Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 3, 1856, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 3, 1856 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. 4AHI OOROOH B1INITT, PBOPRICTOB AW 0 KDITOB. y OHVn OF If i HI A n ill rfl L.TOW ITS. .a*. ?* AMCUXSMTd THIS EVENING. NtitWiT THB ATRE, Broad ?ay-Hw* TBI Hvarta, sa ?m fiwKt run Ajr* r?? Duo* Hoaac. IHBLO'8 OARBRN, Broadway -Sacwtr Maru ag*? Tuker Oa*ao fn Sl? Cute. ?OBTON'B THEATRE, (tenNn ?re?t-WuifM'l Taui ? Jkhkt Limd. um KKENK'H VARIETIES, Broad way -Two LOW AM A Lm-lOTKn. WALLACE'S THBATBE, Broadway? Gauc or L?r?? Po ???ojitam. ?ROADWAY ? AEIETl KH, 472 BrOtdWAJ? Black Brao i? Wandwbo HiirarsiL. WOOD'S MINSTBELS, 444 Broadway? BrnioriAK Faa MULabcis? HArrT Ma?, or Trkatt with Jai-am. BOOK LEV'S BCRLBSQCB OPEBA HOUSE, 639 Broad Neuko MiMBiaaLBT- Court or Ice-Boru. ATHBNJStJH, Ho H4 Broadway? Fahoramic Piotvuca V lUA Am JATAl. ASSEMBLY ROOM, Broadway? Complimentary I* ARawaix BanariT Ooimbbt to Pavl Juuaas. ?ffw Ywfc, Wawiif, March 3, 1856. Tli? ?ew?. The Baltic ia bow in her twelfth day out from Liverpool. Bhe bringB advices from Europe to the Mtholt. Advices from South America, by way of England, m dated at Rnenos Ayres on 2d; Montevideo, 5th; Ho Janeiro, 15th; Bahia, 19th; and Pernambuoo, 32d of Jaauary. 8pecie and diamonds yalned at ?90,000 had been rceefved in England. Things were fell and gloomy in Buenos Ayres. Florea had agatn invaded the coantry. He landed at Las Pie. with four or five other chiefs, and on Christ ? ... day arrived at Arroyo del Medio, the boundary Ihie between Sante Fe and Buenos Ayres. After halting here some time and measuring the force they would have to encounter, the party leaders sadden ly broke up and dispersed, Flores shaping his course South, in the direction of Pergamiao. A strong force was about to attack the Indians in the Booth. Trade wan mnch depressed, owing to the ?war movements and preparations. Articles of daily consumption were heavy. Large contracts for hides had been made. Shipping trade transactions were few and not remunerative, The money market in Buenos Ayres oscillated very much daily. In Monte video anarchy, confusion and social disorder prevailed hi every form. Cholera had disappeared from Rio Ja neiro. Easiness prospects were lighter, and trade was expected to revive there soon. Interesting statistics ?f the inyr*" and exports during the year 1855 are given, to the Bahia markets dry goods, flour and flah wew abundant. Coffee was in good demand, and cocoa ea^ly sought for. In Pernambuco there had been heavy sales made during January. Flour soved off slowly; sugar was looking up a little; charters for freight were very heavy. Our Havana correspondent, writing on the 25th ?f February, announces the landing, trom the Bri ttah ship Australia, of three hundred and fifty-eight African, who are called apprentices, but are in leaiity slaves, uncared for and hopeless. The un fortunates were shipped by a company chartered 1b Madrid. The British arbitrator in the mixed Spanish commission, organized under the slavery ?oppression treaty, had also arrived. The officers of the United States sloop-of-war Cyane had fceen entertained at the palace previous to sail tag on a cruise. The steamship Pelago got ashore ? few days before, in the bay of Neuvitas, when, after an altercation, the engineer shot the captain and killed him. The second mate immediately discharged a pistol and killed the engineer. Robberies and murders were still rife in the island. The Archbishop of Santiago was reco vering from the wounds inflicted on him lately by an assassin. There had been some g?nd military fetes in Havana, and a description of the light ar tillery of the island is given. The peace news from Enrope was well received. Sugars had, however, advanced. The city of Havana was healthy. Oar correspondence from Albany, published else where, is very copious and more than ordinarily in teresting, as it presents a most complete return* of all the matters which engage the attention of the executive government, or are transpiring before the Legislature. Only one town in the State has paid anything into the treasury of the mill and a quarter tax and the Comptroller has been forced to borrow money from day to day in order that the govern ment might be enabled to 'go on. Members had been liberally supplying themselves to some hun dreds of volumes of the colonial history, printed at the expense of the State. An exciting debate took place in the Assembly on the question of referring the New York Tax bill to a select committee, composed of two city and three country members. After Messrs. Anthon, Duganne, Baily and others had spoken, the matter was referred to the Committee on Cities and Villages. It was proposed to erect a monument to the memory of Tom Paine, in his character of a propagandist of revolution, but the motion wa3 lost, ?boot twenty pages of the Canal Commissioners re port are wanting. They oontain important tables, giving the cost of repairing the workB. A full re port of the speeches of Messrs. Anthon and Mallory on the Tax bill reference are given with the report of the Select Committee of the House, recom. mending the repeal of the present Prohibitory Liquor law. The appeal of Major Cocks to the Commander-in-Chief frcm the action of General Hall in causing his arrest, has brought forth the im portant military decision that brigade majors are responsible to the Commander-in-Chief alone. A gpicy correspondence between General Sandford and the Adjutant General in relation to this matter ia given. The canal claimants and lobby men were exceedingly active. Details of their manoeuvres are reported. Mr. Rielly, of New York, has proposed a new bill for the regulation of our city gas companies, whilst other members have proposed measures for the purpose of creating another city park here: abolishing the business of pawnbroking; regulating the carriage of gunpowder ; regulating Bavings banks, insurance deposits , and establishing an hospital for Jews in New York. It will be seen by a report, given in another . column, of the Committee oa Ordinances of the Board of Aldermen, held on Saturday afternoon, -that the subject of a new contract to remove the oflhl-of the city, augnrs fair for a considerable pre liminary squabble at least It is to be hoped it will . jot Kach in durance the Reynolds contract liU oration The /trig Linden, from New Orleans, for New i;t*k, w?h a cargo of sugar and molasses, went on t?ore, about one mile north of Squan Inlet, at two ' 'dock on .Sunday morning. The crew were saved. V Uat accounts she had nine feet of water in her. , the Delaware river to now navigable, after an ' . tao of iee since the 1st ol January. There vesterday about one hundred and fifty vessels 7"! -oadstead at the Delaware Breakwater, wait - ! *mto tow them up to the city. At Baltimore t ton was resumed yesterday. "I!"' fee of foreign goods imported at Boston . * \ V week ending Feb. 29 amounted to during * m "IE* o < ?**?a werc active Saturdfty- and the , \ firm. The transactions embraced * * f>00 ^ feg. Flour and grain were without ? ? f,rr *?<. while transactions were light, change, waiting steamer's letters. Pork, M ^TtZ Zrr f ?*** ? the iet instant' feU ?:,n" J" _ w,id at 416 31 a *16 37J, tiding dull at off, and (Ar(1 WUfl<lul2,at 10^. for fair rair business was done in sogtfr# and at firm rates. Freights were unchanged, chile engagement* were moderate, as -hippors were w*.t Lig the receipt of private letters. Am Bvlh mf tk* Kwtn PnUhii tfc> I ?mm* mt Bwwt iumI Hw-laltmattM. I Perhaps no political dogma has ever per formed so little beneficial service or given birth to more errors than what we denominate the Monroe doctrine. It originated with the fifth President of the United States, who avow ed it to be the permanent policy of the federal Union to prevent, if need be, by force, Euro pean colonization on this continent. It is tree, we have quibbled a little amongst ourselves about the object and extent or scope of that declaration ? a work of folly, for the avowal itself was but an irresponsible speech from an individual who had many equals in his day and who has been succeeded by superiors. The declaration itself, however, was well enough it was no more, perhaps, than a fair expression of the popular mind of this country. It meant non-intervention, and was of course as significant in what it did not as what it did ex press. We exacted by it that European gov ernments should not intermeddle in American affairs, and we conceded by this exaction that we would not intermeddle in European affaire. Thus we undertook in respect to this con cession an impossible and very absurd work. We might have the physical power to carry out the declaration so far as this continent is concerned ; but it was neither wise or possible to avoid intervening in affairB on the other side of the water. From the moment our gov ernment became organized, we gave unmistake able signs of commercial enterprise? of general maritime energy. We became at once con nected with all the States of Christendom in the operations of trsde ; and it is but fair to claim that we have been largely instrumental in removing the shackles of international inter course, and of binding nations together by the ties of interest and of friendly brotherhood. We have done as much, and perhaps more, to discredit the savage remedies of war. by exalt ing the avocations and securing the profits of industry, as any other people. The fruits of this policy are seen in the rapid extension of our commerce, in the removal of restrictions upon navigation by all the maritime govern ments of the world; in the prosperity of indus try, in prolonged peace between States ; in tne unpopularity of war, which signifies the increasing power of the people in the control of public affairs. The doctrine of political1 wnd territorial ex emption on this side of the water was all well enough then, unless it was made to interdict the expression of American ideas in the con cerns of Europe. We have, by our enterprise and by the interests oi commerce, whidi may be denominated an international institution, dfawing to itself the right to be heard in the councils of nations, fairly won the privilege of being recognized and regarded in those coun cils. Mr. March's reasoning on the Sound dues, in hie despatch on the balance of power in Europe, is a contradiction in itself. The United States must now, or very soon, take a deep interest in the balance of power, as it is callcd, because it is a part of the great mari time movement of the world; and, adjusted in one way or another, it is to be seriously pre judicial or favorable to the commerce of our people. Mr. Marcy, in this respect, has fallen far short of that enlightened statesmanship which ought to distinguish the presiding officer of our foreign affairs. He seems wholly to have forgotten or overlooked the great fact which is exhibited all over the world at the present moment, that maritime affairs and in terests are winning control, t'o a considerable extent, over the deliberations of governments. Commerce iB an institution which has only been distinctly recognized as a power in the State within the last fifty years; and it not only has shown that it ought to be heard in the manage ment of public concerns, but has made itself felt whenever its interests have been sacrificed or its rights violated. The government of the United States, des pite the Monroe doctrine, has on several occa sions directly interfered in the affairs of Eu rope, in behalf of American commerce. The very birth of the American government gave rise to a war between England and France, in volving the European doctrines concerning the rights of neutrals. The United States at once asserted the principle that " free ships make free goods;" and in 1785 we negotiated a treaty with Prussia, recognizing it; and previously, in 1780, the Empress Catharine 1L of Russia, had communicated to the different belligerent and neutral Powers the famous declaration of neutrality, which was at the time assented to by France, >Spain and this government, as bel ligerents; and Denmark, Sweden, Prussia, Hol land, tbe Emperor ef Germany, Portugal and Naples, as neutral Powers. England refused still to admit this innovation, and appealed to the" principles generally acknowledged as the law of nations, being the only law between Powers when no treaties subsist.'' Our nego tiations and wars with the Algerines? our de cided attitude upon the Sound dues, are int?r ventions in the face of Mr. Marcy's elabon.?j argument to prove the non-intervention of our government in European matters. The em bargo and non-intercourse which preceded the war of 1812, were remedies applied to the se ries of harsh and illegal measures adoptnd by England and by Napoleon aprfnst the com merce of the United States. Even at so early a period as the commencement of tbe present century the whole powers of our then feeble ad ministration were directed to securing the free- ] dom of the seas, as the great highway of na; tions, and as the means of commercial inter course of civilized States. The pretensions of England to control the Nan Seas, aodevry- j where to exercise an absolute supremacy over the ocean, was promptly rejected by tbis government, in obedience to the demands of its commerce. The impressment of our seamen and the violation of our llag were resisted by war, and followed by their practical abandon- j ment by our great maritime rival. All those things signalize our intervention in European affairs, and they evince a settled purpose by the American people, on all proper occasions to demand a hearing when any great move ment affecting States is contemplated. Our policy must needs cover all the grounds upon which we have material interests. Our influ ence must be exerted on all occasions involving the legal rights of our people; and k is ob vious, from a single glance at the trade of the world, and much more by a tolerable foresight of the future, that our citizens, our ships and our property are to be found on all the oceans, and in nearly all the ports of the globe. When the laws of commerce have been violated we have exacted restitution and the pa/ment of damages. Both France and England are espe cial examples of imbminion to the demands p f aw government in this respect. la troth, oar whole outtr u i nation has been signalized by intervention in European affairs. We have wwwi essential modifications in what has been received as the pablio law of nations; and this is the highest possible example of in tervention. All experience and all rational caloalatione concerning the future, alike teach as that we cannot rabaist as a Fower without oonstant interference with the concerns of na tions. The idea of nonintervention is no more rational than would be that of non-communion. Intercourse itself signifies a right to be heard; and as an adjustment of international balances cannot be made without involving the material interests of our people, it is something more than folly for our public men to be interposing disclaimers of all right of European interfe rence. Mr. Jiarcy's letter on the Kozsta affair, though it effected its object, should have been based upon the commercial laws of nations. On that foundation the position of the Pierce Cabinet would have been not only unassail able, but must have laid the foundation of im portant changes in the future intercourse of States. By the policy we hap* pursued our very in dependence becomes subserviency? the asser tion of the lesser right is followed by the sacri fice of the greater. Besides, our great maritime rival is a European State, full of ambition, of power and oi unscrupulous designs. She has controlled the world by her commerce and its nayal adjuncts, and it now remains to be seen whether we will contest her supremacy or not Thky Don't Like It. ? The Seward anti slavery organs find the American nomination of Mr. Fillmore a bitter dose. The Albany Journal opens the campaign against him in a regular broadside of rockets and musketry. An important element in the estimates of the Sewardites has been taken away. They virtu ally confess now that they bad counted upon such proceedings at Philadelphia as would end in the absorption of the bulk of the Know Mo things into the Seward alliance ; and that, upon this basis they had founded their hopes of electing a Northern sectional Presidential ticket. They were willing to concede to the Know Nothings all their anti-Irish Catholic and anti-alien prejudices and principles, Arch bishop Hughes to the countrary notwithstand ing, provided that these Know Nothings would only bow down to the same common idol of ne gro freedom with Master Seward's Nigger Wor shipping conspirators. But the selection of Fillmore flings the defiance of the national Know Nothings, at least, into the teeth of Seward ism, and touches the arch-agitator in his tenderest point. Seward's organs accord ingly declare that this Philadelphia nomina tion is but a factious diversion oi a perverse faction for the success of the democratic party. It may be so; but at all events it is a move ment which clips the winga of the abolition Iloly Alliance, and reduces it to Its natural dimensions. Defence of the Gulf Trade.? It is under stood that in lieu of the Fortification bill re ported by the Military Committee of the Se Date on Wednesday, and which waa recommit ted to them, the committee will report an amended bill to-day, embracing all fortifica tions now in progress of construction; while the Finance Committee will report an appro priation for buch new works m the War De partment has deemed necessary tothenationa defence. We perceive that attention was specially called to the Tortugas. The importance o this position is not generally known. Facing the Moro Castle, on the north side of Florida Straits, and possessing one of the most capa cious harbors in the world, it as completely commands the entrance to the Gulf of Mexico as Gibraltar does the Mediterranean. The mouth of the Mississippi is here and not at the Balize. A fortification of the first class is here in course of construction. Some three hun. dred thousand dollars has been expended on it, and yet its isolated position, nearly one hun dred miles from the shores of Florida, and its destitution of all means of defence, will, in tbe event of hostilities with any maritime power, render this strategetic and important position an easy prey to any petty pirate or priva teer. The work should be at once completed. Mr. Guthrie a Happy Man. ? Secretary Guthrie has some twenty-three millions sur plus in the Treasury, of the care of which he has become quite exhausted. A new Gadsden treaty, a new Texas claim, a Pacific railroad, or anything that would ease him ot this sur plus cash, would be a great relief to him. He has also been devising, for a year or two, a modification of the tariff for the reduction of the revenues from that source, so as to dimini.-o the accumulation of any further surplusage upon his hands. We think, therefore, that with the preparations going forward in both houses of Congress for a brush with England-- pre par at ion b in the form of bills for war steamers, bills for new fortifications, bills for furbishing up all our old army muskets, and applications from the President for confidential appropria tions for the contingencies of war, Mr. Secretary Guthrie will soon be a happy man. From present appearances, at the adjournment of Congress, he will be able to clap his has da together in exultation, crying alond:? My iron boxes are all empty, and now with an easy conscience, and without fear of thieves or burglars, I can lie down at night and sleep till ten o'clock in the morning. What a bore it is to be bothered with so much dormant specie that is not our own. Let Congress act for the relief of Mr. Guthrie. Twenty-three idle mil lions put afloat for war steamers fortifications, fire arms, Ac., would give quite an impulse to business all over -the country. Let Mr. Guth rie, then, be relieved. Where Do the Nioqek Worshipped Get their Supplies.? We learn from competent au thority that many Euporean politicians hope to hasten the dissolution of the American Union by assisting in the triumph of the Nm OER Worhhippino Presidential tioket, and the leaders of the party are in active correspon dence on the subject. Their supplies will come from abroad. The only hope for the Union is in the patriotism of the masses. The Crm*is Cominq.? The coming contest for the Presidency will be the great crisis for the Union and the constitution. There is no thing but the nigger question to fight about, and the war on that subject may be, as an Ohio delegate to the Know Nothing Convention said, a war "to the knife. The ball i? opened. Who can predict the result ? Soke or th? Old I aceson Min ? Hkrb They Go and There Thst Go.? The revulsions, re volutions, collapses and re-constructions of the political parties of the country sine* the palmy days of Old Hickory, have made a regu lar slaughter house destruction of some of the most coaspioaous of the old Jackson men when Jackson was a living power in the land. A few examples by way of illustration will suf fice for our present purpose. Martin Vaa Bu ren, Thomas H. Benton, C. C. Cambreleng, Ben jamin F. Butler, Francis P. Blair, John M. Niles, and a host of others who occupied the highest seats in the democratic synagogue under Jack son, have strayed off into the camp of the Sew ard Nigger Worshippers, and are now among the active leaders of this seditious Northern crusade against the peace of the South and of the Union. On the other hand, Andrew Jack son Donelson, (Jackson's adopted sou and pri vate secretary,) and an army of hard Bhell Jackson democrats, including forty odd thou sand in the State at New York, have been acting for a year or two with the Know No things. The anti slavery gang were drawn off in 1848 by Van Buren in the first place, and their desertion has been confirmed oy the pre sent administration. The Donelson, or hard shell deserters, were driven into the Know Nothing ranks by the free seil Van Burea

spoils policy of Pierce and Marcy. Another democratic nomination of Van Buren or Pierce, and where will the party be? Let the sachemB of Tammany Ilall hold an early meet %g upon the subject, and give us the result. The Port of Philadelphia? Important Cor rection. ? In a brief editorial, the other day, upon the raising of the blockade of our ice bound fresh water seaports, we suggested thai on the 27th ultimo a passage was opened up to Philadelphia. A Philadelphia despatch, on the other hand, dated March 1, 4i P. M.. states that "several steamers this morning have succeeded in effecting a passage to Marcus Book, whence a passage to sea is uuinteirupt ed.'' Also that " the steamer H. B. Beach, of New York, and several oyster boats, have suc ceeded in reaching the city this forenoon, and that before Monday (i. c., to-day), the detained fleet at the Breakwater and intermediate ports will reach the city. The property now afloat (that iB to say, ice-bound,) is now over two mil lions in the Delaware, all of which is safe/' It thus appears that the first opening in the late ice blockade, between Philadelphia and the ocean, was on the 1st of March, but tnat the regular resumption of navigation there, it was expected, would not be achieved till to-day. Alter being thus hermetically sealed for two long months, we are rejoiced to hear that "the navigation of the Delaware, after this winter, will never be chronicled again as obstructed by ice." Meantime, the merchants of the inte rior who have become wearied of waiting for the expected incoming ships at Philadelphia, have only to come over to New York, where I they will find the latest European importations in store, and ready for immediate tranship | ment North, South, East or West Progress of the Street Cleaning. ? The work goes bravely, though slowly, on. Broadway, below Fulton street, Maiden lane, Cortlandt and other streets in the lower part of the city, have been cleaned by the mer chants, aided a very little by Commissioner Ebling, who engineers matters in such a way as to get a maximum of his work performed with a minimum of effort on his part. But while this way of doing business is, no doubt, very satisfactory to Commissioner Eb ling, it is not so agreeable to the public. There is a very prevalent, and, we must say, very natural, delusion abroad among our citi zens, that the payment by them of $6,500,000 per year to the city treasury entitles them to clean streets at least ; and that to ask them to pay more for having special work performed argues gross mismanagement on the part of some of the heads of departments. Meanwhile, the city remains in a shameful condition; and our only hope is, that a drench ing rain will visit us and beat otF the debris of the winter's storms from the streets, unless, indeed, some one should turn up and help ui in this our extremity. The European Press. ? It is a curious fact that the independent press has grown and prospered alike in England and the United States; and in a late article in the Edinburg Review we see many points to prove this. The j increase in advertising and circulation of the London Times precisely corresponds with that of the New York Herald. Both journals have worked a revolution in journalism, the effect of which is immensely beneficial to the people. Formerly the official journals were the richest and the most powerful. Now they are the poorest and the weakest. This would have been equally true with regard to the French press, had it not been muzzled by censorship and confused by revolutions. The independent newspaper is the poor man's best library. English Intrigues in China. ? The British diplomats in the East have long had an eve on China. As the London Times correspondent *aid about Oude, it will " pay splendidly.-' Eng land will undoubtedly stir up the Chinese in surrection, using it to further the schem es of British filibusters, and the tattoo of Her Majes ty's drums will be heard in the streets of Pekin. There's filibustering on a grand scale for you! Cuba and Central America sink into utter in significance when compared with the Celestial Empire. Let the Brother of the Sun and Uncle of the Moon look out for his revenues. China " will pay splendidly." Effect of the Eastern War on Litera ture. ? The war is generally popular with the English press, because it increases the circula tion of the newspapers. The book tnade lan guishes, and if peace docs not come soon, the poets will be obliged to lay down the lyre and take up the sword. As in our Mexican war, the scene of combat is too far off to affect com mercial matters; but it gives a great impulse to newspapers, and in laying the basis of a terrible revolution in Western Europe during the next season of peace. England is Aoainst a War. ? The late asser tion of the English press that, as John Bull has got a fleet and nothing for it to do, he would be glad to go to war with us, is absurd. England is against a war with the United State? that is, the great conservative middle class is against it ? the head and tail, the Court and the mob favor a war. So we shall find it here? the administration and the Tammany democracy having lost everything like honor, favor a war. While the great commercial and agricultural inte^ete of the country? the only source ? of the vitality, the honor, the glory and prosperity of the repablio? cry oat for peaoe. The Great Question or 1856.? The great question in the ooming oontest is not whether Buchanan, Fillmore, Fremont, Banks, Seward, or any other man, will be elected President; notwhetherthe democrats, the Niooeb Worship pers or the Know Nothings will succeed, but it is a wider and more important question than either of these. It is what party, movement or series of measures will best preserve the constitution and the Union, and advance the solid interests of the country. That party which will develope the resources of the coun try, give us a sound and strong foreign policy, and administer the government in accordance with the ideas of its founders is the only true American party. BBS LASS IS 1VSWI. BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS. j From Wuhlbgton. MR. CBAMPTON AND THE ARBITRATION CASE, ETC. Washington, March 2,|185d. Mr. Cramp ton has written a not* to the editor of the National Intelligencer , xtatmg that he was not instructed bj Lord Clarendon to submit a proposition to arbitra'e the Central American question, bnt only to inform Mr. Marcy that such a pro petal had been made to Mr. Bu chanan. It was erroneously stated a few days since, that Mr. William* bad sold out the contract for the Honse binding to Mr. Farnham. He has formed a partnership with Mr. Farnham for the execution of the work, and will remain identified with it to its completion. Navigation Renamed at Philadelphia and Baltimore. THE DELAWARE RIVER OPEN? SHIPPING INTELLI GENCE, ETC. Philadelphia, March 2 ? 1% P. M. The navigation oi the Delaware is at last open, after an embargo by ice since the first of January last. The steamtug Baltic, Captain Kirby, came up from Newcastle last evening, bringing in tow the bark Caro line Ellons, from New Orleans. The city ice boat, Capt. Kelly, and several tugs proceeded down this morning, and will tow up the fleet detained at Breakwater and in termediate harbors. The following veseels, which have been wind bound at Delaware Breakwater, went to sea yesterday: ? Schooners Maryland, Music, May Clinton, Sherwood, Father and Son, Klmira Caroline, Typhenia, E. Hotchkiss, H. W.God trey, A. Baker, Alice and Mary, John G. Wright, Joseph and Franklin, R. H. Douglass, George F. Brown, Pencas sett, John G. Ferris, F. De Row, George Luff, Cumber land, Lochiel, Mary H. Mifflin, J. West, C. 8. Watson, W. P. Phillips, and L. Hopkins. The schooner West Dennis, two ships, six barks, four teen brigs, and about one hundred sail of schooners are in the roadstead, awaiting steam to be towed to the city. THE HARBOR AT BALTIMORE NAVIGABLE. Baltimore, March 2, 1856. The Norfolk steamer arrived here at noon to-day, after a passage of eighteen hours. A large number of vessels are beating up the bay. The Wheeling river is clear of lse; no damage done. Mayoralty dominations. Utica, March 1, I860. The democrats to-night nominated John Hinman for Mayor, and the nigger worshippers Alick Hubbell. Market*. Providence, It. I., Marsh 1, 1S5B. Cotton ba-i been in moderate demand during the week, and cold at unchanged prices. Wool? The market h as been firm and active at an adv ancs. Sales for the week, 77,400 lbs. Printing cloths ? Prices firm and stock light. Sales, 4,400 pieces. Charleston, March 1, 1850. Our cotton market has advanoed J^c., and with sales to-day of 2,500 bales. The Condition of tbe Street*. IMPROVEMENT IN CORTLANDT, BROADWAY AND OTHBR DOWN TOWN 8TRBETS ? WHO DESERVES THE CREDIT ? Some of the streets in the lower put of the city are gradually becoming passable; but if any one supposes mis desirable state of things is at all due to the Commis sioner of Streets and I -amps, who haa an office gome where up towards Essex market, he is decidedly mistaken. It is the business and tl e duty of the Commissioter to clean tbe streets, but what of that? The people pay from three to four hundred thousand dollars annually for do ing the work, but what of that? Let them pay it, and then let them clean their own streets. This is nothing more than what they hare done be fore, are doing now, and can do again. Cortlandt itreet has been put in good travelling condition at an ex pense of about $500, the whole of which has been paid out of the private pockets of the merchants ana hotel keepers in the htreet. The same thing has been done in Dey and liberty streets. Broadway is now clear, from Vecey street to Bowling Qieen. The CommisEioner of Streets, after a great deal of out side piessure, and after the expenditure of thrte or four hundred dollars by private individuals, was finally per suaded to pay the remaining expense of cleaning his portion of Broadway ; but we understand he declares he shall do nothing further in that street. So that long barricade of mud and ice, which extends, with the exception of now and then a block, from Park place to Union square, is bound to remain there until thawed out by the sun, unless removed at the expense o' Individuals on the line of the street. Genia, Knox, ani the other residents of that block have cleared Broadway between Fulton and Vesey streets; A. T. Stewart & Co., frcm Chambers to Reade; the proprietors of the Si. Nicholas Hotel, with Tiffany & Co., and some others, from opposite the St. Nicholas, up to Prince street. With tbete exceptions, and a small spaoe in the vicinity of the Broadway theatre, that portion below Fulton street before spoken of, and the whole of Broadway to Union square, remains, and, for aught we see, is likely to remain in ?tatu quo ? that is to say, with a ridge of mud and ioe, varying from five to ten feet in height, in the middle of the street, and a narrow carriage way on each sida. Now, the whole oi this obstruction might be removed, I and the street put in good order, as we have before de monstrated in this paper, at an expense not exceeding >6,000. Will the Commissioner of Streets do it? Hie department has been under no expense for sweeping th? streets for the last two or three months, and there must be a large surplus on hand. Will he devote the small sum of $0,000 to cleaning Broadway? We pause for a reply. Bali, at the Academy of Mcsic.? There is to be a ball given at the Academy of Music on the 27th ^ist., for the benefit of the "Nursery for the Children of the Poor." Four thousand ticket* aie issued, asd are to be sold at two dollars each. It will be the most attractive ball of the season. Half of tbe tickets a ft already sold. The Academy on that evening will present a brilliant appear ance, sofiened and mellowed by oharity, the prime objeot its manageis have in view. Naval Intelligence. The Norfolk Herald of the 20th inst. says that the crew of the steam frigate Powhatan were to be paid off on that day. The Uiited States sloop-of-war Levant, Commander Smith, sailed from Klo Janeiro on the 5th of January for China. roronera' Inqarals. SrioDS bt Taking Porno*.? Coroner Gamble held an Inquest yesterday, at No. 309 Houston street, on the body of Arthur Beanish, a German, .10 years of age, who committed suicide by taking cyanuret of pottaslum. De ceased lost his wife about flTe months since, and has been depressed 1st spirit* from that time? he was a ma- , chinict, and worked every day at his trade. Yesterday morning, about one o'clock, he was seen to drink some thing out of a glass, in his bedroom, and he was dead in fifteen minutes afterwards. Dr. O'Hanlon made a poet mortem examination of the body, snd the jury returned a verdict that deceased came to his death by suicide, by taking cyanuret ot potash. ?<au>kd to Dhatii.? Coroner Gamble hold an inquest yesterday, at No. 105 Eleventh street, upon the body of a child, six years of age, named Klena Roberts, who came to her death from scalds, accidentally received on the 18th inst. by the upsetting of a vessel of hot water upon her. Verdict? "Accidental death." Bf RSID to Diath.? An Inquest was also held at No. 221 West Twenty fourth street, upon the body of a child, two years cf age, named Anne Henrv, who died from burns ascidtnUUy reieived by her clothes catching fire at the stove. Verdict in accordant? with the above facts. ?web ftln of th? Common OondL 1 ( Tha Board of IMmn Mat thla (ralif, having enly finished their February seaaion on Thursday Int. Tha public attention U unonil; Mt upoa their dommbIi with respect to tha exaction of the new (Sty Hall; and aa ttat a attar has bean rater red to a apodal oommlttee of ive, it 1b to bo hoped that thla great desideratum? tha want oC a anltabla place for tha tranaaetlon of lav business ? will bo put in a Cair way of bo tug supplied. It ia now over two J ears since tha old building waa burned down, and fr year since the Board of Councilman adopted a plan for a buildiag in the Park, and yet the Aldermen aeeaa to b* insensible to the wanta and wiahae of their constituents, and oontinne inactive. In bet, they cannot boaat al having done much business since the first of January; they have not as yet concurred to appropriate $15, 000 for cleaning the Btreeta, which are atill left in a filthy and impaaaable state; they have concurred with the other Board to apply to the legislature for liberty to raiaa $170,000 to build an iron market in Tompkina square, th# upper portion of which is '.o bo used aa an armory and drill room; they have remonatrated against the sale of he State Arsenal, and hare concurred in asking for aa ordinance to raise money to pay the awards made to owners of property in the Central park; they have ao? firmed and made several fat city appointments, and per petrated some long speeches, which we believe is about all the value they have given the city for the last two months. We have received the subjoined note of Inquiry, and wt call upon the Common Council to answer our correspond dfnt. We axe unable to define their acta or to answer for their contractors. When the matter came ?p before tha Board, Alderman Tucker was the only man alive to tht necessity of the appropriation, and the subject was rater* red to a committee, who may sleep on it. We hope it wi? be acted upon by the Board this evening: ? to raa kmtok or the herald. Can you inform your numerous readers what baa been done with tbe $15 000 granted to clear off the streets ice ana snowf Up to ibe present time 13,000 have not been expended. Mayor Wood should Inspect the accounts, and see what has beeotna of tbe money. A CITfZ&N. The March sessions of the Board of Council men eom menoe this evening. The most important business likely to come bolore the Board this month is, flrat, the appro* priattcn for anew City Ball, and second, a conourrenoo with the Board of Aldermen in the proposal for the salo of the Brick chut eh property. It will be recollected that the church, two years since, proposed to unite with the Corporation in the sale of that property upon terms tha most favorable to tbe city. On the recommendation of the Cow miss loners of the Sinking Fund this proposition was accepted, and passed the Board of Aldermen. The subject now awaits the action of tbe Board of Council* men. Tbe church has been advised by the highest legal counsel that they can dispoee of their property to much better advantage than by uniting with the Corporation oa the terms proposed; yet we understand that they art willing to adhere to their original proposition. . They cannot, however, be reasonably expected to wait much longer for the action of the civil authorities, and it is to be hoped that the Board of Ojuncilmen will take up the subject at the earliest moment. The March Term of the Law Courts* A great number of cases have been disposed of during the past month, though not many of pnl>He importance. The Judges now sit until four o'clock, and the calendars are run down with rapidity, yet there still remain a vaat amount of cases to be disposed of. The trial of the ne gro, lor scuttling the Eudora Imogene ? from whioh the captain and crew mysteriously disappeared, and not % vestige cf whom has since been found ? will, in all probe* billty, be commenced this term in the United States Cir? euit Court. In the State Courts, the causes are of th# usual description of civil actions for damages for breach of contract, for debt and for injuries to property ao4 person. The unsettled state of the constitution of the Supreme Court Bench, in consequence of the protracted dispute between Judges Davies and Peabody for the seat, is m matter of grave complaint amongst the lawyers and liti gants. Several important oases have been postponed, as the suitors object to go before a court which is legally composed of three judges only, but where four persist ia sitting ; and they deem it more prudent to "bide their time" than to run the risk of being obliged to argue their cases again de novo before a perfectly con stituted tribunal. Thus the matter of the new reservoir^ he long pending Carroll will ease, and others of im portance, hare gone over from the February term be cause of the doubtful authority ot the Judges of the ourt of General Term then presiding. If not for the sake of the large number of suitors who suffer from pecuniary embarrassment until their causes are heard and adjuai csted upon, we hope that for the honor of the Judiciary this disputed Judgeship may be fairly tested and legally adjusted without further delay. The case of the people at the relation ot Chai. J. War ren against Coleman k Stetson, arising out of the Pro hibitory Liquor law, was submitted to the general teim without argument. The points ot Judge Capron for the respondents, the people, set forth that the Court erred in admitting the answer of the witness Cowen to the question, "Where are the best brandies made?" The Court erred In deciding that to make out the offenoe charged, the complali ant must prove Affirmatively thai the sale by the defendants was not within the exception contained in the first section of the Prohibitory law. The Court erred to deciding that liquor Imported under the laws and treaties of the United States is not embraced in the prohibition, but ma; be sold by any citizen, In Shy quantity, and on that ground acquitting the defendants. If the exception in the first section shall be interpreted te Include only importers' sales, then the Court erred in adjudg ing ibe defendants ''Not guilty." although the liquor sold ? imported liquor, and the Court shall hold that the complainant oust negative tbe exception by proof. If the statute is restrictive, as distinguished from prohibitory. designed to regulate tbe traffic in Intoxicating liquors, tho general judgment of not guilty, In tbe Court below, should be reversed, although toe provisions respecting search, seizure, fortel'ure, nuisance and destruction should be adjudged uacon sUtntlonal. On the part ot Messrs. Coleman & Stetson, Mr. John K. Develin submitted points, amcngst which were that the incompetency of the witness to testify as to where the best brandies are made could have been shown on cross examination. The seventeenth section of the Prohibitory law provides that " proof of the sale of liquor shall be sufficient to sustain an unlawtul sale." But this evi dently refers to the sale of liquor prohibited to be sold by the act. They contend That the law Is unconstitutional, and the', the Legislature Is a supreme but not an absolute power. It has no right to enact that wbat has always been known as property riin.11 not thenceforth be property; it has no right to change the uses to which property has heretofore been put;beaause that property ihould continue such, and may be used as It always has been, are vested rights, and any legislation disturbing then is a direct violstlon of sec. 1. art. 1, of the Constitution of this State. (Sec. 10 ot art. 1 of Constitution of United States.) The Court will not act upon this case until the question before tbe Court of Appeals is adjudicated. In tbe cafe of Deputy Sheriff Carlin, convicted at the sessions for mallear an ce, Mr. Clinton submitted, on the part of tbe accused, on moving for a new trial, that ? Ibe Indictment must charge the crime with certainty and precision, ana must oostaln a complete description of such forts and circumstances as will constitute the crime; a statement ot a legal tesult is bad. fevery fact and circumstance stated In an Indictment must belaid positively; that Is. the Indictment must affirm that the defendant did so and so, or that such a fact happened under sueh and such circumstances. There li no averment (nor are there any facts In this count showing) that the defendant was required by law to deliver tbe horse to any person other than John Collins, Jr. Independent of the iatal defects in tbe third and other counts In the indictment, the defendant, as Deputy Sheriff or Sheriff, bad a legal right to deliver the property taken on " process or replevin " to plaintiff in the action, subject to his liability in a civil suit. At all events, the doing ol sueh an act la not a cri minal offence. And that a Deputy Sheriff la the mere agent of the Sheriff. The Sheriff, and not the Deputy, is liable for the acta of the Deputy. We hope the decisions of the General Term will not be affected by the doubtful constitution of the Court. The March term of the Court of Sessions opens to-day Judge Capron will continue to preside over this court until the 1st of April. District Attorney Hall looks hale and hearty; and having just returned from the Pittsburg Convention, he is well posted up and prepared to prose cute roguery in all Its forms. The ball ewes will be trie! first, and at the head ot hese stands the indictment for bribery against Joseph . Kbllng, the Commissioner of Streets and I simps. This ase having been tried at the January term, its particu ars are fresh in the minds of all. The jury failed to sgree at that trial, having, as was reported, stood six for conviction and six for acquittal. The other bail cases Ikcly to be tried this teim are those ot Alderman Healy ? also for bribery ? and of James Irving, for assault and battery upon Samuel Suydem. The gamblers are not kely to exerclie the scruples of Judge Capron, or make their appearance in the court room during the term. We are informed that no arrests have been made upon the bench warrants issued against Pa . Hearne and others. The prison cases, so called, present.a calendar of eighty six nsmes, which Is much smaller than usnal. Tbe following is a list of tbe crimes now represented at the Tombs, for whish we are Indebted to Mr. Whitteman, the Clerk of the Pit ion - Burglary 33 Mayheira 1 1 Producing an abortion.. 1 Witnesses d Abandonment 1 Receiving stolen goods.. 1 False pretences S Bastardy 1 Kidnapping t Grand larceny 20 Digamy 1 Infanticide 2 Perjury 1 Forgery 7 Felonious assault and Kobbery 8 battery '2 Murder 7 ? Total 8A Of tbe murder case*, three ont of tbe seven are con