Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 7, 1856, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 7, 1856 Page 2
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OMMiny. GBOBOK MCINTOSH TROF*. We ere Informed, by telegraph, of the dee lb of ex Governor Troup, of Georgia, which event occurred et hu seetdsnee in Lanrwas econty, April 26. Governor Troup wee born in September, 1780, et Molntoah's Bluff, on the Vomkigbee river, then Inoluded within the Territory of Georgia, bat now wtthln the boaaderlee of Alabama. Governor Troup wan descended from a family long known lor tte faithful services in the caue of the infant oolo nles. Hie granclather, Captain John Molutoeh, fought bravely in the army of Went Florida, and when the war of the Revolutii n broke out attachtd hhnselt to the Roy atiat cause. He fled from Georgia and settled in the Ul terior ot Alabama. Hie daughter married in Bag land n gentleman of the name of Troop, and the subject of this afcetch wan the ieeue oi that marrisge. One branch of the Ucurtoeh family affiliated with the ludtans. and Governor Troup bad teo oouaine who were chieu In the tribe* weetof the Mississippi. Another branch attached Aemeelvei to the American caaee in the war of the Re volution, fought in the war of 181.1-16; and CuL John S. Uclatosb, who died in the city of Mexico, was among the braveet of the brave on the bloody held of Molino del George Helot. =h Troup was prepared for college at an academy on Long Island, and aterwards graduate 1 at Friaeet.n with nigh honors. In ;he year 1800 he re tnrned to Georgia. From 1801 to 1806 he represented Chatham county in the State legislature. In 1806 he was elected to Congress, and represented hts district till 1816, aapportlrg the administrations ot Jefferson and Mtdison. He made a great sensation in the House, being a far fid, Ww passioned speaker, and warm in defending the lnte veeta of hie State. In 1816, he was elected to the ('cited States Senate, over I)r. Bibb, and in 1823 he was chosen Governor of Georgia. r>u.-ing m? adiuinistratijn the Slata of Georgia was brought in collision with the gene sal government, in consequence of dtiticuitiae with the Ckeek Indians, of which true some of Governor Troup's connections were chiefs. The plan propised by the gene ral government lor the removal ot the Creeks did not na twy the citizens of Georgia, and the Governor had a bery correspond* nee; with the Secretary of War on the subject. A treaty was made, to which the Governor paid no rvspe.it, but ordered the State offioers to pro aeed in opp. siiirn to it. They were t-??n threatened with the armed interference ot the general government, hi answer to wbioh threat Governor Troup ordered tike officers of the Slate militia to be in --eaiiiiexs ts repvl any hos'lle invasion ot the State, thus set ting at defiance the authority of the general gov err menu No disturbance ensued, how, var. T .e Stale of Georgia was victorious. Pari g Govsraor Troup's adndnistraticu, the Marquis de Lw'ayette visited Savannah, anl was rec-ived by the <!ove:nor. He -e hied from the Exe.ntivd cnair in 1827, sod in 18'-18 he was re-elected to the United lita.es Senate, where be serve i the term of x years, distinguishing himself at the arc en t xdvccc e of leathern Scat* rights. He -t ?igted his seat in the Senate and retired to private life, In c>nst qnence of illness. When the democracy of Georgia was divided into the btate right and Union sec tions, Governor Troup was regarded as the de'eah-r t the 'a' h ef the first ntmed faction. By it, in 1862, b" was nominated ?? tie Sou hern rights candidate for Presidentcf tie United States, mi rtcstved aouut two thousand votes in Alabama and Georgia. He was a m?a of great ability acc ardent te a per anient, aad wis di? tfaguisbed lor his intense devotion to the tennis ot the extreme Southern party. He had *11 the defy blood of the HoJntrehes, and was cne of tae g. ca>e o.' a great temnlijr. ?. JOHN C. WARREN, M. D. Dr. Wr ren, one of the most eminent surgeons and physician? that the United Stales has ever known, died hi Bcstcc on Sunday, at the ripe age ef seventy-nine yew. I>r. Warren teioi god to <t family which hai besn dietingnish<.d for its patriotism and ability. HU unole was that IT. Wat ren who was cue cf the first to urge the people oi Massachusetts to resist the tyranny of George the Third?who, with the commissijn of a insjor general ha his pocket, s erred in the ranks at the Battle of Bunker Bill?was alw-ys aeon in the moat dargerons position, aad found a patriot's grave on that well fought field. The father of Dr. Warrsn was also a distinguish-.! sir geox, and his son, born at Boston, in 1777, was p. ? pared In the University at the Pabllo Latin School, one of the noblest academies that the moiem Atnens can boaii. 1Mb the Latin School John C. Warren went to Harvard, whence he graduated in the school of 1797. Hiving adopted the meoical profession, he corameaced prac I Geein Bee.on at the beriming of this ceatnry, and in J 1806 wen appointed ?s istaut to his father, woo then held : the Hi rsey professotsbip cf a .atomy ani suigery in Her. I vard Cooege. At tha oea'h of the lat'-r, in 1816 hi?n i acceee- ed to the professorst p, which ho re-iinid in.il I 1817, when be resigned. Darmg the thirty years that | Dr. Warren fceld tie chair at the University he was an- | eeasicg in his studies. He was also busily employed in Bts private practice, which was the most extensive in Mew England. Next to Mott he male the greatest repu tation in the country as a sorgeon. Be w?s a man of abstinent, aimcst aastere habits, and was devc' .-1 entire y bo his prtlession. His works and theses may te Mracd in every Etedtcal library?those upon he "Physical lhiea.es ot the Heart," "Tumors." "EtherizeGo*,'' "Ihs I'resexvati 'n oi llea'th, ' and "A Comparative View of tae Ssnsurla! and Nsrvous Sys tems in Men and Animals," besides numerous papers contributed t> tte medical and ?rtsntlfta jour nals. An elaborate work on 'te ?? MasVdon Gigaiiteus o: North America" ?a- also published by him about frar years ago, ?h.ch is one cf the most valuable contribtr .toes to the science of paleontology that has ? pperrel tn this oonntry. He possessed a remarkably welt pressrved specimen n the maxloden, which, w.tb a large uunrbT of ether valuable fossil remains, wax dsp sited in a fire proof buildfcg, fitted up as a pxleontologictl muwm. aad always accessible to those in.e es.ed tn snob studies. As an operatic? surgeon he bad no superiors, hav.ng what Aberoe hy slid was rv,uisite to ruin delica'.e work?thehacd of a lady, a wrist of iron ani nerv-is of ?teel. Some of his more dangerous and brillirut opera tions f rated the highest sdmiratrin at home and abroa Be was eiectsd a c irresp nding member ot the Pari* atd London Academies of Physicions and S trgeons and his ?ame was quite familiar tb and much re*,>r?te 1 by t->* serflM' all over Europe. A*, he time cr his d ath lcwh Prvsirent of the Marxacuiset * Msdtral Society. Dr. Warren w:e an vmioen'.iy pare man. As we h -e naid above, he was rarnrst in tii enceavorw t.d.a y with the u.e >f alcoholic dritka, tobaco and other *U aanlanfs, but ije be ieved that people wete to be p? ? ?uaded acd sonvinied of thetr errors, not onilied on*, of them. His book sgaicst the u-e of tobacc) is one of the eJearert trtatisvs on s mfclcal suljecl thit we hire e er sead. D-. W'arrvn was distingaishel for his fr*nk op'% candid, plain s(ieaking for Ids unos>nfatious rasL'j-: r and fir his earnest terearches af er the 'ruth. Tn.ugh n old man, be was aerer an 'old fogy," i use a nan', tern But wtat xrore endearei him to \he hearts of his fe'k w eitizens than all his leaimn/, all hix skiU all h io s and all his wealth. wa? bij nuyaiying kindiievs. h-s u-ii ?s*e bvteyolei.es and his marked ctsfde*af ion for those of his raiien's who had not the where ?? ifhat t.c pay his fce. We r? ally believe, and from some know'.* o' the ftMts, that he eoald go farthei and fa ter tn vi mpur man thin a rich oc<?i.bat is, if it were po?*i}i? to mike any distinction in the vGitsof ainan who firhalfaceu tary was ever ready to relieve thi want* of tae ill and xnffortntste. rich or poor, high or low. Wher Dr. Wan en died a great man fed in Is-ael. Fiom [Correspondence of the 3t. tercfs Re itkbTcao.l WtaiFoBr, April 26. IS56 Cukuel B > n? cmb? down lit: ovemng, from I tokin. ?e left Mr. J- nee better, with igo d cbaDjs to resovc". This irwi has partially Iuliec the ?xc"enicnt, bnf itUl the-e ie an a hi. log in Jigoa'ion at the act gj eunsiirteat with the f rine'pirs if those filiation who s.e its aa'.h and who abtuld be held reepogible fir it. As I ex pec i, at the meetingfheM in lAWrtcce to deliberate how to rev resent 'hiogs r-.r Northern letiitnde*. Bohtn-on pre'et ?? to his perch 'hat be be.ievsd Jones ?.t shit by a pr slavery mar,, in order to get np an excitement rgai-s lawretce; see what ra.cat y meana th 'y us# for getting rid of the responsibility. The freeiitate t. .vernor, in the most pompons s'yle, declared that the nasas-in mn it ha detected, and aa "Governor of Kansas," he wouU offer "a rewasd of $5(0 for his apprehension!" What hypocrisy! Seeder wa? heard to iay that he was ''eorrj it hap pened, though Jones deserve!, or might have ex seel.ed it, ?till it onght to bare barn doae uilfareptlv. Daring all the tixethat Gen. WnilfieUl and his fri*nds were in Lawrence. they were constantly insulted. l'hey ootid not walk in the streets without being j >st ?4 above, enrsed at, hfssed, or in some way interrupted W K. Wright, who has been acting as eounsM tor G?n. Whit field, could net move about a', all :>?e from insult end annoyance. Tbi# Helog the fac\ a? I inf.rctel you, G*t?. Whitfield has informed the committer that he will in <e wo defence, or bave nothing to do with the iovsstigat -1, unlets it i held at son,* other place than Lawret. >. Ha in right, and has acted in a manner to be ins talled by all reasonable men. There ran b# no f.lr trial in that siik-pool of treas. n; and if Messrs. hh?raian and Howard do not hold the iove?'igag.if n at some o- oer Mint it is a dirgraee to them, to thnr preieet positi a, to She House of which they are trember?, to their oonstito awts, and to the nation And In that, ease huld Mr Oliver not wl'.odmw from the G->m<ni*tinner>. he will misrepresent his constituency, < utrage Missouri and for Mt the reapaot of the whole country 1 understand there is a secret, sworn hand in 1st % renee, whore specified duty it was to kill Jones, and t t write have been issued for their arrest, an' also that ' hree hundred I'm ted fJta'ee troope are alread, at Ie oomptoo, for the pcrp'se of insuring their ar,?;t, and maintaining the laws. the Mlosing is taken from the correspondence, of the Mww Yoks Bmulb, coated into he fUpvUi-un. It It the same ante refined to in my but The crig Inal letter ha? jntt been handed tons. We ecpy from the original document a much mutilated aed not over cleanly lot of papee, six inches by fc.ua, badly spelled, and evidently written wl h a view to disguise the hand. It was folded in a getf ?ealng note envelope wi'h an ornamental seal pressed into the pape-, of at pe-alitr a w*amp that an expert policeman ctnld hardly thU (in a ? mail town ilka lawreore ) to discover lis author. It is Oireeted to ' ohe-flTJ nes, law-ence, K. T.,'' by whom it was -eoently received tbiongh the Lawrence Post office. It was thus, "short and sweet ':? [We da'e.] Fiintirr Jo* is?Yon are notified that if yon make one more arrest by the order of any magistrate appelate I by the Kansas bogus legislature, that In so doing you will sign your own death warrant per order, SHIFT TWFf.VK. I have copied this, and mentioned other things, in a ranalog way, in order to ask, in c nciading my utter, who are the "border rnflians t" Are they Rcede- and his faoatieal Mlowers, or Whi held and his conservative > Heads t Trooys Ordkrrd to Canada?We And in the Toronto f.vgowiit 'he following list of British troipe aitu ally ordered to OnnaJa :?'ia battalion Is' Royals, 18th Royal Dish. '.'3d Welsh Fusileers, 68th light InGn'ry, 'id battalion Kifl* Britade, with artillery ami land traosprrt ?org* in proportion. This * 111 make the force in Canada exreed T.fitKi men. Th?y will be under the urdets of a 1a*utenant OenereI (Kvre) and tfajir (ieneral. We learn ghat 6.000 wen are 'te>tiped for the West Iodise Omx C?nr?i?o rc?ON, May 3,1866. The WnUKam Affa r-Tkt Orvc* ' Ban*?In >uino Mt-rvwns? Sola of Rea. BstaU-Tkt -Yew M trine Ilaepi ?.air- AWipa/w Ckanptt?Tke I gMaiwrt-Mm* Pay ?nt Boi'on LHjto d'Oro for 1845-' t-Organua.ion of tkc IVki-ji 'Otmm need?Bribery? T\t Am rt?* State Council?The Weather. The ottem of the Wa'tham Bank peremptorily deny that any one conneetei with t*at institnti in bad any knowledge of Mr. DavU' criminal conduct, and chal lenge proof to the contrary Tbey state that the kn iw ledge of Dtv.e' evil doiage took them at must <>} sur prise aa .t did the rest of the community. Tney are sn litleu to the benefit of the denial, bnt they should uare made an otfisial atatement of the tranaae lone o' Davit with the bank laat week, tor atoriee adverse to the bank are very eurrent among Waltham people, woicb ought not to be allowed to paea without somethfng more than a mere contradiction. The condition of the bank, la a pecuniary sense, which la what the pabllo are most con cerned with, is repceeented to he excellent, ?o that ite (landing cannot be affected by wont has happened. For Mr. Davie' paper the hank ie atated to have abundant oollateial security. The Senate hae accepted a report granting the Grocera' Bank leave to withdraw; that Institution having petitioned for a rednotion ot capital and a charge of name. The Grocers' has dene the right tbiog by the public, and will have paid off, by the close ?f the pre?ent month, all ita liabilities, and have on hard, and available, property to the value of half a million of dollars. A detailed statement of the condition of the bank wl 1 be placed bef ire the Sap erne Court on the 25 h of May. A petition Is in the Merchants' Exchange reading room, signed by several prominent merchants and others, pray ing that the law against smoking tobacco in the streets and on the wharves may be enforced. They declare that this public sinoLlrg is not only a nuisance In itself, bat a source ol much ilargsr, attributingte it the recent tire on lawis wharf, by which property of the value of nearly $80,000 was destroyed. Alongside of tins petition Is a "rtmcr.bt.acct" against it, tignod by some of our bast iterchants and other c'.tixens. The remonstrants dec'are that what is asked for by the retitiocete is puritanical In I t change-, unworlby of our liberal sgo, and lAe'y to be injurious to the city, if granted. The matter will I 'obaiiy end in f,moke, vanish in Junto. arrived c^re oj th? oOili ult.? Jo 0110 of oir L v* trpoci packets, 463 Hormone, chiefly farme s and me chanise aid their wives?Hferally viv.-s. So far as a? yearaaoe jj>. they are respectaule enough, bv.iug t idr toon-tic no .iocs about the marriage institution. The sugg a that they migat have been indic.e cn landing. l.ik? theater of empire, they take a We-.ern ray. More ate o miqg. The mansion hour? eeiate of the late Samuel App on wateoltion Wecnee- ay, by auction, for $69,600. The bou-e is No. 37 Beacon s.reet. and th-re are 1~ 'Jit st|uare itet of rand. Mr. B. B. Mussey, a wealthy book teiier and pnolsaher, wa? tae purchaser. A lot rt land on Tremout street, near the winti-op Bouse, and containing 3,321 square feet, was sold on the same day, at $5 a foot. ThenewMailue Hospital, at Chelsea is in course of rapid construction and will be one ot the tine it build ings ol the ktnd .n theeiuntry. It will be of brick, four i siori?s high, and with two spacious I. wings. The acoJfn modatioiiB will be abundant, end ol the very bast kmd. The location, too, Is all that could be desired, in eve-y respsct the prospect being delight'ul, ani the air pure. Government is entitled to great crw'it for its course in this improvement, and Collector I'easlee ought to have his portrait hung un In the butlding, for to his exertions is government's action due. His memory should be kept gieen by those who, for years to coxae, will reap the benefit of his araeti.al benevolence. Some cf the residents of Cambridgeport are taking measures to have the omnibus lines oontinned, as 'lie horse railroad di es not ac semmodate them Our newspaper world is quite full of changes. The Pottjolio snd Yankee Blade, two literary weea les. have le-n uti ed. The publication of the Daily Been -uj Lt'httr was commenced on Monday, by Mr. Rickev, for nor.y 'f the Boat n I ft raid. The Tutus, on the 1st of May, anr.i upced its coniinuanse with fhe democratic pirty. The Pott U, end will con'inue to be, the enly democratic ore n iu Bosfin, and those who choose ti enlist in ins d.iiiocratio m-i vice will have to do bo in subordinate capacities. That i? the great organ cf democracy in this S'a'e; snd however sweet may In fhe musu of ether organs, they will never manage to uiike theiase vm at Washington whei the Pott cho.xses to strike up i s great notes. much the greater, then, ie their merit for advocating the democratic cause oil purely dis intere't'c grounds. There is nothing like tingle minds! fcuppor.e.-t to keep np a pollticat party. The Lowell yens and Lowell Citizen have been united. It is pro posed to publbh a new democratic paper In this city, ill. Beard, now Sub-Treaeu'ur, and in 1852 a coal'ti n men.tev ol the State Senate, supports the prnj'C . 1 snupi.se it is to be a campaign sheet. The Worcester Palladium seyr?not meaning, n jwever, to be offensive? tbat the derni cratic p.esies in some sections "are in a position, wi'h reference to tbe present adxinls ratim, tl.a* qualifif e to some extent the weight of their op'.ni- a rr a (jufstion of bo mQch dtlicicy as tho choice of & candidate" for tie Drtsidency. Ocr L?g!elatuie id apparently booked for a se-sion or itdefirlte leegti, there lavitg been enough barinssi re ported this week to )?it f rr a long ti tie to come. If we ciD had the "hundred days" ngnlaU.-n that yon have in Ntw Vcik, we thcn:d find it a "real blessing." > even the acTtnt of ihe pi ugkicg ssason has sent hr", lh0 m^zncers this j^ar. Peibapa they meaa to wait f >r tarvee' time. Tbe Greek satirist tells cf men who sat kj Ic.ic in one place that when ihey did rise, the garment ihatxl.ee did du'y for breeches adhered to the bencboa. lis mnit have tern foreshadovUg a Massachusetts I?<is lature. It is s ine comfort, howsrer, to be ab e to .... e' that that b. cy esnnot tit longer than to "the Tue. d -y precedir g the first Widnesday of 1857." Out May day was very fair for Mr.y day, which Is ge-.e rally the uglitst a.d nastiest of ad the 3fi5 daye in tat rear. A arge number cf enthui-iasctc individuals uo servi d the oocsslon. and will talk through their n- for the rest of the mt nth. Thpv found nothing gr in hemselves when they went out into the ouitry. fhe lest obeeivan e ' f Ue day that I havr heard uien'.ionttd of was that r.t Mr. J.siah Bradle*, an smiuent meral mt who gave $5,000 to the Aseociatioa far the Relief;' \~>i Women. ... . . That interts iog atitjual, tbe list of persuas. fini s and cctporatiOLS in Boston paying t-.x-s en property > ft to.<C0 and upwards, ha.- just been published. n9 richest man whe-e c*ixie lirires iu this edition of ii e "G; ld?n Book for 18oo" is Eoemzer Francis, whu piys tl",4'.l 26 on prcperty va'ned at $1,747,500. Mt ta cie innft be very unlike otber men, if this paymeu lo^i not anDoy bum n'-re than his property afTirds him enre?there i? esmethlng so v-ry like being p'on-lcre1 n paying a 'ax bill. M >st of tbe natu?s that figure, w i out any figore of speech either, kie the same as in m-t t jfare. It ap;iears that tne number of miil onnires io o >t 11 isrge here's* it was some years agJ, but the number ol itch men is on the increase? that is, if a man can >s called rich who has only si*, eeveo or eight hand "i ?.hensaed collars "to ecmmsnce tbe next world with, '1Hlhfck?hlgl!members of the legislature, aided by same of tneic ont-lre bretnren, held a meeting on the evening of tbe let, at the State Bouse, ard appointed a State Gj-.a miriee cf nearly fifty persons, nun tiering same of V-e veteran u embers of the party, and good men. Mr. H'J laid pr p sed a long resolution, eulo/iiiug whg pun-.i cles and antonnc.ng tbe intention of our wbtgs to stand by ihsp-. While the reso.ve -ays the w.iig-' wil. not join secUcnai or prtscilp'ive parties, there te suppled ti be nithicg in it that forhldH them Tfum joining .he uemo cra's. The lesolulion was adopted. fc< me fool or otber has been Wying to bribe some mem be s ot the Legmlatuie to vote as he wanted them on a railroad quest! m Tbe subject is exalting attention, and prohablj will be investigved. Tht American State Council will meet on the 6th of May Its action ie looked tor with considerable mterea.. Fvea these who li ck upon the I'residfcntUl election as being in the nature cf a loregone conclnrian and not to b% afTeetec' by any iuv^icnof ourf, admit that the feta e contest will te oceof much importenee, seeing that a Se nator eleven representatives, a Governor, a Lieutenant Governor torty State -enators. near.y lour hundred representatives, printers, sheriffs, and a large nnmberol other local, ffieers will have to be cho.en-the t oi^d -tales S-nalor's fate dependirg upon the reeul'. of the town and county elestiins. Bo tbe ac ion ol the C sun cll wUl be of no orcinary eonsciuence, leaving the I resi deo lal matter entirely aside. The weatter for the last two days?that is, to day and ve-teidav?las been ahominab'e-cMd, ramy and anisty, making fires <r i* comtorUble Indoor-, and thick eoate not pcaoc9ptco!e out of door-. Kven a good Christian, in such w< a her. might hesitate to give his coat U) tbe tn terprisicg ci-izen who had stolen his cloak. Political Intelligence. Tbe Kbow Nothings and nigger worihippem of Indiana held a fuel* n convention at IndianapoJU, on the 1st inet., ??'! af.fr n< ruinating a full State ticket to run in oppo site n to the democrat*, panned tbe following reeolu t it.ru H.Kjirfd. Vat we are nneoniproTDtetnglT oppoaed to tbe ex ?m >'< n ot ilarnr and that we u teri* repudiate tbe oiat'ortn 'tp rclp readc) ?! py the xe'.fstyled Demucralc C u.venuon et tr i* S'iftr ei. to strK and approving of the Kansaa-.Nebrnaka ln''i uity. be?flived. That iva will reeiat by ail proper meats, ihe ad rnv i< n < f anv elr.ve State IbVi thin Infrn hirmed out of the lent f rt?? ?e-nree to freedom by the Miseourl Ooeapromtae or otliei wiee in reived That we are In ttvor of the immedla'e admleilin ot Kama* an h tree htaie t! ro nd rtai we are m favor of the nataraltzuk'n awn of t'rrgrrm wl h the five t'-ui' probahoi, and thai (he right of inltinre rbciild atfi'mi any end rnt precede r. I'urallz vlon hrwnlved. Ihat *? "ilieve il.e t.encral nwemblyrt the Hue have tie pover'oprollbit theiaeot Int/i catto*ttqatreat a beveieve and that we are in favor of at. nnt'iuUonai aw whs h will efltttualiy ruprre?e tbe evil ol latemparane*. A ieadirg demrcrat of Mi-souri?"odornad b? theMcm I hm BulUtin an nu h?p-t nticn the' a d- lion*) eonv-n 1 It.b of whifB aha ! run Edward Everett, of Mac-acha i-tln, fox I'rcrMent, and ,laa.es C. Jotie, of Tenneiaee, for Vice I'reriderit. The Board of Naval Knoinbekh.-Thin boar 1 wf> ?.h wan appointed to examine aandiJateH lor promcr i in in thecrgirrerfrg braneh of the naval service, ban been Ordered to meet in thin City. The fundi fates fir promo "n d i.;e requ'red to report to the Engineer in Chief, Mr. Martin at b'.i ofMije in tbe dep?r men;, on 'he 19th >n<. Oai oi' .i en lor adc.i?Mon are to be examined on the 2d of Jur e, pnxlmo. Pern'.m ynhlng to besov ? such eandi da'er ere required to file in tlie department sa'lsfaetory t itlm'ny relative to their character and qualification, t per mitbe dn'ten of ti ird assistant eo?ine?r? in the I ni;>d .-tatee navy and they will he BUthr -fiei logo he. for* the board for examination. They m ;?t alno ntate thrl- ?ge ? R'arAinpfcdt I is ion, Afd;/3. Ameitian State Onvtn tan. The Na'ional Americsn Executive Ccmmlt.ee hi Hag ?ailed a Nation*. C n.entioa, to ha bald La the el'y ui Now York, on tke I2ih da/ ol J use, ostnpoasd o' the nan.* number of debgatcc a* the electoral votes to whlob the reveal States are entitled, to ba appelate 1 In such msnuer as may be prescribed In the respective FUtes, tbe undesigned, aa '.be New York State Oxnmitree, eon atltnted uncer the call of the aald Executive Committee, hereby appoint a htate Convention, to be hold at Albany, on the 20th day of May, instant, nt 12 o'clock to , to elect thirty-live de.egntaa to the inid National Cooveo tion. The object of the National Convention is to nonvnits cancidatfH for the ofiieea of PTaaidaat and Viae President of the United Sta'es, to be supported in tbe coming can va?s by tbe Amerioan party. The Americans of aaeb Assembly district in the State of New Yoik, who hold, with the Blogbamton platform, that "the institution of slavery should derive no exten sion from the repeal of the Missouri compromise," are in favor of a practical restoration of that compromise, by preserving to treeeom the territory which wag covered by ft, and approve of the Coavention ot Jane 12th, are re quested to seud a felrga'e to tbe aald [Scat* Convention. The credentials of delegates should be cartiiied by one cf the members of the State Committee frosn the Jn ti dal district to whieh the delegates may respeo'rvely be loDg. Nil.AS M. srilXWKLL, 1st District. HORATIO N. WILD, " ? S1IAS SEYMOUR, 2d " F. Wlf. WALKER, ? ? SAMUEL H. HAMMOND, 3d " U A. DUDLEY, ? <? HENRY J. CAMPBELL. 4th " ROYAL baKNUM, " " I. L. LOWELL, 6th " ROBERT ERASER, ?' " SAMUEL A. LAW, 6th ?' JEREMIAH COOPER, '? " JAMES WOOD, Jr., 7th " FRANCIS H. RUCGLE3. " '? V. W. PALMER, 8th " E. E. NOR ION, " " Mjiy 2, 1856 The Position or Mr. Klllmore. LETTER FBOit MR. HAVEN, FILLMORE'S PARTNER. [From the Boston Traveller, May 6^) A report has been circulated of late that Mr. Fillmore bad determined to decline the nomination of the Amer ican pariy. The report seems to have originated with the political opponents of Mr. Fillmore, and the only antboiity adduced is a lettsr which be is raid to hav'i written to some friends in New York. The obvious ob jeet of tbe oilginators of the report is to aounteract tie efforts now being made to concentrate the American party In favor of tbe nomiuition hoping thereby to rtrong'hcn the'acti ns which now diitraot that party snd threaten to destroy its integrity. It will be Been from the following letter from Mr. Haven?an intimate Irlend and lorm-'r law partner of Mr Fillmore, and n iw a c Cintt - ot Otgrtn:?that there is no ground for tbe statement that Ft. Fillmore intends to deolina the noinina tion, and that without the sacrifi ;eo: any former political opini- ns, bis views wi 1 be found to bo in accordance wittt there of '.he American party which arc expressed in Mr. Haven's letter. We co not know that this letter was written lor publication; but it has bean commun lotted to ns by the gf-n'leman to whom it is addressed, with the liberty to puMihd it, which we readJydo, knowing that n Mill be lead with general intoiest: HOL'SE OF RkPURBNTATlVBt, j WamisoTON, April 80, 1866 Your letter of the 28th instant, containing a quotati >u from some Best jo paper, has been this moment twu'ei me at my prat. 1 will answer it before 1 lay i; down. The quotation is as follows " It is now cinoeded that Mr. Fillmore will decline the nomination of the American party. 1 learn from what I consider good authority, that be has wiuten to his friends in New York that he is not an ' American,' in the patty ?er.ee of that word; that he cannot accept the nomination?and that as soon an he arrives in New York, he will make his decision known." I have not seen the paper from which yon make the ex tract, bat I have seen much similar nonsense in free circulation in the anti-American press. Supposing the sensible men of the country knew fully how to appreciate it, no one has taken oicasim to reply to it. The circulation of these reports seems to be about hulf the stcck in trade of the democracy of tbe South, and ap pre x Urates to the entire assortment of tbe republican' and abolitionists of the North. There extreme men make a parade of issuss with each other, on purely sectional questions, but upon this sub ject they look into each other's eyes with mutual sym pathy and satis'action. They believe in common, if they can drive from the field the man whb is standing in the very midst of toe great Amerioan trasses? of the people themselves?as distinguished from tee politicians, and tbe intrigues for place, that their work in tbe coming campaign will be more than half completed, and the winds of disoord and sectional strife will again be let loose, and the cry will then [again be raised, that the constitution is " an Ill considered compact"?" an atrocious bargain," and that the time has come to " let the Union shoe." My dear sir. the wish of these men is father to the thought, and ihey will be disappointed in all th< ir calcu lations. Mr. Fitlmore was sot nomina'ed to decline. His nomi nation was the result of the de.ioera'ions of aa intelh gent, warm hearted, cool headed, di-crest and patrio ii a bedy of men as has met in ihts country since the con venti. n that framed the conetitutir u. Mr iilurere v. 11 nut decline. He has not bo informed ire n term", It is true; bat were he to decline, he would picve a trai or to that sentiment in tbe country which no nobly so g*nei jusly sustained him in the very try g timrs ot his previous adm mat rat ion, and to those ji-t and comnrthemive American sentiments which inouca'e and ittis' upon exsct ju'rije to every seotion of our common country, wi h a>l its diversified ineti-uUins, ia tertsts, prejudices and pursuits. Ihcgteat Ameiican spirit and Ameii ;to heart sus tained bim fn that former admlnl'tration, upon whi.-h he entered amidst difficulties, perils and sec iocal strife. He carried It on from the necessities of the case, with tbe appointees of his piedeeessor, and not with men of hi o?n selection, tave his Cabinet, in which, for obvi >m -easens, a change was recrssaiy, with ut casting any imputation on those net retsineo, and save als) a very limited number?less than a dozen, I think?that st'f respect eon pelied him to change, ia his own State. That acn mUtratioii brought peace, quiet, contentment and satisfaction to the whole e, no try. Our f ireign rela liens were rtain'alced on higa, honorable and American grounds. In all oar domestic affairs things subsided in'o acquieiccn-e. aalisfsc ion and approval. Secti.n .trife duel not thow i.s head, and the territorial acq' .. ns tlat came with the peace, then lately concluded, were placeo under civil governments that were satisfacsorv to all. The government machinery, when he handed it v ir to his sue est nor, was bright, well oiled, lnoricatad, and in complete running order; whether the engineer in eia'g since that time has kept It so. rr whether he has let vt become rnsty and decayed, or has switched the engine and entire train iff the track, let the nation declare." Mr. Fillmore has not yet received official advice of hi nomination?he had not, at least, on the 31st of March, when at F lcrenoe; bat in a letter from there of that date, to me, after regretting 'he ceceEiity of so early a no mi cation, and that the choice had not fallen upon another, he tayi??'I am fuiiy prepared for liny sacrifice which i'. may be necessary to make, and any responsibility It mey te nicespary to take " his original iatentton, when he went abroad, inclufe t a visit to" Russia. 1 enpjio'e be is in St. Petersburg now, and will be home between the mid lie and latter part of June. He oan then speak for himself. 1 have given you my own information and belle', and briefiy rny lessons for it. This ia fortiffed by his declare tion in another plac, since his nomination, where he ?aid, "I am determined to siik or swim, live or die, with my <r!?nds. Oar cause is just, for it is the cans* of our common country and every part ol it, and we ought to triumph; but if we lad, we shal at least bare the cons >? lelion of Vncwing that we were engaged ia a righteo is cause and"deteivfd puteess." As toe outlines of the fu ture bee .me more apparent, you will be able to judge whether 1 am correct or not io belieiirg that tbe Ame i can masses, the great middle classes?men who love th i country lor its owr. sake, and not fur the spo'ls of office ? will rally openly to his standard and maikhlm as ths man of thei- choi-e. Yen know, qui e as well as I do, hov much confidence is to be put Id the republican and abcliija oat cry of men of that class, at the North, who sweir 'hey hold the d stinies of tbe oountry in their breeches pocket but who i hew ou every popular test, as in the late e'e.v tiors in Rhode island *nd Connecticut, at Albany, A:, Ac., that they no" number about one vote in eleven <r t .e sntire ma'sei of tbe country, and are growing "stuill by de(fr?*s aad bestui ully l?ss." As 1 have no political secrets rr opinions that I am un willing the world should see, if it desire, I have no wish to privsnt you from showirg this to your friends. I have written in the midst of debate in the H tuse, and have not time to read over. 3. G. IIAVEN. floboken City News. OlKUJrTTJkTiOJC op the Hoiiokk.v Ootmm. ?The new Cot f cil of Ilobcken met at the City Hall, at 10 o'clock on Monday morning, for the pnrpoeeof organizing. Counnil nran Beard was temporarily called to the chair. Toe firet ballot tor i'reeident of the Council for the enmilng year retailed in the uaenimoae choice of George W. Bemp.cn, (t the Fecoud ward. The message o' hit Urn >r Mayor Clickener was then received, read, and 590 eopi se ordered to be printed. The message congratilatee the itizene of Hoboken upon the advancement of the city in l loeperity under tte present form or government. Toe tioancex of the city are in good condition. The esticratel value ol the city property is $174,605 80. The city owei no debt. There were rectived into the city treasury last year trcnn laxos $16.(93 28; U'Write.-, $903 50, tines, $40 P6; rent lor Citv Hail $25 and from tha Townahi > ttoBinittse, $1,472 88?making a total of $19,135 31 Expended during the year 17 762 09 Balance in the treasury... $1,373 23 ?The gradlrg, fencing and ornamenting of the pub lic park* it recommended. A large amount of tax ienie int unpaid. So loan has been reeortel to during the rear. A regular grade map of tke oity in recommended, tor the socnrity of property holders. The i nmsdiate introduction of pure an l whoie roiij# water is nigtd, by completing the contemplated ar r?ng?m?r,tt between the Council "f n >boken and the Jeti ey City Water Crm*nis?ioi.ere. He recommends, ai the troH' ahaiAtgsows plan, that Hob ken assume her proportion of the c st of those tgjrks, and thus be en titled to the ultimate h-refits of each amngstrent. Tbe In.mediate r* organisation of a police force it suggested t? neccs;ary. The Fire [department it spoken of ae la a go<d eonrtition. The sehools have eo much increase 1, through tbe growth of the oity and their extolledt man ae'ment, tr.at griatdr accommodations are demanded, ard there should be a school established in the First tea ons to tht Third wards. As to assessment*, the Mayor '?>? In hit message that the chapter authorizes the er ?leoiion of taxes upon real estate and pertonal property which is In the city only; and persons residing in Iltbo kri, cat not te taxed ior property of any klnt owned in New York. In oonclosian, he hoped that '.heir legisla tion wnn'd be harmonious, and bav-i in view alwaya the prosperity of ths city, and such ac'Cn will meet with the rtady eo n, eratkn of the Mayor. Ween tha -ealiog had

beta concluded, tbe Bjs.rd ar j crowd, to art! on fVed needay < verir g FINANCIAL AND COMMERCIAL. MOMKT aAHKMV. Ttbsd-ay, May 6?C T. U. Tre nock n,??ket was lower to-day. All the leading railroad stock s were in demand, end the sales w.re quite [R'(r?. At the first board Indiana b'e dedtned % per ernt; Virginia 6 a, %; 111 incut Centra) bond., %; New York Ceilral Railroad, Reading Railroad, %; Clave land end Toledo, %; Chicago and Roek bland, 1%, Michi gan Southern Railroad, 1 %. Nicaragua Transit advanced >4 per cent. Wisconsin lake Shore Railroad was firm at 72 per cent, and there were small aalee at that price. The greateit decline to-day was in the leading Western railroad itoeke. Michigan Southern and Chieago and Roek I.land experienced the beavieit fell. Cleveland and Toledo opened at 75% per cent, cash, and closed at 76, buyer ten dajs. Erie was about the eteadleet (took on the liat. The large receipts of this company in April and the prospect of May eannot be overlooked. The reoeipts thus far ia May bave been at the rate of $778,000 for thn month?an amount greater than the New York Central ever received in one inontn. Krie cannot remain long at present price*. It i* one ol the cheapest etoek* on the Hst at current rates. Railroad bonde are well main tained. The prMiure in the money market baa not af fected much this elans ol' securities. At the second board the market generally was a little better. There was not much business transacted, bu the tendency was slightly upward. l>le advanced % per cent. Cleveland and Toledo fell off % per cent. After the board stocks were lower, with the exception of Kri?. Michigan Southern cloud at 96 per cent; Cleveland and Toledo at 74; New York Central, 99% a 91; Calena an 1 Chicago, 111 a 111%; Reading Railroad, 89% a 89%. The steamship Arabia, from Boston for I,ive-pvol to morrow, (Wednesday), will take out about $800,000 in specie. The steamship Ericsson, fiom this put for Liver pool on Saturday and the steamship North Star, for Southampton and Havre on the same dsy, will take out a large amount. The probability ia that the total ship meut this week will be equal to that ol last. The Loug Dock Company of New Jersey have presented their plan to the stockholders of the Erie Railroad Com puny, and the publio generally, in a notice, which wl>l bo found immediately afrir the stock rales in this column The Assistant Treasurer reports to-day as follows: ? Paid on Trrarury account $12,801 92 Received on Treasury account 116,011 7<> Baleice on Treasury account 9,768,168 21 Paid for Assay i fflee 220,944 61 1 aid cn cisbursing checks 411,866 81 A special meeting of the storkholders of the Brecke. ? ridge Caere! Ccnl Company is callel for the 15th ins:., at the i nice of J.hu Thompson, Nc. 2 Wall street. The Pennsylvania Railroad Company nave declared t pern: annual dividend of four per cent. The atnual report of the Cleveland, Columbus av! Cincinnati Railroad shows that its earnings for th year ending December 31, 1866, were $1,290,396 92?ex penses $558,239 61?net earning, $732,066 31. The re ceipts from passengers have fallen off $37,944 91?which is attributed to the unprecedented high stage oi wate- in the Ohio during the last season?while the increase ol rectipts from freight was $106,094 93. During the year a continuous hue has been opeeed between Cleveland end St. Ixiuis via Indianapolis. Thirty-seven mile, of road bas a double track, laid with compound rail, whleh "ap penances Indicate will moetly have to be renewed within the next three years." The compound rail has prove! far less serviceable than the ordlnary.T rail, either from the quality of the material or the manner of c n?t.-nctlor. The road is now enclosed far its whole length wi'h gvod substantial fence, with cattle guards at all the road cross ings, and great benefit has been derived from this 1m provement in the sate'y and regularity of trains. Oce hundred thousand dollars of stock owned by this compv ny has been cancelled, thus teducing the capital stock that amount. After the adjournment of the board the following sales of beads and stocks were made at auction by S Draper:? $4 0(0 Ohio (Va) Co. to Hampfleld RR6's, iat added.55 5,100 Mich S and Nor Ia sinking fund, do 82 4,<J0O Cleveland and Phtsburg K l-tmjrt, do 70 LOCO Cleveland and Toledo RR sinking fund,do 75 3,000 Chicago and Mississippi RR 2d inert, do 41 2,6(0 do do murt lb'e, do 58 10 >h?res St Mark's Fire Insurer. :e Co 88% The export of specie ficm the port of Boston for :he month ending April30 bas be-u as follow::? To L: verpcol? Per Cauata?American gold bars $20'.943 22 Figlish gold 9,: 00 00 English silver 1,416 O'J Per Cambria? American goid bars 512,153 4 1 Hajtl 5 8a0 00 Jtremie >00 CO Buenos Ayres 8,000 Oo Total for April $739,401 62 Total for March 656.821 33 Total for February.* 23 519 80 Ttlr.l this year $1,419,762 6."i rime lime 1856 4,416 54 ? 28 ame time 1854 1,535 600 51 The Auditor's repcrt ot the 3tate or Onio givss the f> lowing aese"red value., showing the locreire o.'dome tic animals in thiee years:? Increase op Cattie in Ohio. 1862. 1866. Inartif?. Hor.ee 402,696 624,"46 55 per c. ut. Mules 2,992 5,316 80 per cat. Ca'tle 1.093,218 1,791,139 65 per c Sheep 3,060,796 4,337,943 40 per ceu?. H(g? 2 498,792 2,495,769 Dec:ea.? This ihuws a large increase ia number, of all aor. ccpt bogs, which decreased on account of the high pri :e of eoin and increased tacLities by railroad to get then > narket. The increase or money value appears by the folio writ: table equal to the increase of numbers:? 1852. 1856. /rutreax'. Horses $10,863,796 $31,415,004 90 per ceo . Mules 125,925 303,125 140 per cent Cattle 10,097,858 18,902 006 80p?reef. Sheep 3,(81,585 6,661 829 60 per c >t Hcgs 6,624,790 3,631,662 Decrease. Aggregate $31,298,764 $50,016,620 70 per cen Wiiile this ii the aggregate of tbe State, the in? reuse in valne In some of the counties remcte from market is (till larger. 7'his is particularly the cane in other Wee - em States, wLeie, previous to the ex tension of railroads, euoh bullocks as cell here now fur $50 or $60 a head, could be b .right for $10 to $15 each. The Cincinnati Railroad Record gives the following table of vf lu?8 of animal export? from Ohio:? 1852. Horsrs ? iteef and eatUe $2,394,750 Fork, lard, lard oil and hogs 7,991.290 Batter, cheese and fallow 750,000 Woo) 2,100,000 Aggregate expert $13,239,04V $17,060,000 I bin Is about 30 per cent of the assessed value of toe an'ma'a. The number exported may be set down as fol'owc ? Cattle 126,000 Hogs 700 000 Horses 10,000 Sheen, (wool off).3,500,00(1 There Is no doubt that railroads are rapidly producing a change in the agriculture of Ohio. The produetio o cattle, horees, mules, sheep, hay, garden crops a?d ft nits, are all rapidly increasing, while the product < t begs and email grain la relatively diminishing. The report of the Land Department of the illinoie ?i tral Railrr ad Company la the most important fea'nre in tbe la't annual statement. Forth purpoee of givli r is facta and figures and the views of ths company's I. nfi CommiM4oner the most extended circulation, we git its report at length IIU50I8 CTntral Railroad Company?Land Retort. Land Depabtmeit, Chicago, March 31, 1S""'> G en rut*kn?1 beg leave to submit the following :< of the present condi ion of the land* of the Illinois Con tral Haiti'.ad Company: ? By a statement ot the transactions of this do j* .m?nt dated lhoember 31, 1865, it appears that at that tine there were on hand? A ru. Of ccnatrnetlcn lands I,660,4'.i9 Of interest fund lands. 117,414 And of free lands 268,223 Total 2,00' 13d These lands are ?it anted as follows, to wit:? ON THE MAIN l.l.VE. 1, F.etween Cairo, ths extreme southern point o' -"a'e, and line of tbe Obio and Mississippi Railroad . . .i8,,40 2. Betwe?n line of Ohio aai Miislisippi Rail road and that of Terre Haute and Alton Rail read 318,080 8, Between line of Terve Haute and Alton Rail road and that of Orewt Western Railroad 142.140 4. Between line of Grta'. Wes'ern Railroad and that of Chicago and Rork Is'anl Railroad.... 247,660 6. Betwesn lire of C'biaago and Rock LUind Kall rrsd asd that of Dixon Air Cine Railroad 63,4'0 6. Be**een line of Dixon Alr IJne Railroad and Dunlsith, in northwest part of the Bta'e 76,5.0 ON TBE CHICAGO flRANI n. 7. Betveen line of Ohio atd Miaaiss'ppi Kai'mad, and that of the Terre Haute and Alton Rail road...... 68 420 8. Between line of Terre Bante and Alton Rail road, and Croat Western Railroad 167,120 9. Between line ot Great Western Railroad and Chloego ^ 24,97'' Total as above 2,0'"5 136 The greater part of these lands sre witl.in six miles of the Il lnois Central Railroad, and nuas of them are more tuts flfhen miles distant from It. In tbe lower part of tbe first division above mentioned, the land is well timbered with oak, urn, eyprees, aogvr tree, besoh. ash, walnut., &*., with ojcaxi'insl openings and many farms. The face of the country is heavily roll irg, is'e' spereed with bills of ea?y ascent and oooridert bie eievati.n, and suitable for besn.llul bniMIn* sites. Fltensiv* snd val lable qnarrfes tf brown and wh.'.e ?andsftne. ted h'ne and white HtiWhiat, are found nea* tbe fine of tbe road, copping out ia la g? uiaeeo*, ud fi.milling abwndant end ebeap materia'* for bulddiog. The brown sandstone id mue? room teau'iful than that ritlinarily used in the eon si rue lion ol co.itly building* at tbc rttt. %j.d equal, il not superior, to the Mono Senee* stonu of Maryland. In 'hs upper part cf this division, the land 1< rolling, ulUu hili g >ike he way?( ol the oo<-an under the lnlli roce of a gentle breeze. Tb? Uoi of the coualrv is inteiepersed wi'b beautiful pro res of oak, aah, &3., man! of which are veiy entenuvr. the soil in a rich b'a.k deep mould, of uniurp*?e*d fertility, producing in the greatest abundance wheal, rye, r hi, oats and fruits and vegetable! of all kinds. Wheat seetrs specially to thrive la thin region, rlp?o* early, and is a certain crop. The grape would no doubt thrive well here and be exceedingly proikaole, the eli mate bring mild and gecial. What is here said of the soil and Its pr.iduc'ivene ? applies equal'y well to nearly all the lands of this com pany, in the several divisions above enumerated, and most of those wblsb are of different character are equally valuable tor the beds of gravel, sand and build ing materials which they oontain. Along the route cf the rued, In the neighborhood of De Soto and Da Quoin, extensive deposits of coal, of most excellent quality, hava been discovered, and is now furnished at snob low rates as to be regarded by many as cheaper for fuel than he exprnie of cutting and preparing wood for that pur pose. Further explorations will no donbt develops other deposits of coal equally valuable with those whtoh have been opened. Generally the lands are well watered, many of then by navigable streams and their tribatartes, and where there is an absence of living streams and springs, excelled water can he prooured by digging wells from twenty to birty feet deep. Much of the prairie lands along the oute of the read are interspersed with fine groves of t mber, or It Is found within reasonable distance of them; i. fid although many ol them are gently rolling, they are generally sufficiently so for all purposes of drainage? end none of them, in my opinion, are so wet as to be unQt for cultivation?a very limited drainage being sufficient to relieve them from all difficulty on that subject. As a general thing there lai is are nnderlaid by heavy strata of clay, of excellent quality for making brick, so tiat the settlers can have choice of stone, biick or fiame build ings, either being within reach of their own industry On the upper part of the main 11ns. and some portions of the branob, the land is heavily rolling, abounds In fine timber, and the scenery, tn mauy of these localities, la highly picturesque and rflhaotio. ?Dm whole country is healthy in an extraordinary de gree, and although, as in all other placer where rich soil is first ploughed and exposed to the action of the sun, the settlers on these lands ere subject to billions and In termittent fevers at the commencement of their settle men's, the at tacks are much milder than in any o'h.-r see'lon of the country, rare'y prove fatal, and reaiil.' and speedily yield to the urn pics: remedies. An erroneous iiapTession exists In many portions of our country, relative to the prairie lends ol this Stv.i. the absence cf timber being supposed to retder them les valuable. The numerous saw mills now in active opera tion along ":e line of tl.li road tod its vicinity, are e in stantly manufacturirg into 'amber the vast masse* cf valuable timber thai abound in particular localities, aud that lumber nan be transported promptly, and at such low rattc by tbe railroad, taut it tn found cheaper to pur chase it tor bulldlrgg and fencin than to clear and grub ordinary lands. Fencing, moreover, Is but tsmpora'iiy required, as hedges oan be grown in four years, so at lo form a perfect barrier to all animas, and tbe materials of the fences can then be told or u^ed for other purptsos. From the testimony of practical farmers along tbe spate of this road, it appears that these lands will yield from twenty to forty bjnbcls of wheat to the acre, worth Si 25 to (1 60 per bethel: sixty to one huudred bushels of c jrn to the acre, worth from 25 to 40 cents per bushel all other grains in the tame proportion, said fruits and v?getables in abundance. These lands, with all their produc'lvenesi, quarries aul mineral wealth, had remained compara'ively unsett.ed and uncultivated till this road was constructed, and would have continued so, in all probability, for many years to come, but for the belittles of travel and trans portation furnished by it. For about a third of a cen tury most of them have been in market, subject to private entry, and yet, In very few instances were purchasers found f<r them-, and if in process of time they had been arid by the government, It would have been for tbe nominal price of 12J{e. per acrs, to which they had been reduced by the operation of the graduation act of 4th August, 1854. Remote from markets, without facilities for transportation, and with roads almost im passable, the cost of bauliug the products of lands to market, and the time employed therein, amounted almut to as much as the value ol the load. Then, corn brought frem five to eight cents per bushel, and wneat from 25a to 40c. {>er bushel, and hence, except for home consump tion, tbe farmer had ne encouragement to till hU lands. Stock wm equally unprofitable, for the markets were s > remote that it conld not he drives to advantage, and to haul It would have cost nearly as mnch as it wat worth Kow, produce of every kind and stock command ready sales, with choice of markets, and bring nearly tbe New York piioes, less the cost of transportation, and conse quently the farmers are growing rich. In no other instance, probably, have such abundant benefits flowed from like censes. To tbe government the lands were comparatively valueless; to the State they were in no way profitable; to the farmers the productive ne> s was of no avail, wall* t .e quarries of stone aud roar o'e, and mines of ooal, with which the lands abound, were wholly undeveloped. In this condition, and under tl km circumstances, Congress, by tbe act of 20th Decern nor, 1850, donated these Knds to 'he .State, oa tbe oondl tionr chiefly, that the road rhould be commenced and ceiupltUd in a specified tin.*. The State transferred these lands to this company, requiring sufficient per formance of the conditions stipulated try the govern ment, securing aleo the hoed holders of the com pony, and appointing trustee* .'or that purpose. To avoid all lu:ure difficulty, however, on the part if the purchasers of these lands, anl to at tnre to them perfect titles In fee Maple, the Legisla ture, ty act of 10th February, 1851, in addition to tbe requirements abeve mentioned, provided that "on making cncir tales, and receiving the price < f suoh la ads in rn<> ney or bends as aforesaid, said trustees shall convey sn :h tracts by an absolute titlein fesaimp'.e to toe purchase-s, wbicb conveyance sea l operate as a release or an ac quittance of the particular tract or tracts so srid, from ail liiVliiy or incumbrance en account of said deed of trust, ard the issue ct rtid bonds si sp-- Hied in the preceding section, so as to ves* in the purchasers a con p'ete act indefeasible title." I would here remark, thai all the lands affected by this deed of true', are deeded oy tbe trustees, and hence all purchasers receive the r titles under thin law, free aid clear of all anl every incun uianee. This ccmrany took these Unds thus comparatively valueless, under tbe act of the State legislature, aud by the expenditure of about twenty trillions cf dollars, im parted vitality to the whole mater ky the construction and iqvipMat ol this road. Ibat the country might be rapidly developed, the cairvirg MM* of tbe rood in crearcd and a moderate price obtained tor the land', the credit system was adopted. The prices were fixed from five to twenty five collars per acre?six years credit fiver, and now three per cent interest only charged wo years interest at this rate on the whole amount o purchase money is required to be paid when the contract for rale is made, and tbe purchaser gives bis notes at t *o, three, four, Gve and six years, with the interest added. One of the conditions of sale is. that one several tenth *i the land shall be cultivated each year, so that, at the end ol five years, one half of it shall be under cultlva'ion. Already the benefit of this system is beginning to be te t in Ibe increased business of the road, as shown by the annual statement ot the superintendent, aud when fully carried cut, that business will he increased to such a-: extent that, in my opinion, the whole force of tbe line constantly employed, will be insnffieleat to perform it wi.hont a double track, aud the profit will, of ooursa, be in proportion. stations have b?en established at distances of abrit ten miles opart for the entire Icrgth of the road and branches. Already many of There stations hav? grovn up iato flourishing villages and towns, each be log j the mercantile ceLtre of its particular neighborhood. Ai the lands in the neighborhood cf these stations are sett'el and cultivated, not only the business cf the road, but that of each station, will he increased, and tbe lots.whici are now sold for prices merely nominal, will then be come exceedingly valuable, and so lar as retained by ths cimpacy, will add materially to its revenues. I At tbe price* and en the lerms for which the lands of this company are offered, they are mare profitable anl yield a better interest, with less labor, than lands at the same rates in tbe interior of New York, Pennsylvania, Maryland or Virginia. With the advantage of elim-ve, high price* for early crops, convenient s.nd cheap traus poration, and choice of markets, tney are mnch better investments than govercment lands in more remote Wes tern Hates, even if the latter were equally productive. With moderate industry, a settler can earn from those lards the whole amount of purchase money required to pay for ihem, before bis first note beccrtne due, as shown by the accompanying recapitulation of an article pub lirbed in tbe f'raire Farmer, the correctness of which la fatly sustained by the testimony of energetic anl industrious settlers on these lauds. Superadded to these direct profits, is the great and constant in crease in the valua of the lands, consequent on the rapid | settlement of the country, and the equally sapid growth of the toVns and villages along the line of the road. 1 Moreover, the geographical position of Illinois is such as to give it great and Important advantages. Located about tbe centre of the rich agricultural prrtions of the Union, with tbe Mississippi river on one side, the Ohio on anoth er, lAke Michigan on thejnertheast, and overlaid with a network of railroads, it bai'all tbe advantages of water communication to all sections of the country, and even . to foreign parts, white navigation remains open, and when closed, throngh those aunerous railroads It has unbroken and almost uninterrupted communication with the principal marke's of tbe Fast. Ihns it will be perceived, as stated by a distinguished state emeu, i hat this grant is a three-elded bargain, and one by which eaeh of the parties ts a gainer The gain to the United states has bean tha sp?edy sale, at pit.as varj icg frem 12 60 to $fl per acre, of ianda that other wise would have remained on hand tor a quarter or half a century, and then been disponed of at 12X cents per ane, thuH being far more than repa d for all the lands granted. The gain to the State lias been a largely in creased population of industrious, Intelligent and enter prhir.g cttizens, ctiefly producers, a very heavy increase ol taxable property, an imtnensa acquisition of trade aud capital, and eeven per cent of Itb# gron receipts of this road, which will soon go far towards relieving the people from all taxation for Stale parposes. And tke gain to the re m pecy is a valuable anc productive road, constructed and equipped on a gigantic scale, at au expense of over twmty miifl jn* of dollars, with a reasonable certainty, however, that by a judicious disposal of these lauds and town lots the entire expense of construed in will be re fueled, and the value aud productiveness of tbe road be constantly increasing. All which is respsc'fully sub mltted. JOHN WILwON, land Cora aula slonag. ?took ?xeluuigt. TrnsBAV. May C, 18M. tifKO lr,d S ate 6'a.. 84'? 250 ahs F-.te RR ?8?^ 11100 do 84 100 do c 6 6}*' 25100 Virginia #'s s3 Pijf 60 dp s.10 56',, 2(00 c' sd Oil '/t 160 do arO M?; 100(0 MlVI 8'*.. 160 86^[ 200 do blO 10<0 N Y On IV.. 102,100 do bOO 66'^' 2f00 Krie jhls '76.0 (H)>f 476 (n 60y 1CK0 K'effo B. ,'fli c 87' 20l'!ev & I'ittsVg it't 01 {coo f? '71.... 82W 18Cev, I.olfe "In r.R 102 2410 2000 'C00 ?0^1.e#e 829^ ?10 H R 2d Ml Ms 807< 200 Riading BR. .bOO 011*' .. . 6? 20 d-> 89X 200(0 f ? ? ?7 ?U0 d. b30 90 K'tO Hei vd V" Ws, 75.X ' ?*.* lOflOmCeaftR Ba 53 CI MO do *60 SJJfi 4000 do r.8 86% TOO do MO 90 5()< 0 do K<0 87 200 do ? 80 % 2"ft0 Mb So B" 2.1 ir f2% 20 Gal fcl'b'RR.... 112 10C0 ihiiKIRIt lis 06% 60 do MO 112% lOOOLKkW 2d MBi 53 lt'O do b60 1W% 10 sbs Bfe Comm'ne. 109% 60 do 0 1U}{ (5 I hrcix lUnk.... IKi 600 Clev & fol RK 830 76% *.4 lark Bonk 87 96 do 76% 100 Canton Co.. .".>30 28*4 250 do.,., 76% 100 do b3 22% 100 do b60 76 875 N J 7,iuc Co.... 2% 201 do c 76% 'iO Nio Iran Co..opg 131? 160 do blO 75% 12DeI & HOioalCo. 129 300 do s3 76% J62 Peon Coal Co. ...c 09 300 do b60 76% eoo NY Cen RH.-bCO 02 210 do 76 37 do 91% 100 do 83 75 26 do e 91% 100 do blO 75 100 do 0 91 40 Chi & Kkla RR b3 92 200 do b30 91% 60 do 880 92 100 do 880 91% 81 do ? 91% 386 do b3 91 26 do 91 2C0 do 810 91% 76 Wis Lk Sh RR 83 72 ?0 do 83 91% 269 111 So It N IaRR 0 96 100 Erie Railroad. slO 60% 50 do iSO 96 100 do e 56% 126 do 868' 96 tOO do 860 67 60 do 96 BBCOND BOARS. $6600 111 Cen KR Ba. 86% 100 aha Ch &RI RR.a8 91 20 aba Bark Bank.. 97 66 I.lttle Miami RR. 92% 200 Comb Goal Co.b3 22 600 Reading RR .... 89% 800 NIc Tran't Co, opg 13% 200 do 810 89% 140 N Y Cen RR.... 91 200 do a60 89% 200 do b"0 01% 300 do a3 89% 20 da 816 01% 800 do 860 90 160 Erie KR 66% 100 do....b30 89% 60 do 83 66 % 600 do s3 89%. 200 do p3 66% 60 Gal k Ch RR.bSO 112 60 do blO 66% 100 CleY & Tol RR... 74% 60 Harlem RR 17% 100 do 74 % 160 do 17% MINING BOARD. 100 aha WdC&InGo..c 46% 1300 aba G'r GdCoh8 110 60 do blO 46% 600 do 830 112% 60 do blO 46% 100 do blO 112% 100 Cum C & I C>.a30 22 200 do..... 816 115 3C0 Gaid Gold Co..c 106 600 N Caroliua e 115 000 do 810 110 100 Gold Hill rw 130 The Long Dock Company, How JT?raey. Notice la heieby given that looks will be op<ra for sub scriptions for 300 010 dollars, the re .idae of tbe capital stock of tbe Long Dock Company, chartered by tbe leg l?. luture ol New Jeisey, at tbe oiHce of the New York and Krie Railroad Company. 46 Wall street New York, on We'nesday, tbe 28th day of May, inst., from 12 to 1 o'clock of said day, and aa instalment of one dollar on each share will be required to be paid at the time of sub scription; and future instalments of tventy per cenl each will bo called lor as the work proceeds, twenty days pre virus notice be'ng given. By order <>:' the directors, HOIIER RA VidDSi L, President. J. J A.vsi.NG '/AiiniSKiK. Secretary. Jersey Cut, Hay 1, 1866. CIRCULAR. The Ix>ng Dock Company, recently chartered hy the Stale of New Jersey, bus been orgarlsod by persons deep ly Intererted in promoting tbe prosperity <f tbe New York and Erie Railroad Company, ant for the tola pur pose of securing to the eaiu railrmd company a direct ?ru independent apt roach to the city, and an ample ter minus upon the harbor of New Y rk. Five hundred thousand dollars have been subscribed to its capital stock, and by tbe abtva advertisement, it will be seen that a further subscription of three hundred thousand dollars is proposed, which will complete the amount al lowed by law, to be issued by that company. Ihe objects and necessities of enlarging the depot aj ccmmcdatlons at Jersey City, and a description of tbe property purchased for that purpose, with the extent thereof, have been fully set forth to the stockholders of this company in the late report of the President. The charter of tbe Long Dock Company is perpetual? limited to a capital of $800,000?wi'h power to issue Mortgage Bands, to purchase, sell and hold lands; to tun nel Bergen hill, and construct a lateral or branch rail road to intersect, within the limits of Jersey or Hudson city, any ether railroad authorized by law; to build docks, piers, warehouses, or other structure* necessary for commercial or other purposes, and establish a ferry, or ferries, to New York. Tbe exclusive use and possession of the property and privileges acquired, and to be acquired, by the Long Deck Company, wRl be rented to the New York and Erie Railroad Company on a perpetual lease oa the following conditions 1. Tbe New York and Erie Railroad Company to pay to tbe Long Dock Company $80,000 per annum, and the in tGfefit ?liioh tbe Long Dock Com pany may hare to pay for any and all moneys borrowed to make improvements, under tbe direction of the Sew York and Erie Railroad Company; also to pay all taxes levied on said property, 2. The Long Pock Company to se'l any of the property held by it, whenever the New York and Eris Railroad Company shall request it to be done, and the proneeds of the land sold to w p aoed in the hands of trustees, to form a sinklrg fund for the redemption ef all indebted ness of the Lor g Dock Company, which may be created by direction of t! e hew York and Erie Railroad Company. 3. Tbe New York and Erie Railroad Company to have the right to purchase, at any time, the property of the Lozg Dock Company, upon tendering to the Long Doek Company, after six months notice, tbe sum of $800,000, atd assuming the payment of all indebtedness which 1 ball bo a charge up- n the property leased to the New York and Erie Railroad Company. * Id making this arrangement, the interests of the New York and Erie Railroad Company only have betn eon suited. The rental yields, it is true, a handsome income to tbe shareholders of the Lrng Do:k Company, but net more than has been deemed necessary to attract capital to his investment. Such airaigementa have been made, and this la in tended as a notice there if, that each shareholder in the New York and Ki ie IK broad Con pany shall he entitled to a pro rata amount of stock in the Long Dick Company, so that no injustice shall be done to any ono, and the right is reserved, as before stated, to return tbe amount paid bv the Loig Dock Company, and to assume the pro perty in their own right whenever more favorable terms tan be obtained. By this arrangement it is thought that the New York and Erie Railroad Company will secure the necessary ca pita) tc comple'e ike improvements without permanent sacrifice, o.her tbsn the three per cent extra interest proposed to be paid to its owo stockholders annually. Whatever m?y be the total outlay required to furnish tbe accommodations OJntemplated, it is evident that oa th?lr completion, the net revenue of the New York and Erie Railroad will be Increased thereby, at least two and probably fourfold, over and above tne annual amount tbop Imposed. Thr so accommodations, with those now at Piermont and New turg, wi I enab'e the New York and Vrie Railroad Ctrrpary to folly develop *he trade in lumber, coal and other heavy atd bulky articles, to the great advantage of the districts of noun try traversed by the railroad not only, but to tbe la'ge increase of tbe company's revenue. The object of this c mmunication is to call the atten tion of the steckboldres of tbe New York andgKrie Rail read Company to tbe notice of tbe opening of tbe books by toe Long Dock Company on the 28th inst., for gab scrip Ion to tkrir capita! cock. St lekholders of tbe New York snd Erie Railroad Oompaay who subscribe for shares of tbe Long Dock Company will have the prefer ence in the distribution of those shades. A'l shares not applied for by tbe stockholders of tho New York and Erie Railroad Company will at once be taksn by other parties, ily order oi the Board, HOMER KAM3DEI.L, President. Ovfk e New York and Erie Railroad Co., May 1, I860. CII'Y COJINERCIAL REPORT. Tuksdat, May 6?6 P. M. Amies.?Sales of 50 bbls. pets were made a', $6 50, and SO do. peer s at $7 75. Bkkadsti ? Floor?The market continued heavy, end ccmm'.n (trades were 1'2'fc. a 18c. per bbl. lower. Hie sa'.en embraced about 5,000 a 6,000 bbls., lorladlca 2,500 comn-in Sta te, for export, at $o 60. The current prices for aU grades Is expresjed by the fallowing range of prices:? Common to good State ..15 50 a 95 76 Common to gjod Michigan 6 25 a 6 75 hxtra State 5 75 a 6 00 Common to good Ohio 6 00 a 6 12% Fxtra Ohio 6 50 a 7 75 Kxtra Genesee 7 00 a 8 60 Southern mixed to good hraads 6 25 a 6 87 Do. fancy and extra 7 00a 8 37 % Canadian superfine and extra 6 10 a 7 60 CLoioe extra Georgetown, Richmond and St. Louta 9 00 a 10 00 The salon ot Canadian brands amounted to about 600 bbl". at '(notations. Southern brands wore beavy, while the sales embraced 1,700 bbis., at the quotations given above. Rye flour was quiet at 93 76 a 91 75 for flne and superflce. Meal waa eaaier; tales #f 200 a 300 bbls. Jersey were made at $3 a 93 62 V. Wheat?The sales embraced 4,(00 a 5,000 bushels in lota, at 91 25 for poor, end 91 66 for good Tennea<ee red, and 91 80 for prima Southern nhiie. Ocrn continued heavy; the sales em braced about 30.000 bushels, included in which ware 12,0(0 bushels old Western mixed from store, at 60a., wi h 12.000 a 16,000 do., jellow from the slip, at 61c., and white from the Blip at 62c., and acme lota infarlor f ir dis,riling, at 57c. R;e?Sales 7,000 bushels Northern ware made at 80c. Data were heavy, while prlcea were unchanged. C. ffte?A sale of 1,100 baga of Rie was made at pri vate terms. form .v.?-The sales ware confined to about 1,000 a 1,600 bales, without further change to notloe in quotations. Holders were uotf offering tieely, being disposed to await ibe receiptor later foreign news. Krkightv ?To Liverpool about 18,000 bushels grain, in bu'k and bags, at 4VL a 5>?d ; 1,400 bales ootton, part compressed, a* %<!? and at 6-32d. There waa nothing new for London. To Havre, cotton at %c. a %o., ashes at 7e. eOa., and rice at 9e. To Bremen,(50 tons me as ore mint goods at 26a., 30 hhds. tobacco at 25s., and 60 balea Cotton at p. t. Hat.?Sales of 600 a 800 bales were reported, for ship ping, at 70o. a 80c. 11 classes.?Sale* of 500 a 400 bbls. Maw Orleans were maie, at 47o. a 48c. Cuba muacavado sold, to a mode rate extent, at 30o. a 58c. NxVALStores?Sales of 3,000 bbls. common rosin, at -.170 per 310 lbs,, delirereO; and 600 bb's spirits tur entlne, at 42). a 42}*c , cash and fifteen days time. PbOVkiors.?Pork? The market was rather drmer, itb rales of 300 a 400 bbls. mess at 917 76, and some itrisll lots at 917 87%: and 100 bb's. old mors sold at 917. Ileaf was steady, with sales of 100 a 150 bbls., including ct entry prime at 97 60 a 98, and country mess at 98 a $9 CO. Repacked Western was at 910 a 913. Beef hams? 50 bbl.'. were acid at 916. Prime mess was dull, at old prices. Cut meats were Arm, with salea of 200 paikaga* nt7c. a 7%e. for shoulders, and 8%o. a 0%e. Lard? ?diles of 200 a 300 bbls. were made at 10c. a 10,Ve. Baoon was rcarce and fiim. Ri Iter and cheese were unchanged. Rick *?? quiet, and prices unchanged. Ft uah.?Ibe tales embraced about 500a OOObhda. Cub* musccvsdo at OVc- a ~%c. , with some small lots of okdeo a* 8c., rnd 76 hexes Havana at 8c. hoar ? About 300 b( xe# were sold, at 10 V- * lO't4 Ttiuuco is quiet, on account of smail sto it* aD<l h'gh pric e. With larger supplies, which are shortly expected, ? revival will take place. The sales included 38 hhds. Kentucky and Msyrville, at 8c. a 14%?-I hales Ha vana, at "2%o. a 66e.; and 140 caaas aaedleaf at 0c. a l.i Wo. U iiisrxy ?The market closed firmer. Palei of 100 a 200 . ,1s Ohio e> d prison weie made at 28Vc.a 29c.