Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 5, 1856, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 5, 1856 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. WHOLE NO. 7220 MORNING EDITION-THURSDAY, JUNE 5, 1856. PRICE TWO c/OTS THE PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN. Proceedings of the Democratic National Convention. Desperate Battle between the New York Factions* nudum or the soft shells. TTHE WORK ON THE PLATFORM UNANIMITY AS TO INTERNAL AFFAIRS. JHSACftEEHEIVr AS TO THE FOHE1GH POLICY. Withdrawal of Judge Douglas, " ~*o., Ac., Ac. FROM OUR GENERAL NEWS REPORTER. CiscusAti, Jane 4, 1856. PROCEEDINGS OP THE CONVENTION. THIRD DAT. The'ee on Resolutions ciade their report this morning the report was enthusiastically receive!. The Baltimore platform, adopted in National Conven tion, in Jure, 1862, was reaffirmed; and is as follows:? 1. Resolved, That the American democracy place their tons' in the intelligence, the patriotism, and the discrim inating justice of the American people. 2. Resolved, That we regard 'bis as a distinctive feature ot our political cresd, whicd we are proud to maintain before the world as the g. oat moral element in ? form of government iptinging from and upheld by the popular will; and we contrast it with the creed and practice of federalism, under wtstever name or form, which seeks to palsy the will ot the constituent, and which ocnoe'.ves no imposture too monstrous for the public credulity. 3. Resolved, therefore, That entertaining these views, the democratic party of this Union, througn their dele sates assembled in general conv.n'ion, coming together In a spiiit ot conoora, of devotion o ho doctrines and ?auh ol a free representative government, and appealing to their fellow citizens for the rectitude of their Inten tions, renew and reassert before tb? Ameitean people the delarationa of principles avowrd bv them when, on former occasions, in general convention, they have pre sented their candidates for the , ular suffrages:? 1 that the federal government li on of limited powers, de rived solely from the oonsdur'.in and the (rents of power therein ought to be strloilv coaicr'ted ?? all the department* and agents ot the government, and that it Is inexpedient and dangerous to exercise doubtful csHtitutlonal pewerg - 2. That the constitution does not outer upon the general government the power to and carry on a genu il system of Internal improvement 5. That ? bec.nitliutlon does not oonrer authority upon the federal government, directly o- lndlreatlr. to assume the dob s of the several Mates, contracted for f oal and internal improve ments or other iitate purposes, nor would such assumption 96 just or expedient. - 4. That j-:slice and sound poltev forbid the federal govern ment to foster one branch of industry tu the detriment of any other, or to cherish the Interests oi o is porUon to the Injury of another portion of our common coutirv; toat every citizen, and every section of the couetrr, ha* a >igbt to demand and insist upon an (Quality ot rights and privt eges, and to complete and ample protection of pertoza and property trom domestic vli fence or fore'gn aggression. 6- That it Is the duty of everv branch of the government to enforce and practice the m et rigid einoomv in conducting our gmbiie affairs, and that no more revenue ought to be raised than Is required to defray the necessary expenses of the government, and for the gradual but certitn extinction of the pub'le debt. 6. That Congress hat no power to cbrrter a national bank; that we believe such an Institution neui'deadlv host Hit r to the best interests of the country, dangs-ous to our republican instltu'lons, and the liberties of the people, and calculated to plsce the buziaees of the eonntr* within the control of a can centrated money power, and above the laws and the will of the people; and that the results of democratic legislation, la this ano all ether financial mature* upon which Issues have fcetn made between >he two poll'ical parties of the country, have demon#'.rated, to candid and practical men of all parties. Cheireoundt ees, safetv and uttli.- io all husinrss pursuits. 7. That .he separation ot the mmsvs.d the government bom bankkg Institutions la lndtspcisah e for th- safety ot the binds of the government and the rlghu of 'he oe-ple. 8. Tha the liberal principles em -udled bv Jefferson In the Declar, lec :f Independence, anr. sanetioned in the onstitu lion. w*-. make ours tlie land ot liberty and the asylum of the oporto ssd of everv nation, have ever been cardinal prin ciples in the retr.ocratlc faith. and every attempt to abridge tie privilege of t.ecom'ng citizens and ibe o veum of soil among us ought to be restated with the same ?olrlt which swept the alien arm aeditlcn .awe from our statu e boob s 9 That ' oi gross has no nower, under the conetituUon, to Interfere wlih or oontrol the domestic tn> Muttons ot the several States, and that such States are the ?o'e and proper judges < f everything appertaining lotbelr n ?n *ll'a'rs, not erohtoi ud ny the constitution; that ail efforts ot tee au 'lliionlsts and other* made to Induce <'negroes to In srfnre with questions of g'arerv, or to lake irclpient gteps In relation thereto, are citoulaiel to lead to the most alarislng and danger us consequences, and that all such eftirts have an ltevuao e tendency to diralnlsi the happiness of the people and eidsognr the stability aud permanence of the Union and ought u d to be countenanced fry aov friend of our politleai lnsdtu'bns 4. Resoivsd, That the foregoing proposition covers, gtnd was intended to embrace, the whole subject of Blarery agt'&'.lon in Coogreis, and, therefore, the demo cratic party of the Union, standing on this national platform, will abide by and adhe e t9 a faithtal execu tion of the acts known as the Compromise measures set tled by the last Congress, "the act for reclaiming fugi lives from servioe or labor" Ice.mled; which act, being designed to carry ont an exptem provision of the sonsti tu Ion, cannot, with fidelity thereto, be repealed or so Changed as to cestroy or impair its efficiency. 6. Resolved, That the democratic party will resist all attempts at renewing, in Cong-ess or oat ot it, the eglt* tlcn of the slavery question, under whatever shape or color the attempt may be mad*. 6. Resolvrd, That the prccee's of the pnhlle lands ought to be sacredly applied to the national objects Bptcifita in the constitution, and that we are oppose! to any law for the dlstribntion of such proesele atnoog the S'aiee, as alike inexpedient in policy and repugnant to lh? constitution. 7. Resolved. That we are deeilsdly opposed to taking from the President the qualified veto power, by wbiea te is enabled, under restric.iona ani responsibilities amply nnfflolent to gnard the public interest, to suspend tbe passage o! a Dill wboee met it* cannot secure the ap proval of two-thirde of tbe S?n*t* and Hou*e ot Kspre ?eiitativea, until the judgment of the people oan be obtained thereon, and whish bas saved tne Atneriean people from the corrupt and tyrannical domination of the Bank of the United States, and fr.m a corrupting aystem ct general internal improvements. 8. Resolved, That the demoors tc party will faithfully abide by ana uphold the principle* laid down lathe Kentucky and Virginia resolntl ns of 1798, and in tbe report ot Mr. Madison to tbe Virginia Legislature in 1799; that it adopts those principles as constituting one ot the main foundations of its political creed, and Is resolved to cany tbens out in their obvi >u? meaning and import. 9. Resolved, Tbat tbe war with Mexieo, upon all the ptinoipiesot patriotism and the laws of nations, was a just and necessary war on our part, in wainh evsry American citizen should have shown himself on tha side ?f his country, and neither morally nor physically, by word or deed, have given "aid and comfort to the enemy." 10- Resolved, That we rejoice at the restoration of friendly islations with anr sister republic of Mexico, end ?a*?eet1y deslte for her all th-- biessinge and prosperity Welch we enjoy under republican Institutions; and we congratulate tne American people upon the results ot that war, whieh have so mauitrstiy justified the policy si d conduct of the democratic party, and insured to the . U.ited Ntat's "indemnity for the past and security for the future." 11. Resolved, That, in view of the eondltion of popular institutions in tha Old World, a high and sacrel duty i* devolved with Increased responsibility up::n the demo cratic par'y of this country, as ihe party of the people, to uphold and maintain the rights of every State, and thereby the osioa of tbe states and to sustain aud advaeoe among us constitutional liberty, by continuing to lesist all monopolies and exclusive legiststi >n for the benefit of the few at tbe expense of tbe many, and by a vigilant and constant adherence to these principles and compromises of the oonstitmion which are broad enough aod s.roxg tncugh to embtacs and uphold the Union as it was, the Union as it la, and tbe Union as it shall be, in tbe full expansion of tbe cncrg'es and capacity of thi< gieat and ptogreselve people. Tbe following are added to the old platform, and the 4%o parts now term the new platform of the democratic party. And whereas, slncathe foregoing declaration was uni formly aeoptrd by our preceoestors in National Conven tions, an aovsree political and religions teec has bean ?? ore -ly orgat i/.td by a party olairetng in be exclusively Americans, ana It is proper that the American demosra cy aboukt elearly celine its relations thereto; therefore, ). Resolved, Tbat tbe foundation of this Union of States fearing been laid In Its prosperity, expantUn and pre. eminent examp:e In free government, built upon entire ditedom lo matters of religious concern, and no respect of persons in regard to tank or place of birth, no par ty can justly be deemed national, constitutional, or In accordance with American pn triple*, which bases its exclusive rrganization upon religion* opinions and acal aiental birtnpiaee. 2. That we reiterate with renewed energy of purpose the well ooesidered deelaratlens of former Conventions upon the Krtlona! issue ol domestic slavery, and coaosrotog the reserved right* of the dues, and tbat we may mora distinctly rent. the issue en whlcn a sectional psr.y, sup. alstisg exclusively on slavery agitation now reues to rest tha fidellt' of the neopie, North and South, to the con atitntion end the Union? 8. Resolved, that claiming fellowship with and desiring tb* co.opera'len of all who regard the preservatlou ot tbe Union, under toe constitution, as the paramount Issue, and repudiating all seouonal parties land |platfor?a* concerning domes!I* slavery, which seek toemoroil th* States gad incite to treason and armed resilience to law in the Tertitorlee, and whoee avowed purposes, i.rc>n gnmmtted, must end In civil war and disunion, tbe American democracy recognize and adopt theiprteotpls* oonlaiced In the organic laws establishing tbe Terrl nrle* of KansM ani Nebraska, as embodying the only * mod and safe solution of the slavery queetliu upon wuioo the great r afloat! idea of th* peopie of this whole count rv can repese ia its determine! cmservatltm of the Union: non-lnterfsreccs by Corgreee with slavery in States ud Territories; tbmt this ?U the basis of the compro mise* of 1860, confirmed by both the democratic end whig pertiea in Nationel Oonventlens, ra tfled oy the people in the election of 186'-'. and rightly appifel to the organiza tion of Territorien in 1854; that by the unifirm applici lion of thin democratic prinoiple to the organize Ion of Teriltoriea and the adjnUsion of new States, with or without domeelic ilavery, as they may e'ect, the equal rights of all the States will be prese. red intact, the ori ginal compacts of the constitution maintained inviolate, and the perpetuation and expansion of this Uuion ensur ed to its utmost capacity of em Dreeing in peace ani har mony every future American State that may be con stituted or annexed with a republican form of govern ment. ! 4. Resolved, That we recognize the right of the people of aH the Territories. including Kansas and Nebraska, act- I lug through the fairly expressed will of the maj irtty of ac'ual residents; and whenever the nutnoer of thsir in habitants justifies 11, to forma eon-U'utton, with or without domestic slavery, and be admitted into rhe Union noon terms of perfect equality with the etaer States. 6. Resolved, Ttat the demeoratie party racognizes the great imi), in a political and commercial point o view of a safe and spesdy oemmunlcaiion witninou-l own Territory between ihe Atlantic and Faeiflc ooasu of this Union; end u is the duty of the 'ederal govern luent to exercise promptly all Its oonsiituuone! powers for the attainment of that object. .... 6. Resolved, finally, that tne condition of popular lnsti tuttens In the Old World and 'he dangerous tsndenalei to sectional agitation, combined with the attempt to en f.rce clvfland religious disabilities agiinst the rights of acquiring and enjoying citizenship iu oar own land, a high aDrt sacred duty has devolved, with increased re sponsi: i1ity. upon the democratic party of this eonntry, as the party ot the Union, to nphold and maintain the rights et every State, and thereby the Union of the Stales, and to sustain the advance ami n; us of aonstitu tlonal liberty, by continuing to resist all monopolies a-d exclusive legislation f ?r the benefit of the few at the ex pense ot the many, and by vigi ant and constant adher ance to those principles and compromises of the constitu tion which are broad and strong enough to embrace and nphold the Union as it was and the Union as it shall be, Id the full expansion oi tbe energies and oapacity of this great and progressiva people. The following are tbe resolutions upon the foreign policy ot the country:? 1. Refo ved, That the questions "onnected with the foreign policy of the country are inferior to no domes'ic question whatever. The time has come for the peop'e of the United Sts'es to declare themselves in favor of free eras and progressive fne trade throughout the w irld, and, bv solemn manifestations, place their moral lnflu intluence by the side of their successful example. 2. Resolved, That our gecgraphictl and pdltical posi tion in reference to other tita'es on this continent, to lees than the Interest of our commerce, and tbe developement of our growing power, requires that we hold sacred the principles involved in the Mono# doc trine, and their binding import, whleh admits of no mis construction. and should he applied with unbending rigt dity. 3. Resolved, That which the great highway of nature as well as the asvent of the States most immediately in terested in its maintenance has m irked out tor free communication between the Atian-ic and Pacific oceans, constitutes rne of the most important achievements leallzed by the spirit of modern times, and the uncon querable energy of our people?xhat result should be secured by time'y. efficient exertion and control with the governments o* the States within whoso domin iocs it lies. We can. under no circumstances, surrender our preponderance in the adjustment of all questions arising out of It 4. Resolved. That in view of such commanding inte rest the people of the United S-ates oaonot but sympv thife with ihe efforts which are being mslde by the peo ple of Central America t> regenerate that portion of the crntinent which covers a passage across the oceanic Isthmus. . ... 5. Resolved. That the democratic party will ex pec. o the next administration ttat very eifirt oe made to en sure an ascendancy in the Unit of Mexico?to maintain a permanent protection ot the great ou lets througa walcu is emptied into its waters the products raised upon our soil and ihe commodities created bv the industry of the people in our Western valleys and the Union at large. Mr. Mackun, of Pa., moved the adoption af the plat form and reeolutions, without the dotting of an " i" or the crossing of a "t." Mr. Conway, of Va., asked for a division of the ques tion. Mr. Bvtler of Mass.. moved the previous question. Mr. Garnet, of Va.?I demand a division of the ques tion. I objeet to the introduction of any new doctrine. Mr. Piisnu. cf Mo.?The ease of the New York delegates has not been settled, and I am opposed to con sidering the matter farther until it is settled. A Uw-EGATB from North Carolina inquired whe'her the committee meant to incorporate the postponed resolution as a part of the platform. "No," "No," from every quarter. The previous question was sustained. Mr. Breckenridue called for a vote by Stales. This was agreed to, and tbe vote was taken on the report cf the Committee on Resolutions, except the last five resolutions. The vote by States was unanimously in favor?New York not being taken. Ayes, 261; nays, tone. Mr. iNGERsoLt. of Conn., demanded that the fivs re maining resolutions be taken up separately. Mr. Wtckutfe, of Ky., advocated an udj ournment till 3 P. M.. for the purpose of considering the resolutions relatirg to the foreign policy of the United tstates. Mr. Peitit-I call the gentleman to ordvr. The Cuair?The gentleman is not in order. Mr. Ptolts. tf Mo., moved an adjournment till three o'clock in the af'ernoon. Tte Cuajr decided that such motion could not be re ceived while the vote was pending. Mr. Phklta appealed trom the desislon. Mr. Richardson, of 111., stated that the motion to ad journ was in order when the vote was not actually being taken. The CnaiR then put the question, and the motion to a'journ was negstived; but th# result being doubted, a vote by States was called, and the Convention refased to adjourn?syes "8, noes 183. Mr. Meade, of Va., moved a recess of an hour. Ne gatived. The Virginia delegation then obtained permission to retire to consider the remaining resolution#. Adjourned till 2 1'. M. Tne Committee on Credentials will be ready to report on the New York ooatested seats at the re-assembling of the Convention. PROQWDINGS OF THE CREDENTIAL COMMITTEE. TtaAommittee on Credentials were occupied yer.erday atternocn and evening in hearing the statements of the contesting delegates from Nee York. David L. Seymour, Keq.. opened the discursion on the part of the hards. He reviewed the hi. tory of the party for the last twenty years, to prove the legitimacy of the hard organization, attacking the eof.s, partlcu'arly some of those on the delegation, for their former delinquencies. He claimed that the hards were the only national democrats, and that !he National Convention could recognize none other. Governor Seymour replied, comparing the vote of General Cass with the vote of the herd > belli lest fell, and pretented for the com.[deration of the committee a tabu, lar statement, showing that In seventeen Congressional districts the hards only got one- fifth of the Cass vote?ten thousand out of fifty thousand?and in six other dlstncta, where Cass got ten thou sand votes, last fall the hards got only eighteen hundred. He drew a comparison between that and the soft vote, arguing that the softs rep resent the great mass of the democrats ot the State, and the bards only an insignificant faction, lie regretted the resolutions known as the Ca?sidy and Van Bur en resolu tions, passed last fall In convention, but pointed to ths revolutions pasted In January last as the platform ot the soft party. Mr. Bkarpslky replied, urging that the rerolu Ions of January last had beeu framed for the Cincinnati Con vention: but that party was to be judged by the platform upon which it went to the people fa the fall election. The January platform had already driven off a large num her of the leading softs, such as Mr. Van Dyke, Dudley Held, Benjamin Welch, Jr., and would drive off maDy more. Nipholas Hii.l declared that Mr. Welch was a black re publican last fail, and did not rite the democratic ticket Mr. Brariweky continued?Although it was true that the softs bad got a greater number ot votes than the hards, they had go. them on a free soil platform; ?nl further, they got deeper in disgrace. He read from a document to show the Identity between the principle* and men of the acft parly and the barubarners. When he read the same of Mr. Campbell, who was in the room, that gentleman pronounced it n lie. The name of Israel T. Hatch being read, Losaxzo U Niixpard denied that he bad ever besn a Buffalo platform man. Henry W. Ib>e,wis said he had. The discussion was getting personal, when the Chair man stopped it. I,. B. Fmei-ahu closed on the part of the softs, In a speech In which he charged I). I* Seymour with voting again.t the annexation of Texas, end allotted to the well known secret circular, charging Mr. Beymour with know ing nf its existence anl failing to expose It. He himself had made It ^nhlle. The only man on that circular now in attire political life was Mr. Townsend, who w v) elected as the hard candidate tor Governor of the Almshouse. He showed that more aorta vrted for the Nebraska bill than hard*, the number standing eeveu to three, and of these three General Walbridge was one, who now olaim* to bo a soft. Toe Convention should not insult the great democratic party of the State of New York by declaring in favor ot an insigniticant faci >o, as it would do In abutting out the aofu irom the National Convention When Mr. Sbepard's argument war concluded, th* several members of the commiltEe destted to make the delegations pledge themselves to abide by the decision of the committee and the Convention, but the point was not pressed. When the room was cleared, Senator Bayisku, of Dela ware, chairman of the committee, proposed a report stating as fellows:? Whereas. In ibe Stale ot Hew York the democraUs nartr ars divided into two sections, acting sometimes In concert ami sometimes voting separate tickets; and subtrees both see Uows stand now upon out plattortn, sad whereat tha 0 i?mr to* on Credential* are uoaole to discover anv dlifsrence ot princi ple* or to declf a which is the resulir or*iuU*Uoi, the'eiors Kerolved, That tha convention be reoommended to rejest both, unites, waving minor dttfereaeea. thev get tog'thsr tor the sake of union nni harm oat, and select from *aes aslegatloa thin* five members to represent them on the U?r of the Jon Ke?o vet. That ibis committee eipeo'. an answer from tha delegaUona forth with. Mr. Tblpcrd, of Indiana, off?red a resolution to admit the hard delegation to the floor as the delegates from New York. Mr. John A. Geobge, of N H., for the sake of harmony, was willies to acmit a portion of both delegations, the representation to be founded on the vote ot the respective reclisna at the last fall eleoiion. Mr. Wight, of l'enn., favore<I the proposition of the Chairman. Another member proposed to take the Congressional vote of the two sections as the basis. Mr. Stevexsow, 01 Kj., thought it neoestary to settle this dhfrrence now, end, although he cympathizsd wv.h the haids, he regarded the sotts as the regular delsgatlon. He was at Baltimore eight years ago, when the same question was raised. The hards then claimed to be the regularly organized party on less grounds than the softs make the same e'aim now Besides, the hards had shame less'y abused Franklin Pierce, and had made, as the basis of their addreee, abuse of the tjjpitt sacredly con stitutional administration ever known. He waH willing, however, to allow the New York repreeentation in the Convention to be on the bai-U of the vote last fail. Mr. Wiggins, of Me,, denounced the abolitionism of the softs, and said their ptaise cf the present administration e as no proof that they wete not aboiitlunists, for Pierce had been as favorable to the abolitionsts in some ac ,s as to theFouth in othtrs. Mr. Gbosge, of N. H., said he would not stand by and l.ear the glorious, God-like administration of Franklin l'ferce, abused in that committee. Mr. Wicoiiu?1 wiil not be brow beaten here. I will stand in the Conven.lon ready to denounce Pierce, and to prove that in his appointments at the North he had endeavored to nourish abolitionism. It was not fair to admit the delegates on the basis of the vote gained on the free soil pla form. He went for the admission ot the lards. Mr. Wiutnet, of Mass., thought no mode could be more equitable than to admit on the basis of the popular vots. Mr. Telfokd, of Indiana, was willing to take the re sponaibllity of letting In the hards. He looked on the softs ss rotten abolitionists at heart. He himself had htard John Van lluren declaie that the administration of James K. l'olk was as corrupt aa hell. He (Telford) de sired to vote for the admission of the hards, but he was willing to make concession and admit half of each dele gation. Further concession he never would make, so help him God. After further dlscua'ion the committee adjourned till 9 A. M. this morning without vote. There will doubtles be two reports?one in favor of an equal division, and on* on the basis of the last vote. The Committee on Credentials had another angry ses sion to-day, hating fron tine till one o'clock. Mr. l'nEirs. of Corn., opened Are on the part of the hards, savtrg that it any of the softs were admitted they would give trouble on adopting a plattorm. The case o the contested seats from Missouri was decided on thi pinelple, and for the same reasons he was opposed to lit tlrg the softs in at all. Mr. Yri.EE, of Florida, said he was in heart with the bards. He rebooted them tor the noble stand they had al ways made in de'enceof national prinelp'es, and (although the evidence proved that the softs bad the regular organi. zation, which was traced down uninterruptedly irom the time of the reccneiliation of the platform'on a common platform.) he was in favor of sending for the mo?t rea sonable men of both delegations to appear before the committee, that they m'ght be requested, for the rake of the I'nion and the triumph of the party, t<? suggest some honorable method of mutual representation. If that failed, then he would favor a reasonable settlement by the committee. Senator Bayard, Chairman of the committee, made a powerful speech in favor of the original proposition to ad mit half of each delegation. He asked the committee whe ther they would have admitted the soft*, if they had come claiming teat* in the Convention on the free aoll platform of 1866; and if not, why, then, should they regard claims ftuEilfd on the vote secured upon that p'atform. If the tofts had gone into that election on a platform like the oce adopted in January, 186*1, instead of the abolition p'atform, which was the basis of their vote, the case would be different. The fact that the last platform had alreedy puiged the party of an important band of aboil ticLiits. who had gone off openly to biack republicanism, was proof that it would diminish the soft vote; bat he had co fear that Seymour, Cochrane, Hill, and sueh men wou'd ever again return to the embrace of the abolition* ists. He wae, therefore, willing to receive them with the hards. A heat'd debate then arose on the question as to gov erning the committee. The eotts being anxious to press the previous question. The committee cecided?IS to 14? they were goverted by the rules governing the Conven tion. Af er a Cesulkry and angry discussion, the resolu tion to admit half cf each delegation was lost. A vote was then taken on a resolution to admit the hard dele gation entire and also lost?ayes 5, nays ?4. Mr. IiKE.\T, of Cal., desired to see the matter amicably settled, and would vote to take the eleotlon of 1868 as the basis of representation. Col. Stevbnson, of Kentucky, made a strong speech in favor of tiio admission of the StlagstM on the basis of the last elscticn. Be denounced the hards for their attacks on the administration. He concluded by modifying his former preposition *o as to admit portions of each dele gation on the basis of the average vote of each section

:n the years 1853 and 1855. On this he demanded the previous question, which was ordered, by '20 ayes to 10 nays. The Chair was proceeding to explain the effect of the previous question, when Mr. Georue, of N. II., caL'ed the Chair to order. This gsve lire to some confusion. The qneition being finally taken on Mr. Stephenson's resolution, it was adopted?ayes 19, nays 11. This resolution admits porticos of sacb delegation on the basis of the vote for Congressmen in 1853 and 1856; n. h basis to be arrived at by consultation with both delegations. The question was then taken on the preamble, which declares the soft section to be the regular organisation of the State, and it was adopted by ayes 16, nays 13. The Chair was about to put the question on the adop tion of the preamble and resolutions jointly, whan Messrs. Yruoi and Ukorce declared them already adopted, and the committee proceeded to vote on a reso lution (not in order) to admit both sets of delegates. I.oet? ayes 6, nays 28. Messrs. Stevenson, of Ky., Wright, of Pa., and Harris, ot 111 , weie appointed a sub-committee to wait on the Kew York delegations, and arrange all the details of the plan adopted. The committee then adjourned till 4 P. M. The softs will, of course, accept the proposition, and the hards reject It. A resolution, admitting the sotts, will then b? reported to the Convention, as the majority report of the committee. Senator Bayard and others will present a minority report, which will throw the subject upon the Convention for discussion, afferdirg the proepeot of a stormy debate. PROM OUR SPECIAL REPORTER. Cincinnati, June 4?10 A. 11. The thermome'er indicates 90 degrees tn ths hell. Toe delegates generally are in good spirits. The bards ant setts were iu great tribulation during the reading of lbs [ resolution* by Be?j. F. HaUet. of Massachusetts. The | applause w*s lcud aLdlorg, especially for that portion in reference to the question of slavery ; and when that por tion ? r.H i sad endorsing the Kansas and Nebraska Mil tha cheers uiiirbi tare been heard two squares off. After the leading of the rtoo utions, the provtoun qraea | tion wm sprung upon the Convention by Mr. Bauer, c' Mnesaebuaett*. Virginia called for a division of the question, being opposed to t le foreign policy resolution. /en unsncsessfal attempt was made to take a recant) till ? the New Tort; trouble wan eeitled, and the Oooven , tloo proceeded to rote, adopting the domestic part ot the i platioam. Tee New York difficulty has been settled in tayor of the sufu Burrsg the oall of states o? the adoption cf the first portion of the pUt.'cm, some of the States took occasion to Udieate the mtjuity they intended to give tor the nominee ct the Convention. Alabama eaid it was good ; tor 16,000; Georgia, rt.MO; Kentucky, 12,000. Maine, Ma-sacburette and Connecticut pledged themselves g.rod [ (or the nominee. Co the foreign part of the platform some of the ntriet Viigin'a constructionist* made a fuse and retired for coa puliation, pending which the Conyention adjourned till two. Tire domestic part of I he platform has been adopted unanimously. At a meeting of the friends of Douglas this morn it g. they determined to withdraw him from the field. This eeurse has bsen adopted by his friends here, who I were authorized, if they deemed It expedient at any time daring the progress of the Conyention, to do so. This will insure the nomination of Buchanan. The ' ecly obstacle In the way now is the hard and soft im br'gllo. The committee have had, during the morning, | a very animated debate by friends of both parties. It is i eviaent that the Convention will have to decide the | question. THE CENTRAL PARK. lite Work to be Commenced Immediately? A xpicr.tlun of tlia Ground by tlie Herald lommbiiontr?W lut he Saw and What tut ticaid?An Interview with one of t'lHgg'i Tenants?What he Haiti of the fuk-Utu giaphf of Its Boat hern Extremity?Anl inaitd Nature?A Drive thiosgh the Filth Avenue?The lteetdents of the Upper Enn of the Aristocratic Thorough Hare? Bouquet Bo)s and the Effects of Competition?A Parting Sniitu ? Geography of the Northern Mixtieniity? Kocns, Dells, Hivnlets, Plgge llet?ltoses, hakes uud Trees?More Hovks and more Hardens?Bone Boiling Factories and * lowers?A Country Toilet?The 1U ctlvlng and Proposed licservolis? An Oo acrvaiory, a Botanical and Perhaps a Zoolo&lcul Garden In Prospect, dCC*? dtO. &??? Bone years ajo we called the attention of our State and city authorities ts toe subject of a great public park, and pointed cut the advantages which would result from it in a sanitary point ofyiew, as a placs of recreation for our citizens, Toe project soon became popular; it was brought up iu the State and municipal legislative todies, where it was subjected to a long ani tedious dlsoussr-n, then referred to a board or five commissioners, ani after remaining an unconscionable length of time In their bancs, la at last in a tair way ot being carried out. The limits of the park are One Hundred and Sixth street on thoncrtb; Fifty Ninth street on the south; high ? h avenue on the west, and Firth avenue ou the east, and the area covers an ex.ent of seven hundred anil Uft ?crew. Operations, we understand, will soon be com tntneed, and in less thin two years it is confidently expected that tie Central Fark will be finished, and thrown open to the public. As comparatively very few of our citizens x:e acquainted with the locality from ptraonal observation, we despatched a commissioner trcmour office lor the purpose of making a thorough ixplcratlon of it, ard reporting its present condition and character. He has done this, and we now present the result of hiB Investigations to our readers. OCR commissioner's REPORT. Providing ourselves with a good serviceable horse and wegon, we started about eight o'clock In the morning, driving through the Eighth avenue to Fifty-ninth street, thi southern! boundary of the Central Park. Here we had a tolerably lair view or a large portion of the land, and although It is capable of the highest improvement, and will repay any amount of labor that may be ex pended In Its embellishment, its present condition le rattier unattractive. The process of grading is still going cn. and the process Is exceedingly slow, en ao 1 oount ofthe locky nature of the land. In foot, a great pcrtlon of the Central Park is of the same character; but this wlU, in mauy respects, be more advantageous than otherwse In the laylDg out of the ground. Extending frc m ih* Kighth avenue to within a few hundred feet of the Fifth, and from Fifty-ninth street to Blxty-fltth or er Sixty-eixth street, there Is a depression in the land, wbioh by the aid of a little labor, judiciously bestowed, might be eenverted into a beautiful little valley, wnile the roeka which rise at intervals to the height of twenty or thirty leet, would give it sufficient diversity. An artificial stream running through its oen tie, a miniature lake, a cascade and some shade trees, with a few other improvements which wouid suggest themselves, would make this on# of the most delightful epots In the whole park. Now It is oc cupied by miserable locking broken down shanties, and piggeries innumerable. The prospective valley Is par tially inundated with rain water, whieb, In some places, has formed into little pools that haTC turned green and msgnant under the toterje heat of the sun. There aie, however, some signs of cultivation?for the inhabitants of the shanties vary their ocoupatioa or rag picking with agricultural pursuits-and the patshes of ga-dens ad joining their dwei iogs turnish our markets with a por tion of their supply of vegetables. Heie the Industrious sons and daughters of the Fatherland?all of whom are t-nanis of Comptrolltr Fiagg, aid pay the olty. through bim, a monthly, quarterly or yearly rent for their litte holdings?here tb<'y raise radishes, turnips, parsnips cabbages for the indispensable sourkrout, potatoes, and a variety of other vegetables. Our appearance among this laming population, as we drove up hills, down volleys' and through places where wheeled vehloles had never dared to venture, producei quite a sensation. They seemed to be thorongty posted up In regoud to the great Central Perk and the designs of the city upon thslr little plantations, and evidently regarded our presence among tbem as the beginning of the Invasion whlih was to end in their total expulsion. " Vou have a nice little garden here,' we said, ad. dressing a burly looklsg agriculturist. "Vat you say 'bout mine garden!" he sharply re. torted, and with an expression that was anythtug bu". pleasant, and decidedly laauapioio&s for our future ao iiuain'suce. ... * .? ? i your garden Is vary neatly laid out, we ventured again to remark, In amollliying tone. " Ah, mine garden, he will do vary good?never raind him." Then he added, "Vat you vant vid mine gar '' '?Oh, nothing?nothing," we replied, " only it looks very well here, and is a great improvement." "Ah, jaw I very well?don't take bim away, den, If de garden Isb good. Mr. Fiagg ish going to take nlm tor de Central Bark, and den we muiht ge." "That, eertalnly is too bad." "Yaw, und me bays bim de monisii, und now me and me vrow mciht go." It was a bard eaie?at leaat the poor German thought so; and as we could offer him ne consolation In his trou bles, we did the next best thing?wa left him?and pro ceeded on our explorations. Havirg regained tbe level road ooee more, we drove through FUtj-ninth stroe; toward* the Fifth avenue tbe garden patch* s and the piggeries growing less numerous as we advanced toward* that aristocratic thoroughfare. To tbe right of us Is the Eye Infirmary and the Catholic Orphan Asylum, and the view down bixth avenue reveals the CrjsUl Palace and that ejually nnprofitab'.e enter* prise?the Letting Observatory. After a perilous pan nage over tbe muddy thoroughfare we reach the fifth avenue, which trcm this point op to about Ninetieth itnet piesents one of tbe finest drives in or about the Mty. The missive gray structure known as the State Ars.oat is on onr left, within the boundaries of the Pk'h atid fronting the avenue, while be jolvJ on ou the right is Jones' Wood, ax It is sometimes called Jones' Park, which ha-*, it ntaj be temvmbered. a shoit-lived .rivalry with the great Csntral. Between tones' Wood, wbtch if bounded on the west by the Third avenue, and oar Park, are some very pleasant country villas, surrounded by neat little gardens. I,saving the arsenal ten or twslve streets be hind, we dilve past an extensive appls orchard and groups of megribcent trees, willows, poplars and other varieties, and now we are in sight of the receiving itm-r roir, which of itself forms two fins lakes, extending over an area of thirty fiv-acres. The land to the east and north of this is more fertile, and will require lest im provement than any other portion of the Park Pasting Eighty sixth street, we approach the region of shanties and piggeriss egaln. and are near tbe terminus of the Fifth avenue. We have reached the very climsx of upper-U-sdom, and pigs, geese, darks, dogs, cows and superannuated, broken down hacks dispute tlie right of way wrth us at every s'.ep Precocious yourgxterx, with as ardent a love for gold as the better fed and better housed denizens of the other end, offer us bouquets ot wild flowers i or one oent per bouquet. In a- libeial spirit we patronize the aspiring youth, and drive oil with a whole troupe of juvenile bouquet venders hargtrg on our rear, and unl#r the pret.-ure tf oompelPion dieting two bouquets for tbe eeme low cuarge. Our supply of copper !? exhausted, but one youngster, as inoipient banker, in bare fret and tu the lightest kind o'summer garments, through which his elboes and knees have made their way, offsrs as change of a shilling. We decline tbe offsr and drive off, leaving the young banker for behind, and as we turn the corner ca'oh a Jest glimpse of bim and his companions making te'fgraphic signals at ue, with thumb to noee. We have a last reached the northern boundary ot the 1'ark, wlieie One Hundred aud Sixth street should be, but where O is not, for the all sufficient reason that it hss not yet been cpsned. From the Arsenal to Eighty-sixth street, the eastern boundary is tolerably free from rock, but the rocx ap pears at this point and continues uninterrupted till it reaches Xlcety-recond street, wheu it runs in on the l'a>k, cropping out sga'n six or sevea streets further ou. Ill* proposed reservoir will ex'end from Eighty-seventh to Ninety-sixth street, and from Filth to Seventh avenue, forming, when completed, a lake about three times the s'zetf the receiving reservoir. The northern portions of the Park are the moet elevated, and in some places the rocks rise to a height or one hundred and forty feet above the common level. There are many quiet little ceils among these rocks, and the clear bright water, as it trickles through the clef s, forms in rivulets and streams that, with a little ingenuity and labor, m'ght he made to supply the artificial lakes and foun tains, without which tbe Park will be wanting in some of i'.s most attractive features. St. Vincent's Academy is situated at its north eastern extremity, and the taste fully laid out gardens which surround it show what oau be done to btautlfy and embellish this portion of the grounds. The i-atne reeky formation is seen over all this part, extending to tbe Eighth avenue, and as far down as Nicety seventh street, but when laid out it will be one o' the pleasanteat resorts in the I'av*. We have spoken of the gnrdeie at its southern ex remity, and here we have them again, but on a large scale. The land is more fer tile, in a better state of cultivation, and is interspersed with trees cf various sizes. We were pleased to see that a notice had been conspicuously posted on the fences, warning persons against mutilating or removing the tiees, fences or buildings within the limits of ths park. The rctiee is to the following effect i NOTICE! \ i Ali. Pkusobb are Heresy Prohibited f; J from I 1 MUTILATING OR REMOVING 5 any of the TREES, FENCES OR BUILDINGS I within Wit ?<lu a THE LIMITS OF THE CENTRAL PARK, | CAPER THE PEMAI.TT OF THE LAW, - | FERNANDO WOOD, Msyor. * Our appearance in tbe north created as great an excite ment as it did among the southern residents, and some of ths inhabitants came to the doors, with comb In hand and proceeded with their toilets while gratifying their curiosity. The Croton aqueduct is visible for a considerable dis tance on the west side, and crosses the boundaries about Eighty-sixth street., before discharging its supply into the receiving reserveir. As we go down the Eighth ave nue to the city, the air becomes heavy with the disgust ing odor from the bone factory which stands on Sixty third street, and which is allowed to exist there in detiance of tjie law. At Seventr-second street we mads a vain attempt to cross to ths F'ifch avenue, hut found, when half way oyer, that it was not finished, and on Inquiring, learned that it has been in that condition daring the past year. Here we found more rock, hat relieved with extensive patches of verdure and a few tine tall Usee, which can be turned to good account in the plan ning and laying out of the ground. Fifteen minutes mere, and we have reached the end of onr expedition, and are looking down upon the little valley where we see our fritnd, the farmer, engaged in the cultivation of his portion of the vegetable supply for the New York markets. There are many really fine views from the high grounds of the Central Park. A considerable portion of the mi jestlo scenery of the Hudson, and the quiet landscape of the East river, are visiole from these elevations. Black well's Isiand is one of the most prominent and attractive objects within view, and its House of Refuge and Peni tentiary look more like castles and palaces, at thii dis tance, than institutions for the punishment of evil doers. In regard to the 1'ark, no plan has yet been devised fcr its embellishment. It Is proposed to have a nnmber of irives through it; but we protest against Its being cut up into squares by the intersection of streets and avenues, and we hope there will he as little delay as possible in the completion of the work. It should at least have an observatory on tbe most elevated and cciumandlig petition, a botanical?and If it can be ac complished?a zoological garden. The work, however, will soon be commenced, aud that certainly Is something upon which to congratulate our citizens. llcctlng of the Central Park Commissioners. The Commissioner! for laying out the Central P*rk, appointed by the Comnon Council, held a meeting at their roome, ore.* the Shoe and Leather Bank, yesterday afternoon, for the purpose of inspecting suoh plans as might be submitted to them for laying out the proposed path. The only plan submitted to the Commissioner! yester day was that of Lieut. Ylele, late of the United States To pographical Engineers. In presenting hi* plan, Lieut. Vlele stated that it had been drawn up after a careful surrsy of the whole gTound, and with referee* to the gsoUgisal and topographical feature* of the plaoe, and also with a rlew to economy. It was baaed upon princi ples of modern landscape gardening, and adapted to the natural topography of the ground. He spread out several maps before the Bard, and enter ed into a detailed description of his plan. Very few ohanges in the surface of the ground are ren dered necessary by this plan, all the roads and arena** being so adapted as to conform to the natural features of the graund. It proposes to oyen a new reservoir of 100 acres in extent, to be called Croton Lake, and to he sub stituted for the present receiving reservoir. The Mayor remarked that an act of the Legislature would be necessary, to empower the Crotoa Aqueduct Oepurtment to exchange their present site for the one proposed. The roads and avenues In and around tbo I'ark are named in the plan after the different oouotle* ot the State, preference being given to the Indian name*. Numerous i|uestlons were pnt to l.ienteaant Vlele by the different gentlemen present, relative to tha plan euh mttted, and all seetnod to be faverably impressed with the design. After Lieutenant Viele bad concluded hie explanation* the Commissioner* held a private interview, at which reporters for the public press were not admitted. Our reporter was lnformsd after the adjournment, that the Commissioners had not decided definitely upon the plan to be adopted, but It was generally thought that the ou# submitted by l ieutenant Vlele would be successful, and that he would he appointed engineer to carry hi* design into execution. Emrra or thk Storm.?A dwelling house on StaSen Island, during the *<iuall ?f Tuesday night, was blown down. W* have heard of no person being injured. There were several large tries also blown dewa on MUt?n Island Juiicg the same squall. NATIONAL AMERICA!! Cfiv?CIL* Seoreoy Reno red, and file Blsrfc Ia nt?rn Annihilated. NOMBfiejATHS, WSSW0R38 8?SeC?T!KTWk's The Contested Sea& in the Fifth OmrssfeMf District?All thv Claimants Tonwf Dot, THE FILLMORE TEST j%P1?UEP Belting: of Illinois and Rhode Mud Mooter THE M0GK8 AND SUMNER OUTRAGB. John Minor Bolts and Nanphrff Marshall Thorooa* ELECTION CNF OFFICERS, Ac., Ac., Ac. SECOND DAY'S raOCEKDINQS. Tbe National Council of tbe Amerioan party re I bled yesterday morLing In Knickerbocker Hall. There were gome additional members present?among there a gentleman from taaBHachuseitu, who had freely a railed himselt of the right to get" glorious'' in tho hmpire o?W The meeting was called to order at 10){ o'clock, A. M , acd the I'reeiuent announced the tirat question in order to be the motion of Mr. Marshall, oi Ky., to abolish pam words ond sentinels. Brother Corson, a reporter of tbe New Vurk Erprem, rose to oppose the resolution offered by Mr. Underwood, in yesterday's session, to abolish seeresy. The 1'rsside.nt slated that that was not tbe question in order. It was the motion of the gentleman from Ken tucky, (Mr. Marshall.) A Du st; ate suggested that as Mr. Marshall la not in the house, the matter had better be passed orer infoc ? rosily for the prseeut. That suggestion was agreed to. lue " tight " delegate from Massachusetts amused his immediate circle for some time, by informing thens who be was, wheie he came from, and that he was a d I queer leliow. He want up to the Chair and remarked that his credentials ha1 not yet been examined, and hu was accordingly relened to tbe Committee room. Ho would persist, however, in talking to the l'resldeut, not withstanding the requirements ot' that ollioer that Use gentleman would take his seat. He wanted yery imioh to make known his preference for Bell, of Texas, tor the Presidency. The l*R?iii>it>T?having temporarily got rid of this dele gate?announced tho following Committee on Resolutions, viz.: Senator Goodwin, or New York; A. Prentice, et Kentucky; Isaac W. Thompson, of New York; Col. L.-ga?| of Arkansas; Sol Smith, cf Missouri; G. Brssheus, ot Ohio; Mr. Warren, of Massachusetts; W. S. Francis, of Maryland; Dr. Hitchcock, of California; and Mr. Zollicoffer, of Ten nessee. Mr. Sol Bmith, of Missouri, offered the following pre. amble And re?#lutiocH Whereas, in the platform of principles adopted by tbe Na tional Gour.cil m Feiruary last, authority waa given to mm btate Council to amend Its oonshiutlon so as 'o asoU?n as several desrees. and InatUuis a pledge of honor iustaad? other obligations for fellowship and admission Into ths Dirty; Hud wbeieat it is Oesiranle tnai die proposed pledge shall bn uniform thrcugboir. ihe States, embod lii*. as uearls as pos sible, the principle upon which our organization is founded. Unsolved Thst a pledge n? boaor I* recommended to the several h'ate Oounolia for adoption by them as embodying an the principles, aln s and objects of the American party. The " pledge of honor " proposed is simply a pledge he the principles of the AmeriosB party?to support to office no man who acknowledges any civil aUogianee to any foreign power, or who refuses to acknowledge th federal and State constitutions as paramount to all othor laws. To these declarations tbe candidate is to pledge bis "life, his fortune and his rawed honor.'' Resolved, fuither. That al! provisions of the constitution, rules and regulations, spcetal noten, ritual or outer enact menis by the National Council, which cmlltct with the prin ciples enunciated In ths *' pledge of honor " now tnvtltn ed, be and the same areberebv rescinded and abolished: pro vided, kowever, that tt la not the Intention or meaning et tola resolution to change, modify, or In anywise alter the JPBa tcrm 01 the Amercer party," adopted In February last Thsaa reaolu'Ions to take effect ant be In tors# In each State wheat adopted by the State Counofl thereof. On motion, the foregoleg preamble and resolution wort referred to the Committee on Credentials. The PttrsiDEST annonnoed that it waa now the duty Of the Connaii to go Into an election of officers for the en suing year. He (the presiding officer) having served tha past year, would ask to bo discharged. It was for th# Ceunetl to fix the timejwhen that election should be held. It was moved and carried that as soon as the Commit tee on Credentials should have reported, this Council d# go into an slsction of officers for the ensuing year. Brother Corson, of the Exprm, again attempted to eJge in a speech In fanuxof excluding the reporters, bat the gentleman who lffif been indulging a little in tha forenoon, would persist In Interrupting, announcing thai ha was from Massachnse.ts?he was?and a right tough old fellow, too. A Dxlki ate denied that the gentleman was either de legate or substitute from the State of Massachusetts. The gentleman, staggering up to the President, asked him to read his credentials. The President declined. Mr. Hall, of Mass., stated that there was nothing about the gentleman's credentials bearing the s.ighteet mark of veracity. The thing was absurd, and he repn - Mated 1*. A Sergeant-at Arms was then appointed, and that functionary coudncted the bacchanalian Know Nothing before the Committee on Credentials. As he did not again make his appearance, it Is to be presumed that his pa pers were not found in order. ?The motion of Mr. Marshall waa then taken up, to dispense with the password and sentinel at the door. The young Know Nothing of the Exprttt, again got thn floor to oppose the motion. He knew the press of Now York to be Inimital to their cause, and it was not their policy, be thought, to hold an open session, as the rn. porters would laugh at, and ridicule their aaylngs and doings. This was not a nominating convention, and be thought It better to have private sessions and have an authorised person to give the public the proceedings of the body. Ho wanted to have the publication of the proceedings of this Counoil correctly made; and he therefore moved as n substitute for Mr. Marshall's motion?"That the Preei dent and Secretaries be appointed a committee to pre. pare and publish a reoord of the proceedings of thie Council." Mr. Brotkwat, of Gal., had ever been unqualifiedly opposed to seeresy. He alvocated no principle which he I eared would suffer from rldieule. He belonged to no party wblcb would be afraid of making known thair principle*. let the reporters, if they choose to garble proceedings, do so. This party would suffer no more from tt tban other parties did. HU State waa in favor eg the abolition of all secrecy, and he hoped the substitute woull be rejected, and Mr. Marshall's motion agreed to. Mr. Warren, of Ohio, believed in the propriety of holding their Council In private. He had always ra marked tbe toot that Kentnekians had always proceeded on a broad open platform, but he bad seen thereby hew gallant citizens defeated. The Democratic Coven Men et Cincinnati had presented e precedent for tbls, for they had excluded even the ladles. Wham the party abolished the fundamental principle of the party, secreiy, the party would be destroyed, while it was claimed to be a source of weakness, he thought it was an element of sneeess. He know that tha rabble of this country rule it and control its publin affairs. They had mob law reigning at the Capitol, and be folt that tbls might be the last time when a great American Counoil would eet. He hoped, therefore, they would sit In secret, and that tbe motion of Mr. Marshall would be rejected. Mr. Smith, of N. Y., thought that the first t^uostlen to be settled In the con'roversy was whether th#y bad beem able to maintain the seeresy to which tony bad pre tended. If not, there was no reason in thn effort to keey ssoraey. Whatever might have been the original princi ples of the organisation, they had been widely departed Irom In many respecte. They bad, for 'instance, set out on tbe principle that they should eeiest candidates Crura the old pertise; and that, too, they had departed troae