Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 2, 1856, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 2, 1856 Page 2
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?f-Ptate, ia etux-aed to the wai tike demonatrationa of bis ?oUatfoe an" h e chief. If the aettjeuixn'. ef lb?? ? dig- j pntee depended on him and Qu British Mini ater. matters | would not long remain auarranged. The prolouged iur ? I Mr. Crampton in Waahington ia Mid to tn* due to bin 1 moderation. Now, the present state of affairs aeetea to he, that Mr. Marcy ha* go far yielded a* to join tn the cea patch, of a positive demand for Mr. Craa,> on's recall. Tbe l*re?ident and Attorney General wwihed the demand to be categorical and ao to necesaiWte a rupture, bat Mr. Marcy (a Naiil to have prevailed ao far ea to frame it id a manner which will allow of further corre?ponden;e. We have than a proof of the temper which rule* the men oc whom tli# deatinie* of the two nations 'or the time ^apetid. , ... Krom this dweiiptloa of affaire, whioa we oeheve ?o U correct, it iw impossible not tJ draw a conclusion In favor of our own government. We are the leu re erred in doing ?o. because the wont th?t eaa be aaid agaioat their owq po'iwicuiBri ilwt/i comes from the ip*i #t A'tmj nam/. J; in no iorenti?n of the British preea that Sena tor* fcnd S;cret?iit? of State are ieMy to bring their aation to .he brink of *?r in order to pr >long their own power or fmbarrass their nucreeaora. Kven the phrase ?? poll ical capital, " which so well expresses what ia nised by bu:h aouraea. in not of Cngluh origiu. The iieta.t ia th< Sena'e. which was io prog eix when the teat ateamar left, will probably be full of the uiutl ia ?ec: ve.- agaiaat England. The aoUpa'.hiee of theolu and the en htisuum of the yootger spetkerawill aoth And went ia dedance to this country. The American public, wo learn, ia pretty well aware of waat each speaker will say, and we are happy 'o believe ib a*, loice of the motif acrimonious will htve hut little weight. Yet it cannot be oouhfed th?t th? accusations will be many, and the apolo giea few. We cinno>, however, but hink that sueh an exhibition will leaeen the character of he American innate by its strong contrsg* to the moderation and good re nee of our own representative!*. Even in the opinion of Americana thoee men must sink who t?ik of war only ?-hr cgh a belief that their wards will be without effect, and who, perhaps, are only suffered sj to <leclaitt by the ladiffciecce of their countrymen, for tiat sujh paltry dicpntea should involve two each nations 1 4 a Juggle which wonld be tonght out on every >-ee, we >-%nnot be lieve. Although it i>es n >t lessen thu demerit of those who tamper with international geod will, yet we. In com men wi'h almost all Englishmen, tbi'ik hat the bjaJs of eommod language and civilization are too stri ng to be broken by a dissension to which nine-tenths au do h sides of the Atlantic .-re totally indifferent. Not through anv fear of war, for EngUnd was never ia strong or so well preps- ed as now, but from sincere love of p^ace and it3 inestimable benefits, we trust that American statesmen will be actuated by the same spirit wh ch our own rulers have tlown. InierftUng from Msxlco. kxatf of the cocntby as described by its BfLtBe ? THE PATIUOT8 AND THK SPOILS ELE MENTtf OP REACTION? TAMERE* AWD H18 HOPES We biTFbkj the following interesting papers tr*m feted trow our i&ve files of Mexiian pa peri t? Tin Mit?llT? ? P TUB iNTKKl' K TO TUK GOVBMOM Of TH* ^deTdate of January 8 1 a.idreesel Excel'mov, la order Jo Inform you of th* enaraeter or the reactionary elements which, up to t.:?. time, bt . Wn -e' in moixa, and ot tae ..pinion ea'rraineu by the .^erimr,! a- to the particular court* it wan necessary fo purse*. ! have new the honor to address you a,? n, in JKJ? * apprise you ot the defection of i*. ?? Hp. ero Ca^nSf whcJbas adher.d to the movement 01 /acapiaj. la, proclaiming as President of the repaohc . Ac, n!o <*e Saro y famiier. . lliii. ev at. although an evil, te5*"fe.:* the reactionary cause by an impoitant. br?a*e, ij) a beceiit of no final! value, a.s It place* teen ma In tl eir true !ghl. Ibe government, in contemplating ?he Treason of the majority of the army, is painfully af hStXTj it staipswiib a mart ,f indelliWe infatny men who cmaoi allege a? au exsuAe lor thtir eonduat .ie 1 f %tn complaint against tLe existing gov?rn?*!i.. That officers who have been comprised in .hs la*, re I onus shcula show LeinielYee hostile to the tnent If a 'act easily to be explained, coasWering ha. i ^dividual tntererts will e-er pertert aet* of the^strictcst justice into acts af inanity And akth-.uga. ikvt ??? will justift rebellion again* the constituted autho-UiM. i t will, ntWt, serve as an excuse in theeye. o. rate ax 1 prudent men. for the gravity of the fiaaU. But the conduct of the actual chiefs of r action can in ? ?J he accouotea for; for having reseired ua'y preo.s ot es Meiii aii't confidence, they repaid the government wivh act* of de-p falsehood and supresse dlsio} *?*!? . D. Jose i^pex Vraga, the author cf all thearlls which the republic has been suffering from ninoe 1^, for h*v l rg supporitd the revolutienot Guadalajara, *ttiek- -1* inactivity, it allowed to be wrested out cf it< haods^ csrne back to tip country in the October of c^e .uttoyug -?1* aakedferani obtained his re-instaiiadoc to '.hi rank ot General; retained in addition tb? legation of f ra?sU. and having H J.citPd perruiMion ro regulate tu > j atf-urB, march * lSo the interior, and there proclaimed the reaction D. Fracvisco Gultlan after having b?o defeated j/ a ? . Vidamii, aoh?reo In San Luis to tn? plan of n. AawniJ ?e H?i o ; he one with hiin to thi*; oafital anv oo *inel net only peiuiiw-ion to lemain m hi- eha'ge, but t) oe tocoreS sy "he government. Having l?en arfiain.ed to *he imp>ivant dnty of profctin? tue convejana# ot m-,oey, he matched to Vera Cru* and proc.aia.el the re Sfwo Castillo, ctn?iderec a? a'ypeof military hoiior, n the south agal^'. the revolatton. ie. on fire and laid * aste the properly o' his E xcellency ^en. l> vuan A.vartz, and when he ought to nave reoeiveO for .uch con uct. unworthy cf a contra punuh dhd-, the ui repaid generosity of the offended canq otror mniuuiceo him in his cbarge and in the ooaoiaud of his e rts and the President Substitute of !hj repufc is relied cn bim with t he fullest confidence eotru?te.1 with with the eomman i of the best troops, and hv. W ob J ? ?? the chief defender of the goTemmen-. Aoc th? (.entral whohss been thus nunored, marched to Aac*>->ax..a, an in San Juan de los Llanos proclaimed tue re?jujn. The.e facte <io not require any comment; their sim p e na- 1 ation is Butti cleat to rerea tne tvirpi^ucie of their anthers and the go?einnient is certain taatin .n* b.r* ts cf all mer. to honor is tot a mere wo C v id of ?fn 1 *ent, ko whom conscience is no illusi- n aoJ^ nrtne a v mere name, the cry deep indignation *ui rv-.? ag*-o? tko>e faiths ss ssxwaato of the repuoric wao pa.d SMi with crimes the kindness with tliey nad be-n trtated. What guaran'ees can tb^?e men offer uj the nation *bo ti?ve thus trodden nnuer fact military Cigrn.L*v. o.-' ken -he.; parole, a?>i for??l.en their t aanor They Vh< , in thl* manner, nave f re-?-?ra 'nelf oaths have cegraned tlemwlve# forever, for non>r, lite li.e, is 1 ?Tbe time when ill tudtrstood pra iece obliged tae Pre ficett Snt-'titute to remain stlent t?t airea.y Nobody can read the future; but *hale ver l r^;de?,o~ mav have reset fed for the supreme ch.?-f of the gjve-n ?ent the h.)ur has come for the Mexican people ; ? kno ? the motives with whiih the "ecUon a^k? to-d^y Jw ,attf mer, wheru it tiatte edyesterdajr. iromtheday woen, in the middle of 'as . ye?r, his ExceLeacy Pre?iden. marched t<;wards Micbosraa as Genera.-. a-Cbief of th? aricv of the interior, the revolution as?'imed a new Mpect. aid public opinion, as just as uaixra, procUioi^ j +A bim as the man o? whom the tope of -he chantry rested. Hi.w did it happen that a fe* d?ys atf-r the new goveinnent hal been installed. ^the reactionary eteaent b?*an Ui rie? againfct hiw who bf a?? p4r .^ b%u b n atisntiered as the fttrou^eMt pillar ot iibertj, ^ j ostiret Ti.e exphmation of thiaia very simpl?. AKhr,u?c tLe liberal party entertained ?he same cooftdenoe as l^r mei.y .n the- polliicaf prirc'.ples of his hxeeuency the President SubsUtu e; alihough the large c'-ass of todiffer mts oonfi led tranquilly in h e morality and good inten tions, the c. nquered did not find in the Minuter of Wat the cicciie instrument they looked for in order toachisvt their unnatural projects, ihe one bel'eve.l that miliary Biorv wou'd ca!i'e the citizen soldier: other- h>|?d tha Uie -jlon is of incense Would swrll wrb irile the st*ts" man an i a.i tinds of arms, from flafe-y to Amaiuoa, being employed, and all wrv of sentimea - l- ^m to price, bait* awakened. th*y sucje?de^ *i.b as mucb ?' perseverance in sowing ctecrti oetw^eo vhe ProvtRnnal Presicent anl his mmiste ?, re^iesentsng then, as us'irpers ot tte henor ot otb-r s pjst*, and a/b'ugk tbes? miserable iutri?u?- w -t powerle?< Maicst ti-s g(,od enie of Genera: A.var>-/, and agsinat the approved loyalty ot the President ^-a.. -i ate, they had the diei*t'oua res'ilt cf losing the two t loontb in uaelesr efforts, whilst, without question, this was the finest 'in-e to develope tie rev lutiun. t-och is the origin of the sudden r.hauge wM?b took place in tbe oplnvwi of on* class cf o:.r nOMeiy^ the/ would h*^ liked to s?e the author of the p. an , o Ayut a destroy hi> owr. work snd. chaDged into >tbe 4rt?k f the vacruislied, ei?dain those wba bad s i trikicff down tyranny. And as nothing o. the kind h .? j pen'u. the reaction, whici d. es oot rega'd the .n-erests ,7 the country, bnt in own. makin* ?'rk^ ?! | pTf exts to advance the latter, raise! its banner aff.inst Sat of the f( Ople. At last tbe reactionary party and the r.ati .u are placed face to tace, nnd since nothing has sufficed to prevent the evil let fhise who have it ough. os lauu such a situaticn be rightly accused ot these le ploratle reaulU. The c^nciJiator/ pollcv of h.s Fioel lencv the Preetilen', his natural disj'witlon to oincord. hi? constant '! -sire not to proreed to ex'remes. and <-ven the programme of the ministry, have l>een BiiMMlruel into acts ot weakm-as- the sacrifices ?nd ao'ecadents or the ehieiof the StAte being purposely cast into oblivien. It is, for the reason. .ndisp?n?able to Cintjnue tbe war which the Mexican people have for so many fears w?ge<! against their oppressors. Tbe government is deadea to continue it by all possible means, employing to this effect all the p?<wers the plan o' Ayutla puts into it? hands. As 1 have already once declared to your i x ?elloiicy tbrs is the supreme effort of the nation, which, dividtd into faction-. wiK soon bsiemi the victim of df s poti -m or of anarchy. If, tc our <iiagrace egotism is to rule iocletv? if indifference, to-day more enm nai then ever, impedes tbe action of the government, the Mexicans will nly have tb?m?ei?es to reproach if the yoke of mil_ta tary deepoiism is scain placed on their shoulders. The national unity being lost, localities will r?ng? thei- mas ters as fortune favors this or that chler All s?nnmer.t of obedience being fieatrcyed, avthorltv wl lbsafsroe. ?nd law but a derision. <?tnxneiie be ng moa-ipoliaed, sericulture abandon. d, utd all tt? other soirees of puV iic ri she# completely dried up, missry will spread ife f over the whole aounfy, which at tke imliMfUl hare to pav the thousands of soldier?, who defen l -be re actionary ' in te rents. Tie payments J* the ' ^ beiiW naturally interrupted, internet o?al r? ? t"?" Will change their eharat ter and the friendship nf ,'l>rei*n D*: tines will be foUow?4 hy teclamati ins, injtervention awl *ren Allow me not to finish 'he pleta?? ?' ?"ch a horrible state of things. . ... The?e will be tt? unavoidable coneeo iie<Me? ??i T3' " vision of oar republic; and as >bu< division is the diate result of the trinmj?hiJ the reactionary Borefcwn , those who support it will ha alone responsible fer anca rreat itsasters. Tlie government fuiflls ,ts duty by pr.e een'ingto he nation the whole tru\h as to theev.U which await it; bat it also indicate* the remedy and takes again the obligation before God, to devote teelf without repose to the public interest in order to prevent ench we 1 grou nded fears from being realise*. It was 1 1? doty to spoak the whole truth, and it did so., tt beloogs now to 'he va' ion to act as bee >tne# a pp ple ?ho h*v? conquered their liberty by so many sacrifices. The Mational (.uard wiil be the principal defence of our oruntry. It is, therefore, neoeesnry to have it orgaWM as soon as possible; you must try to put a* effectua #top to all reae'lontry mc'Tenipntff, and bj tn# ippau?>t en#-r|j. to rr*pre??? i?eve?*elj all difturbnar#J of ( paMic oriar N'o pereefntloo for npiirtoni, but no indtil- ? _?nce for acts. The'e arc tbe uovarying jirintiples of i r government, 1 I m the only meane ol MMMV liberty with order. ?OrfcrirTO.nt lm do way ?*?<??? M-.IM . to sacrtftoe i uelf inorder to maintain the individuals who cotnpoee it The personi ef the I'reeident Mid hli ministers must | Bct b* < ? ??y ???ht in the Selanoe ot public weaL But the sentiment* they preeent nut be conaidemd by the neorie for they tie (he sentiments or liberty, and ef morality, and find their action in juatiee. Therefore in the uuw of the government wbioh support* there prin tiples, 1 eolemuly appeal to the Mexican people, in order that tkku g arum in Jul de'ence of their righta, they may at i nee terminate thia deplorable struggle which for mere than thirty tears ban ueutieliMd all the fruite ofiode pendeect- The soldier* who remain faithful to tM'r duty, honoreC a? thay deearve by the nation, will be the basis upon which the true republi?an army wiU be form *<1 id in* tx acted tod obedient iroy, which will not w ^ menace, but a enpport, to liberty and order, an army *hn b when neceeeary. will die in tbe defence of the na tionality. and which by It* valor, discipline and vtrtu**. may tender once mote the profession of arma a career ol h<Tf?tl e^pl' iec ew of ?o many years and the bitter fruite of io many errors do not suffice to reveal to ue the causes ot ail our inUfartuner, we must conc.ude that we ipr^ach or c of thoee catastrophe. with which Goi from tiae to time viaitti nalUns When, rupted to It- cote, ail principles of order are forwak^a, I aid the interest* of the wh -In people are thoee ?f uar ticu tar claesea, when authority te at tbe mercy cf force and law at that oftbeswjrd, then there is no re Tt rnment puesible, and society has arrived at the last tern of its rtiwoltttiou. Perhaps this eupreine mo^ nent has not yet arrived for Mexino; but., an the dispersed elements may yet unite, the dinger of the pre^n'. crisis is so much 'he more serious and imminent, the main of mateiUl* is gr-ater by which all revolution* hare contributed to tbe work of -txaal aemoraluation atd disunion. ... , . Ifl, Excellency the President therefore appeal* to your natilutkm, ami that of tbe peop e of tbe State, in order tl at all pood Mexicans, b? ing gathered around the gov ernment it may be enabled to save then from a peril which tlmaten*, not the persons cf an administration, nor a political form, less or mote convenient, but the nationality ami existence of the re|.utlie Accept the assurance cf my teepee', and consideration. God aad liberty 1 LA* 1?A<?UA. Mntico, Jan. 16, 1K56. I Tim Mimstkr or th* Interior to thk Govkbm bs or tiih . ... __ , Yoxjr Excellk.nct? At the very time when t in Rxcel lency tbe Pinvihioiial President t<v>k poa??e#ston of t!?e first aaaist racy ol '.be nation *h ee revolutiona'y meve ments broke out? that of naxica, that of P. !? ranrisc J tiuitian, and that of P Jon- I.opez Tragi. The jerque differences which, ?ouie time ago, had bten revi red in Guanajuato beirp terminated, the government was earnestly ecga<ei in -np^r-HMog 'hope movements, and had the KatistA.-.iou to tee that of Oaxvta put aa end to. which place, at 'be d*te of last news, his Eioe.lency Sr. I?. Beni'o Juan 7 ?a? to enter rext day. una Uk? po ?eet* ion of the command without the least cpjio 1 Hui as tlie two other moreraetts haTe nol yst eoine to a cl- te, and a.-*, fince tvat time, in the capital i.*el ev*nts have occurred which ma? parr>oM>)y ?e e*<gge rate a ?y He enemies ot order and liberty, th? gueernmect de?ms ft i? cut/ to inf. rm the n?'ion of the trui state or things, in order that, enlightetel ai to -l.e enls of I the preter' and the daggers of the tat nr?,_tne people maybe ri^len to aid the admini'tratjon, efflnaslouely in well as promptly, io rmneiyng :be former aod pre venting the !4tt#. , ,. Some tin e ?go the gi)T?riiioent begin to h*T? we.! eroended su^pic <ms of aconspira-.y beir.g plotting in the under the di ectioa of P. Aot<>nio Hdv<j y Iajii re*. In consequence it wi'ched it wi'h tbe u uo^t vigi lance anil obtained, by end by, lull oonfi-a>a ion o' i's first auspleioBR. Ana if his F.xcellenoy, th? l'r-m,iona. Prei-ider? cheiifhed the well fouode t expectation that toe old and inti-nate fiiendth'p wnich united -r. Haro Witb I hia and tbe greater part of his mia<* ry, wjuld I ferve af au tfii'^-ious means to rtifcin liioi. ? xi>?rnnce has prtvfed liiat, on the conUary, cene-ilug io this very triendsbip. he was follow'xg ap tie road olruiawhicn he had begun to en'ercn. T'erwns of bigb standirg informed tbe government, of the ri?it ^encr Haro le d I- nuie of the reactionary tec v?mcnts. Tae iubablt >i '?? of the capi -al hate baen pubiisly* aO',uaiuted with meetings ??:^e-ous as cou.pkuous, of mili-a.y cbUN nod other diaaffected p?r i ?CUP, which we! e held it- tbe h:uf) of t h? sani.- Sr. I and Wyb;dy ktesr well 'he ioiulting ss- unty with which the revolution was *p keaof, even in 'henorulors ! 0f the palace. By these, ana many o'ber Vc'^. ths go ve'urctnt wi.8 conTtnced that nit to see :lie iniaoiue?t ciaigei which ?hma"er.el establ.shed or'er, would have Utn the caae as if it p jrpobely saut it* ey??. B:it the government cefirlDgnot to resii' to wesaurea other than those ("lrtetid by j rudence addre?sed. at different times, wariiitgs to l?r. Haro throagh pereot.8 who ccnld have ex nci?>d so ire influence on his iniu'i, an! as tbii was c? no effect, bie K*eel'encT, the -fi<leut, made an appeal to the old relations of frc-odeblp which da ten from tbe tire; ye*rs of yju'.h. In a long eotttrence be represented to i'r. H\'i> hi- deciie to avoid towards him dlsigma-le measures, and prop >ed to bim different mesas to aieeugage h.ra telf from the obligations he may bwe contracted, and pref?nted iim the picture of the lutare ot the country, divided by t*c*iun? and surrounded by ail tbe horrors of civil war. But all tbis -ea? in wn. Sr. Haro, bv bis ob^tinacy in ten? ing evident f^cts, ebut tUe door to "all tmo- of c'jnoillation, and torced his enje.l incy the Pre?ident, af'er hmrg loyady fulfil ed his duties a? a f. iend to act in his quality ot supreme chief of tbe >tate. However, several <Jaye passed af'er that emfereese, be tore tbe gcvernment? tolerance wbicli till then baa been prudent, but a moment la'er wou'd h?ve been cou demnable, was no longer possible ? took the i >n to oomioit Sr. Haro to prison, aad to fena hina. in comf>auy with ?eneral? P. Franeieco 1'acheej acd D AjiK'in Jires, to Vera Cruz. Thia measure, adopted by virtti? o. :he discrtticral j^ower vssted in the government, has been the res u.t tl the ni'ticg lac*? which are partly knewn te the public. A proceeding of that kind, altaoug i painful, was necessary when re*c?i"n tbrea<erw to destroy not ou y t.Ke peraens of the executive "fli jsis, but the very cation it*e!f, whise csusetra'tin te, without any 'doub*., to be pre'e.-red to auy peri-ora1 considerttions. TSere'ore, ail three were cjifineJ in or?'er to oe sent to Veia '>zz their j>e-s- ni be'nsr trea'ert with all r^gatd cnipatlhle with thei- safety. Unhappily, thenar before jesteiday, tSr, Hato succeeded be' ween Cordova ind V-rs Cruz, to r-aU' his escape fne govern ment mil. alter haVng venti<^ tho fact, severely punish thoee who have fees, guii'y of permitting It, bat it being indUje-nsabie to eecuie the person of Sr. Hnro, his excil lency tbe 1 resideii erdera you to take all the nec-saary meaaurei! which your uatriotiam will advi-e y;?u, and to inform tfce inreri r autLoTities to ai<t you efficaciously un til the ebjee* of thia order has been 1. In thia end you will take care to giard eHe'.tually from escape <?n&r Haro and give me imnediatelv notice of it. The firit an.: chi*f duty of every government ii to pre aerve ie tran<iuilliiy of the aocie'y wi?h who^e destiny it is entrusted. And ae this tranquility, in presence cf the facts re'erred lo, *a< ue 'ongfr compatible with Se nor Haro rsfiding in Mexico, it cm indisper.sfcV.eto aerd him awt; ; for. other sise, the goee.-ncent would tiave been deficient in itf highest fluty, that of n.-event'ing cr.tne. Ir has fhe necessarv strergth aod moIV.lon to punieh tfcoee which have l>een committed, but being ?.'de to ore vent tbea. it would be fau'ty to an anpari*nib'e degree by not emfloyine, tor tbia purpiae. tfce ^ iscreii^uary power wh'eh the revolu'i .n bas put i-i i'? h?n^. It cannot he accussd of precipitation or levity atte* having waited 'or man.v days ana ejhau-ted ail item dictated in such ca^s hy prudence. It. by being over scruDuliuj, it bad allowed the reac'i on to strengh hen it*ei', ?ociety wculd have called i: to a severe a"c:unt. remi' :t that the public safe'y is the susretne law of ca-i vo'. It wtcld (ffsnd your enlighttnel undorstan iog if! should prcoenl in d'emonst ratine the true e'ci'acter of the moven.en' e which have taken plise in these list uavs. The poiittcal an'cceder.te of St-.nor H?ro are wel. *n* wn. ard i' is also well kno rn that ainc 'he famoor' decree cfNcv. 29. 1844. which bai l^een sigaeil by hitn, he t.howid a tirm c.eterminati n in f?vor o" absolutism fines 18-iS until ISS^ b? was hour.y coo?tirtng a<aiost the conp'ltiiMoral system, and in of ii. Antonio Lo;ezde anta Anr a, eodeavrring to diveet cf it! ori ginal c' the rivolaticn of Gnadal?j*ra. ailto turn it to the profit of lug own principles. A few days af'er the iic'atorehip bein^ e?tabh'.bed. he separated hiasel! trrro -anta Acnaan.i t-eem t.) conspire Against kim un*il in P? emt?r. 1S54. he was obliged to fly from this capital v.d to ?*mhle aboat in dlffoient States of the mteiior Hlj cotit'uc' in the '.aat rer^lutioo, which has been triu*npbant. ie still fresh in the memory of all: the republic saw h'a plan of .San l.uia I'etc?. in rlrtue of which be intended to r?i?e hlm?elf ab-.-ve the chiefs o' liberty bu? ca ising gr?at d ffic iHie-". which a'th )Ugh iiveecon e by his Kxce'leocv the I'r^-idsn^ in I^gos. bar# caused tcu'o diaguiit acd not a little contritiu'.et tD ( a barrasf the rr.archcf the administration Tbe reactionary party, relying iipon tbe ?*ui? elnmfnt? which served as *.he hasis of the dictatorship. rec>n meac*)- the struggle with the peopl?, a struggle which needs must be t ut anetd to. The nation canno- bsthepa triaony of anypody. Ko m\n, however gre?- he may r^? no class, however important it ssay appear ? tau arrt^a'e to them?tlve? a nght of disposing at their will, of the fate of a country which, impoverished by the mi"maiag.-"nent during ee many years, laid waste by -I ?11 war and cor rupted bv passions, is mater ally unable to re?ist a new revoluti/n. Ibe rsaotlonary party will have the ml?era ble satisfaction to *riumpv. < ver one part of the republic, seeing tbe other irremediably ruiued. If a nsw overthrow binders Mexico from constituting her sell t<,dav in a legal *nd oonv?nient mtDter. anarch j wil) be tbe iyixt fnut of this crime, division or the tani'Ty tte mmsdiate con sequence, anc tfce less of nationality it* mort probable reeult. , Tbe goverrm'nt. therefore. C* lis on all Mf-XiCtns to gather around it. fir il is convinced that this is the last anc! Ftipreme effort af tbe natioe. These reecti nary movements do not r*i?e he national standard. Offspring of despite and ingra'ltuds, tbey ere tbe e*pr?ssf in or par ticular interests oppose*} to tboee of the general welfare, and. new under ote pretext, now onder another, they pi. rsu* no ether ob.l?e,t 'hen per*)>*ei aggranc !I?^?len, and tbe suppression of all liberal prtnciples. of all idea of progress, ot all elements of amelioration, and of all popa lar thought Ills Fxcellency the President, who has inliari ed ths fruite of so many years cf discord, appeals to day to the nation in older that, arming herself for the defence of her legitimate right", she may resist tbia 'ait attack of d<-t.(iotirm. which by politically Invoke* the liberal prin ciples it shamelessly trampled "upon when exercising tbe dictatorship, with no other reason than to weaken the ac'ionof the goverBM?nt and to conspire under the snel ter of legality. His hxcellency desires that the party names eitb which political past for ? hare marked the citiwns, being effaced, partiei may disappear, and in their place the whole nation ri?e. generous io pardoning errors, but just against crime. His Kxcellency, the 1'rorisional President, aineerely de sire*. acd will by all means, procure the unina of all Mexicans; nobody shall lie molested for his former er pre sent opinions, tor this purpose, his Kxcellency order* th.*t. without any lose of ttrne, yon take the proper aea nr, < for organising the National Guard, endeavoring to torm 1 1 of honorable eitiaen* ?rf known patriotiam an to put it o?. tor the orders V chieft who dseervs lulleonfl dence yoo f xerci-te the most efficacious watrh'nl ne?? in order to prevent or to repceas whatever disorders may occur givwg at the name time, immediate netioe of tb?m t? the giveixeienti for I repeat it once **atn. it is Indispensable that the na'ion m.w eonstit'i re herself, if we do not wish even the hope of a future of Jlkefty, order er it jiMtlce to lie forever lost. God and liberty ' ktijtjco, Jan. 8, 11W. LAFR/LOL'A. < THE PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN. * The Knew Nothing CtiidkUtm. VIKW8 or THK OLD LIS* WHIO, ENOW NOTHING AND NIOOKR WOKSH IPPIN 0 PKBH8. [From the Washington Intel. igenc?r, old line whig.] Our paper > esierduy Informed oar readers of the nomi nation made at 1'hiladelpbia of c*adid*tee for President and Vice President of the Vnlted States by the Convention of the "American parly," aamely, Millard Fillmore fur Pt? dent and Andrew Jackaon Donelson for Vtoe Presi dent. A* we are not member* of that party, we should conceive tnat we had no right to find tnult with i'a ?election were it in any reelect objectionable; no, per hup*, it in not particularly incumbent on ue to prai<? its eMice, free at it not only ia trom exception, bat fit, end proper, and worthy an everybody know* the dixtinguikh'd citizen to be whom the party has eboi-en a* their Candida'* for the Presidency. What course the whig* may purine under the preaent poUuoal circuinatance? of the country, what candidate tbey may ??leet, or what person they m*y support tor th* ciief ssgistracy, it U not for ue to decide or for any one now to say. It will doubtless be deemed proper by them to take counsel together aa to the path wLioh their duly to the country and to tbeir principles thall prescribe, and that path we, as unwnvejinir adherents of the party. ? bell be pr opart d to tread without hesitation and without falteiiiig. Whether ihey shall resolve upon an indepen dent couree or not, and whether it lead to succem or 4 failure, belong to the future; bat we should be unfaith ful to our kntwn teatimrnts and unikirm avowals if we were to tuppiees now the expression tf our opioion of the men's of Mr. Fillmote, and th? cntHenee wi'.h wtiicV cd trial, he inspired the country in bis queiifiee tions for a wUe and sate and conservative President. | From the Buffalo Advertiser, whig Know Nothing, Fill more's home organ. J It is with feelings cf gieat pride and sa'infacMon th?t we plaee at the head of our columns the tkket nominated by the American National Convention. H*d any other of the gentlemt n whose iiuiet were p esented ta the Con vention, es cabbtfa'.ts lor tie first office, re:e'vtd the no mination, we should cheerfully have acquiesotd and btve submitted our own judgment to the sense of Iho party. We iej<gnh>e all these gentlemen an patriotic end influential Americana, whese high ability and emi nent standiig jus'i&ed their friends in urging their claim*. We do not regard the nomination or Mr. Wll moie as a triumph over hia competitors la the C nren tion, for It was not; bat only as an evidenoe that among half a dvaen men eminently tit for the office, one was found w bote greater expenence in pubic 11 > ha* giren him a stronger hf id on the confidence of the party. ^ [Krcm the Butialo Kxpresa, whig, antl Know Nothing r igger worshipper.] Tbe national Know Nothing* have nominated Millard FilJinire fi. r Prisicent acd Andrew Jacks a Ooneison for Vice President. If (he members of thi: party a-fl sa ta iled with ' bin result, its opponents certainly no rsuicofc inp'airt. W? think Mr. Filimore biaa. slf has more o'< it ion f'./r <ii.'>a:isfsc:ion now ihau anybody e se. We a e satihiitd. had he beeu s t home, tha bin exceeding caution and giori judgment wu Id have kept him from a <-ai.vass wbiih * iil be attended with trouble, excitement std expense, sithout the remotest possibility of succe.s. His fcoid fen.-? mum lUfr^ft to his mind at on-.a the ut ter tutili'y cl aa effort 00 the part of" his party to elect. He must iely upon ela very for nis strength Re stands before iht worid ?.s a frieud 1 f (hat institution. Be took that petition and s'i- aintd i*. throughout bis admiGM trttion. II- has nituef^ed the repeal of 'he Missouri con.prore.i-e, stdths outrages consequent upon that measure ii. Kansas, withuut a word of repr< of for the tiorxcilier: pe-pe'.rst?d. In vie* of these inecedente, he vj?s nominated by the sUve power, svd now stands as its standard bearer in the Know Nothing itoik". fn the stave region of the cocitrj t&e huo.s are ta be divided, il Mr. F. shouli held aiy. bet/reet kim and the administration. The u'h, LmfeVtr, have dircnvere?l ano'her and a mote re rent fiieiitl ik Pierce, and wi 1 be likely to clitg to their l#ftlo%e. lu -he North, where friedom dwells, Mr. F. csnn'.t expect or hore to carry a folitary State. The power cf 'he aduilnutration aloce can ivercome tho ris irg fit cd cf republicanism in the tree S:?e<. and we cos hcen;!j ^e'.itrve that not one of those will bow Us t?cck to the fiave power. The eo called American p?rty has vindicated its re epeotabillty as we'l a? its devotion to the slave power in the m t> itiatK n of Mr Filloore, bat in d ing this it has rendered It* wtalinfs intsiee. It cannot carry a North ern State, It divide the South vith the adniiohtra ticn, bi't we dcub* it. We think the republican party willcsiry quite i? many slave holding States as the Know Nettings. We are gratiGcd at tbe nomination of Mr. Filhntre. It will a flora his fliends an opportunity ot tegUrg h k strergth, s.nd thsee he betrayed when he solj his admlnisti ation to ibe South, an opportunity rf settling some e* ist i: g f c 1 ea. [hYcm lb* Eochestor Aa-ericaa, hard shell Know No thing.] Tfce te,< graph en Mcnday night brought us tbe gra'ify i r.g Intel ijbet.ce '.hat the Acneiitan National Convention at Iiulaoslphia had c .rclude i its labors by nominating Millard Filroire for Preslient, ana Auarew Jackson I'one'scn for Vicc President. 1'bin action of the C^nven ticn will be received tbroc ghout the entire country ?itta tfce biguft satisfaction In the integrity, anility and patiioa?-m il MU'a:d Fillmore. the couutry h*s tbe linn Mt and mrst ein^avning confidence. During the period -when he seived tl?e nation in vs high office, he displayed tli the qualities ot tht Brent statesman anil the upnght r.itlzt-B . Kiim eid iinyie'.ding in the p?uformanceof every rfutj pertaining to his ufiiue, be was cuncilia'ory and for btaiirp lonaids 'hire w'co opposed his administration, and me.'igmdbls e> aracter ant his motives. Tte sound ness (1 nis judgment ? ?he keenness* of his political foiesigV' ? iht unbending fideU y with which he per 'oiiritd 1 1<- cot Mi utional obligations to the whole coun try. ha\e exalted bis name ate his lat&e to tbe higbe't piace in the ati-ctlons if the conserTa'ive. law reverenc itgand is w abiding people of the United States. Mr Fillmore's character at this day inspires a frea'e- de gi?e ol confidence tban that if any other man in the mti n Th?t pro.uc' est of appellations, "anhoDMt man," if acojided tc him by nniveieal con-en t. He is now be fore tho per ple as tbe American candidate for President It would Lave been impossible fjr the Coaveution to have side a more judicious i election. He possesses all tbe e tir'nts c* sttergtb. and we ba-e the strongest possible cfisSdr' ? iTiat he will be triumphantly elected. H.- nan been ?b??ot i uic. tie country lor many months, and hat in ro w;y, dixcllv rr innireuly. aided in phcing hiaise f m ci mira'itn. It is tie result of the well advised at d en'igh' ac'ien ol the American party. It i? their first to th*r country. [trcm tfce Boston Bee, (We'osfer whig Know Nothing) nigger worshipper,) four days attar the nomination* ?er? made, j We place at the fctad of our volumes, thia morning, the names rf the nominees of the American National tenvemion? KilliKo?e and Honelson. This we should Late dene jetterday, had it not been for the complicated ane uncertain manner in which the reports of tbe atlogs of the C-Lventkii leached us by telegiaph and other wise, Frtxn rt present* 'in* now made to us we are con fident that the most outrageous misstatements bave been mide by the opponents if the American party present a* tbe Convention? statement* made in the va*n hope to break ditrat party waose power they si much die?d. [Trim ?fce Boston At)a?. whig nigger worshipper.] The nomination < f Mr. Fl Imrr* fcas Ufcen the Aoeri tan pa' t j i?, this S'ate estirely by surprise, and some time must ?lsr?e before it trill be able to decide upon the proper . r politic ecin>e to be pursue-?. A nomination nrade tinder sttcb clretiir stances can btrdly be consid sijerei rinding :;co any p*rty : atd although it m?y i Live life to h z re is'uislrn fur a fe? days, yet we lee! perffc ly pontiden* that Vr. Fillmore will batdly be a promiten: cardi' s*e in the next ctnvass. The whole intrigue tins already esplo.'efl. The cnttst in tbe next Prtfnential e'ectlon will b# between 'he cemocratH an-1 repubWians. Th.' tone of discuFtion at the meeting oi tte ?ece<'tTe m Philadelphia shows plainly enough tbe lirectitii i f 'he public tcought; and it is earnestly to be deeired that io '.he coming cntest men holding toe sama ciicions ir.ay net be div rted by party namen, but maj prefect a tes lute, undivided Iron* to the common eaeiiy. [From the Ne? Haver. Coutie-, whig, Know Nothing, nigjei wcrthli'per.J We take it for gi an'ed that no imr.ortant section of the Atr.eticar partj in the free rState* will support the nomi nu'.wc t f Fi lirrre and lfoxelson, male by the Philadei phia Coriven'ioc. It i* an ut'.er imp'isfisility that they can fa. rty a siogle fiee -<tate, unless it may be California, but It is la ey possible that by upon as or gariza'.i! n in ^'a'en like I enn^yiratia, lllin<>H and ln ?:iara, they it ay ihrrw those Staffs into tbe bands of the supporters ot the pre-ent administration, and en.ail u->in us1, fi r an-itber lour years or ua:fl the Union is dis si.lved, tb< ?e evii prftc'iceB whlcs have already almost biokec -be vO'?d^ ol brolheroood between the ^ts'es. [Fr. es the Ne y Lr ndon Chrrni^ie, old line whl^r ] Tbe .\atn nal American Convention at Philadelphia on SIcntiay lart nomina'ed Millard Fillm ire as the A*n?rican lanrwi* e for t?-e Presidency, and Andrew J. bone's; n Tor the Vice l*re?i5eucy. We regret tj say. hoaever, th*t this re?tl: was not reached harmoniously no? till after tlie deHj.-*te- from '.bis Ptate and several others bad se ce?erf frtm the Convention. The seceders orgaalied a meeting find appointed a committee to report a plan of action, but *b?t was done afterwards we knaw not. Of the nominMions we can only say th?t they are 5jth per fectly satisfactory so far as our own feeling* an1 opinions are c.iceTnei!. Ir^eefl, Mr. l illmore has been our firs I ehoice from the first, and we have m objections to nrge against tbe n"tnir a'ien of Mr. Dnnalsnn. We Rs lieve him to be a sound and safe pubiic man. as we persona'iy know him to be a most amiable and sgteeable gentleman in privite hre. Of the objec lions in the proceedings of bis ft lends, we do not profess to be well enough acqoain'ed to make up a definitive opinion we ran only ia?i-ntthat they existed to such an extent as to drive the delegation of Connecti cut from the Convention. Whan we see the ultimate at tion of the seeeding delegates, we can jud^e h-tter than we can r.o?. At present we deeply regre; tbe step they deemed it lhtirduty to take- a' le?st regret the neces?ity o' it. Noibijg, bowerer. is iikely ti shake our enfi cence in the ('residential cancida'e nomi na 'a I by the Convention. [From the Newark Advertiser, whig and milk and molasses Know Nothing nigger worshipper.] The American party has succeeded in nominating a most respec'able and strong eandliate tor Pre.ideat, and in so diinghss baulked the an- i sin ttioas of very many speculators on events. Whether he is a member of the A me iican party in technical phrase, or not, is of no eoBsequenee U> the public in general The man will be considered unexceptionable. He has tbe ad vantage also over most who will be bis competitors, in laving passed the ordeal of one term in tbe high offlee proposed for him. aod endured the trial with honor, bave indeed somewhat changed since th? days of Fillmore and Webster at Washington; otter principles no. noit other prin-iple1, but a new application of old oues is ealled for in that high functionary Is Mr. Fill rtire equal to the new occasion; hate bis sentiments in en devel?#ad within the last five years so as to m?et tke exigency Mto which the nation nas been plunged by tie obliteration of the Missouri slave honndsry? Persnn al'y, m w# have said, he is entitled t ? the Mg iest public e nfidence in all he undertakes to perform, and we trust be is deeply In. pressed wi:h tbe ae<eesity of putting a stop to the further propagation of slavery in our territo rles ( ertain.y be wo* f not suffer it to be i.'op? by Tio

le-.ce. as now attempted in Kansas. The settlement of ?fTafr? in Kansas will bave been maile. probably, under tl.e e^li auspices of Franklin Pierce before the adverft of acy a?w adm-'aistration, L?t whether so or not, we wa^t om which will emphatically tw?rt the principles nf the compromise, now trodden under foot by men we em neither trnai nor respect. [From 1be Jersey City Courier, Know Nothlog.] Wt.b the i ?*i> It of the Philadelphia Convention, we court acknowledge diiappointnieut. While we hope for other thing*, we can hat believe that the nomioati n of Millard Fillmore, instead of George Lew, ia the peeeursor ol defeat to the American party in this campaign, ana if defeated, it will be, we fear, a finishing duaater to a pany which, with a propitioua advent, m'ght have achieved glorioua results for the country. The sacrifice cf Ge?rg? Law for Fit more, la the sacrifice of the Empire State, in which Mr. Fillmore, owing to his political pre cedent* and hia factional associations, in no*, a popular man. It la impossible for bun to carry the State. The opportunity which ban by thia early nomination been given to the oppotiig partiea to take advantage of the American party ia anoiher reason fjr misgiv ings aa to ita triumph in the election. There can be nt dcubt that the Stat* of Nee York will give the doctoral vote to either the democratic or rigger worahlpper partiea, and the Kmpire ^tate ia an imioitant power in deciding the question in the electoral college. Oae powerfal consideration in the choice of filimoie wta > aid to be the probability that there would be no choice of President by the people, and if the elea ti- n In thrown into the Bouae, Fillmore could be elected. Thia ia an error. The nigger worshippers will undoubt edly carry several of the Northern btates, and their animosity to Fillmore ia auch that tbey would ten times sooner caat their vote for Bnchanan, or almoat any other demccratic candidate than for Fillmore. Towards George law tbey do not feel an animosity, and hia chance with bctb nigger worshippers and democrats would have been better than Fillmore, who ia obnoxious to the democrats betause they regard him as tainted with whlggery, which George Law ia net; and to the nigger worshippers, who are deadly r ppaaed 10 him irom the factional war fai e which baa been racing for the past seven years. We shall tee in November now near right we are in our coa dm lens. > [ficm the Philadelphia Pun, Knew No blng.] -?* A fiiend writes to inquire why we do nut endorse the notnir-atiots of the American Conventicny He eiuU not have been a careful, though we know be has been a con stant leader of thete columns since tbey were under our con ti el. We advocate principles, not men, and while we yield to no one in our edimra'ion of Millard Fillmore, ax a ee-nservative statesman, we most survey the whole ground; take ihe tauge of the entire Presidential battle field, and see all the candidates named, before* we can say who will best meet the exigencies of the country, restore liartnony, quiet agitatlrn, and enforce the constitution and the laws. We do not moasure men, except by the standard of Ameri can principles, and by thia standard we krow that Miilard FUtoOtt Standi h'gh in the estimation of his countrymen, and deserves the commendations which, sinoe his rctiracy tmn Presidential chair, have been showeied upon nlm, irrespective of party bias. But we are no organ of any party; we claim parted independence of action; we thaw go on in our advocacy ot American measures, and the rapport ot our Protestant institution?: but when the day ot election approaches, we shall feel it our outy, as American citizens, 10 express our opinions boie'y ??.d titely, ard to enforce the claim* of the mod' wortny candidates to the best ot our abili'ie*. lilt then, we ask our readers to pursue with us. a searching inqui ry into the antecedents of all wto may be nonlnated tor the high Presidential cilice, and follow us in the ditcus sic n arc eliniration ot these great, cardinal principles whirb underlie our government- rpon the niatntenaoce ol wbl.h cipecd cur Individual happiness, and national honor and prosperity. [From the Pennsylvania Irquirer, old line whig ] Mr. Ftllmoie, is ote ot the most eminent sta e-inon ol the ccuntry, and he is retptc'.ei and cherished every where tbrovgbont ths republic, for his undoab'.ei con teivative sua truly na'knal principles. [Frc jp the Paltiao:e American, old line whig ] Ihe nr rotation? will be entbusias'ically roup inded to by the intelligent ccnseiva'ive people of the country. In Ibis city the telft'.ion of Mr. F'l Imore has been bailed ? iih general gia'.ulation. and throughout the State the feelirg wi'l be the came. From every part of the coun try a sin liar lerpcnre may be looked tor. [Fiotn the Kicbmcnd American, djed in the wool Botts Know Nothing.] Never, for me mt mint, has our taith in the fhlc.ity of the Anieilcan larty to the constitution and tlie Union waverec. At bo tince duiiog the prevalence of ??gue re ports in relation to the excitement and confusion in our nominating Convention cculd we allow ourtelves to doubt, that when a nomination should be made, the candidate presmted tbou d be such uh true and patiiotmea In ?very tection ot our beloved republic would be proud 10 euppcit. Our ci-t-GUence hts teen fully vincisated b> the news received to-day ? f the nomination of the gea tiemtn vhot-e we place at cur mast lead. On the public character ol' Millaid F'iPnure, and his ciaiira to the continence and hearty support cf all who appreciate the blersirgs cf a vigorous, pore an i conser vative ad mil iui at ion of the federal government, it would indeed be a work of supererogation to expatiate. The history of the peril d curing which he was our President presents a Biiittcg contrast to the venality and corrup tion wh'cfc characterized the demociatic administration, film which the country w?s relieved by the election of 18<8, and which resnn eu their sway when the present, executive aeturred the reins of government. So ably and to patriotically, indeed, cid Mr. Klllmore discharge the duties at pertaining to the Residency, that whllata sense ol ihe injustice wfiich tbey deemed bad been done him. rather han any w?nt of confidence in the patriot hero "bo leceived the nouin&tim, kept back inary a whig from a reaious support of -.he Scott ticket in 1802, demo crate journals and orators at the South were loud tn heir reprisc'-es against what they called ihe abandon Hint ol a man who had in the hour ol need prsved true o ihe c< m-tr utton and the Union. [Kieni in Richmond Whig, twelfth section Know Nothing-} Contrary to oar expectation- for ecme daje past, tbe I hiladelpLia Atteiicsn Convention hai terminated hf protracted and stormy inborn in a manner gi at tying to utry liien ft tbe c nstitu'.ion and tbe Union, and nun l ?ut) i'-icus for the barmcry aud beet interests of ths country. We bail the r omination ot Millard Fillmore for the Presidency ei'tbe republic with feelings of tbe higVst tatisfaetim and pleasure. He was our first. choice fvir j?a rs ?gf ? be Id been all aljng our flr-t choi -e for the comlig cintest? aid we now proudly nail bis flic to the rosst, ? nd mean to battle tor bia .-iics?s? with all the f wer atd etergy, with all tbe zeal and enihu.-ifctra, ?jbicb it is possib'e tor us to ceun>and. [Frcm tbe Kile (Pa ) (iazttte, Whig Kuow Nothing nigger worshipper.] It will be see* that'nd lillrrore wan non.inated tor 1 tbe office of President of the United States by the Ameri c*n Katicnal Convention, in Philadelphia, on Tueadar. We deem the action of tbe convention premature. A uaion of the elements opposed to the present adminis tration is indispensably necessary to a well grcmded bcpe ? f success. No su;h union having been effected on Fillmore, bis election, as the case Maude, in out of the question. It teems absurd to suppose that he will remain in tbe be'd under such circumstances. We at least hope be will not ? that be and those wbo act with him will co operate with other branches of the opposition, and tbui form do', only a powerful but absolutely tiiumphan* ratty. T1 if, we opine, csn best be dene in th* cam* o? m mr man not actively connected witn either 01 tbe exist ir g < .'gsnizaurns? a nan like Ju<*ge M'Lean, of conceded ? oitb and qualifications, <'OD?>ei vatlve tone*! character, ard y?t bold and derided opinions. [f/t a the Albary State Register, whig, silver gray, Know Nothing. ba'.f digger worshipper, and now in a transi tion state.] When tbe American party, so far as this State at least, is coccemed, sprang into existence, it was ss id by I's ovpoctnts that it was but the national or silver gray fiction of the whig party seeking a resurrection un:er a tew name and under a new guise, to go forth recruited aio streegtbered by levies drawn from tbe Aoaericiu aid 1'ioiestant sentiment of the country. It was said by its opponents that its claim to nationality rested upon i's pioclivlt'.es towards tbe support and extension ot tbe peculiar infti'utions of tbe South. Tha'. the rsme pro sl?veiy sentiments te'.d by the Hlvor gray portion of tbe wbig ptrty i>ervaded tbe American organization, ?nd that, if successful, the end would be the elevation of the ?sue old leaf ere, surrounded by the same cliques, and ihst its movemen's would be guldfd ?y the name bands which gave direction to the cout?e of tliat party. We, in common wi b hundreds cf other?, occupying responsible poMUr ris in the American party, denied thi?. The great bofiy of the jarty protested against and lepu lia'ed it. They sale that tbe Aneiican pat ty was a new and oiiginal organization, based upon its owe dist'nctiTO priictr.'cs, < riginaliog and carrying oat its own fe--uirar pohey ; springing from and embracing in i's brond cope the ma-- nes of the people of au panies it !iflil*tp<i with no faction, would coalesce with ncne, be. g> lied or controlled by none; thbtfit would court tbe syxnpnth'w and invite the sup porter all, but that it defitd all , that it would m< ve forward to the accompli, huest of its mission, ig coing the peculiar viens of pokey, as well as the leaier* of trie factions of the dead p?. t Stich was the position of tbe American party of the Statu of New York, when it stepped iito the political arena a* a separate and distinct EoJitical entity. It wan national In all Its attributes. It new no North, no South, no last, no West. It was not democratic, in the mcdern signiflca'ion of the term? it was not whig? it was not republican. It staod upon its own basis, refusixg to be harnessed into the service of an} of Inese political factions. Appealing as it did to the Aneiican ana Protestant instincts of the poople, it grew and strengthened with a rapidity unknown in the his lor; of political organizations. But that wbicfa was a Ut>el upon the American move Kent, has come to be prophecy. The first 1'reFldentlal eonvt ntion has been held; and what is the res ul-.f VCe see placed in nomination, and that almost exclusively bv Southern vot?s,( how It was done we shall show here after ) tbe head and front, tbe great leader ot the silver gray factian. We see clustering around him and rejoie. ing in bis elevation, the same old cliques, clamorous fur his success snd eager to gather the spoils of his tri utt-ps. Tnis would be bearable were the nominee Hentified witb the American movement, pledged to its principles, or who bad shared In its struggles, or contributed to its success. Bat ol all this we have not a single eviiieoce. he bm never been in an American Council In his life? no iran pretends that be kas. Be has never spoken a ward, written a line, or published a sentiment of whicn we have ever heard, showing t'iat be is with the American party, or will if elected sustaiu its principles or carry out its p illcy He bae never voted an American ticket, or said one w >rd in favor of Its candidates. We know it has been said faid for the sake of the argument we concede the fact I that be was initiated in.o the American Order, in his parlor, in January, 1855. We know, too, that he left the country in Jnne. some' Ave months afterwards. Surely heiewas Ume enough la which to say something or do something to testily bis sympathy with tbe American movemen t, or his appreciation of the principles of the party whose highest honors he sought to appropriate. But we ask our American brethren who have borne the beat and bnrthin of the day. If, as Americans aa mem bers of theAmeriean party simply, they are ready to confide the great fulure of their orgtDir.a'lon to these parlor memliers of the Order ? rhe man who Is too proud or too timid, we care not which, to go through the same ordeal, taking upon himself tbe same public pledges of fealty fo our organiiation which we all took, is too proud or too timid to carry our standard. By this nominati n .we have not only heea harnessed as a *arty into the serri e of a faction, but we have been commi'ttd to the propagandism of slavery. We have ge t to figtt the btttlex of slavery? lor embodied in the candidate, is whatever of the pro slavery sentiment there ,e of the North. Ut i* committed to It ?y his anteae dtnts, by the g-eat lending features of his adminutre lion. We hate got to fight for the Fugitive Slave lair. We have got to itutain the abrogation of the MWsoarl I ob ftosui, u? the KiutfM and Nebraska bill. We are compelled to stand in defence ot squatter sovereignty, *VJ u Pv?d In l0Bf ?"????'? of wrong aud outrage which beve followed Ue breaking UowlT the birrie's sgalnst tke extension of humaa olavery. We hire .rot to statd, trcm the oegniuiog to tbe end ef the campaign, n*de by >lde with slavery propaganda ; for v, ^ E?.Pv* ,h*t il WM Ui*t power, and that aione, which placed the of tbe American Convention in Lis tment poeitl n. It .4. becau*, it saw in the nan bimcelt, and !n hit antecedent b, a platr.rm whi"h * nsweieo its purpose, that it gave him Its support TLb first step to be taken is to betray the flf.y thousand fiee w 11 wbi?. and free soil democrats who enlisted uuder cur banner. We lave got to fahl'y our pledgee to them teat the A met lean movement was not a lilver gray or a pre- slavery movement. We hare got to falsify our pledges to them that we would ignore the slavery is ?nd K'aid u p<' 11 our Amtri:an principlee, leaving the ultraUts. North and South, to aettle that question a?onjr tbemielvea. We hare go*, to do all this, because in the man Liaself, at the North aa well as a', tlie South we piestnt tbe slavery issue. Uaving thua betrayed 'onr, and fa'sified onr pledgee, we have got to s win r from cur Arerican moorings iato tbe service of the slsteiy propaganda, aad fight its battles? lor our oandt catr, by his antecedents, compel- us to do *0. In this positicn cf matters, the question irises? What 1* to be done 1 1 Others ma y do as they please. We will keeo our faith. We will not falsity our past sledges. We will not betray a great ranse, nor th? lriends who have confided in us. As an ?dltor, we will not take back our assertion that tbe Ameriottv movement In the dtate of New York * as not a ri.ver gray movement. We will not take btsk * bat we sa.d Is idttreuiiif, daring the iut ciopii;a, mote than forty public assemblies ot Ameiicao men, ihit tbe An. ei lean party w?s not a pro slavery party. We have no s'oicach for tbe battles of the silver grav f.ctlon ? we have htc enough of expeiieoce la that way. We Lave do stamach f.r tbe battles of slavtri ? aid we will ict fight them. Let no nan suppose that we intend to abandon the gtcat Amerietn doctrine*, tbe uiiaciples of the organiza tion, or the party which upholds then. Ne* Jersey and New York stand alone, of all the Northern States, tn upholding the 1'hiiadelphia noninvnn. AH the other states North of Mason and Dixon's Hue sie tiue to American principlee, true to trie ijreat American parly, while they are not false to the ytivenal sentiment of the fr?e States on 'hi sub ject cf slaveiy. We weie content and anxious to ignore the subject of slavery; we did what we could to banish (rem < iicu?bion the whole question and leave it wlmre it telougf ? to CoBgress and the' federal Courts; but, driven tn m ih's position ct neutrali'y, an! torced to choose be tween the betiayal of tte American party into the ser vice of slaveiy, or th? abandonment of a nomination in which the free States nad no voice, ws cho <se the Iat>r. We go with the entire American paity of the North save New York and New Jersey alone; atd, if w? must taks tides on the gieat issue of Ltuman slavery, we Uks tha side of New intrland, of Pennsylvania, Ohio and the t>u tue West. C< mpc l. d a- last, as they were, tocho ne be Iween uniting AuieticnBism with slavery or Ireadctn we chouse the Uiter; and, in full view of the eousequencos, we, being forced to 6tr ike. will strike with th;seofour Americsn brethren v.ho have aided to tbei.- American pHt form fieedi m to 411 tenitory ncr^h ct the viis.juri compitmlse line. [Fiim the Philadelphia Ameri?ao, leading organ of the old line whig party of Penncylvatjia.] It Law b^en from no 1n eohibiliiv to its interest that we | bave ceferied any notice of the Presidential n?o,iaaiiou maf'o lafctiiotday in tbin city. As we are, to ivme extent, repiesentati^e of public opinion, we have pau-ed until we could at leact have a glimpse or waat iu this lesject that optilon is. Although there is ee'talnly a kind .e?: tetertained towards M r . 1* illniore personally, his no mination, under the circumstatoes attending it, talis coldly sriti un-mpreselvely on the public a.iud. The con servaiive men ot this community at least with whom we lave fo lorg acted, stand off in distrust 01 the new associations that eacompafs Mr. f illmore, and which, if they c'o not veil bim entirely, mete him an undefined and iryBteii'.ua bung, flow w?s the convention by which be is presented as a car dictate oiganized? Ho ,v wen' its members chosen? AVhat is the constituent b Kly ? L tder what obligation, seciet or avewed, do either the ci nstilupnts or the representatives act? Was this body tie c.talun of secret lodges ? Is it under the obligation of <atbs y A'e these who belong to it bound together by ties aid duties on whiith the lav aud the eonsti tu ion frown ; Is Mr. Fil'mor?? tb? Millard Kjtl more of 1848, tn ex-President of the Tnited States? 7s tt, <sn be, a neiobtr of a secret sojietv. sworn t ?> a jelig'cuB .eit, and lo excluiivenoas of the stiiotest kind# To *11 these questions and for all there doubt* there Is but oneanswer, and in that answer there i? col J com ic rt. This is not a whig ncniloafloa? it is not a c< nreivative nominatlor? it ig not an Ameriain nom lcaticn, m the high and true sees? of that much E,*lne- It f? a Know Nothing nemtnation, J vi I 1 . and, at the very moment at which it is ma(?e, it Is prcilaimed, by authori'y, and ?s )f in indication from aspersion, that Atr. Ftumore aas atu u 1 a member of a Know Notrl-g hdge, in good standing, having taken all three caths. and but for that he w< u d not and ceuld not have been nnaiinated 'if ' p^i et)Witb hita PZaced a centleman who was Mr. tilimoie's most virulent as?ai!ant in 1850, and wtci, if our memory does not mislead uh, In 184+ wis TkVi - V0Ut,r8Vin eentn,c,'ati"n otkwrj Oay anl Thecdere FreLcghuysen, Mr. treiinghuyran biing supposed 10 be tbe eeeeiial representative of those fotms of religious belief about whi;h thsre w- ?U,C?y p"w' "0ur ''ppoBeuts, " w.-ote ^ ">*'? Clay, in 1844, -by pointing to the native Amei leans and to Mr. Freliugh-iyscn. drovj {,ctm u*. ?ost ns th? day." A leader of those oppeneote who th up cried down ?? the native Ame- Scans aid fcr. f ie irghuj pern" is now Mr. Fillmore's compa I" ?tTaD*e ??>???? Well may considerate men pr'dneti' * "" processes, such results are 'lie public, thus puxzled aa to the origin and result* of w 71?mV.'."!? have looked to its re- ,rd. ?-.d L" 't '? to reconcile thera to its Hc'.ion. r^at i ceres ct disorder and confusion will arise in all large political overy one knows, and no one wonders at. But ,t U only when, underneath the t.-othy snrfaca, there are at vork pecret elfxnfnlfi, and thoM elements ot the feHousC'"1^r<1, 1hat :yra disturbanM beooine ^,h;' cf.n re?d the proceedings of this conven dott without f.elitg that its vital and only cohesive prin fiVfi ? ,m f*l'gtous intelorance; and froai leliglous preset lpHcn and sectiiltn jargon the traeAme h^rti. k*?rt u*l' ha*. an<3 ?lw?y "111 revol .. One ^ J (T,*1,1 "ntiment predominates od looking at this jialcful and grotesque record. Now it ie tiom a convention thmi deporting itrelf ru,"a?^:1',nn ISrtt'en cf ?*ture so-Ul p mitlon', ciergymtn and lawyers and oondescripts? hug each other a 52 ; ( husiasm, and make speethes about "Sam" and _aint Hildebratd," and '?sp/tvioed airies," that inis ocmlna.Kn conies; and coming thus, it has no rltr'at tie suppoit of whigs and fairminled men of fny P J. . *e may be permitte-i to hesitate. As surily is the jaJnful Gistrust which on this subject fills the public mied justided. But the wbigs or I'enn?ylvanla and Philadelphia have Mcul'ar motives for resolute reserve just now. Nowhere "blcv noTrunated Mr. Fliimore lett more ir i i. T" '-H11 ?>??abouts. Ncitaer locally nor f .! f*t,rn bts u hf'n tuch ? we mean adm nistra-iva I y? as to coir trend confidence. I^cs than two years airo !. fJ1'B,r15!nt5 8'g?n?'c existence, and commanded aon.e thir g V In': red to admlraUon or fear. With a ?troop tuiud to t ? S ?? u bTW.tiat * t,tout and kooost heart seejied to Leive it, it teok poiseusion, in one place or another of power and tatrensge. Pennsylvania and Ma-narbu fne ew Tpr.k *n J,eHe<5' "nt the instant it COQ quered po wer, it showed itself unfit or nnabie to adminta '? it. Ibis was manifest to every eye, and tV>re EC*"! ? ourselves umong the turaber ? who luked at this result with disappointment. Tbe two "f" ". y? ?'^?'nts ot se<tre -y and se.-Uiian pro icnption, alien to the heart and intelli?en;o of the Amntean people, enly worked out their genuine fruits wtsn tLe seeiet and sectarian party got Into pla-e. A BtDt n*nt of ^ '"trust per V4ded every one s mind and the ens was wbat we have said. Now, is it to be wondered at that with thess facts R'ill recent? for two yeais is tbe I.rolt? cos seivatlve men shjald rwrard with nnt"h?iCn a no??t,tl,on 8boat *hic& they havf not only psPed"0' ' ftem Whlch they h ?ve b^en re To sucb cocseivatiTo men who have not yet spoken, we say.i in all earnesteess, reserve your jidgment. nominatun has no attecedents to command atqulesrea-e ftem wbigs or thrse who act with whigs. Lent of ail h! *,%? C " on ''^n^'vsnians. We have not for ^"9c,De* "f '"t winter's legislation, and its icn po<ent intrigues, and remember well that the partv whoso convention now nominates Mr. Fillmore was in *Bd vre;f'ont'b,e 'hen. Philadelphians, too, m*y well J an se before they follow this New York city lead, Ivf"' amor? Mr- Fillmore's prominent thaEkrgivers tn this convention, those who have sigoai Th? ,ietn"; r J b,tter ?PP0l,'"on to our local interests, ine time will soon come wben those who htvehere'o foie professed whig piinclp'es, and who have, as yet foimed no other ccnccc'ion. ought te detetmine on thslr courre aad nanfully proclaim it. [K'??!['el Wilmirgton (N.C.) Commercial, Webster wkig.l ?hit Mr it rn I tbe Proceedings of the convention n^tl wi^ M0re4 hft" r'ce'Ted the nomination as cindi oate Iot 1 resident. There was a time, and under different auspices, when this nomination would have been bailed with great aatistectien by tbe the Siuthern public. Bat tbe pai ty which has nominated is very much scattered atd weakened by .etedcrs, bo'h Northern and Se^n and K;."rr?rh'i?;,?,z ^n??TL *B* lA ..,'mport or the conseqaenncs it will be time enough to disousg the Presidential question when things assume a toore tangible shtoe ft i? tl?? ant to know if the South inteK p?Xt anunbXi IkS bftM oMW, Iieb,R "nd*r the constitution, and ake hold ?. theimeanajto secure tfcwm, or whetter she will go for Mr. A or Mr. B. or Mr. C., irrespectrAofhwotn interests asd sa.ety, In order to pay cemplimentst# party, (ftem tbe Albany Impress, independent half and half Know Nothing 1 Millard Fillmore, as our readers w?U know was our i *UdCnr?li?lnr " ,'ro*,<lf'ne/' During a short but spi ted preliminary canvass we have contributed our best to secuie a result which we knew would meetthe heartv suppoit of e-nseivatlve and aational men of all parties tl?n.l tTf i' Ik' *bat n>1*ht "r?? called a n?. I} n*' triumph, with some feeling of personal elatten tlioie wtio know the oeids Mr. FJIImere's friends have h*d to encoanter, and the bitter opposition they have had to meet in this city and elsewhere, would sympathize in the expression of a feeling at onae tatural and perhaps not inappropriate. But we utterly disclaim any selfish parti cipation in a tiiuriph which belongs alonu to the o.onser vative atd national men of all parties, who have thus pro mhentiy presented him as a candidate tor tie suffrages of tbe people. ^ Questions in reference to slavery, of oourse, ent"rod into the deliberations ol the convent ioo. ftolegites re presentiag extreme opln'ons, and who had made up thel minds not to be conciliated unless they cjuld erattfv tnelr own selfish aims, withdrew from a body with uhl-? they lesily ha.l no sympathy. Hot the g.-??t majorttv ot the celegates, representing all psrts and sections ,d the country, temained aa<l cist their votes for Miliard Fill Put no question which arose in the ctm??ntu? - j whieh Is discussed by the people, can be wore important than the chciie of a pur? and strong man to octroi \ general government. We oare let* for platforme thai for men ? leu fir the dogmatic* 1 asserti >na of conver titna than for tbe character of th? aundUlates they pr *ent before tbe i>r?<pl?. . Millard HJmore fctamls on I good platform end lie i<< a reliable and conservative state man. Henry Clay, an In well known, supported him ft tbe nomination four years ago, anl gave ih ? aa hi* rei son lor hi* chelae: ? -The foundation of my preference i that Mr. Fillmore ha* administered the executive goveri meet with signal miecm-R aud ability. Be ha* t>eeo,trie< and loud true, farhful. honest and e mscieutiom. Nothing we oan say can add to such a eulogy from each ?on ice. Andrew Jackson Donelaon. nominated as Viae Pree ("ent, ie a nephew and adopted Hon of the hero of New Oi leans. Be has inherited the atirling virtut-B of Andre' Jackson. ant the nomination will impart an immeoe stiength to the ticket. [Krrm tbe Boston Advertiser, old fachtoned ?h g ant'-l Know Nothing, with a tinge oi^iiggerum J I Our regard for Mr Flllm?re has been for hi n a* a whig not an a member of a t-ecret and oa'h louod political so eiety. Wr have looked upon him as the ooar.?tent sup porter of well kno?n and sound political principle!: no. aa a member of a party whose policy it is impossible tl detine. If, therefore, it shall prove true, aa we regret tl 8d<1 it I* very>mfk'enlly stated, that Mr. Filltnnrehas enl tered a Enow Nothing lodge and passsdjthrough the'threl ctgreea of tbe secret order, taking the incident oaths anj obligations, wi- mibm.t that he has forfeited 'he tespectt the inte lig'nt and hi cent people of the L'nited -tat* that will make his tltc'.ion iaposaible We &?# reluctant however, to bellcva th *t this is the ease; not until tlul Eiint is re tltd we can torn no opinion and propOM n| r.e of conduct 'or the campaign. It would give us grea pleat-are to support Mr. Fillmore; but we must know wia lias beooire of his whig principles before we can atrree t l Hcppoithim. If ha haa lost hia principle', we have nil lost cars. WHAT AKK ur. FIIXMORE'9 CHANCES OP ULKCriOS | The Albuny ArgW ami Alias takes the following view < Mr. Fillnioie's chaices lor bec jmirg the cut K'ealden ol? 'he Uiittd States: ? But what are Mr. Fillmore's ehabe*s o' snc:?ss is ai interesting questh n, not only to the party wh -jh ha* pi him in nomisaUoD, but to all politic an.? indeel to th? people at lane ? for the American peo.le %r? all poliU clans. Mr. FUimnre'g course in the Presidential office however light in itself, not such as to cvmuenl hii to the class cf person? to whom alone he c .nM look l">| support in the Northern Stated. Be has ni strenjt with democrats iu this quarter of the Dai >n. will r? reive very little aid irom f uch ot them as have joined 'hi Know Nothirg ledges. Indeed his nomination tguores th< democratic wiDg o' the Know Nothings, and admonis'ae them that the ? 'rdor is to be used for the benefit of ol< fashiored whig aud silveo gray politician*, and uat de mocatw cannot expect due appreciation, but rather de preciaticn, at tbe hunts of it? membe.-s. Indsed It i quite cl??r that do /"emoorat however ab e and dU t'nguished, could have parsed toe crdeal of the Phil* delphia CWlMntlon. Mr Fillmore is unpopular wict that portion of the whig party which iaCuigtn abolitiod tendon aes. More than lbi?, there is a state ot pe -Foaa enmity, of txtraozdfaftTy ottterne**, ho mm him an< all that cla'-s of persona who sympathize wi ,h t be c'ass o politicians known he'eioh're ?a ? Sarnrd whig?." Thesi politicians now control the whole an'i-dctnocritil usrt] of tbe Noith, and we see not how Mr. Fill dots 'X tect to cany a single Nurthern State, ua!o?s f Msseacbusetts, by a v.nion of the Gardner Knew NO'h'ng and eld line wtigs'. In New Vork there is co poAaibiliij of his carrying the eleetotal vote. His nomination iaake this f-tatc ia'c for the dem-.ciats if they act with even i znrdfrate shaiJ of diBcietion. What are Mr, Fillmore's chances at the South? Oouht less his come* while in th<? Presidential chair ' ceptable to tbo Southern j eople. But they have n >t th s ighteut inducement to abandon the dtnioci n'v: narty wliikh tbey ki>ow itf.uds on national ptinclolas and g over to Mr. Ullm a-e's support. With their 4'.d giveo u the former, iucoes. is all but certain; bestvwel upon th Jat'er, It is tiofeiem. Besides, Know Nothiagi-.aa ;? odio'i at thefc'outh, and tJ'^y will ac:ept n;' candida'e a .mmi tei to its dcctriues. Wo cannot call to mind wiy So itber States in which Mr. Fillmore's preepect* will be sufficient ly flattering to lead to earnest efforts for h!a s'.iccs**, en cept Kentucky, TtnnsHseo at)d North Carolina. In thee a v ictnry in bin behalf Is very far from certain. We regard the nomicatiun of Mr. F'iUmore as Hubs '.ar tiall.v a dlbolution of the Know No bing Oider. It w'j doubtless ftrvggie sticnuously ia hi.' behalf, Ouiitwli strnggl" against a current which ii sure to sweep il awav. We may now look lor an exteoaivc sta apnie trnir the lodges lo the democratic and republican psrtief ? ac c. rdlf'g t? It? P.WsltfW of tbe seceders. Know Net ism has had its tin. J. ? The tau-.o of Aiidtew Jackson Donelsoo adls not th richest strength to the ticket, bat is rather a dea weight upon it. He is simply a di?atfccted democrat v ho, under the hallucination that he is General Jacl sen's shadow, has placed a much higher estimate apoi l imeelf than tne people have been inclined ta recognise Many btroypn- uaxus tnm his might have been st.e-ste u from the Ruth, for the Vice- Presidency. The. tree and BzltIO tilona. I Bkoadwat Theatre.? Tomorrow will commence tfaH third and last week of the legenedary equestrian (IratcH of " Heme, the Hcnter," the popularity of whlsh is uiH paralleled is the history of spectaeular producti ms in thiH city. 80 much lias been n?ia and written ab'jut th'.H pitce, ncdhO many thousand* of peop'e h*?e witnessed Ita rcprttt-ntaticn, that it would be aup?rfluiuB to adH another Word conseroing it, further thin to suggest tliote who fail to Fecure >est<; dttbg the day, that theH will find It advantageous to be on han1 early in thH eveniDg. H Nii lo'p Garden.? The magnificent pantomime fpestiH cle of the '? Elf K:rg " is again announ:td as tht 'caditfl feature of the performances for to-morrow evening. aI tte Ravels have excellent character* in this play; thH i c-u'-ry is extremely beautiful; the machinery moves al rtgularly as the wheels of a clock, and the cume:ooH t licks and traasfur mat ions are ntmt artons'iiog. I>.H batcrtainraents will open with the pleasing little panltB Kio e stylea the " Secret Marriage, " fo los-ed by the di-H titjuiKhed dancer, M'lle Robert, aud others of the bal!<H corps m " Three Grand Pea." H Bcfto*s'b 1ii*/tke.? Shaksp're's ei>m<Klv oft'.* "W.iM ttr's Tale" is again announced for to-morrair eveningH Tho industrious manager has just cause for suf.gratulaM tion in tbe immense auoceaa of this play, the main crediH of its popolari'y aa an acting piece being chit-fly d ie tH tho (.Hint be bna taken to place It upon tee stage in pre I per style, and to hnve the characters eare' and j*diH ilonsly rendered, nnd aa nearly asj possible in the onH gin si text. The entertainments elote with the muti .il bnrletta called \'J?nny (l.lnd," in which Mrs. Hoirarl v. ill personate tbe heroine and sing several song*. ? I At ha tail* Vakhtiis. ?A new drama by ihe authsl Of 1 Masks and Faces, " and other popular plays, will bl brought out to morrow evening, with new aod appropril a'e KMMI1, ccstnmes, ks., and a very superior ;ast. iH is callec "Two Loves and a Life," and tue :hiracVeis ar I t o be rerdeied by Misses Keene and Kate KeignoldsH Messrs. G. Joidan, Barry Hall, T. B. J .bnitou and othe I talented meiiibers of the company. This p.e-o bav<u,H been a long time in preparation, it will SouMlesa to- 1 played with great care, add prove an attractive feature I The higMy popular burleKju* styled "N'ovel'y" wJI :.t, I elude tbe amusements. I VAUOn Tkeatkk ? Two of Mr. Broughr.m's mos I popular dtamatic productions will be performed, fo? th<l ?Oct St Of Mrs. Brougham, to morrow evening. Ihe firs I 1h tbe comedy cut i. led "The Game of Li e," in ThlclM Mttsrs. Les'or, Brougham, Dyott and Stewart, Meslam-.B Hory, Stephens, Brov>gbam and Vernon, am'. Mi ?? M ? Gannon will appear. Hv this it wi.i bet observed that il careful discrimination has been exercised in uei??tn|l representatives lor the various p-trtt. To be toilow;d b'M the Isvortte burk-roue of "l'o-cahon-tas," being the la-)" I night of its performs nee. I Broadway Va?UT)>?8.? The wonderful otnpary of jjve I nilf! comedians, who have sstomsb-d all beholders by the': I remarkably conect delineations of all phi^e 1 or character I will, to morrow ugac, appear in the nautical dr&Ti* 1 ? "Mack Kyert Susan." Tbe piece In tln-My cast, lilt 4 ? George rilaying Gnatbrain. and the scenery and appoint ? meats have beea prepared expro-isly fur the o; :??ion|B Tie en'ertainments will close with the exre !tnt larce o I '?The Wandering Minstrel," little George as Jeur Siggs I with the song of "Villtkens." I Woon'H MnilMMU.? George, fierce, Vaug 'in, Herman I CBinptell. and other eld faTorites, will tj-murr, 1 evt-i I ing entertain iheir friends with a choice so.'c:'j.'n <1 I o< rnic and sentimeotal rong*. Ethiopian dances. &c., t<jl be followed by the vwy successful and excse^ir.gly hi..i B croui burlesque called "Tbe ilappy Man," in wh'jiil Geerge perst nates a remarkably droll character. I Bcckley's ?F.RF.N>nntH.? These great puh'.ie favorites I ever on the alert for novelty and comicality, will to ? morrow evening produce a spectacular barle'<jue, s'.yl "ihe Court of Ice Burg," the programme of whica p..* mit-es an abundance ot tbe richest kind of fio. Rlsh-.j Buckley bas a very lai>ghabl< part in it. Preceding th< burlesque, there will be a variety of songs, ft:. Pacl Jt LULs'a i>uKWEi.i, ?It is expected that the Citj Assembly Rooms will be crowded to morrow tvsning, or the occasion of the complimentary and farewell benefit concert cf 1'anl Jullien. The programme comprises a) variety of flue musical compositions, both for vjice to?< . instrnm^nt; and, to add to the attraction*, the ben'efij ciary *111 be assisted by Adelina Pattl, M. Barlli an J August Gockel. Broori yn MrtBTM.? The eleventh annual benefit ofth' Thespian Itratpatic Association, whose performances havt always given decided ^aUsfhotlon. ia to take place nex Ihnriday evening. "Love's Sacrifice," the "t>mt.ibus.': snd otter'enter'ainments constitute the programme f jr 'hf cccasion. Messrs. Harrison, I -o veil, Widdicomb and l-ee, i-nd Miates Cnrtisa Colvell and Kearney will appear iz the first, piece, and Mr. J. C. Tyrone, the popular aunfeurf It it h ccmedian, in the farce. China Ann Japan ? Notwithstanding the nnpropi. lout state of the weatber, quite a large number of persons as umbled in tbe Athenaium, #64 Broadway, yesterday a' ernoon, for the purpose of witnessing the admirable pa noramic Illustrations of views in China and .laptn, and earirg tho explanatory lecture of ftr.<. Th? paintings will remain on exhibition at the same plate during the coming week. Extlosion and Loss of Life at Kr. Mabtins vitjE.? I*t? last evening, fays the New Orleans Pirayum ef February SI, we received the f Olowing letter gtving<aT) account of a fearful ex riosion and loss ot life at S't. >iar tlniville:? Stkamkr SorritBtv ar, Feb. 20, 186A I have to iuform you of a very destructive explosion and flte, attended with tbe loss of tb? lives of four white men and nlre negroes, at 8 . Martinsville, I .a., yesterday, the 10th inst. The particulars I could not learn at our time of leaving Frankliu this morning. Some of principal sufferers are Testrou k Co.. J. A. Bonifor, Foil ta'nett, I a PIsst and others. The los< of life waa oeea sic ucd bv the expl >sion of fbrty kegi of powder In tat store of Testrou h Co. The Turf, CALIFORNIA* . 1'nion CorBnt, San FnANaaro, Jan. 24. ? Pacing m^tcn Jl.Ot'O, mile heats, best three in five, In harnets. Mr. Pheara named g. g. Kred. Johnson 1 J ] Mr, Radger nsmed b. g. Young America 2 2 ' lime, 2:87X-3i34>i-2:S?.