Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 9, 1856, Page 7

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 9, 1856 Page 7
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THE NICARAGUAII AFFAIR. Mil of C*pulii Xlukl?p*?|fe, J<iMph L, WklU, aud MUr. Jottph v'wvricr, Car ?lltraeUng the United HUtei Officers. UNITED STATES OIBCUIT OOUHT. Before Hon. Judge Belts. Hit 8.?7\t Untied Suua Of. Kdioard L. Ti-tklepauyK, Jtmpk L. White, and Jottpk Pouter.?Tue defends nU lu this esse sre charged with obstructing the I'uited States authorities on board the steamer Northern Light. The defendant, Tinklepaugk, 1* Captain of thai vtaeel; Mr. White is a well.known lawyer, and special counsel of the Transit Company, and Mr. Fowler Is the engineer of the Northern Light. Mr. John MoKeon (United States Die. Met Attorney) and Mr. P. J.| Joachimasen, Assistaa District Attorney, appeared (or the proeecation, and Messrs. V. B. Cutting and H. F. Clark for the defence. The following jurors were em panne iled:? John Hutchinson, Austin Chnreh, Jas. Btglish, John M. Harlow, Wn. Oostaer, Charles Fletcher, Jacob Beuthard, Jacob lie Baum, Hugh Black, D. B. Wood, Beiij. P. Pease, John M. Whitfield, lb. Joaehmssen stated the case lor the prosecution and then called Benjamin F. Ryer, who deposed that be Is an officer attached to the United States Marshal's office; 1 was deputised to serve a process (produced) on the 21th December last; it was, I think, before 3 o'clock; I found the Northern Light at pier No. 4 North river; when 1 went en heard, I Inquired for Capt. Tinklepsugh, and wae told that he was at the Custom House clearing the vessel, and that he would soon be back; I then asked for the chief en gineer, and Mr. Fowler was pointed ont to me; 1 told nim (lowler) the nature of my business; that I had a prooass of the United States District Court, and 1 forbid him from assisting or doing anything to taks the vessel a war from the wharf; the enginser answered that he should take his instructions from the captsln; 1 t>ld him he should abide the consequences; Capt. Tinklepaagh cause on beard shortly alter; 1 told him I had a process against the vessel; I handed him the notice, and , showed him the writ; I think he took the process in hie hand and looked at It, but I am not posi tive; Mr. White then maue bis appearance aod inquired what the difficulty was; 1 then handed him the monition, and told him it was a process againet the vessel; he looked at It; something was Mid aoout the harshness ol the proceeding on the part of the United States au thorities; Mr. White then asked me to go to the cap Iain's room; Mr. Cole, Mr. White, Mr. Norton, Cap-. Ttnklepaegh, and Mr. 8cott and others were presen*. Mr. White SBked me to let him see the process again; I di 1 so; he locked at it and read it, and returned it to me ami then left; there appeared to be at that time some confu sion on the dock; 1 rtmained near the captain's room until I wae Informed thmt the veesel was going; I theu want to the hurricane deck, where 1 saw Cap ain Tinkle paugh, near the wheethonse. giving orders to cast off the lines; the vessel got under weigh, and made her course pretty well across to the Jersey shore, 1 should think she was pretty nearly half way across, when I observed the revenue eqtter Washington eomiog round the point at Castle Garden, in tow of the steam heat; we had got pretty well down toward* Ellis' Island, when n gun was fired from the cutter, I and told Capt. Tinklepaagh that that was for him to come to, and in about ball a minute there was a shot fired which crossed her bow forty yards; I told the captain than that unless ?he came to, the next shot would pldg her; I don't think the onptain made any reply; the steamer was stopped, and the latter earns up; 1 reported to the officer, Lieat. Stafford, my condition; I spoke to him in the preeenee of ?apt. Hnklepaugh; I told him the vessel had bsen at tached, or was nuder process of the United States, and that 1 wished the vessel stopped; he (the Lieutenant) so reported to Cap.t Fonoe, and orders were giveu by int. Fonee for the vessel to go back ana anehor la the stream; she did go back and anehor; Mr. Horton was deputed on the prooess with me; I was the only officer on beard when the vessel left; 1 had Peter Cook as an assistant; Horton, I think, was on the wharf; Captain Tbklepaugh was standing on the wbeelhooee. Q. Was Mr. Wnite on board? A. Not when the vessel left; I don't think I saw Mr. White after he left the Captain's office; the vessel went in about ten minutes after Mr. White left the eaptain's offiee; the dock was quite esowded; there wae a large number of passengers on heatd; 1 did mot observe Mr. White speak in private to the Captain; there appeared to be a great deal of ex citement, noise and confusion on the dock; I did not observe any more noise and oonfusion on Doard than udaI on such ooooiiooo* Cross vxamined by Mr. H. F. Clark?I oannot fix the time exactly that I received the prooess; I am confident It wae kef. re 3 o'clock, because when I went on hoard 1 wae told that the captain was at the Custom House, eleariag her. Q. Did yotThear that orders were reoeived from the President to stop the ship at all hazards? A. I did not, sir. Q. Do you reeolleot seeing me (Mr. Clark) on board? A. I do, sir; I saw yon jost as the veeiel was about to leave. Q, Do yon recollect my looking at the prooess, and telling you that I would bond the vessel? A. I do not; I have my reasons for not reoollectlng It; 1 have no recollection of seeing yon bat once, and I do not know whether Mr. White had then left the vessel or not; I think yon (Mr. Clark) were pretty nearly the last per se* who left the veaeell; I reeolleot a printed node) which 1 presented to Captain TinklepaugU; my Impres sion is that Captain Tinklepaugh took ths paper: Mr. Wh'te was not then present; the ship had stopped be for the blank shot was tired to get oiestr of vessels. Q. You ?ay yon sure not a deputy marshal? A. No, sir, I am not; , 1 am an offioar: It was after 4 o'clock, bat I was at the vessel before three o'clock; I have no reoolleetion who ever of smy conversation with yon, Mr. Clark: no one in terfered wlih me; we were treated very well on board indeed. To Mr, Cutting?It was not known that the cotter was soming round until she hove In sight. To Mr. Joachim seen?I am an officer of ths United Slates Marshal; I have no motive for suppressing any re eelleetioa of having any conversationgwlth Mr. Clark; esrtainJy the est en their part took the vessel out of my possession, er 1 should not have permitted her te leave. Luther iHoxton, examined by Mr. Joachims sen?Depo ed that he was deputed on this process afalnst the Morthem Light; got It abont half- past 2 o'elosk; I had a criminal prooess also; I had other men with me?Man gle, Cook and Quinn; when we got on hoard I went with Mr. Ryer to see that this prooess was executed 11 went In search of the men against whom 1 had m; there was a large crowd on deek; the steam of i vessel was np; It was understood at that time that the how of starling was three o'eloek, she was still fastened iroMM; the TMei Ihe Cepteln was thers then, and I understood they were going to have a consultation; Mr. White and Mr. Clark left the ship, and I understood that Mr. Vanderbilt went np to the Commissioner's offiee to bond the^vessel; I re adiest Mr. White coming on board; 1 don't think Mr. Clark came en board with him. Q.? When did yon leave the vessel? A.?I did not leave the veesel until I jumped off the gang plank to save the Ufo of our District Attorney; I kept on board as long as I could, expecting every moment that I would receive no Use that the wae bonded and discharged. Cross txamixed by Mr. Clark?1 am an officer of this court, end act as deputy when speoially deputized by the Ma renal. I wae appointed In 1863; my appointment is not in writing; 1 reeolleot you, Mr. Clark, coining on boewd; he (Mr. C.) went to the captain's effise and said he woaln jump Into a carriage and go with Mr. Vanderbilt and bond the vessel immediately! I said that if they would ?wins the vessel round and give me hall an hour 1 wou'd satisfy the government whether there were any arms on bosud or not; I reeo-lsct that Mr. White said he had a goad mind to abandon the vessel to the United .States government. Peter Cook deposed that he was sent down on board the Horthern Light by Mar thai Hlllyer, on the 24th Decem ber last; found Horton and Ryer on board; they (aid they had attached the vessel; I went on deck, and remained there until she went into the stream; 1 saw Mr. Clark (the oounsel) speaking to Tlnklepangh; I heard Mr. Ciark ?ay to Gapt Tlnklepangh, "You go;" Mr. Clark got off jnet as the veeael was leering the hock. This's testimony was oorroboratWe of the others. Oscar Coles, examined by Mr. Joaehlmssea. deposed that he is a ship ehandler; was on hoard the Northern Light en 24th December last, about a quarter past two o>oleek; that was about a quarter of an hour before the Marskal's deputies oame on board; Mr. Joaobuasaen, As sistant United States Attorney, oame on board with them; Mr. Joachlmesen told me he had a process against the vessel, and that there were arms and monitions of war en board; 1 said I did not believe it; he said there were passengers for Nicaragua on board; I said I did not know, and that they were at liberty to search for arms, and to arrest any persons for whom they had warrants, whsn Mr. White came on board and he went to the captain's room; I can't swear positively who went there, hat Whitn and Tlaklapaugh; Mr. White left and Mr. Clark oame on beard, and after a little conversation he said "we will bond the ship and let her go at her usual hourhe said the Ccmmodore (meaning Mr. Vandarbltt) was in his effioe; Captain Tinklspaugh remained on board of the ship all the time, in oharge. until she was aaehorsd in the stream; Mr. White and Captain Tlnklepangh were ?tasting together, but 1 do not recollect their conversa tion; the last thing I heard Mr. White say was. to "go to sea," or "go, "lor something equivalent to an order to go to 'sea; Mr. White was conceal lor the Transit Oomoany; I do act know whether he was a director or not; the Tessa was breasted off to keep the era vd away, ana that, oon seqnSntly, widened the gangway. Cross-eiamised by Mr. Cutting?I am acquainted with Mr. Fowler; his name Is Gilbert Fowler. Mr. Cuttlag then said that Mr. Fowler was Indicted as Joseph Fowler. ?The District Attornsy said it was too late to pat In the defense <f a misnomer, as Mr. Fowler had pleaded to the indictment ? Mr. Catting denied that be had pleaded, and after some farther conversation the Court said that the jury would tr^Uee issue only as agelnst Oapt Tlnklepangh and Mr. Mr. Coles to Mr. Catting?I think the eonversatien I heard from Mr. Clark was, "the Commodore and I will go and Bond the ship." ?To a Jnror?I think Capt. TlnUlcpaugh was by at the time. To Mr. Catting?I am pretty certain that Mr. Clark said hs would guarantee that the ship would be bonded: not having heard anything to the contrary I believe that the vessel was bonded bafore she left the dock; I know of no circumstance which gave Cant. Tinklepaugh any other information; the ship left between half-past throe and twenty minutes to four o'clock. To a Jnror?I Intended to go as or so the Hook with the ship; It Is no nnnstial case for me to go down as far as the Hook; I often do. Commodore (orr ell us Vanderbilt was examined for the defence at this stage of the proceedings, by consent, as he was absnt to leave the city for Washing tin. He said that about half past two o'clock on the 24.h of De cember, Mr. White earne into his office and said that the Northern l.fght was attache 1 (be, Mr. White, was a little ?vetted) far having fillibusters on hoard, and said that he was going down to teU them to go to sea; 1 said, "No, r yen mast not do aay such thirg; go do?n and ascertain the na'.iu? of the proce?s f-xhctly, and If I can assist you, I will;" Mr. While ?M task la obomt ten mtestes; Mr. Clark came In afterward* and aaid to me, "Commodore, let ae go np and bend the eoip," I remarked that rf Mr. MeKeon waa there ke woa d do what wan rlgat, and lat her go; when 1 got oat el my offiee. I saw Mr. dark and Mr. JoocbtmsMn walking ap, and I said, ' let no all throe go to the United 8'atee office;" we started, bat oar friend (Jea^hlmmen) tramped. (Lneghter.) Mr. Joaehimseeu?You seemed te hare some private eoaverta ion. aid 1 left you. Witness continued?Mr. Clark said to me, whoa we get opsoslte St. Paul's ebureh, that he was a "raid Me Komi would be gone from the clUee, and that ha would ran on Defoie me ; he did so, and when I came ap ha waa coming oat, and aaid that Mr. MeKeon was gene: I then told Mr. Clark to go to the ship and see If Mr. McKeon waa there, and to tell him that I would bond the ship and aatia'y him that there were no arms on board; I was prepared to bond the ? ea se] 11 Mr. McKeon was theia; 1 was agent of that line. Q. Are yon agent of that line mow 1 suppose I would he If there was a lice? (laughter)?it Is the agent that gives the crdere to start; tbo captain never starts With out the orders of the agent; if I had a_oaptaln that did so I would dismiss him. Charles Morgan, examined for the proeeeu'ioa, deposed ? That on 34th of December last he was agent (br the Accessory Transit Company; that on being Informed of the Northern Light having been attached, he advised that the Board of Directors should bo ealled together; that he would either bond. or abandon the ahlp to the government, and that he woald take no responaibillty. Capt. Fanner, of the revenae cutter Washington, de posed to his b&vii g stopped the ship Northern Light, on the 24th December, by firing across her bows. To Mr. Clark.?Oapt. Tinklepaugh's oondact was good en the occasion; he rsve me every facility. To Mr. Catting.?There was something said about bond lB?, bat whether it was that svening or tha next morn ing 1 cannot tell. Arthnr D. Stanford, first offiosr of the Washington, de posed that he boarded the Northern Light; tnere waa m opportunity of anything being sain to me about bonding; Capt. Tinklepaugh showed me his clearance papers, ana I went baofc to the catter and reported to Oapt. Faunoe that I had seen her papers; the vessel waa taken back to New York by orders of the captain. Mr. H. P. Clark, one of the eonnsel tor detenoe, was ealled by the District Attorney, and deposed that on the occasion In question he was in the office of his father-in law, Mr. Vanderbilt; while there Mr. White came in with this psper (prodmed), and, after soma little converts tion. it was determined that the vessel sbonld be bonded; it was regarded as important that the vessel sbonld go at her appointed time; sne hod a very large number of pas sengers?some six'or eight hundred; my objeet ingoing to the ship was to see Mr. MoKeon, to ascertain the amount, in order that Mr. Vanderbilt and myself might bond her. Mr. Clark detailed some eireumstanoes al ready deposed to by the other witnesses and iurthsr added, that it was agreed between him and Mr. Joacbim? sen, that the vessel should be bonded for $100,000, and that Mr. Vanderbilt and himself (Mr. Clark) should be the sureties; he proceeded as quick as he could to the United States Judge's effioe, and there saw Mr. Morton. Clerk of the Court, who told him that the Judge bad just gone, and that the bonding would do as well the next day; he then went down to the vessel to see Mr. MoKeon. with a view of assuring bun that the vessel would be bonded next day by himself and Mr. Vanderbilt; when he got down the main gangplank was, and I cried out to the captain. '? Captain, are you going?" it is a ra if take to say that 1 said "go !" 1 said " ore you going, or arefyou off;" the captain answered, "I git my orders to go;" I jumped down into a sma'l biat, and by that means got ashore; I told Capt. Tinklepaugh that there was no difficulty about it, that Commodore Van derbilt and myself woula bond the ship, and that he could go at his usual hour; every effort waa made after wards te do so. To Mr. Whiting?Mr. JWhite instructed me to bond the vessel, and he had every reason to believe that it would be so; I intended to have bonded her, and made every ef fort to do so; we went the next day, or I forget whether It was the day after Christmas day, and bonded the ves sel; the understanding that I had with Mr. Joachnnissen was fully carried out; the vessel was bonded on the 26th of December, as there was no judge or elerk at tha office on Christmas day; from the time I had seen Captain Tinklepaugh, neither be nor Mr. White could have been advised that that vessel was not bonded; the assaranee that the ship would be bonded was made in perfest goo: faith; Mr. MoKeon afietwardsjlnformed me thatthe vessel was seited by an order of thePresident, under the eighth seetion of the neutrality lawsdhad I known tha*, I should have advised the captain not vo go; by the paper produoed on the trial yen will see that there is nothing in It about the neutrality laws; I doa't think any one on the dock could distinguish anything that was said on the ship, for I nsver saw anything on the ship so like a mob as the crowd on the iook. (Laughter.) Mr. Joaehnnissen?Did 1 not say that it waa a great shame that that vessel should he allowed to leave with out being properly bondeo? A. You did. Adjourned to 11 o'eloek Friday morning. Baud of Aldermen. ThU Court met last evening, Alderman Isaac 0. Barker, President, in the Chair. TliE BRICK CHURCH PROPERTY. Alderman Hkrrick differed a resolution to rescind the resolution providing for the sale of the Brick ohnreh property, in cohseqnanoe of the presbytery having Bold their interest in it at private sale, and dlreoting the Comptroller to postpone the sale indefinitely. Alderman Varum opposed the resolution. Alderman Fulmer supported it, contending that the eitv vas entitled to more than one fourth of the proceeds of the sale, and was sure the oity would be cheated in the operation if the sale took place. Alderman Voorhis opposed the resolution, and said ac cording to previous resolution, the Common Counsii could not make the matter any better. Alderman Clancy denounced the sale of the ehnrch property, as proposed, a gigantio swindle upon the oily, and hoped the resolution rescinding the former one would be adopted. Alderman Yarlan said hs heard the church had sold their inter interest in the property tor $200,000, ten thousand of wbleh were paid, and the $160,000 remaining were paid on Sarurdsy. Bad not the Common Connell oommitted itself to the sale, he WJuld oppose the resolution; bat he believed the oaee could not be altered, and the parties that had purchased the inte rest in question had muds arrangements to operate to their own advantage at the public sale. Alderman Yoorhkis said that if repealing the former resolution would postpone the sale, he would go for that; but be thought that former proceedings of ths Cjsn mon Council had taken farther power from them on the premises. Eminent lawyers had given their opinions on the subject, and the eitv was decidedly sold in the nutter. Alderman Ely said the share the city was to have, was oertalnly too meegre; bat when opinions wore given that the trustees could sell the property for secular purposes, the Common Council felt inclined to make some compro mise. A farther ordinance was now resting on the table to oomplete the measure, bat he hoped the resolution to reeind the resolution passed the Common Council and signed by the Mayor April 9, 1866, would be adopted, and that the Comptroller be directed to postpone the sa:e advertised for the 14thinst., for an indefinite period. Alderman Brown, condemned the previous proceedings in authorising the sale, and spoke in favor of a repeal. Aldeiman Briggs called for '.he previous question. Alderman Barkjir asked leave to be excused from voHng, as the matter might come before him while acting as Mayor, in Major Wood's absence?which was granted. The resolution, so far as regards postponement of the sale, was thsn put and adopted, by a vote of 19 to 1. Alderman Varian voting in the negative. THE .NSW HALL. Alderman Tucker, of the Upeaial Committee, presented a minority report in favor of the plan of Martin E. Thomp son. Ordered printed. THE NEW (STAGE ROUTE. The report to grant John T. Heird, the privilage to run a line of stages from Coentries slip to Greenpomt lorry, foot of Tenth street, was concurred in. The Board then adjourned to Monday. Personal Intelligence. Dr. Bammel, the distinguished Russion savant, who is on a scientific mission to this country from ths Rtu-pian government, is in Boston. ? Hon, Jsmes Bell, Senator In Congress from New Himp shiie,'arrive home on the 3d inst. ARRIVALS. From Bremen and Bouthamoton, in the steamship Hermann Mr Abel Stevens, bearer ot despatches, lad; and daughter; A. W Taj er, Dr J C Jennings, W L Chamber) ad e. Mrs L Blanks, 2 ehl>dren, governess and servant: Miss O Walton, C Baker, Mrs R Lucas, J Hlndekln, Mr Flnke, J Parsons, W Isetla, Mrs Mabicnx. J Von Vnenty, Mrs O Vennaman, Ml is H Dathoun, 0 Meyer, G B ftgeers aid child; M Kllnkstrohm, lady and 8 ohilcren; J J Prank. Mrs Illnrtohs and Miss Otto, B Meter Miss 8 Lubrock. W Valentin, ? Uudewl'i and lady, F Raflham, W Schuster, T Lex, P Metx and lady; O Malmrooa, B Lam- s 11 Flefer and lady; Miss J Popper, J l'olack, H W J Teun, 8 /Ba sel, C Hey no, B Dietrich, O Berron, F Trlest, C Kuprer ' Lob man, J Carpe'ea, C H Teybt, C John, A Moller, F Bam irger, G Beyrtea. F A Nteckacb, J H Beekman, T Moreh, D 8r iberl, 1 Kobn, J Schwartz, W Ootz, C H Hsrploh, H Caam n and cblkLC Grimmer, B Stave. 8 Teliifflmaan, FGrav, E M l; titer, F, Wwelle, J W Welle, B Dahn, J H Koop, O Bolsellrr, F BourhL Mr Vogt, J Wanner, Mrs F Rosen, J Carter. D Col tard, F Rosen, f F Shaw, H Kebbell. J Carver, W Catne, T Holding,W Jones, W Brown, C O Apos, P L Page, Mrs Gen die, Mr Bernard, B D Oolt, J Rosenfeld, Misses J and J Brer loss. G Koeh, lady and eight children; Misses A and R B<>r chard, C Kayeer, lacy and three children; O P Klopter a 1 lady; W Rtidlg, lady and lour children; Mr Btolierbehn a-id lady; J Wuizen and lady; P Kloningal and lady: N Von Bar gee, lady and three oblldren; C Korher, lady and two cblldiwn; F Rosenberg, lady and six children; Mrs Mttteber and three ehlldren; Mrs H Kobn, H Kobn, K Kohn, Misses 8 and J Kshn, Mrs J Bdenhauaer. Miss F Lauer, 11 Von Otto. C J Hoppe. lady and two ehlldren; a Getter and ladv; Mrs lfehrtena. H Ba ther and lady; A Pavers, lady and five children; Mrs J Alli son and efatld: Mr Wtlklns, lady and Infant; Mr Stevens. la-l r and seven children; I Jnhlns, J Barnes, Mr Oemer, ladv and two ehlldren; O Andrews lady and infant; B and J Barker, a ll Capea and ady: Mrs Oregis and lnftnt; Mrs Kelly, obild end Infant; Mrs Blreh end Infant; Mr Jenkins and lady; A Boone; Miss A Ladwtg. Mies J Tried nun, Mimes L and J fan glad', Mies C Rller, lias Brlgnow, Mlm B Bansober. Miss H Reinhardt, Miss P Rrnstela. Mlm J Maysr. Miss H Drey.'nae, Mrs ? M Dougherty, MlwCO Longiey?Total, 282. Fires In New York, Fire in Division Street,?Shortly after one o'clock tb? < (Thursday) morning, a fire broke out in the eon fee Won try and oaks store kept by Peter F. Gebhardt, at No. 265 Division street The alarm soon brought the ftrem?n to the premises, who found the firs burning through the floor Into a small room partitioned off from the sto.r, need as a kind of store room. The fire was very soon got under and extinguished. The heat and water together pretty mueh destroyed the stock In the store. The tools, fcc., In the oellar did not receive much damage. There Is an insurance of $1,200 on the stock aid tools, in the pacific Insurance Ccmpany, and $300 on the heusehold furniture up stairs. No damage dose to ths furniture. The fire appears to have originated from the oven, whim is directly under the ilsor, where it was evident the fire commenced. The whole matter will be lnvt-aUgahsd by (he Fire Marshal. Violent Hail Storm in Virginia.?One of the most violent hall storms that ever occurred in Virginia, swept over the oounty t f Lncenburg to Amelia Court House, jesterday. In the woods and some other plsecs It lay open the groand to the depth of four inches, some of the hailstone* being < 1 large size. leaves were strip Eed from tbe trees and fences blown down, bat we bare sard of so other damage.? Richmnvl May 8. ONE WEEK LATER FROM EUROPE. Arrival of the America, Hermann and City of Baltimore. THE CENTRAL AMERICAN QUESTION. The Interference ef Spain with den* Walker. Mb. cbampton not to be recalled. THE SOUND DUES* IHFORTART FKOB THE CZAR OF RVSS1A. Improvement in Cotton and Corn, Re., Re., Re. Four steamships from Europe have arrived within the laat thirty-liz hour.:?The North America, at Quebec; City ot Baltimore, at Philadelphia; America, at Halifax , and Hermann, at thi* port. Tney bring one week'* inter newt. THE BEW8 BT THE HERMANN. The steamship Hermann, Capt. Hfggins, with the Ger man, French and English malls, S32 passengers, aal a valuable cargo, arrived here at a quarter past two o'clock yesterday afternoon. Her dates are from Southampton to 23d the nit. According to a telegraphic despatch from the Crimea, we are informed that Kinburn and Eupatorla will be the first portions of Ruenlnn territory evacuated by the al lies. The English artillery and siege trains are said to have already commenced leaving lor Eoglanl, The Paris correspondent of the Brussels paper t'Emat cipalion states that a despatch had been reoeived which announced that the Danish government had eonsented to the arrangements which had been offered by foreign gov ernments for the regulation of the Sound dues. The Paris correspondent of the London TVmes, writing on 19th of April, says A private letter from Madrid speaks of a desire exist ing on the part of the government for making an ex petti tion against Nicaragua, combined with Franee and Eng land, under the apprehension that if the Americans succeed there the same filibusters may pass on next to Cuba- There are persons, however, who are of opinion that Spain bad better keep her fiatr out of any collision with the "stripes and stars." for that the United Sates would, in all likelihood, make "a might* pretty quarrel'' out of anythligcf the sort, and that neither England nor Franoe might ihink it expedient to extricate Spain from hex embarrassment. The Naval Review at Bpitheaul. OFFICIAL PREPARATION!! ?TIIK SQUADRONS AND NAMES OP SHIPB?IMMENSE ARMAMENT?STEAM POWER EMPLOYED?PREPARATIONS TO RECEIVE VISITERS?ACCOMMODATION POR THE PR1SS. [From toe London Times, April 23.] The I .oris of the Admiralty arrived at Portsmouth yes terday, and completed all the prejeoted arrangements f jr to-day. A little breete sprang up In the morning of yes terdey, which seemed likely to freshen, and so spoil that part of the programme relating to the ltine of battle ships; bnt it happily died awav as the day advanced, and the evenisg closed, promising fair for to-morrow. The town and suburbs of Portsmouth, Oosport, Hyde, and the neighborhood are crowded with visiters, who pour ia still by every train and by speculative steamers frem seawards. Our French visiters amused themselves yesterday by visiting the gunnery ship Excellent and Her Majesty's yacht; they were sainted on leaving the former. A su perb ball and banquet Is now being arrangel In their honor, and will take place at the Royal Naval College. The following la a complete list of the ships present at Portamouth on the 23d of April, 1866, in order of sail ing:" Post Column. Starboard Column. SCREW LINS or BATTlESnm. SCREW USE or BATTLE SBIP9 Ilorte Com- Horn Com Qunt. power, mander. Gum. power, manders DukofWel- Captain. Captain. Una ton...131 700 Caldwell. Royal Geo. 142 400 Robioaon, 0. 8. (FA* of Vies A dm. Sir O. Flag of Bear Adm. Hon. Sir Beimopr, K. C. B.) R. Dundaa.K. C. B,. Com. Captains. Hon. P. >eham, O. B., Nile 90 550 Mundv. (Captain ot the Fleet.) Conuuer'r.100 800 Symonds, Captaim. C. B. Orion 91 600 Krsktne. Creasy 80 400 Warren. Jam. Watt.. 91 600 Elliot. Cteiar 80 400 Robb. Majestic.... 89 400 Hope,CB. Algiers.... 90 460 Codrtng Ixmouth.... 91 400 &yres.GB ton, O. B. Colossus.... 80 400 Hon. H. SanspareD 70 400 Cooper Keupel. C. B. Key, C. B, Bi una wick. 80 4C0 1 elver- Centurion 80 400 Williams. ton. C. B. Ajax 80 460 Warden, C. Edtnburg.. 60 460 Hewlett, B. OB. Hawk.... 60 900 Owmanney Hogue 60 460 Ramsay, Hastings. 60 200 Ftnsbawe. C. B. Blenheim... 60 460 Hall. C.B. I Russell 60 200 SeolC rrror ships at st. mucks. London 90 ? Jervls. Rodney 90 ? Wilson. SCREW rRIOATES AND COB- SCREW TRK1ATES AWD COR VETTES. VETTBS. Captain*. Captaim. Jaralus 61 400 Ramsay, Impericuse 51 360 Watson,C, C. B.. B. Arrogant 47 860 Lyster. Amphton... 36 .W0 Chads. Tartar 20 250 Dunlop. Pylades 21 360 D'Eyn Pearl 20 400 Sotheby. court. Archer 13 202 Heath- Ooaaaek .... 20 260 Cookhurn cote. Eak 20 260 Bir R.Ma Com'ders. Clare. Desperate.. 8 400 Wnlte, Com'dert. Cruiser 17 60 Hon. G. Faloou. 16 100 Fallen. Douglas. Consist 8 400 Ooohran. Rattler U 200 Pel owes. Harler. 17 100 Rerrlman Captaim. Captains Forth. 10 200 Lord J. Burotas... 10 200 Moorsom. (2 mortars.) Bay,C.B. (2 mortars.) O. B. Horatio .... 12 260 Hon. A. Seahorse... 10 200 Heath, C. Cochrane, (2 mortars.) B. O. B. PADDLn WHEEL VESSELS. PADDLE WHEEL VE8SEIA Captain. Captain*. (Flag Bear Adm.Baynes,O.B) Vulture 8 470 Ulasse. Captains. Mtgiclenne. 16 400 Vanslttart Retribution. 22 400 Flsber. Sampson ... 6 467 Hand. Centaur.... 6 640 Clifford, Commanders. O. B. Vesuvius.... 6 280 Hore. Iragon 9 660 Stewart, Basilisk..... 6 400 Crofton. O. B. Gorgon 6 320 Crawford Commanders. Captain. Bulldog 6 800 uordon. Firefly 6 220 Ol'er. Geyser 0 280 Tower. Commander. Captain. Prometheus. 6 200 Hops. Merlin.. 1.? 4 312 Sullivan, Lieutenant. C. B. Cuckoo...i., 3 100 Murray. Commander!. Her la 6 240 Aplln. Driver 6 280 R. Change bcrs(act) Hydra 6 226 Morris. [IN BtOKB SAT.] FLOATING BATTERIES. POWDER AND SHELL DEPOT Captaim. .Bolus (storeship), Matter Glatton 14 160 damning Browne, Truaty 14 M0 Campbell Voiage (powder depot), Master Meteor 14 160 Seymour. Hutsbiogs. Thunder.... 14 160 Randolph hobtital ship. BAILING FRIGATE. . _ Cummf'-iT. Captain. BslleUle.... 6 ? Host Meander.... 44 ? Bail.A. i-loating factory. Master Vulcan 3 140 Edwarfe. GUN VESSELS AND GUN BOATS. WHITE SQUADRON. Captain, Hon. H. Kegel, C. B. Horse Common- Horse Common Guiu. p'te'r. den. . Guns, p'to'r, ders, Victor 6 360 DeHorsiy Nimrod 6 350 Alacrity .... 4 200 Majendie. Vigilant 4 200 Amttage. Palter 2 60 Round. Ruby 2 60 Bale. Thistle...... 2 60 Spain. Tickles...... 2 60 Ballour. Sandfly 2 60 Nicholas. Seagull 9 60 Reply Plover...... 2 60 Stewart Bullfrog.... 2 60 Martin. Carnation... 2 60 Saumarez Hasty 2 60 Mssniss Insolent.... 2 60 Smith. Herring.... 2 60 Genaats. Mayflower.. 2 60 Temple. Shamrock... 2 60 Heath, Spey 2 60 Primroae... 2 60 nekl* 2 60 Griper 9 60 Wager. Spanker.... 2 fiOBosanquet Thrasher.... 2 60 guides*). Reynard.... 4 900 Foxhound... 4 200 Traveller... 2 60 Prtaoe Growler?" 2 60 VIctorHo- Quail 2 60 benloba. Savage 2 60 Parthian.... 2 80 Julia 2 60 Clutter Ripple 2 60 _ buck. Wof 2 60 Cherokee... 2 60 Louiaa 2 60 Pault Sepoy 2 60 Kaos. Cookie 2 60 Bur lay 2 60 Brae- 2 60 D'Arcy. Manly 2 60 Arthur. Swan....... 2 60 Mletletoe.... 2 60 nar-?-. Mastiff 2 60 Johnson. Magnet...,. 2 60 Bowmj Lively 2 00 Byng. RED SQUADRON. Captain Oedringtau, C. ?. Hone Com- _ Hons Coot GUnt p'ser. m'drs. Guns, p'tor. m'an. Flying Fish. 6360 Dew. Pioneer 6 SK) Mends Ringdove... 4 200 Sanies. Lapwing... 4 200 Sam. .m ? Bitter 2 60 Anderson Swinger.... 2 60 Nelson. , StarUiDg.... 2 60 Piers. Skylark 2 60 Hunt. Snapper.... 8 60 VUllers. Pfocber ... I 66 Marts Butlard 2 60 Gilford. _ . .. _ aaer Dove- 2 60 Herbert. Charger.... 2 80 Symcudt. Leveret..... 2 60 Oodrlng- Oraaabopper 2 60 Lee ton. Maekarel... 2 66 Weld. Paaeock-M. ? 60 RerooAwd Pheasant... 2 66 Fervent.... t 60 Mitchell. Forestsr.... 2 60 Tnnes, Bauer. I 60 Hoaktna. Whiting.... 2 60 Nlobstl. Opoesum... 2 60 Camphell Partridge... 2 60 Jonas. Cormorant.. 4 200 Bowden. OoqneM* ... 4 206 RUk. Firm. 2 00 Goo ah. F naer..... 8 60 Fly 2 60 Beaeon 2 60 Btabba. Merer...... 2 60 Robinson Brave. 2 66 Herdmge Brazen 2 60 Bridges. Bnllflcch,... 8 AO Thomson Ralnbtw ... 2 60 Grove. Raven 2 60 Knewle-. 1 Redbreast.. 2 60 Wrails- Koeket 2 60 law. Aibtecre.... 2 60 _ Boee........ 2 60 Hardy 2 60 WBson. Amelia 2 60 Highlander.. 2 66 Bavoek 2 60 Berkeley. Rsoert. 2 66 Earnest...,. 2 60 BLUE SQUADRON. Captain Velvarton, C. B. _ Horse Com- Horse Com Guns, paver.mender. Gum powermant. r Intrepid.... 6 360 Wood. Boebuek.... 6 360 Mohawk.... 4 200 Close. Osprer...... 4 200 R1om6> d Htork 2 60 Malcolm. Weasel 2 60 Cra'gte Pauper...., 2 60 Dyer. Jackdaw.... 2 60 Hwlnburt Gleaner 2 60 Bog is. Hind 2 60 Ward 0.) Magpie. 2 60 Plm. Lark 2 60 Cuming Redwiig.,,, 2 60 Forbes. Snap 2 60 Ds Cre Budge...... 2 *0 Bullock. ? Ptgnv bktpjsek .... 2 60 Chetwynd Sheldrake... 2 60 Sfasssnu Forward.... 2 60 Nelson. Cockchafer.. 9 60 Porcber. Ilaoterer.... 2 60 Whitshed. Staunch 2 60 Wlldn)*- . Ilanghiv.... 2 60 Hamilton. Charon 2 60 Pollard Aeturaiee.. 4 200 Jones. Tilbury 2 60 rrocrls 2 AO Irvine. SparrowUawk 4 200 Oreawjil. Porpols*.,,, 2 60 rroespt 2 60 Gornaak,,,. 2 60 Good- Goldfinch.... 2 60 Boxar. enough. Delight 2 t*) Hlnrh* n. Grapp'er.... 2 60 Bllverlook Bouncer.... 2 60 Drake Hvaus 2 60 Oregrry. Nightingale. 2 60 Golltna >n Vio:e? 2 60 Wool- Camel 2 60 eombe. Oonfcnnder. 2 60 Carolne.... 2 80 Foam..*..... 2 60 rio-us 2 60 Nptder 2 C7 Daviei. W*ve 2 60 _ ? ught nviAHtn, Captain uwpw Key, ?. x Ouiu Com- Horn- Com? JSCS-- ?-'~?""vsrIsrfa gar.;:; | g jr.?. } #??? ft? \ 2? Bwwf 2 ao Jftv'r: ! X*::::::- 1 8Haw8tL

SfiL;::; ||^ &:":: 1 ?**-? ! liiLj J ? Garland .... 2 20 ;5F'*r J *? Howarth. Ant 2 2D W.flalmm ?*1V.V' ? ? ? \ 20 Uiubba. Nettle 2 20 K?y Bambler.... 2 20 Eivtagtea Decoy 2 29 Ciark. Morur fiMliudmortu -o#w, Fiitl in lumber. OA. . . Grand total:? 240 vetaeis; 3.002 sun#; 20.071 bore* power. ?kr??,?ert'" now anchored, covers a speoe, from pivot w?lps to pivot vessels, of upward 4 of 12 miles. te?.^\.7!S! ?.DJ eorreepondent'e paroal iaft Smthenip tba ? oojoltaBMBt existing in reference to XL thUH.J'Vl di,p!*^ which takes place at 9pit Mad this day, had reached an extraordinary height, and Jtot^E 2U ?y 1rtalt#? fr>m almit aU parte. LaA,X)ndon' Lt^erpool, and other large towns, n?f!t. !r .T.y? adjeeent, contributed largely their V ? peek^m, out numerous arrivsla had Uktii ftf.P";ttr **??* neighbors. Hotel aeeonaodation uely provided waa entirely oat of the ??? elthongh the facilities afforded by the mall Lt on tl^til^P'l1.11? numerous ?latere with beds, the ? r ""P* w#r* hberal'r contributed, yet wm h f?r *? ?'all .in fv y }?rt?n*? apparent. From na early ?ceaa were^JnH .1?' **? U<t? Iraln* crammed t? ?Shmv^??l p9urio* lnto ?&? Southwestern itauway station at Southampton, and although it ?>. dSSS b,uln*M 01 the line oould be oon o2m2k,M^?!l 2 *' w? vh U ohwrrable on ordinary 'et wehave not hoard of a single accident. A ' Jf? e?nfnslon existed in one or two instancee at Biahos ?eit ? dl ' but by th* ?doPaon <* * proper arrangs WM ?' ?W,y resumed. The docks at Southampton presented n most pietureeoue appearaooi ?r,Ln?'e"^d'7- At tlw north side of the tidal S OrtLnt^*^^ TeS8<!lB be,lnKln? to the Peninsular and ?#S?^.a? P^y' #Mih ,Wp'" "tern being plaoed ^ 3,"*? ? ell, an easy access was provided for Th^Itol^ ML iWr n*IM, 'h? '?aj d spectacle by that means. M*U Co?P?ny'? and other ships were likewise Judiciously arranged, and a fleet of not leee than twenty large vessels were in this dock alone. The whole of the yes* e.s, it was expected, would got a way by 10 o'clock. ACCOMMODATION FOB VISITIB8 AND MEMBERS OF _ , , TH* PBE98. The following is a list of the vessels of war appointed to eenvey the different parties and visiters on this occasion and to accompany the fleet:? ' ttu^r **ama- ? ,T? embark. Tn whom appropria'e-l. Hack Bag!,.... Sally Port Cabinet, Aliuidty Lightning .... no Admiralty. Princess Alice.. do Admiralty. Ports'thBockjr'd Lords or the Treaausy? fields ot <>jvernmea t Departments?Lord Vivid. 1 J M#yfr Dasher J "? Ambassadors. Transit Sonthampton... Peers. Psrseverenee.. do Commons. do Army Department and Vwienn a Admiralty Offlosrs. %?si:::\ ft :::::: "Aft;. Wi<gecn..v do. Motley.... J do. ...."I I'orte'th Dock'yd Admirals and OantalsH Prometheus ... do Hal,.pay Omce^ " Uw rr*' a? Half-pay Offlosrs. Jtsgwra do. ...... Dockyard Offioers?D? Cn=kof Portsmouth.... ^ Visitors should be on board by nine o'clock In the morning, on the 23d, so aa to prevent confusion. _ . ? STEAM COMPANIES' SHIPS. The fcnowlng ships of the Peninsular and " Company s fleet will leave Sonthampton in the following , ?SSt0" ^P3? 1,020 tons J'??L n" 8.inU* 2,441 tons "?J?' 1,166 tons Alma 2 166 toes The Directors of the Royal West India Mail Company h?ve chartered the following:? company . Atrato La Plata R#n,.\^?rwling "^R? to the Southwestern Kauway Company will be engaged:? Courier Alliano# Wonder. The Union Steamship Company send out two vessels:? ' _ ? Baxon. | Union. tioned?? ?lb#r Bhita eonjVlog visitors may be men Duke of Cornwall. Sydney. Nord. Hope. . Nimrod. And about thirty smaller vessels. . A th* !hlPJ ? l*T( the docks aeoording to their o'clock wftt*r" Tb# flr*t steamer will go ont about 7 TO THE EDITOB OF THE HEBALD. At Sea, May 7,1856. The two days which the Hermann passed at Southam 0 ton, on her return from Bremen, were days of Intense excitement and amusement to all on board, owing to th, grand naval ravisw which took place off Sptthead, and te whleh every train brought gaping "John Bulla" with their wives and children, until, though a vast number spent the night in the steamers In the dock, aiesping room became so scarce In the city, in many eases a guinea was paid for permission to sleep on the floor, lo ft sd, we have heard that persons coming in the late | ains were foreed to pass the night wandering through the strcetb. The fleet, es the Hermann passed through it on thv te??1 tej!u# ?8C' ?? hfr w*y from B*??ien, presented a truly brilliant spectacle, consisting as it did of some one hundied of England'i serew etoamsh.p., drawTup In parallalI linea of four or five miles in length, flanked on either side by an Indefinite number of her new steam Kn boats. As tha Hermann passed between these two ig Unas of Old England's "wooden walls," whose solemn silence was only broken by the two bells announo JI^0!8,..104k A> M-? Pafinf from ship to ship on:il loBt in the djstacoe, a most vivla idea of the pawer and rigi lanee of our "mother country" was impressed upon aU Who had remained upon deek. The morning ?f the 23d opened beautifully?a eircum stenea which fbvoredj the Bngltsh supsraUtious nation that good weather always attends Victoria?and the v,?_0, ?traag?n increased nntil the doek and all the neighboring streets were swarming with lllb. Some thirty iron screw steamships, of ths largest of England's mer ehant marine, lav in the dook?aome engaged by gorern ment for Uie Honses of Parliament, others far distiu gnlshed offioers and tha nobility, others still, in the eer vice of speculators. AU were crowded before 10 A. M., and had left tha doek, on their way down the beanllfu! Southampton water. The serew steamsbtp Himalaya one of the gayeranient reasals, and one of the largest In tha world, must have had a thousand passengers on board; and some of the vessels in the hands of specula twrn, must have yielded for passsgs money alone, at a guinea a head a vary handsome profit, its Hermann foDownd some three honrs later, havirg waited until 1 te ^ *f'?5??b6r maila. The passengers had a fine opportu nity of witnessing a portion of the review, (asHhe pvsned down oa bar way to sea), whieb waa just at its height; Mnee tha Queen'# arrival had been delayed by an aocideut to a train on the road, which delayed that to whiah the royal ear was attached?which detention, we presume, must have interfered with the proceedings of the day, as the attack was > not mide upon South Sea Castle, wM;h was to be the grand feature in the review. On arriving at the scene of the naval display the two mo'lo?> PM8ln? I" regular order down 3 8p0A. vf th* r?y*1 ya?ht and others tag;Jand aathe ships successively reached the P?' UBin! *{t*T Passing between them, farned outwards round these ships, starboard oolumn tb* P?rt oofumn to port, man ntng the rigging, cheering and saluting the royal yaoht aa she pawed. When the Hermann took her departure the whole fleet were pouring forth their broadsides? JOHN MALLIN3, PurMV. The Sound OaM. [Berlin Correspondenec^of I en don Timed, April 23 ] la a reoent leader jou mentioned that the government ot the United States had given the Danish givernmeut a termor two imonthe from the period of its treaty with Denmark on theenbjeet of the Sound due* expiring, for the pnrpoee of enabling it to eome to an arrangement with the general bodr of the Statee interested in that im poet. Since then our government has taken into con sideration the plan proposed by the Danish government tor having the annual amount of the Sound dnoe capital ized, and getting the capital to bo raised for thle pnrpoee paid np at onoe by tho different States, according to the proportion In which they are interested. This proposition of tho Danish Cabinet the English government nai re jeeted, as we have learned here from various London pa pere, and the intelligence baa since been confirmed on good authority In Copenhagen. At the time of rejecting the Danish plan, the English government reserved to it self to propose another without loss of time. This has since than been done, and Is of the following nature, viz: The Sound dnee are to bo retained, but their amount shall in future be levied in the Baltic porta, instead of at Elalnore. In two respects this proposal is ln'conformlty with Eng lish Interests. 1. It proposes to prolong the revenue which serves as security to the Anglo Danish loan. A It proposes to remove one of the verv great objections to the Sound dues?vis., that of eompeliiog vessels to heave to la the narrow straits, where the enrrent setting out from the Baltic Into the German (>cean makes all aachorage difficult and dangerous, by which delay a favorable wind Is often lots, and not again retrieved for a week or so.. Both these ends, however, would have been obtained by eonenrring in the general desire to capitalize the amount already agreed to by the Baltic Powers, provision being made that the amount of tho English claim npon Denmark bo mat's a lain upon the capital to be thus paid into the Danish treasury. The German press contains varinu* statemaats as to what the proposal of the English govern ment is; thus, for instates, the English government Is said to propose that a period of 14 years should be conceded to the Danish government to continue ti levy this tax, after which It should expire of itself In virtue of a treaty to be now ooneluded between Den mark and all theBiates interested. Another version is, that the principles of capitalisation?and even the amount proposed by Denmark?are to be accepted; bat, Instesd of payment down, the amount is to be spread over a period of fourteen or twenty-one years, at may be agreed npon. Thirdly, and last of alt, that the Bsltlo States alone should take upon themselves the redemption of the capital representing the annual amount of the Sound dries, ana pay it off in annual instalments. Bat, among all the various modifications of plans for redeem ing or baying np Denmark's "vested interest" In tbe Sound du's? on the necesi-ity off which the Baltia State*, eren Including Russia, are now all agreed?none is to bo found except that emanating from the English govern ment, proposing the retention of the impcet for all Tatars time. English interests are as mueb opposed to this p'an as thtre cf ary other "ta'e, provided the Aoglo Den'sb loan he ?<juftaldy paid "ff with ttte proceeds of the capitalization, or its ntdrart NnrM in some other nay by Iienmaak. id- rma'irn that bM itoched mm atatea positively that the yov rui(||d# oi JjglUltic States are resolutely op pored to thUfMpotat^ 01 perpetuating the Sound dtiei aid ?ollaotlBgfK proceed* la Baltic porta. It U averred to be not only tmprae'icible In execution, but to be op pot *d to thtir txpreeeed wishes and inteie-it*. In this 'att-r objection (of the impracticability of exeoatlon) Denmark herself la mere than all interested; and, the-e fore. we may confidently expect that tbls propoaal of the Engliih Cabinet will be unanimously rejected at the con ference* in Copenhagen. The impcssioitlty or execution cocalata in thin? that it wi.l require a Danish agent to reside at every port ard lauding p ane in the and be armed there with sufli-ient administrative powers by the loeai government for the collection of the duea oa any j rente! entering tbere and Ian. ing her cargo, for greater i recuiity a Danlah custom huure t flicer would have to be j ?ut on boart every vessel passiog the Belts and Straits, , 1 whoee custody the ship and cargo would be placad un til the duea ware sail fled in the Baltic port; moreover, It would be r< quiflte that tha governineuts of the Battle State# should undertake to euforce the claims of a foreign agent on vessels entering their own ports, and giva se curity for their own subject! not conniving at their eva sion. An soon as tbia proposal of the Euglish govern ment becomes known In the countries most interested In the question, the conviction will gain ground that, under an appearance of protecting Eagtlsb Interests, we are, in fact, playing into the hands of America or Russia: its impracticability of execution will insure its rejection by the Bailie States, and thus jeopardize the arriving at any result previous to June 14, when the two months' term allowed by the government of the United States expires; any violent steps then taken by that government will en sure either the ab >lition of the Sonnd dues altogether, or tbeir retention In their present form. In the former case America is best served, in the Utter Russia; and England has lost in both. The quota of the redemp'lm capital that would fall to 'he share cf England according to tha D'nish scheme of repartition, la ?1,200,000, or two aevenths of the whole amount. It remains for I'arlUment to decide whether the interest* of English trade with the Baltic, which, though the number of English ships passing the -Sound has beea constantly decreet Ing ever since 1849, is not yet destroyed, do not call for this amount being ail led to the national debt in consideration of English trade with those parts being relieved from this burden; and it would probably facilitate the transaction if bonds of the Danish lean were to that amount transferred to the Conro'idaied Fund for payment of tbeir interest, the Danirb government having only to provide for. the secu rity or the redemption of the remainder. About two months back there was a motion in troduced Into each house of the Diet here to call upon the government to profit by the present opp rturlty to procure a settlement of the dound dues question; the motions have been referred to com mittees for preparatory disjuclon, and the government will take good care that no reports shall be brought jap en them tefore the end of the seedon, whea tha motions, as a matter of necessity, fall to the ground. This go vernment is willing to coincide in a scheme of capitaliza tion and redemption, and will find its position rendered very difficult in this matter as soon as the laat project of the English government is known. AU along there has been an active party in this country agitating for a re sistance of the claims of Denmark to Sound dues, which rest on the somewhat weak basis of preeoriptlon sane tic r*d by treaties capable of bet eg determined by almost all the States concerned at a year's notice; they call for abolition (if the Sound dues without indemnity to Den mark. cn the ground that she never bad a light to them in pi inei pie. Tnls party has been ra pi lly increasing ever since it was known that England is also opposed to aa indemnity to Denmark, and they now call upon the government act to compromise Itself by any ofler of ta cemnity; the whole institution of the Sound dues, they lay, Is about to topple to the ground. When they know that England proposes to perpetuate the tax and to saddle them with all the annoyances and complication attendant on the tax being levied in the Baltic ports, they will leave their government little peace, to whom nothing can be so unwelcome just now as anything arising to produoe ill blood between England and Prussia. 1 was enabled to communicate to you the last proposal of the English government; that same day the report of the oommittee of the Huuee of Deputies here was distri buted, which had been drawn up [after Its preliminary discussion of a motion to the following effect:? That the Houee of Deputies will resolve to request the go ?ei nment to take the oppressive burdens of the Hound dues Into special consideration, and to weigh bow far the proper moment may be already arrived for giving notice of their ter mination; and also, in the esse of negotiations being opened with reference to the taxes ou navigation, to avail Itself of the assistance oi a oommittee of men acquainted with lbase mat ters. Together with thla motion there were referred to the tame oommitts four peti ions on the same subject from the oommercial communities of KonlgBberg, Stettin, Streisand, end Denizlc, ell calling on tha government, in various terms and with diffeient uegrees of earnestness, to take all necesaary steps to procure an end to be put to the burdens Imposed upon commerce by the Sound dues. Judglcg by the report, as printed and distributed to the members, the oommittee has confined its labors to ascer taining what was done and said In the committee on the same subject in last session, and where the nail was driven then, trying, ii possible, to ellnoh it now, the late steps of the government of the United States offering them a welcome example to hold up for 1 uitatlon to their own government. The commissaries of the govern ment taken (rom.the Ministries of Commerce and Foreign Affairs seem also to have .confined themselves to the statement that? The government has hitherto notlnat sight of the subject, and will oout'nue to devole|tta attention to It; his however, nottna position just now to be able to afford any Information as to toe negotiations now pending. The Commission has thereupon oome to the resolution to propose to the House to pronounce that? The House of Deputies coincides with the government In re cognising again the prejudicial is flue noes ot the Bound dues on Prussia's commerce and shipping Interests, and trusts that the government will energetically follow up the getting rid ol the Bound dues In the negotiations that have been opened on the subject. The Cur in Moscow. DIB ARRIVAL WITH TUB GRAND DtTKES AND STAFF ?RECEPTION OF THE IMPERIAL VISITERS?SPEECH OF THE EMPEROR?HIS IDEAS OF WAR AND PEACE. | [From the Paris Constltutionnel, April 19 ] A letter from Moscow, dated April 11, says?The Empe ror baa arrived quite unexpectedly at our city, aeoompa nled byjthe Grand Dukes Constantlne, Michael and NtcRo les, and a numerous staff. Their reception was most en thusiast io. This morning the Emperor gave audienee it Count Zakrewskt, the military governor. Deputations from the nobles and from the civil and military authori ties accompanied him. When all these persons had form ed a clrole round him the Empeior addressed them as fol lows:? Gent'emen- The war la over; for t ratified the treaty of peaee which had been signed at Paris before I left 8t Petersburg. 1 am happy te be able to annoutoe the new* to you ofilcial'y, and to repeat to the nobUlty ol Moscow the words which 1 addressed to my people tn my last manifesto. Russia was able to defend beiMlt tor many yrars to some, and I believe that, no matter what threes were hseugh' eg alt st her. she was invulnerable on herownterrMMp, AirTiMtthatttwasmyduty.ln the real ta terests of the eemtry, A mad an ear to proposals compatible with (fee national honor. War (s an abnormal state, and the greatest suocessee oetsfood by It scarcely compensate for the evils It occasions. It had caused au Interruption of the oom mercial relations ef the empire with most ot ihe States ol Eu rope. I should certainly have carried It en had not the voire of neighboring States prononneed Itself against the poltoy of late years. My father, at Imperishable memoi y, had his rea sons tor acting as be did. I knew hl? views, and I adhere to them from my very soul; but the treaty of Paris has obtained the object which It wee his ambition to obtain, and I prefe: thls means to war. Many of you, I am aware, regret that I should have eo read! ly tempted the propositlosa made to me. It was my duty at a man and as the head ol a great empire, either to reject or accept them franhly. 1 have honorably and crmactentiouslv fulfilled that duty. I am sure that allow tnoea will be mtde for the dlfficul' position In which I was placed, asd that shortly every devoted friend of Russia will render juatloe to my views and Intentions tcr the welfare of the oounlry. ftnspcslrg the tate of arms should have remained constant ly favorable to us, as It has been la Asia, the empire would have exhausted Its resources In keeping up large armies on different points, the soldiers ol whlcu would, In a great met eors, be taken away from agriculture and laoor. In the gov ernment of Moscow UteU many manufactories have been cim Sellea to close. 1 pi efer ihc real prosperity of the artsof peace i the vain glory ot ocmbats. 1 have thrown open the po-ts of Russia lo the commerce of tbe world; the frontiers to the free circulation of foreign pr > duoe. I wish, henceforth, that the greatest factlTy shall be afforded In our markets for tbe eicbarge of wares of evsry origin, and of the raw mstertals and manufactures of our ?oils. Various projects will shortly be oommunieated to you, the object of which will be to give an Impulse to home Indus try, aid in which, I trust, every noblemen will take a share. The Emperor, who spoke at considerable length, and with some emotion, was listened to in religious slience. Bis Majesty omitted nothing?neither the plans for pro jected railways, nor for the river navigation, nor ibr the roads, nor for Custom House reforms. The Ministers of the Interior and of Finance have received formal ordere from his Majesty to do away with all obstructions In the way of commerce. The frontier traffic is already open, and vessels are arriving at all eur ports. The export of precious metals Is stone ettU suspended, and this is ex plained by the scarcity of geld and silver in the publii treasury. The Fknperor was every where received with the most profound respect. A grand review was hold at Moscow. His Majesty visited various maawlhctorlee, and gave or ders respeoting his ooromaMou, which will probably take place on the 30th of Ai^ast neat, the /tie day of St. Alexander. [From the Deadest Usees. April 28.1 The Emperor Alexander has wtowiouussd at Moeoow a speech deeply interesting, (t te the eem element to the manifesto lately issued at St. Petersburg; it captains the views and confirms the premises put tvrth In that re markable document. W# are beend to say that, judg ing from the speech as It has seaehsd a, As Emperor's words In ths ancient capital of ttnssh, where national pride and relist sue ferret am euspeeed especially to reign, are moderate, digntfled and beeoosing. He an nounced to his ttsaren that the war was oyer, and thit he had ratified the treaty ?< peasa before Waving St. Petersburg. It is possible that these words fell oa un willing ears, and were meslvad wttk a siWnoe la which respect had a greater plana than sathnelsnn. The nobi lity. the clergy, the pmssntey of Moscow were far from either seat of war, and, though the burdens of the last two ysure sennet here been uafblt by them, they bare neither beheld their lands w*?ied by the neeeseiUes of a vast am, nay kad te dreed the visit* ot an Invading force. We may eonoetve, than, that national pride la aaom matted In the old capital than In St. Petersburg or Wlahotatef. The Emperor spssks almost in a tone ef apeiagy, yet with flrmneee and openly. Ruaeia was able te Mend herself for many veers lor ger, and was lnrukoerabke en ber own territory. No tear for the fntere, therefore, he save, induced him to listen to the Austrian proposals; but he mads peace partly because war is an abnormal state of which the benefits can never oeuumrbalanee As evils, and partly because Russian eommerse was suffering from a eoniliet In which bo objsot was to be gsdoed. Then follows a re markable admission, which embodies all that Western politicians have sill or written on tbe war >-'< I should nave carried on hostilities bad not tbe r?de? of neighboring States pronounced itself sgiinet tbe poflsy of tats years." This Is. In' eed, the case, and ths universal desertion of the RussIab cause by ber old allee was, no doubt, the main ressrn for the altered tone and lowered pretensions tf ibe Emperor's Cabinet. When Austria he came hostile, when Prussia, though a friend, took aN a friend's liberties of earnest sod passionate remonstrance, wbsn Sweden entered Into new relations, and threw off the rarsftlsge of a erntury; when anxwg the small Fta'ee of Germany tber e wee sometblig like an approach to a new C nfedsraUon of the Rhine, then it tu time for the h-dd eet autocrat to pause, end enable/ whe her the system which hud been but t up with no much eere did eet roil ly went? ft nidation tion ie human interests and human ?)Hfe:Uw. Ths Empeior Alexander expr?*>t?, as U natural, meed mpeet lor hie father's msuutiy eud iuieutiune, ?MUM that mere (.itmti neatly declares hie adberenoe to the old poller of the empire. Bat in every eenteeee he re lUeU with uneonrcioua severity on ell for whioh Ni cholas wee dieting uihrd. 1h-* plena of the lete Emperor entitled him to be celled, though la no preiaeworthy aeato, a Napoleon of i>eeoe. HU ..ujeot wea ifwraeeion, the more daigeron* to other Ruties became It VM concealed ei.0 g.aduai. Be bed eli the eta bitten of e arent conqueror, but seemed to i># oonvineed that In no cern burope conquest by en ermed invied weeimpoeaible. The greet Captain of France hed fellen; he would be warned by bin catastrophe,\od adopt e dlfferen' course. He, there ore, from hie aocessim to hia death, never en teied williLuly into a or greet war. Hie whole policy was directed to tbe gradual cistuteg-ation of theStntee nearer* to hhu, eud when, as In 18118 eud 1840, he new an empire dlvldeu end paralyzed, he would interfere for or against, ea wee moet conducive to hia own power. Xo be elweya ready for thU kind of aggression wee hia grant military aim. To have on every frontier e numerous army, equipped for en immediate march, wea neiessary to overawe hia neighbors. Uu*. be determined never, if poialble, to go to war with greet military Powera, nor did It enter in'o hia thoughts that the progress of science and the enthusiasm of the West would ever send to hia own ah ires the armiea of e niy cruaede. Hence, with three fourths of a million ef mo a under arms end two rait naval fortresses protecting twi powerful fleets, Russia hea never had the true me>na of aupportirg war. KtUwaya, canals, even good roads, have never existed. No preparation* \nv> ever been made for a long war; it bee never beeu calculated that Kuatte might be cut off from the reat of E.irope, that half thd community of nationa mi^bt be in arms againat her, and the other balf trembling on the verge ot a rupture. A be sieging amy at Bebastopoi, an iuvaling toroe in (Georgia, a bkekace in the Baltic, Coustan.lnople a hoatila har bor, occupied by an lrrei i-tible lleet, were even'.unlltief which he never eonte- pintsd, and wnioh were, in reality, ?o etrargetbat wot to have foieeeen them may he par dor ed even to the wisest statesman. But the laws of politics, aa of nature, are relentleas: and tbouf h Nicholas might well deem hia plana wise ana taraighted, the punlibment of hia error haa aot been the leaa complete. His successor speaks to Moseov and the world la a tone of strange hoc.illation. " I am smra," aaya be to hia subject*, ''that allowances will be made lor the dlihcult position in whioh I was placed, and that every friend of Russia will reader justice to my view! and intentions for the welfare ot the country." " Hap pening," he adds, " that the war should have remained favrable to us, aa it has b*en in A-la, yet the anpira would have exhausted its*If in keepiog up arxaiea on dif ferent points, iho soldiers ot which would have been taken away from agTicultnre and labor." Sach are the words in which the Musovite ruler confesses the collapse of the system of which l'eter, Cathe rine, and Nioli ilai were proud. Yet, forty years of military display, after the construction of for'.ideations to he meaaurea by miles, wherever there was a frontier, a harbor, or a delta in the empire, after guns by the thou sand ban been stored in the a-eei.ala cf the two sear, alter the whole genius, energy, and ambition of *0 many races had been devoted aim at exclusively to the one pursuit cf war, the master of all these resources is com pelled to tell his subjects, after two years' trial, that, thoogh they may condemn him, though they may despise him, yet common care for the Hafety of Russia lorced bin to snateh at offers of peace, and to meditate the tetal abandonment of his ancestor' plana. What indemwlty, what territorial gain, could be a greater triumph to the Western Rowers than tols acknowledgment t How own the future safety of Europe receive a surer guarantee than is derived from the humbled tone of the man who alone has the power to threa en it y Indeed, it was time for Ilu-sia to reoede from the eon* teat which she bad provoked. ft aa*. her state la we beat from the unwilling Hps of her ruler. What the resoureew of the Western Powera, and especially of England, are we are only beginning to learn. Ruasi.n trade has been ruined, Ruieian provinces have b&en depopulated, Rus sian arsenals have been exhausted, just when the energies of this country are being tolly roused, and ill wealth and resources ascer alned by trial. In a few hours there will be assembled at Portsmouth a lleet such aa the world had never seen before, manned by seamen which an enoimous commerce furnishes In unfailing numbers. All the newest discoveries of soienoe oomolne to give effi ciency to each of these power'ul vessels, the poseeaaioa of any balf dosen of whioh would entitle a Stat# to consider Itself s* me what of a naval Power. The pageant whioh will he witnessed is in eslebration of peace, and It is a fitting spectacle to lUastrate the greatness of our triumph and the solidity of our strength. The fleet which will manoeuvre beioie the eyes of thousands would, but for the concessit ns ot Russia, be now on ite way to the north, ready to assail the stronghold and capital of the Czar wiih almost irresistible power. Can any doubt re main of tbe relative strength of the two nations? And if the little island can so tar outd > the extended empire, which numbers twice ite population, can there be any one who falls to reeogcizs the principle of such a superi ority? Industry, liberty, private energy, the arts of peace, have given England the strength to fight barbarism with Its own arms. Warlike systems hive fallen ex hausted In the hour of txlal, while thoie who have never desired or studied war are bestprepared for it within ? sbort period of Its < utbreak. Tbe lesson has not been lost on the Czar. His speech at Moscow is said to have develop*d plans for railways, roods, river navigatioa and custom honse reforms. We are told that already thd frontier traffic ia open and ressels are arriving at Russian Cta. The Old protective and isolating system of the late r we eenoot doubt is docmed. If Russia, under her prerent ruler, adopt a more liberal code, and forget her ancient ambi'ion, we have little doubt taat her people will one dsy eonfiMS that the disasters lately saffo.ed have been the teachings of a wholesome adversity. Our Relation* with England. EFFECT OF MB. DALLAS' SPEECH AT THE LONDON BANQUET. [From the Lot dun Times, April 19.1 There setms to prevail between England and the United States some great misconception of each other's feelings. It cannot be doubted that when America Is spoken at with bitterness to England it is always on the ground of an alleged animosity wbien its citizens display towards us. '-See the eotdnct of these Ave loan!"?such is the usual language?''Without provocation on cnr part, and from a mere impnise of ill will, they are raising a quarrel with ns at the moment when all our foroea are sup posed to be employed on other objects." On the other hand, if we turn to Ametlcan newspapers and ma gazines, or the report of Ameiisan speeches, ws hear but ote oomplaint?that England is ever reheating against the prosperity and progress of the New World; bant in English society no man has n good word for an Aneriean; that all feelings of common origin, histoiy, and lavgnsge are forgotton on this side of the Atlantic, under the influence of a groundless jealousy. Yet few have ever met an Englishman who did not declare with all sinoerity that he wished for no thing more than the happiness and Improvement of thn States, while every one of our countrymen who creates the ocean eon'esses that kindness, a hearty welcome, and a foil appreciation of his oountiy's merits have met him on all sides Irom the people whom he had always sus pected and who are always suspecting us. The speech of Mr. Dallas, the new American Minister, reiterates sentiments wnich have been expressed by every representative which America has ol lata ysars sent to this oo in try. It has oftsn been the ease that before the arrival of a new Minister from Washington we have received warnlnge of his temper and sen timent*. Such a man is said to have been always unfriendly to England, to have been t otorious lor his war speechts, to have made strong threats con renting Ohnadn and Cuba, and tp have denounced British policy as essen tially hostile to his own country. Yet It must bo con fessed that the language of all, on artiviug in theee king doms, has been pretty much the same. In words w! h go tar beyond i he usual common plaoes of diplomacy vN r-uccettdve Minister, whether whig or democrat, has de clared his conviction that peace and good will between the two nations are necessary to the happiness of the world. It has been stated broadly that no real grounds of earn' exist, and that any politician who ean tamper wi u a friendship springing out of so many and such dose rela tions ci race, religion and language, is unworthy t *1 vern, cr even to be tolerated, by his countrymen, "r. Dallas has come to to this country at a Mae when ~ , b jests of much supposed importance are debstot e tween the two nations. The government whi rib sends him conceives Itself to have eanse Of complaint against our own administrators. Thu honor of America is raid to have been touched by a mili tary enlistment on its soil, which, if not Illegal, is, ai any rate, nnconrteous and nrjostlflsbls. A still greater wrong is declared to have been suffered by the Hia'e# through oar nnjust interpretation of a doubtful tren'j. Carelessness of American good fame, a plot against Ame rican develepement, almost an Invasion of American ter ritory, are lsid to our charge. Yet, no sooner hi the supposed represents ire of theee opinions among uethan be repudiates all angry passions, and utters won* whi tit might befit the intercourse of two nations whose am ty no dispute had ever ruffled. Mr. Da'laa speaks cf thw welcome he has received and the kindness with which Vg ewn oountry has been always named. If aay Aasetlo-S ever lands onl theee shoTee with a clflhrent anttetpaOon he la likely to he disappointed, and to express, even after a wash's residsnee, ths acknowledgments nttsrsd oM Thursday at ths Mansion lions*. Tire Minister farther says that " he is not authorised to feel, nor dees hs feel, any desire than that of git log his excrttaag and energies unreservedly to the restoration tf thessosbhar menioua sentiments and friendly relations." Be con gratulates this country on the terminatloa of the Res elan war, but declare* his opiaion that its eaaretes, however gallantly enlisted and ably directed, wilt find more fruitful employment In the enitlvatioia of thos* arts of peace which have already so signally Ulaitrated the history of our people. The practical vacation now remain* to be answer ? L If the two countries have ao lust grounds ef quarrel, II ths prosperity of eaeh is bound up with that *f the other; 1L as Mr. Dallei says, ao on* ta ths United Mate* wishes for war. why la there a continuance ef these threats and recriminations f It cannot seriously be sup posed that England has any desire to stain a continent and every ocean, with blood la order to retain pernss?ten of a protectorate over a red Indian ohlet who rales a tract of swamp and forest in a pestilential climate which Is the terror of every Itoropean. Nor can aay sensible man conceive that the precise point in ths enlist-rnt question which still remains unsettled is a matter o' in terest to the people ia this country, or that they "? understand what it is. Every one knows that the r .g liah people only wish to be rid honorably ef theeg paltry disputes. It is, indeed, qnlte possible that even the Moequtto question and the rsmitllig office question might breed a war of which the Raeration which began it msght not see the end; r the history of the world is fail of inch fol lies; and when there is a wish to fall ont the subtest matter Is rather the oooasion than the cause. Mat eveqy one tells us?and we doubt not with ainoerHf?that on ?either side of the Atlaatio is there any each embittered fooling. "If there be war," seys Mr. Dallas, "it mnet be In spite of snltorm, steady, persevering, frank and hon orable eoaoiliatlon" on fhe part of America. If no. then ft is clsar enough there will be no war at aD. These question* might be settled in a h* hcug by tno men ef tense, determined to oome to an amisablM c< nclnslon. Wo want nothing, and the Americans if thn tru tb be U Id, have need c f as little. If even there were solid sdvantsges In dispute, it is oertain that war would