Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 19, 1856, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 19, 1856 Page 2
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^ r>(<5 cf the contort. tound no fault with it, but ^mLLt that it would oi misunderstood. In order Uut 0ey should carry t&c contest it ?u necessary they should Mcure the co-operation of all opponents to the admimslra Hod. and he would suggest?he would not move the amendment?whether any thing would be lost and whether tbey would not rather avoid much misconception and ?inch evil by leaving out the concluding paragraph of Mat report. Cries of "No. no," "Read, read," and great uproar. The last resolution was again reported as follows Reeolved, That we Invite the imitation and eo-operatton of Cm men ?>! all parti**. however entering from us In other re ?neats. in support ot the prmclplea herein declared, and, be Kevin* that the spirit ot ear taatiluuona, as well as ike const* man of the country, guarantee* liberty of coaaotance a ad ?qaatRy of rMits atie>s? ettwena, wu oppose alt prworipUv* lagrilailr ii as thrvatenmg chew eecurtty. Ma. thought this would be read as a direct amauH upon the larg*rt party in Pennsylvania, and tills ?arty would receive but a uihe of ihelr eapixjrt. It con iMced, he lotroirted but what was right; b*l it at the stone Ihno contained what would bo misunderstood wd tortured. He therefore suggested?-though'he would Ml make the motion?that tho cannfum on resolutions weukt of tlmr own voluntary action, omit all remark on Hint subject- and let every man stand on ins owu prim njfliw and-cu the one principle of hostility to slavery. (Applause.) A Phmuxv* moved to amend Vhe resolilfcin by striking M*t the latter clause of It. Annfher motion was mode to recommit>11 to the Coaamit ?e en Resolutions, with instructions Mr. "roo.vr.K of Ohio, sahf that if theSast reported reeo Mten were obnoxious to a few pernors in Pennsylvania M would not be obnoxious to 'the people of Ohio, (Cheers) who had no prescriptive jrinciples against any eW? of the people of this cuwtcy. (Applause.) He , that Uie report would not' W recommitted with ia Itons to strike out the clans*, and he hoped that UU* Marty, by whatever name, would emblazon on its piai vrn oppoeltkm to proscriptiocs of all kinds. If they Miked to adopt some such resolution they would strike ?Mem the West a large poftMe of their voters, and give ?win over to the democrats. No true American, be urged, could object to the resolution as there presented. |Wr? of Question," " QmseUou," and a general M Mnpt to stop lite speaker.) Mr. (groom*?You e*nn?t cry me down by calls of PQneetiou.'' "Question." (Laughter.) "Several Vokus?Pree speech. Mr. Sroo.NKjf?Exactly. (Laughter.) That resolrttea, ??proceeded to say. speaks only of the rights of'ciltccas, mad be liot>ed no American would fall to support those rights. He trusted that the resolution would be retained. Dr. Garza*. of l'a.. protested, In tlie name of the great ?alive American party of the State, against any fear of advocating their principles. No gentleman in this house, Me said. would undertake to declare tliat that resolution wae wrong in principle; and why should they, by recom mitting that resolution, let it be understood that they had a* enafldence in the intelligence of the Amenoan people? (Applause.) The motion to recommit the resolution was withdrawn. Mr. Blnmum, of Michigan, addressed the Convention. Be proposed to make such a modification of this resolu Mots?(Shouts of ?? No, no; no modillcation," "Hear Mm.''he.) He proposed simply to change a word. He did bo at lue suggestion of the chairman of the Commit. tee on Resolutions. He proposed to strike out the word '* proscripuve," and to substitute the word " Impairing" tor the word "airecting." The resolution would then nad as follows -? That we Invite the affiliation and co-operation of aupirtta. however diflfcnng from as la oter re SooS? to support of the principles herein declared; he 3e?tog that the splnt of our Inaututtons, aa well ** Button of the country, guarantee Uberty of ?*?*??*?**"d equsltty of rights among citizens, we oppose all leginUUon km pairing ihcir security. Criee of ??That will do"?1"Question." A The l*RHni>KNT stated the tirst qneetioo to be on tho ?oteodBi. nt offered by Mr. Bingham. Mr Cuas Gibbons, of Philadelphia, was sure that the waning of his colleague (Mr. Stephens) *<Mi have been ?Mamirebended or this excitement would iw* hate been ?reduced. There wit- no party in the United 8tates which irraved itself against liberty of conscience aad the securi ty ef the life and property of ciutens. Hps colleague did ?ot mean to inter such a thing. The amendment rag aeoted by the gentleman from Michigan removed all ob fociuon He would simply, however, suggest a single al fcwtion to his amendment. ? w:_ n i,r,? ghouls of "No more alteration, bear him, free ^mnuKt"?I mean to be heard. ("Good." If they woukl Just sav in the last sentence "impairing the aocu I*y of either." it would remove all objection. Cries of "Good, good." The succesUon was not acted upon. The amendment was agreed to, and the " j amended, was unanimously adopted, and \ ocileroualy j Yoktc in Uie distance, suppled to P?;'"1 Mom an Illinois delegate?"Illinois ram* be heard in this Convention." (Cries ot "Illinois, Illmow.' ) x Helmiatb from Pennsylvania, and unutterable eon fUeion. denred to be heard for a moment Ho had tried to call the attention of the Chair, and the Chair refused to tear him. He hail simply wished to have the resolution, m amended, re-read. He asked what were they about. Had thev invitodipeoplc of all climes?foreigners as well aa natives, to come and join with them? (Crtes ?f "?'es' waa ") Certainly thev Wad. Why then would they refuse fcadopt a proper resolution, against which there was no abjection. because it might be misconstrued? Was there ane word in that platform, or in the holy Scriptures, that was not susceptible of misconstruction? It was their Z?, ?o interpret the platform right, just as it waa the trf rlerevmen to interpret the Bible. Why. then, atenge Uie resolution and dodge the question? (Inter Japttons. and cries of "Hear him." "lovejny," ion) Mr. Gibbons wus unable to obtain a further hearing. Mr Iuvro Waiter, of Pa., chairman ol the Committee m Resolutions, said that Uie resolution In question had teen drawn up In the committee wiUi great care and de liberation. Hie word "prescriptive," he thought, was one Which rather limited the following sentence than gave it ferae The alteration of tha resolution, by the substitu tion if the word "Impairing" for tliat of "uff.cULg. he ?bought enlarged Uie force <-f.thc resolution; but it avoid ad the use of a word which he admitted might injure tteir cause. He would again read Uie resoluUon, as it ?aw stood. a Voire?That's what we want. Mr. Wilbot again road the resolution, as last amended. fftSS&u. from Illinois now a.-ke<l that the commit fee offer thus resolution as amended, without having a veto of this Convention on the motion to recommit. Mr Fnw y of New York, offered a resolution that the Convention proceed immediaUily to take an informal ballot fer Uw nomination ol a camiidato, to be supported by this Convention, for the Presidency of the United States. Wehb. of New York, took the floor amid cries of " Platform " " Webb," &c. He said?after feking his stand on the platform-Uiat he rose tor Uie pur aoae of opposing Uie lust resolution, because he Uiought that Uie action it recommended would be premature; for, teving once taken that step and committed' themsebres *ven informally, it would be very difficult after that to do what they intended. An informal ballot would be virtu aliy doing the work of the Convention. V hat w as it which assembled Uns Convention, more important tlian an j. *a\ e ane Uiat had ever met in Uns country 1 I rnm the days when the"Convention in Philadelphia declared this country afrws nation there never liad been such a Convention in it as this The work which their father* then did tlmy came here to preserve and perpetuate. (Applause ) Their fathers dW cot act hastily. It was a matter of tu-tory that for three ftnnir w<*ckP a"ft?T G<*<?rJO Wwhington had b< en schawl, in lbs heartrof the Convention, as the Commander-in-Chief af Uie army they raused. asking for the opinion and oon enlUng Uie ?.eiitlineiits of the country. And were they Ibis Convention?wiser than their fathers f [ << Y?a- 1 "No " and much laughter and applause.) He kid not envy the complacency of the man who doomed himself a better patriot or a better man than the man who ?rave them the constitution of the I nltod Mates. (Ap Dlau-e ) What caused the assembling of thi- Convention Tbev were here because Uie country was iu danger?be ?arise the Missouri compromise had been \ lolatod. rile peoole came here from all iorts ot Uie naUon, to put lor Ward a name which would put down the aggrandizement mf the slaveoorary of Uie country. (Applause.) thev failed in doing Unit through the ballot box,th?-y would liave the sluveocrai y bock, sword in hand" ' bell) bim God, 1b Uiat w ork he would be with them. /Cheer-.) Their first duty, however, wan-a- they loved fhe peace and future prosperity ot the country?not to act ha-111v That which was good to-day would be go<?l tvmrrroW and Uutt which would he good tomorrow would be bad the next day. H- had no earthly oGjwct in the matter Mo-l M the candidates whose name- were to be presented to Uns Convention were well known to bim He had opposed the nomination of one, he con ??.,!. whowas the favorite of the majority of the Oat Yeotwio?Mr. Kremont. And why did be ?p|?i.-e hiui He did not know him never saw J word agmn-t lnm. Nominitte tilm (Mr I r.-wofe) t>> a majority and he (Mr. Wel.h) would tie the first to riM' iuicl move Iuw unuiiiOiou.- nominauon. Bat th > else,Id II. proec?'d Wtily. H- .nwled u.b-r. ^ng.- or nnlilmi. net liad nothing to give toaonndidate bit lie ) were i-K,king for a mini who luid ram u Pi - '? ?? to th-m? namely* (? Why bad they not boloretiiem tbe name ol tivtt great on ot New d u k U in. II ,n war 1 Mecauss' hi.- fnoixis.(knowing h- oou.d not .-orrj l ean, w-re ready to aa-r.tice b.m on ,.e alur f Principle: and they would of i?m ?' be guided by tin Ln e stern sens* i duty In regard to other candidates "n Tor New York? and he Imja-d ? - ev. ry ,?rt of the country?liod in te-w but one olyis t, and that objec w i liun ess. He hoped, thel t>r< per time till' pr'a-eedu. KJi t.ov. Ksvr. of Main aid ?it was plain Uiat U ernunation on tie- i?'i cow to all informal Us 1 with Uie views eipne - I York. (Mr. Wehb.) and I ally Unit as to his d? leg i fii ' .W. ' -i tie ' ' ? : : annulate whom flo-> w--i.ll ?? 1" '? ' , t. ,, ten-UI. here l? than ... ?I nt h e n on-Ill^ toil iti<' tjiM'sUOii wa# v*'" tby "t <'itini ? . ; .{,, Hier .lelav tor i eom-weace ought n-.t to be *.r,u*"f; iigg-e-te.i that there slwul-1 b- ?u in?i.iaioi ?l ? C,in -onler-.-e ... Urnrepr?uuuieg.rkihe I.rmi M (rniiotis. (Cries of"''<sel ' j ' This was is< tuna for impatieuc.e lie . is-., blame with Ui'ar own particular ii"*'. : *? * 'J 1 , | ? mtiuiti'-ti t- go lor that man W -e> ill " tu-e. it w ni volte tlie elein- nto ot oppiisiUon to the adininlsli ilio- l. ktheers.j They wai.tol o. know w.e-that ni. i w.^ ve. wlutt wa- ttebe-t to in. pui- I in ni"' ' _'. The a. ir liad c.-nie i el t -? 1 1 - H'1 akfl them t<? .i" ?? ** liir.jwn upon tl"1 nwiUT ?u i uin* ?hi ? ?. > i ?? > ^ ii<> harte about tii** ui'itbv*. .ii? i ' ? i fatal The qmotion W.I- w jo w - i M.riitsi ut X Yoifis?John C. Kreiiiont ('n<?- ? t Mr K continued II h- th"; -'i .? , M wh- th'- ?!?'?*?! minutj"1! of tin i4 1 ' feuch hnk, he would rnsae a mote " * ?ven u< w I shouts of "tin lio. "I Mr Kknt i have learn jm-t lisndHi in; , ?t lution which 1 will rtwd and isop-ic ? Hsu,tired That ? committee of three fr-itn "?"h dtvie 1' ' . n? fr- ni . ,irh I ? rrrt.-. v repreaentol in tins i pntnted hy the HUH' ? sod Terrthu lee. ft I Pi P V f ng in g'-ra-ral odtiterens.. and katarehanillig >| m s?w Sls.uta ,d "Me -No," at.ft ' III. hear I it.? for randldales for ,l,e Prceldenay ??d VT?e 1 r-1 a?ntY ft' fitcd M" to m trow morntng, ?t 1J > <? sew. re, tii 14?y would l an ml i Ji'iiml ball f Ut u??5 q%\*+ * ,L.- H .n ?*trfi??4tii " .hi- ( bjivonuon U Ho c oiucbb'd in the gentleman t tiu< uy *t? i tiinf desired forth Re would move, aa an amendment, that 'Joe b allotting be flxed lor 4 o'clock this evening. Fhouts of ''No," "no;" "now," "fow." A Peleuatb from Ohio sanl that hr4 friends were ready to go into as informal or formal b*allot now. Every mo ment that passed wan disturbing cho harmony of this Couventroo. A course had been taken which had croate<l a deep and earnest feelir.g, and which ho feared would produce fatal results. fcteVkKAL Voices?"J*o;" "no fatal results here." The Dbjoatx wovnd tike that hack. But he would say that the balloltin'g, if further delayed, might, instead of producing harmony, produce coldness. ("Oh! no.") He moved to amc&d the motion, by striking out the word "Informal" and substituting the word "formal." Cries of "Question," "question." Dr. IlbKK. of Pa., had stood In the storm before, was covered with spray, and was not overwhelmed. (Laughter.) He had stood besido John Van Buron, (a voioe, "More shame for you,") where they could not hear a pistol crack, in tbe Chinone Museum, and they had overwhelmed all opposition. There was nothing to be apprehended here. This was not disharmony. It was the crystallization merely of the elements. If there was a man here who would mar the movement, he would say. In the words of somebody, that that man was ? so dera il he could not be no dem'der." (laughter.) They came together for conference. A conference had been suggested, but he wished a conference, uot by committees, but fitco to face, ("Good.") He did not precisely knvw what they wished in the several parts of the L'uion. They wanted to hear from each other. Fach State wanted to take her sister State Into her embrace and havo a bedroom conference. (laughter.) He wouM suggest, therefore, that representatives from each Hate he asked to come to the plaUbrm and tell the tXaivniOon of the wants and feelings otnis Rtnte. lYensylvuiua was called the Key Stone Hate, not because she ww> the key of tho arch, hot because she carried the keys. She would hereafter be called the Empire Hate, and put New Yvrtc helnnd har twenty years. (Laughter.) TUnow prupesod to do tho same with Pennsylvania; but he would say to them, " Halters and booeiers,*! daro you to the coiMUct." (Roars of laughter.) The WeMeiw fttatos were great, he admitted, but It was because Pennsylvania had given them her healthy German blood He proposed that now the roil of States*he called, and that the representative of each Plate roe, aud without getting oratorical, but on their oaths, as in the di otology ot the Heotarwuen of Inde pendence. declare God's truth to-daj\ tor the sake of God's truth fur ever. (Applause ) He, on aceomit of his Irish blood, could not help being oratorical, but tlie chairman would know how to excuse that. (laughter.) A IistnOATK from (it*) opposed tho proposition for a conference The delegates had all had conferences to getfa?T for three or four days, and understood each other. What use would it be for (torn, wk*i her varied soilti tnents to send dele gates to address tlie Convention ? Mr. Fmr, of Ohio, was aw ore that from day to day there had been a system of fraud and falsehood. (A Storm of hisses.) PKJMMO.T The ittMnarr declared the remark of the gentleman out of order. Mr. Ftor attempted to explain, by saying that what he meant by "fraud" was this, that there was misrepre sentation on the part of delegates. (Hisses ) He want ed to have men cieno forward on the platform and do clnrc tlwir sentiments fairly and openly, (dhouta of ? Question, question," and calls for Bingham.) A I in kuait asked w hether the honorable gentleman from ChK) (Mr Fry) was a delegate to this Couveution f Mr. Fky replied that he was an alternate of Judge Ppuulduig. a^qxsnted according to the rules. Judge SsAViDWo stilted that he stood there as his friend's priuci]ml; but he asked the Convention to hoar for a few minutes (has. Fras. Adams, of Mass., who was trying to get their oar. [Calls for Adams. Adams.] Mr. Chas. Fkas Adams advanced and said?He had lis tened to the discussion with a great deal of apprehension and of latin. He twine here from Massachusetts with an earnest desire to contribute bis ml to'to the harmonious action of tl?e Convention?(cheers)?and he hud sup|>osed that gentlemen here would cndeitvor to remember that the enemy was listening, and Uiut thuir mixture of party was so greait that much forbearance was necessary. (Cheers.) He had attentively considered the motions made to-day; but they liail got something to do, and none of them thought when they cume here that they would be a grout while doing it. (Cheers.) If they were not now in astute to tome to a decision he did not know wheu they would be. (Applause.) They knew how dtthcult It wus to carry on the business of a Convention without a great deal of confusion and danger, and he thought that the fuet of'the delegates telling their various stories would produce nut harmony, but discord. (Cheers.) He felt differently from the gentlemen who had advocated delay. He thought it more likely lliuttliey would keep in harmony with their constituents the soon er, instead of the later, they had been removed from tbem. (Cheers.) Coming fresh frotn the jieople they re presented the popular sentiment better; for he knew that here and in Washington the representatives of tho people were apt to bo subjected to a process of manipulation which did not by any moons improve them. (Cheers aud laughter.) For himself he wi.-hed to get out of Philadel phia as SOon as possible. ("No wonder.") He was now willing to declare his choice for the candidacy, but if that choice was not the choice of the Convention ho was will ing with un earnest heart to su]>port the nominee of the Convention. (Ch een.) I>r. Eij?kk, of I'a., attempted to take the floor again, but he -wit* choked of! and the floor assigned to Judge Spauld ing, ol Ohio. Mr. SrafLnwG said that he wished a consultation with the friends of one ol the candidates between this t:uic and after dinner. Lit them have that time and it would lessen the diflicultiee that beset the Convention. Mr. Koot. of Ohio, took the platform. He wished to say, for himself and his fellow delegates, that they were anxious to fulfil what they came to do, and go homo. (Cheers.) They were from the country, and felt lost .?rig the " " ' ' ' * among those walls of brick and mortar, (Laughter.) A projsisition had been made here to let the various Slates put forward their crack men to make speeches. In the matter of making speech*." the Ohionnns knocked under to the Keystones*. (Laughter.) But as far as voting went they were ready for them. They were not likely to got any new light by these means. (Cheers.) They got no new light excel* from the city of Washington, and that was a suspicious light. (laughter.) Tlio men of Ohio would play with the I'euusylva nians where they could play au even gumo? and that was vote, vote. vote. (Applause and laughter.) A motion was here made to adjourn. A I t.isx.xtt asked that thai motion he withdrawn until they should have a formal ballot. The mover declined to withdraw his motion. An I'KraKLUMKXTAKT 1 iKuxjiTK?1 move to lay the mo tion to adjourn on the table. (laughter.) Ex-Governor Rirou, of Pennsylvania, asked to ad dress the Convention, and the motion to adjourn was withdrawn to allow hiru to do so. Mr. Rjttsek said that while he believed that Pennsylva nia -tood up for the constitution, he thanked God she was represented by men who would not bow the knee to the dark spirit of slavery. (Cheers.) He thought that no thing would be lost by a little delay?(?'no." "no")?lie w ould po for the candidate of the Convention. (Cheers.) There w as one whom he w ould prefer to go for, hut, s? help his God, he never would bow the knee to the durk spirit of slavery. (Laughter uml cheers.) The motion to adjourn was renewed. The question was taken, and it was not agreed to. Great confusion existed throughout the hall, and there were various cries of " Question, question," and calls for several ej-rakers. Mr. Gno.W. Patterson, of N. Y.. addressed tho Conven tion. He said that he understood the question to be on the adoption of the resolution that the Convention do now proceed to an informal ballot for a candidate for tho Pre sidency. The ( hair decided the question to be on the proposition to proceed to a free conft rencc. Mr Pxttkkxi.v had supposed that the question was on the adoption of the resolution, but what he had to say he could us well say now as at any other time. He raee to say that he responded to the sentiment of his colleague, <.<"n. Webb. He rose to say that there was a name w nose nomination and election would bo more acceptable to the people whom he represented tliau that of any other living man. He alluded to Win. H. Seward, of New .York. (Cheers.) In the interview which the delegation from the Ptate of New York had had with i-ach other, the question came up what name they would present to tho Convention a" the choice of Kt w York; utid with one accord and without a solitary exception Win. II. feward was declared to be their unanimous choice. (Applause.) Nothing would give Miu or the state of New York more pleasure than to do jusur* to her great and honored son. He (Mr. Seward) lid gtssl sen ice to his Plate when he wu- her Governor, in the caucus which elected him in 1H4(/ to the Senate of the Inited States lie received H8 votes out of 100. He discharged his duty there fearlessly and well, and liad tlie sympathy of New York this day. (Cheers.) In 1866 bo was Willi very great unanimity re eks ted U> tlie Senate for six years, and he lias wi II di-cliarged las duty since then, as lie had hone before. Who- ver might ho tlie nominee, of this Convention, they w ould tind Gov. Seward and ins friends giving htm their host and mo?t earneet support. ll< (Mi P.). however, would riot make a speech. He liad risen to perform the tno-t painful duty that could hat e fallen to bis lot. and that to withdraw the iiatue ol Gov. Si ward. (Cheers.) He lid ?> by request Mr. JXUKH WxTSo.\ Wkbb?By request of wli in ; By reqiieet of tlie delegation?not of w II. Seward '/ Mr. PxTiMtMOX?No, sir, not of W. II. 8. ward. H" re in w.ii hi- acsuraucc to the Convenient, Unit whoever should bt the nominee would recei ve thu support of W. H. ft w.ird uid his frond.?. A lo.iw.ATfc pressed the pr< position Unit Urn Convention -Is uld now go into an ballot. i in p.- po ,tmn to go into a free conference was with drawn, and the quertioii via taken and agreed to, that tlie -iinveution do now (12 M ) proceed t?> an informal hall< t .lis e i UfAftimm, of Ohio, naked the oar of the Con t(i ,u< ii. He -aid In- w...-? .iissit to withdraw lioia further ii-i troversy the name ol a man wis in he had known lor fori I year- a: i lliaii wliolit a b< iter mail and a purer pan ,< t ni vei .i- -1. II i i so b> reading a letter which w hit h In had jn t rei eived. Hie letli r w.u- read as lollowf ? LLTTi.l. FROM JCDOl MC LEAN OgCLINIKO THE NOMI NATION. i hasUl Wood, June 14. ls.Vt Nil?I liave i i itedlv IscUr- 'l lie <>| y.ui ktww. that I Iikv* no deair- for tiie Pin.Ucri' j. uuil liat I j. i r my pre snt )??? is ti ? n o t? is Ii Prom ? 1 entimah -n ot my rsle.a sod i< h ? > \j> i wnse lri public iittiure my friends let e. ?eppCMd the* I rriHdii l?e i, is to ' OBtri in I o- gMisfftmi to the ??! ustm-nt ot the 'K' .'itia sine which now iigttate tiie iniiinc inind and threaten ? dissolu .>>n of tins L'nion This eonsbl* ration tens presented to me .?? >i r< ? s'lii why I should not refuse '<> permit my ii .ni' to ?.e used, " with Me iisiri's i ode I- f ?' the ode >? -f < li . t M.igistrat?;it ? !i-i ?<i fhr ** to assure som" Inde ntion* if th* puMic mind, ,i,,I I consented with the understanding 1 i ?' I might withdrew t.e any time without any imputioioii at tinkle Ite'-s to my I feel, ts I ought, tie? in ii i ? sponsia .? and the vlsbom required todim liarg?suci:c-?r,dy so mm in,, rust the chief tieutive oftm- ? i , .--..?t , - s,el I sni hi tight to dls'iust my poor a iliulc? : ,. .? tm v'.C i w W- thai PtifH NAtl*. ?' rongly in > any other person, I wish my Mends to withdraw My name without a struggle In the Convention. In each an event ( shall have done all that can be required of a citizen, and wiii feel no reproach. With sentiment# of the highest esteem, Ac., As., JOHN McLE tN. Hon R. P SrarLDiitG. and others. Delegates from Ohio to the Republican Convention at Philadelphia. Judge SFACtDntG?I uow, in pursuance of the discretion invested in the friends of Judge Mellon, by this letter, most aeepeetflilly ark leave to withdraw him from the canvass. (Load cries of "No, no."') Mr. Mclean's name was withdrawn. Mr. T. G. Mrrmii i. of Ohio, said that Ohio had another communication to present. lie was interrupted by Mr. PrerHKMt, of Pennsylvania, who thought H was very desirable, after what had taken place, that an hour should be given for the delegates of Pennsylvania to consult. (Fhoutsof "Ohio,Ohio," "Glveua Uwletter," "Read the bill." "The letter, the letter.") Mr. Mitchell. of Ohio, came forwent, and again he fsaid?He Wl intended to prefowe the com munication he w-as about to present with some remarks coining from the ardent friends of Mr. Cbasu In the convention. (Cheers. 1 They had no desire to de tract from the merits of any other gentleman whose name should be placed before the Convention. Tbcy had recognized in the name of Mew York's son (Mr. Reward) his great virtues, patriotism "and abilities. (Cheers.) They hud also recognized tfoe distinguished abilities of him" who toad so long and so virtuously worn tho ermine. <Mr. Mclean.) They also recognized the merits of bun (Mr lYemout) whose nswie came to them through the gusts-of the Rocky Mountains. (Applause.) He would, htnswer, make no speech, but merely read the sommu Bkwtlon-? Mr. Chase's letter was read as follows:? SALMON T. chase's LITTER DECLINING TBI NOMI NATION. OoLtmatm, June 12,1856. Mr Dkjk Sib-?As you will attend the Oonyeaiioii oboi* to assemble at Philadelphia for the nomination of candidate* for the Presidency and vice Presidency, and as It is possible dust i otne friends of Mr cause, In common with yourself, will de sire to submit my nsme to ihe Convention In connection with the iirstof these eAcen, U seems proper that I should explain to you, briefly and clearly, my own views la relation to the matter. I need not say that 1 should regard the nomination to so dis tinguished a position by such a Convention aa that which will be assembled on the lith, as un honor not to be eastnr over valued; but no one, perhaps, knows better lhau yourself, how persistently and earnestly the labors of my political life have ever been directed to Ibe promotion of die cause of freedom, 'Progress and reform, of which trust that Convention will prove Itself a faithful guardian. The success of that cause is, I have no doubt, dearer to me than any personal advancement; and I should look upon any nomination for any office, however exalted?tf prejudicial to 11 ?as a calamity to be dreaded and avoided rather than a dis tinction to be sought and desired. At the present crisis, es pecially, when the policy of slavery propagandists adopted by the existing administration baa been formally sanctioned by the platform of the Cincinnati Convention recently assembled ?when the free State of Kansas desiring admission into the Union, is repelled by a party majority acting under the diet* lion of the slave power; and when the cries of our free Slate brethren of Kansas?insulted, oppressed, desjmiled, imprison ed and in Imminent jeopardy of life as well us liberty?are ap pealing to us, It would ill beoome any true friend of liberty and justice to allow any personal consideration whatever to stand In the way of that continued union which Is necessary to the redress of these wrongs. (Applause.) I trust, therefore, that the generous friends who have been thinking of presenting my name to the Convention, will eon elder well the elleot of such action on our common cause. If, alter duly weighing all the circumstances, they come to the conclusion that under existing conditions it will receive delri meat through my nomination, I desire that my name may be withheld altogether from the Convention. If they come to u different conclusion, and determine to present my name, let It be distinctly understood as my request that it may beat once withdrawn whenever it becomes manifest that the nomination of some other citizen will better unite the friends of freedom and more promptly secure the establishment of our principles (Applause). J shall entrust to your friendship the making these views know n to our friends, especially those of the Ohio delegation, should oerasion arise for it, at the Convention. I shall cheerfully abide any action w hich, upon consultation with your friends, you may think tit to take. Kalthfnlly yours, SALMON r. CHASE. To T. 0. Mitchell. Mr. Mmwa i?By the authority contained in that letter. an<l satisfied Uiat tic occn.-'iou has arisen when some othur nunie would better unite tlie friends of freedom in this prisit countrv, the friends of Mr. Chase, through me, as their mouthpiece, take thu liberty of withdrawing his name from the Convention. Three cheers were here given for Mr. Chaso. Mr. PncniKNS, of IV, addressed the chair. A Pkirgatk rose to a joint of order, that no address V) the Convention was in order except by unanimous consent. A Voice?That's so. (Cries of " QuesUon," " Ques tion," and uproarious sliouts for Stephens. An Exomai ITwktlvakia Ubikuatb?If rcna=ylvania cannot be heard, let us withdraw. The Chair a^ked w hether it were the pleasure or the Convention to hear Mr. Stephens. (General shouts ef "Aye," "Aye.") Mr. trmniaR, of Pennsylvania, who had been endeavor ing for some time to get the floor, said?Gentlemen of the Convention?(cries of "louder." "louder," "ballot," "adjourn," and great confusion.) I beg you will not be so fast in endeavoring to overcome your foes that you will crush vourflfrieuds. Pennsylvania Is exceedingly embar rassed by the events of the past hour. Rhe had agreed with great unanimity upon one name: that name?(cries of "hurry yourself," "ballot," "hear him,")?that name (McLoun) has been withdrawn. After what has transpired Pennsylvania wants time to consult?(cries of "no," "bo," "ballot." and a great row)?Pennsylva nia looked to no other man, and 1 warn you, if you do uot consult her wishes you will lose the Htate by fifty thous and (Cries of " no." " no," aud general expressions ef d is sort..) I only teH you wltat will be ratified by the vMt of the Ptatc next full. ("No," "no.") I do uot mean to say tliut I shall not he with you?(A voice, "That's humbug!")?hut I only desire to save the Stute, mi<11 therefore move to adjourn till to-morrow morning at 10 o'clock. (Cries of "No, no!" Great confusion.) Governor Km and others, from Main??We second the motion. Mr. Mokhb II. CwjfXKti, of New York, took the plat form. (Cries of "Name, name!") Hie ciLAii.?Mr. Grinnell, ot' New York. (loud ap plause.) _ Mr. GKUmois?Mr. President and gentlemen orthe Con vention. I do uot rise for the purpose of making a speech, but my heart is full with the cause?the principles?the. motives that have brought us here from all parts of the country; and I have seen with regret that the events of to-day have given rise to some little excitement, and for the purpose of securing union una harmony, and to allow the delegates from Pennsylvania and Ohio time for consultation, 1 move thut this Convention do now adjourn till five o'clock this afternoon. (Crios or " Three! Pour I aud Ballot now.") The ( Ham?It is moved that this Convention do now adjourn. Mr. Grinveu (who bad not relinquished the floor) do Sired to add something to tliat motion. The Chair (ignoring the existence of Grinnell)?It te moved and seeonded that this Convention do now adjourn till 6 o'clock this afternoon. All those in favor of tint motion will say aye. One Tuirii os ran Convention?Aye! Tlie Chair (without putting the negative)?This Conven tion stunds adjourned till Ave o'clock this afternoon ?(shouts of laughter)?aud the delegates slowly dis persed. AFTERNOON 8ES8ION. The Convention met at 6 o'clock, and was tailed to order by the President, Mr. Lone, of Indiana. The caucusing during the afternoon had been hot and heavy, McLean's frieuds having again put him in the Held, using the so culled withdrawal for the purpose or getting McLwiu better before the Convention. Mr. E. D. Mokuar, of New York, read the following letter:? . New York. June 1R, l?fi6 Hon. E. I). MoimiaR, Chairman of the Nationul Executive Committee: , , . Pik?Tlie Committee appointed by the National American Convention to confer with the Convention which meets today In Philadelphia upon candidate* to be presented to the ofllesa of President and Vice President, take plejyyire in transmitUug to you a copy ol the proceedings of the National Ameri can Convention, upon the letter addressed to said Convention through Its President by yourself. The Committee transmit also a copy of the letter lrora your sell, with the request tliat said copy, together with the copy Of the proceedings had thereon liy the National American Convention, may be laid before the Convention whirh nwerutdes in Philadelphia. The committee lake Uns opportunity to say that they cannot doubt that the spirit ol candor conciliation and harmony which dictated the lettei fioui yoiirsell to the National American Convention, and which has been responded 10 hi the same spirit is tlh a perfect una iiimity of sentiment, w ill also lie responded io In the same spirit by the Convention at Philadelphia. and that its street will be to give joy to the heart of every lover of freedom throughout the faial and strike terror to ihe heart* of Its enemies. Very respeetlull/, UKOKGE LAW, Chairman Wnnxii.=. Thovr*tos, Secretary. Mr. IJTTUUOH.V, of New York, moved the reforenoo of the i ommunieation to a roounittoe of one from each dele gution, to be appointed by the Chair. The North Ainei kaui Convention had tlds republican movement tit boart, and this Convention should act liberally with Uicin, (Loud r?jij.lnure) and give them at least one of the cnndldiiUw. Mr. ClMHXis, Of Ohio was o|ijkw?I to sucli reference. The pIMIbrm of tin- Convention iuvib-d all tn? n to come to ii- and let those Americans come. II we are here to in vito the American*, let ns invito the foreigners t'>o. and applause.) Mr biddings had not agreed In (ommuiiicuting w ith that b<siy which tro t In New York We believe in inviting ail men to to l with u-. Mr. Gid ding- < (included by moving to lay the whole subject on the table, which was' adopted. ? Mr r'i'At umo, ol Ohio?I rise for the pnr|*s>e or re t n.g my - elf fi< m the charge of hiking t.n much vespon situiity. since the morning ses-ion i have received a wiito n communication from d'-'ogato from Pemisylva nia. Illinois. <il:io and N?w Jcr-ey. to t..." back a step in'in my act.' n this morning and wtlilriw my with drawai. I acted under a sense of duty; out I now a. k leave to witl.druwmy withdrawn and ai!..w Judge M I .can's nunc to come again be.'oru the Convention. I ' i.r '.a'lse.) Hie i ' nvetitlon then proceeded to ballot l>y , talon, with he following result: ? 1NP01MAL BALLOT. ymm id. Mcl/un. .V.auni, hank*. Sumnt. Maine 13 11 ?? .. Vermont 13 ?? *? ( oiiliei ticut.... 13 ?? ?? Rhode Island... 12 M,,-?(!' Iinisctb.. 39 ?? " ??

N# w York R3 . ? 1 1 New Jersey..., 1 H I ' liDsyh ibis ..10 *1 1 elwware , " Mary laud. ?? *1 ?? ?? dlii' 30 30 Michigan II Ik 14 io Wisconsin J9 12 iiiik-ota ...... .. 3 ebra*ka 3 Total -144 173 1 1 3 ' i Ml' nil Webb voted for .S ward. Mr. Wii.aoT. of Pa.?J move that the Loinmahou ol JoLu C. Fremont bo made near, mous by acclamation. ., plause and signs of dissent.) *' ' Mr. Jaxw W. Wsbb, of New York, seconded ^ tfon. lint a formal ballot being desired by ?evr ^ ^ put themselves right on the record, Mr. Y rthn0t vriAtl'rcw the motion. Mr Gmtii.vos rf Oh o, desired to v (^{jraw potion by which tlu-communication from, tl,? NortU Am,.riCiin CV.nvcnt.ou was laid on the table ^ mo^j ^ recon sider the vote. _ t Mr. Ijrn kjoiin, of New j 'jrk. mode a strong appeal in favor of reconsideration. Mr. Lovwov, ot IlUnoi*^ opposed any action conciliating the North Americans, if they did ho the Prince of Iui Su:ty?Stephen A. J>mg!as?would use n to seduce away .e foreign vol*. Several other gentlemen tried togte the tloor.(and great ccathsion prevailed. The motion to reconsider tually yrevalled. The question recurrod on the motion to refer the com munication. and it wus unanimously referred to the Com mittee on Resolutions. Vie Convention then proceeded to a formal ballot for President. The vote was unanimous for Fremont in all the states but Pennsylvania, which gave twenty-three for McLean, and Obio, which gave fourteen for McLean. The result of the ballot was? For Fremont 520 For McLean 37 For Seward 1 On motion, the nomination was made unanimous, ami the Chair declared Mr. ?emont the candidate of the party for the office of President of the I'uited States. A scene of the wildest excitement ensued. The dele gates were almost insane with excitement, jumping over the seats and shouting with joy. A large banner was displayed ib front of the platform, inscribed 1= >0K FRJNI'KKT OF 1HJC U1IVTBD STATU!, JOHN C. FREMONT. wwt > Other flags, similarly Inscribed, were distributed about the wail, Several motions were made to adjourn; but the Convention being more like a mob than a deliberate body, the motions coukl not be put. Alter some time spent in shouting, yelling, and kicking about generally, Mr. Ausox, of Pennsylvania, got the floor to speak for the rebellious delegates from his State. It was unnecessary for hitn to say that he hod au ardent desire to-sec elevated to the highest uffioe hi the republic a man who, he still behoved, well calculated to fill that post with honor and dignity. He had an oarnext d<-un to see the nomination given to John McLoan, than whom a more exalted patriot did not exist on earth. He knew that those who had opposed him would sympathise with him to-d?y. Bo had been disappointed, and in his disappointment he had probably suffered his feelings to carry him too far; but our country requires that every nam shall do his duty. He had douo all in his jiower to rejirese-it the people of Pennsylvania? had plead with Mew York and New Kaglaud friends to to give to the country a candidate they thought could car ry Pennsylvania. But they had chosen the man whom they believed the Captain of the age. It was only for him to say that the demands of the country, the demands of freedom, appealed to him to lend w tiat feeble aid lie could to help on the cause. In this he should act differ ently to his democratic friends. They, some of them, supjiorted Mr. Buchanan lukewarmly, despite the platform. He |should support Fremont for the sake of the platform. It was not a time to hesitate. Men must now choose betwocu slavery and freedom, and it was nut for him to falter. He could not tell w hat the future might be, but he trusted to the mea sures which would commend themselves to the people. Kansas Is to be saved. Slavery is to be excluded from the Territories; and it only remained for the people to rally in support of that broad and comprehensive plat for in. He then announced that llie State Convention of Pennsylvania was appointed to meet in that hall at 8 o'clock, and coucluded by trusting that all woukl unite in supi-ort of tiic ticket. Adjourned till 10 o'clock to-morrow. VIRGINIA RATIFICATION MEETING. SPEECH OP GOVERNOR WISE, &C., &?., &C. Special Report for the New York Herald. Richmond, Va., Juno 14, I860. A ratification meeting was held last night by the demo crate of this city, in a spacious building known as the African church. Thero were not less than from two t<> three thousand persons present, and rarely, if ever, Wie the samo amount of enthusiusm manifested in this city upon an occasion like this. It being understood that Go vernor Wise would attend, large numbers hocked to the building at an oarly hour, in order to secure scats, so that at the hour appointed for the meeting to organize, not an available scat could be procured within the building. The gathering was certainly the largoet and most enthu siastic I have over witnessed in the city by the democracy. The meeting was organized by appointing Daniel H. Lou don, a wealthy merchant of this city, Chairman, and Messrs. William F. Ritchie and Robert W. Hughes, of thr Entjuirer and Examiner, as Secretaries. On motion of Mr. Fatrkk Hcxrt Arurrr, a committee of seven was ap}>ointcd to prci?are and report ratification re solutions. It being whispered about tliat Governor Wise was in at tendance, loud crios for ''Wise" went forth from all jiarts of the building. After repented calls, the Governor made hie appearance in a remote corner, and therenpon thun ders of applause went forth from the assembly, which continued for at least a space of five minutes. Meanwhile he stood perfectly silent awaiting the restoration of order, but when he attempted to speak the applause was again re newed, rendering utterly inaudible whatever ho had said. The assembly were not disposed to hoar him from the obscure position which he occupied, but besought him earnestly to ascend the platform. He declined; and the eheers having subsided, he said:? Mr. I'RKsmHfT? I came here to-night Here again he was interrupted by loud cries of "Oome up on the stand." Governor Wis* proceeding;? I wish to make an ajwlogy for not taking the stand at this time. I came here to-night to hear a rejiort (torn our delegates to Cincinnati. I foel that the stand Is not my ]?sition before 1 hear a rejiort from seme of the delegates of Virginia who have aided in making the nomination at Cincinnati; I think it is proper, before any other should be called upou to address this meeting, that some ane out of the thirty delegates from Virginia at tlic late Convention shoald address the meet ing. There are some gentlemen, I know, in the ritv who have Just returned from Cincinnati. I urn told that Mr. Hubbard, of Due king ham. Is here. I know that Mr Fhands w as here the day before yesterday, aud I hope tbat there are others present who will give us somo in formation upon the action of the Convention. I regret to be informed that Mr. Seddon is not here; but 1 urn told there are two or three or four others present,.and 1 would ask you to call upon them, sir. Colonel Hopkins. Mr. Hubhnrd and the Hon. Bedford Brown, Of North Carolina, being observed in the crowd, were invited to the stund by the 1 "resident. Colonel riovurxs being introduced to the meeting, said;?I appear txfore you, fellow-citizens, on this ouca sion. Without any arrangement of thought, for the purpwc of addressing you, and shall content myself with simply giving you an account of my stewardship, as one of your delegates to the late Cincinnati Convention. 1 can say truly. gentlemen, that my visit to Cincinnati has giveu me ut least a new idea. It has given nie an idea of the force and power and truth of an old practical maxim which I have otteu re]>euted myself, but of the force und power of which I scarcely had an idea until I went to Cincinnati. It is the old maxim. Vi'X jK/fntli, vr<r ?)ei. (Ixuul cheers.) Colonel II. then proceeded at some length In praise of Mr. Ruchiman. and concluded w itli a few other remarks eulogistic of the character and brief public career of Mr. Ureckcnrldge. At this stiige the committee' appointed upon the motion of Mr. Aylett. returned, and through their cliairuian re js.rtcd a scrioB of resolutions, which were tiuauimously adopted. At the close of the reeding of the resolutions a spon tan sous cheer went forth from the audience. The Hon. Dwisord Brow*, of N'ortli (Jorolina. having been introduced by the l're-ideut. addressed the crowd MrHt must), of Buckingham, then ode red a few ri marks. which consisted chiefly of a review of the ac tion of tin Convention; and with somo harsh sayings about At the rlo-e of his remarks, one spontaneous shout fif "Wise'1 w ent forth from the immense assemblage. Tiie President ln\ited the Governor to the stand, whereupon In arise,in Lis obscure jmsition. and attempted to addr tin mi < tii g. but the shout* and cheers which hailed I npl ciiruiier rmderi d whatever he said utterly inaiuli. Is ud cries of "Come to the stand, come to the stand," were tliiindi red fri in every part of the building; but lie still jioisisU'd m retaining bis position?silent of necessity. He was enmiielled at InngUi to give way, and lie n ended the land the house rung with applause. Alt r i'ii was restoi ed, ili.Yn said that he presumed thero was no mania tl in,try who niulrl more cordially say that he i < u iiiriiil ii. tbe nominations oi the (inciunuti Convention tl on he did. lie ratified tin in vvitli all Iiiit heart, and win lit snpjiort tbem in the canvass might and inaiti. He wa o i' clally glad to meet Ins old friend, tin- Hon. Ii h rd IIIi w ii til the good old Sti.txr of Nortli t ni olilia. I. , slid to 1 iro 1 Itn, aud to ha vn the oppi it unity cl . n It.., him ip t?y Mm to the democracy of itnlitgh, II- had .-?? n It repoi ted ill tlio jmpiTs thai at the ratification meet ing In th.d city, sonic oi c had .i h. o how it hupp' tied that ihi nennnutionH were made? Why had Virnnia epurati > hi r ? it troii. tin other Southern .-UUes? The n ply wa d w is a Wise' movement Tin* denus racy tbem. In w.u h. j | \ to leurti. Wcie then snnsttud, li it Was a Wi e n i m Rient. He l in w not in w Inch si use to lake the in tei rr it loi v olid the ri p ; But u it. w.n meant to inquire vvl itl M he (M'l-e) did n be hail to-ay thai lie glad') toi k tin n i-oiisibiluy o! it. II :hi re was any wrung in i. I, won I readily run the rsk. Without lookin:/ to any whatever for the service nil I'.iniliteilly rendered to the country. Hut lie preferred ?.i t to ploy Willi the ipic.-tiou aiid tin an wer. and to Bi,c tl ? ii i niti'. nt and lnijxirUmt meaning than anf prrsi nal i.pphi ;i' "ii to liifnsell euiiid bnve. It w.v a limi i lie III w " lii.d police ill itself It WHS the vet y Wi-i I .Hie lii.-1 luroill tie i?? iu.try which could have b -n ti .. i,nit, tin reft" i Mm,t lm,d priitiiop'd ii and ihd i. i i puti *?? from le eii in don .I He OOfd tally rati tied tin in initiation oi .Inn os Bt linimtt? i i Bctausi it wr. dw'Vi Hie matt. HI. I. cai .-I ' Was i" I'. ..I < a. I d. I'ecse . it m tin afoht . nil' ? !?.. ? ? miliary and ? on ? r\ .Illv e 111' V CI"' III Willi h I Ollld Inn i been tna h III rerm in e to tin i uiidu.oii of tin nuiiiti y. 1 or tin ??? four ri'HM-t.' nfj < < of wis b Wa-- snffii i?*a?t !i )iu4t gone ti i lie in tliinalioi. hi. i,i.,v hcaiUlv ei ii III mud g. He Slid It .' due to the mail. ffH; js James Birhanan? H"i has no miliary preten Hious? he to no Owe or, with a Senate at his hods ?he nvver s<-t a squadron in tho field, nor wears he a .-word to throw .u the scale to make it lock the bee ml He is dimply that which m expressed by tlio word most precious to republicanism?a pir n, unpre tending, hut sound, salt>. conservative citkcn. Civil In every sense, he is a civilian; a statesman of training, of ape. of experience in public affairs, prudent, cautious, honest. 1'a trio tic. able, and has rendered the country not some, hut much service, lie lias especially rendered this Hate and the i^outh tlie service of that sacrcil regard to the constitution which protects property and persons, and maintains Hate sovereignty and State equality?the only policy which can guard the Union. A man of sound morals, lie has conserved himself, and kept his fucults-s s* well by a virtuous life, thut be, now at tho ago of 05. has many years of service still in him. Though his bead he white as snow?full of years and full of honors?he Is vet vigorous ui uiind and body, ami la a man of Herculean labor. Hero Mr Wise paused, and apoatropliisied the inrw of the heroic age of the Revolution, and those who immediately succeeded them, and were imbued with their spirit. He said James Huchanun was about the last link to that line of sages who had settled our system, and secured by their virtue and wisdom the liberties of our free institu tions ;wlio could, In the course of nature bo made to Ferve in the highest office and set a last example of the men of old to guide us. We should not lose his lessons, < ertved from personal contact with their wisdom and patriotism. He was truly of the order of the Roman 1'atr?or greater still, the Virginia Madison of the better times of the republic. Venerable with age and sobered by experience, lie would command the confi dence and respect of every conservative man who venerated the past. Such Is the man, and his services rendered ure the best vouchers and credentials of his vigor and bis merit, and of the debt due him by Virginal. Be bus been wqiceiaUy fnltiifiil on the subject of slavery. Mr. Wise undertook to say that not only no man North, but no man South could show a better record than tiiut of | James Buchanan on that vexed and dangerous question. He had been arraigned for the Imputed offence when lie was a mere boy?a very youth?of having pressled at er I attended a meeting In Pennsylvania which denounced slavery, and resolved In favor of the Missouri compro mise. " Tliis charge hud boon actively circulated against liitn in 1K51, and it so happened that then Mr. Huetuuian had. w ith his own hand, fiirmshed him (Mr. Wise) with the irrefragable evidence to show not only thut the impu tation was false, but thut It was next to impossible for it to be true. Mr. Uucbunan bud manifested his polities by his early ndliercncc to the Madlsouiuu war of 1812. He hud shouldered his musket and inarched to Baltimore; 1 and, though it had been derisively said, " he marched to Baltimore and marched back again"?that wus all he did; yet, that march liad shown the ftio animo, and that was all which patriotism required. He wus us early as 1814 in the Pennsylvania legislature, and there sustained the war j of 1812, and voted it supplies. He did not support the Mis souri compromise. On the contrary, when ho went Into tho I House of Representatives of the Congress of the United States, he was found with the great democratic jiarty a supporter of the great arch friend of Southern democracy ?Andrew Jackson, of Tennessee. When the Issue of in cendiary publications arose, he voted to violate tho very malls rather than permit the agitators of a Nut Turner insurrection to light tho fires of incendiarism by tho Post Office. Wlicn the Wilmot proviso was Invented especial ly for his destruction, by a Cameron fuction in Ills State, he firmly witlistood an insidious contrivance in a free State to "undermine the tenure of slave projierfy, and was found maintaining tlie sovereign eqaulity of skive States w hen others faltered and others fell on tliat fatal Issue. When the issne of annexation of Texas arose, he content ed not himself by going for a measure which would admit a State "with or without slavery about her," but ho went "Midtvidcdly and unspent" for a measure which admitted a State, a new State, not with or without, but with slavery already established as her "peculiar Insti tution." In 1848, w hen the issues were coming to un issue of interna) strife, or separation, he did go for an extension of tlie line of the Missouri compromise to the Pacific, and every Southern muu went with liini. On that jioiut Mr. Callioun himself went further North than Mr. Buchanan went. He submitted bis umendment to the Oregon bill, proposed thut tlie clause against involuntary slavery should be the law north of the line, if no question should be raised against slavery South of the line. This was in the spirit of 1810 and "20. They did not propane that what w as constitutional on one side of the line shooM be uncon stitutional on the other side, but they agreed to disagree : thut if no question was ruised pro-slavery on one side, none should he ruised con-sluvery on the other side. They submitted to the law of climate, that Jack Frost should reign north of 38:30; and Jack Frost had decreed thai the ?' Kbo shins and gizzard feet of negroes" should not and could not live in tlie North?slavery would not be profita ble there. It was profitable in the land of sugar and cot ton. and e ven of Virginia tobucco and corn, and lir. BucIuiiihii, with the whole South at his back, with myself Htuohg others?and no one here or elsewhere will say I urn un anti-slavery man?went to make the Missouri line a " fixed fact" to the Pacific. Mr. Polk went for thut jK'Iicy, and all concurred, except Mr. Gilhoun, In the jkj silion that wus ulreudy a "fixed fact"?tliut tlie North was already bound in good fuilli to carry out the line to the Pacific. But they of tlie North already reached tho Pacific in the Northwest. We wanted territory In the Southwest to preserve the equilibrium of slave jniwer in tlie Union. This we had acqnired by tlie annexation, and its pro-slavery phase would have been preserved by running tlie Missouri line to tlie Pacific. Mr. Polk contended it did so extend?everybody eke except Mr. Calhoun, so contended; hut in spite of friend or foe he oni red hi- amendment to the Oregon bill, which conceded that it did not so extend, and he?not James Bu chanan?Inst the value of tlie extension to the South. He made it a geographical hue, applying only to territory si qnired from France and Spain. Mr. Buchanun and Folk, and myself and all others, urged It over a cllmatory me, and did ran to the Pacific. To concede otherwise, was to put our hands in the lion's mouth of a minority? wus to concede that we had not the fixed fact of the line to the J acilic?and was to leave us to tlie mercy of a ma jority against us. We were in a minority, and of course would be voted down without that admission. Tho cost Of not running that line to the I'at itic may be ruined thus to Virginia;?We now got a thousand dollar* for u round slum; we would Ibou liavc gotten from three to Ave housuwl dollars for an o|>erative in the gold ininua of California; four huudrrd Uiousuud multiplied by live thou sand. or even three~thousund, will show our immense loss. One billion of dollars would not compensate Virgi nia for her loss in not running the line on to the 1'aeiflc. The North had fixed the line. They had Uie advantage of it until annexation. H war then our turn, and we did not take it. Tlwt was not Mr. Buchanan's fault. Had it so been fixed, "ebo shins and gizzard feet" true, couldn't huvc poked their noses North into the do minion of Jack Frost, but then free soilistn couldn't hare poked iu- nose South of that line, us it has since the com promises of 1860. Yet, though thus proposed by the Soulli and by Buchunon, the (iharieeee and hypocrites who are now howling over the repeal of tlie Missouri com promise, were the very men to oppose the extension of the Missouri line, and to making it a fixed fact. Their reproach to Mr. Ihichauan and to tlie Mouth is equalled only in injustice by tlie reproach which some Southern men have cast in upbruiiling Mr. Muchaiiun for Uie pro isised extension of the line to the l'ucitlc. The generous and just iHmglu.- has done him justice ill tiiat behalf, and ha. taken upon himself his commission of purtici|>utiou iti tlie act. Mr. Buchanan was equally sound on tlie Kan sas-Nebraska bill. He was not a member of Congrises nor of tlie Cabinet when Unit measure was projiosod and passed. He didn't know that Mr. B. would have proposed or '-introduced" such a measure at the time; hut it had jassed; had repealed Uie Missouri compromise; had re turned us to rtutu i/uo attfe ltslli-MO; it had but followed out tin; compromise measure ol' I860, which liad already violated and done away wiUi Uie lino of 1MP-20; und It left us us wo ought ever to have been lelt, to our ongiuul rights under the consti tution. His friends of Pennsylvania, in uorrnnuUng him at llarrisburg, had. excluding the idea ol squatter sove leignty, adopted the principle of lion -intervention liy Cotigri*s to prevent or to exclude slavery, and of State equality in the Territories, leaving the rights of all to be guarded by the constitution; and immediately ujam his let urn home, he adopted their nomination of him, placed on this platform. This was identification enough with that measure. It was all which could fairly ho asked or given by him and his friends, hi addition to this, the piinriplc of the Kansas Nebraska bill has been Incorporated into the democratic plutform by the Con vention at Cincinnati, und thereon he stands, unreservedly, without "adding to or taking away u single plank" of Its principles. And it wus well and It was wise that the de mocratic |sirt> naked no more tliun Uiis. It mi well that they did not attempt to exclude every man from pro trusions to the 1 "residency because he did not liap|? n to "Introduce" thus measure. It would have-been going too far to have thns secured a monopoly of pes ten sions for that high office to Uiose only who hn| pened to be members of Congress, or of the oxicutlvc, at the time of the nro|>osal of a partiuuli r measure. Men there were outside as well as inside II o Congress and tlie administration who approved of tl o "introduction" ol the measure, though the country w. s not i oiislilted about itj Introduction; and there were ina y men sound < a slavery who di-.l not approve of its "intro duction,'' and yet, who would have voted for it, and would now tight against Its rojienl. It would not hat e dot e. he repcati d, to have made the Kansas Nebraska bill a hobby horse lor a privileged few. to exclude all others Item the race for honors: there were other "weightier tiintieis of the law." und other modes of manilustiug n,undue.- other than uj-on that |sirticular measure. Ai the lell was proposed and It did rejieal tl o Me oi l i lit" and entry out the compromise of 1860, ti er; | that c(tnptonii-' cost us so much-?as it left us w in ii tin cetislltutlou found us?the Convention did well en tin i in hand to adopt tlie principle of the Kitu.-as, Nibiu 1 a ii * a lire, against tin- hypocrites who hud lut t( I ly | !*? d the ext? lis Ii n 01 the Ml.- Olll'i lillO to tin I'n iif' . i i. on tin- ('thei hand. In exclude the emiciu.- >u tb..t tlo i flu eofthe l'l isidi nr;, wa. to be exclusively i | ii d by there w l,o happened to have the op|K>i tunitj . .i I ai lit id.ii ' . I'j'ure and pro.--i nt and pass this jiar l i id..; mi. though sf'Ue' of it.- fiii iid.- hud them .,el\i |'H ?**>, g"i . |oi |l,u i Helisiuii of the Ml ourl (Mi,| ii ii .a i to ti e Pacific, and oiue had gone very i, if tut rttlly. for the Wilmot Proviso itself. Itiliif \ :y wi to ave the Kan. as Nebraska bill from the i ,?"in i b i.i n...di a monopoly t? subset vo the il-pirn* in i el u J ei ml ti w. It did well not lo exclude from ili Mil-it 11 the Mouth such I riends as Pennsylvania i.i e In' 111 i esi niutive man. It did well not to allow a l I-, 11.til. il p; iiii iple, touching the niost delicate ami id iimllng ol to| u . to be nnide a stalking horse lor poli te i. eiii. is- I'dii.m loigbt easily ha\ e been brought upon tbe K: . Net .i.-la hill ami the .-ouili might h?\ehoi n lie 11 by sot iou.- : itijiil >-'l. Mr. Bui huluiii wn- pet foot ,-n i d tij i n lie qtietlion, and snliii iently identified Willi it I' si" -ly eveiy t-nithem coii-rrvulivc. and the ion vi n wi.-ioy and well to nominate oic who oppose* ti e ie b ieiinu ol ibi Missouri icmi-ronil.-c, now tliat it I I ' i repealed and one. Phi who will rivdal tlm ro I ? al n ili Kan a.- Nehriu-ka bill, whether lie approt ",| of 11,1; i 1,1 1 1 1, (>l JV<-t. And the liomilialioil Ol so olllld ai d p,* oi in. a lat' stiinn en.-ts no reflection upm, tho I,.:.; in v In in be Was preferred. Ilie venerable Cash imd la ? ii (,nee before preferred to Mr. Ilia hanan, and Ii id ? i n ai.d 111 eii deft at* d?not for tho w u,l ,,f the . i,j>j><st t of Mt Buchanan hikI hi* friend*. The tiopoa of but very b w nil lingered, at tin- f ineintiati ( onvi ntioD Hi"iind hi a\aiialol.iy ill tins eanva.- Mr. Buchanan was an older Ii 1.1.1 a le'-.ur soboiT, than Mr. la -.a .. Who Is yoiin. ( in t gli to livi to ton another day. 1s t hjm go on', a, .if hitr viurr P1 kie- nail* his ri-ing gncttnos.* to shim . and A iigii ia. i.i I'm t. rti due season, wi i delight to honor liini Willi l ei vote, as .-he dies now w.ih hci approval. He diverve- thanks in,ivei-ally f,om tim deinoeiuey lor nut allowing hi* nansc hi dfdturt tlM jmi fy and d'.*.wt tie wv.inlnnioo of a man who wns preferred by an overwhelming majority of democrat! o Stales, and whose DsniiiiaUoii hail on more than one pro vIouh occasion hoeii defeated hy the votes of non demo cratic States. He did not understand Mr. DoogUis by hW telegraphs us yielding to a majority rule, against the wolt sett d two thirds rule, but as yielding to u conviction <,f preference beyond controversy or dispute, which a twos thirds rule was meant to secure. Tills wae noble, and his withdrawal will gain him as' much favor and us much honor as would his nomination, and Ins self saeriOco will I 9 remembered In future. He cordially and ehjqaentfy ratifies the nomination of James Buchanan. And no less so does franklin fierce, the worthy and approved Presi dent of the I'nitod Suites. Why Hhould lie, especially, not endorse die preference of Jamas Buchanan over hUnsclff He it remembered that lie is now tlie President of thw Union, and that James Ruchunan's friends nominated htia to that high ofllre. Pennsylvania and Virginia, North (Jii. rolina, Georgia. Alalia ma and Mississippi, iu 1852, atton giving James Buchanan U4 auooewdve bullots, withdrew his name, and liiey, they alone, brought forward, the name of Krunklin lierce. Mr. Uucluiuan and bis friend* gave way then to him, and riveted him, and why sbouliU not be and bis friends have given way hi Mr. Hur,huuan< uow V (hie good turu dusorves another, aud Uw reoordod. rule of democracy is tliut every good man should liavo Is turn. We condemned not Mr. Pieree OH Pros .dent; e has our gratitude, and we want no b<'Iter Preskleua haii be has made in the, main, but Mr. Buchanan Willi make no worse 11 President, and liis turn haul eeme at.Inst,, ? hough late mid long p<ist|ioned to the rlaiius of othur. mm That is all in the preference of Jas. Buchanan oven Mr. lierrr now. flu the other hand, an Pennsylvania had, n 1862, next to Mr. lliiehanan preferred Mr. Pierce, Vi egret only that New Hamjehire did net, iu 1854, rnxt to Mr. Pierce, if not over lilm, prefer Mr. Mnuiutmuj HnV v hud said the noiuinulion was not ouly due to Mm man, at to the ftute of lSuosvlnuua. Mm W< one d Mm ohlo.-d, nd largest of Mie old Thirteen. Prem 18iH, ui lHUH, and he war of 1812, In Utc election of Motirw, firmgli that o9 General Jackson, down to this day, she has been the k?y tone of the ledvral arch and Uie stay and support of th? emocrutie party aud iM principles. Among the faithless ever tuithful, she has u??er Mk> any grouti struggle faltered until her jmMllciaill ami lwr i iconic, of bite, were surjirisod by the soaraayvof Kuow. NoUiingisni. und she lias now gloriously redwomod her self from that ambuscade. And tlioogh. so- dMtinguishodi In every great buttle tor the democracy, i.nd Unsigb dc inoerney has been so often triumphant! aid though no strong among the States, she luis never 'welt houoreil until uow with u eandidute tor tlie Prosideooy. Pho Iter been working for other Stub*-', fef ether iivua of othur Plates, and not been allowed to inline a. sun of hor own. How long was slie to stand the "greattrcjecJad" in Ilia: Union? ltkl slie not doserve credit Lor s'aaal jig rejected so long? Had sho ever proposed a son .of hor's before 1844? und yet from 1844 down to this hear, iu 1844, 1848, 1862 she had patiently submitted and rallied to the de. mocrocy and gave her strength to 'tw cause, though re pulscd und rejected, with a majority of diouooratio Status ut her back, three times in succession, and she tiad nol): thrown down lit-r shield und buckler I'.ud retired to kor tent. The fourth time now hud come. Shu alone of all the Middle and Northeastern Plates stood linm- for demo cracy; the ulone of the Northern mid non-slave holding States of largest federal stiougth. and sine remuliiH true und reliable; again she offered her son, who hud been thrice sacrificed by non-demom-atic Status. Was he to be again defeutc<d?she again to bo rejected? Ahl We tuight again have nominated without ? Pennsylvania;, but could we have elected without Iter united voice of twenty-eight electoral vote.-??without i the only certaia first class State left to democracy and the South in thw North. It was liot sole to reject Pennsylvania a fourtU time. She is true to principle, toil true alike to borsclf. She holds her Hate pride and self-rcepect as high aa any other State, and a fourth repulse of her pre tensions might huve caused disaffection in iter and disas ter to democracy. The Convention, tliun,.ilkl most wisely In recognizing the claims of a Statu- so large, ho strong, so true, so fuithlul. and yet so long neglected and rejected, liut. above all. the nomination of Mr. Biichonun was host in reference to the present condition of-the country. By feud and faction, the whole nation is internally torn?fanati cism and sectioiiuhsin are distracting the people and divid ing them from each <aher in tiK>ody separation of societies and Stafi-s and churches, The nation's genius Is acting against itself nt u time wheu we are, by no insignificant menace, threatened Willi causes of foreign war. Tkaulc God, thut in every extreme trial, in every perplexity, whenever tnen know not what to do to Have and unite us us one people, tliere is yet left one mountain of reftigel We may yet go to the shrine of George Washington!. Wa may yet rely on his precept and mi his example as ? tower of strength, and feel safe under the shadow-of bin lurciital influence! We may always recur to funilaroeh tal princi|ik-s. anil tnke counsel from, that rich legacy off advice ho left us in his ever blynscd Farewell Address! It is so marked by wisdom, and virtue and patriotism, by disinterested devotion to country, that: it lias never thus far been vtoluU-d but in two instances; und It .is tha most remarkable proof of its prescience, that Uio very crop of dragon's teeth we ure now reaping, as a nation, spring from those two violations. The Father of- bis Country told us;?Never to draw, a sectional, geogra phical line. The Missouri compromise line w*a drawn, and Its rejxHil is causing the civil war in Kansas, the pious contribution for ritlos by tha preachers of "Christian lolUics" in the North, and in attempting to set up a luw higher thuu tho coiwUlittion, at the imminent risk of jioaoe and Union. And ho told us '?Never to form entangling alliances with foreign na tions." And the wretchedly conceived and executed Clay ton-Bulwcr treaty was formed, not only to bind us to orego the dominion of the Isthmus of tlie two Americas, t the time when the apple was beginning to ripen, ami c ready to lull into our la;*, but binding us by an al unce, offensive and defensive, to rorboar all intervention y ourselves and others to secure to- America her sove eign right of way from one sido to Uio other of her owa ontinent; a treaty which binds as to exclude no nation f all nutions from the way, but bound us to full ono-halff f the risk, responsibility and expense of the guuranuai f the way without a consideration, and ulUiehaanrd ot* he true interpretation of the treaty between us and our ally which we are now Incurring, and which may driva t s all around Cape Horn before its solution is arrived at* This extraordinary wanton concession, so much in viola tion of the Farewell Address, was made by the famous administration of EHlmore, which claimed to be so "Washington like throughout." It is the main difficulty which we have to encounter in a Hcutomont with Great Britain. Now. as to the first of these troubles, he (Mr, Wise) undertook to suy that no tnau iu this eonutry could bring so benign an influence to bear as Jamas Buchanan* no Hate more material aid to restore the eonstHutkm to its reign than the ftute of l'ennaylvauia, in the preseoj crisis. Mr. Buchanan tiad done all a wise could do to run tlie Missouri line, by way of guarantee, to Nortlt and Pouto, k) *?i) of final settiementor sccttonal con troversy, to the l'aciflc. Against him and his friends offi the South It was destroyed, lu lSi>0, by its now professed. friends, and, being rejiouled, he will revert to tlie constitu tion as the only Just compromise, allow no-more sectiouul lines to he drawn, and flght, if ho must, against destroy it.g Plate equality In tlie Territories, lie luis the standard jK>int, the position ft oni which ho may surely and safely pursue tliis policy, und to this policy he and his powerful Hate or Pennsylvania are committed. Ujksi this ho wad nominated, and it hen he is elected, and anotixor nou sluv holding l'resideut, from tlie great tier of Mhldla Hates. shull liare confirmed the dortrinos of the late mus sages of Franklin Pierce, a President (nna the extreme North?from the Granite State of noble N'cw.Hampshire?r Uieu we may regard the doctrine and the prac tice as settled and sanctioned, and the Moutb may feel safe, and the North be content to ubiele by tha i (institution a- it is. To settle this Hcltkmul stnii'c, no mat: could bring as much ol Northern and non-Hluveholdiug. strengtli to unite with the* South ;n defeuce el' the consti tution and the lnion as James Buchanan tuts brought!* and can bring. His name has held Pennsylvania to Vir ginia; his nume has united the hard and soft factious of.' New York, and made them make the welkin ring with, one voice of ratification, shouting together at the Park of their city, the other night, iu favor of his nomination. VV hat other name luis the magic of harmony in it, so to unite factious like these? lie was Identified with no feuit and had healing iu his wiugs at once to eomjioso theso strifes. Port, winning, gentle, forbearing, he is the man to turn away wrath, and to bear the (diva branch of peace and reconciliation wherever his brethren dissent^ and differ at heme. And. above nil -nvti, ho is the inaot or men to keep the i>cacc with Great- Britain, at homo and abroad. Just returned from tho Court of St. James, no man has had the ]>ersonul contact, no nam lias had tha personal impress with a Clarendon or a British cabinet;: which Jamcr- Bur Ionian ha-. He is, I fw?po, utterly on. 1-osi d to ? war with England. Nothing wsild lie more dis astrous to our whole country, and especially to our Pouthern section of it. than a wur with Kngimid at thid (lisis. lie (Mr Wi-o. i did not fear Kngicud. If he wad | to have a war, if war must come, it was tnovo houorublo* to have it w itli a power worthy of our steel. No rootnun . wa.- as worthy of a war with America,, as Groat;! Britain. Every laurel gained in a -vur with lice would he an honor well won, if anv 'vero wou. llo Wished to be distinctly under.-tood. lie ".us no war man m pence, und no |#arc man In war. Lie loved the Fug. Ilsli nation better than any other, except let own. Ho loved tlie AngloPtixon race best, because It woe his own rare, and he believed it. rvas tho bo?ii race of men on earth. He knew, after all that had passed between John Bull and Brother Jonu'han, not jil] the li.'ii <1 knjt'k."' givi?n niul rrtoivod bo tiw? n tin in. tin \ at ln<art Invctl emh oVhrr ami respected ijtrlii other. He had lelt this once abroad. When tho Mi xlenli war began, he had opportunities 11 South Atne ra u to see and to h-el. and he would never forget that, will:.-1 P|oiiiari1 and Portuguese and Fr? 'i -hmen vvero f-j tiij4?tIii/in^ v .ib and bantering fur the lkiicAn, mid hoping and prophecy lug his victory over as, Joltu Bull tut (1 hi lirt- in his brooches pockets and grufllv Hu d up for Ihoiliet Joi.nthaa. He swore, and ho offered'.; ?let w th 1,0 little bullying in his ton<\ that ho coulU wl.iji his kn. uian, but noliniiy iter could <vhlp his bro thel Jonathan, it then- i- bud blood between Jidin Bui", em! Brother Jonathan, it i- all in the family?thorwii' rrrth tlieir quarrels In their own way. and nobody rls-j 11.1 -1 111I1 rfeii. WLli.-lhc (Mr. Wise; would rather whip - 1 l i'gli-htnaii than nil} body else, only b. nu-e tliero w 1- n-i-ir honor In it vet lie hud rather sec 'treat Britain luaiioi again, t other Powers than ourselves ami ei b.-in-d anrtb.iig ? las than a war with Knglai.d, unlosd ; ? i? w. in (?<?-- itv ((?r it, and honor n^niio it .\Qt| h,. 1 ill rti <;k II II w.o the feeling or p!egone. !"? VX'TV ""n,';rr''"'v: ,""1""" 11 ?'?rW 1 l "'i" 1 "ft of tolly or crime, or of h.i.udi t wo 1 -11.-, 1 for which iheio -, ?0 exotuu : ? n " i I' 1^ Tiiutint to < .i>t nd the lo.i t re 1'/.' , '1 ? " , "f, I"'" "ut administration, ii , " ,?! l'vll,,,'"t|.v. (autioti.-iy and (Irmly. , 1 I;-"'"- "?d to presort! |>caci: ho ' '' U,u '> dw.-ively. But tltc question ?? pi en '-i wa. 1 ?' nij .. ?t-?i. und the issue--aro soinowltok '? 1 ' 'i "" ;ll!,,'*b <-"l <"-'( 11 to Uio nerves of ' V ""iu win" le .aid tnat nJknuinagviuent or U?-J. ' ? ' " ? 1. ' iu on .1 war; and to prevent war, to 1 Vi. j * at " 1 ,.|i ii.g could have had a more pacifies <j."t in t ; at Ih.t eu at thi-hour, than tU election oi V'1 l-';( oMr. n. 01 J'eiii.-yivaniii, lato M i.v-jcr of tlm 1,1 w '' ' "'"'t ot Vii tori.i. Tl i ro lie J'1' , thiii iu- pet -tial Minfeien. o laid I felt, aja? I..- 1 01 ies| oie- la r Weighed, He js known then) to l'U 11 >? '1- < iaimod tie .-? that ho w.i-i a 11 tlitjiilt. d b- n know lodgment of iltinfuctio!'. on till-1 lilisttie lit eu liut a qui"d|o?l pitu-e or Wat' J"'" -'tli'-d. 'J It- United Hub's ay to England I i n vio.nti.i (so Ptrilory. you fiuord our iihu * tralily von intsdett rmt -ovisrtga rights by enlistment we (oiripiaintvt iH yisir agents and risp II - led their recall Vim pre fill ded net P. jn-i.fv, but apologl?'<l for tin te ucts, und jrt rcftisod to icculi diem. W,; dkuii- s ile-ta