Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 8, 1856, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 8, 1856 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. WHOLE NX). 7223 SUNDAY MORNING, JUNE 8, 1856. PRICE TWO CENTS. THE PRESIDENCY. ItHE NEW YORK CITY DAILY PRESS ON BUCHANAN'S NOMINATION. THE FIRST BROADSIDE. | & Biitbrr Cool Rorpticu of the Democratic Nominee. THE EFFECT OF THE NOMINATION ELSEWHERE. JErciu iS_e New York OcuMer and Enquirer? anti Ne U!!l-k? flstO- lit ] Jem Buchanan, wttu his feci is disposition, would be All lie. Frrnkitu Pierce has oten on tlie subjeit of islav-:i. Even wete hi* incline! otherwise, tbe preoomi n.nt of the f*ou u iQ his p?riy would compel him |o take tin cbaraciet His supp rt will come almost entile,I itont the slavehol'-ttg Stairs, and hie wools pub lic ?X.->nce will dt*per i on cuomitug implicitly to their demauc.-. In accep mg the uomiua'ion it. aocepti the sentiue.ii* of the plattorm respecting "treason and Armed resistance to the law in ihe Territories," and takes v.p u himself tie work ei oarryiDg out the persecu tion ol its tree stale r en just as tue twk of pemecutLg ?the CInt.* lens devolve, from one Koman Emperor upon Anothei. Franklin 1'ierce Is to be In office only nine month* trore; and, diligent, as maybe the ties nude of jjmrbTf-ig-that Time, (ttw hardly probable tnatitwtll suffice to ocusumnnte .he business of making Kanaaa a slave fia'e. Even if it attornd, Nebraska woaid still re main open to the same system of operatione. Bo tar as xcgatd- slavery, tbe succession unuer Mr. Buchanan would ' e just as trnly a ..quel of toe present Prasiden lial terto, as wou'd be a fec-M tsnr of frank iu I'letce. In reipect to our foreign stfiirs, llr. Buchanan Is to be even is. <? true ted. Lex as were the "Young America" ?prlnc'pUr enunciated In Mr Pierce's inaugural, and ?g gress've ss were in me of bis f< rtdgn appciutmeuts, jet tbe p uceree, tbe moderation, and tne conservative tea denci'.* it Mr. Marcy ptcveutea all practical mischief; and cur toregu relations at the present "me, though by no mean*, so satiafacto-y as migbt t?e wish -d. yet stand much Jtet'.er ben cou'o possibly have been tne case had th?y ooni'Loro to be directed by their original impulse. Mr. Metij.oice fairly 1l hi* cat, was enabled to do very mocha* he liked abroad, on condition of not interteriug with 'te slavery policy a' hone. But Mr. Buchanan is a dlfloiec. man trcm Mr Mil'Oj, and has a different^fjreigu ?policy Tner6 can he no mistake about this; it is wrii len 8? plainly as leogi-sge can express it, in rite famous Ostetri lteport, which *lr ffacianan, twenty months since, s gLed in his capsclty as Foreign PI. ntpo lenviury, and whica Mr. Marcy manifested his Qie appi'irsi of, by re-c? Mr. Boule, one of its three sigijei?. Toe eettimetits ol tbe Report yet live in the public memory "there has been," the three wltnipPe: tiarits say, ' a full and unreserved interchange of view, and tentiwent* be wseo us on this grave aid Intent" a ut matter, and we fi mly believe that the vital inters, t. of the I'el'ea S' aie eeilouety involved in ats porie sion of Cuba: the (Jniia can never enjoy re ?pise cor possess re.iasle security without it." They went oc to deo'are that "Cuba is as necessary to the Morth American ri public as any ol its p esent members," And th?u put lorth the onctrine that "self preservation Is the firm. law of naiure with Sfate* as .veil ai individu als," era that If Spain wcnlil not neil Cuba, "we shall re justified iu wresting"?that was ih- word, wresting?"It from hpaiu, if we p.issess ihe power." It was not suffi ciently cieparagins our republic, it was not sufficiently degrading it the estimation of the world, for those three ol its lepieseata'ives at foralgu courts, with James Bu chuusi. at their hrad, to pr .claim that the very exist ence of their republic depended upon its possession ci a certain outlying patch of land in the Caribbean?ihat historical asstciatiot, hereditary priie, advancing Intel, gence, weal n, hspplness. distinction, a domain ptretcuttg from the Atlantic to the Paoiflo, and from Ihe Sr. Lawrence to tne Gulf of Mexloo, and every other Bgei;< y and, had no savlug iflocb no redeeming Vlitue. unless the island of Cuba were joined to it?it ws? cot a sufficient insult to our national standing for Jatnf> Buchanan, with Minister! S.n'r and Mason, to de elais tc-s in tbe faca 01 Europ.*, nut Europe wa? told that gwe qtole literally) " we can alTord to disregard the cen turisof tbe wort;," aul tbat wo shall be justified in wrtstiig Cuba from Spam, if ws possess the power;" lu other w-tds, that the United B.ates ought to turn roeber. Whet a . pectac'.e ! l'he to-emost representative of the Arte I car... republic, stardlsg in mid Europe, and urging his c:un'ry to do precisely what would make a man a le't n 'u private I fe, and dcom him to tne cells of a penl* 1enti?r?. These sentiments, and this spirit, are, under A s u-ewcat dilfetent manifestation, as vigorous now aa ?ver. The live r-^olutlnns on Irretgn relations, reported mn * aocpted as p/r' of t be platform at Clncicniit', embody, amdei a more specious ex.erior, the very policy urged by Mr. Bi chanau in bis 03tend report. The declaration* of the Lec;*sity of msin'aUing American predominance on the iMhmus and a the Gclf. osar justaa close a r?* to territcrial sciiulsition*, as Mr Bnchan.n s langurg" Mr Buchanan is as'ete an exprnenl of the til.blistering as hv is of the slavery extenling el*? mmtHo: the platfoim. and should he re elected Presi dent, would have no Marc? over him to prevent kit car lylrg ?.hem out "to ihe top ot nl?bent." But Mr Buchanan, tn cur judgment, Is destined to ba fceatn. HU amiiOle personal (juaH'ies will go but a vsrv short way towards record ing the American people to tie principles and p llcy wi h which he is identlflel. The c ruirg contest involves loo serious political Issues to he itfluencrd, to injr important extent by mere persons', coni ld-iaMons. Th? viul interests of the country are at ataae. We regard It as crrta'n as any future event can he that the contfnurti n of such a rtomeslic policy as that wriich nas been icaugurased uncer President Pierce, would jiltlira'ely prtduce civil war ; and that the carryiog out cf the .loctiines and sectiments of the Ostend report and of th? Cincinrati resolutions, would plunge us into war with the pritcipal Powers of Europe. The great mass of the tnle'ligeu' vo'ers of the North, we have no dotib', win entertain the same conviction. It is trusted ghat Sir. Buchanan will get the vote of every Southern Btate. The selection of Mr. Bre-ken.h'ge, as the caadf ilat- f.>r tbe Vice Presidency, was mads expressly to secure the vo'e Kentucky, wt i ih was regarded as the most doubt ful of 'lis slavehoidirg S-Ates. It wis an adroit expedient, and perhaps mav efTec' its purpose ao far as tbat particular gia s ir concerned. ; but it will be of no avail. Mr. Bu chanan is to-day a weak candidate with the majority of the An.etioeu people, and as he becomes better understood, jvi.l lattdly grow weaker. [Eton, the Commercial Advertiser?Silver Gray Whig ] * + !,*** Mr. B.ichauau is known. Me ha* antecedents as a public mac. And these antece dents, we cordially c. ncede, are in tbe main highly cre ditable 10 him. Perhaps no genileman whom a demo cratic convention conk have nominated, would have commanded more tei-pest from the country at large than J arm*. Buchanan, of Pennsylvania Personal y he 1* en titled to and will command respect. l'oattally, however, a large portion of tbe community Will ie*l constrained to oppose his election, even among those who can searoely be counted among the sup porters i f any other candidate For ourselvas we find Insuperable objec ions to Mr. Buchanan in the plalform which the convention that nominated bim has adopted. A coDi'tnporary remarks that platforms of party princi ple* are practically ot little consequonce, experience hav ing shown that they have no effect upon the party. Tni.s 1* tine to * certain extent. They have a meaning, how ever, emce they reveal the animua of the convention which makes tne nomination, and that convention re presents tbe party upon whom the candidate relies for ?npport. Both the nominee and tie party that sup pott* tim may depart from the line of policy laid down in suon platform, and yet that pla form may still be of prac kal consequence. It i* on an implied pledge that h* will act upon eush pr lioj bat the nomiu'e hopes to succeed, and that hit Tio.itkal adherents ask support f.r hitn. To elect him, therefore, is to declare that the majority 0f tbe people of tbe Uci ed States approve of snob a polity; that thev ex pect him to purtue it; lhat, no- only is he at perfect fiber v to act in accordance with lhat platform, but *hat he will really disapp int a majority of the people if he doe* not so conduct publlo affair*, it Is in this view that A plattorm, teobnicady so called, has a practical conse quence. The electicn of a citizen to the chief magistracy, who pro'esres to approve of tbat platform, and because he appr. vei of it, must be assumed to be an exposition of tbe sentiment of the majority of the people of these United States. Now ?e cannot at prove, nor, we think, will con twiva. ve men generally, of the tone of the Conven tion'* csclntioue respecting the foreign policy of this govei lm?nt. The objections we emertain we can T*ot now spicily. Bui we have a general objection. Tbe effect oi adopting these rest lotions as stating a paitj issue will be a novel element in electioneering po lo?. That effect will be to subject the foreign po lay ol the |/ vernment to the will and tbe piedetermlnel Ymrp <>?t s of the masiee of the people, who ibav# . ot, and necessarily cannot have, tbe requisite In lour*, ion t? pronounce upon foreign affairs, especially in ac vanse o' events whiah are or may be aecretlv trans ?pliir;;. This is a new d'velopement of democracy which Anns', he well pondered before It i* admitted as a party issue, and lsligltlmate matter lor subsequent discussion. J From ihe Evening Host?Van Buren Lee soil democrat-! " In Mr. I'ieice," say tbe Virginia planters, or may be frapp"' ed to *ay, ?' yoa have an old ssgar, not of the first quad y to b'cnn wiib. smoked to the atump. What shall we do with the disgusting remtiantf It has served ths purpn-e tor wbich it was made, and is only fit to bs thrown into the street and trampled under foot. With your I'ssre I will help myself to a clean one from the su gar c*-e " Mr. 1'ierce may eensole himself with 'he retlsc'.iin that ' he bs?-inly fared like other Northern men who devoted thtiti *wves to the *ervice of tho slaveholders. Mr. Kill more put hlmselt under their direction, and helped to forco through Corgress the compromise* of I860, in cluding the Euglt.Tefllave law He exiected to be nomi ne "t for the Presidency, but he was set aside without ceremony. Webstar, after opposing the elaims of the South tor a long time, yiflded at length and gave his anpp r'- to the same measures, the Washington Unvm wecourrgio? him, and tellieg him that there was no pub lic honor too high for hi* dsaert. or which a grateful -cotnttv was not leady to bestow upon him. He, too. est ecled a nnmlratlon ror the Presidency, and endured a hitter disappointment in not receiving it. Mr. Pierce, with these example* before bis eyes, bas mate himself the passive tool of the slaveholders, and is turned off wi'b a like rawmrd. Mr Buchanan will of course acoep' the nomination Atder the conditions on which it is offered, and whioh are expressed in tbe resolutions adopted by ths C>cveo lion He will accept it accordingly, wiin tbe unJer staiding tliat the new doctrine of the nationality of slavery disguised uider the term ol "the equality or the stated " ie to be cairled pracicalljr into etlect?the doc triuetbat slaveiy pees under >be protection of tbe Kederal government. into ail the Ferritin ics over which the ju risdiction of lhut government *xt?n5s; he will accept it with the understand eg thai the pe pie of the Territorial bare no right 10 make laws to exclude it till the Territo ries are aciritted as states, anc that tue peop e of Kan sas, in their opposite l to the edicts of the m >ck Legisla ture cot veieu at tbe fdrawuee Miss'on, are guilty iA trea st n and a-med retistance to ?he raws whisu it is his tlu'y to putcoen. The same lniluenee which has hitherto gorerned the counsels of our government has packed the Clncirrati Couveotloo, cocstruot-d its platform, nomi oatrd its cum idate for the Presidency, and will dictate i is course if he Is elected. [F.orn the .loureal of Commerce?A Pieroe Admlnlstra ticn O gen.] The selection of Mr. Huohsnmi will tend to strengthen tbe public faith In- lie fitr ess of the people for self govern ment Amor g the most experienced of ihe few remaining salesmen who bave been employed In the nu'hiial ser vice during a period extending over halt the exietence of tbe lepubjfc, he baa exhibl ed In tbe various sxalted stations which he baa Deen called to iill a thorough Hi nt n> lor their respective duiiss, a perfeot comprehension ol ibe lnte e?ts entrusted to bis charge, an nndsvla'tng stLse of equity and Justice in judgment and administra tion, and a liberal and patriotic esnniate of thes* consl ce stlons neot saary to ihe anjustment of conflicting sec t ital in'.eies's, which have Li herto sn happily con trolled tbe counsels of the country, and given to it an un precedented ce'Miopement of expansion, power and pros perity, and which the advancementot general civilization and progress, no less than our own permanent well being require to be maintaieed. lne utws of the comiaa lon was received by the demo csti of this eilj with rejoicing. The welkin wa' soon nia etor'.igwith peals of cannon, wnich continued at sbort intervals, for at least an hour. The gun used on the occa ion was captured from tbe British at Saratoga, aLd it wis fired by tbe Buchanan Volunteer Ass ociation. In ihe evening a hundred gnus were fired, under tbe ans p'ces if the Democratic General Comniirtee. Tammany Hell was illuminated aid a huge bonfire built in front ol It. The Teinniauy ratibeaiion will take place on Wei ne.-day svenicg rexi 'he a nnourj-omert is well received by the pnblie gene rally. Mr. Buchantn's elec'icn will bo considered a gtiaiauLe for domestic quiet on tbe ba*is it the c nstitu ti< a, and fcr fiieniUy relaii >ek with f -reign Powers. [Fr< in the Ne ? York Tribune?Sewardite and FouMsrits. ] Mr. Buchanan is a good candidate for his party, pre ci"ly because he id Dot ilirectv implicated in bonis of the la t ard worst of that party's doings. Had he been at h< me in 18S4, he won d necessarily hava besn involved in the pasiags oftba Nebraska bill ?Dd its disastrous o-inequsnrei. It Is only the alibi whlih cau be provid in hie beoa.l, which ttneers nima more available csidldate thsu 1 ierce cr Douglas. And tnose who will support must he peifee ly a?are that be will follow in 'he footstepB of thoie lis has supplants}, ?n;l do the work, If electee, which they have letr uncompleted. Nay: the ftct* tha' he was not in the Nebraska fight and owes his u< miration mainly to Northern votes, will constrain bim to cGinit himself more ut'erly and abjectly to the sieve power than anoiher would need to do. And no man ever evinced a greater pliancy or subserviency to that power than James Buchanan. Anu this is, afer all, tbe only question of any conse quence Involved In the Presidential contest. Who cares whether this man or tha; Is called to the White House, save as his election shall redound to the estab iebment of freedom or slavery in Kansas and the ferri t lies'r In contemplatirg this Issue, all persona', con siderations fade into tnti*mfkance. We ask not who is to be the dispenser or patronage, the wielder tf power, but. who will ri ll back tbe tide ol ruffian vioionce and gi gantic fiaud which lor two years have rendered tlie Terri torial elections of Kansas a swindling farce, and crushed her beneath the iron heel of ruthless (trader*, intent only on her subjugation to slavery by aDy means, eud at all hazards, ah we look out on the contest for whien the host* are now ga hering, we Ii6ar no; the roar of the cannon by which the partisans of Buchanan are hailing his triumph at Cincinnati, but rath?r that of ihe federal purs by which the cLisl edifice of Lawrence was battered i'own by a Sheriff s pcs?e, in obedience to the dictates or a pro slavery Grand Jury, while the of fices of the Journals which dared to plead for free labor and human rights were ravaged and their ma terials thrown into tbe river. The bonfires raised in Pet nsylvania to celebrate tbe nomination of Buchanan can never hide the lurid blaze of the burning dwrngiogs ol Governor Robinson and his comoatriotd, guilder no or 1 me but that of haling slavery and laving freedom. The cheers of ten thousand paitisans, rsjolcing that they have no longer to carry Pierce and Douglas on their im meoiate shoulders, ring ou; on the evening air; but the lew means of those whom the '-law and oroer" forces in Kansas have made wiaows and orphans brctnie tbeir bu-bands anc fathers 1 esired and labored to make their cb.oen home a land tf freemen and net s laves, will con tinue to be beard lorg after those cheers shall have d od away. Tlie wrongs of the free State leaders now imprl ei'ued as traitors, or hunter from tbe Territory as retysls, shall yet be averged by the American people, whoss ver die; in November must be against slavery, usurpation and wrong, and in favor of Justice, humantiv and free dom. [I romthe Times?Juoiar Seward Organ.] Could ihe political antecedents of Mr. Buchanan be for gotten, there Ih much iu his personal character to secure acqu'esdenc# in the wisdom of the nomination. A man of large though somewhat fruitless experience and fv millarity with tbe world, his agreeable manners aod ready p easan ry in iccial Intercourse insure him the liking of those who encounter liim in private lite In pub ic li'e, h -wever lis reputation is very far trom enviable. At no p-iud, even at those epochs cf imminent emergency wlien the latent powers of men are roused and exhibited in 1 heir largest extent, ban Mr. Buchanan distinguLhed b'uiseif bv talent, courage, or decision of char acter. Lhangefal, uncertain, vacillating, dltected by none o' those genetons impulses which marked the early life of Wibiter, and the whole life of C'sy, he |lias set coolly down to the anatomy of cir cumstances, studying their relations with his own private interests atd aims in politics, where other men, consult ing only th- Instincts of right and justice, have taken places In the issue at once, if any trait more eminently thsu ano'her is evinced In the biography of Mr. Buchanan, it Is cold, calculating selfishness. passive rather than active, be-au.-e based cn mediocrity of talent; a praoti tii ner of po:it'cs, not for public but for personal advan. Inge. Gi verted by this cautious policy, he has never, thioughout a long legislative career, euggested or orfgi na'ed a single measure of any Importance cr concern to the Union. At these crises of threatened convulsion, when the interposition ot some great name could alone avoid th* catastrophe, Mr Buchanan's was never that name. Blow it deed to ally hlmseif with untried ventures, h>- hes not embraced tbe side of order and peace until its popularity out doors was assured. At the outset of his political career, a 'ederaiist of the straltest sect, a fede ralist he fcas remained, although Identified with and ac c-mmoi a'irg himself to the varying doctrines and for tunes of the democratic party. Hence, without auy m. -a distinct disclosure of his sentiments in regard to tetutorlal ques.ions than may be drawn from ibis pub lished and uurepudiated letter to Hon. John glidell, and from the undecipherable platform upon which he is do. mmsted, we are authorized to believe Mr. Buchanan will go all lerg'he In the policy inaugurated by Doofflae and fierce, merely because it is an assertion 01 the absolute supremacy cf th# federal government over the separate ,Slates, and ever the people. It Is impossible, therefore, to regard the candidate of the Cipclnr ati Convention as either sate or available. He can not be otherwise than unsa'e at the present moment, who, in qutstlins of domestic Interest, npholds inveterately aoci tines subversive of Btate sovereignty; or who, in the srnduct of foreign policy, has displayed the extreme weakness and tendency to blunder and befog himself which Mr. Buchanan manifested throughout his recent Intercourse with th? Bri IsU Foreign Office. The republic now. It ever, requires a statesman at tbeheim. The crisis Is the most perilous to which it has ever been exposed. It ean, hereafter, encounter no danger more formidable. Looking at tbe career ol Mr. Buchanan in the most favor able light, we recoanire in It nothing of either talent or slateemenehtp; nothing but rhe cola blooded self seeaiDg and crart of the party politician, than the elevation of which to power no calamity is to be moie anxlonsly de precated or avoided. We doubt whether the masses, to whrm the Convention commend* Its labors, will not be found of our opinion. [From the Express?Fillmore Know Nothing.] Unfortunately for Mr. Bnchanau, he is, by the plat form adopted, pleoged to tbe same policy. The measures of tbe 1'ierce adminktratios are already endorsed, and probably tbe man himself. He has held office under it abroad, and he has. in advance, announced his adher ence to measures which he before condemned. He bas stood upon the Mlssouti Compromise Hat-looted, and in h's recent cedars:ions has acquiesced and approved ot i's repeal. Ha has a record against the extension of slaverv, and a record against arresting tho ex ension ot slavery. He has a demojratie record and a feieral re cord. as red and blue as Lucifer himself. His antece dents as a politician are cf the worst possible sort, and of so mixfd a cast that it will lead all cautions men to mls -rusi him. He has teen aspiring for th* 1'resinency for twenty-live years, andapuaile man fer fory. He has beid lereral certificates 01 eleetlon under the worst re gime of federalism, and democratic certlflea'es of election since tbe time fortune flist favored Andrew Jacksrn. He Las bsen an extreme carty man. too, anl as such wanting in magnanimity to political < pponsnts. ts witners, lits treatment of Henry Clay, and his attacks cn JcbD Davis, of Mass., tor exposing his in consistency ard want, of Americanism In regard to Ame rlca n labor. Too ambitious to be cooslstest. too timid to be just, and ever ready to bs all tbirgs to all men-a "Aity four forty" man by profession,?a "forty nine" man by action, very f nglish in England?very American in America, very fiee-tradiah In tlie United States Senate, very prottctlve in Pennsylvania. We hardly know a man sgainst whose political pro fessions and practises more can be said. [From tbe Sun?Cuban f ilibuster. | No one will seriously tsk "Who is James Buchanan'" He is co unknown or obscure man?no third or fourth rat* politirtan suddenly elevated to prominence by tbe intrigues of spoil seeking politicians, He is a ripe states man. and a man of unblemished character, known and respected by ali hie countrymen. Such is bis position tbat bis nomination is gen erally regarded *s equivalent to an eleotion, though this conviction wrill oely stimulate tbe zeal of his supporters and give vigor t? their efforts to swell bli vote rn all the Slates. His nomination will abate tlie danger ous sectional feeling which bas sprung up under tbe rule ol tbe piesent administration, and renew lb* confidence of the people, in all sections of th* Union, In the stability and peimenency of oar republican Institutions. We ean heartily congratulate the Cincinnati Convention on the result of its deliberations. It has evlpoed a spirit of nrnderatiun end of prurience which has agreeably dia appoii ted miry who (fared a d;ffirent course would o? pursued. It baa dhpelied anxious doubt*. beeled divisions, ai."i > mothered the stmgvlea of faction by its judicious at d 1 sruii niuu- actioo. To Mr. Buchanan tbe cic; pin of all pari* of the inlon cai lock for a wine and just administration of their nubile affairs. lo his hernia, ihe interests of all the Integrity of the Constitution, aid the honor of tbe crun'ry will be citrstdsred eafa. [from tbe Paily N*wf?Hard Shell entH'ierce democrat.] These event* (referring to i'ieice's wretcbea admiula Ua'ton) have low all paired away, though the effect* uiav Miger wi'h na tor a while. Ka* men?Innest >hi faithful ones, too?bave beer brought into the Held, and while we are ready to forget, ao far as we can. the past, we shell lend alt our energies and what little f >rte or powergcr InHusnc* we may possess toward tbe elevation of new, and, we are sure, better men to place and power. That tbe Conakry and the great national democratic party will not be deceived in their nets, we have every oonfi d-nee and belief. That .Tames Buchanan will be elected, we teel as certain as if it bad already taken place. [Krcm tbe K.veulrg Mirror?Old l.ine Whig and Know Nothing } Mr, Ruclianan i* a man of emintntly tea peot able charao ter and taisnt arid the very beet and strongest man the dsn ( erats could have named. He will be a hard candi date to beat. IKrtm the JHiy Book?1'ierce organ ] * * * * We would have preferred to have met tbe issues before tbe country with the man for a a andard bearer who bas been tbe especial mark cf abolition hoa ? -try and malignancy, and who, iu tbe language of u de mocrat of New Bampsblie, bas given us '? a glorious and g< dike administration." But others have thought dif lereutiy. and we do not Impugn their motives or ques tion 'betr devotion to democratic principles. We care t"r no man except only as be represents Ideas and issues bfcftre tbe country; and if tbe battle between abolttijn iaui and true democracy can be fought as well, or better, under Mr. Buchanan, we shall be heartily glad of hta no mination. At all events, we have a platform of princi ples which embraces many bold and glorfouH positions; end if there sball be no ridging of any of the real issues before tbe country, we may expect a eonquest achieved by the democratic party seoond in hnportauoe to no for mer triumph. RECEPTION OF THE NEWS OF THE NOMINATIONS. WASHINGTON. f-*LLY <>P TBK DEMOCRACY IN RESPONSE TO I HE NOMINATION?SPEECHES BY GEN. CASS AND 6*rEECn'OK PERENAT)INO THE PRESIDENT? SPEECH OF GEN. PIERCE, ETC., ETC. T,.? , Washington, Jone 7. 1856. saloon in ,he dMaocra?f held inCopp's saloon In coneequenceof the inclemency of the weather. While tN uP d bCUr the 1IDC:OD6,' ha" was crowded, wh ie the Marine bend perfonned some of their most ani irated pieceH. c ?n ue ",PD1I n?tlCe<1 Hon- *' A- Dou*'"' ?"? Wh othee T ' I ' Hon- Tbom*? B Florenee, and other ofstinguished gentlemen. On the entrance of Can. Cass the saloon rang wRhan P tw ?ini!he btDd 8lrUck up "Anld i*?*8yne.? Tie following officers were appointed:? President?Hon. Samuel A. Smith. SJSK5 On taking the chair, Mr. Ssmth submitted soae re em ? hi . V h# r6tUrned h,S ?""*e for the honor cone him in being called to preside at a meeting to ratify Htch nominations; and where, too, will apeak S "?Vh* d?moct"cy have fought in times g-ne }. and bj whcm they expect to be led for years to come. Gen. Casa was then loudly called for, and appeared on the stage, amidst loud applause. He said he came not to ruake a speech, but to join his democratic fellow-citizens lt,8 "? ? "? on of the Cincinnati Convention. The Convention had done its du'y nobly. Now the party mu8t (Ioiladut put on 1 he armor, and go forth to the conllict; but not North"0' h fIfleE-not 1,16 weapons which some of the Northern churches would put in the hand, of their con gregations-but the armor of reason, argument and pat do us)',') (Jen" r" " ''h*" WM cheer6,i tremen , a u' * excluded by urging that the demo S/evil t t0 *h0U,<ler f?r th# nomI?>iou- for mi.?ed evil times were upon us The shout then was for Douglas, who toik the stan . amid Ihree rouiids of applauee. Mr Doit. 1 ah said he appeared not as -a matter of for I! j, l"" whole foul w?s the good work. Ar ol a b.ndeomeenlcgyon the candidates, he proceeded to Co 1' h P Orm late,Y ?<5opted by the Cincinnati Convention, and said the principles cf the democracy of nlf s of the d tfce pre0,lel> ??? the prin cries of the democracy of South Carolina. A democra cr uld pus from one section of the Union to another trcm the South to the North, or from the North to the . outh-end carry his principles with him. Could any other parlies sey as much ? Many Voices?'-No," ''No." sr!!LD7,We teve itandard bearer, who can defy the combined force, of the entire opposition. We have all the cetl"" r'D 8 1,ne' aDd W? WiJl rake them do? to gather. All "isms" were closely connected, and in H Imols he thought they were the true Siamese twins so closely doithey .tick together. Our platform tells'you that resistance to the laws is treason, and tliat tr... son shall be rebuked. The democracy uphold Ihs " " wtD,*v Whlle the DtgT0 worsb'ppers, who B0t "ke ,he law- for shooting down the ' irers. This was the whole Kansas difficulty, haw on the one side, and lawless violence on the other. Z 1lis the right cf the majority to make the law so are he minority hound to obey the taw. This is the univer principle of every ftee government. But the Kaasas ere not the first laws resisted by these oeZ; the fugitive slave j.? had been resi.Sd by them also, and because it required the slaves to be to ? tlm bota<JJ this law to let all the runaway negroes drop through stlme bo L y IT* " a" th" hoIiMt O" the . . 10 " M th? constitution provides for the return cf fugitives, it is tbe constitution that these worthies object to. Did you ever know a criminal who approved of the law he wantonly violated? The triumph of the democracy would be so complete, said the ' n? history would hardly record the name of the opposition candidate. He meant the Hack republi /X 4' ?r tb<> Kl?W N?th,P?fB he considered d sad. They h.d no show in the Keystone State-the boms of Buchanan; New York was .roused, end her no lo, T VI' Vmn* f0T the COnt,,t- MwwhuMtts too would n?t be found wanting; while New Hampshire, the - arm the bast which has never set-tbe borne of Frank lin 1 terce?would lead the van. Here the speaker paid a component to Mr. his administration, ir Don / :Tti'g ' UD,0D f?r tLe 'Ake 0f thB the rZZlV * CCDCM< ?ml<1 Prolonged cheering, 'e folLll r announced that a procession would then h imT.e?i?.reTkl t0 tbe P",ldent'" m,nsion to give a serenade. Ibis was recelveo with evident dtseetis W?M!yB'nrh?W"e "pfC,,Bg 'c bear something from Messrs. St.nton, Cobb, Seward of Ga., Rust and others who were present. Nor did It seem meet that at *"? b"< Tb e procession, however, was formed and proceeded in Lr?th? th#,Wh7e 1,00'?' Dumb"iD? *nd file near ,h,?u;"ni- President at on. of the up

p r wicdt ws of the mansion, ana said:? nLZTHI''V" y?U' B'y f',,0W >pon tb? ocea Z:z?tr'r indu,,fB ,h? nope met the joy with which ,cn hail the harmorlon end tsnimons resoilt of the deliberation, at Clneinnat of o'nrl M7',bfDtd ,Bd dMp?Ded ratifying voles ,... 11plfB,,ant to "?'lee that, how Is notv, trPy bedi"dcd end dl*r.ct?l, there "?* * " but unlcn cf purpose, and will be -thing hut unio. in ectien. Frcm this hour to tbe ben the pel s will be opened in November, all ptejndioes end per no cm! "'wcei ties among those who should cultivate "rks I . ? J (h Wny hav" "hHed i? ou , * / D0 ,or(t*r remembered. The pre fheconnt-vTbl f''*ndln 1h'" cr'?I* who cares morefor be count,, then trr himself, devotlcn to the cause end e.d ns tbrongh tbe great struggle, will be th. eontroll .'en W T'w ^ tb* d'*nrc'*clr> North end South, Fast uen West. W. all, I ?m sure, quMe sincere in our convictions that not only tbe prosperity of this republic, tut the perpetuity cf ttl. blessed Unfo., depend ee.en , "rcn ,1" v'bdlcatlcn and maintenance of the nrin olp?.. a.el.Md ??M a?^?0D certed a "tf? T'tfilcated end sustained only by con *[ a0"' ?ndth?' can only be ..cared by organi "? vR,Bce t? this organization and its u??ges becom.a, like fidelity to prineinl.. . d:nnl virtue. The latter ea. Li. ul .V' iaiier can only b. manifested and effectual throngb the former. My friend, w ll have duties to p.rferm In the which ?? P.,-? a ? e fill pre vet t n, (com t1UwpVcg f# ^ ft, ,n It ia never to bo forgotten by me (bat in eighteen hiudrud Aid fitly-two oiieraeO hotter eeldiere?(erie* from too inu ltitade, "act b?'.t?r")_th?3 myself, Mr. Butrbenur and Mr. tees, mea wbo had been faithful and tried lewiem throngb aaany jrara of labor and conflict, were paseed by to call me from ike retirement which I hod aounht and to which fahall return witfccnt regret. Ma/I not add, gentiemea, it life be spared I shall go baclt to the Mate of m/ Mrth wl'h a eonseiouineas of baring adopted no tingle measure of poller during my adminis 1 ration whiou I did not believe to be demanded by the beet intereeta o! my coantry, noa one which aoee not to night ecmmind the approbation of my j ndgmenand my Tha conduct of those older and better ?ol J? Z 1 UT* ,P?kon. *0-1 of the younger bu' ntrerth.lee. better tidier, Judge Douglas, who I am gladfto eee bow etanding by the great and good man. General Casa, who tor so many years hae bad not merely my confidence end respect, but my affection, will cease to be gratefully remembered by me. They were all In the field, not merely to encourage and direct, but ac tually to lead the column,. Their energies were not pa forth because the standard was in my hands, bu because Its bearer was, in their estimation, for the time being the Impersonation of those sound constitutional principles which they believed oould alone give statllity and permanence to this glorious fabric of our institutions. It w cbeeiing to know that the action of the lat* Convention p aces the statesmen and patriots who aie to lead us now upon the identical platform which I accepted. with full conviction of my judgment ar-' :th every sentiment ef ay heart, and that they are to upy it wiih the standard lowered never an inch, so lac as the strict construction of the constitution and the vindication of the cciutitutlon&l rights of eve:/ portion of the Cuton are concerned. Much and justly as we admire the patriotism attainments and private virtues of our standard bearers, there will be nothing like man worship in this contest. Men liter me comparatively Imigniliosnt, excerpt as in. sliuments, when great principles and the vast iuttiests cfa coantry like ours are iavolvrd. There will be, on jour part, no appeal to unworthy passions, no inflamma tory calls : for a second Revolution, like those whtoh ate occasionally reported as coming trom men who lave received nothing at the hands of their go vernment but protection and political blessings; no deilaration of resistance to tte laws of the land uo Invocation to the shodding of blood, by those who have had none to shed when our countrymen have stood face to face with foreign foes. Bat the issue will summon you to a calm, earaest struggle for the con stitution, and consequently tor the Union. You will bear yourselves like men determined to oling to that sound instrument as the only seonrily from general wreck ?nd the only re.uge from universal ruin. Men who feel and act with you will clfrg to tt with pa triotic wisdom and sleady fortitude, and they will oefend it, if need be with, heroic valor against all as saults from without or from within. That a signal Iriumph awaits you in such a cause I entertain no doubt. II, as I fully believe, our fathers were not only guarded and sustained through ths changing scenes and struggles of the Revolution, but were Inspired its close to devhe and adopt this constituilon by Omnipotent I'o ver, we may repose upon an humble bat unwavering lai h that that Power will not permit the madness of their ebildrtn to destroy tt. Accept, gentlemen, my bert wishes tor yon, nolleettwely and Individually, and my thanks for this gratifying call. The meeting thee adjourned. Senator Douglas addresres the citizens of Philadelphia on Tuesday evening, in response to an invitation. BOSTON. Boston, June 7, 1850. Toe Cincinnati ncminatione were ratified with great Airplay by the proprietors of the Times ne vgpaper, thit evening. The building was Illuminated, a band of music was in attei dance, and many speeches were made. A large ciowd gathered together aud loudly cheered the demonstration. The Demcoratic Ward and County Committees held meetings last evening and took preliminary steps for a grstd Buchanan and Bieckenridge ratification meeting in Faneuit Hall, at an early day. WORCESTER, MASS. SERIOUS CASUALTY AT WORCESTER, MASS. Worcester, Mass , June 7, 1866. Uwierce McCleary was instantly killed In this city last evening, by the premature discharge of a cannon, with which Home friends ol Mr. Bunhacan were firing a ralute on the Common. A lad, named George Williams, was severely wounded in the arm, foot and (aoe; and a Mr. Barllett had his thumb badly torn. BELLOWS PALLS, VT. Bellows Falls, Vt., June 7, 1856. The nrminatlcn of Buchanan and Breckenridge is hailed here with great enthusiasm by the democracy. To-day they fired a national salute In honor of the event. OSWEGO. Oswego, June 7, 1858. One hundred guns were fired here to day In honor the ncminatlcn of James Buchanan. DETROIT. Detroit, June 7,1866. I here is great rejoicing heie in consequence of the nomination of Mr. Buchanan. The democrats have fired ICO guts. PITTSBURG. I'liTSBrRO, Pa., June 7, 1866. The nomination of Mr. Buchanan was received here wiih universal joy. Oae hundred guns will be fired on Monday, commemorating the event. At Alleghany Citr en immense ratification meeting ia being held. Attempt to Resuscitate the Whig Party. LETTER FROM JUDGE BATES, OF MISSOURI. The 1 alroyra Whig contains the following letter from Judge Bates. It was called foith by the Invitation of a Lumber of gentlemen of Marlon otunty, Mo., soliciting him to attend a whig meeting, In Palmyra on the 28th ol June, and to address them. _ .. . St. Lot-is, May 22, 1866. (.KNTiHjsN, kRiKNtie:?I have this moment received jour kind '?tier, daied jesterday. inviting me to meet ihe whigs of Marlon in Convention at Palmyra, on Satur day, the 28th of June. It did my heart good te receive that letter. Tbe very fact of the meeting of a whig Con vention lea sign of good for our country and tor our i elves, and I hall It as an cmen of the revival and rapid restoration to health and vigor of the true and fatthfal whig party, the only party in the coantry that is at once sound and moderate ia its prlnolphs, prudent and conservative in Its counsels, and broad and national in ftJJ It8 OPJfCtfl. if I em not with you on the day appointed, you may be suie that I am prevented by some overruling oeoessity. net new foreseen. If free, as I hope to be, 1 will sure r ftdn ge myielf in the luxury of that meeting. The nation cannot do without the wh'g party. Whe batanee'wheil1 nf't"*.* n,,j?rttT or a ?h??rtly, it p, itUI tke f . o of.the ff0T*T??ent; and without Ita steady fee Influences al! the other parts of the engine will ilr and jolt'un' II thsy are broken Into fragments! J We have unwisely allowed ourselves to be eonfounded ^ 'udden growth ot the American and hc*h de.ftoJTte I*' >, V? fu"r P*r'na'1*1 D'er are _ career of prosperity, and that If battle arra^T/JIilh.??i!7 IUelf of*"'*"! aad In battle array. It will bs the dominant party In the country before the end of the year 1857. ?jrIlV*sW* *fmDOt wholly devoid of the reviving spirit. nim? * AT? pnt. f2rtb * <hort With our f*" ". ! *n J K'md thnt our friends in Marlon take tha lead, by being first to call a meeting and begin nlrg IbegofO work. " ^ n I thank you, gentlemen, for yonr Invitation. I will certainly avail myself of It, If oot otherwise urgently en pagtd. Your friend and obedient servant, . KDWARP BATES. City Intelligence. I AimCATiON MsniNfi ?The two committees from Tam many Hall and 8'uyvesant Institute intend uniting in holding a grand ratification mass meeting, In the t'ark, on Wednesday afternoon, at six o'clock, to respond to tbe nominations of Buchanan and Breckenridge. bTAitK of Washington o.v Upio.n Sqt'ARn.?An equee trien alatue of Washington, in bronze, is now In the pro ma o! erection on Union square. It ie to beabout flity leet In m the baee ot tbe icdeetal to tbe top ot the head. The figure itself will be fourteen feet high. Washington is represented ns seated on bis war horse, with his right hand extended. It will ooet about $27,000. There l"t? be no paiade shout Its Inauguration, as It is to be qui etly pnt up under cover; and some fine morning the <e bablt.nU of tbat part of the city will wake up and find the statue all completed. Naval Intelligence. ' United .States storeshlp Relief, IJeut. commanding t ?.Gook, with cargo for tbe squadron, sailed fun Rio Janeiro previous to 18th April, for Montevideo to p r?t 'be I rprd Si?f?s fr'ga'e flavanrah, ' i . * - ir i c .?!?,?? r r,-eg, ?r. V , tie v- I ? m h. Ii?4 In, uuu Jl-s ?.> Brooklyn City ln(tlllK?ncr T11K HTTRHCX IN PKOSflCT STHBKT-INVB8TIGATION MKFOKI COROW1R HARFORD AMI) A JOKtr. Coicwer HsOord invH'igated tRe circumstances attenJ irg tbe Bnth of ('?<hsrue Butler, at. her lata reailence, eoiter of Prospect and N??y stree'e, jesterdsy, Wore the following >?ry lUndolpb ' 'ark aaop, kraacia Eaton, John Ferrinberg, Richard C. Ke*-leY, John Yoribtefi, Tiiom?i Jud?n, Thenihb Saunders, Gilbert Valentine, Ja'iivH A l*trusal . osn The follonir g eylceoes wus taken I>r. I'bi.ip C. Berok testified that he made a pout nnvr tein exemmalk n aiong witlrDr. Gray, nod fcoiod oon die*!able bruirO" on tfceosck shoulder, Wis ana of car oared; also a wourd about IK Inch ion-yon the* back of tte hied, apparently caused bv a blunt weapon: ou isnerii g lbs scalp we found considerable sttrava nattd blood, cau od by the bruisei between taeac-iip and the bone; there were other bintsea on the top of the head , on removing tte fkrill wefonnd between three and four ounces of cosaulated blood between the m-inhraro and the bra n on the right aide; after removing it we lound a large superficial vein had beeu rup'ured and caused Ibis elfiu-im; we tound no fesi-tare of the ikull, the rupture wan 'luuHeo probably by the blows on toe hrad; the immediate oause ot the death waa this effhaiou of bloc d 01 the br.Mn. thereby eai-eiDg deprssaion; we fODLd her other organs healthy. Dr. Win. B. Van .hiyne, 316 Gold atreet?I was at the poat jioiteni examination, i hav? haard the testimony of Dr 3eeck, and corroborate it. Wm. J. K. Butler (a boy abrut eight years ol age) beati fic d that he ia the son ot Jeremiah and Catharine Bailer; was at home yesteidav morul.Jg; lather eame to tire hcui-e eight deft re laat between 11 auo 12 o'clock; mother was In bed, and he drew her Irom boliiud the bed ?y lbs hair, and knocked her in the aide and oa the head; he then put her on the chair a ad threw water over her, nnd threw her down again and klrkt-d her again becauae abe would not ape?k; he said, "Catharine."'and she did net wake up; he tieo me to the bod, and then he wtat for a doctor,'and stayed away the whole night; before he went he untied me, and my mother spoke to me and told me to get two I UlowH, one lor her and oue for rae abe was Ivtng on tie Hoor at this lime, he had previously kicked her dur ing the day; we went to the City Halt that day an i no lawyer would speak to her; after 1 gave her the pillow she a-ked me wtrere father had gone: 1 said for a doctor, and she said, "tevii doctorfhim;" 1 then went to sleepand woke up in the morning, when fa-her came with the doc tor ; my mother was lying on the lloor; the doctor exam ined the cut to tee how deep it wta, sml said it was down to toe bone; lather said a hairpin cat it: the doctor ouln't know anr better; mother looked as if ahe waa asleep; they went away to get another doctor and they ihd not come back; two of the neighbo;s stayed with ruothtr ti'i ahe died; I went atrr a noctor to tha Station h< use, shout eleven o"clock, and when 1 came back my mo her was dead; I saw father had nothing in hi( hand; ho had heavy boois on; wben ho ait her in tbe chair the bio: d was coming out of the wounu on the bask o? her Catherine McClune?Knowa deceased and her hun'oaud; 1 was juat aoout getting np when Mrs. Bugby came for me and 1 came over; there was nobody here but Bat er aid Dr. Duff, who was probing the wound, ahe was lying on the lloor Insensible and ia the agmies of death; A was between 8 arid 9; thejwound was in the hack ot the head; the wound appeared to be an old wound; it appeared to me that Butler wanted to get the doctor to say ahe was crunk: I ?aw Catharine frequently the two days provloua, and ahe was perfectly sober; I remained with her yester day llilshe died; it was about ten mlnu'es to I'd when she died; J have never seen Butler strike his wife, but 1 havo eeen her very much disfigured; sometimes she got diunk: at other limes would be steady lor a oonsiderahle time; have frequently seen Butler drunk. Bus-in Buckley? Residoe in tne tame house; have nevor seer Butler strike his wife, but have heard hlin frequent ly; have seen her bruised from those beatings; 1 aaw nim sttike her last r-undsy; can't say what it was with; it was a oecanter or something or tbat sort; he struck her cn the head, and she came to me and showed me the 'ntup, which waa on the top of ber head; it was not cut; about 11 o'clock night before last heard him talking loud, ?Ld Billy crying, '-Oh, father, don't kill mamma; 1kaid a heavy fall: I came down to the do-ir, and heard her crying and n oaning; afterwards heaid hlin scolding and ceiling her nature, and tel.lng BLllyJhe wou il kUl hira iUhe told of it; he sent his boy to call me down about 8 o'clock yesterday morning, because she waa tusk 1 came down, and lound her lying on the lloor inaensib e; there was no boSyelte tier# thea; he said, "Here, this damned thing has fallen out of bed, and out her head;" 1 want for Mrs. McGinns, and when ) returned Butler mud l>r. Duff were there; tbe Doctor'was probing the wound; I ismained till she tied; can't say when It was; think It about two hours alter 1 waa called; Butler and Dr. Duff vent off Vgetlier. Ihe juiy tock a ieccKS till 1 o'clock, when Dr. Dun was lietestilitd that be resides at 194 Bridge street; wm called to attend declared between eight and nine o'clock yes'erday morilng. by Mr. Butler- found her laboring coder erropresMi n of the bialn, from, aa I sup p> sed, the rupture of a blocd vessel in the ora'n; I believe I stated so to Mr. Bathr: found a icalp wound an Inch and a half long on tha light side of the back part of ihe head: there were some si'gbt ccntuniotis near ihe right shoulder; constderacle swel In* about the neck, prcbalily caused by interrup tion of the circulation; saw no marks of violence on the neck; did nothing for her; thought It was no use; ex amined the wruod and found that the skull waa not free.ured; I thought she would die; called about three hcum after, and she waa dead; when Butler first called on me he stated that his wife had fallen out of bed. and, aa he .antreed fallen on ahalr pin and cut her bead; he wanted me to dress It, and stated that ahe was an habitual drunkarc; he mdiavored to make uie believe that she had ree*!vtd h*r ii juries by fabirp while drunk ; think the wound must have been lnflic ed by some blunt in stiunent veiy recently; a hair pin could not have made the wound; the b(el of a boot'?light. Ihe jury then retired and brought In theverdic- that "the cectsped came to lier death bv compression ot the brain, produced by violence on the part of Jeremiah The prlponer was brought before Justice Smith yester day afternoon, and wsivlrg an examination, was commit ted to jail to await the aotlon of the Grand Jury. AconniT ai tub Navy Yard.?Yes'eiday, at the Navy Yard, while two men, (carpenters.) names not yet known, were .ngaged in scoring a piec? of timber, and when In close proximity to each other, the axe of one of Ibe wort men stuck faat in tbe wood, and in stooping to clear it, tha axe of his co-laborer struck him in the fore Lead with a glanclrgblow, chipping off a part of his soalp, with a thin piece ol the skull, about an inch square. Dra. Smith and Patterson were itnmedla'ely sent for, and gave Mm their attention. The wound wm securely stitched and bacdagtd In about half an hoar, the patient exhibiting throughout the whole time the utmost oool neis fortitude. After the operation was completed, he immepintely wrote oat, himself, a telegraphic despatch to his friends c ncernlrg the event. Strcck uy LtonTMNG.?On Tuesday evening, about 10 o'clock, the old hospital In the Almshouse yard, at Flat hush, was struck by llgatnlng on the end next the main buildlsg. The electric llnld wm attracted by a rodwhleh supported a vane but which, unfortunately, terminated a few feet below the roof. The current then broke off In two different directions, the one Btream passing direolly down the gehle end ot the building, shattering the weather boardlig and carrying the pieces a considerable distance, whilst almost every pane of giMs In the windows was broken to nieces. Tbe other current pMsed through ths building, 'tearing in its course the plastering Irom the walla, and the base boards from the rooms through whiih it pMaed, and aniMhlng ihe windows in the other end of the house. Fortunately i o one was hurt, although the escapes were narrow. Ia the first room it entered two of ths Inmates were in bed. aod the fluid passed Immediately beneath one bed, and running along tbe lloor tor# the heel from a shoe and passed ihrough ths wall oloss beside the pillow of the other inmate. The damage done will not amount to mueh more than $160 or $2C0. Tu* Rm hition of Mimarp Fiixmowi.?The Brooklyn Common Council at their )Mt meeting adopted a reso lution tendering the uaa of the Governtr's Reora In the City Hall, 'ot tha reception of Millard Fillmire, on his return from Kurope, and appointed the following com mittee to superintend the arrangements: Aldermen Yan Bnnt, Faneher. Pell. Wrglom and Capvrell. No expense ia to be lneumd on the part of the city. Fatal Accipkw or tu* Railroap.?Tuesday morning a youngmao named Miahael Welsh was orashed so severely between two clrt cars, on the railroad, in Atlantic straet that he died almret Instantly thereafter. It appears he jumped on board and fell between them. Officer Boyd i.. ?tvpd the WWy to the depot, where en tnqneat was held by Cororer Reedlpg, and a yerdlt of " Death from accident, was render*. The railroad company wm re ilrved from al blame. ?ail Boat Cai^i?p.?A sail beat at ancher off Fort Hamilton was capsized during the storm on Tuesday ?veelcg Two sons of Hon. H. C. Murphy, and two lads named Thomas nalsey and Newton Sweeney were in the In at at the time. Sweenev became entangled In the rlcgln* and wm drowned. Tbe others were taken np by a sloop which senl a yawl to their relief. the Academy ot Msule. At a meeting of tbe stockholders of tbe Academy of Music, held on the eveulDg of 31, at the salo-n of ihe Acad em v, Mr. Charlsa A. Dayis wm chosen Chair man, ami F. Skldcy, Secretary. The minutes of the laat meeting, held on the evening of Msv 24, were read and approved. ihe printed report of the Executive and Finance Com mittee of the 26 h of May, of which a copy had been sent to each stockholder, wm then read by ths Chairman, and tbe auhjsct of relieving the Association was discussed bv meat of the membcta prsseat, aad the proposition adoptsd. Se"Xd? Tbli^ thai a Into ol * ATn ??ch share ot atrck la requisite In the present exlget i ni iiTSimilaaT to prevent a sale ol the orporat* pro n.,tv f .r th^ umSiotI o' "te debts of the company, and that The stortbolders he requested to notify the Preddeat el Uielr ?laMMUordlseent thereto, wtthla fltteen days from fird of June. TSiiWed T hat iialeaa the stockholders unanimously consent umtatte said toe" of S1JB within the period aaentiooed, of mJUn itava trai messures he taken te effect a mle of the oor OKI rr-it Of ths ilehta. po^%.'tDvtd.'i M r hn prlnt^J, i . x . ???.?. 'i ..?K *014 ft'j. ! AFFAIRS IN EUROPE. Our lunilon, Paris, Brrlin ami ?. Frtmbirs CornmadtBK, Ac., Ac. Ou* London f'vrs r?]toa4e rice. - I-OMKW, M*y JK, ISM. The Secret Tr^ies-DtclMm of W I>cdner*m*t* Wr "f ^othrn'mi?tithnr, in toujtvol <m lh> lloitm Qvestwn- Portion of th, l,ntuh Gvrmmmt with R*. yard, to Sard*,,a Drfirud-LHnu 0f Peooolim, a( Um. avyitys Thtalrr. dr., dr.. The report that aiioUer eesret treaty ?.stad, to addi tion to that of the 15th ct April, has leu to a quostica to fr?m' I-?rd He has distinctly da-' tied the txistence of any other treaty. it was seri msly hinted, on the cne hand, that Austria had succeeded la eotaiDiny a treaty guaratu?ein* to her the possession of ier province.!, whilst on the other it was said .'arc'lnia had concluded a treaty quite in a contrary It In quite evident that popular feeling in Kaglaad is la *70T. Uf/' *D<3??t' Auatrian; but the conclusion that iralr s?'. .8.OT*,C,Etat WCUld IUPport a movement in lam !* AuHt-,aiB?troneot:fl. Cu this point Lord ntoto u? l^:a'n"d M?selfetcomo length the other ' , th*1 U "aH 'iult* lra" *^?t the English g y.wnmen. eatertalrel re^attomi of the most fru-ndlv naturwwithPardinia; "b.t,?he added, "ss to h.v? ?l'rl WH to revolut.eoize Italy and PUtw was a^7"0'"^/" 01 ,he ulitorent Itahaa I uodation ?? ? a opposition without the sllgktset causT- pT-t ooousatlnn without the shadow of . lt ?",y ^o^Vo^beT'stato^r^th# noW# worrow nigh? ' 4t ,ler MaJ>at7'? theatre . ?rupuafcrr'V'l0ftheN0rthSUri" ^??raP?ed at Boo n War Pails Camspendeaee, 7. .... n Pakw, May IT, 185r-. L2? "***?" Bmt Sr-risiabluh mo . , ' My-rri,,odr. Letter from the Pope to Uir tvench L'mjeror?Slaeish OUcq uiousnet, of t,V? WTs giilative?A GUmv into the Future?Cloie R io. twur,/ the Au,Irian arui French Comis-RerteraJUm of the VucdtXexchMtadt's Remains to tmnoe-RUtori, dr. The It.ban question is still the great topic ofm-ercst. It begins to be well understood, of oouise, that the Bar 11 manifesto, fervid and enthusiastic as it is, is .in p y an ? aside" of the guat coufereutial drama recently enacted at Paris. The jiart of every actor has been duly asr.gned. Before an expression was uffcred to he em in the Pfotoeols it was weigh*, sifted and <v a. nowed with scrupulous care; and wlie. the earteln fill ta France, the manner in which the afterpiece shon! I h? performed in Sardinia was not less scrupulously provided It was my good fortune in my letters, written in the ear j part ot April, to be able to inform your readers iron, sources ct a peculiar character, or the tone Italia^ aff.i.s were assuming They will recollect, perhaps, that m a letter of the 7th. ultimo I gave the heads of a conver sstion said to have taken place in the Imperial cabins between the representative of Sardinia and Napileon and I repeated subsequently some remarks which fell lrcm his M.j-sty espr-snve of his deep sympathy at a private dinner at the Tu-lenes. The Sardinian note ha. in evety respect corroborated that information. In the meantime, the difficulty is to fathom the plani of those important perstuajos who, though remote from he scene, are the active managers cf the highly drama tic entertainment now afforded by the government ofSar lb* tuning denunciations against Papal govern ment, against Austiisn iillneuce and deadly tyranny are tco measured, too ezact and just not to hava beon peimitted. The Aulic Council and the conclave must alike have had the rough notes before them ere the ijtuiima re,ha, uow before the whole world ^as in type. Neither individuals tor gcvernmenta are so good tempered as to permit themselves to be tutted with hard language, ,ny more than hard blows, without the prospect of revenge or aa emollient plaister. The former is naturally out cf the question, with the ink scaroeiy dry cn a treaty of ,, but there i. no reason why the latter should not be scorned. "AIhm. me" rays Auetiis, "bold me up to shame and reproach before tbe civilized wcr'd, cn account of Italy. God knowa our exchequer shows the ruinous cost that country haa devolved upon me. Justify me in the eyes of a!/men. by stating the demoralizing effect or Austria'? occupation and rule in Italy, for qulttirg it entirely, and it will do eo. Secularize, code-Napoleonize the legations, Bona partize the Pontificate, but give me the entire control ?. he Dannhian l'. incipallties, the Itassarabian rrontior. the hank of tbe Pannhe.'' Improbable as all this may seem, the very Intimate re a ions now cultivating between France and Austria jus tifies the tuapicion there is somethlig of tbe kind in . , a|'0l'?n bent "P? "gaining that infln tnce in Italy which the events of 1814 deprived Franee or. He is bent, also, on making a gras.I arsenal at Al giers. In his secret heart he knows that the Turk must thoroughly charge hrs whole ch.racter-must, so to speak, again enter his mother s womb and be born again -ere he can be of any real use ,n the European family. Austria, with the Danubian Provinces, will have her own interest in cheeking the encroachment policy of Rug.ta, should it .gain recur, ami France will be at perfect libarl ty to pursue her designs in the Mediterranean securing the firmest ally in Sardinia. Six week, ego I stated that there was a most Import ant secret treaty, the exsot purport of wU.ebi the world would probably not be informed of for year. 1 find a notion prevailing 1. well informed circles that it. object is to tbe effect I have now hinted. Tbe Pope is said to have written a private letter to Napoleon, is which sentiment, are expressed by no moans repugnant to those in tbe Sardinian note, and that, without aa inkling of this fact, the Pfedmonfese government would not have ventured to utter the strong language It ha. Pius the Ninth, notwithstanding the fetluree of lite early schemes ot reform, has never relinquished the hope o doing something for the regeneration of the Legations^ snd supported by ktance. I. .till ready f beard all Indignation and prejudice of the beaott.d pnast. by whom he is surrounded. Private letter, whi.h I haT. !Z from Turin, iron. Rom. and Maple, show that the effect produced on the population by the language of the Pied, montese government ha. raised hopes whieh, if not satis nte'ns^r . ^ ?f 'U* ? ^ Jnttnuely an araptiye character for IHah ^ a. the Plenipotentiaries oHh? toU P?,i.i!l c^?! ""Q to regulate or control. arteian Confaranoa It is perhaps, well that there should always be KSKlftris? a,^8aariS?MSS!r''J the baptismal file ot the r>r( has drawn lonh seythlng but oowrtly o?ervwtto?^ ?, L"nn?V,hat 'be:m?u,,tohjnfdtj, all shades olp-i]iticians seem to be trreed -v. Is better spent than on such ccoeeiona ttot in capital with foreigners and -IthTr^'TnVrcm ^ ^ partmeDtft, the town in not onlyreioDbupaod in tta tore, but tWits character for beset ever every other city in the world ki thu. L?H, , ? But tbe fulsome sryle of the largusm of the t i body is said to be equal to tbetoSId the first Umpire, when Napoleon tae Ptrst hid oonsnmmate policy and viotork?iM ^ hl to approach him with bated breath. all m?* Hailed at his birth," says this -1- '- , course, "by eannen which from the Mnrrh t proclaimed the s.ceessof wTanL th.Vf hs.l not even the fortune to serve hta^nnt? ^ Sig hts come one of thorn ?oi.m^.^J,?htrw^?,ltrB0'r must be regarded as the ?.?.?? biance appears now to give to ns u r^ r?'L ohild ti< na. the right of llvtag ami dvlaw to o?r r *???"* The Emperor, beeome tLe arblte^oi Eur that generous peace which, by unltlne fhi ' * forea of nations, Is t bo alliance of neon'-I ,!_P n"t v* oi kiigs, when Jt plecred God to oro?,n hl? h.???' ",itl at tbe same time his glory " hU a, I It Is to be hoped th.t the, ? , ^ 1,, V??d s*s?(ty ? n-'er ?ua>, - "a to ke i e t-b a g <( -oi' ,r bs hv b- dt (ij'" ' , ? -n ??~ '"owe , , , It a ?? u I, "?