Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 3, 1856, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 3, 1856 Page 3
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? THE SUMMER RETREATS. Oar Niagara Correspondence. ' ttoWK-Nsioa Bkihuk, N. Y., June 20, 1S50. Jfotafrom Niay?ra?Hu>K of Titivtlleit to the liuth of Waters? A yp aranc* of tkf Country? Opening of the MotUeagU House? Its Situation atul Surrounding ? t First Clou American llutet, dr., dr. Thesvaiuier season bag commenced hero wider the Tnool favorable auspices, witb every appe.?rauco of an unprecedented rush of travellers coming to view t'io ru.-h ??f water*. Froiu Montreal to New Orleans, froia New York t? Sau Francisco, pilgrims, thirsty for a si^ht of 'nature's masterpiece, Niagara 1 come rolling in ovy rattling railroads. Arriving here on a very warm day, ?covered perhaps with the dust of travel, with ears ringing to tho tuuu of "click a-lick, click a lick," of car wheels, and the shrill screauaB of thu locomotive, bow delight fully refreshing is the cool breeze over following in the 'train of the rushing waters; how soothing to the wearied of lieu ring the eternal lull of wuters, as if Nature, i the kind mother, was shaking up a graud " cobbler" for 'Iter fatigued children! The foliage of the trees around Niagara never wore a more vivid green than during this season; the lateness of , the spring retarding their growth till thu first hauls of sum mer, they have burst forth with unwonted profusion; aud bow much they rejoice the Right ot tho brick viewing citi zen who (lies from the dusty city to Niagara only those can tell who, like the writer, railroad it to the Falls. Apropos Of the coeluess of the weather here, when everywhere else Is so " stunningly" hot, I have come to the conclu , Blon that it is entirely owing to the length of the Fall, which here extends throughout the entire year. The Icebank which I saw here three weeks ago, under theclilT, beside the American fall, has yielded to the pressure of ?circumstances, including sun and water, and bos now fcone to Join the Ia6t year's snow. 1 saw ice in the streets of Niagara City Uiis morning, but it came out of a cart. The railings. Biddle staircase and othor stand-bys on ?Goat or Iris Island, have been renewed and repaired during the last spring, making the paths of the podestrtan those of pcace of mind as regards his personal safety. Goat Island? quere, "Go I# Island?'' Is not this last the "correct thing?'' The Maid of tho Mist makes her regular trlpa into the great mist of the Falls aud sails along grace fully as a duck moved by steam jiower. The " lujutis" are about town here; saw a couple of rochahontasses yes terday morning, that dressed tho character to death, knocked the Bowery " native?" completely front time. Their broad brim, long nap, black beaver hat), with "oyster-rich" plumes, were several feet beyond Badiali's "tUe,'' tn "II Puritanl." Indeod they were. Next to tho wonders of nature come the works of man; ?Dd if any body can sfcip at the Monteagle House, and not find a model for all other hotel/, the writer loses his guess. Its location is admirable. Being remo -ed from tho noise and dust, heat and confusion of Niagara City, it enables its occupants at all times to enjoy the pure, fresh air of the country. The grounds around it are fas' being laid out in Uowcr gardens, with gravel and board .valks, leading to the banks of the rushing waters, where a de lightful grove of trees offers refreshing shade. Tho noble suspension bridge is but a short distance from the hotel; a pleasant drive tikes yru to the Falls, while only half a mile off lies the whirlpool. The architect of the Monteagle has reflected gre*t crodit on himself by the elegance of proportion everywhere pre served in this solidly built stone structure It is a pride and ornauieut to Niagara. Nor shot. Id I omit mention of the tower surmounting it, from which there i ; a splen did view of the Falls. Through every department of this hotel the master hands of its superintendent ., Messrs. Wooster & Vesey, are plainly shown, and from luxurious ly fitted saloons and chambers to the porfectly ap Eii&ted table there is absolutely nothing left undone. , orses aud carnages are ready at a moment's warning to Convey boarders t'? the Falls and other objects of interest in tho vicinity, and the arrangements for con 'eying pas ?engers to and from tho hotel to the railroad depot (free) are complete. II you como to tho Monteagle House, you will find what Americans may be proud of, and that is a 3rst class American hotel, sn "institution," by the way. that the first of Knglish novel! its declares superior to any Other hotel <j' any other country tn tho world. Our Cape Majr Carrespotidenre. C*n bun, June 2S, 1856. Grand of the Mount rernon IlotA? Spmhet, StvtimerUt, tc., dc. For the bonHil of all creation, and especially that part ot It within the bounds of the Ublled Ftatee, it ia nocea wry that the Humid should aeqnant its readers of the magnificent aflair perpetrated here on the evening of the V4th mat. If you had seen the rwb Tor *'U>e" H*a.w n this morning, as the boat c?mo round from New York, you would not wonder at the normslty of giving your readers a full account of tbi* grand bj.,cjuet. At H P. M. the grand rush fur the ban^iKting saloon Cook place, and much credit ta due to Col. Tbornley and Mr. Hanna for their accommodation* for the pr<*?s. The ball, which is over four hundred fret ir I'ugth, wu beautifully deroratcd with owr national colors, ever green*. fcc., and the tables were mt|. h more beautifully decoiated with something good fw siwaud) to eat. J. I.c M CoU-nuin, of Philad. lpbla, w/u unml tnous'y < h(x>en to preside by '.he GMnmltto* of Arrno^e m< nt*. consisting of the following gentlemen: ? Jan. X. Sanderson, ol X. Y. Col. John Tbornley, Pbila. Jo 1 Mding, '? MTillum WoodsN'e," 8. J. W Mn.tzer, M. D. " F. li Doffee, ?' Jas. l.undon, " Jamex M. li'lier, " K. C. Htaceta, . " J. TravU Quigg, " Geo 8. Rurn.?. " H. I*. l.ei?orln?f. " J. W. Hock bridge, of Rait. A. H. I.uulam, Cap< !.?land. Ceo. B. HickKao, " Mayor flbooff, Cam 'ten Mr. Coleman, in a few appropri ite rem.ii <s, referring to 4 be < liter | ii lain# ho?U of the evei inc. propo e.l t je he ilt'i of tbe "proprietors of Ue Mourt Yemen Hotel," Messrs. Cain k Faster. Mr., of X. Y., was now loudly called for, and -?aid that the ; ublic won id always And in tbe proprietors, tbe one always Frank by name and .lature, an 1 ever ready to footer to j our comfort, and the other a good and Mont Cain to lead one to enjoyment. Mr. Henna being i ailed upon, satd? HU 'Ytend, Mr. Coleman, might have adde I, whoa he said t'isthelial tluck , the in i that it was like Mm-elf, fmall .iut though e might no' ?e ?een, ha w.uld be heard. He thnn al luiled to ike uty of every o?i# exettlt.; th 'tmelve i to aid ?tbe bouse a il gave as a toaat the ai.cce?a of Hlj Mount ?ernoti. * Mr. I?uf responded in bohalf of Mr. Foster, anil pro po-ed the *'re?M." ThU brought out F. X. PUg. rs. who referred to the great business fa ml i esnuil energy ot Col. Frank Poster. Mr. Kardenon, of X. Y, In re*|>onse to a call on be balf of Col. Foster, expressed bis earnest destrf thai Vr FfMter SSttld be SUC e tftil. Hpeet hen were aI?o made by tieo. W Arnn ?el, Ia.<. M. BUger, J. 1. V'igg, lie. Tbo eompanv adjourned at 2 A. M.t with three elicera for tbe Moiiut Verne a. Cur Canadian (omtponilrn re. fnmrsa 8m.iuut, Hit** St I-awpi ? nt. 1 June ii. f J 7Vtj> rm Iht St. LavT<*r* aid 8>i0Vfiury?Th? Om mettmn-iiaf (As Rnvtr ? Jrttral at Qfltr ? Prpartur* fir thf eptoney? Aniral at Kiritr*. tlu bovf ? I'mnti of frntrrni Mow Qttrl* ? Trip up tlu Jaj/tviw; ? Sm> Arret, n' Iff thf ltivr .Ot , ?fe 1 m ixl yon lnv greeting-' from IS? Ijower St. l/?wr nee, mn my rct<<rn from Cbicontlmi and tbe River fagtuoay to Quebec . Before I le't Rochrster on an eianrsion through Take Ontario and down the ft. lawrenen 1 wa? advised not to ? kt slip a favorable opportunity, M me should oPer after my anival in Quebec, for making a vUit to the Hagnenaf, ?lid looking for myself upon the bold, rr.gged and very r? mat ? i ; le set nery along its rr* k bound shores. 8uch an opporti n t)', fortunately, wne not waning. learning that ttie steamer fag... nay, Captain Slmard, would have ce?t m< rnlDg on a pir* ire esrur<loq down tbe M. IiKreoceand up tbe Has 1 sy, of which I had K ard so much, and from which t ? good steamer re erived very appropriately bcr nan.e, I lost do time in aiaklng arrangrm< nt" for tbe <rip. f>wing to a ftroi g head wind, we were late In our arri val at Riviere du l otip, 130 mile below Quebee, on the tn ntliern shore, wlere wo w -re to sp<-nd tbe nignt, and wb< re many of our pa-?en?^r< landed to spend a few day *, In n s l?t romnntle In ilt'iatlon, comman'' ng an ej ten-Ue piue|>e(t of the 8t. leerence, there < pwards of 20 mlde, stoddrd with l~Unds, and bounded on the op; o?lte st o?e by lofty arid rngged ?nonnLilns. Tlio vlW Inge m t-ins nlHM't a thousand inhabitants; at thai point commerce* the C.raiid Portage re?ad, lesdiag by I^ke Tem ' i la. ard the rlvrrs Madawask and ft. Johiu, to the ? it> " f H. John, in New Rrim-wiek, and to Halifax. I ot i?iuri-e l.a\e not time liere to x|>eak oartieularly o the mati> fointa of interest we j>a*s oh tlie route ai<er leevlrg . ber? 1'oii.t I.?m I *>; |>*?- it with Its st r ide rr< *i.e<? In o,lit, from which Wolle flr<l 0|*-n. I liu balii" lial l.attei ies; the bio, -ad, capwious ba?in twen ty eight fu U* in* tie |>, aod covered with elm<>4t ii oi'ti "laloe laifie ve ? !<, the Imp'wlna aepeet of Cnjie I sum i I, enrmoi tiled with fortltlc itmis, ?iid the C'ii i Jel llty, wiih it- tin covered caooia^, ihsm Mid rooi giiainuig in the > unliglit; the beai.tif'll I'nlU of Jb ..tnio; . I i. wbirli you I In full View; the |4|e of lirh ans. vuthitf gron fteluS ssd (iiredn, sad plewnn' country seat and elhil riling everywhere mark of ter tillty sin! Mgli culture; Cape Tourinetit, a bold pro.non t ot y lilting It-* bead eight >n tiundre*! fe.-t tbov ilio rjvi r; Mtttri y Ray. ? plensiUit vilkige on the north 'i?mo, ?.ow a dsviite rr-ort of Caimdlani In warm weatb r. for t?le'i?ore r d ?en bathing. The vi< w of tbi* pla^ e to ilav, Ii i i s *!? npproerlird the w !ierf and as w ? re. ? led from It f ' ? tin- 1 1 [i -til ' Oior . gird< d with an lrr?(r*i'tf amj I'i tbrn treat ruggeii |tlli< and iwiniitsir#, reeling Hi lbs 4lt tatii e. r r loj^t if fi le-* aiHt summits r"??ing in smtiig'if w tb oce.i*.-toi,. I bad')- nlowlv tMxalng over tb'M. the bo), tlii v i -e. the !. , bitgVt', sir'tehit'^ f*r a? ?y on liie tU! t s. II. 't, in l <i.|i|. ul tb< m, e?|? >all> tbo<e i.r 1,1' .I'M'tnei ??, ri Ing to an < va' of li.Jiht f> t, lOrtned n scire oi tni bntitmenl on which I uir>.| Ion? a' ?! Mongol Ips i ri ghted I m.irul'l Ifj to linger then- i week, and ramble amidst snnh hea>,liful neunery. Ca cutis, on tlic oi.therr shore, u few tulles below Kiviere du Loup, mucb r? ? .o I' 1 to by health and pleasure seek crs from Mont mil am! < (uebec, 1 saw iu (he di-taui o, tun) thought it seemed dolig itfully situated, but did lUt v ait it. Tin- steamer Satruetiiy commonly u]>ends the night, both going uud returning, ut Riviere du L>up, tho tup from gucbtc up the Sagneuay occupying throe day*, anil from th it point early next morning we passed across tin- St. ljiwrcnce, there surging like an ocean, and entered the S? uen.iy, which is at its mouth about one mile wide, and immensely drep. This noble tributary of the St. I/iwrenco lias its origin in a very considerable lake ? the St. John ? some thirty or forty miles broad, containing about 600 square miles in surface, aw.iy in the interior northwest of Quebeo. At this (Kiuit commenced the chief interest of my excursion. 1 gated the more earnestly and thoughtfully upon Tadmi fur, a little village situated Just at thu entrance, on ? semicircular terrace, at the top of a beau tit ul bay, with a sandy beach, hemmed in l>y mountains of solid rock, because it in one of the oldest settlements In America. Here, it is raid, was the first house of stone and mortar erected in Canada. Here wus at one time the missionary Station and residence of Father Marquette, the explorer of 'ho Mississippi. It was at an early period thu capital of tiie French settlements in all this region, and on that account was always called at by the tirst explorers of the St. ljtwrence. Our steamer proceeded fifty miles up the river, to flrand J.iy, or, as it has been, and is frequently called, ila! Ha' Kay ? a beautiful expanse of water, nine miles long and fix wide, affording good anchorago for the largest vis.'- els, the average depth being from twenty to thirty-five fathoms, though in many places not less than tilty fathoms. Ibis singular name ? Ha! Hal Hay ? is said to have be' it given originally by the early French explorers, as expressive of their surprise and delight at the view of itE broad surface, opening unexpectedly upon them, and capacious enough to hold tho combined Hoots ot Furojie. Btecmers, on their pleasure excursions, do not usually asccnu the river farther than 11a! Ha! Bay, because a few miles above there is a bar. which it is said cannot be passed safely unless at high tiue; and thus they are liable to Ao detained. Ha! Ha! Bay, therefore, was tho ex pccted limit of my trip, and I was pttrjioslng to return immediately with the steamer, after a couple of hours' delay, to Quebec; but an unexpected and urgent invita tion to visit Cliicontimi, twenty miles higher up by the course of the river, and thirteen by land, led me very suddenly to alter my plan. I < oncluded to accept the In vitution thus proffered to a stranger, and spend a week at Cbtcontiml, and await the next visit of the Saguenay. This sojourn of a week, in circumstances so favorable, at Chlcoutimi, an old post of the Hudson's Bay Company, added very much, I hardly need say, to the great plea sure of my excursion. It was to ine a delightful region in which to rusticate. I was there amidst the wildnoss and solitudes of primeval nature, far away from the re straints and conventionalities of artificial life, breathing the pure m> untain air, looking out from some lofty jiost of observat ? n, U]?on boundless forests and far receding mountain r. iges; listening to the lulliMg sounds of tho falling water*, as they came tumbling over the rocks of Cliicontimi. Though among those whom I never saw be fore, und never h. ai d of, I was treated with the kindne's anil hospitality of friendship. I scarcely bad tho feeling of n i-tranger, but rather locked upon all arouml me as Biy friends and brethren. I skimmed over the waters of the Sagucnay? oh, how delightfully !? iu a bark canoe, w hich I bad never seen befnro, profiled by tbe skilful In. ds of two kind hearted Indians. You may form some Idea of the importance of the Sa g'jcnay w hen 1 say that there at Cliicontimi. seventy miles from the St. liiwreuce, the tide rises from 12 to 24 feet. It is a remarkable river ? remarkable for its depth and for the bold, rocky, wild scenery of its shores. The depth Is vastly g" 'utei than that of the St. Ijiwrenee. Anchor age enn se ? om be obtained, unless In occasional coves, for fifty mi s from its mouth, on account of the depth, w hu h, according to ('apt. Hay field, of the Royal Navy, and deemed of the highest authority, is often nearly POO fwt. The shores, presenting a steep and rugged fiont, com posed chiefly of granite are so abrupt and precipitous that W'tb.ii a few feet of these rugged wails, dark, naked, t< wering bluflV, the depth of water is nearly as great as in tho middle cf the channel. The whole formition and a*pc? t give strong evidence that m some ftir oil, bygone age et our earth, in rome va t convnHinB, the solid strata ol the rocks were rent asun ter. e <-?ri ,g an enormous fis sure, In whose deep md extent uvity the wat-rs of the Sagucnuy now How. and forming a seen* worthy of the gaze and commanding the wonder of all intelligent, reflecting men. In bi luging this long letter to a none, in which, though I have said much I have left more unsaid what can I do better t han reeommend to you and other friends in New York, when you wish to make a plea- ant excursion, 40 turn your fac. nrd your fkK.t?te|>s towards Montreal and Quebec, the -? l uwr net and the ^aguenay Certainly this lu s pr> v nn , since I |ef> Rochester ? three week* afcO y i'kteril..^ eptothi good hour ? one of the most plea sant I tloi.i. I may aud protliable, ??xenrstons 1 ever n ad. . truth him skies, men at. it elements have com b.n< d to male ii . aid I Lure record my avermeut of it Wilb a gratelu hi v I. Rnmirt and Commerce of Br Mil. ^ rnni OCorreio I < autil of Rio de Janeiro, May 11, 1854 ] REPORT 01' TUL INISTIR OF FINANCI OF BRAZIL. Tliv Marques di Parana, Mln.-u r or ", read iu the Chamber of Peputle*, on t!.e 10th of Mm , (be report on the builfi t prop -ed fur the year 18&T-5" The pub lie revenue* ore estimated for that iien^d at ?? . 7,7'JA.?mk?. 'beUlnMtr otpmw4 liim.-elf a follow*: ? 1lu*~tateoi public revenue* MOIlMtSi to I ? tlatt' riu|{. the pn M tmoa 1 made in my Inst report as to thetr tendency to increase 1 iving been realised. Tb' ordinary rerebi'i<t of 1864-6, eom|?red With tliooc of tin- preceding budj: ? iM-e-ent an inri'a. e ol tW.t?22. The rerenuoti oi th<- t'iree yiwra (Tire tbo following remit:? 1862-63. 1863-64. 1864-85. ?18,1*1,469 17,219,81(6 17,797,960 Average $17,740,406 Bore th<- Muu-trr obaerreo tliat u the n*w uriii u kmii ti> (?' |Mibli?lied, it will Dcow-arily eierdMtcul' aidi r.ibly depre**tng Itulueiiee on lb it iurt of the publie revenwn proceeding fr"tn dutie* nu ?:nt -'rtnUoni ; tUli ditiiinution may be estimated at about W;ii,000. KXTKamR MOW. In the month ot limabtr, 18M, tbu extorior debt ?ii.<miiteil to ?6. 8 ? 4. $00, and at tbe end of D-?cemb<-r last . ? ar It wa." reUtiecd to ?6 83 V 900. llie amortization on the different loans took place in tbe following proportion: ? J oan of IV. 4 ?10*. TOO ?' 1829 27,600 ?? 1?M)1 11,700 " 18-t;; a 18,400 ?? 18i2 24,000 Total ?188,300 limJUOR HKRT. Tie fawlrt interior fnnded debt, up to the 81-t De cember l*?t, amn'inu to? I'er O. $27.^7,800 8 012.000 6 fiM,8(0 4 Total. $t$,$?9,(i00 There ir anrithei debt anterlm ti the year 1827 wliirh ban been tii*cribe4 In the grand treu/iury book, and into iho Mib?iiliary oik i of the provincial trrMutie*. 'mt bin not yet be< n converted into ahari-i of tin- public debt; it ainomted on the 111 t liecmber ln*t to lol.W. There are cin ulatlng, at this m?r *H, treasury blllJ to th<- awn tit of 81.7!'* 000. li.e active liquidated debt amount at the end of tot ynr. to $2,3$$.13S. Tbe t.umber ? .nnwn di-bMra I* Iff *76. and tbe mm of tbe recover*. e debt amount! i - ?2,012,000 c MMkMHAi tamk or mr-iimm* ? o rtmir r ?f. Tbe general t 'mm<"ree of the ei..,lre With fi*r n rnnntnea in 1KV4- >, CMiiprelienilnig t'ie impetaU'.C ml 'tj* rtatK'ti. r'-pre-enU the ?nm of >7 #75.4?tl. >006 | a . < d with the re?ult iif the pnrodw yt . ' ?" .a an ircea'e of 6f.,k'."i,-.^r>, or 8,437 |?-r ? nt ; .< .irate* with !be average <1 tbo l.wt live yeira, the overpl .* h 818, MM a, nr 18.30# i* cert. of ib- total aawut t el this ann'ial commercial more i nt there l.e'.i to the importation $42,?eo,l JO, Jn<l to ? i e ex|?irt.itiui, 446,28/', 3i7, tliere being con*!*! uently, tn la\ or < i the la- 1 an overplu* of 82 8'.'6,r?7, oi CSV per r< nt llie mine of im|>orte<l pr>?lii u waa inferior by t-l.'M' oi U.W8 |ier cent, riini|iHre<l With t'*?t of the ir | ? f ."*?4, but exee** la l>y 62," T6.704, or 6.1. .^ perceut; ibe in^rese of a perl"*! "I Ave year*. Ibe in i .irt? fYom the dIOerent cmntriergheUie follow it g reeolt/i :? KroWl (irent Prit lie and ber poweaalona $22. 420 " frnpee nnd 1 er pow?e4. ton* 4,** '1*7 m 1 ntt< il State* Mfti.HM " 1> rtngal and ber po?ae*?ioi?a 3,"?! ,VM ?' It; r,?. itle Town* 2 44 .238 " Re i ile la llata 2,IO",Wi " Pe%ium 885,7.v. " Spain and ber poe< eaalooii *>?'>, i'-s ?? Chile 641,183 " Snnlina 677, 6H4 ?' Sweden and Norway 189,774 ?' Awlri.t 160,277 " Holland and her po wisdon* M.7M) " Re i \|iortation and transhipment 300. WW Other eoont i km 322, 327 A ? unpatatlvr anal; -ia ol tbe proportion tn whirh ea^h of the alxive minUoite I couutrlea p>trtie||>ate9 of tbe lutal an mint m lui|<rta during tbe laet two year*, gl\ ?? the It) ow .r.g rcnuit:? *66- '4. 1851-6. Tor Orrat IVltain and ? er jv>?e?iri< V3.72 6n.S? For fratK-e and hat f- !e*?inne.. 1!.$1 11.17 1-er 1 lnio*l state* p.Ofl 8 . for Portrgal and her p teea'-nn*. ,6 8.1 I r Him tatic 'lowtui (.23 ;t I rr l:"i 'le la Plata 6.$$ rorBHgMn .. 2.10 ?.#7 lor ?|Hiin 8*4 her pox^tMrtOM. ..0.84 1 44 f.n (bile 0 49 1 33 l'i r Sardinia. 0.78 0.8? ! nr Pw) dm and Norway 0 26 0.4> V r A"*. rtn 0>4 0 31 I or HolbtOtl and hef fOaaeaartBa 0.07 0 14 li r pi ii of tbe i mpire of Dr.'iitl 0.19 0.07 I^i ether fonntrha o M 0' >?? fiiniii tbe ex|iortatlnn. there i^ an inrrea* ff'.864,(C2, or lj.8ift |>er c< nt ovei the la-t ye* (il.vto f,o."i, ?f 6MI18 |?er teal, compared tritk a period oi frejeara. 'ibe tot a 1 nmotint la dnii'ed amongft the different roar,ti 1< a a- It I low- ? airt-RTATioa to ( i "at Britain and her po**e-?.-lou? $10,687. ."f. ! I ranee and ber foeai ^*kma 4.( 80,161 I rued f-tatr? 11,003 M-t lurtiyal nw?t her poeeeaatona 2. .'i flni ?entie Towi. 3,387,fii0 il i de la Plata 2 0" 7, 403 lelgi 1,311,817 F|?in lltltr poK-est-lf us 48*,<W><i fhtle 7V>,:.MI fardinla f *? den and Ncirway l,?|i Ai.'tiM $12 11 I illaM ani her poaaooatoM... . >i ,l I* : i'mm k 170 "W Tn rkty 1 * *01 ? H er r? t ,itr*e= ; The aatne nntlfita na ??re?-r nte t I >ve ^irea t'><j r.?l loOing | wfwrtton m rrg.iidaeaeli of the a'<ovt' rnmid eflWHrtef ? 1853 64. 1854 55. tinal Britain and her possessions 32.43 32.32 France anil her poaseM-ions 7 95 9.02 United states 2S.U !4 8.2# i'ortog&l and her iKj->st;<>HiOiiS 4 j6 5.12 Hui.m alio Towiia 8.27 7.37 Hio de la l'lata 4.26 4.61 llcfeiuir 1 . 7H 3.07 ^|>ain and her po?f>et>rions 0.84 'J 'Hi Chile 102 1.08 Sardinia 0.88 1.34 t-we<leii and Norway 2 18 2.77 Au.-tria 3 53 1.79 Holland and her iiossessions 0.13 0.24 ] in. mark 2.04 1.72 Tuikey 0 15 0.29 Oilier countries 1.23 1.47 TONMAQE AND M'MUKH OK SHIPS. The commerce ol the empire with foreign nations oc cupied during the last year, lu ship* coming an 1 gmug, 5,07 5, the tonnage of whit. h amounted to l,t>67, 015 ? Ilia liational ling being hoisted over 133 ships entering and 144 leaving the |<irts, making a total tonnage ol 06,443. Another table in the rc|>ort of the Minister presents tho statistics of the public revenues duriDg a spare of 18 years, divided Into triennial period.- ; it shows their pro gresslve increase from the year 1H37 up to 1854, and at the tame time, it indicates which ( lasses or imiMsts liavo the most contributed to this inerea-e The comparative table of those six trienniums exhibit* an average increase of 7.04 jier cent yearly, as U proved by the following table: ? Compared with tho first trieooium, there was am in crease of tlie lovenues in The 2d tricnuiutn. by $1,67(1,171 " 3d do 2,804,349 " 4th do 6,244,992 " 6th do 6,413,702 " 0th do 10,243,614 All clawies of revenues followed a progressive march, as it may be seou by the class of im|sirtd whose produc exhibits au average increase ol 10.67 |>er cent per year, and that of exjtort. which shows a yearly average in crease of 3.41 percent. Here follows a short notice on the existing manufac tures, whose number is 89, and which have obtained an exi million from the duties laid on primary materials des tiiod tor their consumption; likewise on the number of farms or plantations, with their slaves, who number 1,482; and their products amounted for the two years, 186* and 1864, to 56 millions reis, or $27,000,000, and their expenses to seven million dollars. The Difficulty Between Spnln and Mexico. [From the Diario dc la Marina. June 24 ] By the treaty of recognition ami friendship concluded in 1836, Mexico engaged herself toward* Spain to acknow ledge and pay certain debts to Spanish subjects , in order to comply Willi this obligation, alter the claims of those who pretented themselves within a previously Axed term fiad been examined and approved, three conven lions were successively concluded, the last of which (in the year 18.W) wo*' verted with tlie character of a solemn treuty, at the proposition ol the Mexican government itself, which, by this ttep, wished to give that of her Ma jesty a proof that if ou Its part the execution of thu former convt Ltions met with delays and oljs .acles, it had never entered into itn thoughts to deny obligations which it considered us sacred, and that it rather wisfied to tullll with all the zeal it was capable or, its duties towards the intercbUi of the republic which were entrusted to in care. According a.-, the claim* of the Spanish creditors were acknowledged, the Mexican government put iuto tliuir linn l.i bonds, for C.e payment of which it assigned a part rf the produce of the customs, iu the ?amu form as it hid done on the account ot creditors belonging to other nations. However, our somjiati'tots were not very fo. tiniato, in .-pile of the pressing exertiou* of the SpanisU logation, and whilst similar demands on the part of other nations wro pushed even to coercive measures, the government of her .Vajosty, whose policy relative to the SpauUb Ain. Mcau republics was always distinguished by a highly concilia tory spirit, wan satisfied with the hope that the govern ni' Lt of the republic, it-> situation being improved would lake into consideration the serious default into which it bad fallen, and the benevolent treatment of which it had been Ik* ob.icct. The govc rment of Her Majesty did not confine Itself to this. Alter ucceding to the conclusion of new couven ?ions, (although the last one had been accepted as a solemn treaty), and notwithstanding the surprwo Deces Nlill causeii by the demand of a levi-imi of cUnas on ? be |?rt of the same government with which it had just made stipulations, it did uot oppose any absolute resist ance to the partial revision, coticeutri?tiii|{ it* attention to the one point, which was. that under the pretext of Uuit revision, tlie payment of those debts, fully acknow ledged by the Mexican government, as well as by the public o|Snioa of the country, might not be indeduitely yMHMi, Hie oemand of revision was pending when the gov- ! (rrmetit of Genera! Santa Anna censed to be; but * hi* government, although persisting in its demand, did not disavow the solemn oHigation* which, by treaty, II had taken u|>od itself, nor did it manifest any opposition to coLtinue j?h> iriK the legitimate MM, or those w!u<b it acknowledged as smb. Hut then came the govern ment created by tlie revolution; and no less to the um 0 l ishmett of the S[anish creditors than of the country it < If. the former were wade aware tint the Mexican v % eminent, not content w ith having withdrawn tlie i.nda dest'ned for the payment of iu debts, or.erod at >e same time the bonds till then issued to lie handed ? <er U? the executive, under penalty of i? seizors, which was a< tualij etfected. To this de^yec came Hie ni gleet (>i m> i uuily cotiti acted obligation-', and tiio for f ttlng ol a mat) whose ratlin aUnus liad beuu cx c.mnged in IS<3. In the meantime, the government of her Majesty, after Hit* government of the republic ha 1 received lii-i Kxost iinry Sr. Pub Juan Ai.ioun y Zayas, taking, without doubt, Into cWildi ration the change ., which had occurred there, <le< nied it convenient to replace the ,-iid lUaittor l'leni|ioU miary tv bis hxcellottoy Sr. 1). Miguel ue los Sant" Alvarez, a person highly rofanwiidalil both as much frun his lalci.l and noble i liaracter, as Is; hi* j?sl lion of 1'irector in the poltlkal department o' the State ordering, at the same time, *.-> a iwasuru of pro caution lor whatever accidents might render the pr >tec ti'm of government necessary to SpanUh streets, *on?s siupr of war to )??* to lh? coasts of tlie republic, which sai'isl there at the time when -r. d- los Santos Alvarez 1 -It w lib Id.- family for Y*ra/'rux. But wlien these i!t*|io utiots were taken, the 'i nniih frTiraimt Ut I not jot reccivd II e latest new-i from Mexico, which, afW the li< w - received here estenlay, provoked the doclai allou ot Oortri and tlie repositions of the government ol her I' jesty to fend n w fotces there? a dec lai. .lion and reso IttnN which find the most etneacious sup|?irl in the una i .nuns .-em ment nud th? mud devoteu sympathies of ?II frnninrds, as I, ad and will always have wbatever is ditoeted tomamta n intact the national honor and dignity, bo'h of which aie essentially intcrc-ted la the res it < t of national right- consecrated by a solemn treaty. 't -ecm.? to us useless to ay up to what point we par take ourselves in th?*.e sentiments, but wo cannot but re mark that we feel profoundly sorry for the state at which thing* have arrived, and so much the mere as we had and stl'l have a hojietul idea of the enlightenment and nwlom of the President substitute of the republk-. sentr Conn t fort, aud his minister*, Kmoca la Risa and lal'rafua. Hut Ihts same reason make* us h >|w that the conciliatory vlcw? of the minister plenipotentiary of her Majesty may hi>v met with a corresponding response In m Ihe Mexican government, which we do not sup|s>se lie* negli ? ted to I < move the dMIicttltie* which were ni preliisided at the out'wt o( the oiiianl career of Henor Mintiw Alvnri jr. in ronseqiieaw 1 the mea aires lately adopted, the so pension of jmyn ol and Hie embargo on IbrbotHb. Tho?e dilRcnltlSS bel amicably ettled, lbs c< oflict will disappear, and. we ari sure that, in .Spain a. well as in Mexko. tlv i? <iple will loarn with no les < satis lactioo than we will fee! SKI selves, the lion iralile and ' fits tual rctuf" si of all nutlves ol dtsagr> enMiit b' tween both ronnlri- >. called as thej a e to cunt culilvate sbd strengil, "ii b mutual uit'.'rc^t and bent fit t e most cold al relations. r,NANCl.?L AND COMMERCIAL. ?OUST MARKET. Wkt>\cu>av, July '2? 1 P. M. T1 r ?Us mtrket w?< not so bu iriM tli . tnornlnp. a id tbe transi 't ons * re rompsra Ively llniiU'l. lYie s were tn-' ttlej. The upward movement app? ar? to have Ijo its strength, snd ii would not surpr -e us much to see low rates rale for tho-e sti k- which h-ive bc^ *o i.i, illy n.flstid. The lu ll, hate exhausted tin ir supply of la \ orable Inlhi in es. Ibe money market is a isy a- Can I ?? exjeel'-d. tVehase received fi.>ni Kngland political ti lelligenrc ? f a tno>>t sati- factory < haracte. . all caurns l< r sny inlerrni tlon in i nr peaceftil nMhu have di.ap ft ? ; ed, sm there is nothing left to W.k lor l.kcly to give s ,:ialer ilu| ? tii? t? f j-eculstii'n. Tlie Sub Tress urv has I ant out ihi whole of the Tcxs ; indeirnlty, an ' . bank-i lil t c l tin Ihe sf.reie reserve up to high' r .la than ever t>clore ksoirn tin ir line of di?co P' arly up to largest smotu.u ever etliiblteil, and the general bank eg. piin?i< n Is sti nt s? large ss ran he JiMJIn*, A larger |ottion ol tin liniil '.cms Is out on call, cm tlie hypotheca tion of stu 's*. tl'.n ufual, even in active aeusotis of j Mtuation. snd ro otic knows whst lay or luxir the de Ki.ii d Tor paynmit may bo made. With the excep tion of the |ol|tical que-tiom at lr*ne between this cotmlry and (ireat H.-iti t, whl?*h for the lime served to < heck speculation, we h.ivs bad for many weeks a series of the most frvorable results ill the Onancul wirid. Tli diilmation r,f pe ice bi'tween Russia snd. the Aide?, tli nedpt of uHhiuifd supt>lies of gold rrom r illfornla and An^tralia. the witlidrswal of obo > /en mil urns of ?p-?. tie from the in') Irea- urjr. an exp n of benk ere in to an onr*-- detded amount, an export trade eSceo.iinif in ve' I d of our Importations, more limited shlpmxDts of e, and wi ll a'l the we have had toe benefit Of a le of pri -perity nnr . all rl??*es snd In a l liileresl* . ?iy sol lorn res ired. ihlt g* iiavt lisd Ihllf of fi el on lit snrls sffhlrt and ? , mi the movements of -;iect Islor* In Ihe stock tnaikf I. That efloe.t Is risible In prh w. !n no le-llrtilaf stoi k has tliero been any v ry gr -at In f.ition. Hi" expansion ba* been lli ouie veivfciil, while In oth< rs the whole adiancc hat b n re ill/, I within a I w Uiys. Tlie lull influenet' >f the prevailing i ri es 1 *?> been Ml, find w> are al a lfws to kt. w #lie a k (I r events likely* to prove SUni'it ig eno'ifrh to !<? | tip Ihe excitement. It appears to us a . til ? i.'li th> et tire programme had been pined < :t. UrMer' sticks hate hail h i I "tu. of ge<nl lnen I lat tie shrew ' est will, without 1st. reali/ ? befb-s s i hi ? e lakes place, H"e may he t llt'le prratMn i! onr anlielpat on?, btit exierliwe h*s *a tl bed tts that alter such a |ierlo l of sp^ ilsllou ??rid rneh an itii'.tt'on <T price*, there i? gr -it din or of a re.ietion, and tlie r , ng ol lower p-lci-i, Ills true tl .t ptlc<? ar' rot so b'ltb now, as age-'-ral thin?, at this lint, or a Hltle laltr, Is 1 year, but the time ve ^TrlpHiffrmil. In July, I860, business win i.tagnan^^t contraction bud bun goiug on fur the previous tweiv months Money liad accumulated in the baud* of llio ' commercial classed, and tliey bad no use for it. There Mere bo outstanding mercantile liabilities at that time, In consequence of the collapse in business the year before, and Uie only way to employ tills idle capital was to make teuijxirai y investment* in block securities. That move Dieut brought about an ioi|>ortant expansion ia prices; but when that class T>f holders realized, which they did when the active business season commenced, the market value fell ell ten, filteen and twenty per cent, and ia Oc tober tU'< ks bad settled back again into tho hands of the brokers at prices that gave rise to a panic. There is now a very dim rent state of affairs. The commercial cla-w--s, who arc the main stay and support of any inflations in the Mock market, are now involved in their bu siness operations to a greater extent than usual. Their liabilities are large, and their credit pretty well stialucd. They require in the a;tlve season, and iu the season of payments, erery cent of their means, and all th< y can g< t from the banks. To meet tho demand for dis counts fiom this source, the banks contract their stock loans, and force vast quantities of hypothecated stock upon the market. This, with the withdrawal o' pri vate capital from Mock investments, usually has a very unfortunate efTrct u|K>n the current value of the leading securities. I.ast July there was nothing else to do with the accumulated capital but to buy stocks. Within a lew weeks from this time, the revival of business and increase in imjiortations will compel many large holder of stock# to realize. Tho effect of such a movement can easily be anticipated. At the second board the market generally was lower. Krie Railroad fell oU" \ jier cent; Michigan Southern, Cleveland and Toledo, yi ; Reading, X ; New York Central, ;4 ; Cumberland, ; Illinois Central bonds, After the board Krio stiffened up a little, and at the close 61\ was bid. Hi ere wm a sale of California State 7's at the first board to ('ay at G5 per ccut, seller 90 day*. This sal* was undoubtedly made in anticipation of a further de cline from the non payment of the July interest. The de linquency of I'almer, Cook & Co. is most unaccountable. It is not doubted for a moment that tho money was paid by the Slate Treasurer into the hands of the State agent at the proper time for rcmittanco. This v-t^iot the first time that the holders of California State bonds have been dis appointed in the receipt of their interest, and they have no guarantee that it will be the last. The name of Col. Fremont h^ been connected with the house of Palmor, Cook k Co. in the financial operations of tliat concern. The only connections between this banking house and Col. Fremont is in the Mariposa estate. They aro inte rested in that proj>erty. Messrs. I'almer, Cook & Co. advanced funds to carry on the suit for the recovery of tie' Mari[>OHa estate, for a certain portion of it, if success ful. I'almer, Cook fc Co. 's portion was cut up into seve ral shares ami sold to different capitalists for certain sums advanced to meet law expenses, he. I'almer, Cook k Co. became in this way Col. Fremont's bankers, and ttiat is the only interest he has in that house. We have no doubt Col. Fremont would be a heavy loser in the eveut of a failure of that concern. Messrs. Palmer, Cook & Wright form the firm, and the fact that they wcut through the last flnniicial panic in San Francisco unscathed strengthened their credit materially. It will be somo days before the arrival of another California steamer, and in the mean time holders of coupons most wait patiently. It is about time that States ceased making Individuals their agents. We have bad on this side of the Rocky Mountains in stances ot delinquency and losses from the mis appropria tion of fuuds, provided by the State authorities in duo time, for the pay men I of interest. Albert If. Nicolay 'a regular semi weekly auction sale of stocks and bonds will take place to morrow, Thursday, at bulf past 12 o'clock, at the Merchants' Kx change. A meeting of holders of Sacramento City Bonds, due July 1, 18f>6, is called fur Thursday, July 3, at Del moutco's, at three o'clock, 1*. M., to lake some action for

the collection of satd bonds. The Assistant Treasurer reports to day na follows:? Paid on Treasury account 844. VH5 71 Receive4 do. do 163,075 28 balance Co. do 0,091,121 49 I awl for Assay office 4,059 38 Paid i n disbuisiug checks 60,045 80 Paid interest 340,000 00 11)?t receipts of the Hudson River Railroad Company in ti e month of June, 1856. ainountod to $126*75 87 Same month la-t year 120,411 73 Increase >0,404 14 The Eictbkir Ktre Insurance Coiniany pays a semi uiiruul dividend or ten |>cr cent; tbc Market Fire Iuku rantei t ompany, t--n i*?r o.nt; tbe'New York Corn Ex change, ten per cent, the l*ater*on and Hudsou Kail iMd, Tour per cent. Ihe Baltimore J'tUrU funii.-heg Uie following *k etch o ? tUrblou lately made in Uie Court of Appeal* of Jliry hi ud ? A ?uit wiih instituted in the Court of Common Plena, by Howi-U k Brotken, ag unit (he Citixen*' liauk of Haiti tntte, to recover the amount of two n<>t"M placed with ^aiii hank for collet tton, and which it wu alleged were lo.-t in cnMet|uaae? of the neglect of tin* notary employed I y the hank to gi\ e pro|?r notice to the endorser. Tlil < ;t*e ha\ lug gone to the Court of Appeal*. WU argued by T. K Alexander and I>. C. H. Emory lor the bank, auil M ti. W Teackle aud C. W. Kldgely for Howell k Hro therm. The laid Court derided, among other thing*, that ' the act of 1837, canp. 263. makeH protent* ?t inland bill* ol' exchange uud I'romi^sory UoU'i prmux/acv evi dence, and, for the purpose of securing the benetit ?f tliu law to the owner* of Kuch instruments, it U the duty of bftkk* receiving them for collection to place them in the hi. ad* of a no.try, that they may be prot<- ted in due when necessary. And we think that in tlii* Slate. ? lien, in Uie ordinary course of buyinea*, without any special argument cm the subject, a note or lull U rwMtrod by a bank lor collecUon, which in due timo U delivered ly :? to the notary usually employed In auch nutter* by the hank, *o that the nece**ary demand, protect and no I ices may b? nude and given by him, ilie li.uik will not bo aii werahle In ca<e of losa reuniting IYmb a Lailuru ol the U' lary to |>erform kU duty." The kteanirblp Niagara, from Do*tou fvr Iivorpool to day, carried out $1, 079,000 in specie. 'J he aggregate revenue from custom* collected In the district of lv.i t>? for the month ending Juiw .'iO, 1S?0, w.w . . y l'JO 0 ! CoMc<te*l for the month ending June 30, 1*56. 600, '.<61 0J Ir.cnafe 89,104 99 follicleti tot the quarter ending June 30, 1866 2,1*1,34" 14 * " 44 U66. 1, 706.210 J8 Increase 47?,li9 TO Coi i tied I rem Jan. 1, 1 V?h, to June '0, IHf,?.4.CM 711 .11 " 1K60, " l>>ii?.3,700,,?4S<M Increase 63" ,8o- .A ' Sleeted lioui Jlliy 1. 1 Vn">. to June 30, I860 .8,291,04? *24 ? 1H64, ? l#i6..7,6lH.5M 71 Increase 0*5,07$ 4C ? l e value of meichandUe warehoused in the district of I'? ? U?n f< r the wetk ending June 27, 1066, wai a* fol li w* . Try giods 0-2 175 A.' oilier mcri ban ti*e '21*. 961?241.827 WiirelKin! ? d for Canada? I'ry pw'i 10,329 All ( Um r nureltaiidb-e 1.6U? 11.914 Total value 9263,741 Tfce Import* the port of BulTalo by lake, of wheat and corn, and the export* by canal, compare a* fol low*:? Wh'/il hu. Cum fm Import* 744,717 8.474,818 Expo t* 1108,210 1.499.2116 Excess Import-- 97j,..'?a Kxccm 143,493 The shipment* of wheat by canal are Uiu* seoo to ex i ee 1 the rrccipt# by lakr, tbla MM. If we a id the ex |ort? vlo (be lake, 60,407 busbds, we -hall have a IM il ?rrtff of " X'?rt< over lmi?orts of 199,900 b"i?h*l?, uhlcl i oiirtie cair.e otr of th ? amount previouiily in *tore ; e export* of con. by lake do not exceed 20,0'Wbaohel^. i! *o hn*, I ever, been c<>n?iderable shipment ! by r: lrotd, and ve at larg piTela taken by local di? 1 1 l< r." and otttt r roti 'mcrs; rr> that n mat rial reJuct >n ?m; ili - be made upim the above ex< chi of import <>vtt t> t<rt?. f rom the la t annual report of the Taitntm Ilraoeh ? -Iroad ? "mj any It aj penr* that t ie totil am ? mt l?f ? srtilii. a for the je?i Mnyfll, 1UA, waa 81 .'>V_.?9 oi Ulilcii 890,'ai i ;>1 wn from pi 'eager- a I 8<Vt, ... 04 fi'-m trripht. T! ?? fetnl e*pen*e*, Inctuc inj fit, I ! <? jfild the Ito-ton and Providence tallrnai for p.i I I per* brought over their road, and 8 5,^70 61 fhr bit e' anol*e w*? 81f8,lc'll. An Mfhl per cetit dividen I !ia* in *n J aid durli.g the ) eir, leaving a ha I Mice of gt.!4l. Ii ti fif) tie earning* *ere 8101,916 46, t*|v u .-s 8l.;r., 11. e tecii.'t- " ihe FA-I"rn Riilroad Compnnr fhr the trending Vaj t, I860, amounted to tool ,250 07, and Mrpen-eo t" '?<< " t'.'o 96, leaving the t< t earning* of Hi" ioed at ?b24,t06 16. Ni t earn!' i ?2{/rt5 12 I i I i t.ritVtd Jul. i turn rt-ad ....fl 1,0 o oo . ? tur ? i. nd taxei 12,7.(9 ... r.-t ..ISA. 847 06?9180 '>*7 :"t ? 1 ' *? , 1 7 7 74 V i to t< hit KfrtiH It I' ?. 1lr-6jM7,4r?i 49 I o. t'c. Ik). I?.'K? 1,S50 84? il09,7? 0) I cave? to fie frrht of ;n ?tx' ?= M?; ?I,lug. #??,. II vv La.-* y?r there existed, besides the fended debt, a flouting ili'bt of $72I,lti5 92. Much has matured, for which pro*'!- ion lias been made at legal rate* of interest Tilt' rcjiort ? Tlio filiating ^fbt, at the close of the business year, May 31, boy oiiil the mean iiu baud to pay interest, he., amounted to ?44 V- W tl , and the landed debt has bee* reduced by the payment ol' $76,OOoof the income hondj. Hit s our liabilities k?ve been reduc<il iu the sum of $356, I'll 31, ill leu ui vntiia suite tile J 1st of July, 1865; aivl the means by wbu'b we have been able to effect this reduction of the debt l.we been obtained from sales of land, Mr. Tuckermuu's assets and the incoiuc of the rood. 11i? funded debt, a* .stated i'J the appendix, amounts t.i "T .$2,336,000 00 Tho floating debt, as stated a hove. l<> say nothiug of |ui\ Uf-nU- for inlet *sst, Ate , aJ ready |irovided for, amounts to.? 440,2(4 G1 Total debt .. $2,776,264 61 A portion of the floating debt is n "?t due tiii the nest year, and the money to meet it must bo obtained from the bale ol land and the net income of the ro%d, alter the pay- i ment of Interest and the annual income bonds. "1 tie business of the Kssex, South Heading Branch, S?l-s bury 1 (ranch ai d Great Kails aud South llcrviek Braoth roads, operates as a serious drawback up?n the pro.* perity of our company, and we can nee no adequate re lief except to cut >11' these suckers, which do surety with' ? draw some |iortiou of the vital sap from tlie main t?uuk> **??**? Tlie great misfortunes of tlie company have arisen from two causes. First, the unlimited contidence repose* in the late Treasurer. HU reckless and unscrupulous course not only caused tlie loss of larger mimt tluiu were staUsl in the report of the committee, but tended to lead the idlairs of the corporation to the verge of rum. The ex tent of bis defalcat iomynay not bo fully known, on ac count of the obscurity ot dls books anil tlie unperfoctioiu of liil entries. The whole amount, so far as has been asci rtained, in $281,070. Deducting the assets which be liauslcrred to the coui]>any, tho probable net loss will be ?217,000. ******* Ilcfore tho payment of dividends can properly be ro newed, profit and loss should be charged with tho de ficiency growing out of Mr. Tuckerman's waste, with the depreciation or the roiliug stock, which IS very lar^i*, and with the annual losres occasioned by operation the Ktsex, South Heading liraneh, and our connection with the Great Falls ind South Berwick Branch Railroads. ******* Some confusion ami tbseurity iu the account? of former years have arisen from tito tact that the charge of inter est ha 1 been jiostponed and tlie reuowal fund hal been debited with certain items of OKpeuditure which should have been deducted from the oaruing.s o( thai year. Wo have, therefore, charged oil to profit aud lo?s tlie interest over due, " renewal tund," and suudry other siiom, as having accrued prior to the 31st day of May, 1865. Tlie effect of this is to revers?> tiie balance, which was repre sented in the last annual report to be 930,680 81 to the credit o! pruttt and loss, whereas iu truth it should have been $107,463 43 to the dollit of tlint account. Siuce then a few items liave been added, ho that, en tlie 31st ot May, 18o6, the umuuut wot, $106,789 60, ou line clo-e of our books for the year. i he Chicago Dewtocrat, of June 28, cooUius the tot low ing ^remarks in reply to as article in the Hkkajjs in rvla tiou to the policy of granting lands to kid in the construe tion of railroads ; ? Tlie public lands in this State were brought into market in the year 1813. lor a period of thirty -sere* years tlu reafler ? reaching up to 1K6V ? tlie sales amounted to 22,673,4^6 acres? averaging 5H6.000 acres per annum. During the five years succeeding 1860, the sale hive reached 12,600,0<X) acres, or 3,500,000 acres per aunum. And now there are lees than 100,000 ocren of government land In the State. Tins i, the result of the i.illueiice of railroads ; but It does not end here. Tlie value ol lands bus been at leant quintupled, since the iron ways sat dowu upon our uiagniUcciit prairies. Another effect has been to equalise the values throughout the State, so that we do not now witnets the great disproportion between laud in the vicinity ol the lakes and rivers and the interior which formerly existed In 1840 the assessed value <f the taxable property in Illinois was $68,762,000. In 1*60 it had risen to $117, 660,000 ? showing an increase of $58,8rts,00o, or 100 per cent. In 1866 the valuation was $o.'6,OOo,CKX), show ing an increase of about 200 |?r cent in half the time. Here, again, wu .-co the developing influence of railroads. There is yet another point from which tills branch of tlie subject may be viewed. Illinois commenced the pre sent century with a population of less than 3,000. la 1M0 there were about 13,$$$. lly loiluwmg the in crease through the several decades and semi decades since tlie census has been taken, It will be seeu that the gain has been much larger during the last five years than In any former period : ? Fiotn 1810 to 1H20 the Increase was 42.023 " 1820 to 1830 " " 1U2,Z',4 ** i&;;o to 1836 " ?? 114, ? 1R?:? to 1H40 " ?? 204, " 1840 to 1846 " " 185 (Mi " 1845 to I860 " " 18#,:U5 " 1850 to 1$M " " 448,781 The Hkkaiji mil observe that the increase of population has been double during the five years ending. with 1855, that it was at any lortner period, and that the annual sales of land w ere nearly five times as great ? some of these landa bad been In market for twenty Mid thirty years mi goveinment prinea, and had n hi i?'cu for mv$M| they .would douhtleHs have remained unsold for much longer. They were inaccesrible ? away trom navigable strcamr ? away from markets ? tiny wouldn't brlui,' a dime an acre. Produce was worthless, as it cost more to tiaur|.nrt it than could be obtauied for a hi the morket? there waa no wood tor fencing or building, and no meatji ol getting it, save by land carriage, so tcdions and ex |h usive as to be entirely unpraUcable. |poo> Tent's,1 ?Mount 94 M.oO A a t/?. . .0* lilt pa\ locoo Ta t'n, t!M*for wj mwriii v?;:.v sw 06 1000 N V loll KK 7*? lt?j Vi oo KneRRbd* '76 f;. vooo Erto cvt. '11... 87 lOOtOHar Iht mtg bbO h4 V< 1000 H?r M nitg .. 78 11 SO? 111 Ou RR Ms. 90 liiOO III Freer d, prl* wj 10 shil OIJfc&Tru^t lt?X Y.i 1'con CoalCo.btIO 100 40 do L'J3 WO Cunib Coal Co . . . ? S?' SM do b6 I on do b90 100 Harlem RK ?JX9 Krw RK 58 l'<? ?.IX) '.ID KU 50 no -.M .'?00 4<0 m> r r.o :r>0 2' 0 . >? .bCO .biO .bfO ..*3 13* as?J ?2* 02* ?v-s, 02, S t'-iv, C2 0??,' fl'JU 02'? 65 03 WT. M BBCOND JJI or, Mo C'?.. .ft lilt Ml. ( f? o dir. Im 0 i!o bv') K00 do (.IK*) 111 Cto KM bJ?. Koo l.tte W'. loo ?|i? r-.noi Co.... .< 0 Chu.'j Coal Co . . 31 fl do h<*0 100 do *.'? . 1 1) N Y C'? utlal RR. . MO do WO UOKrleRK Oi '.'00 ilo biO fi] *50 do bCO do bl6 do *3 do . ,...b;sO 10 . . . biO do. Stork KithMfi. W komc-h it, July 2. l?5fl. 660 ?hu Ml.. u:i loo do ?7it us 25M do bfio 93 f M Mich Cn HI! . b?0 O.i', U do '.*3 60 do 0'! 6 Sixth At !!R .... 93 At 1. Col * I'm Rlt. 101 SOCItY ft lltla RK.. 62 860 X V Con Rll .btk) 93*; ?2.0 do *3 (Ci, lluO do ?3 '.*.'1 s lUO do soO Vi 110 So* Nil KR . 600 do bAO UK'( 7 AO (lo s3 HH% 20 Panama RR ion it do. do do do. do do. do, do. do, do blO do imo do *15 do.. . .. blS 40 Harlem 1'lt Picf. liO Reading KK. . . bO 1,0 do *3 1(0 do *10 RO do b;o 160 (talft < hic RK .. 114 ^ 100 do 1,80 lli 100 do 114<< 2400 Oct k Tol KK. . 7" do. do do. do. do.. .bOO bM .1.10 . b60 MS 16' 4 10 f'X Vu \ % ?, 28 X h HO ft 150 liO M c-: ? ih 61 't 01 V 01 ?. 40 *00 200 400 1000 200 Chic ft R I KR . . 160 do b30 UO do !>3 100 do b30 20 do 100 do *30 VI Mil A Mi-* KR... 3oo llud*on 11 RK. . . ]o*i do MO do bOO BOARD. IPO ih? Erie RR . ,s?0 100 do *10 loo do sli loo Reading KK 100 do b.M 100 do a 10 100 d? 100 do ??o 10 Mich So * N In KK 400 Panama KR. . b?0 100 do i>3 IPO Or* Tol KR IrfM) loo do buO 2f?t do lorhw*KI laiolKR loo u?i ft ? nio RK t?a .'hi Clor^ A Pltti KR. ;)0U do Itrtu 6o Nn T. ?n-il Co .. 7Si< 7K*< TSS 71 7?W 9 2', M M ?3 X 9:i ?3 H ? 35 V,' UK 84^ 81 K ?>s filS 93 P'-Ti '.?21, !l*>4 >01 lootg 70 77* 1 -% 33 114 flj tx\ #>. C1TV COMMKRC1A1. KKPOKT. WniMWOAT, July 2?0 P M jt?nn>. ? H>e itinikH *? funi, mid twN - ?lo? of pot<< pfO mndo At f'Hc a 0?,o. I'rarls wrrc *t 7 S< a 7, Sc. llii>:jif#Trrr" ? Flour ? Tbr ftiroritblc ?<1t1c.v per Cxo* i'?, fYom Liter pool, imt*rtpd grc?t??i ?KliMUon t" th? n .ukrt, and food common and m odium grade* advancol (t>m 10c. a 16c. per bbl. Th< *e ?u wm? *poca Ultra It ? lirit among doalor*. but the htgh ywma Vi holder* and li e drain*-* of freight ratiier cbccke>l purchase* for < x|>r?rt. Tlie Mak-i* loot up aboi.t 10.000 b'>l<. of rarioiij l-radf*. hi about the folio* mg quotation ? ? i?imo to gi*>l MM* . ? $ > (XI f'i n n.i n to g(K?l Micliigati 5 K) a A Oo Mti* State 8 li'n <>mnion u> guod iHno 6 1 1 a J'Mra'tlilo 8 -Vi a Kxt * renew 0 7u 0 ??. era in xed to gm d Urauda n 75 a Ix lam v nml estfl 7 2o a '1 1. ad Inn mi|?'i One aiid cxlra 0 15 a in n e o.vt 11 ueorp' 10VI1, lUcbnoM City Mid* and * 1 0*1 a *a a llaxall an 1 Cullegi^ 10 ,i a ?? ( . 1 1 i^i it *n .i! 111, with *n.c< of about 1,400 bM*. a Use alwn e qunHM-ai.*. Conthcra bmml* wore a1*n flriu. anil In fi -i 'I <i< i' in I. w it'? *al<" "f 1 ?'N) 1 1 ,f h) bbK a rwV 1 *?. o 5 6 0 7 5 7 5 7 1 4 i H <) 9 71 pl 11 nb< ve !' . nt ?0 ;5 i> >4 ; "1 III. II w?? fo'd ill ?lid II ? * li ' it 11 ' ? . 10 filirw > Hour w.i' ??( adi with mo t -rat . Mi *1.? About S?*>0a 3iX? b'm. f3. VI. it ? Ti ? ni ,r K?. a of about (0,000 b<Mh?l*. Ii.'-lu.! Wo t rii ri.l ni $! il". a >1 45; i!te ;if $1 u #1 To |>rlrne *n ii 01 'il, and 1 1 1 .lee In Id nt SI ?f.; Wcslcm wliti ? ?iiM at $1 ft'lj In ? 11 1 Hi* tl.i Li .?'>! : at li 70. (in I v. !i :| ? ?|f>. ?| #.| *0 1 ' 01 o' i roit !o it of "1 ; 1 nl $1 47. an'! rh" l< 1 NUVrn ?lnl( lirlj t 31 ' ?. C?rii.? I'll . 1 la l't <*?< Willi iitiinii'-' firm Tlv? ink II 1 'ni'ii .In it 1 11, 11 1 Uc. 17c ,n.ll . ?mi bu? h la. Including 1. ' VU ? tii mixed nt 1 t T; 1 . 1 \ 1 11TIV. Ko Rye ? >.?ir-, 5,o? "Ia n. ni ? a av. (uta C!ih at |i*c in p 1 1 ? ? II \ II p-?rt*<-' >?' ??? : 1 ?I**'* '? WOtliHI crop. Itwsflld the plonk* have bwn attach ?>/ n* a? well aa by diMtructive insects, ninh a* hoe, locuat* itutl the boll worm. A iirtvat* dtvpnlch to ? pCtvala house in Ui is city, dated N. w Orleans. Juno 80, nut re ceived ye?U?rday, reads a- follow < ? Ha re reliable in formation of >?rious damn vo cotu-n crop in Missiaaipfll* wirp quite active and llirn. To Livprpoa ?bout lOO.Ouu bunlicL) or wheal were eug^ed In bulk ?"** bags at 1*1 a and .'>,000 a 6,00u bbbi dour at 2a. 6d.. and 6<u do. at 2*. 7?,d. Cotton wai ?t a lttd. ft 5 32d. To IjiU'lon. J.imxi bushels ol wheat wr. t tki-n at M.. and about 6,000 bbU. tkmr at '2a. Pd. To Hrcraea, 240 bales <>l rattan wi re ungaged at e . To Haw. Aim# was taki n at 76c , and rlee itt $0. Kor gram lad. wne at ked. Bab1* te the gold fields wi re uuetrau ><?!. Bay was in ae'lprato diwmrol, af Wc. n 60c. I.ia>- ? Th ? nut/ lift was |M. at B0e. lor common mt4 ?1 11^ for lump. MotAtUH. ? The nirket was~ steady, with sains of 86 hhd*. Poito Kico, al Mr., ami 56 I hid. Tftum at 4Wr Kavaj hnoHKs ? Tbr market wan steady with mudbraW transactions. without Ktungcin pneea. PhovMoiw ? Pork ? T*e market was higher, with a speculative Ipelwg. Thi rales embraced about 1,000 bbla including nuns, ut 820 ?.0, snrt prime- at $17 26. Be?f-? Sale* embraced 500 a 6o0 ?! Us , Inclui Vir country prime at (7 6c a $*, and country mess at M 60 a $10, a ad repacked Western, at re >12 ; priaae was quiot at $15 a $19, and beer hams Were (fall, at $1$ m $16. Bncnn w.? scarce an ' flrrti. CSt meats wtrr stiff, at $nc. a Htfe. for aboulde*r, and lt'*c. a 10)f?. tor ham.v I.arl was firm, Willi "?ties of 200 bbla. at He.: k<;gp were \1%c. a l.'ie. Butter *aa pleujy and doff. Caeca* w;i? ut tie. a 8)i'c. Stock of york and b.ef in pactttaff yards, New York: and Brooklyn, July 1, 1856. ? Last Thi* Date NemPorh. total. Hinth. LoU Tear. 9m sr 64 Hi Mr** 10,45# 8,707 11,64$ TliinMew 1,296 377 1, i*0T Prims mess 364 467 6, Itt Klnnk Prime Humps BcTii. e rat s* 867 ll8~ 2,480 1>0. priifte 483 VII 1,813 Other rW'ihu 7C6 IW' 2,01$ Uninspected 14.R46 4.3J6 16,?$$ Tolala a3,?26 13,616 4$,0M A'flf Href. City men.- 85 106 J$ l>0. priroe 746 673 34$ Kepuckt (i ni.-** 17,024 17,3ii? 6.SM. IH>. (,'liii'.ig? Co 77,126 21,766 6, 7U Railroad beef 1,421 1,464 34* Belusemo-s 513 t>;>0 3^1 I>o. prime ;>6 72 1$ Other relume 4<?1 376 16* Ttareea mMm ? ? $ Tierces prime mrHH 3, ftIB 3,5<?6 2.9T6 Country mess 1,sh? 2,^? 2,V?6? lw. primo 7M> 1,0J4 23$ Vniuspeitcti 1,344 1,218 00$ Tot.lli 44.6uO 60,643 $0.8$$ Rut wn.- }jC. easier, wth ?Ues of 200 casks, W 3 *a- ? 4!?c. M<.ars. ? Tlie Bales embraced abmit 800 bbls. Cuba ntiWN ado at 71-,'e. a 8?<c. ? Ihe market lur h<|uo< H is dull, and w? have b?;t It w t;ile< to report., howarrer. are Arm, the advh'CR from Eiiro)?> hiving un upwara trndpney. ?$ hall' pip** cog liar sold at W &0 to $? : V, half piptw Ho ehejle, ut $<> 25 to ?8 f>0, 10 lia'f pii>e? Mrdeanx, al \l 7$ to t'<i ; 15 pcnchiHiiis Jantaica rum, at $1 60; 10 da. fc'l. Croi* rum. at $1 80. WHifkkr. ? Tlie rrarkft wax inactive, but more tirnaif lipid, and iniall s.ilei were reported a 30n. W i k ? An aurtion s.tle ol iiniuimod Chain|Nmne wm Kade atbifh yiiroa: 87 bask Yerzim, i?nt , sold a* $12 ; 61 ca.-'e? rpliint t i(Uart>- t $13 50; lOcaxo* ImparM at ii* 50; and 23 cue* cal>tn?4 pints at $15 25 ? VI cash. ?An . thp fmlowiiig of Julea Mumin & Co., iinportinl by I. ?; k J. VokerH, 12 qu.irter cask . pure juice l'ort bui4 at $3 22 a $2 25, at six tnontbs. REW YORK CATTLE MARKET. Wkdmudat, July- 2, 19M. There vu n large increase in the supply or \>??C cattle mi sule to ilt/. at A I Sertoli's, anil prices, declined fuliy mm cent per lb. large numbers wero also nM In tnnjttv. and at more remunerative prices than those realized her*. There l- every judication now thut cuttle will rule low during (lie -un:mer than at nay period tl urnsc the l.istturee j ears. 11)* high price* have at length stimulate] the pro duction tu sui h an extent that it u belie** the principal Mock rui-iap Stat<-s have at the present lime a grnatar supply of fat rattle than ever before known. Ohio a?4 IihunUC ?"? well ua cither Western State-i, are for* arding large numbers to the seaboard dties weekly, by the Illi nois Central, Krie nt-d other railroad* ; and even the faivttM west of the Mlssisftppt contemplate coulribuLug lo oar supplies at fio distant period. Texas catUo are fre quently to be seen in tur market? a dreve from that Stale. M iu ?ML Wk- on sale here to.d.iy , tliev wore of uii average quality, and realised lor. pet lb. Tho de mum! vu moderate, noil buyers had th'-tigi pretty mueli thiirtiwu war. The average price we esfcmattat 9c., ant the range at fn tu 8c. to lo (.,<?. Cows anl calves vera la moderate arpply ; and with a good demaad, rather bolter prices were realized. Veal ol\ en were more plenty, and rstlw-r lower. Pbeep aod lambs were Ui mo I >ralj le diuuBd, notwithstanding a large Increase at the lower yajdn, previous price* were fully ausbbtied. Swine plan ty and duP, at prices tavorlng the buyer. It wu vary generally believed, when our reporter left that quite a Uigr m.n.ber of beel cattle would remain over uns uM. nam. Beef cattle, extra qua'ity, per 100 Ibv i 1 50 a 13 (M l?. good quality 0 00 a 0 M 1 o. common ?a IM l o inle. tor ? a 9 M Cowt and calves, extra .AO 00 a 76 (M I'o. good 46 00 a 60 C? lo. common M00 a MOO Veal- 3* a I ?. extra Bat Sin ? p and >ambs 2 00 a t 00 Sw me, gi om ?*? ?K Tlie fohowtng table show from |*rt of ilie coot try, and by wh..t conveyances, the supplies came trimobm ? MoevH 1,174 '? Bulimia mt " Illinois 740 " Texts ltd " K i, lucky 741 " Kew York 270 By tie- North river l?oat? ? Brevee Itv " Huitmn River Kail road ? Beeves 1,101 '? Krle Bail road? Bee vtft 1,007 " llanom Railroad ? Beeves ? Cows and calve* 80 " Veal calves 7 OS " Sheep tad lamb* 4M (in io.ii? Peeve* 104 By tl.e t ani !eu and Amboy Railroad-- Ik ore* 7*4 The market at B.' wrung V. for h.^-f cattle wrw na ns ml y lively this n >ralng. The atock looked fltlr, and hroi?hl prices lully ;> to la?t week's figure*. Nieep Mil lam Us w re ve y art e, mid sold as quickly a* they ar rived. They were jood order, nu i brought pi icsa ? little above the a\ i . ,e ol la I week. Ihe lollowlng are the rali ? lor the * . ? 2W> beef cattle to 00 t 90 40 4* rows nut ra ?* 30 00 a 60 00 b.StlO sheep atnl lamb#.. 6 <?) a ? Nvtal valve* 8S* ? UH urthy sold i.'JtiO sheep, at from 92 50 to At Chniulierlain s there wu a irmsl supply of all Iria-1! "fstisl.. Tin li man : w a- gissl. and sales were msJe ii ' i v at U-t wcik 's prices. The following are Ute sai<? 11 beefT?tUe $4 50 a *10 90 M row* tad cal- -s j'. o i a w r>% 6.r.4! sliei-paod I Mi* 2 50 a 6 M 1 13 v?si ?slve?. < ive we.uht) 5 a A >;< od iiennn l | revailtsi ,? u'Rriei.'t tor ail kin.1* ai ?trek, o, whieh tie re Was i?|jra m>?|<><ttn supply, at last w.*k prtoee. Mies a* fallows >? 142 l eevnr, 94 a 00 ( , *2 Cv? s cslves. 9"5a 9A0; 03 real calvw, 9c. aOc. FK< arm-tana*. O'K i and t'-fl/ 5Sw>0 Btrrm. Cmirm. CaJee.-. intmU Allerlon's ."5,3"W 2" 76 i 4 if* BroVa Mft's S-si 49 9, ( haml'erlau.'a... 131 17.' 0,341 O'Bru ;.'s 142 72 C3 ? Total 2.W 213 1,004 l?,?t AffTESTLSKlFJTS ftMWKB Ktm 141. U019E8. lUHiMk, M., WAVIKD. A IIOCSK tf* Kl>? FOR t'Allll. IMMRBUTRl.Y, ON XI foiirieentk st ? I between Sev> nth ami Klshih O! Klghrk si.ii V nth avenues. Also, 11 genieel eountrr ?e>?l at in mi ihs llsili m!, wuhln flfiv mll> heelti. (?*? ri.h Apply to THOMI'MON A URKKM.HaK, no S*' as street. AW PRMON AROl'T t'I<< irtlNU BL*lAXlW AMD hat li g s st 01 k ol elo hing, bi> U an>l (knee, dry geods, s t. lek they w i?h t? ?h?pn.e ni. may fl.irt s rwati inei bj ij. ii -king Uil 112 llerskt ttlrr for three 4a/t, TlrA\TKI?? A MK1HAXTI..R IN TTIR v? ti ll Any part.e* hartaa a wsil e?iAhitsb?1 tovsia. ? tn li e w rstem or nerthw??tsra staiua tbev wish to MM* . nx henr ol a purshaaer, by rslltng on I*. J. Thorn* -i, No. . * WflPam ?L \\mmed-bt \ famii r ok tiirk*" pk*^>n* th m whole or part of a md kow*e. In a gsnteal nrtaluioeko siunii s jove rwf'inh alreci. and bckiw Tsrsaiy inira are betweet PlPh wl .seventh sm aura. Bent moderrte. Addr> < Mnl.i us .Me sixth aveuue. "II'ANTKIV? A <i<Ml|? rWsn.MNU aoCOR, IK Til ? i i .'.j ?? i K a '"til f Ii' ?"*' ii I ^ ?i?l r ?llron t si">k>: o b' ? 'Is tn etrt ore fer ? ValttsMe in?ouf*eiurt?r bull ttng an I i wo lots In fee do* n Iowa. The hiitiditiK is new, w*ll bm I>t b\ pm f.'o' and has hi Ms .ftjhorse power ste-mi vieMs ibr 90^00 laqnire atlR liowery. U'tKflll'-IT * MAM. FAMTT.T, WfTIfOCr run, If ilren, t ie whole ?i part of a tlrst rate lions*; would pfV 9ir one not tisi hijh up ov*n. A In i il price wW Ii p.-v lftir si < m??istati< as mi a espeeiable aw pb-asaat aetghhn Ii *s' Address II. S 11 lie siu i Uiee. J \NTfn To ItlRK-roR \ rKRM or VF\R t s'otr for tin ? I I.'l'i'its t siine trade, Willi p !????? In A ? t Isrue the k'ftW.IIM' A ldrees O A ' ? II small. V4i t al on sure', up suirs. 'Krnws' ianm trmTun-i-* m. >'r\ski.iv i K, northeast eornerei Tlurd aud iNvkatree *. w run it' HKalMRvm '??\lePV v- - 1>1 J. .VI Vrl'YKKr peeitnlly fnim.h Ve h 1 1 P"i*ed ' t t'erto ol rears, the sp*i' tkree ? and i h i'i? vUl 1,1. en fur 'he r sepIS n ??f les ?kt *e wSn n ,p |- no; h.m wtlk their pa w't pair* "I *:et Ni ?l"k<0 ltd n I m ft < ? r< ? i ? r for 'he e mw 'n? gne?o liisbarw1!] I pi ninlii th? in r?'i " 1 m it s ; is- ,rt tirtWla ifliqnw.*"! | leiie If m h >ws; he a rh.?i with "?e Ovist h nine ? 1 1 I p. fo? pt-vf CatvUe* smrftei wuh Heals aA i s ili ra JAHais* NcI'VHK.