Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 16, 1856, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 16, 1856 Page 2
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THE EUDOfti TEAGEDf. ?MTktioo of the Negro WUmi for the Murder of CipUia Palmer. tINTENCE OF DEATH PRONOUNCED. ? C KI B ? IN COURT) Ac.j Ac., Ao. Court off Oyer u4 Tcmlntr. ?OOMDUT. Circuit Judge Strong, Justices Robertson, Van wyck sod Birdonll. nor or* srscux isemL Wriioum, Westchester co., Juno 13,1863. i trial of the negro, George Wilson, for the murder , William Palmer, of Ike schooner Kudora Imogens, wen continued to-day. The Court Bouse was as crowded M over, and Ike greatest excitement existed among the ?pmtotora. The prieoner's demeanor during the trial did ?et eery materially from that of yesterday. He looked i and gay by turns, and many limes laughed bear were examined to-day, to support of the ease tor prosecution, CapC Arnold, Capt. Baker, William Beck Atoxaader Flaadereau, Or. John G. Bay lie, Dr. J. Prince, John N. Sanders, Charlotte Palmer (the Of Opt Palmer), Ethan Waterbouse, Joshua A. Char lee McOennan, Nathan C. Bell, Alexander Its sad William B. Williams. As the evidence of these mas has already been fully given, it is not necessary w to recapitulate it The meet important potnta in 6 testimony of the medical men was that the wounds on I body appeared to have been inflicted before death, d that it was possible that a variation in the height-ef a man might take place after drowning, lira. Palmer ?tided the clothing produced as that of her husband, i stated that the face of the deceased was large, and i Jaw long Be had marks traced in India ink on his M and legs when lost she saw him alive, toe District Attorney proposed by four or five additional toeeses, to corroborate the testimony of Captain Arnold, to the identity of the deceased, but the Court decided it sutocient testimony had been presented en that tot District Attorney then rested the case tor the pro ?scattoa. Mr. Bailey, tor the prisoner, said that be had no wit i to examine. Be asked that the good character of i prisoner previous to the present transaction be ad it, and also that be was discharged from custody on i writ of habeas corpus; and lastly, that the prisoner ran re arrested when applying for his clothing at the totted States Marshal's office in New York. The District Attorney having co objection, the above lets were submitted to the jury as evidence, and the see tor the defence here rested. The Counsel for the prisoner then proceeded to sum np ke evidence for the defence in an able and impressive The chief points raised for the defence by Messrs. Baily Bad Iarkin were as follows:? That the identification of the body was not made out. That the crime, if any, was committed without the ju TtodicUon of the tribunal before whom it was brought That the body found might have boon marked and out by some recreant and sordid person for the purpose of gstoiBg the $600 reward offered for the recovery of Capt. Palmer's body. That the captain or mate of the Eudora might have first ??rutted the prisoner, in which case the prisoner could ?at be convicted of murder, even though he did kill the ?(Beers of the veesel. Ifeat the entire theory of the prosecution was blown to fee winds, and that there exielc-d.no proof against a man ea trial for his lift?. The speeches of the counsel for the defence were very able, and were listened to with profound attention. The District Attorney then addressed the jury. Ibe Hen. Justice Strong then rose and in a ciear voice dalvered hia CTURGE TO nm JTRT. Gentlemen of the jury, said the Court, you have been ?aBed upon to decide a' most important case. You have been sworn to try George Wilson, the prisoner at the bar, Sir the murder ol'Captain William Palmer, at City Island, !? (he month of November last. The prisoner, it is true, war not well prepared for trial; there were strong preju dices existing against him, and in view of that fact you afcouki look upon his case with a degree of favor. It has been argued here by the counsel for the defence that the ?rime, if any was committed, was not withm the jurisdic fea of the county of Westchester, and that the prisoner mmnct be lega.ly tried before this Court. That is a ques Ma of law. Whether the offence was committed in the ?aunty of Westchester or not, is a mere question of law, ?pen which the Court has the right to pass, and by the in structions of the Court upon that point you must be go verned. As to the question of jurisdiction in the matter, van see that City and Hart Islands, both in the county of Westchester, lie a short "distance from the main shore; there is water between both islands, and then there hi a river separating City Island from the main bmd Where there is a chain of islands the water between them is considered as an inland bay only, ?ad not an arm of the sea. Thcjinmc was, therefore, Mmmittcd upon water separating "a number of islands from each other, all of which are Included within the Bounty of Westchester. 1 will now turn from the point of Jm hid'tction and charge you upon the evidence adduced ?gainst and in favor of the prisoner. The mam question tor you to settle here is the guilt or innocence of the ?ocuved now before you. charged with the most horrible ?fall crimes, the murder of his fellow man. In order to ?mtici the prisoner of the murder it will be necessary ?bat you shall be first convinced of the death of Captain TWaier. and secondly, that his death was procured at the toads of the prisoner with a premeditated design. It is act necessary that there should be positive evidence of fee murder having been comm.tted bv the accused: it :s ?aty necessary that facts an (^circumstances conclusive of gatlt should be brought forward to warrant you in reader j.g a verdict of guilty. If, on the other hand, there ? any rcasonrble doubt, give it for the benefit of the prisoner. It is his right. After the circumstances are proved to your satisfaction it will be your duty to render a verdict accordingly. Some persons say that circum stantial evidence is thebe-t kind of evidence, because cir ?aatptai.ccs cannot lie, while witnesses might. I state this W you because rogues, murderers and other trangress :rs are sometimes so systematic in the commission of crime Wat it would be impossible to convict them were not c.r ?am> tant.al evidence to he relied upon. Criminals gen erally perfrrm their deeds ot wickedness when no one is Waking at them go they must be judged according to cir ?awlances. It is necessary, therefore, for the safety of Mciety that jurors should rely ui>on circumstantial evi dence where it tends strongly to a conclusion. Y< a would not be authorized to acquit tne prisoner upon any ?bght doubt?it must be a good and reasonable one. There is no doubt that the schooner Eudora leit the port Worn whence she hailed for Patch'gue, I., from thence ?i Biooklyn. and from thence back to her original start wg point There were on board but three per- ons?Cap tam Palmer, G.ibert Pratt, mate, and the prisoner, George Wilton, who acted .n the capacity ol' cook. From the ?saMmocy of very near relatives of the deceased, it ap peared that he was on board of the vessel when she ?ieared from Deep River, and proceeded on bis voyage. On the 21st of November last, as the Eudora was proceed Sag to bcr place of dest.nation, she came to an h"r at City BUand. The wind blow.ng freshly at the t.rne, other vessels same to anchor in the immediate neighborhood of the fedora On the 22d. one of the sloops which came to ?actior near Captain Palmer's vessel put tip her sails and proceeded on her voyage. The Eudora being heavily la dee, and the sea being somewhat rough, Copt Palmer, it ft supposed, decided to remain until the weather abati d. fept Pa,mer was seen on the afternoon of that day. walking up and down the deck, in his shirt ileeves. The vessel spoken of started in the morning. Nothing oc curred on board of the Eurt'-a that day to excite the attention of any person. There was nothing seen or heard that would indicate that anything unusual had oe aurred on board on the afternoon of Thursday, the Jkd. Titers was nothing unusual observed on board the Eudora aa Thursday nigbt. (apt. Palmer and the mate were ?ever seen alive after Thursday. Ot the three persons who were on board of the Eudora, but one rema.ned alive, and that was George WiL-on, the prisoner. The absence of the captain and mate from their vessel if an extraordinary thir.p That the ca; tain and mate left the vessel themselves, and went away, r,o one knows where, or that they were no . ientally drowned alter ieavifig the Eodorn is not pTObable by any means. On Friday eve amg the vessel was observed to bo careening, and to a few minutes afterwards she sank at i.er anchorage gr> and, off City Island. It cents 'ti.it - ? ? ink ? consequence of certa n anger holes being be- ;d n h r bottom Who bored these holes? It there was rio nc ?tee on b< ard but the prisoner that alterie on, tin n a very strong circumstance against htm. On Friday form on persest* went 11. board the End'ru and askod to some nia.H, tlie prisoner, although he had no authority to part WitiT the property, willingly offered the person a 1 th ?sal he wanted, and at the tune seemed anxious to b ? tone. To thoee person.- ho stated that the captain and male had gone to New Jiochelio on thut morning. Ai the time of his arrest on Friday night he also "aid the c tp aid and ma'e were at New Roc belle. This show- that the i?gro was alone on board of the Eudora nil day Fr lay ? a Uie day of the scuttling of the vessel. Who then bored these aug'-r holes? How could they have been bored l?y any person except some one on board? The boring was effected from the forecastle, and the person who applied :be auger must have be> non board, if the Eudora would i ave sunk in throe hours after such holes were boiod in 1 er bottom. why. then they could not have been made by the captain or mate if they left the schooner in tin: morn ?>r a- was stub 4 by the prisoner, for tho ves?el re matted aip?vt uatll eight o'efo-k in tlie evening. Tn ? pp ?t.mptii n, therefore is, that the holn were nor" i by some at <? who was on board the s< booner Ifi the ?f tcrneca. The prisoner ?i> on board during the entire ?isy until she sunk. One f the w1tne.t-"t turfed tb.t ,,i! tow cases, all covered (i h blood, were f. b?d up from the cabm of the sunken sci ?-r Then there was the Burgos <? flag of tha vessel winch was also got out of the cabin, tUin' l with blood, and having clots 'ii>on .( Tha appearance of blood upon these articles after the.r be tag m the water so long to i? fearfully agstnst a mi ?te n is very Strange that the wounds discovered upon the head of the body tdenutled as that of Gajrt. I'alrm r wouki have produced just such stain- as those found on ^e pillows found in the cabin of the Endow. Tha prc Bptton is that the deed of violence was committed on u is lit oi Thiiwdity. for at .1 ji.uek i Friday morn '"*1,(11 tic i a; tn I be i'r v I n.. iv. nt on 'the F. uiora, Wilson war. alone and the captain bast gone to New Roche.le Iro cabin doors | wtiUi woa aa unusual pecurrenae, and tha I IIM? wwii TWt anxtam tor lha vteHe*?? departure Ail llrni eircunutaacea should have Ml weight, tor ttvry trc clreumsfrwa ot ft marked character. to the night of the slaking of the schooner ft man Is seen coming towards the shore la ? yawl boat; the movemeala of the man in the boat excited the suspicions of cillaeaa of City Island, and they accordingly watched him, ar rested him, and secured turn. On searching the pe-oner various arueleo of property belonging to the captain and mate of the Kudora were found upon his person. A pocket book of the captain's was found concealed In the leg of hie boot. This was a strong circumstance. Could any person go on board and commit the oHence charged with out the knowledge of the prisoner ? If he had an accom plice in the matter, would he not have made some revela tions before now to screen himself? Is it possible that all tlus violence could have transpired on board of the ves sel without the prisoner's knowledge? If his statement in relation to this point can satisfy you, why take It into your consideration as evidence for the defence. It w true the body lay in the water for five months, and was not much decomposed; but it must be recollected that it was in the winter season, and that the body was no doubt kept on the bottom by means of a weight This body was discovered about a mile and a half from the spot where the Kudora was sunk. There was a storm a few days previous to the finding of the body. If a body is missing, and one is thrown on shore near the plaoe where the drowning took place, would there not be an inference as to its identity. But in this case there is sa tisfactory evidence given by the friends and relations of the deceased. It is true there is a slight discrepancy be tween the height of the deceased and the living man, but It is not great enough to break the links of identity. When a person expects to identify a body they areapt to jump at conclusions hastily, and the jury are therefore not to be guided by his convictions. They are to look at the testimony in regard to that pokrtp It appears that the body of Captain Palmer had some peculiarities about it which have been described by the witnesses The lace was longer than usual and the chin broader. The wound upon the head would have stained the pillow cases just in (he manner they were found. Then, again, there was the mark upon the little linger of tho right hand. This linger had been crushed and the end was en larged, and had a very peculiar appearance. It would seem to be one of the most remarkable cases that ever occurred, if another body marked in the same way that Captain Palmer was should be found near the spot where the Caj>tain was alleged to have been murdered. The teeth of Captain Palmer were good during his lifetime; the teeth of the body were not sound, three of them be ing broken off. This point was in favor of the prisoner. The marks which it is alleged were on the body of the Captain, were not found on the dead body, but the inci sions in the arms, breast and leg, would satisfac torily remove that discrepancy. It seems very strange that the body should hare been cut in the exact places where Captain Palmer had marks upon his person. Mb 1 said before, if you have any reasonable doubt, give it in favor of the prisoner, for it is his privilege; but if, on the other hand, you believe him to be guilty of the charge here preferred against him, then do your duty fearlessly and vindicate the laws. In viewing the case, act calmly, and diveet yourselves of every prejudice against the prisoner or his color. Now, gentlemen, in your hands is placed a most important trust. At the conclusion of the charge, Ur. Larkin rose and asked that the Court would charge? 1st. That the case did not eeme within the jurisdiction of the Court, and the prisoner was therefore to be ac quitted. 2d. That the mate, Gilbert Pratt, not being proved to be dead, It is presumed that he was on board when the alleged murder was committed, and might have been the murderer as well as the prisoner. 3d. That if the jury behove the death of Capt. Palmer was caused in a fight or scuffle, and if they believe the prisoner was the first party assailed, they have a right to bring in a verdict of manslaughter. The Court charged upon the last point, but refused to acqui?sce in the case of the two first. At 9 o'clock P. M. the jury retired to their room, in company wiih Sheriff Little, and the Court look a recess for supper. SCENES IN THE COURT-MANNER OP THE PRISONER. Now that the jury had gone out, the greatest excitement prevailed among the spectators. A large cumber of them lingered about the Court House, with a view of obtaining the news of the verdict, should the jury agree beforo ten o'clock, which was the hour set down for the reassem bling of the Court. At ten o'clock the Court resumed its sitting, and orders were given to the J&eriff to ask the jury if they had Agreed upon a verdict. The officer returned in a few minutes, saying thatt hej ury stood eleven for conviction, and one for acquittal, and could not therefore agree. The Court then ordered a recess until twelve o'clock, and gave notice that the bell of tbe village Hall would ring when the jury bad announced themselves ready to render their verdict. The jury were not allowed anything to eat or drink during their deliberations, and hcncc many of them were incensed at the determination evinced by the twelfth man to bold out against conviction. 11 o'Ciock?No agreement. The prisoner seemed par ticularly delighted at the obstinacy of the juryman, and talked qu.tc freely to all those who approached him. Some of the remarks passed upon him did not secia to please him much, and once or twice be very politely informed seme spectators that he did not care to hold any conversa tion with them if they talked so foolishly about bis pros pe< ts for deliverance. The temper of the prisoner was soon restored, however, and he commenced talking about the curiosity that was evinced by men, women and chil dren to see him. " 1 wish to gracious 1 had my supper," said the prison er to the jailer. " What did you have for supper to night, George?mush and molasses, eh ?" The jailor nodded in the afilrmative, and asked Wilson If he was thirsty. " Oh. a.r.'t I 1" replied the prisoner?" I wish I had a horn of brandy four lingers deep, and you'd sec what 1 could do with it!"' Some one in the crowd suggested that if he was ac qu.tted he would run right straight for a tariorm. " Well. I guess 1 would." said Wilson. "Whether I was acquitted or nut, I'd make a bee line for Dave's. U' I could oniy escape from this place." This last rejo.nder was made in a jocose and hearty manner. One of the (ffieer? suggested that the j:r-ce,rer would not tare abci t Moj j ing to drink, .1' he ccuid >. 'y make his e.-iupe from the court room. ??Oh, no," said Wilson, "I would not run the risk of go ing into I ave's, unless the place was empty. I would lo< it through tin window Art: and if there was any one there win knew me, why I would make tracks for another rum mill." At tiiis moment Captain Pcgere, an uncle of the mate of the Eudora. approached the prisoner, and saying that he Lad a tew questions to ask L.rn, the follow.ng conver eat.en sprurg up:? 0 What k:r,d of cletl.es had Gilbert Trait en h m when, as you say, ho left the Eudora in company with apta n Palmer, < n the day the vessel sunk? said Mr Roger to the pr.soner. A. Wilson, in a manner somewhat agitated, re plied that he was dressed in dark ciouics, ae was the Lag Had he a cap or a hat on when he went into the boat with '.In ta;u. i.' A. A ap cr a hat. eh? Well, I think he had a rap on. yes, I am certain he had. <j. What color was it? A. What color? Tark. Who i-ume for the captain and mate? A. Two men in a yawl 1 at 1 said it was a sail boat before, but now 1 say .t was a yawl boat, that you could put a sail into. I}. N' w tell me where did they g,,? a. Ob, J den't know: I didn't tage part.cular notice of tlicm. (J. Did they go towards < ty Island? A. Yes, sir, I think they did, but you know I couldn't say lor certain. M New, I want you to answer me one more question about Gilbert Trait. 1 am his uncle, and, of course, would like to know something about his whereabouts. D i tie or tre captain ever aouse you. or had you any difficulty w.th cither of theni? A. Oh, no; 1 never tad any words w th either of them. rapt. Palmer *u a very nice man, and so was Pratt; i don't know his other name. M Well, you know that Tratt was my s.-tor's ch.Id, and 1 would . ke to kr.e w more ahout him? A Oh, yes. t is very natural that you should be atx.-.tw ahout him; he was your sister s child. eh: well. I can't tell you any thing' n.ure about him that's all I ki.ew about it. 0 Well, look here, you said that they left the Eudora in the forenoon, at or.o time, while at another you said it was in the afternoon; n?w what t.rac was it? toll me honestly ? A. Oh, Its of no use; you don't believe anything I tell you, and it's foolishness for me to talk about those matters. I didn't say they left in the morning, they left in the afternoon, as near as I tan recollect. 0 And they loft you on hoArd alone' A. Y"?. A stranger here interrupted the conversat on, ?>y ask ing Wilson who bored the auger boles in the vessel/ Th< prisoner seemed annoyed at tho .nirus.on. anJ su.d uo would not an.-wer the question. (apt Rookrs?Why won't you? W:*sox?Wi 11. I have a part to p'ay here, and I drr.'t rare about answering every que-tion put to me. I have told you all 1 know about the matter, but r.< w yo i want to ki.' w more ft,an I can te 1 you. You don't believe half what 1 say, so where is the use of my talking at a. - In i.;.t as well be wu.stl i g as talking about that mr ('it T. ~ r r-r "h no, Gsrrre, T believe several things that von have told me and wuuld .he to hear auyiL.ng you might have to say. W -<is 11 an say r.otl rg mere N rev. just exo Ke me. w 11 you? 1 dot, t want to uri ny more. If I have cu re anything wrong why yem wilt !><? justified, ' apt K's ? ?: . t;f'-t where? What do yon moan? Wi'xox?Will, every ? r.e w 1 be mt tlod it hoaven, at Wa t fti i > fij. As I am human. I bcl.cve I have a righ to think ?o. At thinj nocture "seme one n the crowd remarked tha th'- pr.n-fn r would have the rope around his neck eoon. WnaoM urned around rather sharply. and w.th a grave face rebuked the person in the following language ? Young r i Mft WktfttW) you don't kmiw who may have tie rope around lo-lneeg yet. A man may be pin' ?11 t. .in ugly K tuati'-n by a tr f.n of ?circt.ffi stance". You wear nice clothes and look very gonwel, bi t wL:!e you a: waiku (J the sin-eta some day you may git tripped up when you think there .s no danger, ai I anu muy have y< or leg broken. Yon m iy get tho rone arc ui.d your neck !n 'he same way. I don't want to be personal or to hurt your fee .tips, b it 1 Lute to see a per ? r talking co fo< li'h about a thing ho knows nothing of. tt ? in. t t' ii wh c turn may come next, or whose u.uy c me first. 11' ring the delivery of the prisoner's last remarks, he was hster.ed to with prc.fonnd attei.tion. This language, for - man > his ?ttu?t cm Id life was uncommonly rood. As t? ? time for the arrival of the Court rapidly appro,, h eel W Ir-on looked tomewhat anxious, and did D"t app<mr to be uci.ned to talk to at y one. The time thus pas ed "(i oT-ont?When Ute tond ringing of the Hail bell nrcs'laimed the fatal new" The jury had agreed. Tho greatest anx.ety was manf-sted to learn what the vtrrclict Mil*.* IJ " ? " ' " . _ iit. , , was although all wero of Uie option that it was Guilt). and during 'he time that elapsed between the midnight warn,i.g and the arrival of the Court at i)i o ST?or od? WM ob tho UfU* of e*v h ?- ? yira |t wvuci wmc Ml pr oclaiB^d the airreewed of *e j in the least diseootartsi kjrw wWn tlte Court resumed Ha Bitting, agpttM Jury took' their Mb, the tame eni utiiwiimn of MMaar -mi indif ference wan manifested by tbe criminal. At length the important moment artlirt, IIm Clerk was ordered to call the names of the jury, and learn from them whether they had agreed or not, aa tHloon Cuout?Gentlemen, have you agreed open a verdict I Forkium?We have. Cucrk?Jurors, look upon the prisoner. Prisoner, look upon the jurors. (Te the jury.) Yon my you have ag. eed upon a verdict 1 I< ?We have, sir. Cikkk?How nay you, get tleroen?do yon find George Wilson, the prisoner at the bar, guilty or nst guilty of the charge preferred against hint * lot isin?Gviitv . Cu rk?Wilson, what have yen now In any why the sen tence or the Conrt should not be passed upon you T rmsoMR (in a firm voice and naaltsrsd dameaaor)?1 am not guilty of the act charged. Justice Sttroko then proceeded la pass SENTENCE OF MUTE upon the prisoner, in the following terma:? George Wilson, you have boon indietod by a Grand Jury of Westchester county for the crime of murder. You have been arraigned, and pleaded not guilty to the i barge. You have keen tried on that indictment, and have bad able and faithful counsel, who defended you to the best of their ability. They took care < f your interests, and labored bard to obtein en impartial and unprejudiced jury of your fellow men. Thai jury, < very one of whom stated that they had not the slightest rcjudice against you, have fkithfuliy investigated the <ase. They have bad due deliberations, and have now > renounced you guilty of the moat grave offence known in criminal law?wilful murder. The Oourt approves of that verdict. It appears from the testimony that you were engaged as a cook on board of the Eudora Imogens, which came to anchor opposite City Island on the 23d of November last. It is presumed that the officers of that vessel retired to rest at an early hour on Friday night, leaving yon in charge of the vessel; that after they fell asleep you took an axe, and creeping softly to their state rooms, indicted two severe wounds upon the head of Capt. Palmer; that you also killed the male, Gilbert Pratt. They went to rest, supposing themselves in perfect safety, and leaving the vessel and its contents in your charge. That you betrayed that charge, your present situation is a proof. You say kthat you bad no cause for complaint against either of the officers of tbo vessel; yet you slew them. Tbey confidingly reposed in you, and how did yon repay that kindness? You killed (hem in their sleep, and, without giving tbcm any time to prepare for the world hereafter, you launched them into eternity. For that crime the law or this'country delivers you up to death, but it mercifully accorde you ample time to prepare for the future, to prepare for your presence before your Maker in solemn judgment. It is not yet too late for you to repent. You may yet be saved, but my advice, I am afraid, is needless, as your conduct, both bereand elsewhere since your arrest on this charge, has presented a degree of hardihood scarcely paralleled in the records of crime. I hope, however, that you will make the best possible use of tbe brief time allotted you by praying to God for forgiveness. The only thing that is now left for the Court to perform Is to pronounce upon you the solemn sentence of the law. The sentence of the Court is, that you be taken to the place from whence you came, and from thence to the place of execution, on Fri day, the 25th of July next, between the hours of 12 and 2 o'clock, and that there you be hanged by tbe neck until you arc dead and may God have mercy on your soul. The prisoner never quailed beneath the awful sentence, and on being led to his cell was as jocular and hard-heart ed as ever. On leaving the court he remarked that he would " Lang us well as the next man." Religion* Intelligence. INSTALLATIONS. On Tuesday, the 17th inat., at 10 o'clock A. M., by a delegation from the Presbytery cf New York, the Rev. Thomas J. Evans, of Williamsburg. L. 1., will be installed as pastor of the Greenbnsh Presbyterian church, at Biau veltville, Rockland county, N. T. Rev. S. N. Robinson is to be installed pastor of the Presbyterian church, at Whitney's Point, N. Y., on the 26th inst. The aged, yet vigorous father of the pastor elect, Rev. Ralph Robinson, of the Oswego Presbytery, is to preach the sermon. The Rev.Thomas P. Field, lately a Professor in Amherst College, was on the 6th inst., installed as pastor of the First Congregational church in N'ew London, Conn. Rev. Henry Wickes, formerly of Princeton, Mass., was installed pastor of the First Congregational church in Guilford, Conn., on the 22d of May. The ceremony of installing the recently chosen and first pastor of St. l'eter's church, it Rochester, took place in the presence of a very large and intelligent audience, on Tuesday evening last, the 10th uist. The services were in good taste, very impressive and interesting, continuing for upwards of two hours, and engrossing the attention of the audience from the beginning to the close. It is well known that the congregation of ft. Peter's have adopted some peculiarities in their regular fori w of worship. These will bo observed in the order of exercises on this occasion. The desk or dias was occupied by three clergy men, habited in black robes?Rev. Dr. Murray, of New Jersey, of celebrity among religious readers as " Kir wan," author of a series of letters to Bishop Hughes: Rev. Dr. Mcllvaine. of the First Presbyterian church, and Rev. Mr. Harkness, of the North State street Presbyterian church. In front of and fac.ng the desk, sat the candi date for installation, Rev. Richard H. Richardson, former ly of Chicago, and a native of Kentucky. He wore gown and bands. Rev. Mr. Stockton, of Vienna, formerly of Rochester; Rev. Mr. Ray, of Seneca Falls, and ul-o for merly of Rochester, and Rev. Mr. Young, of Bethany, associate Presbyters, had scats near the pulpit. Tliey diet not appear in robes. Rev. Dr. Hall, Rev. Mr. Ellinwood, Rev. Mr. Penny, and other clergymen, were in the con gregation, but did not take part in the services. The ceremonies were opened by a chant by the choir, with organ accompaniment. Then followed the Salutation, May tl.e lord keep thee," Ac., by Rev. Dr. MeIIvain* : the lord's Prayer, repeated by the people; the Psalter, with responses by the congregation, and a a hymn, sung by choir and audience. Rev. Mr. Ray then offered a brief and very appropriate and eloquent prayer, the choir per formed an anthem, ar.d Rev. Dr. Murray proceeded to deliver an effective discourse, suited to tnc solemn and important service. DISMISSIONS. Rev. Woostor Parker has asked a dismission from Do ver, N. H. r.ev. C. M. Mickcls has been dismissed from Burro, Mass. NEW CHURCHES. Rev. Mr Gleaeon, the veteran missionary to the Catta raugus Indians, is new engaged in obtaining means of building a Presbyterian church on that reservation. There are seme fourteen hundred Indians on that reserva tion. The workmen have commenced operations at the foun c'.-.Uons for the new church building, to be erected at the comer of Spring and Coming strcts, for the use of a Method is t Episcopal congregation in Charleston, S. C. MISCELLANEOUS. late reports to the Conference at Indianapolis show that there are under the supervision and control of this chur<l . .r. the United states, 17 colleges and universities, valued at $2.600,000. In these there are 08 professors ana 2.P62 students. Their libraries contain 768.600 volumes. There are 66 seminaries, valued at $1,000,000, with 1106 lew hers and 14,572 pupils. Tlx ;r libraries contain 2.1.000 volumes. There are also two theological schools, valued at $326,000. The annual meeting of the Ohio Conference of Congre gai.oi.al churches will meet at Duyion, on Tuesday, June 17. A movement is cn foot by the Methodist church South to purchase laGrange Female College, Georgia, an 1 pre sent it to the Georgiu Conference. Two public and Important recantations of Roman Catho licism have recently occurred m England. One by the Rev. Thomas Iierome, late p riest of the Roman Caiholic chapel of St. Andrew's. Newcastle on-Tyne; and the other by the Rev. Mr. Bolton, late a Roman Caiholic priest at Lincoln's Inn Fields. PROTECTANT RIGHTS IN AUSTRIA. The Emperor of Austria has been obliged to interfere specially in consequence of the representations of his Pr'testant subjects in rcfercnceto the arbitrary measures they have been subjected to since the conclusion or the concordat, particularly in matters concerning Protestant burials. The Minister of the Interior has, by his Majes ty's dire, tior.s. issued a < lrcular to the municipal and po lice authorities, recommending them to oppose every nn a-t.ro calculated to wound the feelings of the Protew tan'x lie slut's that very s ibjeet of the Flmporor cn joys the rght of protection n bis rc'ip on* belief as well alter life as during his existence, and that no obstacle is to be placed m the way of religious ceremonies autho r zed by the law0. In order to facilitate tho burial in the r native land of individuals belong.ng to other States of <;<rmnr.y, Austria has concluded a ((invention w th Fn. -.a Bavaria. SV.xony, Hanover and tho minor States, by winch permcm' n. in the hape of a pa . will be (.runted for the transport f a b( ly fr. m the territory of one of the contracting partie? into tnat of another. A new hymn, for three voices, by Cardinal Wiseman, at.<1 in.ied*- G?d bless our Pots ," has ju-t made its ap penr.ii e in London A Roman Cmh'ii': new paper re '??u-n.ei.ds tl.< .r readers to stand when they sing it, Ad they do for God save the Queen. A SINGULAR RELIGIOUS OATTIERIVO IN ENGLAND The centenary of tl.e Uctngon < hapel, at Norwich, wh.< h bad just been celebrated, presented features of a pect lor character The chief point ot inters*! was tho assemblage from ail jwrts of the enq ;r<-and,' r?rn J1 ranee, of (be Hrtng representative* ot the tut !< s of tho Ta J lor* and Mart.!.- at S. Of these two fatiulie alone, no less then tifty ? x members wt* fr< <nt. Tl.e history of the found irg '.f the Drtoron Chap. I. the homo of the J'rosby t< r n cortgregat n 'n > orw eh, ba b< -n written by tl e ite Mr. John Tay't r. ami con tux.' 1 ! y the Grcsham pro. ?<--? r "f rrv - .<? bis sun. The N 1 w , congregation m. J b. said to have become of more imp' t?:tce after the ele<. t an of Dr. John Taylor, wf' ? rx -try at Norwich commenced in 1733. Tl.e 0> h.g n Chapel was rum mer-ed in 1764 the flr t stone b-' -g !a,d bv Dr. Taylor, and was opened May 12. 1756, by that minister. Various noted* men have from time to time, filled the position of Dr Tay or, among them Mr. Robert A derron. who quit ted if ft.r the law anil became Recorder of Norwich, of whom the prr-rnt Sir F.dwnrd Aldersnn, ono of the lla ron:- of the Kx< hequcr. wrs the eldest i.n I tn'iet dutln H is led si tt. Dr. Enfield was at other <4 the minister"? among whose pupils were Chief Justice Dcnman. and the

present Bishop of Durham. CONFIRMED BT TH* SENATE.? A iig .gtill Cftpde ville, to be Appraiser <?t Me-r< band!** for luu port of New Orleans, la., vice Tbomas Warren, resigned, Ftet bcn I) Idllaye, of New York, to be Appraiser ?! Merchandise at large, v.te Geo. W. Pomcroy, dovonsod. At Talk te Use Astor Howe iKhangt. ' There was a lively time among the suiti Fillmore dele gates, at the Aster House, during Friday and Saturday. They assembled in Um vestibule, and did most of their talking there or in the ample corridors of the hotel; the barroom was only visited occasionally by some weak brother, who did not sympathise with the anti-liquor principles of the majority, and who believed old Monen gabela to be a good American drink, and much superior to the foreign French stuff so much in vogue. Among the parties most active among the delegates on Friday, were Tbnrlow Weed, Edwin D. Morgan, E. C. Spaulding, Jos. W. Blunt, Preston King, and other neted nigger worshipping politicians; Cfcas. Riddle, John BUJcox, Daniel Willis, and other active city repub licans, were also button holing and talking sweet to the bard shell Americana from the rural districts, to indues them to bold over their nomination until the Philadelphia Convention met On Saturday another and different class made their appearance. Live Oak George, with his score of friends, wss present; also Horace H. Day, C. Edwards Lester, Rev. D. K. Graham and others. Tburlow Wesd wss exceedingly active, but never spoke to more than one person at a time, and then alwaysout pf earshot of any one else. Morgan, Blunt and King tried to manage two or three at onoe, and were cxceoedingly busy, deferential and good nntured. "I'll toll you what, sir," exclaimed one of a group, "1 was sent here as an American, not as a republican, and that is my first consideration. In Westchester coun ty, where 1 hail from, I have always found the republican as much opposed to the Americans ss the demo crats. 1 ran for the Assembly last fall and was laid out cold by a coalition between the parties, and 1 could never face my constituents if 1 should go for a republican, like Fremont, without being assured of his Americanism." "Now, see here" responded a Massachusetts outsider, "if we put up either Banks or Gardner on the ticket for Vice President, wc can carry all New England easy. "That's to," "That's the talk," "That's what Ben nett wants us to do," exclaimed several in the group, and the doubting would-be Assemblyman had to cease, so earnest were the arguments of his opponent. " It's my firm belief that this Convention will end in a split if Fremont is forced down our throats without any assurance of hie Ameri canism," said one of another group. " We refused to endorse Fillmore because it was not known that he was attached to the Order, and shall we go Fremont blind! No. The Massachusetts delegates say their constituents oppose Bauks and Wilson, because by them the Ameri cans have been sold out to the black republicans. Nor will the Connecticut or New Jersey delegations submit to the proposition made this morning lor a fusion. Those three states were sent here to nominate, and nominate they will." "Them's rmy sentiments," rejoined a New Jersey delegate. "However, I'll go Fremont, provided he's proved a good American. Commodore Stockton is my first choice, and to my mind he's the strongest man cm-Id be run." "You're right there," chimed in another; "there arc more hurrah points about Stockton to go before the peo ple than any other living man. His naval history is ex ceedingly brilliant and dashing." Many of the Know Nothing delegates were evi dently afraid of their constituents. It was charged thai the New York delegation was a bogus aflair, having beon appointed by a State Council that had not over fbrty mem bers. The Connecticut and New Jersey delegations are the same that attended the Know Nothing Convention held in this eity on the 6th inst. "I say/'said a Connecticut delegate, "did you observe that the Herald had a report of the conversations that occurred here yesterday. We must look out what we say. It would be a good joke if the reporter was around now and heard us." "Ha, ha!?so it would." "By the way, the Herald Is doing us an immensity of good. If Fremont is nominated and elected, it will be be cause of Bennett's course. He has indicated the true po licy for us to pursue, and we're thundering fools if we don't follow it." "1 wonder what the editor or the Herald is after?" said another. "My impression is that it is only a newspaper trick. He wishes to astonish people so as to sell his pa pers." "No' I dor.'t think so," observed a third: "he is a shrewd, sagacious man, and eees bow the wind is about to veer. The commercial men arc all leaving the South, and their New York organs, a few years ago strongly conservative, are now, with a single exception, auti sluvcry. The fact is, upholding slavery won't pay any longer." "Pooh, nonsense," remarked a fourth. "The Herald. though it has varied in its support of men, has always ad v oca ted the same political views, and is honest enough so far as they go. Bennett wants to upset tho present dy nasty, and of course is anxious for a coalition of all tlie .elements that oppose it; he's neither getting anti-slavery or dishonest?he is simply politic." " What do you think of Fremont's chances" askod another, "if nominated}" " Why. everything depends on Pennsylvania. Every vote in the Pouth will be cast for Buchanan, and if he gets Pennsylvania it will give lum 147 votes?within two ol an eicclion. 1 think my sell it is damned nonsense to talk of Banks. New England is sure enough for the cause. Ex-O'overnor Johnson should be the man?or Mayor Con rad. if you please." " Yes. yes; Conrad would do for Vice President. It would Lea good joke to employ Fernet to play Ins ' Jack Cade,' as a stump speech, all over the country." And so the crowd kept discussing Fremont's availa bility, the position of the Herald, the probabilities of a split, and the propriety of having any platform at all. until the hour for dinner arrived, which being eaten, the delegate's started for the Apollo Rooms, and the outsiders to plot and canvass all over the city. Jo. Blunt was particularly active in buttonholing, and came the old dodge of being a little doubtful about the pro priety of nominating Fremont, in order to draw out seine doubting counttry brother. Not a few were quite 'ndignant at the availability doctrine and declared that they wanted to vote lor principle, and stand by their old favorites, and not run alter new gods like Fremont. Se ward was their man. On Saturday the excitement was at its highest pitch. The Fremont men were anxious and bewildered at the in formal vote taken in the morning, and the Massachusetts delegates were swearing awfully at the vote for Banks, whom they oppose and denounce to a man, alleging that he sold thim to the black republicans. The Fillmore men made their appearance during the day, and tiled the undecided countrymen with all kinds of doubts respecting Fremont's Americanism. "Now. see here," said one of them, "is'nt it true that when Fremont ran away with old Tom Benton's daughter he was married by a Catholic priest, and is'nt it also true that he ha.- two daughters now educating at a nunnery}" "Well, that wouldn't make him against us," said a Massachusetts delegate. "We have received the most satisfactory assurance of his Americanism, and wc go for him." An old fogy Senator from Pennsylvania, a delegate, de clared that the Presbyterians would never go for Fremont, nor would the old line whigs, who polled a fourth of the vote of the Plate. Mclean was tlicir man, and he could beat Buchanan. In the city of Pittsburg, where he resided, he did not know three men who would go Fremont. Kuting cakes made of grasshoppers was no recommenda tion for a Presidential candidate for them. They wanted a sensible nominee." " Bah!" said a New Yorker, "good sense is the last thing people vote for. Neither Harrison nor Taylor had any braiLR. and nobody ever suspected Polk or 1'iercc of having any. Van Buren, Clay and Cass had all boon beaten by inferior men. A man must he cither not known at all. or else have some brilliant points about him. to take the masses, who are never over wise. Fremont's the man." And so the talk continued throughout the day. last night there were several caucuses held. The New England men met at the Howard House, and several of the state delegations at the Astor House. Tho programme indicated in yesterday's Herald is still the same. The time will be consumed in fruitless debate until Tuesday, when a jomt lon.mat,on with the republicans will be made. 81NDAY AMONO THE POLITICIANS IN THE ASTOR HOUSE. TLc delegates to the Convention arc beginning to thin out, and there probably will not be over one hundred votes polled to-day on the candidates; but the Astor Ex change was as lively as ever yesterday, and from morn till dewy eve the conversation was kept up respecting the claims and chances of candidates, and kindred mutters. Mr. Dngannc, and other Fillmore men, were actively at w rk among the delegates. From the vote for Mr Banks, there is a suspicion afloat that there is some mischief going on. It is noted that the Fillmore men arc working like beavers to prevent the nomination of Ftemont, whom they fear moro tl. in any other man. There Is a strong lobby on tiie hum jhlt delegate", and it Is said a set of spurious North Amur. :ns have been foisted on the Convention to distract and bo devil its action. An active city Fillmore man from tho Fixth ward was observed in the Convention on Saturday voting arid wirepulling for Banks. The Bunks men in the Convention, who are principally ' rem New York and Pennsylvania, arc hard at w >rk berating Fremont whom they charge with all manner of unpopular associations. "I'll tell you why I don't like Fremont," said a New York delegate "In the first place he's a Southern man? born In South Carolina?and of course has associations and sectional feelings which he canned get over; then he is tho sou inlaw of Tom Benton, who has Just declared for Bu chanan, and Old Bullion has a great influence over him; and finally, his connection with certain outrageous land claims in California will cause him more odium than he can stagger under .n a Presidential canvass. No, no; Parks is the man. A poor boy?a journeyman mechanic? l.e ha? raised himself to position by his talents; and fur thermore, he is identified with the only struggle in which the North has proved victorious over the South; that is (he contact for the Speakership. Fremont crossod the Reeky Mountains, and so did Kit Carson," "Yes, but confound it," said a New Erglander, "wo Junkets are nsvtr popular aa national politician#, There to something M brilliant and rrminWa to Fremont's earner . that it would cause a great popular Jtorore. His running away wHb Benton's daugh ter, the final reconciliation with the old roan, tun splendid achievements in crossing the Rocky Mountains, the hard ships he suffered, and the strong points tor popular appre ciation and sympathy his life affords, mark him as the man for the times. Besides, it would give us the support of moderate men, who don't believe in extreme anti slavery sentiments." During the afternoon several Southern men, who were stopping at the hotel, made their appearance, and eDgaged in conversation with the anti-slavery politicians. With them the current of talk was changed to the right and wrong of slavery, the Sumner difficulty and kindred topics. The Southerners were generally moderate to their tone, and had rather the best of the abolitionists, whose language was full of rather harsh expletives, Buch as "ruffianism," "villany," and very suggestive of Tributu editorials. "You must admit, sir," said a Massachusetts delegate to a Mr. M., of Virginia, "you must admit that the South endorses the Sumner outrage, and that that act typifies the system of slavery with all its horrors and brutalities." Mr. M?That Is very false reasoning. Because one man assaults another, it is not fair to charge that act upon a whole section of the country. " Well, why don't the HouBe expel Brooks and Her bert?" Mr. M.?Because it has no jurisdiction. Assaults of one Congressman upon another have repeatedly happened, but the House could take no action. Sam Houston as saulted Stansbury, of Ohio, and fights have repeatedly < ccurrcd, but that is nobody's business but the parties engaged. The power of the Hoase must have some limi tation, or where would H stop? A member from New York committed a forgery, apd no notice was taken of it; and very properly so. " Is it not true that Southern men are overbearing and insulting to the Northern members?" Mr. M.?ltie too often the case; but that Is because Northern men won't fight, while they aro vory willing to use offensive language. King, who was killed in California, was a personal friend of mine; but 1 don't wonder at his fate. He made it a rule to he as personal and condemnatory as possible, and announced that he was responsible for what he said; and so he conducted bis paper. Of course, this general chal lenge to the world would bo taken up at some time or other, and hence the fatal shot. Now, you Northern men must not be imputing the worst motives to us, and when we ask for satisfaction deny it, for if you do you must take the consequences. Both sections are to blame, for when passions are aroused we take our tone from extreme men?you from Garrison and Philips, we from our extremists. Were a voto taken, it would be found that moderate men predominate in both sections, hut these never speak, and hence the apparent diversities in opinion that exist. Why don't you Eastern people attend to the councils of the Hkiulb, that circulates so exten sively among you? And eo the debate eontinned to a late bour, in a good tempered and argumentative tone, due perhaps to the fact that the bar was closed, and cold water was accessi ble in large quantities. To-day, no doubt, the hallotings and near approach of the Philadelphia Convention will increase the excitement. Letter from Jndn McLean. Newark, May 13,1856. Mt Pear Rir Your communication to the National In MHgrncer, of December, 1847, has lust boon reproducod hero, and I have now read it for the finst time. I have been looking, with no little solicitude, for the decision ol the Supreme Court in the case lately argued, involving the question of the constitutionality of the Missouri pro hibition, a question of great practical importance now, when the traditional policy of the country from the period of Independence, on the subject of slavery, is sought to be overturned. Though it is a long time since I left the bench and the active pursuits of the profession, and but a short FP&n remains for mc here, I continue to take groat intcrost in the decisions or the courts and in the political questions of the day, especially such as relate to slavery, which seems to override all other questions, and shape our en tire national policy. 1 will feel greatly obliged to you if you will put me in the way of getting a copy of the de cision as soon as it shall be made. And now, as I am on the subject, I must add a few words to unburthen myself, for 1 feel most deeply in the present crisis. Of course I do not offer on my own part, nor ask on yours, any intimation of opinion on the consti tutional question now judicially before you, in advance or tbe judgment of the Court. I know tew well what tho proprieties of your position demand of yourself ami or me to do so, and indeed your known views on this pomt leave mc, so far as you arc concerned, nothing to learn, nor anything-to desire. The broad ground maintained by you in the communi cation to which 1 have referred Is quite satisfactoryjto me on that bead. If your construction of the constitution wore enforced, we should have no more slave States, nor any further extension of slavery. But upon the great political question of tho day?the admission of Kansas as a froe State?the issue now being made up for the decision ol the great tribunal of the people, I feel at liberty to speak freely. You and 1 arc natives of the same State?the little, but patriotic State of New Jersey. Your birth was con temporaneous with the adoption of the immortal ordinance which prohibited slavery in the Northwestern Territory, and secured freedom to the great States of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan and Wisconsin; mine preceded that event several years. You were only planted on the frontiers to grow up among the hardy pioneers, with those young empires which have sprung up at your feet, as if by magic, at the touch of the wand of I.ibcrty; and I have lingered amidst the battlefields ol Monmouth, of Princeton and of Trenton. Both have lived to woe slavery abolished in our native State, and both have witnessed from the beginning the glorious results of tho humane and patriotic policy of our fathers, so happily signalized by that beneficent and inspiring measure to which the free West is so deeply indebted. With these results before us, nurtured and schooled as we have been among the men of tbe Revolutionary pe riod. and animated, as 1 trust wc are, by the true spirit of enlightened Christianity, we cannot look "I? scenes of violence, of bloodshed and of civil and fraternal war in Kansas, countenanced as they arc by a faithless administration, and a powerful but ruthless RoMtadjpar ty without deep mortification and alarm, nor without >lr,ro' head of public affairs, a wise, patriotic, well balanced, experienced, firm and self reliant statesman, whose known qualifications and character may inspire universal respect and confidence w ith all right minded men. With such a pilot 1 shall feel safe, and I am glad to see the public mind turning toward you. It is an augury of good. It is an evidence that tho immediate dangers o tho crisis are appreciated, for it is in times of storm and peril that the fearful and the faithful naturally turn to iu? h as you for safety. The present Congress ought ne* to adjourn without admitting Kansas as a free 18 tatc.You arc on the spot; and as this is purely a political question, and partakes not at all of a judicial character, you may properly express your opinions and exercise your right ful InflVnce in regard to it. The exigency demands [lit wc overlook mere forms. When fraud and violence stalk abroad over one of the raircst of the heritages ol freemen and when it is sought to plant slavery in the virgin soil of that beautiful Territory at thei point of the bayonet, it is no time to talk of technicali ties The peace and honor of the country are not to be deferred to such considerations as these. The population of Kansas, before the beginning of another Congress, and possibly before the close of the present, Will run up to 100,000, if the war of exclusion and exter mination now going on there shall be wholesome and patriotic a measure. But I must stop. If I should give way to my feelings, 1 should weary your ratience I hope my days may be prolonged to swj this cons umron tion, so dcvoulfy to bewishedandthet. 1 may say w ith a jKculiar unction, ? - HOIWBIXIW ^ most respectfully and truly, JOSil H C. HORN BLOWw. Cincinnati, June 6, loom My Pkar Pir?Your eloquent and patriotic letter of the 13tli of May was forwarded to me from Washington, and came to hand on my way to the West, when I had only time to acknowledge its receipt and my obligationsi for your warm expressions of kindness and confidence, juuee then 1 have been engaged at my Circuit In ludian *'you will have learned before this from the public papers that the Missouri suit to which your letter refers was continued to the December term and ft ronrgument ordered. Of course. 1 cannot now properly say anything in regard to it, but 1 must express my gratification in knowing that you are satisfied with my views, already publicly avowed, as to the constitutional power of the general government over tbe subject of slavery in the ^You/allusions to our native State and ite battlefields, and to the home of my adoption and the ordinance of 1787. so intimately connected with its history, bringto mo grateful reminiscences. Tor New Jersey I have ever cherished a filial pride and regard ; though limited in territory and population as ce mpared with other of her sister States. she; lias at all times been strong in those high qualities.which arc only developed in an advanced stage of civilization, and h.w wielded a moral force superior to her relative political r ower My father left Ireland a young man, and landed at Wilmington, in Delaware, at the dawn or the Revolu tion. Ilo poon alter became a citizen ol New Jersey. and occupying a bumble position in the common walks of life, he aspired to no higher plaeo than that of a private in the ranks of the revolutionary at my, and bravely bore1'}3 I*rl ai,lftTn,,nl" tin man in the battles of Monmouth, Princeton and Tren ton. The memory of a father's service, however humble, in so giorious a struggle, may well be cherished by a son w ith proud satisfaction. 1 .was born in your county of Morris but after tlm clo?o of the Revolution, my father, with i.is young family, settled In the Northwestern terri tory where it has been my favored lot to grow up under the congenial influences of that immortal ordinance w h hns wisely gears* ? -d liberty forever to taut beam.,ul region. nnel wlii< h l ? r millions of peaceful and patriotic p eople will never cease to reverence as the foundation ol their progress prosperity and power. It*liar been to me a source of the deepest regret aneL ev the most painful apprehension for the safety of Mr Insti tutions t< w itness the growing Indifference and hostility, developed me re generally during tho last few years, to lias military prliicipc or that great measure of Jefierson. mc Indeed have vet.lured to ques ion Its constitu te nul'tv although for near seventy years, it has been the theme of on login m with lawyers and statesmen of the hichcft eminence in all sections of tho country, and ha received the sanction of every judicial tribunal in which it ha- been discussed, and that, teio, in Ihe slave State*. In these latte r elnvs Jn< k o' lanterns, generated in tho bottomless marshes of party politics, sectn to alluro qmte tr nnny followers as arc found in tho path illustrated by ibe purer and safer lights emitted from the preceids and examples or the sages of the revolutionary period, amj.po ite al .e tlon seems to be directed rather by cons dcra terns Of conceived party necessity, than by the sugg.* i . nu ?.f reason lustlce and patriotic principle. Occupymg the position I dm It is not permitted to mc to sneak elf the tr#ma< lions in Kansas in lb !r legal aspects, bet 1 may say with yon, that I contemplate the violenc e, bloodshed and civil and fraternal war tew transpiring li'cre w ill mingled e motions of sadness, nlarm and morti fle utiOB " They arc the fruits e.f ihot ill advised and mis chievous measure?the repeal or the Missouri comprei ni-f?which from the first I have earnestly deprecated; and I have no hesitation in saying that the immediate ad misslon of Kansas as a State into the Union, under tho constituten already farmed, commends itself to me as a mcssu "e of sound' policy, and well calculated to brmg K-arc to the'Territory and to the country. With these ylews, 1 have not boon backward in od vising in sultabls ways, the adoption of that moan ore. There are several frecedeot* Which may be appealed to in support of It, and specially that of the admission of Michigan. It would do no injustice to any section of the country It would powerfully tend to tranquilllse the public mind, allay sectional jealousies, and bring tbo great mass of the people to the earnest support of tbo Constitution and the Union in their priatiao integrity. The Sfeuth would have no Just cause to complain of it, and indeed ought freely and generously to yield H upon, the altar of public good. Since the adoption of the consti tution, as many slave States as freo States have been ad mitted into the Union: and the slave States, whits they have only about one fourth of the white population of the country, embrace a much larger extent of fertile territo ry, with s more genial climate than the free Stales. No intelligent observer can fail to see that the ten dency of our institutions is now rapidly downward, and all history and experienoo show that no free gov ernment, with such tendencies, waa ever arrestee Ib> its declining career without a revolution, either by ? peaceful change of its policy and rulers, or by Mm bloody arbitrament of the sword. It Is an axiom la gsseiament, as clear as any Intuitive truth, that no free gswerassenc can rest upon any other than a sound moral basis. Its this must consist its strength. How mueh of Ibis founda tion remains for our model republic, it wiH be well for i be people, yet virtuous and enlightened, te p radar la season. If they do not see or appreciate their onager, O* 1- in vain that they bold the power to apply the correct t ve. With the greatest respect, I am very truly yours, Hon. J. C. Hosxblowxk. JOHN McLXAN. Reception of Millard FIUsmtw The Aldermen and Councilmen commute as on the re ception of Millard rfllmore met jointly on Friday, at 8& P. P., Councilman Van Riper in the chair. The Commit tee on Carriages reported having engaged with Mr. Ichor' to furnish the carriages needed. Councilman Mxrrjtt asked the price to be paid. The CHiitsw of the Committee stated that no ] was agreed upon, but that the charge would be able. Councilman Mranrrr wished that the committee be in structed to engage only carriages necessary for the con veyance of Mr. Fillmore and the members ef ibe com mittee. There was, be added, on occasions' lib* tills, always on band a large number of inveterate suckers, la - the way of old members of the Common Council -and ob solete city functionaries, ready to appropriate any amount, i of carriages, and entail burthensome expense upon the city. The committee promised they would be vigilant that sf needless number ef carriages wore not used. Alderman ^rsmts, from the Committee on fotgagemen* of a Steamboat to meet Mr. Fillmore on Staten Island, re ported having had promised them the Novwalk for 4MB, which was twenty-five per cent lees than any previous proposal. Though this was as low as a steamboat eon id be obtained, they did not engage the boot,' knowing that a diversity of opinion existed among the eommRtses as -to . the feasibility of engaging one at all for tbe purpose in tended. A long discussion arose as to the engaging of a steam boat. Councilman Mkiuutt pronounced It foolish to furnish a fine but totally unnecessary ride to political strikers and demagogues. Alderman Brkmis stated that a large number of Fill more and Donelson Clubs in the city hod already en gaged private boats to go to Statcn Island to-meet the ex-. President. Ho thought the city should not be behind hand. A fleet of boats pushing up the bay to extend their combined greeting to Mr. Fillmore be pictured as a spectacle too magnificently grand for description. Councilman Tatlor computed the expense. The Cbaikhak suggested that the Atlantic might arriva oil Statcn Island at the dead of night. All these threw a doubt upon the willingness of Mr. Fillmore to land at Staien Island. As a final obstacle was presented the possibility of want of suitable accommoda tions at Staten Island. Tbe matter was at length'tempo rarily settled by tbe appointment of a committee to pro ceed to Staten Island to inquire as to this latter point, and report at the next meeting. The Committee on Firing Salutes reported ha vine engaged Colonel D. Shay, of the arsenal, to superintend the gun firing, of which there was to be - one hundred fired in the Park and one hundrod at the Battery, and a* many more on the steamboat, should one be engaged. Tbe bell ringer at Trinity ehurch offered, for $10, to have a chiming of tho bells on Trinity steeple when Mr. Fillmore passed up Broadway. Tbe proposition was laid on the table till it was settled as to the landing place and route of escort of Mrr Fillmore. Deputations from the Brooklyn Common Council, andf the American General Committee of Brooklyn addressed the Committee, and mcpresscd the desire of the bodies they represented to unite with the municipality of Net* York in meeting the ex-President. The Committee adjourned to Tuesday, to complete fur ther necessary arrangements. Political Gossip. On dii: that some new movement Is being agitated by the administration in relation to Kansas affairs; that tho Prcsident is disposed to change the policy relative to that Territory which he held prior to the Cincinnati Conven tion. Hon. P. 8. Brooks is talked of as the next democratia andidate for Governor of South Carolina. The Poughkcepsio Examiner says the venerable Judge C. H. Buggies, of that place,^''gjkakes no secret of the fact that be should not support the Cincinnati nomina ons." General Yell, the Know Nothing candidate for Governor of Arkansas, has made appointments for canvassing the State, and has invited Governor Conway to meet him. The black republican delegates to the Philadelphia Con vention from Berks county, Pa., favor the nomination of Judge McLean or Colonel Fremont for President, and Governor Boeder or Hon. James Campbell for Vice Presi dent. The Fillmore Know Nothings of Ohio Ond it very diffi cult to get their candidates to accept their nominations. Judge H. V. Peck has written a letter declining the nomi nation for Supreme Judge, on the ground that he has never been a member of the Order. The Lancaster (Pa.) Express, a democratic paper, and formerly a firm supporter of|Mr. Buchanan ^haa drawn it self entirely ont of the harness, and is now head and taS up for either Fremont or McLean, whichever the Phila delphia Convention shall nominate. The Know Nothing papers of Ohio are deserting Fimorc's standard by scores. The Germantown- Locomo tive has gone over to the democrats, and the Newark Times and Dayton Journal have Just Joined the ranks dC the republicans. In the South the Know Nothing Journals represent Mr. Fillmore as being in favor of their peculiar institution, while at the North be is put forward as being decidedly anti-Nebraska and opposed to the repeal of tbo Missouri compromise. The Columbia S. C. Time*, democratic, says :? Not only is the nomination of Mr. Buchanan a. great concession to Democratic frecsoilism, and, therefore, should be objectionable to the Pouth, but his antecedents on the slavery question are .such that the South cannot vote for him. The only German paper in Cincinnati?and thcro aret published in the German language in that city somo half dozen?that has hoisted the name of Buchanan, is tha VdUafrevnd. The difficulty In the democratic party in California has recently been revived by a correspondence between M. 8. Ijithnm, Collector of the port of Pan Francisco, and several democrats, who claim that he has not shown cer tain members of the party sufficent consideration in his official favors. The complaint comes from that branch of the party ealled "Purifiers," or who claim to he contend ing for a reform in party matters. Colonel M. S.^Pcrry has accepted the democratic nomi nation for the office of Governor of Florida. The Know Nothing Stnto Council of California met at ' Sacramento on tho 13th of May, with a good representa tion l'rom all parts of the State. Resolutions wore adopted removing all secrecy and tho different degrees; also en dorsing tbo Nebraska question and the nomination of Fillmore and Doneison. The Know Nothings of Florida have nominated Hon. David S. Walker, of Tallahassee, for Governor, and James M. Baker, of Columbia couuiy, for Congress. Our Havana Correspondence. ILavasji, June 8, 1858. The Rejoin to the Mntimae?Excitement Created in Ha vana Uj the News of Cramjion's Dismissal?A Catalogue, of Horrors, dc., dc. Potior Don Jose Maria Morales, head partner In tha lior.se of Drake A: Co., has published a card in the Diaries <te la Marina, denying that Ponor Miangolarra ran away witli the funds of Lis regiment, as was stated a short time Ince. Tho Merrimnc has been licro since Monday last, and xcites the admiration of all parties. Phc has been visited by thousands of our cilizens, who have been kindly treated by the very gentlemanly Captain and all" nhordlnates. In her passage out she sustained soma light injury in licr propeller, which can ho casi\y ro aired here. The work is being dono by Mr. McNabb,' rorrit tor of a foundry iti Begia. All the officers speak: 1 Igb'.y of her, as a staunch vessel, and well qualified int very respect to behave bersrlf handsomely when called upon t< maintain tho honot of our ling. Pho is certainly tin most powerful vessel of any nation in those waters. II.e news of Crampton's recall produced quite a stif nnr i.g our quiet citizens, The Spaniards predict a speedy United Plates, of course. All war. and the defeat of the our enemies in them times are the friends of Spam. Peo ple lo re generally concur that Marcy has got the best of the controversy, but say that Clarendon should give up the enlistment question and demand explanations of tha Nicaragua part of the basinet*. This is natural enough, if v.e take into consideration that tho Cuban filibusters are all gnat men In Nicaragua, Including General Gnlcnria. . .. One'day Inst week, in Gnannhacoa, a phrenzled mothep cut the threats of her three children with an old razor, ai.d beforo she could be seized wounded her husband, two servants and herself. The injured children are al t doing well. In tho samo town a priest was attacked by two highwaymen and severely wounded. A guardia cml. who lied gone to the assistance of the frlaii was stabbed. The two arias sins managed to effect their escape. sq