THE NEW YORK HERALD. WHOLE NO. 7146. SUNDAY MORNING, MARCH 23, 1856. PRICE TWO CENTS. MEW YORK LE&IIUTUU. Iiintti Albaxt, March 22, 1866. rarnion. B y lb. Bmcm? To change the name of the Bleecker treet Churoh. Also, of Caleb Barstow and others, for the passage of in act of incorporation tor the Literary and Theokgica nstitute at Canton, to be called the St. Lawrence Unl ertity. EXPORTS. By Mr. J. B. Smith ? Favorably to the erection of the ovnty of I aadilla, from parte of Otsego, Delaware and Thenaoga counties. A special committee on the bill in relation to intereat >n mosey was appointed, as followc-Meesrs.C. P. Smith, Ncxon and Hale. BILLS INTRODUCED. By Mr. Craut ? To pierent the hoarding up circulating totes of any bank. By Mr. Richardson? To extend the time for the com ten cement of the Utlca and Waterville Railroad. BILLS PASSED. To proYide for the payment ot certain labor done on lanals and materials furnished. To provide for the eauoation ot the Indian children of ihe State. The resolution to adjourn on the 9th of April, sine die, it 10 P. M., was adopted. THl MILL TAX BILL. The bill providing for a mill tax fur the support of go rprnaent, was debated, toe question being on the amendment to incrcate vhe tax to a mill and a quarter. ProgreM was reported on the bid. No other business of interest was transacted up to the hour of adjournment. Assembly. Albany, March 22, 1856. PETITIONS. By Mr. Glover ? Against leasing Reservoir square. By Mr. Grssi ? Against the Port Warden bUl. REPORTS. By Mr. Rm.LT? To amend the acts relative to keeping gunpowder in New York. The Health Officer of New Tork sent in a cnmmuaici lim In reply to the Assembly resolution. BILLS INTRODUCED. By Mr. Glovrr? To repeal the act to erect the county pf Bchutler. By Mr. Bailey? To appropriate $2,000 for relief of Geo. B. Wooidredge, for injuries received on the Hudson Jtiver road while in the service cf t&e State. A resolution was adopted fixiog the time of meeting of the House alter the 24th inst., at 9% A. M. A resolution was also adopted inviting the President of the New York Deaf and Dumb Institute to bring a por tion of the pupils to Albany to be examined by the Legis lature. A long debate occurred upon a motion to appoint a Committee of Inquiry In o all matters connected with the State prison contracts at Sing Sing; but without dis posing of ihe subject the House adjourned till Monday, ? The Board of Ten Governors before the I ie ? glsluture. ? On Thursday evening last, Me**?. Draper, Townsend ? And Bel), member* o( the Bjard of Ten Governors, attend H ?d by Mr. Phillips, clerk of the Board, appeared before the committee of the Assembly who hare the New \ ork tax blU In charge. QUr. Draper, on behalf of his associates, ? joade a statement to the committee, explaining and re ? Tie wit g the policy pursued by the Board si tee its forma H tlon, defending it against objections urge! against its H management, and cettiog forth the considerations which ? juitiir tfcem in asking from the Legisla ure the allowance H of >817.000 for the coming jear. The statement U as m> H Jows:? ? Hr. Cuaxbmxn ? With your consent, I will make to your H Bosunlttee a general statement of the past and present ? eondiilcn of the Almthouse Department, to which I shall ? tt glad to add my answer to any questions your conslde ? itk nslof the interests involved demands. On the 9th ay, 1340, we commenced our labors, and found the en ? tire class of vagrants in the penitentiary ; a proper regard H for lheir detention and care indneed the Board to erect H the pioper buildings for tneir protection, as well as re ? jnove others that were not fit for occupation. m xhe first was the hcscital on the extreme end of Black ? cell's Island, a wooden shanty, filled with bisk, unprotect ? ed froai the weather, and ? ifhout ihe common comforts H of the worst arranged poor house in the country. The H next expenditure of impoitance was the taking necessary ? steps to prevent the saetiQce of the lives of the inmates, ? by enceavoiiug to prevent the falling of a hospr-ai built H by conuaet by the city government, previous to the or ? laniiatwn ot the Board ot Governors. ? Kext comes the separation ot criminals from the orat ? nsrj vsgrents and unfortunates.BThe Legislature of the I State granted means for the eatabliahment and building ? of a workhouse, and passed a law regulating its admlnls ? txatioo. That building was erected by the labor of the I islard, with such adaiiional call for labor from outside ? ?s was oeceatary to perfect it. Its cost is to be found in ? the reports oi the Governors, and, I think, amounta to ? about J0:;.fi00. Afterwards, an addition wm made which I eobtthe department something like $40,000. The law ? which 1 hsve Just mentioned, enacted the Gov amors to ? separate the vs grants from the criminals, and we coai I mtneed to cany out practically the theory of this law. I The separation of the maie from the female oepartment ? cave a classification which before had not been realised, ? and a point has been reached under this organization be I lore unknown in tbeclti acd county of New York? thus I nrocuiing a monthly letim of casn reoeipts to tM da. ? part meat of from $600 to $1,160, beeipw the labor which ? ft has furnished for the eare, protection, and nonrish ? pent o! the inmates. __ I We then come to the Almshouse Department proper, ? tie but! lings ot which sere In a dilapidated condition. ? The male and female department, as well as that ot the I penitentiary. were separated by walls of granite, built I entirely of tie rock of the island and by the labor of the ? island. We have been forced to make a Urge expendi ? ture of money with a view to permanence, which will I lender t-imilar expenditure for some time to come un I P<lhe5*'uEatic Asylum and the buildings oa Randall's I Island were also In a condition to reiulre considerable I outlay. Additional buildings in all these departments have been required and e'ected for the necsssary disci pline ard efficiency of the institutions. The out-door pi or of the city of New York hare made large and Increasing calls upon the department. The 1 qieit'on ef granting the relitf oalled for hss been, from the beaitning to the present time, one of grave Import ance, and haa been dealt with in a manner comporting with the beet judgment of the Governors ot the Alms ?hou-e, and with an earnest deetre to aojompUA two ?rest otjec's : First, to do what was their duty si repre sentative! cf a proud city, so far as the claims or true cbaiity required. Secondly, to see, to the fullest ex en ?t tteir ability, that not one dollar of expenditure should be male that could be avoided. The item of expenditure of the department which Is mcst difficult to satisfy those who sre not inti mately scqusinted with the extent ot its opera-Ions, ii that for the employment of so Ja-ge a number in tb? udnlnistration of its afTairs. It is not generally un d*rst<;m'. that the?e institutions require for various rea sons, a supervision far beyond the ordinary l>"tUuUoni of cbarliv. Private charities are generally so distributed as to etaWe the dispensers of the fund to have it snder their immediate control and supeivUlon. Not so with the Almshouse Department. Our Bellevue Hospital Is the hi use of refuge of the poor in time of sickness. Our Pypbiiis HcspiUl, on BiackweU's Island, a refuge r_r 'be unfortunate tf a more depraved character or gT??nr sns'.lpox Hospital (just erected, in place of a tem t*>rary wooden builting found upon th? U and, with hardly a place for a s'.ct person to be pro tec 'el trom the elements. ) Is now neat ly i eady for occupation. Ibis will involve an expenditure of some Importance, which no h nest citizen can regret. ..... , <mr other Institutions on BlackweU s Island aro each i>f them of aueb s character as to require continual watchfulness. Persons of the worst character and every triads of disease are tb?re to be found, In their various ntssfs. The sane and insane abeoloely require the nu tnefciH offleera that aie appointed by the board. Among tbem, as will be seen bj our reports, are a large number ?f iiirinti, lunatics, c.iminals, who are thrust up on us by our present laws regulating the sentences of joieisn paupers to our various Institutions, while the c.tj a Ed countv of New York are obliged to sustain and Ropi>< rt s 's-g? number of this clase who are rightfully cbal aeable upon the Commissioners ot Emigration. thB estimates for 1866, to be found latheraportof l>,e r irapt roller of ill city of New York, pa.e Too, is tjoi intended as an, thins but the gu^sicgHOt ten men ? ruppwd to know something of ths requirements oftUe iistitations over wlich tb?y have P- elided for J ears ?wlih^l stealing. It Is not ?o be suppssed 1 that even ten ? f the beat men of New York, any more than ten of the worst, can sufficiently penetrate the future to give a re - liat.'e estimate of ths cost ot fuel, which is regulated by the demand and supply, differing every year, nor can they calsu'ate on wh.it may be the ?eces*ity of an ex pen dime under a state of pestilence, famine, war or leiai e?tt< n. nor the pilcc of Hour, beaus pork, beef Sc. ' On tallog posse* .iiou of the department, uhder the la v of 19*0, the lizard being mostly composed of merchant! and bu*ln**s men, they deemed it their duty to take an acecunt "of stock," to nee what property in the mani fest details had been 'oft to the department. That account wss taken, sid will be found os thi re eotri* and on (lie In the offloe. In taking the census of the Almshouse Pepa> trr ont, we found the number on the (itih Oay of May, 18W. to be 999. The report tor the week eciiicg Aptli 11, I8t9, mails by one Maroellus F.eis, ibeti Foperntendent of the Almhouse, gave ui tbe num ber of tomntes in that department as 2,745. Ibe ( limber, ae per the report ending May 6, 1849, > tb, f before the Oovernors took possession, was <,0*> melini a diffi>ren?9 of 1,746. This glaring lnoon~ J?tenrv was of such a character ae to Induce the Biard .^ove Mr. ?U forthwith. Changes were male of ^ii.KS officials, and the department placed In honest b*"lBce I s organization no discovered fraud has boen i fr L jinunlshe l, no economy) has been intentionally ^ I'littid no crime left unpunished, no e'larttv that has slot been juirtTregarded, and the only reward that the r^fstritere of this lai ask at the hands ot the I, eg s , Jaiure Is IW ?? honvet afte; a tyll, cample. t> and searching examination of every act of the Board ?ioe? It* formation. In addition to the amount of $862,000, called for the mppo rt of the inmate* o! the various institutions, we ask for 9165,000 for building purpose*. The report of the Comptroller, page 104. give* the *peetfio amount* end objects of that expenditure. The whole aggregate e#at lor the enlargement of Beflerue Hospital will be >80,000. The expenditure, to be aura, u enormous. Here it a fair opportunity for doubting, if anywhere, the wiedcm of the Board. There may be a difference of opinion as to the propriety of the full extent of this expenditure. The question has been agitated for several 7 ears. Doubts have been enter tained and expressed by every member of the Hoard. The question was one of immense importance to every citizen. It waa already filled to overflowing, having 700 inmates ucder treatment, and it became evident that means should be taken for the neoeasary repairs and alterations tor their snocess'ul treatment. The want of row? and of pioper ventilation, so essential to a hospital, the^ifliiul ty or escape in the event of a fire, the danger to the lives cf the innate* by the (kiting or the cellicgi, and 61 other requitements, considered absolutely ieiui?ite, impressed th< mstlvts forcibly cn the minds of the Governors ?a to the ceoeeeitj cf calling for this appropriation. The cost ol it grows out of its extent. Simitar ball lugs, oonAruot <d by individuals, would require fully the name anount of expenditure. If others, wiser than the Ten Governors, can sufficiently pecetrate the future, and can convince tie Legislature of the impolicy of this outlay, let the re 1 prnaibillty rest upon their judgment, and we will will ingly forego the appropriation. In the expenditures of the department for building, re pairs, et cetera, exclusive of the labor which is performed by the is mates, as a general rule, ther defy the compari son with private contiaots at the periods at whioh on tracts made and executed simultaneously with their own. The city ptison had almost coved to be a tax upon the city. The amount ot it* expenditures b?yond its reeeip's amounting to less than 910.000. Large Improvement* have been made by the labor of those committed for vari oui causes, and the term "Egyptian Tombs' cannot with justice be applied to it. In conclusion, the Governors of the Almshouse regret that inconsiderate statements have been made by those connected with the city government How tnese parties can make the representations they have made without having vitited the Institutions, and personally ex amined the affairs of the department, 1* beyond my comprehension. The Comptrole-, for example, ha* never, to my knowledge, oon^escsuded to make any official inquiry or pay the compliment of a personal examination of our instttu lions. An officer, receiving a compensation tor hi* seirioM, as i-uttlig rfficially to speak in 1 e'er pro* to so important 4 biacch of the city governmect, located within one hun dred jar da cf the e utlie detail of its accounts, would be able to opeakwiiety nd justly of its administration, did be geek the truth so near at hand. As to the statements made by other officers oonne;ted with tha legislation of the city, we have only to say that, in tome instances, their statements have been made wlthont a knowledge derived trom a reliable source. Tb ey also depend upon rumors and mis statements of tho&e unworthy of rrbditor xegard. There are those who anxious iy looking forward wi<h the hope of an official c< nnection with the Almshouse Department, and whose design it is to fix for themselves a reputa ion which may enah'e tliem <0 benefit by tbe disbursement of the fund expended, and tt cure be th honor >nd profit. The trust is an honorable one; the faithful performance of tie duties it involves will amply reward those to whom its administration is entiusted. On the other hand, a disregard cf the true interests involved, should and will reflect the highest discredit upon those who trifle with its aims and ends. Mew York Volunteers. AN ACT FOR THE BELIEF OF THE MEMBERS OF THE FIRST REGIMENT NSW YORK VOLUNTEERS WHO WERE IN ACTUAL SERVICE IN THE LATE WAR WITH MEXICO. Introduced on notice by Mr. R*>il j ? read twice and re ferred to the Committee on Ways and Meana? reported favorably from said committee, and committed to the Committee of the Whole. The- people of the State of New York, represented la h'ena'.e and Assembly, do enact as follows : ? Section 1. The following named perrons? Ward B. Burnett, William Pe?l and Edward Reynolds, residents of the city and county of New York? .shall constitute a commlailon to examine and decide on all application* for the benefits of the following sections of thin act. Bee. 2. Every person w.o shall appear, on due evi dence, to have been a member of the first regiment New York volunteers, and shall actually have been in aotion cr engaged In the Mexican war as a member of the said regiment, from the landing at Vera Cruz to the final cap tore of the city of Mexico, shall be entitled, on due proof of such service, or of having been actuilly in action in eny of the battles in Mexico m which said regiment par ticipated, to tecelve from such commission a certificate of such service, dulyauihenticaed; and on the presenta tion of aueh certificate to the Comptroller of this Stite, or any other person authorised by bim to receive the came, he shall be entitled to recive ail the moneys due h'm by the State by virtue of an act en .i tied An act for 'be relief of the survivors of the first regiment of New York volunteers who served in ihe war with Mexico," pissed July 10, 1861; and the Comptroller shall imme diately Issue his warrant on the Treasurer of the State for the while sum due. ana for tne complete payment thereof; such certificate rhall not b? aH?lguahie, nor eliali tie same or any moneys die thereon be liable to be ?*r jcined. seized or attached fir acy deb s of Buch v lun tkt i? : Provided, however, that no* certificate shall be is sued to any deserter, or any person who may have been discharged from campaign service at his own request. Sec. 3. The said commisslerers shall be duly swore faithfol'y to perform the dutiea of their office, and shall receive no compensation for their services; and shall keea an accura'e record of all certificates which they may Is'iup, with the name, age and nativity of the parsons to whom it may have been iasu*<t; and shall, as soon as practicable, make returns ot the same, on oath, to the Comptroller, to be filed in his offiie. The sum of twenty five thoi Band dol'ars is hereby ax proariated to carry '.?%? effect tk* provt l ms of this act, out of the revenue of tbe fiscal year commencing on the first day of October next. Sec. 4. AH sets or parts of art 1 eon fiictiog with the t regolng sections of this act are hereoy repealed. Sec. 6. ThU act shall take effect immediately. Oar Albany Correspondence. ?lbamt, March 20, I860. The Liquor Law? Lull in the Zeal of the Anti- Prohibition till ? What art the Members/ rom New York City about ? Ait< r the excitement occasioned duricg two saccesssive campaigns la this State, by the discuasien of the liquor question, and the final enactment of the Prohibitory law at the last session of the legislature, it appears rather strange tlat the subject should have elleitel so little at tention this year. I do not mean to say that the popular ie led 1* lets intensely agitated on the ques.ion, or that the degree of interest felt in it by the c immunity at large has at all di uln.shed. 1 refer only to the pro jeed iijgs of the Legislature, and especially to the Houve of AsrsemDly. It was leasoaably to be expected thai mem bers elected on an a nti prohibitory platform, mud with express reference to their known hosl i .y to tbe Maine law, wcu'd do all In their power to earry out the wishes of their ccnstituents, by end eavc ring to pioeure the re peal of that odious enactmen'. Good Ci'th to those who bad elected them demanded this at their hands. We na turally anticipated that tney would be at least as ener getic in attack as the friends ot the measure are z?aU>us in delence. It is matter of public notoriety that the members from tbe city of Me v 1 ork represent c>mUtucnciee unequivo cally rpposed to the I'rohiidtoij law, and extremrly anxious tor Its repeal. We looked to them not otsSy fir the initiatory movement, but for the m-.st C">n?pliu v,?s 7cal in carrying it Yrward. Yet, in addition to Mr. Glover, of Ne? Yoik, who made the motion, it was left for two country members, Mr. Btiiley. of Putnam, an! Mr. Mattlson, of Oneida, to take the teadlcg part la ihe effort to procuie the repeal of the law. We hive not yet i obrmved any cuecl evidences of faithlessness on the part ot ihe city membeia; bat l cannot he p remarking a cer tain decree of coolness, which is una jeountable, to say the least. Why is It, for instance, that Mr. Ray, of the Fecord Assembly distrbt, himself engaged in tue liquor traffic, and elected < isMoctly as an antl-Malne law man, was abient frtm the House wheu au important vote waa taken on this question ? Perhaps Mr. Ray, and those v ho like him. by their absen:e, contributed to defeat the rrclon to take up tbe repealing bill, can justify them Felvei before their const! uents; but if 'her can do so, their rea? oni rtunt be stronger than any ( have yet heard in txtcnuaHon of their oou<se. It is to ba hoped, at well fur tteii- lepuia'ion tor conslstenny and fidelity as for the rfglta and inteiesU of the peop'e of New York, that they will aanifest more zeal when the bill again comes before the H:nte. Tbe Fire Department. THE ELECTION OF AB8I8TANT ENGINEERS. The canvass for Assistant Ernie earn of the Fire De partment was aot over until 6 o'clock yesterday morn ing. The following is the new Board of Assistant Eugl rt.ers, with the votes that e'ected them:? John Gaulch, re elected 1,811 Kllsba Klngetacd, re-elecied 1,800 Jrbn A. Ciegier 1,704 Ileny H. Howard, re-elf c ed... ...1 ,<4f> Edw. W. Jacobs, of Ergine Co. No. 0 1,716 Ncah I.. Karnham, re-o ected 1,078 John Desker, re elected J, 038 l'eter W. Cornwall, re-elected 1 010 Timothy I~ West, ot Eoglne Co. No. 24 1,j18 .las. F. Weiman, of llose Co. No. 6 1,404 Haven of the above named persona were In the old Beard, Messrs. Jacobs, Wenman and West being the oely new ones, atd they were eleoted in plase of Wm 8'mpson, John II. Braiy ani Mosis Jackson, who de clined running. The 'ollowiog is a statement of the votes given for the unsuccessful regular candidate* .I.G. fiush, EngiceCo. No. 7.............. 1,352 Isaac 0. S?ixas, Hock and ladder Co. No. 1,208 .lulian Botta, Engine Co. No. 88 1,204 C. Miller, Engine Co. No. J4 1,180 John Brice, Hose Co. No. 42 1,001 C. L. Kent, Hose Co. No. 0... Thos. I.eavy, Engine Co. No. 4.... 06. J*- Master ten, Kng'ne Co.No. 33....._. 014 While the votes were being declared thar* waa con siderable excitement, but all adjourned in great pool buu\9t the final rwuH was kuowp. HTEUinifl VIM emu. Omr ghw|h?l Q8?iwpw<iiMe. Shanghai, China, Jul. 8, ISM* Ike Prosperity of the Port? Great Increase of Trade 4m provemevt if the Navigation <f the Tangt-w-Mang? AM icn?Jls Advance? 1 he Grand Besvit? What Should the United Motet do?? The Slack Tbngue at Nanking ? 100,000 Victims. Be me thing over one hundred million pounds of tea bM been shipped from China iMt year (1865). Of that ag gregate Shanghai has furnished eight -tenths. From all China, during the earn* period, there were exported fifty eight thousand bales of (Ilk, of whieh Shanghai supplied fifty-one thousand. Sixty- four American vessel* entered and cleared at this port during the same period. It la now, beyond a doubt, the nualeus ef foreign trade in China, and will ere long furnish a trade astonishing to those un acquainted with the resources of this Lvast oommweial empire. The narking out acd buoying of the entrance to this port Is now oomplete. The light ship on the North bank is eteurely stationed, and will no rye as a sure guide against that dangerous bank. The wooaen buoys are now in use, but will be replaced as soon as the Iron ones arrive, which have been oidered. The sailing directions, In accordance with these new improvements, have been isiued and generally circulated. The rebellion, which has apparently been dormant for fo long a time, it now seems was only smouldering, fur It has broken cut with great force, and totally overthrown the Imperial rule in the wealthy and tea producing proyii.ee of Honan. This province id on the Yat gt i-ze-kiaog. it is the first time since the begianuy of this rebellion that the tea district have been infected. This I anticipated aome time ago, and then recammeaded a plan by which our Interests and trade might be scoured. Thelmrerial government have been straining every serve to held their own; they have sacrifice 1 men and mosey with a lavish hand, the latier to such an extent that the producing part ot the population refuse to ooa trieute any more; hence the rebellion In Honan. Leutoh nen, tco, the richest province in the lempire, (M. HaoJ Las teen visited by a tireadlul famine, on which baa fol lowed the rebellion. So will this rebellion go on till this empire, magniPoent In its dimensions and almost bo bad It sb inits c jmmercial tesouioes. will be dismetnoered by factions and the foreign trade destroyed. Intervention now would save the foreign Interests ? not In behalf of either party, but a demand at the muzzles of the guui cf but two sioops-oi-war of such priviliges as are our due and ss will place us in a position so that, come what may, we can protect ourselves. Such a poliey is feasi ble. But even this policy could cot be effected through eans known to the Chinese as eminently timid and n&mby-pamby. letters to the Emperor and etiquettloal n'aams are all so much waste paper and time lost. It is not the way to treat with Chinamen. This is well known t-> us in China, and sooner or later it will be known at Washington, until which time we must all look alter our (>ws interests, and not trust to Sam. The rebels still hold Nanking, but a terrible plague has broken out among them, which the Chinese as??rt has carried off 100,000 inhabitants. Before the rebellion the cltv contained near 2,000,000 souls; but it in sap posed that at no tim? during tie siege has its population exceeded 600,000. Mews paper Account*" TRAVELS OP FOUR AMERICAN BAILORS IN Tin IN TERIOR ? TBEIK RIDE FROM COltEA TO THE GREAT WALL? A FAIR SOFrLT OF CASH ? NO LADIES SEEN, ETC., ETC. [From the North China Herald, Deo. 29.] On Fi tday ae'nn'ght a party of Four American sailor j a-iived in Stasghae, who caused no li< tli curiosity \*hen it was ascertained that they had travelled uadsr escort ail the way frcm Corea. It appears that these mea belccged lo the American whaler two Brother*, of New Bedford. They Bailed in her to the Pacific in Jute, 1654 and ltfct bu?mer they state that, beinj kep'. on short ccmmons and til tiaated by thrir captain, they toik one of the ship's boats and made their eecape to the c af>t or Corea, boitg at the time to the northward; tbeir boat was stove In on the beach, but th?y received a kind reception by the natives, whs fed them and kept ttem amor gut them tor a whole month, after whioh tiie proper authorities having been communicate! with, they v7( re sent on horseback tnrough Manchuria to the Great Wall, whore they were delivered up to the Cninese Mau dlin acd forwaided to Peking. The firs: nfght of their arrival in the northern capital they were viaitfd by Hu?i-tan mimonauts, who gave them food and c'othlig; they spoke but little Eng ish, and communicated mostly in writing. After letnalniug at Peking about three weeks, the Bus i-i&ss told tLem tnat the Km par or of China had presented tttm vihM me silver, aod they were to be sent dovn to fbangfcae ? the mrney they never saw; but on thair road to this pert, they were very scantily supplied with cop per cash: 'hey uoeived only 40 cash per day, at starting, which paltry aum was subsequently reduced to ten casn a day, uut.i tney approached this dUtrlst, when they were paid about 100 canh per d*r. They speak well of ti eir tieatmei t both in Cor fa and Mancim!*, but dis jsioge their treatment iu Cblr.t. 1'boy aay thtt tbey iT^vtlled through a highly cultivated csuntrj between >hf? and Ptkirg, and piseed through a great many tire cities, which were exceedingly populous. Unfortunately they appear to be very unsophisticated joung men, Iron 10 to 24 je*rs cf age. scd did not p;oli; mush by their oppirtuniUcs of navel. Iu all the resting o'-acei they ws rti kept <n the pritton#, and in Corea and HiuoliurU the* Lever paw a woman : they were jealously kept from 'he F?n qviis. AN HAVANA SLAVE AGENT PUNISHED. [Fiom the Hong Kong Register. Jin. I. ] Tbe Registrr's bather, a n:au named Ching-Assooug, a vrry i eputable person ii his way, and more intalUgoat Wan tbe gtmrality tf Ms eom-tryman tn tV? aauoe r?.-k < t lift. unaTfte all otheis. cf hit country wen, a-.i object ing to do a strcke Ubueln<v- oat of his trade whereby to gain sn honest penny, lately proceeded 1 3 flepiag-hae, come distance iuride the Bcgue for the purpose of engag i> g coclies for the Havana. While lying asleep In an inn, the poor fellow was attacked by some Mandarlau soldier), who sccu.-td fcim cf coning there wiiitno viowot entrap ping men for the English at liong Kong, who would af terwards sell them into slavery inforeign countries. He was most unmercifully beaten, and barely escaped with bis !ife: and, to add to this crttel'y, hi was robbed by the msn in who e house he was lodging of the little money he had with him and tho moat of his clothes. Ha threat ens to go back to be avenged; but we think be will show n? ie nensa by sticklrg to bia more peacatul employment cf r havirg and hair suttirg. NAVAL REGATTA AT HONG KONG? ACTION OF THE UNITED STATES BOATS. , [From the Hcng Kong Ilegiiter, Jan. 15.] In ccnuqucnce ot s>ur.diy un'oward alrcumitaaces, It was at ote time aj>p:cUeudeJ that we should have no re gatta this year. We wil only advert to me of these cir cumstances: the almost t',tal cessation of practice by the pullers if the club; whether arising from the superior at ' '-notions cf other stnuMaeot^, business, or laz'ness, is not very apparent. Tois wist of praotice precluded the idea of the club fuxnULing forth the usual amusements of a regatta, and advantage was therefore taken of the p:?henee of the laige number of the sbips of-war of the alliea and the United Stages in harbor to get up matches Isctween their different boats' crews. The re iuK has ?Ken a meeting surpassing in anutement, If not interest, any previous one. The sailing matohea for boats of the nn mbers of the club was the only proceeding in which the club was exclusively concerned; and, unfortunately, 1 1 e want cf wind made it a very uninteresting feature in the programme. Tbeduection of the sport was principally under the care of Elr F. W. Nicholson of the Pique, in sjpport of the Hon. W. T. Mercer, l'sq., utnp're; Lieut. Sproatin, in i bargo of the Macedonian's coats, ably represented the I'nited States, and to tbe presence of Captain Malmn tiouve, of H. I. M. frigate Sybiile, we were mainly indebt ed for the success of our *econ<l day's sport. Never could have been seen a better instance of the camaradarit be tween officer and tailor, than when the worthy captain went into the beat to console one of his boats' crew*, de feated in a ve-y unequal struggle; and hit " brann , mtt Jill," as one ef his boats pulled in an easy winner be'ore their English competitors, bad quite a different sound m an ErgUsli cflicei's ??well done, my lads." The only bitch in tbe proceedings arose from the in. ciuable obstinacy cfH. M. I-ords of tbe Admiralty, the Minister of Mariee of H 1. M-, or the Secretary of the Navy of the people of the United States ? none of which fuDCticr arifs (etui obit to agree what a pinnace, a launch tr a cuttcr sbculd be. One tiling was tolerably clear; when a i ace cf at>y particular class of boats was ca ed, II. M.'s boats had decidedly the advantage, aivl shewed la advance of ihe boats of tho othsr two uailons? in bulk and weight; invaluaVe qualities, doubi e ?, on seme oscAnions, but of more than doobtfal value in a pulling match. Tue French were next in weight; ana our cousins of the I'nited States, on their prinslplei of g< -abeadl m. bad their boats of the very lightest con struction; so tliat any want of harmony In pulling to geiher was totally extrinsic, and all the Uult of tbe "old f< lk.s at hone." On the Brat day the third rase was for ten oared cut ters, and tnded thus:? U. ?*. filgate Macedonian's lit cutter 1 H B. M.'s frigate Pique's 1st cutter... % II. B. M.'s filiate Piqub's 2d cutter t H. B. M.'s fiigats Sybille'i cutter. I U. 8. Macedonian's 2d cuttcr ft A poor race ? the first boat ran with two oars short, but she bad more tbe lock of a twelve oared barge than h cutter, and cauld have weighed little more than half the weight of her opponents. A good race between the 2d, 3d and 4 fh ? the 6th nowhere. On the se:ond day a fourteen oared boat from the United States frigate Macedonian alao appeared, but nei ther the French nor ftngllah boats would pull with her? one Ccse sufficient ? " De burnt childs dreads de water, as your Sbak es-peare save." The sports of the day concluded with the laughab'e farce called "Catching a Punt." ADMIRALTY AFFAIRS? SILA8 8. BURROWS IN COURT ? JUDGMENT AGAINST HIM. [From the Overland Register, Jan. 15.] V ie- Admiralty Court, Jam. 9.? Burrow* v. Axulra.Ua , lolf Hob Roy.? Burrows for hlmaelf. with 0. Cooper Tur ner. Ken., proctor; the Hon. W. T. Bridges and F. W. Green, utirs., advocate*; and Maun. Gaakell and Brown ? roctors for impugnants, Messrs. Douglas Lapraik and (ieorge Chape. This waa a suit in a cause of po?>ession. Th? fic' s are briefly aa follows -.?The Rob Rov, an American sliiu. was sold hy the United Htates Marsbat in Ian Franjl c ?, 'or seansen's wages. Th? v?s?el was bo.:g'it by Si tin tvW* >ci ?VvLt tl(QW. U? r?;>*itod U at a* lat a* U? thought dmmntt, and chartered her to Sohultz keitaer far a ro j age to China and back. She arrirvd in Ujng Ceng 80th Jane, 1862, with the tiro charterers on b^ard, one of whom , Palmar, died here. Tke vessel had ieakei all the way across, and on commencing to toad her it was found ike leaked stilt worn as the wont down in the .several surreys wore bold, and after oertaiu re paira had been made, Mr. Rickatt, marine sorveror, trurting to the captain's word that the bottom had been
thoroughly overhauled and repaired at Kan Francisco, Bv the ship a seoond class certificate. NotwlthaUad the repairs the leak oontinuod, and on a more per fect crerhanl, including the bottom, it was found that the captain had deceived the surveyor, aa the bottom wm In nob a state that It ctuid not have boon overhaul ed for two or three ;eara, and the-, the ship waa In her present state un tea worthy. Schultz and Palmer were poor men? they oould advanoe no moaev for the repairs; and aa it waa found impossible to obtain bottomry on the vessel, the owner being si distant, and the ship having inclined expenses which there was no m ney on her ac count to pay, ?t wis resolved to aeU her on a eertifieata or condemnation. The p/coeed a ware little more than auffi ?tont to say _ off the orew, Kr. John Lamont, carpea er, bought too bull and uaed it from the date of purchase, November, 1862, up to March. 1864, for a hearing down hulk. At that time, f eights rising in oonsequeuce of the ?for emigration, shios rose greatly in value, and any in the shape of a ship was picked up? among others the unnea worthy Rob Roj? not improved by sixtoen months' pullivgabouc aaa hulk? got into market and was fold to th* prevent impegoants, Dr. Lapraik and Gorge Chape the seller undertaking to repair and put the ship in a seaworthy state. This waa done, it is taid, at an expense of between $17,000 and $18,000. Ia addition other sums were expended upon her for officers' quarters to amount of $2 ?00 and upwards. A 'till ol sale" waa g.veo. Mr. Pollard, eating for both parties, took the "bill of sale" from the American cap tain to Lamont, and that from Lamont to the present purchasers, and laid them before the Colonial Secret iry, wb< n tinted a register to th* vessel under the nu? ol the Aie'ralia on the eeaond "bill of sale." taking no no tice <l the flist "bill or sale." Iu August, 1854, S. E. Burrows came to this place, and recognising the K)t> Roy under ber new name of the Australia, laid claim to her on the ground that the captaia has no po war to sell a ihip in any esse. The Judge said that having read the evidence he was of opinion that the eaptaln had a light to sell under the clreumatanoef. The pre movent, notwithstanding this intimation, wai det irons of going Into the merits of the case by reading a document in \hts nature of a deposition; and as Mr. Bur to#) waa a stranger, Ignorant of the laws and manner* of our couite, the opposite party agreed as the shortest way to allow the paper to be rend. It turued out to be partly a rivttw of the eviCsnce, and parsly a deposition by Burrows himself, that other portion would mite car tain depual.iODS. Among other things he read was a de position made before the British Consul, at C?nton, by ?anawith Drinker, to the effect that he bad offered to charter the ship acd to advance what would be sufficient to repair her sufficiently to carry granite and passengers. ihe Judge teemed to thick It hard that passeogara thculd be put Into an unseaworthy ship with granite, and afcked Mr. Burrows If he thought that a fair and honor able proceeding. Mr. Burowi thought it perfectly fair, ant went on t.? try and prove that the merits of the caae weic in his favor ?that the bhip was bought by one ol the t-urveyors wLo condemned her. and wha, besides that, had undertaken to repair ber for $6.(00, but that the repairs did not cost him more than from $2,000 to $3,000. The Judge ? it is peifectlj clear from the evidence that tbe ship was not ceawnrthy when she was in this hirbor, an* it is alfo clear that sho was not seawortny when she e't San Francisco. The Boa. Mr. Bridges then addressed himself to the point o' retis rati' D. A bind had been given for $22,000 t> bring the slip in to judgment. Burrows, in addition, to liave the ce'; earnlugn of the ship to date, and to pay all amoliciatlosa. THE UNITED STATIS COMMISSIONER AND THE COOLIE [From the Friend of China, Jan. 15.] Tbe newly arrived United States Commissioner to China, his Excellency Dr. Parker, has notified su*jeats ofhls government that they wilt not only forfeit protec tion but be liable In heavy penalties, if hereafter fjund ergagicg In tbe tiafflc known aa the cooile trade, the hotrtble character of which his Excellency describes as p ore revolting than that of th* A rioau slave trade. Tfce notiflcai ion will be received as an eiprewhi of high disapprobation, we take it, and nothing mare, some thing more < xpiiclt tian thieats being required to deter American citizens from ergagiog in such a trade. The cot He tiade, in itself may not be cavillad at, and might be engaged in by persons of tbe most phlUathroplc ois pofition. What we want fjr it is an organized system; net an attempt to atop the trade altogether, for tha sole advantage of advenfuters under that most convenient of u'l fUgr ? -he Peruvian. An average bonus of two hon ored dollars is given on C7ery Chinese bandsman landed at Peru; bo that the profits on a ship lo\d are sometime conaiderab'e? quite sufficient to induoe pome of "the fre i.nd enlightened" to throw up thsir citizenship alto ge'her. . IliK Excellency has been staying at Government House since his arrival. REMOVAL OP COMMODORE ABBOTT'S BODY FROM VIC TORIA--THK FUNERAL PROCESSION. [Fiom the Fil&nd of Coiua, Jan. 16. J On tbe dity of the fepa'ture of the last mail for Eu rope, we mad* mention ot an intended procesdm with the body of the late Commodore Abbott from tHe house of R. J*. De Silver, Esq . U. 8. Naval Storekeeper, whore his Excellency died. Theifuliowlag was the ORIIKR OF TOK l'ftOCK88IO<(. Baudot 11. M 8. Winchester, plajirg the Deal March in Saul, followed by a body of Royal Marines. Broad Fen<*ar t of the deceased Commodore birne by bis coxswain. Hearse, Flanked by U. 8. Marines, and e;gbt petty officers. U. b. id. MaeeJoniiu, Pall Baarera, r7*g j H)uk Owaiiimy. KXSSiB. Capt. Wilson, P. N., H. M. Hon. Col. Qraham, Com S. Winchester. mandaut. Hon. Commodore Etllo'., H. Capt. I.a Malssoneauve, H. M. 9. Bybiile. I. M. S. Sybille. His Excellency Aiml-al Sir Hia Excellency Gov. Sir Jas. Stirling. John Bowring. Officers of U. 8. 3. Macedonian. Ciew of Macedonian. Foreign Consuis. English and French officers. Wizens. Carriages. .Sedan chairs, tin. As lie procession pioceeded, minute guns ware fi.ed, firwt from the Macedonian, then by ths shore battery, and, lastly, on beard H. M. S. Winchester, the whole of the soldi*? in garrison In extended Ale, with re re 'Med arms, lining the Queen's road towards Ike landing place. A. rived at the landing place, tbe body waa received into the deceased Conmodote's hirge, and then escorted by beats from the seve.al men of war in port up to the Ma oedcnlao, where it was received with the honors due a dt ceased flag officer. Oar New Granatin Correspondence. Momp<?, New ?rtcad?, Jan. 13, 1856. Visit to New Granada ? The AnibaUmta TJba/xo ? Malta/' * ? JA" JVfio Oarthoffma Cinal ? Santa Cruz ? A Story for iht AlxU'umute ? Fruits <rf the Policy of England in Central America ? Journey through the Woods ? Qalamar ? Tertriffe?Cltoncet for American Enterprise in Mew Gtavada, dr., c ft. It whs night alreary when we arrived at Arjon i, and as we were not expected, no dinner hal been prepared lor lie. During the ride I had emptied my xegtr can*, acd an our luggage bad gone on while we remained to vi it Uer. Santa Anna, 1 could not fill it from my own etoek. I accordingly neat a bjy to purohare for me a couple of dimes' worth of segars of the country, and for that sum he biougbt me two bunnbe*, containing six'.y f' ur small >-eg?rs, similar in size and male to the Manila chcrcot. I wait moat agreeably mrprisej on snoking tbem. They had a rail*, pleasant Havor, burn*, freely, and, la my opinion, were better than the Havana segars which ate male in Cuba from the tabaco d> jmrtido, although not equal in flavor to the true Vuelta de Absjo. ( ?n inquiry, I wax informed that tbey were made Iron Ambaiema tobacco. Ambaiema Is a province of New Granada, lying upon the upper watsrs of the river Mtgdaiena, and its tobascs in esteemed in the London market a* beiog inferior orly to the true Vuelta de Absjo, and better than that of St. Jago de Cuba. Large quantities are already shipped te London and B-emen, In both of which p'acen it flndi a ready sale at high prices ; but a merchant of Santa Martha told m? that some lot* which he sent on trial to New York did not do well. I suppose this was because our tobacconists were unacquainted with it. It seerai to me that a line open ing U presented her* for ear tobacco and segar dealers, sc me little enterprise only being needed to establifh the nunnfecture on a large scale, for the requisite kind of labor for Us manufacture is abundant and cheap. We started at early morn, alter haviog passed a few sleepless hours in a hammock, which is the most usual bed here l uring the ride we crossed nearly a league ol (onntry Hooded by tbe surplus waters of the old Dique of Carthegena, and after crossing the Dique itself, which we did in a large canoe, accompanied by a little jaekais, while our horses swam by Its side, reached Mabates, where breakfast awaited us. This place was formerly the point at wbieh cargo was landed, and taken acras > the country on hones to the river. The channel from here to the bay of Curt ha gen a is a deep natural rent In the eaith, having from two to nine fathoms of water. There is here a bar f >rmed of gravel, brought down by a brook* and beyond this the natural canal continues to several fiesh water lakea, within ten or twelve miles of the river* Col. Totten, the pret ent able engineer of the ranama Ruilrosd, cut acsnnl through this small dlitance a dew 3 ens since, In orler to make a continued line of water c u.trutt 'ctt'on with the bay of Carhagema. A sudden i'?e la the rive:, i'tst hiTm tbeg-Mrd o<?lc *<>s UnisWsd frjuni tU ?. ? 4 l.eto, auv Jlt?4 lUvOi wlUi I and a failure in the supply of fund* caused the work to ^ abaadoaed. A Now York oompany Am taken it la hand, u I arentloned in a former letter, and are prosecu ting the tabor of cleartrg the canal with great success. They hare a piirilege of 1U tollj for sixty years, and an it fa euppoaed that the opeaiag of the canal will bring the greater part ol the ttaie of the river to the safe >tv1 easily accessible harbor ol Carthagena, It fa expected to prove a very profitable undertaking. We started from Mai a tea immediately after breakfast, in order to reach [Ca'amar before night. The oountry from Ai Jonas to Santa Cruz fa very similar to our beat sugar lands in Cuba, and formerly contained many sugar e?tates. The long continued revolutionary struggle, and the subsequent abolition of slavery there, hss destroyed them and their onee fertile fields have again become a thickly wooded wilderness. Under a tropical sun and tropieal rains, the^forest soon resumes its sway whare the band of man cease* to hold control an I it is now diffioult to recognise even the boundaries that cnce divided highly cultivated Unds. We stopped at Santa Cruz during the heat of noon to re,t our horse sand ourselves. The place consists of a lew negro huts only, and seeing an aged looking black pitting on the #arth In an open hut, and eating with his flrgers from an earthen vessel, I crept into the shade txside him. Knteiing into sonveraatioa with him he told me that he was a Luoumi (an African tribe of which there are many in Cuba); that he did not know ho* old he wm, but bad been in this country every since the Kuglish "burnt 8pala" (I suppose he alluded to Trafal gar); that he had b tea brought from A'rica by an ling llfh cap'ain, whose name was King, and s >ld to Senor Carpades. His master formerly had a sng*r esta'e here, where the forest now was, and he said t tie old sugar mill and ktttles were still lying over there in the thlckot good for nothirg now. in reply to my further questions, be said his master was a good one. but he was dead now, aDd hl? widow was ltvUg, very poor, in Carthagena, with to one to help her, "for all America is free no <r." He wished his old inasUr was back for he was old and had uo one tc give him meCletoe. there were some chl dren playing round which he said were his grand chl dren and one, a babe, bis great grandchild. I asked him why his children did not plant corn and sell it to get woncy tor the puipose cf bujlog medioine fo.- hiai He replied, "what do we want to plant corn for, all Amenca L. frte now." This seemed to he ho uppermost idea in his mind. In the history ot tlua poor negro we have a perfect epUome of the policy of Kugiand towaid tropical America. The "instruction ot the Spanish fleets, the oarrvlog on of the Have trade by her own ships, to their gain, and to the prosperity of the Spanish colonies, and then the rules of Esglish philanthropy destroylcg tte colonies, the whi'ei djing in poverty, and the children of the negroes boild- I ^t^Eelve0hnti,U,}h.6 foie3tfl thlkt have overgroiru the once prosperous fields ? he onee happy nl^ro tlok !?CftwM^r4T' unalienated pan, '-for all America After leaving Santa C : uz the horse of one of our party began to show evident signs of giving out, and ai? the ethers rode on I lagged behind to keep tim company f.t,Arode <-n rtlowly, givirg our horses rest at the vi/'ages lnw ih?yw ^ v. b*twt and the fuu was already oe , low the horizon when we left the latter with twa imr \ raltaT^hmrt ftfc6' f8 we.e,,t0re<1,the the d?yUght a tied, though the star/! hh.re bright lr orerbaal A'tar 88 ju0K?'d, a league our horse's feet be A?rP. (7 .1" ' and we ??ul(l 800n perceive that at cverj step they sank deeper and deeper. I rode on wl'h come ai-givings, and In a tew minutes mv horse sank In the mud nearly to hi* girths. I had last ih? wiv wi >ih?tT1?0vSnyiCOmi>anlon, wh0 WM * naort ois tance behind, to hold up, for there was no road, but only j 80me difflsclty Igot my horre frr\?? wi* ? v 'v .r bfck to wller8 mT friend waited hett* shout. We retraced our steps ?? t K'ound was dry, and as it was too dark to sea I dismounted, and anelt to eee 1' I coull feci the trcddni path with my hand/. Hoof prints in hardened m h? e!frj^*re aroun(J. *>ut nowhere could I lind a beaten load. We wore undoubtedly in the old r:>al but, as it had become flooded with wa er, had been abau ndoned, and there must be a turn out nea. twiifdw?. V"-.1"' and *?, '1'jwly rode back, seeking ou both i ides to find some iudlcations of the true road. But the aa; km ss was too Kgyptian, and hid It from us. Re fuctactly we determined to retrace our steps o Sato and piccuie a guide. We had nearly reached the villi** p" r.8"18 sud?e,,1J' uP?n throe gcntlsmon riilogto wsrdi Can mar. They proved <o be two of our own Kill 7?' an,bfk"uwn to n*j h??l remained behind at MobaUs to avoid the heat of the day, and a gantleman who was returning to Calarear. We toll them of our aoventnre, and all were glad to follow the wntieaiai. as wc tuppofed him to be familiar with the way. We r de on rapidly, f,r It was now ge ting late, and Tor half an uIC? ^ vl! ' ,lght- Socn ""lerthU time, however, I Thought I recognize J a portion of the Se^L'd U? lh* P8tU!r ?f the li8d,Dg bor,t'? 1 reiceA up at occe, and soon after we heard the gui4e ? hout irg to ns to s'op. For some time wc ould plainly "0U?d*tU:g "l hi" hpr"e' but could se? nothing, a Tu* ?bcrt time be retnrncd and said tnere was ni ' I~?rtbeieV ^he goiter h Ihrn began to se?k tor tte i riue uad, bu. ss I hsd already g<-ne through the opera I Hon, running my horse's bead and my own into ths -8nt\.'tUO<?iD5 mT of tre^s ^ repeat it- an tbruv ? Vr *^lrA',?r w*, i ngbiiil tL mmv and wal >d with patience for the result, rhcy soon gave up ihflr fruit ess iearch. and the strange gentiemxn propoj ed that we -lioulf ride back a short distance and tneie wait until Ke wect 1o Sato for a guide. We soon came to a small ooun space, where we dis counted, and throwing our tired liabs at length up n ll-o ground left our hordes to browse upon the tender Drenches, while we ao'ased our hungry stomaens with r. flicHoss upon the good dinner than w.s wal ing for us s t Calamar. In about half an hcur we heard the sound of approaching hools, and at a moment's warning a little jicksis, ladea with trunks, trotted rapid'y through our i ecum sent par y, and we hear] some one shouting. Mount, mount, lor the burden bsas'sere omtng ? v\ 0 were scon up, tor the laden animals have Uttle resiiect for obstacles in their path, and toutd that they were our luggage mules whloh we had passed at Mabateo. l'ne diivers knew the road well, and as me gettleman who ^-ui!lnJfnr< ^ to/? came up wlrh the-n, we aii gladly fell In, and once more took up oiur way for Oa Ismar. I was both hui gry and fatigued, and ths da-k ride ? eemed almost interaioable. We soon met a man who rode up to me and said he brought me a fru'h horse. It was one that (iecoral Mosqnera, who had reaped Cih mar before dark had kindly sent out for me, fearine bv our long dtlay that mite had broken down. WV re icced 'he village at half past ten In th* evening, and were soon doing ample justice to the impatient dlcne*. The be.l of ibe steamer awoke us bafore diybreak, and ?f. a hurrif d cup of coffee, we embarked. The lisory WeUs, belonging to the New Granada Canal and Steam Navigation Com, eny of New fork, and named In honor o. its President, had waited two days for us. and her sap ttDx:t"R l0? be ofr- I <**? surprised to flnd'her with the Afteiican fl*g Mjinur at the peak, and upon en il'iiry was told that the New nranadfan government, v i b a wi?e liberality in its desire to advance the mate lial iu.eieets of the c.untry, had thrown open the navi gation or the Ms gda lens river, its mate artery, to a1 1 rations, and that both Americin and Ecg:ish steamers ate now runxing ifptn it under their own na'.looal Hags. Jffi /i? h*?" ????7??rsl but the former J ??aJa ,heil" appearance. They have al ready evinced their superioritv to the Knglish steamers, and as other boats are now betng built in the 1'oited -ta es exprenly adapted to this river, l hope, and I doubt cot. taat they will continue to maintain their superiority ard even increase It. r " ''J to*4 night, and two days' sail brought us to this city. The river below here present? many of the characteristics, but less monotonous, of the lower Mis M*8ippi. There Is the same bread sheet of water, the ttme high and caring an I banks, the same sandy shoils, tie same rapid, whir fng and muddy stream, the same MJ?gs and fnwyers, and a similar wild vegetation, al though no cotton wood Is to be found. We passed the old Sjan'sh city of Tenerlfle, now quite decayed. It was he s:ene of one of the great battles of Colombian inde jtndente. A One church towers ahsve the tliatohed roofs c fits surrounding bouses, but the wills alone re main; the roof bss followed the waning fortunet of the place. Cempo* Is a busy and thriving plaae. being the great scat and eentie of the river trace. Here the bongas and I ham/ on.1, a species of boats and flats that do the carry ing trade on the river, poling up streams and floating d"*n, ship and pav off their crews. Here are the car penters and black -inith* that build and repair these liver craft, and here reaide many of the merchants and beat owners who conduct the trade above and below them. In rambling along the levee, and observing their manner of working, I conldnot but reflect what a gre*t re volution and Improvement one single enterprising Amerl can might make here, to the advantage ol tte people and the gaining of an independent fortune tor himself. The stuft tor the r boat building and bouses is most laborious ly ?awed out by hand. While excellent timber Is abun dant and at band, not a single saw mill exists upon the titer. Any one who establish^, it will nake his own for uae, with proper economy and skill, and bv cheapening the cost of lumber give a new impulse to the mechanic ???***?.. Th" "J*1"" ?<> ?? to be the best pHce ifirl?ri?h ',nurc^n.ri p1Ml f0T ther" u ? active city of Cigh. or ten thousand people for a market, be l-t|i? ,8R*B5' Santa Martha and many -mailer cities down the river, and numerous wooded itrfairi* aw?Te. I baye found the people most hospitable and friendly to Americans, but aa my sheet Is full, and I am.tind, I remain AWGO. Hbkach or Piomiab IK Albany.? The Circni Court, two days past, has been engaged la a breach of promise case, in which Elizabeth Campbell is plaintiff, and A. lagrange Is defendant. The daintiff fa repre sented as being quiteyoung, modest aad very prepoeaeM Ing in appearance. The parties both reside In New Scot land. The action Is brought for a breach of promise of maritage, made bv the defendant to the plaintiff after two years' courtship. The alleged seduction of the plain titV is ret up hy way of aggravating the plaintiff's 'inn ?gi a, wl Ich are 'aid at #10 000 Tlie ctlld is aiout lW"S< rs vlsi.- JO ?:!. The 6rU??M Mnm Oaw-BMMn to Xw Mtc (fee <wr>t RiAhhL Tbe telegraphic report of tkl decision of Jtu!g? Thoesp son la the PllliMfhte Common Pin*, oa Stwrtof, doee Dr. Griawold injustice. Ths motion before tM Court wii to vacate the decree of divoroe granted kgr this Court ia 1862. The motion waa refused. Judfce Thompson says:? the reasons adduced upon the argument to suatain the pee ?eat motion are eo numerous that it is somewahat dtOeuh tm auartaln with preolaion the real grounds aeon whloti the re spondent clatass the action of the Court. they seem, however, to be comprised witn.n ihe two head*, of eel usfa>n between the parties, or of fraud and imposition upou the court. It waa sfreuustiHiy urged, upon the part of the ie*poncent,that neaa of the proceeding* m the cat a have been regular ; that Ihe om? stated in the libel was utterly untrue, andthat toe prooeedinga were carried on while the reepot dent waa kept la igioreaoa ^ t?*m: lb** b y till* nuiu 01 conducting the case the heei lant iiad itr.pcsed upon the Court and fraudulently obtained a tare* in his favor. IheeepoaitifL.arennt, however, mistalae* by ibeevioence which has beeu submitted to u? Itappesre Clear ly by the written eviaencu that the respondent bad notice, noi only of the tnieided application of the Ilbellant oetore hit eatt wasoomnenced, but thai hUsubpceua, with a copyof >be libeL waa aarved upon her, and (hat, rnlj tar no the edvioe of her counsel (net her present eouniel), kb? intentionally disre garded the notice, and permitted ihe cause to pioceed salt might, igal em her, It further appear* by tbe respondent's oen showing, ll>at ore of the difficulties whih embarraaied tbe -ire, and piavenud tor a time any action of the < ourt, waa removal by ber o n n t eclaraiioo, made in her own to aid willing aad la tended by ber to be used in order to remove the objection mala (o the proceeding. In this letter, which la sow before ae, har Ii.g been discovered since (be argument, the reapondeat Mi only admit* the truth ot the compialnt oootaltei In the libel that ihe left tbe libelant for reasons saltalac ory to herself. Ml thai ber Inieation was not to nturn to blm, and that ber ooeree was tourdea on that determination, whicb stlli continued, .eav it>Khiniat luil lidertv to pursue inch legal meaaurea as ha might be auvired to adopt. Prior to the appearance of tbb let tar testimony had been taken ex i.arte and submitted to the C'otui. At a mfc sequent periou oertalo other evldenoe waa adduced, which |ti connection with the letter just referred te, and with the tact that ihe respondent had fuU opportunity to take any colente that she might deem proper, aitiafled Use fourt that such grounds wero presented as woultl justify the lurther scloi tliat tended to a ttnat determination or tbe oasa. T i be many and gross charges which are now made against the .Ibe jtfci and which the f vlaence 4ik.cn upon this motion is ad duced to sustain, ail of whloh were aa well known by the re sponaent before her declared ac^uiarceiice in the co urM idocMi by blm. as now , were never breathed to any roe. The tJeort h ss permtt.'ed to set as though the case was in all respeota lair una free lroin any collusion or tiaudu:act design. U become*, then, a queg'lon of ?erions import, whether under such cu t'nmsl ancee a t oujt ought to l'*tenu> the party wW claims ' o impeach the proceedings, either up in tha ground of collar ioo, to which, if it existed, the was a party, or of rraad which flie krew ot at d dec lned to erpose. s a to tb? alleged ctllusir n, it does not caiii factory appear tbat It existed In auak tetui as lo demsnd our ac iononthitg"ound. Tbe pro need tags v ere commenced nud cairlel on adversely, with full notion to the reipnndrnt t?he was required to appear, but did not Tha charge ot desertion wai distinctly a nted In the ubel filed, am the truth of tbe charge wai ntiempted to he auststaed by e" dence. Iter declaration that the charge was true and the d ? ?eitii nierujtcd in atdthat <-be tad I ?? 1 1 the libeilant to bis l<v il remedlts ctnnolbe regarded as collation. A party to a 'if. ? ho has a defet ce, but who chooses not to use it cannot be * ltd to coilude with ihe pirrvHulng. He would not be listened to up' n such a suggestion, itights ma f be waived wltt out eib jt cl i a the party to ai y sueb lnpu'.alloti ho a defence mn y :>a waivi d or a proc* edit g aeq-.uesced In without any lmpraon -'y. but tt is i aid, on b'hMf of the re?oondeut, that Ihe tetter writ ten by ber \> iB cVitaiuo". by force and fraud, and should be r otT distegardfd l his, however, is not Mislabel tj the evidou^e, i or by l.trown statement In regard to it. It seems thtt tie lelteir oontalnlng the declatsllon i eferrod to, wa? written at nbe libelant's rtquest, and upon his prouil.He to permit hls|dt??h trr to remain with the respondent, tf the would write tha letter. This was no coercion, aud with every si ow ante upon lb# score of the affection entertained br har toaards the iibe'.lart's daughter, It is certain. jr not sufflctent to j ubiii* or excuse tie reept rdent tn tbt.s st<ittnr what her as sertiCns cow made woud show to be Rroasly false and ua lounCed 'ibe orly reatcnah e eiv anatlor. of this transaottoa Is, ibst sleee lh?t period her mind baa become much more as cited against the hbellant, or her vie >vs ao greitly changed that plie now tees things through an entirely different medium. Tha affidavit of the JiL eDan: should not be regarded as evideao^ and even It it were, we cannot perceive tne juatioe or propriety of permitlng a tarty who, bv t e suppression of tacts, ead by the assertion of tbe exigence of contrary facts, bss a lowed ac tion to be takeu, br winch the dearest Interests of others have become Involved to take advantage of berowa wrong in order to call such set on In question. Neither have ws beea ab e to dl&covcr any sucbgioia :raud petpettated upon the repondant. 'or upon Ike Court, ns bss betu suggested on her behalf. Jha prccecdltigs were commtnced t.ylhe iballant utxn full rotlsa to the tesponcent, and carried on without any eObrt to conceal tfcem. It may be tbat some formal requisition or aoiice waa i ot itrlctly c implied with, but when it was expressly oommit nicaled to the resuondent that without ber admission of tha ti uth cl the cbargea alleged in the libel, the d'vorce sould cot be obtained and she gave tbat admission, certainly the eharga of naud aga'ost bt r cannot be sustained. Nor is it perceived that tbe Court has been Impofed upon bv the Ilbellant, as Mur sb ws have been able ti ascertain the action taken la tbe case. Tbe cat e el' the llbeliaut was sustained by what uppeared to the Court to be adequate testimony, and the object on o ' tbe want of sufficient notice to the res sea - ?*ent helog removed by her adcnlsilon, we granted a rule on the libelant to show cause why a divorce should not be grant ed. 'lhus far we perceive no evllence of fraud or imposition; no such allegation Is sustained by ade<inat^ testimony. But K la al'eged tbat prior to tlie i rsnling ot the >ald rule to ahow raupe, an fmendi d or supplemental libel w?a ti ed by the &? beilant of whicli c rf'fondett bad no notice, sad that addi tional tenttmo' "it tn tuder said supplemental libel. It dres nt.t appear ?beiher tbe supplemental waa ever brought to the ooBsJderai ion of ibe t'onrt, and the strange confuasat wb.cli exists aa to the rt cords aod papeis tiled in this case, pre - vents us from s;cert> inii>g whether anr action whatever was bad tipcD said tnppltmei lai libel. Ihe charge contained in it waa 'lie same aa that stated in the crlgtna! libel; the tesUmoay sllegrd to have beemlaken in t er It; was addres?ed to the saosa facts si d circumstances as tii V. whloh had been previous y t tken under tbe otigianl prtv eedlcg Tbe snpnlsmenta> hbel had ro ellect whatp,< ?r upon the aouou of tha (fourt, if, indeed, it was ever brought urder cooMdj ration, of which we entertain c< n, 'derabie douT't Ibe flllou ofthls p^per, even without na tice to ihe respontfert, as It did notv.irv tSe charge, aad pro duced no apeel%l action, cannot be considered a fraud or tmpo tiiion upon the Court The main ground, bawever. upoa wld. h we tee] obUited to refuse t ho present motion. Is the un certainty which exista as lo the fact of any decree ot divoroa havn k bf en entered by the Oourt There la no entry of auoh decree either upon the minute l ook, or upon tbe motion list of the t'ou't; rrr do the docket entries in tbe case show H ut tiirh decree wssetiteted Wbether the pane s ortginaily tiled, and the testimony and exhibits which the ru'e of oourt re r\ "Mre-i to be annexed thereto before the casa is submitted to tha court for its consideration, wou d abow anything in regard ta tbe deciee, we are entirely unable to say. Bv some stranga fatal ill . Incident, perhaps, to tbe manner in which our re jonka are kept, thrte pspcm have dlrappearad fraaa tha odiea of mm PuthsiosiT, and thetr contetls ?ann?t eo snppHed. ' tha JiMtCM teva nn whtob wrnild enable them to SaaS tn the subjeri of the decree, fuitber than of tbe Act, !>??' Uitr regarded the evidence, aa it waa presented to them, as mnm. 1 1? nt to entitle the : ibeiiant 'o tbe vi-nal rule to ahow cauae way n decree i hou d cot be granted. It U, of eourse, impoaai ->le la tely upon the recollection of counsel tor thut aa to which oar records are allent ; and w ben we llnd tliat there ia nothing upoa onr record to fbow that notice of tbe rule to ahow causa waa ever served upon the respondent, o r advertised so as to gtva notice of such rule, without which service or advertise neat no decree could bo entoied without a violation of our rule of aourC It sf eit s lo us that the preliminaries to the granting of a decree ere entirely want in sr. When it further appears That the rula referred to was cot olaced upou tbe llat of motions, to be dia po- ed of In tbe umal manner, the doubt as to the decree being tne <le Is so much Increased that we are oompelled to take tha only cafe course, which is to regard that which does not ap t esr as that which does not exi?t. We are Informed by the testimony that the Ilbellant acted as though be usd in bia poesrsslon some evidence of a <SS crte having been made in his tavor. What that evidence was, we have not been Informed, nor hare wa tbe d -ana of ascertaining. It does not appear by aay evideooe tbat i .-en a certificate of the decree was gtveo by the Prothons tan cor if Mich a certificate waa eht-Oned, npon what It wm lout ? d. Id this absence of all evidence of any proceeding ba y ot d tliat wticb appears of record, we are compelled to decida that there la to sulrclent evitletce of a decree of divorce havtny heen entered and consequently tbe motion to vacate that wUtt has not been ?fcown lo exist cannot bebui talced, and the rula must be dtsmleced It is but due to tne present Piotbonotarr ot ibis Court to ray. tbat be la not responsible for the absenea ot the pioper records in this case, or tor any detect in tbe entry <<t the proceedings ns the case occurred before be entered up cn the duties cf his office, and does sot appear to have beea f tihject to hlj sune.- vision or control. The motion to vacate ia. tberefoie, refused. Upon the decision of the Court being pronounced. Mr* Cuyler applied to the Court for tho following rule:? Gris wo;d ts. Oiiswold. On motion cf Mr. Ouyler, the Court granted a rule to show cause why the record should not be perfected by tbe substitution of copies ??t of evidence cf the contents of lost papers. In offering this motion Mr. Cuyler. counsel for Dr. (?riswold, expressed his satiafaetlon with the daetoioa, which on w.ry moral and legal ground perfectly exone rated bis client from censure. If a question as to tha cxistcnee of any decree of divorce hAd been raised daring the argument of tbe case, the Court would have bean ?atipfie?l upon tbat point, without tbe slightest dlffloulty. Ibe counsel t n both sides had, however, considered that facias settled, and entirely unquestionable. The deft eta of the record are of course not In any way chargeable to tbe libellsnt, nor should he *e responsible for "tha stisnge fatalities ineident to the manner in which the re cords or ibe court have been kept." Dr. Oris wold's dear < st interests bad at ail times been involved in the preear vatltn of the records of this case. Mr. Cuyler was happy in tbe conviction that by completing the records from authenticated copies of the missing parts of U, this straagh at d unparalleled peisecution was to be concluded aad tho gocd fame and legal tights ot his olient perfectly ria dictted. Hnprtme Court. Before Bon. Judge bevies. THE CLIAN1XQ 07 BROADWAY. lUani 22.? In the MatUr of Dodge vs. The Mayor, Cbmp IrolUr, rfc? This w&b ? notion to dhow ohm why tha ?leflendanta should not be reetnlned from signing ud conn*ets'gning a ?imnt In flavor of ex- Alderman Betrt for cleaning Broadway. Mr. Bustee<1 (aid that a a there *i" a similar orfer for an injunction against Mr. KbMng, Uie Street Coromipsoner, restraining him from signing any warrant for cleaning any part of the city, retnrnaMi on Sntnrday, 29th, he thought it bettor that the mm ?gainst the Mayor, Ac , should be postponed to that day. Mr, L. B. hhepard, Corporation Counsel, did not eM why the caM should be postponed. It was evident that anna one should pay for oleaniag tha streets, and if the Mttar was not set'leo the city might be involved In n?eoieaaiy H ligation. The Judge Mid there ware other eaaee now om srgnirent, and set both mm down for Saturday next. Before the Hon. Judge Strong. THE BUOAPWAY BAILHOAD? INJUNCTION AGAINST THS MAYOR. M *mn 22 ? Jacob Sharp n. Me Mayor, Aldermen, Sc., ?f A* w York. ? Mr. Wm. McDerniott applied tor and ok taincd an order for the defendant* to ihow mom, ob next S?iurday. in Brooklyn, why they should not be re trained from repealing the grant to Jacob Sharp and others, of the right to build a railroad ia Broadway, eat in the it Mn time reetralnicg the Mayor from algaing tha resolution passed by the Beard of Councilman on tha 21st Inst. Fire In Binehly. At about one o'closk tbls morning, a number of woodan buildings, situated near the Fultrm terry, Brooklyn, and used as an Ire flepot, were t ttally destroys! br fl-e l;.a htii)<l<ni? Contiguous ?eie at on* Mine in g.~oa. <l<n; r, bnt up tv the tift.e wiite, bad encased dawn*.