Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 18, 1856, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 18, 1856 Page 3
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0*r aial* Conrwpendwee. Auouota, Feb. 9, 1B66. IV Dei* gates to the Cincinnati Convention. Under the head of " Maine Correspondence," and date, " Portland, Jan. 37, 1866," your paper ia made to aay, " Pierce will probably hare two delegate* from Maine in the Third Congressional dlatriot." Bach ia not the fact; both 4 f the gentleman elected from that district will rote with the delegates at large, and could not possibly hare been eleoted, if they wen supposed to have beeu Pie roe men. I ?end you an extract from one of our papers: ? DELEGATES TO TBI DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL CON VBNTION. At the eatunu of the democratic member* of the Ltfit latore, on Wwloeaday evening, tfce folio wlog gentlemen were elected delegates at Urge to the Cincinuatl Coaven Hons? W. R B. Moore, or Waterville. John C. Talbot, Jr., of La bee. Dudley K. Leavitt, o t Uaog'>r. Wm K. Kimball, of Pan#. They are all oppcaed to Preetdent Pierce, and it is un deiltood that Mr. Buchanan 1> to bi their first choice, lite Pie'ldent must feel higalj complimented at thi* re sult. Bin OoUfctor (Smart) doe* not seem to haTe done a very proapeioua bu&ineM at Aug us a. The whole Pierce strength, in both branches of the Legislature (every democrat being present at the convention), was but thirteen votes, and this, after four weeks of unceasing " operation" upon the members by the little but indefatigable corporal's guard of otltce holders who comprise the whole Pierce strength of the State. Tf being avowed Pierce men is to be the teBt of qualification for hold ing office, some of our office holders must so on be removed, and probably will be, if any other persons having the necessary qualifications can be found. The feeling is nearly unanimous that in order to maintain our position among the democratic States, and to secure a democratic victory in September next which shall tell on the Presidential election throughout the Union, we must have some other man than Gen. Pierce nominated at Cincinnati. The Maine delegation will be a unit, if it properly reflects the sentiments of the people of the State or of the democracy of each Congressional district. Our Sub F rMtlito Correspondence. San Francisco, Jan. 21, 1856. Sale of a Portion of the Folsom Estate? Price of the Lots? History of the Immense Estate ? Con tinued Yield of the Gold Mines? Deaths cf Emi nent Citizens? Political Difficulties ?n the Legis lature?New Bank ? Peace with the Indians. The events of the past fortnight are sufficiently interesting to warrant a special letter to the Nbw York Hebald. Not the least important matter has been the sale by auction of a portion of the estate of the late Jo seph L. Folsom The whole number of lots disposed of was three hunered and sixty, and thf> aggregate bids $607,000, which amount considerably exceeded the estimates by property holders made before the sale was announced. Most of the lots were un improved, and as they have now passed into the hands of bona fide citizens, San Franciaco will be An immense gainer by the change. Captain Folsom was a Quartermaster in the United States army, and cfune here with Colonel Stevenson's regiment of New York Volunteers. For a considerable time he filled the office of Collector of this port. Since 1860 be has been considered among the wealthiest men in California, and two years ago his property in Sau Francisco would have sold uuder the hammer for at least two millions of dollars. Folsom acquired this immense property under the following circumstan ces:? For several years prior to the onange of gov ernment in California there had beeu living here a man by the name of William A. Leidesdorfif, a Mexican citizen, but a foreigner bv birth. At that time any person who would pay the price of makiug out the title papers could get auy quantity of grants to land within the present limits of the city, these lots being some fifty and some one hundred varas (yards) square. Leidesdorft, who seems to have been a man of some foresight, obtained a large number of these grants, and when he died, whioh was early in 1848, be was considered the largest landowner in this place. And yet so valueless was this land then held, Lcidesdorfl, who was owing a few thousand dollars, was pronounced insolvent. Immediately after bis death the gold mines '* broke oat," and town lands rose rapidly iu value. An ef fort was made to seek out the heirs of Leidesdorff in order to make some " arrangement" for the ad <&ini*tratoraldp; but no one, not even his most inti mate friends, could tell where he came from, no where his relatives resided. By some means or other, however, Folsom obtained an inkling that LeidesdorfT s mother was living la one of the Danish West India Islands, and thither he posted, returning in a few months with full power from \una Maria Sparks to administer upon the estate of her de ceased son. The courts gave him the administra torsliip, and subsequently he bought out Mrs. Spark's interest. Capt. Folsom had a hard straggle, however. Squatters came apoo his lands, and these he had to fight off. The State, too, set op a claim, and the courts were called upon to declare the LeidesdorfT estate escheated. For five years, Capt. Folsom was struggling in tho meshes of the law, and he found relief only in death. Since bis death another suit has been commenced, and this by the United States government. In tho great fire of 1851, Capt. Folsom's papers were all destroyed, and among them all his quartermaster's vouchers. In consequence of the loss of these papers, he ap Dears as a defaulter to the amount of $275,000, and tor this sum the government has brought suit. Should this suit go against Capt. Folsom, there will still be left a very handsome Bum for the heirs, as the property cold here on the 10th and 11th insts. was only about one-half the bulk of his estate. The sale 1 have alluded to is more noticeable from the fact that it is the first great sole of real estate since the bank suspensions in February last. We have not yet recoveied from the shock which these bank failures produced, but the high prices bid for the Folsom property proves that confidence is taking the place of distrust, and our citizens are once more smiting in anticipation of the "good time " coming. The gold mines are yielding more abundantly than ever, and I hesitate not to say that the year 1866 will furnii-li one-fourth more gold than any year since the discovery of the California placers. Our obituary list furnishes two well known names? Captain Wm. 1). M. Howard and Hon. Roderick N. Morrison. Captain Howard was among the earliest of the California pioneers; and certainly no man bore a larger share ot the esteem of his fel low citizens. Judge Morrison was at one time a member of the New York bar, and w< s prominent as tbe counsel of Polly Bodlne ? a name conspicuous in yonr criminal calendar. He was also at one time a member of the New York Legislature. He c.wne to California in 1849, and was elected the tint Judge of San Fran cisco county. For the last two years of his life he was wholly devoted to the i investigation of the science of ppirituali?m, and at two different times was an inmite of the State Lunatic Asylum. Our Legislature, now in session, exhibits no sign of making choice of a successor of Dr. Gwin in the United States Senate. Tbe Know Nothings, who have a large majority of the Ascmbly, are so divided into cliques-"- Foote, Marshall and CrabOe cliques? that it is found impossible to mako a nomi nation in caucus, and it is more than pro bable that the election will be put over to 1857, when Mr. Weller's term expires, and when, as two vacancies will be created, some compromise may be effected. The democrats ? Gwin democrats, aud Broderiok democrats, are all united in their endeavors to stave off the election, in the hope that next year will give them a majority of the Legislature. A new banking houre h s been recently opened here. Messrs. C. K. Garrison of this city, and C. W.Morgan of New York, being prominent partners. It is said to have a large cash capital. Quiet is rapidly being restored in the Indian country. The Indians aro prepared to treat for peace, and no wi nder, for they have bepn terrible sufferers in thin war. Whether a pare will bv last ing or not, rercains to be seen. I believe there is no pcace for the red man nntil he is in his grave. He must be exterminated. This is uot humanity ; bu it is destiny. Roland. Thk Passkvakhn bt thk Shif Parliament ? Chakactm: or FOMMX Immigration to Boston. ? Notwithstanding the long and stormy passage of the ship Parliament to this port from Liverpool, her two hundred and fifty passengers were landed in an excellent condition. Not a passenger died oa the passage, except an infant in a lit, while the vessel was at Provincetown, and only two or three were ii w'ien ve^el reached this port, and their ailment was the result of sea sickness. In looking ?over her list of passengers we find a less number than usual who are bound immediately for the West. Generally the proportion is about one-third. The greater number of the Parliament's passengers will be scattered throughout the cities and large towns of New England. Of tbe whole number only eight are flftv yean) old and npwards. About twenty are English and twenty Scotch? the latter being females from seventeen to thirty years of age, destined for the Holyoke factories, being abont five hundred in all who nave already been sent over for that pur pose. Many of these immigrants have supplies of money, and others come to friends able to take care of tbem until they are in a condition to look out for themselves. Among the passengers was an inhabit ant of Beverly, who retains to his home after wan dering around the world for the period of tweaty two years.? Boston Traveller, Fib. l<k H?dk?l AppdatmeaU In Um Iragr and larf h?M? *T ?1|NM. TO THE DIT01 or Til UI1LD. W jlSbimoton , Feb. 14, 1846. There lb one feature in relation to the appointing power of the United State* that is eminently juat. Aa few, however, are familiar with the subject to which we refer, we will explain it somewhat in de tail. It relates to the appointment of arm/ and navy Burgeons in the United States service. Many years ago ftieae appointments were made upon the individual judgment of the President of the United States. But now, before any man can secure the commission of surgeon in the army or navy ot the United States, he must be ex amined by a board of medical officers appointed for that purpose; and that, too, although he may have received a diploma from the very beet of oar medi cal colleges. Nor ban party politica anything to do with the appointment. Any gentleman of proper character and suitable education is allowed to go before this medical board for examination; and if he shall eatisfy the board that he possesses the pro Kr qualifications, he is reported to the head of the partxrent, who presents his case to the President, who sends his name to tne Senate for confirmation. Thus it will be seen that it remains with the ap plicant, in a great measure, to decide whether he will p&fcs or not If he shall master all the branches of the profession, before he submits to the scrutiny of the board, be is sure to pass. Nay, more, the board goes so far as to class those who undergo an examination as Nos. 1,2, Ac. Every inducement is, therefore, offered to muke the Burgeons of our army and navy most perfect in their profession. It will be seen from this statement that there can be no favoritism in the judgment of this medical tribunal. In nearly every instance the parties are entire strangers to each other. We hsve referred to the mode by which medioal gentlemen enter the Bervice, with the view of mak ing the country and the membera of the two houses of Congress familiar with the system adopted in relation to the medical department of the govern ment. It appears, however, that notwithstanding this very judicious arrangement for furnishing ex cellent surgeons to tbe army, that a very large num ber of those who attend the soldiers in the distant portions of the nation do not undergo any exami nation. And this grows out of the fact, that there is not a sufficient number of surgeons and assistant surgeons at this time authorized by Congress. The Secretary of War and Surgeon General have therefore to employ any medioal assistance they can obtain in the remote sections of the republic. To avoid this difficulty , the Honorable Secretary, upon the recommendation of the distin guished head of the Medical Bureau of the army, Burgeon General Lawson, has recommended to Con gress to enlarge the army surgical force to an extent to meet the requirements of tne service. It is to be hoped Congress will act favorably upon this recommendation of the Department. Justice to the si< k and disabled Boldier, as well as economy, requires this at the hands of our national representa tives. The present system of employing extra medi cal attendants costs as much, if not more, than the proposed change would require Besides, the army would then have surgeons who had passed the rig.d investigation of the Medical Board of Exami ners, and the Department at all times have a full control over the medical attendants, as they would then all hold commissions under the United States. This subject is deeply interesting, and is entitled to the careful consideration of our national Legisla ture; and the subject not being well understood, I send you this, because your Heraxd reaches all who ought to have Information on this important tonic. Your sheet instructs the million. Q. Borne or Ihe Parks of Europe. TO THK EUITOH OF THK IlbKALD, It has occur ted to me fhat a brief account of some of the best European parka would be ac'eptab'e to your leaders at the present time, inasmuch as the Commissioners' report on the Central Park is now confirmed. In my studies of European landscape gardening last summer and autumn, I first sought out such specimens as Beemed to be best adapted to our clr cumstances; and secondly, such as were considered the best specimens of landscape gardening as an art. Under the former class, I place at the head Blrk fi t?' 0D tlJie ?PM??te side of the river Mer This announcement will probably appear very strange to Americans generally, who usually, on landtag from the steamers at Liverpool, take the firt-t train lor London, and do not Htop long enough even to inquire about the lino buildings, docks parks, &c. I make this remark became, during live 8nJ(lura in Englaud and on the Continent I did not find one American who had seen Birkenhead Birkenhead Park was conceived by the Commis sioners of the borough, and dccided upon after seve ral public meetings, when the subject was fully dis cussed. The commissioners wisely concluded that a good park in the suburbs of their town, with a zone or belt of line villa site* around it, would draw to thtm men of wealth and taste. This expectation has leeti fully realized, as will appear hereafter. in It 43 the commissioners purchased 11*0 acres of land for a park and other purposes? 120 acres of park 16 Bppropriftte(1 111 Perpetuity for a public Mr. Joseph, now Sir Joseph Paxton, the cele brated landscape gardener to the Duke of Devon shire, was employed to design and direct the works. A tnuueana workmen were employed in carrying hid dcsign? into execution, onder the immediate direc tion of Mr. Edward Kemp, a very clever landscape gardener, and author of "How to Lay Out a Small Garden," and the "Hand Book of Gardening" The land, eriginally flat and tame, and exposed to severe northwest winds from the sea, the soil a cold stifi clay and entirely destitute of trees, were the n.nleriala placed in Mr. Paxton 's hand* to make a paik No doubt be thought it a hard nut to crack, but with plenty of means he succeeded in cracking it in a very satisfactory manner, by creating arti ficial bills, ridges, mounds, Ac., with the earth ex a vatcd in forming the lukes, ail of which appear verv easy, graceful and natural. In a little more than a year the entire plot of land, once in some parts a low swamp, exlialiug the most pestilent vapors, was drained, graded, planted ? /eil?ed at ttn expense, including the lands, of about ?ij0,000 ? Mr. Paxton receiving ?800 for his Etivices. The villa Rites around the park have aince been sold for nearly enough to puy the entire cost of the lands and improvcn.euts, aud mauy tine villas are already built. The remaining lots are owned by in dividuals, and held at hiah rates. In the arrangement of the park a serpentine drive of nearly three miles in length encloses the park proper, and forms the inner boundary of the villa sites; another drive passes through the centre, and eight more develope the land appropriated to villa Mlct?one end ol each of the hitler terminates oppo site the end of a public street, with a lodge and Kate. Broad gravel paths developc the interior in a beau tiful and artistic manner, the larger part of which is in lawns, hurdled and pastured with fine sheep and cows. The gieat breadth of th eye lawns produces a wonderful tfUct of magnitude. The plantations include all the trees and shrubs that are hardy enough to endure the climate? which makeup a great variety? notwithstanuing, many that flourish vigorously in the central and southern portions of England are excluded, on account of the reveic winds and saline atmosphere. There is also a f-tifl clavey subsoil, which causes the exclusion of E . ny varieties of evergreens. A couple of fine sheets of water? graced with watci- owl, bridges, a boat-house, Ac -enliven the RiotiEds. One of the lakes is very irregular, and decidedly the best managed pier* of artificial water I ever saw, and, so far as I learned, was so consi dered by all landscape gardeners who have seen it. A rockery so naturally designed and constructed that I was informed it was often tJrenfora real l iece of nature's handiwork. This is draped with a few inmit touches of Alpine scenery, that reminds one of the picturesque scenery in Switzerland, alone the I<hiT;e, and In our own Alleghanies. CrickeE aicbeiy ui.d (juoiting grounds are provided, and are evcry P'waani afternoon. \v hen the important advantages to the pnblic, and the poorer classes in England especially, or such on extensive and delightful pleasure ground la taken into consideration, no one will be inclined to say that the expenditure in creating it doe<< not merit Ibe inost unbounded success and the deepest public gratitude. Here nature may lie viewed in her love liest garb; the most obdurate heart may be softened and the mind genUy led to pursuits which refine puiilv, and alleviate the humblest of the toil-worn. It has been justly observed that in the same pro portioi.s as ronrces of innocent amnsement and healthy recreations are provided for a people, in th* 1 tame proportion do they bee me virtuous and hap K. The commissioners of Birkenhead have there o set a noble example to the directors of public affairs in large towns; they already have the grati fication of knowing that many, many thousands have already been made happier by their exertions; and generations jet unborn will have occasion to be grateful for this public boon. In this park has been realized nothing more than can be done in any town of similar size and enter 6 rise In America. All that Is necessary la to have le will to do it, and an active and determined board of trusteea, and the hand of taste to direct. The suburbs around Birkenhead Park, eontain the residence* of the beat citizens of Birkenhead, and many from Liverpool. UoWAM Damsm. KmlgTBtlM u >nr ft mtm Tirrn'r- of Om Botqatm. We take great pleasure in pabliahiiif the following circular, issued by Gen. Mosqoera to his country men. It is important, ait an index to the hearts of the New Granadians, far all know that Gen. Mos qnera doee not talk idly, and that be knows the sen timents of the people of his country. His frank in troduction of the gentlemen mentioned in the letter is evidence enough that be knew that the people were prepared to receive it and them. It will be obten ed that the circular is a voluntary offering of the patriotism of this distinguished man; that he tent it out among his people simply as one friend introduces to bis heme and family auotber friend, in whose honor he has confidence, with whose senti ments he assimilates, and for whose tilents he en tertains high respect. Gen. Mosquera bas once occupied the Presidential chair of the republic of New Granada. He is identi i fled with the history of bis country from the days of independence to the present time Perhaps, after Uolivar, be is the most distinguished South Arae rican living. He is now the most prominent uandi date for the Presidency again. These facts add much to the signMcancy of this circular. The kind feelings it breathes towards oar people, unexpressed it may be, yet renosing in every word as though it would be an act or superfluity to express them, furnish a guarantee that our citizens, in settling in New Granada, will settle among their brethren. Ihe Osprey we see advertised again for the 23d of February. With the state of feeling now existing in New Granada towards the people of this country, the emigration to that country must be consider able. No country probably furnishes higher induce ments to the emigrant : ? IUMUTIOK. Mr. ? Mr Ibak Fkjk.vd? ? In the steamer General Motquera (or 0*p et), f om '.he Unite 1 Stat**, three unail compaiie? of emigrants b?ve arrived at thU port, with the chjcct of Fettling wfch tbetr families in (tone cod vet lent pari cf this republic. Mr s irs C. G. ttudd and party form one awtocla'ion ? J. O. Jewel t aad K G. Mvul t< n the other; the third, composed of Walter B. Turner, J. H. Baiues and The mas E. Dudley, accompanied by others. Ttete are all ureful, honoraole and enterprising men, vhone desiie it is to nettle In New Granada, of wni sh oonntjy the North Americans have firmed an exalted idea. Ah you are well acquainted wita my opinion* con cerning New Gianadian in< nstry, I hare offered them my assistance and ihe advantages or an intiodac ioa to my frt ?n<# in the various provinces It is with this oojeet I address this circular to an who, like yourself, will favor me by promoting their inters -ta, when they visit your eecticn of the oountry. It la ne^esrary f >r u* all to pro tect this first trial of emigration, ared c n?equeotly I re ly upon your kindness tor tae same Agiioulture, mining and the construction of roais are the principal objects towards which their nflorta are directed, and the employ ment of both their time and 'heir money is a sufficient guaran'ee for you to afford them your assldtanoe. At tbe toot you will find tne ? gna'ure. of those pre senting this letter. Your affectionate friend and servant, T. C, UK MUJyUSKA. Court of Common Weu. DECISION OF JODOX BEADT UPON TUB MATURITY OF A PROMISSORY MOTE. Br&cn ti< Ryckman. ? Brady ? J. ? This is an ac tion against the maker of a promissory note. The complaint alleges the making of the note, that it has matured, that the whole amount is duo to the plaintiff, that it was endorsed and delivered to him by the payee therein named, and demands judgment for the amount thereof. The answer first on infor mation and belief, says that the plaintiff is not the holder or owterof the note, and that E. P. Brown is the owner and party in interest. The answer then, secondly, as a separate defence, alleges (hat the note was given to E. F. Brown for sei vices to bo perform ed, and that the consideration thereby failed; and farther in this connection, that if the plaiutiff is the owner, he took it with notice of such failure. The answer then, thirdly, as a separate defenoe.eays that the defendant has no knowledge or information sufficient to form a belief that the Baid E. F. Brown endorsed or delivered the note to the plaintiff for a valuable or any consideration. The answer, then, fourthly, as a further and seperate defence, ullages that the plain tiff >s an attorney at law, aud ii he is the owner of the note he obtained it for the purpose of prose cuting it contrary to the statute in such case made and provided, 'ihe plaintiff demurs to the whole o. tbe answer, except that part of it denying the en dorsement or delivery of the note by the payee, *nd for lessons set out in detail? but in reference to the tecond and fourth defences more particularly tha they are hypothetical^ stated. The allegations tha the plointiit is not the owner and holder of the uote and that E. F. Brown is the owner and real party in interest create no ia=ue aud amount to a mere traverse, which is not recognized by the Code. They do uot deny the property in, and possession of tha note by the plaintiff, and yet allege tb? u?m> u? lie long to another. If these allegations were g od, as a denial, they would be bad for duplicity . Each do fence must be separately stated aud be an auawer to the cause of action to which it is addressed. (10 l'r. Rep., 6H; 6 Hand, 210; 8 Pr. Rep , 242.) Perhaps, if the denial ol the endorsement or delivery was not ret up as a separate defence the allegations just mentioned would be consistent with it and unstained. A a to the firet def ence therefore the demurrer is well taken, but different considerations suggest them pelvis as to the residue of the answer. 1 am aware that in several cates hypothetical pleading has bee a declared to be obnoxious, (G Pr. Rep 6V, b4, 401. 14 ttarb. 633 6 Pr. R. 14, 7 Barb. M>,) and au examina tion of these case* show* that the peculiar torm of denial allowed by the Code has not received the con sideration which it requited. I suggest this with due defleienceto the learned Judges who delivered and concurred in the opii.iona expressed in these cases. The case in 6 Pr- Rep. supra arose where a denial on information and beliet wns allowed. Thoso referred to in 7 Barb, aud G Pr. Rep., were cases in which the hypothetical an?wers were uh to the acts ol the defendants, and presumptively within their own knowledge; and in the case in 14 Barb, Justice W illard, who delivered the opiniou in 6 Pr. Rep. supra, also delivered the opinion ot the court, citiug in support ol his views, among others, tho cases mcntM nrd. These decisions appear to be founded on a rile if the common law system of pleading, which required a plea seeking to avoid the declare tion to confetti dhectly, or by implication, that but for the matter of avoidance contained iu it, the actiou could be maintained. (Conger vs. Johnston, 2 Weil dell fc(i ) Under that system there were but two pleas - the plea in abatement, and tue plea of f>r?u? dttrnen continuance, which required a verification. The conscience of the parly was not appealed to, aud tho pleader was not called upon to consider what his client, could declare on oaih, but what fom he should adopt to place the defence on the record <( But hypothetical pleading, even under that system, was not always condemned, as illustrated by Judge Woodruff in Ketcharo vs. Zercga, 1st E. D. Hnnth, f>53. The difficulty under which the delendant inuat rest aa to the denial ot' what another did, whiah he cannot deny, being ignorant thereof, and whicli he cannot admit for the sumc rca>on. is nut considered in any of the cates mentioned, except in the case of Ret c ham vs. Zetega. 'I'ue Code has introduced a system entirely new. It is not an alteration; it is a ladical change, and section 140 uot only abolishes all the lorinB of pleading heretofore existing, but provide* that the lulea by wliich the sufficiency of a pleading is to be detei mined, are prescribed by the act. This leads to the decision of the quest! in, whether under the C?de the answer of a defendant tibder onlb v may be hypothetical , and indeed whether it can be otherwise in many cases which may arise. Tbe defendant in this case admits that he rn.de the note sued, but he does not kuow whether it was en dorsed or delivered to the plaintiff, and he denies any knowledge or information on the subjoct sum ciei t to foim a belief which puts that fact in issue. Unless he denies the allegation positively, there is no other mode of reply. He ha# no alternative. The act prescribes the manner of his denial, and leaves him no choice. The denial is itself, lu its own nature, hypothetical. He docs not know whe ther the plaintiff is the owner or not, but if he is, then there is a defence, and so he tells Ins story, it is a very r atural sequence to the statement or hH donbt on the subject, and that doubt, of course, he has a riiiht, and when his conscience is appealed to, is obliged to entertain. It follows as inat?*r ol law, if the endorsement or delivery be not proved, that the plaintiff cannot recover; but whether it ran be proved, remains to be determined oy truu. If, however, it should be proved aud the plaintiff M right in court, then the defences alleged are good; and if proved, the defendant must succeed He cannot state that the plauitiff took the note with knowledge of the failnre of consideration, bee-auto lie don't know whether he took the note at all or not, and hW oath ad uo nishes him on the subject It, however, he plaintift did take it, then he took or obtained it uu der the circumstances and for the purpose stated in the answer. Thns it seems that the defendant co ila not plan his defences before the Court in any other mode than the one adopted U'<ra the i neoessi .ies wtiich the new system has created, and 1 bad the ai^ tentative of admitting what might not be true, at d so jeopardize his rights or brave hta conscience, and assume to be false a fact alleged of which he was ig noiant. This may often be the position of the de fendant, in whloh his rights are not to bo restricted, limited cr controlled by any arbitrary rule, not of pleadii k, but of Terillcation, w*.iich ia the ttne aues tion in tneae cases under the C'ode. Judge wo >druff very jusny remarks, in Ke\cham vs. Zerega, supra, aiui at page MO ? "It ^jiay often be true th it the defendant la wholly Uraorant of tbe facta alleged by the plaintiff, and if bo. he cannot be recnbed to ad mit ttiem. To compei him to do bo is to ao injustice." And again?" h in clear to my mind that the de fendant cannot he required, as a condition ef aver ring Lew matter, to make an admission

of the facta alleged, which Khali preclude him from denying them on the trial.'' For these reasons 1 consider the third and fourth de fences well and sufficiently stated, and that the ae mnin-r to them was not well taken. It wua iufisted on the argument that the fourth defence was objec tionable because it did not net out in detail the facta and ciiccm?tances of the procurement of the note by the plaintiff lo me. The statute before the Code on ly required the defendant to give notice that he would msL-t upon and prove at the trial that the demand on which the action waa founded had been bought and sold, or received for prosecution contrary to law, without setting torth any other particulars. (2 Revised Statutes, fourth edition,page 476.) Noth ing more 1b now required, and the tact of the pro curement is alleged sufficiently for the defence it makes. The judgment must be for the defendant, without costr to either party, and with Utterly to the plaintifl to withdraw the demurrer if he shall deem It advisable. Ttoe Disunion Petition In tlxt Ohio Senate. The following is the report of the Committee of Federal Relations in the Soaate, to wliich was re ferred the petition of certain persons of Salem, Co lnmbiana county, praying the legislature to take the necessary measures to obtain a peaceable dis^o lution of the Union: ? The Committee on Federal Relations, to whom was referred the memorial on behalf of the Western anti Slavery Society, praying a dissolution of the Union, respectfully submitted the following report: Your ccmmittee have given all the consideration to the subject of the memorial that its importance demands. They are free to admit that the federal government, like all human governments, has its n perfections, and that those who administer it ?re not icialliable. Still your committee believe that in its principles and workings it approximates more nearly to a realization of the wants of man kind than any one that has preceded it, and much more nearly than any one that would be likely to rise upon its ruins. Your committee take pleasure in saying that there is no considerable portion of the people of Ohio who directly or indirectly sym Jiathise with the purpose of the memorialists, .oyaliy to the confederacy of these States and un faltering adherence to the obligations of the federal constitution are predominating characteristics of our peoplu. That though they are not indifferent to the great question of human liberty, they believe it is the pait of wisdom to retain iu its purity tho po litical, religious, educational and social privileges which we now enjoy, and extend those privileges to the whole human family as fust as a due regard to the rights of all parts of the confederacy will peimit. For these, and a variety of reasons that might be stated, your committee, in tnc most decided aud emphatic manner, condemn the treasonable objucts of the memorialists, and a .k to be discharged from the further consideration of the subject. The LtgUUtnie of Anode Island ou the. Sab Jtct or Mmv?iy. The following report wa- made in the Rhode Island Home of Representatives oil the 15th lust.: ? Executive communications have been received from the Legislatures of the States of Arkansas, Ver mont, Maine and Massachusetts, containing pream bles and resolutions on the subject of slavery: the organization' of the Territory of Kansas; ita inva sion by armed citizens of Misaoury the Fugitive Slave law; the abrogation of the Missouri compro mite; on slavery in the abstract; on the repeal of laws authorizing slavery in the District of Columbia and the Territories; the repeal of the Fugitive Slave law; the future non-admission of any State to the Union without a condition to exclude slavery: and other matters relating to the exciting political topi< s or the day. And this General Assembly, having maturely con sisted the Raid communications, and the subjects which they embrace, do resolve, That the compromises in our federal constitution should be faithfully auhored to by every citizen, and that the laws which have been or may be pus<od hy Congress to carry out bucIi compromises should be observed and obeyed until they shall have been declared unci institutional by the highest tribunal? That the Missouri compromise of 1820, entered into to allay an alarming excitement which threat ened to disturb the public peace, and to produce a sectional collision resulting in civil war, and threat ening a dissolution of the Union, was made by the antagonistic parties in good faith, and with patriotic motives, aud that its repeal by the thirty-third Con gress is a signal violation of honor, of justice and of plighted faith? That Congress, having the right to pass a decla ratory act that slavery shall not hereafter exist in the territories, is imperatively called upon to exer cise that right, without delay ? That the atrocious interference of citizens of Mis souri, and others not residents iu Kansas, with tha orgs nizat inn of the government of that Territory, deserve the indignant rebuke of the legislatures and people of every State; and that the State of Missouri is bound to disavow all participation in those acts of violencA and out 11131-, without del.iy. or sutler the obloquy duo for such flagrant violation of justice, lawr and right That it is inexpedient for individual States to make a tender of men or arms to Kansas to aid in repelling invaders, sh it would tend directly to a sectional, civil war; and it cannot be donbted that the President of the United States' will exercise his plenary constitutional power to preveut the recur rence of such violence and outrage. That at a period of such excitement as the pre sent, when parties, as was foreseen by tho Father of his Country, are characterized " by geographical distinctions," and the North and South, fired with vindictive feelings, arrayed against each other in hostile attitudes, it is the part of wisdom, as well as patriotism, for each State Legislature in it 4 expres sions of opinions on there subjects of agitation to be temperate, moderate find candid, nor suffer the im pulse of excited feeling to transport them beyond the bounds of reason, or to impair that veneration for the Union which is paramount to tho most laudable objects of all tho political parties of tho day? that his Excellency the Governor be requested to forwai d a copy of the'a re* I itiona to the President of the United States, to tLe Governor of each of the Fates and Territories, at d to each of our Senators and Representatives in Congress, with a request thnt our delegates in that body will use their be.st efforts and influence to secure, by wise, and judicious* legislation, to every State and Territory, ita consti tutional right. ISi w York Town ?Slc?tlom. Lkwir County. ? The Levis County Republican gives the following, as the rc-ult of the town elec tion*, aw far as heard from, in l<cwis oonn'.y : ? Murtintburg. ? Edwin Pitcher. republican and anti-Know Nothing, wat< elected by a majority of 10!'-. Tbe rett of the ticket was elected by majorities ranging from 102 to 12 ). LcwvM*? Gen. VVillard, republican and anti Know Noticing, hud 50 majority. Rest of the ticket, cxcept Town Clerk, bnd about the same majority. 7'vrin. ? C. C. Riggs, democrat, <54 majority. J.iyilin. ? Win. J. Hall, democrat, by 28 majority. IVtiJtcn. ? C. Kea, republican, is elected. Fart of the Know Nothing ticket succeeded. A'<w Lrimev ? Eoriit Nellis, democrat. Croghnn. ? Petri' k S<vortman, republican. Denmark. ? Lucian Clark, republican. HarrisLurg. ? John Muckering, republican. Allowing, as far as heard from ? Republicans, 6; democrats, X FULTON COUNT V. The Argv* is informed that the Board of Super visors jnt t elected stand thus: ? . Democrat; 5 Re}>nblicuUH 3 Know N othings 2 BT- LAWBENOE COUNTT. We have returns from only three or four town*: ? Vsteegatchte. ? A national whig is elected Super visor. All the rest of the republican ticket was elected. 1'nlaJam. ? Aaron T. Hopkins, rep, had 405 rotes, and ex-Speakur Elderkiu 154. Everything else on the ticket received a like vote. Cohen ? Moses F. Coiling, anti Know Nothing. Pirrpcnt ? R. A. Merrit, ditto. TIOGA COUNTT. The Elmira Advertiser gives the following re Milts: ? Elmira. ? L. J. Ccoley, anti-Know Nothing, 130 mnioiity. Si.vtr.pcri Judson Smith, anti-Know Nothing, !>0. Chtmung. ? Democrat elected over the K. N. can didate. . Htne Head*? 150 anti-Know Nothing majority. Big Flat*. ? Ditto by a majority of 25, Veteran. ? The vote for Supervisor stood ? Demo crct, 104; republican, 152; Know Nothing, 145. Cathn. ? The Know Nothings voted for the repub lican candidate, and he was elected. Yran Ettin. -The democratic supervisor elected. Erin. ? Arden Austen, democrat. TATRS COUNTY. There was an election in but one town on Tuesday lost, the town of Pultney, and Ira Hyatt, republican, was elected supervisor, over T. Drew, Know No thing, by 40 majority. DELAWABJC COUNTT. The Know Nothings cluun to have carried Kort. right, Stamford, Roxbury and Middletown; while I they concede a defeat in Delhi and Franklin. N*w Bedford Oil M abkbt.? TVo understand that between 8.000 and 9,000 bbls. whale (HI have been sold in this market the la*, two days-* large portion of which waa on European account? at prices ranging from 77 to B0 centa per gallon, ac WTtiing to quality ? Bedford Mercury, Feb. 11} V^C OoMttp area* Otf. (Prom w ' So*!*/ F?i. lr.] 1 B"W"> Bainu^.?*.? Barnom ?"*? ? book, i wLlcli be M9Qiac4 . ?dvfct m to the bent F'*n make money. K e had succeeded to amass a fortune tkroi.gb tin* aid ot Tom Thumb, the woolly rtJTt' F'd tb* ,,u< the Jerome Uui^ir u w,Ul wl??cl> .n*"lunl connected hlmwlfin order to Increase bin fc ^""e, hu spent ? sb?S bwrt; now* tt'ta ?? t'vSS b7 125t^22f#^j' 5? creditors are sqnabblinir tor ti,? .C? ' ***? ? h? ??Cd biTOSS which is Of Eastern origin, b*Vh? TVilu ?2.f0 ^onible rraidenc* in tbia city W#? ore toid that Tom Thuicb in still at Bridgeport and that Barnum hopes to make some money outV hhi? 1 liM?K8fidtEliR 0f tbe H"ecefuU"1 8hjwman lias ended, ind that Barnum will have an un hill road in all he undertake* hereafter. His property is ,0i "?e extiDt,of ??ine $140,000, aud he rni^'o f L t c'i"^ve ?r this, some $90,000. Bar ... 8 ^ook has been commented upon in every ci vilized c ma ry on the globe, and X irene^d 2,2 1 ? U lTt^tft ? ??|0rr' 80ag5t *? ,,e i^ulcated teratoid if i! v .^i^rwefui to American li .!? ?i history of the deceptions b> practiced upon the community, and tfte amount of funds they produced. With ali his Xewdnws in 1 mo?ey making, he permitted a few Yankee clock lu&^fc'r'Lmf'0' T<"^ i f^?? th? ''unlay Tunes, Feb. 17 ] IJSK?E vantaire over thi J) ha8 ?u?htly tho ad ij. a . to? prtma dotitiu* On tlip HmiiA <iav behows^ win k e lorn,er ^ of the ,a"ei . " He MJitBulmn8ttrCmCndwla flgnre' 1111,1 "ihers followed ?35 ^LSftta mare sustain his handy gallop. expense Ui?ist"d^?eVMrKI?NT,r^-?,,he, lM in8tan<* of bench. 3tlCe l eabod>'8 on the natter usurped the office Uc now occupies At^tho ! more lime ai d am tliVr ? , u alH>lication for jsbk^V^^^&js atiaaea: ss? *?,?>???> ^ "?t.? SSI siito t ?? ??' ?ys'?f ji&s t?0tefdiaS mit- he will recover the salary from "CteVS^'i,s "* m XT I*"1?? 'he Sund?y Courier. Feb 17.1 the New Iohk Yacht Cmtb? The annual elec ion ol officers of this club, held a few dajf since resulted in reinstating those of last year. A maota' thutAcre should oe^ three Jrt *cs of $260 each, to be Failed for in June next. Thi* i-i double the amount of last year's prizes. There was niXr?? ? ti\ne tLat no boat should eater I3'.t fe,jTS;.;c??'> wU1 ^ ?u-ri hi \VJLhIAM.B" ASTOH.-There seems to be a strange Stfwnt1 T^iiio a.tar?etof our friend, Astor, ,< i millionaire, because he happens to be iiiktir our Fart,we do not quite comprehend the justice or good sense of poking fun at a Kentletnan nf^^n.?10 1,a8.tbe ?ood fortone to enjoy an income of a million and a quarter a year. Mr. Astor has iust k vn?en?a to ,be P^^able and unrestricted en ? proi)/rt>' as the humblest man among is to i ? lJn^ Int'V ?' his day's wages. If a man Is to be made a target of, by way of minishmenr .or his wealth, we ,haU dl^rage tlu,P?SZ of f rffi,""? 8 Bn0(i.t"nay enterprising citizens will u i f ahacdomng their business pursuits, lest they should get too wealthy ana be suty^ctpd to the an^ nojance of pubUc uttacks on their persons, the?r motives the.r mansions and their families. If Mr u ] '.a'fCB his rents we immediately have a row h^.1inVlS,S"?!Clff,rai not ??s if S .Hxx ,1? Sis t,' a*: KhcSr ora h'wpital, or declines subscribing to a railroad' there is at once a terrible rumpus made. Uut he oii?ht to be his own almoner, aDd to give or not as may suit his feelings, as well as the rest of us Mr Astor we presume, does not eat more than he ptOfl for, and we have never heuid of his neglecting to pay his taxes. He cannot take his property witn him when be die'1, and he only acts now as a steward ?r lll!,$enar\t8- who would not live in his houses ir they did not iind it to Uieir advantage. The New ?V?^nC^eep0#nde?t of u Philadelphia paper gives iionahe ? '8 clfuI description or our great uiil twl%0~ ,f",yiDg' ^ tho *uriJOlt th,kt ?h"" ? r? ?1 w?jt two MCes to a quetidun never ? truck m ?r? fo.-clu ? <h?n wboi pp??king of H<Mr?l< y of t b? gr**t M<?u( Jt liililiunHm s, W ll!iau B. Aitor, of wh :ui I las', week WTu , a 1 "'J?" th,t J|P' A"t0T "** J'*"1 Kt?enc?r-,in ?>?* k to tbe Ahu" 1Jbr?ry. notiiilithsa hr j. ^ N??\?,k e'?c;?wi in, eiT? ?n ug drawj,.rxPrc""",i"'l wilder werof'ifj i,-,d mr,ar<1iy H""* * ie*tiig pl?s?tij a ,lo? ? " Bt-d Mr. Aster ne??r bus been accu*t?i of ]Me??lncthr attti.'mte. Bur. noir let me give vou the ether Md? ot the *to y. The ?ei* next k J,.t Mgrot.izett blh Hhnmli'jr la thin munnir ha nnUflixl uis te? ante, to the cumber ofD??r|y tw<- h?vJre*, tn?: <h*{ r lent* woe id b* ifcined after May wr tr >m t> n tn ?ir-m,T f ili^* aitiltoi^atf* a mike oue h^o 4 tv, J ' A't0r "? "tu(,J f0" n'lthmp mo coist. lbiu, opare, nnt an ounce ot adtpc.ge matt*- as a Z'lv K*c*u, 'v 11 tMt -??" huco,p^: ?? f..irt,We<5 hf l!(.?p iaiUa ^tlo. a^nd tbecx tbtg In ? Llch lie?pp- ar? ih jugh all rery wli tar a man who i. an acarnw, 4*4 1 ivea, w.,ul? ?v,,grv e ,JC. * cetl*;n Vr >8 ut-ce-wary. Hi* . nly uV " p1' h" rtinn,>^ P?r-Juwiof in a ^ (f'ts-auran^ I. acd at tiur o'cK?oV he temlgei his wf?ry w*y uptown, while n-a<rpfl ra-*:l.! by html. den Wl'h pa-MBgwa, whoae aggi^te meaa-, l! Hubstrao'-a-l if '"I? ?'.hU w,fchh. warc.>ly tiimii.i^h ? ' '????* SS5SK Of coor^e the writer of this sketch never saw the original of tbe portrait ho attemi.ts to draw. It is niil^r iw7 UD .mBn' "r Astor is a tail. . ' exceedingly quiet lo..king Kontle *7*?' 'iT v ittJe !o-<s- ??* drefwe.s well n i i ! ^ a?d l1rk# hke a <i? lesjioet nwe merchant Uis sandy hair is slightly sprinkled m ith grey, and he has a slight stoop in his jrait. As to ? is tnidgtng his weary way op town" and d.: mg in a shilling restaurant," it is all gus. He usijaliy walks when he goes down to Wall ctreet, whieh Ls not often, lor his office is up town, in Prince street, atd be walks as steadily as any man you can meet on r.or streets. Nobody has ever <=een him in a restaurant of any kind, lie lives in one ot the largest and finest hoiuies in the city, in Lafayette place, and gives elegant dinner parties to the class of inteilerlnaJ men of whose society he is fond. He is a man of good reading and scholarly tastes, and though he takes good care of his property, he haa given away lar^e sums without any ostentation Some five years sinre he gave tbe widow of his cousin, George Whinger, who died poor, twenty thousand doUars; and his recent donation to the Astor Library, tbongh certainly not an enormoua gift for n man of his wealth, shows that he is any thing but the mean and miseily man he haa been represented. ? Tfk Harbob and Rivkr at Baliixoki ? The cold lock of ice ntill hold* in abeyance i 'argo fleet of vessels below Port Carroll, though thf> work of opening a truck w still pushed for their re lie! . We learn trom Mr. Rergan, engineer of the steamer George's Creek, that a large force of men are engaged, in cutting the ice, and are getting along finely. Ac soon as the track is cut the broken ioe is pushed under the sides, and the space Is not allowed again to frieze. He says that the ice boat Relief is mak ing good headway through ice ten inches thick, and that in a tew dnya more there will be no difficulty in getting up. Tho ice further up the river, and in the harbor, ut much thicker than it is below, the consequence in that the steamer William Jenkins had not got ?p yesterday afternoon. The ice in the harbor, off the foot of Broadway, yesterday was measured, and found to I* twenty Iwo inches thick. Two weeks ago it was measured, near the name place, and found to be only twelve inctie*. That now ever the harbor is said to be thicker than ever be fere known. Yesterday a team of horses on the harbor got loose from the driver, and ran to and fro, censing considerable excitement, but after a abort time they became tired, and stopped of their own accord. The present indications are th*t several weeks will elapse before the fharbor ?r the river will be navigable, except through th? track which is now being J/Mritm, #W, 16. HTBTBHroi lOTCTO WEI! 1, ' ~~ phwiamcti. AtitlVAL HTaTKMKNT OK THIS BUBIIfBM AND ooa dttWm oi ihe ManhaUaa Life Imwum Ooapur, ?T law York. January 1. >?*?> OspMalstcc* I1NMB (rfJMOwy, 1H54 ItMB Balance of business of WW. IAMR imouiil of premiums rtceitw during the 9106,121 M *? lolereal and dhooupt 31 6M 79 " dividend, Miiu Urt, Ae. . . . 7.186 H-WUN M B*Uo(?i due si 1 ?dries, inr dividend of uu, agents' balances, Ac Total oujou.br irww# Kiu^dmw, im(*i salaries commls mod. Ac J5,M? M 9^v'"*nn|ooe nod pumuued pdUoim JWJ B l)1T?^ oda oo capltaJ. .. ... 7.5o0 00 9uim* Atcr.t ?. Bi?id aod mortage* on E to Casino bank ard cm hand. OttT bor.dsai.dMi.ck* Lelerred premiums, ancruea Inte rest and fur nil ure i.um aa? A The AlrectorM have, .titer appnprUUnf a prafMoui Am o? two buodrttl and seventy <me thousand nae hoadra#^^? ,*"* fa' ? ' *> 1,7 m a?er and abM? *? eft pi tit 1 furfi of (mo huivdrtj (liouMiod doiUrm. aBulAi^a dividend Ot all W oe\. I on the actio f.tr pptflia daolA^r 1? MM, pajfibtA 1q tbe holders thereof on' juatwent of u.e preut'unu (or the curreut \?V 0 8. Waaiut. heoteiar/. X. D MOttGAjf, Pr YNHNNK YOBB I.IKK. JL T8k ?AMAUHUfKTTS MUTUAL life IN80R o.ihpany, cr rimii <uriKu> Km Guarantee capital (paid up J invested m hood* and mortgages on real e?tau> wortn $m ow SIM 9M W KKUElm Received for premiums and tnlermls 881.1 19 41 Interact accrued co loan no.es 1.3*1 it ? 32.4MV9 ?Itiiwle PISBDUMMIiCrK. raid riainM l>r death ., 93 1 iso 00 " Kxpet.i>e? since A uxua. i 1861 U.ZU 23 " C(jmtiihu>l?(iera " " 8^844 SI ? 48. tM M Wet aaseta. Januaiy 1. IBM *1*4499 M Claim* unpaid, awaiting proof 92,000 00 OaLHH Kl.iK 1'reaideat K 1?. BtiAua, Vice Preaidea*. Fbahcih B. IUcon, Bocra.arv. HHrKKKHCKM Ui KKW TOU. V. B. Lathmp, President Union Mutual Insurance Oompi 1H ras U bu.ue. :ecreuu-y Hanover Fire Insurance " Levi ("o'.V , ot Levi Uo<>Jc A Co Office Mo. A Trinity Building. Ill Broadway, New York. J L. wHLuS, Agent. Bchjamim W. Mc bkadt, M r> , Mndietl Kxanatner, nd> denee No. 8 MintA atreet, Mew York. A.tuinda dtlly Iron Uta 1 o'clock. WATOHB?, JH WKUt ^ AC. JKWRLRY AND DIAMONOB VKRV LOW ? TH? 8VB 6cr li?er, for ibe but eighteen >ea rt In bunlaaw la VM ttret't, in nelllii* all rieMnpiioTM ot fine gold, diamnad and 41 other kinds of jewelry, at wboleaale aud retail, at maea Im Uiatt tic tmual prloea Ladter'lxMiuurulgoid, eameo, mooale, ear*>unele and peiriMt MiringK, pins and braoeletiin boxes. .$.0 uo to SUM 01 eMk. Ladin*' pics, go; d, cameo, mosaic, pearl ai.d carbuncle $2 SO to VM OOoadfc. Ladle*' calling* go'd, atunr.o, imsaic, cearl carcnncle, Ac V2 6 ) to 925 00 a pale. Qold gnaid chains, fhatelalne cha ns, fob cbait'S and Test ohains 99 00 to 985 U9 eaek. Ftvre go:d * ?ddlt g rt? ga 92 6(? to 99 00 waah. Ladies' go'ld brace pu 9; U(l to 9H0 00 twk. Plain and chased gold ring* 7 ft emits to 9*> 00 aaafth OeuOemen'a peal rltigs 93 00 ut 94) 00 nwk, Oamet.ot si, pf arl and other a'one ring*. .92 BO Vo92A UOeada Fine K?'(t tbimli es 9 ! ?> to 90 tM) ea*k. Gold guard ke;a fob ? and teal < 9> hi to %%> 00 eaok. G< id i^ena and peDeUs 9-1 ou to 9l > 00 ? *?. Qold pauctls 9t 00 to tt 00 eadk Ladles' cortemom a c? 91 50 to 915 09 oadh. (itild cr wen ami nerk'ac.f'M #2 00 to 917 00 eaah. (>o!d and i>tooe sleeve nutions and rtuds . . .92 00 n 91W 00 a set. Gold fpee'aolea and eye?la^<iM 91 75 to 9W INamotHj esrrtncrs, plos, flnif?r r'nes * ero*?e.<.9') 00 to 950 OtldarmleU, scarf pin* and ?i ver Ihimilet. . .37 sU- to 914 ? OROBOS 0. Ai.LKV, la tartar Of walcnet and jeweler wholesale and tetUI, No. U W? street second floor, rear Broadway, up stairs. COAL. OIL, KMlOMrNE, OB < OaL OIL? b< cured by juiienls. ltie undf nlFr.ed beg leave t? oall the attention rf iVe pnMte to ibe sr.r.raed eertlflcate. rf K. N. Kent, Ksq., chemist as % pettrct nj.sv er to the r.ow uniret sal que^Uoa, " What ahaM wm use tor light t" AliHTUMN, Agents of The North Auerlr.sn Kerosene Go 67 Beaver aureet, < Y. I Al.ortUori , ]|6 J-lir. street, Ne " York, Fab 6 I9B9. He North An eelcan herohene OompapT:? Oentlainaa 1 have n a.!e a ca'oful pfcotr>a.(>t. leal examination of your kava t-et^ oil. In coR>pBrlsor. with the various kio^sof oil and bwra Ing fluids lb use in Ibis country , wi'h the following results; - | SS ?? I? I Material. Lamp ^ ,,jf aif ? ? %SS ?.? |g ? :3 : i ? i if ft P! K.rceet.e, Kerosene. . .13. 480 476 846 662 2.4*6 91 00 MM Csn i.lieie. t'sinpli. oe. I.. I'M 377 h70 433 1W9 63 4 M By'vlcoil, Ro.-in oil... 1 itW 140 <J70 144 tt? 60 9? Kk|.i-'di4), Me<harlc*l. 6.9'ifl ?? 9J0 3R7 1 B60 1 60 9M Wh*Ve " t'olar 1 h93 211 <?B ?J7 8*8 1 00 II ? Lard " " 1.640 2U 9 6 2(2 706 1 25 If I Ifperm " " 2.025 211) 8HI 23H 850 2 26 M< Jbur'g fluid. Large wkk. 563 164 n28 184 300 8f M ? 6" Nalertal. I ff Pi a !.ff ? if S h P.* It 4 i :# f|| 1 1 Keroter.eoil 13 00 l.StM pr* 91 gal 2 44-100 <W la t eal gas 4 870 5 C. tt. 13.75C.lt 3 M. 4 12-100 of la. Frr.sc the above statement, It wtll be reea that torosaua m ducer the moat light, at the least en*t and that burtilag MM produce? Uu- least light at the greatest cm:. 1 have also Mia acaietul analysis of your h&oeete oil. and find it to be M> maika'ly j *.re and free iron all Mibataneeswhlob wou d attar wise tender ti unfit for burning in lamps. When thus furlM by H e placets t ow in use. H is not explosive, even when beat ed to 212 dec. F., and being much '-TV-lntln1hs-i aanikwal is not liable to tuioke In vie * of the above facta, I am aanaaiaa tb?t jour purified kenwene " I* deatir.ed to anpersedaafl other oils or bu nlng fluids, as a source ft light (orartlfkoial lumlnation iui d would reeommeod it ? the most valual* taa lerial for that purpose with which I am acquainted. Yerviw apectlull) , your obedient servant, ROWABD N. KB NT, PATENT MEDICINES. C1LOVK ANODYNE TOOCHAOHK DROP! ? J Tlia excruciating torment* of toothache can ho upMillr Be ll v eo bj the uee of Lfala remedy, without Injury to toe gutaa ar treih, U acting ??1e!) upmi (be lie. ve, Kmiueut dentlaia bava* blgh opinio* of It. and ooaaequeiiUy recimn-end It tot" ttenla. hrepured and for aaJe by A. 11. A l>. HANDS, I 1U0 Fulton etrr el. So d by druggltU gererallx. CVRRD OF A VIOLENT OOTJOB AND BflTWa b'oed, by applying Ihe campbora'ed t-an?p arent plant#- ?e the cbt*< ird lallng lie ouugh anodyne? 0. K. Bii * '?*, Judge ol' we Varlne "-ou't; J J. K el logy Hudvon hirer !!?? rotut; J. R Brown. Weat Tli.rte'h str?-'i luai'ier dealer. B? H. h HW* a N. ppoprifl or ta * pb; alctan of ww twenty )>nr practic*. 303 Hudson wrret. HAMMONl'it-' ORBIS TOOTH SOAP IS DK ^IDWDbT lb. heat ailtcie ever oirered l/> the public for pre*?rvl?g am tcautifrinK the te*th end gnnna. and l<npa<ing ta Aa breath a deHsbifu t-mu. bo d ny dealer* In porfumarf Ma toilrtt aiUe:<8 getemil. . 1'nnclpal depot 8} Murray etreag. RB. B ? Wonderful pm or* r.I the B. B. R. remedlea In k the t ody h? ?Hh\ aid I: m> (mm pa'.n Fqualtze (be circulation? Ungulate the a 77 lam. now di8>.am:u action BBCoata KH-ltnUSlUUl akd tug lama. A pi rat error baa lin g predated In the mind* of nr.rr., "that Impurity ol the blood lathe c*uae of diaeaaed an uria " Thi* U a my-lntta ml* ake Itl? a diiuurbanoe of Mm *gr cula'.ion aid the t-*labli.-htiieut of dbeaaed ac ion. that oaMSi In'porlty 01 the l.l od lleK. H. H. thror r hold* lha trti'h of tie a'<o>e roailnt^ < it' n.tmtrarry to aiul from the heart Ita t int ed propor&aa 1 lor, It a perron oe Ic a *ta-e t f perfect health, each artery li W, mi d when acy act of tea-* la reliiae, (he the c-,u?e Bin) )lo carry their proportion, the rmrent of blond ' daniiied u;>- tt? utter word*, a oungiMtion taken Diane, girtaa pan lo ? greater or em extent. Hern, then, 1* the bafflnataf ar dl* a*e<l aclin, which If not rslleved. will a-toartin Into iLtlaa tnat or am) the dt.-eaee bu -ouv.H established I<t?ea.*e<1 actios belrp onre e-'awWx-d. H e bio <d heoomea Imp ire and tha rw gtilarlty < I a? not. on the parto' the liver, nktu, bonrela. Aa . la atiietnle Interitipted. and the gmeral ayatem, by aym. aiMa. lnif m :IL the local cot p!a toil, b< cornea In rolved In thii lldltiaMa I hat hi- la the true elite of the p*vi le' any one call o mtadlla r.ttnii'uuianu catching eo'd. Hie lmial difficulty mar be Inaaar* thioa', ? I'lcb l? a cot'ceallon ? f Uie blood amoti?Ung (?tiaa time*,) to an lnl!t.tnn atl< n about Lbt Ihroa', owing to a pnrn ceranred ?ta'e ot the clreii atlon, ? nd be wtll remember I bin howela heo'ron coatlre, bla liver deranged, or bta ikia tn and levarbh hla head stopped up, palna and ache* la Ma bCMe. join's, down the back head aahea, ditcher re of waAar from the eyaa and n ?e. wltn mac? otner unplea-ant aad aUa fu ej u ptime, bad be uaed Radvrat 'a ready relief, wfcaa m? cot fiat. on waa ealtii g In, aa aa applloatlon to the throat, aat Fwal owed a doae of the regulator*, be would bara brokaa aa the conreetinn, and raato-rd regu arity on the part of Aa llvar, ikm. bowe:*, ke , which had been broken In upoa Hf Aa eDecit of the aore uuoat. Regularity b?lng again eaiabMbad, th? tmptire till, d la aoon purified, and the circulation agala equa'.l/.rd, and the health reetored. ? ADWAT'S tlr.UDLATORS 1 01 acta Una g real power of I'llt; tUZINO TH* CIRCVLATIOR, And regi.lat.ng ail tha organ* of the body to a aalonl lal hea th y action. Kadway'a regulator* poaee*a pmpertlea that all other pMa are deflates! la. and are the ot.lr pliu In u*e thai eaa be tafeaa lor any lentth of time without weakening the a vatem. Iheyalwaya leave the aya em In a hxa'thy cotMllllaa tba liver bo?el?, heart, pane eaa. klndoei j and e?tn ragu'ar Mi raedt to dlaeharga their aereral luiictiona wlthoal recouraa ta htaturnl ir.ean* Kvary do?e of Badway'a regulator* that are takaa will lafaaa new line, fieah huer g'b. and eound beal'.h lo the weak aad fca bla tody. A* A FAMILY I'RTalO, t)ae or two ol Radway'* regulatora will a??wer a >att*r yw poae Iban raalor oil rommon pi la. blue pllla, Lea1* or Maaaa plljx, < r any other catliartle, hlltou*. ilraet c pargaUrea, aaMa o* eanaa the regulator* will quickly open tha bawala, kwa anAtajal paw age- and leave the whole 'fyataa la a I ?tale. B. B. B. office. No. 163 Pultoa atreat. up atalra. Office haaaa for roruiultaUoD and advice iron 10 to 13 A K.. aad fraaa 4 ta b r. M. BADWAY A OO. N1 ^?TR1^0^ATE.-TIlOSB LOTKB^lNDB^^^H hearta who hare not ft aent or anawered their tine, are notllied that uh? aaaoriment t< autl large and at moderate prieea, atT. W. BTRONO'S, W Naeeaaat^^J MMAL WOTBW. I Kiehardaoa, Jm relief. ((.Tom. mot aerved). ft tamwha iqKafniffiMt^ imm<i I