Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 16, 1856, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 16, 1856 Page 1
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I THE NEW YORK HERALD. WHOLE NO. 7110. MORNING EDITION-SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 16, 1856. PRICE TWO CENTS. I ADDITIONAL FROM THE FEEJEE ISLANDS. 'he Atrocities Committed by the Natives on American Settlers and Seamen. Rlissionaries the Alleged Insti tors of these Outrages. Punishment of the Savages by nander Boutwell, U. S. N.? Ac., Ac. ? Oar Ltmlu Correspondence. I IJCVUKA, OvALAU. FKKJBK il<LAND3, 1 I Socth Pacific Ocean, Nor. 1, 1866. J I TO TBK EDITOR OF THE 11BRALD. I The Feejee Islands, situated in Iceanioa, In the South ^Pacific < >cean, are probably the tineat group aa yet dlsco ?rered In the South Seas, enjoying a salubrious and tem kerate climate, fertile sail, and capable of producing Kvery variety of tropical fruit in abundance. I ^fr.ird of great Importanoe to our community out here, Ltd having a tendency to interfere with and affect affairs Bit home, having lately transpired, 1 deem it but Justice Ko my?e'f, as a merchant in Feejie, a* also to otoer Ame ricans residing and doing business at these islantis, as ?well as for the mercantile and large whaling interest or ?Lmerica, ccnnectel with this group, as also for the pro Eection of American ships and their crews trading in thin Ekrchlpelago, and for th* further proteoti jn of American Eeamen wrecked on the1 e inlands, that tbe attention of ?the United states government should bo directed to the Enany clanges that are rapidly taking pi ice here, affect ?ng American interests and American commerce. ? Knowing that pabUcity is given to all communications ?deemed worthy of your attention, I hare carefully cotn Bpiled the following statement of fact*. hoplDg that their ?Importance to Amerlaana will bring them to the notice Ef the I nlted States government in such a manner that ?the ret uH* will prove beneficial to Amerlean commerce End the American whaling interests in thene waters. | Some time since a most conflicting civil war broke out Eunongst the natives of these islands, headed by the re Epeotive chiefs who were contending tor the suprene ?comma ui of theFeej?e territories- The diffe-ent chiefs Each having a strong toice under their command, and IVeing about equal in po irer, the war wai a protracted End sacgutnary one, and affairs remained in a very un Eettled state for some time. During this period of anar Ehy and bloodshed, the natives committed many acts of ?cruelty and murder, and, being cannibals, ate ail prison l?rs tali en in battle. I Tbe principal chief, Vonivala, or Thakambau, (King of ?Feejee) finding that the forces wi'h which he had to ?Contend were of such strength that it was necessa y to lyu.w assistance to carry in tbe war with security, ralliod ?round him all the inferior chlefe who were dUposid to ?espouse his cauhe, (and b*iog a great villain) Immediate ly commeneed to attack and subdue all those not dis I posed to acknowlecge hlir as King of FeeJ?e. I At this period It unfortunately hapj>enei that two I American whales were wrecked at thene inlands; and on Ifhe fact being made known to the chief, Thakambau, by ?some of his people, the crews were all massacred, roasted land eat in, and the vessels plundered of a large amount Ipf valuable property. I Shortly afterwards, one of the BtnaTi tra<" ing ashooners ?belonging te one ef our community ? an American? ?doing business here, being on a trading voyage Ito some of the other islands, buying beche-le-raer land cocoanut oil for an American vessel lying I in harbor and loading ior Salem, Uasaachu Iwtts, was attacked by 'the natives, by order of Thtkatn l*au, the principal chief and after fieadi?tily muide-lug Ithe white people on board of her aud thro via* them into I the sea, they plundered her of every hing and dcaggel Iher whore. The excitenent of this beartrendkig and I distressing circumstance had hardly been a day old when ?additional news reached ns of two of our community hav ling been clubbed at ore of the islands; and upon an In |Teetig*tioB we found it to be too true. I About this time a few Ecgllah strangers arrived at fhese islands, from Sydney, New South Walei; and find tag that a good field h?re presented itse f for enterprise and speculation, remained amongst ua. There being no One amongst them who was a scientific man or mechanic, (except one, ft shoemaker,) and apparently being men ot aome education, we retained them, to teach our children and to instruct, and endeavor, as far as passible, to con vert the natives. By degrees we had the satisfaction of observing that our efforts in this laudable and Interest ing undertaking were productive of <otne benolt te tho be {lighted heathen; and feeling convinced that the people Of there islands would readily embracs Christianity l' they had the advantages of proper persons to instr not and guide them, we did what lay in our power to obtain Dome missionaries to reside amongst us. Not long after this, we had the satisfaction and great pleasure of receiving Into our midst three worthy fathers of the Catholic church, who had made their w ty from France to thia fkr off land, in the discharge of their holy calling. This event w?s bailed with delight by ail the whites in Feeiee, and the results from the arduous and indefkt4 gable endeavors of these gentlemen have been productive of much good in these islands. The strangers who we had appointed as teaclers to our Camilie*, Instead of being animated by the noble and self denying examples of the French missionaries in their endeavors te eivUlie the Feejeeans, undertook to inter fere in the beneficial results being brought about by thee a worthy gem lemen, and placed many obstacles In their Way of attaining the holy cause for which they had sac rificed so much. At this crisis we consulted among Curse' ves, and determined to request the English atrangera to leave the holy work to the French missiona ries, informing them that we considered it oerfectlv safe in their hands, as we h?d found them to be gentlemen, who were, in reality, what they professed to be a* dU penaers of a holy (kith. At the same time, we told them that the islands offered some splendid avenues to fortune and we did not wish them to leave us ; but that, on the contrary, we would do our utmost to make them as happy and comfortable as posti >le, and to the person who had the trade In his bands, we offered constant employment aa long as he wished to ifmaln amongst ns We a'l pre ferred that the education of our little ones and others ?hould be entrusted to the more experienced care o' the Freneh fathers, as they came to us with letters of teoommendation, speaking In high terms of tfcem as gentlemen calculated te undertake and aocom pllsh the ta?k of elvilUlog these savages ; and as the cha raeter of the English strangers was olonded in uncertain ty aad doubt, save rumors which tended to cause us to Tiew them with distrust, and fearing that the'r resllencs In New South Wales had savored somewhat of compul sion, we were confirmed in the belief that we had acted fer tte present benefit of ourselves, as well as for the fu ture bereft t of our young families. war continuing, and the natives carrying on a sys tem of plunder and murder, and the insecurity of life aad property being sneh as to render asiistance and protec tien absolutely necessary, the matter was referred to the Am*. Iran government, and alter a protracted delay the United States sh'.p St Maryi arrived at these Isiands, With lcstructt ns to demand satisfaction and reparation for wrongs committed on American citizen*. The cupidity of the natives, however, overcoming the discretion of the commander, and they promising not to molest the white men any more, after demanding that the natives should pay fjr the property they had atolen. and satisfy ns for the many murdera and outrages they had committed upon our community, the St. Marys Balled. As long as she remained In the group, we were sa'lsfied Ofthe safety of our families and property, but feared that when tbe natives saw that they could carry on their depredation! with impunity, the visit of this vessel to these islands would soon be forgotten. And so it proved. We could not any longer intimidate them by threaten ing them with a man-of-war, as a man-of war had been there and done nothing. They now commenced to brave and dare us and these EngUtih strangsrs having sepa rated and gone to reside on different islands lo the group, and having accredited themselves to tbe native chief* as 1 Wes'y at. Mf'hodls' mission.. ies, commoi>ced Inciting the na'.lvo te mi le ' and destroy tne A.oerioani residing on the e Mnndn, TUs *a* all tbo savages required to re new their aggressions tipoa us, ?nd from this tun? the most heart-rt riding and cold blooded murders and atro cities were perpetrated upon a* enterprising and indus trious a cotnmqpity as ever existed. Our booses were destroyed, oar families molested in oar abienoe, our pro perty stolen and oar lives threatened, and we were driven from island to inland, whenever it suited the prlncipa' chief, Tbakombau, to order as to do so, and the category completed by murder and cannibalism. Nor was the enmi ty of the (now called) English missionaries confined to as alone, bnt the fruits of a wise and well directed system of eduoation pursued by the Frenoh lathers rapidty maai'ef ting itselt upon oar young ones, and those of the native* who had attended the schools opened by these gentlemen, tended to arouse the enmity of the English missionaries, and a persecution against the Frenoh IhthtrR was soon sommenced, and continued to this day. Our ships were not sale amongst the islands, and the crewx, of American rfhips particularly, were in imminent finger of being murdered and eaten by these cannibals. News shortly reached us of the ship Oneo, of Nan tucket, being wrteked at Turtle Island aud t *enty-eigit persons on board of her tilled. His Charles Djggeti, tracing in the group, was boarded by the natives, and mre killed. Tbe Captain and two hands of the ship Amiable Jopephlne were murdered at one ot the adjacent Inlands. The Captain ot a schooner trom Tahiti and his mste were killed. The brig Juno, arriving at these inland* acd the Captain coming on shore in His boat, was ctcuied with the beat's orew, and la danger ot being killed, when we called a meeting acd ransomed him a; a high rate; but unfortunately previous to oar arrival at 'he s pot niue were lulled. Tbe Blackbird was forcibly taken and her crew thrown overboard and killed, strue? <rlirig in the water. The Biii Fish was blown ashore, and t he crew driven from her and plundered a . Tocipoiat. Ihe crew was, however, saved by a Toco Chief, tor which act ot humanity we made a collection of goods and seat to him totibc* our appreciation of the act. This Chief bad embrnced Christianity, and great credit is due to the frenoh Mission for the resul'-s of their laoor*. One o'our bout*, on a trading cruise to the other islands, had three of tbe Lands kil^d, and the fourth taken on shore and put to a slow and cruel death. A trading vessel, belong ing to an American, put into a harbor for water, at oao 01 tbe islands, and while there was attacked, his wile Douideieu and the brains of his infant child knocked oat oi' a stone before bis eyes, and he was only spared to re pair their muskets, being a handy man in that way. Another of our community was killed, and the stumps of bin aims and legB stuck in tbe Bana and fired at. A boat, containing four of our number, anohored at ane of the Windward Islands at dark, and ?as attacked by the natives. Three were killed, and (he fourth shot in the leg, and carried on chore with his companions. The ntxt duy be was obliged to witness the horrible feast they were making upon the bodies of his c imrades, and to listen to tbe praues bestowed on the flesh of his friends. The following day tbey cut off one of his legs, an'i com pelled him to sit and see it cevoured; and on the third day they finirhed him. the appetites ot the natives having been whettei by the atrocities, ard still craving for food for their oepraved and aavage dispositions, our small commu nity was arrain threatened. An induntrious anc enterprising member was killed at laktmba, while trading, and his property stolen. Some ot our carpenters having gone to Bau, at the reque-t, of the cbae', to buila some bouses on that inland, were ki led; seven were killed at Soma- ion o, and a stranger, who bad swam aefaore after struggling tearlv tiro hours in the water, was killed and eaten A boat brOongiog to one of our community was ire iked at Luthet island ana two peiHon/f k tiled. A canoe was sent by the Chief of Bau, 1'L.akoiiibau, to kill the remaineer. H< *iiiig ot the occurrence wo (Americans) d?spa ched a boat to rescue the survivors, and our boat arriving at the t.cete ot tbe murder before tbe Indiani, rwiccedtuooi and br..ugM them to this island. Tbe chief, Thakomnaa. (King of reejee) being disappointed of hi? ant'cipar<el prey ordered us >.li t? leave this island on piin of death which we were compelled to do at an i amen** l3$? of proj ertj. The English missionaries, not sarisfM wi'h \b>- affliction and persecution we had eceived from '.oe natives through their interference, incited th? Indians ?tijl further to works of destruction and spoliation; bat the it peution o so many murders and outrages having uemd eveiy man of tut co ,.m unity to the defence ot tt;e lives of his wife and little ones, fences were immedi ately built around oar towns, ana a strict waxh kept at night, lor fear of au invasion from the natives. Thus proucteO, it required great precaution on their part o attack us, and after several ineffectual attempts to crosa the trenches built round our town, they abondoned the attempt. The missionaries, as well aa their tools (the natives), befog foiled in their attempt at the massacre of all the American on this island, determined to push their malice to the last strike, and the burning of our town was threatened. A native teacher, attached to the English inisi-iooaries and employed by them, wae detailed to com mit ihih diabolical deed, and, despite oar vigilanse, sue oteotd in a no mplli-hlng this dark de.-ign. at 10 o'clock P. M.. when all save the wacli were rapt in sirep. Thus was anot her opportunity afforded for the eatiatirg of their malletuus appetites. Thus po si tu 'it-d, ud the urity ot life and property daily increasing, and new dangers ?-ncom pats' ug us on every sloe, application was again made to the government of tbe United States for nunoor and asaU*. ance, and in answer to this appeal the United States ship John A'latcx, Commander E. B. Boutwell, Esq.. arrived at tleae ifilnndit. Immedia:ely upon her aach >r iDg, all the Americans residing at these islands, viewing tie arrival of this thip as a harbinger of succor and a? ci?tauce from their native land, and smarting under the enmity ot 'he English missionaries who now had ob tained tail control of the natives, repaired on board and laid be'ore the commander tbeir several complaints, shocked at the rtcial of such inoignities, cruelies, pri vations, outrage? and dangers to wniuh his ciuntrym?n had 'oetn subjee'ei, he assured us of his immediate as sistance to replace us in possession of our property, and to restore thinga to the peaceful state that existed prior to tie arrival o' these Methodist*. We informed him of the link that bound the missionaries and the natives to gether, and how the former had so far forgotten the ai re. veo as to countenance the atrocities committed by theee savages. It waa also communicated to the com minder that the English missionaries had each embarked in oommeroe, and were deeply engaged in the traffic of these inlands, leaving their spiritual affairs totally neglected, and that through their fear and dislike of the enter pilaing spiri' exU ing In our community, and tueir de sire to crush American trade in this archipelago, tkey levird on the Incians for large qoaatiies of beohe-le mer (a sea s'ug, exported hence to Chins, and there used as an artiole of food), oocoa nut oil, tortoise shell, &c . which they shipped vo Syd n?y for their own account and profit. By this means, when an Amerioan vessel arrtTod here in search of a cargo, none waa to be had, except bought from the Eng^iih missionarle ; and as they had their own Ideas ot doing btuiinoss (which were very pro fitable to themselves), they rapidly made money. Comnrander E. B. Boutwell, seeing toe neoessi'.y for prrmpt attention to our appeal for help and deter mined that justice should be meted out to his country men in this far off land, appointed a dayjjupon which he would be?r all complaints from the American citizens, an<? notified all those who had any opposition to offer to repair on board the John Adams m that, day, when and where he would carefully investigate all the <kff?r?at c slros aninBt the Feejeeans and their King. Ibe missionaries, heating of the determined manner Ln which Commander Boutwell had spoken, and tearing that a check might now be put on tne viDany ot the native <, and their own means of trading affected ana ft ar ful of toeing their power and sw*y over the Indiana, made overtures to many of the Americans, whiia were of such a nature as to be rejected aa impious. On the day appointed several of ihe ioferirr chiefs who hadbsen notified to appear, and answer the charges brought against them ny American ci'isens, aa also by m*nv English residents, went on board the John Adams, and were examined. The evidence convicting them of many acts of crush; and murder, and of course, decidedly op posed to the laws of God and man, the commander asked them what they had to aay ? They could not but repeat tbetr guilt, but promisee. for the future to discontinue their agressions on the whiie men, and confessed that in maty of their acts of fpoliation and murder they hid been influenced by the English misaljnaries. Pbey alto acknowledged to many outrages against our commu nity and promised that re Deration saould be made, and after signing documents to that effect, they were allowed to go. But before doing so a lecture was read to them by Commander Boutwell of a very impressive nature, in vhicb he told them of the ultimate results of continuing a couise so oppot-ed to the law of God ami man, and ad vireu them to discontinue their evil ways, and seek other avenues offering rich reward* fur upright and chrlatlan like conduct. This mooe of procedure on the part of CapUin Boutwell appeared to impress them deeply, and Ibey leltthe thl,i, it waa thought, resolv d to amend ihetr ways, ana eitcontinue .heir depredation* upon ths white m*n. Tte chief of this island, Tui Levuka n*xt day visited the John Adams, and expressed to the commander bis willingnets to commence straight way to pay tbe debts due oy him and his people to American oltizsns. This happy change in affairs inspired all tbe Americana and foreigners witb confidence, and devoutly praying that the endeavors of Captain Boutwel to s?cure peac. and comfort to his countryman, as well as to the o her foreign residents In Feej*e, would be crowned with success, and, by tie asslstanoe of the "lather of all fooa," productive of much laatiig benefit, we looked for war.! to the future enjiyment of our homes and the s< clety cf families and little ones, dwelling to gether in unity and love, with the habo of divine ligbt gulfing us oneaid to those heavenly isles where, free trom all mundane troubles and corp >rea' afflictions, wi shall d?ell tn peace wi h him who "gave himself for us," and, after fightiig the battles of faltn, mingie our voljes with the seraphims in adulation of Jehovah. Tbe ft incipnl clnet (and villain) ot these islands, Tha kombau. fearful of the consequences of the recital of t'je category of bia atrocltiea, and dreading an invea'igatlm fare to face with tbe men whose once happy homes had oeen rendere desolate by hla band ? whose children had been muroerea to satiate bia s?v* ge disposition? wbase daughters bad been dishonored by his people, wtthiut punishment ? whore property had been stolen, wi '-flout any lecompense ? whose vessels had been plunde-od and dwggedon shore? whose individual lives he had threat nftlT but waose trust in Go<i and their country he could not. shake, failed to ore* ent himself before the commander, and sent the English n,i-si aaries to act as c >un?el. Krowii g that they were tol- rated by the King of Fnejss solely on account of the lup noted power ihey iad, or in fieenre eith commani'o.s of Eng ish meu-o' war cruls ii g in tl>e.iC waters, they presented theinseives on board the J. hn Aaams and unHu hirgly espoused the c*ns<> of Umkotr ? su, the ankno?Mg?? great ctnolbal aid mar de>e; in Keejee, and, with law book in land, commenced with s?nd y quotations fr m Kent's (Wnmeita les on ArMtrs'ion Nor did tbe iai|ili> y of their position, as UU4?texs of God's Holy Word, defending a viila'o wbote vary countenance manifested bis guilt, appear to aff? Kim . Tujr Mwltd sod contended for the cause of tw Kin* of Fecjee with great tact; but the proof* against, h in being of suoh eb'.Dy blackness and blackout dje, th y were finally overcon-e, ana the wegbtj and undanlabH evi<. eooe produced ?eiLg of such mi inconteatlble ohar acter, tbey were cot founded, and rlr ue, in h?r comment garb, came out triumphant Omnipotence bad hoard our prayers, and Commander Boutwell was the chosen on ? *> give us aid. Like the guilty hound having offended hl? master and dreai ing hi* wrath, di 1 they re '.urn to thmr h wfn and Co theceunsel of tfceir biaok ohief. Tbakombau (King of Feejee) finding that th? poaer or influence o( the English missionaries tailed to prove of any aervloa 10 him, contend ing with a c?p ain who wa? determined to do hi* duty to bin God. aa a!so to hit c >untry, and judging that an open coDlMiun would prove benefioial to him a jd tend to soohe the anger ot ?he captain, straight way con feeeei! his guilt begglrg 'he aaptsin to be leuient; and aa bf waa under the Impression that hi* career was near ?ita end, (the oa|iUtn having informed him thlt in Ame rlea he would have been hut g for hu crimen) , earnestly etitr?u*ed to be par cned. ^ , ' Commander Boutwell not wishing to take life, and think ng ij the MriMtieu of the chief that ?om* re turnee n ight be placed In hia word, made Dim sign a treatv, premising hla fu ure good behaviour, to treat all Americans well, aoo tr respect the American flag for the future, and not t( place any obstacles In the way of hla people blooming christians; and the ahief signing papers to pay for the icsma ws bad tus'ained from hit banda, he wttp atowvd to go to his home. The defeat and utter confusion ot the Krgllsh mis-lonaries shaking the confi dence that the chief and the people had repotted in them, tended greatly to their disadvantage, and one of their number having previou"'} dishonored 0L6 0f the wives o> the principal chief, found it necessary to take passage to Sy<3ney, his caiter aa a Wealeyan Me .hodist missionary being fortver gone Thus was viUaoy meeting its deserts, and the hypo critical gaib torn off, showing the depravity lhat existed under i eath. Had court justice oeen In opsration here, the Rev. gentleman would have met with some opposi tion in his trip to syduty , but :h? members of our c >m mutiitj, sorrowful at the degraded position the gentle man was re.'uoed to, p aced no obstacle in his way, and te was allowed to deuartiu peaoe The chiefs of tie towns cf Sasaulinaa and Nubia, hav ing bten guilty of many cruel'ies t> A me leans, and the robbers of their property, the Johr. A 'ams, procjelml to Suva Bay. Oa arriving there, the commander de mand satisfaction fro a that people for their outrages, the chiefB re using t:i go on boird tne ship, or to give any explanation ol their conduct, their towns were burnt. A tew Aa j a after the American Consul arrived at hi head quartora ?rom Ovalan, and on hia arrival at \ utla, one of the flhiefs of that town came up to him, and insultingly remarked, "Stop un*ll your saip leaves Feejee. and ?e will murder you and take your property." Their former acts of cruel y and murder, and the many outrages they had committed, convinced Commander Boutwall ol the nccMiity of ponisbiog them. But this inault to ttie re pr-^ettattva ot the American government, and the threat frcm a savage if murder, to a Coosul of our vast republic, and that tx> when a ship of war belonging to 1 that cation waa In port, and th??lr apparent total diare gard of country, flag or Its lepresentative, anl icarlrar that an the commander had beem tn tmratd bt all the Amerisans, tuat unless an example waa made, their course, after the de pirtu. e of the Shi?, would prove more aggressive than I ever it had been; and we ourselves dealing the conse quences, and Informing tbe ommaoder that It would be untafe for Americans to live here. Commander Bout tr-U sent an ajced expedition to the town of Vatla, demaad imr ti e Chief wbo had threatened the lite of the American Consul. Tbey iefu?ii-g to give up he Chief, and insul iocly srJwkiug to the officer in command ?< the expe .i tlou, the town was burnt. Tne Cb'efa < f two other towns batirg murder d an American, and plun-Ured aa Am?r can vtflfc el, and relying to appear on board tbe ship, the two towan wers burnt. Tb#- ratirfa, peeicg that CoroniMider B^tttweU wag not the man tamely to submit U see the tlsg of hia country >'ni- ;lted or to hit ami quietly hear th?* re'apitulauoa ot tt? ecgresFlonB agti -St his countrymen, by the?e canni bal, without puoishii'g the ofle-oers, c-aogwd _to?lr plana of procedure, and toe Chiefs ot the towt.a whlca h?d lyf-n burnt presented thrtn selves on board thi John A;'i>tts, and piotessed their desi-e to live in peace with all ?ec, anc toleavo Arcer carsalooefor thifutu e. Tnus was tte first Important step taken and miiu aiael by a ship ot war, belonglcg to Am<kric?? toe flrit time ever fear hsct<eu instilled into the Ferj ana o : the po-^-ot A nerl ca to purish them The assertion of the EagUJh mls tiouai-es that " they hsd no c!?u?e t9 fear American me-> o'-war" waa now oonfutad, aiKi tbaj a'?rely it. Thi V aatid influence o the BoglUh eiplomatis?aover Am? ric*>D cotnmanden vlai'ifg ?Se?e islands cov I at Its , offer. W>ien Amerl an ships ot war are asot out here, tbe du*y of ths commanrors of such vessels, I s ho aw think ?as to protect American cltlr.en* and their pro pertj ; but it appears that the so e aim o' a m? of the c-iumande's vlaltin* *ha grrup Is to gain the good will and ai-plaui* of the Engiwh. ? , , . If i it se my leaving tbe United States England ha entered into any treaty with onr republic to this effect 1 kave not heard of the eame, and the editor of tne 1 HEiam has failed to cbronfcle It. . Cf mrnaoceraot our national TMseH are not suppised to adhere 'o the maxim " When ia Rj?'1. R '?# doeh," b-it shiuld ra. he'' boar i? mind that If the eon duct of the Romans warrants it, they should make Rime htIam convince*, la my own mind, that an American comnur der. wbo baa the welf*-e of bis country at heart would rather receive the trne heartfelt tbanki of one of hU ccuuti' met. than al< the undue notorle^ tbeLng lii-L nigtt'give bins in the Sydney Herald, auu which, to a right tcjudel man, carries wlti It the conviction that more attert'< n has hen paid the latter tfcan he f.ime'- This course has. however, been chained by' Crmmander Boutwell, an-1 Use truly repuv llcen co: duct of th?t effloer. and hla ??"?? wo. thy resistance of all attempts to Induce bi<a to abm on his eountrymen to the poeer of the hng'Uu mbeiopariee, baa, it l? well known here, incurred the manifest difpleafnre of tbe Kngltsh missionaries; ln\ he ba- the c mtolatlon of knowing that he l9*t n? with tbe united aad beartfeit thanks of our yonog Handle re cubUc, and after tbe tedious and unp-easant Ut? he has ate '.to pitched, be will return to a oountry and a people ?hoee motto is " Uberty and justice, *nd whose appro bation will, in this Instance, be no less deserving than j"on reae-pt of my Salem oorrespondenoe and my iiub scripiion file of the HmuuvI anticipate to read th? i fn . e golng in g?vK! ho d type, with a remark or two from the talent.*' and efficient e<<!'or. I .hall carefuUv co.leet tnitbfal arcmnts for publication tn yonr Joarnal; and as your paper baa the greatest clrcu'atf n o' any In the world the results will prove beneficial to a Urge and in terested mercantile ommuaUy. . I wen Id. if opportunity offered send Mr. Beanett a few Feejeeiin curiofines. i>uch as sheila, ?vows, clubs, fro., but I csn assure that gentleman that If tbe artleles are not forthc miag by thU opportunity thay will Jot warded by tbe EUtabeth and Ann, b >und and loading for Salem, Mass At present I confine myself to ^"jM^ chirg of the account ->f the greatest entity that ^bea?tB F'ejfe, to wtt-an American vee^l OTrARr Itg tia oausa ot her countrymen. DAVID STUART. OUR OVALAC CORBE8POKD*NCB. Ovalap, Fekjkc Islands, Not. 20, 185S. Description of the ZWjre Group ? Their Extent, Natural Pro ductions, I'ojtulation rfc ? Visit of the American Ex ploring Erptdilim, under Lieut Wilkes, in Wd? Mea sures Taken by Him for the Protection of American Vet' scls? Barbarous Outrages Committed by the Natives on American Stamm ? Vuil qf the John Adams, and Pun. uhmcnt of the Offenders by Commander Bouluxil ?In trigui; of the English thssionaries to Procure the Cession of the hla~,ds to Great Britain, <tc , ttc. Tbe Fwjee Islanda are perhaps, the riebMt lad most productive in the Pac'.fle They are iiaree seven d?y? Mil from the Ecglinh e 1 >nles In New Holland and Ne * Zea land, and seem destined at a me future ?%j to hold, with even greater advantages, tbe bum relation, and turnlah similar supplies to the Australian continent, that tbe West Indies do to Ejrope and America. The group in capable of supporting at least (oar millions of in habits nt*. One island aline of the one hundred and flty four which compose it, has an area of upwards of five fir upend square miles, and is watered by more than one noble river. Sugar, cotton and tobacco are already pro dueed, and coffee, rice and indigo on'y await the care of the cultivator. No wonder, then, tf England at a time when the discovery of gold there has given sueh an la fetus to their colonies in tl.e Sou'h Pacific, should keeo a watchful eye, even in the midst of an expensive war, upon what abe regards as a necessary appendage to he Australian empire Uttle was known of the Feejee Island*, except tha they were inhabited by the most ferocious race ot canni tola that ever ditgraead human nature, until they wer examined and surveyed in 1840, by the American Ecpior teg Expedition, under the command of L'eut. Wilkes. V? iikm' examinations were male lb a brief space, but al. ?ubiequ?nt observations have proved hi* surrey* to be, with oi>e single exception, rema'kaoiy correct. Singular to aav, hov ever, tbe best harbor in tbe inlands? one on the Kouth side of Kaataru, the southernmost ltlanj of the group? has lemained aimust unknown up to the present tin o ai.d was never entered by a ve?nel of any size until tbe United S'aten ship John Aoams went tbere lo the beginning of this month. Two of the effloers of the ex exjxdition, it is well known, were cruelly and treacherously murdered by the people of Malnlo. one of the Let-ward Wane's, Tbe perpetrators of the trlme were ^en ended; tbey were rerosed. end the satires arme I. 1 roropt and amp e punishment, which ip rememoered up to the present time, wan Infl'od, and it is said thu even row, after tbe lapse ot fl teen years, a white man and bis property are an safe there as at any place In the wor'd. While first deriving benefit from this, the fnglttth missionary socle'y spoke of the ''conduct of ti ? Ameiican offl -er* as pi al?ew>rthy," and in an authorized publication represented the affair correct ly, ar r in the prop?r spirit. Irately a publican <n e oa natirg 'rrm tbe wine source end the same men lor some t Itfi I' r object, st ((firs Ices the fame aflatr as a "frtgtiffui *!eph'?r ' nr d ";errthle vengeance," Indulgitg. by way

nf si " r petloif nt, fri s< me g'aMntous ?n- it* ?t A cai s Itid tbe expedition W ike also caninl < IT a chief i i Virri vl, vb d(f-' before hfe arrival In l.h* Ualted r ml bt t-everal arts <>f ilgnr ?y>nvi >oed thc? p-o t ? ' 'he en>w? '( wrested vessels warn n it, to be j i -ud muideied, nor white men roasted and eaten, I with impunity. Ha promised, also, that vetaels of ' I wnuJd return at tbt end ol four y un; during lbs f < assigned no outrages were commuted, bu . an the ships did cot com* at the eul of that time, the Fiwjeeaus began to lose their Oread of toem The re p J of ft chief to a a American threatening punlih inent frr some outrage im naive and to be exprsted. "The vessel* that eome here are all rotten, aad your Kng is too poor to have any more made rhe Turauga L?tu (Wilkes) Mid sh'ps of war would be sent here in five years. Tnty do not come, though many whl e msn have been killed." And many waite men have been killeo in effect ; one hundred and thirty in below the -etl number, and large amounts ef property have been seized aid destroyed. In return tor these outrage* the English and Frenca men-of-war have bombarded and bu ned several town* on the 'Mcout. But Blu <ie the tine ot Wilkes nothing ha been dona tor the Americana, wh >Wore by far thi greatest sufferers, wi h one stogl'' excep inn when the Palm >uth sloopif-warhungaFeeJeer an at ltewa,who hal niurae ed a mac in the employ of the Ameri ao Consul. In October ast the St. Mary* visited the itiands, but fiadlog the John Affairs at Ooatau, she started for the Soutu Ameri can C'>?st. afu-r a tew wee\? stay, leaving the settle-neat ofleejte affairs in toe bauds of the oom mender of toe Ji h> Adams. The Adams rem -uned in F^jee tw > m in'.h during which time me complaints of all American* were exarmwd. and damigen for outrage upon individuals aad the plundering of Bevera' vawels bel <nging to inns in tialecn aud Boston, were liquidated aud the ptyuieot of specific amounts Imposed upon 'he various chin's M my ef thoHs latter visited the ship and eigaad sgte-imeon to make pa) uie . t and abstain in future from mj urtng Ame rican ci lzens. The only alternative to be pursued with tho^e who would not come to terms was to at'ack and vim their towns This was done in three several instance* by parties of trom thirty to sixty men anl tne tivin* were destroyed wl hou* el her inflicting '">r suffarin f any heavy logs. Two of them were in the fntartor, and con sideitd ssl'e from their positions. This proof that punish ment can reach the guilty, even in the! moun aiu> will do m ie gnod thai: ali the bombardments which h?v heretofort taken place. Among those who signed agreement and gaaraniecd payneat ol Ami. lean ciaira in caee of 'he cession o' th< islsnd* to Great Britain, was Thakombaii, or Km Vit.i (King < f Feejee,) as he styles himself, one of the cu t poeerfil chiefs, and until lately the greatest cauwioal and lavage in Keeje*. Be has become a Cbti-tiiu under tj.e loitowiog clrcumaUi cei. Btu, a powerlu. tvwr situated on a small inland oear the largo one o> Vita Leru, acd the patrimony of Thakom'uiu, by first leooming acquainted m h he use of firearms ??<(ul.-ed great power in Feejee, and rendered nearly all the pin cv s known to the whites tributary to it. But the use of firearms has become universal, and tne power ot the B*u chiefs bae been much shaken of late, ttougb It is at!I! f< rmidable. Within the lastyeirGe irtfi Taoon, the usurper, King of Tonga, a staunch Ohris'iau, who attsinod supreme power Id r -ogt as the head of hi lie tt'OCisv faction, visit* d Keejee with three tho isand men, aid ii con id*rsti"n ol the ceision ol some of the Wind ward Mauds which are ntcasiary to him, he having n> o'hc place to procure timber tor building his canoe-i he amsVd Ihakmbau in his wars wth the various places which had re be I d agsinat his authority. Tais wa* mail ly brought about oy the Wesleyan missionaries, who by th>- way, 'ook George to Sidney in the m a- .(on vansol, for the purpose of impressing him with an idea of tbe power o' England, and through this political con neotuu lul Vlti became a Cbiistlau. la his late vars ua baa been guil y of some acts of aavsge catioib&IUin but he aid Geoige have generally enforce 1 upon the van quished tie necessity ot ?' lotwiog," t bat is, professing Ohristlabl'y. the stipulation in the treatle-i g laraiit-e ng paymcn . in ca*e of the cession of he islands to Kagiatirt was i*ii<5ere<? lie.-ee-arj by the lollowinK o'mnns an.ys:? Ti.e Knghth mission. aiies, who h.*ve ?4Vhed some in fluency in the is aods, though utisuop irted by the<r g >v eti'mt'Dt., a e naiu ally desGoua o' tnoreasiu; their lm por<a(ice by ren-ienog thema-lve^ su>ervieot to the poii'liali&tt-rebts ofts, ir country. In Juns ISM), the baad ol the nJtnlon a>s e< ga^ea in sotne nego'laUctis couce-n kg fbe ces?ion of tbe T >nga I^iasdi to her ilije-itj Q ieeo Vlc'orSt. lhe answer ot George ?aa p titive and imlded. Be wi uid c?l 1 er ce< e the t"..vereig',-,y nor sl'eai'e a toot of laiid il TuDg*. Thla settlea ihe mutter t iier ; but the chui man of ti e society in the Ke*je:s 1% el? ?a noucud to the Captain of the U raid a aloop .W war, which has hc-ea fir a year paBt surveying r^e, that li>i Viti was leadt to code the s >ve eisfnty of tbe Feejee islsncs, a thing which te does not fai iy po ness to Lei Biitai<nlc Majesty. Ihe captain o< the Herald, accordingly, on hi" return from a visit to Sidney, where he probably obtained instructions from tbe colonial govtrrmem lor his guidance, invited Thakombau to whdt hhi flblp, then lying at i?f<nia a town on this island ot Ocalati, wLlco has revolted from Bxu, and is fully able to pteee. ve its indepencence. The first day of the vie it i f the Bau c.hie' t > the Herald was spent in endea vor* to Arrange a peace between htm and Tui Gevalca, the ptindpai chief of Ooalau The second day nego tiations for the ceasion of the Islands commenced Hnd Captain beLh-m asked Tui Vlti it he wan wi.l'.ng and prepared to cede the iiland. Mr. Calvart, who acteo as interpreter equlvoca ed tn putting the nuiMtl-.n. and again iu giving an aflirmative ana mf. Thi French I ansMi-ftarifM had bMB MMtt witness the cess on on the psn cf tYt nee, or rather in compliment to France. One rf thi ee gentlemen, noticicg the equivoca.isn, askci ' penr.iariiiii to sptak, which beiig granted, he put tae iiuestior directly to Tnakomhau. w nose answer was, "I do tot wish to cede ihe islands ? but I wish t > put uiysel ucdet the protection ot England." Thii wag interpretfi, Mr Calveit acknowleoglng *bc c riectneaa of it, nierey eaylng tbe cbiel had changed his uitod. Captain Dfunam here closed 'he affair, aaying be bad no au'hsri'y to ex tend any protectorate to the B?u chief. Heir the matter iert< 'or Uie pn-eent, cut England wi l un 'oub eoly, be fore lcng, cbta'n possession of this fins gr nip, as they have dot e o New Zealand aad tbe a"jacent 14?nds. The French aud Fi?g ish arc very well disposed to divide the ia'andr of tbe r-outh Pacific be' ween then; but no sooner is a word upoken ot the annexation of a fooi of land by the United States than the; are instantly on the q i vive. VAGO. Trial of the Sew Steam Sire Engine. A public trial tf tbe new nt?am lire engine, recently manufsc tired at Stephenson's c iach manufactory, after t wo ineffectual attempts the past week at a trial, took place yesterday afternoon, In the Park. A preliminary ariva'a trial, it will doubtless be remembered, wan made i f the engine's capacities subsequent to its completion, *b <ut tw > weeks since, and a full account given la the Hibaid. The construction of the etgioe, with its points of differ tnoe with previous steam fire engines, being then entered into with minute de ail, the same need not now be recapitulated. The engine waa brought into the Park shortly before two o'c'ock P. K., and btaticned at the west side of the City Hall, near the er.uth corner. A crowd, as might be supposed, was soon in attendance to witness the proposed experiment, Chltf Engineer Carson, Fire Marshal Baker, and a maj >rlty oi the Fire Committees of the two Coun cil Drains were present among the number. At 2 P.M., fiie wa? p ared underneath the boiler, and by means of a piofufe use of finely split kindling woo<l, and the water in the boiler having been heated in advance, steam was produced within five minutes, la eleven minutes tbe miin pump was in motion. The supply hn*? and main hose were previously adjusted. Tbe pump waa now kept moderately running till the steam reachel 100 pound*, which was a trifle ever half an hour. Meamrhile tbe machine kept puffing lustily. Tbe man acting in the ca nity of engineer m?o>- frequent cirnuits f the interior platform of tbe machine, diver Mtyiug hi* movements with occasional letting off of steam, which mad* a sudden and eta rtiiag roar Ihe kinlling woo was also inoreas eo. Tblt! was Kept up for nearly twenty minuses longer, wben a length of ho?e one hundred and fifteeu feet wm stretched fronting the City 11*11. rue steam having reached 140 pounos the rfater was let off, in a pnrpea dicmar stream, aimed at the clock on the City Hall tower. The wa-er keo?. s rugg ing upward, ao l to tfo minutes a stream waa thrown twenty-five f*et above the esgi*-, making a perpendicular helgnt of 173 feet. Sue ceedli g experiments fo lowed, but (he water did not reaoh <ke esgle. the nozzle oi tbe hose used wa< 1 inch. A lew txp?rineate succeeded of 'he engine's capacity t > throw a horizontal stieam. 150 teet hone was ua-d, wi h a oczrJe of % inch. But a t ifle over 100 fee 1 w<s the distance thrown. Some difficulty occurred from the hose bsvin? ice in tbem It waa nea-iy 6 o'cl -ck when toe H{.eiim*n<6 ci nciuCed. It was ai nnunced tha'. farther expeiiuient* w< uld be made to-day. comtn>nciog at 10 A. U as the parties having the machine In charge were not Fa'isfled wi n I S execution yesterday. A eta'ement of what some ord nary hard working fire etglnes have done in the way of th ow<ng water may not be uninteresting, asaioelcg the compai ?tive reoulta ot Mean , aa above and manual force Id July last, en gine >o. 3, a *eo< nd nines engine. of Newpirt, with 60 feet bose and notzie IS Inch, threw a horizontal stream 210 feet. At the Crystal Palace tMal last September, engine No. 8 of Brooklyn, a firs' class engine, with hose lr.O feet, end noetic 1 Inch, threw a h< rizon al stream 160 tee*.. At tbe celebrated trial in New liaven, the "Nameaitg" ? ngine of New lxmiton, Conn., whleh took the prize th<ew a perpendicular stream rf 1?6 feet. The Nameaug wan a second class ergine, and threw water through 4M feet hree with tneb nozzle. The "Gatpe* " ot Pr- videnee, R. I , at this same trial, ? first class tDgi re, with same length of hose and 1 '? iieh cozile, thiew water 157 feet high. Tbe most successful experiment of an American engine on record Is that of Krgtne No. 0. which, tbrougo 360 'cet bore and nozzle 1 1 1ft inch, threw from the top o the Mar lor str<et red tower, 86 feet high, water at a riber elevation of 128 feet The engine was on the g onnd, MVd the lmrr?' ? < pressure of w?'e-, with the leng'h ofjpae empnj e< ,id carried to the height it was j can eailiv ?? calculated. Drowwko or a Yotrno Nkw York re in m* Saw .In ax Brvra ?A gen<leman in this city has favored us with the Annexed extract from a private letter, dated at San Jean Kiver, (NIc. ) on Sunday, Feb. 3:? the s'camihlp Northern Light anchored at Roshuta rsplils In 'be nigh' of Saturday last, when the boat cm tuinirg the |>?ssei ge?e fame alongslle. /tyung niHD, who wan )n tbe cabin if the Nor hero Ugnt, to ra sitg from a e'entge h st to the chip, sllppel and 'ell n 'he liver He was imm.dia'ely <) ownH and w*s Very touch regret,o<1, a* we a>< loved lm. hi" na ie w? Charles H. Cls'k srd Me fa her I* a manii'*5t'i?)"g ji"?el!er corner of John andtNassau sfree't, N?w Yor* Th< rapl' s carried off his body immediately- He w?s about tixteen year* old. VERT LITE FROM MEXICO. Tw? Weeks Later from Vera Crux? Surren der Of PacbU to H?ro J Tanuarlx? ProgreM or Um flew devolution? JondlUon of the Country* OUB VKBA. CEOZ COHREBPONDKN CE. Vkra Ckcz, FeS. 4, 1856. 1'rogrtu of tkc Counter Revolution? Surrender of Put Wa to the InttngtnU?ProtpecU for the Future? Approach of Secruion ? Highwaymen and OipUnnatuU? Shipping In telligence. Ptiice my last we have had several more act* and scenes in the dram*? tragedy, comedy, faree or what ever jcu may cUl it? of the "Revolution in Mexico." On the 2id of January, PueMa ? Lajlnricta Paebla de lot AngtUs?tii* -?Invincible City of the Angels," (lta real official title,) succumbed to t&e Pronunciados under Don An'ouio de Haro y Temaris, a native, by the iray, of the angelic city ; buv there appears to have been no Volumola to rave this home at the sacrifice of her r<n? thii rampa ging modem Coriolanu*. luckily a Mexican ri volution is rather a in ess sort of affair, as all the world knows; aud sb tbey are mere fami<y quarrels, there's no?< eat harm done, lhe ' taking of a town " has a sigmllcaUon of 1U own in the Land 01 God and Liberty, and there is gene rail; about as much damage done to persons and proper ty as n a good i leution riot m the land of Bosh and Bun oombe. I am aorry, therefore, to have no occasion to serve you up a oish of horror similar to the Kerteh atrocities. 1 also lose at the tame time a splendid op. portunity to spout 0 n Juan ? vide the cap are of Ish mael? for, in point oi tact, things go on aoout as usaal. 'Tis mereiy one ol the ' peculiar inari'utlons " of this country, to substitute the cur ridg>s b >x for tue ba.lot box, abd he that gets the greatest number of votes (ia the shape of bar 'ne^i and bui'ets) c.wi?? tue dsy ; after which there's a great deal of fra terniza ion, embracirg and getting drunk generally, tulxed up with a vast amount of Diot y Libtruul. Well, 'tia cone oi our business. This is a tree country, and the nstiros have a full and aer'ect right to settle their own quarrels after their own fashion. Sole; 'em rip. I'll merely s ate facta without comment. Neverthi 'ese you will perceive from extraols from the press, shicb I enclose, without time te translate, that things sre looking badij, and really appear a? th.iugti we are to have civil war on a large scale. But the wri er hM Men Mexican rows enough to fe.l justified in pre dieting a speedy sett ement of the dtfflcul y on some bai-is oi ot:er. True, the adjus'ment will be but tempi, lary, for the elements of discord tie radical and inherent to the Mexlon constitution, political and personal. The country has never yet had a g >od g veruoient, and never will have, without a more thorough over hauling than tha*. proposed by any of the thousand and one plans which have been promulgated wi.hiu the past torty years. What to propose now were no easy u-atter, bo sever. Beyond a doubt tue people are incapa ble ot self government. The geographical and physica' condition of the country, toe character of ulne tenths of its population ? 'heir ignorance and barbs.rous m >de of li'e; the bigot, y in o.'erance snd supyis'itlon of the so called en tgh'ened clnsses; the pert-hi >?? and insu rable habit of rfivoiu'i m. and a uul'itu le of other equal. y o B'-nt reasons pre lude ai-y hope. As long as .be Uni'fci S-ate.H pleates, the uationality ot Hsxiio ma/ eouOnne after a fashion. But such a nationality! 1 am ir e lined to think n< t withstanding, Jiat recent even:* have very 'much disgusted Alvarez and a lew other t,-.u? pa'rlcts with tha-. great humbug, "th? iaoivisi bili y ot Mcxico," or "tue integrity ef the na tioiial teiritory," which Banta Anna? the only ruler who ever alienated any of it ? was eternally r * iog in their ears. Beoessi >n aud nullification are whispered in oerlalu circles, but the idea has no: y?t gathered suffi cient s reegth to be open>v advocated. We oaa scarcely expect this people to understand the doctrine of Htate s. ahltst we of the "model republic" are still squab t>li o?r about the same thing: and any one who might dare announ ?? such a remedy for their woea rouid have 'he wVole pack of pat lnU ? who a e sending taeir country to the denl wholesale? doi'n upon aim. The e eould be no fate tou dreaclul for him Still the not on is painicg g ouud: and as the writer rets behind tbe scjn-** occasionally (though never into the green room), ih?re csn be no harm done by dropping a hint or two, kind, however , I don't pretend to s*y that the f*ct ot there beiig a iSou.h Carolina envoy at the capital has anylhiug to do with the matter; but qu i?n tubt ; Of course, in the piesen' state o the country highway robbery ai.d murder continue on an undated scile. A great many persons arrived from abroad are detatnel here in const quenoc, not caring to venture to the inte rior. it is expected General Robles Pezuela, the new Minis ter to Washington, will leave for that place on next Ntw Orleans itai steamer. General Almonte is expeated to day, and has been luoksd for, in fact, for months past. It is supposed tbe $3,000,000 affair detains him in Wash ington. City Intelligence. ATTKMIT OF AN IHCF.HDIAUT. A curious ease occurred on Thursday night at No. 195 William street, supposed the work of aa ineOndUry, or the act of some malicious person, for the purpose of ea deavrrlrg to suffocate the inmates of the promises. It tecma tee house 1* kept by Sir. Constantine Miohood as a French boarding hou-e. At about 0 o'clock on the night in question A suffocating smoke was found through out the entry. Search was mad* tor its origin, and under ? buBhel basket, at the bead of the kitchen stairs, was oi.nd a piece of pine wooo sp it at the end, is which was held a buneh of co ton; tbis wa? burning the smoke from it pnducingagereralcughiig, sneezing aud aa almost cuf'i.cktivg sriiMttion on ail who cams within its reash. As-Ulanc hnginter Baulch wan notified and he sent ft-i the lire Marshal forta with, and t^e wo ogetter made ? thorough inveetigatlon. Meveial persons were examined, and it bt ctiine evinent that certain parties, whose names are withheld 'or the pr?sem, bad placed tcls c .ttoo in the entry, well sprit: ked with Cayenne pepper, not for the purpose of burning the house, but for the par pone of hsvirg s joke, hy produeing a coughing, sneezing, &c. ? nit i gat the boarders. Such practical ji bes are altogether wrong, and must be stepped. The care is still under the Fire Marshal'* investigation, and we hope the gul.ty parties wUl be brought to Justine. Ijght Guard Ball,? This fete took place at the Aca demy of Musio on Thursday eveniog last, and drew toge ?t er the largest and most bridunt atsemolage ever seen tn this city in a ballroom. The Interior of the building was splencldly decorated, and tbe coup d'ait presented either from the back of the stage or fr>m the upper boxes was worth more than twice the price of admission, and was such as has never be'ore been wltnes ea in the city. The stage was draped with canvas*, aod represented a r -hly mounted tent. In the rear, the words " Light Guard" biased in jets of gas, above which was a tiger couchant, the emblem ot tbe company. In front of the ampbiteathre and boxes were the national colors, en'wln ?ng military arms, and fMtoaas of flowers ran along the pillars and front of the tiers. The ball was given for the aid of tbe Monumental fund, and was a great pecuniary s ccecs, It being estimated that 96,000 will be cleared thereby. But as far as the oomtort of the dancers was crncerned, the ball was a nuisance, not from any want of j roper atterti n on tbe part ot the Light Guard Com mittee, wko di< their best, but because of the crush, which rendered saltatory motion impossible, to the great annoyance of tbe light reeled gent.emen and ladi?s who were p'erent and wished to participate In the poetry ot motion. There were a number of superb dresses at tbe ball, with the usual allowance of lady inside, the latter fsct being sometimes overlooked, in view of the ? pier dor rf the f rmer. Tbe supper was much better than on Aimer occasions, it bake got np under the ausptc?s ' f Mr. Charles Mtetson of lie Astor House. There was si me annoyance caused to the ladies, oy losing their copes, shawls, tie., in the dre stng room; bn', aiart from that, the/t/? was the most brlliisnt *ver given in this metropolis. Tmi Cinw or Fount ? We learn that at the Matsell in vestigation to-day the following witnesses have been rohpeensed by Mr. Branch:? Alfred Carson, OhlefEngi reer of the Fire Department; Aldermen Brlggs. C H. Tucker snd Hoffmire, of the Polloe Comml'tee; Judge tlo-enee McCarthy of the Marine Court; Etwsrd J Shsndiey and Edwin Shandley, Clerks of the Marine Court. A Cnns Nrarit Bcwrr to Dkath ?At about 0 o'clock on Ihursday night, offiser Burueil. of tbe Twentieth ward, wan notified that a little girl nine years of age, re siding with her aunt Mrs. Catherine Everts, in a teae nmthonpe, No. 261 West Tbirty-tbird street, Wis scream trg It ber room, on the third Hoot. Tne officer went tc the apartment snd found tne door looked, aLd tie chlic n\ 'i h for 1 elp- b? fin col open the door sni: discover*! lie i hi d's clothing binning on her body ;th? fltmns wrn in " i ? iatftly utinirniahtd Her arm?, hand* and p?r t her bt dy wi re badly burned. The aunt, itse m<, looked thn child in tbe room during the afternoon, and * as absent , THE PBEflmESTlAL CAMFA1QH. Parties and Party Candidates, North and Soath* VIEWS AND OPINIONS OF THE NEWSMPfR PRESS* Interesting Struggle between the Fierce, Buchanan and Hunter Cliques. The Cincinnati Nomination Still aa Opw tynestion. THE AMERICAN PARTY BEFOGGKD. Black Republicanism Rampant and Belligerent. Third Ccocral Chapter of tfee lev Iirfc Herald for 18 Mi, Ac., 4c., 4c. Part Pint? Concerning the DemontUc Osm*> dldate. Tbe Richmond (Va ) Examiner, (Southern righto' democrat ) considers Mr. Pierce oat of the question ? That Pennsylvania is entitled to the prcvedenoe this tin.e, and that Buchanan is the man. [trim th? KuiiiP' n. (Va.) ILxamiuer, Feb. 8. J WHO Ml ALL Bib THK StXT VEMOCBaTIC OANUlDAtK. ?01t THK PHKeIl?KM)Y? With very decide.! con ?ici.ou? an u> who sh<uld bo* to h''n'ired witb the dcmociatio nominaiim for tie freel dvaoy in Juuc next, we can honestly say thai war td*M ii" e ul I at Mri u to who nil juld be the man. If nilua alone wire coimuf ed. we think it probable that the noito o alloc sh ulft be given to the V ?rto? shouid o? given to a man ot that tec Hon ot the Uu*n having '.he fui1 c >nfi o< nee of the South and abls to carry such a Nortaera vote as, combined wi h that of the ea.l^e Sjuth, sava probab y Kentucky, would give hini the eleatiou. The front prominent Northern men who present to* first of tLeee lea ures ? that Is to sa y, of enjoylo< the Ml anil en ire cvntii euce Of the Son' h ? are J a. met "irlinf. Stephen A. Ilouglas and l>auiel S. IMcAinoon. rouse an ihe Noitbem men who can, in our opinion, moat fullw ccmnumd, If nonnnntrd bj the Cincinnati Co.venioa, tbe coiiftdei.ce and rote of. the South Toe question oe ctrs tlum, what v-j'e could these nieo cany a'th ! Nortbf Ai to Mr. Itonglas, we understand on gooi authorite tl at he wi'l no a. low hiR L&me to be used 10 coudpcucb with tlio nomination. The reasoa of this withdrawal at hlf Dame tiom vhe lists we understand to b*ti>e?oa? tWeiatiori that be hue rendered hlm.<o f peculia ly ob n xIduh to the free soil sentiment of the North, by his authoi-hip tod chi-mpmn-tbip ot tbe Kansas- Nfbratka bill aid >?ie imprtsMou that a large dims of moderata Noi them men who migh' be induoed to v >te f >r a souad r.f nai-ci atic candidate wot immediate, y connected with tht b?U. might be influence:! oy the rtnotr of free so'l to vote ?i'? nn b'm. This inpreturfon ha* Induced in iay a# hi? beM. Irteaus to be teve thai Mr. Dt.ugl** o mid not m inro the contest with the pr,epeot of carrying a ?u? cien'lj la ge Northern vote, an, uul el with rh? Swth, to secure am-Jorl y of the Elect ral C lt <g*. W? do not lUTHrivff. aseot to tlir- conclusions of the?e toeu. Wa loiie?etbe> the m.>re bitterly at d rune .rously a good irtn ia oj posed for a pati lotto aition, tbe more certain he in to f licu nalooked tor hostw of fri. nda and aupportara from axu'.Kg Ihe ina?i?B ol he people. We have an io?ritierive feeling that this would be tha reiiult if Mr. Douflaa were entru >ted with the eeaocratla banner in the a<-xt cea-.en: and that n? would r?e<ve a vote at the North that would be m aHtooi-h ng aaftt would be gjBllfjtog to tbe 6ou h. But it i* not for us to advocate the ciaUnn of one who ia understood r0 forbid the nt-e of his name m cntuotion with the nomination. We next ci me to that bold and noble old Uon ol a ?? Mr. Dickinson, of New York, fhere 1a not a statesman to the Union ?ha is more popular at the South thaa ha. Xbe South has once testified a dasire to can fir taair aW iragea upon him, bat, too Koaan like for tie ace, ha da cli.>?d to allow them the pilvitege. Too honast aad aok ppokeu for tb? times he is raid to have offence a lana r^moc ratio lafluance at the North, and to lack la -'J region thntaaaanii?l iw^caciaatafa aueoaasfui p ilittelaa ?availability; atd w* ae sorry to ex proas tae b?U?r Aak hie h?nt oiy nud cotiMi<teac* haw injured his praanaoto lor the CiLCif>nati nomination. For ourselveii if we had 10 say who of all Vorthera mm mcHt deserved tba nocotnation by em .lent servioa, va hhould a v ard it to the faaries* Douglas; tut if wn had to nay wPo moft nerltad it by pt-rsooal ber <isu of charaa ter. we should acwrd il to the giorious old IMekiaana. We have Bald these things of Messrs. Douglas not Dickinson in no spii tt of disparagement towards Mr. Ba chaiu.ii We havt< heen more marked ia our dooiaraticaa of admiration for those gentlemen, because wa f<tei boond to say tha<,poHc> conhioered Mr. Uuchantn seems to com h> nt> more ol tbe eltmeotfi of micoeis in the next c va \*-s tu?n anj other Northern man. There Is no c jo teat between the friends respectively of himself and. Mr. Doug las, cr of him**if and Mr. Cass. With the g cat Doag lask, untfammeled by a nomination, and a Hive in tha fit Id aovocating Mr. Bucosuan with all the abiU y of hto u tellect and warmth and eloquence of hi?natu>e. Northwest will be safe. With Do glas canva*?log ia the Ncnliwest witb the abi ity belongiug only to himself, ?ad which makes his name a legion wherever hs goss', wa cacaot ronceive a more e.uible ae'ection on the scut* of ?v. liability in the Northern section ol' the Uuiou <haa that ol Mr. Bucoaoan. His nomination would secure Fennt jlvanis. lie has bad no |>art nor lot in -he hard at -a so ti controversy in New York, and it is sai : h? w >ald units '-he whole couaervatlvs vote there, and carry that Si ate witb ease While souz.d and acceptable to tfaa Sou'b on tbe Nebraska queati >n. his ab?en? from tha crun'ry duriig 'he agitation of that subject, prerentod his taking any active part 10 the Neoraaka *giMtioa; aa that it is thought the ci nssrvative vote througaout tha Norih could be mo<e resdily and ULivara?lly rallied upoa him than prubably upon any ot er statesman of first rata tank and anilities in t at section of toe I'nion. It & Uht be confessed, too, that l'anns< Ivanii deserves muk i f th? d?m?cm'ic party Of tbe United States. How ottsa has she dectosd the vicory in our fkvor? Ho v often haa she Ud tie North aa Virginia has ltd the South - aim in arm. aud shoulder to shoaldar with Vur gicia pushed on to victory and glory ! la the recent electi. ns 'ft rat State, how gallan-ly did her democracy | lmitati- g the rrcent example cf their orethren in Yv | fcinia, ii?e in might and rigbteons anger and crash tha c ho<tsof Know Nothlngism ! And yet. Peons; Ivaala* whist has secured so many viot ties to the democracy at 1 be union, h?a rever had a President, or even, wa ba~ lie ve, a candidate for tbe Prasidenc;. As to old Buoh bimreif, we confer we have had a weakness in his favor ever since the calebiated document which emanated from theOf terd Corferenoe saw the light ? a partiality that was i nlj enhanced by the shabbv treat meat which tha authors of tbat paper received from Mr. Marcy. Thus, Uylig aMdeaH pe ecnal pre'etences and partialitiaa, a caiix review of the field at the No. th lesds us to oca dude that Mr. Buchat an ccmolnes more of the elemaa<a of success than a/.y oiher Northern caniMate of pra fRiinen' talents and repu atisn. And he e we will i^t "bsei re, that tbe seise ion of third and fourth rate mm is a policy not fit to be pursued by the domocraoy ot tha Coi'B. We have nit considered tbe claima of Mr. flares ia Oopnection with those of other No tbern candidates^ Iwcaure, we frankly confe-s, tbat en'anglad and compli cated with a Cabinet in which, as a whole, we hive never bad confluence, we do not feel ca,>a?la or doing htm Joe rice. Individually, we esteem and respect Mr. He roe; but, as a part of a dynasiy which has destroyed tha fjf mocratic party In ever? Northern State, and would bsve destroyed it In every Southern 8 ar? If our MMh had bren capable of being diverted from the support of their cherished ptinclpes bv any miseondaet oa tha pait of officials? we eontess, frankly, we canaot regwd with much partiality at present, the mention at his name as a camlWta for a second term. Tha nomii.ation of bim over other Northern men b f >ofltbo'n procurement (snd It oouid only be doaa by Southeri. procurement) would, In our opiato% be serion ly and permanently prejudicial to de mocrat's snocess? wouid sen >uny naiard the longer trtomph of conservative prtnclples in that sestlon of tha Union, lfthe No'th wi 1 In the convention declare far Mr Tieroe, then bis nomina Ion eouid be seoonded with pron-lety and prudence by the South; but ii Mr. Ptsroe U thrust upon toe North by Southern vo-es, we sh uld iwnsloer our sneers* in tna election most Imminently jeoparded. In bis me> segos and offleia' papers It aaaaob be denied tbat Mr. Pierce baa enunclatea and t^at with eit.pha>is, very sound tbsorlts and safe constitutional principles. l*t the North drc^a whether the praetiesa wt bis adminlstratioa have ba<t ia eon > trinity with the da* ciaiatir ns of his State pa >ers lha' U a subject m rhloh we onrsalvas prafir to m silent. We sball reserve our reflections on the hypothesis of the eanr idate being taken from tha South for another occasion. Pin Contra. ? A leading Virginia opposition or gan gives the following evidenoe in favor of Senatoc Hunter:? [From the Richmond Whig, (K. N.)] THK PRBSirKMOT ? HIINTKH 8TOOE RI8IKO. tt i^ difficult o keep paoa with the devetopeineote eg iiemrctatln opinion In reference 1 1 the nomination of that part j lor the next, Presidency. It is evident, ho never, tbst Vierce las received the endorsement and recom noncntu u ? f mo'e -ta'es than any other democratic aa* pirsn for that office. In the South. Hoorgla, Alabama, Soutb ("aio'lna and Kloiida and lo tbs North, Malaa, Vnirout New Hamp-hi-e and Mas*a< hus?tts, and pro hablj i no or two othrr States, have dee 'Bred In his Cavar ? wh le not.e ot l>is competitors have yet been reooas iteiw i d t.y s nil gle one. Here In Vire'n a, the oh ?noes of Bunter are deoidedlw ?ef.ri than tboie of any other man. Nearly all tha ii mi-dratlc p?pers In iho Valley, and some In tha nr rthwes . h*v>? exn's<sed their preference for hfaa n v? ro aed emphatic terms. Ana now the denw r.ra ) pti-'r lb 'he f*st are beginning to speak out for bim; and we presume hy tlis tlaie tbe 3 Jite ooovim tion meets? ahiot u the 28th of thin uvntli? nearly t^