Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 16, 1856, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 16, 1856 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. ij||SB 6OHO0R BlIJffiITT, proprietor ard comm. n. w. oornh or eaeeao 4x9 mm m. ? SCO ....a*. Ti AMVBOaHTH TO MORROW EVENING. ACADEMY *>? KT8IC, Kour?*ntt so<Mt? U Tbotakire. RHOADWAY THEATRE, Bro*dw?j- TmocR the Tartar - -Ciiiiici or tub uiiAB. VIHLO H GARftKJf, Urrxlvrar? P131K0 Blv El.1t, 9k I WaaL-TO AND i'CKRTT. RDRTON'8 TU&ATRR, CtambflmtrMt? FORTCMO? Tu>,t VliEt BaBV-CBOUTC rKITAT* A TA1HS. UAURA BKRNK'9 VARIRTIR3, Bn*dw?y? <A*lu ,x_ Xawunr WaXLJCE'S Tir?ATRE, fixxvdwij? The Rival; To Oblmju ?ROADWAY rARIETTBB, <72 Broad ??t-Bhc* Rrso *a*? J'r*riCTt?-t- Bt the 9 visile Comedlass. WOOD'S MIFSTRELS, ilr,*dw?v-?ruiopi a* f?R i??? HaJpv Mas, ok TrkaTT with Jai'am. ?CORLKT8 Bl'RLJKQUiC OPERA HOUSE, .'?39 Broad ?1 flkCKo I.Mirmut -Ooprt or lev Beau. OD?ON K.'.Lii, Wi'llamuoarg? Tul. MghayltjCs a*? tiibib Obili-ubs, i* ? Great Wit vkdb. TBT', SVJIINO. OITY ASSEMBLY ROfJS, Broad way -VocAl axb IsrrRf KKflTAL ?>JHCERT Or SAf^.tD KO-IC. NPir York, Sander, auurvb 16, I8W. Xbe am*. A ttrrible eatasti/bpbe occurred last evening ou the Delaware river. One of the ferry boats plying between Philadelf/iia and Camden took lire while in the middle of* he stream. About one hundred paasengera were _,n board, i'liey precipitated them selves into the?- iter, and about thirty lives are sup posed to ha^e been lo^t by drowning. The boat burned to the water's edge. At the date of our last despatch tho^ames of the unfortunate victims had Dot been ascertained . The steamship George Law, from Aspinwall, with the California mails to the 20th nit., $1,219,053 ta treasure and an average number of passenger, arrived at this port yesterday forenoon. By thts arrival we have later and interesting flews from the following earned places: ? rev i Aui?tr?li?) Feb. 18. !'u>ma aud A.-piuwal! fcftrch 5. ficuuoor J*a If. V?)pu-aipo Jan. 31. Feb. 10. fiuanina.'a Fea. 0. 8?n St T?dcr Fell. 14. Cc>^t^ Rie? Feb. 10. The advices from California by the iJeorge Law are anticipated by the Northern Light, which reached this port on Thursday night. From New Granada we learn that an American resident in Panama was about to start an omnibus Sne , which would ply between the city and the rail voad station. The project was well supported by the people. The railroad depot was completely filled with Gnropean and American4merchandise, waiting lor transport to South America and California. The Dnited States ship John Adams liy at Panama in splendid trim after her cruise at the Fejees. On the night of the 17th ultimo the Golden Age, Capt, Watkins. experienced an earthquake shock when steering off the island of Mantuoso. The negro parricide at the Pearl Islands had been condemned to death. The United States Consul at Aspiawall was on a visit to Panama. Washington's birthday was duly celebrated in the former city. In Pesi the government troops had had a brush wi>th the rioters, but captured only one pri-oner? in faot the soldiers were defeated. Several Americans were about to locate in the interior of the republic. The State debt, amounting to $10,000, due to Senor Calve had been paid. Congress had assembled and organized at Bogota. The death penalty bill had been abolish ed. The Vice President's message gave a gratifying report of the state of the country. Captain B. F. Bond, of the American bark Julia Ann, had arrived in Panama, after hiving lost his vessel on 3d of October last on tlie Sally lilanas. The Julia Ann was bound to San Francisco from Sydney, with over forty (mostly females) passen gers, when she struck a reef, and soon went to pieces. Five lives were lost. After almost incredi ble suffering and exertions, part of the remainder reached Tahiti in a most deplorable condition. About $30,000 weie lost in the Julia Ann. The steamer Columbus had, as previously report ed, made a trip from Panama to several of the Cen tral American States, in order to make arrange ments, on the part of the railroad company, for a communication by steam between New Granada and those republics. The mission was successful, and a good feeling was evinced towards the deputation ?n board in all the poits at which the vessel tonched. On the return of the Columbus she reported from Guatemala that General Carreru had returned to the capitaLafter a tour in the interior provinces. The Legislative Assembly had dissolved, and the Car nival was being observed. A general uneasiness existed in the public mind with regard to the pros, peet of a Walker-Rivas invasion. The cochineal crop was damaged by a sudden fall of volcanic ?'fuego'" afhes, which covered the ground for forty leagues. In San Salvador Don Rafael Campos had been inauguratjd as President. He affixed his first official Heal to a contract with the Panama Railroad Com{>a nv's agent for the authorizing of the steam com munication spoken of before. Collec was being largely cultivated. From Costa Rica we are told that when the government refused to receive the Nicaraguan envoys. Col. Scleseinget, Capt. Suter, Col. Arguello and Sr. Martinez, Col. Sthlessinger was very wrcth, and talked of force being applied, which the Costa Ric&ns were determined to resist. The Panama papers state thtt Honduras was marching a force of live thousand uen against Walker. We publish some interesting facts respecting the cultivation of coffee in Costa lica,and the advantages of ship ping it to Europe and the United States by way of the Panama Railroad route. Trade at San Jnan was very dull. The French fri, ate l'Ambuscade aid reached Punta Arena*, with strict orders to put down any filibuster expedition she might fall in with ou the hUrh seae. The nevs from Ecuador is quite unimportant. In Chili the snrveyi of the Southern Railroad were goiiv forward a< Valparaiso. The Valparaiso and Santuc? Railroad "ras in operation. Two valu able coal mines hud i discovered at Tivaliuana. All the of the < juntry were increasing in valne. No political new" Trade was steady. Flour had 'alien in Valparaiso from $10 to 25. From Pern we have, reports of ti'sturbancts and <U-<atls. faction. Considerable difnulty wa* anticipated at the ccming P* sidential Section. The Australian, nark' ts ? re dull and prom', on* heavy. At Sydney flour war, filing in price, Usio r down to .il'i per U.n, with v wy heavy stocks on hand. In JCellKmrw no less tfct n V>0 tons of Ouur and wheat h *d been -tored Co want of sale and i>everai car^oa were 0. the waj so that there was no prospect of 'amine. frothing of inmrtamr Occurred in the S tate ?** nate yesterday. In the Assembly a hill was reported malciqg the head iKwy received fro.-n emigrants a fund distinct from th 1 genottJ find, wid appropria ting the same to the pay met' of tht demands of towns an.' eounti?=. A rcsoint. 'n wagr4ffered autho rizing the appointaient of a conunittee with power to send for persons and pi i>t'rs, to examine into the financial condition of the raf& oompanks of this city. It is alleged that these <*>mpa*ies have tres passed upon the rights of citizens, aud that they imve Uaned and continue to issue an enormous and unreasonable amount of stock. A motion to re consider the vote whereby the Railroad Commission W8s nbrogated was rejected ? 15 to 66. According to the official report of the City In vpector, there were 4 U deaths in this olty during the pant week, viz:? 68 men, 6? women. 161 boys and l<! j. . Is. showing an incr?r> f of (0on the mor 1 ii'.\ of the wptk previous. IbTf IV 'C ^ deaths of bronchitis 39 of inflammation of the longs, 10 of congestion of the longs, 60 of oonsumption, 4 of apo plexy, 4 o 2 diarrhoea, 19 of dropsy in the head, 13 of InflamiTiation of the brain, 6 of Inflammation of the bowels, 7 of typhoid fever, 4 of poerperal fever, 11 of ?mall pox, 22 of convulsions (infantile) , 20 of croup, 5 of debility, 43 of scarlet fever, 19 of marasmos (irjfantile), 10 of measles and 3 of teething. There were also 6 premature births, 34 cases of stillborn, : ind 18 deaths from violent causes. Of the whole number 39 were inmates of the public institution* , and 285 under ten years of age. The following is the classification of diseases: ? Bones, joints, Ac., 2; brain and nerves, 71; generative organs, 8; heart and blood vessels, 10; lungs, throat, Ac., 140; skin, Ac., and eruptive fevers, 69; stillborn and prema ture births, 40; stomach, bowels and other digestive organs, 52; uncertain seat and general fevers, 34; urinary organs, 2; oM age, 5; unknown, 2. The nativity table gives 322 natives of the United States, 63 of Ireland, 23 of < Germany, and It) of England. The association formed to secure a better standard for the inspection of flour held a meeting yesterday, and permanently organized, with the vitw of ef fecting the improvement proposed. N. H. Wolf, Esq.. was made President of the association. The sales of cotton were large yesterday, and the I market closed wi>h greater firmness. The private | advices from Europe, combined with reports from the South showing tirm markets in that direction( imparted greater bnoyancy to the article here. The i sales made were chiefly in transitu. Flour was doll, and closed with a tendency to lower prices. The sales of wheat were limited. Sales of Michigan white were made at 11 75. Canadian white was held at >1 'Jo a H i>0 bid. A small sale of Tennessee prime red was reported at $1 72. Corn was without change of moment. Mixed and white Southern soid at 05c. a 08c., and prime yellow at 70c. a 7<)Ao. Pork was firmer, with sales of mess at $15 7.5, ami prim: at $14 50. Sugars were sold to a fair extent at steady prices. Coffee was firm, but quiet. Freights were dull, and engagements light. Some cotton was engaged for Liverpool at 5-10 J., part com prciBod. _ Hw I'ttie Conferences* The Conference now sitting at Paris is the third assembly of thc-kind the i-rench capital has seen within the last l'orty-two years. In May. 1814, there was a meeting of allied di plomatists and generals at Paris, and with the aid of the wretched Duke ot Artois peace was proclaimed ? subject, as now, to the ultimate settlement uf a European Congress. Eighteen months afterwards there was a second conven tion, or conference, at Paris, at which all the belligerent States of Europe were represented; peace was a^ain made, and the suggestions of the Vienna Congress, held during the previous winter, were adopted as the basis of paoifica tion. But these conferences were held under very different circumstances from the present. In May, 1814, as in the autumn of 1813, the great heart ot France seemed broken? her strength exhausted ? her armies destroyed her funds spent? her chief in flight. She wi?s a suppliant at the feet of Austria, Russia and England tor pcacc. They granted it on terms so shameful that to this day no Frenchman can allude to them without a Wash. By the treaty concluded at the conferenc : of 1814, France gave hall her fleet, aa eighlli of her territory, flfty-three fortresses, and agreed to pay over an immense sum ot money , besides receiving back the Bourbon to rule over her. By the treaty of the 20th ot Novembir, 1815, these terms were again torced upon France. The sum exacted was swelled altogether to some three hundred aud ten millions ot dol lars; in addition to which France was forced to maintain a foreign army on her soil for not more than five nor les3 than three years. It is under very different circumstances that Franco enters into the Conference ol 18JG; and though there will be no suppliant at the Con ference now sitting, it will be hard, one would think, for a Frenchman to take his seat at that board without giving way, in some measure, to the emotion whioh a contrast between the past and the present can hardly fail to awaken. Amid ail the shame which a consciousness of imperial despotism may be supposed to inspire, he can hardly help remembering that never ? under the greatest of her kings, or the palmiest dajsof her history? his France met her com peer nations on so exalted and solid ground ai she occupies to-day. While diplomatists are indulging in these reflections, however, the people of France can haidly hear the words European Congress named without some very strange reminiscen ces. on their side, too. It appears to hive long been a dogma of the international etiquette ? not to say international law? of Europe, that a treaty of peace is the proper way of bringing hostilities to an end, but that the s:lid re-es tablishment of peace can only he effected by a subsequent assembly, which is usuiily call ed a European Congress. This was probably suggested by some apprehension lest the ori ginal Ftacema^0r3 should either be too hot or too cold? too overflowing with new born friendship, or too freah from bitter hatreds? to take sound counsel for the future. At all events, it has generally been usual that a treaty of peace should be followed by a Con gross ot Sovereigns; and wh<:n this was sug gested sometime eince, in the famous iiO nymous pamphlet published in Paris, the idea mot with equal favor at the Courts of nt. Petersburg, Paris, Beilin and Vienna. It is in tact generally understood that it has b.-en adopted; that the Conference at Pa: Is, J having agreed upon a general pro.i-.-ct ol Gcalion, will leave the settlement of detail 'o a European Congr'^s, to meet hereafter. There are two ways of looking at this sihemi of a Congress. In the first place, a Congress assumes to settle the conditieu of Europe aid } the natioas represented thereat. By what right : It disposes of the future prosperity and internes of millions of people who are Wholly unconsuUed and unconsiiou5! of the disposition that is made of th'jm. Pass over the obvious truth that the Czar i?s not the chosen lord of the Russian people? that tbo British aristocracy, Lords Clarendon, Palmerston, A c., arc not the real choice of i.he people of England, but only the best of the few pereons out of whom the Eag lish have a right to choose? that the same tlrng may be said of the Ministers of Austria and France; paw* ov<;r all this, it still remaius quite j lain that the English people li'ive given no color of consent to the dominion of the Em ' peror of Austria over them, that the French have never submitted to 5>e ruled by tho C/ar, that the Russians have never yielded obe dience or promised it to Napoleon. Yet this will b" the effect of the Congress of Nations. The people of the various countries represent ed wiH simply find their affairs controlled by a batch ot sovereigns, instead of one. The territorial questions under discus sion at present, involve no difficulty whatever. Turkey cannot but be rjcog nig'd a member of the European family ofoutionsj against b$r, ftuwin will toswt on , the recognition of Greace and Holland. About none of thcs? can disputes arise. The only business thai can occupy the Congress will be the consolidation of the various governments represented thereat, and the re-formation of a sort ot league or Holy Alliance among sove reigns. Fo'rty-two years ago, when the Vienna Cou grePB met, there was business to occupy the congress in the spoliation of France ; aud a> vordingly, while arrangements were being made to plunder France of her millions, the memoere were very kindly disposed towards the people ot Europe, and constitutions were promised to almost all the States of Germany, More than three years passed, during which these consti tutions were only granted in a few rare in tances, and in Italy and parts of Germany great d if content arose at their being withheld On this a succession of four more congresse were held by the sovereigns of Europe ? atC*r lehad (1819)* Vienna (1820), Tropptu (1820). aid Lajback (1821)? for the sole and special purpose of consolidating the tyrannical govern on utH of Europe against their various peoples. Id 1822 the last congress ? that of Veroaa ? was beld. Its oojfcct was to carry out the doctrin-w broached at Troppau, loudly asserted at Lay k. and recognised by all the European go" ernnients? the doctrine of armed intervention? and to enable France to send an army iat > Svain for the purpose of setting up the mounter Ferdinand there. Now, in all these cases the sovereigns ot Russia, Austria. Prussia aid France legislated in the most peremptory way, for each otner s subjects, and for other countries, like Spain, be yond their dominions. Again one cannot bat ask hy what right? In the second pli?eo, to look at the question from the point of view which people in Eag laud must take, England went to war, she says to save Turkey from the rapacious grasp of Russia. She spent all her army aud fou< buLdred millions of dollars in doing ? >: wh'le Spain, Portugal, Prussia, the Pope, tuj K?ng ol Naples, the King of Sweden, and the King of Per. mark, were taking their ease look ing en. Why should England be asked, no * that the war ha* haw. fought and its cost in curred, to let ItWRe Powers come in and settln matters tor the future? Is she to have nothing lor bur pains aud outlay but a single voice in a party of non-belligerents? At Vienna, in 1814, there were represented at the CoDgress, Russia, Prussia, Austria, Great Britain, France, Spain, Portugal, Swe den, the Tope, Saxony, the Low Countries, Ba varia, Switzerland, Genoa, Wirfcemburg, ''be sides a host of smaller princes:" and though one or two of thefe were not allowed to vote, tt- y all attended at the Congress and had their influence. Most of the Germans \vere in the pay of Russia, as they are still; and Aus tria, by her diplomatic skill, managed, with the help of Russia, to turn the scale always iu her own direction. Are we to have a repeti tion of the farce? The Great Albany Kansas Meetino ? Has the Rev. Joseph A. Scovilt.e Gone Over? ? It will be seen from the proceedings in another column of this paper, that the subscriptions at the great Kaneas meeting in Albany on Thurs day night last amounted to $4,910, of which sum Gerrit Smith gave $3,000, E. C. Delavan, chicf of the Tcmpcrancc Alliance, $1,000, and the Slate Register and Evening Journal each $100. Gerrit Smith was the ?' old man eloquent " of the evening, both in words and cash; but we have to deal with another feature of the affair. The State Register and Evening Journal, side by tide, cacn a hundred ! The Register has be come the property of the Rev. Joseph A. Sco ville, late editor of '-the Pick," and formerly the private Secretary of John C. Calhoun, and the great expounder aDd advocate of his most ultra Southern rights doctrines. But what will the chivalry of South Carolina say whea informed that Thurlow Weed and Joseph A. Scoville are now hand and glove devoted to the cause of the Nigger Worshippers? This beats the combination of Fillmore and Donel son, the copartnership of BUir and Giddings. the fusion of Webb and Greeley, and even tlia junction of the Argus and Atlas, all hollow ! Wo should have as soon expected to hear of Gov ernor Wise, of Virginia, and Lloyd Garrison eating oysters together in Accomac as to learn oi Gerrit Smith, E. C. Delavan and Joseph A. Scoville ? red hot abolitionism, extra-Maine lawism, and what we supposed was conservative George Law Americanism ? all fraternizing together in this Nigger Worshipping humbug gery of contributions for abolition emigrants to Kansas. The State Register and Albany Journ <1 each a hundred ! Who subscribed this money in behalf of the Register? Was it Mr. Scoville, or was it Mr. Hammond ? We should soy Ham mond, from the drift of his speech at the meet ing, and looking to the new phase in that gen tleman's political principles since the defeat of Live Oak George at Philadelphia; but we should say Scoville, in a financial view of the case, and looking to his position as the respon sible proprietor of the paper in the name of wbish the subscription is put down. Till otherwise advised, then, we shall plico the Rev. Joseph A. Scoville, late editor of the rich, late private secretary of John C. Calhoun, late hard shell democrat, late a leader of the conservative New Jersey Know Nothings, late a confidential adviser of "Live Oak George,'' and a promising Jersey farmer, vis- a vis with Thurlow Weed, and a paying subscriber to the cause of the Nioger Worshipper?. The Re gister and Journal each a hundred Earth quakes, revolutions and ground and lofty tumbling are the order of the day. The pri vate secretary of Calhoun a Nioger Worship per? the editor of the Pick hobnobbing with the President of the State Temperance Society. Call in Dogberry. Sj.tppkrv Pavements.? Broadway is at last clear of the obstructions which the neglect of the Commissioner of Streets had suffered to ac cumulate. The facility with which they have been got rid of, shows that with a little previous effort we might have been spared much inconve nience and annoyance. But let that pass. The consideration which now presents itself in con nection with this great thoroughfare, ia how it is to be kept In proper condition for the future. Unless something is immediately done with the pavefiu'ent, Broadway will b? almost as difficult of passage for horses as it was during the late severe weather. The surface has been worn so smooth that it is positively dangerous to drive over it. We shall, therefore, be com pelled to recur to the grooving project unless tome better plan be suggested. The projectors of the Broadway Railroad undertake to groove | the pavement at their own expcn-.p. if thp grant le confirmed. i The Eakthqiakk at Japan.? On the ele venth of November last the city of Jeddo, on the southeast coast ot the island of Nuhon, aod the "flpcood capital" of the Japanese em pire, was partially destroyed by an e*rth qunke. One hundred thousand houses were des troy ed, and thirty thousand persons killed. If any reliance can be placed on the report* of the few travellers who have seen anything of Jeddo, the city contained nearly twice as many houpes as the number mentioned as having been destroyed. One half the city, according to this account, would be left standing. S-jveu minutes after the great earthquake at Lisooa in November, 1755, there was hardly a oou*e left standing; and the destruction ot life wh far greater in actual numbers and infinitely greater in proportion than at Jeddo The old story was tbat the population ot Jedio won over eight millions: probably one w>'i<d neartr the mark, especially aa the hou^s art built low, like those of Central America aud Chili, on purpose to withstand earthquake. The island of Niphon, contains two of tho greatest active volcanoes of the present day.

Fusi and Siro. Yama id quite comannly vlsit ed by earthquakes. The old ro:oros mention several which have been severe; and t"3?jv a<-n matters of such common ocurrence that th?* Japanese at Simoda? who had themselves nat tered bo much by the earthquake of Septe-no-r, 1854? were not at all Bhockei at the news of the late convulsion at the capital. The simultaneous news of earthquake ia California and in Japan suggests the prosecu tion of the old inquiry as to the extent of out face affected by earthquakes. The earth j-iak ? which overthrew the city of Si<n->da, anl wrecked the Russian ship Diana, Gfteea mouta.n ago, crossed the Pacific Ocean in lire hour* ail a tew minutes; the sea wave struck the wharves at San Francisco heavily and drove one ??? two vessels aground. The earthquake of No vember 11, 1855, was not so distinctly fel .; but it was felt on many pirts of tae coin Other older convulsions of the same attars have in like manner extended across th?? ocean. Should the rule be universal, we shall shorV ly learn that on the night ot the 14-15ch Fen ruary last, about midnight, the rem iins of ta city of Jeddo, and the rest of the shore of tb" island of Niphon were visited by au earth quake unparalleled in violence. Tne shoeu will in all probability have levelled cities, dammed up rivers, overthrown mountains au i laid the whole country desolate. It will be iu fact the usual culminating convulsioi of which the earthquakes of December, 1854, and November, 1855, were the precursors. The New York and Newfoundland Tell graph Company versus Lloyd's Insurance Comtant.? Our readers hare already been j made acquainted, through the columns of the Herald, with the unjustifiable repudiation by the Lloyds' Insurance Company, of London, of the claims of the New York, Newfoundland and London Telegraph Company, whose suu marine cable was lost during a severe gale ia the Gulf of St. Lawrence. The cable was it eured at four per cent against "all risk* incurred by the laying down of the same," and from the moment it was placed on board ?hip till its Bafe landing at its place of desti nation. Nothing could be clearer or more defi nite than the terms of insurance, and yet the company, without even a pretence of justifica tion, refuse to acknowledge a claim based upon their own solemn and legalized agree ment, and bearing the signatures of forty three of its members. But this is not all, for while they have repudiated the claim they have acknowledged its justice and their own liability, by offering as a compromise i to pay ten shillings sterling on the pound, and to allow the telegraph com i pany to keep the old cable. This proposition, it is true, was only made after they were sued, and has not been accepted by the claimants, who will be satisfied with nothing less than tbe whole amount claimed, which is fifteen thou sand pounds sterling, or about seventy- fire thoneand dollars. The conduct of the Lloyds" Insurance Company in this affair has receiv ed that unqualified condemnation on this 6ide the Atlantic which it deserved, and we leel certain has met with equal reprobati vi ! in England. It cannot be sustained in any court of law. and must react greatly te the prejudice of the character and interests of the company. Mr. Field, acting for the Telegraph Company, would have accepted the compro mise had he been satisfied of their inability to pay the whole amount of insurance; but know ing the justice of the claim, and having re ceived advice from some of the best counsel in England of Its legality, he would not consent to take less than what he considered justly duj. lie was willing, however, as he informed tho attorney of the company, to leave the matter to the decision of any one of the firm of Messrs George Peabody & Co., or any two honorable gentlemen in London, with the privilege of adding a third to their number, if they should disagree. What could bo fairer than this pro position? The Rhode Island Know Nothings Black as the Ace of Spades .--Sea the resolutions of the Rhode Island American State Convention, in another column. They are ahead of n,e Pittsburg Nigger Worshippers-- they arc al most shoulder to shoulder with the intense abolition niggerism of Lloyd Garrison and Abby Kelly Foster. They declare that tb>y will "oppose the extension of slavery at ml times and under all circumstances, against all inducements, against all supposed limitations of great interests, against all combinations, against all compromises." That's flat enough. There has been some talk in Connecticut of Sambo and Sam being twin brothers, but tbe brethren of Rhode Island have declared them Siamese twins. We shall probably have a more extensive fusion of these interests before the end of June. Let the I ilimore Councils of the Noith beware. Two War-" ? Pending and Impending. The Richmotd^VywiVo- of tbe 13th inst., copies the late belligerent, article from the London Tele graph on the "pending war between Groat Bri tain and the United States," and follows it ' up with an equally bellicose editorial on "tko impending war with Great Britain." Wo have thus a war pending and another war im pending with John Bull. On the other hand, being assured by the Cabinet organ at Wash ington that there is no war, and "no cause or pretext for a rupture" except Mr. Crampton, we must conclude that the London Telegraph and our Richmond cotemporary ha^p both been egrcgiously U^mbugjed by tf,e dent's Mcfctnge. A Democratic Neutral. ? The Washington Union declares its neutrality in ref*rence to the various democratic aspirants as follows: ? It la proper tor ns to rcmiad our readers mat we have adep'fd the policy of abstaining from a I discussion in the Cnicn of the relative claims 01 be reveral democrats ? Li to names ate spoken of In otttnecUon with a 1': evi dential nomination. We ?Unle to oar policy on this sub ject that the numerous friends who bar* ad< re-aed tJ ui eommnn'ca'.iona advocating the nomination or different gent emen aa candidates for President and Vise Presl cent ui?y understand why we have been unab e to insert their favrrs. When the Dominations are made we shall be prepared to bustaln them wiU our best exertions. This does not cover the whole ground. The organ should have said tbac until otherwise ordered by the Cincinnati C invention the Union is restricted in its glorifications ti> the present incumbent of the White douse. All other democratic candidates in tne interval will please consider themselves ex eluded from the President's organ as officious and inter meddling outsidera That's alt. 9M? I. AT jo?* 8V MAUNETIC AND ?RIMTW6 misHR*PHS. Terrible l'a(asiro)>he on (he Delaware River. BURNING OP THE EEKftY BOAT NEW JERSEY THIRTY LIVES REPORTED TO BB LOST. l'liiL/iDBLTiiu, M*iea 16. 185?. Abcut boJf-paf.t i.ine o'clock to-uigh"; tin ferry bmt New Jertey, while crossing the lVJawi-e ti C&m4en, toik tire in themMUeof the stream. Th*'e befog a gr.*at ieal of floating ice in the r.ver, mncu dltllcul y wai ex ;>e_ rienced in managing the ve?ael, a vl she wai Qually run upon the bar cpp-'site Arch 8 tree:. A. lout one hundred psssergera were on board, many of whom jumped iuto the riyer and weie re?f.u< d oy b? ats. and others S'.ved themselves by clirging to floating ice. I; is feared that a large number are t'rowned. The boat is now burnoa to the wa'er'a edge. Great con fusion prevails, and it is impossible toga'.hor authentic details, steamers immediitely went to the aisistance o.' ihe passengers, bnt tbey bad previously seen saved by small boat". Ql'ARRR PAST T*J? ? P. M. It is now asserted that not lean th*c tairty lives have been lost. from AY?u?lilii?(foju MB. BUCHANAN ON THE WAV HOME? OCR DIFFICUL TY WITH ENGLAND? THE LOUISIANA DELEGATES TO CINCINNATI. Washington, March IB, 1851. Mr. Buchanan Informed our government by the last arrival that he would leave for the United States on tho 15th inst. It appeal's he has changed his mind, and will not go to Parle. If ihe ?team-r in wbi ih Mr. Dallas sailed encountered no difficulty, he reached Kaglaad on the 12th Inst. The only Impediment In the wiy cf settling our difh culty with England is Mr. Ciampton. It will require all the cunning of Mercy and Cashing to keep us out of war. Agocd deal tf excitement prevails here among the friends of Buchanan, Pisrce and Doagla', as to which of these gentlemen have the delegates to Cincinnati from Ixiulmca. The friends of e?.ch claim them. What says Soulef Inclination from official soirees confirm the statement that an alliance has been formed betwsea San Salvador, Costa P.ica, Guatemala and Honduras. It is said that the alliance is complete, and that those States are now pre pared io defend tlitir own territory as well as to assist their brethien in Nicaragua against Walker's govern Kent. It is hupposed tbat hostilities have already oom. menced. It Is also true that instructions have been is sued by several of the European governments to their squadrons in tbe Atlantic and Pacific with reference to events In Central America. Crom the State Capital. THE ASSESSMENT COLLECTION BILL DUO OUT? MAINE LAW SENATORS AFRAID TO FACE THUS MUSIC? NEW YOKE TAX BILL ? TESTIMONY OP MR. FLAGO? RAILROAD COMMISSION, ETC., ETC. Albany, Maioh 15, 1858. The bill reducing the fees of the collectors of assess ments in the city ot New York was introduced in t*ie House at an early day, and referred to the Committee on Cities and Villages. Two of the individuals interested? Know Nothings, Messrs. Oakley and SI 'Neil ? have baen htijs several days endeavoring to smother it. Report says they succeeded in converting an influential member of the committee to assist them, and. supposing the bill was t {factually killed, left the lobby for New York. This morning, Mr. Mehan, understanding the game which was playing, offered a resolution, instructing the said com mittee to report upon the bill. This was carried, and it neust now come up. The bill proposes to reduce the fees of collection one-half of one per cent, giving them one and a half, instead of two per cent. Every cne will perceive that, by the passage of the bill, several thousand dollars will be saved to the city, and just so much cut off from the Know Nothing collectors of assessments. The lobby will please retire with railroad speed. Eveiy effort which can possibly be made by the nigger worshippers to stave off action upon the temperance question, is done by them, altlinugh there is a large ma jority in the house in favor of the passage of Mr. Mat terson's bill, still upon every trial to advance it on the general orders, its friends encounter a defeat. Mr. Bally las several times endeavored to make it the special order for some particular day,, but Ma political friends and other opponents of the Prohibitory law, have failed to be pre sent. He has given notice that he will, on Wednesday next, move a call ot the house, which will likely be the means of seeming a majority in favor of tan i eg np I tie temperance question. The bill legislating especially for New York and Brook lyn in relation to selling liquor on Sun Jay, has not beeu put upon Its third reading in the Senate. It probably will Lot be until the early part of next week; and it miy b* that the temper of the innate upon the M*ineiiw will be brought to a test before tais bill is disposed of. A long session of the committee having the New Yo k Tax bill in charge, was held last evening. YourCimp troiler, Mr. Klagg. went through a course of exami.i-4- J tion which lasted three hours. He leiterated mtnj of the statements contained in his financial report to' no Common Council, and pointed out to the committee va rious matters in the bill which would bear a reduction . He was cross-examined very minutely by thofe wlio think the Tax bill as it stands, is one of extraordinary expenditure. Mr. Commissioner Taylor has signified a desire to strike out soae twenty or thirty thousand d .1 lars for the iron fencs around Tompkins' square. The committee have another meeting on Monday, when soon afterwards the bill will be reported to the House, sh< n of some half u million. It is proper to say that nearly every ote of the city delect. tion npieir determined to re duce the taxes to the lowest po.-siale Stanford. A few disconcerted i igger worshippers iu the House this morning endeavored to i e< insider the vote ot yesterday, by which the Railroad cotrinissi >n was disbanded. Rut they failed as eignaily as they did in endeavoring to pt event the passage of the bill. 1 1 was sent to the Senate, and is in the hanrs of the railroad committee. The strong est efforts are now makiog to reduce it to a party ques tion, and the L'lgger worshipper's force in the Senate will be invoked to retain the commissioners in office. They s'and one Know Nothing one hard democrat and one nigger worshippers. The two former are willing to be dismissed firm the dnty imposed by the lav of last ses?ion. Mr. Van Sent'orJ, whpiR all anti-Central Kniiroad aul anti-Altany Bridge, has been greatty mortified because the testimony in relation to the bridge has been so noon printed. He got a committee to examine into the facts, whose report was presented this morning, exonerating the printer. Disaster to the Hhlp Shooting Star> Boston, March 16, 1356. The ship Empire, Henry, from Iiondula, via 1'ernaui bueo, ariived at N?w Bidford .this afternoon. She re ports that the ship Shooting Star was ashore near i'er namhueo, but bad got off slightly bogged. The cirgo was saved, and a part of it would he returned in the ship Minerota and the balance in the Shooting Star. The pawn rgers of the Shooting Star came by the F.npire. The GHnvold Divorce Cane, Sic, Philadelphia, Marsh 15, 1856. The Court of Common I'leas this morning decked that, so far a< it bad been made to appear to tbe Court, no Civorce had ever been grantsd to Mr. Griswold. In the Supreme Court the appeal of a liquor dealer fur the revision of sentence cf imprisonment for violating the Sunday l.iquor law was denied, and the judgment of the Court be'ow confiimed. American State Organ. Albany, March 15, I860. The Slate officers have to-day purehasel tho Albany Morning Krprtu, and will enlarge and publish it as the Airer'ean State paper In place of the llegistw. Ftie at llennlngton, Vt. Bbnuwoton, March 15, 1866. The furnace of Messrs. Orover k Herrlagton in this place was totally destroyed by flre this morning, l.tss about $7,000? no insurance. Fire at Norfolk, Va< Norfolk, Va., March 15, 1856. Hie dwelling of Samue.' Sewyer, Col ector at this port, was destroj el ky fire last night, agd the Jai#iljr barely Yiiit tfctW Ufff, , NEW l'OKK I,. ?.I?1/ATUBE. I Ai ? t.NT. March 16, I860, urcwft ! avi k^bi t. By Mr. X'oxox on Air. ? fllr. > bill i elating to evidenc* of bills. By Mr. Brooke ? Bill in pivi'e for the mere certain and speedy (iron of wen li New York. Alio, to iireLd the ar i?r 'he opening of Division avenue, Biook'yn. By Mr. Kh iiareson ? ig?iL>- uu appropriation in aid of I'rinterB' Fiee Llbisry n Ne ? Yaik. muB l.NTROOl i-SD. By Mr. Brooke? A bill in mutton to minors, giving males at the age of eiitrhv n jetrs power to make con tracts and power to do bu- . ? i>. oe same as If ther were twt-nlv-one, with tee ew>. ? ' ' |>4rents and gatrdims. By Mr. Sichibk ? To ao eud ' ht? 'ode of Procedure iy rrahing acpeals from the terms of the Mariue Court to the Court ot CV n n> u I teas, within tweuty data afti r judgment. A as uiitly A LEAST, March 15, 1866. wokm 1'avorably to abeliili p*w iir ? e-s In New York. By Mr. Fowler (by bi'i)? To neoureeijual Jan Joe t?j towns and cc unties of i lie ?'??,'?, under the era'gritioa aw, by making the Bltj eeuii -lead money a sjparate und apart from the g?>.er?i tine, atid apprcpiiaiivg 'b?s ame to the payment of d'.cu.n'lfl of townV andcoanlies. ' Tte Jejjfcit ot tie Nml . . v prison was preetnUid. , Mr. I!. Baiiiy gave i o'.ice r, he would move .i call of the Route cn Wodneadav, ucuimwiely after reicirg tins Journal. BIUB IKTRODl CFP. ' By Mr. Dntos? To Inaoip *> c e Port Richmoal an? Btigm Point Firry Can , nxy XKW YORK CITY BAIT ROADS, ETC. By Mr. Gt est ? A hie tiog forth the bel'ef that the New York oily ul hm crnipanles have over stepped the bounds in^er. e<> > ? tx? given them, by tres passing on the rights ot li tm ; i&a: they have issued aneLOxn oiis ar.rt ucreas' : .t'f i'lnouot of stuck, and continue to irsoe the patr.e > , a resolution appointing a committee of ibree wi'h > 1 we- to semi for person*, papers and booke to exip.t e the wffairs of the city rali rcad companies, af.cei inin h- <>. ytnal cost of the roads, anu tint of stonu aco cebts. 1 . id i ver. Mr. Si.wj moved to direct 'be publication of a ^tata paper of all person* who twv?? r.,* te double payments of asi-esnncni*, with the amoun * overpaid. Adopted. Mr. B. Ejiith mi.vtd to jfo i.'tder the vote' repealing the K*ilroad Commission Ac h >' by ayes, 15; nays, 66. Mr. Mctan moved to dir>-c ? e committee to report fon h with cn tte hi: I tor leflucliiK the fees of collectors and a sat Morn of taxes in No? tun. AFTERNOON OKHPION. DEATH 01' TDK NATOH OF ALU ANY. After the tran section nt t- unimportant business, Mr. .lei'kiiis, ol Albany in a b te> 'pei-ch, unnonnccd th? deKth of the Don. Wm. PamitiW. Mnyor of the city of Albany, which to<k jiace ?t m? i-xidfnce, near the Capi tol, at 1 o'clock. Ha m ve-i the adjournmeat of tue Home, as a tribute to ?be m o i i-y of 'ho deieased, anil that the flag of the Capitol b- p aoen a*, half ma?t. i'lie rtsoiulion wus ad->pt?d ?mt tue llonM adj jurned. Meetn-g at Clmrlentoiv t ? Promote Emlgra* tion to K' Chakuesto.v, ?<. C., March 15, 185t!. A large meeting wai held in ' hi- ci'y last night to pro mote emigration to Kansas. A ardroxs and resclutlomf were adopted declaring slavery to re a politic li elemenj. of the confederacy insepaiaiie with the present syiiteni of govercment, and claiming tre right to promoteeml* gration to Kancas aspiivate n divi' uats, but disclaiming any State attempt at armer intr-vention In the affairs ot Kama*. ComniittceH were appointed to collect funds, &c. l(I?rliie Dlkuaters. Norfolk, Match lb, 1856. The schooner Shrina and Ch?rles C'ranaer, from New York, put in this port with r'ggicg damage! and anchor lost, lhe sihooner Baltimore, from New York, will ba got off. The Southern St.- amirs. AKR1VAL OF THE KNOXVILLE AT SAVANNAH. SA>'A.\>AH, March 15, 1866. The steamer Knoxville, from New York, arrired here after a pafgage of fifty hours from New York, with all on beard well. ARRIVAL OF THE SOUTHERNER AT CHARLESTON. Charleston, March 15, 1856. The Hteamehip Southerner, T. Even, commander, ar rived here trom New York this (Saturday) morning. market*. PHILADELPHIA STOCK BOARD. PwLADKLrniA, March 15, 1856. Stocks are steady. Qtr ttttonx are ns follows: ? Penn sylvania State 6's, 84 ; R'a-'ing Railroad, 46 ja'; Long Island Bailroari, 15>i; Mo ris Caual, 14'^; Pennsylvania liailroad, 46 X- ' The Mliilog Sceaiuer Pacific. The report which reached as find through the Eoglis'1 pofcig of the fragments of a wresk having beun seen on the ice by one of the paftergera of the steamship EOinbnrg, while on her pvsage from New York to Glas gow lr, It appears, not wi hout foundation, although soma f the particulars were not correctly stated. The peraoa who taw the fragments was nut a passenger, bat the fourth officer of the Edinburg. anil it was blsiring a se vere gale at the time he observed ih?ra. The fragment* consisted of, as has bees already stated, cabin doors with glass handles, and some cabin furniture. These were seen on the ice in loDg. 45 deg 60 mic., lat. 40 deg. 36 min., on the 7th of last mon h, and were visible but (or $ few moments from the deck of the steamer. ltegattni and Hegntla Clubs. Fines the establishment ot the Empire City RegaMaClub in New York, similar associations hive spiung up in va rious parts of the country. The Metropolitan Regattt Cub, recently organized in Williamsburg, we learn, hal been planed upon a permanent rooting, with a considera ble lucd already in 1he treasury. They are having con structed a number of pleasure caigesand race boats of the motit improved mcdels, and it is their intention dur ing the ccming summer to give regattas nearly everjf week, and ofl'er prizes free for the world to contend for. lhe Club was organized on the 11th of February, and ha* already enrolled about fitly members, among whom we notice the names of some ot the gent'euien belonging to our New York Yacht Association. Tie Fnij.ire City Regatta Club, we understand, is soon to undergo a remodelling in its internal allairs, which will place it under mere favorable auspices, and during the coming season tbey will no doubt bring out some ot th<t fleetest beats tbat ever floated upen these waters. In material they probably number some of the best andf most scientific oarsmen and boatbuilders that the world can produce. lhe Brooklyn City Regatta Club is to be organized oa the 24th Inst. , and they already bave one four-oared b"at, which for speed has been proved to be very nearly a match for the best that has yet been constructed. Another club is, we learn, about being established I* New Jersey, which will probably uiake ita advent with th? setting in of warm weather. With all these clubs is and around New York, enter taining towarda ea:h other friendly feelings and r gene rous rivalry, the eumnier of 1856 will, no doubt, be noted for the display of a great number of spirited con tests betwetn oarsmen upon the wafers around New York. As such aquatic sports and exercise* are just ntw likely to take the place of the attractions ol the turf, which ate at present not as popular In thia vicinity ?s tbey were of yore, and aa the frequenters of the race course will now be more likely to >eek amusement in* witnessing contests quite as congenial to their tas'ea, be tween men in beats, on the banks of the East aud North rivers, we think the enterprise whhh these regatta clubs evince should be encouraged In every posalble way. Similar clubs have also been formed in Boston, Charles ton. Jacksonville. Floiida, and other Southern cities. An KPidkmic a mono tiik Singi.v. Birds.? "."forma" was announced at the Academy last night, but was not per formed on account of the il'ness of Miss Meosler. ,:Lu crezia Borgia" was given. The present seems a alckly season among the artists. Monday It waa Brlgnoll; Wednet day the belle Phillips was til; and Saturday we can hare no ''Norma'' because Hensler la indispoaed. I a Grange, however, is a perfect trump, and never oncc - disappointed us. On Monday the "Trovatore," with Mint Phillips, who haa recovered her health. Poller Intelligence. EXPERT BCRQ J. ART IN TIIK FOURTH WARD? ARREST OK THE AM.KOIB BURGLARS AND RKCEIVKKH. On Ktiday night, about half-past 11 o'clock, officer Mathews, of the Chief's office, discovered a suspicious looking party emeiglog from Gold street in a carriage. Thlnktafc that probably some burglary had been commit ted, the policeman quietly followed the vehicle through vailous streets, until the driver drew up at No. 166 Canal street, lhere the occupants of the carriage got on*, and took from the inside of the eoacli several bundles of gooda and deposited the same In the store of John and Morris Levey, at the above number. Officer Mathews then retraced his steps, and going to the City Hall ob tained the assistance of Sergeant lUcard and others, of the reset ved corps, again proceeded to the store No. 16ft Canal street. There they found a man named Joseph Taylor and the two brothers l-evey In possession of twen ty live dozen maroon and eochlnta! skins, valued at $150 Tee parlies were immediately tiken into custody, n n>l lhe property was taken to the Chiefs office. In a lew liVW Mlerfudfl tt discovered bj