Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 29, 1856, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 29, 1856 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. WHOLE NO. T213. MORNING EDITION-THURSDAY, MAY 29. 1856. PRICE TWO CENTS. ARRIVAL OF THE AFRICA. THREE DATS LATER FROM EUROPE Improvement in British Consols and American Stocks. AAA^kVvwyvwvvwwv?ww>.*/' THE WAY ENGLAND REWARDS F1LIDISFERS NAPOLEON'S PLAN FOR THE EASTERN CAMPAIGN. The Treaty between the United States and Persia. AFFAIRS IM ITALY. STATE OF THE MARKETS, *a, Jto. Ac. Tli. Cunard steamship Afrlja, C.pUtQ Shannon, from Liverpool at nice o'closk A. M., Saturday, 'b.lTtli, ar rived at a quarter past nine c'clock i.gt otgbt. United states mall steam'fclp i.r?g>, trom New York, arrived off Cove., at eleven ? 'cloak on the morning of Thursday, the 16th, en rovtt for Havre. The Africa does cot bring much ue?s of Importance. Parliament not being In Be etiun, tber? U little of political import, excepting the rsp?ated ie ort* 'hat the cotserva Uvea are emplojed in wetdirg out toe lukewarm and dis affected of their party. Very little has keen said cr wniti-n regarding the bat tles InCCfcta Hlca. One lrflatn iei journal, in the govern kneht interest, explains Lord Clartnn n'. letter reepestlog the 1,000 rifles, by sajirg that toe Brliieb g-.vernment t?ave quantities of old markets on -?'e. em*, a ill be glad to meet with other ens'erne is bee dea the Oosta Ricane. Italian affairs continned pron>lr"ij' y o-ibre the public. From other parte of the Continent there 1. nothing new. The London Daily Nevis thiua- th? Kng.Uo Cabinet will wait for some indication tba" the catu n is thoroughly Interested la the Ita'ian question, before it can intervene seriously La Italy. The opinion of P.rli?m<-nt ought to he ascertained without delay. Tie ques ion is practical and urgent. Italy must be regarded as a whole. W >rds will not suffice; but the demon-trs'iou must be made in aarnest. The Fost asserts 'h?t 'he I-atian question must fee settled. The aetusl at* e of 1 a<y te d.ngerous to its .neighbors, and dargerous in its bearing upon Eu ropean alliances. What I'a'y wants is that moderate freedom which contains within itself ine principle of de velopcmeit. The Austrlas government Is attempting to get the Ger manic Diet to eonsidsr all its d.pe.neucies, as Hungary, Galicia and Lombardy, entitled to the protection of the "Confederation. It Is belitved toe effort will be unsuc cessful, from the opposition of Prus is and the smaller liberal Slates. Count Colloredo, the new Austrian Ambassador to the Bee of R:me, left Vienna on tne ?iu for his post. Pre viously to his departure, be bed a long con'ersnce with Count Buol and Cardinal Vlale Prela. A. good deal of 111- will continue, to prevail at Malta be tween the ettizens and th. Anpi >-i*a'i*n l.sgiou. The Archduke Ferdinand M.x mitiau has authority to offer the Emperor ol 'he Fieucu w>? res ration of the mortal remains of the Due de K-di'is adt The ashes of the son ot ffapoleon I. will be conducted to Franoe with great pomp. It was rumored that the German Bund would pa-s a vote of thanks to Prussia and Austria *nd express entire coronrrenoe in the po'iry f tbe late p.*te. A despatch from Berlin ol evening of May 14. says:? Welsaiathat.au Amerit.a frig* ? 'a likely soon to make It. appearance in viae Eire {,?* appwrsaw there will relate to the fltade duties iev.ed iy Hanover. No American squadron is expi-t.d in i/ie Butic, in relation to the 6ouLd dues. The Belgian Association for Free Trade hare issued a circular convoking an invrnnti.>n?J c tigress at Brussels In September next. A staiisr cocgress wts held in 1847, the object at that period b -iog to <>otain a recognition of 4he elementary prlncip'es ot f-e- 'rade. On the present occasion a more practical turn co-nmenBurate with the extraordinary experience of the in'or re mag cine years, Is to be given te the di?cu*.i nt. T re general feeling of the peipie-of Belgium is s'ated to be strongly in favor of the movement, and the chief point now in view in that country seems to be to ss*ertain vie test and most rapid means for earrying it out wi h a due rega-d for the inte rests of all parties. Mr. Corr Va. d?r Maeren, a mer chant of Brussels, and formerly Judge of the Tribunal of Commerce, is the President o' the Association. The Noitdades says that thee are uoi fewer than ten editors of Madrid pape s now confine! in 'he j?il of the Saladero, and that betides there are a number ot others undergoirg condemnations in .'crtrcsses. The Cortes, in the bill on the prees, has deuced that writers shall be compelled to sign their articles, aid shall be liable to imprisonment as well as One for th-so ot a s-dliioua character. The Clamor Publvoo and the Kpoca, of Madrid, vehemently denounce the latter euac-men. a* -destructive of all true liberty of the press. The Madrid Gaxdle of the 0th, say?:? Borne journals reoently pubusnlog letters representing that communications of an unfr-eodiy nature had psassd between Franee and Spain, are now oohged to confess that none have taken place, end that our diplomatic rela tions with Franoe oouid not be mure cordial. The last accounts from the East bring a report thai the Shah of Persia has applied to Russia for assistance against his internal foee. The London Timer of May 16, says:? The accounts from the East, wita regard to the state of the exchangee, show thai tbe transmission of gold ?from this eountry must Invotve a ?msiderable loss. Un der these circumstances It may bscome a question wheth er the ?400,000, recently mentioned as ine sum still to be shipped oo account of the Turkish loan, will be des patch-d. Advices stilldescribe Pyria an in a very unsatisfactory etate. The Sultan's decree of re igloni equality pleases neither Mussulman nor Christian; the Moslems rebel ?gainst the concessions to the Infidels, and the latter would rather pay a tax than be compelled to serve in the ar?y. Acooents from Alexandria state that General d'Orgonl, Extraordinary Ambassador of the Burmese Empire to France, is expected there shortly. The British government has Bold a division of gun boats to the East India Company, to be employed in sap .pressing piraoy on the coast of China. A pension of ?6,000 sterling per annum has been voted by the East India Company to the Marquis of Dalhousle, the returiing Governor General of India. The lVussian Motiileur publishes the royal decree eoaferricg the decoration of the grand cordon of the; ?Black Eagle on the Emperor Napoleon. The Parle Moniieur publishes the appointment of Baron de Bcurqueney aa Ambassador at Vienna, and that of M. de Hubner as Aus rlan Ambassador at Pails. General Qe Failly succeeds Cuorobert as alie-de-camp to the Emperor. Prince Frederick William ot Prussia was to leave for ?London on the 2tttb Ids'. His father, the Prince of Prus sia, will join him in the Kcglish capital. The Due de Grammoct. tte French Minister at Turin, .has caused the Gautta Jrllt A /pi, a provincial journal of Sardinia, to l>e prosecuted for certain criticisms on the treaty of peace. The Gerant of the journal has been sen tenced to fifteen days' imprisonment and ifOOf. fine. A CoEgteee of "Keformera of all nations," w*s convened 'by P-obcrt Owen, In St. Martin's Hall, London, on the 14tb. Mr. Oxen presided. Tbe British Association for the Advancement of Seienoe Is to mest at Cheltenham la Augns'.. Mr. Lsyard, President ol the no v Ottoman Bank, has gene to Constantinople to organize it. The Princess Pasklewitsch died during the week in one ?cf the hotels of Berlin. The trial of Palmer, the alleged poisoner, for the mur der of bis betting compenion, Cook, has been g lug on, dutlng three days, before the Central Criminal Cjurt, London. JulUen was giving concerts at Liverpool and Manches ter, with twelve men In Zouave costume, purporting to he the trumpeters of the Second regiment of /.naves. The great catt'e show of France was .0 open at Paris en the COth Instant. The weather In England was mrre gnl*1, bit the orepe were backward. The demand fcr mor ey contiraes act I re. but the mar ket in scnrce'y so htrirgent. The Bank or Kng and, how. ever, hee not maiffesied any disposition 'o eq mllis its rate of discount. G )ld continues t? err.re f ?? y frcm Austra is. Congo's here flight y Improved and closed steady at 93?,' to 93for money. In Amer'csn st cks a steady dem-.nd contiuied for State ?eeuriiiee and good railroad bund*. In Manohei ter and several of the sdj vent ?caoufaetar irg towns the Whitsuntide week la a partial holiday. Crnsequently (the broker.' auhor'zc oiroultr reports) the I.'verpcol cotton market has *een quiet, bit atesdy, cotsldetiig the be*vy arrivals, ana the ve-y limited de msnd from 'he trare. The precer.t p diy of the trale le to BTold ex'errive pnrchaers autll the *oaa"ness of the market he tested by tie free orr've s, which w ult a' ieo*t give them better selection, w He hole ere lo ?i with confidence to the prop pec' of the money market becomir.g easier, with > bortei l-g reoeipre, and a fair working demand. The week's Import rvaobad 140,CIO bales, with 163,0l'0 at an. Week's eolaa, C8,8C0 bales, includirg 7,770 on speculation and 3,219 for export. Middling and be ter qualities of American maintained 'net week's quotations, while tie lower qualities were slightly easier fair Or eaus, 7d.; middling Orleans, 6 6-ltd ; fair Moollea, 6\d.; middling Mobiles, 6)pd.; lair opiaocs (1,\4 ; m<dd leg nplards, 6?0'd.; Inferior qua'i'l^a from 44. to 5j<d. Soles, Friday, 6,000 hales, InoluJl.g 1 000 an specula tion end for export. Total stock. 637,200, including 438,790 American. Wheat at d Hour each set only a dull sate daring the week, ftLd prises must be quoted the turn l->wer. Indian corn bad been in fair ipqttiry f .r pbipmen' to Ireland the Broker's Circular says at unchai ged rates, but re liable firms quote 6d. to Is. lower: say white Northern, 30s ; white Orleans, 29s. a 29s. 6d ; vellow and mixed, 28s. 6d. a 29s. per 480 lbs ; red wheat, 9s. 2d. a 10s. 2d.; white, 9s. 9d. a lis. per 70 lbs. Western canal flour. S2s.a84s. ; Philadelphia, Baltimore and Ohio, C5e. a 37s.; sour of all kinds, 30s. a 33s. per barrel. Indian corn meal, 15s. a 16s. per barrel of 196 lbs. The French markets confound to advance, and New York ! jut at BavTe had advanced to 40.V? francs. Proyleione generally continue* eleecy. Lard rather easier, find gocd refining qualities quoted at 63c. a 60s, 6d. North Ameiican taUow was in moderate demand at 48s. a 48s. 6d. In Naval stores rosin was lower, in consequence of ex pected arrivals? 4s 4d. a 4s. 6d for ooam n, and Ts.a 10s. tor fine. Crude turpentine in retail at 8s. a 8?. 64. per cwt Spirits of turpentine quet at 3Vs. a 35a. Lin seed oil was In better demand at 30s. a 31e. per c*t. Abbes quoted at 38s. a 38s. 6d. for pots, and 40s. a 41s. tor pearls. A moderate amount of bm-iness done in -lje woods at uncharged prioes. Coffee was quiet. Sugar war in good demand at full prices. The Monroe Doctrlr e in Central America? Arguments ox Loid tlsrtiioun and Ar. Bu cliuiinn. [From the I<ond<in Times, May 16 ] One remarkable feature of 1'niU-d S n-.ee' mplomacy, as represented by Mr. Buobatan, ought nit to be passed oyer in a sta'ement ot the Central American question, which we shall so; n have ctscus?ed in Parliament; and that is its diapohi lon toapp>al to ctrtain gnuerat pMlti ca! maxims or dicta, more or less ee abll-ted in tbs I ni ;ed Stater, and to argue upon them as if tbey ?eie amhori taiive, see of the nature of tn.e-national law which boih aides in the controversy were bound to respect VF# ere aware that general maxims enter largely Into the struo tuie of international law and all law, but maxims wbish are allowed suoh an authoritative p.aje are geneial maxima onlv. Tuey are truths, or principles, or rules which either approve them selves Intuitively to the tbosjc of manblad, or have been proved by expedience to be neoessary, and have thui obtained univcraa' acce stance. We have yet to learn that It 1* allowable for either aide i j a diplo matic controversy to brli gin own maxim* Into the Held, aid argue upon them, without stoning 10 Inquire whether the other side acbnow.e< ges'he n or oov. Diplomacy oonduoted upon such a priuciplo as this must oe - a- less, because each side will be sure to be at met with the maxims most convanient to Itself and run. t disagreeable to its opponent, and no conclusion will ever cone from such jarring premises. Mr. Buchanan appeals to two Ameiican maxims as of force and authority fcr deciding the Central American question. One ot these la what he calls '-the Monroe coctrlre":? Mr. M( oroe, one of our wlseat and most ducreet Presidents announced I a a public message to Oo* ir*sa In December. 1S73 lLat ' the .*mer:cnn con tinsels bt the free audio e >en deul condition witch the* have assumed and ma'ntalned. are beeeeforih nut to be co. stdered subjects tor future colonization br auj Kurort an powers *' this declaration has ieet since kaewn 'hrougbout ibe world aa iHe Monroe dootrlue, and bus leceivedtbe puulle ondi fllclal sanction of suiaeq ieat Pren dents, ea weu as of a large majority of the American peope. Mr Buchanan then eays that we are violating this m<xim In the rase of rue if isqnito err! ory, and In cihercasne. Now, if we nave engage! oaneires b? a particular treaty not to occupy or fortify or co o.ilze the Mosquito terrttsry, that tr?aty studs uh. But here is an appeal to quite a < liferent ground 'r in that or treaty? r, <*., to a general maxim curren. in the I'nltel State*; to a oleum Of Pres cent Monroe, as it, enteceten ly to any <xpress compact, this maxim was binding upon us, and was an nut-orltatlve obscac e ro our occupying any part of Central America. But, as I.ird Clarendon says? With regard to the doctrine Kid down by Mr President Von rce, In 18v3, concerntcg the future co'onizs i"u of the ?.merl cai ooitluM u by fcurcpean etwee uhd International axric which ought to regulate the eonuuct ul n,u>o-?an au e?, It cm ?uli be ?Te wed a* the dtXw mot the dtetloguhh^d p?r*>n?gt who delivered It; but her M->jeatv's govern meat vamot admit that doctrine as an Intel national axiom which ought to regulate the conduct of European htatea. Another maxim to wicu Mr Buchanan appeals, ai interfering authoritatively ?ri h art pro;?totals of Mob quite, in, indeed, a stngu.ar olc:? buret;, he ea;e, the Moequlxt Indiana ought not to prove an obstacle t? ao happy a consummation fas our aeandonment ot the protectorate over them) Even <f those ?*vage? had never actually been an*duel ny Spain, tbla won'd give the n to tit e to rank aa ao Independent state, wl hout vlo at ng tna prtrelplea and practice nf every ?uroo?an naion, without ex cent on which has acquired territory on the continent of Ame rica Ihey all mutually reoognized th" right of dl-cover?, aa well atihetlt'ecf thedircove<er,to a targe extent, ot interior territory, though at the moment occupied oy tierce and hoatl e tribes of Innlars. Mr. Buchanan argues from tbla maxim that we cannot bold a protectorate ovar Mosquito, beiauae that wo aid be to acknowledge Morqulto aa an independent State; whereas It in an American maxim that native Indiana cannot constitute an independent State. Now, alkwirg this maxim, for argument's lake, sure'y Mr. Buchanan must have forgot that hie use of it in the present question directly and pointed y contacts with hla use of the Monrce maxim. He saye above that we vio late the Monroe maxim because we colonize or assume dominion over Mosquito. He sava no v we vl date the maxim as to Dative Indians, because we acknowledge the independence of Mosquito. Our protectorate ot Mjs qutto figures aa the appropriation of that territory or the eman-.ipatlon ot it? tne c nque*t of it or erection of it into en iodepeadent State?exactly accord ing as the one or the other aspect suits Mr Buchanan's maxims and the argument he diawo from them. A protectorate Is a sovereignty, a colonization an assumption of dominion when It opposes the Monroe maxim; it is the ipto fac'o acknowledgment of the inie pendence of the State over whioh it is exercised when it opposes the American maxim as >o Indians. But what are we to ray to snch a maxim as this being brought forward at all in the conti.' ve sy, anl appealed to as If It were authoritative* II >w can the rules anl idess which gtvernsd the conques of America three cen turies ego be re.erred to now as blading, and as cons Itu tirg a precedent which 1st* regu ate our relations to ward native Indians for all time' If Mr. Buchanan wants the aid of authority for a low appreciation of Indians, he can get p'er.tv ot it f.-om those ilmsa, 1'lzarro and Cor tex ti l back him up. Bat the ideas of that aga are not now In Europe thought auihorita'ive. We consider on this side of the Attantlo that we hare re her Improved upon them, and have been Ha terlrg ourselves that we Pave arrived at a jus?er and more benev lent esttma .e of the i ighta ot man. As I.oid C'art ndon sav?. ? It Is certainly true that Orsat Britain, Rpaln and the baited Htates were all at one ttme In the habit of treating ihe Indian races in the manner wnlcb Mr. Buchana'1 descrtoes; hut this put practice, though general, cannot be taken as an invariable guide tor any fnlure policy. The period has not yet p vasd b v yor-o the mem ry o( man at w hich are it Rrliain and tus L'rd ted htatea, new so nobly distinguished in snp.renting the s'ave trade, practized and encouraged that trade, and deamed It legitimate. 1 lie project of a free repuollo. composed chiefly of negroes from the United btaies, and original,y e<t??iiat.ed uodar 'he enlubiened and b'lmace patrot age of the Unite 1 Btates, wouin have beea deemed flity years ago an abaurd and lac piseuie climR'a; vet Liberia ei.ata and new II nirlihes a- an irdepfi,dent Male. Already. Great Britain to baruworte* Ipga with Indians b?s recognized tlieir ru ec? as Independent chiefs while tn her treaties with foreign Powers sin; tas svikni. of tfcclr tribes aa nations, and stlpu at?d I or tfis roe to.-, o ion T tbetr possessions. Mr. Buchar.an Is, indeed, requiring ua to submit to mere authority on wpat is to a eons'durable extent a pbyntesl or ethnological question. Whether Indians ought to be allowed to comtltote an independent .State depends on whether they can carry on a elvil govtro aen*. Tire Americans have considered ilsTroiu the first a sol tied question, and never tried to do cover ay experi ment what savages con id become. We nave, with more benevolence and more philosophy, tried the experiment, ane not altoce'ber failed, and, while toe Cjurt of Lack now shows the settled eorruption and decay of Oriental government, LieerU and the Sandwich buauds show th# rise of Ravage raoes, under tavorlng c.rcumataoees, to the level of social order and the condition of B tat to. Howthr Great Anglo-Indian Filibuster Is Re wardrd-Loril Oalhocblel Annexation. [From the I,onion fimss, May 10 ] Ills (Ix>ro Dalhouals's) rule has sxteaded ever e:gbt years of momentona and chaagaful laterert. Thsv h?ve been fight ytart of pear and of tour, of ennguftt ami an rttzaium, of nnexaupled soy fal changes and ooumsrclal revolutions. Every year has been a erisls, aad, as If In dia had network enough of her own, at' Kurnpt, AtiJ, and >rvn Afii'll. Air* ftcrn 'tuturtf'l f>y <]rfA'. treatt is H-ftiMrrH* Aim !*<n j pnetrmi, Yet L>?<; D*l bonne, a novice in command, eomnantirely young, and a ci/ilhui, wi(h few coniiOiUova, in dewdniog health and domestic aiilicuon, chosen only and ex.wessly for ale ad cic. ion to the employ menu of peace and ills laborious diligence. hn-i quietly end ivaa unaanoiMotts y toani a [iaoe among migety conqueror*, and waited out a policy c? wtilcb li a ill raqunt agon to reap all the fruits. It is enough to any that, wi h tcaroe a distention*, he hat added four kmgii mi, Vetvlet l-tnar urritirria, to our Indium ? vi)iic ; and uraawnUe introduced and aevelopod aL ti.e great worse of modern tlo.ee?railwaye, electric telrgra; h, canals; irrigation, roads, manufacturing and ag*ieu tural improvement*, sohoola, eolentllis institn t/ote, cheap uniform p stage, and all the public warts necessary lor tne (e'anlleboent of a cirUlz-id rate in semi barbarous couu rle*. It Is a very rwoiaraablo evi* fer.ee ol Lorn Ds1d> urVs dsv tion to peace tnat du ring a teuute tf power 01 which conqnes 1* still the most promi' fie tut-, he f-l locarred an Increasiug ananci .1 aefl citccy by public works aloie, and not by the charges of wsr. lied be followed toe cue of conquest, or bad he dtnired oLly the thanks or t e company, ne might have lift an uicieaclng eu'plue ot rtvonu* In equal disregard, however, 01 the requin m?nU 4 war and toe conveniences of bnecce, he pWgt>d the credit of the company to works ot peaceful 6nd fuin e utility. A,i was truly octeived the other day at the India Huure, "annexation" is a word ot various nooses, a ad every ere of bee# fiui inetancee requires a die tin at con sideration. In (he Punjab a aroat military nation had b r ages menaced our Ini tan empire, and had Men desig nated, even by European politicians as the vanguard of the conqueror that was to come. 3"> long as it was oniy lot micable. only organized by European officers, anl only di.i'tubed by revolution ana mieru.e, we let t. alone; whin It buret the btrritr ana at sc?ed us on our own territory, werubi'ued It, aid gave lie <eeblegovernment the advantage of British protect! a and guidsace. When that provea Insufficient for the purpose, and a fiercer Contest broke rut?wnen we fined ve had incurred our rec-ponsitilliy without the poser to discharge it?then, and then only, did we annex a territory wi icn it was impossible to deal wftb on any other terms. An to the anrexation of Pegu, no ooe wno remembere tkt- former Burmese war can e. ppoee that we enters > on tils new ote ex ept from the <ir-st necessity. let us suppose the St. 1-a wrecce or the meuthe of the Mississip pi rocupled, not by civilized people, but oy the moat troublesome native tribes cf North Americ <, and we have in a smaller degree a pletnie of whs-, we have long had to bear fr< m the lords of the Irrawaddy. Our digni ty once vindicated and the enemy hunruled, there re mained tio other nlltrnolUt than to shut him up in the hi'jhtr part of hit own river, and the very remarkable fsct ttat the revexne ot Pegu is already exeewe hag its expenciture ihowe hoe much the country has gained and how much mere it wi<t ga'n by lie cuange of rulers. The kiigd'iu of Negpoic lapsed to us by ike failure of the protected dynaa-y, and ail the'- was to be cone was to make the transition unperceptib e, except by its beneficial raeaJ s. Tae praise or blame of the act resia with these departed, itt executiv e was ail that remained to our rimes. The king dom ot Oude, as it was till last year, was simply aa if Moscow or Cincinnati, with a la. ge surrounding territory, were occupier by sects and tribes at perpetual war with ooe etc her and with the common government. It was an ?'u'eer" in the very heart of our empire, ana with affinities so numerous and eo Intimate with our subject population as to threaten every day the peace ot all Inula. That tbe annexation toik place without one drop of bloodshed and without a dism a'isnt v ies, ex cepc that of the wtetched man who hardly prc*e*?ed to govern, proves that. In the opinion or the poop s most concerned, no wrong was done, but a great benefit con fei red. I'ncer the e clrcums'anoes we must confess to con siderable eurpriso that the grant to Lord Dalhousie t ?6.000 per annum) of that just and modera e reward, that has seen given io turn to Clive, Curnwa lie. Haet irga. Welleeley, Pottirger, Pollock, Nott, Hardin ge and Gcugh, ehonla be contested. The United States and I'ernla?Stipulations of the Late Titat}-Onr Trade In the Feraiun Gulf. The following etetement Is from the Constantinople correspondence oi the London Timet: ? I told you in my last that a trea v had been ooncluded between the Unite! Slates and fersia. It was con cluded under ihe auspi-.es of tae Russian mission, and its spirit is dlrocied against England. It pretends to be s ommerclal treaty, and so it would be were it not for these articles. The first of theeo says That tbe Perslaos, not being a maritime nat on^the Americans will bo obliged, for the ad amagts which the treaty gran s to their commerce, to have a fleet in iha Persian gaif, in order to defend Persia against the enterprises of whatever maritime na tion ehoud attack ter. The second gives (he Americans the right to have their ships of war in tbe Shatt-u'.-Arab, the mouth of tne Tigris; and the third ot the arricue allows them to have a lac'ory at Kurnah. Such Is, then, (he result of our late mistaken policy with Pereia. We have a competitor on 'he Persian gull. Tne most carious thing is that the Americabz ere to have Kurnah as a facto.3?one of tne places which we per ?uaatd tre Turks to give up to the Persians in tne fron tier convention. The Sound Duea Question?Alarm or Den mark. [Correspondence of the London News.] CorK.vMSCKx, May I'd, 1850. The relations with tbe United states remain for th? present unalleied, ann there is no now feature t j report in the negotiations. The treaty, which origtntliy war 10 t-xpLe tn tbe 12th April, has been renewed tor t *0 months on the Dr< poeivl ot the Cabinet ot Wastiiogvoo, end will now ultimately expire on the 12 th of June. In the meantime,'he ieielii.euce received from Htmburg of the expected hnmemate arrival tf an American sqna Crt n in tne lis* has caused an unpleasant tec ling in turn city, and form* 'earr ate -n'ertaii.ed as to tbe final rem't 01 the negotia ions ai d the paclfie eettlement of tne question. I niter ail cir-'uoiatanoee 1. was deemed ad (if able to send reiitorcoments to the West indies to pro tect the Danish islands from a surprise; aud for t is pur pose ihe corvette Nsjsden, Capt. lueu enant Maxhull, bos beer got ready for sea with the greatest despatch, acc eaiiea jesterdey morning for her destination. Tae Nsjsden carries out a company of artillery to reinforce tbe garrison of St. Thomas. State of Italy, THE PEACE OF EUBOPE IN DANQBB* [From Fads iM*s 14) Coirwipundcnce ot London Ti nes ] lb my Inter ofSendey loot I slin.ed to the rumor, as jet confined to a vary tfcw persons, ot a secret tree y, fiitned about the came time as that or toe 16th ot &o lb The existence of cucu a document is I tint, not douoced bv pereont or ho are in a pcei ion to be informal on such matters, though, in the absence of any positive proof, I t peek (fit with all cue rest rve. Seeing that the in teg l.y ot the Ottoman empire is f uiHc tndy guaranteed by the acts of be Cotgrem, and again condroiel by the treaty of the 16th ef April, 1 was outer the t nureseion that the ore i ailuoe to had re'erence to the Ira'isn question, and that, c< nrequently, Pisamont would necescatiiy be a con tracting party. In this there rras an error; t? e treaty 1? said to be between England. France and Austria .'ami has to direct rtbretoe to Italy. Sot, supposing it to <xigt, what, it will beatked, does it relate to f Toe b ige tic us contracted by tho allies hare arrested for a 1 ng tiiae to come the aggressive eptnt of Ru?si*. and to the north and east her march is stayed. Sweden no longer fie Is tier cold shadow In her very espitel. The Aland isi-s are stripped of their terrors, and around Stoasto-oi uo longer hnn&s the slowly gathering s.orm which wast. Durst orer the Bcsphorus. Bat the termination of the war with Ru*tia coes not guaran ce Europe from new trou bles, and as long as there is oppression in Italy, < Uc in tent and resentment among her populations, and stop'J obBtinary on the part of her sovereigns, we cannot co'in* up< n a long continuance of repose. A tising against their tyrants mat not be appeased so easily as in other day.; and those Christian rowers which flung their protesting shield ever the Mussulman could not veil co-operate in rlvetting the chains of those wno pro e?s the same taith, and whose claims, as meo, are not inferior to those of the Turks. As long as Italy la is Its present condition the tranquillity cf t-outliern Europe is liable to be disturbed at any mi ment, and the darger is nearer to us than the one we have just conjured. Scmethirg mmt b. done for Italy, and that without lots of time; at d, 111 can trust to what has been more than cnce repeated for the last month and more, Aus tita herseif, in her secret heart, is not only not in sen sib e to t! edanger, but not unwilling to do something towards dissipating it. Can it be that a consciousness is oeepli g ever her that her hold on h?i ItaUn posses sions would be very weak Indeed in case of a convulsion in Central or Southern Italy, and that she is already making up her mind to the worst, and is providing against the evil hour 1 An expres sion bat oeen aitriauted to C unt Bnol which, if oor recMy reported?and I have no particular reason to dis believe tbe reporter?would indicate the,existence of ap p ehenuon on that score. Count Baol, in a moment of unusual warmth, is said to have declared his regret (hat he had not Instructions to propose in tie Congress the ear i' Oder * f Lombardy in tx;buigs for the Oanubian I'iinoipalitiee. Every one is free to speculate on suoh mailers; snd, if it be a tact that tbe secret trea'y I havj noticed exists, it may not be too wild a speculation to re fer it to Turkey. Tbeie was, perhaps, much truth in wba* he Emperor Nicholas said alot.t <he ''eiok man,' that is, so far as >he malady ot the patknt was o mcera ?:?!, tint" we <lld not Intend thai he hoould fail iuto tb? ban s or tuch a praet it icier. fines the rljkne-s continue and will it retiue to yie'd to th remedies we are now applying? Will the patient survive -hw operatic t If h? trouimb, what will bee. a<e of hie heritage,? those aje On nit querihns to answer; bur. I should .I'.o to know, end so would others, whether, in point ot U at, a see r* treaty exists between ki.gb.nd. France and Austria, and if so. what is the object of It, Vnu remember the profound reasons given to con vince tbe pubiit that there l ad been no mtn.ion of Iiaiy In the Conferences, that neither Count Cavour r?r en;body el?e had pt sorted oiiiclally or noo tfticially, note or rnvmnrauouui on the suoject. Ar foment sud wit were alike dltected again;! those who ventured to maintain th) aTiroiative: but the laugh, ft mats hare proved, was not at the lsst moment, on tbe aide of the lii* edulvus. When at length the fact of the "notes" r laced bevond doubt, it was denied that a '? a.i tin tan, .mi existed. I njatnt* ned against ail core era tb? qaestb u cf the notes, and I now repeat tuat a memorandum was presented, if not ofBalally to the Con arses, at leai t to the plenipotentiaries of England and Frasce. The m?moraudum exists Independently of the notes, snd what is more, it is a document of considerable In | oris nee. Private accounts from Italy state that much exoito ment prevails throughout the entire population, in cm eeqnence of the discussions in the CocgreM, and (he de bates In fbe F.ngilrb end Pledmnntese l'arl!?m?mte. The ? ucress of Count Csvour has been a real triumph, and the ?n!m y{ day fUlch ?pprvrt4 &U ?oa4?Jt fit tftfl ,,n?&'?nons, there Virxg oa'.v nix or MTto aUcon cuts?? thing uot known w7e long tin* R#a*t? h?,? li*"S ucJtr db-eiwelon ths minora t, - ? " mo'Dn approriEgtfcwtireign policy of Mil sl?? J - arM 1118 terms of :ht inoii.m: - mev be rrodnaadh!!' u*1 uf k'PPJ consequence "tich flltta i? etle!!? 7 .T tntty 14 P"*9*' *Ah tor ^ for tbe re-establish orient Lf order SfiSSffla^b Wdraooioiz^r duet of the Paidi T p"l c.r 1119 B^Terneeot aud c >c nrT .., , ^^ F'MJpolwtiarWhart .ad In there ill^u^JtvnNm ltH eo ir* ?tW*otioa. tb?h.To thel^ ?tn.Vam?U,>Ir' " "" a rote o! lnJ&?nTh.Uhe ,th# CaWclrt *"> *???e I alias oueetlrm Wo.*T*J!.V,0r0,?ti,y rn the The option "?tei>%ne eeriooa y iu Italy. at .^yAtar; sr, s# ilawws WhaT^ It leT ? be!lri?fs CP?Q Earopeen a - which con talcs wit Ju ij^pXlpttVell,'^ Ihe ?"?pe*or Kapeleot ?? pUu A^mlnst ?*. . u hkJNOpol.

.hi sLSSi,toM"eou't'8 "ooonc volume of the HUto-v of the EMcdltion to tha C.hnee, just pubJ.h.d u to be Fi?AThloh<rlag lett?,,f?,m the Knp ror of the Cottmaacant K?ve had been charged to ?*g">h??^ Crcamanhan via Utaef of the fer J^i^f rii lk,t<ir th? rupture oi tbe Cm ^TnrT^.rT-^. U m*r j? remembered thtt the Em tht ft?? proceed In person to the Crimea, to share the feliguee and pedis of the French erav but Ea""" The firm -hl?h U a APR" S8- "56. ?IU hr tw o i 0 ?P,D^1 egAiost dsjsstopel "J? * ^ time hsve eitrer succeeded or f?t P4 1", ' , M9f\ il If absolutely neeetsvr to qnit the S"^11 V* Whlch l'ae "?"ay tiai remained during the last six months. For to is pi.ro >e in t"CrL^h foment, 1 would have ipa ivnhna J* ? v ? g^TwIUdlBUV, I WO Hid diV ,nto three armies?ou# sitae tUT.Fl..,- 7? C. ?PhrailoDs. The first Is destned to prolect Kamiesch aid to blcok?de th97arri^rof?>ba^ UrJ^anTiT to 'Perate a short distance from Ba heioW^r u' f . 01 n?*d. to take possession of the S dlve?e?on^Tlfenliei I th#third '? '"tended to effect a aiversiom* if, M 1 have reason to think, tue Russians have 36,000 men in Sebastopoi, 16,000 to the north of Rupatoiia, and 70.000 be'ween ttlmphsropol the Be bek arc th? Tcheruaya, It will suffice to Li* 60 000Tid troops to d?strop all the Busman army, which miaa'^e tsken In the rear Before it could ULite all iu farcsf and even should it be able to unite them th. nn^ wonW be ahncst equal; for that great prinoiple of war must totbelorgotten. that, if adiveMou fs? madeT'acsr tain mfltinnpa from ikn h?<? s?_ . v,wr a. j? , ? r~' ?-v. a. ?? viTOfciun mace a' a car tain distances from the bare of operations, It is nbesssa shruld he ln TP,?jeA ^ Huch a dtrerslon iLr^ ? to enfflcient number to b? able of tham T! t0 .F6BiHt, *Icnt ?' "?? su mr w? might ^ unite ^ all i's ?(Torts sg,l st iu?n At laiLTTi? "?""?w "-"tiaco t? ralley o. the Ba.dar tne <0-000 m-n ukiu f"m In* army of ..eb&stop 1- and. suppi-ted by Lif Rsalan I *??i-TYr c.ccul'1ert- fr ? ShsiU as 'a- *s he t, fdg..'? TnS rchotwoun. the four roajs whlth ,rj f he Tcherasya; we shoo d thus have h.J o U14uy ,iUtT *? pr? Of the Russians. -.Uii-h d ,, the hjlRhts ol Mackenzie. A ter this movement I w at UfHftb?r'< R*gl*a fall ti e post ..ions on >he telloftite Tihernsya tiom Skelta as f?ras rcaurg-'u f rv ti .n*T*iauM,Bb.Aj 'Btu?'e"?r of t'u? IIlbs . ov10( d hy the English u.e 40,Of 0 u eu of ths at Ive -.rmv wt h the cavalry, and the means of transport at my til-'j >*al waning la that position for the am/?i of Jy ^i dt S *?mlDg from C n- an r oolft w?a.ri nnfo received orders to recunnobre CapeI*no os \ Wh^t w uid have been our poeition as reg^deu the Kussi.n f The TnhV^nf?n liT' UP 'h? pa?-?Hea 0rer the Tchema^a, would have throve ed h nr i?f. audied them to snppose that it was oar Intention to ainoOie hem Iur.To.ndT'l0^e?aln-AL,0 Rat , ,Z?. ?wxnuw- u euu ntC'ODZlV. 1Q| Kitu. ?w s*? taTetb*en thui1 kePt Che, k, .nd their atten v"1_aFf^D? *4 frrekip. Our ,e,sitions St 2-^. -a ?y P - JSSSXH folk ?eutr P ' WA0a'd btv* b9*a c*rr4'u cut iu the oV mT! g manner:?Am soon as the fleet, brinaina the 26 W.0 men of the reserve, had been setn appcoachinr orders would have been given for them to proceed to Aiomhta, tte beech at which place, hav.rg tSi^creu was found favorable for a lanainL MtkhiLf'th??"'11 Wl"iLd ,mfcw11at<>l-v on th8? lauding w^rnSJikgues from Alouohta. be yeod tbo of Ajen. No others wood he ltndea nntU information had been received of the oc-apa ion ?<*1t?J ^b'*' ,U<^ info???Uea had been rvceived, the remainder of the 26,000 men would land, and the 40,000 assembled at Baidar would nl<,^ch fl31? W>?'0kd which skir.s J to sea coast by Yalta. I. thi.e ^,s-th? iftb tie JoOim^ ,hak^?,f th? ?rmy at Asmch'a tie 40 Coo men troaa ??&iJar won'd * tie 40.000 men from BalJar wou>d have j >ined uider the walle of Slmpheropoi tbe 26,000 Just landed ? m ? 1 WOn. hfTe b*en fcien pesseesion of, and a hlv? w,3a'w n tt? ?r * floo^ position Wuuld lave been taken up on the road we had just passed to sicureihe lear of the army. Now, of two things cue etl.or the Russian army before Sebastopol wuid have wendoced that formidable positlrn to mtet the armv vhich wou'd advance from the side of Bakshiseial and ueu thefiist army if operation, under the orders of Lord ??'??> *',nW Pa8h forward, and take possession of the gisitlon of Intermat n; or ine Russians w^uid await in ?JL wJ the anival of the arj,y advumiog f.om dmpheropol, and then the latter, ad^ancir.g from Bak (blserBi on bebastcpol, always supporting Its left on the aeuntaws, would form a junction with the army of larghal Raglan, who had adranced from Baidar on Al ?t, rspulse the Russian army, and drive it back into bebaslopol or Into fbe sea. This plan appears to me to losses* great advantages. In the IIrat piace, the armv as ?r as Mmpherepol, which is ouly nine leagues trom aiouchU, wou.d be in communication with tne sea; the jonitiy is very healthy, and better supplied with water than any other part of the Crimea; its rear would ba always secure; It would occupy ground where our iu eriorlty In cavalry would be less sensibly feit; and last ly, It would te all at once on the Rjssian lice of opera tlois, arc cut iff all the scpplies, by probably takiua porsession of tbelr p.rks of resets' If the defile A J en?an Indispensable element In the suc:ei? of the plan?should be ro lortlfied as not to be capable of being taaen, the 3,100 men who aovanoed (or that purpone would have been re-embarked; the army of reserve won d then have been letded at Baiaklara, and the di version which it was intended to make on Simplieropol would have been made by Baidar, but with fewer advan tages. As to tha march of the 40 000 meu from Baidar to Aiiuchta, it would have been wlthaat dasger, as the giound is pr.jiccttd by almost inaccessible mountains, ?n< is at a g.eat r.htance from the Russian aainy. (lur amy rt ght di ring almost nil tha dlstanoe aloDg tbe seaenore have been f lli wad by steamers t7. lecuve the sick|. If, on the c n ra y, It had wirhed to make a diversion by Rupatorla my opinion <s t>nt toihing could h?v-< bo<n tn i-j dat gerous or more pposed to the iu.es of ar ami to tne ouusws ol predtnoe. In order to < pera'e if m Eupatocia u ?> m I heropoi, tr.c army ao tng ged w. u d i? lti au ojen u.. uuhtal.hy country, and a must witti.-u' water; 1 eouli 0t: on ground ahere .he Russian caval-y, wt> c . Is nry nuttery wiold have every ci ar ce ot hucccs,-., aod it wi tsid I uve to u-aae a n.aich of 10 leagues in f vce of an M.u j, wh eh might c me 'ion the Noith at well as f.om the N-cth laii on the c.-lun ns, and cut off all re.roat. Ixe wi. gs ol tbe aimy woul have no support from the I oa.ure t the groutu.. In order to go from Kupaiona to | Mmpterupol, ii eoould cany with it all iu prcvlsiDUs see ail ifs pni.-r uoliloc, fbr when onoe the army hadie't KojatoxU, the 16.000 Russians in tear neighborhood, and mcst if whom are cavalry, would harrass tnelr rear and prevtnt theairival of any convoys. If it should mtet with ary resistance at Slmpheropoi,and the Russian army should, ny a change of front, have taken a n- sitl .n oa iheroau over which ihe army had passed, that army would be either annihilated ontaiveo out. There is, besides ano thtr awolu'e principle, and that is. that a flank irarcb is lot possible niilesa at a distance from the enemy, aud w'.en the.tered by tne nature ot the ground. Tne army which wouid operate from Et pa tone to Slmpheropoi w ulo connquently have no line of operation4, nor any defence ,aor *a? fe?c? of retreat, nor itvorable field ot bat le, nor means < f pr curing food, lastly, this armv oi operation, instead of being c mpaet. ccmposfd ol soldiers of tne same nation, commanded by a single chief, wmlo bs formed Id a great rart of forks and as seme sl.iei divisions would be added 'o It, tnsre would be neither unity, nor security, nor absolute con licence. It. Instead of marching on Slmpteropol, he s.my leaving Lupatoriashoulddtsire to proceed direc. to ^.enastc.pel, it must recommence tihdrr dlsadvaita geousconciiltns the campaign which we made in disem hat king In the Crimea. It should car.y toe lormidab.e positions ot the Alma, of the Katcha, and ot the Beibek. u en arprlse is Impossible, for it would be disastrom. Ueuce rollows the absolute hecessity of onlv leaving a> l-npatirla the number ot Turks strlotly imi'spenraoie to ce ?nd the place. |s-ich is the plan wuich I stehei to ? xrent* at tha Le^d o! tha blare trooph wb:cn you hnvi hi heito? c-n.manded. and It Is with ihe m st pro oucd ?lc acute '.-low that I fink that graver In erests force to rtmiltt K trope. NA^O .KON'. ? .Ti,' f'TO'ed of 30,000 French aod .^,0.*) '.I " r f " oouc'lnglc 000 men who eancoi ceoli^ i?e<J of i'r.iih ?? ,1L?eL?', ?Pet*" n U'der Urd fiaglsn. or 2.'. 000 i i tf',i? i^e<l"r..nteae ft.000 fienct anu 10 0'k' i urx? 1^.. ^' r?v. 1/el operation, of 40 .00 Crunch o. ihi M *11100^ ?t0 26.1HX)ol lueaimy oi tese.veal Coo. tfh? aeuvc army v.uie J Lbns orgsalred OMieral ?'ac r"> Jlenoral In t tl-'f; ?l I corps d'armfe Uenarat Ho. nasi, with four d.vi* on* ot infsnfrv and rt e of Uabi cava r? .??yjooooro#??..uj.... . ? -.? . > ?a .x/aav f-tfl Ui IfllSOirv (Ilia f t B n' Il^ai CdFft -jroso'ar.i 's i?ceral Krynanldde tt. .leana'Angely.' Whn two dmsl'-ns t .n'a^lrj. dlv'sl^n ol the ixua'd and '"II t. f ilf'A VV 'lAl'Mlr. KI I .*Ui i'A I KiihW iw.mld u > ?. "? '"'WJHJ i; V .v? II iy* uiq yril^rf| Ulltl trerlrvfiti tf .wevy '<*vtiiry. i e.l-jeior would hire eor.1* -ie<i ccatnand tin i(ijg arrriv. t.b ?be other sod. ibo V nUrerof War wou.d havn r?d col.tcu.1 at '.-elan.uopt* r*. ? ><? of iocs-, g n. 'nr *nj other oli' i? f copiuriul ?i aoo, m :o?r it. >t 'he a If itaih.^ vli ,c r ud?.? mlxbt h" .c each o P,- f ? ? ^ ^ f h..Rh. tc sack cinisd clem :ay? piovls o.,?, w >ui a a. >. a ' asrcai Ten ovtj d am Co of rcue've wood baveh" in Boa d the aieainani dull dava' la lona lor 60,00b Jien 1 ue ..r a.^ea w lou would toL'ow ihe army of Oaitler iv. u'd carry me >ud9 >|iianiitv so taa' the 60 W0 men. in roiem.'Milse .he moveuinm. would have sixteen da>?' provisions eoiirad to tbeiii when o?n e thav l?d ifSi.htd H mphrrppoi -e carrkgex might re?lctu?l ibe rnnj tiom Aiiuchta. nrukets.* I/.mioh Monry Mauii*., l*KiD.tv Etkiino, Mat lfl? Tie new losn ot ?6,000,COO, proposed by ths Chancellor of tbe Kxohe'iuer, has been the commercial feature of ihe week. Aoeordlng to appointment, tha representa tives or the mnejel lateren o( Uie meUopoUs ktteade^ at the Treasury on lues*** the l'-i, ..... . . Xiaia zVhimn:* ?whxi,rrr' whi" 2ssrar.ir.jK? {u^asS?-*? xz2"Xaz\?*t^'Z' ssi-^F5 7J{^ ?- ? ir^ur. af pwwiS C&5 wiU Mt t e required until tbi- IV M> Of b- pi n,,Dt ,,r H-fl quarter ot ne h je?r. M?w.>! Rothschild ?nrf J,B inr n? ?I"'r ':efl *?? baT* * >??t for tbe nevr |?i*a l , m ?. ?L?r,trM t?ttf **" ???<?? "?p?efc(C I V *Ah ^ .?P"ri*ip*'-JQ^,h"rein Jj? t' -' >' us'ATdem *,n iT fc4tio? " ^"^pacied by the ? ' dl b^iw ?,Ver h 0t Tw U l'~le<" >'0 r^on ron?w for th? *ntUe M!,>iu,t "i5 *? earl, rub if P"*??" epee.irg, ^nTh^hUm'Cg * **5*5 "?$!?. " TueX Ol-vubATcmeec th"?1? T' ?i*b0 e' from AuKa^St"iK TP"" h"'n* ?"iv ?210,000; the Invlnc! 31* ?M tioo ? i?v ' "Uh w'tb ZVi CM.:> which wits fn. < f*1" lbe Albatross, mat*. ^n, iz^i ?&? c.u ? ;hi Tt? return from the Bank of England for the ??n KCtt? ' ?8^211 fw....7 XM?914? v>acreHJ8- f","? o. the other Vi' e*of the ic^-oM *6'b97 ^sr1''169' *,?? ?? yV, u"ue 15 SWT,27"., Increase 14S oa? Noes unempojed.... 8 6J0,990..IncrW 260 U6 he am. unt of nof?s in cirometioa U ?1991? 8*0 ttWiESST ?? A *?'*.<?* !*-? cc spared ei*$. pSVr. 01 *t^er?od*u.?6t,I,i"rie dt!'Dg in the bul"pa market this SHmS5^* ??'ass sgw; vs-ra.'asjwsffrja; Foreign grid In hers (standard) per az ?3 17 e^u ^??'^bareoutaaro). ^ .? 5 lu - trold ciin, Portugal pieces...... <i 1 1? ? ' Ifonbloons, Pa'riot....w ? }J J " Spanish ,'/ ? 3 17 0 Nafoenne ,. n ,e ? q,. . 1" Builder jilecoe "" 11 o .(i n TT : ?? l, .a'ssaSSTr-'ffltsuwa z ~jrs .....11. .^tt^teursra H 1' ert x" , V'f *"Lt u"t""'.n "" the m a ?s*nl ',jr is & ' .v.!? u^r^e ^ cIom Ml9 p'te4- *' iih A I f0l,ai, r^J- for the A nrr.m ^ ^ V 6 LCWr ^0i4li W*8 QUOt?a 1 #%ir^ ? ^ OOXiijoih^iJLpi0Vf?d to 9o7^ buyera Olrttrg flWdj ard. rfrm 1^ folJowiDg are {hi c oeln^ Pr^;-^onfoi???obnt 8a> 4 do.^5e"oa5*^?" JftSSX^g-*"9 the ??&??? aw ?fn??.r ?ff. ^ ^coounf ^ uTUi^^ W'w'ii o?,. ?a 93 Wi IJ. .2-71 Phi' OllW 91 now ooi? P3.S a*>i 93ir 90,^ 9; ? iS"?S 93 9SX Sii #3V tv #' 1 ^ 937; 04. 04 The fottign etoek market hw been geaeraJlr well ?uo Mod' ?r, 'r". ?t buaiieee hae been tranS Sffnt' rlfr' ^ w0mB Bhoe aiurtherimprore chm'd. XJC*n C0Itlnue ta 66 fTMly pur [From the London Tir-eg ] The Fnriiah f?.A. ? Ktwiso, May 16,1856. ? ,, & ^ i?di 8 opened thii utoruitg at an RdvAn^A Of '.'upon be (f!i"ial quoUione ot laft "eevlne Lid * r * t?t>por?rjr reaoiiom, eon?.quart upon the extreme prt?u? for ?o, ey tn prolid. the dep^t ot io * n on the application for the new loan the markeTcloISi rhi.h^p,jo?"?;und,,?rbu ,'aney- VSiSW iuB hu or ti gland f,r acvaniee was jontiniioiie thrungbout the aay, and In the Stack Kxcliinge am out it ?a Vt' *n rM e" were occa,iotia ly paid. It iH be Thl Hamfi "P ;"?,!8n .for lfc? lo*n exswd ?d) 000 000. Silled t ^'B. St*t" iM dem*Bd f,r mob.y tb be ULuHered? he r#te of discount bong etlli 7 per cent. BAUIhG, BhOlHTK^ AND CCk'S CIRCTLAR. TV ? 1 . . . - London, Mty 12?J p. M diPli h .0n^ \ , e!?n Produc? maiketB -e.opened on ute 14.h imtaut, after the Whiienntide h lldaya with a inT0^::^ ricrirl ftrUoitH ?f ^mp** n-l J ? ? B e,lil!,1?s all(f cott.n quiet. Tea dull The oernaod for money continues ao'lre. Consols leave off Ire ^eXld?ri2?e-Tr,9 a M for the aooonnt. Bar -?bTw bllV? to r^po7! raoie bi^iiA8? doloa in A nor? can S2J? ^ ^ b*v' ,he'D ?fwcte<i at the followlLg quota tiocg. united St * tea 6 h. bnndjmf irra iar. a._ hr n M QO I* n * ' 1 S auj 6'fl ce'titicatcii 15 W?k'ehiia, rl,V P n'.9^ 91 i PM?'"a R?Ilroad 7 e,' fco.U e^MWK 8 "? "3; Caca-'a t>, 111X, Nora C'ocHiNRAt.-TiOO begs Bondnrae chiefly aold at rather easier ra eg; sliver, 3s. 7(5. a 3g. 9J. (or small to lair fJt <n' *no * 4-' for (f?0<1 boldi black, 4a Id. a 4s and fine t0 ,nldd,iD^' ,nd 4b- 8d- ? 5? '??? for good fldC^M.V r" dear6.r" fl3P0 b,8" Trinidad brought 47b. od. a efig. 6d. for gray to fine red. CciiER without alteration A, I<^.0bq.Pa,M l?F ,h* ?wk '^,100 ba'e.i only. At I.itiipoot the demand hag been moderate; galea for fii^dT'per lb mlddliE8 0rleana i? quoted at Laan Ib quiet, at ?'-6 a ?16 5g. for common p'g. -i.al'!nt~;J** pnbilc aalee of plaoU'lon Ceylon thlg 7hf!o hIn.tM]VPl omprlMtg about 1,300 caski and ?g"' the greater ptrtlon of which grid at prerlouH price", from 67a. 6d. for fine ordinary tj 62" 6d. tor low zr idoling, with ml idling from 63g. a Mi. 300 tngg native Ceylon gold at 60g. 6d. for good ordinary; 02 rf' Sw* m"?'* tad 4(0 ht'gi Jamaica went rom 63i. h . a 68h. bd for gocd to fine ordina-y, with low middling f omfft-.aeOg.ed. Of 2,fOO tiga llio, ju.t larded, on.f U..eL?.,.^ Wfs r'&l,,7<H'. ,I0? -108' ?d- a 41a. for good i/.^i ii ?'* rc -i 'Pr 'a" tetnalnder there wag H tlo dl'pr si i ji to b,d. A Cg'g ) of 2 800 bags 4t oo nun g. hue reel. M>ld etloat a. ao.ut 4t><. id., , peu Cb^r te ,'ionTiof j, a. *' ,"a.\T: Lhr; T\" '.!arir# *npP!j of ^'"b wheat at ?v ud?j e market, lut on.y a email part icla at about pitvuvg puces. 1 o; e gn in moderate retail demand pric* Et wt?at "as ?87 (g. to !1B 6.8 qrg. returned. To day the market is dull, , S ^ Un0i ?Ige<1, We 'luot? *hlt? American wheat ... ? .2h .red 64g. a tSe. per qr. American Hour, 32e. a cits, ter bbl. * I?Rt ii8, At .?We hare little of Intereat to report la the abser :e of public sales. Gamboge?20 cae.g latr nine hare Itso realired, at 87s, a 87b. 6d. IrdJa rubber?Jf oCt psgg. mic. haet India, part eoid at 7d. Red Sann drrs wooi?-60 tons gold readl'y from ?8 fig. a ?8 7e. fld. Camwcot?.0 tons gold from ?21 10s. a ?24 for fair to fl oo Iioc.lj,1'f' *lth r,' ugb from ?16 a ?'.8. Saffron flat, 13e bd QU,C *r' 18 ? 8>4?- * U~ W- Turk*y opium, ?Qn'et; S5 tong RufaianJparCy Bold; Rhine, ?30 a ?ol r.i.; olean, ?31 10s ; and outehot, ?28, In MaoiiA notttog to report. ' Jt 7K ?(it 4 600 baiee. at auction, the chief portion eold at euaoy ia;ee, low to good ci mroon, ?9 6e. a ?12 17g ? ' t0 *ood f,lr' frorn ^la 10"' ? ?1? 1?"- i and one ?21 log. Indioo ? The periodical galea, comprising 9,262 cfcegte, cctLiLencfd on 14ub ln?t., with a moderate attendance of bc^ re. there has be?n but little aplrit in the biddings and aa compared with the ratrg of February, prices show a deciiie it 2d. a 4d per ib. 5,872 cheeti have pas. ed sale, i f ?bich 400 have be. n withdrawn, 1,411 biwght lr and 2,066 chesta sold. ^ ? Jro.> - A fair demand for rails, at ?8 fg. a ?8 10s f en b In Wales; bats, Hit, at ?8 2e. 6d, a ?8 fg ? deotch pq/a 74s a 74s. 6d. for mixed Nos. on theC;yde. I BRD.?Fine is inquired for; barrels and tiercee, 64a. $ bin. i mgz d (Ah eh in demand for cor sumption. Now York in bbls . ?10 ft ?10 ft*.; Boston 111 b?g", ?9 18s. ft ?10 t lr. r olhmg doltg, sperm nominally ?118 a ?1.0 0 iTe cintirues depressed; (;a lipoli, ?t0, Mftligft, ?48 I,It red in steady demand, and on the spot the ) lice I ft' kdTftr end to 32fl.; tor thft end of the )ear eftlea ??enakirgft 29s. (Upe ia flat at 47?. for torrign re f,nee, aid 46s. for brown. Cocoanut quiet at 3i?. ?d. a IPs f>a !'?im17e. a 4,8s. Itii i his betn cffeied Ireely. and is 3d a 6d. lower. O t lii( bigs ileigai at locticu, only pirt gold; pale cargo iir ft' 8*-; low middling white, 9s. a 9*. (id.; good mid r ig 10s ft 10s. bd ; 8 219 baas pinky Madras mostly sold at 8k ft 8? 8d. for rout d. I'rirafeiy abont lO.OtO bags have changed be,tii's, Arracin, 8s a 8*. 9d.; middling to hue pearly wbl'e Btt gai, S's. (id. a 12s. fid. J t m is liat and prices eaab r?196 hhds. H'ngal. in pud ic tale, bri ugkt 2a. a 2?. 0>4d., proof, aad a small jaicel of good lVmarara, 9s. 6d., proof. Tin.?Krg ish film; concmon blocks, 13-is.r hare, 1.14s., nfirsd, 140e.; Mtaita, li 8s.: Ranoa, 14w ? t*Ai.iikihb veiy f.ifflcult of sale, at low prices. Only ?b.ut tCO bags Bengal have been sold during Ibe week; pood 3 per ti nt refraction at .14*., cash, and 0k per cent at L3s fd , prompt, too bags Madras sold at 28a. a 20.' tn 4 per coot letr. tni rs ?G tiger?788 begs African sold freely; mouldy, '.8?. a 26a.; Ha damaged, 24s. #d. a26a. Black pepper < ull. cniv a f*w lots o' 2,806 hege Ma abar silling at 5.1. a f,)i# : I'iroen'o about l?d. lower, 260 bags baring besn so o at 4'4d a 4S<5- OoTif?210 bags sold from 4*,d. n 4l^d. 'ot fair to gord. Cassia Hgnta, 60 boxes sold at la. a Ta. lower, frtcu JCOa. ? Ills, toi ftjat gnd sesoud qtrhHtP. Erca*.?There Dm bMa a good general demand and {irices, :n mint intMOf) are Od dearer. 01 Wait India, he aalea amount to 2, ISO hhds.yrhe public of lieu rliiua and >V.t India hare bc?n iarg". oovnprtrtng f-tfcer about ?0 (XV bap*, nearly the whole of vblci mat a ???dy ta e ai full prices. Fi reign?519hhda , t?l ttercm* 231 hi - Be,no Klco ao'd fieel.r at ih. a 41*. fed. for la r fellow, and 12a. do. a Its for tow rnlduing to fine jail?*. Prirately, ibe fnilow'rg eslea oo fhe spit hewe take* plate:?l),0(O bhg-, c'syed llari.a at Als.'oc a 42a., Mlf bcxei brown lis rani; al 41s. 6A , 3( 0 b gs brrorn Rabu at 41a. So ; 3 ixo a IAiOO bags V.aultius at 43a. <M Affoat. a cars, of ?,(?<</'?*gs Mauritius (No. lltj.) off tfca enact lul.'y ic ?U ec, co J at 2"V , 'or l'tymoutb, Bod :: .*>? lag- hro*u it ii > at 26s. 03 , for tie Oly ;e, aid 2,209" t? xt* Havana /N'j 11 I at 2"?.- M., for thi I'nlted K.1 ?? dm , h aurtd fcarnbu g con<'iti na At the lluiot Trad irg Coftpary r ?If < 1 Jrvs vhlrh took plate ?? AnMtdr de? y?et?rc?y, the 73 t ?y baste ?t iered all stll at veig fall price-. Ira witbcot f-npro -smett f ommoa Conffoa 8\d. per lb. J'-ibllc salsa ?re vi?<-' !-*<l tor rli* 21st, cO.vprUMC at present 1?,0<0 ? let;0 packigva TasPKNTtV? ? Knugb?Bines s at P- V fair -,ualltw. Spirt'a 10 imjr ven deM'.t. Aumricau neU at 32a. (M. a bi A ItflCITARDrON, SPBNi'B AND C?.'8 CTSCffLA*. fjl EKIVSOt, M?y M 1866. t hin tre last faoday- a "ha; of ?iud b*e brought op a large flie: and urii-rals -nm up 46 8(ff bo-hew of v.'li'at, fl2 31P bti.'bel* co-it- 17b "32 bar-el- floor, from the Steles-, R 10! 'ega (lour, sv-.>? Va'ptraiai; I ?1G quar ter- wtev, 6. b 89 -a ks tl ur. fi-ai Spain. 4 940 quartaad wheat 2 C( 0 quansrs eorn fr-r.ni the aVu.urttneai, and to" 1 3i( mart*?* wbea" fro? India barcrem1 deliveries <f wheat tor the week ending IM* .fcatoidaj weie sgatn heavy, v1'., IllI 613 euat -ora. at C7?. 7a . ?gt/:ret 96 7^7 tiUartere. at "te 4J , in lha e??N. leepocdln? week ?t laatyear. ?tn Tu? iiej we reported jer ikiUie, a alow trade la wliaatandfl nr at la'.bei I"w pricec Whits Indian c*a eon Urged in ejtn- 'equoet and a oifgh' adeacce io prfoe *?<? < ec.aa en. Velio* and mixed eeie rery dull, and freely t flered at 29s to 'O.'s. 6tl. Today's nxihet waa thinle altended. and dull for wliea'. at a decline of 2d. to od per b;-?h-l Klour, M. lo la. per banw icntr with very little ducif. Ir.d'wa coin ? Wbite i ffcret s s teductioa of 1<. pe. qvarter. 29a. beiiff taken fn Northern. Yellow an 1 mixed 6a. cSoap. er wiih ccarc'ly any iiqui'y. We quote:??ywd# Ps. 2d to 10?. 2d ; ahl e, ?s Pd. to lla. per 70 lb*. Florr.?Pbi'uce p-hta, balilmora and Ohio, C6?. to PTa.; Western. 32a. tc 34s per barrel liu'iun carn-WoitB Ni riherc, 30s. New Oileans. 29s. to 29a 6d.; yellow *al mixed. 18a 6d. to 29a per 480 If a Bn: ban been liaaactire tUis wto'U, aol there are n'JB ee-leis of secoi'ar* q'-aii-le- at tow prires. llattac bratds B-e Cot lower, but -eil only :n tho me eat retail. I'ORK.?None on ?he marktt, and wanted. Bsco.s'.?Over 9 <'00 b< xe?ar?ired s.'n'.e Tneedsy wlrft-h, when nffered, ail! test tl.e market. Th-ra eontlnnee U be a pord demand fr -m the envnt ?, and aliho'^k a 4* cline frc tn preeent extreire intei fa to be lo- Iced for, wt Co net th<nl. cry material reduction wlU he mads. L.ckp ?Bather ek-ier to buy, (>3s to S?s. (kl. b-lag tba vali e of go d redoing quality. TaHow ta molerare Inquiry : fine No-th AwierAoao bi'ngs 48s. to 48a. (id ; the tim.-t and lowest qubiiitM ? re chielly taken. Hi ?in.?Ibrge shirntfnts f.oin the States render com mon rery difficult to aelI. and quotation! inuat be rs auced to 4s. 4d to 4s. 6d. llAKK ?Notbicg done in Philadelphla, but 9a. bd. ta 10s. accepted for 800 bags Baltimore. Cotton ?The demand contiruea very limited, and t'ua import being large, prices alighlly favor the buyer, but the decline for the we- k is not more than 1160. to ^d. per lb., and that confined to light ntapled, Urown, or dnety lota. In Maurhes-er, the WhitsuDiiile holidays have lnter'ered wi h hmiuess all the week. Middlissg Orleans, 6 5-160.; Mobile and uplands, b'.d. per lb. 1'be Challutm Street Stabbing Affiajr. coroner's inquest VERDICT AO ajnst the r*? BONER. T1ICKD DAT. Tte inquest upon the bo^y of William Potter was con cluded at the New York Hospital yesterday morning^ before Conner Connery. The jury, as wilt be Men, brought in a verdict egaicat Bernard 8h?adl*y, the printer ohaiged with having 'tabbed dec rawed. William C. McDonald, sworn, says ? 1 reside at No. t Dover street, 1 vu in company with Bernard and Timo thy Shandiey on 'he night ot the ailray In Chat a am atreet; we were eomli g 'rom Division et set when W% met Potter and a triano of his coming from Chatham wrte ; iimotliy rhandie; called < n deceased and raid. "I undelete! a you Lav- been saying something ebowa me;" having enrre par idler bus nets to at eoa w, t weLt to Doyer slree', unc returnlrg in five minutes, I law l'olter goig towards Chatham square, tue twe Nbecd.cys sen ftandiug oear Bainum's ciJtung aera, with a man named Neouftti is the r company, I aaw about bfieen per, one ooming from Chatham Bail towards where tic Si snjieys wtie itauo.ig; aa 1 war eoraa dis tanr.efiom 'he punier, I oonio not see any blows ecrnacs I thought, on .-.eeiigthe party emerge from Chatham liall, hat there wae going to l>e a row; there were about four peruum in the Scarttiays' parry at the time Jrhn Mare, owing duly eworn, c epoietl as to I>*v?I reeks at No. 154 W niter street; I wat pan-ing throngs Chatham atreet rn tin mornirg of 'he .7 h nit., wnsn f aaw a crowd in Chatham m;.r IVyer street; I sew a mas in ma r.birt aiteves, who I Us rneu was I'ot'er; saw him catch a s on by the c l'ar sod tu \.t him down; d "ceased then ran in towara'e Alvords dorway; lie pasted pri b< tier on the sicewalk and *i proaCDtd the spit wh-re thai 0 here weie standirg' be catue from the do rrrayfae rtw eeronds afterwards and requested a yourg mac ta go for hie coat, which wae lying on the si 1* calk, da oaased then ran across me street, pat sing the t'lf.ithcej 1 then went towards Walker a'reet. ami heard ,h? foil jW lrg niorcng from a young man that Putter had bee* dabbed, 1 snow no more oi the traa.action; from dw I oniii is o: the pri; oner. Bernard Skein ley, and thw da. ceased, ihe latter conic n<jt havejreceived the etab from the fcimer without my knoalecga Bernard Gilroy, sworn, depo-ed at f;lJoas: ? I reiide ad. No. 122 Moit etreet; on the morning of the 27tb alt ee I wae in Chalham s'reei I beard tome persons hell oing o* the corner of Ikyer etrte'; I taw Peter In hie shirt eietves, he struck a young otn, knscked dim down and then caught hold of ar-itm-r muu; thie man f?.I; he toes vent towaros tht door next to lSn-num'e o oti.tag stare and camacut again: he stopped tbere Cut a suort time; f ihtn walked across the road, I had a friend within*, who btii g a rbort cutanea i h-aa of ma, could nave s en tbn affray betivr than 1 did, I i eard Potter wai, sta'ibsa wham 1 was g< irg home; I saw bl >od on 'he ?i :e?raik; no dm helptu l'olter wben he was crossing tha auael; I dli not ate li e prisoner strike anyb< dy thai night; it wae oetoi* lie deceased went into .he doorway tnat I aaw acme biood on the sidewalk. loiia* Burke re icirg at M ntague Hvll, Brooklyn, btirg duly sworn, aaic1 was co.olig apCiiaiham street 00 the night ot the aflrsy. when I aaw a emwd near Doyer street; I saw Potter ranting across .he a reet from w he.e tbs pec pie were gainereo. 1 believe toe-e were at van rr e'ght in the crowd. I paced on, eoa saw no more if the affiav, 1 beard Lara Urguege used, awl Heard oie man call refer a thief; tti* m its naif an hnnr at er the aflrsy; Potter did not seem wtak or mceped t.i'ci from luooiig: when Potter first .an across the em et the row lad Just c; mireiced: 1 heard a Iter wards that Potter re'urred; I can'i say that he was in his ahlrt ?>? ves; he wan thoutkg as if for help. Litut. Bali, of the ttveo h ward police, being duly -i*.. n, < epcsvd as folicwt;-'Tte e. at and shirt here pro duced ate 'L elothes of the frimnti tney were taken o? him in a.} p estone and have h?eo kept by me ever ainon his wresi on tL night of the atlray, there waa bljod ?a ihe clotting at the irno ol hi* ar:Sbt. Htciy K Smith being inly n'orn deposed as fillowi:? 1 am attach d o ihe oeventh wa d puice, the blade of aknifwihcwn me (b dr prxueer) is .he same one given to at by ofli h (juni; on he m ir.iog of the nf f.sy; he fold n:e bat it was picked up In the ."treat by ? boy near the pace wbere the fight took plana; tbera weie traces if blood on It; the coat, shirt aud veal now shown as are tte same; Ibey were taten from olT tha prkot er when be was brought Into the station hou.w; 1 fbcer Leery ai d myeli arrested the prisoner la a housh in Draige street, we ft und deceased lying on tne steps ota diuggint'r atoie corner of Market street and Kaat Briar way, I did not know where Potter lived; Bhandiey was attijiped in tie eta ion houae, he had blool on tlaa 't k c' cus bead, but the b'.ood cid not appear as if 11 proceeded fn ni any wound; I aaw no blood trom bla nma The anta mortim examination, aa taken by the Coro ner. was then read to tjcejury, ns follows;? Ante M'trfim Kziiminrt/ion Uikm nt the Sirenth liiird St.ihne HmiKt m Sum/Hi/ Ajiril 27, 1H66.?WUliam H. Po.ter, oeag I'u j sworn In ihe pro eree of lbs nrltoner. Bernerd "bandog, cepreei atdaaye:- 1 give mj tee Uni ny, not knowkgtial I am certain ot il e; I recognize the prisoter new ten re me as the mas who slabbed ms lanl tight; I waa crovaina don. Do er street Into tue Hevuth ward when prUorer'a blether met me aud arkad me if I wan ' w.Ldy " l Mid ' No sir.'1 lie cal rd nnoiher man baafe who was In priMtiir'a company, atd saked klm did be oak hear it laid that 1 was "wlncy " he (tee oiher man) aatd I was "a sucker," ai d thai be roull l'ck me an.aow l told the pilertei'e blotter mat I waa MquMnted with itim and waatn< to have noihlig to do with km; I then tacawa, frrm olm. an be follrwec me acioes the a'reel. 1 ran up the etalreof th house No s thai hem street; I tat at toyed, ard return* dewr s'elrr, erd stiurk Ue man who was In h'acompany tircked h m ai ?o ai c the < kicked him ihl* waa on iho otbo etoe of the etreet. piiaoncra liernarri Shar.diey and his broth* ?ten ran toward* tne nh<n 'limnhv anc 1 ce'oaed ee* ci bar, ard stl.e 1 wi s c et cfcci! ?lib the t ro her he orison* itabbid me; kuipby end Cromwell, ibe cihctrs attacb*d t the heterih ?aid po 'ce then bionaht me to the atation hous* 1 bave nc vlidtotiT# leelliga lowardathe pil*oner lte etatinunt ot pro oner 'eggbroiher, Ilmothy Shand l?y, vae iben isad to the Jnri as folloiia; ? T moihy L bhsnd ey belna oulv swore, Cer-wei and saye,? On Sunday morning, April V ISM between tie h-ura o( one sr.d two (.ip'tck, m> brother, another nuau and I wer> past lig tbrongh f'uatham atreet near Coyer street, when 1 taw Wbllam H Poiter and said. 'Tcuhave hewn la.kins of me a go< d deal." he raid ' No;" I Ihen eald. "Very well, sills right, the frier d who waswltb ms (David Noonao) tntetOcgd, tut 1 prrventcd b<m from doing to and 1 said I was agile to rorrurt my rwn bnalr.eee; Potter iben ran i.ve- to wdaoe* home In t ha ham aiiutre and brought theretaom twaniv fir* or bin y a en with him; one rt (hem (truck me; thwe Pouar took (tints coat er.d made for me; we c etched; npmairf turn crowd Imcrf red; 1 cannot tell how we wtit vpara'ed; Z. went tome le bid aid knew netting more aly 4 the matter until thla mot nli |, my bl other Uvea in (Irayd, near itaftck siiret; he Is a cooper. 7b? evfdecce eat Lere closed, and th* na?e, after ? htief aJdriis oti tl? part oi the Gornnev, wat< givea to tk* jury. Af'er due deliberation that be ^ rendered 'JwM low'icg vard;? Ihat tie 1 ant Wll'lam H. Pott'.r same to hla Jaa'h by wrumia ftfllcted by some shsr f instrument, to th* jnry nnkurwn, In rbe hauls of 'j?rnard nhaadlay, while e? ftgcdlna street alliay. r ,%r ti e o'ti?r oi Doyer an4 hatbsm straets. on Sun^sy, the T. h .if April, lhfiil. The ptisr*er was the , o?iniu' led 10 the city pris w. 2* aweC the aotli'D of t'^e Graud Ju'y. Tfaw *r.ra*r of tbw pilrr ner (Timothy '.'Uaole',' wUl ?d to bhti M A wlu I cesr l? tie ' *