Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 3, 1856, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 3, 1856 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. WHOLE NO. 7187. MORNING EDITION-SATURDAY, MAY 3, 1856. PRICE TWO CENTS. ADDITIONAL FROM NICARAGUA. INTEBESTIN&LETTER FROM GEN. WALKER. OUR GRANADA CORRESPONDENCE. Movements in New Orleans, Jul, Mo., Mo. The Battle of Santa How. OCTR NICARAGUA CORRESPONDBNCK. VisiiiN Bay, March 26, 1856. ?Arrival at Virgin Bay?Sews of Schlessinger'i Entire De ftat?Appearance of His Routed Troops?Account', of His March?His Tyrannical Disposition?Character of His foixx?Attack on Too Bamboo Hats?Arrival at ? Santa Rosa?Attack of the Enemy?Cowardice of Settles ixnger?His flight?Entire Rout of the Troops?Their Flight, <fe. Alter a six hours run from Granada. in the h'.earner Ban Carlos, we reached Virgin Bay thla raornlog at 7 o'clcck, to hear the most disastrous news. The rumor of hchiesaUger's reverse has pruvsd too true; but "reverse" too light a term to express the eharacter of this de feat. It was a disgraceful rout, and whst renders the ? shame moat burning, and, indeed, indelllble is, that it was accomplished by a force but little more tuan t vice the number of his own, and brought against him, too, while he was in a superior position. After a week's march SchlesslDger found himself at a ' hacienda within twelve miles of Guanacaste, and while .^reparicg to refresh his troops was surprised by a body of between 400aiid &Cu Costa Kijaus. who, with three or ?four volleys, threw him in'o utter confusion, and drove ? him from the field; he, in person, leading the retreat, and so struck with panic as not to hear or heed the entreaties of feme junior ?fficeis, who urged Mm to turn and en deavor to rally the men lor a new effort. We obtained these deplorable tidings at first through two fugitives, who had just come in, and hard upon their heels came Scblenlnger himself, the hasty courier of his own .disgrace, and confessing by this order in the (light the monstrous co wardice which had betrayed his 'tnops to ruin. S He presented a difBrent figure to my view from that -which came on hoard the Virgin about three weeks be fore, bombastically announcing that he had just de clared war against Costa Klca, and that with sixty men he would ergtge to march to 8an Jose. The fresh blue military coat, with Its bright buttons, had given place to a lagged and filthy woollen ebtrt; the jaunty French mi litary cap to a slouched hat fastened with a rope yarn, and instead of the glossy patent leather boots, his leg glsgs were in shreds, and a mush ot torn leather huog about his feet. But the wide difference was on his down cast face, and particularly in the entire absence of any congratulations for his return. His disgrace had oome be. fore him, and while tbose who rode in with Mm were em. braced and on all sides warmly welcomed, he was shunned as a leper, and met with neithera good word n or an extend ed hand. Changing his mule, he announced his intention to proceed at once to Rivas; but though he declared htm sell ignorant of the road, and several swod ready wr.h their Indies in their hands, none were willing to go as his companion. .... . . , All day the wretched remnants of his force kept coming in, some in squads, some alone, some hatless, all shoe less. and several naked to the waist. I was at first Po lled to account for this last phenomenon, but 1 soon dis covered that those who appsared in this way had torn off the legs of their pan'aloone in successive instalments to b no louod their suffering feet, to protect them from the thorny undergrowth of the forest paths. ... ., such an exhausted, tatteied, foriorn and deplorably miserable set of poor fellows I never saw, and had not tl eir tistress teen too actual for anything bu. pain to tbe beholder, it might have been laughed at as a clever extiaviganza, or as the annual burlesque of the graceless baLds who, in New Vork, ridioule toe exigencies of war ai d the miliua system, under the name of the "J>antes ti cals " or "Rica men's poor sons." But there was no disposition to smile at their distresses, however ludicrous they seemed, and as fast ai they ap peared, their sy mpathiziog comrades furnished them with clothes, and then, after rsfreshlDg them with fool and wine, sat down wi-h open ears to listen to their story. But one opinion wai expressed by all in relation to the oommaoder of the expedition, and the united statement was, that he had Had at the tirst tire, and exhioited a oowarc ice that was a disgrace to human nature. Tbe appointment of Schleasiogsr to this command was in every way a most unfortunat; one, and would pro bably not have been made by General Walker, except In a spintof reialielion for his ignominious expulsion from Costa Rica. In the first place, he was a German, or in tae sneering language of the boys, a Dutchman; in the next, a Jew; in the third, of a capricious, violent and despotic nature, which made him feared rather than be loved. WMle the officers envied him his rapid rise and brilliant opportunity, the men bitterly hated him, and even the snictuess of military discipline could not en tirely prevent tbeir expressions of contempt and detesta tion fiom reaching Ms ears. More than one oo setver, who saw the expedition off from Virgin Bay. gravely made the remark that Soblesslnger's greatest risk would be from a fire in tne rear. In addition to these drawbacks from Ms personal effi oieucy and control, the force was not only all raw levies without discipline, but it was composed of tae most hete rogeneous and, indeed, conflicting elements, and but a small portion of it was properly armed. There was one ccmpany of Frenchmen, another company of Germans? one company from New York and another from New Or leans. To compensate for want of discipline, therefore, there was not even the tie of companionship; and emula tion could not be expected to supply the place of a oom mon spirit with men who had no laurels to preserve, ami no commander waom they wished to please. Unfortu nately, the remaining principle of patriot! im, whioh sometimes supplies all other descriptions of defeots could not he eounted on in such an enterprise and out of sueh materials. . , . With tMs force?two hnnlred and seven in number? Colonel i-ehlesslcger left Virgin Bay on the lath March for Guanacaste. Tne first day's march was to San Juan del Sur, by the Transit road. At this place two guides were taken; hut both ran away immediately after entering the boundary of Costa Rica. 1 rom San Juao the m Wch was continued at the rate ot about fourteen miles a day, through a rongh, perplexed Mnd hilly country, the troops trailing through the narrow tootpaths In Indian file, and suffering much in many places from the rocky nature of the ground. The greatest suffering, hdwever, was from the sun, for it was the unaccountable policy of Seblessln ger to lie by during the whole of the oool moonlight nights, and to eonduct Ms marches in the torrid Interval between ten and four in the day. This course occasioned much remonstrance, hot the only effect which it seemed to have upon him was to urge the march, while it was going on, to a degree of haste which, though it nearly exhausted the powers of the men, had but little effect upon Ms mounted comfort. Discontent, oi courss, kept growing all the while, and it took a most deoided form on the fourth day out, in consequence of a court martial havlDg been ordered upon Captain Thorp, of the New Or leans company, (Co. A.) and the French company being put in that company's place. The offence of Captain Thorp was in denouncing the act of the Colonel for cut Hng loose the baggag* of his company, in order to give tbe mule which bore it to a sick man. The court mar tial, however, promptly acquitted Captain Thorp, but a deep feeling of resentment entered the minds of his man, and also of all the other Amerisans, that the company shcnld have been degraded from its post of honor In favor of the French, for an alleged fault of Its captain alone. But it was not until the next day that the keen ob servers of the expedition begen to have a doubt ol the Colonel'e courage. At ten In tbe morning he csme in eight ot two bamboo huts, on the skirt of a wood, near .Nuinss, and though t.ha men were pr*ssiagiy In wan', of water, he kept them in check till night, before he would adventure to advance. Then he ordered three compa nies to form upon the beach, and dropping behind the lust eomptnv on one knee, he drew his pistol; but bsfors he could oireot them to chaige, it was discovered there was nobody in the huts. He passed that night upon tbe livaeb, end on the next morning entered Hatinas. Fi ad its plenty of beef and water at this plaoe, he embraoel the opportunity ot making a day's stay to refresh hie men; but at 5 o'clock the next morning he set oat again, and about dusk on the evening of Tuesday, th? lf>th, he reached the fine hacienda of rianta Rosa, some twelve aillee from Guanacaste. .... He might well have had reason to congratulate himself upon the fortune whioh sent bimsuch superior quarters. The hacienda was a spacious and strongly bnllt o'd Spa nish house, situated on a rise of about ten feet from the road, and aurrounded on three sides by a strong stone wall of solid maa-n work, some tour or five feet high, snd which being filled In with earth, formed an even plat form on wMeh the house was set. This stone wall faced all the approaches to tbe mansion from the road on the i'aeifie s'de, while in the rear It was not needed, as tbe platform ran into the tangled mountain lids, which rose gradually far three or four hundred yards, and then shot abruptly upwards to a great height. From the rear, therefore, the home could not b? attacked at all. On one side, to the right, it had a kitchen as an outpost; in trout; on the opposite side of the road, there was an open shed, and bvhind the shed ran a long stone corral, with a partition wall between?the whole built strong enough to withstand tor some time the attacks of the small ar ti lsry of the country. Huch was the admirable position in whioh Colonel Scbleseinger now found himself, and fortune, as if to give h!ui her roup de grave, had filled It with corn and an abundance of tocca'e for Ms animals. Here the tired Invaders slept In peece, and Indulged In tbelr dreams of conquest on the morrow, whioh were destined to be so '^In'thfTmoTnlig?20tta?tiro little circumstances took Disco which served to confirm the hatred of the troops to their commander, and at the same time to expose in a slaricg manner the capricious despotism or his disposi tion. A German was discovered asleep while aetlng as a picket guard, and though the punishment by military law Is death, be was at once excused by the Colonel with - arcely a reprimand; while at a later boor la the mora li g, he oidsre-1 a oourt martial upon a mere bay Damag ing to the Mew York company, and threatened btoi wtta u? ath for having picktd up a piece of corn bread wntl? walking up and down hie poet. Hi* remark to the poor fellow wan, " Yon *ball be shot?I'll make you an exam pie;" aud doubtlea* he would have carried the procaine into execution, bad not several of tba men, beco'utnr desperate at the prospect of euch an outrage, si openly expressed their determination to reslet It that he was foreea to countermand the order. At ten in the morning, a party of native#, consisting o' five men and four women, were captured, but no iufor n at ion being obtained from them, they were kept in cue ttdy, in order 'hat they mignt not cocvsy lnft>rm->tL>o i > the enemy. In the course of tbe morning, Oaptsiv Crelgbtcn, tf the New York company (company C), application to tbe Colonel tor an inspection of arm* Tbe tame suggestion had been made tfi? day bi'ore, bu tbe measure increased In necessity in proportion as they advanced t .warn* the enemy. Under the peculiar cir cumstances of tee case, It was now of the most vital ioi portance. Many of toe weapons were ot a very inte-in character: some 'f them had been loaded at Granada, some at Vligln Bay, and, except those which had beau discharged aljng the road in the killing of beef, nil lie been loaded for at least a week. Those in po.seiHim of the German company were bardly worth brfoging al >og, and tfcey bad been rendered hopeless of service, oy hav log been used as leafing poles, in crossing streams? the muzzles being planted in the water, and when revsrsed, wettkg both look and load. Msny wese without so much as ? sirew to draw the charge and m ms i f tbe forefgneis wsreso ignorant of the use of arms that tliey did not know which end of the cartridge to bite oil lu oroer to load. Taking all these circumstances into consideration, Colonel Schlesringer thought K might be advisable to have an inspection ot arms, so he- ordered one st 2 o'clock, but wbsn 2 o'clock came he postponed the ceiewiony until three. At a quarter psst 2 o'clock, cue of the women who had been cap'.ured in the morning complalood of bring sicx, wbereuprD, the Colonel, in a Iresk of liberality, let th* whole squad go. Bat It. provrd to be a fatal filly, for in lew than three quarters of an hour a picket guard ran in crying, ''Tbe gleanersaie coming!" and the enemy made bis appearance at two points on the right, a small body showing itself at ?n elevate i positi in near tne side of the hi ins, and the main body approaching it from th? p'aia below. The guard who ran in would have given the alarm earlier, and thus have allowed the scatterel men to form, but his musket would not go off; so he was ob :g?u to bring tbe news in with his heels, with the ene my hard upon tbem. 'This alarm at once threw the whole camp into I ooslu.rion, ard none seemed so entirely bewnde-ed and paric Htricken as Schtee ringer himself B h cheek* turned pale, hi* knees smote tage he.-; it seemed itnpo*?ibie for him to cooipiee lumself sufficiently to give tne simplest order, so in the absence of auy direc tions from headquarters, the commanders of the com panies were forced to act tor themselves. As soon as the ll'ying guard came in, Lieutenant Hlggine, of the New Vork company, ordered the drummer to beat, an 1 form ing the company, Cap it in Cieighton led them to a cira uifeLdlng but exposed position, at the left hand corner of 1he house. Tnis position faced both the approaching colun ns of the enemy, aud was oousejuemtly liable to both its lines of fire. Seeing the position of the New fork company, Captain Thorp formed hb, compatiy be hind tleni, and behind the company of Captain Thorp, at a little Distance to the right, the Freaah took their Jiosi tlon. The Germans did not form at all, aud tne Voltl gtuis agreeably to their usual tactics, spread themselves about the field to work in a iilieshot whenever an opp >r luuity offered. The first volley which company C received was from the party whioh appeared on the hillside, tithe right of the house, but perceiving that they wore red rib boca like themselves, Captain Crelgaton and L'eute nant Higgles both forbade the mm to fire, believing itwasromeof their own batialioa who had get there by mistake. At this moment their attention was turn ed io tbe fire from below, where the enemy, with th-es mx all field pieces, was teen handsomely deploying la the plain, aith all the c-olness and precision of old troops. It was at this point rf the affair that Sch'esslnger ap pealed tor the last time upon the scene. He showed hlm lelf for a moment at the corner of th* home near the New York company, and peeping apprehensively around theaigle. he cried out, "There they are, poys; there they are !" and then taking back he exclaimed "Com rxwntc francaixt and ran off into the moantain as fast as tis legs c-uld carry him. The French company, hear - leg his exclamation, and lmaginiog he wished tbem tc i-xecu'e a flsnk movement, ran oft after him, and tbey were followed by ihe bewildered Dutch, the latter ac tually throwirg their weapons oa the ground and rua nirg away empty nanded. In the meantime the party with red ribbons, on the hlU, bad got in another volley on company C, and the plsy of fire also began to roll up from below. Still, the New Ytrk company withheld its fire from the par ty on the hill, first because of the supposed mistake, an 1 next fiom she lower column, because tnev were not yet mar enough to enable the retaliation to have due effeot. Bur a third volley from the false red ribbons on the hill gave our people warning of the deieption to the extent of thiee more lives, whereupon Lieutenant Hlggtns, wbo in his exel ement had stcof in front of the line till this moment, retired Irom his position and gave the order to fire. Never was a command moie willingly obeyed, and the aDgry vel'ey w?s sent with suoh good will, a* to id ike the hill par'y waver and retire. Before cimpany C could reload, however, the enemy were pressing in at tbe gate of the baoienda, where they were kept in check for a moment by a gallant fell )w named Parker, who, however, fell dead, shot through the heart, while en gaged io his noble effort. But at the same moment, a* If io offset th'.? lo*?, a sharpshooter, named Carhart, who had posted himself on the piazza of the house, dropped a leader of the enemy, who had been riding ac tively up and down their lines, and who had three times loaded and discharged his ritte into the American rants. The etemy had now gained all the approaches to the hacienda and the New York com pan v finding themselves alone upon the field (for the New Orleans company had just retired), withdrew under the countenance of Major u'Nei I. wbo had just returned to fight with them, after an ineffecnal enceavor to check the flight of Schwann ger. end to iofuce him to assist in rallying the ineo. Tbe New York company had entered the fight with forty-four men, and left the field with twen'y-two, bring the only company that fired a volley in tbe action, and the last to have the ground. Such was tbe battle ot Sao-a Rosa (for that was the Dint of the hacienda), and It may be characterized as the most disgraceful contest oonnected with the American name, or known in th# history of arms upon this sun tinent. Bad as the troops behaved, bowuver, the fault does not lie entirely against their constanoy or manhood. It can not be doubted for a moment that the Hame matei lal whioh lied from this field wonld, under other condLiom, have behaved with the most perfest fortitude and cour age; but it would be hard for the oldest and the proulest troop* to withstand the demoralizing effects of the llight of thur commander, or to cowurue such a circumstance into anything but a proof that they were hopelessly overmatched. 1'anic, under such example, was inevi table to any body of men, and particularly tia raw rabble of recruits, Vith ao companionships to unite, no patriotism to inspire them, and led chiefly by officers of dissolute and ill regulated lives, who did not command a particle of their respect, and of course could not exa"- | ci?e the least control. On the other hand, the force ot the eDemy in addition to belrg more than twice the asm- i ber, (and having the advantage of making the attack,) were actuated by the highest motives which can Inspire tbe breast of man, and led by Bosqoet and ArguiUo, aj complished generals, who in addltiun to established mili tary reputations, carried the prsetigs of haviag bora previously victorious against the Americans in the bloody and dDarirous light at Rlvas. Miveover, these troops were the flower of the Coata Rican army. Men whom long service had cultivated to the highest degree ot discipline, and who, being liberally Infnsea with Kuro ptan* in the rank aad tile, were prepared to ex tloit constancy and spirit of the very highest descrip tion of nrateiial. They are desoribei as hav ing Rianu-uvered with the utmost celerity and preciii jn, deploying and discharging, aud managing their field plecei with the same coolness and order in ihe field a* if upon parade. Their evolutions weie performed to the sound of tbe bugle; they would drep and rise in order to load and fire, and a proof of the excellence and groat superiority of their arm* Is fount In the fact that many of them discharged a cone shaped bullet, which indicated the possession on their part of tbe Mmie or some other patent rille. The arms ct tbe other side I have already described a* being for the greater part of the rnoit worthless and indifferent char acter. The greatest advantage which the enemy possessed, howrver, was in being able to make the attack, and to make it, too, while the American oamp was u-.terly un prepared; and this good fortune they owe as ram-h to tlie want of policy and forethought on tbe part of those wbo planned the expedition, as those who had it intrusted to their care. Attached to tbe battalion should have been at least a hundred of the native troops, as well to Involve Nicaragua in the responsibility of the war, as to provide that species ot picket guard service which can only b* well performed by those who are native to a country. Had this policy been adopted, no surprise would have taUen upon the camp at Santa Rosa; a stubborn and most likely a successtul revistsnce wonld have ensued, end in esse of n defeat a stroke of genius could have led the retreating party down upon Guanacaste, (now but twelve miles off, and emptied of her troops,) and have converted tbe disaster into a stroke of fortune. All this aught have been done had the troops had timely notice, and had the commander possessed an ordinary degree of conrage and military tact; but unfortunately the camp presented ihe eareltss disorder of a chowder party, and fcblesHDger possessed none of that genius whose special faculty It Is to convert danger Into safety. Courage Is wisdom, and the only use of genius is to seize mUtor tnte at the proper moment and turn It into success. Any man ixav travel smoothly when attended with ad van'age. but'lt require* ability to change a vicious cur rent of ?Shirs and rntki It flow securely in our favor. This was th# way in which Napoleon vindicated the superiority of his genius over all the sudden compiles tlooN of misfortune; but Scjhle*Mnfcer in not a Napoleon, and win never nnoceed In establishing a reputation in this way. Altogether, however, deplorable as this action was, it will probably be attended with si me benefit in the way of cornsttng that overween ing vanity which makes Amerioaus think themselves superior to every people In the world. It will teach them the lesson, too, never to underrate tbelr enemies, ani that there is no f pedal heavenly reve'atlon exiant to justify us In the belief that we are possessed ot that transcendent prowess which makes it unnecessary for us to prserre tdose preoaution* and that discipline which all ether races of men hare found It necessary to adopt for their protection. 1 If the battle ot Santa Rosa teacliegthat lesson to those of our race who are in this country, the experience may I be said to be reasonably purchased, as It has been ob twined at ths gosl ot about fifty liven, ? ooefour'.h ot the ? fortunate escape, when It will be reooile neo ' hat bad the Costa Ricaoa pushed their advantage and pursued the fugitives with vigor, they might have out e?y tanaway to the sword. It seems- however, that ao oneiwae more entirely surprised by the-reaali 9t the at tack than the enemy himjielf, and mtatroeting a euee <ss that lookedahaoet miraculous, he preferred standing a ill and holding hie advantage to risking new movements whion migat betray him into danger. U> wee owing to Ic . J*,*' dou^lMS? that tho fugitives had alenre far their flight, Instead of being pressed and' harraaeel an 1 put in peril of destruction at every step. I'. 8.? a lapse of several days I have-nothing tn add to the above account, but that the entire lots In killed end missing tmoun'ed to only forty-three, aal tbat of the letter nineteen were oaptured by the enemy and summarily shot. The number lost is consequently much less than mis at firs' supposed, but tbe moral in jury sustained by tbe spirit of the army has net been in tbe least exaggerated. Many thing*, however, have; and amoi g the most absurd is tbe report that Captain Thorp, or the New Orleans company, oanght the fly.n< ckshisa siuger by the coat and threatened to blow out his brain unless be stoppol in bis retreat, and tbat a Captain*Kelly performed tbe same exploit. The truth Is. that ao suih circumstance took place; for base as was ths cosarnie o' Hchlesstngar, that act of personal indignity would have cuied his panic, and ham turned bask nis blood tumid his individual aggressor. Captain Kelly is too brave a man to seek a spurious renown in reporting such s thing about r imseif; and as tor Captain Tuorp, if that were his motive for following so close upon tae firing heels of ScbiesBlnger, h? ehomd have made it know, at once, or at least bnve left, the exo'iroatt >n behind liln on departing without leave from Nicaragua. The repre sentation of the prowees of tbe Voltiguera Is of a piece with the aheve. I took tbe greatest pains in dranf eg my information from all sourcei, (without any intarerts to serve or favorites to exalt,) anj I fouud that the Vol tfguers bad no chance to form during tbe entire fight. Doubtless many ofthr-m improved suoh momentary op portunities as were offered for a shot during the coufli sten of the first three minutes, but their valor wa- of that desultory oharacler that could not be reported aid, it must b? admitted, tbat a heroism of taree minutes is not a sutjec'. for a very large number of trumpets. The f-aturei of the nation are, tnnt the Ne? York Cmipany were toe first to form, tbat they were tbe only company tbat fired a vo'ley at tbe ecemy, and tbat they were the last to leave the field. In this connection 1 may mention tbat Major O'Neill, spuo really tiled to arrest tbe light of Schlessinger, returned and caught up a ilfle among tbe New Yorkers, with the remark that ''he wanted to be with a company that would fight." They fought out little, however, lor tuey had no coanoe: and whei they found the grape from the heldpiecee come tearing through the trees, they consid ered it prudent to retire. They left one represents ive upon tbe field, and tbat was tho little drummer bsy wbo came out with them, aud who, Indilfereu'. to the letrrat of all, stood beating his drum till a shot struck him drad tn the spot. I have now really nothing to aid bey ml th? suggestion that no great degree of aciuracy muit be Upected from a country where journalism has no propsr representative, and that when ws hsar of suoh exploits as those attribu'ed to Thorp and Kelly, we have a right to remind ourselves that even Sohlfss'ngor was oaoe a veiy good specimen of a letter wiIter's hero, 1 lie Intercepted Con enpondencc B stween the Costa. Klcan and BngUsh Huvsrnmrnts, We have already published three of the letters forming part of the oorreepoue'euce which was intercepted by a part of General Walker's forces. From the following three which are now jublished we believa for the first time, the duplicity of the B.itirh government is made still mote manifest:? MR. WALLERSTEIN TO LORD CLARENDON. CONSULATE GENERAL OS COStA RlCA, > 2 Warwick Crescent, Harrow Road, Feb. 4. 1856. j Mt Lord?I bavr tbe honor lb acknowledge tbe receipt i f Mr. Hammond's letter, in whten he in'orms me, by < lrection of your lordship, thAt Instructions will begivm to tbe British Admiral on the Faciflo station, to cause the coast of Costa Riaa to be visited by her Majesty's oruisers lor the protection of British interests. In acknowledging with gratitude rn the part of the go vernment of Costa Hi-.a, ths receipt ot this gratifying compliance with the application waich I had the honor to address your lordship, I cannot but express thr hope and expectation which will be entertained by my govern meft, that the interests cf Costa Rha will be included in this protection; interests which, as l have already had ihe honor to represent to your lo dship, are closely con nected with the interes s of Btitisn subjects in that quar'er. With reference te mv former letters, In which it was my duty to dra v your lordship's notics to the deilgus oi the filibus'ers, from which so much danger Is to bi appre hended by Costa Rica, in common with the re*t ot Cen tral America, I cannot omit thts opportunity of makiog known to your lordship that intelligence recently for warded to me, and whloh, (as I find is like vise is men tioned in the public press) has probably been conveye 1 to the British government through other channels, shows that the proceedings of these filibusters, or unlawful aggressors, (uncer whatever denomination tfcey may carry on their projeets,) hare been in fflee*, ir not ostensibly, at led br a sloop of war of the ' cited Mates stationed in tbe port of Greytown. and that they are therefore countenanced, directly or indi rectly, in the territory af Nicaragua by the government ot ibime States. Tbe pmicy which actuates that government in this respect cannot but be moat icjuriius to the tranquillity and prosperity of the countries more immediately con cerned, as well as to the interests of the community at Isrge; and as the but ill concealed objects ef that palloy are t mexation to the United States and the introdunion of the system cf American slavey to the violated territo ries, tbe government of Costa Rica cannot too earnestly implore the attention ot the British government to the melancholy fate which awaits her unless the sympathy of Great Bri'ain, on ihe score of humanity and civiliza tion, can be awakened to the extreme danger of the mo ment. which can be aveite.d only by someTtnmediate and decisive measure of counteraction. 1 have the bonor to be, my Lord, your lordsliio's most obedient, humble servant. E. WALLERSTMN. The Right Hon. the E*rl cf Clarendon, K. G., hi Ac., Ac , Foreign Office. MB. WALLERSTEIN TO DON BERNARDO CALSO. General Consulate, Republic ok Costa Rica, ) London, Feb. 16, 1860. '/ Fir?Mr. Dpn Adoifo Marie, who is g?ing back with this steamer, will inform yon of all the poll tl sal news of thlH part cf tbe globe, and also of my movements con cerning tbe matters his Excellency the President has en 1 rusted to me. I have also delivered to the same grntle msn two months' pay, from the 15th January to the lftth March, to wi : ?106. To liquidate this sum I have taken the liberty to draw in conformity with the enclose-1 ac count. tbe0, to he paid at the end of April, In-fievor of Mr. Ramirez C)u!r< z. wcrch I beg your Excellency will make payable by tbe treaaury of tbe republic, as well ae the oi her I look the liberty of drawing also to day against jour Excellency for $240, in fsvor also of Mr. Qdiroz and to be pail at the end of April. This amount I will pay to ihe government in the general account. Mr. Marie is going back very well accompanied, and I think that this class of co onlsts are wanting now In Costa Kioa before anything else. I remain, Ac., K. WALLERSTEIN. Don Bernardo CAino, San Jose, Costa Rica. LETTER OF MOLINA, MINISTER AT WASHINGTON FROM COST A RICA. Washington, Feb. 24, 18f>6, Don .JoAijriN B. Calvo. Minister of Relations of Costa Rica:? By ibe steamvr Osprey, which must have sailed from New York, 1 had the honor to write to your Honor a long letter, informing you of diveis InteresEng affairs, under dates of 21st and 22d ins'ant, auswering to vonrs of the , 26th of last month. J Being able to confirm all 1 said In my first communica tion, 1 nave otly to add that by the last news received I am assurtd tbat there is a deep Interest lelt in Paris in the ques ion and affairs of Central America, with the sincere wish ol helping to maintain the independence of its true inhabitants. Hut probably this sentiment will j not be a-trd on in any positive way till the people inter | ?sted shall tight to throw off the foreign yoite. I In tne newspapers, yiur Honor will find the news of tte opening ol the English Parliament, wnere, of course, I 'hey agitate the difficulties pending with til's govern ment abont tbe recruiting and the interpretation of the | Clayton-Bulwsr treaty. Ths ministers have clearly de fined their position, and say they are going to maintain it without wastirg any more time in correspondence, which cannot help a settlement. The English government has declared itself satisfied with the conduct of Mr. Crampton; and, having tendered to this governmrnt all tbe explanations and excuses that ? re to be given, proposes to submit said treaty to the de rision ol an arbiter, which appears will not be accepted by tbe American government. The Convention of the Know Nothings met yesterday in Philadelphia, with the object of nominating their nan dldate for the Presidency. Tne best harmony is n rt to be lound among the members. There are divisions and sub rivieions in regard to the leading question of slavery) and if tbey are not able to arrange these differences, the triumph of the democaacy will be inflalllble at tho next election. Kansas continues to be the theatre of all descriptions of d'?orders, and la tbe ojien Held where thsy straggle with obstinacy; and everv day the parties for and against slavery augment their force*. Not having anything more to add, I tako the opportu nity to assure you of my adhesion and distinguished ap pieciation. LOUIS MOLINA. Letter from General Walker to Benntor Welter* (From the National Intelligencer, May 2 ] The subjoined letter from Gen. Walker, of Nicaragua, which was read in the Senate yesterday, exoited the more interest from i1* reference to "British intervention" in bohalf of Costa Rica. To our apprehension, General Walker does not. in this letter, manifest a very decided confidence in his ability to maintain his position in view of the perils now apparently snrroundlng him. His effort to enlist the sympathy of the people of tbe United States In his behalf, by appealing to their supposed prejudices sgainst or jealousy of the power of Great Britain, Is a diplomacy which the reader will be enab'ed properly to appreetate when be 1h informed that Gen. Walker's official organ (Al jVicarnffwmrt) of date as late as March 22, cm tains sn article (n which It threatened the United States with the adoption of measures which would hereafter exrlude "an American polioy," and place Nicaragua snd all her works of Internal improvement, insludiug of ceim a the important tine of communication with our possession* on the I'acfffc coast, nnder the control of Brl'lh capitalists. The policy el inviting the capitalist* of Imm to oonstruez works of Internal lmproramsnt in

Nicaragua wm dwelt upon as a matter of ' paramount Internal," amd it vaa somewhat Tauntingly [>roolaim>u that the ahlp canal between the Atlantic andlactun ojeaaoneeded no longer to be shut np because thecspi taliete of the United mates were not able or wilting to undertake It, and that Nicaragua was "no longer bound down la the American policy." It may be observed, too, that at the time the article to which we refer was pub lished. Con. Walker must, according to hie own state ntttMN been In possession of the "inter jepted cor reepoadenee" which he now usee for the purpose of arousing American jealousy and enlisting American sym pathy. annuAL walier to senator wellhr. Gbanada, April It, 1858. Hon Joa> B. Wklijk, U. S. Senate:? Mt JAak Silt?By the last pspers from Nsw York I learn that when I was denounced in the Senate tor the conduct Nicaragua had pursued towards the Transit Com pany, you were so generous as to undertake to defend me from the eeperstons ot men utterly ignorant of my character. In conse<juence of this I take the liberty ct writing some tacts in relation to affairs nere, and these tacts will, 1 think, prove not unimportant to the govern ment cf ihe United States. You have doubtless learned from the newspapers ho* paoillc wee the policy Nicaragua proposed to pursue to wards the other States of Central America. Notwith standing all our overtures of psace. the neighboring gov ernment showed themselves, if not positively at least ne gatively, hosti eto the actual administration of Nicaragua. It was ot nstantly Soserled, not only here but throughout Central America, ttat the States were stimulated to this conduct by F.cglLk and t tench agents. But it was not until the correspondence of the Consul General of Costa Rica In London was intercepted by me a few weeks ago that positive evldeic* was aOordsd of the active aympa thy the British government niauifest* for those who op pore the Americans in Nicaragua. The correspondence shows that Etglaud Is furniihing arms to our enemies, and at tbe same time the whole Britten West India squadron is sent to Sao Juan del Norte, in order that the moral weight ot the English government may be thrown into toe scale against our republic. I do not know how thess facts may appear to the people of the United States, but to uie they seeui d tree My at variance with American principles and American in terests. Thess tacts are patent to all. and thoir signifi cance is apparent to the uiost superficial o'server. Tuere *?* other circumstances connected with the oreseu. wir waging In this Stale ami iu Costa Rica which may re quire interpretation iu order to tuake their importance tail. . ... The government of Costa IUca has never yet declared war against th? g >vernn??ut of Nurragu*. jet It has in vaded our territories and has murdered American ci tizens woofctve utv. r forfeited the proteotiod ot tua I nitel State* government This has been done unteroover of a decree issued by the President of Costa Rica .hearing war agaiuit the American forces in the vervice if Nicara gua. To ccclars war ugatnst tue forces in th? service 01 Nicaragua, and not agamst Nicaragua herself, is to deny in the most positive and offensive manner ths right of Americans to engags in the service of a foreign State. . Nut only hastbi- reclatatlm of war been made in this and unheard of mnunar, but auetbe: decree has tifen published Greeting all the American prisoners of | war taken by Co#ta Rican firoes to bs shot. This Is to Gtny to Americans engaged in a foreign H?rvice the com_ mon iigh-a to which soldiers are entitled by the laws of war. Such decrees as those 1 have mentioned n >t only throw Cos a Rica, as I conceive beyond the pale of civi lized nations, but tbeT directly affect the honor and digni ty of toe United S'ater. They (the Costa Rlcaca) attempt to control the Ame rican teople and keep them withiu a limit which the American government has never prescrlbrd. Costa R'ca says Americans shall not emigrate to Nicaragua and take aims tnber eeivlce. It remains to be wen wbeiher she can sustain herself in sc singular a position. In such a war as they are now wagiog against us there can be but one remit. They may destroy my whole force-a clr cnmstance I deem almost impossible?they may kill every An erican now in Nicaragua, but the setd is sown, and not all the force of Spanish Ametit* can prevent tbe fruit fr m coming to maturity. The more savage the na ture ct ths war tbey wage against ue, the mors certain the result, the more terrible the consequences. I may not live to s?e ih. end, but I leel that my countrymen will not permit tbe result to be dosutlul. I know that - the honor snd the interests ot ths great country which, destite of the foreiga setvic* I am engaged in, I null leve to call my own, are Involved in the present strug gle. That honor must be preserved inviolate, and thise iu'erests must be jmlona'y maintained. So far we have had great moral odds egainit us. _ The government to which we all aaturally look tor all and comfort has Treated us with coldness and disdain. Triers has been no government to encourage us and bid us "God speed." Nothing but our own Bcnse of the justice crt the caute we are engaged in and of its Importance to the country ot our birih has enabled us to straggle on as far as we have done. We may penah in tbe work we have undertaken, and our cause awbe for a u ne lost. Bat If we tell, we feel it Is In the JBi of honor. And whet is life or what is suceese in cweperison with the consciousness of having performed a duty, ana of having oo-operated, no matter how slightly, in the cause of im provement and ptogiessv I begin, however, to leave tacts, and, therefore, will conclude. I rema'n, with high regard, ycur orient servant.^ ^ W U KER Account of tlse Battle of Rlvaa by a Partici pator !>? la* [From tbe Newark Advertiser, M?y 2.] The following letter was received by the last steamer frim Granada, from Henry Bartow, 2d Sergeant of oom panyC, 2d Allies, Wa'ker's army, tormerly of Newars, N. J., who was in Walker's battles, atd who, it wiU be sees, speaks very highly of the country:? ' r Granada, April 14,185i>. * * * j hive now been absent from home two months, and have been as busy as one oould poesioly be. The company 1 am attached to, as soon as we landed iu this country was immediately ordered to march against Costa Rica. We accomplished the m.rch in seven days, and on tbe eighth day got defeated, retreated, and came back to Viigiu Biy, naked and half starved, with a loss of eighteen men. mK? I never saw a more beautiful country tn my life. There are thousands of acies ct land that require very little done to thtm to mske a living. It a man works halt or his time ss he would in the states, he might sit down in nst and plenty the other half, if the country re mained in ptate. However, the only enemy is the Uma '"intelligence was received en the 7th of April that the eremy was in Rlvae, some fiO miles distant. We imme diately marched our available forces which eould be spared from post duty against taem, and met them on tte morning of the 11th. We had 400 Americans, or demociats, and 100 natives. The enemy was well forti fied wi kin the city, wilh 2,000 strong, all told. We fought lor lfl hours and drove them out ot the place tli?y losing in ihe enj?gem?n'. WO mm, besides wounded and mis-sicg At 12 i 'clock we retreated, oving to our want of provisions sjid Ammunition, as we had very lew caps and cartxiAgea, h.b?. had bttu witQOUt fotid or tor a dav and a night. , . , . General Waiker commanded in person, and shows.l a great deal of brs very and cooineg". utrd as to the result, lle.t oonidsnt we should ecme off victorious. We had bO men killed anil 20 wonnded, and brought tne wounded buck to Granada on hoi sea and mutes. The country between Granada and Rivas is beautiful and level, ana as pretty orange and banana, or plafntain groves, as ever the world produced are tound here. A man with atiy enterprise could soon make himself eom fcrlable lor life, ae soon as peace is proclaimed?which time is no: far distant, if Uncle Sam puts a stop to Fog land who is using ail the means In her power as a nation to exterminate us. We know this Is so, for we have taken their spies with documents to that effect, rnev have been stripped of thrir papers and hung or shot. The Costa Ricans have killed all the American citizens In Virgin Bay and San Juan del Sur. Tne latter place u en the lure ot the Transit Company's route over ihe Is hmus. They have burned down their houses and consumed their bcoies. What Uncle Sam will say to this is more than I can tell. ... . We expect to start there to protect those who come on the next Meaner, and then I expect we shall have ano ther brush with them. How the government of the United States can stand by and see her citizens coolly massacred?men who have nolo', or part with Walker, or what is styled Hlibuaters?is a strange matter. 1 do not consider myself a filibuster. 1 thiuk the cause is just Any one who comes to Nicaragua will be received wi'h c \)ttx jiriDH. As for the country, 11 may be said that it is up. healthy: but 1 thiuk there is not a healthier country in tbe world. Had I seen in Newark and exposed myself as I have here, sleeping on the beach or tn the woods, I should have been dead. rrte above is written by one of Walker's men, and corroborates in the main, the accounts already pub lished Irom Walker's organ. Private letters received in Ycrk are reported to give a somewhat different version aa to the numbers engsgsd and injured, re duclpg the reports consideraoly, and indicate that neither party acknowledge defeat.?En. 1 Walker ami his Hcmuti c*. [From the New Orleans Delta, April 26.] When we compute Gen. Walker's forces ana estimate all the resources at hie oomuiaad, it would seem that hie situation In not near so hazardous at might appear at first trom the latest newt or ramora received from Nica ragua. In the first place there were eighteen hundred eoidlere, all told, tinder his command, betore the late ar rivals from New York and New Orleans, by the Orizaba end Charles Morgan. Two hundred men arrived by the Charlee Morgan ; they proceeded immediately to Granada on tbe night of thetr landing, and were expected to have a pretty sharp encounter with a body of Coeta Rioane at Serrapoque, a short distance below Fort Castillo, where I.ient. Baldwin had the engagement already described in this paper. The live hundred men by the Orizaba fol lowed shortly after by tbe same route, and it mav be taken for granted that both reinforcements arrived safely at Oranada. Add these seven hundred to the eighteen hundred al ready under Walker's commnnd, and we have an available aggregate force of twenty-five hundred. Deduct from these the eight hundred led by Walker in person against Costa Rica, and it leaves a reierve of seventeen hundred to protect Nicaragua and to fall back upon in ease strategy or an unlooked-for emergency may require. The foroe thus remaining In Nicaragua la dis tributed between Craned a, Rlvas, Masaya, Leon and Castillo, and can be concentrated so as to moot an enemy at any point It may be necessary, General Horniby command* the troops in Nicaragua in the absence of General Walker. Altrgeiber, in a strategical light and In a numerical estimate, Walker's position would appear to be far strorger than ever, and unless his army should fall into disorganisation, or Its moral should be fatally vitiated by the unfortunate surprise ot Schletslngur at Guanacaste and hill subsequent rvrteat, w# Me do reason to doubt but that be can successfully cope with any force that test* Rica nay bring against him. Should guatemala and Sea Salvador also assail him, It would very material ly charge the picture; but we think it scarcely probable that either will alter He preneut attitude until the crisis la paeeed and eome desUive battle hae been fought. Then, ae weak and timid States will ever do, it may be safely predicted they will join the etronger side, whether it be Nicaragua 01 Costa Rica, Walker or Mora. TBI HON. PIERRE ROtTLK AND THE CENTRAL AMERI CAN QUESTION. [From the New Orleans Delta, April 26.] By the correspondence published below, it wlii be seen that a number of the most prominent and intelligent citizens of New Orleans have addressed a call t) the Hon. Pierre Soule for his views in regard to the present cou t rtiou of things in Central America and Kindred topics, which Mr. Soule has consented to give. The meeting tor this purpose, we are informed, will be beld in one of the balls of i he St. Charles Hotel, on Monday evening next. It is m t intended to be a publie meeting, in the ordinary sense, bufjis designed to be eminently practical iu its nature, aud to result In substantial and immediate aid to the cause in which Wa'ker is nobly combating to Nicara gua. Th* gentlemen who make the call on Mr. Soule are thoroughly in earnest, and, like thousands of others, only want to set a rational mode pointed out, a feasible plan suggested, to contribute liberally and act promptly aud effectively in behalf of the cause. It is with this view that they desire an interview with Mr. Soule, and wish to consult together. The talking in this case, as It ' rbould be in all suih oases. Is Intended to be preliminary to action.and we rloeerely trust the deliberations will re sult In the adoption of a deftntie programme, which will be as promptly executed as it is well conceived. Kew Orleans, April IT, 1856. Dear Sir?rhe undersigned, ci lzeus of New Orleans regarding the events now transpiring in Central America as of Taut importance to the country at large, ami to the interests of the Booth especially, sud believing the pre sent moment to be a critical one, which calls lor prompt end erergetic ac'lonouthe part of the friends of the Ametiean movtment in Nicaragua, and of the ulterior objects to be forwarded by that movement, have thought proper to take this method of requesting that you would furnish them such valuable information as you may pos sess, aud lay before them such suggestions as you may think tit'irg, relative to the present state of affairs Iu Central America anl kindred subjects. .Should ytu be willing to coniuly with this request, you will further cblige the undersigned by naming tue time and place at which it will suit your convenience to meet them for the purpose above mentioned. Very respect fully. W. 6. Mullvn, C. C. Miller, John 15 Robertson, (i. F. Weis^e, B in. 1*. Grsyson, Samuel llarby. J |W. Burbri'ge, Edward Durrell, Samuel Henderson, J. L. Serrell, A. M Hopkins, James Thomas, W. L. Al'en, Cyprian Pufour, C. V. Junto, 1J1 ward Kawie, H M. Wright, E. WoolOriige, Farley, Jurey & Co., 8. L. Wooldridge, C. Bullitt. J. Mayae. H. V. Kayburn, Jobn W. Ttice, L J. S1gur H M. Hyauis, W. C. Aula, N. Merrier, M. M Reynolds, W. 0. Denegre, Wb Creevy, A 1*. Field , G. W. Race, J. Cha?. Cuvellier, Daniel D. Logan, Alfred Heunen, Charles H. Lee, M. Marigny, J L. Carman, B. S. tappan, M. Pilcber, J. Q. Bradford, Robert L. Adams, N. Dutonr, C, Fellowes, M. A. Foote, J. G. Reymour, I. E. Morse, D. I. Ricardo. John A Jaques, M. Abrahams, J. G. Dteux, J. H. Ludwegeo, F. Parm?le, S. F. Blatter, J. E. McCiure. John Pewell, Wm. Christy, J. F. Wilson, W. R. C. Webster, J. M. Burke, B. M. I.bwe. George W. flelme, W. It. McKleroy, Cbas. E. 1 sneer, P. Seur.ene&u. C. Harper, ITcn. IUxim Souix, New Orleans. New Orleans, April 24, 1856. Gentiixien?Your letter of the 17t? inst. has just been Lanced me. I hasten to answer it. The aspect which the movements going on in Central America are fast assuming Is well calculated to rouse our attention and stir up our sensibi ities. It were. Indeed, unworthy of ua to be indifferent and pass've spectators of a drama which may involve in its multifarious peripetia! questions of so grave and mo mentous au import, when we are so near the scene ot action, and so likely to be affected by the performance. I doubt much, however, that you have fallen on the best source from which to derive the information you ssek to obtain. It is true tbat, though entirely unconnected with the schemes aud fortunes of the gallant adventurer who so Dobly defends the lights ot an oppressed people agates', the tyranny of a handfrl of petty despots who hold them in abjeot and almost beastly subjection, I have watihed his course with intense solicitude, and perhaps sympa thized deeply with bis aspirations. Hut I can hardly see anything in this to enable as to judge with any sort of authority of the probable issue ot the struggle in which he is er gaged. Still, I am unwilling to shun the responsibility of ex pressing my sentiments on that important subject, what ever those sentiments be; and 1 shall, with .p'easure, meet you and your fiiends, informally, at such time and place as will best suit your convenience. Very respect fully. he. PIERRE SOCLE. To Mewrs. W. G. Mullen, Chas. H. Lee, V. B. Robert sen, J. I. Carman aud others Tlte Panama HnMacrc. ADDITIONAL DETAILS OF THE RIOT?OFFICIAL EX PLANATIONS in the native newspaper oho an. [From hi Panameno, April '20.] In Hiring llie following explanation* relative to the eon flint which took place on the night of the 16th Inst., be tween natives ami foreigners, my object Is nit to justify those who, forgetting every sentiment of morality, com mitted the acts of barbarity we ail have reprobated, but only to correct omissions which I have noted in the artl c le published on the subject in N >. 149 oi the Panama lleruli; for the facta detailed without exp.anation, would lead to conclusions erroneous and unfavorable to those who, if tbey took any part in the lamentable events, did so only with the intention of preventing, as far as it was possible for them, ciime from being perpetrated, and to protect foreigners who, having once fallen into the hanis o'a bewildered populace, would have been sacrificed. The Panama Herald, says Senor Theodor Sabla, sc. retaiy to Oolooel Ward, Consul of the United States, who was attending to the delivering up of tb? he .-gage, went to the city, to Inform the Consul, who, without lositg time, hastened to the scene of the rio-; that at the same time, the Governor and the police had arrived, and as tbey took a prominent position some shots were fired at them. Sr. Sabla wm ligatlr wounded in the leg. ami his cloak pierced by a ball; D. Pedro fcarilowas likewise wounded; the hat of the Governor was bored by a bill, and the horse of Consul Ward re ceived seven wounds." in all this there are a great many errors, and I have to inform you, although summarily, of how the facta oc curred. I went out in company with Sr. the Governor and Sr. Pedro Ocarrio, when we met with Sr. Sabla, who, on the part of Consul Ward, called en the Governor to intercede for the purpose of qletlng the foreigners, as suring him that there was no danger for htm. Sr. Gover nor complied wi:h his request, anu we four, leaving behind the police and tbe populace, stepped forwsrd ?o speak to the foreigners who were then tiring. In faot, we proceeded without the least uneasy feeling, aad when we hat approached ten or twelve stepa. Sr. Sabla addressed some words In FnglLh to (hose who stood at the aoor still firing, to tell tnem that tha Governor wan coming, and that we ought to be allowed to pass freely. Th?ir answer was a dis charge of firearms, followed by some other shota. It wan then that Senor Ocarrio and Senor Sabla were wounded, and tb ebat ot the Governor plereed by a ball, and not in tbe "prominent position" of which the Panama Heroid -peaks. Th- shots were fired by foreigners. I appeal f<>r confirmation of this tact to the testimony of Senor Sabla and Senor < icarno. It was atthin moment, when the rnmor of the Uov erncr and Senor Ocarrio lieing wounded was spread ing, that nobody conld longer restrain the peop|e. On the other hand, It |i? fnssvrted that* It wan attempt ed to set on fire the ntat'on house several time but no thing is said of tbe eaergelie iMl ot several public fnnctionarlen and private citizens who prevented thin disastrous project from being realized. In the Fame paragraph it in also asserted that the foreigners escaped with diltieulty; but no mention is made ct tbe authorities and ciiizens who, at the risk of their own lives, saved more than one hundred passengers who remained in the honse of the railroad company. It has also been forgotten tbat physicians have been procured by Gen. Gamboe, and tbe Governor, Senor Calvo, and some other gentlemen, who went personally for them. It has also been alleged that the disorders hava bean committed by the people at large, which ia erroneous, tbe whole population of the city, and the greater part of the inhabi'ants ot Santa Ana, not taking any active part In the scene of horror. We, that were on the spot, did not commit disorders, |but prevented them. But for the efforts of the men of order, there would not exist to-day tbe stores and the office of tha Telegraph Company, and tbe victims would have been mnch more numerous. I lament, aa all honorable men have done, those un justifiable crimes committed by a elass of society which everywhere is the same, as well amongst tbe most civi lized aa amongst barbarous populations. But whan sometimes asked why tnia disorder could not b? pre vented, (although it has been, not without success, re strained,) I shall answer that it was for the same reason that, in other parts of the world, similar scenes conld aot be avoided. 1 would be able to cite many acta of Humanity of na tive citizens, but they being notorious, it would be super fluous to relate what everybody,knows. I.etthat criminal and inrious mob which, profiting by the disorder, com mi its 4 the most infamous aets, be de servedly condemned; but let Justice be done to the sane portion of society who prevented greater evils. .KINK MARIA RODRlGUK. Panama, 18th April, 186fl. A Man Buried Alive in a Coal Bank,? A coal bank, a short distance from /anenville (O.), caved in on Friday last, and shut In four men. An immense number of people, at last accounts wars engaged, amid much ex citement, in trying to dig them out. The prisoners had a basket of provisions, and it wax supposed would hold out until rescued, although they were nearly a fourth of a mite frtm the mouth of the pit, Municipal AfUn. B1-DUTBICTIM0 TUB CITY. The Spetial Committee of the Board of Couacflmen, Mr. Cli/toe, chairmen, appointed to tale the preliminary step* for a b?w division of the city into Council districts, In ac cordance with the charier, requiring the same to be dona after each ???***, held their ft rat meeting yesterday ape* -he subjeat. It was found, upon conference with the County Clerk, that extended primary footing* of the late ^enaua returns were necessary to be made before the could be entered upon. It was stated !??(??,. ,ako *Bla'' *h,B? week*, when the e?m gvis ? !.tBter ~l'?? ,L" ooitplstion of the work d ??.ii a !m- Tbe diatTictiug of the city ti'o j.*"*'1, d""tr>rt* thire jura since The new " dimmish va ry ei/isideraWy the present city tepi eventsliou from the lower wards of toe COMIMTTET ON' SAIAKI18 ANT) OFYICEfi. This committee ot lhe Aldermen Mr. Briggs, chairmen met yesterday. The only subject taken up was the ap plications for ?ppoictanenti* as Commissioners of Deeds The papers before the committee show over 50ffapplica tions, while t here ate but 10! vacancies to be fidsd. Tbo committee will make some erasures tram the liirt naming the ( oucoilmen, snd re estahDsb new names. They wul make their report at the next meeting of the Board. COMMITTEE OX POLICE. Tfte Committee cn Police, ol the Aldermen, Mr.Corwiw, chairman, met yesterday, at two V. M, and had noder totisidi ration the various papers tbna. As to the tills of the Medical Bureau ol the Police, for pay for an tra services in their respective districts, referred back to the renimittee, it was decide.! to adhere to their prevroms report, for the pavment of the same, rt was stated that auiiLg the past six months or ths existence of this msdi cslburesu, sixteen hundred days liave been ssval to the cejtorimeut in the number of days of reported sickne-s of polieenjeu. The members ol the medical stall receive meanwhile eaoh an annual salary of $700. Tbev cxua tha. the i; attendance is due only to vhe policemee la their reipective nistricts. Their bills for extra eenricee are for attendance upon disabled and sick persons biuugttt to the statiou houie. The point tu dispute is wlt-toer J5l^,*tra c.Ulw Asltis, With tse payment of * ?nn?iaily to each, some $1,600. it is represented was saved yearly to the city by the number of davt saved of policemen rtporting themselves sick. The petition of the ?i PrwV ?J, for an in?Wfe ?'f their saarles from fl.Ot? to $1,-50 a year It was decided to give further consideration to before lepotting concurrence wi.h the other B< aid. The main w rejection to allowing ths ud vsnce pay asked for is that similar Increase.! compensa tion will be sought for irom lieutenants and all oou nected with the department. A petition to this effect riom patrol men is mceed alieady before the committee. "PPhoation of Justice Connolly, of the Tombs, for am additii nal police cletk it waa decided to report in favor ot gran'ing. Justice Connolly states that during tea months ovsr 9,U0 cases were disposed of at the lorn be. and that to go through this amount of work an addi tional clerk was indispensable. City Intelligence. Thf. Bishop Wainwrigut Memorial Ciivrcil?As wiU be teen by the following letter from one of the managers at this enterprise, the ladies who undertook to ralaa a monument to the memory of the late Bishop Wain wright H,p? c tt ,r#? church, have purcbared an edihoe which wi.l be opooed on Sutiday next, with appropriate !f"^i ,n!l,h?P" ?f thlH dloceH8> XO'I Whito. J ?'l8, W,U b* ""'OCR 'he officiating clergy, and we hope to see a full congregation:? ir,5r2vP^u Tmr.Nn-When you inquired of me wha*. was da . C1lr f were not yet sure of oelnr exeouted. vouwfcte(IZ^rU""y *""* becomecoftsiotv, i haoen ti lei preved ffiCTn. 0Hr opportunities, and bjw we have tm ik![c.!I h*4* Pk'bapa hoard that we have purchased a church that their contributors and ths pubhc tteve a h" ? ??ed "by they decided to puroh& a b "dte? S?ilm' r"?rr l1" l,u"d 9n* themselves, our etlbct r?!,J91 with sufficient encouragement from the public ta cn"b e us fn any other manner to took forward to a speesw St.H??ri1f?H k*" u Kl "ft-'hoiight to wait and ao ni.itanc ? oh ,-1.1 l""'1" "lirl?'d amount to a sum sufficient tj bul.dsuX a church as our Kwie and feeUDg would C ictate iJ n?.Wfn-T''d"0! hear to know that, while we were waitfec tor oor fur ds to accumulate, we were do ng no real good ihi uir^'P W.-iinwright loved was not ur? S^aiJ'whiih ? . ?" which we Wished to lease our bulld ~ats ?TdVu.V,~dJrou,;,n? h??d'<?.commute ~ j nvAiAAUtefu ttntnu one oiiDUi aa <v rii.i J-T. f ,e.? tnm<308 ?o?ni to anotser, and only the h .s . ?? and cevotion ot the people to their rector euab td them to keep together so loug. rector, R,.th'" juncture, the church on the rpcaer et tk o *.n .Bammottd street was named to ui. it !? * w,11"" *" devlred to ouild. Thendltian ctfsS , nS ?."f"lan ? order, large, with a good rnntns It ?. . Sb^.u "*? c,"t8inln* ?rhool and lee.ure ftl^o ? " was offered to the sssooistton for a much les? sum Vernallo' rhnrel? il ""'chvse tke grv.tmd. and et?t ?? jSfhW?,? A'SS!?^*'T5 'oSarS S? An onportunl1 y wa. tbu>afforded fo- the gcspel ti be preaeb J!?r : we CJU'|) cot hesitate butdeotdeff ii^k^ ,to, fMV"r of ,he purchsse sow we hsve a at ante which our mizilonsr ?? can occupy at once; and who can nja wh'chwffi ^."henftK ,>'"^ll"r' ma'' be the oftbeserriew , - dun .g apet lod whei we ttnught wn h?.us to r??t ins i Ci'he rnon"1 ln ?"r rear buhdlng we wonMinay bSL^ ? P'"!'0* ?atablish a schoiS as ,, ^ afe now at ? ork making such changes In the Interior of om- wr'vte""t'If 'sIMhl'n^ neccsH-trj^ to the pertormanoa of ikf' , things may be done decently and la or .k b , '*me ,n"crtptloos are ti be placed within and u? f?otmelves'* building as would bs there had we btelk He hope that onr success lhaa tkr wiU show that the ladtea (%?.hnf'Sc5nQ 'baL.Ul?^,ar,, d?'ert?lned that their memoyfi it iki t^T ^ T ? "i1*11 nm 0,11 through on the contrary, "'h" liberality cl churohtnen will uphold tham, their memortei shall do utore honor U> their la's beloved btahop than a PI e et monumental marhte comd do. where It wai n". ISowl'e^gS'ott. R'?r7 tf Ood' ^ rr?7vi'Ze2Jn". ,ery'ce Jt*> MLd In tBe Memorial Churtte ?? I,i?,ni?u,,d"T' "t" 4lh ?' MavUlbalt ttait ten a. M., whan 2Z?'8iL*Z- '.he b'?b"P ?f the dlooeis will offl L^iTn.^k-l ^ ?n h*' OOCA.IOP, will he devoted to de !T5J 5? tbaexpenses Incurred In modifying the church. Ilia rJSattSS-ia'W W* ""?tidance ofa l our oan l?s churohes W an '"'?re4,t t" ^e Memorial and la There will also be servloe in theafterticon. at half past three, when the Rt. Be v. Ktshop Whitehouse 1< expected to V'aectt -tn^Jh2 ""ti ng at hair past 7. when the R ~ Cr.PVh!S: pay foMhe church ?? 00 theM ?cr?*lon" will be to he* Sduoi ? AmDRNT?A man named John Raid, employed as mall driver on the 1-ong Hani Railroad, was seriously Injured yesterday afternoon, while driviog through bront street, near Maiden lane. Ha waa thrown front bis cart by another vehicle coming la cilUdbn with it, and before he could regain his feet was run over. On ot bis armi is severely bruiaed, and a sari jus wound te Hictsd on hia head. He wa* taken to the City Hoapitel by officer I hillp, or the Second ward police, where lK? injuries received Immediate attrition. Death or ax Attache?A young lad named Valentino T. Maud, stepping on the threshold of manhoxl, haa been cut down at the early age of eighteen years, after a short but painful {lines*, lie waa f >r some time em ployed as a clerk in the Herald establishment, and hw hi* unassuming deportment and gentleness ol manner. as well a* by his faithful attention to his duties h? ingratiated hlmBelf Into the affections of his associates. Military Visit.?The Columbian Ritlee, Capt. G. P. McLean, of Philadelphia, are to eome to this city on the 13th inst. and duting their stay will be the guests of the Tompkins Blues. Several of the staff officers belong ing to the Third Brigade, to which the Columbians Vr? altacbeu, will accompany them. Fitut ln EiiiiiTEENTH Strkct?Shortly after B o'rlook last eveoing a flre took place in the dwellicg house No. 10$ Last Kigbteenth street, occupied by Mrs. Bvrns, caused b7," d"f?ct in the gas pipe in the ceiling. Damage about $150. Iswui covered by Insurance. The house is owned Ompany ' ln',urad ^ tl,a CHizsna' Insurauee A Chim.nkt ox Fire ?Between 10 and 11 o'clock last night the alarm was . auseil by the burning of a okiinner at the ocrner of Thompson and Prince streets. n?? Marshal's Office. INVK8T111 ATlObS INTO THE ORIGIN OP FIRES, on Saturday night, the 12th of April, a Bre occurred la the cellar of the crockery etore, No. 185 street occupied by Mr. Ogden P. DeW. The sudden appearanoi ot the Hre after closing the etore, gave riae to remarks ae rin? ln tha "Hoited some ou tl wlv^'a 1 ,aoLWM ibown >>r the testimony -i . suspicion that any one tntereited in or about the premises could faava a motive in the destrue d?#teL building; hence it may be considered aeei it was shown that Mr. Pell, senior, and son left the store at from SO to 40 minutes past 10 o'clock, and the Hie was discovered by the servant girl at from 20 to 1$ minutes to 11 o chick. Itefore extinguished the Hie burnt the undernreth pert of the floor end beams of the store; directly over this burning a bole was found in the [loor ot ebeut an Inch ln diameter, leadieg into the col lar. The evidence of a competent witness showed thie bole not to have been caused by a knot. The caller was filled with barrel* and boxee, eontatnliv straw, bay and paper. Amongst this material the Hre se*med to have originated directly un der where the kole appeared in the floor. Mr. Pell warn inrured for $1,600. about the value of the stock In the 'tore. The oocupents up stairs were also iniured. Thws was no damage done to the stock by the Hre. FIRE IN BROADWAY. This Investigation exhibits a carelese manner of de positing burning coal aahoa in a oloset. On Saturday night, the 26th of April, a Ore broke out at ten o'cloak In ths second story of No. 430 Broadway, occupied by Dr.* J. W. Hlrge. physician and oculist. It appears from the testimony that the doctor on that evening had a grate full of fire, and a piece or two of burning coal fell frona the grate on ths tloor, and burned a small bole. In order to prevent further damage in that quarter he took abonk one third of the burning ooeia from the grate aad de posited them In a metal scuttle The beat caused uH jspan on the outaide of the scuttle to make an smell; to get rid of the effluvia he threw e tu^^ water on the ooals and then placed the scuttle .. elrset amongst a lot of waste paper cotton^m^ a Between three end four hour* afterwards, the ckSSt ^ "ZSlto!Si."r""' ""1 "?""