Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 28, 1856, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 28, 1856 Page 2
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00ft RELATIONS WITH ENGLAND. ftBporttnt Male to the Senate en the British EBlistaeats. IIPBCT IF TIB ?ei9TIOI, Jtc., &C., Jtc. IN SENATE. Monday, Feb. 25, 18M. TifK NBiTutH mugttuan itiTwrio.N. Mr. Ma.su> ? I itf Into <o oiTtr a resolution which will ft* (buna, I think, of general pubiie internal; and when it fc Mad 1 wish to maks a few remark* upon it. Th* " ' the resolution u follow*:? ??solved, That toe fiertdent be i equaled U notlnoompeti ?te with the pabile interest? to coot muni ate to Cue tteuate the eerreepeodeooe which has taken pHoe between this govern Meat ab4 itot ot Qreal Britain In tcnrd to the aa oatmeal u eeMless within the Putted States by the wevatodoVwno Me latter lor the British arm*, eo-orap-?nled or audi evidence aad taiaMoii U the President may deem proper, to aaow tb - ?aaoeetfon 1 these ageota and officer* with the illegal viol* Mm ef our laws and sovereign right*. Mr. Mif'^Mr. Preritoat, 1 uk the Sena's to ocuside the resolution sow, because, in looking into tliat subject 1 have been strongly impressed with the belief that it i Oathable now to spread that tutor Batten before the nun toy. The Senate is aware, of course, that the Preaiden the United States, in his annual message, communicated both Homes of Congress all the documents ana eorres fwdsnw which had taken place between the govern Meat of England and this government in refsrence to ?srtain ot ntroverted matters of oonatruetioa that had atUen upon the eonvention between the two countries, of Jaly, 1860, called the Clayton- Butwer treaty, and of other saa t tern connected with Central America, that were into nating to the two count risa. Tlie.se documents have go? to the world, anc I doubt not Unit the public judg Mot in this country U made np on th-> nuestion between tha two oountriss, as to on whi th >ide this rignt is found. The President, in his annual message. while giving to the oountry a brief history of the cifforencee that hid arisen between the government of England and this government ?a the alleged attempts cn the part of England to recruit bar armies for the Russian war by eutTstments mare, either dirtctly or indirectly. wiihtn the juris liction of tbe ' niteu States, retrained ? and, doubtless, refrained on Tureper consideration ? ton communicating to the coun try the ooireaponcenoe which had passel between the two governments ou that subject. He sa'd, however, that, at a tuture day, it probably would bocom* Impor tant er detirabte to communicate that Itf^.-mation. We have teen, within tae last few days, by ? late arrival ireaa Rug land, that the Earl t f Uarendou. who la, as I understand, the Minister ot E 'reign Relations of Hreat BMta.n, availed himself ot an occasion in the House of ixirds to give the British Te si' n ci those difficulties. As I understand, afa, that noble lard wa.< ??: U, ,-r not in pos-e'siui>n of ail the baionaatian connected with that lubjoc', or he looks s^on it ia c. vt-ry ( itTcect light from that iu which it Mi', be viewed by uus country .in<l by our government. Sir , it has bern the usage? and the proper usage, I oe ?eve. of all adnijiistrati ins? to keep our fallow c lua'.ry men informed of great ard leading measure* >r stents a-' lactic g the interest or honcr ot the ountry. Ttie pub ia jadgu.cn: is thus mace op ia auv^noe upon na'e materials, furnished for the purpose of genc-al information; sad apon txanunicg into this subject, 1 have bec.im* satisfied I thai the time has now arrived, more especially in view of ' what ha.' transpired in Eaglann, firing the British view of this subject, when all the docamen's and corrasp md- | esce conntctod with it should be laid before the couatry; j and, amongst other reasons, because, if not done, the ?*? j fleet would b< to leave our people ei > her uninformed or i ssjalnfvTiued by the character of the infermili m which baa betn given on the other site of the Atlantic. I I have, therefore, offered this resolution, asking far Hm communication of all the correspondence ai?d documents connected with tho attampt of England to reel uit her armiaa for the Russian war ? as we l>elie\e, ha oerrgation of the sovereign rights of the oountry, ana In violation of our police laws. Mr. Jamb? ? Mr. President, I wish to express iny hearty concurrence with, aod approval of, the resolution offered by the honorable senator from Virginia. It is time sir, that the country should be mado acquainted with all the tacts connected with the pending controversies between our government and that of (Jreat Britain. We, as yet, are tn peseeaaion ot the documeats reUtlre to one of the two great questions only, presented with the President's Manual mrs?age and wnich rebate to what is termed the Central American question. It may prove that those which relate to the other qnesttim? that of enlistments In this country for the British service in Hussit? espe cially demand the grave consideration of Congress. 1 do not design to anticloate what the 1'ieiident may doetn proper to ccmmDiiicato on the subject; bat 1 avail my- j aetf of this opportunity to make two or tlxre< stite nents of matttrs mrst unporiAnt to tbe country, whi:h 1 seen to have passed lrotn notice even here, and to be altogether unknown in Great Britain. theic fccts, on due redaction, will 'icrve to fully jurtify the eonrae pursued by the American governor nt. Si the British ceclaiation ot war against. lUt-da bears date Veetn.inster, March 28, 1864. on tbe ilst of April cn ? iltg, Mr. Cramptcu, the British Minister to the I'nittsl Stater, communica'ea the fact of this declaration 'o our Eirnment. (See lixecutlrc l?>/c., 1st StriM, Vol. xti., ty -third Congrtss, H. Doc. IOC. I Mr. Craiuptou also presented ax other declaration, beating the same date, in which his government expressed is intention to waive, tor the present, In favor of neutral commerce, some of its previous pretensions to bel'lgerent rights. Ia making this communication. Mr. Cramp ton proceeded to express the earnest ho]? ot his government, that the governmeat of the Cnitod i-tatee wouid not suffer any privateer* un der Russian colors to be titted ou: and equipped in any tf its p' rat; and that our govrttunent woukl pre rent any tit oar citirtns from taking part in any such armatnea! o! the nation, or in aty other proc-dure in violation of a strict neutrality, 'i'o this, .Ms. Marcy, <earct;iry orS'at?, repaied, under date of the same mouth? April 28; and stttor some other pertinent obeert ati jns. proceeds to say tb Mr. Crampton, as follows The undersigiied is directed by the President to give to her Majeatj'a Mtaifter to this leTununent that the I'nlted Htates. while claiming the full enjoyment of thcU- rights at a neutral Tower, will observe the strictest neumcit/ towards cach and sm toe bel icerents. the laws of this country ixepo^e severe restrictions not only upon its own citizens, but tip jr. all per eons w bo may be residents wlthii; aay of the Terniores of tl? Vntted .States against euutpptng prtvateera, roeeivingemim *? nisos, or enlistlcg men therein tor tbe pnrpoee ot taking a nari tn aayforeltrs war. It Is not apprr.hendeil that there w*l! l.e any aucmp-. to v to 'ate the laws; b it should thejuft expecta tion of ibe President be disappointed, be will not fad iu his duly to use all tbe power with whleh he .s invested to tutor " nh? dlence to them. Consideration* of in.erca inu theotill. . .ons ?f 4uty alike give a-surance that the citizens of the I rteti Waiw wul in no way compmml the DeutraiHv of the couutrv by DsrucipaJnt; in the contest In which the principal Powers oi Europe are now unhappily etig s*e.i. Tbe Senate will now pereeive that Mr. Marcy here a? wures the Bri:L-h government, in the mcs! emptiatic alii expUcit terms, not only that cur government ailt not ?liow any privateers to be fitted out er equipped in any ?t our ports, but tliat they will nt>t allow aay men t* be tnluted in the l.'n.ted t-'iaten. 1 may" h<-r<> remark that when Mr. Crampton applied to lia , e ?aval equipment in laTor o.' Kaseia preientcd. he mm Ms to nave entiiely tost tight of the lact that Nch equipment* were no more a \ ola'.ion of the law- of neutrality, than tbe enlistment of men for the Lind ser ?vice ef '.rtat Britain; or. if he iid not lote sight of it. he should hate borne in mind that his appli nation for tae goveinoi. it to prevent the violation oi toe law- of net.- I tiaiity in favor ot Kussia, was an Implied pk?lge of lion"- j that neithor he nor his 'governiren' "wool.! atieuip their vioiatioa as a. ainj*t Ru?s<v and in favor of t.reut i Britain. Mr. Marcy would never have permitted him . naif to preeume that Mr. t'nunpUfi! would >? gull y of the indrcency to ask the I ni'ed Suites government to | ?mintain Its neutrality againft Russia, arv' to violn e It ! tn tsvor of tirea'. Bri'aln We. therefore, had a nerfeet ! right to look on tols application a 3 a denuration o . honor on the part of t ie IMtisb governmen*, th?t thoy 1 at least, would r?stX!ctour neutrality and our law-', let 1 Bust ia attempt what ^hc might. S'u.?ita?Unding thin iasplied pledge of nnnor, a diifcrert course was pursued. The British rarllament wa^ asse 21 bled it ..n early day, en the special cali of the Minister. It met xt the 12 Ji dny of liefembor, 1854, for the spttcial purpose, pria t rily, of enablug the Minister to have a liw eu* netod fhr the enlistment ot' ftreiguers into lh<! ( Btitiah service. The hill was ^ntrf/d;;ced iote the j House of iArds on U10 first day of tbe session, aad had its second t ea iin;? two days after war ia, and wm pressed with the whole power of th< goverBBoeit thru ugh the House in U tt e more than one week. The bill was introduce.! by the /?a f of \e*ci?tle then Mi nister of War. and was advocated and defended chiet y by him and the Marquis rf lausdonne It was earnestly ?pposed by others, such as the Karl of Klenbsrough sn.l the Earl of Derby. The Minister, it is true, did not ei. ptesgly aay, B'it certtiniy alloaed tbe House of Lirds to nppew. ih it tbe foreign en)is*ment< were to be effected by secret arrangement with ?ome o! the govemnents of Europe, aad uncer this talse itnpte%tiom the bill finally passed the Iiou.se of Ixtrd.'. All this app^nrs clearly froon the speeches delivered 00 both sides of the question, as reported by Hansard. I torn the House of I. *us the fo seign crULstmei'.t act was in xoducej int> tbe H>u?e of t Grasmons by I-ord John l.nssell, and pushed through, by his efforts and tbise of I.ord PalnwaUnt, aga'nst the Meet an* ions and earnest resi a nee. not OMy 9f ftdr political opponents in the Cr.mn.ons, but altn b> many oi their friends. It wa^ earnett'y opposed ny I,ord K an ley Mr. Ttisraeli. ^ir Id ward I.ytton Pulwer, and many j ethers, who felt and declared that it would be <iis I honorable to England thus t? express, indirectly, a eonvictlou of tue military inoomp?tsocy of htr svn people, and to traverse other countnof bagjt.ug or Ktealing mercenai ifr. o fight her battles with ftiiscia. To all this the reply oi lord John Ku<sc!l was, a* ? oil as tliat ot I/rrd I'almerston, we must have the bill, for we eannet carry 011 the war without it. it becTn'* t sV'fo necessity, If yon pass not this bill, vre shall throw up our corr mission*, and leave the coiintry Wittiout a govern ?aenti n the very crisis of a foreign war. Thos. and on y thus, they sucjseded in bullying the House of < om-nous tbto their measure, aod poshed the bid thro ugh, against the bettor judgment of many, ami the sonae o' honor of the whole body. Mr. President, in rotdiag the rep;?ri of the detnite in the Housr of Commons, tt appear- that honorable and grave member" entreated Ministers to nay how and where they expected to obtain loreign troops: that the Ministers were frequently admonlsbcd th.t it was against all principle for tli*? British g'#verumenl t.> undertake to enter within the limits <?t a i reign 'tate. for the purpose ci raising resru Its. vtltliout th" e n-erii of such ^tate, that, should the foreifcti s'tatw orient It would lie a violation of Its neutrality, that, if It did not bontenl, than its iie-itmJity weald ht> violated and ' nt raged by i-rreat Britain. And rme member put his obJt?t tli ns in tiie following lanRuagi-. i aui aevmishei that agaia t all these rnmonstranec* the Mil j?i-?ed ? If ii was noir.ted out that ^mia To ver, em ? forelim n\ tk><. wm wil ing lo allow its sutye 1 to be en i''ed bv ' us ?? tun try for the purpose ot uwi.tux war win rit .*? ia an . >;?t maintain tta neutrality, whidi we* a prjiclols on'enu -i i.-r by some, tben be asserted that it vi as a dno ;ro'n rrrr- p Is to tovdown Ii fliU wore the [principle of the id, wt 1 end wi say i' Russia were to hire priva ner* fm n ilte I ai wt Males' Should thev not be loid -bat auremclrvtu ght''. t out" Its raon jid lorces wiilwit lire?i iok ? s nsuirai. y, ana Mat we I. ad ourse.ves laid down that prin .pie by a Cfl'ti'1' ..'e a c ot the Bri.inhparltamont* It was in the fiice of Mr. Mrrey's sot?mn ass- rtnoe tn ( nit, CfMnyton. t tf tb? 0* Apr'' , iWi( aul to tivj imI- 1 wtooHcrv argumenl* of the oppenenta *f Uw bi t la the Bear* of ?Jjtomoo*, that I ?ro Pnlmwrton, having pro- ! I cured the ena -truant ?# it, rrrooend hI, la IViroary, 1845 to crry it out in *? ? ni'ei Suit*. Of coarse the law cfflowra o? tba I'nlted StaW opposed 1 - We nil well lenteniber the a*ita'Jon and tM t lag ran* dis turbance o t tbe pesse which the enlistment of re craita for ifte BrttUh service produaeo darter |m( lummw in Bon ton, New \ork anl Failnflmphta. At length it tm discovered that, a'.'hiugh the busloets was oooduc'ed by Bi- liwpvd Lit Marclien., the Bn'ieb 1 kvernor cf Nm* Sci'la, yet, In fact, it ?w un der the conduct and itealcus personal tu perinteodenee of Mr. Crampton, tan Biitlah Minister at Wa-hlMj'?n. the President has cf coarse demanded ot the British g >v?ru niunt anp'e repsrntion for ibis outrage against the a -r er?ig?ty and neat- at rights of the I nited State*. He wou.d have dinheaoied hU station and Lie country had be omitted to do so. I applaud hi a m/aW? I believe we all applaud htm; and every An.r -lean will apolaud him for Mi ocuree to put a stop to ihf baaines* of Bri'i?h en listment* in onr land, which in uo; distinguishable in principle from impree?m<*nt oit the tea, which wns nn j leee sternly rebukei by Jefforscn and Madison. Kir, the 1 Earl of Clarendon, In the speech rec?n\ly made by him at the opening ot Parliament, undertook to state tw > p ini tios s which requite to be met br an entire contradiction j ? t once, in the only place where that contradiction ctn 1 >e clotlod with authority? ia the Senate ol the United States. 1. J-ord Ctareudoo eMtimes 1o jaetify the acta of Mr. I Crampton, and iii relation to theiu nj? he he* djoe nu lling which shoulo give umbrage to the lotted utiles: | say. t iat what be did waa satisfactory to Mr. Msrcy. 1 take It for granted, air, that when we come to see the deapatchea we shall And that this imp.siti on on dr. Mnrcy will be totally deetitute of toundaloa. Instead ot being sitistied in having the thiish r?c-uiting service proatcu'ed in the I nited State*, be had, a* wo save aeon, mote than a year before rolemnly notilled tb? British overnnent that it should not be <.'<>ne. As to the parti ipn'u d of Ur. Crampton tn the business. it U absolutely satcnisbing that any one should swntnret > uttar a wor<i in its justiUcatitn, ft wu so aotniloualy at Wtr witu '.tie right* of neutrality and national honor. Ur. President, I hare teamed from numerous original letter* from Mr. Crnmptcn, and the Ornish officers with whom bo cirres pended on thi- anbject. to suy nothing of bis official in- ! s ructions to Brltieb Conaula and other person*, now on 1 ?He in ihe Department of ~tate, tbst wblth proves fully j the sneduloug activity of Mr. Crnmi>toa in the com on*- { tion cf those acta by which our rights and oar munieipa. : laws, as a central Power, v, ore so basely outraged. 2. But laird Clarendon, in bis second speeah, declare* that our laws were not violated by Mr. Crampton. liia j somewhat astonithing that Ix>rdCUren?l'>n should have I ventured on tucb a declaration, and it besemes still more to when we perceive that ho relies tor this opinion j on a remark made by Judge Kane in the month of A o ril. at a v?ry early stag*- of ibe proceedine:*. t.) the efle:t i toaf it i id note nsti-ute a viola lion of the li? fjr a fOTennient n(wn" mere y to pay the pas<n?e money of 1 voluntary r* '1 t'rom t'hila"el >bi? *?> iis.ll 1a i. l.ird i Cltrend' n is ury careful to forif.'t t") state t'.ia', woen 1 ihe eases came on U bit tritd in Ne? Vork and Philidi'l- ; phis, in SeptemWr, before Judges li^ersoD and K in-', these honorable Judges charged, in tae mcst eiplicit ' terms, that, the a r.U proved were in violation o' Kit j and, iroreivnr, tbat tie p" p!e e- ts Mwhe'l the fast of j the guilty complicity of Mr. Crampton wi'h them In order tli?,t lo d clarendon, or any one fclse in i?roat Bri- ] tain, may not hereaf er have any estnse feu cried so ignoranie ot thih ma'ler, 1 ouote the following p usage j from ths opinion tf Judi^e Kane:? Ibe case lias involve), in :'s pi strain of fact? of very ooDHrterablo po'ltical inlc-ea'.? pe'Uivs cf more '4?ne -al interest Ui Jiat a--|)t"'' ot it lh.in in tu h^ariagou U>e ij'tosn us which are to be daoUied tij your verdict. 'Jl? 're i-e very fsw among tut, probably none, who havs not fei' aggrle\ed at the ton with wbich tb< pre--* of 'o-eitn esnu'jles, *nd oo-.n ion ally ot forelKn staiesm^nof ihe diiv, h?ve coaim'n'el upon wbat they bave b*en pieased to ea'l the over alMrity of :be American people to ennai'e In mVltary oouiroversles ia welch ihey properly hud no n*huu', part. Our peoplo ond oar gov ermteni have been accused of forgfcltioi Ac olllgaUons of neutraliiv, and pushisi; oumel ve^foi1 .v?rd uiUi ihe cocdlos ot . forngn rui'loua, instead of mlndln'.' our o vn b'Vinesa as nru trak, and leaviog bohtcer^nu to tight out their own ouvreli. ' >' or out, I context ihat I felt -iurpru'ed. as Jils c,.?e advanced, 1 to Ittarn. tbst during tbe tery time tha' ihese .cusauoas were i fulminated against tbc American people ^y the preu of [Cue \ land, there was, on?ibe pa<t of eminent British i'un' U-joa. ies ; here, ft series of arramremenn in progress, carefully rtlges'ed, | and or mbibing all sorts oi people, uudoi' almost all sorts of In fluences to evade ibe 'aws ot the raited States by which our country sought to euCnrce lta reutra itv? arrangeiuenta ma tared, upou a careful Inspection ol tho ditl'ereut sectioua of our statuies ingeniously to violate their spirit and principle with out incurring their penalty, and tmin enlist an 1 sent away roldiers from our neutral shores to U^bt the b titles ol thoae wh > were icontloently and no: over courteously adm mist ing us to fulfil the dutiea ol neutrality. 1 he hiring er retaining docs not nece ?J.rlIy Include the pay ment of money on thf> part of htm vrbo hires or rettina ano ther. fie may bire or retain a person, wlih an agreement that he shall pav wages wheu ihe services shall have been perform ed. 'ihe hiring or retaining a "ervsnt is no; generally by the payment of money, in the Ursi instaice, but by the pr-mwe to pay money whea the aervii os sbail have been perfumed: ami so a pciuou may be blred u ' retained to go beyona the limits of the Ctited State*, with a certain inient, though he isoniy to receive his pay after he Iias gone beyond the limits ot the Uni ted .Sut'es wPh that intent. .Moreover, it is not uecoaaary (tu.t the consideration of the birtus shall he money. To give to a person a railroad ticket that cos'? tour dollars, and board and todgs turn Icr a week, la as good a oaisiderauon for the c intrant of Mriug, as to pay him the mone? wlih wldch be uou>d buy tbt railroad tictet aud pay lor his board Uiitelf. It lliere be Ou cnga^'emen'. on the oue -ide to do the pwacular tb'ut.*- to iro ;eyeul the limits ot tbe United ii tales with the intern to ei..*t, and on the o.i c s Ide an engagement thai, wken the act koiili ha\ e been done, a contideration shall be paid to the party pert inning tbc services, or doing the work, the hiring aad rctainlM; are nui p ete. The meaning oi the law, then, is th's? that ir auy pei aau rhail eu:;agd, hire, retain or employ aiio-hc ? pe aoe < i no oit side of the v. nited States "j do th-:t whU h he could no' do if be ' remained In the t' nited S'tttes, viz: - to .Me imrt iw a foreign ! 'luarrel; if he hires another 1 3 go, kuoivint; iliat 1' i? bit in'?ut to enlist when he arrives out; it be .-Hawses him to go be iuse be has au< a an intent, then the ofiisnce in oouzpifcte uiUi.r. the sci tiou. livery lesideut of the L'niteU SM'es his tbe .lgnt to to u> Ua-iiaj, and iltere o enlist lit any army thai Me plcasci; but It is not lawful for a person to "ngnge snotbe- here to go to llahfai for that purpose. I' Is the hiring of the parson to jo be> ond tbe United Ststes, that perton liu.vi.ig tho inten.imn to enlist when be arrives out, and that intention known to the purtv luring bun. and ibai intcntloti julr,' a i?ortlo.i of the coasiJeratton, because of which it hires him, that deilaes th? oii*n ce. If vou believe the ? itnets. -hs object b -* * as to etTcctuve an eni.stment beyotd tbe bis-ue -t of die i 'nited Sutes. and yet ct>cape from the pto. jhTO* of thi* stc'ion; to do ef'csti\c!y, snd yet rot seem so do. IIVI were EVDu^tu, ?uu uinr ne.anuui pr brought to an ignominious c'ose. Ho desern the country for UiM vigilance, for hi* prompt, and ffficieri action, and for which h<> will re Sir, I haw but ?>be t. ore ri ?arl. tn mi'? In re feron.T to Claret. Ion's view ef the law It i* simply thi he bad no right tc enter into tho , aeetlm as to wba; our municipal law is. W.th thia tht g>venimeut has no right to interfere; it is a question tor oar own ja-l:j".al authority only. I he Uritlnb gcvernuunt would scorn to have Mupposed that to tbeiu W mU be re'erred our muni cipal law fj'- construct'on; and th*t. it tney eomld b it snooted in the eoaeoct'on ot Lngeaijus devi ? c3 for the p.irj)<i-e of evading It, tha'. wax enough. ButloriCa reodi.u diould have i?llectcd that tho Briti-b govermnent had no right to recruit for it? ar ? - >y io th? I.'oited ita'es at all, whether forbidden by our m'inicljiil law orn?t. He should have looked a', the MbtrUnco, rather tlu* quibble about the mere letter ci an ac> of Cocgre,?. I: would h?*e been much mire honorable t,t\d mascuani mcu.?. ihe Anieriean g-ivera ent, he knew, hadforild 6tn saeii recruiting ?ervice by our neutrality law: and to nudwrtate to recruit, in direct violation o ' that act, au;i the imphed j ledge et honor fTorn Mr. Otmplot to Mr. Ma-cy. wa>: :i flagrant breach of hunor, and an outrage on oar sovereignty. 1 profess, sir, it ?' ? rut to me, tfc'<re can not be am thing more ri?credi table to agrdtann powerful nation like tlrcat Britain, than thi>- petty idja <X I/ord Clarendon in a.itinmlog, for bin government, ie'.ly country court quibble* a.? a grjun> of'.ie'eaco f tr ?Lit I.e. liis country, and the w >rl<t know t > be a g:?at wrong and outrage against the United Stat**. Mr. Pre aid* tit, in trie ck?e, tjermit roe to - ?y that I consider the - conduct oi the Pra-Ment of tbe I nited KiUss in relation to the < ) ue* lion to b:yfc N ?>n dig lifted, huuor.-.be. am1, patriotic; and let tbe n. jult oi tin contrjv.Tf/ bj wn?t ' it ..ay, co doubt > bat every truo American will cheer fully sustain him. To the Attorney < eiicra' also !s due much prai-e tcr the highly honorable and Judisioas eour&e pur? u?4 by hiin la this troublesome oasiocK?. Ixing l:e nought to Adjust tbe ailiir, without rescrt to coorcive measures, in a quiet and amisablo manner; bnt finding hi oH'orts of no avail he wi > compelled by a *? n<r of pubiic duty to exert the forte of law. Tnrs, through lihi', tb.' cisturbers of our poeoe aud the \lolato'* ur onx law s were rsbrked, and their nefarious pr >c*uiii>> Ho deserves veil of eus?getic reeeit e the thanks of the American people. An."; now, sir, my de cided opinion Is, tliat we should promptly assr.mrand CriD;' maintain the ground of ri^'bi., an'1 submit to no thing which it wrong. The people of tl o I nited States, a ? ine man. will sustain us in that p Mi tion* Mr. < Mr. Pre?i ient, 1 shall not detain the rieoato long: 1 ojn not ir.a condition t j d> so. 1 rise to retar,. mv thanks to the hon->raVe ^entktnan from V!-gtnia ( Mr liabSt, f'-r the motion Whf;h ho ba , nbmittetl to the -ciiate to-day. 1 heartily acc' rd wi'.h hiu. It U a subject that cmoern-^ tl?e Aoeerii-an piople not lessee who aro here, than the jrreat body rsf oar cors'iacat* tbionghout the Anter:;aii reoublle. I aj?>*ee fully wifh the honorabU .-onator frora Vu^jinli io tbe view be ha* tsien of the itetemen1 mfie by I.ord CUreno.on in the Itiitl-ili House of I'eers. 1 go further than 1 oe honorable gentleman from Virginia, an<: 1 nr. y that f nover ??w a stAttment so unsupp<'Tted by the SmU ? a sUtemont ihowieg that the spc?ker wis so inattwfc-. o to tkbOta, or so di iiige'inous in his narration <] t tham. I say this with a perfect reali/*tioo K m> reipm ribility mi po?ition before this body and the country, a n<t I think a T-'ry Jew wc -J ? will (dilsly the r-enate that su h is th<i c:i"o. The statement &t I/?rd < ltrendon has ^imo abron 1 in i ig land it is going abroad in eur own owtiy. His speech ha* already '.wo here for souie days. It 1* % \o,( en t fonr winds ef heaven, travelling Eftft and vTe V.jrth an'l onth. It lia.- r-lroady nrodacd an Jiapro<*i m ? >.a impre .-ion not in conlormUy witli the re*l state of ?*!V>. Allow me to read, in a vory ow words, what Tjr.nl CUrea don lias a-no oo this sutjee .. He naid. ? The m< <t re ???nt iomaoihto; .he a>?ernme?t of 'b* T*.ifs I States aritveUooly ;vt ioa t ato. .'-oJ ' would n ? 'i*vs .' -.i cor.duelv' tnlhe pubiie invert joprnduje th?ai a> nj.i.-.ej OMMtt. What lh"*e leman1j v-r" Mr. r're . Jent, ' kn* i" mote than any ether mi rotoer oi '.he .-'m*te. far > <l?ys previous to his speech he s-.y* a : c.al der . '.nl waM 11% by our govornmpfit. 1 1 5j.e \ i adsmarxt wn . ) ! I'ritUb govern msnt t., tecnJ' Its rc.!>reson?tIre h??'e f b?i ih t;y own wish, and UM boon from lu b ^.'in ng It that f mand h i* been ? ide, and hi? "t: b m comt'ied W.tli, ) hope this jovrm i: v'. ! 1 te 5'jO matter inf > tb?> own hind", in I do what M". t' idium did ? .'.end n?a> '.be <> ;ndlng ref r? n' >*:? ?, let tt? cjo ?c'liionces V> wluit th"y may. ' ,?> ? t\~.< w'.leb ??* owe to cu' own dignity and tt i y, i-. sot an act of war? tbe snsi<?n don ot diplom . i? flationi: and if It should teronse hi will ? ? t <?ooe*<. . ugla-id (i? c.tnlr i ob I* lfoir, let we a^rei t t i l/ir' t ? ? ! -t's stitem et 'n the il jl.-" <?; ) Htid the ' -IV-'! s ill Qb4?ne ? ' ?t K to fully entitled to the chkraatcf o.' dl? ..iio'i-a The ? rigiu of ;ie p- . i. in d. ij, i . t,n *; "iv,~ btaaUog out O' Ibe a-ae, nnw .m ? f j ? '! rill. riV 1 ' >? e.- . ii . frrm fir >*i- .e-s-i ?; tvi r. n rttat ?, < ? i ? ir ? lit- MrHiMi govmrnent e,- w d >a to^.i'0 ! %-m >. .?? it. A-.y tnrvi or p ???'.!?* <hi* v" I : ? in,.o-" |V, ?: p.r! '.Mi ; -". nnieu* i 1 t/ 'O if i >v ' han a n!n : -tha they i a eed '.be fo; f.igti e d ? rne,-;'. o il nv liir the r n p. . h'.. I < r.i denmd' made ..i the io from ' ;h'-r coci't.iif *,te * irld? Hl.i i . dstup coottuaes;? to?i'! :e8|'V.'"?' 'tfrjmno'uC , 10 t'lSie '-B ia 'i -M&et-.u -??; ? nue,A>i'i ' {Nkollwr ciumi mi l> era>*e<|UtttM of Ibam, '.nsvucdona war* mt to Ui? Qafmm *r *ov? Kaotua to sgmxivu- wtuwbur Sartors from the Halted biatee daatruua ?c?.lhung to tie ?lt<tbierv<cc, c?a'dbereo?!v?tl W d*l*ac. These IMLruo Uo; It ? err made known to Mr < rawptau. 4vl he wae to <1 (tat. however deatroiu tar Majeaiy'g iovefiMaen'. >ww W, tato laerutta, th ey war* atftl wore auxlbua that iWe anon d n? 1 no violation or mfriagemen or the municipal law o lulled States. Shortb afte wards an ageat opeued *a ageucv i ofliee, ? ud upon complaint being mute H- Orauip' :u .1' -ereJ tkai UKltfbi be mad* publto ibaltb* British guv*rn>?eiit did rat renrult or ral?e so dlera In tlM Halted atatrn ???<! he made ktou o hts iristrucOooa to Mr. Marcy who then enir?n?l blm . Mlf .-ahelii d. i be pataaae of perauna wlah'ng tn go Into I 'ana da to enlist was p*M, aad Judge Kaae takl dowa toe rule thu to pay the p?>M??e or meu to a foreign port and thea enlist j, ?ni, 1> uo violation of international law. * ? ? ? ? ? A cor wpoodence oT a not very amicable cSann-iar ] baa taken place between the two goveroaaeais, but the u-uis- i eetlona io which It refers a re In gone transactions; a<i<i "cm | the ornimeeeemeat tho Br'tl?h government have disclaimed all | Intention or infringing, III any way, the law or the L otted : I States. Then, Mr. I"refHm*. according to the statement ef the Bifcirb Secretary Of Ionian A It airs, th* 'ranj>?cuin* i arote in consequence ot appUeitiona made to tte Bri i-l> government from abroad, aad tbe Bri lab g ivsmman" applied to tbe authorities ot Halilbx to know what would b* lawful there, atd whether recruit* trom tbe United Mates cotla be revived. J-et him heliave tbis who wi I. A likely story, that th* British <?bioe'. should apply <o : tbe tiovonu r of Nfva Scetia to knew whether they might raise recruits tbere from the l&itad Urates. 1'. wa<? a measure ot tbeir own. In wbicti that functionary ww their agent. Xo?, air. a aoonthalter tbe war kroke out between Bnetla ot tbe one pi:t, ant Kngiaad and France rn tbe other. the Bri'ish and i ruoci Ministers, in April, 18M. bad a conversation with our Secretary of **tate in woieb tbey stated to tbe American go? ernment the eoursg which they mean t to puraae t a the subject, of private* ring, and of the operation it the tews respecting neutra's on the nigh seas dt ring the war. The documents in rela'ion to that, matter have bean pub isbed for Home time, ami I hold them now in my hand. In tbo conversation to which 1 allude, 11*. Marcy told the ministers what, were the provisions ot th? lawB of tbe United H a'teou tbe sub ject of reernitirg for tbe belligerents: an<l two ?.lav after wards on tbe 28th of April, he wrote them a letter, in wbish waa this paragraph:? I 1 ko undersigned la air" ?< ' by tha Presiilen iwBiaietoher Majesty's Minister to tlila :ow umenl th.it tlm United .^tute-), while clattnlng the full n- ? moot of iheir r'gh'" ?s a neutrii po ?*r, will obeer 'be .i ; .n.--r. neutrality towar la each :tnd all (tie belligerent. Ibe laws of this eooLtry impure -evere re atrlcUoiu not only upon lis own citizens, but upon all persons who miy be residents within any of the 'ferriUii ieaof 'he Onlted States, againat equipping privateers, recoivinx commistlous. or enlistlDg m?Q ibereir, for the purpoae of taking a part In any lorelgn war. Tbo representatives of both France and England bad a ? copy of our law. This rotter of Mr. Maray 's waa writteu i nearly one year before the foreign enlistment bill was paaefd; go tnat in all of tbe aubatquent transactions of tbe British governmental home, and ita ogtnta opori our border. ?Dd iM Minister hoie. they ?rent forwa r1 to j their work, rith the jierftct know.euge of our sta-^.e law on the subject, furnished by our own government, and a warning that our government would enforco l is law. Mr 1'rt'Rident, within a few mon" s after that, a scheme was devised in England -or onlHtu g moo la ?> reign countries, ibe Fortign I jilistmcnt bill wtut passed by tbe B:lti-h 1'arhament. It wan an act of their own. It was an u<-t to invite men from foreign countries. It was paused by the British government wiih a view to eagtige th^ra in the Crimean war: anl wbUe uoon itg pas<iag< was opai .coc and denounced a h an upjustl liable incisure, which would necfsssartly bring tie British government into contact with neutral na'fam* by the attempt to violate their laws. Bat these repte seatations were usclesp. The law wa? parsed with a new to raireintn in foreign countries fir British military ser vice Wo all know that. It is a histori:a\ lat*. about which there can be no dispute. Immediately nt'er th.-.t law was [)asse<J, what wag the result; Wha'. did lard Clartndon himself ->ay was the result.' The in?trti:Uous respecting tno matter were communicated to Mr. Cr&mp tcn, tbe tirst fact ct which wo liave notice in thi? eoun try. as developed in tbe trial at rhiiadelpbia, was thtt on the last of January, 1835. Persons here had seen this law, and havlrg a wUh to engage in the Britisu mili'ary net vice, they applied lor p?rmistion to do so. They were ir.f<mied by Mr. Oampton that he cauld not give them an answer, but would in a few days, as he expected instructions, showing conclufiveiy that such instructions were contemplated, not in consequence of previous application, but to moe*. them when made; and three or four days atter? namely, Febiuary 24,1856? Mr. Crampten writes a nolo, .saying that he could give the information. Me had tben. as he said, received information from homo. All thts. and in deed ad the whoie proceedings, contracict the asser tion cf I.ord Clarendon, that this business of recruiung was adonted in Kegland because applied for here, 1 />m Clarendon's statement is, that on the breaking ont of the war applications were made to join the British army in the East; and then be eaya: ? In couseijuenoe ot tlieiu, inttrucllons wero seat to th? (.'over nor ol' Nova fcotla, to consider whether persous 1'rom U-e kJni ted f- talcs, aesirousof enlisting In the British service, could bo received at hallfax. Pees ob e honorable Senator believo such a thing? Is there a m?n within tbe sonntl of my voice, .Senator or spectator, who beheves that the Britieb government, with our law before them, eight months after tbe comtnunie* tlon ot Mr. Marcy, wrote to the Governor of Wova Scotia to ascertain whether they coul.l reseive recruits from the l 'nttcd Ptates 'ihe instructions which were given the (icvernor of N'ov% Bcotia were sent, as he says, to Mr. Ciamptun, but the whole measure wai- duvlasd by tbe Bri'ish governnieut. It was the ?chem? of tbe govern ment from the beginisg to the end. The scheme ou?iuu? ly was to get men in our countty to "evafio," a? Mr. Cramptcn said? for that is the word testified to, by the wimetscs who .'woro as to his ntatements ? to evade the opciation of our laws. I hold in my band the report ?f the Hertz trial at Philadelphia, which contains the state ment of the D'strict Attorney and of Judge Kane ? state ir en is condensed from the trial. The District attorney in his opening says:? 1 bare said that tbe war In the Crimea was conducted by tbe British French aud outer nations, ag allies, agatns. the suagic pewer of f.usem. I have said that the consequence of lhpt war had been 'liaaatrsus to tiie besieging partleF, and that the jl&ns of the times indija:cd tbe still mure humiliating fate, iho English army bavin# met tte n:Col serious losses, lh?; g ivemment of tJi-eat ilritain, in direct violation of her duty towards us, and with a design of misleading most residents of the I nlted States who did not fully ccmprehcnd the nature of our laws, devised a plan tor the purpose of partial, y regaining me .jojIUuu and atan Ung whish, m the niisenoe ot the exercise oi the advanced military e?p<t ricsucot ibe age, thci ha<l loel. A plan tor this pui'i<oae was adopied and attempted 'o be ea,-r if d out by his Excellency John V. Cramp'-on, the Mlnlstrr F tnlpolentiary or brr Majostj, assisted by several agent* of .he Br.Uyb governarent, within the territory and jurisdiction of the United Mates; and I think you will be satisfied that Mr. Cramptun thub n>:ed with the knowledge and approbation of his jovern menl. I all! not detain you. Mr. rrej>i !ent, with the vinu'o detail* which are tcattcre^ tlirough the trial, and wl> : can leava do dcubt on (he mind of any man whu i < it. I ttsy rcmavk, bow?vcr. that Mr. Craujjiton 1 n her* on ttia1. V.'t aie tryiag no man. We at? cealinj;, not with strictly le;.al, but with moral focts. ate finding out ti u Lg affedino; the. welfare and character of the uatlon. It Is not a trial before a court as k> the guilt or ionoeence of an indivtdutl ; but It is a moral trial, to a>> vrtaln whnt were lne general facts which took place, wliat were the motive .. and what was the condnet o' the llritish government and of its .t/^nls. Judge Kane, belcin whom thin ease was tried, in sum rcing op to 11k jury, say.-, gs to the prcteuces oi trie British government: ? Our people at>d our gove riment have been a:'eu?e l c for getting the obH,raliong oi nouuwiiiy, and pushmv our-e'v?. fwwaru into th.- oonlticta of loreigi. uationM. inaicai of'ini?.,;' our own bUMlnrssa- 'neutrals, aad leivlng belhgerentg to ? . .t on* their own ."arrest. Tor one, I COKiega th:?t 1 felt sur prlsfcd, as this ? a'?c atlvjuiecd, to '.earn that, during tte verj tlro< that "Jie-p aeeusa'ioDf were fulminated ae:aiest t/.c Atueri can people by the press or Kngiand, tbere wan. on the pan o: e;nu>em II -uiaii ituictiotiarieg Uei-e, a aerlOH oi arran^t i eu<? in prosresg, tartfully di;e?tid, and conuinlng ail suris o' jieonle, Dader a'tuott all rurts of iniluen-es, to evade the lawn of th" 1'nlUd States, by wiUi'ii our country sought to enforce its ocu trail' y?arrangemonu mat'ired upon a caret ul iaapentiiiu of the uiilerent sections or our statute Ingeniously u> vlo ato Uje:, spirit and ptineiple without incurring their penalty. This, sir, i* true, fiet men, at alt events, was the spirit ot the order, but take care not to be caught by the laws oi the ( nittd State* , and this caution runs ttrougU the whole matter. 'lh'jre you have the vie n of Judge K ane as d leclostd t>; tbe jury, and founded upon the 'act s subraitte<l in evi dent e. * Nctnitbstaadlng this, what ?lo we tind to be the assertion of l?r C artr.don;' Ilr -t.?t< s -hat "These Ln fftructions were m*<2e known to S'.r. ( rnmpton, and be was t'dd that, howc. ercesli >us her Ma jus l y '/> voreronent w'-ro to obtain recruits, they were still more auxkm that there should be to violation or infringement ol the muni cipal law of the ' nited States." There is not a man wur lien* * tha! declaration hut will pat bis own construction ?u it. 'lb" I'laln Kogli-Ji of :i la, "H'e want the men in tne 1 nited States; go, and raise them, but tako care to avjld tliair law if you can. " W bv sir, one of ibe witnesses who teatj.ieo on that trial say s| that Ut . ' ramptnn, in a, 'air ing with him, ttt-sd the expression that "Ihe Am< an law -jra? very las: da not expose yourself to it; you can evade it, ao'l tbe British ^-ovemment will support you in so dting.'' 1/ord Clarendon obsarvos, ".Shortly after Wards an sgout otx-nod an agency office, and, upon com plaint be hp made, Mr. Crampon desired taat it nu^ht l>e Ui.i.le known th.kt the British e ivernmont <id not re cruf . or ratie (oldiers in tbe United States, and he rnaitt knov, u his tn.stri?.VU>n> to Mr. Marcy, who then expressed liirru el! la'.li-tied " Now, I aver as a fact that there Is no toujidat'on for this statement. I ? and here on n.y 1 roHf^.nsibi.lty, and .-ay there is no foundation for the statement tuai >i r. ,Mar-y ever espreswd any content or satisfaction at the course cf the British government. No ruch paper <-aii bo found; no ?ueh p* per was issued. V\ f.uld it not be a mo t a-touisbhtg Vv.'aration after the letter he bad written , and which l have nuoted, and af ter the iafoTTnat'on which be had given to the British l)k.i?tcv wten tl.cse pros -tdiugs bectme mat tors of aoto'ioty through tl ? c- natty, to e\pre-s hiwcrtf gatisfiad '! Anil y?t th.s i" one o' tho mi^statemeats which ua- gca? to th- world, and I no* venture to H.vy, when the papers called ;?? oy 'his resoluiiin shall iciur in, y o wU) ilndnotbirg In thera to justly the f%a^ *>r- of ouch a (act l.y U o LiriUsh g vernment. fh ob o' I/xd Clareiidna's s'atement i* e'oar. 'tisi ipro i]u .U tmpr^^-ion <ai tho British peop's. Wt a".l know U. . t our friend, John Boll, i , a pretty credulous sort rf ariftiai. lie swallow >e#iiiy aud digests easily, and ib:< Mt.-'ement of I/ird Clarendon luis ril es ly produced Its ujpressicn ufiou him . ftp", Imay , 'a. h vt io'. been with out ilfvet ti> our own conrit.i-y, .Mi.^ I r'Uliir. furthi r ob serves:? The passigee," i<ersong wt#f'ii> to rrn inio ''ani.da to anllst wMpatdiandJuil Kat><i laid Q'jwii theru>tn?', ?<> i ?v ?M patiMi jo i/tn-'n to a i jrci.n v .t, ?t d Uien callai t.ieta, , ru? Vto>atioK oi Interna .or. :d law. Wha*. is the object of tlitt !,t'?v>Tievit y CI a^'y to satHy the British pot.pit Uuit, la the whole o<?u ut this business, ibcir a^cntg nnS l>.pt within it *w, l"f that Jn vt-} .v?oe had Voided that it wax r.-? Vi" atlnn of law to t*4?. wen Ir he.er.i.tf enlist hem In Tr.UMi te rltorj, Mr, J tidgt ... aev< r msd< ikj tlw -l?r- aod, at t?io ve y.tni<> whgn l/irl ? Pa rotide' tau do th.- .w er" nt, , ?s trial be!*ni*a tim. What d!4 ^Judge ;-..i o y :.'j Ji,'^ ;ould vty wba' b'- la ri , ra* ut I to ;iavK said, fMwini se that w >uld h-j.v botn ? r ? ,'f era i ?! (?; 'jw. *{U r- '^5 W'.at Jtu!'*c ...it.esay. anl t!irn corn-are W'.tb lb' sta.mn"iu. ut I.ord Clarences. Jud,- 1 I- ane Ml, t ._ Tbe aotaf ftoor-n 4 Ism w -Is- r re%4 t'e words mv terial to tbe (jaeatU ? im i.ff ? ; '.i se ?o >? ,?iy to a dl lb nuit itaUSi'i 1 'eiitas ane ?: '< ' a.. irson sha't, ?1U.ln th?

territory of tbo I nU'd bfa birr or a-if ut ???-! .?? w ue. ?d he Mrni's of IM it itcd states, ? ? enttrbeen ateel in the aervles of a fnre . i prt ' ? -Iitll bo deeir ed gI| iy ,.f .. hi/'t n sdarte-anrtr 1 tt ?!*!?.- on wltlth you have to -eoalg, 41<| ! ?rf B?rWb*??- ratals ut of tbe pr wt named In til am tills . !? di">nn>m'o no k?;or? the limit* ot Use Utiwd k??im *l? Ok* latent t?< be *nltaied or entered in the service ot 4 fotetgn 8'-a'e.' I >nl h 3 Mrs ?r retain a pei-suo: Tl it -enate *ill "b?er\e that tho pria'ple kki d>wn V/ Judj? K*?? in c War, that tliey have n i r^ot vo hi-e peo ple bare vir.ii a vie v to enlist them iu the Biuinh tomi bi< ur. .lufge Kane laid down the principle thai the ? mmt. oi transportation bilnga ibein within the law. Jt dgo JU?e w?y, on >on? preparatory luves'igetiou u( thteuatwu, Late raid ? ''You muni, orlug those taeU boats to U e person; you mmt tbow that io going to Halifax or enewheie with iba?e people, be went with that view " No doubt you must; the intention must be ! shewn; Jut t> ? general principle H<, beyond all nowb', | tbat to hire a oan in tbe United state* to go to Han ax i with a view to emut, la a palpable violation ot our law, | and this metis a palpao'e contra iction to the aa^erUoti utate tj I xitd Clarendon, and at this moment behaved by uiii*- tenths of tbe British people. There' n not tbe sligh - e?<louadA'ii n for it. Oar law Is aa {lain as words eae make It. Our eonrt* hara interpreted it, and our juries have deel led it according to its plain words. Allow me to read ?ace again what Ixtrd Cisreoden said on the sub ject:? Tbe passage of persons wishing te go loto Ganvla to cabs' waa paid; and Jnd?e Kane bid down tbe roie that to pay tbe paseage of uitn ta a foreign port, and iben enlist them, la no violation of Inlet national law. In adili ion, let me add aoo'her fx'ract from J>idg>j Kane addressed to the jury, and let tbat be placed iu juxtaposition with Lord ('-tarei don's declaration :? Judge Kate-The meaning of tbe law, Ue>, ia ftbta, tbat If aav person shall engage hire retain, or emptor ano'htr Serion to go outside ot tbe United Mates to do tha' which e eouid not oo *r be remained in the United States viz. : to take part in a ferelpa quarrel ; if be hires another to go, knowing that <t la bla intent te enliai when be arrives out; it bo engages h'm to go because tie baa ?uch an lnt ent to erhtt wb?n be arrives ont ; It he engapes him to go be caiun lie has fuca an intent, tben tbe otlente is complete within tbe section Every resident of the United states haa the rluhi to go to Ha ll'ax. and there enlist in any ttrnv he pleases; tun It is rot iawtnl tor a person to enga at anotbebere to go to Baittsx lor ibat purpose. It ia ibe hiring of the person u> go bevond tbe Uni'ed states. tbat person having tbe intention to rclUi when he arrives out. and that Intention betug known m tbe pariv blrir.g bun. and tbat inteation being a portion of the corstdcrauon because of which he hlrea him, that detlnes the ofltace. Aid to engage men here, in irder to enlist in Halifax, wan ptecheiy the plan of the British government, the superinteedeney ot which was intrusted to tbeir Minister here, and to tho Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia; and tor which large soma ot money were a draaced and expended. Mr. President, ( jbucrve that some of our own newspapers speaks of an apolt gj having been made by tbe British government, and 1 ooserve tbat the moat reckless of all itcklets journals ? the i-nocon Timet ? in an article just received, states that there have been apologies euougti made by England to satisfy ten Eui<'pe?n monarchies. Kir, s'anaing here In my pUce, 1 *ay th*t no apology but ever bten rnauo. I std Clarendon, In the Spaecu oe/o *e me, does no: say a sftgie word about aixuogy ia the statftuml oi his cwn oa.,e. Tho Bt i'teh ifvernment, its I understand, from tine to time, ?h?n the subject has been alluded to, bas said to us : " Your law was not vio lated, and we will not believe that our oflioors ever vio lated it" Tbat is tbe n?aicst ibat tbey carno to au apo Ugy.wbich, it it said, would -stis'y ten Luropean king doms. 1 itpoat, no apology has bevn mac o, and uone has bten tendered; but tioiu tbe beginning to tbe end? and it his kc-n repested in tliis v.'ry rpeec'i of Lord Cla rendon?we have been told that our law* have not been violated, and they ha.? justided Mr.Crampton. Lord Clarendon, in this speech obsoxvei:? With tbe conduct of Mr. Crampmn wo arc perfn;Uy satisfied, fo.- 1 am convinced that neither intentionally no" unintcntion allT,no - accidentally, did he violate any law of tbe IStales, If such a thing lor ait apology would have satisfied ten Enrf'p? an mtnarcbits, all tbat I have to say i?, th>'y are very eatliy satisfied; and I trust it will be contemptuous ly ieject?d, as an a'.'itemont by an American republic. 1 icpeat, that there has been a violation ot our laws, am in addition, there has been a gross Insult in jus ifylng tbe whole coarse of tbe Brltisn agent* here, both dlpl.> | matie and othnr Important stents on the rronti?r. No man can tun his eye over the report ol' the trial without seeing that in the British lorder poesesciorts, at well %s in the United States, this scheme was earned on with a view to lnsui e tbe recruiting. l>oidCiar-ndon, I suppose, by wsj ot showiny the mtnis of Mr. Crampton, says that atter an rgency ofhee had been opened, and complaint made, he cefittd it might be made public? bow or by whom, is not fait?? that tho British goverum-m did not raise sildiers in the I'nittd .States. Now, air, thin uhmg? in tbe recruiting tactics la very easily accounted fer, with out pietaing into seivice any extraordinary good will. It is inlly explained by the District Attorney ot l'enn<ylva nia, who says, after stating the opeiat on, that Arrests having been made in all parts of tbe United States ot pertoLs engaged in this business, the representatives of her Majetnj in ihl? cotiLlry became scmewliaf. alarmed as to die remit Mr. Crampton then mace arraDgcmenla with Mr. elti-o bel a?d onp l'r. hue?s, wbo met blm at Balltnx, and devised plans as to ibeinanner in which the recruiting wast^eieatter to be conducted In the I'm tea State*; and on the l&h ot May, or thereabouts, the who e ul?n of proceedings was ehaoged by bla Kxeelleiicy the British Minister and Mr Caspar I ji Mar cbatt, Oorernr ? t' Nova Pcoua. Ibey theu devi'ed anew plan of violating tbe national sovereignty of tbe United State*, and ct ovgd'ng our laws enforcing neutrality. ? ? ? * oivin^ to these agents at the same time a caution, that should the? he in successful in evading the laws aad eluding tbe uu tborities oi tbe United State-, they could bope lor no pro toe Hon from the British go, eminent ? tha is. the British g^veru wient was willing to accept tbe advan.agu ot' the successful criml&al conduct of their Minister and his recrai.ing agrnts. but rcfu?n to defend or assist those agents, if they should been unfortunate as to be tctected. ? ? * 'ibe ruso then adapted was to tend men to Canada and Llalliai, under tbe prctencc ct engaging Ui?m on tbe rat: road, and when there to inliai them lntb<m si xx. v. For tbe purposo ot earrylng out this object regulsr written insi ructions were glv> n by Mr Crampton ui Mr. Kirobcl. who wtib l'r Hussaoad oilier oflieers, started in ccmpsty with Mr. Crampton to the United States. And tfcift deep planned scheme to male cur laws in a subject of ccngiatulatlon with a British cabine'. milli ter. and Hems to be a matter for which the B.ntiflh re presentative Is entitled to high ere dp. Ic id difficult to characterise it, acd jet keep within t'ie limits of projior ccccium. Well.air, finally, the wnele p'an was ab.m dited. Wbj? No credit to its authors, but I '?cause ir wut a failure. I understand that the whole numoer o men raited in the 1 sited states, and ccrhapH in I 'anadu also, rid not exceed three hundred, ard they cost an itn nitmc iLm of money. Wbe.e did the money oomc from.' Thi* bcok before nie tella you. Ilere are Mr. t'ranpton's notes, and here are the notes ?f the t.'ovcrnor of Not* Scotia, and heie are the whole of the facts stated. Thty stow you that money catre, by thousands and t lousaods ol pounds, to enlist men here in the very face cf our law, and knowing its provi siois. Mr. I're (-'dent, I shall not detain the f-'onate loiger. 1 wished these lac's to go out, in order to con uteract the efi'oct resuUiog from i.he ar-e-ch of I.ord ciarenOfn. and I detdie to make one additional obser. ? ticn. 1 oidhote, and I believed when this matter be , jan. that at last we liad arrived at a point when every i .Mueilein paper would be In favor of i ?. otva country. I paid some days sine*. that thcie was a eoectes of idiosyn crasy with ua, which prevented us joining to^otaer r.nanimou.'ly vben we got into difficnliy with a fore'eu Power. Or'e of our naott intelligent pnh ic journals, which! *ill not name, has reriou'ly Proposed? what it has ptcpo^cd that this matur should g<> in an arbi trator, and that the arbitrator should estimate in money, in doll-trs, bow much our dignity was itjured by this ? chute to violate our lav, .4 and oar nostra) duties, lhat is American tatrio'.lsm! Such a sentiment, how ? rer, will be reprobated by the American pe ?pTe. 1 tru->t that tho resolution will be adopted nithoat opposition Mr, Vnnc ? T observe in the report which we have of I/rd Oaretdon's remarks, two allega Ions, concernirg vhich 1 desire ton.sk tiom the chairman ol the Uoinialttcu on Fortign Kola tit us such information as he may to ab> to iffrrd. It is alleged by U<rd C larendon that, at seme stage of tbo recrui'.uient, which it ifi acknowledge.': was bticg conducted in th'n conntry, Mr. CTampton had in id b< lore tl.e Hccretan of Stat* the plan of procedure conumplatfd, and It had roce'.voil the sanction of the Se cretaiy. 1 bciieve auch is substantially the f.tatr>m<-r.t. It ii also alleged lhat a proposal to submit to arbitration the controverted questions arising undor tho Ciayton Bulv er treaty has U-en twice tendered to this govern ment. My pur jot e in to inquire il these fact.-; exist a" ? ta' ed and understood upon the other sido of the water I Mr. M.A80V ? Mr. President, 1 do not jirofu<? to ) be conversant with the whole correspondence which bus pawed between the two government* on the 'nl.Ject involved In the questions put by the Senator from Tlori'a; but, so far as 1 am informed ? and I tbink 1 am correctly informed as to those joints ? i am not aware that any orr?r ha* been made by the British sove?nment to tbi* government to refer to the ar bitrament cf some friendly Power the <(iie*tl0CS ol differ enoe which have arisen upon the c instruction of the Clayton-Bulwer treaty. I obeencd, as Old ttiat honorable Senatcr, that the lact was not only very distinctly stated In the speech of the Karl ef (larendca, but it was staged by him that the ctVor had been made, had not beon ac cepted, and that the same cfler had been renewed. .Now, it may tot be imprnb&b o that, in some of the conferences which took place between Mr. Buchanan and tho Vriti ?h k1tnister|?m the ,'ebject of this treaty, when it was found, as is alleged, that the main difference ex isted upon the interpretation of the treaty, toe suggestion may have been made ?ipon the part ct tho British Minister that, undue tbiwe eircurr - stances, perhape toe busiest solution would be to re lor i to the artdtrament of a friendly Tower, to wkioh a repi^ ina,r bave been given tliat, in the present state ol Km ope, thns "as no Power in a condition , in the probable op.i .~n ot the American government, to act as arbitrator. If anything passed, it v.as of that character. If any direct offer has been maOe, or renewed properly as fticb. I am ignorant of the fact, and have no roa?en to belUve it. in reply to the other .jueetlon, whether ?t wae true that the In truc'.ions (.irtm by the flrit ish government to their Minister, or other officer* in this country, In relation to en>i?tments within our ter litoiies. were coir,oiu*le:itcd to the f<ocrytary of Slate, ai.d that he was aatnlicd with them, my impressions are 'he*e: ? I am very certain that the instrcctiona given by tbe British government to its Minister or toaoyi.f its i fticere, were not oommuniietetl to the .secretary of State, and, of course, he could be neither satisii-d nor <li?*a til fled with them 1 me.-ui by "the iairtraetione," of course ail tho lastmetion.-! whish vere {pveo, lor short of that it wonid not be exactly true to wvy that "tho instructions'' l ad 'ooro <hown, ii a part were shown, and a part eat ?hewn. 1 am aware that at one period a part of the correspc udenoe between Oie I riUsh gov<wiimeut an 1 Ma Minister wan sent to the rvportwicn; of .State io wMr.h were contalncl r*p.e';sioris of this chara<'ier:? ?' ) ou aro to take care 1>at the l?w;< of the United State* are not vislated." Mow, whether the N-crtnory ti a. < -ui ?isiitd with that or eot, 1 <ln not know. J sli?uld thick it probable, however, that if they injioried to bo ail tne lnettnc'ions, and to have eovcrM the whole pround of acti< n he wonld have been sav; ?fie,l. 1 have iS>?iiii to belie w t)i ere vas no erpression oither of satisfaction or Hi otisfi"ti' n. 1 believe till, is an answer to the quun tioriP of the Henafnr. Vr, t inrr^..>i;i i?? Mr. Preddent, I wMi only to se.y a worf. <n tbia matter. 'I ho tanpresaion on Ue public i, ic ct tH*coui try, 1 think, is that tho l'nUih - c i c ent had made atouemttut, so far an atonenont could be ir.ade, by acknowledging her errer on the sub Jer.t. rf at' etapting to make enli*tTn?nt< wltliin Ike 'i rilf'l ^vatee; ?no 1 fhl/.* tbe fcsernt in pres^i^n, fur tncr. is tba* with thil acknowledging! tlie bobj.jet might have been gltei <iver to "blivion. 1 think, sir. that liat \i 'ho general Impressirn, *0 farm rjy conve-f.a ? ? n; 1 ave < * ended, and ti .i w?t eertainly my irupr-os alcn. aMcming that the l<tit!sb go.irniuent, wh.rn ar prised of the dlcsatiafactkJD of th? I nited States at the partial a'teinpts maa'e at enlistments or eiign^eme:iU for ecibtft enti in thi' etmntry, tt coee Issued orders tu her authorities In Nor* Soo<?*, and elae the bed establishment* for roeruiling. dl ecilng Aim ti stoa, gtwttg *s a reason fcr it that ib* IW'Od Sta'es war* die satfsatMi. Now, air. it the bad misunderstood oar lavs, or If fc?r ageut* b?d so far misunderstood our lawn >u> to snppoee il at aa engaga-met* w'.'h a eltizeu of 'La l uited Si ales, ? itbin lU limit*, to go into Canada, and there an il* t. was pot a violation if the lav ? I*. ?*?? an t ror, 10 b* sure: but if, an toon aa apprised of the fart tlat 'hie government so con-Me'ei It, and took of. lenee at it, Great Bi i'ain iniyoeduie%r stopped th? re eroitiog. aid taid : "Sooner than give dlssatfe'ictiou, 1 will *ven in Canada, Nova Scotia, o* anywhere eli e in my eoianiil dominions, all recruiting e*tibltsh rrtn's ?bat?ver, so that there shell be not rely no more leornlting tut no more opportunity for recru'tlng."? What more ought to ba required? I have nut inT^tl/v ?d thia nutjeot. nor can 1 particularly refer to the uocu menu or publle papera in which thin fact ha* been an nounrec; cut If that b* toe state of the caae, if the io >ti uclioi.it wne in the first place that care should bo taken that the lawn of the t'nlied States be not violated, and it urder a nit interpolation of our laws in England or here, there ha* been a violation committed of them, and If that wrong baa been atoned for bv thia public ae knowledgnient, and th? repetition of that wrong com pletely prevented, and thU sort of an apology made in tb* face ol the wbele world lor thi* wrong, or indignity, or whatever e's* you may choose t* call it, I ark what elite can we demand ? 1h* recall of their kiniater? Would that satisfy American pride, or American Mntiment, or Amailcan patriotism? The offeaie goes further than the British Minister ; the off-wee ia ag&ius' lb* nation. Let us not, with a omaU vengeance, tVall on the Brplsh Miniver here; hat 11 the offence is o' a character that most be atoned for more seriously, in th? Dime o' ti'od, let na make tbe principal in tbis cite re nix ntihle? let ns auk* the Britikh government responsi ble. Why, sir, be ween gentlemen, if on* commits an offence against anotber, and make an honorable acknow le(*g?ent of tbe eiror, and says tb* oDwm Khali no n ore be given, what gentleman would be jus i tied by the highest mclal law, in demanding anything lurtber? Ant 1 between two great nuticns, of infinitely more dignity than private gentlemen, what more can wo demand / 1 think it ir the highest sati.ifanion for such an injury ax I thai which we have received. Sir. we are a great nation now. aid entitled to have a great deal of pride. But let it show itself af.er the form of the msjos'y of this great crWBtry, and not In the littte pursuit of individual'* as victims lor national wrongs. We need not be j a'taid that all tbe world do not know en 1 act no v- ! ledge our dignity. T>et us not aa though we eo&siriered it necewary to be eternally pui'ing forwaid prelen-lons, lest the world should forgot tbat this is the great rtpub.ic. I have no fear that anybody will ever forget it, or can forget it. All th? world kmws it. To tbe botttm tfthtir hearts they know it; and if 1 were to say they stood somewhat in respec :ful aivo of I*. 1 think I tbould not b* laying too mncb; 1 hope I should not. But I tbink we may be tut is tied, where no inillgulty was in' ended to be effertd. In such a ewe, where no wilful wrong baa been offered to us, an apology or a'one n ent, sech as tbe British government has made, if I un der*, land the cate rightly, might bo considered as a com plete re [ a ration. Sir, I am not learned on these su^ects, and do not profess to be; but, It seems to me, wo might have left tbe British Minister alone in peace nere, steer his government had made us a u acknowtedgnen'.. Why, there Is much danger, six if we are gatbeiing up little offtneesa* we go along In our intercourse w.tn iiMimi ar.d hoarding th?m up. and bringing them to bea* when they are most seoslti'dy felt, and In a critical portion we rbould be considered by the worla ra*.bcr as a quar leUcmc nation, tecliicg for occaMon of nuarrol, tban as a |?('ple ci conscl us power, knowing how really to maintain our high ligni'y. 1 tV.lnE ttere in no man hf re who, il the real dignity or honor ot his country is at stake, ought 10 stand back "from any extremity. Itnof honorable warfaie it necessary. But I would respect my dii;i>iry too highly to bo making it a subject of dls elusion, and setkirg to make victims ot subordinatos acting under instructions from their superiors, after the boil e government, as I understand has been done bere, has mado atonement and acknowledgment for tho offence. That, according to my sonso cl' honor of my country and its la we, redresses every wrong and lieala every Indignity; and. much as I regret to differ froai my brnorable friend irom Michigan, so much more capable tf ?dvl>irg than I am, yet I do cider wi h kim when he rays, he trust* that tbis government has demanded the rccall ot Mr. Crampton. Sir, when that has been done, what then? ? how do we itand ! Is our henor any the brighter for this r l>oes our chu ac'er as a great ration, ana not only us a grett nation but ns a great r? public, stand any higher t Is it out of such llttl* things ah that, such umail and obscur* sources, that tbe dignity tf this country ana its rhiraoter are to How ? Ob : no, sir, not at all, It is, thank God, upon a broader anc loftier bai-ia, and we shall better consult it by over looking little things than by beapicg them up as dunes of national quairel sua national c.nQict. I should, therefore, have been better catisiled to know that when thia atonemtnt wa* made by tho British government, our government had stid: ? " We accept it with the same frankness with which It has Ik1 en offered. We accept it, and no more complaint shall be heard of this offence, such as it was in its origin. Now, that you have mado this acknowledgment, the complaint sha 1 jais into oblivion. We desire only to maintain our rights, and to ltpulse every attempt that can be justly ctnsiOered by any one as an inva.>ion of then. AU we ? have desired has been done; *e are satisfied, and have no more to fay about it." It teems to m* tha% eitherfas a nation or as an individual, that would have been < be meet proper course to pursue. I regret exceedingly that it has It-en followed up by any such cemand is that which is supposed to have been made, or which my honorable trie no fiou Michigan thinks ought to be made. What else shall we demand? Is the gentleman's men snrj of ratitfaction and of honor filled by ttie recall of Mr. Crampton 1 lisve we nothing more to demand on tbis subject? Will -we promise a f- li acquittance of it when thai is dote '/ Would it not be as well? would it not be mtgnaiilmous? to give that acquit anoe now at oc<e? What additional consideration does the withdrawal of this minister furrisli any reasin ijr the acquittance which we are to give, or what sort of interralional consideration is it on wbieh we must acknowlfcic* ourselves satisfied? I do not know, sir, where this thing will strip ? upon an acknowledgment be ing made and the error or the offence declared to be un intentional. That i* tbe ecd of it ? the natural aud honorable eud of it, and ought to be the national end. Such is my judgment on this question. Mr. kl.v-o.v ? Mr. President, when I offered the r< solution calling for thi* informitio*, I con tented lnysulf (as 1 thought it became mo t'< do) with slating to the Senate only the Impressions which I entertained, that, as we had no information upon the subject, except that which was deiived from British sources, tho public mind pisslbljr might be misled, and that justice would not be done, in the judgment of our countrymen, on the questions at issue between the two governments. I rtfrained from going into the merits of the question at all: but. air, my jncgrrent, that it was tesirabie that we should have lull and authentic infor mation, not only ol what has passed between ths two governments, but of the action of the executive upas it, has been tuUv confirmed by the remarks that have jast fsl.tn '.i< m tho bonoratle Senator from Kentucky. K on* as well la let med as ihe honorable Senator Is inoa Id be } ct unctr tbe impression that t>reat Britiia has made ?ny ?tf neir ett to this csuntry, tar mora sncb atonement as this country should leceive ior tbe alleged indignity and insn't put ut>on the country if it be true thai she. in derogation ol the s< verefgn rights of our poorlc and of c?ir j^ilo'^ lavs, has scujht, directly cr indirestly, to re el nit her aim les within our limits? ic m;i?es uifnllest bow iniporiant it if that tbe whole correspondence should see tie light. Tsay t?> thot honorable Senator that, so tar as I ?m informi d, when the fnow are prom ulged, s.g they ?i?i le by tbe publication of this corresp maence, ho will lind that au a uncut ? none? has been olTereJ by the Hri'Jsh government to tbis, whatever may have b?tn said acrots the water, cr by *uy jiortion ot the Ame rican j Teas, to tho contrary notwithstanding. I think moie, ?ir; I think, when the correspondence comes under the eye ot that honorab'e Senator, he will find that in the rttcatks which he baa made, either as to tho mea nn's wlneh the government luve a (ready adoj.iM, or as to i'rj0*e which it maj herealtor ado| t. in vindica'ion ol" the natUn*l honor as connected Willi this subject, he will lind th.it hn has made his leap be 'ore be emir to the stile. Sir. I think it will bo found, wliou th< pf.pers are laid belcte the country, that, in the wholo conduct of this a flair < n tbe part of our government, there has kern cone illation? en ire coucillition. loere has been no purpose or desire to lchanie the public mind a", home or abioad, but there has been a iiscd cod settled I'Ur pore to maintain the national honor at home, and to see that It is maintained in our loreipn intercourse; and 1 fhink the honorable Senator ?iP rad that the government, in vindicating the national honor, is in pursuit of no insignificant game; but that the measures wliich bate been prrjoctert so tar. and any others which may follow, 1 think that honorable Senator will agree, are the measures appropriate to the occasion and required by il. I do not mean now to go further into thi 'matUr: 1 do ?ot mean to go into the meriti of the contrivotsy. They will b* ciuclo~ed whm the docu ments are before u?; and 1 tbink we shall then hnv* the entire concurrence of that honorable Senator, both a* to tbe way in which that eorranpondenee has been conduct ed, and the detcsr.ds that arc made under it. Mr. Utiiuw ? 1 do not deaire, Mr. President, to inter pete m>; objection to the passage of tbe res oration. It may be beet and it may be wisest that all the Knowledge which our government may posses* should be anbnitted tfi the Senate and the public. My purpose in rL"ing Is simply to propound a cjue-tlon to the (nairnian of the Committee on 1 orcign lieiations and the distlnguliihed St na tor fit in Michigan, or tltbcr of them, if tncy sliall be able to give me the Information lor which I se;k. The honorable Senator from Virginia says, as I under stand him, that no atonement whatever on tbe pa't of be British governmert has been made? 1 think thai *..s the language just used; but 1 desire to a<k whether Mr. Buchanan (Md not, in a no' e to I/ird Clarendon, on the receipt of his explanation, express himself <%ti?fied with what I/ord tlivrendon ba.l said I have heard that sug gested. Is theie any foundation lor tneh a report ? To my knowledge sueh a suggestion has liecn made. Kor the pur] ose of being well informed in the matter, 1 dmire to know whether such was the fact or not. .Mr. M.ukiv? With rete'-enoo to that I will say only this. I will Iirst|repeat that 1 am not ixmllin r with the whole ccrrospondeceu that luts passed hoween our ^Unlster and tbe hrltish Minl?t?r on thU subject; but 1 can very well understand tliat. in the delays ihat ensued In eonducting a orrrospoixlenoe ? not immedlatoly, hut meoiaiely- because U.e oorr<S|oodenee in BocnsHa rlly eor dueled between the Hecretary of Stat > her* atd tbe Srueiican '.tinbrter at I^ndon, anil mediately through bmi with tho British Minister ? that In the de lays whi' h snsutsl In eoudustlng such a corresponded e, with the iircgmarity of the mails, I can lerv w. 11 under stand that Mr. ittu liunsu, not In pos- ?usiou of all tbe fact* tiom home, may, in reply to some note or in con versation, have so erpreMed himself; btit I am not ?i>e cl.?liy r.iormed about it. Mr. Tot cr\ ? Mr. Trcsident, I hop* the Senate will not be drawn into a debate upon a correspondence whlsh is not belore us. The whole correspondence between the two govet ninents uj-on this snWsct 1* lockoti up amonf; tbe --ecrets of the Kreeuti ve Oepsrtment, end I have been somtwhat surprised that any opinion should be intimated by any honorable Senator up'.n that cor Ofpnrd'iice, or up^?n the cendnct of (he go vi'trmont which Is evinced by that comsiondonce. Sir, wo do not know tba' the cxecuthe will com* ruunicate tin t corn.spontlencft to tbe Senile or to the House. It tests with the r-e.ulin H'tethor it l imit bo laid before us er not. It Is uot for the X?nnte or for tho Iloose to say whether tbe enrre pocdenco shall be disv p forth from the Kftnti-.e Hepartnient, and laid (*'?!* wuu4 therefore It U tbat the hwonbfl tl ilnun of tho dhaniiuw on I oi -ix u ! U.auoun ^wnfl tl>i? resolution , **Uli g on the Eiest*" ent, If be d ?? n? d?FM ?t iu<y tupaii tie with tbe l) 'i bile Inter*#!, to send tM i.? the cor reejK ntfeoeo, so that it ?hall N anl? poWMB New, Mr, I ihlnklDO honorable !-?nau>r n authored tM Mi what u the purport of that correspon'tonae, or wuH ? ill be tbe opinion of 'he Senate or tbe opinion of thM country upon it tor tbe simple reason lh*t we ate noM in pos?e?s?en of It; we are not 10 pnseee^jn of thM fui.ru- of our (iaitdoth', or the course of thH Bn tfb gov# rumen- I know that we bave a partis* oiBjli 8"io fr.m tie Karl of Clarendon in the BrituM Parliament, giving tbe British varaion; and I am n?J i ui pri-ed, that an honorable Senator should be ieM into any mis?ppieb*<i?i'>n on the su'.jsct by tbaH iHitl>uie of 'bo Brltlfh Hide of tbe <|nesnoo. I bop?H Kir that ?e 'hall not deoate the subjec . before we ate IS mmmsIM of ihe 'ac's in regard to w. I trust that thj Cories|>on? core viU be promptly laid before :h<; Seu*?? in ud?r that wo may iorui a juat opinion upon ita meritaH and ni*n tha course wblon 'be gtrernui* nt haa pursued* i limm favor of the resolution which is bef ire M, lor tb<H simple leason that the Beltlrh Ml aimer for Foreign AfH fairs bat undertaken to spe?k upon the auhjaat: bu^ Ifc M haii not kivod tb? conaspoaotoo* to tbe British public* lie baa nade certain statements wh'ch, I apprehend. areH I calculated to mislead tbe public wind lu that country and in this Toe anildo e i* tbe publication of the eor? teependence ttu- is called for, and I hope that, withonB debate in advance, the an Mote wilt be appbed ? Mr. Criitwbkn? Mr. Pi evident, 1 have not designed (*>? use the language of my lrieou fioin \ i< gtuia > to take aniH leap upon UiU subject? very tir trom n . 1 wel that it )? cue of sufficient giavlty to msrlt onr very ?eriona cou? ?ide at ion; and an for my bumble sc f, I desire to tan-? none but tbe most measured Blepa in rela'lon to R*M leaping. It is only because It a?e?s to me that othe.H Esntien en have been playing a little nt that ge?e that ? sto interpo'ed a w rd on the subjec#. I have fluppowiH that, tbe Biiti.b government made the a'skno vledgnaentH and atot emonts wnlcb 1 have indtctteo; and my remarks have been based on th?t sepposdtiem. The MMM| seems to suppewe that 1 hare leaped in lh# dark, and ye ? be himself. I tind, Is extremely ebary in answering th.B qut stion which is rat to htm, whether Mr. Buonanw ha ? no' acknowledge himteit satisfied wl'h tbe atoneroenB offfred by the B:i'i?h government. His answer rathe ? mpi-o: cs' tbat St. h sn acknowlecgment may hare beeiH made; but cur Cuitiosuiftbed diplomat acted too hanil/H he made a leap iu tun dark ; he was mia'ateu ta ac ? knowiecging It. Sir. 1 hsre not introduced this subH ject. nor haV* I auticipaUd what will appear on the cotiH mu meat ion of the conoPBonL'euee for which tbi? reson ? tlon cails My bonorasle friena from <k>nnecucat ?r| Toueey) has perhaps, aiininisteteU a very jo-tt admoniB Uoa. I would take it to myself ch"erfiilly, and ondeaB I "vor to ccnform to it and improve by it: but I suppo^B tbat. en this rcca-u.n. It is ra'her addiessed to my UoB uorable I'liends who first spoke on the subject? the ho ? noiabin gentleman Irom Viiginl* (Mr. Ma-rnn) who iui 'ho bend of the Cowimittoe ou Foreign Itela'ious, und th. ? honorable Senator turn Michigan ( Mr. Ca^s.) 1 be gen ? tleman says we nad better wait. I think so; I think 1 ? would bave been better it we had waited; but wben otlio ? gentlemen do not wait, and when other gentlemen nUt* ? facts hero inside and outt-iJe ol tbe correal iond?nev whu ? am I to do f Does not the honorable giu'ioman know- ? It' tbe object be to inform the public oil Jd ? .hat thon ? will read wbat tbclr namos shall a'trict tnein t. ? in n ue-vspsper, who irll never read this currevpondence ? \??. ?ir, I know it; and U there be any error in thi I staun i nt, it is a proper tune to (tUe -.si it when it I ? firht prepfntcd. It has oeou said tha*. no atonement ol any ?ort bas ever been made. My impreixlon is to tb< I contrary, aud I do not stand aloue. I understand tha I tbo Biitish gjierniuem. as soon ai she discovered tn. ? dUratisfaction in tbe Unl ed States, in order to avoid th< potfioility of future ofTeuce, ordere.d the suppremion o all further enlistments in Canada or Nova Seotia. Tbat it re^uis to me. might, to persona disposed to be ap poased, be somewhat of an atonement. To person * in^ (litpofe# . it might not. It does not oome dt.re.tly ? it i on'y addieBsed to all the worlo : but for what do we wai redress but that we may show It to all the world t Tha i? all. It we have acknowledged sati-.factioa , aa the gen tie man intimates, and as ( undei stand his answer ion piles, tbat is a fact worthy to ba known when we an leaplBR here in this matter? leapiug, aa it were, into i war with England. Let ns consider that matter well My eonatlroents aio not people to turn back from a jas eaure to vindicate the rights or the honor of their conn try, but they want a cause. They want to fight as free men oujnt to figbt ? with a motive and 'or a known cause and with tbat intelligmce wbieh characteri/?e them ii ail their action, when Ibero are great (uteres ta a stake. I believe, of all the poop'e in the world wo make liabt calculation about war, and ear. least about its con<(Uonces: but it s'uaty become ns, as Senators, to consider with a li.tle prudeoo tbete matter#, aid not by rath wirda to creat undue ezeitement, u.uch less to create mtsapprehenaloi in the country. It was for theso reasons, and unde these impresi ions only, that I troubled the Senate with i ?ingle word on this .subject. Mr. Bt-ruw? Mr. President, I do not intend to tronbb tbe Senate with more than a very few reqaarXs. I an very anxious to form an intelligent judgment on this sub ject; hut I confess that I am nU capable of forming tha intelligent judgment unless I have disclosed to me nfor mation which tbe honorable Senator from Michigan ma; bave ba?? un ess 1 have that information whloh 1 knoi will be dlaclopcd by the report of th? Committee oi Ki leign Relations, li which bit honorable iriand fron Virginia is the head. But, sir, when we undertak to pronounco a ju.lgraent upon the wtatecnents o Loin ClsiendoD. or to adopt a conclusion In ra'r rmco to what may be discljted by the publtcatioi of the correspondence between the two govern ments, we plunpc in the dark, and may do in juFtioc to ouiaelve*. 1 agree thoroughly witu what ba ; been paid by my honorable friend from (^noeciicut, thv this way ol anticipating, by premature dUcuaslon, is n<> the proper method of proceeding. I would not say on. word iu reference to in> honorable friead from Michigan for be bar been engaged in diplomacy, and I have n doubt be is very well infoimed on this inatler; and I vefl tuie to ute a word of caution tor the very reaaon that re marks made by h:m, going out ntder the sanction of hi x.airp, have had ad- elder! influence on the interests c ibis country. I do not know whether those measures tha have been Indicated atd deseiibed with anch graphi power aieto lead to a w*r; I do not think toat they will but, as ray honorable liiend trom K entu iky intimate*, i tbe issue is *ar, I am nit one of those who would piling into it hastily and rathly, making (aa it haa been sai by tbe newspapers and by the opinion of the world tbe elements of war, the cheapest elements in th world? blood and life. 1 am dispieei to pan* before em barking our yourg men into a eontefi when we bave nothing, guns or money. I do not se tbat we arc likely to approach such an i^sue; but if tha , bo the issue, or 11 it be not the Is Hue ? let it be elth,* ? wsy ? we are diseutslug tbe i^sue before 1 ho world, an. adverlUing our adversarr that, perhaps, we arc divide, among our.-elves. Now, six, how do I know that I -or Clarenoon has said wliat has l-ecn attributed to bim B, what authority am I infurrootl upon the subject'.' Mr. Masos? Tbe London Jim<s. Mr. UtTUSKr-Well, tir, I nan- a statement from anothe I/imloo r owspaper, called ine Aeies or Moinlruj AtUty tutr. giving another view of 'he snbjent, an! stating tha !^ir Hcniy Bulwer was ab-jut to ioterfem, by hH media tion, to make an entire compromise. Is that true? Mr. Mason? I will meiely say that I ootalne my itfoimation limn the Kn>fb?h newspaper call ed the ionrU.n Tiint a, reporting at Ur^e th I debate In tho House of Ix.nls, which tool p'.a^ I on tbe 31st day of Januuy, tbe lirst 'lay of the preser . st'fioii ?f Parliament. I presume the report is coriec Mr Bi n.BK ? 1 do not say that it Is not so; it may be s> I ! bave not raid that It may not bo so. I am ^rded i tbat respect, but I say it fhould come to ns throigb tli ordinary process. Every Irlbun/tl, prop-wing to a^imini i ter juoprnrnt, recognlveh srmn- procos> by which th judgment nball be bafefl on the truth. Every court 1 1 jus ice has witness*, uDder re.^joniible sanctions. I think tbat uch matters a- this should come to this bod I tbiougb thi ooo -tltutionnl process; thoy Nliould be eon 1 municateu in tho mode proposed by my honorable Hen trim Virginia. Now, Mr, 1 muttt say one tking la.r* , . lerence to bim. I did not bear all the .;uestious pre1 pounded by tho ho nor?b ic .-^nator from Maine, and other but atUr'the temper which was excited by one wh. bas borne arms and gained lar-.ro s, (referring V Mr. Cash i, the fact is, no know it i:t very dlfticujt t letia'n ficm speaking; it U a kind of mesmerism whir cariLot bo resVst/id. flnughter ) .And I mm', be perm' ted to soy, tbat my honorable frier d from V irginia, wit all his retention of purpose, i and ho is remarkable for it?, ! has fulTer< rt his (ire to be drawn. ? Mr C\s-.? I iind In the papers of our country and i England, a statement of a speech of Lord Cb.rendon, th British Secretary rf lor Foreign Affairs, aud a leu ieg rnnnbor cf the English Cabinet. Now, as I undei nta?d tbe ease, there is no mure donot that thu I ?peech was deiivcr?<l than that Htich a p-ace ? Itorre exists; and 1 huppwe no Senator will ask tin,' some one .-houid come and ?we*r that he heard delivered I I take It to be I/>rd Clarendsn's epeec! ixnd (1a't)* if?, in that speech, without promuliratln ! tbe correspondence ? keeping It locked up ui the as i chives ? supprcsaeu from th? wor d ? givea his view < ; Ihe case. Msy I not, an an Aruoiican Senator, axaaJn ! ?be facts stated by Ixird Clarendon He says that Judg Kane has decided tbat you may engage men here to go t HalUax for the p urp- Me of re craning without \lolatln our law. 1 .->ay that Is not so. 1 want no eorrespom enoe about that; bu- we are told tliat an apology < atonement bas bescn made. I/ird Clarendon does not ? profsss. He says that Mr. C/amp'on, from the beginnir to the end, wa? right. Have 1 r.o right to eiaaaine that V bat more do 1 wantf If I/>Td Clarendon ahould spre: i the correspondence before the world, we could form o: II own ocnclijfionH ejn it; but that Is his own_ statemea ,| and ?o we tTtanuning it here, and it l? jnstascon tetcnt for us to examine it here aa for him t make It there, with a view V> iatlueneo the pt.H lie cim1 In England. That it has bad such an ir fluenoo there is ne floubt, for the Ix'M ot ail rot lent ? tl.nt it has Infltiunoe<l many an able mind an strong Intellect in onr osro country. Not a sing roitlc'o of proof doee I-ord C-irendon give. Tliewoojl iQUliCt fltandi on bis own Mtatoment. It Is t fair ' 1 for examination, and that la tho reason why 1 have re lenedtoit. .... ... . , . _ 'I ^r. R, ,:K_Mr. President, I tbiak a war between Fm | land and thl* country is tejo grave a matter to bo preli etted on a newsptiper or on a speech. I agree wit ?,v?ry word that lias fallen fr'mi my honorable friend froi lonni C'ieut (Mr. Toueey. ) We nhnulr. wait and havea tbn lacte tiefoi e us before we maKe tip oi.r judgment c attempt to Influence the public niLnd. Thi* matter is 1 the hands ol toe executHe (-overnmontn of the two cour tiiee; and if l<ord f aretvion has chosen to make a speec tn I'atllament while tho subject, was in the court ol negotiation, it nus tn bait teste. I I him It is bad example to be ioiiowed here. I imagine the i.s no one tn the Senate Chamber wbo worl put up with an Insult from Creat Britain, or wb we, nlU i ot go to war, at whatever tuirard, in ft Just ca?' ami wilb pioper piovocntion; but. at the same time, It wo!l -'Bough, an it feirta to mo, in entering on the pr< llioinnry stcpe ttat ma^ lend to so urav? an Issue ?? ar.r i??.tncen tbe United t-teVs end England, that w sl>? uld proceed with great caution. It is true that tn lone of tho li/glish profs i? very imtatlug; perhaps tl do\ ates iu l'aniument. arc iMjnally o. Vot the loeist r> ftnavn of Uio icmiaka they r.mUe I?, that the Lmu Mates, althougl: they are talking a g 'e'it deal ao'i^ war, aie n. t In ea-nast; and hooee tbey pre<!ic# a greet deal of tbat be.ftnting which ' ' 0 , , weak points in the entional character of the i n1 11, b people, ami In which wo should gain n>ni!i bv itnita ing ihem They avv Oiat W9 are not (?ni?st ; that we are approaching a rresldfitt.ai ea.