Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 3, 1856, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 3, 1856 Page 6
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NEW YORK HERALD. SAMtt S GOHOOI B K Y .1 ET1, raOfBIKTOH 4HP inrrom. H. V. OOaNJUl OP NASSAU AND PtTLTOW ST* IWXUtf u<4 .% ?uImium. THE DAILY UERaLD 1 ?*i? prr aopy $f pxr t?nam. THL M LF.KLY HERALD rurry Satwlay M ?\ ?r?u p~ ^ I/h Earvpmn *lth"H $i P?r tmnu/n to OnJ F rUt**? 1/r 16 *i ?>/ YOLUJyI'a'r v ^ORRESrONDHMCE rmtmimimg anpaHr MM *?rj $oh-*tml rum any qm>irtcr nf itu writ V w*" ?*?? '* MwaO* fUMi /?* M4" ' FK P?>ii?!H!< Cu?Mlt*r<lflD*!?IS All* VAATIC'CaKLY HlUjUUTID TO -** 11 liL Lx*IT*ltd Oil} PAOK A IIS Ma* 0*. tti Na 154 AjfU4AMii*rb raw iv v*isa. HOiilWAI rHRATUK, SruBdw?y-Tun Wire? Lard ?b Cnrs b BlLLlNott. WltU~''M OaBOKN, BtckkIwh/?Vawyo Hmslii o.r trr Mat &or* Zathth a.nd Kuib? Kcbikt ard Ubhtsano BOW4ft V POTaTHB BriwfTT ru* ?'oriMMEiiHS?Tub ?MMIOCB MlROklTT? IaIS.U WuUI too CAR OmtTOWH' THlATRl. i buat?n 4^ I'jmd Coi-pbr -Orb Hocr WAalUAOM'H IHlim Broadway?Rob Rot ? Kai.yt Hbaht Nxter Wok Pair Lady. UI&A mHlli TAAKTIKBI BrmAw%r-Jaw* Rtbb. MB Obfrar or Lovood- It Tabis two to Mrak a Saroiar, MAOVaT VaBIWiKS, 411 .?.->*<? way -Poor Piuj ~od -Toodlrs - by nu Woob 4 Mak. ii JijrttitM Jo??i?Air. WO ityn MIITBTRF 4 4*4 UT?ASv.i?y-3TH10nA* Ml* ?Ubsy-Thx Mj?A3>it lb Mu.nir. OMPIVf | KroxJwRy-r?m.r,ux bt tub Oflb uu ? I Wol I B -somas By MaD. LOVAHRKT, 4a ?UCKLiiV* H aI.L, KM> fJroBtlwBy?Diorama or thb BaT BJI O* HU.NRAR kill L, OO.NTLAGRATIO.T OF ChAAL'-STOWR, .tC. WOW PT.D0RP i>ALL~aV, Mo. 497 Broadway?Vai.carlb lOBTl.TOB ARB STITCAKT-MaRTYRDOB OF BOSS, 4C. nBROOK'.yM aTHKM J?0M, Brookly-- -Lit Covert, t Mad. Laorahrb, L. M. iiOTTSa'Hai.r, .kc Wcw York, Tundxy, Jbik 3, l Ml. %uU far Rnroi>f. WBWTORR PEP. AUi?WHT10B POH kCROVB. Ika Canard w?U steam* ip fanaC*, Oapt. I.tag, will ?rbb Beaton, ou WtxlnnioUy, Bt uooa, l'or U ei-pool. The iCuroj md mBila will oiona ia XI* city <st h?lf-{<a#t two o'clock t.U bUoidoab. T.ta Imiald (printed vn English tod Ereaeh) will *?? fBhHshed Bt ten o'clock In ttia ir>e-ning. ?lnglo ocpi?w, tM wrapp*ra, bix;?iio?. MbMrlptioiui tr?l wivsr Ibcn.oow for art uditioo of tM Brw Vi i'Ji Hbmau will bo r?e?iv<Ml ut tk? following plooea IW hurrx r.. Am. 4 Kc;rop?BO Cr.-rfcd Co.. 17 tr.d 18 CornMC. nac? do. do. 9i'i*c>) do Ib Bourae. llWffioou? jo. do. 7 Haatford atreot. HfMBWA/L? John Hunurr, 12 Exchaag^ .?T?-A?tj SUat. Ike ooBSBatii of t>? Europe\n aditiou ci the Hbralo e ? embrBoe the oew? rwewiyed by bbB ?i> 5 talnrmph Bt 3IW 'Woe daring Us preriou woek, end to the hoar cf Abe \>xvrt. Tho Demreratic National Convention assembled at Cincinnati at noon yesterday, amid the roar of ttie Empire Club's artillery. CoL Medary, of Ohio, was selected as temporary chairman. Committees M Credentials, Organization and Platform, were cboi-en and the Convention adjourned till ten o'clock ?ds morning. Of course these preliminary proceed feigs were not concluded without the usual uproar At one stage the Denton delegate* from Missouri, who had been excluded from the hall, knocked di/wa the doorkeepers and forcibly gained admit, tance. Bowie knives and revolvers wore drawn, to Hie infinite terror of all the peacefully disposed patriots present. No harm, however, resulted from this demonstration. Gen. John E. Ward, of Geor gia, ha? fceen chosen by the Committee on Organi zation Chairman of the Convention. The trouble among the Missouri and New York delegations had not been adjusted up to a la'e hour last night. The bards and softs are to argue their cases before the committee to-day. The Bentonites will probably be wjected. The excitement at Cincinnati is intense. Under the telegraphic head we give an account of a formidable insurrection that broke out in Hayfi, sear Aux Cayes, on the 10th ultimo, against the Emperor Solouqne. The Sumner affair engaged the attention of Con* gress yesterday, to the exclusion of other business. In the Senate a letter from Mr. Brooks was read, in which he di-claims any intention of offending against the privileges of that body. A resolution to adjourn fsom Thursday to Monday was adopted^ to the House majority and minority reports were made by the investigating committee on the Sumner assault. \\4 apprised our readers on Friday morn ing la.-t of the conclusions to wuich the committee bad arrived. Our correspondents In Mexico city and at Vera Cruz, writing on the 19th and 22d of May, furnish Borne very interesting facts with respect to the actual position of the Catholic church in that country, and the relations which the Comonfort Cabin* t maintains towards it. The entire people are iirm believers in the doctrines of the Church ?f Rome, but the people are so untreated and so neglected, both as regards moral and religious trainmg, that their faith has dwindled down to a ?aere observance of holidays and debauching fes tivals. In the meantime, the clergy roll in wealth, ?whilst the national treasury is bankrupt. To remedy this state of things Comonfort abrogated the special privileges of the prie=ts, and ha* set his ministers to work at the framing of a new consti tution. which will be liberal, in a politi 'al sense, and grant a full toleration to all religious forms of worship. It is hoped that the measure will promote a healthy and enlightened system of imnrgation. The Bishop of Puebla had left Vera Cruz, on board ?f the French frigate France and Mexico, the cap tain of which would land his lordship at Havana on receiving $1,000 for the service. The bishop is lorty years of age, and has a fortune of *250 000, with an a inual income amounting to $30,000. Some changes hud been made in the Cabinet of Mexico. Miguel Teja-lo is named Minister of Finance, and Don Juan Soto Minister of War. Senor Payno goes as Minister to Brussels. Senor Agtiela, one of Santa Anna's ministers, had been arrested and sent to Mexico city on trial. Flour was very scarce at Vera Cruz. We have tiles from Kingston (Jam.), to the 12th nit. The weather at Kingston was very unsettled, and in Trelawny parish the sugar yield would be very scant. Falmouth harbor had many large ves sels in it. The Governor had inspected the Stam lord ' opper mines. Several criminals had been punished, and some local elections held. The late heavy rains had done much damage to the water works. Our tiles from Bermuda are to the 2"th ult. The British steamer Medea, commander Pierse, had left lor England. Alexander Ewing, Esq,, has been re elected Speaker of the General Assembly. The Grand -Jury of the island my in their last present meut it is manifest that the people generally are in a progressively improving condition?owing no doubt to the facilities afforded for mental and moral culture?a large amount of intelligence being de veloped and displayed by them. The races of the Boy a! Yacbt Chtb had come off, when the boat Alarm Capt. Eiderton, 26th Camcronians, bore away the prize. The Jcne session of the Common Council com menced last evening. Very little business of in tere t was transacted in cWtpr Board. A petition for an extension of the lease of the Crystal Palace grounds, or the pun base of the Palace by the city, was received by the Aldermen and referied. The Conncilmen appointed Messrs. Van Riper, Merritt, Hart, Collyer and Taylor a committtoe to carry out the ie?olntion tendering tin- ho pitaMties of the city to Mr Killroore on his return from abroad. rte Board of 'Supervisors la*t night adopted a re port in favor of paying Mc8peduln A Baker's bill of $2,644 j0, for binding books for the Register's off.ee. The proposition to reduce the City Inspector's fees for recording marriages and death- front ten to three ? ents, was rt fern d. Tli sales of cotton y* tt r<lay reached about 2,000 bales a$ mwket clc^ng tirm. Tlte heavy receipt Of breadrtntt (fcprMied price?. Within th? part two <W9 about 33,000 bbla. of floor have reached market, chiefly by canal and the river, from Oa weg<>, 39,993 boBhela of wheat and 17,910 buahela at , orn. Floor waa unsettled, and prices favored panhaaers. Wheat and corn were both ?okl at lower rates. Pork wa? heavy, with aalea of ?a at flc. antl small lota at $lb 35. Sugars were q ite j steady at Saturday a prices, with moderate sale*. | I.ard continues qui'e Crui. Transactions in coffee , were checked by the public sale to come off to-day. The stock of Kio in thia market Is 5S229 bagB, agulust about 30,000 at the same time last year. The supplies of eoiut other kinds, however, are under those of lan year. Wighta to Bngliab porta were Arm. To I .vcrpool gram waa at 64d., in balk and baps, ami floor chiefly it "-*? Rosin, to London, at 1 2a. tid., and flour at 2b. j Our Helatlooa with JLifclaMd?Peaee or War. I The compulsory re .?-ement of Mr. Crampton from the British Em<<s>sy at Waahington, and the acceptance by ua )t Lord Clareadou's dis avowal, on behalf of hie government, ot any intention to violate our laws, have at length definitely terminated the vexed enlistment controversy. That, indeed, ie now al uoei an old question. However the proceeding on our part may be received, the main queatiou, at least, has been diepoped of. The only mat ter of serious difference remaining between the two governments is that which arises, in fact, out of the true constraotion to be given the Ciajton-Bulwer treaty, which, perhaps, has jnst been solved io Central America by Gen. Walker and his victories. That difference, if we regard alone the nominal positions of the parties, we acknowledge is radical and serious. But in reality it is only a point of honor as it stands-, and, accompanied as the affair has been by mutual expressions of anxiety to close the controversy in an aoc'oable and accommo dating spirit, either by direct negotiation or by the reference of the issue to the arbitral.ou and decision of an umpire, we can see no cause for its being longer permitted to agitate and alarm the public mind of both eouatnes. Alter a good deal of diplomatic quiobli.ng and delay we are at length put into possesion ol' a distinct proposition by her Majesty's government, to make a reference of the dis pute to a third Power. The attention oi Lord Paimerston has been frequently called to the ubject in Parliament, and he has on one or | two occasions expressed a hope that he would soon receive the answer of the American government. That answer is now to 1)8 found in the letter of Mr. Marcy, published a day or two ago. Mr. Marcy declines a reference of the general question, but submits a counter proposition, that the relationship ol the Bay Islands to Honduras shall be submitted to two competent individuals?men of science?who shall be qualified to decide that abstract poiat. The legal questions involved in the ccnstruo tion ol the treaty Mr. Marcy reserves for csgo tiation, to its parties. The suggestion of which reference is pro posed to individuals, we heartily approve. 1. is coining down from the stilts upon whioh go vernments heretofore have hob >bu ri .?u'. end proposes to place the matter in f.iflorec .e, so ' far, in the hands of men qualified to perform I the services assigned them. It is difficult to perceive a rational objection to this course. Perhaps no class of men are so disqualified as sovereigns to enter into and give judgment up on questions of the kind. It was Milton who said, ' Kings, most commonly, though strong in legions, are weak at arguments, as they ever have been accustomed from their cradle to use their will only as their right hand, their reason always as their left" But Mr. Marcy has contrived to tarnish a good suggestion by the limitation he puts upon its practical application. What sense or pro priety was there in refusing to refer the whole matter in controversy? \VaB there a legal question involved? If so. why not secure its decision at once? Are we the only jndg-s of 1 law-. Has Mr. Gushing reserved all the legal acumen and honesty to himself? Was it ne cessary to retail the controversy, to give our subtle Attorney General a field for the exer cise of bis technical genius? It is a stunning disgrace to the civilized world that England and the United ota ea? the two foremost nations in freedom, in trade, in all that can secure blessings to the human family?should thus higgle aud quarrel about matters concerning which the people of the ?wocountries feel no possible interest. It ar gucs little to the credit of their negotiator* that they have contrived somehow to fith up from the dirty fools of diplomacy matters of continual dispute. So far, indeed, has this bastard work progressed?this decoy system of negotiation?that honorable and well dis posed men in both countries begin to feel that it has uo higher origin than that of stookjob bing and fortune hunting. For instance, ii we riddle the question about Central America?if we strike out the dignified twaddle o' the secretaries and come down to the naked facts of the case?it will be found that England cares not a feather for her possessions there ; and that the people of the United States are abso lutely indifferent to the whole matter, and for this obvious reason : that if any law is settled on this side of the water it is that population, and not governments, must control all future colonization?a law which the gallant Geieral Walker is enforcing successfully in Central America. Colonization by governments in this direction, is an obsolete idea. It was well enough as an original movement, looking to the subjugation of a great continent occupied by hostile savages. In that sense it is 1 istori cal: but as a practical project of the present age, nothing can be more Utopian, nothing more absurd. All this is well known in Eng 'and: and it it is not received in this country as the settled law of our existence and progress, it is because the questions arising upon it have fallen into the Lauds of political mountebanks and traders. What, then, is the controversy which now ab sorbs public attention in both countries, in re gard to British occupation in Central Ame rica The Clayton-Bulwer treaty was nego tiated. ?So it was; and a stupid work it was. It manufactured a kgai question out of a sub ject matter that m'gb* have afforded the politi cians on both sides an endless source of diplo matic verbiage: but it was nothing more. We avowed the dogma of the Monroe doctrine?a T at'ical truth to be enforced by the eneri-y fu,d indus ry of our people? an expression ot a fact -r.-iTunl cd alike by the currents of emi gration flowing to our shores, by the marvel lous progress evinced in the business and enterprise of our race, by the triumph of Walker in Nicaragua, ar.d the acknowledged power of public opinion everywhere ; but f.y a specific ruiiuBt European colonlzv tion?as s legal impediment or burrfer to be thrown up against the action of Euro pean government*?it was the veriest trash ever engendered by politicians. Walker?the ?Qflc< te>ul Walker?alone embodies the Moo roe doctrine. Well, now, her Majesty's government has ac tually undertaken tbe work of colonization. It has proved an uphill business; and her Minis ters, anxious to get out of the scrape, propose to refer the instit-r in dispute with us?which in truth is an atVcir of Hot duras alone?to the decision of a friendly umpire. And how does Mr. Marcy answer this proposition? He offers to refer a geographical question, whioh is in volved in the construction of the Clayton treaty, to two competent scientific men. Was ever before a good idea pat to so miserable and pettifogging a service? With no question of practical interest before tbe disputants, the peoplt on both sides anxious to terminate so fruitless and disgraceful a controversy, we are compelled, ia tbe face of all the world, to be responsible for snch a puerile, testy, contempti ble effort to prolong the dispute. If we consider the utter barrenness of the sul ject matter about which we are contending Hiib U pland, it would not be too much to ex pect the i rotest of other nations against its further continuance; thus disturbing the com mercial peace of the world by irritatiBg strifes and jangles about that whioh, in the hands ot any two rution&l and well disposed men, would be st .tied in an hour. Departure of Mr. Crampton and the Con sues.? Mr. Crampton, late British Minister near the Cabinet at Washington, and Mr. Anthony Barclay, the late British Consul at this port, (Messrs. Mathew and Ko we croft remaining for the present,) are to leave Boston to-morrow by the British steamer; having been civilly dismiss ed by the federal government in oonsequence of their violation of the laws of the United States in regard to the enlistment of residents here to serve in foreign armies. A request for their recall was mode sometime since on their go vernment : but the request was not backed by the evidence that has since been collected by the State Department; and there is no reason to suppose that the British Cabinet was mode fully aware of the state of the case. Since that request was despatched, new testimony has placed the guilt of the four officials beyond question. At the same time, the British go vernment, relying perhaps in some measure on the inadequacy of the evidence which it had then before it, and placing too much faith in the protestations of the accused, refused to re call them. Under these oircumstances?though it is not to be doubted that the interests of both countries would have been better served by mure i-traightforward dealing and less lawyer ing ard pettifogging both at Washington and fat London?there was nothiBg left for the United States government but to give an earnest of its belief in the protestations of Lord Clarendon, and of the sincerity of its wish to keep the two nations united, by dis missing the Minister whose conduct cannot be reconciled with Lord Clarendon's despatch, except on the supposition that he rashly trans cended his instructions. It will doubtless be an excellent thing for both countries. Mr. Crampton was a very re spectable, amiable man; but his own govern* ment must long since have been satisfied of his udfitness for the station he held. Snch mo mentous interests as those of the two branches of the Anglo-Saxon race onght not to be en trusted to the keeping of individuals who for get to read despatches, and who are so sadly deficient in tact and propriety as to repeat ic their* official despatches the newspaper scan dals against the govern meat to which they are accredited. Mr. Crampton was an attache to the British embassay at St. Petersburg, and a secretary at Washington under. Pakenham and Bulwer; and in these capacities he gained friends and credit; both of which he has con tinued to lose since he became Minister, lie had better be sent to Victoria. For the three Consuls who are also dis missed, the feeling here is very sympathetic, though doubtless sympathy is the last thing they require. Both Mr. Barclay and Mr. Mh thew were long and favorably known in the communities where they resided. They were men of high character, amiable disposition, and adequate capacity. The country would have been well pleased had the President al lowed them to remain; though, unless the Bri tish government behave very meanly and shabbily, they will be gainers by the change. That LrnF.i. Suit.?We perceive that the great libel case of Fry vs. Bennett has had another trial, and that the jury have rendered this time a verdict of six thousand dollars, in stead of ten thousand: thus Baving the defend ant four thousand dollars. According to the opinion of all the disinterested spectators of the trial, there was not the slightest cause, either in law or fact, to warrant such a verdict: on the contrary, they state that the evidence warranted a verdict for the defendant. In deed, the case was so clear, and the enlighten ed charge of the Judge so much to the point, that they express the greatest surprise at the obtusenees of the jury. They can only account for the verdict on the supposition that the jury were not acquainted with the rights and privileges of the press, or the respective merits of the par ties to the case: that they were guided in giv ing their verdict by the example of the former one: and that, understanding that was wrong, they struck off two-fifths, and followed it for the rest. They were not aware, of course, that the ridiculous verdict of the first jury was equally contrary to law and evidence, and is generally believed to have been the offspring of very improper efforts. Of course, measures have been taken for a new trial; and the case will be pursued until the liberty of the press and the privileges of theatrical criticUm ere established on a sound foundation, by the bigh est legal tribunal of the State. As an offset, we suppose the great libel case of Bennett vs. Fry?a case of magnificent di mensions?will soon come off. The atrocious libel against Bennett, on which this case is besed, was written by Fry and pubiish-.d in the Niv York Tribune. On its appearauce, a suit was brought against the Tribune, and a verdict taken of fifty thousand dollars, whi^h now stands recorded against that journal; the proprietors haviog abandoned all attempt to defend the libel they published auainst their cotemporary. We presume that the re collec tion ofthii fiflv thousand dollar verdict, hang ing over the heads of the managers of the 7W luiif, may account for the calmness and philo sophy and prudent silence they have manifest

td on She occnslon of the roce"* trial '.od ver dict before Judge Oakley. 6m. Walk**** Snetf?? Olofiama Proepeete UMttny" In Mntial America. The late news from Nicaragua opens up a magnificent field of action for Gen. Walker and a moat gloricua prospect for "manifest des tiDj" throughout the Central Amerioan and Mexican States and the neighboring islands of the sea. The "gray-eyed man,*' set forth in the prophecies of the native Indians as the oonqutror and civilizer of those beautiful re gions in and abontNioaragua, appears, indeed, to have dropped in among them; and they be Leve it. We are informed that they regard with a superstitions reverence this "gray-eyed man" as their "man of destiny;" and Mis late astonishing successes over the superior foroes and arms of the well disciplined Costa Ricaus are well calculated to extend this oooviction of "destiny," even among the natives of Eu ropean extraction. The forced and complete evacuation of Ni caragua by the Costa Ricans will, in all pro bability, stand in the fntnre history of Central America a landmark as conspicuous in its place, as Sobieeki's defence of Central Europe against tie Turas, or the expulsion of the Moors from Spain, or our own deoieive Revoln tionaiy day at Yorktown, or Waterloo, or any other of those great field or sea fights, from Marathon and Salamis down to this day, which have decided the fate of kingdoms, dynasties and races, and the marches or countermarches of civilization. And the man, too, of Central America?the "gray-eyed man" of the native Indian patriarchs?bids fair to make his mark as deep and enduring in that quarter of our continent as the work of an extensive and tho rough political, commercial, religious and social revolution can make it. What his iritnds expect in hiB behalf may be gathered from the suggestive sentence in one of the letters from Nicara gua which we published yesterday, in which our correspondent declares that the speeches which have been made in that coun try, expressing hopes of seeing Gen. Walker before long as a United States Senator at Washington, " degrade both the man and his grand future by the allusion." The meaning of this " grand future" which is thus " degraded" by the allusion to the an nexation of Nicaragua to oar Union, and the election of Gen. Walker to the United States Senate, is apparent to the naked eye. His destiny simply comprehends a higher and larger fie!d of operations; and his " grand future," as anticipated by his more enthusias tic fellow soldiers, may perhaps extend to a great republican confederation, not limited to Nicaragua and the adjoining 8tates, but em bracing all of Central America, all of the existing republic of Mexico, and the contigu ous islands, including Cuba and Hayti. And why not ? What is there to hinder it ? Gen. Walker has at length secured a footing in Nicaragua, which may well call up some such splendid visions of his "grand future" as those which expanded the hopes and the genius of Napoleon after the brilliant suc cesses of his first Italian campaign. Why not? There will be no lack of Anglo-Saxon volunteers for Walker as long as, with a few hundr* e! such men, he can vanquit h by thou sands bis deteriorated mixed Spanish and Indian enemies. Why not? There will be no lack of supplies as long as he can O'lLiiaiicl the legitimate advantages of the Nicaragua California route. Why not? There will not be wanted the sinews of war, wnile the Creoles of Cuba are looking uo Gen. Walker with hopeful eyes, and while Gen. Goicooria, late the active head of toe Cuban Junta of thiB city, occupies one of the most prominent, confidential and respon sible positions, military, diplomatic and finan cial, near the Nicaragua Commander-in-Chief. But what of England, France and Spain ? Do they not already ''smell a rat?" A Spanish squadron has lately been detached to Vera Cruz for purposes of observation?a French squadron, we understand, maybe shortly e.| pected to look into Greytown; and as for the English, they are always beating about the bush in that neighborhood. But why should England, France or Spain interfere with Wal> | er, as long, at least, as his operations shall be limited to the States of Central America and Mexico ? We can imagine nothing more de sirable to the commercial nations of the earth, including England and France, than the re generation of Central America and Mexico upon the basis of our North American Anglo Saxon race, and their institutions, energy and indomitable and world-embracing spirit of developement and enterprise. Give to the "North Americans," as our people are called from Mexico southward?give to them, uader an independent republican confederation, the control of the Mexican and Central American States, and in a very few years a momentum will be given to the commercial world scarce ly surpassed by that of the gold mines of Cali fornia and Australia combined. And why not? Who can limit the products of the Mexican silver mines, her cotton, sugar and coffee districts,- or the richer coffee, chocolate, sugar and tobacco fieldB of Central America, and the wealth of the forests of all these re gions in cabinet woods, dyestuffs, Ac., to say nothing of the gold And the coal mines kaown to exist in various parte of Central America? What limit, we say, can be put to the traffic which our "North American" industry, ma chinery and inventive genius would create in those countries in a very few years ? And in these vast elements of trade would not England and France come in for their lull share ? Why, then, should they interfere with Gen. Walker, at least as long as he does not interfere with their black protege, Boulouque, or their pro tectorate over the island of Cuba ? The simple truth is, that the "grand future" foreshadowed for Gen. Walker comprehends a distribution of substantial advantages to the civilized world, through the medium of com merce. As the gold of California has not only contributed to the substantial wealth, strength and prosperity of the United States, but has added much to the solid wealth of England, and much to the strength and prosperity of France, so would the developement of the com mercial resources of Central America and Mexico be shared by England and France with us, in the exact ratio of their augmented com r crcial exchanges. Gen. Walker, then, as the pioneer of Anglo Saxon enterprise in Central America, aud as the proper arbitrator of all t-uch p?.rpl< xing entanglements a3 Monroe doc trines and Clayton-Bulwer treaties, and Mos qofto Kings, is entitled to encouragemeut. rather than restraint, from England and France. Commencing at the highway com ?menial crrsslng of tie N;'ar?gu<* route, ho ft BPgfiWS'jat fW bis fi/'d of operations and his "grand future."' The prospect is that henoeforth he will lack neither volunteer men nor volunteer contributions to aid bim in his great enterprise. In all those regions we have embraced in his programme, the Spanish-American hybrids have been tried, and tor all useful purposes, to themselves or to others, they have deplorably failed. The fine and luxuriant countries which they have wasted should be reolaimed. Improvement and developement are the law of the Creator and the spirit of the age. General Walker and his great scheme of political, Bocial and re ligious improvement and of commercial de velopement, have the active sympathies of the Amcrioan people. While he continues to be guided, therefore, by the dictates of magna nimity and justice, the true policy of England and France, if they cannot aid him, is to let him alone. Let him work out his problem, at all events, as long as good results to all con cerned follow his movements. Mil Semner's Speech.?We publish this morning the late speeches of Senators Butler and Sumner In full. The reader will notice that the speech of the former oontained no per sonalities, no abuse of individuals; whereas the performance of the latter, which was muoh more rhetorical than statesmanlike, abounded with them. It is much to bo regretted that Senator Sum ner's speech is a muoh more faithful type of the prevailing speeches and writing of politi cians, both North and South, than Senator Butler's. Neither In the press nor in the pub lished speeches of the leaders of the nigger parties?the drivers and the worshippers?does there appear to be a spark of gentlemanly feelirg, or gentlemanly principle. We alluded yesterday to the language of a Massachusetts anti-slavery meeting, to which this will per fectly apply. It is equally applicable to the Southern politicians, whose language and manners have grown of late years extremely offensive. Their demeanor in Congress on va rious occasions since the attack on John Quincy Adams for presenting a petition, has disgraced not only themselves but the body of which they formed a part, and the country at large. They seem, or rather some of them seem, to have lost, all reserve or respect for decency or pro priety. Only last year, Governor Wise, of Vir ginia, called an editor all sorts of hard names because he presumed to have his speeches re ported. And the language commonly used by the Southern journals, such as the Richmond Enquirer and the Richmond Examiner, is coarse and ungentlemanly in the extreme. The ma lignity of some-of these journals is such that they fall foul of their friends as often as their enemies; assail persons who have stood up for them for a quarter of a century as violently as those who never allude to them except to villify them; are as coarsely abusive of the New York Herald as of the abolitionist or gans. It need hardly be remarked that the die graceful phenomenon is not peculiar to the South. Some Northern journals and Northern meetings far surpass the South in rowdyism and ungentlemanly language. And it is from this cause-that the halls of Congress are dis graced by scenes of brutality and outrage, and that the course pursued by the leaders of par ties is rendering the political profession be reath the adoption of any man of proper feel ing or gentlemanly principle. Dr. Hunter's Challenge to the Medical Faculty of New York.?The letter recently published in our columns by Dr. Hunter, chal lenging the medical faculty of New York to a public controversy, through the medium of the newspapers, on the merits of his peculiar sys tem of practice, as yet remains without an an swer. How is this? Is the medical profession the only one that shrinks from entering the arena of discussion in defence of its theories? Had the same provocation been addressed to the church or to the law, we should ere this have had hundreds of well primed disputants rushing into the ring. Are we to conclude that medicine is the only science which will not bear the light of investigation? Were the facts Btated by Dr. Hunter merely conjectural, we apprehend that less hesitation would be shown in entering into a controversy with him. Men are rarely averse to the trouble of winning an easy victory. It is because the case that he makes out is demonstrable by data that cannot be refuted, and because the success of his practice places a vast body of evidence within his reach, that he finds no one disposed to take up the gauntlet that ho has thrown down. No man, we will venture to say, in the whole annals of the profession, has ever introduced a more important in novation on the old system of practice, or gained in a short space of time more converts to his opinions. Amongst these he has to reckon some of the faculty itself, forced to conviction by the proofs that daily fall under their observation. But the most incontroverti ble evidence of the benefits conferred by Dr. Hunter's mode of treatment in diseases of the lungs is to be found in the City Inspector's re port. By these documents it is shown that the diminution in the mortality from consumption during the last three months of the year 1855, as compared with the corresponding three months of 1853 and 1854, was nearly twenty five per cent. Comparing the first quarter ot the present year with the first three months of the years 1854 and 1855, the diminution is still more remarkable, amounting to more than 32 per cent Now, we know from the vast num ber of cases treated and cures effected by Dr. Hunter during the periods referred to, that b'< efforts contributed, if not to produce all, t' least the greater share of this improvement. The severity of the past winter would have in creased instead of diminished the mortality arising from pulmonary disease*, had not there been some new and powerful counteracting in fluence at woik. Kmboldcned by these results, aad having the most, entire confidence in the inhalation ystem, Dr. Hunter now comes forward to challenge the faculty to a fair and open inves tigation of bis theories. Ho says, and sa.yB truly, that it is not right to confine the dis cussion to medical journals, which are the mere exponents of the interests and prejudices of particular individuals, societies or schools. He tlaiirs the whole public for his audience, and he leaves to them the dooiiion of the merits of the controversy la order there f-hall be no mistake as to tho i s, raised, bo classes tliei/i under the four follow ing beads : ? lft. That vadlntBM, w1j?b inhalml n-:' I .ally on Ini ga M'l R'r a <1 thai I; It ru r whan ?u ??>? if if #m*> tb%t ??> i tfwet " i n 'nil- hub I. 21. I rat tubal id madi 'ifM? <mb- i'.n> tally u *?" M wrt Lit ,1|7 r, '.a*, am no.# pow?rfofly, tad wrth 1ms dfottrtanos if th? taaHby organism than when edminUtorwd n any ether manner. 3d. That Inhalation ae a praotlee la baaed upon aoien tide prinolplee. and Ita safbty aud wnr naaa eoaaeptlhla of demeaatratioa by fact* known and recorded by tbO higheet anthoritie* in the profemloa. 4th and laatly. Tbat the results of hia praotloe ahow a greater pro port! >n of ree >eeriea than waa eear before a'taiaed In the treatment of theae diaeaaea, and are auelb an not only to warrant bat to demand Ha general adop tion by the prnfeeairn. These propositions are sufficiently definite, and the result* are too precisely stated, not to be easily controverted if unsound. It will not do for the profession to evade them by the old oant of its being beneath their dignity to en ter into newspaper discussions. Every class and interest is now obliged to submit itself to this ordeal, and the popular faith in medioal Boienoe is becoming so weak, from its desire to* sbun investigation, that its professors will soon be glad to rush into print to oonvince the world that the physician is not something more than a mere charlatan. In no other profession is the spirit of old fogyism so inveterate as in what is called the regular faculty. It conse quently rests almost stationary .whilst in every other department of human knowledge we have evidences of progress. This state of things cannot last long. The homeopathists, with their simple and rational theories and easily di gested pharmacopoeia, are fast gaining on the physioians of the old school. Between them and successful experimenters like Dr. Hunter, who have emancipated themselves from the tram mels of routine, "the faculty" will soon be left without disciples. If they can show reason for the faith that is in them, they would be con sulting their own interests to acoept the chal lenge that has been given them. A Know Nothing National Council?What Does rr Mean??The Know Nothings, North and South, we believe, hold a National Coun cil in this city, commencing to-day. Who they are for, what they aro after, and where they stand, we shall inform our readers in due sen sou. We kuow nothing at present of their plans or expectations. The important busi ness of the Presidential election will doubtless be the main question, but whether they will declare for Fillmore and Donelson in a sort of ratification of the Philadelphia fizzle, or strike out for a new deal, it will be the solemn duty of the Council itself to determine. That in teresting subject, accordingly, we leave to their cool deliberations with closed doors* We would modestly suggest, however, that as niggerism is the paramount question of the day, they must show their hands upon the nigger questioi, or subside into hopeless obscurity. Tb* y no ist declare whether they are for Fillmore and Donelson, including the Fugitive Slave law and the hundred and odd niggers of the Major, or for a grand Northern Anti-Slavery Protestant Know Nothing combi nation, like that of the new George Law move ment, set apart for tbw 12 eh of Jems. Niggers are now all the rag?niggerism is the great issue?this Council, then, must pronounce it self, one way or the other, upon niggerism, or sink into hopeless oblivion. Its labors may end in another most inglorious fizzle; but let us live in hope. Possibly the Cincinnati Con vention may bring them up with a round turn to something novel and exciting; so let as pa tiently wait a day or two. " Rome was not built in a day." The Speculative Movement in Sugars.-* There has been for eome time a movement go ing on in sugars, both in London andin other prominent markets of the world. Like ootton, it is supposed that consumption has overtaken the productive availability of labor devoted to its culture. With, the exception of Cuba, scarcely any other sugar growing country has augmented its supplies, while in some places, including the State of Louisiana, in this coun try, the reports have exhibited decided indi cations of diminished crops. It is reported, on the most reliable authori ty, that the Messrs. Bothuhilds, of London and Paris, have entered the sugar market The same rumor also prevailed recently in Havana.' It is known that this house have agents distri buted all over the world where there is com merce oI importance. These agents are found in sugar growing countries as well as in other places. It is through these persons the house, it is said, has been enabled to obtaur reliable information as to the supply of tha world. And then by ascertaining the amount required for consumption generally, more or less correct data could be obtained on which to base a large speculative movement. By purchasing supplies when everything could ba had cheapest, whether in Havana, Brazil, East Indies or elsewhere, they would be enabled, on an advance in prices, to realize large profits. To secure an operation in this movement, it Le likely they have had something to do with, articles which have recently appeared in Lon don papers, and in the Paris C<mstUutionnd, fa voring the idea, which in it?elf may be mora or less true,that the sugar crop of the world dur ing the past year has been int uffioiont to meet the consumption of the world. Since the first of May, and especially since the unfavorable prospects of another crop in Louisiana have become known, prices have steadily Improved in this market; and sugars have been high, both in Paris and London, daring a good part of the winter and spring; and should they continue to be sustained, the house reported to have engaged in purchasing largely cannot do otherwise than make money. Their large capital and credit may enable them to control, to a greater or less extent, such articles as sugar and coffee, but the valu able produot of cotton would be above tho reach or the grasp of a dozen houses of simi lar strength. The Kteiunshlp Foltori. TO TUB EDITOR OF THE HERALD. In you notice of the departure of the Fntton, you rpeak of en explosion, end the aealding of the chief ttiuri ?r, neither of which occurred. While the ihip wee n port, I'irrson's tubular condenser wae applied, for tbo I urpose of ui leg fr?sh water in the boilers. The append age was supposed to be complete, but, on the departure I the steamer, one of the pip?s wan found to leak air. which impaired the rnouum, and it was thought best to temrre the pipe, and proceed with the old form of jet endorsers, which waH doue. There were no mecbanloa ent for, but e few h?d remained on board, to go with 'he rbip ns far as the bar, and make any adjustment# that might be round necessary. It was one of the..e me chanics?Mr. Becker?who got scalded, (not danger ouriy,) by the overflow of the suiting valve, which always ocurts when tho ong no is started. E. W. SMITH, Resident Engineer Nkw ^ork, June 2, 1868. IVrsonnl Intelligence. Samnel Cole, E?q , rhefblef Clerk of the rencion Ba teen, ha* been acnoin'.ed by the I'resident to act as Cottmisatoatf ? f iVTaeiona during the temporary absence til the Hon. JoetAtl Mitot, on a vJdt, to his family IB Concord, Sew Hampshire. Hon. inmsp I, Orr, M. C. cf Jmth Caro'loa. r.hohae t "? a confined to bin lodgings f ? r ?.vsr?l days by a pain fu a 1 tack o' lisuraiga, i , now convalescing. Hie resignation ot ( ap'ain S miuel (1. French. assistant qnerteriosi-er and ftrrt lieutenant third ert.ilie.-y, haa b- en accep ed 1/ the I'resi. < t, to 'eke efibct May 81, 1860. I.ienterait Oolwel de Vonl- embert. of 4bs fdiond French ChafMurs, brothsr to lb* <?'il ka<.wn Fi-* .r.u ora 1or aid wri'er. Irs h?en apm ritcd to tie 'atoe rank in i/,?? laucera of the imperial uuird,