Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 30, 1856, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 30, 1856 Page 6
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NOTICES OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. pHla IkNlnd Dmtim th? Week Biding Hank M> Appieton's Cyclopiedia of Biography. -Hrewerton's War in Kansas. Schaayl and the Circa-eian War. lfacauiay's History of England. Boston edition; foia. 3 and 4. Rogers' Table Talk Harper's History of Wonderful Inventions. Worcester's Academic Dictionary. Raphall's Poet Biblical History of the Jews. Andrewb' and Bachelor's French Prononncer and Key. The Green Mountain Girls. The Courtesies of Wedded Life. Hewett's Illuminated Household Stories. Vol. VII Beauty and the Beast. ?kiod c alb fob IFUL. Harper's Magazine. Putnam's Magazine. Thh Ljlaht or Crn*. by Alexander Humboldt. Translated from the Spanish, with notes aud a preliminary essay, oy J. J. Tnrasher. Derby & Jackson. Owing to political circumstance*, on which it is not necessary for us now to dwell, Cuba and its in terest* constitute at present all-engroising topics of interest with the people of this continent. Through its peculiar geographical position , this island may be said to command uot only the trade of Central Ameri ca and Mexico, but also of our territories bordering on the Pacific Ocean. The euormous developements which each succeeding year if giving to our com merce in those directions, naturally concentrates upon Cuba, as the key to it. not only the anxious consideration of our public men, but the jealous and interested vigilance of two of the lading European governments. Under such circumstances it is right jhat the people of this country should be thoroughly aroused to the political as well as commercial im portance of this island. Mr. Thrasher, whose long residence in Havana, and peculiar opportunities otherwise, have induced him to devote much atten tion to both, has properly deemed the present a fit ting occasion to bring the.n fully under our atten tion. Baron Humboldt's travels in the equinoctial re gions of America furnish a large body of inform ition on the physical aspect, clnnate, population and agri cultural resources of Cuba; but, although complete up to the period when his book appeared, the number Of years that have elapsed since its publication have, in the two latter respects, entirely destroyed its Value as an authority. Mr Thrasher, instead of dis cussing again those subjects which have been ably And satisfactorily treated by Humboldt, has adopted the Baron's labors as the basis of his present treatise, supplying, in the shape of a preliminary essay and copious notes, all the data necessary to give a full insight into the present condition and increased re Bourcee of the island. Both in its s ient'ific and sta tistical aspects, it is, therefore, the most compre hensive and valuable work that has as yet been pub lished on Cuba. Having said thus much in favor of the book, we will now proceed to make such extracts as will enable our readers to form for themselves some idea of its merits. The following will place ia the clearest possible light before them the importance Of Cuba's being kept wholly free from English and French intervention, or failing that, of its being ac quired, either by purchase or otherwise, by this country:? TKHBITORIAL RELATIONS OP CUBA. The territorial relation* ut ta? island of Cab* are of ? nor* narked and p*rioa&ent ciaracUr tian ;h,se o! any other eo?n rj of limpet extent ia America, anii jus'lfy th? Asm Raynal a assertion ttutt it is -'the boule vard ot the New World." I ha pecuiar forma'lon af the eastern ?hare of this con.ineLt, and he p evalence ia the Caribbean Sea cf tbe traie, which blew wltn great uniformity fro? the t N. fc. , with a constant oceame eur'eat tanning in He gene.-at ilieviiiot, from eaat lo west make tbe narrow ocean paiw.g** whiih skirt the abo-e o* Cuba tbe natural oa'lets fir the commerce of V^ceruela, New Granada, tb? letima* States of Hanama. Conta Rica. B? nduraa, San Salvador am Nicaragua. Tbe rich and growing ocuta-eroe ?ica the countries k:ueiing open tie Pacific Ocean, c owning the several mules ot iatbmua transit, ia brungut by Onae natural isflaences under the immediate mpervtsian and control of the fleets that ride in eafety in the numerous large ai?l wed protested harbor* of Cuoa Tbe ralu* of the territorial advantagee ihuf conferred by its g-ograpiloil pcfclUiMi salt incre*se in the woe ratio with the In crease of trade acrois tbe various Uthmus routes, and every new enterprise in those regions naa a direct aad pntciicti Uudency to lncreaae t>. e moral po <er ot what ever government rule* in Cuiba. Tbe construction of the railroad, ut the coat of millions of dollar* to the industrial resources ot the Cared Stales, although of great advantage, in a peouni?r> *ence. to all the r.a ion* npon whose coau.?rc< It ha* sotfarrad a benefit, haa brought an increase of national power only to the Span iab government in Cuba, as it has Brought a great in crease to Uie tide* of national wealth whi;n must pa** before lta doors, and within ir* easy grasp. Tbe lama result must atiecd every ioermaed taaility of transit aero sa the is th a. uh State*, and every movement wuieh ?ball tend to augment toe product* <>' labor within their borders, or their intercourse with the great mart* lying upon t.-e North Atlantic Osean Ibe physical geography of ail the isthmus States north ?f I'araaa ana oi >be republic of Mexico, give to Cuba, (a this lesfeet, a peculiar natural territorial relation to all those countries. Their eastern snores are wanting in these de*p and oapacioos harbor* so n?cea*ary nat only for commerce, but fur the purpose of de encs, while the situation f't Cuoa, with her nuiuer.ra* ports, opposite, almost '.mneoiately contiguous to their coasts, point* to her a* the natural dep-Mitmy lor their production*, and the s#?ie of their commercial exchanges wi h the reot of tbe world. Thi* natural rela'ior U atigm?nted by the phjsical aspect of the countries in queati ^n. Tiaverred a* they are, through their woole extent, by chain* of mountains, tba oondtruction of long line* ot internal communica tion, which ?bail concentrate tcelr trade upon any point Within their own *erri ory, ia of rerr difficult and o -etly attainment, and Cuba thus oecomes tte probable chan nel of th*ir fatuie intercourse wi a the natl na north aad eaat of them. Thougn tbe vaiue of this n ttural con nection may n jw peem sma 1, their mineral wealth and rut tract* of fer>iie *< il, ut.d?r a genial climate, indi cate a great inore*-e of imp irtance at no very di**ant day, under tbe natural development of the progress of wtnot. Iba Cittlf of Mexlc~>, with a shore line of nearly six thou ? ml miles, oim* almost an txae* circle, the great ocean outle* to which is through the narrow p\s-age ruruirg along the northern shore of Cuba, ana wliblu a to* mites cf her be?' and ?trongest haroors. This for mation of the lata and sea brlrgn the rich mineral tribute paid by Mnieo *o Kurope, an 1 the bulky pro duct* of the drained by the tfiaifaippi rir?f and it* tributaries, wi bin t?e c >utril of the government of Cuba. It m*y e oee at will the only ocean oatlet taoxe ?o?nUies possess, and than 11 flic*, great evil* ux>n all their taJoetrial interest*. The actual value of the oun sera* which that rat-t region now sends through tbi* Barrow ebanael. is almost oeyoad th? power of enumera tion. a ad the oea?ei**s tide ot emlgra ion which 1* pour ing it* ooantletw thouaands a pen the plains w?et of the JtlMiMippt, u adding steadily to its num. However great tray be lie faalli i*? for patxoger traffic iwtveea trie JbtU ic and the WMtarn Smiw the bulky produc* of tl). juiuatry, which constitute the basis of their pros perity. nut ink the marks is of he world through ths lines of internal water eoamanioaUon and their osesn ??* snsi< as Thus every waning year, increaatng the in dustrial power of tte mishty West, acds a new value to the streng b that attends the geographical portion of the island < f Cuba. Tte territotlai rela'l as of Cut* In the i-itbmns State*. an<l to those bordering u ? ,n the Out of Mexico, for pur* ?osea c4 defence, are also of an important character. trough iti peso liar location it guar Is ail the avenues of approach to their shares making ?n at'* .K upon then ? moTiw fiit of great difficulty and danger, Wjf e, at ths name time, it cu's off all hope of a sate reirea* in case ot reverses to the attacking enemy. The Importance of Cuba ia this reepejt. In It* relaii >a to the Cnlted Statei, in shown in tae airrumstan.*s aitenrtiig the KiglUh ex t>*<*i>?OD araioat Ix>u'.sian?, auring the last war with ngJand The army and tlee' of .Sir Edward I'akenham were <5onoeotratea at Jamaiee. and in their advance upon 'he 1'nited States wtr* oomp-lled to sail for nearly seven hundred mile*, almost eithio sight from the sioree Of Cub* When faread, by -he battle of New Orleans, to ietr?at, the British fleet, with the remains of the a 'my ?ia bcaid fled to Havana ior suceor and re lef, and oould r ot pmeaed to Jamaica un'il it had remained tiere some ti-ie to isflt. llal Cuba at that tine borne as latimita toll ical aa it doas terri oriai re la Ions to the luited ? Mea, tue British flaet not only would have found no ( t oi refnge there, but it could never hare safely ap pnschad our nhore*. A similar instance octurre 1 in the nits- s by the French upon Vera Crux. Tba fleet of (Mnce ? - .1 invilla c< noentrated at Havana baf>re the attack, ?ri <e.u:iMd there to relit af.e: it captured .San Juan da ?%. " 'as territorial relation* of Cuba to the o'her IMand* ?Ot lr? Antilles give it a narked preponderance. In area a- I population it exteads all the o tier islands together, eh.'* in it* abundance of safe and capacious ports it ? ' <ls then It* caographical position gives l? also r .r advantage* In respect to them Wl-Jh one extremi > -sting *a undisturbed p-oximify upon the Continent tn ? i i port, the other extends between anl in sight of M l/on iago and Jamaica, which are the only other ju>'? i d? of the Antilles poeseaatig aiy territorial im yor*ti oe. It* na ural resiu res and lac ittv of internal c>.n n mi Nation give to toe territorial relations a power vh rb m never be supsrteded by any com'.loa'ion of In. oral oi acuuired advantagei 1l the other uuin Ja of the An rl %r A; hipelago. ?rtit< * re a ion* to th* f'nlted State* ?oos'.itute I ly in great* t?a:?* io ths est mation ot Kur,i,,.aa ? it..'. 1h# g rgraphical 'ormaUon ot our At antic ?. . . if ? |. .re, If midway bstween them. i I ? > ' ft* b 1' s Cnoa to in.peds at wiil all t.? t ?- e ,w. ? b* ?e?a laeir pjtit At tk? *?nie ti ui It is the key to the see gates of more than twenty thou sand hIIm of rtrer navigation "mptytn* Into the Gulf of Mexico, the shutting up of which would infhc serious injury npon rvery n tercet oonnetled with the great ? al ley ot the Mistusalppi The evil sffei?s of suofc an an toward event wo aid be felt not only by the industrial par suite of the great and la sr eating 3ta ee In that region, bat also by the manufacturing and eomineroial internet* of the North and East, to wtiieh their important markets would be oloeed by the double ope 'at loo of Impeded in terconree and the diminUhed abili'y of the Wait to con sume the product* and fair ion of the East, ooseqoent upcn thtlr tnabUiy to disuse of their own surplus pro ductieas The territorial relations of the is'and of Cuba to the Uni td State* hare aleo a great lmporUaee io another branon of their domestic ee aimy. It oonstitites mare than on* hall of a bar of foreign territory lying dirsotiy over the moat Important lines of transit between the Atlantic and Pacific States of the confederacy, across or thrsugh which aiu>t paaa the greater portion of the trade and intercourse between th ee aeeti >ns, and of the arma ment and means for military defence of the Pacific States, if they would avoid the uncertain delay* and dangers in cident to the route round Cape Horn. The traffic by the isthmus routee. between the porta of New Y ark and San Francisco alone, la now of greater Imortanee and vtlue than i ur fortign trade with any one nation, Orea - Britain not excepted. The value i f tree <u re and marehandixe transported by theee rou'ee exceeds {annually one hun dred mUlloc a of dollars, while more than one hundred thsusand passergets throng them, giving employment to nee> ly cne balf the ooean a team tonnage registered la the United S latex. This bar ot foreign territory overlying theee important ltats of transit extends from Cape O^toohe, in Yucatan which is the eastern point of Mexico, to the island or Porto Rioc, a distance of fouiteen hundred miles; and, under the geographical necessities of trade and travel, may be said, without any distortion of l*tgua*e, to lie immediately between the Atlantic and the Pastfie States. Through this bar of foreign territory there are bat t&ree passsges open to commerce, all of which are in posses sion, or under the immediate oootrol o", Ear op an l'owera. Tie most wrs'em of these is the narrow pas sage between Cape Catoehe and the western end of Cuba, fortcirg the southern outlet to the Calf of Mexiso, and whioh nan be approached from the Atlantic porta only br first passing through the cnamnei between the north coast of Cuba and the reefs of Florida. This passage lies about one handled and fifty miles leeward from Havana. The passage nsxt eastward li the channel between the eastern end of Cuba and the western extremity of St. Domingo. It is ebou' torty miles wile at the narrowest part, having the harbors of St. J ago atd Gaantanamo. in Cuoa, on one side, Conave and Fort au Prince, in Ha/ti, on tbe other, and Jamaica lying directly across its southern outlet. The.-e two are those m st frequented In cur intercourse between tbe Atlantic and the Pacific Sa'es. The other passage is the narrow caannel between ihe eastern end of St. Itoinlnco and the island of Porto Rioo. aid Is under the immediate control of the Powers holding those two ialsids. btkg commanded by the bay of Samana, In St. Doming), and ihe harbors in the Span ish island of r"orto Rico. Of the territory comprised In this long extent of rountiy. Cuba, b?*ing one half, and Porto Rica, ooe-tenth, belong to Spain, the government of which can barsly be said to be an independent Power; while St. Jjooslngo, comprising abcut c ce- third, Is held by the negro dynatty cf Hayli and the motgrel government ot Itoiulnlca, neither of which has a self-ruled policy. Jamaica, in possession cf Great Britain, la as the oontigmus extremi ties of the two greater island*, '"uba alone, of tbe An tilles, possesses aufli lent territorial p iwer to keep these passogei optn to our comaieroe and to guarantee their na ety. These terri orial rela'iuns of tnat islanJ pos ; see.- in g as they do an important bearing upon all the I neighboricg c untrie.', ant conferring a moral power I upcn the gcvemaent that holds it, are the subjest of I solicitude to tbe governments of Western Kurope, and i seem worthy of ihe watchful care of the statesmen of I America. Tbe political re'ations of Cubi, strictly speaking, are those of the crown of Spain, to which it is subject; but the condition of the two countries is s., dijtinc. that it has glvtn ri^? to aatural polidcal necessities anl rela tions. or affinities, on the part of Cuba, which are sepa rate from, and not unfrequently opposed to, tboss of the t jan'sh motsr'hy , ths ote b-ing wholly a European l'cwer. while the other, thrsugh her great proauctions snd aommeice, has natural relations of a purely Ameri can charse'.er. Of the political relations of Cuba Mr. Thrasher takes a briefer and more dispassionate view than was to be expected from him. This, in oar opinion, enhances the value of his book. As it will, no doubt, find its way into very general circulation in Frrope, it is important that its opinions, though American, should be marked by moderation and sound reasoning. He thus speaks of TBE POLITICAL RELATIONS OP CUBA WITH TH1 UNIT1D 8TAT18. The poli leal re?ati na of C iba with theUnited States con stitute, in a great measure, thoso of Spain with this coun try. They have been marked with many cases of irritated feelirg arising in most part from the wrong application cf general principles to private cases, by ignorant and irresponsible officials. AU '.he exponents of Spanish pub lic policy trace 'be loss of her i:h American pessesaijns to the evil example cf tbe United States; and from this they reduce a necessity of resistance to every principle or piecept that in any way ad simulate* to the American theories: and this necessity, they think, can be fully com plied with eny by a c.nstrnt opposition to ths in terest! cf such American citfsens as nomcierce, or any o taw Close, may taring within tli? sphere ot their power. The Spanish press In ttiba also strives to impress u pon the public mind the belief tha: a war of races exists, and that wherever tbe American Saxon has prevailed the Spaniards and their descendants have been despoiled and di iv?n cut. It licenced in a great measure by these ideas, we have ??en repeated instances of abuie or po rer by the subor rlnate official* in the inland, exereieeo upon American citizens and ennui*, and on some occaslins by the su pplier ones. whan inch abu?e was supposed to produce un advantageous t>< 11' ieal effect in Cuba- Thin dliponi tien on the part of ' he SpanL-h offinra toward the United fates and tbeir citiaens has b?en filtered by the marked eifferenoe exhibited between the policy of the European I'owers and that of our government, in regard to the 'tghte of their subjects and citizens ajeovl. Whenever >? abject ol any of the prominent Powers of Europe .? it-iplalns to the representative of his government of an infringement cf his righ,s, bis relation of the fasts of the case in attuned by the repre-enfci'Jve to be the cor lect one, and immediate action is latin, and not untre (luently followed by an exhloition of fjree to compel re epector restitution. Ia all such cases the representative receives the public xanc'ioa and sappirt of his own govcrnmeat, tven if he fcss anted inoonhideraiely, reproof for ever w.?l being a subject of private administration. Unforturaiely for cur own citiaecs abroad, our govern ment, conscious cf i'.e own reepectC or the rich's of the r> reign er tere, aieumee that every other government is animated by the name feeling, and has pursued a sys tem <f ia'ernaiKnaJ lnt*reour>e the reverse of thit fal lowed by European g"V?rnm?ntn, iaquiry being substi tuted irr belief, and delay far action. Thus the wrong is often consummated, and submitted to by the ciizen, because >he seeking of redress is more ruinous ti bin thi.n submission, snd the aSair is forgotten, no adminis tra i n beiig anxious to assume and correct the omin 'icn> ot former ones if any representative abroad em broils himuelf wi.h the subordinates of a foreign 1'ower, in ieeking reerets 'or our citizens, bis eommunicitionn to the Cabinet at Washington remain uxansseroj, and h? is not unfreqneotly abandoned to the degrading netua of havlig urged an uu?ustained demand. For the sup | port of these assert ions we io not he>i*.?te to appeal to every one of our ci izeus who has been In public position abroad an a representAtlve of the United .-t?*<e*. These circum'tarres have t?n'1?d t9 complicate our politlral re'ations with Cuba, for the nature of tha Span ish character has been so orientalized by the seven hundred 5?*r? of Moedafc dominion in Sp*tn, that a Spaniard gererally res pec a only th >se whose poww ' bt (earn; an<l being released from a 1 fear of thit of the 1 nited States, the conduct of the subordinate Spanish of ficials to wtrds cur citizens and reoresentittves is nni foxmly cne ot disreapett, cjvered with a thin mink of great politeness. Tnus has arises the loug lU of Innultn tc consuls at d outrage' upon private citizen* presented by the tint: ry cf our re'ations with Cuba; and which, through each succeeding reglect, has no increased that so administration baa yet been found with sufficient ntrve to open the who e subject. We have space only for one more extract. Mr. Thrarher thus analyses the motives of RM3LI8B POLICY IN R BOARD TO CUBA. The idea that Cubs will some day belong to the United states exists solely from a contemplation of moral possi bLi.ies, scd not from any admission of the feet by the Fur r?an mind, and the statesmen of Europe are Iabor li c renuous'y to prevent its aeeomp!inament Tan \ i.y of the British Cabinet on thu point is strikingly exhibited in i/jrd Palmers ton's assertion that ''if the negro population cf Cuba were rendered tree that fact would oieete a most powerful element of resialance to ai<j scheme ft.r annexing Caba to the United State In tbm he is undoubecly right. Emancipation in Cuba would blot that country and its productions, now so Im portsnt In the commerce of all civilized nations, from the list bf wealth producing communities. It would call Into existence, in immediate proximity to our southern shores, a negro community, uoder the influence of th* Cuiopean idea s&d policy, "which would be dacgeroua to us as a rkigbbor, and worse than dangerous to us as a pen of this confederacy; or, perhapi, worse stilL it n.igh*. initiate a war of races In Cuoa. from a partlcioa tl( n in which no power or considerations could prevent our people, and which might prove alike Huas rous to the blacks in the Antilles and to our own domestic re pcce. In this 'inestion England is arrayed in hostility sgatoat us, for the questions of emancipation and slavery are the Srylla and Charyb'in of onr onfederary ; and if the class government that rule* Great Rrita'n can make it a dead iv hostlUty to ne. they are foroed to do to bv the very exigencies of self- preservation The statesmen of Eng land know, and so do these of America, that the race for life la new being run by '.he broad and genial republican tl.e^ries of America and the limite) ana pa-tlal theories of tbat ttmolacro of fieedom, European eonstistu'.ional monarch*. Ore or the other of these systems must perii-h. If republicanism triumphs Kngland must cm cede the five points to her peeple, and reek her defeace agaii st the au'ocratls theories ol Europe in a sincere friendship with Amerlaa. If constitutional m marchy triumphs, and this I nion is dismembered, the theory of ademrerotic rep eeentaiive government wU! have failed before the world, and "(lete theories of Europe will p?s? safely tbiough the crisis that now a '.tends th?m and re teivi new vigor from 'he scat'ered elements that now eorstitute our vitality and moral power. It Is be?auee the aristocratic classes that govern Eng land are well aware of these truths, and see in them tM uK mate exilartion of their clans system of government t. at Great Britain has never yet taken the ntand of true f'ier.iVblp to thm country. When impelled ay mte-est for a fe?licg of popuUr sympathy has never impelled ber to It, they have acquiesced in a present seeming friend ship. But tb? retention of lbs fr niisr forts a^er the xvohitioTi , the Iniiigiies In Europe avalnst our e?-ly I r r ri lal treaties, tbe or!"e-s io contirl'; the war of | * . r ' i ??y f f (ibent, ar.<< liie fi^tiery qaes 1 .o at be northeastern boiintM); ttie Origin pies ? 's eg Inst our a^'iutsIM a of Texai; tne la | uj .'<* war and Meaty with Mesioo; the doulb r?t?M?? gotrwpwtoM; tht lit -fguaa la Nutnni id Domleloa ?gainst us; the questions of frw trade with C*n???, and the right* of our fUherwua, afford d?ui"n stia'iooe ai clear a* an/ in Kuo.idof tae ulau that move* tham. The Cuban qcestioo la the name disease la Ita most ag gravated and wcrat form. While Spain, ander the Inati K?tl n of England, and suporle 1 by that Power and Frano*. la giving life and energy to her hatred and taelr hostility to us, la the policy >h? haa ado o ted In Cuba, the Biliith Cabinet may w?ll put oa the aaaak of friend ship, and assure an as ate haa al'eady done oa one oc casion thai all viU be right with her load ally Spain. And when the aril 1* occe ? when the rtrhof hate Is ocoeuniroetef ? when Cuba hee perished tefore the ?lro* 00 breath of European philanthropy, ard the seeds of direction and disunion are sown broadcast through the lrrgth and breadth of this great confederacy, then may England's statesmen weep e rocodlle tears or?r our mis fort u of s, and bs tad, in mcckery, at our late. Tbe truth la that Er gland acd Prance have eat a tl he cf tbe fear of a war between this coun'ry and Spain that they hare of the extension of our political theoriei r.rar Cabs, and the triumph of the American theory that States baring d'ffertnt rocial organisations can exist and prosper ia political union, and o? the consequent consolidation of American power on this oontinent, aad of its Influence throughout the wvrld. Apflvton's Cyclop.? dia of Biography: embrac ing a series of original memoirs of the most dis tinguished persons of all times. American edi tion, edited by Francis L. Hanks, D. ]>., LI* D., with numerous illustrations. New York: I). Ap ple ton A Company, 1856. Royal 8vo. pp. 1,068. A convenient and copious biographical dictionary, in a single volume, and embracing the names of eminent A mericans, has long been a desideratum. Poets, philosophers, artisans, historians, mechanics tradesmen, in fact every one, must feel and appraci ate the utility and value of such a comprehensive work It is of vast importance in this age, when things are best done that are done well aad quickly, that we shonld have ready access to the varied stores of information which compilations of thiB Kind open to us. No biography that we have seen places more satisfactorily and conveniently within our reach all the facts and data which are required for ordinary reference. The numerous distinguished writers who contri buted biograpliical sketches to the English edition of this work appear to have performed their task faithfully. The names of Sir David Brewster, Sir Archibald Alison, Professor Eadie, Professor Fer guson, Professor Nichol, Charles Knight, John Hill Burton, William Baird, Eiihu Rich and others, which appear on the title page, are a sufficient guar antee of the high oharacter of the book. The Ame rican editor is well known as one of onr best writers. In his preface, he says he "has added srme thousands to the names in the English publi cation. These are the names mostly of Americana; but, as his wish was to briner up, as far as he could, tbe work to the end of 1855, European names, not contained in the English l>ook, will be found added. His gieatest fear is of inaccuracy in the matter of dates. Amid so many thousands of these, it would be idle to hope for escape from all errors. He can only say, he has done what he could to avoid mis takes, and submits the work to his fellow students, in the hope that it may sometimes moet a present tvaLt, or at least serve as a guide book to the track that will lead to fuller information." We ourselves have not observed any errors of note. As we might naturally anticipate, English names occupy a more prcminent space than those of other European countries, even including Scotland and Ireland. The notice of Edward A lleyn, an English actor of Shakspere's time, fills nearly two columns; that of the "Admirable Crichton," the Scotch worthy, not three lines, and the article on J. Philpot Curran. about three times the quantity. National partiality may have had nothing to do with this dis similarity in space, but it is observable. William Cobbett has a biography of about two columns, Pluuket about half of one. In a biography of Na poleon, written by a Scotchman? a biography bear ing the initials of Archibald Alison ? we naturally expect to be told that the illustrious prisoner was " magnificently treated by the English govern" mcnt;" and in this same biography Napoleon's sarcasm of " a nation of shopkeepers" stands con spicuous in the display of figures, stating the annual c.\|?iisc of gimiiiijjg una taking **re of the lmpe~ rial captive at St. Helena. These, however, are slight blemishes. The biographies are well written, and, as a convenient book of reference, the thou sand pages, or over, in this volume, form a valuable library. The illustrations add much to the value of the woik. We never place a very high value on woodcut portraits in a volume like this. Some of these are undoubtedly good. The one of " Christo pher North," from our own knowledge and distinct recollection of his classic and good humored face, dees him no justice whatever. Some of the heads are probably those of the members of the " Ugly Club." Archimedes, Plato and John Wilkes are samples, and are no doubt barbarously natural. On the contrary, those of Washington, Sir Walter Raleigh, Gay Lusebc, and George Colman the younger, are fine specimens. The views of the homcB, workshops, studies, tombs and monuments of the illustrious dead, given in the cyclopedia, are invaluable, as guides to the student The plan and extent of the work would not admit cf long accounts of distinguished persons; but as a book of biographical reference, it will be a valuable, nnd to many an indispensable addition to the private or public library. We qnote a few notices, to show the manner and style of the work:? L>e Witt Cllntcn was the son of Brigadier General James Clinton, ami born in Orange county. New Voik, In 1769. He was graduated at Columbia College in 1180. He ?tt<lied law under tie Bon. Samuel Jones, became secre tary to his uncle, the Gt.veinor of he* York, and was cbui-eu to the Sena'e of New York in 1790. in 1802 he win appointed to the Senate ot tbe L'niMd States, and ?wsh Major of New York, with the exception of two teare, from lS03to 1815. He wa? elected Governor of New York in 1817, and again in 18'J0. He declnel re mmmaiion in 18 '?i. In iSK and 1824 he was President < f the Board tl Canal Con)ni')-Bir.ners : hut being unjastiy deprived of hi* cilice by the Legialft'.ure, waa elected 1 ia error, with a majority of 18 000, and once more elect >o in 1826. Be. howtver, died suddenly before the expi ration cf bit office, on the 11th ol February, 1828 of els ??kj cf tbe heart. The cit? ar d State of New York are greatly Indebted to him * for Lis patronage ot Utera ? ure, eciinee ar.d art, and his zes.l and enter jr-e in internal irrj>roven:enU. While M?jor <i \ew loik, the Blstoncal Society and Academy c. . rta were instituted, and the City B?ll founded. Izi : ? 1 i , Le published a clfccurse, delivereri before the Qisto- 1 i cai Society, and was the au'hor cf many other able lit erary ecd hcient'fie paper*. Here is a notice of Richard Portion, the familiar incidents of whose life are so truthfully pictured, in the "Table Talk" of Samnel Rogers, just issued by the publishers of the Cyclopaidia: ? ' 'ehard Porson, an eninent cH tie, and professor ot Greek, in the University cf Cambiidge, wan born la 1769. at Kurt Kuntcn, in Norfolk, wbere he was first instructed b> hi* father, who wan tne parish clerk, and afterwards, by Mr. Noiris, the Tisn' his proflo.eccy in the classic* wss to great, that Mr. Norils rent him o Kton In 1774 and in 1777 he went to Trinity College, Cambridge, where, in 1781, he wai elected to a fellowship. In 1786 be took kia maatei's degree, but having an objection to the chuich, he wsn under the necessity of resigning his fel 1( wi hip, and. In 1793, was elected Greek professor. In 1797. he pnblii-hed the "Hecuoa'' ot Kuripidea, which wan followed by the "Orestes/- the PhoeuUmi.'' ?ni ? iie u<a." Bis lMt literary work was aa edition cf "Ji?hy lus," 3 v Is. Be enjoyed the reputation of being one of n.e best tixek srhours and critics of the age In Knglaod, r otvlthslAiidicg which he experienced little patronage it clictmstance partly a'tilbutahle to bis intemperate K*v.'ts. Towaida the latter part of his life, he was a p j o'r Ud llbraiian to the l/oncoa Institution, with a salary ' > ?SC0 a j ear; and It was there he died in 1808. After fci? i eath were published hts ' Adversaria, or Notes and i-mendationa of the Greek Poets," and his 'Tracts and Vloellanies. We should have been glad to hare had more ex tended accounts of the lives of Robert C. Sands, William Ellery Cbanning. and some other dmtin puii-hed Americans; but probably the scope and plan of the publication would not admit of it As it is, wo look upon the Cyclopedia as a most important and valuable addition to biographical ll'eratare. Hot (iters' Land Warrants. TO TBI KDITOR OF TH< HRRAI.P. I am very giad that yon advise " old soldiers" to hold ft to 1 tier land warrants, and not to b* footed by the trokeis. The Washington Star announce* that 'here are i rily fix millions of aores of land subject to private entry. This is scarcely enough for one year's business In en'er lrg publie lands. Of course, the dmnand for warrants will be soch as to carry them up tri m five to ten dollars per acre, acd 1 do hope the old soldiers will no', be tolled t j bnkers and land sns.-ts. 1813. A Tnirtrr? Mrs. Stevens, residing on Mercer dt eet, Sou h Hoettn, Massaobuse'ta, gav? birth a oay or iwo hlice, to thf?e cbi dren. Two </ tbem di<-d so:<n af er tl ?lr birta; tike ttlrd ts a.ivt_ v.i l, wi h the mo'.lier, Is del. | weU. Theatre* and BinlUtfawi. Pacrxd Conixbt ? The tt>lrd ot the series of irii't, sa ciel concert*, uncer the direction of M-. Carl B-rgmftun, will be given it the Ottj Aifemelj Rooms, th's e?ont ig hiss Hemie'te JVhteLd. ud vari >uh o'her favort ? if tiate. will contribute to the entertainment, whici, Judg ing fr< m th? pieeta selected tor periormane*, will ue ua usually brilliant. Among the gemn for the oocuua, U "Kobert Schumann's Grand S> m thjoy No. 4, in 1) mi ner, " which wlil be given for the fliet lime, In this coon try. Broadway TmuiRX.? The patrons of tbis popular #n taoiUbment are promised a n vol and brillitn'ly beauti ful treat to-morrow evecirg, in tbe shape of aritnt el pictures? technically styled, '-Thblratut Mj,lKe logiquit ft KtUi,ieux"? by a oocipaojr of trench a.-tiiu, vrLu tura not only entertained and delighted ih* principal mou aichs of Europe, but, aUo, uioie recently, p.eawi Ju democratic soV'ieigns of New Orleans, and by all or whom their pet formances are pronounced extivmelt elegant. Ibe pleasant faica of 'That Bieeeed Bai>" will piecede tbe tableau*, which open with ih? allegori cal and mythic spectacle of "Phanor and Ait; mas." NihLO's Gab mjm. ? Owing to the tact and energy of the managers ad inltrim, Messrs. Cor bye and Moore, the uo ar piokcliable panton iiric ac'ing and deiuslve tricks of the famous Kavele, and the bewi.ohing Terpiiohorean i Up ays of >1 'lie Robert and other talented members ef fce tailet corps, this favorite place cf amusement Is al wail filled by tbe worth, beauty and fashion oi the cisy. To-noo-row eveniiw the Karris and Uircettl play in <> Jrcko. " M'lle Robert and other dancers follow in the i- pat kiiDft ballet, '-Leu Abeiiles." The whole will con clude with the famous spectacle of the "Green Mon ster." Brimtti's Tiieatrf.? The industrious manager and ill imitable oor edian of tbis renowned temple of Momui will draw around him a host of old friends to-morrow evenirg by the announcement that he intends to person ale his great character of " PmiI Pry," in 'tie tl-ne ho nored comedy ot that nan e. Tht othor parU will like wise be well represented, ube musical tairy sketch of ?Canem," Mis. Howard as the h?ro, will follow. To crown all, and tend the audience ho uie freigh'ed wit a miith eocugh to last a month, Mr. and Mrs. Button per form in "That B'eieed Baby." Laiba Kkhnk's VAHUrriEH. ? The unprecedented sucosss attencing the repretentati n of the thrill n^ drama called "Camllle," and the exquisite extravaganza of "Notelty," Induces the fkir manager of this elegant ttuatre to again place them before .lie people to- in irrow tvenirg, being the oommencrirent of the third week of tie fotmer, and the thirty-third night of the latter. The large arciences nightly gathered la this house invaria bly bestc w ronnd upon tounj of appUuse up 41 Miss Kteoe and her talen ed auxiliaries who perform in these pieces. Miss Keene hah now played for efgity-one c ju ke cut ve night*, most cf the time in two pieces. Wallace's Tukatbk ?The favorite man?g?r and ever popular actor. Mr. Wallaok, appears to have taken a imli lease cf life, asd ha* lately been pla1 log a round of hi* beet characters, with the sane v.g >r and excel lence that distlngui*hul his more juveni.e theatrical ca reer. To-moirow evenirg he will repeat the part or Jaqves, in fhasepere'* flue pastoral play. "As You Like It,'' supported by Missed Louisa Howard and Thompson, Mesdsmes Brougham, Stewart and Conover, and Metsra. I.ester, Brougham, Djott, Wslcet, Holland, &c. "Out for a Holiday" is the afterpiece. Bkavtiful Exdiiiition.? The Broadway Athenaeum wil be opened tc-aoirow evening for the exhibition o: Mr Na^ile's elegit tt pictures, embracing scenes from the ii e of Christ, Btblio&l illustrations vitws ot the war lu '.he Ciimea. portra ts of VNashiugtcn ard otQor Uis Inguixhed American generals and sta'eemen, artistic ana chas e coiLical sketchis. tie. In addition there will .ea must ctl liiierluce and an instructive lec'.ure? the whole torm irg a p easing and interertlng entertainment. if its Fanny Deank ? This popular young artist is au nt unced to give a musical and li'erarv entertainment at Dodworth's cn the 17th prox. She will be assisted hy a host of talent. Broadway Vabibtieb. ? The interest to witness the W 01 d ana Marf 11 ohildren perform their various c jaracters in tie beautiful nautical trana ot '-Black Eyed Sasm," was so gteai last week that hundreds {being unable to

gain admistlon left the door disappointed. In oider to gratify these, as well as numexous up town residents, wiicte 'ac.i ies have bean kept away by Inclement wetth ei and the reeent diSioul ies in getting to the lower perl of tht ?lty, the drama will be ;cpeat6d for another ? soaking the fifth ? commencing to-morrow evening, lha enterUinments dote with "My Neigobor's Wife." Wocd's Muhstrki^. ? (ieotge, fierce, Gardner, anl their asfrciates, prou-ke their iri nd* a grand combination of fun to-moirow evening, they having given their pro gramme a the rough overhauling, ana Inserted a series tl popular songs, dances, Ac., including tbe "Roohester ' Kn'ckJrgs." The yclose ?ith the burltsqu* ealled "The Maequerrde Ball," in which George persona lea the faset icub doorkeeper, and aj number of the leading hereea of .-htktpere and other celebrated authors are introduced. Hoptos Theatbk? Aituor'm Night. ? The new play of " O.jmpla'' was performed last night to a good house 'or the benefit of the accomplished author. A. Wallace Tbaxter, Esq., to whose graceful and skilful pen the jice does much ciedit. the play was well acte ', and the audience fieqnently testified tht if appro ?ati m by applause. When the cuitain fell at the end of the fifth act Mis. Barrow was cailtd out, and af'^rwarda in response to an enthusiastic summons, Mr. Ibaxter ctme forwaid and exptweed his aikcowle^gment* In a brief and exrtediLgly appropria'e address. BosUes the plau ci s of the audlenre, Mr. Tcaxter received a tribute of Mowers before he was suffeiod to retire. A n? w selection frtm "Hiawatha/* recited by Mis. Barrow, and an amutlDg farce, completed iheeateitainmeat. ? i*>*<m Ad wtfcr. JUarcn XZ. Fokuox.- The Lordon theatres are dull. Subsarip tions have been cpened at several places (or the ?' Fire at t'ovent Garden Theatre Relief I and." Tom Taylor and Mr. Beat e have brought out another jtint prodac ticti. called '-The tint Pilnter," which they state to be ( r-ginal. and lence a very curious <(ueation arises; lor In 1861 a trench drama wan produced at toe Porte St Mar Un, entitled " L'Imagtr de Haarlem," and the similarity is m> striking, ti at one most cei tainiy have been bor rowed fi cm the other. The pantomimes are now dying out. ana Harlequin and Coloinbiae, the Clown and Pan trick n have Quisled their Jove chase for tae seaaon. At UeAdelpbi tbe Keelejs are still to a dreadful state of perplexity as to wbat they thai! do with " That B leaned Baby.'' ?' lhe I.ittie Tieahure" and odiarceaare the atti action* at the Hay market; and. indeed, at all the theatre* tteie is the same dearth of novelty. Mr. and Mia. Sims Peeve, Manvere, 4c play at the Lyceum to ffitnow night, tor the benefit of Mr. Ailcrolt, a brJther artist, taken cudtenly down by severe sickness. Lucy Fecott atd other operatic stars will assist. On Thurs cty, Madame Gaseier and other celebrated vocalists art acnounced to play '?Sonnambula" there. Van Am burgh is collecting a floe equestrian company for Ameri ca. He has er gaged Henry Cooke and his two sons. the otefcrated Madlle. Zemmacco. He has left for 1'a-is. to obtain more talent. Some horses have oeen shipped on board the Davto Crcckest and American Eagle. B jttes ? iti. the centra-baseest, has d rod need his new opera in ? a*fti, " L'Artecio dl Fiienz j," bat not witti transcen oni ruecMs. The subject is taken from a romance of that name by Gueriazzi, and is an adaptation of a drama by ftgsor F. Mtaetta. of Mew York, ealled 'Maria oi Bicct." In the Westminster County Court, last week, a gentleman obtained a verdict against ths manager of '.ie I>iury Lane theatre, for the am runt of four tickets to tbe die *4 circle, and cab fare* to and from Uie theatre, tie hcuse being over-crowded. The a irate ar musicians i t Lublin have given " Maritana" tor (he benefit of the An demy of that city. An actor named Shaw, afflicted w b mania a p<tv, recently drowned fcimsei at New ca^Ut on-Tjua. He was a pantomimist. A Par's correapencent writes: ? Yon remember that last year M. i^ccuve's play of " Mi-dee" was trrbidden, ?fnr the law had condemned Mile Rachel to falfii her <&gsge&ient by piaylug it. The reason given was the i n i.tii.n of some formality ; but, in tiu'.h, the tragediermr's li tlueiice was ftared, and Leg >uv? is a liberal. The pHv, which contains good aitumioni, is to be brought out to ???rda the end cf April by tbe Italian c >mp?iy, at the 'be aire Ven'acour. It has be?u trans ated by M. Mon * telii. one of the triumvirs during the Florentine repuelic, ?r.t tecnsiceied by Italians one of the most elegant of biir writers. Madame Rlstori takae ihe part di daiuei ly Ka'bel, acd expects to make a good impression. It ?? ill be wise in her to increase her reportnry, woich is ticarkably narrow ? especially as she visit* England ia 'ht; autumn. Ayrcfot M L'-gouve is to be received at he Acadeov cn ihe 28th ? the (liuxnirt it? recrpti<m to be |.i< nr.tmced by M. FJorcnoe, one of tbe secretaries. It la ' ? Ueved that Kacbel will never act again, as she is going "> be mat ried to *n old retired tax jollrctor. The new pieces at the Parla theatres for the past month doa't pe?m to be brilliant. There haa been a singular "row'' at the Uatan Of em. Ob the 24 th nit. the great m-tUre d? dcuur, h . H:. I.ecn, came to issue with the direction ot at Carlos. i.Iebcn. and refused te make av other pat unless the m-cunt of salary due to him were paid. Although tbe acre had been announced, the opera finished, and a toil b^uee anxious to see the curtain draw up on the bal et ot ' Paqnerette," the obdurate disciple of Terpai ? here refuted to stir unless the money weretirthcoming, I he upebot was 'hat he was taken to the Carmo guard house, on the charge of breach of contract, whence, now ? ver, he wan afterwards treed at the instance of the Hench Minister. This ia by no means the first occur rence of a ainiiar affair in connexion with the artists ? mplojed at Pan Carlo;. Mr. Braham bad to uvea similar meaanie to oblige the direction to pay him his due. Abo tg tbe latent musical even's wbieh havn oosurred in J aria rcav be meo'loo'd tie production, by the Soajiii <1"* Jivnn Ariulfi, it a third sjmiihony by II Gaunot". Mr. Wallace has arrived in I. ndon, it i- said, with the i core of a new opera. But where is the theatre for its pr. duct ion ? Ihe Philharmonic Soele'y advertises that " Malame (odsctmidt and Berr Ott> GoleecbiDidt have in the ifndest m^er coBseoted to pufona at ths Socie'y's c ncerts CirHug tbe euaon." At the concert whic'i lierr Ott.o acd Madame Golds;hmtdt actounee, in asaiitaa^e > f be Nightingale Fund, a new Psalm, by Herr (iold tebmidt, for soprano and choras, is to be introduced. It ia tow adveitlsed that Madame Goldschmidc's appear uT.ce at tha fhilbaimrnic Coroerts will bs limiiel to the reiioimance of Dr. Schumann's "Paradise," and Berr G< '? tct.roidv's 'o ote cmerrU). Slgcor Bottesini's opera, '? D'Assedio ol Flrenie," pro < uced the o.ber evecrng at the Italian Opera Hoow in l aris, will do little, we tear, to reetire the fallen for tur es of that theatre, though it is dencibed as correctly uiit'en, and ctntair ir.g one or two pa^%|(es of efTec'., in ihe rrvdein style. The "Ingers were, 81gncr I'enoj, Sig !)?>? 1 Maiio, (> a7iatii ard Angel inl. An opera "la iieciviva,'' by Mant-ro Carr*-, |s <f?. scribed as liavirg had some suc.-ers at tte teatro Car rato. Milan. ADo'her Kxg'ish tenor has turned up ia Mr. Htigh, who has assisted Mrs I.ucv Kscott In the perlorir ^ ice of certain haektejtd rperas by way of ekirg out Mr. An derwin's leirco at (t>vent Ga'den theatre. Vfeco-lced, some time since, the ilrl,ut of His i Mien Curiar at 1a Scaia, Milan She has lately been si aging tli* contralto pert a at Florence wi h mua'i suc-eis Msr vi ice Is raid to be mr.'io ifjirann cf moat exten?iv? e?in pa>s. The Royal Society of Musicians held its 118i h anol <H?ary in Lindm recently. Luring the year ISftfi I , itrrtre, from ln>erest of stock, a-jbhortptiuns dona torn, atd other sources, amoun*ed to ?:i,lKi 4s. Ita exp na ture, in tmntbly payncente to aye- 1 oiusioiana. widows acd oipha?? ? preirltims gfvsn ?lih apprentices, and schooling- was ?2,677 14f. i!d : whi e i?s whole exponse ?t n>ai.agen.?nt, lndudlig cfllcett' stlariee, frUUng A. IB' oa'ed col j ?? ?243 lis. 10d. Is economical i> f < bt if a rfu>fUb? feature o' thb socety, ttnw noluwative (ffioe beiocgii-g to it, ? <M I a >u (II ea!*?y to tbe ttrietan aud ivneo Or. At p oiwat te e ?re i c ihe list or claimants eupuorte 1 by iht? ?o eie'y 11 ntmta-r*, 4ft widows sud 22 chid tu aud *.h?ra art rite boy* nu girls *ho have bam appreu'ioso '?? r? a" e trad. * or e.lii/g*, ?iui eee i of w vol ?25 j?mi i' ci ba? be<-D paid. 'h- utWj'i in mm b) ? t n-aite# constating ol uujiueut member* of tbe pri let nioc Mim /kT ? rhe Pttmi Star ?>?}?:? Th'-ee of oar r. sdei". who bad no opportunity of be onlug ao w>lii l'rofe-?or Johk laws and hi* soni during tleir \ lhit ?x> l'euen>a * couple ut months ?go, wi 1. * nh uf, ( ??p y irgitt*. to itirs tba Mr. Lata d a" n- b ard the K< Uortd" cd tK way froen Aaptnwa i to H*raui, av>nt ft>ur Cay* af er b? lt??? Panama." Mr. I<ee? was a c? a b<tM gt meant, aid p?n im?d -hi'fly la tropical ci> *a tilee. lib toi.t are no < la .sew York, and purpose con Dt . 'leg t fmselvt-s with tome circuit. We are ?orry to hav* to record taa <?ea b, at ^arK of Meane Allri, of the Tr eatre Fran<-ai?, aged 4S. Bar mai&en nine wan Deapreaux, an1 nbe m?d? ler firs'. ap at Car back aa 1821, playing eatliren'n par ?. 1831 ?be woa engaged a', the (?; rooae where ?u? fu a g'fat UToii e. in 18*7 iu ??nt to St. i'ateriba g In 1847 ete re'umfo to Pa*ls and ui da a g'eai n?nn* i >n by bar lerformance attte Francai* in ''lioMCaarioe " 3ae cocitinufd a ipt-mber of flu theatre vbtil her dea h, and du>lig*ha time ?he created a* tBa French etprssaivoir tein> it, uo lens that 'wenty origlna chtraotei-x, neaides l< ei tity ing he snlf with n.asy itook roUs. Am ng her aoet ?uco?'6'ul UnwiaoDat-.oDi may b* men i'jned t48 C unreal d'Ai>tr?ral, in the " Bataill* dea IKoikh," the Pritceea <?? Brtiillm in " Adrlnooe Laeouvrear," and Madame GeoigeB, in M. LegouT?'a "Par Droit dt Cm que*e" produced In June laet tear, and h'r U?t irigioai part in which the play-d. Madame Al'?n If, perhtpi ba?t ku wn to the Kngtub by ber tnuehUg jk>i trait of M)>d<iiie Cmaubiere in " I.% Jaia fat fVur " We bate to aocoance tl>e de?a?e >>t Vi. Moitt^>bt, thrt KU' ical em ptner, aged 60. To him we t due a naoabar of ltfibt operas, 'he iaat b'ing tbat of '? Oeuoalion et l'yrih*," pr'niuo>d at the Ui<era (Jomique, in OoVoMr la?t. Law IiiteillgenM. Cct^RT oc Aitkais, March lb. ? Soe. 43. CO, r?a?TTel f'r April 0; No. 177, re-erred for Ap i B; N . 19, dn'auit optned, and c*u>e ntrutk off; Vo. 247, People ??. Soeie ker: argrued; Mr. Samuel Beardt-1 lor appeuanti; Mr. J. E Buriell for r*apsn(!entn No S, Trac* ?g\ I?aTi^; on argument; Mr. Samuel B?ardt>leT and Mr. N. Hill, Jr., far app<iian>; Mr. Abljah Mann, Jr., for re*p-?nd<tnt. FINANCIAL AND COMMERCIAL MORBT MARK ? V* Saturdat, March 29?6 P M. The stock market vaa not so favorably affectod by the foreign news as anticipated. There was more activity at the board, and prices generally were a shade or two better, bat there appears to be no speculation and no operations on the part of out siders. At the first board to-day Nicaragua Transit advanced J per cent; Reading Railroad, j; Hudson River Railroad, 1; Michigan Southern,^, Cleveland and Pittsburg, j; Cleveland and Toledo, 4* Harlem fell off 4 per cent; Galena and Chicago, i Railroad bonds are not offered very freely. They are well held, and are locked upon as permanent invest ments. The absence of all speculative operation) keeps the market uull, but prices are not depressed There is a healthy tone in the market. Nearly every stock on the list represents productive pro perty, and the payment of dividends is likely to con tinue in each uninterrupted. At the second board the market was quiet, and prices without material change. Nicaragua Tran sit closed at 14 per cent. Illinois Central bonds ad vanced 4 per cent. The steamship Fulton, from Havre, brings $36, 000 in specie. The following are to-day 'a transactions at the Aa ? sistant Treasurer's office : l'ald on Treasury account, $177,183 73 Received " 357,21# 60 ' Balarce " 7,041 180 81 l'aid for Afsay office 95 005 48 l'ald on d sburHlng chesks 99,(58 93 Balance creoit cn all accounts 13,200,772 72 The receipts include $50,000 from Chicago. The warrants entered at the Treasury Depart" ment, Washington, on the 25th inst., were as fol lows : ? For the Treasury Department $32 018 AO For 'he Inter'or Department 14,^88 29 F-t Custom* 6,370 li War warrants received and entered 17,344 10 On account of the navy 4 136 35 Repayments cn acconut of the navy 13,183 89 From miscellaneous xourcee 10 79 Frcm Customs 1,246,809 79 The Legislature of Tennessee have passed a law to regulate banking. This law requires the presi dent or cashier, on oath, to publish twice in each jear a statement of the condition of each bank, in which shall be set forth the name and residence and the amount of stock held by each stockholder. This law ia intended to have the effeot to kill off " kiting banks," as the statement required to be published is very full and explicit, giving the people ull the information necessary to determine whether u bank is solvent or not. Another provision of this law prohibits any bank in the State, except the Bank of Tennessee, after the first of September, from issuing or paying out notes of a less denomi nation than five dollart. The annual meeting of the Illinois Central Rail ed was held at Chicago on the i:>tli inst. Ebene xer Lane, Thomas E. Walker and WilMam H. Os born were re-elected directors. Abraham S. Hewitt, of New York, was elected in place of David A. Neal, who declined a re-election. The board now stands as follows:? Governor Matteson, ex offitio, Jonathan Sturgis, J. W. Alsop, James F. Joy, Frede lick Gebbard, Thomas E. Walker, Le Roy M. Wiley, J. F. Sandford, Franklin Haven, J. N. A. Griswold, Ebenezer Lane, William H. Osborn, Abraham S. Hewitt. The last annual report of the Delaware and Hud son Canal Company gives the annexed exhibit of operations during the past year:? Dsi-AWiKu and Hrnsojf Canal Comtaxt. loci me from ecal year ending March 1, 186S . .$1,844,485 Value of ocal on hand 801,881 fatal tolls 660, 326 Total 3 3(6,091 C- al ce hand Ma-ch 1, 1865 $207,692 Mining expenses 882,9X5 ''t I road transportation and repairs..,. 813, ;S87 > seal repairs and superintendence 263 .".81 Fitight on coal 572 877 l'z(eLses at Kondout 63,002 rten*, salaries, Ac., at Nev York 32.8A3 < oal yard, taxes, Interest, ft) 134 369 l>epzeciatirn account 47 400 '2,007 ,796 Net incttne, equal to 18 X percent on i took. .$1, Z98.896 From the above income 6 per cent was divided to the stockholders in December, with a reserve of 12^ per cent for Jnne dividend add contingencies. The capital stock of the company is $7,200,000; funded debt, $600,000? making a total of $7,800,000. A large item of this company's business is about leing diverted. The Eric Railroad Company are about arranging with the Pennsylvania Coal Com pany for the transportation of coat to Piermont. This will reduce the Delaware and Hndson Canal Company's revenue from tolls. This stock is sell ing at 125? a 126 per cent. The value of merchandise warehoused iu Boston for the week ending March 21, 1856, was as fol lOWfl:? I>ry groda $4 435 00 A 1 other merchant me 1*6,188 00 130,621 03 Warehoused for Canada 00 All other merchandise 30 462 00 M 410 00 Total value $384,040 00 The Boston Traveller givas the following review of the nhoe manufacture of Massachusetts. Its sag gentians are of an important character, and if carried out would place this trade in a better position, and prove highly advantageous to consumers:? ntn la the most Important of the manure urea of Mas mcfcu>et'?. It employs more persona and a larger ?imnntcf capi'ai than any oto?r. It is scaVtwen all <.?ei the Htatc, in every town and village, and 'he pur cta'?sof Htcck and a large port u of the pales of tie ma riutsctured ar lile are neeotia'ed in B mton. The lawjr fmpi yeo in ehnes Ih paid the lowest price of any mech% final cr mtnt featuring tabor In toe S at*, b it the csr *?n t* o' aiw*yf flnriirg work, anil tlie s'eadiness of the em li'ivntof enlist* laige nun>t>?-rs of operatiren, wh> "re fer r. toother wik, which, though better paid, cannot, Ik?- this, be lakes b n e and executed at any time, as '?riding to tfcelr own p'easnre They can work fast or | hi* w, two houtH or t*entT honrs a day, one day or six in ti wiek accoulln* to their inclination or opportunity. lh?n,too, ltaff"ic* a ra?t ainonn??f employment, a Iktir o?r. hfm.*p, 'o boy* and females, which tney ;anoi> tr tr In no otter way. Tt e profile c.fibe roaa'wr manufsc'.urers in this btH e*?i? V ?ve b?>-n veiy is a'l for me past three yeari; a^d at the prereot tinre. though the fennua it re.r active or SM??. and all ofTerirg in tbe market are rsa'llly sold, the probt if ?o mall tL?*. note <,1 the laanitfantirer* are dlf|xwed to extend tbeli bustn<*.i, or even to drive It to ? fu'i prtduo lou of the 'ebor no* ecipl 'ye.i. 1M? of h-H eri?ni frjm r>e nt>ch price of Iraitior hvery niau veil versed io hl<i or auy otlwr ink on aoture, kii- ?s tl;a no ot-er eiemeat euvrs o muoh Utwt the pi - lit or the ic*s lit hit bu?iutu>i ?< the oj<1 of the ia* lua'e'ia'. Who this ia h gh hiwe T?r active may be ibn deuiand aud extrnaive tue a*ie* the or >(H i- e'wsyu very metgre; and, on '.ha uche- nant, vbeul thextock If 1< w, ti?<mv?r du 1 may be tht m?rke .'or good >*, tbe bud&eto ia Hale, and generally ?e ia a i re ot dis ,<Mrg of t're g- <d?. ul ioiatelj, at a fair prnlii. It U a fixed law < f ir??!e. of wltoo eve. y dui wh ? U compe^at to rauage bustoru Huncenffulir l* fully at>r?, that the l>;iceo'g ml* tun nctpr be carried up o >rre<p">ndin<# wlih a largely e;.hano>d ooat ?' the raw Four }k*i?> ago soir.e ' efctip'l. ns of leather muoh used bi minfic uim wtte purchased at one-h?if lte pri * at tiie pi stent time, and lit shoes ir.a'e of thU stuck are n?w fcelltnf at rnJy ttirty per rent, acrmoo on to* prices of lb? time, when 'be ra? material waa one huadrad t>er em c eaper. The labor, t? > ?i hitan ><tg tae ad vtnceo <y*t of living, la unm a trifle lower tn?> It waa at that line, and ia at a p' int "here, a alsitogulahed mui factur*r telia ra, it i> ia v?in to expec. to o^Wnitlu rer : the operative c?u hsrdi> live at prevent prices. I' Mntr 1 o us tviPtot bai the time Van oome whan tbce eticu d be arm* terioa* thought given to tr e mat- ? ter of an adequate supply of lea'ber hereafter, for the liwt two yearn ?he aoD?umpti:>n h a fobo "d oleaely upoa pmCur inn. Tk? leather baa been hurried a* feet aa P"* sible through all t'je stages of curing o'ten 'oo fa?t far the mating i f a good artiste, and it ia do* almost no4 forin'y ei gaped ib at vance befit ? it cut be possibly ma '? i??d? for cit Uvery. While thin state of thioga he* coma noon ui the mar kets f < r eh> ee have ex'euCdS, the demaod la increasing, and at tbe tame tire the supply *if bld*aaeean not liaeiy a 'o itc-eese, but r?ther lo diminish. The great advance in the priee of hide^ fail* to bring oat any addiiimal supply, and tome of the o untriw trom which tie largest auentitiee were formerly procured? as Bjanoa Ay res, >/*t1i ana other places ? begin to abow indication of ex kauntion. In cmirersa ir.n the ether oay wilh one of the largest anii moat srcccnafut maDu a j uie'S in tbe Sta??, and in qui'iug (if bim what conic be done to heat advitn'&?e to remeajr the searoltT of hides ano lea '.her, ha hogi^sted a p>ao, peifeo'ly feaeibl*, and whisa Oiight be oa tied out to the tensflt of tbe wh le a 4rruani'y. He exp eaael % c nfldeiit be lef that byput'i.g oe ter wo-k iat > their ah'ee tbe aannffccturets would onl* require tw >- thirds ot tke quanritj of bides and akins they now require, and ( thus tbe tupply of raw material would be made aiun 6ent, ard the manuracturer and ihe operatives would receive a mora adequate remuneration. The gentleman w io augge?te l thi- remedy for ths defi cient auppljr of raw material, owes his eml ion' sa^oaaa to tbe higV reputation wu'ci his work hai oitalael f tr durablii y at tbe West. He is neldom tbe to anppy the customers who eo?r e to bltn, with all tbey retju're, ?n l they lava a< metimes threatened that if he w uld not supply tbem wltb more tbey woult* ootain the article of. others, and put his name on them. I If an organza 'ion, something like that of 'he guilds of Expand, chould be estaSHche amorg oar lead nc shiio rranufactorers bv which he work pat np >n sh>es *aa Id all ca-ea required <o be sufficient to wear >ut he lea ther, it would be tbe be--t tblng tbal ou d be d me fir this great and impcitant branch of lndujt y in Miimcha set's. We are toli, oo go id authority, that taking the whrle out turn of the ehoe trade in 'the eggrega e, tke werk 'si:? when ths stock is two- third! worn, an! that a* i>. falls when and wbere opro- tunltles f.r repair an rot at band, there in consequently here a waste of one thlrd of the raw material, rnuoh to the injarjr of eon suuiera as well as msnnfacurers. Woold it not be weU for the leai'i-g ?hoe manofaotnr ere to take this natter Into conalde atiucf The Cincinnati Price Current of the 19th inst. gives the full returns of the number of hogs packed in tbe West this eeoson and lost, comparatively. Tbe following are the totals returned from eaoh State: ? 1854 6. 1855-8. Ohio f 00.064 661 191 Illinois 360 602 412, 30T Ter n"esee 14 200 02,400 s Mirtcnri 130,501 189 ltd Kentucky 341 209 4^0,834 Intiana ?01.326 479,001 Iowa 93,291 163 604 Wisconbin 37,600 42,#C? Grand totals 2,088,042 2 4'!0,887 2 088.042 Iccreaae ttis teuon 342,846 The Price Current adds: ? In publishing a partial statement a few weekii ago, we* rtated that tbere was an average increase in weight equal to 12 i>er cent, as compared with last year. The returns we have rlnce received, tjgethe' with a more oarefal ex amination of our tables, lead us to theconsluUon to pat down the lnertsM at 11 ter cent; and in doing thin we ate influenced more by an inclination to be ratner be' >w than above the actual amount than anything else. An increase of 11 per cent on the total nam Mr packed at the various points specified last season. U equal to 229.468 bogs; which, added to the increase in numtor, as shown by the tables above, would stand as frliows: ? " Inorease in number 342, 84S Increase in weight 229.463 Total increase 672.298 The nnirber of hog* phipned east this season belrg a matter of great importance in this connection, we have obtained 'iom the cifferent points the exaot am >uata ' 'raneported over each railr ad leading sut from the 1st ? f September to the 1st ot February, for the seasons of 1 864 -6 and 1866-fi, aad ate cot able to present these re tarns to oar readers, as follows: ? 1854--6. 1866-'6. Great Western (Canada) Railroad * frcm Detroit 37,992 13T.326 New Y< rk and Erie Railroad, from Dan kirk 119,427 109, Tl? Central Pennsylvania Katlioad, from Pittsburg 82,381 40,068 Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, from Wheeling and Houndsville 67,883 &4,T1T "Received by railroad and lake at t Buffalo 89,112 189,402 Total 836 746 491,212 336,746 I. crease this cmm son 164 467 ?The cumber packed at Buffalo, both seasons, at gives <n the tabled, la deducted. HaviDg thus presented the information w? hare with great labor and not a little expense c 'Rested, we leave our reacers to 4ia<r their own deductions, believing that, ai <y specuVions of ours at present wou'd be entirely su- ? jerflncus. If there ever could hare been a scarcity of hogs in *he West, the Indications were in fkvjr of it last jtar; but we showed, we think, very conc usively, in our a tiole we published in the Prize Current about the first < f l?st December, th?t there are always enough of the srimaU in the country, and that all th*t is wanted any season to make the crop of hogs a large one Is an abun dance of food to iatten tbem. 04 P3* 100 C6 150 98* 9t* 01 * f 5C00 Tenn 6's.'90 tfO 96 51000 llissouil6'.s.b3 84 It 100 do ..b20 84* f OO Virginia 6's . . . 2C(;0 do 2CC0Erie20 MB... 4(00 Hui. R 1st M B. W 00 111 On RR Bds. lfCCO do 6CC0 ?o e30 Jljf 81 00 do .-t'.O nji 10001 H &Alt2dMB 77* no stsD&acco.Mo i.e.* 100 do bflO 127 8 Bk of North Am. . 105* 10 Met'opolttan Bk. 108 lORkof Ameiica... 118 13 Ocean Bank 98 lOOCsntrnCo 2?* (0 Mc Trans Co...r3 13 X 100 do o ;o Pccd Coal Co.... ; tO Cumb Coal Co.b3 460 to f3 i oo do bf.O 1C0 do bio 100 N Y Cen KR..bl6 Stock Exchange. S-tctiday, Maroh 29, 18M. ? r.00 ths Erie RFC . . slO 66* 200 do s3 66 * 269 do c 66* 60 do *30 66* do ... . b30 66* to h60 66* 50 Harlem RR 19*4 100 do b6u 20 60 Nor ft Wot RR 34 250 Ch ft Rk I RR.b30 06* 30 do 96* 76 do 06* 11 do 9t? 50 do b60 06*1 29 Little Miami RR. 00 800 Reading R8.. ,s3 02* 16B .CO *.60 HO (>0 fO to. do. do. 03 13* 03 23* 22 ?< 2:* 28?,' 03 93 93 93 '< 93* 500 400 400 100 100 200 100 400 200 Hud Rhr RR.bGO 36 do bCO 92* do b60 93 do ?3 02* do sl5 02* do s7 do 02 92* 0;* do bflO 03* 100 do 34* 26 Mich Cent RR... 03* 600 M So & XIaRR s60 94* bSO do b^lO do bfO 93 <10... . s3 92* 96* 95* 95* llOOF-xieRR ?3 1(0 60 ;co 100 HO fO to "CO f)0 HO ino ?to 60 do b.t io..m . b80 do hlO do f3 do bl6 do blO do nlO 66* do *30 66* ?60 .M0 56* 66* 58* &?* 66* W* f6* 56* 67 do do do... . b?0 66* do 68*{ do bCO 58* 200 SECOND BOARD. 32 do. 600 do b30 150 do 18 Olev C Ac Cin 102 * 60 IU Cent RR... ,b3 97* 160 do b3 97* 60 do s00 97 V' 21 0 Ciev&PitsbgRR. . c 6f> * 100 do b45 60 300 do H60 66 95 Gal ft Chio RR. .. Ill 6 do 113* 100 do 113* 750 Cler ft Tol RR.b3 80 300 do e 80 2?0 do 80 ? 100 do blO 80 50 do b30 80 do s3 79'^ i .90C0 Cen RR Bonds 00 ebs Nic rran Co.c 10 do V.'5 Flo ft Key Joint. 63 Chi ft Kock I RR. 92 13* 14 * 06 M'O Reading RR . . blO 92* to slO 92* ao bflO 93* do *80 92* do b20 02* do b20 f.00 HO ,00 !00 8(0 60 sns Tan RK. . .b3 104* 100 M Hift.VIaRR.slO 95* 300 Etle RR 67 56* 200 do 56* 20 do 56* 100 do b >0 66 % 200 Cler k Tol RR..s3 79* 92* Mlf INO BOARD. TO rhs Ward C ft I.b8 44 * 200 Gardiner (Void K0 do blO 46* 45 do., do.. do *8 79* do bSO 80 bS 79* b3 79* . b.3 2 00 bl6 2 00 200 do bl6 f>0 HtwasMe 0 100 Kranklinitt 6 75 300 do b3 6 00 1 44 1 40 3* 100 do bnw rro N Carolina )(0 to... ?j to do blO 1 96 CITY (OIHiilEHulAL REPORT. Friday, March 29, 1856. Cotton? The F.nroptan news exercised no icflu ence on the market, the tales were pretty antive, at steady prices. Holders of breadstnirs demanded ? bet'er prices, but in the absence of letters b iyer? were not disposed to Beet tbem. In flour there wss rather more doing, and in the better grades the market was firmer, with a slight aivsnoe In souie eases. Itie rales embraces ab"ut 6,000 a 6,000 bbls., inolndet in wblrh were eomroon to good straight brands at *6 87 a *7 12 and $7 26 (>0<d medlntn and extra brands of Western, Mouth* rn and Canada were firm. Whea ? S?lee if 1 600 buihels red Tennesxpe were made lor ml ling at >1 70 C< rn was 1 or 2 cent* b*tt#r, with sales of mlx*d scd white at 63c. a 64r., ani 9 000 biuUeis prime south .?rn yellow, wblcb was no criterion of tbe market, at 67c. Rie was 0B?hang*4. 1'ork? Sales amounted to aboat 700 a 300 bbis. mesa at $16 26, with trims at $14 87 % $16. Whiakejr? 600 bbls. prison at 28c, a 28*o,