of ninijturvunti.m ai tbe siVitita'e t) ? 'Oii?i ?t '.'ji Use o' armed force to tie eat ?.!><? an* lir- o drive the BetUsrs from the poll* wher* tb<y were mrtted to decide the gnestion of slavery?to latr ?1uce vo'e?* from a a eve State to impM? slavery on to* T*rrit>ry again*'. \tn will Of the rightful voters, th? actial nattier*?ind to me it a Legisiatu-e representing the slaveholder* oi the invading Btate?to osurp the governmea: of the Ter-itory?-enenl the onran'c act of Congress?and destroy the rlghs gua gaateed under it. It u democratic now to deVad the establishment of teet Oath.i. requiring ail netter* opimied to slavery to awear aileg'auou to a law ihey hold to Da ancoasiUutional, to entitle them to suffrage, am! enabling thise not enti .led to rote an oettlern, to avoid taking the oath of Mstdeacs, on which the right of suffrage depends, by paying a dol lar a* a aubeti-ute for all other quantisations. It is democratic now to expel, aa alien*, citizeaa in vited by the act of Congraae to eettle the Territory, and to intimidate emigrants opposed to slavery lrona entering by ^samples of Lynch law which would disgrace barbarian*. It is democracy now to pass sedition laws, prohibiting disonestrm and the denial o' slave ownership ?her? slave ry was not aatborixe 1, denouncing the penalty of death against that as a crime which the organic law deputed as a duty to he performed by the people. It U democracy now In a i'reitdeat to see this reign of terror es'ablished by force and arms, and an usurpation made to triumph over the laws ot the United Sta'es, by a hemes ot invasions publicly prepared, announced in ad vanoe, and occupying more than a year In accomplishing their ebjeit, and vet not to raise a finger to avsrt the wrong, but after its consummation to proclaim that he would use all the foroe ot tbe Union, of the army and the militia, it nroCMary. to maintain it. Against this spurious democracy, which has thus per fected it* system in tbe Kansas act, and made it their test, I, aa a democrat of tbs Jefferson, Jackson and Van Buren school, enter my protest F. P. BLAIR. AFFAIRS IN EUROPE. Our London, Paris, Madrid and Rome Correspondence. Our lawdos Correspondence. Lovdo.v, April 17, 188?. Jfie lianguet to Mr. Dallas at tke London Mansion House? Impression Created by hit Speech?Sketch ef Lord Stanl-'J, "the Coming Man" Amongst English Politicians-His Mlequent Denunciations of War with the Unit#' States? Probable Resignation of Lord Palmerston. -sec. One of those splendid civic entertsl"?#nts for which toe Mansion House, the residence n the Lord Mayor Of London, is famous, took place yesterday in honor of the Hon. George It. Dallas, the Ualted States Minister at this Oourt. The occasion was sh the more interesting that it was the first appearance Is public of Mr. Dallas, and the greatest curiosity prevailed amongst the tvo hundred guests, all of thsm of high Parliamentary or civic dlstine tion, to see and hear the new American Minister, and the more so as at thl. eiisie great anxiety is felt to know the real (Bailments of the United States towards F.ngland. Never was the delna of any public man in any new sphere ol action more striking or successful than that of Mr. Dal' las last night at the dinner ol the Lord Mayor of Lon don. From the moment he entered the brilliant recep tion rooms of the Mayoralty every eye was upon him, and It was ourious to mark the growing effect of the im pression he produced. His ereot figure, striking phy sirguumy, distinguished manners and easy deportment actually n ade a sensation, and there was a general rush amongst the leading people present to be introduced to him, I may likewise add that in taste and elegance the toilet of the ladies of Mr. Dallas' family, who aocompanled him, shone conspicuously amidst the glare of diamonds that ceoked the persons of the wives and daughters of the City magnates piasent. The banquet was given in the famous Kgyptian Hall, the state dining room of the city palace. It is a noble Apartment, of Imrnen e height, supported on either side with lo'ty columns, richly gilded, and adorned with nam berles* mirrors and the finest pieces of statuary. The hill of fare was worthy the gastronomic magnificence of London's Lord Mayor, and could not be surpassed for richness or variety. A skilful band and numerous chorus discoursed most eloquent music, vocal and instrumental, daring the dinner, and drowned in delightful melody the vulger elntter of knives and pia'es. Toe ohief guests of the fete sat at a cross table, at tbe top of the room, and ware thus conspicuously In view of the whole company, who were distributed amongst three tables, running pa rallel the entire length of tne hall. The two persons the most remarked were Mr. Dallas And I.ord 8'anley Seen at haif length behind the taele, and at a little distance, the Minister was pronounced an admirable portrait ot e great statesman. His lofty brow, oalmfy reposing under a canopy of snow white hair; his dark, deep set eyeo, sparkling like jewels in a cavern; hie finely chiselled features, and the firmness and dignity that overspread all, certainly gave token that the United States could, when required, get up as good a specimen ot a diplomatist and a gentleman as any court in Europe could produce. I/ord Stanley, the eldest son of the Karl ot Darby, a soon of ooe of tne best and oldest families of England, is looked upon generally as tbe coming man, " looming in the distance." He is some 34 years of age, and so daguerreotype could resemble him closer than Colonel Fuller, of the Mirror. His intellect, character and pod ticn qualify him to play a grand part In the political fu ture ot England, and be has trained himself carefully for tbe task. A worl for the Lord Mayor, who presided with much grace. lie 1* of tbe Jewish persuasion, and the first wno ever held office in F.ngland, to which his abilities and character have raised him. He was elected a mem ber of Parliament a few years ego; but refusing to take tbe usual oath, ''on the true faitn of a Christian." he was obligee to resign. He rose after the oloth was removed, and, after the usual toasts to tbe Royal Family, be pro posed the beelth of the American Minister in a neat speech, which seemed the frank expression of his mind. He looked upon the differences, he said, between England and tee United States as mere fhmilyjers. He had no thing to do with diplomatic questions; but speaking, as be did, on behalf of the great commercial metropolis of England, be declared that ail that her citizens wished or hoped wes everlasting amity with the United States. This ?enttment wes heiled with eathnsiastn by the Intelligence and wealth of London present. W nen the Lord Mayor ?at down tbe band played " Hall Columbia" and "Yaa bee Dooa.e." and it was eertainly an extraordinary In cident of tke evening tnat tne whole oompeny beat time loudly wi' h their bands or knives on the plates, as though suddenly transformed by magic into so many uproarious, genuine Yankees. When Mr. Dallas rose he could not speak for a few mo ments, iuoU was the cheering and hurrahing. He was perfectly calm, natural and dignified. The silence was then imease. Tne fin* intonations of his voice, his ele gant diction, smooth, full periods and graceful gesticula tion soon she wed that an accomplished oiator was ad dresaii gtbem. The company was rapt in attention; not a wot <i?a look?escaped them Mr. Dallas displayed the iact of an adroit politician when he declined, as inappro priate, to touch upon the diplomatic difficuItUs existing between the tvo countries; but with that frankness and graeeiulLees ot character which lias always characterized him, he did not hesitate to declare, that as far as depend ed on him no exertions should be wanting to restore and maintain e-eraal harmony between two nations so dependent ou each other as England and the Unilod 8U,ee. This was received with deafening cheers. His speech, was admirable, even to its length?long enough to be satisfactory, but leaving a relish for more. It waa generally declared tnat no American Minister had over made a more effective speech io London, and that in matter and manner it left nothing to be desired or to be surpassed. Ixord Stanley's speech was the next prominent event of tbe evening. He spoke with tbe greatest facility, and real eloquence. HI* mind displayed the higaeit disci pline. nor did be neglect the smallest grace < of witch ing oratory. His language was chaste and his flowing sentences rolled out with a majestic swell that proved the depth and breadth of his inspiration. Io the name of the Parliament of England and of her peop e, he re pudiated all war with tbe UuUed States, and said he would look upon an Englishman who aimed at such fratricide as an enemy to his country. He declared that the alliance of England and the United States was the hope of mauklod. Such sentiments as these, in the mouth of a desoeaianl of one of the noblest houses of England, may well denote what is now looked upon as the true policy of England towards the United fttates. That natural repugnance?that, invincible antagonism? which might be considered a? Impossible to overcome be tween elements so irreconcilable as the democracy of America and the aristocracy of England, seem, at last, under tbe pressure of interest and the control of Intelli gence irciined to me?t intolerance: nay, more, to weigh pleasantly together. We are truly living in an sge when the schoolmaster ts hard at work dispensisg lessons of com mon sense. I add this short comment to my report or the Lord Mayor's dinner as its logical oorollarv. 1 have thought it aonnosntly worth whne to enter into these details o' the compliment pal ! by the first municipality rn the world to the American Minister; for It is important at this time, aad at all times, that the true sentiments of two such Daeions as Eng.and and oar own oountry should be known accura'ely to each other, and an occasion like tho on* f hare feebly recorded, affords an opportunity ft* mutual explanation, that I rejoice has been so ably and eloquently respon i?l to on both sides. There is little new* to send you. lord 1'aimerston is getting into bad odor with the House of Commons, which lea twioe given a majority against him, tantamount, ac cording to usage, to a rejection of his government. He will either resign shortly or dissolve Parliament and appea' to the people. Evervbody is waiting anxious ly to see the treaty of peace. It will be swallowed hard by England, who deeply r-grets having spent all the1 money without having another ciack at the "Kooshians," as they are styled here by the picks There are no syrap tenwjret of that wild upeculitioa that wm approlendei would follow the peace. People seem to be getting 1 may add by way of postscript, that Mr. George Pea bedy, tbe beuker, and Mi. Ben-y Wikoff, of New York were present at tbe I<ord Mayor's dinner, and were seat ed in the neighborhood of the American Minister. Oar Parts ( orreepo?i<trn?e. Pram, April IS, 1853. The Ball at the Turkish Embassy?Anxiety of the Paris fHshvmaltes to get there?Ingenious Stratagem of a Dis appointed BeUe to obtain on Inri/a/vm?7he Turkish Dipt am at Yields at Ducretines?Description of the Halt Rams?Omental Ltemrusumeu?Absence of the Russian Ptewipobntnries?The Credent in the Ascendant, <A,, J . The great event of the week, partaking at It doe* of a obarae.er nit lees political teso festive, hat been the hall at the Turkish Embers;' Th*?X' i -ae.it, anxiety, and e-nui*u in tills Oriea'al pt? has caj-ei among tin bean month, the vlliters and foreigners now In the oapltal. are *;arceiy ccaieivab'e. Taa unlucky hunt bw indeed had % Unci tune of lt,sln?e first, ib au ill oaneoed hour, he swore by the Koran taat bis ball abound be covered with oioth ot gold to trvo the footstep* of the monareb ot F rance. He hat had t? aua tain a second Hfustria. Cannon hatla have not, indeed, invaded lun princely domain, but through every cravine, air-hole, and Islet of whatever hind, each a continual fire of solicitation*. written, whispered and oral has been kept up, that it does great oredi: to hU Excellency's ingenuity that he eeoaped sufficiently well from such grape and cannieter tu play hia part ot boat on Thursday last. We happen to kaow of one lady, who, driven to her wit's end to get at the ear of this Eastern official, adopt ed the following mode. She wrote a letter addressed to him, stating that Hhe wished for an Interview of five minutee only, to lav before him a plot which ahe had ac cidentally discovered for the aeeaeainatioo of the Saltan, formed by a body of Russians, and to be oerned into action a* noon as the treaty of peace was finally ratified. She stated she was not at liberty to give him the parti culars on paper, bat on being permitted to speak with his KxoeUeocy she would n tale unfold of such deep djed vtilanj, nod give such evidence in sup pert of it, that the matter could not Hail to Invite his serious at tention. The Ambassador returned the Is*/ * note, politely appointing the desired interview- On her entry hia Excellency was astonished to see * T^ong l*dy, searoe ly above 'JO years of age, and * beauty so dazzling, of manners so exquisitely oMrmuld that all the stiHums of official etiquette, nsau**? honor of the promised Important revelation vanished at once. Gallantly giving the lady bis arm, he led her to a oouch, standing respectfully befn'* bertiU she should enter upon the sub ject of her After a few preliminary ebservatlona, during -nl)l1? thousand little diplomatic usages proper to Mr six were not omitted: "Yes, your Excellency," i*e said, "I will tell you the plot. In Paris we know at present no other Sultan than yourself. Yon are not only his representative, but you are one and indivisible with him. It Is you who Invite all that is chivalrous and gaW lant to your house?it is yon who on Thursday next will open your doors to our Emperor?it is you who have summoned all the beauty of Paris to be present; it Is only I?unhappy I?who am not thought worthy to he your guest. I have ne beauty," she continued, amiltag with the most beautiful eyes that Turk ever gazed on; "1 knew it, but no one refuses to invite me but you; and therefore am 1 come, solemnly to declare that unless you repent and give me a card for Thursday, I will go round to all the oonfectioners you have employed for your mag nificent fate, will disguise myself as a kitchen maid, and will saturate your ices, your jellies, your conpluses, your mayooalses, with gome subtle poison that shall turn your household into mourning and cause your head to be chopped off for making suoh an enemy as myself, express ly to mar an occasion so auspicious." This is the burden of the laoy's song; but to pretend to tell you how she sang it, how Bhe gave witchery to such a shadowy subterfuge by the sweetest voice, the most plsytul coquetry, the pre tiest set ot teeth, the most beau tifully formed mouth, and most love-like eyes in the world, is out of the question. "Now, won't you ask me?" she said, locking, half malicious, Into the ambassador's face. "Madam, 1 have already given five hundred more Invita tions than my house oan accommodate; but rather than refuse cue who threatens, with such grace, to do other than obey would be more than treason; I will cover over my garden, and make an additional salon.'' There was then great kissing of hands, and the ambassador was soon seen handing down to her handsome equipage 1 is beautiful visiter, who, with a card of invitation in her hand, drove rapidly off to the Comteas de ?, and told her story. It soon got wind, and i'aris talked of no thing else till the eventful evening. The lady was, in fact, the newly married wife of Comts de tSauteville, whose name had been omitted, for pohtioal reasons, from the imperial list sent in to <he ambassador as containing the uaines ot those the Kmperor would vouobsafe to meet. The ambassador told the story to Napoleon, who laughed heartily at the joke, and assured him, had he been in bis (the ambassador's) place, he should have done precisely the same. Ami so the gardens were all covered over, thus ena bling the ambasaador to considerably enlarge the auin bei of his invited. On enteticg the talon, at 10 o'clock, the talry scene which presented itself was absolute enohautment. Every where Orientalism met the eye?pagodas, Turkish lan let us, shawl patterns, carpets; lamps of many colors, and vivid in Eastern devices; servants In turbans, boys daik as Erebus, clothed in Eastern fashion, handing re freshments?the very orchestra seated In a temple with minarets, looking like F'.astera sages, frith Sowing robes and ample turbans. The air was redolent of Eastern per fume. From a divan issued fragrant elouds of odoriferous smcke, puffed from pipes whose jewelled heads and amber mouthpieces tendered them tit playthings only tor the hands of kings. ?? Suddenly every eye wes turned to the entranoe. The Emjieror, accompanied by the Princess Matkilde, Queen Christina and l'rince Napoleon, had arrived. In au In stant the whole embassy was on foot. The ambassador himself bore the golden illuminated branches in his hand, stepping back wards before the faceot the Kmperor. with an etnpietsemcnt only to be acquired In the East. The passage through whijh the imperial party had to pass, was some 'J6 feet broad. It was covered wi.h Persian rngi of the most beautiful designs. Turkish aims glittered on the walls, ilch with crimson lights, lowers, ehaplets and Eastern transparencies. White robed men at arms dotted the course on either side, and as the strains of Strauss' fine hand p< ured forth "Partant pour la byrie," while the Emperor, the Queen of Spain, and his cousins followed the retreating stepe ot his Turk Mi host and staff, it wae impossible to imagine a more novel or picturesque exhibition. In the hall room his Mejesty was accommodated with an ottoman on which the r-ultan's arms were richly em bossed, and refreshments were at once carried to the whoie party, the ambassador reoetving them from the servants and c Bering them himself to his guests. Despite the lncieased accommodation! furnished by the enclosure ot the gardens, the throng of guests was enor mous, and the orowd at times unbearable. Carnages were obliged to wait three or tour houre before they could find a space whereon to deliver their occupants, by which time the Emperor had taken his leave. The absenoe of two persons was especially remarked?that Is, Count Orloff and Baron de Brunow. 1 happen to know that this matter had en tailed some sertons discussion. At first it was determined by both these plenipotentiaries that it was their duty to be present, Inasmuch as Napoleon especially desired It, ami the Turkish Ambassador till Tuesday eyening, fully relied on their presence. While at the Tuilerles, on Tuesday morning, however, Baron Brunow took occa sion to mention the matter to the Emperor, as being so distasteful to his court that he hoped his Majesty wou'd not lay his commands upon himself and colleague. "We think, also, sir," said he, "that however happily the question is now settled between us and Turkey, some thing 1b due to the memory of our late imperial master, whose views were so entirely dltconsonant with the pre sent stare ct affairs.'' Napoleon, who, with a 1 his obsti nacy. is far too wtse a man to exercise tt on trivial occa sions, acceded to the Baron's views at once, toiling him at the sime time that he would take upon himself his excused vllh the Turkish Ambassador. All the other ple nipotentiaries were present. The ball was kept up till four o'clock. The Emperor left a little belore twelve o clock. The saute Eastern cha racter pervaded the supper a* the decorations. Foun tains ot iherbert piaved in the middle of tho table. Sweet meats there vera from Constantinople such as no one bad ever ween or tested in I'aris; Jewelled cups of gold full of exquisite mocha, spiced compounds, unknown to Pari sian cuisine. wooed the palate, and mightily assisted the consumption of deep draughts of champagne. The Dalle of the evening, as well as the mo-it interesting personage, was decidedly the beautifnl Countess whose daring exploit had succeeced in surmounting the ckeraus 'It frize of imperial and Flan tern exclusion, and it was observed that the Ambassador, whenever nin other duties permitted him. did not tall to pay her marked attention. Thus ended the great fete of the season?a Jc'e interest ing, quite an much from the political circumstance* at tached to it from the nplendor and eostly out'ay whieh accompanied it. It wm the triumph of the nick man, who itt health and strength wan thus seen banqueting with bis friends, retainers and allien, while his powerful enemy, who at one time was reaoy to ring the welkin at Inn death, aDd divide his subs ance among his followers, now rat sulkily by, eating, cr lather chewlug, the cud of bitterness. However, in this 1Kb of upn and downs no on* is so abased but that be may ba speedily exalted, and a year or two hence may see a fete at tha Russian embassy, while the Turk nits erosRlfgged at home, smoking the pipe ot sadness, making a philosophic retrospect on the mutability of all thiDga human. Paris, Aptil 14,1S58. JnUrJictiori rf the IjMilon Tim i t?HtranjerU Tut Song? The Italian Question?7 he liogaX Exiles of Frame*? Mr,irmrnU of th'American ftiuadrm in Hi' Meili's.rra nton?Tht P,arl of Amtriian Diploma'y, Ac. a Rood deal of gossip hM been running about In oon. ?eijneuce of the London Times having been stopped on Tutnday last, anil by a slsgular coincidence tUe Russian journal, Le Aord, being admitted the name day. The reaecn was that the correspondent of that journal flare a copy of a song recently written bj Her anger, and ad. dressed to the students, and which, though never in type, fcas been very generally circulated In manuscript. The feet is, for some time pait a very uneaiy state of things has prevailed among the students at the different colleges of Paris. It waa evidenced by the rmnit' in the class of M. Niaard; and though that gentleman has done his beet to meke light of the matter, old heads, who have watjbed t ie progress oi the different political disturbances, look ominously when they speak of the student*. All history proves, they say, that from this class has sorueg the first outbreaks; and so accustomed are men to look on it as a specie* of political barometer, that few will he toand to count upon the safety cfrhe State when the college proirseor csnnet reed his lec'uie without interruption. The government, by this Interference with the limits. has given immense importance to the esl?tisg state of feeling. The Illustrated Lonthm Xe?u, nothing daunted by the dilflcul'y of the Ieindoti Tunes, girss in English what the latter supplied in the original ver?iau, and is ad. mitted. The burden ot 'he song is taat frame Is gagged ?thst she now know* hut one law, that of frrjs; that such men as Nisard, tri *r end Haun >nUl niv rn place Vic'or SCO Arsgo ta la-* A n.l*mv, ?ij i that, la ac cordance with thus, tbo iirnar'. gaudy goari of to day re place* the old republican guard, which tor twenty ft ire kip', the world in awe :? Ay, batt.ee, and ? ooat of blue, Thread bared lu flghtu, Bsianger slows When cor republic's children true. Beat twenty yearn a league of kings But f on (mart guard, yon watchful spy, Who'd stab as for promotou pooh I ? Is be my genial soldier koyt Ab, pardon the pot r minstrel, dot To l'olaod?Italy?we owe A debt of buxMil The cinnoae sound( I.et's march to pay the debtl Why no, ?So pear our home there's slippery ground Take freedom somewhat more afar The Turk to (asm her charms, we'll sue. Nations, a holy league you are! Ah, pardon the poor minstrel, dot The ft ret pleotpoteut Aries wit; shortly leave Paris, bat the second one* will continue the work of the Congress until tha exchange of ratifioa'iona, under the name of a commission. The following paragraph from tha SiecU, corroborate* the coinmunicatl >as I have la former letters made to you res poo ting the Italian discission. It men tions its commentary cr communication Ma*' rumor;' bnt 1 have good reasons for knowing that it naa excellent authority for what it says:? If we are t4 believe the rumors now in oireulaUon. our hopes respecting Italy must be adjourned. This is what is whispered in tha capital acd Is repeated mysteriously In political ttiloni At tha last sotting of the Congress, Count Walewski 1 said to have thus op*oed tbe proceedings of the day:?B announced, according to this rumor, that Francs wa about to withdraw her troops from Qreeoe, and expressed the deeire th?* au.?^? uui? i^, <? immediately withdraw the troops which shs has main, tamed for many years past in the legations, that it was impishible for Italy to remain longer in her presaut sad poeiiiin, which becomes daily more unsatisraetory. M. de Buol is said to have replied at onoe that tba question was net tha same; that tae allies bad occupied Greece tor personal reasons, and not l'rom any desire sxpre wed by the Hellenic government; that the Austrian troops, on the contrary, occupied the legations with their consent, and ths expressed wish cf the sovereign Pontiff, who it far frcm aesiricg their withdrawal at the present moment. He argued tost the evacuatiin ol the legations could not, therstore, bs accepted as a loftctl consequence ot this evacuation ot Greeoe by the allied troops. Lord Clarendon is said, continues the flieJ*., to have undertaken to reply to M. de Buol, and In an improvisa tors, no less warm than energetic, he supported tbe propo sition of M. Walewski. He is stated to nave demanded of M. de Buol tbe utili'v of this occupation, when It was pa tent that the agitation augmented and the crimes in creased. He easily proved that the remedy was not the occupation, but, as nad been formerly done in Piedmont, in liberal amnesties, and in the reform ot civil and poid cal institutions. Piedmont having been named by Lord Clarendon, M. de Cevour is slated to have requested permission to speak, and be occupied In the Congress the reile often tilled in France by the constitutional opposition. Placing himself in a conservative point of view, h* showed the dasgeis which menaced the cause of order if satisfaction were not given to civil political liberty in Italy, klay tbe lepresentative of Sardinia be listened to with greater attention by the Congress than was often the late of tbe opposition to tbe various powers that have succeeded eacb other in Kranoe. The above is a much longer extract than I usually per mit myself; but from sources of a peculiar character, I happen to know that the Information furnished to the editor of the Siede is of tbe most authentic eharaoter. Kvery word that Is here reoorded may be as failhfaUv de pended on as if published in ths columns of tne Moni hur. Tbe Duke de Nemours is at Turin, with the Prince of Saxe Cobourg. Tue Count of Chambord, wire had c>uie (rem Venice to Parma to attend the anniversary funeral ceremony of the tragical death of Charles 111., of Bour bon, lett his sister's capital on the following day for Ge noa. It was on the 5tU inst. (hat he went to N'ervi, to visit his aunt, (he Countess de Neuilly, where he dined with ber and bev sons, returning at uight, and stopping at the Hotel della i roce. The following day the Countess de Neuilly returned the Duke's visit, l'rince Jerome's health Is so far re-established that he yesterday visited tbe Emperor, and drove In tne Boia de Boulogne. A letter in the C'ontttCulionMl, dated Genoa, the 8th inst.. arates that the American squadron leaves to day lor tl>? coast of 8paiu, touching at I.a Spezzla, wliete It kai established a general depot of provisions and cloth ing. There will return to the United States in the Persia, Mr. and Mrs. Murphy, who have recently arrived from .Shanghai, where Mr. Murphy baa been oihciaiing as Con sul, much to his owu personal crelit and the advantage cf American commerce. Hie lady suffered, it appears, severely (rem the climate, and hence hla return. It is impossible to speak la too exaggerated terms of the ef fect produced In Parisian society by ths beauty, intelli gence and general tfprit of Mrs. Murphy. Her youth and extreme charm ot manner no doubt give additional pi<l nancy to her narrations; but independent ot this, there Is to much sterling observation, ao much point in ber remarks ana such a delightful manner of dashing off the >alient e< ge of her descriptions of Chinese domestic life, as seen at .-haughai, that it will be a real privation to sccietv should ahe not on bet- return to America throw tbem on paper for the benefit of the pebiic. Mr. 1'ieree. whatever his shortcomings, certainly deserves great ere dit for sending abroad a lady who, by her excellent sense her freedom from prejudice, her powers ot observation her beauty, and the letinemeut of her manners, is so much calculated to do Uottor to the ladies of Amerioa. Pabis, April 10,1850. Movima Day in Paris?Street Architecture?Rents?Prentdi Habits of Life?lite Approaching Ha/linn of the Imperial Prince?Festivities in 1'rejtaralion for the Occasion? Affairs of Italy?Enormous Railroad Tunnel, ifc., tic. Yesterday was a most important epoch In the urban economy of Pens. Cetait le jour do di management. To those who have not yet visited this attractive city, or rather these who have never made it their permanent sojourn?for the two circunutanoes are widely different? it is probable that some account and description of this dimanagement may not.be uninteresting, embracing, as it must necessarily, the general routine of Parisian do mestic life. Much ot the architectural beauty of the city is indebted to the general habit of living in f opera'.eeta#?x, or d*U, in Paris, because, instead of an infintsteaeiinal number of tenements expressly erected for the convenience of mo dest incomes, disfiguring the architectural outline, and extending the street* and suburbs to such a length, as in Ixindon, that the town becomes less a capital than a vast province, all is condensation and uniformity. Poverty, however unseemly its garb within doors, presents in Paris no external indication of its rags. Fron'e nulla,fides, must be the traveller's motto, for yon proud struoture, lifting Its head to the skits witli halt a dozen sets of (lata one upon the ether, is as like'y to be the abode of the humblest as the highest. The wealthy man may rent a suite of rooms in it, comprising ante-chamber, salle a manger, salon, four or live best bedrooms, with two or three servants' chambers above, wi'.h a kitchen on the seme level as his dining room, and two cellars for wise end fuel; or the simple workman may there hire a single room for himself and his wife. There is a growlcg ten dency in the present day to modify this state of thi"gs, hot as a general rule it still prevails. The consequence Is, that with mere than a million of inhabitants, all points of Paris ere attainable within an hour's walk. Wealth and grandeur meet the eye at every turn, and a stranger might imagine that he was literally visiting the city of princes. Very dilTerent indeed Is the reality. Pass those palatial portals, ascend that long and wearisome (light of stairs, thread those Inter minable corridors, where the doors are numerically docketed, enter one of them, and the tilth nod squalor that will meet the eye will convince yon that Paris, with all its blooming exterior, all the beauty of its domestic iront, is no exception to the general characteristic of cities, which embrace within their walls the antipodes of dominant opulence and garish destitution. But this system of collecting all varieties of the popu | Ucn under one magnificent tenement gives immense import ;? ce to the day of tie management. The uanal oourseot letting is from the 15th of April, though the same occurs in July, October and January, bat the first mentioned date is the more general one. The term of hire may vary. For large apartments, a lease of three, six, or nine years, renewable every three years, at the option of the tenant., is usual, though sometimes arrange ments may be made on the same principle for one, two, or three years. AU are accounted email apartments in the eye of the law, when the rent doe# not exoeed 400 francs, and these are taken by the term, or three months, the terant having the right, by giving six weeks' notice, to quit in the middle of a term, wblch under no circum stances is admissible in large apartments. The rent o these last varies from 15,000 to 1,000 francs. As, how (>ver, the move is more general in Aptil, all parties, high and low ccntiive, if possible, to keep their location* till that month, in order to have a greater choice when hir iug afresh. Thns a general botileWPMMItf takes place about th!< tin ?. Knormoa* vena, with heavy yellow wheels and black oovered beads, looking iika moveable houiea, ar? seen, from the bfginning of the month, blocking up th< way in all parts of Paiis One herae equipages or th* same description, aa octavo edition of the great (olios aiiove mrottoned: carta upon two wheels, where men cfiiciate instead of hone*, one to occupy the sha'ts, the other to propel; then follow platforms which, after the fashion of sedan chairs, ore canied by the sinewy arms of the porters. To describe, however, the systematic method In which these gomestriai ami-Tiers set about Ibeir work, is not easy. 1 say gomes trial, iiw except at periods ol this kind, tbey have little practice for their vo cation. When about to make a dimanagement, you forthwith put yourself in cotnmonioatloa With roe ot the establish ments who bave over their door prists a graphic tableaux significant of their calling; that is, a most agreeable pic ture of the aforesaid vana, drawn by beaatiml grev liorses. who seem to take euch pleasure in their wirk that nut of pure benevolence you will he disposed to em ploy ?hem; end by tbeireido marches the cleaeesf speci men of a good o*tared maater of the t?am eyes ever sat on. lbs patf o or employer immediaielv c.imas <?? yooi epailmsnt A' ? glance he knows how tnsoy loads you have, men tun, be sake noe third moie tuan bo hopes f> ftoe-.ve, am1, then the bargain ts sr.ro it. lie is rem on ?ibU fbr the injiry or unfair deterioration of evory arti cle. He packs every thing, from a mirror to a viae glass, unpacks them and place# them a the uew apartment wherever the tenant derlrea. Such w the theoret.cai fart of the affair; practically there ta a slight depart are from lhe programme. The men employed are low wretch es from the provisoes, who, on other ocoaetiotu, are oc cupied in carrying good* to ad parte of Franoe. They pounce upon the unfortunate individual who la about to ha drmwiat/ed, like so uiuay harpies, seise hi.i chert <bed household gods with ruiblees hauils, pack them, to he sure, but In whatever happens to be available, e time piece lor instance, wiil be incontinently rolled up In the rerainn hearth rug, which use before tho mantelpiece it An Aubumou carpet will be thrown over n load o* bora, chests of drawers, chairs, etc, to defend it from w*t ana dust It enkets will be violently seised to protect copper seuoepaos. Ituhl end marguetrie table i Will probably, unless tlie lady takes estraordfnary pre cantlon, nod shelter under Indian a bawls, sila cloaks, ?f *? *'mine tippet. As tor patting these articles in their destined places, beyond restoring the different P*i ih? b?d# to a ussab.e conformity, nothing is leas like tbs promise than the practice, and ax wanderer betwten one house and another
would nod It impossible to oarry away the dead weight ol bis goods, lie bad better have relied entirely upon his own sumws. Notning is m fact, done by these gentry Jn(>t ,0 b? J?"? ? ?oeo. Then, when (h? settle ment takea plic?, All aorta ot claim* are put forward on the part of the subordinates for pour bows. Happy the com who ever sueoeeded in untidy rag them. Imagine every house at the same time and on the fame day undergoing this migration of meuUm. Itnagta* ell tins army 1* the streets, ot the interior fitting* up o' domewuc Parisian Hie. Aus jumbled together, die choiceet goods and chattels make but a sorry esaibition. but when the utilitarian opremnu are thrown in pot* pens, psits, fusty bads, okl chairs, grimy so'as, broken pets, ilflir ro^i'ei").", e?oT,"l[ffe "sfgSi may tie pioiuesquS, but U certainly not interesting. One of the ex'.raorli uery fentuiea is the enormous weights wnioh the porters contrive to bear on their shoulder* up the?e stupendous nights of stairs. Heavy slabs oi marole, prodigloat chests of books, stone fountains which oonlaiu the water brought three times e week into every house, ere gaily grappled with and conveyed au ciru/nihtur or au linriw I do not sey that they arv always earned with esse, for 1 have witnessed many instances when, alter performing bin task, the porter has be*n sei/nd with convulsions, with spitting of blood, or at least rendered speechless for a quarter of en bout. Such is the stili increasing prloe of rent in the eapital that these (h manaytmnnti now take ptaoe mire frequent lp than formerly. The French take auob metiers more gnl.y than the English who have colonized here. Home, to toe former, is not soch en important affair as to the latter; while the Knghabmaa piques himself upon the auaptahility of hi* furniture W bis house, the French with nil their taste, see no discordance in old thiogs, doing the beit they ceo for tbemselyes in new plsoes. One word about the Uayr system. The French are be ginning to iwltate the English, and to i-erk for private bouses. But the English are generally de igbte l with the established mode iu France, it Affords all the spsce, dignity and comfort of a large house, with few or none ot its expensive liabilities. Tie etaircane, the entranoe, the receipt ot cards and letters, are all the affair of the concisrge (porter). Turn the key of your doar, and your goods and chattels are as safe as it a dozen retainers guarded your property. Hence, two servants in a fiat, or sfo^e, ai? equal to five in a private bouse. To say nothing of the saving iu an economical point of vie*, imagine the conomy ot temper sod anxiety which so few pairs of bsnds must necessarily get era: e. All the rooms being en mire, it is a poor spaitment indeed that cannot receive a hundred guests at cooe. Hence the easiness of I'aris society. As litt.e in the way of rtlreshmoni is given, it is simply an affair of houseroom. It is on this account, this power cf dispensing with labor, that living in I'aris, in spits of the rent and the price ot provisions, is, in the main, cheap: certainly one-third cheaper than In l.iudon There is, however, one evil which tbe private house system is mv.eb less liable to. As each proprietor on an aveiege accommodates in bis house some eight or ten families, the numter of this class i* limited. They can ccmbice and do combine against the tenant class: and as this latter cannot help itself, aud as tbe proprietors know considerable time must elapse ere new houses can be run up, they exercise a tirann eel ruie. iu last, tbe landlord and tenant, whatever tnelr disaccord in otoer countries, live in perfect harmony to what is seen in I'aris. Dog and cat, they begin to snarl and spr the mo ment they ocrne witbiu eight of eaih other: and this slate ol temper is doubtless aggravated by the continual charges which are taking place, opening up fre<h ques tions about paint, paper, repaiis, Ac , wnlch all proprie tors, having once incurred the expense of, re>sin an in stinctive horror tor all tbe remnant of tneir natural lives To turn to other subjects; ? The celemony of baptism for tbe Impei ial Prince i? to ?eke place on the 9th of June, la this solemnity, the seine forms will bo observed as were adopted in the bap tism of tbe King of Hsme. The religious ceremony tak?? placs at Notre Dame, after which the young Prion* will be conducted to St. Cloud. The Emperor and Empress, on their part, will attend a great banquet at the Hotel ca Viile, to be followed by a fete of extraordinary magni ficence. Other Je'.tl In succession are to ocsur at Ver sailles, St. Cloud', acd at other of the imperial residences. Committees have been formed io the venous nrrondisse meDts of Paris to ciganlze iuWrlpt.1 ins to present to tbe Empress and the Prince Imperial tom<enir? of the loth ot March?no subscription to exceed Ilia sum of 25 cents. Cteat cutiority is everywhere displayed to know wuat is really done about Italy. The Union will not allow any tiuth ia tbe reports toat have got abroad respectiug the famous memoir read by Count Waiewskl, aud says tbe interest taken in Piedmont by England is all on ac count of the Pieoiuontese loans. It says, acsordfog to tbe isims of this supposed memoir, it was a question of notlieg less than to depuva tbe Pope or all, or a portion of bis states; to impose on the King of NapieH a constitu tion, to force Austria to endow ioinbardy with liberal Institutions; to compel Tuscany to enter into the saxe eth; acd, to crown all, by increasing the territcryof rcinia. And it signet that it was not probable such a pir gramme could be put forward befoie a congress ia which figure Austiia and France. A now railway through the ceutral part of Switzerland into Italy has just been planned, whieh i* distinguished by cue extraordinary feature?a tuuuel very nearly three miles in length. Tb# great trunk line oi Piedmont, tiom Arona, on the Lago Maggeori, to Ueuoa. on the ttedi .er rauer.n, is finished and in lull operation, and tb* dealre daily increases to connect the Fiench system of railways with the Piedmontese group. Oar Madrid Correspondence. Madrid, April S, 1808. /'art;/ Intrigues?Energy and Impartiality of the Covin ment?Activity of the Churchmen?Effect of the Peace on the Interests of Spain?The Cholera?77k; Crops, il c., etc. The political system of our country lollowa more or lee* the coarse which I explained to you In ay last letter. On the one band the molerados in the Assembly who eeeayed the formation ot a third party, calling it the "Centre of Parliament," to which private meetings they euoceeded in drawing a towprogres.iitas ol adoubtful cast, drag out but a sickly existence sinoe Cortina, who wax at their head, manifested hie resolution to separate him self from them. On the other band, the prognirtsUu, firmly united to confront their perfidious and Machluvel like enemies, have held different meetings, and have form ed and published their programei, framed to defend the present state of things by .every possible means. Hence, as was to be expected, the manifestations, declarations, censures, and even sarcasms, which havs originated in the party newspapers, and which serve as wa'etiword* to the public. It is a thing but too well known that the ino>trra'J+i are endeavoting to overthrow "the situation," and with that view they do not spare either money, corruption or bri bery with public employes, that they may coutrfoute to the le&'.ivation of their crooked ends. It is no lets cer tain that they cover themselves with the mask of demo crats. to ralre disturbance* calculated to emnartaai the nisTcn of the government. Toe oppoaitioo thai has been noted in *< iue ot the bioique provinces to tue sate ot church proper'y, as den gstory to their i iguts and pri vileges, anu the subvetMie speeches which have circu late!. wi.h this object, aia the work oi the modcrtkic tarty, lbe author of these speeches is a clergyman. Hut tbe government, in its energy, does not miau these manifesices. ana directs that the taw acali be cair ediuto effect In the provinoss, which en.i<>y tbose pnvnlegss in the .-ame way as in the other provinces of Spain. TUe democratic party, although not ao strong as the prcpresusta. oiiowa its ascending march, and its writers jnmy into In* political arena with a wouderful fal'.u anu daiiog. Their pasquinade* bec< me sometimts so caustic against the throne that they are aetiouuued, but the jury generally absolves them, ami taat is a proof thai democracy is advar.org in bpain, but more especially amor g the working classes. The vexed qucsticn of the imitvmos has not yet arrived at its termination. I would require time and space to indica e the different opinions presented to the Assembly by the deputies themselves, as regards the convenience or iLOonvenlence of the establishment of Uns conulbu tiou. but as yet nothing has been resolved. The towts in the meanwhile are watching the result of the troub ed discussions upen it, and it Is oeriala that if the cxactu n ot consumns is decreed, tiiey will take upon thenstlvee to put lldownwith a strong nand. 1 e peace signed iu l am may be go d in a political point ol view, but commercially speaking, it la not good tor S|ain. which, during the war of the Crimea, found a market, tor its wneat and w nes, gaining on that account very considerable sums, especially in the latter. lbe eouairy continues oa its usual oourse, without having great evils to deplore. The conscription of In,000 men, corresponding to the present year, has taken place wtihout the leant opposition. Tne revenue arising trcrn contributions and public tents, which at# to be collected in the ls'and of Cuba during the present year and the six first months of 1867, U calculated at $28,336,227. Notwithstanding the intrigue* of the clergy, who take advantage of the pulpit and the c nfessional to alarm the conscience* ol the people and to throw obstacles In the way of tha Diaamortization hill, the property sold op to thin time, amounts to 131,221,120 reals. The forcible service in tbe national mi l*ia of every able Spaniard ftom 20 to 60 years of age, '* beiug carried into efiect, to the great regret of tbe mceCroAo party, whicli icra in tbis measure a great obstaoie to tha accomplish ment ot its wiabee The eho era has appealed in Marhella, a town nine leaguse distant from Malaga. The waatner ia rtue and tha ci op* promise well. Onr Italian to? respondent e. Ri>*? April 10 18.>?. Mnlri n as CtmtftariI with Aruient Rone?hifumoe of the Hmnith Church on Cimliration? for What it u to he thoul-ed anil for H'rtat it is not?Hie />?' ?y of it T m parol l'm<T?1h" Austrian Oonmtrd it?f'e Tm - Charac t r, etc , etc. Thank uiy stars, dav after to morrow I ie?v* t he K'ar. a*> Ci'y to revisit 'he baus'sot m dsru civj /lat'in, fir I em heartily Mr*! of the ccntinos'l prvsnec't of the miid'e ages that Of?p!tt?i >? orftpowec aal 4??troy the of moult of antiquity wh.jh .1U are and ever ?rtd be the true glory ot the Kieraei Oitr laen? are tW. whob.Bevo that moder. K,?e, (t,i.y mean too Omrob of Kome ood oil i * oreatloa* sine* the deet-uc tion of the city of the Casar*,) U quite as later a*U?g u ancient Roue, end even more ro; but I do not belong to that class of mortal* celled enlhudaat*. ead eUil low em ?a artist la the true meaning o' the word. There p* e grandeur of design, e massive, eterael thought, e typical character in ell Komen antiquities, which almost eu heneo. them to fossil r etc erne of the Itemen people, from wbich the comparative eeetomtat-Uie historical Cut. or. amocg the philosophers?may treee the whole creature celled '? Romeo "?it* hebita, mode of li'e, .'a institMioa* vine* end virtue*. Nothing of the kind U found in mo' dern Rome as it U?splendid palaces end gorgeou* tern plee by the elde of * retched, dirty horel*. the haV.tetioa* of the poor, e one-Hided eu'tlvetion of the tine art* with the moat profound ignoreuce, superstition and ell meaner of rice ?a the pert of the greet mens of the people. I om thankful, nevertheless, for what ihe Churoh of Rom. Ua* done dating the middle ages, though eoaM of it* aburee here furnished epleodid themes for satire to the beat Italian ]>oet??Dante, Boccaoofo and 1'etreroh. 1 em aware that Rome ha* done aeuoh good out o' Rome? tbet It bee mitigated the slavery of the (eede system that by placing itself above the erbttrery king* sud piinces of the middle aga*, it has restrained their pactions end pleaded the cause of the people, wheu thero whan Wary will of their despotic rulers. I admit all that, and a great deal more. I am aware that the Churoh of Rome was the custodian of the learning and writing* of eaosio antiquity; that it bad a moat powerful and benign ui tluence on the revival of the arts; that it was the great sonroe ot eivtliaation in those times; lu short, that it had a great mission to fulfil?a mission greater than Ih* church Itself even dreamed of, and that for all this it is entitled to the sinefra gratitude of every Christian, ot whatever religious or political persuasion. But then, a vaot deal of what was In former ages the peeu'iar office of the church to preveut and to accomplish, has now be come tbe crgsnlc law of many States under materia' guaisntees such as the church could never afford, and ibe -pitIt of the age, and the peculiar form that modem civilization has assumed have outgrown the .-pititui! care not ony of Home bat ct all churches, so far as Helt-dete:ni'iistion aud t idiviouali y have einsaoi pated their selves from the restraints of positive au ihotity. Modern Rome, therefore, exercises no real power. It is obliged, even in church matters, to act with great circumspection, and through political me diunis beyond its actual control. It is no louger a growing and prescribing, but a yielding and politically subdued church, cherishing at times ancleut reooliecuons acil the great rem-mbisnie of auhnrity, but being in reality reduced to tha mere spiritual see s?o*y to worldly power, from being the ruler o! kings, tbe church has become ths *p!rt;ual advistr ct ?hri majesties, or the minister of oonsiiatlon to lbose of i's chit iren who may bear sorrow an i nvirti hcatii.n 'or her rake. Modera Kome, therefore, is a* much !u rums ** ancient Rjice. Lubber anl Calvin iu thelCth ctutu,r, destroyed,,it* autao-ity wherever thei< doctrines prevailed, but the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries hav* produced a thousand Calvins. in every geolcgist. chimist and astronomer thit has tiriured nv 'ure to rtvtnl to h in her secrets and the mystic laws which gdveru and support ihe world, The .sphen ct ra ligioD, which once comprised not miy ah the moral sciences. Including even jurisprudence, but also all the ph;>-icai cces, las been na-rowea down to a few pastu. lutuu.H, ai d it is sheer nonsense to suppose 'hat on these modern Koire can again aim at universal power and Intiusnce. Tee Church of Kome is so far reduce! in power that it requires a gar .hoc ot Cratch soldiers to protec. itself ftcm vu'gs: vii Dace at home; f r you may set it down as a ' fixed fact," that on tha departuie of the Fteuch troops ticm the 1'apal Plate, no wot Illy or spiritual power would be strong enough to hold i together. It is the excess rf violence with wh'ch the church is threa tened which, by a na'ural revulsion of public sentiment, has la'elv menaced rstriendn and supporters; out toe chuith is noi ludrg theie?it sin ply acts aad feels as tbi-ir c ient, depend!nt on their generosity. Take awsy lbs rrotecting influence of France and Aus tria, and the Church of Home wculd in vain seek for an e.-j li.ni in all Itai.y, and iho c?Btle of San Augelo wou d on re more become a tomb?the tomb of Plus tha Ninth. Rcme then, 's again fn ruins compared to Its power and lntluence in the middle ages, or to its world wide empiie at tbe time if its classic antiquity. The on temptation of such a oitv has its charms; it rua* be emi nently hUL'gest've and lns'ruetiye; it is an elegy on hu man gnatness, a pat ire on human vatlty, an. a mo numental teacher of history; but it is not a pl*;e in wbrcli 01 e d> n'les to liye any more than in a church yard, though every grave were uecorateu with tiiwers. and every t? nifcHtone a uionumeut of art. Those never ceasing and pejiocical changes which we call life, and ot which the United Ftatea exhibit such a prodigious amount, are quite a* pleasing io watch and onserve as tbe tiaces which the movement* of mao, or hta ldess ao company irg tbe** movements, have traced on stone, and tbe past is of no value to the present genera'ion unless Its experience and Vssons are applicable to tbe solution of a problem in winch makind is still engaged at tha pre sent ime. Every thing ycu behold here convinces you that Heme henceforth can only teach eucb lessons as a ?:J?n' monitor; that its grandeur and power are gone, hnd that tbe Church of Koiue itself marks enly a ge gra-' phical preition. Tbe Ho'.v Father might as well reside ia Paris, in Madrid, in Vienna, or in any other Catholic caj i a! of Europe, as here cn the ruins ofauctent piwer. The t mbs of the apostle* and martyrs wonld sill te visitid in Heme as tbe boly sepu.chre is risited in Jeru salem : but tbe church of Rome wonld neither scquite nor loot po'i'ical power by such a trans lation cf ifa risible bead. A Pops without a worldly principality, emit or uooles would, perhaps, increase hie ppiriiual influence, becam-e it would comport be;ter with tbe spirit of tbe age, and tea' fundamental idea of Cbtutianity that the hnmble shall bo extl'.sd. The Catholic chutcb ceitmniv rectiveJ most tfiident aid from the Institutions of its charitable friars, and the vow of eternal covert/ contributed in no small degree to the ex eicise of their actual power. A wealthy churih seated on a throne will always give birth to numerous dissen ters; but a church without worldly posses'ions, whose b'nhop* and prelate* -hmld becctre" humble imitators of their g-eat master, vyeing with each other, uot iu rank or power, but in the exercise of every true Chris'iau virtue, would even In this age of dcubt and unbelief re conquer tbe world, anu make its peace with the progreis of raiei.ee or aid in its promotion, as it heretofore fur nished tbe gieat theme for the inspiiation of art. Tin re reflection' natuislly lead me to theeonsidera'.iin cf tbe concordat latelv concluded between the Emperor of Austria and tbe Hrly Pes. i told you in a previous letter that Austria conduced that coneoid*'. for political reasens, and that these are not onlr uppermost iu the youcg Emperor's niind, but that they also form part of the system ol centrnhration which Francis Joseph has adopted with a view ol Harmanir.og his iSclavon.an. Hun garian ami Polish subjects. In Italy, that is t? say in i-ombaidy and Venice, tbat pnllev ot Austria is unavall irg, am! beace Austria permits her Kalian bishops to pat mch a cocstiuction on the concordat as will best establish the supremacy of the church, please the bi?hons them ae'ives, ard frustrate tbe atleiupts ot the ageuts ol Mar v.iui to undermine both Church and State through ont all tha Italian States. But te allow the Catholic bishops of the Cerman, Hutgarian, and Polish province! rf Austria to ccnstrue the concordat as they may tlnuk tit. and to capitulate to the church in all matters not strictly withia its ecclesiastical ptovines, was i. ever for a siDgle moment the purpose of Baron Zach, the auihcr and oiiginator of the ooncordat. <>n tbe contrary, tha Austrian government organs have sicce txplained ihe reason why the Emperor, ia ail Catholic church wafers, implicitly suiimitted to the Pope- He gave tbe bead of the Catholic cburjb what was Lis, so as to secute to himself and the state all the things which were not of a strictly Catholic religious character. ' Now,'' say these organ*, "that th? con cordat is eoBcluiIed with tbe Holy Father, an 1 the Catho lic church, as of right nought t o be, is placed under bis ccn>ro), tbe Fmperor may, with a good conscience apply Mtraelf fo secure to tbe Cairinuu ia Hungary' Mors vis ard Trarrsy'vania. tire free ;?nd unal'turbec e"x' | erois- o- tldt Worship, 'or they are equally the Empe ror's su-jeo's, sn.: 1 ave a right t<> his pro'ecti w. rite concordat refers exclusively to tire government in church matters tf the Emperor's Catholic *uh>/;ts: the care tor all others Is left to the Emperor.' And in order that there met be no collision between the authorities of the Church rf Pome, ful v recigm/ed throughout the Em peror's dominions, and those of other ohurches there | estab ished sine* the time of tbe Reformation, tbe Em peror has called a meeting of all the Catholic bishops of his vsvt empire, at Vienna, in order that a proper under etaidirg n.ay be bud helwaan them and the civil [ oflict rs of ibe government The Holy Father hero in Poire wa* unoer the impression that this ue*ting w?? called for purely ecclesiastical purposes, aoc as all the fiishopso' ihe CatboLc church reoognize htm t-. their spiritual bead, he natnraliy thought tbat such a meeting o. prelates would beet answer thi purptse for which they arecctivened. by his appointment of a President, tn the shtpe or bra r wn nunc'o at Vienna. This act of tbe Ilnly l ather, however, excited quite a stcrni in Anstrta, end the Holy t^ee baa at ouoe been given to nndererand that 'lie Emperor oould not consent to such an appointment, as the bishop* were not con vened at \ cnca for the purpose of regulatfrg churoh n-ai'eis exo.usivey, but as the Emperor s ihithiul eer van s, nsgood Austrian subjeote. who were to confer wi'h their temporal master as to the beat manner ia which tbe object of tbe ooncoriat and the poace of the eorntvy cruid behest secured by tbe mutual good under standitg beiween tbe Empeior'* temporal and *pinta*l feivants. The meeting of the Austrian bishops there fore must be considered a private on*. aad a* *uob a pri vate meeting of the Fmperor'a friends and servant*. It was ban))/ proper to admit ths Pope'* nuncio at alt, tnnch less u tbe capacity ot President. The language ofAas it ia was so dtcided, and ths Pope '* dsjiecdencj on Austria ov a nortion at least of bla pofltiaal exnteno* so appa rent. 'hat tbe Pspal government at onee admitted ite miKtsk* and :be errineoua impression It had of the t t,i?c of the Episcopal Convention at Vienna; so that ?he oenvention is (.either to be directed aor controlled by the Pope Austria, yon re ay depend on i', ha* no idea of ncreasirg 'be influence of iheehurah within her domi. no us, she Is otiy willing to concede to the Pope the cou titil ofblsowii cliuich within her dotrlnlons, in order tbat in ail other Tcat'ers tbe bishop* aad the prieet* may be 'ei'h'ul seivsuts of the Emperor, ami In or.ier tbat the 1-n'peior, withr tit otr indioe to hi* strong ''Catholic Apoe tol'C ' 'aith maj be i?tt at liberty to seento tha right* of It's I'roteet.int subjec's This onnstruction of the con cordat, which is rot only In the spirit of the age, hut* sort of staWmaulike " up d'enli$f, seoute* 'be (uKe*t tolerance t.f ail tec's and per-turions each in it* own appropriate sphere, *i d I* plackiag a grace beyond ths reach of d? p > m?rv frr tbe youtg stati aman now it the head of the Ans'r'an gi vernmoot ?*? V proper ydl-1 tbe Aodrian MioieUr obsetve to tb" Pope's b'.iecio tbat. i< renvvtshi* Cerman S'ibieot*. ihern was no s'tob thing as orivqettsg (avoiattea md do-abei'-.ncv by the of g ?trlet eensondbrn, by puhlbtting books piDt?dla EVeace, England, ?rotrter partsof Germany, all seen prrhibittoda b?icg merely * premium on timr sale wittua the dewi moos ot tie Emptror. The mini cannot be dspfvsd <M It* freedom, bat * wise government can ataU times make such ooowwsione to toe pr.*-?** of tha age a* wiU liaiiee the Ujjdlty of the anbject, pm pa-wu wr.h hU m~ forests 80 speak now the young Htalemnon In the mm ?ice of tha young Emperor Thay have toM old Metier nicb an ' old fogr," and what ia atlU more remarkable, thay have proved Ulm ona. and placed hi? aery properly oa the ratired I int. Are there any old frgiee elsewhere! Hew PatMU learned. I.iat o' pa foots huual from tbe (JnitJ dUle I'ttaal OSica for tha weak ending Apri. *2, 138??deck bearing that (ate Jul.ua T. Bual, of Whitahail, N. V., for improved ili um tackle. George J. Hitler, of Tenaaater, Ohio, for inproveaaodt In read lag maohiaas. Warren a Bartle, of Newark, N. J., for Improved ma chine for aowir g fertilisers. Alexander Bucbnnn, of New York, N. Y., for Im provement la balance and 1 lida valve for ataam anglaaa. Guatar A. BlUtkaowskl and Frederick William EWT man, of New York, N. Y., for laproremant In revolving drear ma. Andrew Coloured, ef 1'erth Amboy, N. J., for Improve meat in reoeiving magnets for tolegrepk*. John Culver, of Baltimore, ME, Tor improved waste ?e rlca for bydranta. Patrick A Derma, of Sealing, Pa., for imprevmatd* id brick macblnaa. . . John B. &b, of Strasbnrg, Pa., for iniproreme* *m door lock a George Utterly, of Heart ITe'rto, Wis., for .a*""? meat in oaltivaipia. ?, for improved mm sblna for digging peat Samaal H. Utlaaan, of Mew Orleans, Ia., for improve ment in auger evaporator*. Christian Haas and John C. Noll, of Chicago, III,, ?e* maahlne fur driving apnkea Wm. H Hale of Woroaatar, Mam., for improvement im hotel nnnucclalora. Wm. k Hayes, of Geaavn. N. Y , for improvement ta tha nrrangemeut of dampers for cooking store*. C. B Hoard, of Waiertown, N. Y., for improvement in steam boilers. Eben M. Hereford, of Cambridge, Ma's., for improve ment in preparing phosphoric acid as n sabrtitute for other solid acids. George Hubbard, of Btonington, Con a , for improve ment in runpadding ?x'-re topsail yards. Jamas J. Johnston, of Allaghaoy, I'a., for improve mend for flasks for moulding. Jamen H. Kinvou and Jams* BoEingiheai, of Chicege, 111., tor improvement in ootiou eleenerH Eetf* Manny, of Weddain's Grove, 111., for improve maut tu sub soil plough*. Alooso M Maes, of .Springfield, Mass., for improve ment in hydrocarbon vapor lam;n. James Miller, of Buffalo, N. Y , for improvement in machines (or rawing marble m oaelisk form. R. C. Maack, of Conrad's store, Va , and W T Mc Gahey, ofMoGahiysviiie, Va., for improvement in con harvesters. Albert J. Partridge, oiSiuthbii^ge, Mass , f>r linpreve ment in electromagnetic priu'.ing telegraphs. Tb< mas Petheiioh, ot Pottsviiie, Pa , for improvement in coal breakers. ..... , Nathan M. I'hillfpa, of New York, N. Y., for electro magnetic gTtiu scale R.lwtn a. l'eluiar, of Ciayvi '.e, N. Y., for unproved measuring faucet Alsnsun (juig'ey, of Sheldrake, N Y., for imoroved ap paratus tor rnfoing anc lowe-.ing carrlas" top* A-a 1'. Robinson, of New York, N. Y , for improve ment iu cast ircn pevemen's Wm F. Shaw, of Boston, Man. for improvement iu ged burners. ..... .? Bemuel R. Fhepard end Orson W stow, ot 1 .antsviUe, Ct,. b r improvement in working f-heel metal 1,. I>. Sibley of Northamptoe, Mass , tor impe jvemewt in tings to privent nocturual emission*. Henry H Sioby, of th? United State* Army, for ins provid cor leal tert. _ ? I'mlle Sirret and Wm. R Scott, of Buffalo. N Y., for Improvement til the method of fastening lamps to lan terns. Thou, ruiitb, of Pittsburg Ps , fot ituprovement In pro jectiles for tifaims. George S G Spen-e, of Boston, Mass. for inproved piea-ute riguiatiug api>ar?ius for steani hsating botfore. ?Alfred Spi-er, of l'a.-ui!c. N .1 , for lmprorsu westhec strip snii lock 'or windows, A--, A. H Stevers. of Warsaw, N. Y , far improvemsat la coin ehel ers Ssmusl T Thmas, of Iawrss.-e, Mass, for imprcve inent in looms 1 or weaving begs Richard tone of New York, N. Y., tor Improvement in divided exlee lor rsiiroad oa.-s Chaa. B Waite and Jos W b-asr. of Freilerioksbarg, Va., fcr improvement in or (fee pots. Hen: v B. Worthtug'on ot Brooilvn, N Y , far Im provement in computing the ttirow of the vaivaa of direct acting ergioei by the exhaust ream. Tbo*. I'. Burk, of Chicago, III., assignor to J)Un C. Miller at'l Chaa. A. Fowler, ef sime place, for improve ment in link gearing for hcrse powers Then. 1?. Burk, o! Chicago, 111 , assignor to Jamet Gar rett, cf <>?le county, III., for iaip'oveo device to allow lor coitracion and extsnaioo lQ w'rs teooes. Kelrev Cor'iss, of Winohester, Conn , assignor to tha '?Winsted Anger Compawy," of saurs place, tor improved anger. George W. Holmes, of Duokfie.d, Me., assignor te James C. Marbles, of Pari*, iie., for unproved hoop ma chine. ... ., S#mn6l Huftnoan, of Hichnaondy Va , AM joor to liiM* ?elf and James D. Browne, o! saurs jiaoe, tor combined shovel and tings. Ira Merrill, or Sbellburue Kalis, Mass., assignor to him self ai d Arthur Maxwell, of eamo place, for improved machines for tunneling and quarrying l.uctua Paige, of Cavendish, Vt assignor to himnau and Albert L. Lincoln, of Bostoa, Ma<a., for improvemeak ia studa for wearirg atiparel. Perh^h ?Wm. H. Gieen, of Mariden, Coon, for de s'gns for caaters. . .. Harvey Kintth aid Frederick A. 9h3.don, of Troy, N. Y.. for "oesigoa for stive plates Audition al lwrn<ivMiK.>T ? Geo. fisfor'y, of Heart Prairie, Wis.. *or (mprcvement in glass harvesters. Pa li n! rd JuDe 2". 1884. l.ist of patents issued from the United States Patent ('flice, for the week ending April 2'J. 1853, each bsartag that date:? Thcs. J. Alexander, of Wes'etvtlle, Ohio, for improved Fawirg machine. Knoeh Applegate, of Wilmiigfoa, Del., for improve ment m chain cable hooks. Henry N. Baker, of Talon, N. Y., for improvement In electro magietio printing telegraphs. Edward Bsptiet, ot Hoboxea, N. J , for psa as i pe iau eases. Milton Barlow, ol Lexlugton, Ky ., for iaiprovemdat m cradling barvestera. A-a W. Cady, cl Sullivan. N. Y., for improrel mnthrne for excavatiig and moving earth. W'ui. Ihwsou, cf Huntington, Conn , for improvsmewt In fegar machines. John M Dearborn, of Boston, Mijs , 1 >r lmprovetnen* in scaffolding. ... . Jro. B. Evins, of Creen CasUs, Im).. for Improved alringle machine. Edwin J. Green and Mcses H. Wheeler, o C-nisrviJe, K. Y? for Improvement in jolntbodied buggte*. Edwa.u ilopkina, ef Cifiilnnati, Ohr.. tor improvement in tend seed planters. Wm. H Hfvy, cf SprlrgfieM. Mass. for improvement in attaching har vester cutter blades to ths sickle bar Falun 1'. Lamb, o'New Wa-hington, ln-1., for improve ment in automatic rake tor harvesters. William l.jou and Charles W. Inekiuson, of Newark, N. J , for improvement in the construction of dry gas me-* tGIS. Ebcnezer Matthews, of Morgan town, Va f?r improve ment in corn sheUere. John Mclune., of Uraintre* Mass , for machine for printirg wo illeu and other fabrics E isha P. Monlton, cf Baltimore, Mi., for imp-ovsment in door iasteners. ...... . l ieu. Newbury, oi A'bany, N. Y., for impNtveaent id firearms. Kphraim L. Pratt, cf Ehiladeipnia. Pa , for laiprove uitnt in naehlne tor jiariDg apples. Filue B. Kendall, of Rcokford, 11L. for lmp.-evsnent in corn planter*. ... Becjamin T. Roney, of I'hiiace.phre, I a , for improve ment in harvester cuifem. Jrbn B. Root, of Brooklyn, N. Y , for tmorov-tmeat id rotaiy steam engine.*. Bradford P.owe, of Albany. N V ., for improved vr >neh Flmon K. Stanton, of Manchester, N. H., for improve ment in breech Ending fi reel in a 1'iliy Ibajer, of iAiairigbiug. N \ , for improv.*m?at in reapicg roaebioe*. ...... A>x. I nderwooO, ot German 1 Ats N. Y , f >r iinp-oved maclfto for nianufeeturing friction niatcne* thas. P. S. Wardwell, of Inke Village, N H., far idl proviment in bcx openers. John T Whitakei, ol 8t. Charles, 11., fot tmp-ovement in self rekeri for barveetst* Famuel Wilt and George W. Albaugh, of Gresa CaaUe, Pa., 'or imprrvement in corn pikntera. J. W. Word, ot Waeniogion, 0. C., for improvement id prt pilliig boats. , A.bert H. Brown, of Albany, N Y., eaugnor to Tingle^ k I iele, of same jiiace, for improved lathe. A. C. Ketclium. of New York, N. Y., assignor fo Bd werd B. Olcott, ol same place, lor improvement ia ma chines for cleaning knives. Samuel W. Use. of Philadelphia, Ta , assignw te Jacob M Bwsk, of Harrtsbuig. Pa , for machine for em bossiugend printing. Jobn Reily, ol Heart Prairie, Wis , f >c tmpuvemeet id bar vest* r fingers. , . Nicholas Muller, of New York, N. Y., for de tign for clock case (routs. Hi. Sai.aiuk- iv Canada. ? W. I,too Maoken/.le, member of the Caeaitiaii I eg Met are for the jountj of Heldlaiead, in pteeenting to the t'pper Uenetuana intwiai why thap in uM diaeorre ttfeir union with thru* of the latwer Pro vince, bud ceres ion to i peek of the Urge aelertoe ptU to *4 K?Ui 131,(00 a jeer, hie houae rent, end norrent*' hire. Thw rftioala in Canada. The Governor, Sir K. H? ten niniererv get eech SO,000 ft jeer, 90 it dey during the eesfticnft of Parliament mileege, end "lmmeae pertron ?g? " the Engineer of the Greed trunk Railway hee e ift!err ot 913 000 e jeer, Sir Cueeo Roeey, "agent" fee Miat work, gvta the Heme. Ckief Jaatioe' Robiaaon bee W,f,Crt per annum, 9600 for travelling ?xpeeiee, and ? pension of 94 444 when be aheU ?ea flttoreeign. The Re gistrar ef Heariltom. Ibwiien and Wrotworth, (be it u n. n.iter ft'no ) getft 90 600 e yrai. Tb? Registrar of to rt i.to end Yort, get* 912,000 a jeer. Tli? (Mrarwer bee e Secretary to whom th? Canadians pay 93.909 aonnelly, or the pretence ot <jui21 driving ? ? KgTRjOBriNiRT Sale of Hlavtw.?The Lynch t?oi g Vttgitt i an iftcurrts th? sale o< eiotot o eg roe* there, n Thur-oiy. e'the M'owing high prt.me ? Hhadrach, about 70 tfftr.i o it, 9100, Samuel, 91.120, Mae, 92,110 Willie, 91,WOO. I'hmet, aged 59, 91,100; PWtae, 91,400* lluhir. 91 iflO ?Toiio, 91,'.10, Charlee 91,(W0; Jack' 91,7-1), Vtrdftrn. 91.V.C, Irhn Mae 91.940; lIswMmt* 91.600. I ' ?? 91.17'. the are ige priae ia over 91,104 park, and tin egg 'gat* aui. unt, 9lt) 426 They were Mi b.-ughf t,y of 1-juUliur'j.