Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 23, 1856, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 23, 1856 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAMBS GORDON ?IRHKTT, RDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. E. w. OORNZR OF NABSAU AND PULTON 8T8. TKMMS, task in advance. - ?every oomraow, at u*4 ofnAI per mpy, or |8|Nrr CUM N III, Uu European edition, %4 pe o#w?ttm (a S3 i" KU iu? partv/tS. C'uiWuwkU, VOLVNTj$lYX8<JRRESPONDENCK, ronlaining tmport ?*??we, mMnfarf/rvm .*) tfwwtcr of Itw world?if used irill bt )?*?-?% ponf /or. S^-Ooh Korniun Ooihmi-oidimtk a hi rUmiUkLT KluL ASTID To SlAL ALL LlITIIS AID FaCX ASM Murt W>. VlltUMC 111 No. 174 AEUBEMENTS THIS SVKNINQ. MlBLO'fi^OA RDKN, BphkIwaj? focm Huoui on in IWB Hot*?Lm Ahillm?Pougo. t?URTRK' c'biBaber? street?Mjcagba.nt of Broadway?Six Dbgriu m C*m??By m Wood a lUisa Jutikurb. WOOD'S M?NSTRRU, 444 liroadway?E Utopia* Kin ?mxlby?Ttk Miscnrrous *o?m. IBKl.: l.R*8 EMPIRE HALL, 58C Proadway-BiiuoAC. aid toSCt. . tiWOUS JVbucauf?Mamoal aid Mcsioal Sopkli. _ PTOEgl :PW GALLERY, 497 Brr?rlwAY?T1XUA1UI FiimiM: aNb Statuary?IAaWybdok of Uuss, As. BROOffljPN MUSEUM, BmkJyn?Black Eybo Scsaw? Vim?Finsr Night?Ihihh JLtoi. "<* **k, Monday, Pant 03, 1850. Tbe New s. The steamship Atlantic arrived last'evening from Lsrerpoel, with advices to Re 11th Mat., four dtys later thanCdose previously received- The news of the dismissal vf Mr. Oampton, which Was published ex clusively; n the Hjerald of the 24th ult, and carried oat in the Asia, vu received aa -a fact by the lead ing London papers, and commented on by them in a lone indicating hat little excitement. The Morning Poot, the orga? of Lord Palmers ton, repeats, " that there is neither war nor cause for war; it ia fairly a question of tenper. The Ei^ish people are on the best terma; the English -government is disposed to be most amiable and polite; the Washington Cabinet alone remains ic the sulks, and till H comes to its better self we must bear with its pettish wars as well m we can. It would be folly to kick when all the dudgeon is on one side.v It is generally conceded that Mr. Dallas will not be ?ent home. In the meantime the ships ef war Nile, 91; the Shannon, 51; the Pylades, 21, and the Cos aaek, 21, had been ordered to proceed to the North American station with all possible despatch. An attempt to assassinate the Queen of Spain ia report ed. There has been a ministerial crisis in Portugal. The inundations have done fearful damage in France, and subscriptions for the relief of the suf fered were being taken up in Eug'anl. Consols ?lad declined since the 7th inst. fram 94$ a 94$ to Wa94J. Cotton was a shade better,and bread wtnifs had improved. Mr. Fillmore arrived last night, about twelve ?'clock, by the Atlantic, and was received by the i Committee of the Common Council and the Fiilmore reception clubs. He made a speech in reply to Alderman Briggs. and another to the crowd in front of the St. Nicholas, where he is at present stopping ?s the guest'of the city. A fall report of ail that ?was done and said will be found elsewhere. The intense heat of the last three days, which oc casioned several cases of coup dt eoieil, was brought to an abrupt termination yesterday afternoon by a violent thunder storm, which lowered the tempera tore most refreshingly, and did something towards ?leaning the city. The squall was very severe in the *ecy, and several boats were upset. Three pereon<>, young man and two girls, were drowned by the opeetticg of a sailboat in Gowann* fcay, and a brothe - and sister who were in the same fcoat narrowly es ? caped the same fate, and were -caved only by the streuncos exertions of the brother. A full account of 4be disaster will be found elsewhere. We give in another part of to-day's paper some interesting items from Beaver Islands, the Mormon settlement in Lake Michigan. The stitement which in made by Mr. J. Atkyn, and copied from a Cincin nati paper,may be taken with some grains of allow ance in regard to its truth in eveiw particular, as Mr. Atkyn is spoken of by the Mormons as a man upon whom it will not do to place too mnch reliance. The United States government have shipped a large number of Colt's revolvers to Panama, for the anniag o' the crew of the eloop-of-war 9t? Mary's. This is as.ovelty in navel equipments ; and they are to be osed in the event oi any further attack on American property at that point. H>e pistols left m the last steamer. In the meantime, Commander Hailey has-ordersto remain at Panama. A continuation of the search of the alleged slave fcrig Bramst ,.at the Navy Yard, has led to the dis covery of .articles tending to implicate her as a ?laver. The total u ae or foreign goods imported at me port of Bostoc daring the week ending the 20th test, amounted to $614,406. The cotton market was very quiet on Saturday, and ?ales were conftned to about iOO a.V>0 bales, with ??t change in f rices. Not much animation was arpccted until further news ahoold he received from Jferope by tbe oazt steamer doe, as it was be loved that she would probably bring accounts of a favwai le change in prices. Flotr was In fair de mand, vithout change of moment in quotations The asirkct, howeaer, under the force of large receipts, closed dnlL inferior and common grades of wheal were doll and irregular, while prune lots were acute and fiim. Indiana red sold at II 40, .Southern citto at II SY, and Chicago spring- at $1 A "ale of 60 hnrhels of new red wheat, grown .this season, near Charleston, South Care Una, w?n,,ia.d to go air. of market at $2 per bushel. Prime white Southern and Canadian were at $1 M. Distilling WeeUm mixed corn sold freely tA 46c.; sound ditto, for Eastern ship ment. tA 63i, and sonar. Southern yellow at 56 a 67c. Bye sold at 83c. delivered. Pork was sales of moss at 119 2?. hard was firm, with sales in barrels at U^c and in kegs at 12{C. B.igurs a rc firm, wxtii sales of about 1.000 a 1,206 hbds.Qrha muscovado at full prices. Coffee was steady, a ith moderate transactions. Freights wereatiffer, Wltth large sh^ments of grain ta Liverpool. a fall ratsai with engagements a ho of -flonr at steady quotafems. Wtiiafcry advanced 294c. a 30c. per gallon. The Effect of tfet <rainp*?n ( mo Ik J?nglan?t. The papers by Ae America evince .rather a j Kornnen than an asperity of fueling on tbt subject of the Cs&mpton case. The English are grieved with us, not augry. They are n?? resolved wheth er to dismiss Mr. Dallas o-r no ; bvi any way, they will spare ue a war. They are idrong enough, great enough, to forgive ml Tbey can afford, on the grand eminence they oeaupy, to Jbear our puny assaults with equanimity a ad treat oar ravings with conuniaeratkin. They, wt'io know not what it is to have an uoprinciplod statesman, lay all our faults at the door of the ataudoned Pierce and the wretched Mtrcy, and pity rather than condejan us. In consijeration "for the better classes" of Americans, whom, nevertheless, it is proper to reprimand and chastise for not keeping a better kxAout, we?the reckless, senseless, va poring masses?arc graciously spared this time, tn recollection of breadstuff's and in memory of cotton. But the British lion mast not he poked np again. Such is the tone of the Briteb press, from the Tma down to the Morning Pont. We must be forgiven by our trans-atlantic readers if we fail *0 j perceive the drift of this Bobodilian sort of talk. We have every desire to remain on good terms with our British cousin* And indeed every in ten tion of doing bo, whatever politicians may scheme or blusterers imagine. We are growing a larger breadth of wheat this year than usual, and a few bales more cotton, on purpose for the English. We have a lew railways too. on hand, that will pay from twenty-five to forty per cent per annum on the investment; and we waut John Bull to try a few shares and a few bonds likewise. We shouldn't mind if he sent over a few of his first rate engineers, with a few of those sterling pounds, which are Increasing hi his great bank?so the returns say?at the rate of six or seven hundred thousand pounds a week, to open some of our coal mines. Also, a copper mine or two, a few Bilver, and likewise seme gold and lead mines. Nor should we object in the leeet if he built a few more steamers like the Great Eastern, and sent them to Portland or Nor folk, or wherever else they could go. and asked us to load them. Having these views in our; mhrd. we say we do not understand John (Bull when he puts on an air ?T dignity, and intimates that it is only kecausel.e is Ug and we arc little ?out of pity, in shirt?thnt'he docs not knock us about the'head. ? his is child's talk, quite un worthy of a sensible; nation, or a sensible press. Mr. Cranpton's -dismissal was perfectly right and proper?that is the sentiment not only of the ?' noisy r&Kole," but of the - conservative classes" of America, almost without exception. He hnd violated the lfta s. He had written in sultingly of fue government. He had placed himself in hostile enllision with Senators. Any of these were sufficient to render him an unsuitable miniver of a frmadly power | near this government: the firet rendered 1 hiB dismissal a necessity. Had Mr. Cramp ton been a Prussian, or had he been an American, in France or Germany, and acted as he did, no journal would have been prompter to advocate his dismissal than the London Times; for no journal has a juster know ledge of history, or a truer recollection of the numerous cases in which mischievous ministers have, by their errors and their spites, caused great | and calamitous wars. Mr. Crampton contemned ! this country's laws. Mr. Crampton derided and sneered at this country's government. Mr. Crampton grossly belied honorable Senators. Mr. Crampton did what in him lay to nurture a feel ing of hostility against this country among the governing classes in England. And for these things Mr. Crampton was -most righteously dis missed?most properly dismissed. We are not the friends of Mr. Pierce?ftu* from it: nor are we given to chaunt the praises of Mr. Marcy?God help us! But we are bomid to'say that both of these gentlemen are at this time receiving most harsh and unfair treatment at the bands of the British press. The greatest fault that can be laid to the charge of the Pre sident and Secretary is want of nerve and promptitude, as evinoed in the failure to dismiss Crampton the day after his roguery came to light. But it must be borne in mind that the British were then in the thick of a war. They were get ting the worst of it; or at least people thought so. and their own journals said so. There they were, lumbering up the ground before Sobasto- j pol. and doing no jsort of good: for the which they?government and governed?were sorely distressed. If at this crisis the President had dismissed Mr. Crampton. what would have been the consequence!! The embarrassment of the I British would have been terribly increased, and | we should really hnve seemed to be secetly but effectively laboring in the cause of Russia. In view of this consideration the President tempo rized, resolved to-wait; did wait, in fact, till all the British troubles were over, and tfceir great fleet was free to crush us. If we may blame him for thip. the British may not. He may have act ed weakly towatds us. but he acted like a gentle | inan toward tham. And it shows their press to be really in the hands of men of the class to which they ascribe the direction of onrs, when they wholly overlook this generous and manly action of the President's, and meanly ascribe his whole conduct to Cincinnati consideratmns. Mr. Pierce may be a very bad President, Mr. Marcy a bad Secretary; that is our affair, not that of England. They are good enough, at all events, to hold their own against the practiced statesmen of England ; Lord Clarendon, we ven ture to say. wiE not risk a second tilt with old Governor Murey. Nor are they in any wise . inferior to their Ergliah rivals in point of princi ple. Lord Palmerston it in fact a more uuprio- , cipled man by far than Mr. Marcy. and less re- j spectable in every way ; he is neater the calibre I of Caleb Gushing or.Soule. He does not tell the truth. He does not care for peace, or prosperity, or honor. He thinks of nothing but the glory of j being Prime Minister of England, and making a j fine speech in the House of Commons, in which he will avail liimself.of his age ami rank to gross ly insult and bully .better but weaker or more j modest men than himself. To gain these ends he will pacrifice anything, from his friends to his country. With such .a politician our Cincinnati j schemers need not few a comparison. The " jI xboat Stbisbm?-An American Pouct. ?1 ho possession of a large number of gunboats, moved by steam. hau been deemed a powerful and a dacgerous accession to ti?: naval power of England. The idea is nothing new. It has long b> en practiced on; and if we are not mistaken, one of the. ? ry vessels ??od in the Baltic was ac tu.vly built in England no a Prussian model, and for foreign jmploymcnt. The Russians and Dunos long ago used gunboats with success, and as ea*.!y as 1893 the American Congress passed an act to build t nd employ them in oht navai service. President Jefferson was friendly to the system faora the ?.art, and in bis message of 1803 urged it* adoption warmly. The subject was ?referred to a committee in Congress, and a re port w as made, in jwhich the required number was estimated to be 'wo hundred and fifty, the cost of construction fanr thousand dollars, and the annual maintenance eight thousand dollars. An appropriation of sijry thousand dollars waa voted. In 1807 Mr. Jefferson communicated a special message to Congroos, urging, under the unsettled state ?f our jSoreign relatious. their im mediate attention to tins subject. His views were fully detailed, the system was advocated, and on this occasion he offered the commendations of General Gates and General Wilkinson. Commodore Barron and Copt. Tingcy. He referred to the utility of these vessels at the siege of Gibraltar, and the destruction of the Turkish fleet in Liman bay in 1788, by a Russian flotilla. If we mistake not, Congress voted one hundred and thirty thousand dollars for a fresh exp< nditure. Other instances might have beon mentioned. In 1800, off Ceuta, two Spanish gunboats capture d an English 10 gun brig, after a warm engagement. In 1808, off Mnlmo. the Danes, with twenty-five gunboats, attacked the Africa, C4. a bomb vessel, and two brigs, and tore the jarge ship to pieces. Had sot the night come on she would ha*/^ been captured. She was In imminent dan of vtnking, and with difficulty reached pori^ in <our own service, under the command (? Lieutenant, afterwards Commodore Jones, tfjey rendered valuable aid at New Or leans, fjxj, ^ mistake not, in the Chesapeake, in an affair with a British 74. Jeffenon was violently assailed by the federal [ party for his recommendation. They accused the democrats of having opposed a navy in the time of Adam*, and now inconsistently advocating it. The polity was one of the disturbing iaraes of the day, and party violence used every weapen agahvit its consummation. Indeed, the President waatto bard pushed that he employed Thomas Paine, who had returned from France, to use his I pen in his defence. It was ably used, but did not 'nrich change public opinion in favor of the scheme. Almost all our naval officers were nimicable to it; they liked large and comfortab.e ships, and it was said of them that they wete asked to give up a ricMy caparisoned horse to go riding about on a donkey. The force never amounted to much. Acci dents and decay thinned the little fleet. It fell into disuse, and some of the best of them were sold for lighten. The gunboats of those days, while they depend ed upon the principle laid down by Jefferson for their utility as a harbor and coast defence, w?re moved by sails. Steam has added vastly to their capacity and utility to manoeuvre. They can place themselves in any position, and cany shot between four and five miles. At that distance from a large vessel they present, a target of about twenty-two feet by eight, and will be hard to hit. It will be like bringing a bird down on the wing, to do it. In cose of a war we can build five hundred in four months' time, and at any distance from the seaboard we think proper. We therefore need not fear these English musqui toee when our gallinippers get ready. We have outstripped the world in the construction of ships and firearms. Perhaps we can do it ugain. The Inundations In France?American Aid Hot the Sufferers. The late fearful visitation which has carried devastation and ruin into the most fertile dis tricts and richest manufacturing towns of France, has naturally excited the attention and sympathy of the civilized world. In an age in which art is made to control, successfully, most of the irre gular operations of nature, men naturally ask themselves if nothing can be done to avert alto gether these catastrophes. It will be seen from what we are about to state, that although barriers may be opposed to these periodical overflowings of the great rivers of the earth, the force of a pow er greater than that of man will occasionally overbear these artificial obstacles, and cause only groater destruction from the feeble resistance op posed to them. Lyons, the chief scene of these disasters, is, as our readers are aware, situated at the *00900006 of the Rhone and the Saone. The appearance of the city, as the traveller approaches it, is the most picturesque that can be imagined. Seated on the right bank of the Rhone and on the two banks of the Saone, it ascends the Banks of the heights of Saint Just. Fourvieres and la Croix Rousse, covers their plateaux, and then descends again into the plain through which the Rhone winds. Previous to the year 1776 the Rhone and the Saone effected their junction at the vast esplanade called the Cours du Midi A little further on existed an island called the lie Jfoquiat. Being commissioned to reclaim from the two rivers that bathe Lyons the space which now. forms the beautiful esplanade above named, the architect Perrachc, by a long em bankment. turned the course of the Rhone, car i ied lack the confluence of the river about fif teen hundred yards to the south, and thus reunited the He Moquiat to the main land. We mention these facts to give our readers a correct idea of the situation of Lyons, and of the pecu liarities of position which render it liable to the visitations under which it is now suffering. With tLe causes of inundation in general our readers are as familiar as ourselves. They are occasioned, we need not tell them, by heavy and continuous rains, and by the melting of the snow on the tope of the mountains by sudden and violent changes of temperature. When the temperature continues moderate the snow dis solves gradually, and the waters slowly find their level. The immense quantity of rain which fell in Franco during the last few months, not only precipitated the usual slow operations of nature in this respect, but added immensely to the volume of the river by direct contributions. The rivers of France which arc most subject to there dclordnnmts are those which take their rise in the spurs of the Alpine and Pyrennean ranges, such as the Rhone, the Garonne, the Adour, the Rhine and their principal affluent*. The Seine, which has its source in the plateau of Langres, and the Loire, which takes its rise in the granitic flunks of the Cevennes, are also subject to these periodical inconveniences. From time to time the inundations arising from the above descrilted causes have been attended wj0i a vast destruction of property, though hap pily, owing to the judicious and euergetic preca u tions adopted by the French authorities, with a comparatively small loss of life. The most ox tensive disaster of this kind which has occurred in France, was that which took place In the year* 1M0. TVc Saone poured an accumulated mass of waters into the Rhone, which burst it* banks* and covered sixty thousand acres of the land. All the lower parts of Lyons were submerged; in A vigton upwards of one hundred houses were swept away, two hundred and eighteen bouses were carried away in LaGuillotiere, and upwards of three hundred .at Vaise. Marseille and Nismes. Tim Saone had not attained ?uch a height for a period of two hundpod and thirty-eight years, an/! the Joss occasioned b7 it was -estimated at littleJ short of sixteen million* of frazms. It will be asked how it is that sii? well .known tkili of the French engineers has not made some effective provision against the racturence of such calamities. The answer is, that from the eariiest ages efforts have been made to arrest them, and as yet science has been unable to derive any ef fective barrier against their overwhelming force. In France they have always formed a subject of the most anxious consideration and attention on the part of government, and vast sums have from time to time been voted for the constrnction of works to hem in the rebellious waters. In their solidity, however, the population of the district* thus visited do not place much faith. The re turn of spring is always with the Lyonnese a period of the greatest anxiety and watchfulnew. ar.d a visiter at such times can say to them in the words of Drydcn :? Your <ares about yotir banks infer a fear lit threatening floods and inundations near. Although the precise amount of damage done ly the recent visitation has not as yet been esti ?at( d, there is reason to fear that it falls ba^ very little short, if, indeed, it does not exceed that <of 1840. The same localities have been sub merged?Lyons, La Guillotiere, Vienna, Roches ?<te Coudrien, Tain, Toumon, Valence, Avignon, Moutelcmar and La Pahid?whole villages have teen swept away and many lives lost. At Or leans, at the last accounts, the sufferers were flocking by thousands into the city from Le Val and other places. One of the worst features, however, of the calamity is, that the numerous and prosperous manufactories which have teen erected within the last few years in the district of La Guillotiere. have been entirely annihilated. Thus the fruits of years of patient industry and enterprise have been destroyed at one fell blow. This is a great national calamity. It will be years before the industry of Prance recovers from the shock. When we take into account that the manufactures of Lyons are those which con tribute most to its commercial riches, we can form some idea of the effect which such a whole t ale destruction of her industrial establishments must have upon her interests. But this conside ration is of small account compared with the re flection that by this lamentable event thousands of persons will be reduced to a state of extreme privation, and that many will in all probability sink under the pressure of want. A sum of twelve millions of francs have been voted for the relief of the sufferers; but this will go but a short way towards the alleviation of their distress. Double that sum would not repair the losses which they have met with. These facts remove the visitation out of the domain of ordinary oc currences affecting only the people on whom it has fallen. It addresses itself to the sympathies and benevolent consideration of the world at large, which cannot but feel affected at the spec tacle of so much unmerited distress. Under such circumstances there is but one part for the American people to take. Let Europeans say what they will of them, it cannot be charged against them that they have ever shown cold hearts or turned a deaf car to the misfortunes and sufferings of others. We have abundantly proved the contrary by the generous efforts which we made for the relief of the sufferers during the famine in Ireland and in the Cape de Verde Islands, and on various other occasions. What ever cause wc may have for feeling indignant at the irritating and unbecoming tone adopted to ward us by the French press; whatever distrust we may feel at the conduct of French diplomat ists in this country and Mexico; whatever suspi cions we may entertain as to the views of the French Emperor in regard to the affairs of this continent generally, it shall never be said of us that in the presence of such a calamity as thiq, we allowed our interests or our prejudices to interfere with the dictates of humanity. We will show by our conduct on this occasiou that we are not influenced by the paltry jealousies and hostilities which the enemies of republicanism attribute to us, and which, in fact, only find their origin in their own minds. As we are firm and uncompromising in

the assertion of our rights, we will prove to them that wc can be magnanimous, forgiving and gen erous when the opportunity presents itself. These are the characteristics of a great nation, and on this occasion we shall not be found deficient in them. The suggestion, we are convinced, has only to be made to find a prompt and enthusiastic and liberal response from all classes of our people. Let, therefore, a subscription for the relief of <be sufferers by the inundations be at onoe opened in every banking house in eveiy city, town and village throughout the Union. Let the move ment be spontaneous, energetic and national in every sense of the word. Let the leading men of the country head the lists in each locality, and tt the government be made the vehicle of the papular benevolence. For this movement to be effectual, there must be no delay. The aid that is timely is alone appreciated. Political CtoMlp. The Boston Alias, one of the oldest of Massachusetts v. hip journals, says tho Convention which has just nomi nated Fremont recognizes tho wishes of the people, and have but given voice to the sentiment which has been lung entertained in favor of the young and gallant hero who lirst planted the American (lag upon the Pacific coast. K is rumored in Washington that in case Mr. Buchanan should he elected, Mr. Slidcll will be .Sccrotary of State, and (Jen. Quit man Secretary of War. Wbat a glorious tiuie tlie filibusters would then have ! Tho old line whlgs of Maine will hold a State Convention at Bangor, on the 1st of July, for the purpose of nomina ting n candidate for Governor. The Mew Haven Palladium, which was one of the few journals who favored the nomination of Fremont, is now jubilant over bid success. It thinks be will ride over all opposition. " Buck and Brcek," the rallying cry of the democracy, is suggestive. The following satirical hit is from the Berkshire County Eagle :?"We know what to look for when Arnold Douglas drives the democratic team, with a 'Haw, Buck I Gee, Brcckfl G'lang there, dang ye!'" The Be la ware Nepullican, a Fillmore raper, intimates very clearly its desire to support Col. Fremont, and it even expresses its belief that Mr. Fillmore, on his return home, will withdraw from the contest, in order to unite ail the opponents of the administration. The day (June 18) on which Fremont was nominated wns tike anniversary of the battle of Waterloo. The Bvllalo Courier sneers at Fremont as an "explorer" and "engineer. ' What else was Gen. Washington when railed to the service of his country ? The Washington Intelligencer likes Mr. Buchanan's let ter accepting the nomination, and thinks nothing lias rome from his pen which was conceived in terms moro appro],rialo to the occasion, or more worthy to iho rank he occupies among our living statesmen. A furious republican clergyman of Detroit used tho following language in a recent sermon?as reported by the republican organ of that city :? Before 1 would sec popular sovereignty wrested by force from the people of the Territories 1 would have the pluins oi Kansas silent with universal death. Before I would have the li|>s of our Senators and representatives sealed in craven silence by the hand ol Southern violence, I .would see the hnlls of Congress ankle deep in blood. The New York Republican General Committee held a mar ting at Albany on tbe 20th Inst., and passed tho fol low ng resolution:? Borolvcd, That we. the General Republican Corrunt'ee of tli? city and county of Albany, do most heartily re spond to and approve of the nominations made at I'hiia deiphir. of John C. Fremont for President, and William ,I,. I ayv n for Vice President; and that tho platform of adopted by that body meets with our hearty and ur.qiialik. il approbation. The Bus.ton Courier, Webster whig, and without aufll. <1i?nt streagth to break its thread which binds it to the dead carcase of whlggcry, is determined to wait to loam upoe what .plausible pretext Col. Fremont Is presented forttiM suffrages of tho people. The Charier is a slow coach. At IfciterviBe, Maine, the announcement of Fremont's nom natrin being made to the Waterville Republican As roeluttan, dhey immediately adjourned to Kim wood Hotel, where Hon, Jot M. Morrill, last yonr tho democratic speaker of <Q? Maine Senate, addressed them. Much on thusiom was aaunifewd. Tlic Louisville Joumtl says Franklin Pierco was elec ted to the Presidency If an overwhelming majority of the nation, beoautc. lie tons not known. lie has been dropped by general consent, because he is. The lesser organ of the ndminlshatlon at Washington thinks to injure the prospects of t'ol. Fremont by publish ing paragraphs like the following:?-We take it for granted that among the informal pledges extracted by delegations in George Law's Convention, from Coi, Fremont, there was ret one against the Catholic church, insomuch as np to the recent birth of his aspirations for the PiOsklency ho always passed in Washington for a good enough outside Roman Catholic?that being tbe church in which llO was reared. He was married lu this city, it will be remtu) her ad, by Father Y?fi Horecifb, * Catholic clergyman, IBB 1 ATBBT WBWI. BV MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS. Desertion of the Grapeshot'e Crow. PmutnxiJ'HU, June 22, 1856. The hark Grapcshot, of Poole notoriety, which cloare<l yesterday atlhis port for Buenos Ayrcs, is detained In the river, off Chester, by desertion of seven of her crew. Captain Bobbins tame up this afternoon, and has suc ceeded not only in procuring the requisite complement of able seamen, but in capturing four of tho deserters. Markets. PnoviDEJfCE, Juno 21, 1856. Cotton is steady and flrm,kwitli sales for the week of about 2,600 bales, at last week;s prices. Wool?Prices continue the same, with rather| light sales, amounting to 41.800 lbs. for the week. Printing cloths?No change in the market; sales 46,000 pieces. Our "Washington Correspondence. Washington, June 17, 1856. JAe Danish Sound Dvet?Marcy at Work?The Sumner and Keating Affairs and the Grand J ury. Since the administration has been relieved of all anxiety growing out of the Cincinnati Convention, Mr. Marcy has gone to work in earnest aud has pitched upon the Sound dues question m tho first to claim attention and the most pressing at this particular time upon our government. Several translators are ongagod in rendering into the Queen's English every newspaper article and paragraph, official and otherwise, contained in tho last batch of Da nish papers. Some of theso translations are very inter esting and important. In connection with this subject, also, 1 find that numerous translations are being made, from Danish and other journals, on tho subject ot mari time law. It is believed, however, that the administra tion, actuated by a spirit of magnanimity, will continuo to pay these exactions for somo months yet, but under solemn protest. Such is Mr. Marcy's policy, but strongly objected to by Secretary Davis, who contends that not a dollar should be paid wrongfully. In view of the important position of affairs in Washing ton just at this crisis, Mr. Marshall Iloovcr has exercised a very proper discretion in tho selection of the Grand Jury for the present term of the court?a jury which will be called upon to take cognizance of matters and tilings w hich have excited and exasperated a large portion of our country?1 refer to the cases of Messrs. Herbert and Brooks. To place tho disposition of these cases above a 1 suspicion, the present Grand Jury embrace the most emi nent and upright citizens to be found in our community. The following is a list of their names:? Grand Jurors?George W. Biggs foreman: George MeCccnev John P. Ingle, S. P. Franklin, J. C. (i. Kcnnc dv,G. EnncB, William A. Bradley, Geo.1S. Gideon, Jon5 nil all Orme, Win. B. Scott. Samuel Pumplirey, Belby Fruggs, Henry Haw, Wm. Selden, PetcrM. Iiorson Jen kin Thomas, Beujamin Beall, Aaron W. Miller, 7.. W. McKncw, Robert S. Pntterson, Wm. I.Bayly, Robert White. B. J. Eomnies, John R. Queen. With such men as Riggs, Kennedy, Bradley, Gideon, Scott and ethers, the country may rest assuredi that Messrs. Herbert and Brooks will be dealt with without fear favor or affection," and at the same time strict jus tice will be meted out to them. The Criminal Court a new in session, and in a few days we shall know tho re sult of these cases. Washington, June 19,1856. The Tariff?Mure Tioopn for Kansas?Col Fremont's Nomi nation. Mr. Campbell, after making two visits to Ohio, has returned to t he city, and informs me that his tariff pro ject will be ready for Congress as soon as a quo rum of thut bod y can be got together. The schedule features of 100, 30 and"k0 per cents are to remain us at present. The free list Is to embrace raw materials. Tktt home valuation principle will be tried, out of considerable to some members on the committee, including Campbell, of Pennsylvania, but will not be insisted upon. Tho re port has not had the benefit of tho committeo's delibera tion, but tho principal features of it, as represented by Mr. Campbell, have fcceivcd the individual approval of a majority of the Committee of Ways and Means. Mr. Campbell docs not count upon the passage of his measure during this session, and considers himself relieved from further duty by the presentation of his report. Should it pass the Houses, Senator James, of tho Senate, stands ready to shape it in accordance with his own views?so that there is hardly a possibility of any tariff reform for the public before the next session. I sec report contradicts the statement of tho President having sent to Col. Sumner additional force. My author ity Tor the assertion that more force had been ordered by tbc President is Gen. Cass and James, of tho Senate. To t how the correctness of the statement, it is only necessa iv to refer to the one hundred and fifty army soldiers that passed through Buffalo, on the 7th or 8th inst., on their way to join the forces of Col. Sumner, iu Kansas. The nomination of Col. Fremont is variously considered, many imagining that he will sweep the country. Somo of the Cailforuian Buchanan politicians are forced into the ad mission that he was u good sight for that State. Inquiries urc frequent, within the last twenty lour hours, to know what State north of Mason and Dixon's lino can bo relied . pen as sure for Buchiiuan. The South has one hundred and twenty votes : and supposing that Buchanan should act every .Southern State?which he can't do?he will fctill want to elect him. an additional twenty nine votes. Penn sylvania. if secured lor him, which is now doubtful, will give hkti twenty-seven out of the twenty-nine, leaving a balance, as necessary to his election, of two votes. Dela ware must come out of the estimate of the Southern states that are to cast their votes for Buchanan, which will make the odds against him greater than above suggested. A policy by the administration Uiat would restore peace and confidence to Kansas would materially anl in benefits ting the chances of James Buchanan for ttie Presidency. Washington, June 19,1856. Interesting Claim Casf?Wcrk and Kansas in Congress Observatory on the Highest I'eak of the Rocky Moun tains, dr. A case having been submitted by the Secretary of tho Interior which is of considerable importance to tho relics of Revolutionary times, and which has just been decided by the Attorney General, 1 make a brief abstract f it. It is the question of the right of the adult children n such a case to the arrears of pension claimed by the father in consideration of Revolutionary services, but not in fact claimed. It is the question beyond that: how far a {tension not claimed, and of course neither certified nor adjudicated, but which, it is now seen, if claimed, would have been allowed, is to be considered as a vested in terest of the party as property dcmandable by represen tative persons. Still, after a continuous series of uniform decisions on a point, In numerous cases, and for many years, under successive administrations, of the subject matter, it seems to me hardly worth whilo to recur to doubts of mere ^statute construction, not involving any question of the constitutionality of grave public or pri vate wrongs. Time and tide cannot iiauso long enough to admit of the re-examination and settlement of all these ordinary administrative matters. Resides, it tend* to grievous fluctuations in the executive business ol the P Tliere is another question before the Attorney General which w ill be decided in a few days, and which is or equal Imjortancc. It is this ?Whether the children of the widow of a deceased Revolutionary soldier, by a se < ond husband, arc entitled to receive what their mother would have received as pension under the act or 1836 1 lure will bo nothing done in the shape of legislation (or some linio to come. The Kansas Committee will bo here in a few days, and the discussion which will follow their report will absorb at least a month. Mr. Campbell has given not ire that he intends to cull up the report on the Fuinner und Brooks '-ase on Monday next, which will lead to a very angry unit exciting debate. Ijirge num brrs of gentlemen arc preparing to speak on this ewe, and 1 would not be surprised if more trouble and dim r ? ity w ere to grow out of it. The nigger worshippers In tend to say some pretty hard things, and they will bo answered on the other side in a manner that will give them no advantage. ..... Col. Wi lier, of California, a few days since, submitted a memorial praying an appropriation to build a national scien tific observatory on the extreme summit of Mount Washing ton. the highest accessible iwint in the United States east of the Rocky Mountains. Professor Henry, of Smithso nian Institute, and Professor Bnchc, of coast survey, are both extremely anxious that Congress should take hold of this matter and dispose of it nt the earliest moment. The follow ing is a portion of a letter recently addressed to Congress respecting tho establishment of a system of meteoroligicul observations:?"A system of mctcoroligical observations established in the Hate of Maine, tho most northern portiiai of our Union, would not only afford re sults valuable in themselves, and Immediately ap plicable to practical and loc al purposes, but in connection w ith other systems founded on the some plan, and pursued with similar instruments, would afford the means of dis covering the general laws and peculiar characteristics of he climate of the continent, and of making the most in nti resting additions to the physical geography of tho globe." W/hiiwgto*, Juno 20, 1S50. The Opposition Element?Seward't Opinions?The South Getting Alarmed?Contjhracy by Southern Aspirant* Against Western Men?The J'resident, Sc., etc., <Ce. There is a decided panic among thinking men from tho South, in regard to the movements of the block rcpublt enn party. The idea la gaining ground that tho contest this year is merely one of organization, to bo followed in 1800 by a decided, earnest and invincibio onsot against us. It is conceded privately, oven by those who openly l old to the contrary, that the Kansas-Nebraska issue in fact, will be dodged beforo tho Northern people, and more politicians than one consider the success of tho democratic party as a mere success of forcos, without a real triumph of principle. His openly assertod, Uiat Vir ginia voted for Buchanan upon tho understanding that Pennsylvania would go i.t 18cq for a Virginia man. Wise Is Respected n.s beii.g at tho bottom of this bargain. The truth will of course come to light in due time, us Hunter and Floyd are both aspiring, and J'iorca oeeirgs to know why He was throws overbonfB by , the FUte on which he lavished bin oxceutlvo favor*. 6c ward has expressed himself rather carelessly about the election of Ruchonan. He considers it as certain that tbo democ ratio party will abandon the issues raised by the Kansas Nebraska act before the people of the North sim ply to secure the spoils. This tub to tho whale, will so demoralize the Northern democratic mind, in his opinion, tliut they can never be brought to support cither Douglas*, or Bright, or Allen or Pugh, or any of tho Western men on the Nebraska side. In the meanwhile the second question, equal in impor tance to any other (that of tho succession), is busy in the minds of the Southern leaders. Already the undercurrenti which is to sweep away Ikmglas is in motion. The first' object of these party traders is to kill off the Illinois Sa unter, and then for n grand light among themselves. Devetopementfl arc daily coming to light in regard to the course of certain Southern politicians ut Cincinnati, which > shows clearly that nothing was to be done tlicre to defoat tho success in the Convention of 1860 of either Davis, llnnter, Rusk or Fitzpatrlck. Each played his gams' through bis friends, looking more to tho spoils and the ?? hereafter" than to the triumph of principles now. Tills state of things must beeomo known ere long, and it will lead to very strange combinations at the South and West. The far-seeing moderate men of tho South will not much longer sanction tho conduct of men who make flilso' positions for tlio South to stand on, and rally the country .n immaterial or purely personal issues. The men who ? uve for u long time represented the Southorn States at Washington have become too partizan for the progress cf the age. It may be, indeed, doubted whether the Southern Stutes can produce a man now possessing the confidence of tho people, and who can place her right be fore the country. Ttlbre is in this state of things a new jarty springing up?of which tho Examiner, of Richmond, and 'tho Delia, of New Orleans, are the leading organs? 'ooking to an allianco between the free States west of tho Ohio and the Southern States. This party look to Die eleva tion of cither Douglas. Rright, Allen or Pugh, in 1860, to tho 1 residency. Against litem is arrayed tho old fogy, or rather < Id portizau clique nt the South which surrounded Polk' ? nd Pierce, and will no doubt have tho car, more or less,. ( f Mr. Buchanan. The war has already commenced, and will break out so soon as the present cunvass is ended. There is a move on foot to establish a new daily demo cratic paper In New York, as tho harmonious organ of tho hards and softs. Whothor it is to be hard on one side and soft on the other is not known, but I feel justified in saying Dint tho Hon. Henry A. Wise, of Virginia, will l?e secured, if jiossiblo. as its "letter writer." It would be quite instructive if there was since sufficient in the. JIkk>id to reproduce the leading articles of tho anti-Ne braska democratic press throughout the North, simply for the gratification of those simple minded individuals at ? the South who look for the solution of sectional difficul ties by means of paper platforms and vorbal promises in ? conventions. The number of "original Buchanan" men who hav? suddenly turned up, under the nose as It were of the 1 "resident, must be very astonishing to that high function ary. It appears now, tliut nearly all tho office holders nnder the President, were really for old Buekl A gentle man the other day said that the President remarked that " he was rather bogiuing to think that the Nnw Yoke Hfualti was not so far wrong after all," There are one ? or two things which astonish these old fashioned, hide hound party politicians very much: they are, how the deuce Morse ever thought about the magnetic telegraph ab ail?and what a deuced mysterious power the press has. Our Albany Correspondence. AiHAirr, June 19,1856. Attempt to Suspend the Stale Treasurer?DouUs -whether Ota Constitution Justifies it?It is Demanded by the Lieut Governor. ? Within the last week rumors have been afloat that tbo black republicans were about undertaking a measure which, it was expected, would greatly aid them in the en suing election. Nothing definite was announced until yesterday, when tho fact publicly appeared that Ray mond, the Lieutenant Governor, (black republican,) and* Feymour, State Engineer and Surveyor, (anti-Fillmore K. N.,) had applied to tho Governor for the removal or Stephen Clark, (Fillmore K. N.,) from tho office of State Treasurer. It seems that ever since the nomination ot Fillmore the dcucc has been to pay in the Canal Board, because Seymour, the Engineer, bolted that nomination. Tho consequence has been that the Engineer's depart ment has been thrown into a state of disorganization and confusion by tho conduct of a majority of the Cauali Beard, including Treasurer Clurk, disconcerting the plans' of the Chief Engineer, and appointing subordinates in. whom the chief professes to have no confidence as W> their experience or skill in the profession. Complaint 1? made that Mr. Clark lias violated his duty as State Treasu rer, on account of his voting against the State Engineer when the Canal Board was in session, and the Governor is requested to suspend the Treasurer, by virtue of the following section in the fifth article of the constitution:? The Treasurer may be suspended from office by the Go vernor during the recess of the Legislature, and upttli thirty davs after the comuieneement of the next session or too legislature, whenever it shall appear to him that such Trea surer has, in any particular, violated his duty. The Governor shall appoint a competent person to discharge the duties of the office during such suspension of the Treasurer. It is contended, and with great reason, too, that no con uet, action or vote of the State Treasurer, as a member f the Canal Board, can bo construed aa a violation of uty as such Treasurer. The proceedings which occurred! n the Convention of 1M6 seems to justify such conclusion, he section above quoted was introduced by Mr. Nicholas,, delegate from Ontario. Mr. Harrison suggested that the revision ought to he more general, and made to apply U> - ther Ftatc officers. Mr. Nicholas replied, and slated " he made it applicable to the Treasurer only, because ho was the keeper of the public funds, and that the only ob ject of the section Was to enable the Governor tO> urn over to the Legislature a Treasurer suspected of mal versation in office, that lie might be either Mnpcuchcd or estored to office." This is the substance of the who)? debate on inserting the above clause in tho constitution. It relates exclusively to tho duties of the Treasurer as the "keeper of the public funds," and has no roOmice what ever as to votes of the Treasurer as a member of the Canal Board. If the constitution intended to restrict one of the mi nibers of that Board, the whole would equally have been put under the care of the Governor. But there is un im|iortunt matter connected with this movement. The Canal Board now stauds Uve Fillmore Know Nothings to four black republicans and nnti-Fillmoritos. By displacing Treasurer Clark, and substituting a black republican, the political complexion of the Canal Board be comes entirely changed. An exceedingly interesting elec tion is approaching. Raymond is on the slate for Gover nor. The canals support tens of thousands of partisan, voters. They have been the entire strength ot parties, ever since the adoption of the present constitution. Make a charge in that lkmrd, nnU every canal officer in the w hole Stale will be clinnged In less than ten days. Evenr the wheelbarrows and crowbars and pickaxes will be. converted into suppliant politicians. The canals are the only power which can now be wield ed for the benefit of ambitious demagogues, aud as politicians arc not over scrupulous in the means they employ to accomplish their objects, and as much worse tilings have been done than tho suspension of a Treasurer, the people need manifest no great alarm should Raymond's application succeed. The matter would probably have been disposed of by this time bad his Excellency been in tho excautiv? chamber. Ho has been absent several days visiting the Southern tier of counties and the cool mines of Pennsyl vania. Upon his return, and the de facto governor from Philadelphia, the application will be gravely considered, nnd a close cnleulatiou made as to tho lists or gain ot votes. One thing is certain, that if Stephen Hark is re moved from the office of Ftate Treasurer on account of liis action in the Canal Board, it will be regarded as poli tical persecution, and nothing else. But it is a mattery resting entirely between the lilack republicans and a por tion of the defunct Know Nothings. The Weather Yesterday. "1 WAHM DAT AND A THUNDER SHOWER? BOAT CAP? SIZED IN THE RIVER, AND THREE LIVE8 LOOT HORSE STRUCK BY LIGHTNING?DEATHS BY COUP' I E SOLEIL. The weather for the last three flays has been exceed ingly warm. It seemed as if the thermometer, alter having got started, ran up as rapidly as Buchanan's vote at the Cincinnati Contention, after the fir-'t ballot. At noon, yestcrdny, the thermometer stood at 92 degrees, at throe o'clock in the afternoon at IS), and it is impossibla to tell how high it would have reached1; had not the thun der shower put a damp upon its ardor, which made it', run down even faster than it had gone up. The squall was terribly severe in the bay and rivers and much apprehension was felt by those who wore caught out in open boats. Several painful accidents oc curred from the upsetting of boats, and in one case three young persons were drowned. It appears that a party oV five, consisting of two men and three young females,, ventured out in a small sailboat from (iowanus bay, be low South Brooklyn, and just as they )>ad passed tho Long: Pock the squall struck the boat, and the party were pre cipitated into the river. Three of them were borae down, by the tide and drowned, and up to a late hour last uigbt. their bodies had not been recovered. TTio other two, a. brother and sister, were saved, nftcr the most strenuous exertions on the |mrt of the farmer. It appears that the girl clung to her brother with all tho desperate excite ment ot a drowning jierson, and actually torn tho coat sleeve from his arm. Fortunately for them both, tho bro ther succeeded in keeping his sister off, and partly sbovlng: and partly dragging her alter him, lie finally succecdo? In renrliing shore in safety, though dreadfully exhausted. Fhc sank twice, but ho dived after her and brought her* to the surface. The names of tho iwutics saved are Ed ward Sullivan, aged twenty-two, and Margaret Sullivan,, aged nineteen. The names of the drowned are, Rober. Donna, aged twenty ; Catharine Sullivan, aged fourteen,, and Margaret Crane, aged about twenty. All tlie parties: lived in Von Brunt street, South Brooklyn, and the friends would be glad to hear of the missing persons there. Ilnnna was a marble cutter, and would novo been out ot bis time In a few months. Catherine Sullivan was the younger sister of the parties who were saved. Tt is to be. feared that several other such melancholy affairs toolc place, as several boats were seen to upset. Yesterday will be remembered as tho "hot Sunday." The atmosphere was Intensely oppressive; not a breath o| air disturbed the bnrning. Lead Sea calmness until about five o'clock in the afternoon, when a violent wind sud denly enveloped the city in a thick cloud of dust, and forced the pedestrians to beat a speedy retreat to tho nearest place of shelter. This was followed by thunder and lightning, aeeom]>nnind by a pouring rain, which quickly rendered all attempts to prevent bocAmlng drenched abortive. Crowds of people thronged Hobokon, Harlem Brooklyn, and tho suburbs of tho city, and wcro "caught" in such a manner that few escaped a thorough soaking. Distressingly ludicrous wag It to see tho ladies rush hither and thither, bolter skelter, some seeking tho shadow of rocks and trees, while others courageously threw tho skirts of tlioir dream over their new and fashionable bonnets, and made for the nearest shelter with what haste they might. Now. that warua weather has come in earnest, thorn should bo ?omo ar rangement made between master mechauM and their