Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 4, 1856, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 4, 1856 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD.' ? UttB-O.1 ?JK15(KTI, ; *omn?Tf>* a*t> <r?iroft. 0TFH 1 ?. OOXNBB ?!>? fTJl'XW Pf. an t,<? .o>'.-? ? >" ftil/t.fj lJ, I r- Ml /?? tO/Vl |7 p, 'mmii. PRE W KKKLV UBHALD ctety 8irtur<l' . , ^ <1^ o?*? ?r Sf*. V/?r innjr., Jit Uttr"fun* ihitum Yt ?--< mm**, M Sru, !M*r i i W"?i4 BrJujt. cr %b iu if.? >n?-? <y {A* C-xuihaU. ?*\ xpettui* puMtar KOL(J> i^K VKQMRESPOyDEjJCS, aoMuitiiv 1'mpurt *tf Niiri. ?oli.-itiifnmi a i 1/ yuurtt# t/* l/?' uorUh?'/ u*"i unU bu m?ock i^dv ? .? aaillll II "| flili/l /or W llDk PVV.KIGM CORRraiOHPE.NTS Aki r ahtux; \t.LY Sbtucmi) to fitjL tlx Ltrriva and Pac? *0* Pant CD. A O ,\ O fciic?* t/ aimmpiHorta 't. 'j./j; ./.MTUitf/.A. iVe oc ?lit return Uui* JOB I KJHTlSu 4e<ruttJ wOf. imhAma*, cA?u twm usui ik* pitch. JWeaClSKMENTSratruui rt-rrj day. VW<um 1II 4?. U?."? ?.MUHBMA.MrSt fHH EVKSIifO. ? tOir*A\ THMLTBt, enWl'WEj-I.OVE CuiSE?Tent rw? ati. ?TtBUy* 0AI?DSJ? F ca LOT>:lii?/Oct's Btouii' ci> m* Tti.ut flora?Hi.Tj. BOWt.V. J TBI ?"R1 Vwo.rr-? LacoH 77iii.* Too Ois r,K* I)AV? or tin. huouti >s /la ti c> tul Kl .stic Co no ?In* PsatNia Ju?i>o Jim, &c tr wmi 7HEAPJIE Cfcantttre Mr*??Beaiocs FtaiLr ? Tu?r Sli Hah*-Fo*tpnio. Wa^LAI f 9 TBOAYd* UraCW A FOU-iEii'S CorHT mir-Ut -KtL and laai-stCHiMUtAN Kej-j-No? -/O-Ca ao-i tii iaA JT%A SIMM ?>feIPf!X?, Br C~*ille - It ItUIV iikt I dillUAlN. W< ? V a <Z'-f <31 ttKuwiwAf?Ptvia Pn.uoD St -t. ua -ei TLX A*ecu 1 if-'.m j'ttvuriLa 0o*kOU5?. WOCVP" VlKKTIlliS. *44 Bi**dtr?y~ BrwcruM *i? IBHI-Tlll MlfcUOJtlOF* Momlt. &? filUi, 336 AObJMray?TABU..01 CT TEE CIS.* tAJtb 1 WCIK? iOsiiS. !T &LK A)JAM.tr, AC. BVCf. liEVis FAIL, 639 Br.iMwfcj !>tora*a or rna 9at Slid* 6c.*KLK itllL, !'0*rL*CR4TIC.t or tfB-UililT JWt, 4c. t'JWRF GALLERY, '97 BrotPwET? Tajvaiim ?_- aJ>s ;.1atua -wt fib rvwix a ..r Hose 4a. law frrk, W<ibw?i*y, Jam 4, IM?1. Slulib for Ihit Polite. *BE K?W TOR* HttRA LD?CALIFORNIA EDITION. TV* Cnirad State* mail rteaoihhip Illinois, Capt. B-i/g-i. Till IfAve tfcis p.rt to mcriov afternoon, it '? *0 o'clock. ?? Aspiiran.l. Tb? ra?iis for California and other p?rtG of the Pacific ?HI ckte at one o'clock. 9m New Yor* WEtki.T Hkraid?ColiGrcla ?dtttoD ?. aowUinus^- the ts'eit iuUilllgcuiC from all parts of the World, will be poblinbed at eleven o'clock m the morning ?ogle "f.piee, in T-aorers, ready tor mailing, sixpence. Ipr eill piease send in their orders as early as pos sible The Newt, Tbe Democratic National Convention at Cincin nati ye-Oerday completed ita organization by adopt iug the report of the committee, recommending Gen. John fi. Ward, of Georgia, for President, toge ther w ;th a Vice President aud Secretary for each St?:e. The difficulty between the rival Missouri delegations was settled by the admission of the anti Benton delegates. A motion to admit the delegates from the District of Columbia on the floor of the house was adopted, after considerable discus sion. Nothing further of moment was done in the Convention. The Credential Committee was occupied all day in hearing the arguments pro and con on the question of the admission of the New York hards or softs. A del-ion will be rendered this morning. The Platform Committee, as will be seen by our re port, have agreed to report in favor of re-affirming the declarations of the Baltimore Convention of 1852, and resolutions denouncing the Know Nothings, fully endorsing the principles of the Kan. sas-Ne'tcaski act, and pledging the democratic party to the construction of a railroad to connect the Atlantic and Pacific States. The icgulir semi-annual National Council of the American or Know Nothing Order met yesterday in this city, in Knickerbocker Hall. The day was spent in organizing, and the organization is not yet complete, there being several cases of contested seats. Mr. E. B. Bartlett, of Kentucky, presided. Mr. Marshall, ot Kentucky, initiated, and Mr. Un derwood. of the same State, supported, a movement to abolish in future all oaths, obligations to secresy and passwords cf the American party, and to let it stand henceforth as an open political party. The proposition met with considerable debate, and stinds an open q..eetion for to-day's session. There is little doubt of its being carried. By the arrival of the Cunard steamer Inditn, at Quebec, we have four days later intelligence from Europe. Elsewhere we comment upon the only po. Etical feature of interest which it presents?the statement that as recently as the vommencement of March Mr. Marcy expressed himself strongly In c to Walker's government, and that he was ready a. that time to combine with the English government for tie protection of English and American citizens in Nicaragua. The commercial advices by this ar rival leport a decline in the prices of breadstuff*, and the markets dull generally. The European intelligence yesterday produced no effect on the cotton market here. Indeed, the de cline in Liverpool was less than what many person - had been led to expect. The sales embraced about 1,000 a 1,500 bales, without change in prices. The news, with large receipts, depressed the flour market and unsettled prices. Common and medium grades gave way from 12-c. a 25c. per barrel. Good extra brands were lees affected, and choice do. were with out change of importance. Wheat wa9 dull and lower, especially for common qualities. Inferior white sold at II 43 a $1 45 ; Tennessee red sold at $1 80; Wisconsin red, spring, at $1 35. and prime Southern white at II C3. Corn was but little affect ed by the news. Prime Southern white and yellow Bold at 58c. Inferior and Eastern ranged from 45c., 51c. a 57c. Pork was lower. Mess sold at $17 50 a $17 75. Sugars were active, with sales of about 2,000 hhds., including 300 hhds. Porto Rico on terms quoted elsewhere. For Messrs. Stuart's prices for their refined sugars wp refer to another colainn. The public sale of Rio coffee went off very well, and at satisfactory prices. There were more freights oflering for Liverpool, while room was di minished. Grain advanced to C?c. a 7c. in hulk and I bags. Flour was easier at 'is. and compressed cot- | ton at 3-16c. Our Rio Janeiro correspondemt, writing on the 18th of April, state* that trade wa* almost entirely suspended in the city, owing to the interest attach ing to the trial and condemnation in the General Court, of several persons figuring in high life. A lawyer and money broker were convicted of altering the figures and dates of a note, so as to make it ap pear wortli the sum of one hundred thousand dollar-. Five others, some of them titled by the Emperor, were pronounced guilty of swearing to a fal*c will, purporting to have ?*en really made by the late Vi* comte de Minho, whereby a fortune of three nail lions of dollars was disposed of. They have been nil sent to hard laiior in the penitentiary, for terms ranging from three to fourteen year*. All the money in dispute is supposed to have boon made in the slave trade, which will soon be completely abolished on tbe coast of Brazil. There were no vessel* of war in port A valuable tapie showing the export oI coffre is given by our correspondent. Wc he ve files of West Indian papers from Barba dos to the 6th ult. The report of the delegates from St. Vincent on their mission to that island, to consult on the practicability of Sir W. Colebrooke's plan for a consolidated Legislature and government, is published. It affords a full a count of the meet ing held with tbe Governor and the gentlemen of the Barbadocs Legislature, appointed to confer with them on the subject. The plan wa* re cctecl by all parties. Instead of having the concurrence ol tbe inhabitants of the several islands, or any large number of them, it appears to havo been expressly condemned by the Legislature of St. \ inccnt, anl to have been unknown to the menioeis of the Coun cil and Assembly of this bland. TLc performances of the Ravel Family gave great satisfaction. We learn that it is proposed to make a railway, or ra thci a iljiijaway, in South Nnpniima, in Trinidad. It 1m to run in two directions front San Fernando, ttoroa^'h tie Cipera and Guaracara valley, the for mer ti\ miles and the latter nine miles, meeting at a plat e railed Glenroy, and proceeding two miles further .si to Craiguush. The whoie length is twen ty-five miles. We have news from the Bahamas, dated at Nassau, N. P., 21st ult. Joseph Aken Chase, a member of the House of Assembly, died at Nassau, on the 1*1 th ult. The British brig of war Paring was in port. A reward of ?60 is offered by the Nassau Chamber of Commerce for information aH to any persons ma king agreements for the wilful wrecking of vessels on the coast. The brig Mercury, ol New oandland, ran on the Abaco rocks on the 11th alt., but was got ott'. ? At the New York Historical Society meeting held last evening, an interesting paper was read on the Hessians in America. In the report of the proceed ings published elsewhere will be found a tabular rtatement, never before published, showing the cha. ra> Ter aud proceeds of the -ale of the Hessians to the British government. In the Board cf Councilmen last evening, the Po lice Committee presented a report recommending he payment of the sum of $2,500 to Stephen H Branch, as a reasonable compensation for his servi cca as secretary of the committee during the inves tigation of the . barges of alienage preferred against the Chief of Police and others. We understand that Mr. Pram h did not present any bill or make any demard on the Corporation. Hie Stna'e was not in session yesterday. The Hoi.re met, and adjourned far want of a quorum. The Presidential Sti uvx1?? P.irciew, Positions and Prospects. e know ol nothing so full of warning to the people of this Union as the pains and la bors. the fuss and flummery, the disgusting ex hibitions of corruption and depravity, and the motley gathering ol' the filthy birds of prey and carrion crows which attend the accouche mtrtt, in these latter days, of one of those m> dern political monsters known as national con ventions. For example, the Cincinnati Convention, as sembied for the modest purpose of dictating to the democracy of the Union their exclusive candidate for President of the United g'ates, meets under the impressive auspices of p:3tols and bowie knives, bludgeons and terrorism, aini is graced by the oomp&ny of five hundred gamblers and blacklegs, and from three to four hundred women of the town, gathered from the stews of most of our large cities, and all revelling together as iu the festivities of a common jubilee. Such is the revolting specta cle new exhibited to an insulted, enlightened aDd intelligent people by the once venerable and high-toned democratic party. In fact, this party, so long plumiug itself as the party of the Union and the constitution, has fallen at length under the control of the nigger drivers of tbc South, as completely as the broken frag ments of both the old parties of the North have sunk into the dirty schemes of the nigger worshipping demagogues of this section. This Cincinnati Conference of the nigger drivers will, of course, give us a high sounding platform, full of windy abstractions and un meaning rubbish, with which to gull and hoodwink the honeBt yeomanry of the coun try; whereas, if the principles of this nigger drivers' convention were truly expressed, they would be given in some such platform as the following, to wit:? 1 Revived. That nigR?r<, putoli. bowie knives and blmpeota are the fuLuamenUl priasipies ol the de.no aacy, as leconttractel uncer the kdmlnistrktlon of our wsrlke franklin Pierce bj our dekr friends, the southern :".cg?r drivers. L'. Resolved, rhkt !be freedom of speech is llkble to sbu.es even in the Toiled States Senate, kbuses which can on.y be oorrec ec by the application offfutik perchk to the naked hfkd cf the cffenciog party ka he sits in his cUejr; and that in thus beating an abolition Senator we aie righteously vindicating the true policy of the "uater lined democracy.'' 3. Resolved, That the kilUrg of a contemptible Irish waiter ho.ding the poittion ot a nfyger, for neglect of duty cr impudence to a democratic gaest coming down to a late Dreak?a-t, is a proper warning to the whole Irish raoe that tbey can no longer expert to ride rough the d over the democracy of the Tniou. _ ^ Rtsclttd, As the constitution, as interpreted by our Southern teachers, the ni;ger drivers, has already estab lished A'rican slavery in ail the Territories of the United arete*, -hat "equat'er sovereignty-' is ? humbug, that ?*1 a "iinbug considerably behind the age and that aii abolition or frse S'a'.e squatters sh, old be expelie.. irom Kansas, if nere^eary, by fire and eeord, This, in whatever disguises of high sounding verbiage the Cincinnati nigger drivers' de mocratic platform may be written?this, we dare say. will be its proper interpretation. On the other hand, the nigger worshippers' platform, reduced to plain English, may be confidently expected to read as follows 1. Rrsclved. That George Washington, as a slaveholder h.,'ec'.lac f' \ '"bat ?'-"uthern slavery is "the sum of aii vilfanies that the federal constitution Is a mockery ?< fcS!" lillt t!i* Union onJy nukes us tbe slaves of ths slave oligarchythat it must be dissolve!: that elavery must be abolishei, and that ws shall hsil a ?oreign enemy, bombarding the rlavsholling cities of the slave " CUr in mancipation of the n outisge upon Senator Samner calls for the instant dissolution of tbe bonds of " this ac cursed I nion ' for vengean* upon bis assailant by nivht or by day; for renewed exertiong in the w?. '' runnirg eff Southern slaves to Canada, and for a Mv zeal in the nob'er enterprise of excl'iog a servile ii\, . lection from the borders of slavebreedlng Vi-ginia lo the M-xiean frontiers 0. Resolved, That the la'e outrages of the herder rnf Uans in Kansas call for the prompt organization of an 'W* hundred thousand freemen, to march to the re lief of their brethren in Kansas and that this relieving army b? ?upp?i?d witb neoond hind ma*k?t? from th* arsenal ol George i,?w. provided they can be purchased at Kossuth s pr.ee cf two-dollars apiece. 4. Resolved, That tbe assaseioatlon of Keating, the Irish waiter, at Washington, by one of the " slave oli whloh, though not an atrocious n the wiling of a Southern slave, still demand* atone itent in behalf of cur insulted Irish fellow citizens and Knew Nothirgs, It is a very easy thing to make platforms They are but the traps set by cunning dema jcgnes in vrhioh to ostnh simpls and or?dali>ij? noodles. It matters little now what maj ba the verbiage of the democratic platform-it matters little who may be the democratic no minee, as far as the policy of the party is con cerned. It has become too much degraded and demoralized?too much the slavish tool of its nigger driving managers--to be of any further practical benefit to the country as it stands. The Cincinnati jugglers affect to believe that their nominee will be elected without an effort. et there can be no doubt that a large majori ty of the American people are disgusted with the blunders and crimes of this Pierce alalia istration -disgusted with the bloody ruffianism which it has infused into the democratic camp, and anxious to rebuke and drive out of power both Northern nigger worshippers and South ern nigger drivers. We do not include in this classification of nigger drivers the vast body of the honest, high-minded, conservative. Union loving people of the .South. The nigger dri vers are but a small portion of the Southern people but they are the active secession j ;g glcrs. by whom the will of the great majority is suffocated, and through whom Iheir wishes and their principles are betrayed. A half d< zen cunning demagogues may thus contrive to forestall, pervert, caricature and outrage tbe fixed opinions of their party, of a whole "tale : anil a hundred jugglers at Cincinnati may-thus dictate the law, from the pressure of Circumstances, the two-thirds rule md the public plunder, to the bulk of the democratic party of the whole Union. Look, for instance, at the humiliation to which our New York hard shells and soft shells have stooped at C'Incfn cat! for a place among the jugglers, in view of the prospect of a eop of th9 spoils! Equally disorganizing and revolutionary, and infinitely more disgusting than the party despo tism of Southern nigger drivers are the incon gruous abominations ol' our Northern nigger worshippers. But these Northern spoilsmen and conspirators for political poiver, with their nigger philanthropy, nigger fanaticism,nigger equality, nigger and white amalgamation, and their women* rights and socialist vulgarities, their pulpit abolitionism, their shocking and open moutl ed infidelity, their unblushing trea son against all laws and all the usages of ci vilized society, are as much deplored by the masses of our scber and thinking Northern people, as are the excesses of the nigger drivers by the more qniet and conservative ma jority of the South. With these conservative law and order men, North and South, com bined, there would be no trouble in crushing into the dust the last vostiges of this rotten Pierce administration, the last remnants of this nigger drivers' party, which has grown out of the follies and crimes of Pieroe's policy, and the last remains of Sewardism and the di 3 union abominations of his coalition of grovel ling nigger worshippers. But how is this to be done? Here in the North the active opposition to the nigger drivers is divided into three or four distinct and discordant factions, and chiefly on nigger ''hul Here are the nigger driving Know Nothings, with their ticket of Fillmore and Dcnelson?? the nigger worshipping Know No thing-, who are to hold a sort of national con vention In thiB city on the 12th inat; and the nigger worshippers proper, who meet in gene ral convention at Philadelphia on the 17th. In vain do we look to either of these peddling factions for any practical issues, or any defi nite action, adapted either to the inte reets or the wishes of the bulk of the peo ple, North or South. Yet we repeat, there is a solid majority of the Ame rican people, in both sections, ready tc seize the opportunity for " crushing out" nig ger drivers, nigger worshippers and Kuc/ Nothings, and for re-esta1 be admitiu tration of the governmer . the true prii ciples of the constitutioi -d the fathers of the republic. And yet, undi sciplined and ia organized, and indiiferent to the spoils, ftis solid majority of the " bone and einew of the country" is powerless amidst the trained brads of its plunder- seeking enemies. Is the great idea of popular governnent, after all, only a delusion and a snare? The test is upon as. The present is dark, confuted, gloomy and bloody. The crisis of this virulent disease of nlggeriem has come in its most com plicated and malignant symptome. Perhsp.? there yet may be a way of escape left op?a, clear of all the disorganizing parties of tie day. We await the issue of these June coi ventions before determining how we shall wel come the coming fourth of July. Terrible Blow to the Prospects of Fiil more and Donelson.?The exclusive organ of the Enow Nothing Philadelphia Convention, (which nominated Fillmore and Donelsor, and then exploded), begins to acknowledge that the prospects of his ticket, though highly encouraging at first, have become, all of a sudden, decidedly gloomy and depressing. We are sorry for this, because we have a high re gard individually for both Fillmore and Do nelson. Mr. Fillmore has always borne himself as a respectable gentleman among the scurvy politicians of the day. In fact, he may be justly classed as one of the few statesmen of the old school left among us. Besides this, he is one of the handsomest specimens of Ameri can production in the way of a man, and as such he was unanimously endorsed in the most flattering terms at all his public recep tions, by all the ladies, from Paris to Naples and Home?especially at Rome. Major Donelson is also a solid specimen of Young America in full vigor, with a hundred well fed niggers at his back; and he contributed a vast amount ot Old Hickory stock to the Philadelphia Know Nothing ticket. Unfortunately, however, at. this unhappy crisis of blood and murder the exclusive or gan of Fillmore and Donelson announces that an event has taken place which sinks the prospects of the pro-slavery Know Nothing ticket into utter oblivion, or the next thing to it. What is this terrible calamity? What can it be? Nothing more nor less than the trans fer or translation of a parcel of old bones from the catacombs of Rome to the catacombs of a holy Catholic church at Hoboken, under the auspices of that arch-Jesuit, Archbishop Hughes. This Catholic traffic in old bones, it is discovered, has been entered into for the purpose of raising a fund with which to ''break the spine of Know Nothing ism," in the defeat of the Fillmore Americans in the Presidential election. Mr. Fillmore may, therefore, postpone indefinitely his re turn to the United States, for by the bones of St. Quietus his quietus has been given him, and he can't be elected. The Catholic bone business fixes him and defeats him, certain and sore. 0criouiil^ kowovor, 6kim knA ami O.ry a^Ain^t the inauguration of a lot of harmless dry bones in a Catholic church, is very absurd. The ce remonies over these old bones may to our Pro testant brethren appear extremely ridiculous, and there may be treason in it in the eyes of our Know Nothing wiseacres; but there are some peculiarities in all churches which to outsiders are equally foolish. What do we care should Archbishop Hughes fill all his churcheBin this diocess with winking Madon nas, and old bones and old breeches of the blessed martyrs? Have not the Chinese estab lished a Joss house in San Francisco, where they worship wooden idols of foreign importa tion, free of duty? And does the constitution make any distinction between Protestants and Catholics, or Mown one and Chinese' We should like to know. The New Canadian Line of Steamers.?The

new line of propellers running between Que bec and Liverpool is already distinguishing itself by the rapidity and regularity of its pas sages. The Canadian, which made the first trip of the season, brought us four days' later news from Europe. The second vessel of the line arrived on the same day as the Fulton, and was very near anticipating her advices, and yesterday we had telegraphed to us from Quebec the arrival of the Indian, with four days' later intelligence. The Boston and New York paddle wheel lines will have to look ??harp or they will be shorn of their hard earn ed reputations by their Canadian rival. Que lle bids fair to become one of the principal points of intelligence between this country and Fornpe, Affair* of Com*?(ort'i Government, Tfce newB from Mexico, published in another column, shows that Comonfort is proceeding vigorously in the measures which had been wisely initiated by Alvarez, as the only ones capable ot saving the country. After inflict ing summary punishment on the heads of the army who had joined Tamariz in his recent re volt against the government, he Is now making ghort work with the clerical incendiaries who had been the main Instruments in fomenting it As the foremost amongst them, the Bishop of puebla has been banished from the country, after a few hours only of previons intimation; and it is said that a similar example will lie made of all the subordinate clergy wbo have made themselves obnoxious by their partizan zeal. This is the only course by which a really patriotic and efficient government can hope to render its authority respected and its acts permanently beneficial to the country. If President Comonfort only perseveres as he has begun, Mexico may yet be retrieved from the degradation and misery into which n ua? fallen. It is seldom that a foreign journal is quoted with approbation when either approving or disapproving of measures ot domestic policy. But it has been our good fortune recently not only to be quoted with approbation by the li beral and administration papers of the Mexi can capital, but to have our sentiments pub lished in txttnso, and fully endorsed. In oar number of the 19th of April, we laid before our readers, In an editorial article, the career of President Comonfort for the last eighteen months. In doing bo, we had to trace the progress of the liberal party since 1833 ; we had to describe the achievements of the President in the field against Santa Anna?the wisdom with which he overcome the opposition he encountered in Congress ; his military tact in organizing undisciplined militia, and his soldierlike talent in crushing the rebellion under Haro y Tamariz, at Puebla. But this was not all. We explained the reforms intro duced in the army and the church ; the vigor and courage with which the President attacked both ; the overshadowing military and cleri cal privileges which he destroyed, and the immense popularity which he has so deserved ly won in accomplishing what none of hi? predecessors dared even to dream of. In copying our article, the IJcraldo, after eu logizing our remarks, closes by saying, " the New York Heraj.d has published the follow ing, which appears so appropriate that we translate the same." The other papers are no less complimentary. Now, if any of our readers will take the trouble to turn to our files they will have an opportunity of seeing what are the real sentiments and policy of the present government of Mexico, as thus en dorsed by its organs in the capital. Under the caption of "Situation of Mexico," we de scribed the past and present state of affairs, And it is the truth of the picture thus drawn by us which the Mexican papers so approving ly recognise. This article had two especial recommenda tions to their favor, besides the correctness of its statements, via.: its brevity, and also its bold exposition of a policy in which Mexican journals did not desire to take the initiative. No liberal organ in Mexico has heretofore ad vocated the reducing the clergy to the same level in all respects with the rest of the na tion, although the party in reality desire it; nor have they declared their intention of seiz ing all the church property, although we know that they are continually medi tating its appropriation. When, there fore, we announced their programme they were glad to copy, as owning: a foreign source, that which their timidity did not permit them to enunciate as origin ating with themselves. Besides, it was impossible for a Mexican editor to condense so much information into one short editorial article. The ideas contained in one of our paragraphs would not be expressed by him in less than a column, and for the subjects which we aiscuss in a moderate space he would require his entire paper, even to the exclu sion of advertisements. Mexican editors do not seem to be aware that condensation is as essential to force in a journal as it is in a steam engine. Our favorable opinion oi President Comon fort has been frequently and unhesitatingly expressed. We have on various occasions frankly accorded to him the praise he so well merited. It is certain that he has had at all times the happy faculty of surrounding himself with ?able and reliable counsellors. He has been equally fortunate in availing himself of the mistakes of his oppo nents. Thus, while he was in this city, we stated a well known fact, that he was aided by Chief Justice Cevallos, Colonel Ramsey and Senor Axrioja; the last named having since been appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs. These gentlemen have returned to Mexico, and we are not aware that their position in regard to General Comonfort has in any respect been changed by the accession of the latter to power. The l!h?ral exf>i?oocd Itj oil of them have been fully carried out, and the pos session of office has not rendered tbem un mindful of promises made in their efforts to overthrow the despotism of Santa Anna. The good fortune of General Comonfort has by this time become almost proverbial; for in fact the mistakes of Santa Anna, of Haro y Tamariz, of the church and the army have been mainly instrumental in removing obstacles not easily overcome. While Comonfort was among us, we were aware that he counted on the errors then being com mitted by Santa Anna an hastening his over throw; as, for instance, his increasing his already large military force; his obnoxious and oppressive measures; and his acts of unpopu larity and extravagance, until Le could rely only on the army; and upon this only while his funds held out. It became a matter of mathematical calculation with Comonfort and his friends bow long Santa Anna could sus tain himself, and their demonstrations were mathematically correct. We predicted his downfall, founded on facts furnished by the friends of Comonfort, and we have been fully borne out in our assertions. When President Comonfort came into power he found his party in Congre-s torn to pieces by intestine divisions, the causes of which we on a former occasion explained, and which left him in a minority. The revolution of Ilaro y Tamariz soon merged all these family disputes into the necessity of making bead against the common enemy. The army had proved treache rous, as usual, and joined llaro. The church, true ti) jt<? initin^ts, hsd also ranged itself on bis "ide, bat tor once, forgetting its caution nnd canning, it bad become an open advocate in a contest of blood, which its canons forbid. Had Haro marched at once upon Mexico, the good genias of Comonfort might have failed him, for he had no troops wherewith to defend the capital. But Puebla was to Ilaro another Capua; and Comonfort was not the man to hesitate. His friends had united?his enemies, the army and church, were in arms and in open opposition; and they must be crushed to save himself and his party. The siege of Puebla was under taken, and proved successful. Comonfort cap tured the rebel army, having the money, the price of their treason, still upon them. He seized the clergy, also with blood upon their hands. And now came his time to avail him self of their blunders, caught as they were flagrante delicto. No one could advocate the cause of officers who had been bribed, nor of a clergy bloodstained and corrupt. The one class he reduced to the ranks as commo soldiers, and the other he punished by depriv ing them of their enormous wealth. It may be doubted whether the civil administration of Comonfort would have been so successful had it not been for the errors of his enemies in the army and church. But there can be no doubt that they furnished him with an opportunity of acquiring popularity in Congress aud throug18 out the country, and by this means of crushing the most formidable obstacles to the future peace and prosperity of Mexico. French Hlachlcf lUkem. , The New York organ of the present French government perseveres steadily in the laudable endeavor to embroil the relations of the United States and England. It would have suited the purpose of that journal if the letter of Mr. Marcy had been more insulting than it was. Failing in this hope, it has now turned round, and while on the one hand it exhausts itself in trying to prove to its English readers that the insult offered to Mr. Crampton can only be atoned for in blood, on the other it is careful to rouse the pride of all thoughtless Americans who may read it, by frequent allusions to their necessary fear of Great Britain. It ocoupies the position of a tall boy at school who is trying to get up a fight between two Bmall boys; alternately patting either on the back, but at the same time insinuating adroit doubts of his pluck. We are apprehensive that our French cotem porary will not make much by his motion. So far as England is concerned, it seems difficult to perceive how her French allies can advise her to take offensive measures against this country. For should the French propose to consider the dismissal of Crampton a case, not of war, but for angry feelings, how would they meet a reminder of the cases of Poussin and Genet? England would say to Napoleon:? "What you say is all very well; but why, if the dismissal of our ambassador be so dreadful an affair, did France put I up so quietly with the dismissal of Poussin I and Genet? Both of these gentlemen were sent home by the United States govern ment for misbehavior less offensive than Crampton's: why, if you think we ought to make a noise about the latter, did you keep so quiet about the former?" And really it seems difficult to conceive how the French could escape from the dilemma. On the other hand, so far as this country is concerned, the labors of our French cotempo rary are ingenious but not promising. They amount to a general taunt that the Americans aie afraid of the English. But this is not reasonable. We have gone to war with Fag land twice, and the opinion of all shrewd judges of history is that we came the best out of both conflicts; why should we need a third war to prove our mettle? There are cases, of course, where a war may seem the most effec tive way of relieving a nation from an unme rited imputation of inferiority. One could un derstand, for instance, the French going to war with the English; because, as every one knows, the English persistently beat the Frenoh for several centuries, from the battle of Agin court to that of Waterloo. It iB now beginning to be understood, too, that the brunt of the battles in the Crimea was borne by the English, though the French, with playful vanity, claimed and carried off the lion's share of glory. These facts must tend to produce in the minds of indifferent foreigiers a general impression that the French are inferior men to the English: and if the former were to go to war to remove that impression, the thing could be understood. But why we should go to war with the English surpasses comprehension. When M. de Lavalette began at Constanti nople to stir up strife between the Divan and the Russian legation, in the years 1852 and 1853, he employed precisely the same methods that M. de Sartiges appears to be using here. M. de Lavalette succeeded in getting up a war between the Western Powers and Russia, the net upshot of which was the elevation of Louis Napoleon to the rank of the first sovereign of Europe, and the complete consolidation of his authority in France. Should the parallel efforts of M. de Sartiges be attended by paral lel results here, and the United States and oreat Britain plunged into a war to please the French, the advantage reaped by France would be even greater. While our levies were engaged in a murderous conflict, her shipping would be carrying the world's produce. We should be forced to send our breadstuffs and cotton to her, and she would manufacture them. And more than this, while the war lasted, it would absorb every mind, and there would be a respite to the conspiracies against Louis Napoleon. We have a robust faith that the present rubr of France is the only one whom the French have had of late years who understood their wants ; and we view the empire as a curious sort of democratical government with a chief holding office under good behavior. Without sharing. therefore, the antipathy which is so loudly expressed in certain quarters toward the person and government of the Emperor, we feel perhaps only the more regret that he should be eo unsuitably represented here. We feel that his present representation is not likely to strengthen the traditional alliance between the French and American people; and we look forward, not without apprehension, to the pos sibility of such a combination of circumstances as would placeM. do .Sartiges in the same posi tion as Mr. Crampton, and compel this govern rcent, for the sake of peace, to deal with him as it dealt with his predecessor. M. I'oussin. Washington So? isty and Morai,s.? A. num ber of newspapers are talking of the corrupt state of society at Washington, and of tho rows between the nigger drivers and the nig r?r y*fjj*)i\rvw which are constantly (Jjstvitb iog the public peace there. We mast admit that since the beginning of the agitation about niggerism in the time of John Q. Adams, thero has always existed at Washington a sooiety composed of politicians, whose words and acts have been vulgar and insolent in the highest degree. 8nch is the society which Are* qnents the rotunda of the Capitol: whose members call each other liars on the floor of the House and the Senate; pummel each other outside for insnlts offered within; drink and Bmoke sugars all day in barrooms; and stagger down* Pennsyl vania avenue under the pale moon from a gambling house to a yet worse plaoe. But this society is not peculiar to Washington. It exists in New York, Boston and every larg) city. It is more developed at Washington thai elsewhere, because there is no large communi ty or public sentiment there, or independent press; and hence it comes that Washington has the name of being so lawless and ungovernable a place. The fact is that the only place in this coun try where superior society exists, such as one meets with in London and Paris, and in the other large oities of Europe, is at Washington, where it gathers round the diplomatic bodyr and is strained from the several States. Else where there flourish cliques, literary, social, musical, theatrical, financial, and so forth, which hate each other, and calumniate each other, and make themselves supremely ridicu lous in the eyes of every sensible person; but Washington is the only place in America where a society exists that is both cultivated and metropolitan, and resembles It grand monde of Paris and London. It is due there, per haps , in no small measure to the residence of the diplomatic body; but the leading families in many of the States pay a visit to Washing ton once a year or so, and thus keep it up. To speak, therefore, unqualifiedly of the corruption of Washington society, is to evince ignorance of the facta Secretary Marcy and tue Nicaragua^ Qt-estion? Weathercock Policy of the Ad ministration.?The news received from Eng land, by way of Quebec, confirms the opinions which we all along expressed, that on the Nica raguan question our Cabinet was never at any moment guided by fixed principles, and that its tardy recognition of the Walker-Bivas government was dictated merely by personal objects. We now learn that as late as the 5tli of March last, Mr. Marcy was so dissatisfied with the then state of things in Nicaragua that he could suggest no better plan than for the governments of England and of the United States to combine for the protection of English and American citizens. What a humiliating commentary this suggests on the manner la which the affairs of this great country are ad ministered ! One would expect from men who make such free use of Puffendorf and Grotius, that their policy would be based on enlarged views of what our interests and honor require. Instead of that, we find the course of the go vernment on this question to have been mark ed by a hesitation, a timidity, and an absence of ordinary prudenco which would have die graced the veriest tyros in political affairs. Let us impress upon our readers the singular phases through which this Nicaraguan question has passed. First, Mr. Marcy is dead aga.jst the recognition of the Walker government, and uses every effort to prevent aid being sent to it. Secondly, he is desirous of combining with England to protect the Americans and English?of forming, in short, another bang ling compact like the Clayton-Bulwer treaty. Thirdly, he is in favor of Nicaragua'and Walker, permits anus and men to be sent to the latter, and issues orders to our ships of war to pro tect from search the vessels carrying these sup plies. Was there ever anything like the fatui ty and inconsistency of conduct like this? And yet in the face of it our government ven tures to dismiss Crampton, and to read a long lesson to England on the proprieties of inter national c omity. What the next phase will be of this tortured question no one can tell, such Is the shuffling and vacillating policy of the Pierce and Maroy government. Of one thing we are certain? that Marcy will thoroughly complicate this Central American dispute before he gets through with it General Waphikcton'8 Hbtate-Ajiotiikr Suck of tul Propfrty for Sale?We see It announoed that iti. Akron Leggett, of this city, h?n offered for sale about eeven'.eeo hundred Mien of land belonging to the original tract of the Mount Vernon estate. Thie property la, we are la' formed, exceedingly fertile, and enjoys a moat beautlfuj and romantic situation oi Potomac river. Mr. Leggett purohaaed It ab)?t ten yeara rince, and haa expended nearly alxty theuaaad dollars on its Improvement since that time. The effect of hla care la shown In the foot that he has nearly aix hundred acres of the land under cultivation at the present moment, and that the remain der can, with little trouble, be made to bear like agtrdent spot. As this property is Immediately joined to, and la the only land adjoining, the original Mount Vernon es tate owned by Mr. John A. Washington, we think that the people of the United States should come forward as a unit and purohase the entire concern. It would make a noble public park, worthy at once of the conntry, of Washington, hii name and fame. The "ladies" and other patriotic "Monument Associations'^ should take the bint. We are told that Mr. Iaggett would be likety to sell hla holding at the rate of $60 per Aore, making the eoat of the entire trnot, once farmed by Washington himself, abont 970,000. If along with this the Mount Vernon estate of Mr. John A. Washington could be obtained for, say 9200,000, the total sum would be only trifling, and onr oitlisns would have secursd n ?pot on which pilgrim martyrs and advocates of liberty from all parts of the world could worship and have their faith strengthened. Political Gloss Ip. Meeting* continue to be held in the South for the pur pose of eudoising the attack made by Mr. Brooks upon Senator Sumner, and in the North to denounce the same. Fcur canes tsve already been subscribed for in South Carolina and Virginia to present to Col. Brooks, of the House of tepreientativea. On the first one,'it Is said, wan engraved the words, " Hit im again," and on the last, for which fifty dollars was raised at a meeting in Clin - ton, S. C., is to be eugmved,The knock down argu ment." Thomas Wood and F. L. Taylor, two more of the Know Nothing Presidential electors of Virginia, have declined the honor?the former in consequence of his having a sick family, and the latler because be never belonged to the party. There were fifteen eleetors appointed, and eight o^ them have already declined. The Jfoifolk Iftrali (Know Nothirg) being rather fear ful that lilimore s chance* for election are none of tho best < turns to the democracy for comfort, and says if Ba chfthan or Hunter can be elected, it will tend much to mi legate the chagrin of de'eat which cannot but be felt by the friend* of Fillmore In that event. The I'oughkeepsie Independent Examiner (nigger wor shipper 1 has hoisted the name of Myron H. Clark lor Co vemor. James B. Foley has lo-en nominated for Congress by the democrats in the Fourth district of Indiana. The district ts no*r represented by Wm, Cumbask, Know Nothing. William B, A'cher, the nominee of the Araerlcxo party iu Minciis for Governor, declines the honor. The Havannah Ktf.nbHcan, Know Nothing, till ike the affair beteeen S'nmner and Brooks Is deeply to be deplor ed, arid recojds I'g Sf p(|smpVj90 of bQtb Vf Hi