Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 21, 1856, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 21, 1856 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD noniRutiniDiTOK. M, v. COBMB Of MMiV AMI MM ? M. Amnum mi ?vunuwi. A* milU lm<??MlunniBnm Tub ?aoAvwAY num. hmwhiuh MlniTCun ftiiB add id Drncm Uoui. Riuyi OAtDM. Srcmet HilOiM-' lrKui*, on WXALtB At n> ?OVUT TBUTII, Bwm-f Miii fom ftnrit ?Maa n Bvdtsk, ob m Dibon Houuuji. -A WuriBR'a UAUSA EXSRK'8 VAKimgB, too?4w*MEu*CKBACK ? JvixiMkJiT or PahW. BmOADWAT V ARIKTFKH, 471 Rltkdmv-Tu IlllS ' Kin, n ran Wood k tfjautiuiMiii. WOOD'S KUWTBKL'fl, ?M Braadw?T~?morLUi Pn -TLutt ULak, Ojt Turn with Jmx. WDOKUTTB BU*L?*XTB OPRBA HOU8R, 539 B mi ?V XMU10 MMHUUT uUCKKZLA ttoncu.. AjQAl>?MT HALL, 663 Bro*dw*y-Pii?oiiAMic ncrveai tm ClilM A ADD jAJ-JtH. TABEBNACLK, Broadway? P?or. Sic^ceu'g Lbctjiib SriBmiAUSfc. ?nr Tovk, ThnrOm/, ICrtirttArjr 91, IMA The B?wfc We gWe elsewke re full reports of Tuesday's and -waterday'a proceedings of the American National Cooncil at Philadelphia. They are of the highest taportance. It will he seen that the twelfth sec tion of the national platform has been virtually ignored by the very decisive vote of 10J 67. The Council adjourned 10 bad tem per amid great tonfusion and excitement. Southern delegates and their allies subsequently g secret caucus, and resolved "to bolt if the free aollere persisted in their attempt to rescind the r*r?lfth section. That the latter will adhere to their determination there is scarcely a doubt, and we shall 1hen witness the complete and irremediable dissolu tion of the National Council. Head the reports. There were no signs of the Atlantic off Saudy Hook up to a late hour last night. She is now in her ?fifteenth day out from Liverpool. The Canada's mails arrived in town last evening. Jt will be seen by the details which we give in another column that the news is of more rea im portance than our Halifax and Boston despatches fed as to bel eve. ^Notwithstanding the meagre character of Queen Victoria's speech on the occasion of opening Par la ment. it had given satisfaction, as it held out proa nects of peace- The tone of the debate which fol lowed may be stated in a line. The various speak ers were advocates of peace, provided it was con ceded in a manner consistent with the honor of the country. The Earl of Derby made the speech the aehject of severe criticism in the House of l-ords, where he was replied to by the Earl of Clarendon. In the Commons, Mr. Disraeli, a prominent mem ber of the opposition, was more moderate, and was ?acceeded by Lord Palmerwton on the part of the TOST*** from the report of these speeches, which we publish to day, as well from the articles and extract? which we have taken from our Euro man files, that there existed amongst all the govei n meats a rtrong desire for peace, and that the* ministers, entering into negotiations at I ana in this anirit, may conclude one. The news tends more in tkat direction than any we have had for some time. The question as to whether Prussia was to be ex. eluded or not from the conference was still pending. The text of the Russian circular addressed by ?Count Nesselrode to Prince Gortschakoff in "V jeana announcing the acceptance of the Austrian propo aala as the basis for the conclusion of a peace, is ?en as well as the substance of her announcement M the reasons which induced a final acccptance oi ibe proposition... In the first. Count Nesselrode ex ,u.. why the fifth point was not aoocptable; first, ?o the ground of its vagueness, which might lead to Mfoieaeen complications; secondly, on the grounds that if the conditions the allies held in reserve were ?f interest to European order, they ought to be ex amined by a European Congress, and not at eonfe rences at which a few Powers only would be repre The Central American question, the position of General Walker, and the omission of mention of ?England's general relations towards the Lnitod States from the Queens speeeh, had brought forth a Rood deal of comment outside of Parliament. We learn from Persia, by way of Constantinople, tkat the relations of that kingdom towards English interests in India were very alarming. It was ?ud that Dost Mahomed Khan was marching against the Persians in Herat. The steamship Persia left tbia port yesterday for Liverpool, with a fair complement of passengers and $703,000 in specie. She grontded in Gedney b channel as Bhe was crossing the bar, but got oh without damage, and proceeded on her voyage. Mr. McGillivray, the British mail agent, arrived here yesterday morniDg with the Upper Canada mailsfoi the steamer. Owing to some detentions on the Cen tal road Mr. McG. reached Albany too late for the regular down train; but through the aid of Mr. Towser, the agent of the Hudson River Railroad he was enabled to reach this city in ample season for the steamer. ? ... _ Onr correspondent at Kingston, Jamaica, writing on the 1st in st., states that business was very brisk there owing to the circulation of mouey by the Bri STiC'f ?.r in port, ct which the M1..UW to a li?t: ? Powerful, S4 guns; Termagant, 24; Daring 12; Imaum, 12; Hermes, 6; Argus, . Several olhers were daily expected from Halifax and Bermuda, and also several French men-of-war horn Guadeloupe. I-arge quantities of native pro duce were coming in from the interior. The sales of cotton yesterday embraced about 7 000 bales, at steady prices. Middling, nplands were q noted at 10-Jc a 10. 4c., and Mobile and New < (rlearis do. at 1'ijc. a 10^c. Owing to the delay in receipt o the Canada's letters the market closed with some less animation. Flour was taiher tinner at the pre vious day's quotations for common to medium and good grades of State and Western. Wheat was quiet. A small lot of Tennessee red sold at SI 80. Corn was without further change of moment in prices. Hales of distillery lots of Jersey were made at 70c., and of sound do., including Southern yellow and white, at 75c. a 76c? the latter Ignre was on outside price. Pork was rathtr fume r, with sales of mess at $15 87 a $15 94- afterwards held at $16. Sugars were linn, with fair sales, including a cargo of Manila, for refining, at 7 ?c Coffee wus active and buoyant; the sales included a cargo, and parts of cargoes, of Rio, at llic. a 12c., and a oargo of Gonalves, St. Domingo, at P t. Freights were steady and without change of importance in quotations. The Commissioners of Emigration were to have met resteTdav, but as a qnonirn did not appearthey adjourned over to next week. An informal disu nion was had as to the proposed Wending of the Emigrant Commission with the Board of Tea Gover nors, and the feeling seemed to be decidedly against . that measure, on the ground that the different fields " ? labor of the two Boards rendered the measure inJ, rpedient. The poll tax now levied on the emi supported all who were unable to sustain ? 'ves but if the two departments were fused, 1 ns perhaps, would be called upon to con stat for their sustenance. The treasury of the Emigrant Cn^mission is in a bad way. The over draft in bank is 192,430 84, and they owe the JUnty over *..0,000; nor is there any prospect of their icing able to liquidate their indebtedness as the emigration K. far this year is very light ?here bu ? in g been only 3,471 persons landed at tll? , ?,t during the month of Jan' yen lnp tot.-o ^oiii l'fwe01 V1' ' JV'W during tin wn period in th^ear.1866. At this rate the emigration of the ooffng year will not to over 26 f 000, and a striking falling off rinoe the year 1864, when the emigration was nearly 306*000. The pro priety of abotafeing the commission ia already agitated in the State Legislature, and it ia a question whether it ia advisable to maintain go extensive and expensive an establishment for (he accommodation of the few emigrants that now arrive. Something moat be done, and quickly too, or else the whole concern will become bankrupt. In the United States Senate yesterday the Central American question w%* debated by Messrs. Masoa Butler and Crittenden , and made toe special order for Tuesday next. Mr. Mason stated that all the imps of Central America now in use are of Brfish origin, and that, in the present state of ?ir relations with that region, it is important that a correot map be procured. Whereupon it was ordered thkt ten thousand cvjpies of the map of Central .America prepared by the '(.least Surrey be published l'or dif fusion throughout the country. A bill was reported for the relief of the officers and soldiers who sua- j tained lofs by the wreck of the stetmer San Francisco. Tiie resolution calling for the record of the proceedings of the late Naral Retiring Hoard was adopted, la the Hcuse Mr. Mace, of In diana, reported a bill to prevent the extension of slavery in -the Territories north of -3t> degrees 30 minutes. It created some sensation.imt the subject was laid over, pending an appeal from a decision of the Speaker as to the regularity of Its presenta tion. The resolution asking leave to call for persons and papers relative-to the Kansas contested seat was adopted, but afterwards reconsidered, ani the Com mittee on Elections were instructed to report on what grounds the request was mad:, and also to consider the propriety of appointing a commission to pro. ceed to Kansas to inquiie into all the facts with regard to the matters involved in the dispute be tween General Whitfield and Governor Reeder. In the State Senate a bill was introduced to pay the head money collected by the State from c mi grants, amounting to $150,000, to the Commissioners of Emigration. In the Assembly notice was given of a bill to oblige the New York and New Haven Railroad Company to lay a double traok. A mo tion was made l'or the appointment of a committee to inquire into the condition of tenant houses in this. city. The resolution authorizing the presenta tion of a medal to Dr. Kane was adopted. Both houses adjourned till Tuesday next, and many members departed hastily for Philadelphia and Pittsburg, to attend the. Know Nothing and nigger worshippers' conventions. The steamship Alabama, despatched in search of the Pacific, arrived at Halifax yesterday, but brings no sews of the missing vessel. She was twenty four hours in the ice ou the Banks of Newfound, land. .The tide of emigration towards the new repablic of Nicaragua is rapidly gathering strength and volume. A New Orleans paper says that a number of enterprising young men left that city on the nth iflst. for Nicaragua, with the view of settling in that new and promising State. A large body had pre viously left for the same destination. These young men are of a very respectable class, not mere adven turers and speculators, but many of tliem sods of old and respectable citizers of New Orleans. There is a still larger nurr.ber who talk of going. The Nica ragua fever is beginning indeed to assume the char acter and intensity of the California emigration fever, which raged so violently some five or six years ago. A fire brtke out last night about 10 o'clock in the steam saw mill Ncs. 07 and 00 Forsyth street, occu pied by Henry A.Jamen, and Mr. Sigler, picture frame and looking glass manufacturer. The fire spread rapidly to the rear and adjoining premises, producing a pile of ruins. The estimated loss amounts to upwards of $50,000. An account of the lire will be found clue where. The Board oi Councilmen last night debated through two sections of the proposed new city charter, in Committee of the Whole, and then getting lired of the work, referred the whole mat ter to the Committee on the Law Department Nothing elde of importance was done. The Lending Stulesme* and Palltklan? of All Pa rile a ? THe Presidential Aspirants. There lias been a frightful increase of pub lie men in this country within the last thirty years. That we have advanced in population and resources is a^o true. We have made railroads, telegraphs and canals; we have made States and Territories; we have made steamers, ships, colleges and schools; but we have made politicians still more rapidly, while statesmen and patriots have been of slower growth, and are few and far between. Tfcere are prominent interests represented more or less faithfully by the leading men, m d of these, that which is headed by Gen. Cess is perhaps the most conservative. lie is a kind of connecting link between the past and the present ? a statesman of compre hensive viev patriotic, but timid ? tincere, but cautions. {Jin ral Cass' greatest fault is to be found in his exceeding amiability. He has never been able to separate his person il affairs from the political concerns of the party of which be has been a representative for twectylive years, lie is no politician; knows nothing ol intrigues, and not enough of the character of those with whom he has been a^ sociated. vHe stubbornly refuses to be instrue ted regarding the motives of those around him. lie is honest in all the relations of lite, tut makes few personal sacrifices, not enough to keep his friends within hailing distance. Mr. Hunter, a Presidential expectant, is a Virginia statesman of the Calhoun stripe? of a class of men who travel but one road, which they thoroughly understand. Perhaps the country never produced more honest tnea thm those educated and promoted in that school. They have a ceaseless hatred of all mere p j!i ticlans? -all mere managers; hence, until within a few years, Mr. Hunter has been regarded sis a shoot from the main trnnk, deriving suste nance from independent routs. There is little use in describing a Virginia public man, for they all have a certain impress of statesman ship, and if not always right in their measures they are honest in their convictions. Mr. Wise, with hopes of higher executive honors, is a brilliant luminary not yet fl.\ed in the con stellation. He is an able man, honest in p jr pose, bold in speech, fearless in action, tinc tured in about cquu<i parts with mental philoso phy, political prejudices and Virginialsm. Mr. Douglas, en aspirant for the Presidency, is to famous and so recently made, that to men tion him is to describe him. He 1b a natural growth, full grown, requiring a little taming and halter breaking only to render him into a statesman of the very b'jpbest rank. Air. Douglas' general information, has b?en a?, quired, generally. What be has gained outside of the exercise of his own native powers h? been of little use to him. His cducav'on was perfected when be discovered that ho was a man of intellect. Mr. Buchanan, who Is on his way to Ce White House with his friends, in undoubtedly an able statesman, besides boiug something of a politician. Perhaps no prominent man in the Union possesses as much of what is known as common seme as James Buchanan. As long ago as 1e2.1, wb^n Mr. C/ay was barged with " bargain auu tfwruption/' t ?ad there were bo chute for politicians to eteer by, Mr. Buchanan muuiged in that hitter controversy to make his position quite eatlrfactory to both parties. It nut not be inferred from this that we regard Mm as a trimming politician. Far from it Few men have expressed more prompt and deoided opinions Even when the Oregon bill, with the Wllmoi proviso, was before President Polk for appro val, Mr. Bnohanaa strongly advised a veto, re garding the restriction as unconstitutional. As a man of great abilities, common Bcase, fearless energy and boW enunciation, Mr- Bu chanan is one of the first statesmen of the Union. General Pterce, who wants to he re-nomi nated, is the President, and has some friends -wbo^laim'for him the distinction of a states man. lie is perhaps the best and least known, of any man in the country? it was the latter -Skat put bim into office, and the former that ?will cairy him out. -He is a made man alto gether, exceedingly anxious to please every body, and allowing the last man who sees him to takj him captive. He is wholly withcut moral courage. I Gov. Marcy, who has long held some over issued Presidential stock which he has tried bard enough to kave the pee pie recognise as genuine, is a man of considerable ability and judgment, but not overburthened with either political morality or personal attachments. He is the author ot what is known and practised as the Spoils System, and if not the originator, at least the chief engineer, oi national conven tions on the present plan. He is pre-eminant ly a politician, cunning, obdurate and inflex ible. nis career has been marked rather by low intrigues than by any positive statesman like qualities of mind or heart. His philan thropy has always been kept in subjection to bis interests. He copied Mr. Van Buren as a politician with vastly more ability, but not a I tithe of the courtesy of his exemplar. Mr. Marcy, like all Lis class of leading men, will have the satis^^ion of outliving his friends, and dyiDg in midBt of those whom he has i neglected and deceived. He is an old fashion ed sort of man, with a lively, quaint humor, strangely united to most uncouth manners. Ax a reformer, his reputation is wholly confined to his diplomatic circulars on coats and panta loons?a brilliant idea, which was to raiBe the character of our representatives abroad, and by a kind oi covj> de main, throw into utter ridi cule and disgrace the whole system ot court cost units all over the world. The effort was a lailure, except as evidence of the ambitious foreign policy of Mr. Pierce's administration, and of the dubious fact that Mr. Marcy did sometimes allow his mind to regard the forms of the toilette. Despite all these things, how tver, wc concede that Gov. Marcy is a man o. ability, and if he had had a heart as well as a head. there is no reason to doubt but he would have enjoyed a greater share of public confi dence than he can now rightfully claim. General Houston, of Presidential hope3, was once a planetary ttar, and still occupies a de gite of prominence. He is General Houston, which, alter all, ia his best description. Gov. Cobb, of Georgia, in the Presidential line, is one of the ablest, aB he is decidedly the best naturcd politician in the South. He is, in tiuth, on exceedingly good type of a citizen ot the United States under the federal Union. Colonel Jeffersou Davis, Secretary ot War, alEO Prtsidentially inclined, may be said to occupy the extreme Southern Beat, beyond that of Howell Cobb, and pretty near the utmost Southerly point of the United States. He is a clever man, of considerable ability, great firm ness, kindly, friendly, social and honest Mr. Guthrie, Secretary of the Treasury, is an up right, candid and able officer. So is Mr. Dob bin, though of an inferior stamp. Mr. Seward, a frantic aspirant to the Presi dency is the embodiment ot a keen, sharp poli tician. He is overrated in intellect, having substituted ceasclets energy for that quality. Mr. Seward, perhaps, more than any man in the country, is a representative man. There is little use of severe logical powers for su:h a man, lor he deals in abstraction and fancies He is the head of the abolitionists, and doubt less believes that the Union dissevered, with himself at the head of a Northern repub lic, would be a measure of genuine humanity. Mr. Chase, of Ohio, is Mr. Seward's competi tor, bidding against him for the rewards ol treason. Chase, in reality, is a man of more solid intellect than Seward. Massachusetts is really the most interesting State in the Union so far as her leading men are concerned. Mr. Everett ia a precise, well instructed, and, in his way, aB exceedingly able man. How be has kept out of the currents of fanaticism, which are now overrunning the Sta'e, it is not easy to see, but so It is; he is I thoroughly anchored to thfi Great Expounder a ideas, and, with the brilliait Choate, stands like a rock in the midst of the storm. In the active field of politics in the Old Bay State a n?w race of men have sprung into life. Charles Sumner, a scholastic man. who hai the happy faculty of telling all he knows and a little mere which he borrows, never to bo repaid, i* actually prominent. He is the most noted man in the world, of his real abilities and merits? the connecting link between American and European abolitionism. Mr. WiUon ia an adventurer who has won a seat by the side of Mr. Sumner? a man of some force, but yet to be educated. Cushingis another man of Mas sachusetts, with many of Sumners characteris tics, but after all a man of erudition. He is the exact antipode of Stephen A. Pouglis. Mr. Banks is prominent as Speaker. He is no* between two fires, and in the hands of two sets of graceless men. Banks is a man of ability, and exceedingly judicious, llis present position makes bim a Presidential aspirant. Henry J Gardiner is the Know Nothing Governor, and wants to be Vicc President, and is now engaged in proving the nationality of his position, by assorting that he and his lriends are somethiag besides abolitionists. There are many others, like cx-Presiden Fillmore, George Law, Governor Seymour John J. Crittenden, John Bell, Jesse D. B.ight John Van Buren, Commodore Stockton, John M. Clayton, General Husk, General Quitmau, Senator Mason, of greater or less pretensions and notoriety, and all mcdest aspirants for tho Presidency. After the elevation of General Pierce, there may be said to bo no limit to the supply of candidates. The Last Cixance.? The American Organ edi tor at Washington was a candidate for the IIou.?e printing. lie didn't get a vote for it He was next a candidate for the book-binding 01 the House; but that was given to an Ohio NiooJR Womhiffkr. Now our Wa^biogloa co- j Umporarv ifl at the PhiladelDbin Council, | voting, lifce Micawber, for eowetting to turo up. it Ik the Iwi t ' Restoration op the Missocki Prohibition? The Bill Introsdckd. ? Mr. Mtee, of Indiana, Introduced ywterday in tfc? House of Repre sentative a Mil to prevent the extension of slavery into the Territories of the United States iftrth of 36 <leg. 30 min. If we mistake not, this is a very material modification of the Seward 'programme of "no more slave States, no more slave Territories;" for this line of 36 deg. 3? min. would leave all our ^Territories already acquired, or which may be hereafter aoqtrfred, including Cuba and the whole of Mexico, open to slavery. Why this awful letting down? Has the election of a Speaker disclosed the important fact that "no more clave States, no more slave Territories" is an utterly impracticable crotchet with the pre sent Congress? We suppose so. Thus, the sweeping schedule of the Seward Holy Alli ance is reduced to the solitary anti-slavery plank of General James Watson Webb, viz the restoration of the Missouri prohibition. The success, too, of thiB project, even in the House of Representatives, will probably de pend very much upon the issues of this week's anti-slavery and Know Nothing conventions Pittsburg and Philadelphia. There miy be danger ? we don't know? human foresight ? limited and uncertain; but we still adhere to the Idea that the Union is safe. But what a theme will this bill of Mr. Maje be for Bun combe agitation, and Presidential electioneer ing, and the profligate wasting of time and tuo public money, gas, types, ink and paper; atd what an infliction upon the reading communi ty of the whole Union, in windy speeches thrust upon them at the expense of the public J treasury. Mr. Mace has introduced, for the North and the South, the veritable bill for Buncombe, and we dare say that Buncombe is the extent of his ambition and his expecta tions in starting this impracticable experiment. Georgia vs. Ohio on the Kansas Qijar. rel,? We publish to-day a report of so no re cent proceedings in the Legislature of Geor gia, in opposition to the late movements of Governor-Chase, of Ohio, and his partisans in the Legislature of that State, on the Xaub&s question. It was proposed in the Ohio Assem bly, in answer to the appeal of the Governor, that five regiments of men be raised ia the State for the "aid and comfort" of the aboli tion agitators of Kansas; and wo no.v find it proposed in the Legislature of Georgia to send out from that btate a lores of five regiments, as reinforcements to the so-called border ruf fians. This prompt retaliatory movement on the p.rt of Georgia against the rampant fanaticism of the Ohio abolition Governor and liis legislative instruments indicates whit the contest for "squatter sovereignty woaid be in Kansas if brought to the issue of gunpow der. It would be a war between the North and South, in which the Uuloa would be , shivered to atoms as one of the first results of the collision. In this view, we should try to be grateful that our Pierce administration has at last condescended to enforce the laws and to preserve order, even to the extent of inter

posing the United States army between the border belligerents, if necessary. Mr. Pierce j is a candidate tor the succession, nad in this view he has found it an extremely delicate and difficult task to do his duty in regard to these Kansas troubles, one way or the other. But now that he has "screwed his courage to the eticking point," we trust there will be no ne Cflssity for tha fivo Ohio or tho five Georgia regiments in the disputed Territory. _ CcRiors Statistics.? We find a paragraph in circulation in which it is estimated that the clergy cost the United States six million dol lars per year; the criminals, twelve millions; the dogs, ten millions; and the lawyers, thirty five millions. But the most interesting and suggestive item of all has been omittcd^to wit, the Corporation expenses of New York city,' amounting to over six millions a year, in ad dition to federal and State taxes, with a sub stantial assurance from our retrenching Comp troller i' lagg that the evil "has increased, u increasing" and will not be diminished. San LATEST Maws. BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS. from Halifax, ARRIVAL OF THE ALABAMA ? NO TIDINGS OF THB PACIFIC. Halifax, Fib. 20, 1860. The ile^mer Alabama arrived beic at ten o'clock thia morning, lier search for the Pacific having proved frait- 1 teas. She eroded the Grand 1 tanks in latitude 4-'i deg. ? was twenty-four hours In the ice. Hhe left Cape Kace for this port on the 16tb, short of coa), and will leare here on hec return to New Yoik this evening- The United Slates pioi elltr Arctic ii itill here. From Washington. THE CAFE OF SENATOR 7RUM1S0LL ? A GOLD MS DAL FOR MR. KCrtT ? T11E CUAPLAINCV. WAsni.vornx, Fet). 20, 1850. Tie contested teat of Senator Trumbull cane up in tbi Senate to-day. Serator D)ugU?, notwithstanding he refused to give au opinion until tho committee had taken action., c early indicated course he will pursue. He will oppose Senator Trumbull taking his seat, aui it is thought he will be suicesi ful. Notwithstanding tbe Court of Claim i h we decided to give Nichclion and Forney the twenty par cent claimed, amounting to twenty thot;mnd dollars, it mil not, it ii understood, pats Congress. A very strong feeling ii elrtady grtwin^ up against it. In ote uf the district* in Mississippi the people, with out distinction of party, have forwards! a large gold medal to Mr. Rust, of Arkansas, ior thrashing Greeley. The clergymen who have bien importuning Congress for the last two months received a severe rebuke to-day, by the indefinite postponement of the resolution to elect ft Chaplain. D. THE CONTESTED SEATS? ILLNESS OF THE CLERK OF THB nOtTSE. Washington, Feb. 20, 1806. The House Comrii tee on Election" has before it three esses of contested ele-.tlons from Illinois, and ooe each frcm Lcuistana, Maryland, Iowa, Kansas and New Mexico. Tbo*e of N*bra>-ka and Maine will soon be submitted. Mr. Cullom, Cierk of the House, was sei/.ei yesterday with lllne-s, to hi* severe b'lNltc-s duties. Bi< condition this morning tvaj sncU as to inspire hopes of hU early recovery. The Texan Ot bt Bill. IUltimork, Feb. 20, 186S. It ia said that there is great unea?inoK? and uncertainty anu.i " the ortdltors in >.ew Orleans concerning tbe shape in wh~cb the Texas debt bill was passed by tue legisla ture of that State. No copy of the bill has yet tieen tt-ceivel, hut a rumor prtv*lls that it contains a proviso to the eflect that a renunciation by the State of Texas is not to he com trued to aflect the right of citianns to apply to Ccngrtra for indemnification for looses and inj ine> sustained. This, it is thought, may ereato obstacles at Washington toa reoegnitlon of the aet of Texas as a saf (iciei.t acceptance of the act of Congress. 1 he gUnmalilpa Arogo, Cunnri* and Paclflc. Bootojt, Feb. 20, 1868. 7b<? glenmriilp Ar?gn, which arrived at Hirre January 26 Irt m New York, r?p<,rte.l baring e*p?ri?nccil v*tj h<a*y weather on iho pae-nge. On the lUnk* ?h? ran ftilo Icebfgi, whleh damaged the falae keel and inbbtd eff R?veial meets of copper forward. CacUin ! ? nf , of >t? Canada, ihinlm the itatement of the nKlflc pitting Into the ilver Bhannon prevloua to the ifi'h of .Ia.nt.ary, wholly unfounrt?d. She wa? lait .i fd <(f Waterfof 'no *hi'p Tniuwan>la, from I'toi lai:?lphi?, i-ince ??.'??<* ?t Urerpool. ' ? ptaln ' ''pofi ; vciy iPTorr w a the." daring th> who e parage, vlu? t?if> "K w" f?rly gai*4; h?n? :.<? in f. r? If the Par i',' Ifi'i. Oi-ablel by ij? would lt>ve t>*<! B' a.iii a put t,og aitk uhqo t ciflva#, VBaTT-VWRTR OORMM. raw* UMIOM. fliiiitf! WiBBntoroH, Feb. 20, IBM Mr. DorcLAB, (dan.) of HL, on hia own request, ma excused from serving on the Committee on Foreign Be Uticnfl. map or csjrnuL ambuca. Mr. Mason (dem.),of Va., stated that the existing mapa of Central America ere nearly ell of British origin; there fore, ta view of conflicting opinions between this g j Tern vent end the Committee on Foreign Relatione consider it emiientlj important that a correct map be procured for diffusion throughout the Union. On motion, tea thousand copies of the map of Central America, prepared by the United State* Coast Survey, were ordered printed. JOB HUE BIKKEKKKH BY THE WRECK OF THE 8TEAMKR ban nu.Nfiaoo. Mr. Weller (dem.), of Oal., reported a bill for the re lief of the officers and soldiers of the United States army who sustained losses by the disaster to the steamship San F.anoiaeo. RELATIVE to COLLECTION DI?mtliT9. Mr. Hamlin (dem.), of Me., reported a bill to establish the collection districts of the United States, and designa ting the ports of entry and delivery. flK CENTRAL AMERICAN QdHTlON. After other miscellaneous business, a brief discussion on the Central American question ensued, Mews. But ler, Crittenden and Mason taking part in it. The subject was made tbe special orde- for tuesday. TUS I DWORDS OF TUB NAVAL BOARD CALLED TOR. The resolution calling for a copy of the journal of tie Naval Retiring Board was adopted. Adjourned. Hsue ef Representative*. Wabiiingtov, l'eb. 20, 18E6. INTRODUCTION OF 1IILL8 ? TUB KANBAS CONTESTED HEAT. By Mr. Mace, (dem.) of Ind. ? To repeal the act to pro mote the efficiency of the navy. By Mr. CoBn,(dem.) of Ala.? To extend the time for the payment of duty on railroad iron. By Mr. Mao*? To prevent the extension of slavery in the Territories of the United Slates north of 30 dug 30 min. (Sensaticn.) Mr. Mac! moved its reference to the Committee on Territories. Mr. McMuixw, (dem.) of Va. ? Has the gent'eman given previous notice ol nis intention to tntroduoe tills bill? Mr. Macs? If the gentleman wiil examine the journal he will ascertain. Mr. McMitlw ? I propounded a respectful question, and 1 think it entitled to a respectful answer. The Speaker?' The gentl tman has given notice. His motion is in order. Mr. Smith, (K. N.) of Va., appealed from the de cision of the Cbalr, and was supported in this by Messrs. Houston, Jones of Tennessee. and Craige; penling which the House resumed the consideration of the resolution from the Coran ittee on Rlectfons, asking power to send to Kancas for persons and papers in the contested election case. The House refused, by three mnjoiity, to table ft. The icsolutitn was passed by three majority. A motion to re:onsider was then adopted by ol no ma jority, and on motion of Mr. OitR (dem. ), of S. C., the request for power to fend for persons and papers was re ferred back to the committee with instructions to re port the grounds on wh'ch the request was m&de, an! also to consider the proposition of Mr. fluon to appoint Joseph H Bradley and Sisney S. Baxter, of Washington, Commissioners to take depositions, and clothed with full power to procure Utormation, with the view of eliciting the truth cn all controverted matters suggested by Messrs. Reederand Whilflold. Mr. Orr said that when the committee report thy House can srlect eitber of the propositions. lUCRKfi OF COMMITTEES. The (Vrnmittee on Flections and Military Affairs were each authorized to employ a clerk. THE CHAPLAINCY. The election of Chaplaiu was indefinitely postpone 1, by six majority, with tho understands# tnat all of tho miniate- s of the city be invited, meantime, to officiate alternately. Adjourned. SEW YORK LE oil 3 LA. TURK. Hei^te< Alba.vt, Fab. 20, 1860. RETORTS. By Mr. C. F. Siirai? Favorably to iuw-asiug the stock of tbe Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute. By Mr. trE.vcEifr~.To establich a poor house and hospi tal at Syracuse. HILLS INTRODUCED. By Mr. Sj'escer? To pay the Commissioners of Emigra tion the money collected by the Slate from emigrant.!, amounting to $150,000. By Mr. rioxox ? lo amend the city charter of Syracuse. Also, to prevent abuses in the appointment ol receivers of insolvent corporations. NATTRAL HISTORY OF NEW YOBK. The report ot the Regents of tne University on the na tural history of the Statu was presented. BJ Li 8 ORDERED TO A THIRD BEADING. To authorize the payment of the claims of the Fishkill and Chatham Bancs against the State for money ad vanced to the ageat of Sing Sing prison. For the bitter preservation of notices of lis penditus in New York. CBOTON WATER AT SING 81X0. Mr. StEKWt gave notice or a bill to provide for the payment for the Croton water furnished to Sing Sing prison. llRIDOINC THE HCDPOW. ? Mr. Hale moved that tne committee ht.ving charge ot the application for the Albany bridge be empowered to send tor persons and papers. Agreed to. Adjourned. Aiiemblfi , Albany, Feb. 20, 1856. rrrmoNS pjubenikd. For the sale of the New York Arsenal. For a thorough State educational supervision. | For a doab;e track on the New Haven Railroad. REPORTS. Favorably to appropriating money for rebuilding shops at Sing Sing prison. To increase the pay of the keeper and guards in the State prisons. To eiect a Dew county, to be called Kent, from part of Steuben. To lay oat paiks and places in the east district of Brooklyn. To incorporate the New York Harmonic Society. To eet otf a part of Buffalo City to towns in Erie county. To amend the charter of tilt Rochester Water Works 1 Company. To appropriate $500 to build a monument to General Herkimer. Unfavorably to designating the rank of Brigadier Gene ral ot New York State Militia. WLtH PAfttU). To extend ihe time for the collection of taxes in the cruntles ol Wayne, Genesee, Richmond, Schenectady and Oswego. NOTICM OF BILL8. By Mr. Glover? To oblige the New York and New Haven Railroad Company to lay a double track, nod to 1 regulate the rates of ana running of trains within the ? Slate of New York. By Mr. Schoon maker? To pay witnesses in criminal cases. By tbe nit me ? To reform the Board of Emigration, I and provide for the relief of pauper emigrants. ' BILLS INTRODUCED. By Mr. Desiiler? To provide tor the better security of depositors in Favirgs banks. By Mr. Spinola? To re- organize the Police Department of Brooklyn. By the . ame? To amend the Brooklyn charter. By Mr. Utfuiilt ? To it git unite cnildren born out of wedlock. NEW YORK TENANT BOVSSB. Mr. Heed moved the appointment of a csinmittoe of thi kj to inquire into the condition of tenant building* in New York city. HIE KAM TESTIMONIAL. Mr. IlrcANNE culled up the resolution awarding a gold iredfti to Dr. K. K. Khlc, and made an eloquent speesh in advocacy of its pastsga. The re.?olnlion was adopted. Ar journed. Difficulty In Wcaleynn University. Miimm-ETown, Feb. 20, 1850. The FrOHhitcn claRs in the I'nlvorsily weie suspended this morning. The cause is satd to be tho refusal of tbo students to attend extra recltalions. Tho flag floats lrom the college tower at half-mast. Onondaga County Town Election*. Syracuse, Feb. 20, 1800 The town elections in this connty were held yester day, with the following result on Supervisors: ? Nlgger woiehippers, 9; Know Nothings, 7 ; soft shells. 3. The city of Syracuse ho:ds its election two weeks lienoe, at which eight bupar visors aie to be chosen. The Cumberland Coal and Iron Company. Baltimore, Feb. 20, 1860. Tbe Cumberland Coal and Iroa Company's bill for a re duction of their capital by tb? purchase of 25,000 shares of its stock, has pasted the Maryland Senate. Statistics of Western Hog l*a< felng. Cincinnati, I ?b. 20, 1850. Tlie total number of hogs pacsed during tho past sea son was 405.390, an increaw over that of last year of ?id 610. The increace in weight is equal to 7 )i per cent, rd In the yield ol lard 3>f Ids. per hoj over last year. Arrival of the Florida nt Savannah. Savannah, Fob. 10, 1858. The steamship Florida arrived here to-day, Tuesday, from New If orb. Experieneed strong head winds during the passage. Marine Dlmster*. Chatham, Mags., Feb. 20, 1860. The htrfltnfore reported in the toe off thin place, aie the ohooner (Jabot, Cupt. Hamilton; .lumen lAWreaoe, from B fltrn for -New York, anl the Plymouth Rosk, fiom New York for Boiton. Markets* MILADELPBIA STOCK BOARD. i'muiDnrHu, Feb. 20. 16r>fi. Ftook* ftteady. I'ennylTani* State flrei, 8i,^; Reading I'ailrond, 45 ;; ; Lonit Wand Railroad, 17,', ; Mnria Can ft I l.'p>i ; Pennsylvania lUtiroad, i\%. Nkw Dm r\yf FeV 10, 1 8.', 6. The Mien nf setlon to-d?y a nountwl to 0,500 biiei at ?< mew bit t taut: pricee? middling 1* <juet*l tt 9}iC. OUR RELATIONS WITH ENGLAND. The Tone of the English Pnu Towards the United States, &c+f &c? nmiiiion of tk? G?ntnl Ann ftean Q,oe?tlon In lb* Q,u?eu's ?i?eet;u? W??t WlU be Ae Efftct U lb* Unites* 8iuU?-tta (olBtlOB of %be OliyiOB Baiwcr itwty by iVatk^t. I From the London Po?t (official) Feb. 1.] The intelligence which hm Just roMhwd th^ eiantry from the United Statu* is. in one reapeot. little cAleaUted to restore that good underutuudi../ whloh all ??n8lbJ? Englis) men and Americans must with to see preserved between two e a' ionH linked together by common origin, cemmcn sympathy and lnl'"*t The foreign cnliatmcnt ques-nn sail appears to remain unsettled: and, if wo ere to accept the statements pun iished in tbe American ce*spai>er>i as correctly 'inter preting ? whlcn we have reason to frar they do? the po licy thit tee Cabrntt at Wastiogton is determined, at allr risks and hazard*, to pursue, 'th* reparation" mention ed in the I*ieBldent's mei'S?? anonnts to this? :he recau oi Mr. Cremate n, and, in the -vent of non-coruplianoe on the part of the Btltirh government, the^ delivery to that gentleman of bit passport*, and the with drawal of tbe exequaturs of th'ee British Consuls sup posed to be implicated In tbe same alleged Infimgement o.' the neutrality laws cf t'je intted, What means the Ameifcaii papers n? v tw onainted so accurately with the s.cro.s ct the Cabinet at Waehington i t is idle ai well ?s u^Imih for us, at so great a distance, to attempt to gue?n or divine. In ?jj jy bility seme of them have lout themselves to that dan gerous system at bluster which Mr. I lerce and tfr. At tomey General Cashing have thought proper I a Ticw to lofluance tae nexi 1 resilential ulectiOD, and have intern d tbe notable pdtoy ' ?^V^rrof I t rati on from tbe only ins 'Mice which the history ot I their country affords <>J the compelled recall of a foroigo minister and of the wi hdraw?d of the ?' I roira co" suls. In the year 1793 Citizen Genet, the Ml? nister it the French republic, eignalised the com I inducement of his diplomatic career in ? ed Stales by flttirg cut, lu the American porta, privateers to crui'e against togluhoommeroe I ?England being a power with whom the Cnited States was at peace, though she was engaged in I warfare wi h France. Citizen Genet answered the re I monstrances addressed to him by Washington?' who I naturally wished to preserve a position of honorable neu 1 teal It j? by a most insolent letter, appealing from the I 1'reeident to the people, and Wathlngton forthwith sent him his paisportB. of which, however, Citizen Ganet did I n?t avail himself, having a discreet suspicion that his I head would not be safe on hfa return to his own country I He was, nevertheless, digested of his diplomatic charac I ter, and continued for tbe re maimer of his life to reside under the protection cf that very Power whose laws he I had violated. About the same time a French Consul, I M. Duplaine, had caused a vessel to he rescued from I the custody of the officers of the United States, and in this case hie exequatur was very properly withdrawn I by President Washington. In both th?se instanses I the violation of the neutrality lairs cf the United Stales was open and undisguised. Thete precedents, I no doubt, lava occurred t.? ike reoollectlon of our I tiansatlan'ic cotewporaries, and they hava come I to the concluilon that the time has arrived when Pi esicent l'ierce may, with advantage to himself, parody the proeecdlrg ot the great Washington, by demanding I the rtcall oi a foreign minUter. and withdrawing the I exequaturs of certain foreign consuls. The cases are notinlhe slightest degree similar. M. Genet and M. I Duplaine weie themselves, directly and personally, un I plicated in t>n offence which, beyond dispute, violated the law of the State to which they were accredited; hut in tbe care of Hertz (for we cannot call it the cate or Mr. Cramptcn), the attempt which was made in tb? 6 Istriot I c uit of Pennsylvania was to connect that gentleman with I the acts of certain agents, who prove! their honei v by I conveniently turnicg Stags' eviience and by making I statements which, if of any value, only amounted to I tils? that they had not succeeded ia extorting the money which they had ordinal y expeo-ed to receive Bit the I stisngesi part of the wru.le affair is, that the A-norioan guvernmfnt, while i -H is willitg to adopt and act upon I tie evirenco cl common informers, entirely ciiregnrdfl I the nemorwda produced at bo t'ial, whieh sfcite I that no act must be clone wbiih would "c institute a I violation oi the law of tbe United Sta;e?;'| or "bear I the appearance of recruiting ?i.hlu the juri-<di:tlon of I the United States," and that, if the scrict observance of I thete points were neg ec ed, tie parties "mutt expect no I sort of eld or .letistsnce from th- British government. I The commission of the alleged offence was preceded by I thesti lnstiuctloss, f amed wl.h scrupulous care to I avoid any nost Ible infringercont of the law of the l_ mted I States; and after it became known to the British gov ernment ttat a constructive or uninte nti )n?t cause of I complaint had been given, the whole scheme of recruit I ment was at once stopped, asd amplo explanations and I apologies were tendered and given. One American paper I states: ''Lord Palmerston insists that sufficient expla I nation and ajoloey have already been given to the I United SUles, and our govei nment, with equal pertl I -nacity. insists on the contrary. On the disigree ment on this point aU farther correspondence he I tween the two governments has closed. The spe cial ncrssge which the President has tn readi I less for the Congress will be fjtwl to sustain this I ?tatement." Here we may observe, that at the time I when thoee opinions were expressed, intelligence had I net reached America of an early prospeet of the restora I t ion of peace in Europe. The nawsl power of England? | never more fully developed than at present, comprising I a force of ships ot the line, frigates, and mortar and gun I boats, in comparison with wniah tbe entire navy of the United States is but a weak and inefficient squadron, 1 will, with tbeicertainty of peace, be set at liberty to act in I vindication of the national honor in whatever quarter it I msy be at sailed. The change, therefore, which has recently I come over the drama of European politics will, no doubt, I have its proper weight wl'.h all reflecting men in the I United States, and they will consider whether, In a point I of mere international punctilio? which has been the sub I ject of explanation and apology? a war thouUl be rashly I and v ickedly provoked, v'hich wouVl twerp Amwican com J merer frr.m the seat, nnd lay the uhole teaboartl of tht Union I open to Ihe attack t of the greatest naval power in the world. I [From the ]/>ndon Times, Fob. 2.] The omission of the United States trom the Queen's I speeoh provokes the cri Idem of Lord Derby, and may I porslbly be a source of some additional bitterness on the I other side of the Atlantic; but probably the United States I weie well left out, tor there is nothing that we could say I about them just now that is Uaely to please them. For I our own sake, as well as hers, we could most sincerely I wish that the machine of government in the great repub lic worked a Utile mo-e smoothly, and wae not so apt to getclcgged in some places and stimulated to violent and destructive action ni other*. Differences have arisen, as they will aiise occasionally between the beet friends, be tween us and the American republic. War, always odious and destructive, would be against snch an enemy I a thousand times niore revolting than against any I other. To sweep her commerce from the seas, to destroy her navy, to ravage her seaboard, woula be I feats neither tillicult nor dangerous to a Power with such forces as Great Britain now possesses, but lit I tie would be tbe honor and heavy the loss of this suicidal triumph. We are unwilling to light, not because we fear I our enemies? ror never were conditions of combat more I unequal than those would be between Great Britain and I the United States at this moment? but because we can not br leg ourr elves to regard them as enemies at all. I When Lucan spoke of a ino.e than civil war, he must I surely lave alluded to such a war aB would be waged be tween Great Britain and North America. The parent I devastating the fair inheritance of the child, kindred I hands employed in rcotlng out that prosperity, the in I crease or which has over (lowed in a tide of riohes into this island, aie subjects too ptinful for contemplation, I and from which the mind of every Englishman tarns aside wach unconquerable ekgust. Let ns have war, if need be, with any otlier nation, but not with those colo nies, the proudest historic monument we possess ? the most enduting mf morlal of Anglo- Saxon greatness. Yet whst can we do, and how avert that which this extraordinary nailon, or tho.-e who have at least the legal right to si oak la Its name, seem to be determined to btirg rpon us? Were tbe whole attention of tae whole pul lie mind of America bent upon the question, we might hope for a tatisfactitn and reconciliation; bus what Is to be done with a natisn which ij drifting heed lessly Into war wl'h a people possessing a splendid army and t ne lit est navy in the world, while it possesses, in truth, wither the one nor the Cher? A few thousand soldiers tcatUr'd over an imminse l ontinent, and testis car rying in all aloul 600 nuns, are liU rally all the. reyturws v illi uhuh the United mates confront the. enormous fleet ahd well trained armies of England, about to be set at Wxrty !m the. impending peace with Russia. If we were the aggressors? if, taking advantage of the emor mous o Is parity of our forcee, we had been mean atd bate enough to force a quarrel on an unoffending neighbor. no words would have been sufficiently r'goro'is to rebrobat* our conduct; but wfcat is to be sa'.d when a Power utterly helpless in military and nnval rescuceos insists on fixing us wish a quarrel which we have an little poiror to avoid as it has adequately to cairy tut? We lir.d, indeed, in Ar" erica an executive government, which is ready enough to exchange dellance with us, but that government is on the very eee of its dissolution, anc is well known to be ui-ing a quarrel wPh Great Britain as a means ot courting pcpuUiity for the coining e.lec tiers. We bn#i a difference with it with regard to ser tain Llacts'inCeniral America, and the lnterprett.lon o. treaties renting t> thorn. Whether we are right or wrong n our view of the case, we will not stop to nquire; ? t any rate, we have adopted the most concilia ory step In our power, tor we havs offered to eave the quarrel to the arbltra'l n ot any impartial State, and to abide by whatever award miy bo given. Air.erija rejeots ttis oiler, and ceo'lnae* tlie tgument, which a succession of totters and memorial* have worn completely threadbare. Meanwhile, a bvid of rirates, Issuing from her own .-hires, setzo upon a por tion of the disputed territory, and, so far from repressing their outrages, we find the naval forces of the Unltea Sta'es engaged In assisting them s gainst the authorities ot the State which they have invaded. Oar offers of an amicable reference are refused, and armed violence, seconded bv the forces of tie State, Is let loose to selsei by foice tnflt which we In vain beg them to roter to ftierdly arbitration. It we turn to another cau?e of quarrol? the en'istment in Canada of American citizen* for the English service In the Crimea, we find a quarrel lntomperately urged and vehemently pressed by the American government, not withstanding our disclaimer of any intention to violate their municipal laws, and our ofl'er ot the amplest aatU faction to the offended dignity of the states. Amends more than enough to satisfy the offended pride and wounded fenslbiiitv of any private gentleman have been offered to, the American <j'al>inet, but offered in vain. They cannot be content with satls'ac'luo unlets i': bJ atterded ? it.h linn illstioo, and require that we sbonltl wi'hdraw our d' "rvcdly popular Minister from Waih IngU-n as an ex.latl n to tho injure! digni" j o. 'ho Inien. We trust that this rash intention Is no,, finally ilttoii&Uud cm, or, a/ltr io jlagrynh wi fWtj-rccoAed