Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 24, 1856, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 24, 1856 Page 1
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V THE NEW YORK HERALD. WHOLE NO. 7239. MORNING EDITION?TUESDAY, JUNE 24, 1856. PRICE TWO CENTS. Army of the United States, (COMPARISON BET WHIN TI1K BRITISH AND AMERICAN AHMII8?THE CRIMEAN SUFFERINGS OP THE FOR MER THE U8UAL LOT OK OUR OWN TROOPS?FRON TIER SERVICE THE IIARDH8T IN THE WORLD?CUL PABLE INDIFFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES -GOVERNMENT TO THE COMFORT AND BAFETT OF ITS FOLDIEKS?A CATALOGUE KAISONNBE OF MILITARY GRIEVANCES. "When Uie sufferings ami privations endured by the (BrUiah troops in tlio Crimen wore known in England, the mews excited lu all classes of tho community a goueral -feeling of sympathy and imligmitlou?sympathy for tho ?Bufferings, and indignation against those in power who -were believed to bnvo caused them. Tlio newspapers ??were filled with letters from professional correspondents and new recruits detailing their hardships, and these let ters tEEre commented upon in editorial articles denunci atory of the government to whoso negligence and im providence it was alleged these privations wcro due. 'It occurred to many persons in this country, particularly ?to officers of tho army, tluit the evils complained of were ?nothing more than might have been reasonably expected ? by troops engaged iu uu active campaign, and much of the outcry was attributed to the restless impatience with which olficcrs and men, long accustomed to tlie eoia forts of peace and good quarters at home or iu tho oolo ? nice, bore the first privations of actvo service. But it was ?not go regarded in England. There il \fa- charged to Uie defective organization of the army, ami the ma! adminis tration of tho War Department, and these ctaai gos seemed ?to heighten the sympathy which wa., fell for tho sufferers. 'Nor wai it a barren sympathy. It exhibited itself iu acts. 'Ibc expression of public opinion stimulated the .government to tho most vigorous exortlons to relievo its - troo| s and to remove, as fur as practicable, all cause of .?on plaint?and private Individuals contributed largely to the same end. Abundant supplies were soon forwardod to the camp. Wooden liuts wero transported three --thousand miles to tako tho place of tents. Even articles Of luxury, such as are usually unknown to troops cn _gaged in active service, wore furnished by tho liberality ? of prlvatcdndrvldualH and societies, and Indies left their "homes niul weid to a foreign and distant shore to minks tor ? to the sick Mid wounded. Tho cries of complaint which originated in the camp, otnd were so loudly echoed in England, extendod to our ? own country. Our newspapers teemed with violent de nunciations of the British aristocracy, who were charged wcltbljeiTig the cause of all tho sufferings and bad raanago incut complained of, and much sympathy was expressed for the troops who wero said to bo tho victims. If this expression of sympathy did not spring Trout a disposition to vilify and abuse tho British government, but Was thd feonest expression of public feeling, it was highly crodita fela to our people. But IT sympathy, liko charity, should begin at home, we cannot but think that in this instanco It was misapplied. It might with more propriety havo 2>een bestowed on our own troops. Our army is so very ? and so widely scattered over our extensive frontier, generally beyond tho bounds of civilization, that but Utile Is known of it or its services. And it is?most MBdeeervcdly?so unpopular, with a certain class of jjpolittciaus, that hut little hope exists that any tilling can bo done fur the amelioration of its condi tion. It is known that the Army Appropriation Bill is p.??/vi by Congress every year, uftor much wrangling, but few beyond tho walls of the Capitol know that it ds swelled to its usual amount by appropriations entirely foreign to the military fciUblUbmeut?which aro In no way connected with tho support of the army. A vague impression prevails that tlio troops aro always well fed, clothed and housed, and that they lead a life of idleness wad ease. The Secretary of War writes a sharp letter of reproof and crimination to a distinguished General on the frontier, telling him, among other thiugs, that the appro priation for quarters never fails to pass through Congress, and It Is therefore taken for granted by all who read tho tetter that the troops arc supplied with good quarters. A few officers of tho army aro seen about Washing Am and oilier cities living Uko gentlemen, ami it W Inferred that they havo little to do, and aro am ply paid, few reflecting that tluwe offlcors, after years of hard service on tho froutler, aro passing a few months of leave of absence, and that tho money expend ed Is supplied by parents, or is accumulated by years o the closest stinting?the small savings of years passed among savages defraying the expenses of a few mouths in CijrCw of our Lawmakers take the trouble to ascertain? ?what Uicy miglit very easily ascertain?that the majority ?of arm}* officers receive less pay than tho common clork In a respectable commercial house, or tho messengers of the houses of Congress. No one can believo that tho people of this country desire that injustice should "be done to the army. If its true condition were generally known, not even tho declaration of a few .narrow minded politicians could, year after year, do Teat the bills which are introduced into Congross for its Jbettor organization and government. Thero is not a hardship or privation endured by the troops before Sobas topol, save such as result from sanquinary battles, which have not been endured and are now endured, iu a moro aggravated form, by our own trooj*., in Oregon or Call ?fcrnla, New Mexico, Kansas or Nebraska, Texas or Flo rida. What were somo of tho complaints hoard in tho ?Crimen? That during several months of most inclement weather the troops were obliged to live in tonts, somo ?timee surrounded by mud and water. Urge bodies of our troops have had no other shelter than tents, not only '.for months but for consecutive years, and this when they were not, like tho troops iu the Crimea, engaged in an ac ?tlve campaign, hut were stationed at tho regular posts, poets which havo been established for years. Tb ?ay that tliey have lived for years in tents, conveys but an ?Inadequate idea of the hardships and discomforts endured. "Much of the comfort or discomfort oT camp life depends oo tho climate, soil and productions of the country in which the encampment is located. Unfortunately for our 'troops, particularly those on the Wo Grande, their lines thave not fallen in pleasant places, but in a country utter ly barren, and destitute ef everything that can rondcr a camp life endurable. For eight or nine months of the year the heat is Intolerable, (May 4th, tho thermometer 118 degrees in tho shade.) The remaining throo or Tour months arc varied by violent and sudden changes from -burning heat to biting cold. Few who havo not eipe tlenccd them would believo how sudden and extreme are tbeae changes. At one hour tlio temperature Is eo high -that the lightest clothing Is oppressive, and at tho next ?o low that no amount of covering will koep tho body warm- The soil produces few trees fbr the slioller, or Jterbs for the rood of man. It Is easily oonvertod into an Im palpable powder, and In thick clouds of dust is driven in every direction, blinding all, for thoro is no escape from it. -One tent, scarcely large enough for the accommodation of fbor U allowed for tho occupation of fifteen mon. During the beat of the day tho air iu these tents is so hot and suffo cating that no human being can breathe it in comfort. .It is absolutely necessary to find some other shelter from >tb? burning sun. But tbo barren country about tlie military posts produces no troos of sufficient size to bo ?sed in building sheds. The men are obliged to go thirty tad forty miles in searrh of poles, of from two to fivo inches In diameter, and for these they mast pay, as they are not allowed by government. With tbeso poles tlw men construct for thcra.-clves rude sheds, and they are fortunate if, in a few days after they are completed, a violent norther does not scatter the sheds to the winds -and blow the tents to rags. H is believed that more than Crimean discomfort wai endured by the troo(M at Sen Antonio during the past Winter, witii this striking difference: in ths Crimea it wai unavoidable, at Snn Antonio unnecessary. Tho sovorlty ef last winter was not confined to the Northern ami Middle States. It extended to Texas. The oldest inhabitant had never known such severe weathor. It Is estimated tluit in many parts of tho State one third of tlie cattle died ot ? oold and hunger. In February and March an unusual quantity of ruin fell. No ono who has novcr boon in the muddy part of Texas, or in tlie cane lands of Alabama or IllMlsslppI during such a season, can form an Idea of tlie discomfort of outdoor life. Tlie black, rotten limestone -toil is soon converted Into a thick mortar or paste, which adheres to overthlng it toadies with almost tlie tenacity . of tar. Moro than twenty larga oxen are sometimes Been attached to a single wagon, which thoy can not drag through tho deep mud. Even tlio streets . of San Antonio aro often encumbered with wagons and carts hopelessly stuck In ths mud, and wait big until the return of dry weather will enable the own ars to extricate them. In Die midst of this black sea of mud and water the Rifle regiment was encamped. No wm provided m a hospital, Zhg ?i?k aud well were sheltered alike?under canvass. What necessity ex b-tod for this exposure? Surely Homo Utter shelter for a few hundred men might have been found m the largest city in Texas. If houses wero scarco, lumber, it soenw, was not, for while the men were thus exjwoed, comlbrtt ble stables were built by tbo government to shelter mules?stables such as more than half the troops at regu lar established posts in Texas would havo been glad to occupy. It js believed by thoso who have tho best opportunities of judging, that more than half of the sickness, tho drinking, and tho offences result ing from drinking, are directly attributable to th discomfort and exposure in which the troops aro obliged to live. Is it strange that men who are not usu nlly very strict observers of the precepts or the Maine liquor law, aud who, lor year alt r jonr, are thus expos ed, should occasionally d: ink more than is pnideut. I is not .cry phi'."?. plural, list i U vory natural that, un der hik Ii tircum*tan< <??. they should seek botar t'.-i ) rnr) oblivion of tlx it discomfort. Bi t it was said that tho British troops hefore Sebasto pot were inadequately supplied with proper food. It \? ?ven made n grave matter of complaint that they co I not procure the usual supply of porter and ale. Our troojw have generally, though not always, received Iholr regulur allowanco or fat pickled pork, beans and poor prairie beef; but many a soldier has siokeuod, aud lingered, and dually died of a loathsome disease?tho scurvy?simply because ho could not procure a few fresh vegetables, such no potatoes or ouions. It Is soi l that tho Knglish government onterod into arrange ments by which Its soldiers could procure malt liquors on reasonable term?. If our government had made any arrangement by which its troops could havo procurod a few potatoes or onions, on any terms, tho lives of many men would have been saved, and many constitutions, now diseased, would bo in a healthy state. Greut complaints were made that proper hospitals wero not supplied for the sick In the Crimea. Our own soldiers have, yes, and do now sioken under canvas, linger under canvass, die under canvass, and arc burled in coffins made of bacon boxes and barrel staves. All this not in a camiwign in a foreign country, but at home, in their long established post*. One grievance endured by the British before Sebostopol has not been endured, at least in tho same form, by our troops in Texas and Florida. It was said that tho English troops suffered much at ono time for tho want of warm clothing. Our troops in the far Soqtfj have received their regular allowance of cUMI'lif, hut It has been or Identically tho same description that they would have received had they been stationed on our ex tremo Northern fronllor. Tho troops aro mustered on the Rio Grande on the lost day of June, when tho ther motor is probably at 100 degrees above zero, and at Fort Fuelling, on the Up|>cr Mississippi, on the last day of De cember, when the mercury is probably 30 degrees below zero, in identically the same thick, heavy woollen ' clothing. The points or difference between tho rclatlvo situation of the British and United States troops arc all in favor of the former. The sympathy and good wishes or moro than half of Europe were with tho allies. The eyes of tho civilized world were on the troops ta tho Crimea. Ulty Wero engaged in a stupendous war. Thord was immediately before them a great work to bo accomplished. 8cbnstO]>ol was to be taken. Tho privations which they were endu ring were but tem|>orary, and it was generally believed would be terminated by the Tall of tho stronghold of Rus sia iu the south, and a iwwerful rival uation would be crtpj.Jed. Honors and rowards awaited thoso who should come triumphantly through tho great struggle, pensions aud protection awaited the crippled and tho widows "and orphans of the slain. No such encouraging prospect Is held out to our troops. Not ono man in a thousand in the States knows where they are stationed or what they are doing. They are often sent to defend a barren couutry, which would not, uuder tho most favorable circum stances, sol) for more titan two cents per acre in any market, and to protect a sparse population, many of whom ore worse titan the Indians themselves. Their service is of the most harassing and disheartening kind. Year after year tboy arc hurried off at a moment's notice, in pursuit of Indians, whom report, generally un founded, says have been forty or fifty miles off. If a wild ox or cow is killed, It is taken tor granted than an Indian killed it. If a horse is stolen, it Is charged to tho Indians; and troops nro lent to hunt them. For weeks ami months havo our troops hunted these Indians over a country which for hundred of miles does not supply ono drop of running water. A few water holes, often so pu trid and muddy that tho animals shun them, supplying the only water for man or beast. They have travelled day after day under a burning sun, and night after night havo slept on tho ground, often exposed to a cold north wind or pelting rnius, such as arc only known in Southern latitudes, with nothing but the canopy of heaven over them. And they havo subsisted day after day on hard bread, or a handful of rico and a little coffee. And from all of this, tho best success that they can hopo for is that a few lwlf starved savages may bo overtaken, and killed or made prisoners, and a Tew wortlilcss ponies captured. Or tlic pursuit may bo through almost impenetrable swamps or hammocks, sometimes in small boats, some times wandering through mud and water, and always exi>o?ed to a miasma engendering disease. Or if not en gaged in the active pursuit of Indians, tho troops nro sent to watch water holes?holes in which during tho rainy season the water from surrounding prairies collects, and in a stagnant state supplies the only drinking water that can be found. At these water holes companion or detach ments nre often encamped for several months. Each day a portion of the water is evaporated by tho fierce heat of the sun, and each night a wide margin of mud, Which tho previous night was covered, is exposed, and throws off' a noxious miasma, producing the violent fevers of the Southern country. So seriously docs this barbarous rnodo of lifo affect tho health or troop?, that at jxvts which aro not rogardod as unhealthy it is no unusual tiling to find ono-tliird of tho command iu the hospital. There is no murmuring or complaining at tho hardships endured on scouts. They are regarded as inovitabiy ne cessary from the nature of the service, and duty is per formed with alacrity. But when tho troops return to their regular posts, whero they wore promised, iu ro rruiting advertisements, comfortable quarters, and find their wretched encampments utterly dostitute of every comfort, it would be unnatural if there were not heard some expressions of discontent. Those discomforta at regularly established posts are rendered moro galling because they are known lo be unnecessary. It is be lieved, for instance, that a saving of money would have resulted to iho government if the troops in Texas had been comfortably housed iu buildings of stone or sun dried brick and thatch, such as the Mexicans use. They could have been built by the troops, and the money ex tended In the supply of tents (which wear out vory ra pidly in this climate) would have purchased the neces sury lumber aud thatchiug grass. Indeed, one company ?the artillery company at Fort Duncan?wearied out with long suffering and hopo deterred, has, with its own labor and money, built for themselves such quarters. Ii U surely a novelty in the military servlcs of this or any other country that a ooui|<any of soldiers should subscribe the money to build their quarters. It lias already been intimated that thesa privations and hardships arc attributable to the misapprehension which prevails in rogurd to the army. R is to bo hoped tba> the time is not fur distant when tho people will he bettor informed on the subject, and it is confidently beiiovod that the evils complained or will disappear with the mis apprehensions which have caused them. Co art Calendar?Thli Day. Hitrkmb Coi'ht?Special Term.?Nos. 144, 60, 100, 172 HcTiuan Corn?Circuit.?Noa. two. 864, 1828, 886, 163 720, 747, 748, 763, 782, 412, 874, 672, 731, 127, 459, 600, 2469. Svrnuom Corn.?Noa. 1886, 1100, 302, 066, 621, 493, 603, 446, 384, 1916, 688, 844, 1619, 1706, 666, 667, 671 to 676, 079 680, 683, 684, 685, 686, 687, 690, 691, 692, 694, 696, 697, 698, 703, 704, 706 to 719. The Brick Church Property. ecrKRlOR COURT.?8PBCIAL TKHM. Jrrnt 26.?The argument In the matter of the Brick church, to reetraln the Mayor and Comptroller from con veying the property to Mwwr*. Woelcy and Jonoe, waa not reeumed, na tho Attorney General withdrow hU xanc llon to the proceeding*, a plea of discontinuance waa therefore entered, and the city aeal afllxod to the dood of conveyance. The matter la not at "an end, m there la an appeal agalnat tho decision of Judge Roosevelt, ami tUo'cotn plainantu are determined to follow the matter out. Mr. Fillmore In Hew Yorlc. RECEPTION or HIS KM ENDS AT THE ST. NICHOLAS? ALDERMAN BKIdOR INTRODUCES A NUMBER OK SUP PORTERS?A BLACK HKPUBLICAN PRESENTED TO THE EX-PRESIDENT?MR. PILLMORE PROMISES THAT HE WILL NOT WITHDRAW DUKINS THE CAMPAIGN [ ? PROORAMME OK THE PROCESSION TODAY?DO INCH IN BROOKLYN, ETC., ETC. | It was generally understood, or at least It was so re ! ported, that Mr. Fillmore would be allowed to roil yes I terday after the fatigues of the voyage, but it provod to be | only a report, for his rooms were occupied by professed i political and personal frier is troin morning till night. About twelve o'clock he succeeded in imtklDg his esc ?,io, and did not re appear till live, although an appolntmcAt had been made to meet a committee from Brooklyn a', four. Conspicuous among the managers of the affair was Aldertnan Brigfe, who, according to his own expressly phrase, was '? around." He was determined that th " old man " (Mr. Fillmore) should Unow all his sup porters, and so Mr. Fillmore wai Introduced to some Qfty or sixty of the Alderman's friends, all of whom ho is ex pected to know when ho next meets them. At fire o'clock a meeting of the Common Councl' Committee was held, but the doors were closed, and ncae b-t members admitted, i Tlie subject under discussion was understood | to be the oruer of tbo procession r.t the public reception, upon which some difference existed in the committee. A gentleman, who inquired at iho door wbAt progress they bad made was informed that they had not yet coino to any conclusion, but that they wcro " laying Jack Drigga out flat." During this interesting scene, which took place iu the committee room, Mr. Fillmore and some three or four friends were in another apartmont arrang ing their part of tbo programme for the public reception. On their return there were tnoro introductions, and one gentleman was presented to the ex-President as a real live specimen of a black republican, "though," said his friend, " I can't tell you whether his mouth is frill of wool yet or not." This facetious remark produced the greatest morrimcnt. Mr. Fillmoro laughed, and tho black republican and his friends laughed tho loudest of the party. Another group of friends wcro introduced; they wanted to raako an address, and to express their high admiration far Mr. Fillmore, but tho distinguished guest in reply sold that, situated as lie was at present, ho did not desire to any speeches till ho had full time for oomitlsfation; those things, he intimated, should not ho in a hurry. Ho had not, however, he sqltL Kny hesitation in rogard to | municipal bodies, as 'I'.Jy did require |sditical spcochos to j he made to them, but bo desired it to be understood that i iu regard to others ho wished to have sorao time for pro !>aration. Mr. Warner, Councilman from tho Sixteenth district, and chairman of one of the Antorican commit- j tees, had a conversation with him in regard to the report which had been circulated by sumo of his political op- . portents, to the effect tint he would withdraw his natno during the cnmiwign. " Mr. Fillmore," said the Councilman, " I am desirous | of proitounding to you one query, for my own satisfaction, as well as for that of my friends. As it ha* been repre sented l>y many persons supposed to havo grout influence in the opjsjsito pnrty that you will not allow your name jo be used as a candidate, and that you will giro way to the jwrty under the lead of John C. Fremont, I simply wish to ask you if there is any truth iu the representa tion." Mr. Fillmoro replied as follows:?"I havo already writ ton a let I or accepting the nomination tendered to mo; but to hlalCG IssurMWG doubly sure, I now tell you that It is jmy determination to stand by tno party that has nomina ted me; and till that party sooa fit to withdraw my name It will not be withdrawn." Among those who visited Mr. Fillmore during tho day was Mayor Wood, Commodore Perry, and Mr. Cushing, Attorney General of this State. lite following is tho programmo of the procoesion which is to take place to-day :? ORDER OF PROCESSION. Grand Marshal and Aids. Military Escort, or est. Reception Committees. Common Council of New York and neighboring citios. Central Committee of the Fillmoro and Donclson and oilier Committees of Clubs. General Committee, &c. Order of United Americans in numerical order. Fillmore and Donclson Clubs. Clubs anil other sociclios. Citizens generally. Grand Marshal, MR. JOHN LLOYD. AIDS. Albert Smith, Ed. Schenck, Win. Stokely, J. G. Abbe, Beiij. F. Buck, Jas. A. Mandeville, G. S. Scofleld, Jas. M. Miller, Jas. W. Barker, O. S. Holdcn, Geo. Merrill, Jeremiah T. Brooks, Enoch Stevens, E. H. Brown, John Green, Clias. T. Mills, H. A. F. Cranberry, Dr. Cyrus Ramsy, Simeon Baldwin, Charles I,. Frost, Henry W. IxivclJ, James Dennis, R. H. Shannon, Wm. Wade. The tine will be formed in open order at 11 o'clock pre cisely, on Broadway, the right rooting on Spring street. Mr. Fillmore's barouche and attending carriages will flic between the ranks, the procession closing after them, and marching ten abreast up Broadway to Union square, round the square to and down Fourth avenno, Bowery, Chatham street and I*ark row, to tho east gate of the Park. All officers commanding military companies, clubs, Ac., are requested to have their respective commands in their proper places at that hour, according to tho following programme, lor the purpose of escorting our distinguish ed guest to the City Hall, where ho will be received by Ids Honor tlio Mayor and the Common Council, at one o'clock, ond conducted to tho Governor's room, wherohe will remain until two o'clock, to reccivo the congratula tions of the citizens, alter which bo will bo conducted to his quarters. Tho aids and marshals will moot at the Grand Marshal's headquarters, 227 Tenth street, at nine o'clock A. M., properly mounted and equipiied. As may be seen from the foregoing programmo, the various Fillmore and Donclson clubs which havo been organi ted for the cam|?ign will join in tho procession, and it is said that there will be several from Brooklyn also. A delegation from Philadelphia, numbering about one hundred persons, will meet at eight o'clock thi* morn ing, in the Astor Honse, previous to calling on Mr. Fill more. They will be received at ten o'clock by tho ox President, to whom they will tender an invitation to visit their city. PREPARATIONS FOR MR. FILLMORE'S RECEPTION IN BROOKLYN. The Young Men's American Club of King's county are making extensive arrangements to receive ex-President Fillmore, who is expected to visit Brooklyn on Wednes day (to-morrow). Two hundred aud llfty guns are to announce bis arrival in the city, when he will be es corted to the City Hall by the Committee of the Common Council and Young Men's Committee. The Fourteenth Regiment, Col. Jess? C. Smith, ami several companies attached to other regiments, will aid in the display. City Intelligence. Firk in Prahi Stkkct?The alarm of (Ire for the Se venth district, yesterday afternoon, was causod by some turpentine taking Are on the second fleor of No. 218 Pearl street, occupied by Hnydock, Evans h Co., drug gifts. It appears that a tinsmith, named ratriek Conway, in the employ of Mr. Morris, was engaged soldering up tin cans, containing tnrpentlne. On moving his furnace a rag which ho held in his hand took (Ire, and before it could be extinguished the flames sprcau to some empty barrels and boxes. The (Ire was put out with the assist ance of the neighbors and the application of a few pails of water. Damage about $19. Fully Insured. Tux Commishio.nkrh mot yesterday, at noon, but reporters were not admitted while thoir deliberations were going on. The Commissioners present were Isaac O. Barker, I*roBldent oft ho Board of Aldennen, Richard II. Thompson, Jedcdiah Miller, Geo. W. Morton and Win. Bock well: the Mayor was not present. It Is understood the business beforo the Board was In relation to Qua rantine matters?the examination of captains, and as to sickness of parts they sailed from, and on board their vessels, all of which is of too much interest at this time of the year to keep secret. Axothkk Drowning Casi.?It has been our lot lately to record a number of mysterious drowning cases, the prin cipal victims being women. 8carce a day passes but the body of some woman is picked up In the river, whose name, hi.-tnry and fearful fate Is never revealed, and the usual verdict of " Found drowned, namo and cause un known," is rendered. On Monday last some mariners discovered a dead body floating about twolvoH mile oast by-south from the Highlands, supposed to bo a woman. had on a striped drees, groen baize petticoat, white stock Ings nad red garters. Fikk in Fclton struct.?Shortty after 11 o'clock last nlglit, a (Ire was discovered by private watchman Whit ney, in (he unoccupied buildings known as the Hay Skate Hotel, Nop. 145 and 147 Fulton street. The alarm was given, and the firemen, as usual, wcro remarkably quick at the premises, and in a short time extinguished the flames. The fire, from all appearancee, has been the work of an incendiary, as tho burnidg was found to have originated in the corner of a small bedroom on the third floor. The Ore burnt olf tho beams and set flso to the floor below. For sorno two weeks past this hotel has been unoccupied. The qremlses wore sold out at auction. Tho building Is In process of alteration for stores. Brooklyn City News. Fai l On op a Four Story Window.?A young man named James Guest fell out of a four story window of the Franklin House, In Fulton street, on Sunday kght, and injured himself so seriously, that his lite tr de#plKrea of. Ofllrera Post and Parks, of the Second district [toiler, procured necessary medical aid, and he was conveyed to his homo in Sixteenth street, Gowanus. It is supposed that he sat on the window sill to get cool, and lulling asleep wm precipitated tc the payemeut. Grand Prise Regatta at Harlem?The FuCMt Time on Record. A grand prize regatta, got up under tho auspices of the Empire City Regatta Club, of Now York, and the Metropolitan Clnb, of Williamsburg, came oil' at Harlem yeaterduy ultorutwn. The weather, in the forenoon was rainy, cloured up about ono o'clock, and by tb* tune the races cotuutonccd scleral thousand people bud collected on the shores to witness the contest. The wnters selected for the race were the East rivor opposite the Ktd House pleasure grounds, extending from bis street to 117th street. The river was thickly utuddesl with row bouts of every imaginable sine aud shape, inter s panes! with an occasional sail boat. TUo steainboa Ioiaa, wish ten or twelve hundred passengers from the city, lay off in the stream opjioMte tlie raco course, having on ii ard a brass baud, whose musical stratus gave lilb and uniaiutton to alio scene. The air, after tho morning showers, was cool and bracing; tho waters wryo sulfl cicntlv culm, and everything conspired to render tho regatta pleasant uud agreeable. TUo racos comruencud a 2 o'clock P. M. Tbe first race was with Tour oared boats?distance flvo miles, or twico tho circuit of the raco courso, flrom Ulst to 117th streets. Tbe Judges' boat was stationed in tho centre of the course, from which tho races commenced. Tho following gentlemen were selected to act as judges : Messrs. ElVott, Barker, Bigelow, Messcrole, Cro3S anil

Tarboss, The following were the entries for the first race:? W. H Tarboss.. oT New York. Experiment of Williamsburg. Flora Temple of Vow Jersey. Itiooxlyn Belle of New York. Enleon of Philadelphia. Amcncus of Greenpoint. At tho outset Americus took tlio lead, but was soon overtaken by Tarboss and Experiment, and finally came tn last. Experiment was tho first to turn the southorn goal at tho foot of Ninety-first street, but on her return sho came in collision with an outside boat, Inconsequence of which, as she claims, she lost tho first prize ; as it was, she came In second. Tho Brooklyn Dullo and Falcon gave up the race on tbe tiiird mile. Tho W. H. Tarboss won the first ffi-b of $150?time, 34 minutes 54 seconds; Ex pcritf.cut, second prize ot $50?time, 35 minutes 16 se : bonds; Flora Temple, third prize of $10?time, 35 minutes I 47 seconds. Tho two first are said to be tho quickest I times ever mode by four oared boats. Tho W. H. Tarboss was manned by the following oarsmen:?'Woods, I.ynch, Rappahannock and Norwegian; tbe Experiment by We tbercll, T. Sellers, W. Sellers and llintou. The second raco was with two pairs sculls, dlstanco same as first race. The following were the entries:? Isaac P. Wtlkins, Umo Kiln Man, Wm. Piggott, Joseph King. James Wessels. Lime Kiln Man made the fhstest run in this race, being 43 minutes 15 seconds; prize $25. Win. Piggott camo next, aud was followed by Isaac 1*. Wilkins, but both were ruled out on account of lim ing violated tbe rules in turning the southern goal, the rule being to turn from west to east, and they having turned from ea3t to west. Tbe James Weasels was, therefore, declared tho winner of the second prize of $10. Joseph King gave out before the race finished. The third was a champion race, single pair sculls, with the following entries:? Boatt. R<>ieers. Thco. Udell Rappahannock. AlCCrK?iti...... ? ??? Stephen Roberts. Brooklyn Boy A Adopted Citizen Robert Fay. lliis race excited a good deal of enthusiasm, and bets were for the first time ofcrcd and taken, but it turned out to be a very one-sided nfiitlr, tho Brooklyn Boy hav ing it all his own way, aud winning the race without tho slightest exertion, bos ides stopping several times on tho way to take a drink. Tirae, 43 minutes. The race, how ever, is not always to the swift, and it was not in tills, for both the Brooklyn Boy and tho Thco. Udell, which ' made the next best* time, were ruled out on the same grounds as were the Wm. Piggott and J. P. Wilkins in tho first race, and the America was declared entitled to the first prize of $60. Adopted Citizen made tho tune in 46 minutes 10 seconds, and won the second prize of $20. This closed tho races for the day, and in half mi hour ihe myriads of boats on the river had disappeared?the . tcwdsnf |>eoplo upon tho shoro had vanished, and the finny tribes were left alone beneath tho surface of the water to continue the race undisturbed by the splaahiug of oars over their beads. Wo understand that the Experiment, immediately after the raco oflered to match tho W. H. Tarboss for $500, 'ho race to come oil' in one month, bat the offer has not yet been accepted. The Experiment is a beautiful boat, aud manned by a gallant crew, who fool confident that she can lied anything that glides over tho waters, pro vided tho waters are clear of outsiders. The Turf. Ckstrkvhxb Course, L. I.?The great match between Florn Temple and Chicago Jack will come off this after noon. Flora will trot ill harness, and Jack under the saddle. It will proliubly bo tko quickest trot of the sea son, and bus created much excitement. City Politics. CENTRAL REPUBLICAN COMMITTEE?FREMONT AND DATTON ENDORSED? PREPARATIONS FOR THE RA TIFICATION MEETING. A meeting or the Republican Central Committee was held last night at Academy Hull, the lute hard shell head quarters. Edward Kctchum occupied tho chair and William I'eel officiated as Secretary. The meeting was largely attended, and as far as respec tability goes, this committee will comi>are with any ever convened in this city. Among the members woro Judge Edmonds, Emigration Commissioners Cuinmings and Kelly, Justice Welsh, late chairman of tho Young Men's Whig Committee, and several other eminent ex-dcmocratic, ex abolition and ex-whig poli ticians. There Is one circumstance that desorvos to be noted. Tho press Is admitted during the deliberations on the ground, as tho republicans state that they do not wish to do anything they would fear tSkc public to know. This is somewhat different from the netlon of the Democratic Committees, who pass resolu tions against secret and prescriptive societies in secret meetings, Rom which tho press Is prescribed and ex cluded. Mr. I.t mam Sherwood offered the following resolutions, which were received with cheers and i?ssed enaui mously Resolved, That we approve of the nomination of John C. Fremont for President and William L. Dayton for Vice Presi dent of the United States, and pledge them our most cordial support. Resolved, Thst we approve of the platform of principles adopted at the Republican Convention, held at the city of Philadelphia on the 17th, ISth and Ithh of June Inst.; that wo recognize that platform as the principles on which our govern ment was founded, and upon which it must and shall be per petuated. Mr. Isaac Paytox, of tho Sixteenth ward, made a re port front the Executive Committee, which nad met dur ing the afternoon, giving the details of the mass ratifica tion meeting which is to be held on Wednesday evening next in tho Iiroadway Tabernacle. Mr. CilAKLKH Kiddle, or the Twelfth ward, objected to the name of ex Sheriff Carnley as ouc of tho Vico Presi dents. That gentleman was not a republican. This cre ated a warm discussion, but the matter was eventually referred to the Executive Committee, with power. Mr. Sherwood, from tho Corresponding Committee re ported that letters had been sent to eminent republicans, asking them to be present at tho ratification mooting: but so far they only hud received one answor, from William H. Reward, who would not be present, but would send a letter containing his views. Mr. Kiiidlx took exception to the report. It was not satisfactory, and did not amount to anything. A Pkikuats feared there would he no speakers If emi nent orators were not forthcoming, It would bo a failure, and that would be disastrous to the cause. The rejwrt was, however, dcclured satisfactory by the committee. An apiieal was here made for money, to contribute the sinews of war, whereupon Mr. Riddie said he was a poor man, and so wero most of the delegates. When the commltttec from the Taber nacle meeting wero admitted into that organization, it was with the understanding thift they should supply tho funds. (Applausefnnd laughter.) Why. asked Mr. R., have they not come forward! He concluded by moving that the Chairman of the Finance Committee report lmtnc diately. Mr. Sherman stated that the Secretary, within the past ten minutes, had notified him that he was Chairman of tho Finance Committee; and that was all the report ho had to make. A Ihti koatk moved the acceptance of this report, which was put, and declared carried, amid much laughter. Col. Pimtcnky moved that at the noxt meeting the dele gates come prepared to report the state of tboir organiza tion in each ward, so as to know what the republicans could rely ujion In the way of preparation for the coming Carried. Jas. H. Welsh was placed upon the campaign. Executive Committee in the place of Mr. Edward l'epper, who resigned on the ground that he was too modest a man to till that exalted position acceptably. A resolution was offered for the Committeo to meet witb the National Club which convenes to-night, and to give them the right of the procession on Wednesday evening; hut this was not carried. In answer to aomo doubts ai to the success of the ratification meeting. Judge Edmonds remarked that the Executive Committee wonld do what was right. He promised there would lie no failure, nor would It be even if he had to be Chairman and all the speakers himself. (Laughter.) A Vote*?And Treasurer, too. (Konewcd laughter.) Judge Edmunds?Yes; and Treasurer, too. The meeting then adjourned, to meet at the coll of the Chair. CONSTITUTION HALL WHIGS. This body met lost nlgbt, H. Reed In tho chair, and agreed to participate In the ovations now going on to Mr Fillmore. The aUvttdamjq w?w thin ami not much WM 40UW Oitnu attjik Vakdtik.s.?M'Uo Vcstvall will commence an opera season at Jaura Koeue's Varieties on Monday next. Tho'-Trovatorc" and "Itotneo and Julwt" will be prominent features of the programme. The company has juat returned from a successful season of three wjoks at Boston. In addition to M'llo Vostvall, a prime favorite m New York, the troop includes Sigaor Ccrosa, a tenure ro buxto, who hug received the warmest praises from tho Athenian critics; Hignorina Manzlnt, Signer Gnsparoni, Fignor IWill, and others. Slgnor Nuns is the conductor. Tlie prices, wo hear, will be tlxed at a popular standard. SoMrmisc Nrw at Nino'sGakdkn.?Among the passen ger* by the Atlantic, yesterday, was Miss Einnut Stanley who is engaged by Mr. Niblo. Miss Stanley is woll known, even on this Bide of the water, ns n distinguished come tlirrine, anil flic has lately met with great sucooss in London. in a monologue, "The Soven Ages of Woman," wherein she personates nil ages and pluses of female character, ami gives Illustrations or several nationalities speaking the language of each. Miss Stanley comes to the United States with the highest testimonials to her professional and personal character; and will, doubtless, prove a great favorite with tho visiters at tho Garden. Burton's Tiikatkk.?A summer season waa rommoncod at this house last evening, under the direction of Mr. W. M. Fleming. There was a fair attendance. The hill in cluded "The Merchant of Venice," the principal parts by Messrs. Fleming, Trior, J. C. Dunn, Mrs. U>sdornier, Mrr. Fletniug, Miss Funny Dean, Ac., Ac., and "Boulnli Spn," in which Messrs. G. Holland and Fuller c us tamed tho chief characters. Police Intelligence. Caitvrk or Rivkr Tiratks axd Rkoovkht or Pro'.'krtt.? Two men, named John Mange and Jasper Livingston, wcro taken into custody yesterday morning by olticer Coakley, of the Fourth ward police, on charge or having stolen a gold watch, valued at $80, from tho cabin of tho pilot boat Jacob A. Westervclt. The prisoners, it appears from the testimony adduced before Justice Connolly, of tho Lower l'olce Court, went alongside of tho pilot boat as she was lying at anchor in tho stream off the Brooklyn shore, and in the neighborhood of the Wall stroet ferry, and while the crew were sleeping Mango enterod the cabin and took a gold watch belonging to ono of tho crew, named John E. Johnson. As the intruder was making his retreat up tho cabin stairs, Charles Ward, ono or tho crew, was awakened by tho noise, and jumping out of bed encountered the rascals in their boat. He asked them what they wanted, when they ropiiud that they were gatnering old rope, and then rowed off rapidly toward the New York sido of tho ri7er. When Ward re turned to tho cabin ho found that Johnson's watch had disappeared. The prisoners, after making a safe retreat from the pilot boat, went ashore In tho Fourth ward, when oflicer Coakley accidentally hapjienod to meet them, and seeing a coil of rope in their possession at such an" unseasonable hour, arrested them on suspicion of thoft. Mange, on being taken to tho station house, admitted having went on board tho Jacob A. Westervelt anil robbed one of the crow of a watch, and also criminated Livingston. Tho prisoners, on being taken before Justice Connolly, at tho Tomb* T'ollco Court, were fully commit ted for trial, on charge of grand larceny. Livingston says he is innocent of any intention to commit an unlawful act. Tho accused are both seafaring men. An Kurd Fvxo.siora Assault.?Patrick Ready was arrest ed on charge of having feloniously assaulted William O'Conor, of No, 12)j Washington street, with an axe, and breaking the arm of the complainant with that weapon. The prisoner says that ho did not striko tho complainant with the weapon referrod to, but tlmt he foil down a hatchway, anil In that manner received a fracturo of tho arm. Patrick was brought before Justice Osborne, at tho iAiwer rolicc Court, where he was committed for trial. WUIIanubnif City News. Coiusiojf ox tub East Rivkr?Yesterday forenoon, about 11 o'clock, the excursion boat Iolis, with about two huudred passengers, came in violent collision with tho Peck slip ferry boat Onalaska, off Corlear's Hook. The Onalin ka was coming down the river, and when op|*> site the foot of C'orlear street, tho lolls, which was com ing up, attempted to go between lier and tho shore. In doing so her bow struek the ferry boat forward of the wheel, breaking In her lintr and damaging tho dock to a considerable extent. A boy on lier deck was badly in jured. The ferry boat sustained no injury, and after lying by untii it was ascertained no assistance was re quired, both boats proceeded on their way. Person nl Intelligence. The President has officially recognized W. IT. Trappman as Consul of Prussia, at Charleston; Julius Kauffinan, as Consul of Drcmen, at Galveston, Texas; \V. Harrington, as Vice Consul of the Two Sicilies, at Philadelphia; Werner Prescl, as Consul of Bavaria, at Baltimore; and John II. Holmes, as Vico Consul of the Two Sicilies, at Charleston. The resignation of First IJeut. George R. Btsscll, U. 9. A., Cil Artillery, has been accepted by tiro President, to toko cfl'cct September 1, 1850. The appointment of Absalom F. Hedges, of Oregon, to he Superintendent of Indian Affairs in that Territory, Yiro Joel Palmer, removed, has been confirmed by the Senate, Mr. Roberts, ex President of Liberia, had an interview with Mr. Secretary iAbouchcrc, in London, on the 10th of June. ARRIVALS. At the Lnfarge House?Hon. Hyron Plmon and lady, Rhode Tslnnd; Mnjor A. A. Selover and family. California; Hon. Timothy J i nk Ids and family, Oneida Castle; James Sorley, Galveston, Texas; John Ogden Dey, Albany; John A. llam, Baltimore; Edward A. Abbott, Concord, N. It.; Thomas J. Brooks. Frankfurt!, Pa.: l)r. lb M. Orldlav, Philadelphia; K. W. Wood, St. John, N. II.: James A. N orris, editor Cleveland Herald, Ohio; K. K. Bishop, New Orleans. At the Everett House?Mr. and Mrs. J. Scott, Miss Scott and servnnt, Martha Scott, Georgia; Mrs. Holmes, Mr. K. T. Holmes, Louisiana; W. P. Ketrldge, Boston; Mr. and Mrs. Swinjng. Halifax; Col. A. M. Kanford, Mrs. Sanford, child and servant, Alabama; Mr. Miller, Hyde Park; Mr. and Mrs. Van Clerf, child and servant, New York; W. S. Vernon, Mrs. Wolfe, child and servnnt, Miss H. K. Vernon, Louisville, Ky.; A. H. Jacobs, New York; J. P. C. Thompson, Havana; Mr. P. Nnad, Mrs. Kirkwood. Miss Mela-oil, Montreal; II. I). Weed Mrs. Weed, Master Weed, Mrs. Eastman, Savannah, Ha.; Thomas Yeatmun, Mrs. Veaimau, child and servant. St. Louis; Mrs. Williamson, Halifax; Miss McCulhim, Quebec; A. W. Ollsby, Florida. From Savannah, in steamship Knoxville?Hon M Wayne, R 11 flurdincr, family nnd two servants; Miss A Gilbert. Mr W 8 Wood, two children and servant; W Hartek and lady, W P Pratt, G Cordon and lady, Master Carv, Mrs Warner, JC Gardiner, J 11 Nuts. A II Stoddard, Mr r M Cary, Mra Pratt, K Hopkins, Miss M Foly, J J Stoddard, H X Stoddard and nurse, H K Price, Miss T A Jameson, K Jencks, Mrs Wallace and two children. Miss F Foly, R M Porter, .1 Read, G W Adnnta, P U Nichols, C Parsons and lady, R N Swift, J J Kelly, Master Johnson, Mr W H Chrisp, I) Hnlman, Mr Lid with, J II Mnmford and lady, Mlsa Mumford, W Chun-hill, Jr. and lady, C H Sanford, K S Morris and lady, C Fav, lady and servant": Mr Edwards, Mrs K Medhury, 11 Carter, W Crabtree and lady, Miss Carter, D H Paumater, lady and child; I) R Wright, lady, 2 children and servant; Miss Smith, Miss S Lumbeger, Miss N Stoddard, II 8 Smith and lady, (; Gor don, Mrs S Wadly and 2 children, W I) Wiully and family, Mica O Stoddard, Mrs Stunbegen, Mlas J Simon, Wm II llari and family, J Stoddard and lady and 4 servants, J W Ford, 11 fiunvign, w 11 Hodges and lady, Rev M Lyon, Br lloyt, U Berger, M McCsmeron, Miss Wilfahi, T B Lynes, II F Hyder, F McCarthy, Mrs Wllkins and child, H Goodman, W H II Cohier, L M Arnold. James Hlaiint, Wm R Pay and 2chil dren, A Ward, Gen 8 Robinson, Miss Watts ana Mrs Peck, Miss N Slembeny. In the Iojars del Oceeno, from Havana?8 M Carago, Car los Gonxales, M V Cglerla, K P Vegurle, A Prisl, It Mas, J Hernandez, G C Teuckea, V Isinans, V Teuckes, M Teuckes and aervnut, R Fernandez. From Havre, in Rhip James L Bogert?Saml Roas, Theodora Meyer, Mrs Anna Adam. From Bremen, In ship Gossamer?Rudolph Lonner, Fred rteo Vagi. From ApalRchleola, In ship Elizabeth Deuison?Geo Red gate?nnd ?in the steerage. Asaaaelnatlon of Strang;, the Beaver Island Mormon Leader. [From the Rochester Advertiser, Juno 20.1 Before this time, in all human probability, James J. Strang, the leader of the Mormon settlement, on Heaver Island, Is among" the dead. On Monday afternoon, be tween 0 and 7 o'clock, Captain McBride, of the United States Iron steamer Michigan, (which was lying at the pier at Beaver Island,) sent his pilot, Alex. St. Aubin, a steerage hnnd, a short distance off, with a request for Strang to come on board the steamer, upon some busi ness. Strang returned with 9t. Aubin, and whon about half way down the dock, two men stopimd out from be hind the" weod piles, with which both sides of the dock arc lined?there being ouly a passago way between the wood?nnd one of the mm tired a revolver, the ball striking Strang in the back of the head, passed around under the skin, coming out near the temi>oral hone. Ho then flrcd a second barrel, the ball of which struck Strang on the head, about level with the nose, and t*sscd into his head; the other man then flrcd a single ntst6I, the ball from which struck Strang near the vorto bral column, at the small of his back, and passed Into his body. The men, whoso names aro Alexander Wont worth and Thomas Bedford, made no attempt to esc?i>e, hut surrendered themselves up to Ckntain McBride. Strang was picked up and carried Into a house uear by, npjiarrntly dead, but after a few moments he revived suf tViently to ask" the surgeon of the Michigan, who was In attendance. If the balls could be extracted. Neither the ball In the head nor thnl in the loins were traced, and as either of them had created a mortal wound, It was not strongly attempted. Tlte opinion of the surgeon is, that long ere this he isdend, Thomas Bedford, one of the men who committed the act, bad been whipped forty lashes on tho baro back, wltn a scourge made of blue bleach sprouts, twisted t> getlier, some time slnco, upon a charge of neglecting to disclose facts concerning a robbery. This had been done by Strang's orders. Both Bedford ami Wentworth had been Mormons, but had seceded, and hud joined with the McCnlloch faction, In the late schism. Both had fami lies and Captain McBride brought them, with tholr fami lies' and llvo other families who desired to leavo tho Island, over to Mackinac. The actors in the tragody woro given np to tho legal authorities at Mookinae. Strang was the heart and soul as well as tho Intellect of the Mormon gnng, and it is to bo strongly hoped that his death will break them up' and scatter them abroad. There la no n an among them capable of wUjWiBg Strang's tUflUQU?o, bia pi*co; INTERESTING FROM EUROPE. Opinion*. of the English and French Pre* ob our Relations with Great Britain. Increase of the English Fleet the American Coast, inc., Ac., Ac. Oar Part* Correspondence. Pauls, Juno 9, 1869. The Conduct of the Err.perm- towards the Sufferer* bp A* Inundations a fresh Element of Popularity?Remark able Saying of a H< publican in Regard to him?-78* Dif ficulties b-inecn Great Britain and the United Sia'ea? AUitwle likely to be Assumed bp France in the Brent of M'nr Breaking Out? of I/nris Napoleon at I* its Unpopularity?It upnifuttti. Preparations for IS? Bod tism ?f the Imjeoial l'rinte. Thero are some won wb?nn (brtou* is bo bcci up*a carousing with hor choicest favurs, thut w ?r, misery, hfc oase and ruin, the must fearful ill* t'.kii human Seaa ia heir to, only glvo fresh stimulus to he* benignity. If ever thee was a man who had mere r< asou Uao a?f other to acknowledge the truth of thU remark it le Louis Kapolcon, Emperor of tho French, Every I'.taastar, political or civil, that bofalU society, tho country or the gtato, only nerves to place him moro in the foreground?te make his person more distinctly visible. If wars- break out, if intestine discord prevail, if every member of Ikl body politic is suddenly sekaed with such individual oom. bativenesa that he must needs tiy at hU- neighbor'* throat; if tlie soldiers of the empire die by thousand*, smitten by the n do blasts of winter; If the valleys and plains ef France are devastated from Nantes to.Versailtaa, villages, towns and cities on tho Rhone, tho Saone, A* Tsore, the Loire, the Nicon and the (laranne are over whelmed by the floods; if thirty thousand persons are rendered homeless by these inundations, and the country over which ho rules has almost tho proportions ef a second deluge, it is Napolcou that rides aJolt tho gentsst loci, who, like Noptune, rebukes the waves, ami uysa each visitation raises a fresh pedestal for himself in Ika niche of popularity and fume. It Is Impossible to deny that tho terrible disaster* under which the south of Franco has boen sufiertog have, as Tar as the Emperor is concerned, boon * real godsend. The sudden termination of the war wm rapidly causing tho eyes of many to rovert to the anoma lous state of the government, Its iron restraints, tha bondage under which it had placed tho press. It ws* la the great manufacturing districts, especially in the ooa tral and southern parts cf France, that opinions prevail** hoetilo to tho Napoleonic spirit of concentration; and 18 la there where destiny takes this wouderful man to act tkr part of an angel of light, when all is darkness, misery ?*? despair. Tho account of Napoleon's Journeys would read Strang* ly to the First Napoleon himself, the must diligent and na tive of men. He returned to St. Clo' I at 10 o'clock P. M. being his second return to the palace in the coon* el the week since he set forth to the inundations on his er rand of mercy. He left St. Cloud, it will be remomber*** on Sunday, etept at Dijon, and liaetened with all ?p**d the next day to Lyons, and, baring inspeoted the whole of the district, he returned to l'arls on Thursday. Thk next day the Legislative body voted a sum of two mllUna francs on account ol the inundations. Alter whlah h* started forth to Chateau Renault, between Vendome no* Tours, on tho banks or the loirc, and slept at the HoM dot Kcu ou Friday night. At 7 A. M. on Saturday he Ml for Tours; Immediately on his arrival proceeded to tha quays, where he examined tho breach, the eruption ec which had led to the inundaUou or tho town, lie left Town at half-past twelve, and arrived at Biota at six o olock. He gave from his private purso 20,o00f. to the Prefect m tho loiret , to the Mayor of llerageucy 5,U00f.; to the Pre fect of the lotr-et-cher 20,0001.; to the Prefect of th* Iudre-et-Loir f>o,ooof.; and sent a sum of 60,000f. to to* l*refect or the Mainc-et-Loir. A well known republican at Lyons was heard t* Ofr claim : " What a misfortune it is for a man to be tram melled In his antecedents. Here is a man that I could really love, but my jiolitleal convictions oblige me to*" him as the eucmy of liberty." To turn to other matters. Tho political crisis threatening a terrible explosion between the United S sud England, lias taken possession of every ctrcl* roteric. 1 have heard tno subject nguln and I mooted whether in the event of war breaking out hot the two nations,and tho sympathies of tlio French govern ment running in the wake of England, the French people would be disponed to take an active part against America. This question, so repeatedly put, has never, in my hear ing. from politicians or all shades, received but one sm swer.ond it is this: The Freuch government, with the army at its back, and with the fleet at Its command may ism* what decree it pleases; the army and tho fleet will obey, maunum IHeu, il ne reccord pas un sous pour paper le dspmm de la France. Tho Emperor is, perhaps, bound to show, it is said, bis sympathy with England; but he knows th* value of his position far too woil to seriously interfere with a people who, by their maritime supremacy, will*** day act as a counter poise to the power of F.ngland. "But," said a gentleman to me, well known to bo on Intimat* relations at the Tuileries, "tho Emperor believe* no mora in the likelihood of a war between the United States and England than in a collision between the central luminary and the great lunar planet." There is, undoubtedly, a very large class of politlctaaa who would bo delighted to see an Internecine quarrel between the great Saxon races; and now that th* fend between them continues so long, they firmly believe tha* such will take place, and if this class gave Its voice lb* cither side, it would most unquestionably be "or to* United States. Why, say they, should America be pre vented Irom following tho example of England in AaiaV The necessity of preventing the recurrence of a ma*a*ere at I'nnama is a better excuse than that put forth lb* months part for the annexation of the kingdom of Oud*. To change this subject and turn to domestic affairs. Tha all absorbing topic is tho imperial baptism on Saturfep next, to which the conduct ot the Emperor and tho Em press, amid the fearful distresses that have prevailed la the inundated districts, has given additional popularity. Napoleon returns from tho plains of tho South like a coo queror girt with the sword of victory. Tho Kmpreao, jusf rescued rrom the fearfltl pains of travail, has beam seen employing her recently recovered strength In tha same godlike cause of charity. The sun, which, through out the month of May, ha* hidden himself bohlnd nhta clouds and fearftil torrent* or rain, has at length steppaa forward in all the majesty of heat and light, as if to smila on the rising fortunes ot France. The Pope's IjCgato u* arrived, and already distributed some Papal blcasiao*. Day after day, some fifty steeds from the Imperial staMa, In carriages of lour, of six ami or eight, joss up and dowa the avenue dc l'lmperntrlce, training for the baptismal cortege. The Hotel de Villo Is preparing for an elaborate illumination. Arches arc In process ol erection that are to boconio dazzlioR tomptes of light. Tho Paface of ttf Tuileries Is being covered over with gas pipes, wire da vices, strings of lamps and other signs of rejoicing thafa ' unto us an heir Is born." While Notre Dame, havfcre for two months past been a most profane scene of uphol stery, gilding, carpentering and boly devising, is prepar ing to blaze forth with such a mass of illustrious piety and tcrrtltc royalty that uo one will ever dream that tha priest* who pull tho strings would do a* much, and mc? lor a Bourbon to-morrow. OUR ENGLISH DIFFICULTIES. OPINIONS OF THE BRITISH PRESSL [From tho I/melon Kxaminor, June T.) "It la impossible that two greet nation* with Interested connected can go to war for auch causes,'' is in every mouth,with reference to our American differences.,But, s? happily, these very word* remind us of the same re liance. so signally falsified, a* regarded Russia. Wb? thought that war poeaible? When no escape from itoould be shaped out in Imagination, yet the hope of peace, m the faith or peace, lingered tn men's minds. Yet the ambition of one wilful man brought upon Iks world the calamity of the war just closed, and precisely the same cause threatens us with the same evil on a far larger scale. The vicos of despotism and democracy than tend to the same end. There are men, says Baooa such self-lovers that they will not scruple to tire their neighbor's house In order to roast their own egg In thw embers. President llerco is one of this class, and woald not hesitate to set the world on Ore-fur so paltry an end as a renewal of power for (bur short years. This man's use of power la to prolorg Ids power coute qui crmle. play his seltlsb game thousands may perish, and tt an ts more brought to ruin in both countries. Can w ickednrss bo suffered to prevail? Will not the good sense aud feeling of the American pceple revolt against such ntrocloui extremities? We are bound to trust they may, but we cannot shut our eyes to some ugly facte. A certain recklessness Is a strong American character istic. They do not look bsforo them, as we do; they have not our care of consequences. A man in the United I States builds up his fortune cosily, and as lightly throws I It down to build it up again. He goes ahead hocdlesaly, I because he falls easily, as children fall, of cleverness, I enterprise aud activity thero is superabundance, but Ut ile forethought and prudence in our sonso of the words. The Americans are, Indeed, very much tho spoiled chtVy dren of circumstances ; they havo been fortune's vorlles, and arc too likely to make the mistakes of tbsma whose heads arc turned by a course of prosperity -nod success. Much hopeful stress Is laid on consanguinity, U\e com mon stock and the common language. Ijion tl,e effects of tho last circumstance wo have much doubt. Barriers to the communication of ideas have their advantages as well as the contrary. The mass of the Vronch puople the Germans, the Russians, havo no knowledge of unoom. gunrc&uui u?uUou of Uwui ui jtofifitb jyriai or