Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 21, 1856, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 21, 1856 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. WHOLE NO. 7236. MORNING EDITION?SATURDAY, JUNE 21, 1856. PRICE TWO CENTS. INTERESTING FROM EUROPE. ARRIVAL OF THE AMERICA'S MAILS. OUR RELATIONS WITH GREAT BRITAIN. The Conciliatory Tone of the English Press. Several (innhoats and Other Vessels Ordered to the American Coast. THE EFFECT 0IV THE FUNDS. THE INUNDATIONS IN FRANCE, Ac., Ac., Ac. Tine Amwica's mails arrived here last evening. We ?re thus enabled to give the details of tho interesting news from Europe:? The liciidon Times, of June 7th, savs The screw Steam frigate Impiricuse, 61, Capt. R. B. Watson, with five despatch gunboats, nro ordered to cruise oil' Fal mouth, after which they will proceed to the coast of America. Her Mr.je^ty's ship Cossack, 21, Captain Farnham, and the Mohawk. 6, steam despatch gun vessel, Commander Francis C'loso, wero officially iiu]>ectcd, and their crews mustered yesterday at Spithead by Vice-Admiral Sir ?George Seymour, K. C. It, tho I'ort Admiral, prior to their being despatched on foreign service. The 17th regiment.arrlvod at Gibraltar from Balaklava, ?on 1st of Juue. and were shipped on board the Vulcan .for conveyance to Quebec. A despatch from Plymouth, (Eng.) on Juno 4. says:? Orders have been received hero to despatch tho Arch er, 14, Captain Heatbecoto, to Halifax, with all possible speed. The Esk, 11. Captain Sir Robert Me.Oluro, which has been fitted for the South American station, has had her destination changed, and is now also to proceed t o Halifax. It is also slated that the S'/mi'tron of screiv des jpaich beats is, ofler their tiial trip, to proceed to the same destination. A Copenhagen correspondent of tho London Globe, writes on June 2d :? An ominous silence prevails at this moment on tho ques tion of the Sound Duos, and a painful state of excitement and expectation pervades all classes, it being perfectly comprehended that England's refusal to accopt the Danish ?proposals Is founded on her di-dro to see tlrst wtiat the Americans will (lo after tho expiration of tho treaty. In ?the uxxintiine the iin|>ortant 14th of Juno is rapidly ap proaching. and it will then be seen what steps the Ameri can government are prewired to take. It is stated lmre on good uu'hority. that the United states minister at Co. .penhngen lms issued instructions to tho consuls in tho 'Sound and Belts to ndvisc American captains passing ?those channels alter the expiration of tho treaty, to pay the duties that may bo levied oil their ships and cargoes 'by the Danish authorities, but under written protests, ?to -be forwarded to the government at Washington - Two days ago. writes tho Paris corrosponuent of Le Jford, ou June 5, there died at Versailles, in complete ob scurity, a personage who has a name in history?Count ?de Bombelk". who, after Na;?oleou I. and tho Cuuut de Niepperg. was llie third husband of Mario Louise. 8ixteen thousand throe hundred and sixty-one emi grants quitted Liverpool during the hist month, 1,337 pro ? ceding to Australia, 13,262 to the Unite.) States, 1,674 to '-Canada, nnd 03 to Now Brunswick. Of these emigrants '148 wero cifbin. and 16,213 steerage passengers. 5,319 of them were Eugllsh, 717 Scotch, 9,453 Irish, aud 724 'Datives of various foreign countries.> Those emigrants went out in vessels under government inspection. Of tho emigrants by the Short .Ships, 683 went to tho United States. 183 to Canada, 36 to Port Philip, 6 to Tas mania, CO to Sydney, 7 to South America, & to tho West ?Indies. .The London Times of June 7 suys:? A new lino of steamers is about to bo established bo tween IJverjiool and America, a company having been formed under the law of Limited Liability, in Canada and this country, with a capital of ?250,000, to run to Por laud, Maine, in United States, calling at Nowfoundlau I and Halifax, to land freight and passengers. Tin! inha bitants or Newfoundland have memorialized government : to grant sufficient aid to suable the establishment of di rect communication with England both ways, "and tlu ,present undertaking is calculated opportunely to supple 'die requirement. It is intended to commence with two .powerful vessels of about 2.000 tons mc.isuroment, pos sessing. besides large cargo space, accommodation for three classes of |ta.ssengors. The first is intended to leave tLiverpool about the tlrst of August. In the debate on Irish tenants rights, in tho House or 'Commons, on June 4th, Mr. Moore said:? The industrious man. in bitterness of heart but unbro ken spirit, conveyed himself and hia family, with what ever savings his thrift and toil had accumulated, to Arno . rica, where he became the deadliest foe to the interests of England mi earth's surface. The sluggard emigrated tothcpoorliou.se: and the same law that allowed tho landlord to dcs|H>il the improving tenant compelled him to pay lor the maintenance of the unprofitable hind who had wasted his pro(wrty. (Hear, hear.) Such were the social relations between landlord and tenant iu Ireland. The London Post, of June 5, says tho French merchant Steamship Alma cuinc up to Spithead at noon to-day, in tow of a stesintug, di-nbled. Sslio is from Havre and bound to New York, but has suffered somo injury to her machinery and propeller, and has come hero for repairs. Tho Risnryiiiimta of Turin, of tho 30th ultimo, states that Maz/ini lias Issued a circular to his agents declaring bis intention of withdrawing entirely from politics, and leaving Ismdon for New York, or some other city of the 'United States. His agent at Turin, advocate Bjttiui, haa been instructed to sell tho property ho possesses in piedmont. We read in the Brussels Independence, Russia taking Into consideration the daily inurea-eng iniportanoo or its rotations with China, lets determined?tho court of l'ckin having given its consent?to ap|*>int a charge d-'allairs at the government of the Celestial Empire, iu the place of a simple consul at Canton. Baron Solviuski, a celebrated Chinese scholar, has been chosen for this post. He will reside one i>ai't of the- year at Macao, and the other at Canton. Madame Ri-dori ipndo her first apjMwrancc in London on the 4th instant, in nn Italian translation of M. Ernest Legoure's tragedy of "Medea." She was received with unbounded applause, and voted as having a full right to her pre-eminent European rank. Tho Paris correspondent of tho I/mdon Chronicle, ?writing on June 5th, says:?It is reported that France aud England will make a joint protest against tho recognition of Geuerol Walker's government by tho United States. Our London Correspondence. Loxnoif, Juno 0, 185<J. England and the United Stale*. It ifl almost needless to suy that tho absorbing topic here in i?lltii al and commercial circles la tlio state of our relations with America, ami tho probabilities of a war with the United States. The news that Mr. Crampton bod actually received his passports created a reeling of alarm, but I am happy to say tlmt feeling has greatly subsided, ft) averse arc men in England to a war with the United States, which would result only in terrific ?damage to both parties, that they will not admit its possibility. You wiil bo surprised at tho tone of the loading articles In the lomlou Journals of this morning. FalmorstouV organ, the Morning 1'uet, has two loaders. They are both pacific. The first point* out the losses that would ensue to both countries from a war. "Ameri ca," it says, "would lose in England her great customer, and would find it difficult to supply tho market taken from her." Th? second article demonstrates that, supposing both Mints tors get their pawports, war need not necessarily ?oomc. It alludes to Bulwor's dismissal from Spain by -Sotomavor, which was followed by Isluritz being sent llrom Ixmdon. "We never board," says the Pott, "that in cither coun try any serious inconvenience was experienced by tho subjects ot the two crowns." The article concludes as follows:? If. ou consideration, Mr. Dallas bo permitted by the British government to remain in this country it must not be imagined that England is adopting a pusillanimous or ?cowardly course. l.ot the odium of completely .sitjuratlng the ties of fi iettdship between tho two countries bo in curred by the hand of Mr. l'lerce alone. The above will, I think, suffice to provo to you that a a war With tho United Hates is anything but popular hero. Hie Timet of this morning has a leader in reply to Mr. Pierce's labt message, and to the article In tho Nkw Yokk Hwutn. It concludes with expressing the hope that this threatening storm will blow over. Tho money market has, of course, boon afi'-vrted by the OCW3. though the official notification of Crampton's dis missal has not been received. Hiere liave been terrible inundations In the south of France. The Emperor has personally visited tho scene of these disasters, and thereby acquired au immense popularity. He has asked for a credit of too millions or francs for the sufferers. The ParU papers have not yet taken up the affair of the American officers und Marshal Vaillant. Moiitolcmhert lias inaiie a speechRespecting the liber ty, or rather no liberty, of the press of franco not over pleasing to the Ktnperor, end which does honor to the moral courage of Moutnlembert. I enclose you the full text of the Austrian circulars in reply to Count favour. Private bands play in the parks on Sundays. Oar Paris Correspondence. Pauls, June 4, ISM. The Inundation* in Franee?The Emperor's Visit to Isjftem?Af fetiinq Berne vith thr 8IIferen? Noble Speech of Hie Hi testy -Hie Visit to Valence amt Aeignon?Fearful Deportation h Flootlm? Whole Citie* Solmiecqc,/?The Imperial Visit to Dijon ?Addreee of the Italian Refugee* to Count Cmonr?T he Differ ences llehcrrn England aiul the United States?Anxiety of French Politician' in Regard to Them. The distressing cries which pierce the capital from th ? central departments, would grate harshly on the our in the midst of the chimes which the great metropolitan cathedral is sounding in honor of the imperial baptism but for the wise, prudent and humane efforts the Erapero is making to soften the consequences of, tf he cannot stay, the plague of inundation which is spreading throughout Its borders an amount of destitution and appalling misery such as the country has not witnessed for half a century. On arriving at Lyons, .his Majesty personally visited every part of the city where the river had made its fear ful inroads. He rode on horseback, dressed in a gene ral's uniform, surrounded by his stall, ami followed by an escort of Cent Gardes. The whole population were on foot. Hie poor sufferers, especially, leaving the miser able tenements which had been thrown up as a tempo rary shelter for their houseless heads, threw themselves down at his horse's feet, mingling prayers for succor in the midst of their loyal salutations. The police In vain attempted to restrain them. The Emperor himself was the first to command that there should be no impediment offered to their approach. Marshal do Castellanc, riding by his side, carried a bag of gold, into which his Majesty repeatedly plunged his hand, and distri buted its contents whenever the sight of abject distress met his eye. "My dear friends," said he, "your sufferings wring my heart. 1 come on purpose to succor you. Your immediate necessities shall be provided for, and I trust by means of the advice and skill of some of the ablest of your townsmen, to take such measures as that never again shall you be brought into a like affiic tion." Alter having made the tour of the town, he pro ceeded nt once to the Hotel do Vlllo, where a council was held on the necessary measures to bo taken. After re viewing the troops at the camp of Sathony, and distribu ting several crosses and medals of lienor, the next morn ing his Majesty set out for Valonca and Avignon. The last named place was in such a state that he was obliged to make his entry in a boat, by the Boulevard Bt. Roch. Tw o thirds of tl'io town was in fact under water, and all communications take place hy water. Truth to tell, it is not only ibe who are sufferers, but numerous and Important manufactories, wliich have within the lust few years been erected by the side of tho Uuillotiere, have been utterly annihilated. Tho aspect of all tho territory of I si Vitletto and tho Chnrponnos Is also lamentable. From the moment when the breach was made ill tho embankment at the Teto d'Or, a foaming torrent rushed over the Granule Hue and adjoin ing streets, and then rejoined tho principal course of tho river by the low lands. Houses undermined, koop tailing every day, and in many cases whole families have been buried under tho ruins. Thousands are obliged to establish themselves unbar tents and sheds formed of planks and other artieles, on tlie quays and other parts, out of tho reach of the water. Some of tho very poorest among the sufferers hold out plates to the passers by, so lieiting charity. At Orleans, during the wholo of Sunday, ? great numbers of cattle, flocks of siieep, carts laden with furniture and whole families, arrived constantly in the city from Is-. Vnl, Hying from the inundation. "I soo the melancholy faces," writes an eye jritness, "of these poor people as they paraded the stn-cts, dragging their ani mals after them, uud with their children jierched on their wretched furniture, was a piteous spectacle indeed." The Monitxur of this morning has the following an nouncement on tho subject;? Between I.y ous and Valencethc Emperor stopited at th ? towns which had most suffered. His Majesty 1ns re mitted to tha victims of tim Inundation:?to Vienna 10,000 fr.. to Roches dp Cuudrien. 2,000 fr.; to Talii 5,000 fr.; to Tournon, 2.000 fr;, to Valence, 20.000 fr. and to this last town a supplementary sum o 20.000fr. Everywhere his Majesty has been hailo with enthusiastic acclamation*. From Valence to Avig neii there was the same enthusiasm. To Montelemar the Emperor, remitted a sum of 4,000 francs; to La 1'alud where the ravages had been very considerable. His ma aj'-sty seid also, 4.000 francs. The Emperor is uow at Aries. (June 3,.7 1*. M.,) after having visitodall the inun dations of Avignon and those of Tnriseon." Tito official journal likewise adds: "While tho Emperor is hastening to convey assistance anil consolation to these sufferers, the Empress, profoundly affected at so much misery, has expressed to the Minister of the Interior, a desire that a general subscription should be immediately ois'iasl poor let *ohlayer, ami in the name of herself and son. has remitted to them a double offering." In accordance with this n^irnst, tho walls of Paris aro covered with au invitation to the |<opulaco to associato it self in the good work, and to bring contributions to tho different mayoralties. Several thousand francs have al ready been subscribed, and there is no doubt that tho sympathy of the capital will exhibit Itself in the most practical manner. The French, whatever may ho their shortcomings, are second to none when a reul work of charity is placed before them. All the accounts which liavo been received concur in stating that the weather continues line, but that from the torrents of rain which have fallen, tho rush of waters into the Rhone, tho Saono and tho Isiire is so great, that in miiny places the ris? is not stopped. Despatches from Lyons, received in Paris yesterday, state that during tho night of the 2d. tho Rhone had fallen about a foe* and a half, hut was still nearly toil foot above the ordinary lOTPl. Tho Union Rmtrguigrimtre, nf Dijon, speaks in tlio fol lowing terms of tho Kinporor's stay at DIJon, on his way to I.yons. It will giro your renders some l,|?i of tho Im perial popularity In the provinces :?" It has boon proved on many occasions that wherever there are great misfor tunes to he alleviated, and an affrighted population to be tranquillzed, there the Kinperor is sure to tie found." The Hpnni.-h Minister in I'aris has decided, on tin! occa sion of tne hapiisin ol the Prince Itnpqt ial, he will antici pate tho quarterly payments to all thoVb win), having be longed to the French legion which foaght in dolbnco of tho throne of Queen Isabella should receive a pension from the Spanish government. All the mouthers of that legion, therefore, will receive a double ponsiou in tho nu mth of Juno. The Italian refugees residing in Parte have addressed a letter to Count Cavour, expreftslvo of thetr sympathy and gratitude for his noble endeavors at the I "Oris UonfcrettCO in favor of Italy, l'rinco Oscar, of Sweden, arrived on Monday evening at Havre, whence lie will embark on a cruise "to visit the provincial French ports along the coast. Tlie Princess Charlotte of Belgium will have com pleted her sixteenth year en tho 7th of the present month, having been born at Iaecken in 1140. The Arch duke Maximilian arrived on Sunday at Brussels, at 1:2:30, by tho railway, nceompaniod '? v the Ihiko of Brabant, w ho had gone to Ghent to meet his Imperial Highness. Tho Count do Flandro w:e at the terminus at Brussels to receive iho august traveller, as were a considerable num ber of the ottlccrs ol tho garrison and of the principal authorities. King Issqiold camo forward at Iho head of the staircase to meet him, and breakfast was Immediately served. In the evening tho Austrian Prince and tho two Belgian Princes dressed ill plain clothes, walked out aud visited some of tlie princliwl buildings. In tho eveniug there was a grand dinner of ceremony at the Palace. In the way of politics, perhaps, tho most linjiortnnt communication I have to make is this?tout society, in the best informed circles, is considerably affrighted by a warlike article or two which has apjiearod in tlie Hsrai.d, as regard the relations between the United States and Kngland. Tlie Hkk.ii n of all other Journals is tliat which bavo above all comparison tho greatest weight with public opinion in Franco. 'Hie line philosophic patriotism which pervadca its remarks is precisely such as suits tlio more refined taste of a country like this. Hither to it has been observed that the Has aid has kept aloof from any thing like extreme opinions, notwithstanding a peculiar tone, of Independence. New, however, with its large circulation and its undoubted power in every country In Europe, whose Journals are tilled with quotations from its columns, tliat it seems to look on war, as a matter of course, between America and ttie mother country, some of the gravest thinkers have a presentiment that the tiling is becoming serious. Paris, Juno S. I85fl. Return of the Emperor /mm the Prorinrnn?Further Detaile nf the Inundation*? Tm?!e InridtKit Connected irith Them?The Retntinne Itrtirrrn Fro nee <Unl the Unitett Stolen?The Caueee tchirh hove Ajfreted their Cordiality, $?<?., 4"'. The? Kinperor passed before my windows down tho avenue do l'lniperntriee, en route to St. Cloud, at 7 o'clock this morning, liis Majesty must, therefore, have travelled during the night from Lyons, Tlie acronnts from tlio 90uth continue to bo of tho most heartrending nature, though it is stated that tho subsi dence of tho swolleiivivors is so great that, in many in stances, tliey nro new not beyond their ordinary height. Unhappily, however, tho weather which, yesterday, was hot with a suffocating heat, has again resumed that fariote character which has proved the can-o of so much devastation and misery. Tho rain Is bow descend ing in torrents, and has been doing so throughout tlx) night, and it is to bo feared that tho sum of two millions of francs, voted ? In minute by the LogtsMlIve body, will go hut a very small way towards alleviating tho distress, which this rain is calculated to augmout Iu a fearful ratio. The I.yousJournals and private letters whoh I have Jugt scon ar<j ftllcd with difleroul iuQldouts (jonacijtod with the casualties and hairbreadth rvapes of seroraf It the inhabitants of the inundated quarft^i. A boat contiMag Hi soldiers via . ujiact in tlio Pluine i^vGrnad Camp, tf>*ve of the men being drowned. A man rvsiding at 1a Pi** I lieu, vi lio.se liou.se fell down and buric<0 liia young wife, to whom lie bad been but recently itemed, threw himself in de.-qiair into the Rhone. A .vomau living on tlieQuuy d'Albret, who saw bor husb.rW drowned, while rendering asi-Utsnce to some sufferers, threw her self out of a window in tlio fourtii story, and ?as killod on the sjKit. A young woman who had boen eontlned two days before, was taken out of lier bed with i'ver child and convoyed in a boat to a place of safety. Thar boat bad just arrived as the bouse was beginning to give way. Tlie mother threw lier child into the arms of one o? the boatmen and in a moment after, sank herself witli tho ruins. Ihrec children were found buried beneath flw ruins of one house niter the waters had retired. The zeal and Immunity of tlio Inhabitants utn)d these distress ing circumstance* appears to be above all praise. Hun dreds of )v-rsons uro seen carrying provisions of every kind to tlio churches, which hare been thrown open for the reception of the houseless sufferer*. A subscription for tlio victim* was oiieued yesterday, at the C'our des Comptes, and prodifced upwards of 3,000f. The Clialnber of Notaries has subscribed 4,000f., and all the Notaries of the department of the tkrinc have con sented to receive subscriptions. At Lyons, excluding lite Kmperor's donation of lOO.OOOf., t)r> sum amounts to up wards of lBfi.OOOf. General lamii-rliwi lias authorised tlie opening of a subscription among tire National Guards of tlie Seine. The various fhealres are to givo repre sentations in aid. Kvery journal lets given no tice that f!i bureau is otwn for subscrip tions, each setting the example by its own liberal contribution. Tlie Union, tlie organ of the Legiti mists, often hotly occupied in polemics, has a touching article, and no greater |*?<*?<' can he cited of the profound nature of tlio sullering than tlio sentiment he- espressos:? "Providence, (it says.) is.inflicting new disasters on us. After the scourge of the cholera, tlio privations of scarci ty, the guttering* of war, wo now see our lines! provinces ravaged by inundations. I<ct us incline our lunula before these cruel trials. Let us appreciate tlio leisoo amJ sup port tho burden with humility and ffttb courage. Num bers of the present evils can be repaired: III Ehoface of such a duty all (mrty considerations disappear. There is only place for one common anguish and for one - united action of commiseration and assistance. The public au tliorities already distribute abundant succor?two- mil iums of francs have been voted by tlio- Legislative Ov|h, and the most urgent measures hare been*adopted, by tlie administration. Hut in tiiis instance the charity and pa triotism of all reclaim their right*. Subscriptions are or ganized . to which tlie press owes its support1 and its ?p jieah The Sirclf, to its honor be it said, has given the signal. The Union likewise addresses itself to-its frienils. If it can say with a certain pride that, liko thoBearnuis, it is not rich, but that it gives what it possesses with hearty good wiit, it also knows that- it bus nevor solicited in vain tlie generosity of its l'ricuds iu l'twor of public calamity." The attrntion of Parisian society lias been forcibly drawn to that article iu the Hkkauj whicln speaks with w?me distrust of tlie relations between France and tlio United States, "it ought not to bo conceaiod;" says the Hkuaui, "that of late tlio tune and uttitudo-of tite Preach towards Hie United States have been far from-worthy of tlie ancient alliance between tlio two countries." My well known relations to this journal, and the more tlian usual opportunities I liavo of coaiulHng the opinions of tlie best classes, liarc naturally given mo tlie desire to ascertain what degree of foundation tliero might, he in this observation, aud 1 have taken some pains on the sub ject. Alter mingling ill conversation with- some of tho leading members of diplomatic circles, I have-di rod down into tlie large middle class, which is separated l'rom.it by an almost imperceptible gradation. The sum- and sub stance of all 1 have heard may he thus told, tti'brrf:? It Is .very true, as regards Individuals, that tlio citizens of America have not of late token tlio sumu rank with us us formerly, and tliat in several of our publication* tln-y have been dealt with very roughly. Tills was not' tho rase formerly. But let tlie truth he told. Steam.naviga tion bus lli axled Paris with a very dilfcrent class of Ameri cans to tliat which visited our city formerly. An upstart rare now oomes among us, bearing us down by its pro fuse expenditure; assuming airs of self importance neither justified by its manners or general enlightenment; or its ephemeral wealth, for it often turns out that the lavi.-di outlay is not tlio consistent expen diture of legitimate Income, but a capital accumulated by industry lit home. Conceit, presumption and vulgarity are the attributes or such a class. It is, also, emphutl cally represented by the kind of men diplomatically impel., malum the dignity of tlie republic?men who ar ? utterly out of tlioir element in such positions?who, befor > their iiitroducMon to our capital, lived "hale fellows well met" with backwoodsmen?who aro offensive in the! manners?who are as ignorant of civilized custom* a they are of our language?who aro too obtuse to learn, h so disposed, how (o win anil secure good will, and wiios > private conduct, often, reckless and dishonest, degrade tho country they aro senl forth to honor. For tho Ame ricau uutiou wu have the deepest respect. Wo look up t > her ns the stronghold of freedom; many of us sigli fu - tile day wlieii we may (i>Uow her in that glorious path o liberty where she so proudly leads. Many of lier citi zens arc- among ties noblest foreigners that visit our capi tal. Her women are the especial favorites of our society. They dress better titan tlie Knglisli; in fact, it is quite impossible to distinguish them from tho best dressed French women. They are often found to speak tlio French language with the utmost purity and without ac cent. Wirh such we can liavo no quarrel ; butww-do pray the United States to send us gentlemen and men of honor to diplomatically represeut her. The election of a fre-.li President is surely an opportunity. Tlie above is, of iMiurso, simply the social view of Urn question. If there are any political differences I have not heard of them. Paris, Juno S, 1860. Anticipated Ci Me in Spain?Another Coup iFEtat Clone at Html ?The Spanieh Qame of Louie Qnatorse about to be. Played Ago in?Significance of the Spanieh Demonetratien Ayainrt Mexico?French ami Engiieh Deeigne in that eity for the United Stolen to be Vigilant. You may rely upon it that matters in Spain aro hurry ing to a crisis, ami that a coup d'dat, in which O'Donncll will probably act an important (though secondary) part, is daily becoming moro and more probable. When that coup d'etat is to let off, Is probably better known in cer tain circles in this mctropott than In Madrid; Mr. Caldo ron do la Barca, the form* Spanish Minister to tho United States, seems to bo waiting for it, to roturn to Washing ton. Espartero is very old, parties in Spain aro violent and new, and there is not a particlo of sincerity in any of the members of the Royal family. When you rofloct that ever since 1-outa XIV., Spain was taken under special French protection, and that tho position of Protector of Spain Is, at this moment, peculiarly inviting, you will readily understand that it bccomoe the United Stales to watch events in that quarter. Tho protection of Spain implies, to a certain extent, at lca.-t, the protection of her colonies, and tho relation which these may bear to the neighboring continent. It is, perhaps, not insignificant that Spain should, at this mo rn# nt, send a largo fleet to the Antilles and the Gulf of Mexico, to ask " satislkctlon for the claims of her citizens or subjects," from the weak government of Mexico. Such an expedition, backed by tho influence of Ounce and Kngland, nuty overthrow tho government of General Comonfort?perhaps tho mo^t energetic and reformatory which that unfortunate country lias enjoyed for tho lost ten years. Whether tho sending of such a largo fleet by Spain, aided and abetted, perhaps, by France and Kngland, may interfere with tho Monroe doctrine, I must leuvo to the decision of the government in Washington. Mexico Is n rich country, and nt the same time a weak one, whoro things may be had for the asking of them; and if site is to ho dismembered, Spain, her old stepmother, may as well claim a share of lier. If territory in that quarter is to bo had for money, Spain has a large unsett1c>l|claiin, which may bo liquidated in that way, or tho territory may be held temporarily until tho claims aro satisfied. Tho pro seme of a Spanish fleet in the Gulf of Moxico may induce the presence of a similar tleet from Kiiglnud and Franc 1 to watch her, and thereby materially inflnenco tlio posi tion of tilings in Central America, unless Walker and his friends terminate the campaign before Spuiu has taken her position. The five small States of Central America?Nicaragua Costa Rien, 11 untrmala, Honduras and San MVtdor? never threw off the yoko of Spain by revolution, as Mexl co and the S|nini.-li provinces of South America had done The Spaniards withdrew from Central America alter they had been defeated north and south, ami tho Centra American States, being left to themselves, woro obliged to form one or more independent governments, What If S|xiiu were now to attempt to take possession of her own, without reference to tho Clayton Bulwer treaty, and In direct violation of tho Monroo doctrine? The profbnnd sccresy with which nil political questions aro managed here?a secresy which hardly enables ministers to know what is going on, or what will bo done to morrow?ren ders prudence on onr part tho more necessary, as Franco has, at this moment, a larger lbrco than slio can profitably employ In Kuroi*. A military enterprise In Africa would hardly sufllotently employ tho French navy, iftnl would ex haust the finances of the connlry, without tho most distant hope of an adequate return; while a small lorco employed on tho Atlantic and In tho l'acitlc might accomplish great things merely by Its prceeuce, and but littlo to the ordi nary expenses of the army and navy, and, perhaps, add to, instead of diminishing, tho available means of tho treasury. I have, in several of my previous letters, al luded to tho Intimate relations oxisiing between Spain and Franco, anil tho danger with Which that intimacy may he fraught to tho United States. In Uiis ea<o it is not a ministry looking to popular support, which may adopt a peaceful or warlike policy, tint a single man, who needs ouly to will to bo Implicitly obeyed by thirty Uyc mUUooft of people. OUR RELATIONS WITH ENGLAND. The Retirement of th* BttiUh Minister from the I nittxi mi Urd Palmero ton. i In the House of I,erds on June 5, Hie Karl of Hamiiw Jcmrsaid he Wished t" ask u question ?f ilio noble duke or? tile Trauiry beiRb (Ike bulte of .'tgyll woe Die only iiuflth<-r of tli*-gi>vonilr?nt present.) a At hoped Iwi woiilil pu* tlio House In oluuy iu.Ai imwioii the government' hn?t received in reference to tlie'Wy iiiipwiunt subject of the ro/ert which hail been cire "fcitcd tliut nrerning. TIiivliiike of Amiyi.i. repliH tlmt lie ftld'been attending a t (imnittee lince Ihree o'cirek, and hjtl'not aoewaay o his colWagnes. Ku l Granville ami some otlief member-eof tin; gtsrern irent tlien entered tl> House. The Ka.1 of Hahdwi?kic said h? "would Dim'put liis ifnx tion. Tin v lordships were awi.re that a public jowrml Which wiis supposed t.vpoMess lie couttdenr*- ofgoritE inent, had stated that MV Crainpttu, her Maje-ty's >fir?t? ter at Washington, had been siithnarily dismissed front the country to which he was uc tredited. J{e vkik sure the govet'linie tt coifld n ?t for a iiioment suppose that such an nnnoitacenient would be lieard In this country without aflccti tg the minds of rvftt one. He begged to ask wlietlier Irr Majesty's government would conllrna the statement flint Mr. Cismpton was on his pa-?.ige home? Karl Gha.wiuj*?My lords, :n reply to the noble- ftirl I o?n only say that 1 have not seen tint statement si the jmpers to which he refers; and I am ndt aware tine any ".trial announcement has rear .ted her Majeety'a gorc.ru meat. .terd OvmorrovK presented pet Hons ffiWn South Isirsvw sldrr against the I.lrflted Mobility Mft. ami urgot Mm Win bill :b question would'give an unwholesome utimnluJ tb speculation, lit Ac House of Commons, on Juno .?>,? Mr. IbsKAKt.i wished sna.sk the noble lord nt' th# bend1 of tl.t government win flier it was true thutdier Majesty-'s Miiiisttm at Washington 'tail quitted DiutcupiUM at the re quest of the President o sit he United StAtes, anil wtirther it wa.s the intention of lmr Majesty's government'to make' any statement as to the relations between the two coun tries? lord lUiJiKHSTOS said ha had received Information In directly of the fact to whie*i'the right Imnorabte gentle

man referred. He helievi d that Mr. Cranipten had re ceived his passports, and l td quitted Washington lor To ronto. TlJere had been nothing received from-him-as yet. and he (the noble lord)-had 110 further statement at' jiresent to make. fcsir E. 11. I.ytton gave notice that to-inorrow; upon the motion lor the adjouriiment of the House, lie should put' a question to the noble lord u9"tlio head of her Majesty's government with respect to our prosuut rulatleus withe Die United Slates. When the House met on Juno 8, Sir E. 11. I.ytton said?I rise to put a question to the noble lord at the head of the government, U|K>n a subject' tlie importance of which justillus one or two brief obser vations, which shall he strictly of an explanatory charao ter. Tlie House will recollect that I postponed a- million in regard to Central America, iu order that an iiaswnr might he received from the United Stab-s government to a pro|sisal to submit that dispute to abitration, whie.lt liad been made by her Majesty's govcrmnant; Since then very gravo events have occurred; uud although' 1 would faiu believe, in the absence of oftWial in - feruiation, that our Minister lias uot been dismissed from Washington, yet it is clour that the government of which General Walker is the representative and the dictator hits been formally recognized by the President of tlie 'United States, and, also, that General Wiilki-r had previously, by an i-dict, annexed the Territory of" Mosquito to the ? Terri tory of Nicaragua, Hie former of which our govermneut holds itself pledged to protect fr-an external attacks. I hear also ujion gissl authority that-the government of the United States has sent a vessel of- war to Greytown, I hope fur the purposes of observation only, and notto aid and abet the adventurers who, since the recognition of Geueral Walker, will no doubt'Hock by hundreds and thousands to his standard to assist him in his threatened invasion of the Mosquito Territory. Under til".. - circum stances, seeing the heavy resjioiedbility resting - upon the governments of two nations, war between wiiom would bo the greatest coneeivalile calamity, except; indeed, loss of honor (hear, hear). certainly by no act of mine would I bring oil a disenssio* that might ho considered premature or Indiscreet; and thereby add to the elements of existing irritation. I am therefore quite content to continue to postjione my nwtiou 111k 111 a question w hich has now unliapiiily been extended awl aggravated. Tlie question which 1 wish noiwto put to the nnlile lord is this:?Seeing that Parliamentary dis cusslou lias been delayed for the express purpose of ob taining an answer from the American government to the conciliatory projiosUinn made by her Majesty's adminis tration, and as at the time 1 urged the expediency of pro curing that reply as speedily as possible, because I foro saw?us all men foresaw?the jiossibiltty of a suspension of diplomatic negotiations, I would ask whether, ill th 1 interval of four or live weeks which have elapsed, any ; steiis liave been taken by the government to press l'or and obtain that reply ? Mr. HoKnrcK?I would beg leave to interpose befor - the noble lord answers tho question. I believe it is of the Utmost imssihlu im|Mirtane,e upou the present occasion, that the jM-opl#, not only of England, but of America, slHiuld understand what really arc the feelings of this House and of the country. Mr. IbsHAKii?I rise to order, sir. (Hear, hoar.) Inn derstand my honorable friend, the member lor Hertford shire, to ask a simple question of the government, with out intending to raise a discussion, if thcro is to be a debate upon the subject, many honorable gentlemen would wi.-h to aiidress the House, and I myself sh?uld desire to say a lew words. Mr. Hokiii'CK?1 beg pardon. I. was not aware Unit there was no qucstieu hclore the House. 1 thought there had been a motion lor Die adjournment. lord I'ai.mkkston?1 am unable to give a definite answer to the particular question which tho honorable baronet has put to me as to what particular steps liave been taken during the last three weeks to obtain from tho American government an answer to tlie ivoposilion of her Majesty's government for arbitration in respect to the Central American matter, hut I can say this, that lliu American government have been made fully aware that the oiler Is mado ami pressed on them to accept or decline, as they may thiuk best. T do not know, in (lint short jieriod, that tuy uoblo friend at tlie head of the Foreign Dejwrtment lias thought it necessary to press specially for an answer upon that par ticular subject, as another question of more practical mo ment was jiciidiiig between the two governments. As to the general tenor of wliat has fallen IYoju the honorable baronet, I may say that in the present state of tilings be tween the two governments, I do think, if my opinion is asked for, or if it he deemed desirable that the opinion of the government should ho expressed?I say. without hesi tation, that I think the interests of the eountry and the prospect of maintaining permanent amicablo relations be tween this country and tho United states would be pro moted by a latutiuuanco of that forbearance?that .judicious forbearance?which the.House lias hitherto exhibited iu re gard to these questions." Upon other occasions of a somo whnt similar nature, when questions of importance wore pending in relation to tho Inst war?both at tho commence ment of tliw war and when negotiations were pending which fltwlly^leU to its conclusion?1 think the House acted in a manner most honorable to itself and creditable to its judgment in abstaining from throwing any |>ossihlo diflicuity in tho way of tho government by provoking prcmuturo discussion upon the subjects of dispute. Tito questions now pending are certainly of a very grave cliaractor; but I hope, and sincerely hope?nnd I hope not without good reason?tlut those discussions may terminate without any interruption of tho |>caee ftil relations of tho two countries. (Chcors.) Whore tlicre is no cause for collision, it Is hi be hoped that good sense on both sides of the water may prevent any unne cessary collision; but, certainly, discussion in this house, which must he productive of a eonIIlet <>f opinions?some too much on one side nnd some too much on the other? cannot, in my opinion, fail to tend to injurious results. As 1 am quite sure tho hon. baronet, in putting his ques tion, had in mind the answer which I gave to a question yesterday, i might be permitted to smM to it. in reply to a question, whether Mr. Crampton had retired from Washington, 1 stated yesterday, that wo had, indirectly, information that such had been the case. 1 Hud from my noble friend at tho head of tho Foreign Department that the information came by a Cunard imeket, which sailed from Halifax on the 22U. Hineo that?yesterday evening ?a packet lias arrived from New York, which left that place on the 'J4tli. and which.does not bring any conlir niation of the report brought by the former ixickut. Wo u> e, therefore, not in possession of any olllcial information ou that subject. (Hear.) (From tho London Tost, June 5. J We paid, in nn article in which wc treated of the rela tive position ot America and Knglond, a few days ago, that as Christians and friends of social progress wo ear nestly deprecated the outbreak of war, or even tho ces sation of peaceful relations, between twnjxqiulations who, in their language, their mercantile transactions, and their relations of every day life, arose interlaced as are tho representatives of the Anglo truxon ruco upon this and tho other side of the Atlantic. Wo deeply regret to have to announce that since tho publication of that nrticlo a course has been taken by the American government which, although it is in no way equivalent to a declaration of war, evidently tonds to diminish in a very serious degree tho chances of preserving peace between the two nations. Our readers are aware that the government of Knglnnd, having first freely tendered to the United States, in the most candid nnd unreserved man nor, a frank and full apology for any infraction of tho American neutrality laws which might, wittingly or unwittingly, have been committed by ilriti-h agents during tho Into war, h ave not considered It consistent wttli J us tin; to Mr. Crampton, or with a due regard lor the position of this kingdom, to ncecdo to tho further demand preferred by 1'resident 1'ierco for tho recall of our Minister. The Cabinet of Lord Palmerston at this point, however unwillingly, felt themselves constrained by Justice, and therefore by their duty, to stop short in tho path of eon cession; and the United Slates government, on the receipt of this, the vUimatvm of Knglnnd, lias directed Mr. Crampton to withdraw from tho territory of the Union. That this Is a most rash and intemperato step, at tho present Juncture, be tho original merits of the qtuntlons at Issue what they may. cannot, and we are convinced will not, lie denied by the belter nnd taoro considerate even of tho people who Uvo under the government that have taken it. It is not easy in a country where public jollcy is swayed by such singular agglomerations of par ties, and determined by such exceptional circumstances, as it Is in America, to Kiy what is tho precise bent of pub lic opinion; but, as far as it can be inferred upon the present occasion, ftr.m tho tone of tho most influential of tho Journals of tbv United Mates, It is with us, op|x>snd to the violent and,Virovi" utive |>olicy to winch the Executive government?Comrwhat mysteriously, as it seems to us? gqcU to cQPanid the American people. In dating as that poliCf uiHiucsti' nably is, vjc thdft see doubt Mt. eonttrnc to TiiuV-ddiu that conciliatory a/ltd MM, and. at life rdW: ftiiK, ftr?i and 'lionised othtud', which w? hr\V tlirougbottf this mwewnrd affair exit fitted, in tM' hbpo llitl we mi(^ fcl'bf *Nc to prevent a further develop ment of the lAipstvtiA J hostile dinponitiaa of tho govern ment of the I'Aitra StiHhs; n?r is it unreasonable to et !*?< t tliut the otiW gr>' if satifns of the civitaed world v ill bring the iiitueui'c oftlitdr opinion to hear upon the maid of the American popnlHtcwi iu such a inauber us to check any further progress iwtftsce ill judged denmLstru tioiu ol aggression .'.tut of teadewtm t? war. [From the 33tiie Paper raw* evening ] In England there is no more dricve to go to war wi"% tit" United State.- than t (ere is a #islV to commence ta?s fiWies with Mexico or any1 other p? Wei' in the Old or New World. In the United Stries, the JVeUhg of a portion of the people may coincide with ihat'iif .ffr. Pierce's cabinet; tor if run scarcely bo conco W that'public opinion is so d(-s?t amongst a great and inttdngeut people as to permit an administration to assume tll.i intemperate and deilant tone Without the support ot sectSstl of the people. It is in vain to seek uuy index id the waitings of Ameri can journalists. One duy they r#e atl l'<v war, and the next tls?y ridicule a rupture at an utter iinpfwoibility. Tlie p<-pPr of Canada, who hnfb hot a ?t:st hi*. but an immediate interest in the quosliirt, aro unaffected t?y the slightest feeling of alarm or disquiet, 'i'liey know flat tliey ant hold tlicir own, as tiVy' before? liavo done; a-vt being nearer the s|>ot, and boiuy 'more IMtnaCely nc tfAsinted tin* We in England can be vftli tlie blustering prayensitles their neighbors, tliey aru conflew ttrahido rfw result, b ut whatever Mr. Uailliu s ays, is sure h* pro dnaw ? false in.fwessiou in America. I'S prove die wv< data vf hi- party as well as bus ow.'y lie may adtcued u? show uug that the prophecies which If* and His frit ?nils uiJerod In iWembc tf 1854, Have Been justified l>y the occurrence of one ilkpute ari-tlAyont of tttwFsrdgn Enlbtment Act. Bat this measure of'silk lauduMn* w ill be gratified at the expense of liis country. Tile poopSt of tho United States will learn vrttlrdelight tbtt British public men, for the purpose of subserving thb oto jeote of party, are w tiling to embarrass the pi-ogress of negotiations by endorsing the American view of the ques tion. Utey will observe, also, that there U the strongest' possible leusilarity in the present position of Mr. Pic'retv and of Mr.Jaillie. Tiio former, with a view td his re eleetloni sort* to embroil bis country in a war. to vindP eate a point'M national punctilio for whicit ample apology Has been teyratedly tmidorod. He rests bis case upon ' the most wvierHiless evidence?upon tho evideuco cf'eomj ,'iioji informers and iijwin that of disappointed and unau thorised sgentb, and altogether ignores tho solemn assev erations of llnmtrahlo English gentlemen. Tho ln'.tPr, in Hie \-.vitt iiopo-of gaining a party triumph, must endorse in rrhiKsn tho Anwrican view of tlie question, must 'con tend that'Mr. Civumpton and oilier British officers are un wortliy of lieliefl wtul tliat Hertz and Strobel aro jiersons of iroiroproclinbli)-veracity, anil that the British govern ment' kmrwinffty and deliberately formed a plan which they wvreatrare osuld not be carried into execution with' out giving iWR'ttoo to a great and inttucntial sovereign power, vtttfmo amity it was eminently tho interest of this country to prcer**. Tlio discussion, wo believe, will answer 110 good purpose, except to cover tho abutters of American iutem|*?rowo in tho British House of Commons Willi the unpopularity wtiich their conduct deserves. The Ceylon inquiry, low which Mr. Raiilio was responsible, cost tins country ?Of>il>00. Hoes tho honorable gentleman wish to add totbis I oat I of national oliiigation the count Ices cxjieinHtave (4 Met* I and money wliiclt a war be tween England and tile United states would unquestion ably cost* [From tiro London Evening Star, (Democratic,) Juno o.] That a young eotiutry like America should have keen Busceptilul'tot's ;ts twits own dignity in presence of tho an cient monarchies of.Europe is surely most natural. And we put it to our readers whether it was an unreasonable denisnil that, after ail that hud happened, tlie individual who, wlietlwr intending it or not had itudunialily in fringed their neutrality laws, and thereby outraged their national independence, should lie rocullud from a country where his presence could n*> lunger he acceptable to tlie people, pleasant to hitaselfy it ad\ autageous to tho inte rests of the nation lie represented!1 We have dealt at some Wugtli with tiiis subject, not because we appreiumd any danger of war from tho dismissal of Mr. Cratnpton, if It stood alone; but there is a systematic attempt to inflame )s>pular prejudice, anil so Do predispose tho public mind tor wur. by representing tit* conduct of America, on the onlii-uneiit questkm, aa w iliailly irritating and arrogant, taking umbrage without cause, and exacting reparation wnltout reason. \tv :itflrn? Hint the American govern ment-had ainplftgriiund for oll'enc# in the conduct of our Minister, who, fully aware ?f the extreme sensitiveness with winch that" jieople guarded it-s riglits nf neutrality, ami at tlie very tamuuut wieu he was allaying suspicion by hyiHK'ritical apologies and assurances, did enter into a conspiracy tor evading.the laws of tlie country to which ho was accredited as a peaceful ambassador. Wo main tain that the recall of Mr. t'rauipton was no more than tliey were entitled ledeuiniai, and no mere lliati our gov eriimetii veas bound, both ia justice and in prudonoe, to cetieiile. [From the London Post (semi-official), June 0.] Mr- Cramntnn lias, as wo announced yesterday, been desired by the government ?f tho United States to quit tlie territory where ho held the |s?t of Mini-tor to that body on die part of England, istrd l^ilmerston declared l.ut night, in answer to Mr. Disraeli, thai the British govern ment Had received, indirectly, an intimation to that effect; tliat they had learned that Mr. I'rampton had quitted Wadiington for Toronto; tliat they had received, as yet, nothing from him, uid tliat tliev had. at present, no fur ther statement to make. There is therefore no doubt of the fact that tho diplomatic relations between the two countries ltnve, for tho time ut least, been rudely discontinued by tito American government, it re mains to lie seen whether, on tlie circumstances which accompanied tiie retirement of Mr. I'rampton being morn fully knuwti, it- will bo thought advisable to resent tho absurdity of the measure, not by playing with the same cards which they have thrown on tlie board, but intimating to Mr. Dallas our regret tliat ins govern ment has made impossible his stay here in an official ca pacity. >Vo do not ku?w whether this will be tho case. We do not know w bother it will lie thought right at once to mift. by a similar measure, the affront which lias been put upon us, or whether it will he dee mod bottur to endure, as we can well allurd to do, tho Insult ottered its the climax ol a lung series ol' bitterness and wrong?iehrthrr it icitl he thought letter to ft our roamiousitem of strength, that tcr should make, from nioHess irbirh itill nowhere ht mieiintlerstoinl, thin Horrific* <tlm> to our sincere desire to keep the peace. We ;ire, without doubt, strong enough ?t this moiuent to do so. We tun he moved by no false shame, by no fool ish vmiity in the mutter. Whichever course "wo hike will tie taken, not because we are angry, or because wo are alarmed, but because it is the right course. If tho immediate conduct of our government, if tho dires t step to he taken by this country may still ho doubt 1 ul, there is no doubt of its pacific spirit. There Is no doubt that England, strong and jwwcrl'ul ns she now is, with a navy which could do inculuulultle damage to any commercial and maritime country in tho world?with an army at tho height of perfection, Just released from a war which has trained its energies to tho utmost?with i.'aua da hrave, rich and loyal?has 110 conceivable reason to fear that she could bo suspected of dreading tho results of a war with .America. Her ministry could gain no jaipu larity, oven were it vicious enough to do so, by rushing into a conflict of which no man may trace the courso. and prophesy the result, but of which no man can forlcll tho the cost to this country. That is more tlutn can bo said with safety of tho American Uovcrnmont. We have be come tolerably familiar with tho lengths to which a Pre sident may bo currb-d by the liopo of re-election. We know to what extravagant pretences the faintest and most distant shadow of popularity can entice the minds of these great functionaries. We know how these pretences, after having frightened the world by their ini|>ortaiioo, fade into the nothing of truth when once their object is gained. 'Ibis may be the case witlj all the questions raised by the government of Ccncral Pierce. They may ho kept for six months at boiling water beat, and six mouths after wards may sink below zero. On the other hand, wo know how human nature rushes Into war on the slightest provocation, or falls into it on the merest accident. Half a down subjects are now ex tent between England and tho United States, on any ono of which we may be forced to war. What would be the course?what tho immediate effects?what the re*tilt of Mich a icar? Otir cotton manufacturers wuld tie. stopped /? r a time at host. That would bo uu effect from which America would suffer equally with ourselves, for a time at least, the trade Would slop; but England would not be long in developing the neglected powers of India. Forced to cultivate resources which alio has abandoned for tho sake of case and convenience, she would soon, with the present machinery, with the protest sums of transit, bring the Indian cotton into the market as quiokiy and as cheaply as the American. America would lose, in England, her great customer, fjnglund could get her produce from another source. America would find it dilfieutt to supply the murket taken from her. (if the damage which each country would do tho other at the outset of war it would be idle to speak. It is so great, so terrible, so Inevitable, il at <t seems strange that any man should contemplate it. and coolly determine oil facing its responsibility in a conflict out ol which he can scarcely hope that any solid advantage call ariso to his country. Supposing a iear to arise. England can hardly strike the t'ntini State* icith out damage to herself. America cannot damage Eng land without vast suffering to tho states. Both countries must lose enormously in trado and commerce. Neither can gain anything in tho end at all answer ing to the loss. Wo hope that tho touo which has boon taken hy America is, alter all, merely tho tone of a gov ernment seeking for jxipulanly ; that tho anger against England will coincide with the exigencies of tho President ?that tlie present cry of war will subside when it h is done its work. Should it prove otherwise?should tho lolly ol tho President have raised a force which hocanno stop, we can hut congratulate ourselves that England was never In greater strength, wan never more ready to meet insolence and to repress wrong, than she is at this moment; nnd that with tho warning of the American temper before her, she is nut likely to reduce her means luid lay down her arms. [From the same paper, same evening 1 According to diplomatic etiquette?wo may almost say according to uniform International usage?the dismissal of a public minister by one state entails with it, as a kind of measure of retaliation, the dismissal of the public minister oi the stale which 1ms thought proper to adopt a courso wo ( xtreme and so unusual. The utiuister recently repre senting this country at Washington having received his iossports, and being at th? present limo in the city of Toronto, as we yesterday exclusively stated, the summary dismissal of the American Minister at tho Court of M. James' would appear to ho tho next step in that me lancholy dispute which the government of tho United Mates Is so aiixlou* to perpetuate. To order Mr. Dal las out of this kingdom as M Do Chauvolin was or dered to depart in the year 17t>;i, would he a perfectly justifiable measure ou tho part ol the UviluU (o\gmmvut. 1( would put a stop to direct diplomatic intercowreft between the two countries; I'Ot "?> ikiubt t.iere would h# found the Consuls of somo friend)/ Powers who would, ?? both sides of the Atlantic, watch the personal rigbta and commercial interests of Briii-d* and American sub ject*. If this retaliatory measure sup*td now be adopted, the uwonvemence?however much to no deplored as a manifrt tntlon of interrupted friendship?would produoa few prvtieal evils. When the Puke tie Sotomayer or dered fir Henry Bulwor to leave Spain, and the BrtUsn Roverumiw t. in return, ordered Sonor Isturitz, the Spantate li'nister to leave England, we never heard that in either cona*rv' anv serious Inconvenience wua experienced by the tnjJijecta .*>' the two crowns. Etiquotto us well M u-ace elviar 'he British government this right, it next Become* an important quosUon to consider whotl.ft', in (ho present conjuncture, tt la one *Wh should fte lnsftrttd, and sternly enforced. Wo bekere that except amoatft he Intemperate and violent portion of the popufttiod in illb United .suites, the departura of M*. Crumnton will he r.V% cd with unfeigned regretnot only M?n his |HTuIarit)-, fe ' ^otn the causewhichlias led t? h* dl.-missai Mr. tolK ?* duri?K hjs ?hort stay n thm coautry , has emitted lit opportunity of expr.-aii,,g the mo. t cordial o id friendly terliiigshiwardsfjigluiel,uad With eqtihl regMt, not "it. v ad natloBaf a most Vultiess .-ohi unavailing mission, li t e* aecou.it or the respect' w*Hi >?*?? have so largely arxl so dein m 1Ilsl,!r?d- ^ ^ people, having u?V des.ro lb. . 1 C r ^o,h ^ the I'll t?M ? ttttleil, wbtlld, V " aiill la course \?bro poss hie, be *i ,'t.e coutent sh l to permit II <P resident* arton;/* 1,1 ?,m* J** sentative oVthe United States: Mt. 1 l0,ce' ,'firnV? of olUee wi't in a few mnulis e-*?% e, may naturally Sire to brtn^ mutters tt> aid ii??te*. 'a*J. c .?ul, ? " British govts/nujcut slnctt adopt'dh? ? digmiled course !? which wo hr.te adverted, not oftljf the people of tm0 1'iutfd Mates, biit the In.'MhitantA off ft 0 /" V' wor!^I would see tha:*Kri?luml?rfthbugh .lew? 1 better prepare? for war than at'present?.* carefuf tma Detain from any step which muyahet the iii>res!S of MP. Iherce. It must always bo renn itbercd, in he disrweta!? 01 "'is question, that the 1 "reside.* til' the lotted ttAters di not pos?? the prerogative of declaring- v/ftfi \f ttlrw ' "le < oncur reiiee of the Mm*#, his jierswiut inciinafll )Uj? comparap tively deserve little regard or alt? ution. Bui war, except fo- the pu?pow> of ;a?i iexation In carry out tho Monroe d-xrtrine, Mas 110 tak ing popularity -*Hh the jiople of "?o United States. The t-'outi", with its crttHu, is oVWt more inti mately connected a' prosis-rtty With Mhttoft ester than lj7eriKiol with I.ondewi In the last war tllotwi were boom of illiw States which ailually refused t? I>a/ ivta taxes, on to send their quotas o5 mthtui to ser. p wili^'.lis?. Alnenoaw army, in consequence of tile unpopelarity eg fht ' eontMft wltlf Knglaiid. Are I ho common U? relufionu . betwee* tin* two countries less ejrtdnsive tlPw they won ' in U?n year 1812? Have reciprocity treat os, the ropa* 1 of tho navigation laws, done nothing to biud togoJhor a closer commotion the commercial iiitdrrsis of Ola > tww couMMesf In 1834 and 1835 (W angry ? ispute uroso between the United Mates r**d' Hranee-, Von the sulject of certain eomjieusatimi due te America? sub ject!! On- the confiscation of their property und? ' th? llerhn and Milan decrees. The same iatftmpeeato aaft blustering spirit w hich now-'distinguishes Mr. nee ce*B isiliey was tlieu exhibited, but 'the starrm hltrr o? er. Again-, in the atfair of tlie Caroline, and ia the- dbp uta coneernlng the Maine Boundary, the rotations between this country and the United SttfttW bore seorcoly a lass disagreeable as]s>ct than they do at tho present neeea?el* But "by the exercise of ten?|icr, iiiodenitWm anil ttisorb? tioiv, liidty these qustious were a'.iih-.ihly.scttledi. If2 M cvnritftratirm, Mr. Dallas be )>ermittcd1 ly the BrUiMt ytn - rntni-nl to remain in this country, il must lata ho iwnphlMi that Knytaml is adopting a jntrillaniihoM or eowardty courts. I.et ths odium of completely separatng thcttes of tnend ship bl-twwen tlie two countries be incurred by the hand of MY. llorce alone. [H em tlie T/indon News (city article), Juno 6.1 The coultrmation by Iionl l'alnierston l.astinigh? or yeb terday.'s statement, that the British Minister-hias been dis ntiuedfnm Washington, hat been, followed rise ef tf to iMrr-ccnt in thcjimds. Tlie market v?re ".p improved ap|>earaitce tliroughout tho day, and closod ftrnaiy at tha sdvancot Tliere is a disposition io behove-that a tempo rary suspension of diplomatic relations between this country and the United States forms the Utmost extent of the evil tmbh reasonably apprehended frisuiSbo dUputn now peiolHig, and that the public, mind wilt soma booomo familiartaed with tlie existing potitieul situation. Ac tan? iqsin this view, and having regasd to the sulistactory >p jiearanco of the money market and to tlie sternly in i eat loeuts of tho public, many of tho iwrtios who itud effected speculative sales u|s>n tlie clianoos of the American quan tiou now show eagerness to buy back. [From tlie I/indon (ilobe, Juno 6.1 The information stated tiy ICrd l'almersism to hard been received "indirectly"?that Mr. Crainpton had re ceived liis passports, and had quitted Washington for To ronto?was, wo believe, transmitted by telegraph front Washington, just before the last steamer left Halilhx. Nothing had been received direct from Mr. CYainpUm aw from any official quarter, as l?rd tiranville stated in th* House of Torils. But it Is eoni)strativeiy usehsss to specu late as to tlm fact itself, or the- authenticity of thu me dium through which it was transmitted. Everything jMiints to (he conclusion that, in il>e preseut t M !ti pe r of the American Cabinet, it could only be a question of Mm when they would play their last ]H>putarity-huntiag move; and ai the latest, it was probable they would have played it before the meeting of thu Democratic Conven tion at Cincinnati on the 1st Inst. Assuming, therefore, that President Pierce has played liis lust card?has thrown his last tub Ui the popula whale?what wo on this sido havo-to consider is the per Inqsised upon ourselves at this conjuncture, lard Cte rcudon's last.despatch nppcars to have produced a strong and favorable Impression on tile American public, how ever little it oould iitllucnro the calculations of the Ame rican Cabinet: But unfortunately the instructed clan?^ capable of forming a fair and candid judgment, and whaee decision practically constitutes what wo term " publle opinion" in this country, by no means ntakc their voice heard with the same potential eftbet in repub lican America. Tlie conduct, of the President plainly shows that' ho at least thinks bis best chance fbr e reprieve from relapsing into tho obaeurity from whictnhe emerged four years baok lies In keeping up hia quarrel with us. whether we will or no. our govern ment has to avoid, on tlie one hand, aiding this dishonest game by adding any unnecessary irritatten to the 111 humors upon which 1 "resident Pierce forma his calcula tions, and whiuh his Gibiuot has taken such perversa pains to excite and foment. <>u she oilier hand, it is, eft course, necessary not to lead the restless and notqr portion of the American peoplo into tihe notion that our conciliatory spirit will go Llae length o< pocketing af tronts without showing a calm and dignitieU sense eft . il.< m, or that wo will requito Indignities to one Mini : by sending another, according to the burlesque pr dent in the "Antijacobin"? We lieor the F|*ench Plreetors H?t? thought tho paint w< knotty, That the l>ey l?vlug shewn He disliked .ton Hun, They have gent him Hcraadotta. gome of the organ* of so-called popular opinion In United State* appear to think wo sliall follow that { dent. They will find themselves mi-taken. We cannot say that wo have much fear of war nraan the present politically inllatod and improved misunder standing.. Since 1812, the former provocations toboe tllity, which were administered by the enforcement ei our old maritime rode, have been removed by the pr? dent and pacitlc policy of our own government. The aa^ lives fur peace, on both sides, have been multiplied tem i'old. [From the I .?oil on Times, (city article,) Juno 6.) lite specie front New York l>y lite Atlantic to day in ?42,004): and, although the rule of exchange was becont ing rather less favorable for this country, a larger sunn may be expected by the Asia on Mouday. The privates advices on this occasion state that the last despatch at Lord Clarendon on the enlistment question had produomk a most ,-atirlai lory effect, nud that many persons were disposed to believe the difficulty might be looked upon aw virtually settled, and that Mr. Craiupton would not bw required to leave. This idea, indeed, seems to have be come very general among iho Nailing merchants, an (ft the stock market had responded to it, but the tone of Iku Washington Union, the government organ, is far Ihw conveying a similar impression. [From the London Times. June 7.) Neither we. nor nny other journal that wo know 0ft ever professed nny exclusive and private Information am the public adairs of the United states. Tho subject matter of our remarks has been open to all the world, and, what ever difference of opinion there might be as to the temper, nnd motives, and designs ol' public men In the Unites States, or of the people, the facts have been matter ef no toriety. We behove, then, wo are only remarking whafr is the subject of universal observation?that for a Ions time past, and in particular throughout the whole of the dlil'ercnee that now assumes so threatening an aspeet? tin re have been two distinct currents of feeling in tbw American intelligence. On tho one hand, there has boon everything that eould irritate, annoy, and provokw the liritish government and all those classes suppoeeA to be specially concerned in it. There has been aw end of bragging of tho vigorous genius and ascendant destiny of tho Union, as compared with a won out old world State liko ours. Thorn has bee* the rontinnal assertion that the Drilisb people woukt never support its government against artt; pretensions . whatever that the States might choose to m', vance. Much more there has been to this etl'ect; anil v;/ have occasion ally filled w hole columns with matter of this olfeaslvw description, well knowing tlmt our rewJters would setlft down at IU true value. Such has teen one current od feeling, nial a very disagreeable ono it has been. Thw other has equally preened Itself open tho public attenlto* of this country. Indeed, one migl i almost suppose them were people In tho United States * no make It their buet tte-s to Impress on us this view of. American society. Ik is this:?Never ntfnd all th/, apparent hostility. Ik is niero electioneering. A1V the tncre respectable, all tho moro substantia* people In tho Union, nro ngainst war. Their sympathy with tho old country nro still too strong. They can never wish to seo it degradtd. Their pr'irato inteiWstw avo bound up in peace. Only <lnu't you fan the flame. This difference is tho woes of a few violent politician*, vrlio lad It (their inters**, to wl dou the breech, and brine two countries to the verge <d war?though, Indeed, tk would matter littlo It them V tho vorgo were (Missed, finch nro the two slt-jams oC intelligence flowing hither ffom tho opposite shore. They present tho widest possi ble difference, nnit yet we bclicvo them both to be true. The solution <4 She appujvnt inconsistency is to ho fon rut in tho character oi the class that governs tho Uuitod ?states, and w that wlttf-H submits to be only governed. That phnuk '-the governing classes," which here applies to a very aristocn-.tir, or rather ongsrchical section ot th? comiuMMilv, la not without meaning in the Uaito4 [CONTINyjp QN IWOTU fAQE]