Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 5, 1856, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 5, 1856 Page 2
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tfc* Western Powers, from interest ud aalf preeervatiow obliged to add the *> i?l>t of ita political eoaaidsration M thtt it France and KiWrUkd. -uch % division of senti ment cannot subsist long in the centre of Europe witB out enlisting the aeoti'neat* of other Power*, aud L mil Napoleon Deed not be aa fertile in reeouroe* an bo hta shown himtelf to be from the 'id of Deoember. 1851, at th? present day, to prod! by it. The hu ailtaUon of Prussia in concert with Austria and England? nay, ?ren with the partial eo- operation of the German Slates thenirelver *ouid be a problem not unworthy of French po'itica, and Mither apposed to tbe tradition* of royalty, nor to those o' tbe republic and the empire. Tasre has existed a h> rec ltaiy t.atred beween Kntn?eand Prus sia *T*r since 1812, which has received fresn fuel trout the e* nduct of Prussia during thin ?ar, aud which will eertairdy mutualy seek au oppor;unity of being (rati fied. lhe opportunity wil not he wanting lone, and will he improve! by both pa'tiea la the name or "civiliza tion," and for the purpose ot permanen'iy establishing "the equilibrium of Europe." It oo?e not matter, how ever, uiwier what emulation or form proceeds lhe old grudge ot Frame and tbe liberal party against the alii. Mtj rnjime of Prussia under Kusslan proteetora'e. Whatever military men is the I'mced States may think of the win and the achievements of the respectiv-s r*rties, aid ?h?te*er opinion may be entertained in Washington ax to the power of Rusaia for defensive or aggressive purpose*. Russia by accenting the tor nit of pe^ce, proffered to her now, practi:illy admit her in abidty to resist the combination now existing against bei ; lor she not only surrenders all the demands she aa* made on Turkey, and wbiih furnished the ostensible cause ot the war , but she also yields others in a Kuropean in'erest, such as the free cavlgatioa of the btnube to itsiiiumh, and a pottion of Bessarabia a* "\n earnest of her good and peaceable intention. She also surrenders the protectorate over the Danubian Princi palities, acquired by tke peaoe of Acrianople. aad there fore consents practically to a diminution of her power aad influence. England and K'rauo) lose n > thing hot the money and blood sacrificed in the -?ar: a Faeritioe which was equally male by Russia: for ibe huncied thousand Russians wh < perisned la the Crimea sleep tide by tide with tbe Impe rial Guard ot France and the elite of Britain's hosts. Russia, then, by tbe acceptance of the terms of peaie, loses the prestige of invinci Uity, while France hi# re established her old reputation for aggressive power and military superiority. T-iis loss of prestige on ttie ;>art of ito*. i*. aad this posrive gain ot poii-.ical influence cu 'ue part of France, will tbegralna form the basis of new diploma i; combinations and ad-, i'i'nrti results. Russia's ambition may be considered as lowered in reg.ird to the '-tick man" in CrusiantinoDle, but she remains almost unit jured iu the Baltic (where r.he treaty bet? eeu Swe den acd ti e Western Powsrs ;s almost the only adv*n age gained by the allies ) and her position on ".he shores of tae Vistula r? mains a- iit-ct as ever. It is to this posi t.on of Russia ? to R io Earope ? that, the'or Nap l"on will now turn his attention. l?; me guess what irav be kii plan. Rutsla h?s, in Prussia an advanced post in Germany, which is the a:ore ormidab'e is by the portion of he.' territory wbich forms a we-ige between Prussian an 1 Aus trian Suiia, she not only tlire^teus Austria 'out Ger many c'pec.ialyif seconded in her pretensions by Pros, sia. This point, and tbe vilnerale part of Amtri* on '.he boaiWri of TrsnHylv^hia, are sutlic-i-nt to keep I Ansvrta in s sta'e of suc|ierise and ivlarcn lest the Cult mi^ht feel d(spo?ed to punitn he r ijsrratituw. By poin 'in ? to the road of Russia hy way <>f Oonstiia'i nop e to Indi*, 1/iuis Napoleon sue seeded In overcoming the 1 ;ve ol peace and the l<ihergy of Kuglind; by point ing 'o r aM-ylvaol1. and. llef-i., se wi 1 doubtless suaoeed in keeping alive tbe app"ehen-<ions of Austria, and this the more so, as b> hia n,. dera ion in I ^ily, hartaliyshow hini.-ell the di.-intawed friend of the h >u-e of H-t jsburg. Be will further be anle to poict out to Austria tb*t, to be soenre tru^i tlushjan agcrsshi m <" reveoge. ?b? oiutt deetr/y his infl-ience in tierminy, 'he centre ot which is Berlin and 'h>t, to do this, wil, c . .only be a mei 'torims act toward fierniany, whose ind'-p^ncence will the-eby be peimarent y seoui *-<1, b^t V> Austria herse'il, bacause she will gain in ilei many what Prussia losej, and re-oc cupy the grcund on w&iob ?'ie stood previous to the treacherous InVisi n cf her territory, on the death of Maria 'lberefe, by Frederic the Great, of P-us-d-i. A?s tria. by i.u g Uus, is di -ir.ha.rgintr a duty toward Germany, withou *i 'ii'.tg a ?ing'.e histoiical traditl in, "r oocupy ing groun'n not strictly justified by ancisnv Ltv ani siuige as well as by the approving sentiment of contem porary prince* ami tb<> people. You see from to is short expow that the situation it al ready created whi:h slTords new scope for the dipt jmatic. rasourres of tbe ftmperor Na;>olton. He will oriog t.) it greatly ineieased political influence and eon?iCeration, a aauoh higher rep ui at ion lor stawsmanship and the pres tige ol a victorious aimy. He is sure cf the c > operatnn ot Kngland and tae Scandinavian Power*; for be need m y p.'int to the proloeol which Lord Palmerslon xigoed in a poiiticil !an .ii.g fl., and wbiih rence-s a Russian Mcceh.-ion ^'oi > i i le in lienm-trk, to alarm both and se cure the co-operation of public opinion in (iermany. The Emperor, therefore, still remains master of events, and tlie jjesce about to be c u cludeu will rather increase than dimiuUh his opportuai'iea to profit by them. Here in Rome, matters and things remain pretty much in ftataipio Toere is still m>.cti t?j dicing at th^ Aus trian concordat, at the lorge aocet>sion of papal power t, .rough it ai d the support of imperial Fra joe. It terves tj c.'n.pec>-a'e for the 1cm of influence and revenue from fpain, 1' and Sardinia and openb even a p'ospect of coujiliation vrith the ICisg of th<* Infer country. Tbeie is, nevertheless, no great sense or ?eeurity heie >n the part of the gorerument, as is Bhown by the continued arrest ol suspected persons, and their escape from prison in laige numbers hardly to be accounted tor by the mere cuiehfssnes* of '.he j tilo-s. Italy is one van' cauldron of political ir.trgue and violent public pasei <n; but the hour of her d livery bas not yet ?truck, and the Kill yet reaain, io. t sc>me time to arrne. ? were ge< graphical divirion cf Europe. If Eoglaud hai ber own wsy, ~be wru'd havj revolutionized the kingd iin of the two ficiiies ago, ahich sue might hiv - dons withou: ex gondii g a fat thing or sacrificing a man, by the were promeua le of a la:ge fleet along the coast of Ca labria; bnt France has other acd deeper plans, aud the farce of Naples, which is sure t> c . me off some tine o ? other, has bran suspended to admit of the performance of the principal peace. Napoleon will not sgtin vesture on nn cut of the- wav enterprise till he hm secured me p> ?i lion of Genual Kuroje; and I rhall. immediately afW tbe Raster Holidays, repair to I'm is and Frackfort un-th? Hun to keeu you in ormed about events, presont and prt sp?ctive, In those quarters Of this, however, 1 f<wl, thus far. aesote J that stmuld the tine for a rup'ure be tween France end Austria npptoach. Sa*dinia will have s ^cod cause to csll ior 'he u's:Htanoe ot imperial Francs, ui Be entit ?d to it, as tocius aty' a.?i;tu in krtni?.i tUfmnif. l'bcr? is fcothing naw in Spain or Poring a'., in th) brmcr ecuntiy, Ksptr e.o's administration ^till drags ita ?low length along, and tbeie se>ms to be some prospect of firaccial emtlioralion. The tj'neen is e?'idei.t r but a polirical prisoner, ar.d exhibits be' fidelity to the t'jur;h of Rome in spiie ot the withdrawal of her Minisfer from itoine and theittuin < 1 tbe Pupal Nuncio from Madrid, by in?gr.i6cect presents ;0 1he H<>ly Fathe- here and to the C'burcb f r>pain. The j^itit n of Spain is f*r from being assured, and it is by no tceaLScertaio whicii of the many faction:) that st.ive ' ?r power anl iotlueno* will, In the end, be lueoe.-stuL Espartero is a very old man, aud tbe Qu**n i> ye1 qi-fte your.g aod in constant e immant eation by wri t icg wi li ber i-mtber. Donna Christiaa who ap| ears to ce the e- p?cial favorite rf the Empecor Napolcou in Paris. lhe iiariiou:*r gxsl fortune now con sists in being too remote from the lunmediate interests of Europe to be a special mark, and in having Mr Pierce preside over the affairs of tbe I'nited States. 0;her?ise. either her pres?nt government at h 'me, or the island of Cuba might be in catger. As matters stand no? ri e /f ? sooio. F. J. G. The Threatened Hapturv Between England unit llit United (Mates. [From the L^noon i'est, (official^ tei. 10 ] Tke prr eptctof hostilities with America in uot in itself Mriouii; & r would so much made of whut there i*. if th* public '>n both nid?? ot be Atlantic would lay a-id-r aQ petty anger and prejudice, and betake t'ntLBelv* to * calm ;>nd just review of the situation. Waaierer feel ins ma; at ibi* moment exi*t be", ^een th? tw.i c>antrie< U due to mi.-con^eption of be fan's in Home, and mure ?TMentaUon of tbtm in other*. rh>re i* n; auiu belli. There is no'liirg wfcat*Ter that can for a moment jorlfy two gTeat Power*, lice Eoglani and America, la having raoourse to um?. Nations are bouad by the same moral lawn In reject to th?ir nuar-e'h as isdividnais. Many a cause for angry, and even menacing, Vords may arise be tween two upright men, and yet no-Blag exist to jimtifv them in proceeding 10 blow*. Jsiirilarl-. at the mage <>t aivili/uti :>n at which the nations of he Wei ' have now ar rived. no canse of war eau be admitted t? oo justifUh.e which does not stand upon a wrong c.muil .ed or a nghr. la danger, to such an extent an to leave no o'her means open fr.r the vindication of the one or the eletened of itie other Tneie is nothicg in the American question which in the bast ansaers thwe couditiour. In he Knssitn ag gresslon tnere wm a tangible evil to which wecoild paint as our jusltlca ion for reciurte to arms. ?Ve could point to a danger to universal liberty, ft th* peine of ?or ope, to the balance ot power, 1 1 the faith of tre-?tie?, and to the honor ot na'ioni. Tle-ve ?ere jeonardi.-M, and he who put them in jeopirdy refused to recede Ooe only course was then left u*. He who would no; ret In by loroe of reanon must be repeliel by toroe of arms an I that concession b? extorted by necessity which ought to have been granted by huaor an 1 cmselence. Thj anffrages of nearly al> !> r"pe uph >14 the Alive 1 l'o?<r, la their contiict wl'u Kus-ia, and the free ot all ooontrtes sympathise v< th their triumph* Bit the att'tude and temper of America are wh /Uy without excuse. The case as between the two gorernments ia so ridiculously tnvulous, that to suppose it povlbU to hang upon It *it excuse tor plunging into the wastiug miseries of war Is to as?ume Americans t > be utterly void of all eotiscitnce of right, and all perception of th'ir true interest. That tney are not a* a nati n so void it is ?uy to believe but it is also irnpossi >le not to see thtt a poo pie situated as they are. with a onstluUcn so il-mi. eraucl n theory, so arbitrary in practice, wlthoat a pre ponderating nonnerTative element such as we posse*-, in the House of I-ords, or ?ny principle of self rec'.'.tisaii m, Hush as we have tn the powor of tae Crown to dissolve ha/ 1 lament, may without difficulty be lashed to m < ine?* b j a few clever men, who find it tieir i ate reft for the to stimulate popular passion and raise a cry for The more the American |iiestion Is examined, the mora it will be seen to be purely a ma-.te - of fee I In a- . American aignity is woun.'eu. Ap'io/ne* have beea rnsds for the wrong inadvertently done. Mich an ap >lo/y, a' any other time, would hav* been instantly aciepted, and ail would have gone m as before. But new eie:Moni h?lng in prospect, and 1'reevieat 1'iorce desiring a c n tinusnoe of hi* chair, ani those employed under liim. >h-t greater part of whoas would be dl*pl?c?J by his re n, desiring his continuance also, they find It con renloot t<> get up a cry (gainst Knglan'l. and to aiapot'y the allege to proportions which it woull oe inconsistent with thair honr to tolerate, even after rxpiant tion, atstlogy, and assurances "! future circu,iv>p<'j Wjn. When this wicked att>.xpt to cre?> a quarrel was first made, rhere was no proepeet of peace with BumU. In the Fastem horizon everything l> ted dtrk and threaten. ng. KrgKi d w*e alirein every puise ?ith ac'ive preparation for the equipment of such an arua wn?nt as, in the whole history of nations, the w.jrld h<s never *eeti. About 'he ?ain? timo it ws the fssblon to magnify the resources and invlncitill'y o' K'issia. and to infer thence the future eui 'arrassmer t of Kng and. This, d"nbtlese, effeted a gtssl oppottunl'y a nrlon on the ?#*W 4?1 Uttgl?b? W Jiivka with uiaO;ul notMtg. It ?u, d-mbtkw. f?H by wra? parties in America that we wara s? iivolved m -tie ifiaat th%t we were thoroughly eefauceless ui<l powerlesa in the West. No time then ao propitious tor taking down our national priJe , fjt examining a li'tla pompous dictation; and 'or embarrassing, U ptaatble, bjtti oar militsiy and commercial proceeding*. Any ?u jh amn*. !ac>ir?ut would be do much gaiu to Russia and van Mure tc receive the support, even if It were not actually the creation of hi strong u**ian party in tbe -i'a'e of New Ycik, who have on many oecaaious taken opportunity to sew the s? eds of id teeliog towards Uugtand. A/aiu, it has teer the policy of the philo-R-assiau party In Ame rica to inculcate a popalu belief in the hri tie nata.-e ?t the a llisnce between thin country and Prance. Any one ti miliar with >he most popular American paoers ia aware oi tnis. The instigators of Amsrloan irascibility doubtless drew a pretty picture of a rupture bi tween tbe French and Gagiiah government*; of Vu gland compelled either to make a humiliating ptace with Russia against the popular will, or else to carry it on without the aid ot Kranoe. at a ruio oua expenditure of mm and money ; and, putting all the*e circumstances together, cncetvei that we ahoutd be pre pared to malt any concessions,, and ooosent to aay term* demanded by tne government ot the I'niteo State*, ra'hor than add to our troubles br provoking hosti'* there alt o. But, alas ! fot those golden Yankee 'Ire, huh ! The Fiench alliance wax ne^er stronger than at tbe present moment ? the national self re'peoc was never higher? and, aa to make ua strong bey >nd a shadow cf doubt, there ia a high probability that. ?* a eery few mmUki, we thall harf a kumlntl thoiuaml tfTertiee snl/liern, a Kumirnl fhiji* e/ tAe line tirul frigalet, uml four huruiml <funbmli, j rrj arnt to maintain IJie htnuir of Hmjlaml ainmj thr wKnle American sealourti, should that, unfortunately, tarn oat to be nece-sa.y. Ru-?la, by arcert'ng the preliminary bases of peace, has K'ven a Wa'.ly Or* turn to all sirs This was not kLOwn to our Aro? rican fifecds when the last despatches left W&shibgttn The ticinK* have reached there before tcis. snd probably have dene n > little towards sof-ening o wn the arroirant rone ac opted a month ago. The a > ten- pt to precipitate ilia' country into a war with Eug lanu coultt not be more ii! limed for that country or mote t?. vorab e fur us than now. Our marttal spt'lt is up. ami we are mote eqnal t ? a War witn America tbau we have been at any lime during this century. W* have nothing, therefore, to iear. But, with every means of going to war with that country, theie is. on the part ot the English p*iple, a ? trctg inou-position to do so. The people of Kn^'and feel that the sqnubMe is too cotsmptible. England can go to war for a pi mcipie, Uu' not tor a mere question of punctilio. Ever j ove.t ant In that direction must ome from WashiDgtoD. We shall wait, quiescent, giving our lot brother 'ime to c?k>I and think a little. If th*n pac tion triumph over reason, and our forbearance be mU construed, we "bail know very well how to act. REINFORCEMaNT OK THE BRITISH AKM Y IN CAXAD4. [From tie I/ondon limes, Keo. 18.1 In addition to th? fitith Kextment and a battalion r{ the Hitle Cor|iff, whi'h are abatit to be i^eapatohdj to <>aovla, it is iinceistpoo to be the intention to send out several other rcgimeuta to Rri teh North A wl a. so at to form a jKmertul force in tnat orunt-y (o anticipation of this step lieintf taken, it is rumired that alui.vt every re^i iT.t n* uow attache*1 to the home station ha* received p-t vate uitiniMtion thr-t th-dr seivioes may be ref|uired in Canadii. and tuch eariy .^oti'je ba>' been pveo In order that the regimen'al ^lotbicg, whicb la maoe : xpresaly fir that station, msybain rearliuess in cas# the e\igviici?s o< tie "ft vice should require a laig^ body of troops to be n>ove?l othatcmn'ry. PEACE WEG0NATI0.19 IN PARIS. Ktlatloiis Between tlif EiigUiih ?nd PrenclX Uoi > rhmeiit?? PtoImIiic Ut' mundii of Tar Icey? 1'ht; ProiHHeil ArmUf lee, die., Jtlc. [i'aiis (Keo. 17, evening) Cor.esoondeni.e of lioadon t'oat.] Count Hu'jl SohauoiiKWin, Austrian Minister of Foreign Affairs, aoc Jin pat ied by Baron de MeyBtnb'irg, M da Kletzl, Count t weeny, il Buhl and Bsron Werner, ar rived at the Hoiel lii i -tol. Place V'endome. IxjrJs Claiai.don and Cowiev leacueil Paris late last eight, as expec:ei, and but for the abieaoe ? or, rather, uon-arriva! ? of the Turki h envoys, the tlongiess might me t before tbe 25th. Paris is full cf gossip, which will no doubt lead to many falsa conclusions touching the View I ot the governments of France and England. Ev#ry word and look of thote wbo surrouLd 'be Emperor is commenced upon, and leads to spestilattons. I shall not rejiea*. theip; but 1 must again tesord my xircsre ennvisti >a that the Cabi i-ets of the Tuiieries and St. James s ate united oa all questions, ana tbat the Emperor's decisions will be found perfectly in accordance with the assertion* he hts ma^.e, viz : tli'at the peace *hill be ba->ed on such a treaty as wili give Europe a recurs and decided guarantee i ^aiust 'he futuie of Kas*U. Knoving the loyally, frankness and decision which has chi rac'eii/'d iha iotei^n policy of Napoleon III., we tnsy be tore ttat, on this solemn occarkin, the ru ug mind which has so happily directed the do mtettc and foreign affairs ot France, will b9 found supporting the c?u>e of Europe at tae coaling Congre^M. Those ? ho entertain the slightest doubt on the subject draw their cone.iuions and build their i.rgumeats on the imprudent eagerness for jieace displaced by the F cench press, hi d tbe language of thite whore words have not that weight, peiba^ which their elevated po.'ittint (ugh*. Vo command. Had thsy shown that dignified re serve ?hi.-h belongs t > the great roan who rule* France, much <f The pernicious iroesip. which emanates from 'he lipe of tbe etemieB of the -mpi-e, would have b?en re ctiv?d a. ite real value. It is asserted that Fiance leios toward i Austria and Ptnssia. Nothing can be mote false. What has be^n the conduct of i hoe e two Powers? Tne first has main tained a < e.eptrvo'ra'ity, and tbe s?c>nd an ill conaived hot.ti.ity. Tbe events of iha war, and the apf.eal of the Emperor UeuHuding Kurope to declare ' who is -igiit and who is wrong." has brought them tit seek for peace. The enemies of the alliance na turally reek to insinuate that France aud Eag-and have diverging views abiut the terms of tbe 1'aris trenty. I repeat guch "peculations argue a know l>dge of imprulent gosrip rather than a just appre tiatti n of tne l-ir.peror tf the French. The euvaya ot France and England, obeying the mspirati.n of tbeir risp^ctivegovernin-nts, will asjume a firm attitude a - ti e cotr ir g Totigren, and tf oar euemtes calculate on ditticnltieH. tbey must turn to Russia and Austria to find litem, and not to Kraooe and England. w>.o>e diplonaoy n < ves sice by aids liae 'h'lsi tieets and armies whi ttt, if tgWn celled up n to exercise tbeir mig it, will ("eiaand t-'m K.istiia augmented sacrifices in proportion to thsir auao.iS4ed ric'Q'ies. Tht i'tf j,, on tite subject of those ohse.Tatioos says 1 1t justice; ? iS'i unc uuion t'trvd' rt virilabltn&nt cftiale i '?utr >n tre (I tux <(w*ftvm'n!i c'fst jiirticulieTemmt entre la Fiance ti l'An<)l'fsrrr. [latLs (Keb. 18) Correspon^encB of London Standard J We are told tbat theie ia no just ground for those sus {i cicnH which have been rai ed regarding tee intention' a trlbuted to the French g ivxrnment on the subj'?ct of ^e cut erenrfs. It is denied th it Austria has j'lcctedei in supplanting Eng and, a"! it is, oa the other hand, ailitmed that Iran e and Kuglan^ are perfectly agreed as to the meaning tbey tbiok sbnul 1 be put upon the fif.h as well as tne rtber points; and tbey are bith equally tesolv ed not to flinch : rum tiieir demands. Le'. as hope that this is, as it onghtto be, the truth. It may oe ob/ervnl, in support of tt li better v:ew of the case, that two lead ir gjoiuxa's, bitterto remarked for th- coufidcnce witb which tbey answered for a pacific result from the Cinfer ence?, a pi" ar to bave lost a little of their assurance. Ta? O.nttUutimnel. in somf prefat ry remarks to a seriss of biographical ?k*'ches of those dipl imatists on whooi the eyes of the world are at this m ><neot. fixed, betrays a mi-i giviii^ which, on tbe part of so intrepid an opttmis', E.cans ?< m> ttiog. Tbe Jcu nai da Debati, s ill hopeful, as it ever has been, points to a cloud of a somewhat por tentous appearance, Turkey wffl no', as we learn from this usually well informed print prove quite so tra^taMe ? s those win ?re In tbe b?^it cf put'irg tha* powec oul. of tight would seem Incl'ued to s~ppotie Turkey deujan'-s two thiai;a: tbe first an indemnity for tbe exyen>es lo which (.be has been put by the unjusti able aygreseivo of I'.u-sla; aid next, that .N'iiolaUff -hall be destroyed. With regard tor the demand for expenses, the I'rUiU pee^ no serious difficulty ; not that Kustta will jay but tha' Turkey must (iiv? way. The question rward Irg Nicole if ff thteatens to be more tboroy, Turkey de clares that m> long ad Nicolaieff is kept up in its pruwm'. Ma e, ('orisrantin 'pie remains in as much danger a? if 'fe bsstoiKd had not been destroyed At Nic jiaieff there mas' eve' be the means for malting a suaden Incursion tnti tbe Black Sea, and for landing an army of Invasion at Conataniacple. ot what u-e can Nicolaieff be if the idea ot an attack ou Const tncinop'.e ha in fe>d faitb abandoned Y Nay, there la even a third difficulty raised Hoarding the t-vscuation of Kars; and no*, only that, but the rcc'.ihca'lon of the Russo-Tutkish fro-i tiers in Asia Minor. On neither of th<>*e .reclama tions is Russia likely to yield, and If supported by Eng and and France, or England alone, would Turkey probably prove more tractable. Let o? not torgvt that from the commeoeeroeut of difficult!"* Turkey ha< a* -different time-" by her eoudue' r.ompiete'y baffled the o.wions which bad been entertained of her want of will and energy. It was Turkey wltich of her own movement fiiln.ina'ed a declaration ot war ajj il us', Russia. Toe Em peror Nicholas was at Berlin wheu the In'el Igence reached bim, and be was so surprised and i.ifaria'ed that be lost all command of his temper. How that declaration ot war was followed up let Omer Pasha's memorable cam psfija on tbe IHiuube 'eply. We must not, with such recoilestioos fresh in our minds, allow ourselves to take for granted that 'he Turk ish plenipotentiaries mean to sit silent and passive at conferences. ^rhi"h, after all, must turn mainly ou the orlgE'41 subject of the war ? and that 'as, and is, tba lntegnty of the Otttiman Empire. Toe settled oonv>'ion ot the Saltan an! his gove'o ment as to the means of me nance anl Invasion which rest in the bans of an adversary who never spared their ciuntry, and whose c -aslant policy has heen Its conquest ? such conviction connot be trea'ed slightingly. As tor tbe expenses of the war, Tur key has claims which ought not t<> be waived. lier ex penses, though confined to tbe present s'ruggle, would lea^e nntoucue l the vast sums of which she ha1 previously been mulcted by her itnplaeaole aud rapacious adversa ry. let England and France m tgoanltnously I Org vs their own share of cott, if to dlsp tsed, and even iniem ni'y Sardinia 'or ber los???, bat Turkey ought not to be msde to stiller f r the benefit of the wanton s.ssk?-lns of Sioope. Iinrlng the einferences at Vienna, the Turkish Pleniprfen'iaty maintained his ground with re-narkable firmness snd dlpnlty; antl this, too, sh ?ull bs borne Ih mind bv tltoee who have lightly settled In their heals that tbe part assigned to Tarkey Is one of pure for mality. We suspect that th* assorance whtch Is gl rvn of there betrg perfect accord between the French an* F.cgllsi governments refers rather ti IWimarsund aid the Aland I les than to VIcolaielT and Asia Minor, lie' us hope that we may be wrong, and tlat the <-n>nV rnriliiil ' emlra mi a sco[?e wide enough to take in all questions, fur n >thmfl thrrr' trf th* firmest unym can bujfle the. fliji/iery intry/uet of he JVrrrthrru FriWert. [From the I/indon Herald, Feb. 1H ] It seems to be now conceded tha' we are ti have an armistice, and fiom that fact we may safely concluda that i^eace Is determined on, as the adv*ata<{e* which will accrue to Russia from a oesaatl.m of It ?<tiiities are so great tlat ue statesman eonld be blind enough or ?>?<k?d enough t> acoede to such a m?a ure, if it lie poe sihle that hostilities are to b" renewed rbrse advantage* cnsiH cf the following I'/ T't ? 1. A d*elay which will e.tnble the armlsa of "I 'j avleff to be reinforaed and supplied with muferi/l ot f?'. 'i. An opportunity of selling r??t ^uautiiies pf i.ussiaa I produce for Engliah gold, to aaaiat her in carrying on 3. I'ethaps 4 facility of raising a loan upon the ehanoe of peace. 4. An occasion for di-tnrblng, if not breaking up, our alliance with Eranoe, and m isolating England in the councils of Europe. 5. A postponement of all military and naval operations to i>nch a penod a* ni l render an advance upon Titlls, the only true strategic point in A?ia, difficult, if not im possible, from the retting in of the anneal thy season in the vallej ? of Mongreli* and Imerltia Purely, If the wa' Is to oe renewed, no one ean for a m'mett suppose tha' all tbese advantages will be given to Russia, as if purposely to increase our own difficul ties Put if peace be mala, for what, than, have we sasrl fice.' bO.liOO live* and 100 millions of money r Was i? for the purpose ot securing the Integrity cf the Pultan's dominions? shirely not, for he U to forfei his Ilwiuhian Piincipalities, which we may suppose W'll be come, under our font* ring care, like the last portion of bis territory of which are assisted lu despoiling him? Grteec ? a huropean nuisance ? an anarchical neat of swindlers, pirate* and brigand*. Surely, this example of our skill in organization is not one wnich wise men would wish to fullow. We could not have ma< ? 'he sacrifices allude<l to In or der to secure the Sultan's independence: for all Karope, including Russia, i- to inte fere in regulating tha inter nal arraug?ED?nt8 of hi* empire. The Cbi is1 inns, by the new improvements, are to have military service? which ths great mass ot thein loathe? forced tipon them, and are, in return, to have the harateh remitted, a tax which they wllllugly pay 'or the exemp tion they have hitherto erjoyed from an lmp<>siioa whi -h tney are now desired to contider an a privilege. The attempt to enforce iheee regulations may ? nav, will ? produce disturbances among all classes ot' Turkith subjects. winch will tender an occupation of the Terri tory ara eoercicn of the people necessary. (n the meantime peace will be declared, and Russia will be ?' invited" to assist In the pacilication of the Turkish Empire. We have no doubt that sbe will assist at the almost inevitable " curce" which must follow hero upon such proceedings with the very greatest satfefactt ~m. By the treaty of the 8th of vlay, 1854, the alli?d Powers are pledged to withdraw their troops from tho Turkish dominions within fortv-elght days alter the signature of ]?ace; but will the Austrian evacuate the Principalities and leave the French at Maslak 1 Or, lice rma, will the Jrenen leave Cotstanilaople whi'e Coroniai occupies Bucharest ? We trow not, indeed. But i' we have not Insured either the integrity or in dependence of tae Purk'sh empire, it will oe said that we have got the neutralisation ot the Bluet Sea. Thin certainly is a vast acquisition, if true; but how i* | is v> exist while Kico'aieff remains intact, and tbe ?ea of Afcoff is cot to be iuterfered wi'.b, it puzzles our poor brains to understand. Pe'hapa, however it may mean tlist. as we have nude Russia si ok tier ships weshoull have a new Navarino for the Turkish, so aa to start the two Powers upon equal terms ! Russia, we are assured, laughs at the idc% of givi Dg up be* claic s to tee Clrc?>sian const; and as she has ad vanced by <h? fall o' Hera; 500 miles ? from tbe miati of the Attruok, now nav gt'ed by her steamers ? frwards India, and is at this present momen' a cheiiil on the high read of our oomicerce, l.-om Trebuond to Tabriz? we do p--t see that sb<> will have any grea: reason to couipWin of tbe proposed arranpeaerts, and will wil:iogly mite a truce ? lo last tin il the anarchy ef Turkey, occasioned by Wep.ert med' ling, will router her interference in tbe cbaracte: if a m eciat jr, her fav on e beau roU, absolutely necessary. Meanwhile, if a coolcesi should take p'aee between the Western allies, and England, by Lord Palmerston's successful inausgement, should be involved in an Ameri can war, tbe future els [tonal of the Saltan'# dominions can le nrrarged between the tbree etnpireAand Eng Iain's wishes or interests may receive but little atten | tion at the hands of the C insuntiaople oongrets. I/ttokicg at all ihe^e complications, we cannot help | ttinking that a pease made at the present time will be very similar in its effects to the acquisition of Calul by our troops in tbe AfTghaii war: cf which event the great Duke is reported to have remarked ? "As soon as you h*ve got il, your difficulties will begin." Let it aot be said that the warnings we are giving are jeeent discoTeiies on our part, and that they come too la'e. Should tbe lat er unfrrtnna'ely prove to oe the case, it is not our fault. As long ago ns the 24th of May, 1854, nearly two years since, ?e anticipated that such a cri-is as we now dtrad must c< me sooner or later, and although events have marched more slowly than we calculated on, still tbe verv words we used then will lequire no altera' ion, although the period of their becoming applicable may oc cur in 1856, or he postponed till 1857. Those words 1 neie Towaids the sprlsg of tbe jcar wc much dr*ad 'hat diaal feclon will hare advanced with giact rtrides wiibin the te-ri lories of ire Sultan? that the approaching summer will tind the Turklah empire occuoled by foreign t-oops, to preven'. anatrhy? 2tKi.(HM> Ku -star is 200 000 A'l&trlana and perhaps let) wm t rench To ihete we may add about 40,000 English bayonets, nearly l?o!at<d, and It the t'ollry ot the present government be per sisted In, totally d strus ed by ail parties. l et Eiigli-bmen rememher that the po'.icy has been per sisted in. and reflect wte'her these are not signs that all there thf? gs aie c mir g rapidly to a consumma ion. [From tbe l.oao n >ta>.Oard, Feb. 19.] Tl>ere are rumors in cirs ilation, we know not on what authoiity touiided, that one ot the first acts of the C.nfe recce wi 1 be to agree to an armistice. We cannot give err c it to lfccpe niniors. as in the actual circumstances ot the wat sn arnisiicn wojld be mere madness on the part of the allies. They have no preparations to make; they are all ready for >be field, and wby, if not to turniah the enemy opportunity to prepa'e a more obstinate resist ance, give him a respite f ir a r ingle day? We know ? a 1 Europe knows ? upon whv ground the an'sg >nists in the war stand, as well as the provocation by which tbe war has ixen kindled. All know that from the begin niciPg Russia bas been the aggressor; and f*r Russia to deniand an ariuiatice is pre:ty macn as it a burglar seized flagtonti tltlirlo, should modestly request a parley with the policeman who has collared him as preli minary to rurieicer. As respect ? negotiations we hau enough of tLat last Aptil, as p jot Lord John Russell knows to nil cost. To what end tnen an armistice ? As we said yesterday, Kusri t is now fet the door of the allies beggirg tcr peace, while her guu are thundering, happi ly wii bout much efl'ect, upon the bloid stained ruins of Hebastopi.l, and her engineers lab >r incessantly to gtr?i?*hen 'be at the m luths of the l>nleper au'l the Ik, op, ii well as those in the Ba'tle. Tbis ii all f*ir while the na.ions at war make no prettnse of qaletud-; but fair it certainly wr.uid not be should the allies tie their hacds bv an armistice. England wan's no armistice, France wants no armistice, Sardinia wants no armistice, Tutkev wants noannistice; and, if an armistice there Is to be, it must be exclnnvely for the advantage of Russia: and tbe ministers of the allies wbo snail to it will le traitors to their respective ceunttiis as well as to the wbo.e alliance collectively. Russia wants peace and with ber the want is urgent, as she proves by begging for it. let ber, then, at once frankly propose her terms for ac ceptance or rejectl m. After all the diplomatic discu? sions njicn which so mu.b time has been wanted in tbe oomse ot the last thrte years, the Court of St. Petersburg must know what price i' is prepared to pay for peace, and wbat it Is not prepared to pav, but let Russia not be permitted by an armisti -,e abrea'hitg time, u|>on pretetic of higftilug about the bargain lbe questions in cispu e are tow so thoronghly utdcrstood on all sides that any f- ur or five honest and sensible men would dispose of all rf then collectively, or of each separately, In half an hoar. Tie demand of an armistice is. therefore, simn'y a 'raud ? a Iraad. for subml?ion to which all entrap, ed by it must be held as seriously responsible as Ueanth >rs, for men imposed upon by a transparent traud are accom plices wi'.b its authors. Tbe AiitHEngliih Kultry of France and the Culled Statu. [ from Galigoani's Mniseuger, Feb. 19 ] The attention of the Paris pre-s has b<:on oirec'nl to an artisie in tbe Tiwvt, In which some not over c rdUl rentiments are declared in a most txpiessive manner. The journals of this car l al had for tlie Ust few days waimly congratulated th>ir London eoteraperaMes on tbe wise mcdera'icn which t hey evinced in abstaining frt.m coicments or suggestion* prejudicial tJ thn result cf the peaee conference a* 1'atls. The article of the Tiinri has aonsequently fallen like a thunder-bolt amongst the complacent advocate* of a peace sum riterrr., whilst their previous congratulations are transformed into h?arty abase of the ofTenoing jsurnal. The Oibat* quotes the article, and accompanies it with the remark ih?t " its general pro'est will suffice without entering into details." The t'nvm is more explicit. aDd asserts that ' the conduct of tbe Eogli>>h journal authorizes every dis dain." Tbe AiicmlArf. jVatvmale Is molt explicit, for it addresses a homily, in three columns, to tbe apprecia tion ot the ltm<s, trocn which we extraet the following pasrage*:? The Jimm is not an official journal, and nothing au thorizes us to believe that its rentiments are those ?( tbe English government. After the engagements taken by the miois'eis before Europe, atter tbe language held by Lord t'almerston. and particularly by l/>rd Clarendon, In the two chambers of Parliament, we eannot suppose them to be animated with tbe intentions and sentim<-n's expressed by the Timts. Bu; everybody knows the Influence exercised by that journal in Eng^nd. It Is without doubt the most laithful orgsn ot the na tional teeilsg of Eng and? of that leeung wnich is firmest and most clever statesmen of the land must con sult, and whleh many tind It more convenient to tol ow bilncly. Webndlnthla article the intimate conviction of every trn? Englishman, and therefore its contents ap pear t<i us worthy of the most serious attention. There Is Uulh in what the 7'tmrs has said, but aUo much boast ing. // Kngland. u itn/rr?f/riat>U in her irln, yf lur ncy jrrmiti her to rsercirr in the r hole unrUl an influence whirh U iivnild br imtanr to >louU, I' I thr. Tinux my what xhe hi* hit on llw contihtiU witfoniJ ihtallinnceof mm? areaf. I'wrr. England may be ready to undertake a war alone with Russia; but we would know which of ber statesmen would declare himself responsible for th? en'erprlie. Er gland is not exhausted, any aore than France. But both understand that the aim of the war having b?eu obtained, Conbly obtained, by tbe military results of the ast campaign, and Dp the concessions of Russii, It Is im possible to continue the struggle without exp-jeiog Eu rope to a general war. And this is what Francs cannot desire, because her dearest interests Wen her a policy wh'ch shall prevent these divisions and struggles on the C* ntinent, which always increase the preponderant ot Engl?n?. It Is not In oar Ideas to adopt sn exclusive, jealous, hcs'.ile |iolicy towards England. Wr u>uh wrejy lo rtlttr lh- OmlintaJ f rvnn hrr prenoniieranrr., and peace concluded on terms honorable to all parties. Is the only, < r, at laa?s, the best manner to efToct that. What Is now pissing in America may serve as a wurning. If It was < nly a question of Mr. C>ampton and the King of the Mosquito*, wou!d two great governments oc-upe them selves so long atd (ill tbe w> rid so noisily with t^ieir quarrels 't fteeidcdly not. Bat under these pre lexis tnere exist sirious And real interests in t'en tral America; there Is for the ( niterl States a graver question? it is to arrest tbe progress on 'hat side at least ot the spirt' of domination which ammxtes Euglnnd no less 'Lan thernselvee. Thf prrmnnrnj jkiUci/ if Franc is lo rrhtrr Europt from that, rjnrit. Wl'h satisfaction we observe that not iu one instance bas an Erglisp journal indulged In language similar ti the above. With respect to tne reproaches addressed ti the limtt, we have no remark to make, but we certainly t'gret that sentiments hostile and s i injur lous to

Et gland should be thus openly avowed. This language, witch Is not fclone ungenerous, hut Impilitie, wo uld be difficult to explain were we not reminded that It. p rcoeeds from the organ f.l a party which Is bound to our c <mntry l>y ties of grat tlude, i H?nla?? ot Um Orand Drt? Sichotaf. iuINMIN ST. FIT1BBBCBU? THE PUBLIC HEJOICINdB ? ROT AL VIHlT*)li?? DBW<8 OF THK BB1DK HEALTH OK THK KHPHKU8 DOWAUBK? ATFKABANCB OF TB? ?* hlve'tecMTed'tht St. Petersburg Journals of the 9ttbe <ic ?? Petsrtiurg publishei i an J?Peri^ iniiiifttto announcing Ihl marriage of Hia M?je.ty brother, the Gr?nd Duke Nlohola?.to the (J ran a Ducheew Alexandra Petrowna (Prinwss ot Oldenbu g). [Correspondence of Pari* Oonstltutlonell 1 S* PKTBB8BI RO t?b 6 1W. The raarrisw of the Grand Dnke Nicholas with hi. cousin tbe Pilncsss Alexandra Pet'owna, of O deuburg ^k oiace to-day. At earky davu the firing of cannon and the ringing of bell* announced the opening of tee fete AlU?- ugb an program me of t?e pro dding.' had been pnblUhed, ft In not tbe one, yon. may assure!, which wtU 1 b ? ?*"i?d AWinnder II. n??<l not hare ordered that bt I ?'-?? burg should be riuminatnd for three nights, as it be to tor a week by 'be spontaneous will 01 the inhabitants. Can t?a?? and .ledge* thioDged tbe streets of Ihe ctpi U1 General offioere in lull nni'ojwi. Minuter. Bomber, of 'he corps diplomatique, elvil and mlli!*i7 functionaries, the mem be a of .be aristocracy, im th- wive, ot the am b, xradors and grand dignitariw, gli 'erlng with diamond. a> d etvelope. In the ri hest far., were wen flocking to ward. ore jKitt? the Winter Pa ace. The st-wts and qusy. were covered by ao immense crowd, and the wea ther w?. k> n>ilc that the teop e ceuld. wlih <ut incon ?eiience to themselves. stand still and witness toe e*iul n-oPB nasainc. 'n the larse state saloon of the Winter fsince the Invited guests lonnd assemble! all the Impe rial amily ana .everai forcigu print*., relative, or friends ? f the (irand Duch m The Euiiwror Alexander, the Kinpie?? Dowager, tbe Empress Mvla, he Queen I ijw aaer of the N*ther lards the Grand Duke CesarewitKcta, tbe Giand Dukes Con.tanMoe ?id Michael, Prince Peter and tbe Prince.. Theresa of Oldenburg, Prince Augustus ol Wcr'.emberg. tbe youDg Lrnke. of Lauch eoberg, Prince, of Romanoff ant oher angust perBon8g#?-urround?d the young couple. Tbere we-e alio nre.ent Baron Korff, G.ard Mast>r of the Household of the Grand Duke Nlcho la. Ihe Grand MI.treBa and the Ltdic. ot Honor of the vovnir Princes., and the snifes of tke two Empre.Be. an1 ihe Grand r.ucbesee. All bete ladle, were in the Kaa *ian national ooMurne, which produced % charmitg offset in th? mid.t of the brilliant uniforms and toilettes of the other lacle. incited. _ , . , CouLtO I ff, in the uniform of a General of cavalry, was also present, and leaeivei numerous constat ulauon. on tla suHe.u ot (he im jortant mission with which tbe c nfflenc* of fci. Sovereign bas tnves ed him Count V alentine Este'hszy aleo appea'ed an. id toe glittering tbrorg for tbe flr.t time at one ot the Court galas. The Hmpreaa lk> wager aid not go to the chapel. In c >n sequence of her delica e health and a'ter 'he mar ried ccnile hid received the nup lal benediction the* were ssluted by all tbe nerabers o' the Imperial ra mil . he lrvited guest, then lef the pa ace to re turn In tb* evening t > a grand banquet and conceit. It, was at li-.t inte Ced th*t '.heie should be a splendid ball, fcr which invitition. has been is. ed but 'he deitu of Marsha* Psgkiewitech caused tais arrangement ;to b? ctiscged, and a cocrert was substitu-d f>r it. It tne weather tbi. evening is as fine as it has been during ttie day ibe Mieets wlU be thronged dnring the whole nlgit. To-daj and for the nex'. lew day. It will be useless *o du cuss here the qu<uU<.n ot peace or war. as the re joicing, tor tbe marriage will be ttie excluiire object of attecti-n; the Crimea, the Western fow?fs, and tne Con ferences of Paii. are for this moment nearly forgotten. St. PiTERSUt R'i Feb. 7, 1856. Tbe whole capital Ls to oay, as it was ye.teday, am' will be to morrow, keeping feie, for the Princess A lexiu dia Petrcwna has ordered an abundant distribution ot alms tmt ng tbe poorer in every q-iarterof tbeeity. The iilua lnaticn. have been general, tjr the private bouse, ha^e endeavored to rival the public establishment* in hcror of tbe ytung couple. One tact alone 1 ended to throw a little gloom over th maniege, ?nd that U the ilines. of the toore-s Oowa (per. Ihe complaint under which she was laboring be lt re the death of the Emptror Nicholas haa made rapid ?ti Ides Bince that event. At the end of last year it was thought that a visit to Berlin and a few month's re.i duce In her native air might be of benefit to her M*je?^ ty but at the moment vhen abe was preparing to act out for Piusfia a marked improvement In her situation whs viaiole, and the journey w?. a*aln given up. Now however, bar M.jcsty appews to have bad a relapse and tbe perslns who were mvitddto the ceremony ould ndt help being much struck at the txhanstion of strength under wbi:h she app?ared to be laboring, aid at the great efforts the w?. compelled to make in order to re main for only one honr In the reception rooms. Her Ma jesty wa. compelled to retlie before dinner. ,,T . I'russia U now rgain talked of. and It will in all P^obt bility te now cariitd into execution, as the health ot her krnUtty c?ure. serious uneasiness to her family. Ibe En peror AHxander II.. who is devotedly atta-ho . to bi. tLOiher, will do everything In hia power to indue, ber 1o take the journey, if the phynsians aie ol opinion tbat it would te of benefit. , . It w?. retrtirksd at tie Court reception yesterday, tha' the FmptesB Maiia appeared in exe?Ue?l '' l?l'1 *{* certainlv bad a light to feel pleased at the triumph en has ob'a'eed - ver the efforts of the oil Russian party, and over the itfluences which surrounded her huiband. biice ibe Emperor ascenced the throne she has con.ian^ ly t-poktn to bim ot ]? e, snd of the fine part toe wo*Ud have to i lay when it was concluded, as the c viliser ot all the Kmslas. where all tbe to pc rtant amelloratlouH ^ duired bj indnatoy, aciencea, and the arta, curUgtlie last Antuiy, ate, a. it were, completely unknown. The .no ? ? ?five nveises in the Crimta, and the bombardments of Bomarsund acd Sweaborg have opened the eyeso fthe ( zsr to the tea) ?Uie ot thi| ce'ences of the count ry an ! be tow fees bow little dependence m to be placed on ihe < flicial c( mmunications which have been malt to bim. He now find, that Russia has nei her sufli dent resource, within herself, nor mea enough to as crmpli.n tne ie.tlnie. dreamt of by I eter the Great , lie has karnt bv tbe CeanceLor ol tlie Empire, and from V. de l ontrc, what aie the real feelings ol (Jermany ; from Marshal Psskevritseh and Gsneral Gortschakoff now fat*' a war witn Europe might be to'ia; and from M. de feebsch and tbe Russian te preventative, at Vienna anl Berlin, what axe tbe real resoaroes of his adversaries, and it om the rcomert tbat be was enlightened on all these points, he no lor ger b?.nia'ed to fol ow the pacific ten dtscy oi bis leelingp. [Const pondence of l e Nerd, of Brussels.] 1 St. Potkhshi bo, I eb. 7, l?oo. Yesterday eventrg the ceremony ol marriage ^^een tbe Grsnd Duke Nicholas Ntcoutewuch and Macrae tbt tbe Grand Duchess Alexandra l'etrovna, eldest of 1*1 ir ce Peter of Oldenburg, was celebrated at the Win ter Palace. Ibis new slliance In the imperial family of Russia bas been loilawtd by the sympathies ofall clas.e-; of k cietv Ir m the day upon which tne news became known to the public. Hve volley, fired ^om ^e ram parts of the Fort ot St. Petersburg announce.! yesterday, at 16 o'clock in the morning, the day of the celebia.ioo ?f 'lhe"!lgust wore, duilngthe ceremony, a msg nlficent irewn of diamonds. The train ^ ?M t le^c^ti n-on velvet dies., lined with ermine, which Bbe wore, was home oy tour chamberlains, and by the general direaie. of tie new court of tbe Giand Duke Mcl!ol*f A ft lei <lid supper in the marble sail, of their Majes ties' /alace brought V-getber the Imperial family and the bigh ciul and n.ilitarj dignitaues. rue a, up d. mi wai fcTbellll?diMt artists of the l'alian Opera ptrfonri.d eutiEg the banquet, a vocal concert, occasion^* intro ducing brilliant nomauz ot instrumental music, P'"/? by a select orchesua. The toasts proposed, to th< flourish of trumpets were followed by disharges of cannv u bred from the fortress, opposite the palace, npon the other bank of the Neva The city was illuminated, and the street" crowded with people. In Russia the entire population , tbis kind in the Imperial f.mily with its own life? with the very exl.tetiee of the country. Hwas nejce-i see the immense place wbich extends beforo l'slace, coveted wr.h brillUnt. e<iuip*ges in files re. em blitg new streets? one must ba\e seen the movernen im the different streets to have obtained a .-orrec ?. i ides ^of tbe ntllueuce of the city and ot the order which pre **1 should add tbat tbe public, a '.nutted on thi. occasion to the Palsce, was composed not enly of the vcrynuAnH roo. 7 rrxn.vtl of the Ccutcil ol tbe Empli*; tors. Ministers, diplomatique corps, tne bi?h clergy olli cers ot ah grades of the ai my and navy, fore ga iner chants and their ladies, as well ss some Russian merehnn s of tbe first two guilds, but also of a very ?um?roa* consisting ft ladies who do not bf?ong to the courier whom Human hospitality, of which the court sjrer sets an exsmple, opened tbe tribune! or gallerks of Hfni"" "the P^sci. The steward of th, tl bules cn these occasions tnoio than i,?W) tukets, meu ate f xcltdtd from the tribunes. V! . (in tbe cocas i n ot tbe ?*frlage tW Grand Duke Nicho las snd his brother tbe Giatd Kuie Mishael hav? teen named Aides ce csmp General. T%e /mSiuTo named Mipeii.T of Engineers and t~y9ond Grand Master o Artihery. The erost Mlagway C?u?e. JCUOMINT OF THK FRENCH COUfcf* OF APPKAL IN FAVOB OF THE AMEB1CAN HEIKS. [Trsn.lated from the Gs/ette de V ranee. ] 1MFKRIAL COPRT OF PABIS ? FIBHT CHAMIIRB. President M. Delangle. SlTTl.Nt 8 OK THE 2'/l> J AM' ART AXT. fiTH A.NP llTH ?1R'APY Inheritance of th* I>uch*tt <lr. l'Ltuant', Lawful Amtri tan Htir?Mrt. Hid'/way r$. Meixtrr. <U Vat-my and (it fary. In the year 177# Mr. Barbi- de Marhois loft 1 rauss fbr the I'ni.ed States as Consul General and Charge d'Af faires of Kir.g l-onts XVI. He remained in the I ult?.l States until 1786, when he wa. appointed Int^ndantof Hispaniola. In the course of the year 1784 he wa< mar ried to Mi?s Ellmbeth Moore, who waa considerably his ] junior. The fruit of this marriage wa- an only daughter, ] wbo married the I fuke de PUIsance. Mr. Bat be de Mar bcis had two sisters, ons of wanm, havlog marriei Mr Sauvsge, died Without posterity; tb^ othar, the wife of Marshall Kellermann, Dnke de Valmy, ieft two children, a son, General K?llerrea.nn, and a dau^h'er. who married Ceceral Viscount de I-ery. Each of these two children 1. represented before the tilbunal-tieneral Duksde Valmy, by Edmund Kellermann. Duke de Valmy; Mad. de Lery V, cini.nt de I*ry. The Pucbess ds I'lai?an?e bad by h?r ^,.rri.oe wi'h ?be Duke an only daughter, whom she loU br dea'h .'orre years sgo f.Iven up wholly tr. the grief into which this great misfortune bad plunged her. and iu ti at shs might abandon herself more freely to It. r^ieft fcr Gi^ee, where she made Athens her place of tuli'iT ce without, however, ceasing to coniider her iecnl It.i.tnMt in Tarls. As she jiosse^sed estate. In f.reece i.'rance .be administered the first herself, snd left U^ 1" t? taken car- of by a proxy in whom she re sorfiflenoe. In this posi .Ion she died, in Athens, Mitl4 UM leaving a considerable fortune. No will, hewever was found after her. In the absence nf asceud .nts iescer ?'snts, brothers or *i?ters, nepne#< or ' vpr inherl'SBce tevolveil on the nesrest collats II. n ibe two paternal and maternal lines. As it '* a' fbst tine unknown whe har or not the I)nche<s Pl.isancslta>l?li*'"nve' ?t#> "?sl? on her ?",fli?i efl-cts and a provisional administrator of the i it r.oTi.teatei'.. Then, at t-e re<|oest ot Mess*.. iVnK Il4 4, UfJ, <>*: who, to tbe pater 1 "i ZZA" kno^D, in Inventory ?H dr*w? ' ??l if JT?} rt * <*? oeclared tha- is the miteraU . ?&??** ?2? "Stained. On the Ja flap em ill? ^ V?Unf and de Ijtrj proceeded to a awl ooo fralce r *"*; *r?P?rtr ?? ??ou' 1 " iOO.OOO fraLca. r?*l ea'ate, estimated at 2,300,009 ' i j -*4 I* Mod on the 23d of the*ame month. The r*?l and p< ,rao?i*I estate which the deceased had left ? ?f Ik ^mintd undiv.ded. This waa th* situation ? j VT ?i on th* 6th Oitober, 1864, M >Hsrs. de Val 2' '?u T 'eoeivd ? aummons, at th? requeit of '"V> b* bir,h ? Wlui?*. ?nd others pretending to pe xp 4 rrtfy heirs of the Duchess de Plaisanca of the ?a,e,'^al line, in her quality aa a ehl'd oi Mrs. iOlsa Mo"'.a wife of Mr. Riihard Willing, whioh Eli/i iloore w" i first cousin of the Dae bees de Plaisance, a ad niece 0 ? Madame l!ar be de Marbois, by birth a Iloore. mother of Raid Duchess. The oaject of tail summons was to elaim of Messrs. de Valmy and de Lery the partition of tbe inheritance, tbe sale of tbe estates depending on it. Messrs. fie Valmy and de Lety demanded tbe jastidca ion of these cklm* aa beira. In reply to thi* reclamation Mra. Ru gway, through her agents, deposited with Mr. Dursnt, )> notary at 1'arla various pro it* establish lug, 1b tceir opinion, her righto to the inheritance of tbe Duchess de Plaliance. Merer s. de Vahny and de Lery acknowledged theie ? roots aa establishing the descent oi Mra. Ridgwav from homes Lloyd Moore; but they alleged that they did not ?r< ve ibat tbeie had been a iegitlmtte marriage bet *een Hiliam Morre and Sarah Lloyd hVore the birth of Ma dame Berbi- ce Marbois, taeir daughte*, no more than tbey pro ved tbe filiation of Thomas Lloyd Moore, g'and 'at her of Mrs. Ridgway, brother of Midame B<?roe de Marboia. In cccrequeree, Messrs. De Valmy and De I-ery insisted on tbe e xnibi .ion of certificates of marriage and birth In order to comply with this requirement, Mra. Kidg wuy exhibited an extract of a family Bible, containing ?he following declaration:?'* William Moore married the 18th December, 1767, Ha rah Lloyd. Issue of thi* mar riage, 1 bombs Lloyd Moore, born on Saturday, .lau 20, 1" 59, at 7 o'clock in the morning; Elizabeth, bjrn on the 18th of March, 1764, at Eve minutes after two In the alternoon." Alter these pieces were put in, the cause pursued Its course, and the Civil Tdbunal of the Seine rendered on tie 18 h July, 1866, tbe following judgment:? In what concerns the intervention, coMMating that in terpellant appeals to the decision of jubTOS; -vi-hiut tai l r ft notice of the points raitel by De 'almy and de Lery which are ill founotl, the proofs required of the hus band and wife, Ridgwsy, are supplied by the exhibits and document j which have been famished. Orders in consequence, that the title of the inventory drawn np by Fouid, notary in Pari*, after tbo desatse of tbe Ducheste de Plaisance, at the request of the heirs of tbe paternal line, be rectified In eonformity wi>,h the rights and qualities 1 1 all the Interested parties; that, moreover, the raid inventory be levised and verified ny Iiurans, notary in Paris and that mention of tbe present judgment be made cn the margin of the draught of the inventory. Orders, ibat all notorial document* which may h:i v j hern dawn up at tbe request of the heirs ot tha pate-nil line shall oe rectified by the notary, in conformity with tbo present judgment. Deciaies null and vcid all deeds of partition of personal property or esta'es which would have been male between heirs ol tbe paternal line oniy. Peclares tbe present judgment common to the wife, Sau vage. -brows ibe coats upon the husband and wife, Rtfgway, re>eiviig their rec-mrse against De Vaitnv and Ite Lory Cocdemns Pe Valmy and De Lery, jointly and severally, to nil the costs. Mestrs. De Valmy and De Lery lodged an appeal against this judgment. On ber side, Mrs. Ridgway lodged an incidental appeal, founded on the fact of the Tribunal baving omitted 1 1 or der ibe sale by auction of the pe sonai property depen dent on the heritage of Madame De Plaiaaace. In consequence ot this double appeal, the case again came before tbe court, on the 22d ot Jannary last. Messrs. De V*)my and De Lery demanded that previous to ihe dUcuaiiion of the matter itoelf, Mrs Ridgway should be ccmpellcd to exhibit and to deposit at tbe clerk's ttffice of the court th? family Bible containing the above mentioned declarations. Tbe Court rendered on the aame day a deeition by which it adjourned llie cause to the 29th of January. To-day (Jan. 20,) the affair again came up. M. Beriyer, advocate of M. De Valmy, began by re pelling tbe reproaches trade against Messrs. De Valmy and Pe Lery, of baving been overanxious to seize on tue iebetlfanee. As to Mrs. Ridgway, (the advocate continues,) h >w can t-h? complain of such a state of thingn t At that epoch tbe was reelding in Parts, hiving returned from America in order to ei-joy the pleasures or Parisian life. In consideration of her brilliant beauty, her youth and ber riches, tbe most exquisite talom were thrown open to her ; ibe war acquainted with what ia called le.gra.rul monde. and waa constantly kept advised of whatever passed there. How would it have been possible for her to ba igno rant cf the death of tbe Duchess de Plaisanoe? Sne must have been advised of it even before the funeral circular whish the acknowledges waa addressed to her by the Duke do Valmy. Furthermore, could she be unaware of the ligb's she had to exerebe in regard to the inheri tanceV Could tbe be ignorant that there were ties of re lationship between her and the Ducbessu de P'aitance, whatever the nature of theie tiee may have b-en? And, en tbe other tide, if ahe had really been a rela tion of tbe family Kellenuan. would she not, from the ilay of ber ai rival at l'arla, navt hastened to avow this relatiot ship, and to take advantage of it in order to en large htUl more the circle of ber acquaintance? This ignorance ot ber own i ights would seem to prov? , first and lcremrst, that her al'eged righta were not serious, and that tbey never existed. On tbe 30th October her claim w?a put in. Mrs. Ridgway, in ber bill, atylea her scl' tecond ccnain ; but no explenation follows thi--, ale gat ion. Immediately Messrs. de Valmy und de I<ery oiler ber an amicable partition with tbe sole condi i in that Mrs. Ridgway shculo establish her rights. This tearocab'e proposition ia neither accepted nor refused. On tbe 2?d tr 23d December she and her agents are in vited to aselst at tbe notary's ofiioe at the oep'isltii g of tbe papers and tlt'ee. These papers, of which thire are eleveu, are extracts from the registers ot Philadelphia, and state that tbe plaintiff descends in direct II ns irom Thomas Ucyd Moore. It would have been alro impor tant to prove that this Thomas Lloyd Mojie wa< the brother of Mre. Barbe de Marboia. Ibe extracts, however, old not prove anything ot that scrt. The point merits an obferva ion. The next steam er, was the teplv, most bring the documents whtcu will do justice to t'- is objection. Now, the documents brought by it weie the iol owing:? Two notarial documents, throe declarations of witnesses, the copy of the Inscriptions found in a family Bible, a new testament of Sarah L'oyd of the year 1787, and a second testament of the same year. Sir. de Valmy, through the medium of th* Minister of Foieign Aflairs, canted s'eps t> be taken; very circum stantial rett nrcbes were made in the L'ni ed States, which proved fruitless. At tbe Court of Fit sflns'ance every one of *be documents exhibited by our adversaries was the object of a special oiasusston between my then oppo nent. M. Paillet, anc myself. 'lbns, more esjiecinliy in reference to the act of mar riage of Mr. Barbe de Marboia with Elizabeth Miore. wte.e it waa f fated that the latter was born on the 13th Maroh, 17P4, by W. Moore and Sarah Lloyd, bis wi'e, we asked if this a^pertion was conformable to truth, and if W. Moore leally had contracted a legitimate marriage wi'h Saiah IJojd !? Ifcey clumored against us, and saia:? 'Dr. you, iben, believe that Mr. Barbe de Marbois would have maiiUd a Latwral child >" To tbat w? replied, tnat one oogbt not to jui'ge of tbe 'ben nitaation by our present ireas, but take into consideration the manners nvl ctis tnn.s wl ich prevailed among tbe American colnaisis, and tbe facility of wblrh hnd become proverbial. Indeed, Mr. de Marbo is himtelf might vary well have yielued to tbe curient of those ideas; he might have entered into a cotDeclion wbich did net wound American usages wif-h < jt tbinkirg it derogatory to the dignity of bis post or to his peistnal position. At all eveats, tbe simple declaration, iu his deed of matriage, ot the qualification of husband and wife, given to Mr. W. Mooie and Sarah I loyd, did not attest their marriage before tbe birth of the daughter whom they gave Mr. I:nrte de Marbois in marriage. On the o. ber h?nd, in 'bis act, which recalls to mind the pmalties agnicft false witnesses in acta ot marringe, you do not see appear any witness on the jjart of the l>ri te; there aie only witnesses on th* sine of Mr. de Mir bo's, and, nevertheless, in tbe contract of marriage you find thi. sbe was a'to assisted by witnesses. In tbe istne act is oited tbe baptismal certlfi?te of the biice, ot the 13tb Match, 1'64, and when this eertidc^te of bnptltm is again ci>eo, at ibe time of the death of Mme. de Slaib) is, it ia dated the 17th June, 1764. But this is not a l; in 1786, a daughter ot Mr. Barbe de Marboia ia christen ed ; neither god'ather nor godmother appear on the part ot the tamiiV Moore. Let us deolare, moreover, th*' aa xgaids Mr. Barbe de Marboi*. the suspicion concerning tbe leyalry of tbe filiation of his wife lias never coased to lie agita'td; a fact which is attested by tbe witnesses whose drclara ions we shall produce, in particular hv a person of eighty -three years, who had remained for sixty re v? d years in tbefamiiy Kellermann. Mr. Berryerhsre tend the judgment against which an appeal had been lodged, and continued tbus: ? In l?w the tribunal shows itself too absolute. With out doubt the civil condition <f persons has its founda tion In tbe law of tbe principal p'ace of residence a-ud in the h atutes; but if an inheritance to which Frenchmen ?b0 foreigaers make pretensions, the litter claim either the light of primogeniture, or tbe exclusion of females, or the admission ot illegitimate children to the same de gree as legitimate children ? la all those and similar cises tbe authority of the fort ign law should no", bs so abso lute as to ptevail over tbe 1 reach Uw. Foreigners, wi Ih out question, find In tbe law of the 14th July, 18 it* right to tr-nsmlt their property, and of inheriting in France: but this law, which was, in the Chamber of Peers, ihe object ot a lively eritxqu ? on the part of Mr. Bat lie de Ifat'ioi* himself, chiefly from the point of vi?>w cf the particular legislation of the United States, did not ?itboi ze. as to the proof of tbe title of i'.heritanee, n or e indulgence tor tbe foreigner than lor the Frenchman, bar fiom doing to, this law throws upon the foreigner tie ie?p< nslblllty of producing the proper docuincMts. Thus, a eiti/tn of the United States, where, in conse quence cf tli? lacflitv of divorce a wotnan can have two or three living husbands, would be told: " It is a mis fortune for yoa to belong to a country where you are noe ali'e to gother the necessary proofs, if you are a member cf one of those religions sect* who look npon it as a oon se'ettious duty to keep registers of the civil condition." I do not say that it is necessary that the deeds which tbe stravger bas to exhibit roust be precisely in the French form; bnt I demand that tbey may be equivalent to our French documents, and that they, in particular, may be submitted to the application of articles 4?, 47, 1H7. 1P4 of the C*)e Napoleon. So the eases of proofs wbith muat be made in t-lie event of the loss of the registers in th# matter of filiation or legitimate mar . Now, in the Uilt?d St*t?t. there are regular regi ters, ar.d wl ikteyer those who give oei '.ideates of customs miy, it ia only wbeu p%roth?al registers or tatriiiy bibles are ni s?tng, tbat pr<^)ts <t' tha*. kind are tna o by ftp- sHlon? In Ireni..?ylvauia In partleular, ?h? legis I'enn e-tal.ilshed there the common laws of iCuri- <e Ihe I igest ot tbe laws of that coontry from 1700 to IS'R ot Jobn I'Hrdon. attests "Tbat the infcrip'.ltm on ti.<; reg-steTs by any le'.iffious society of marriages. eui!,s or deoiases is a-iirltted In e.o-irts ot Justice." Aid timi'ar deoisions are sttted under the ca earf l'no hd! l"2fl, under the authority o! wUich the marriage of W. Mooro and Sirah Lloyd in 1757 was ?( leirini/rti. It id ?*>J?ited that, nevertliele^i, those re giste s ate made u> e of. This it an error proved by the Mt that It U stated that In 17(0 a hundred and forty - mud peisona have been inscribed there u having bees baptized, end that iu 1767 there were mentioned ninety three maniagos, a Dumber of little importune* in refer ence lo the pieeent population of the State of Pennaylva uia, but considerable in relation to that of 1767. Well, in the registers you do not find any mention of Ike ??? riage ef W. Moore and Sarah L'cyd; you see then only a man lege of W. Moore and Rachel Right amur date of ltith Atguxt, 17(8. Is it W. Moore, one oi the forefathers of our ad fer series 1* This li im poi-Molc, but that would not picve bic marriage with Sarah Lloyd, and it it im p?Hnib e not to conclude from the li'eoce of the registers that thin marritge did not oecur in 1767. It is attempted to Dale up for thi? deficiency by family registers. I accord to those registers, eren to the father of a family, as much authority ?i to the public registers and to the magistracy. But tlnce you offer as proof tbe family Bi ble exhibit to us the original. The original has been spoken of ; but, why has the father of Mrs. Rldgvay, in writing to bit daugh er io September 1864, not sent her this pretei'ded titled Instead of this, they devoted them eelvea in Octover and November, 1864, to resetrehee and to notarial documents, and it was only when they saw the insufficiency of all these means, ou tbo 26th January, 1866, thai Mr. Willing conclnuad to have eepied by ? no te y those pretend ed in>ciiptions in this Biale, which is claltmd to have been In his possession sin;e 18345. Not only by the Icglslatim of France, bat even by that of the United States, hare 1 the right to refuse ibis document. Numerous decisions of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania prove that when toe original exists, the copy it not admissible. In fact, our adversaries are in possession of the original; a correspondent of M. de Valmy wri'es to him that he ban been iL formed oy the solicitor of Mr. Willing, at Phila delphia, that toe Bible in question has been sent to France. On ths other hand, even in attributing to thii Bible the greatest authority, this faet ought not to lead to the eoo clusion that the inscripti ins which it contains should be mace tor the purpose of the cau?e; there mentions mast be coeval with the facts they state; now in this Bible, all have teen mace uno conlnrtu without interruption ana at once tbe marriage of 1767, and the births of the two chil dren who were born of it; in a word, whatever occurred in the family op to 1788, in an interval of 31 ye%rs. Moreover, you bo not fled there stated the principal evsnts, such as tbi marriage of Thomas Moore, tbe eldest son of W. Moore and t-'arih ? J<.yd, in 178J; the birth of their daugh ter Eliza, in 17X0 ; the marriage of Madame Barbc de Ma' b< in, In i"84 Indeed, the exhibt'ei inscriptions have no other date than 1866. the epocn judged necessary for the preterit cause; the Bible in question is therefore unfaithful; at <-.11 events, it. Is incomplete. M. Berryer goes over the other documents exhibited by Mecame KWgway, and *-ndeavors to establish that they do not cur tain 'he proif wbich the .lodges in the first in stance ft und 'here. He explains himself likewise as to tbe eoriesp. iiCence ef Mr. Barhe de Marbois, and maia tains that if thin carte- p"ndence is examined in its en lliety, and not hy f ago<6nts, you destroy completely the aigumectr whi. h <t.e pretended to result from it. U. Dufaute, sdv cate of Mrs. Ri. gway, af'er having again exposed the tacts of the cause, maintains tbat, ante rior to the death ot Madame de 1'laisanoe, the Duke de Valmy *as perfectly well aoquunted with Mrs. Hi' gway, in whose house he had several times dined, and with whom be had g me to the Theatre ita.ienne; and tint, under these circumstances, tbe i elation exiting between Mme. de Piaisance and Mrs. Rldgwsy bad been rBcognlseo. He maintains farther tbat whatever eight bj said to the oontrary, Messrs. de Valmv and de I*ry were in too much htate, after the death of tbe Duchess de l'laiiance, to take possession of her inheritance. A hat aid tbe- do with this inheritanse ? This is a mystery difficult io penetrate. The only information the heirs billing are able to procure is, tbat amongst tbe values ot the inheritance there wer? a hundred and for.y theies of ibe Ban* ot France of about 400,000 tr. Wjti, the governor of toe bank has been asked whet h .d te eonse i.f them, and he answered tbat the greater part had been soid by Mesx.s De Valay and Ds Lery. Mrs. Riagwa; retained easy, as sbe was convinced that tbe juc'btsfc de Piaisance had left a will. It hae been said that Mr. Richuro Willing wrote to Mrs. Rldgway to ap prise her of the rea'b of Mme. oe Plai-ance, and ta deter her trom raiding the leaBt difficulty ia this respect. This is an error, lor the letter written !r jm Philadelphia eon tains tbe folioeiig pan-age : ? " 1'be death of the DacheM de Piaisance. who oied without leaving a will, renders it neoes-ary lor me io gtve you the trouble of looking after her fortune, as n-y enildren are the next hetrs." There fo.-e, be eld not make any allusion of the kind spoken of. As 8( on ss the action was commenced by Mm. Rldg waj pro. ts w ere a led for. Was this legal f was it honest f Messrs. De Vaioiy and De Lery had in their posseasion the family papers establishing the rights of Mrs. Ridgway, aid they ai-k tbat those rights should 09 proven. Well!, they ieqnire nevertheless mat those proofs should he pro duced. It la necessary to comply with tbat exieting de mand. Marame De Kidgway thought that, seeine tne lelations which connected her wi h Messrs. De Valmy and De Le?y, an act .if notorie y would be sufficient. Therefoie i-fce produced an act establishing ber family titles drawn up, < n th 28th r.nd 30th of October, 1854. before Mr. Durant, notary at Paris. It would seem that In pretence of ?uch an act all resistance would vanish. Such was not tbe case. The exhibition of deeds drawn np in Au erica w?s required, we have obtained them, and this has not been reemed sufficient. The proof that Mr. Thomas Moore *as really the brother ot Madame Barbe de Maibois his been required. Ths proof of the mar ilage ofWiltiam Moore and Sarah IJ yd, and that of the birth ef ihelr eldest eon, and of their daughter, who mar ried Mr. Barbt' de Marbois, have also been required Th< se aecds have beer looked for everywhere; ti has net been ptstlble to ficC th-m but other docun-enti acknowledged as sufficient by tbe Tribunal tie Premiere Instance have Veen found. Mr. Dufaure reviews afterwards the legal question, and asserts tbat the only rule to observe was th? establish ment of the pi' of ot the rights oi the netrs Willing. This principle l>emg admitted, he refutes toe obJ'JcMon drawa Irom tne existenoe ot a law in 1'eanaylTiiiia. coroerning the performance of seTtain ceremonies for tbe celebration ot marriages, and reeds on that aubjee'. a certificate of custom delivered by Mr. Reed, counsellor and Attorney General for the county of Philadelphia. Examining after wards the farts upon which his el' suts have basea their action, he tends the contrast of marring* of Mr. and Madame Bai be de Marbois. In the f*se ot such fa Ha, says Mr. Dufuure w*o can continue to entertain doubts coneeinirg tbe p-'eression a'etal of legitimate man and wile of William M<?re and Saraa LloycV It baa been said, however, thu' thn names ot two witnesses who were pre sent at the tlvi' contract of marriage are not to be found in the set ct lel'giots celebration. Is th's a serious ob jection? 1m it not. evident that this absence Is to be ex plained only oy leligiots motives, and by nothing else? There is anothe.- white testimony ia of great weight; it la Wahhing'on hitnteif. The following is taieu from an American book ? The Republican Court, or Amerisan So ciety in the time ot Washington: ? "l'be marriage cfMr. de Marbois and of Kiss Moo-e," ?ays tie writer, " to? k place lately; the ceremoay was perfomrd io tie rtorniug, In the chapel nf the minister, by bis chaplain, and in the evening at the houie of Mr. Mooro, by Mr Whi'e, tbe minister. .Several rumors have been circulated upon this occasion, and. amongst other t. that tbeynnig lady renounced her religion to become* Catholic; that the had been bap i*el and had comrnuni catcd; but my opioinn is that nothing has been asked trcrn either man or wile hut a mutual toleration." It war upon this ncumn that Waahlngton wro'e the fol'ow'i g letter, upon which Mr. de Marbiis glorified himtelt in a mfmoiandum to the aduioistratjr of th? De partment of the Mc telle: ? '? It Is with the g e?te?t pleasure that I have learned from you tbe newa of 'he happy and agreeable marriag* which you are about to contract with Miss Moore. Al though you have giveu numerous proofs ot your predi lection and ynur devotion to this country. Mils last act must be c n?ii:e'ed not ouly ax a marked and rensibi* evicence o' it, but as the most katlsfaotory and the most duta>'le ihai you can give The qui> titles and the connections of that amiable per sen cannot tail to render It such. For this happy event pWate to accept tbe felicitations of Mrs. Washington and mytelf; we can both but rejoice in all that e' ntributee tu your liapptLe* s and lhat of your wi'e, wbora we have the grod foitune to be ac<|ntinte>J wita. a-< also with her fanifly. to vlum we beg you to oiler our compliments. Penetrated with tbe greatest esteem and ths li ghe-it con sideration, ai <1 animated wi h tbe greates* desire to show myself wnthy ot your friendship, I have the hinor to be. &o. GI-XIRGE WAsaiNOVON." Mr. do Matbois fl.lel many i jjpoiUu*. offices under Napolet n. atd in tlis country he is knu ?n as a writer by his *'Hiatory of I/niltiana," and by a book upou the trea son of Bent rtict Arnold. His daughter, b rn in New York, married the I>vk? i'e l'lai*ance. s n or Lebrun, oue of the collesguts ot Napoleon in tie C csulate. An< now if you want to know the opinion entertained by Mr. Bathe 'de Msiboisol Washington be.e is a pas sage of tbe journal rt'un Oeporie. written by th*t gentle man, (vol 11, chap, ix., page 227):? "Tt e stall' o' the tiircnr is eager to make us forget tbe lll-treatmen' wbich we suffered from the csp.aio ?f the Vailltnte Nn grievous event troubles our passage and the wi' 'ri? favcr it. We have spoken with a few snips. The first was an Ameiican. We were not tar from the An tilles, and altbt ugh In a hurry to leave those grounds where the Kog Ub iquadrons crul?e in all direction", we hailed the vcssrl. It name from New York. We mads the usual inquitles; 'What news?' 'A g'eat calamity.' 'What calamity)' Tbe trumpet, with ita harsh voice, sent us the ten teply: 'Warhmgton is no more I' It w ts thus, In cioseing the Atlantic, that. 1 learnM the death of a great man who honored me with his '' ions ship. He had a great deal ol regard for you, Kill* a it ?e will la ment tcgethtr tbe loss experienced by yon country." Hare ia another extract, which proves that Sarah Moore was mariiee prior to 1768:? '?As Sarali Moote. daughter of tbe late Thomaa Lloyd, born of patents belonging to our religious persuasion, who has eoir etiiren been present at our religiois meet ings, and who liaa been a rapu ed member of our reli gious society, has. in ?plte of the advice and eounaels which have been g vtn to her for her welfare on sundry occaticDs, continued to follow the vain eus oma of tho world in relation to drees, manners and relations in general, an, for instance, In frequenting houses where there ia dancing rnuafe and other pleasure* aad custom* against 11 J d?nge?s of whleh we have taken eare, but In valr, to advhe and forewarn her, a.1 she bat continued their habits and hat lately been married by a priest to a person not belonging to our religious persuasion, a step whleh we have likewise tried to p-event. W?, cone?<|uentlv, think it to be our duty to declare our reprobation uf her conduct, as weli as the impossi bility we are under of looking uj in her as a member of our leligiotia society, until, acknowledging her errors an d retiming to a eiroumspect life, she shows the desire to ester again into union and brotherhood with u?." Tlir docuwenthaa been copied from the journal of the monthly meettng of tbe Kr lends oi Philadelphia, held the six h month, thirtieth, one thousaud ceven hundred and firty eight hy the undersigned Secretary of the said monthly neetlng and in such quality, entrured with t'jo p,'< guard ol tbe reoords belonging to it. Signed, Vtr? month, 24,18&4 NAWAN KlfK V u' ure noneludcd his argument by some strong rrH'r'c. ? cn the condact ot the aD)>ellant?, and wat re P'i d to !*i an eloquent speech by Mr. B?rryer. !r b- ivtirg ou the 11th of February, tbe aAvoeate, Gfreral Itoreau was li?ard at great length on behalf of Mrs. Kldg'ty. He con'eadrd ou the first place that aa cotdlng to Ite laws (>f I'hliadelphia, the prodtietlin of tht cull leglsters was rot necessary, It sufficed that there was proof of cobs bltatiori and of raputatim, to prove the fxlstence of ttie mairisge, then examining the dif ferent documents put In evidence, he maintained that there was snflirlint proof of the marriage of Willitnt Moore and Sarah Lit yd in the ana them* launched by tbe