ihe prf* of Mr. (layarrv ia tnarluvl !?/ tho frtnch and .Southern cHarsoteruUcs. ? k. (OZ. As an <MM| lift, Mr. fianfwd hs ids a verr hanpv pen. TTla articles of iMi* dttrr, in tho newinapere < f tbr d^i, "Arr.? U. ioc. Ihe transltioa irom tlie nr.tet ot as Italian Mmiio u> tho ae:i\11yot an American r^-t'n'.?V. 117. Hyperion wa? dated in lKft), a i/ime,' ,-V. v*, perie<Hhi? the I appy promisea ot Outre Mer. old nxropoau iradblna, the iiuaint and picturesque ot tlie pas'., arc re\ r od in iu puym \'1 a modern eenUmen: aid winning Mck of the fancy, which ml kmfc' taeuTc the attractiveness of this pleasant valuiuo.? II. 4M. M'hrttur owing to the wt Iter's ayrifjathy with Hvnyau from Ul* own Mitaewant similar labors, dingers and tntrei iiv. a In the U mperanoe eanse, this volume is one aftheoldmt el Ms i m duDkma? IL 1M. lbe plot aims on d'?tlrir'!oui of fltshloaal.de life, and the asxti until ii, by one of the d-arsz-^ers, at Uie lavorable p< ? .'fcV? Li an lntrlirie ol' a loretgn ociieL? IL to!'. Ills writings were nnbllshwd In numbers of the \r Yor>r bUiT*^. ? P>iU. I be seenes and tnf.ldents of hin stories are fiar tlie mo:'.; iifti l t )ra*n ''???* ibfj ht.nJiem States ?II. w i. lie wLs one ol tho body of etoellen\ wvfter* att.idiod to nucktoghtm** -V"/! Knghmrt M,"ruc[,v, *ob*:r be wn> cane i .m ot ntera-7 ikjt 'i alt.i ? U. 41H. W bra Kranclin I'tercc was nommatod fo" ?k? PrwMniov Wr Ha .rthome eaiue lorward as hly blocnU'lier, a. ?< ?- jiti >?? eietu ol In moderate :,i ace and * .l.j .iierar; d'??-f,.in.? ,i. yj-i. II i dni: /ored "Poetry, r Metric^ K?(wy.'? befira the IJar vai't 1 bl Ucta Kappa whirh hejuvllti h i th' trrmf ymr, ? II fill. l-h-i teok up bor resllener vi fjr. tm., or p/; vicin'tj. etnp'oy ie > ii*-Tf?U, Co 1?W, In a?piy!?Ro' leTu. e-hip, or ela? of !? '!"*. They were called oon.arsaUons u Which Oer iau philosophy, tc. , a? ro roa le th?t ioplcs ot lnstni^tio?.? u, 525. Ho was firm President 01' the Ctartnuatt 11 ptorlcai Pociaty a d mis afterwanl.i Yleo rr s.dent 0:' ttie Wflo fli t'orliai So cintv, bn ff-ndness for the Jnu?r pur, nit* being liberally rtt tu$ "t b^ hi.; pu&llcadnri, "The Annab of 'he West " -11 r-'X III i pen ottered the next Jte/'t. an ! bo laid on the shifting |iM,o.iaW"n o< the r?iaMd;jo?- and eewspapr ra winio 01 the cor ncr atones of ihe literature of tlio west ?J', i t. Pmtghkcepiie, the connty town of his in. vn iiiaoe ? il. fi30. Wl'.li in'elle^tual powers sometimes n ilndiiig u?. In a par Usl d<' tiee, of ihoi* ot ? 1 lerldge's pix tie eiarci^ee, i.tke Kui-la Khan, jrr irs'snce. being a. tor Poe'a ideal ?11. NK. Ilnrrltt published 'a monthly perlodloal t vn F,;,v*, en tilled Th-- f.ifmry lirm.'ii' " in I (40 he commcne -d ns a '? vrtr, one of the tew profitable of UNt trf uo'-npa * toe open !n the rowitr), ' Ucii tie has IKS ? j)i rjr'U w mi a,:0 ce?a.? It. t?W? 1 He became engage* In etrrulattnfa mut'uU ry* M ?/ ad dreaa-a ?Ibid. f treat ha? frequentl v bMa gMM critics *? ftwyw ri?m wift the mlnote tiyU of the ?>nt?i> *-hooI of oainMrs ? a 566. ? Beaertvtloos of natural acenery la tha author'* best h '.h of aarrlul elaboration - ll?d. A topleot more genoa1 agreement il affT. tfeauuful situation for a poetic ru/<?, ?, which toon dt*.:?pni Lm.Ii in her youthful mind -It W. ihe wcnao'i r^bu >tueMion, ot which lira. Smith has been a proaainent lultuwtr - U 66 1 Mr, Osgood Is fertile Iti anulyin.? U. 372. Be watered the army, xhtrt be served aa a private soldier. II, 6.5. Ihe organs of Hound were trrmoeably destroyed.? U. 676. A me u.oria oilume ot his sermons and poetical remaius in *n octavo aofaaao, was prepared by Bishop Doane.? ii. 012. Downtig'a arertione have undoubtedly cxerdte/l a groat and solutarj tot!ueuce.-il ol? IbemodMt title of A >r eotumr ef paems should not be suf fered to ovvrthaduw tto merits of the choice contents ot thr 6oaA.-ll.tS7 Mr. Satgent has sever thought hU play, "The Genoese," wor thy ot a permanent wlnpiim ? it 6S4. Magazines ami perlodiaals.? Ifrirf. Manager Ha) lain we snow existed, though we trust with verv omerent attribute* than those to which the necesaitv of the plot keie m'jrcia Mm.? U 6SJ. Mi-. Mathews was au.ong ihe early graduates of the Ifew York University, an annotation which he revived dome years altera arda fcy an address on Atnertcautsm.? ii. 645. It has commonly been supposed that this university was "revived" by heavy subscriptions from George Gria wold and otflar gentlemen. Tha Messrs. Duyokinck, how aver, nay be oorrect. In 1840, The folilleleaa, a comedy, appeared, the mhjr-t tntuhr of which was followed up In tha Career of i'uit'er Hop k Ins? II. 645. M r. Matbewa haa bean a constant writer In the jourpnUumt of the day .?11 ti46 be was assisted in the ralaingbv Kmeiaon, fl sorgo W. Curtis, snd other celebrities of Concord, whose presence gave the railers an artiMic Jlutor ? ii. 654. Tills Is the first intimation we have seen that Thoreaa was compelled to eat the rafters of his Walden nuanty. Our authors appear to hate known el' other not less as tonishing resutis of hanger. On ii. p. 613, we read of an eoetntrio personage who had "a wild flavor," and on 1 291 of a book that bad "the rongh tlavor of the fron tier settlement, " eo that not on: j must a hook have been literally devoured, but somebody ? perhaps one of the Mei-srs. Duyckn>c)t? has actually made provender of a frontier settlement ! Be has since been engaged in teaching theology, both In the Herman and English languages, iBiUitfu. . xtevtlon of the 1?54.? IL m. Ike tuljtti [of the Bigelow Papers] is an tapomrr of the political pretences and ahifta which accompanied the Mexican wai.? it HOO. Be wus neit emp'oyed In the office ef a large broker's Arm from Boston.? 1). 664. Who was this large broker? Who constituted the firm whom he owntti ? and as teey wore from Mostjn, where didtbey open their office V Or did the au'.horu mean simply that Mr. Whipple was cmpiojed in the offi :e of the tmueent biokers, or private hankers, liana, Fcnuo & Co., ot BohIqlY Whipple was a leader In the display of hi* <['ilck InlsUei tua) fence and rtparies. extensive stores ot leading, and sub tie and eojriotu critical faculty.? 1L 064. Cndoubtedly. Who oIpo should have been a leader in the display ot Mr. Whipple's own abilities, evon to the "copious ciitioal faculty?'' A. buuk remarkah'c for lis various reading.? 11. 665. T?u education whtth her son has received aa tlw oompan Icu ot'licr arUttl* ex curxUnu, for she pow.ased a natupa1 .-0 nlu?- tor iv rt, into the talf.ra.1 world, dejtrminud, i be wlteof Dr. r . A. Worthing^*, a iniysi^lan ot Uhb, u-/"Me maldtii tio.i.r ?na Jane f*. i.oioa.v ? Ii. S78. She Is married to Mr. W. H Kliaiey, editor of the Xewni'k ii n7,V iirfn rtin r, tch- re many of ber poetic compositions hav? appeared ?II. tisfi. Be k> at pre-eiit resident Minister at Vienna, to vlti-U he was appolmed in 186 i. ii. C93. JntnON Burrell, rcmcml>er?<l as an eminent Rhode Islander, nn<t lor hit St.-tator'.i ?pecch In Congress ?11. 7'W Our author has Riven an uiiiiginativn remtMlacence of his earl.v lii)^rc?.jiotiM ol I'rovideuce thai in the dccay or iu lui ge India 'radc.- I bill. H( nj. JT, Butltr, a m-miber of the Cabinet of Jack?on aud Van buren, to vhum. In 1824, In connection wl'li John Duer aiid the late John C. .Spencer, wns entrusted tholmportaut work of revising the Sta u'cs ot the state of New York, and author ot?overal of'<iiw /t end a few p-iethxit cuntrtbutforui to the Dtsioc/ ilk Jl> iitw.?il. 718. Would it be p^ssisle with unjust severity to c-nnure persons no i^noiaut of the commonest and simplest usee of laxguage. lor their pre,nmption in nttcmpt'ng to wiite a ciitical history of Literature! J.et not th? aLi nurdlly he ic petted, xnut their work is historical and not ciiUcail. Tbo very seloclion of authors for his uit leal treatment ? the decI>ion, lor exanijite, that Henry Jam:s, in net entitled to any notiee wna*ever in a cyclo pedic review which embraces formal biographies of T. & Arthur and LsuUa licCord? U aa act of criticism. Eeaided, these volumes are full of what i.s mean*, for criti cism. accoicing to thu couitDun application of that word; and this criticUai. when not second hand. Is often aa fteb!e and prep'.Bterons in substance as pueri'.e snd vicious in expression. Corton Mather writes the life of bis father " wi'.h graat ?pL-it and unction:" ho tell* tho stoiy <f wi clicrcft '? with a hearty unction tnat gloats o-ertlie vie iics;" Jelfersori's autobiography has ? n.w thh gef the rehati of i rnnklin's;" William B. Tappan'n vertcs. pc -hups ie?s de.-erving of this poculiar praise tbau aLy others iu the wholo range cf our literature, are de fccirbed as " uniformly smooth, muHictl, and in excellent taste;" .Mise Warner's book, '? The Law and the Testi mony," which is nimply a classitied collection of U-'ts of Scripture, is called " a theological work of research and iiierl Alargaret Fu'ler's "criticism" (of 1/ragfollow,) "is but ii not her name for tym/uthy;" an 1 William fiawen's "signatuie of Cypicis, Jr.," is regarded as "a euro indication to tho roadcr of a pleasant, ingenious vein ot fpteula'ion on the favorite tonics of the sjiorts Gian, mingled with porboral humors of the wrilci-'ii <-wn." A cartful ftury of this last extract has not enabled us to <!l?ccv? r its (ngiiiflcanco, except as tn the suggestive im pott of tho name " Cynrewu" which to most people wtuld be "a .sort.' indication ci' reveries in graveyards. It was lorg ogo the rej. roaeh of foreign wits that our country was ovi rritn with ^American .VJdisoni, "Ato'"-i can liol-.iHmiths," 'Ameiican Scovts. " "American C'Dle r itgea," Xc. American criticism appeared at length to he purged ef this sort of staff : but tt is here revived. "Modern Chivalry" is "modelled upon Hudibras and lv>n tjuixotle, and productions of that ill.-," and "the humor is after Sterne and I'lclding;" Drake's ' Culprit 1'ay'' is "a Midsummer V^ht's Bream, after Shakspearo's Qaven Mab;" in I^ng'cUow "the poetical vlnon and earnest toachirgs of Goethe and the every day humors of Jean Paul, as it were, come to livo with us." But let us sec what is the "historical'' value of this woik. Wo have already shown that no judgment Is ex hibited in the eeleetion of siibjjotg, and that there is no proportion in the parttci' jrlty and length ol' biographies. Wo will sow inquire what degree of reliance can b? placed upon the statements which tho authors offjr as Jipeti". It would require a volume to point out all their blunders, anl, of their style, we shall merely give a ft h specimens. So muoh has been said and written of the H^echer family, especially i-lnco ttio rnpearance of ''I'ncle Tom's Cabin.'' t&?-. the reader will readily understand how fibuncont and easily accessible must he materials for tbeir fciigraphies- and if the account ol the Bcechers and their books is inaccurate, that all tbo re it of the wot k way therefore be justly suspectel. After a tew ?ententes on tit- llfo of I ynan Beeclier, the father, we have of his career in literature these meagre sen tenoos: ? llli chief puhltciuior J rem 'I,'', of sermons and addressee. and a wnra on i-olitjc*! Atheism. A collection of his works. In lour onmpact duodecimo volumes, wan made in Roston In 1933 Hera is not a word of tho>e extraordinary "-ix Ser mons on Intewpcranoe" which produced a more pro found and pervading tension t^ar. any other six ?er tnon- ertr printed In A?cr1ea, or of his "i'lea for the Went," ?Mji-wi in Theology," or other distinct publica tions. Of hia children we are told:? Of Mi /our . all eminent In the minister, one, Charles Peeoher. haspublished apcpular volume, " The incarnation, or Picture" ft the Virgin tndbor Bon," and an lutt' nlotis wort, ei. titled " 'I'll- i of >h' 4 ja," in whieh he luiilnlalns a theory reterriui, tlie frit/in of evil to a supposed atitieuce ??' Ih" yn>'jrnib>ri of the human root. pr'utf '<? Adam, Another kmihrr [of wbmnvl T'Mworc), lins WTiiifln a ditodesiino volume on "IUj)U?m, i ? luii'trt and Mode?;" aoda ihird .I nllieror sou . i llt-ury Ward utocher, is one 01 the mosi popular speak ers ?( til* Jay. ilia >cnnoii? atd-nct an audience, Sunday alter frurdnj, but!>ient 10 crowd lie InrRe pkt"- of iBonhiti In Ofook )ju, ... vhkh fu in prutur, aud bo is equally favored In lil'fre lucm appeal ancch as a lcciarer on topics of Ou /oy.? 1.044. Wo will not dwell nnon tbe diction o! this fiaragra^h. it will rcauily oiiougli be di?<ovored that it makes two of Dr. J j man JJoecher's sons his brothers, and one of them the pastor, not ot a body of i"hristian men and women, but or a meeting home; and we are twice reminded, in a phrase repeattl in the'e volumos several hundrod times, thai the subjects and persons treated are " of the day,'' and we prestono the "day" reforred towns not that in which r,oi. uci.adnf.-.zar eat ^rass ? though we have no authority lor do'Dg w>. I i on the whole, the extract is a fair example ot the Messrs. Itujekinck's mnnoer of writing Outnii to I he "historical"' {acts: Instead ot fmif sens, Dr. Ileecliur has had jc<tn, of whom six ? v\ UUiiui H ,born In trtO^, Kdward in 1301!, i George in 1800, Henry Ward In 1814. Charles In 1X17, and ihomas k.-? who is still younger? becaKe clergymen. The Eev. f?eort;c) Eeocber, a man ot eminent qualities of mind and heart, whose memoir* have beon published, died a few ye^re since 1 In Ohio, The other live remain in the ministry. Charles, it will be perceived, is ?if the oldest-; be til not write I " Tue Conflict of the Aires;" and that book has nothing to do with "the oi igln of evil,'' nor with "the progenitors of tbo human raoe prior to Ailam,'' though it does treat of tho pre-ojeisteoeo of tho soul. Kdward faoeeher, It. Ii., who did write '? jhe CcnHiet of the Ages," and who is the author of "The l'aral Conspiracy. ' and other works May be regain? J ?.? the aWest and weightiest character of the family, llcnty War'! lieecher's volume entitled "filar Tapers/' his " lectures to Yotint; Men,'' and other works, will probably receive .tome atteuilon in luturo histotfFS of American literature. ' itarles Ttceclier has written fnme iialf <'o/?n volumes, all Dotireable for grace, fervor and imsninatiou. ?mr eyclope? lists pro ceed >~ The daualiters 'it Dr. PeeeVnir contrltm''- their full share tn the ge:i?ral actlvitT oi lbe lunj.ly. MNs ^ alherine Reechar Is the anibor oi " I'omciUc Seeriee," ' The Du'v of American VrawU liiC'r OmsrtrT," " Ilousekeeiier's fleclpe Boon," ' .Moral In-lriiCtov' " The Trie Retuedr lor ibe H'mngsot' Wome i, Wiih the Hteiwy o an Rtiierpive hnring ll ui ror Its Orjoct," "Tre.a'i?o eii Domestic toonomy," und " Truth rtiasger than TleUoo," a vlgorors dmnadatlon of the aUecod lllriaiions oi your'.; divinity students. Tlirse volnmea nn? of utrjJl oonipa^s, anudeel#?ned (or wide popular inflnenec. -I. >'<U. Now ttih dlMingitinhed person, who was horn in the jeer IWU, hus devoted herself during more than twenty yarc, * 1th untiring a'sid'ilty, to the intellect in) and riior.il lmpro^crient of her se.r. l or the education of wotucn, especially in the valley r>f t'i? Mi^issipi'i, 110 ir.an o\ ethei- wonvtn lias done as much. Iter literary pj-nduttHns. all wrttUn >vlth singular earnestness aj, ' di/ertness, havo ?euerai'y boon of a verv practical kind, it 1? untriie thai the/ "are of email comi'Ms." 'J hey are of the a^erage ex'ent of duod' einio volume". The long on! abl'"t. and by Tar the moU important ol them, in n literary point <>f vion, is "iiirticultles In llellgion,'' wtieb the Me rs. Dtiyfldnc* never heard of. '-Truth Mrsn 'T than Klctlon" is no: on the 'llirtat'ons of young divinity Student#,'' hut the exhibition of a pneticnUi- history, .a which a friend ol Mies lieeclier mas believed tohiive o? tn vitrrgt'l. After stating that llirtM Beecher wMbetn In tslu C1h>- true date heinjt 1811), e.nd that she wm mar ried in her twenty-finrt yeaf <inother tnW l.t) to I r? lester ,-towe. a brief r?.lice Is ght n of "lho Mnyflowm" and "Cnele 'loot's Cabin," alter whloh wu La>o what bete follows:-^ fkon alter the ptftdlca'lon of 'Tocle Toir.' , Cabin," Mn. Stowe, In company with her husband snd the Rev. < ..tries I lee. i her. her brother, vlsted ih-<n . i(er 0b-i?rv4 tlon?1lwr?0ornmnnkiated to be public, some ilni. after her return bj '.tie isstie '<?>? vtth t> /iuSnn-i, ? two \ oi in ot of tr? 9'j? -"3uor.y sc$ vf 1 aroigi 1 h?us." Tho I He* Charles Betober contribute his .martial Of ft toor ?0 the ' Continent to bin t later" * voJuinoa. ? IL AUG. | From ftU thl* it ap wears th?t Ifr and Mm. St owe pro seeded no further than Great Britain ? that Char 1m Bt'cc.ic- helped Gil up the volirmes with an account of wbftth? caw on the Continent, and that the work thus complete* was 1?? ued as tbe joint production of J retosser Suwe and bis wife! But the ProfMssor h*l nothing what svor to do with it, except to write ft brief nota to son* prefatory extracts ftom Fogltah newspapers. The Htowe.-i were with Mr. Oof cher wherever he went t (trough Europe, and toe Invention that the latter contributed his journal of a tour on tho Continent has for Its foundation merely the (act that Mrs. Stowe illustrate* particular points in her letter* by passages ? amounting altogether to a dc 'fcn or twenty jmgcb? fioni her brother's diary. Ot thu Ballou family Motes, the son of Unaea llallnu, 1s the a>.,'iior of ?' Tht Virii us Chararttr I iitdtmift," a reiily to Beeobor'a "CohjIH of Jgm." Alio her brother 1? the elitor uf Hul\ it'i Pictorial, and the author of several povuLru ' .les. Ancrhe.r member ot the san e tsmlly, the liev. n din itaitou, I* the aulvor ofseve ral pamphlets on the peace movement. ? t. W9. Mor*s Ha'lon Is not a Mm. but ft it *phr?i, of the late eminent I'nlversalist. preacher, The editor of Hakuu'r Pictorial In not a brother, bnt a son, of the seme person; and his tltln to ft pla:o iu literary history is act derived from his I'ivUnrial or his " popular tales," but t'osn a ear* Art volume on Cuba, and a memoir of hit Ait her. Adin Bahou does not belong to the fa-mly. 1 Of the late Wld*m Leggett: "Ibe Ritle, ' tbey say, ?was Kpeedi y followed by other taleu, of nei as well as l%niL The vkol': were m-ise'ineofy eolieeted under tbe title of "Tales by a Cour.try t-cbooimtautr." in 1821 Mr. Leggett niarrlfHl Ml?* KlDilral^wctt, oi How Bnrheile; and is Wo vemher r f the ?an:s jcar commenced Th' Critic, a weekly lltcrarr periodical. . . . Suvernl cf the l?.?t numbers wem not rnly vriw n , bm also ?c( in typ- and dUlrlbuM to mbtct brrd by himself.? 41. 344. Tee whole t/ Mr. liepgott's "tales of sea as well ea land," were not fabW?bed la the volume named; the naval stoilos were collected in ft i>?jk en'it'ed "Tales of the Sea;" and he printed in the periodicals enough pieces uf the ?arue dei-crtptlon for a third volaaie, and wax b'.MO one of the writers of tho "Taleu of (Oauber Spa." The maiden name of his wife wait not leggett, but Waring. The preposrerout account oi his writing the copy, petting the type and dis tributing to t ubscilbeiH the workedefl' sheets of The Ciitic, Hurphiuitw anyihing tdnoo the days of Munchau sen. Tiie printer bat rot yet been born who co jld set In type half a uutub-r ot the Critic , (a complete num ber being sixteen quarto i>?gei< of small type I ia a single week; .Mr, Lejrge.it, though he bad astonishing facility with the pen, dhl not rii&o the entire oon-entit, or nearly tho entire contents, of any cumber of that paper; ?n>i how ridlculou;; the wsMtriion thai a young mil of ta'ent* ur.d social eminence, who bad lately resigned an eliiee in tte nary, aud within a year had wci?? onnoeted, liy marriage, nith one ot tbe leading tamUtvn l:i tbe neigh ?orbooa cl'tbe city, performed tho menUt se-:\Ise of car rjing about h?t? weekly gizctte to between seven hundred snd *igbt huodrea lubhcrlbers .' fo leur* the ?impl? trick of retting type in veiy oa-v to a person of dexterity and quick inte ligence: Mr. Coif "r oould net type Tory well; ?o c >uld Mr. Oupoiwuij aal there It a (<tory which may have hal scint) ftunaat OQ, that Mr. Iiggeit "set up" a portion of bis Binall rolnma of versus, tho 'T.eisuio Honrs at S^a;" but thit ciiUro volume diA not contain as many words as a nun'oer of ? Tl?e Crit'c." In the -anie aruile it is mentioned tb.v Kr. ijogsrstt's "home.'' from the time <.fbta ma-rla^', in 1R?R. was at NtwKiicholle. i'bth iilno i? untrue. ll-> did n'tt resile iu that pluce btfore 1837. TUe Mows. Ouyckunak do not apj ear to have been Iniormel tha', V. . Leggett had ever any connexion with the t Uge, or tKathe lot ? an ununit ed novel, ore volume of whicn paes?d through the nress. Tho "I'robationary i)(*us <"1 Jonaiban Pindw" ? i. C"') ? , wore lot written by Kroneaa but by St. G serge rucker. tieorpe Tucker, (ii 7bl) wus novcr a memuflr c> i Congrees from Virginia. To ??y Do'biog of other bi?ig aphicad er rors resf.ec'ing thin gen'lemun It may be remarked as lomcwhatodd, thath uonli/ work-, of an "ntfnently literary charac er, '?E.si-aj.?) on bul jocls of Taste, Morals, and National Policy," whieb appeared in a stoat octavo In 18.2, the novel enti'ied "The Valley of the Sh^uaiiloah," pubusht-a in fiiew York, in 1832, and '-A Voyage u> the Moon," in one volume, iu J827. are not' named In the pkctch here given us of his literary U'e. It is not true tint Beverly 'l'nckcr it rote "Lee tnrea on tiovernraotii.." Judge Uoiry S.. Ceorge Tucker, fll, 1W1) was n^t " tbe Aathor of two volumes of Commentaries on Blackstone. " Ilia only wo.kn on the lavr are ? "l-ecltiriv on CoustJtutlonal I J cr ana '<overn b cut," in one v.lume: "On N'atuial Law ?nd Uovern ment," In ore volume; and ' L'onunoniariet on the Lawn ot Viigiula," in two iatgo octavoa. rhus. not one of the b-? k - he rea ly did write is mentioned, wiille a work wl Ich be did not wiite, and, porhapa, never saw, is attri buted to bisn Lfdyard (i. 324,) conld not. have been "bom within a few hundred yard- of l'ort. GiUwold, at (.rotcn, Conn., in 1751," as no ntnh fnrt.txUted then, or oiie: w*rdj tor worn than a quarter of a century. There wax never n l'rofensor St. Ceorge (i. 8u.)inth# Virginia Co; If go of William nu'i Mary. Col. Benton'd hoc?e, (>L 44,) in whieb. tliey say his toannscrip's "perished, " wa:> not in r-t, Louis, bat in Wa-hington. In tho lift) of John Sanderson, thry say: ? The T.!y<h of the Signers of the Declvaiion of Independeaoo were wrliien bv blms^if and hm brother, our nuthoi !s sbaro of this work wan the composition of tne first and second volume* -ii. ?. Ibo "Lives of flic tftgnera'' is & work in td&volumea, ot Tvfciob it is hero allege! tut .lamos if. Sanaareon, the brcilur ot John, wrote right. Why, then, havo wo not a more particular n >tice of "that autuoif 1. u :oe story 1h t.lterly groundless. No -'brother" ot Mr. .-'ai"?r*or wro5e ? Hi e of the work. The Inter volume* wet* by Robert W?.n. Jr. Walter C.dton was not a brother of Calvta Colton, (ii. 246,) but a son of bis cousin. Bcv. Hjnry f. Chot\er wa* not a "l>ieDd" (ti. -41,) of Walter Cal?on. He never had evon the t lightest a-vjuaintance with hiui. Jtuche g "I/Pfera ot Tamoc Caaplpiaa," (:. 220) haul not at all "refe'enee to English polities of the times," hat only, as the author hirasctt says, to "subj-cte liter ary, moral and le igtona." If the Messrs. Ouyekiuck had taken tho trouble to *r amino Mr. Boehe's wlti, particularly the two volumes of his sermons, Illustrated ry his ftUnd Beiij;?min West, and dedieared to ano'ihcr intimate frlond, Lady Penn, they would have discovered foinc facta of his biography which they avideatly know Lathing about. Georjie W. Curtis did nut write tho a/tiale* on Proscott and Washington it vine in " Homes of American fa thers." Tie lirst of these articles is by fieorge 8. Hil lard, and the last by II. f. ruckerman. Br. Benjamin Church (i. 228) was w,f. the ''boa of a fleaeon of the same name in Dr. Dy Ira's eh arch in Boston." l)r. Byle* wm a clergyman of the Episcopal church, and there eon Id not have been such an officer "in Dr. Bytes'* church," though the Kpisjopal denomination haa an orrer of deacons in its priesthood. Massachusetts was not a ".~tate'' (tl. 154) In 17 15. Paul AT en (i. t>13) dii! not prepare the joaraats of lewis and Clarke for the pre-s. Tnat labor was p?r formed by N'leholvt Biddle. Thoodcre Sedgwick, "flrft Provident ef tlie New York Crystal i'aiaee cJomnaay, " (ii. 292) is not a brother, but is a nephew of Miss Catherine Sodgaiok. Mr. Cooper (ii. 112) (lid not, alter his return from Kn rnpe, remove to his "residenje at Otaego." Be never bad any such ret4denoc. Thotr.a? H. Shrcve (li. 3 i*) was never "prominently a i- foliated with the I .out vil'o ChuetU." He was for many ycar< one of the eaitorsoftho l-ou'svll e J ournzL P. 1 'ami, Jr. (il. 010) eld net pass "into the famQy and iinder the tutorship of the Rer. loouard Woods, a* An<over, now the President of Bowdoln. " It is unques tionably intended here to stato that I >r. Wooda, and not Andover, became President of Iiowliin College; bat thie l?r. Woods is a baebelor, and never had any ??family." Hn.lly .Tudnon (ii. 026; was not bom at Mornsville, hat at ICaUm, in New York.' I)r. Judt.cn. in IRoO, waa not "ordeud fo il' by his physician.*," anl did not "embark for Ameiiaa." Ho was directed to undertake a short sea voye-.-e. and jailed tor the Isle of I'ance. Oeorge II. Colton (il t3,"?8) did not, after the election of Cencrai Hrirrison to the I'icaidency, "determine to writ* a peem on thelnliui wars," in which flarrison bal bc?n engaged. "Tecumsch'' wad nearly all written, and a portion cf it was printed before I he eloction of Har rison. James IlusieP I,oweIl'B "time" (li. tidO) has tint, slnoe 1848, " been occupied in a rosidenee abroad." He has not resided nhioad at alt, nor in all theso eight years rotor red to has he been absent from Massachuaetts two years. The Hev. ? leowe Kirley (ii 5H0) is not the anthor of the work "On tho late.*! J orm of IcMo 1 y." Taat per formance is frctn the pen it the late Rov. An Irews Nor ton, a very tlilforeiit purnon. ?v. 1.. Fa! field (ii. 7) did not sell his "magazine to Mr. .fumes C. Brooks, oi Baltliooro," but to the Hev. Va thanC. Brooks. I raccls Catherwticd (li. 120) was not, in 184ii, or in any other ye-'.v. elected " a d^ogate to tho M-vte Conventi on of New York to revise the c institution." He ne\sr hei<J any office whatever in this country. ft. W. Eraersov (Jl. was nU " one of the original editors of the Itial." " Thougiits on the Poets," published In lH4tl, (i'. 683,) wa-4 nU ' the lirst of Mr. Inckorman's e.olleeti^os from the magazines." 'iho Br-.t and largest of all his "col lections from the r agavdnes," was "RamblM and Reve rios," published baK a dovon ytais earlier. I'oe (il. 538) never wrote a story entitled "The Gold ring," nor were "The Gold Bug," and " The Murder* of the Rue Morgne," written while ho ?m editor of Cr alum's MOijc. Uit, nor did he pmlhh in that porioaieal M? " ilevelopement of the plot of Barnaby Itudge." W ilh< u', an e-t- eption, the productions referred to aa il lustrating Poe's editorial oonncetion with Cral\am,*MaMr rv'nr were writton after that connietlon was ended. The reviow of " HsrnaVy V.udgo " arj>ej?rod originally in the ftUnt'tay >Aw?nt/ and "The Odd Bog" was one of the prize stories of tho MJa r Xnrynpev. Among the etl er blunders in reference to I'oe if tho statement that '?In JfW t he tool, up hJj re/ldenee In Now York, project Ibk a maitwJne, to be called "The Htylua." I'oe Prst pro poM<1, in n?ilad> tpbln, a monthly, to b? caile.1 "l'he I'eon Mnga/lne," but before reeaorlnff from that eity he changed tils plan and MHe, ?M printed the prorpoctn.1 of "rhe stylus." ne did ry< "romtneace the Ona/luMy Jour ?wl with Charle* ?. BrigK*-" Tho original editorg and proprietors of that journal were Mr. Brlggs and Mr. Wat son. Mr. Poo ewie in grme Hai" afier?rar<ts. tirenville Mellen, (11. S7X) they nay, " rrot? for the l nited States IJicrary Carctte. aapporfod by >ng>IIow end ethers, et Cambridge. " Tho periodical Wo alluded to bail oeaMd to exiat before J jon^feliow ever went to Cam bridge. Theodore 2 "arker did jwf (ti. MT) "in deliver a "iliacourse, retnar'^a'jle for its severity, on >>aniel Web ster." Tills peinon'o iampoon upon Mr. Webster was de livered after the staUviriiaa's death. In 1852. We cannot, however, p'ooeed further with an expoaure of the direct lila-st a* "Biente contained in this wirk. V\s we have caid, their propw correction don ant s a new vo li n.e. Y ith a few itiufUr#.tionn of tht e^trertie iifaoranse of the Messis. lJtiyekinck of evcrytlilne not found lo pre vious rriMier.tionx in the Fame deparletsnt, conisated with the litirtiry lives ot those j^r-'ous waum they rt??og- ] rhe a, auih"ry, ne shsll Irin?: to a eler'e what we havf to fsv (it the ' >u liiiral" value of tho "Cyclopedia of Aiierican Ijiora me."' In ngarti te Ceo. Ca-;s (H. 42) the authority followed was i osfl'ity so'oe pewefnper siiet -b, prepared rather for . the iiiu.?' retloi: ? f t.ho p.ilnical than rlie tl^ra-y carver or | that vererabie ?ct'on' If among all tne wri'fngs of Oen. '} t'a? * ihere i* one thing of which he Is w peuially and Jua'ty proud, i'. is his ingenious nnd ?na"terly oipoenro, In J the . \rrrih .(?? ?rt*.',n /iVri e, of tlie pret< ndnd Intian tra- i relte' who Ftieeneded In Imposing upon l-.'nrope.?n i"ho- M arc? John ihinu llust?r? The rumt Jcwnod mi t*re g