Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 6, 1856, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 6, 1856 Page 3
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""?" * ? ? ? ? ? Tut W, 'during long centuries, marked by so many changes, tuid eg inany ttiru?t!le?, Hut I cuslom lias pro served throughout all the force of a national la#, It is because it u> justilied by the highest considerations of biale. Market!. I/OMDOv Moiorr Makkkt? J kiiuv*Kvkmn<i, Ji hk -JO. ? The putt the government of this c* lut v Uav-e determined not to imitate the pulley of that of the I'uitoi States has created a general feeling of s.i ' 'Ion !'u ? out the kingdom, and will, there i-t lit .? i mbt, be U 1 <ed upou ui a similar light by all right lluntUUK .lorsons .icto: s Uie AUautic. Mr. 1 "alias, Undo these i. t-i instances. ro mimiB aa Minister of tho U ill tod States to (iru.it Brit tin, with Kill powers to negotiate on all matters at 144110 ue ?tweon the tiro countries. It seems in {lily lmju jbabl that any pernon y ill be scut from this count: y to n't as in re presentative at Washington, .so long a? tin ad aiuistr tllon if President llerce continues t ? hull ulHso. I'nere can be ilittle doubt that llerce's torm of ofllce U rapi ry drawing tto a close, a* tho latest advice*. from tho L' tried Sutes >tate tlta* his own party (the democratic) h ive p it him islde, and nominated unanimously as thoir candidate ;or the next Presidency the Hon. Jatnos Buchanan, ? '.ate Minister to Jutland? a nomination which has mot *vitli r.iviont universal approbation througHo it tUe Hate*. The moderate au<l conciliatory spirit In which ord lalaieistous Cabinet have met that of tho I'uitci States, us well u.s the knowledge thai President I'ierce will t>e succeeded by Mr. Buchanan, whoso lengthened residence must have given him a thorough knowledge of the people and iuFtitutions of tins country, have caused a better Ume to prevail In every dtsoription of commerce, with the exception of cottou A steady demand continues to bo felt in the money markot, but not to such an extent as to cause pressure; on tho oootrary, an easy aspect lnj been manifested. Tho rlauk of Kngland rate continues without change, nor is it likely to be altered until the close of the mouth ? tho pre sent demand for money being likely to coutinue until the payment of the next instalment ot the lute loan duo on the 28th Inst., and amounting to ?1,000,000. ft W also felt that so soou as the government disbursement*. for whioh the loan was contracted, ->hall hive takou place, together with tho payment of the dividends, a marked lmprovomect will be observable. The large arrivals of gold known to be on the way, much of which is overdue, must also exercise a considerable effect upon the market. Next month Is, therefore, looked forward to with confi dence by the commercial world as likely to present a much easier aspect, as well as a further reduction in the minimum of the Bank of England. In the discount ?houses -el' Ixitnbard street cose continues to be mani fested; the supply is stated to be over abundaut, and demand quiet. In tho Stock Kxchsngu tho current rate Is still about Ave per cent for short loans on stock. The arrivals of specie are very large, three vessels having arrived from Australia, viz. : ? The U?dway, with 40,000 ounces, the Morning Ijghf with 60.000 ounces and 10,000 sovereigns, and the George Marshall wuh 60,000 ounces and 100,000 sovereigns? making an aggregate from Aus tralia of above ?800,000 ? which, with tho sunply brought by the Canada and Baltic steamers from tho Platen, will make the total amount reach uearly oue million sterliug during the w eek, the great-r portion of which, owing to the present state of the foreign exchanges, is likely to find its way to the Bank of England. The return Irom the Bank of Kugland for the week end ing the l lih of June gives the following results, when compared with the previous week. ? Public deiioait". .?4,112,448 Increase ?815,321 Other dei<teits .. 10,218,781 Decrease 518,752 Rest 3,214,887 Increase 6,741 (in the other side of the uecount: ? Government securities. ?11, 220,46s Decrease. . . ?155,058 Other securities 14,347,07!) Increase.... 18,773 Notes unemployed . . . . 6,t>78,4>0 Increase^... 725^725 The amount of notes in circulation is ?19,233,750, being a decrase of ?345, 610, and tho stock of bullion in both departments is ?12,06H,792, showing an inereaso of ?370,37 1 when comiwred with the preceding return. There has been a fair demand for silver this woek. and the market lias been cleare 1 at a slight advance on last feck's prices. Kcrdinand dollars are Inquired for, ind {?f 4},d. per oz. would be given for them. There have >?? 1. some large arrivals of gold from Australia, the bank *f Kngland bolng the principal buyer. 'oreign gold In bar*, (standard) perns ?3 17 0 .IX). silver in bars, (staudard) per oz 0 5 1 ?Id coin. Portugal pieces, per oz 3 17 6 Po. doubloons, |?lriot, per or. 3 14 3 TV). do. Spanish, |>er oz 3 17 3 Po. Napoleons, per oz :i 15 0 Po. 10 guilder piccoa, per oz 3 16 0 ver coin, Mexican asd South American dol lar*, per oc 0 5 0 fio. Snam>h pillar dollar!, i>er oz 0 5 10>i The British funds, although not excited by the ministe /slannouncement. at the expected settlement of our dls Jhtes with America, without having to widen t ie rupture 5y sending Mr. Pit I La* out of the country, have nevertha 'ess been very favorably influenced, and consols, although not showing a marked advance In q notation, havo evinced a strong and steady tone. Yesterday consols were first quoted 94** a?l\? e? dividend, whence they declined un UI for a moment thfre were sellers at M1,. The final price, however, wajr94>, a 91 '? and the general tone of .he market was good. To day steadiness continued to prevail In the funds, but there was not any businuH* of .importance transacted. Consols closing firmly as fol lows : ? Consols account, 94 a W?. The following table wdl show the fluctuations In con sols since the 13#i inst. : ? , Ft/r ? , , Fhr Account.??*, June, fjtmrij. lliglt'it Cloniiiq. IsmrM. Hythni* CUmint] -at. 14. .shut. ...shut.. ..shut. ...94 ... . 94 li . . .. 94 Mon. 18. ..-hut. ...shut.. . .shut. .. .94 ....941s..,,94>{ in*'*. 17. .i-hut. ...shut... .shut... .04'^ ... ,94S .... V4 wed. 18. . -hut .... shut ... . shut .... MH .... 04^ .... ?4 ?? rtur. IB.. shut.... shut.... shut... .M>t 94 \ ....94'i Frl. 20. . shut shut . . . .shut .... .... 04 ... . 94% Foreign securities have been well supported. Ihe Uverpool Hock Kxchange has been tolerably ac Uve siooe the announcement of the government Intentions respecting Mr. Pallas, and pi tons of all the leading stock* have advanced. The George Marshall arrived at Plymouth thus morning ? from Melbourne, whence she sailed o a tho 21st Marcn, With 00,000 oss. of gold and 100, uCO sorerei^ns. (toward on Ctrrrlrjr. In the Senate, on Wedne?day , un animated leliate took pt? " Hrtwwii Mr. Johnson, ofArkan i?. ;in?t Mr. Seward, ! vt>in| from l lie vid<Ik nation which ih- Nirmr j-nt' -nun durmed proper to mako or tha conduct ot m* collcnitue ltn?t, Is the Mm tilt upou Mr. t.reri'y. Mr. Johnson >*id af Ku.-t ? He la ? member of thr Hon^e o' HfyfiwitellMO of Uu? country. lie u my colleague Id tltai. branch of < on Ml Br t i genUemao, net M MIIMr oo?> ?f the ?o?t 'inl.'ormly maimantmoiie, generoua, 41. I highly Hon ?waMa *ud true men that lire* upon the whole wtdo earth, t hare known km from my ? itrllael buuihiMal, and during ina t-ariK-t youth, and that U my exiterit-ui/u with refor est* U> h.ru -uriu,- tlm whole tint* Mr tit-ward replied U> Mr. Ji>bn.->a'a vindication of RuM ? In the course or the detuio ve-<t<*rilay It Will ha reroliet ted that Ilia honorable hrulor fYoin Virginia, (Mr Hunter i alluding totbe matter ot Mr. Hau*r, "i ?u*l aa \ ma.ter of fftevancv e. ?.n?t t!ae v,_?te ot M.tmacha MM. that t-he liad i ?>uvervt d what had lnwn a pi r-<on il diUiculty int. a public matter or *he had taken a course which hail that It-ndi-u^y. I went nil to gltow that M*i ?achusi(bt wa- not ?o n -i|?.n-.|blo lor h.twn,j converted wl U he hail Cnllod a |? r-onal m irrvl into a > t 'i - ei t. aiiil that the tact ol ihe a .mult ou Mr. Ntt - Maviiitf toecomt. a public qui-allof), of ? Jk|erl of at) :f,tt tu-UTtli tude, requited from it< nature, clrcMb c.uu?4, M't unlc cedenla, and a fori eight of iiie enn?H|<J?nci'* wlm-to most lollow il. By way of il'Urftral.Dff r ?,? . ly an tin iffhta awurred to my nund, ;U nature and < rcometalKtvi, no tecedent-c and ron.*e<ju<'Drc< f that atwauH, ' v> in uf the tac 1 1 li i t an editor of a nea <|"|wr I nl l>?i-n t It i wtthc:' mfliclral preliminary notice to put ..im a hia perco'inl detruce, ard bra tea dowa ic one ut ,he avet. mm W inff lo Hie Capitol. fbr Ihe u ?umt-d offi ,.t 1 ot -Tor I fttUa cow*/ iiing a hat h id t * n do.ie It)' a mem1' r t>." Un- House ot ftaBraaaMativa* In Iff ut* .ai ? a-anty. ? ? I n>i nlxr,T w cotnx ou ?o tUu-?rai? two or Dim yew- a?o whi-n the K >ti r an ka MM ?m kefora llht tjenate, I pntertau.i I a very had oj.'., i of tial 'nil? an *?ptbloti al<ou' ae ba'' v ?<..*' tfrnalm or cltiacn can rnb-r tuin i f a ir."a,i,ri' m tin ' t i uuty to oppovo. In ad dre*eii,i< th? .S- itt i loui l ' t? ?? 'Aryt'i clui- irt?'r./.e tlv> mea-ure in -dronr tertt^i, out I ?:>. tr i ? i my-' "If a?r Un ?? iiri| 'itin* an> * irh ? oarai t r wb?t^ v?r to t ?? autli'ir ot tLe n? ?? ire or ita iMllrn. I did -?> pr" tael) for tli" reamiiithr t I bad Do uou!4 m> ^'lf .it tin' t me tot tl. ?otl.or had to utip?l. o' : or ul^ti-t iMHivn.., t i.| l.n cet.r.i to inm. t'trLi-elv am ' < knio- i for myvt'ii tnu-ir. >ty Ot motiva. a? I ?)? ?renr Hbn |a?t -un Miff ic<-4 la |tiibiic diitiea. I heeiv rotir.wjo tijr- m? purity of in uvxla the ro||(.tna?' nt'th'' S-aaMT (Mr Rait) lit thf iraMictiaa re*rr?il t- lV?iffti tl 4t Iraaeni sion if t."t at nil r?"iiem b?-r<". b) it?< Hi- h eutiilfl by ma pwlboit lo thitai aiuaiedffi .11 I caa MNiny beu<va hl.-cltararter t be |>ut what 1 k.?en him toy th?" f~?-n it r. for I know if a mat o1 truth and hiini boniu. while I ant ? ? ru..y uii ar<4uaiiiU*d ttith hta ooileaffiit Mr. KuM -. 1 haw, tbert* fwre. ti'4 aaarltoard lha arti i? ut whiuh Ik uompiatuf, ??ad I katt bo r? ?< <oa tor Mm ?o now That i? my 1 mler'tat Img of th. w'i?leea?o. In ?lia flrat plfe, taking tin 'c com . win h I l>a<l raceiva4 m mi? UaoMM-tioi.. the a-vauu mam w.t- wjliout ?uilk > ut |iro. hmiaary niit.ee, ,A? a i|U?-ti n of Ihet, If the cin m M?nee? remain aa tin u iin<ierat<->d, my opr 10a i? ttta 1 MHae r'.ill. If not ?o. If the fai ta ara mi- mder?tood, .1 wli; b? motlllled accoriiiuff *o th ? circum-taiiceii, if uort ot other it "tn 1 th.m 1 had uitd> ritoiHl wa< ffiven. In r. .ard >j the oth?o brant li of Uie qtMrtl'it, I eon *i<i"r da trtlclo ot which 10m plaint 1 ma'if of Iha edit<tr at the V W .nraa belnff in bad ta te, exnejtiire ettrava 7*n| ait t> ere. Ir ffar '' il it, lurwevir, ai< oot an at ta> k ? n t. dive* or the rharacter of the t. emoei who had mtr?a. ' <1 the rm aeure whii h Wax cuti'lemned, at thotik, . . I in t, ' are toeen in error on tbut ^uhjot-t. Un I ti. iusht thai 1 e aeaault on him wa-i 1 aufflci tit exouae in th it Way. Beyond tbat, the h uoraltle Senator I nn**, and t ver) hotly kaowa, that It la my .Imlff uient. Hit n|iinioti, niy rule of action, that tUc in tarcata of Ja<ttne. of fiffM, and of truth r?qiiirafree>lom <tf tlie r "?d Oeednni of a|te<? 1. utid ib bate. and tliat whatein errora may be committed in the axerrlae of ?'hat frawlom they are counter ba It 11 sd In tbe.r .(l.-cU In the ffoo.1 which re?ulu from illac'tf^mn. 1 1 ink.a.'all U.i world kaow-t I do, tbnt it Ik not right for any p?. v n, -ctUaen or memhet >f Conffre->a, or lu any ofllt 1 a 1 nation, '0 reaort to peinonal retanati?a fur tiie \iu liuatiou of cliaracffer aaaailed In debate, or throttffh tha pre**. Uii* beti* ao. Iba triuutaction nopt??re.i to ma ona whith wae ir -xeti-table. 1 referred to the faet howevi-r, ae *n hi.itoclcal one I neither maile nor Imulied, no- in ft-nrtod, any reflection on tba u???ilant Id thai ?11- e. hut tdmply cave It aa it waa tiPil?r-tood by me, *.> t u? of Ihn tMeoerl' nt rircum-lanceit by operation of whkh, with jtlier eaiMMte, deepet and wider latareet f. i beea ''*i tod tineerniag the transaction betwi-eu Mr j:mer and Mr. draoka. Tn? Expniaa Robbkut Thial- Ci.o"fK? PtTllfl. Ttsterday mort..ng, at the >pennff of tn? Court, It was innotinced the* the Jury had h ;reed u|?on their rordict, whereat th o> were adinitti-d to tie Court roo.n, and by Ut?ir foreman, Mr. I'd w, rendered their veri,..'t, that Wn? C Aiern, Oliver Kin? a"d .?amuel C White wer? ffu. ty in the manner and form charted In Ih" Indictment. Mr. Hkehop, fbr tlia defence, requfatod a poll of , ia Jury, which ?a- dune, ar. 1 cat! jurr r anaweren mat th.t waa N-" rerdict. Mr ( ?ok dcwl-^il timt. to ptep-reahill of exeeftioM, wlib h Wae ffraated, and th'- piif-ner* w-ra remanded The prmoner* ret*,ne<l tht>lr parfbet a^lf |wv f.eei-iOD whe D the ve- It t w re l"red, evlnelnff not tha alffhteet emotion Iheaffatt father of *Vhite waa in tha Court room, and ?? nnM bowed dowl wiUi r.ngui'h, m U<f ?v?l ? i-KiV H AiitvtHer, jJg I. The Ban Frniulico Vigilance Committee* Ai> su appropriate ad tit ittluin to the aCiounu- we pablHh ed rsoeutly of tin proceedings of the &in Fraiu L?co J Vigilance Committee, we subjoin au account (if (Mr acts in 1851. It io extracted fr<tn the "Annul- ot Sun Francis I co," j>. 666 to 587. The luBFf >>t the Committee are here given; anil, no doubt, the sumc pwrsuos a, -? u?w doling witli the Committee. ? There w as a district of San F t.tcUco t!*at wa i aoteO us being the rendezvous of tue numerous is alswe have been describing; and front which i r , < ni ihi- time emanated an much villainy in at any perio! the ''tv." on I'ials'' or the "Kivp Paints" produced Thi quarter lay around Clark's Point, iu Hroudway, Pacitio ?tre< t, n id tUo itnmodlaU< vicinity. It was tin- uotirU/U* dney town ol San Fraucisco. 1/iw drinkiiiR and dane , - .iou-vs, lodging unit gambling hou.-tw of the Maine m<uu <-!.i *. tn? constant scenes of lewdness, drunkennos* ar strife, abounded In the quarter mentioned. The daily a:, t u'/'it ly occujiants of these vile abode* had every one uior? or less, been addicted to crime; and many ot' Diem were at all lime* lead) , lor the mo t trilling consideration, to kill n man or Are a town. During the early hour* of night, when the Alsatia was iu revel, it wa* daugorout in the highest degree for a single person to venture within its bounds. K\ en the police hardly dared to enter th.'re; and if they attended to apprehend some known individu als, it w;l- always in u numerous, strongly armed com JNiny. Seldom, however, were arrests made. The law less inhabitant.- of the place united to save lliair luckless brothers, and gent rally managed to drlra the assailants away. When the uillurent lire.-, took place In San Kntn clsco, bands of plundererajwsuod from thi* groat haunt of dissipation to help themselves to whatever money or vuluublot) lay in their way, or which they could possibly secure. With these tliey retreated to their dens, and do fled detection or apprehension. Many of these fires were believed to have been raised by incendiaries, solely for the op{M>rtuuity which they afforded for plundering. Per son* were re|ieatcdly seen in the act of kindling loose in flammable material* in outhouse* and secret places; while the subsequent confession* Of convicted criminals left no doubt of the faot, that not only had frec|iient at tempts been mailo to tire tho city, but that some nf these had unfortunately been successful. Fire, however, was only one meaus of attaining tin ir end*. l?he most (taring burglaries were committed, and house* aud persons rifled of their valuables. Where resistance was made, the bowie knil'e or the revolver settled matters, nnd left the robber unmolested. Midnight assaults, ending in murder, wero common. And not ouly were these deeds perpe fritted under the shade of uiglit; but even in daylight, in the highways aud byways of the country, in the street* of the towo, in crowded bars, gambling saloons and lodg ing house*, crimes of an equally glaring character were of constant occurrence. People at that period generally carried during all hours, and wberevor they happened to be, loaded tlre.irms about their persons; but these wea I tons availed nothing against tho sudden stroke of the "slung shot," the plunge and rip of the knife, or the se cret aiming of tho pistol. No decent man w as in safety to walk the streets after dark; while at alt hours, both of night and day, hi* property wa.? jeopardized by incendiarism aud burglary. All this while, tho law. whoso supposed "majesty"!* ho awful in other countries, was here ouly a matter for ridi cule. The |>olicc were few in number, and |>oorly as well as irregularly paid. Some of them were Iu league with the criminals themselves, and assisted these at all time* to elude justice. Subsequent confessious of criminals on the eve ol' execution implicated a considerable number o! people in various high aud low dei>artmeiils of the iCxocu Uve. Bail was readily accepted In the most serious cases, where the security tendered was absolutely worthless; and where, whenever nece-sary, both principal and cau tioner quietly disappeared. The prison* likewise were tmnll aud insecure; and though tilled to overflowing, could no longer contain the crowd* of apprehended Offenders. When these were ultimately brought to trial, seldom could a conviction be obtained. From technical errors on the jwrt of the prosecutors, laws ill understood and worse applied, false swearing of the witnesses tor the prisoners, absence often of the chief evidence for the pro secution, dishonesty of jurors, incapacity, weakuess, or venality of the judge, aud from many other rausos, the cat.es generally broke dowu and the prisoner* wore freed. Nut one criminal bad yet beeu executed Yet it wa* lo tortous that, at this period, at least one hundred murder* had beeu committee within the space of a lew mouths ; while innumeralde were the instincts of arsou and of theft, robbery, burglary, and assault with intent to kill. It was evident tbat the elfcnders defied and laughed at all the puny effort* of the authorities to control them. The tedious process of legal tribunals had no terrors for them. As yet ever) thing had been pleasant and safe, ant. they saw no reason why it should not always be so. San Krati cltto had been just destroy ed a fifth Use, by coiitlagra lion. The cities of Stockton and Nevada had likewise shured the same late. That |?rt of it was the doing of incendiaries no one doubted; and too. no one doubted but th;il tins t< ruble state ol things would continue, and grow worse, uu il a new aud very uiiterent Kxecutive from the legally constituted one should rise up in vengeance against (host. |iests that worried nnd preyed upon the vital* of society. It was at this fearful time that the Vigilance Committee was orgaui/.ed. The) knew they had no ordi nary duty to perforin. They fore-aw not merely much time, labor, eip?M? and actual danger occasioned to themselves ? these were triile* ? but also grievous respon sibility, and iK.-rhap>< much misconception and undeserved personal obloquy thrown upon their mojvmand contuct. Th' y were prc|i?red for all; for what will not a man suiter to save lite, limb and propertyr They knew they might possibly open a gate to insubordination and gotcral anarchy, thereby perilling all future Uw, peac* and hap pines* ; but they did not think that a probable care, and at any rate the ri-k must be run. The chances were all calculated beforehand, and the result showed only a clear winning (fame. The Uw of nature, which lj the foundation of. and i* sti|>erior to ail civil law, justilies every moan* lor self preservation. An Individual or a community attacked bar ? r i?? lit to defend it-elf; and where that attack cannot be otherwise misted, ii,i? i> . cf the oilen der proper. Where the constituted tribunals ot acoum., tail to accomplish the cud* for wile h they were created, society becomes resolved into its first element-', and soaio new method must be adopted to preserve m very existence. Opinions may ditler as to the particular In slant of time when formal law and legal courts bocome in?|>?irative, and sanction a community In resorting to nrw and extrsordinary nirasurt** for its own safely; out in irgard to the general priiwiplf, all history, and what is better, < ommou sense and moral feeling, abundantly e-tabll-h it. The people of San FraacUjo ? and they of all the world i uuld alone know their own troubles? v lieved that the uuhappy point of time had been reached; and they accordingly scijwM tho i* ca.-i"U to inaKe some terriblo experiments, by *vt i< h to check the growth of thoao crimes that weru so rapidly surrounding them. In tlie cas< of Stuart alitv H rdw, in ?>brtiary, ISM , the want ot orgs :uzul"n and previous arruugrment* on tlie part of the psople bad been *? vi ely telt. As the popular demonstration of that pe-'od L I failed lo strike rr minals wlUi terror or lessen cri"f>. a number of the ls?dii citneii* orgauiZi<d t h ?>se' < ut into the Vigilance OnsMai'tee. .hi- was in .lune, ls&l. The cot^i.t iiion ol tlie assoiiation was as follows:'? WVrea?, 7i K?? b*MM IMMttl t o the citizen* of Sin rranni.cn that there ta no aec'irity f.>r ft and property, el h.T nrnler itir N|?Mmw ol nocteljr ? it al preaent aiMa, or un>tfr the hit* *? niiw administered; Thcrefbio, the r tttrena, wlviv* nrniii'i ire hereunto attached, do unite ihem?alve* Into mmw CUI on tm ilir main" iimiM M the peace and *nod order ol (0 i triy, n<i<i lie preservation of th? llvn and property Of the Cltl WIN ot *uii Pram ii' o, mnl >lu Mud ourm-lves, each unto th? oll>*r, to ilo and perfoiu ? .. y lawful act for llie main tuKe of law tul or lrr, *, 1 -ii 'tain tlie l??< when faithfully and properly Mir InMrml, M we are il-iermlii' d thai no thief burglar". Incendiary or a* mam ?luil ears! s MMMrnt, till r bv tin- !|tii?UM of lb* law. the inaerur'ty 01 prUon*. <lie f ir*ler>i.es? 01 lorruV'Ion of the police, m a : ml , of f'.oae v bo pretend te a Imttitster jiwtice. AM to secure the obr -t* ofthiii nv* laiK*i we do hereby ajrrte? I Tl at the k?me aad Mjb nf the aMielation shall be "The Ccwattlw III VllllnlO tor the , l"lectl?m ? l Uie ilve? III' I |ir<-|>r rty of the cMuron and r*?i'l*. ? ol Hie city of Kan Kiau ctaco. ?J. The' iherr ?h*1l l>e n rwtn ^elec'i-d for llie meetinf and dcMl'i lalMMi 01 On* rommiore. at * blrh theft shall oe oM or nn rennmt emoftliei.it. Bibt^e appointed hr'tlia M/poee, -i mnMaat a'o hUm a, at all hour* ??i i.'ie da) and ukbi. to re mlve ikl repilt ?l >tf nemberlf fl." ??? ciatlnt, or ? ? mr ? .titer pviMHi or peranaa *liai?oe.i r. of an) act of tadenr-e <nM ?o the pn MM! at | "iperty o. any i "./en of Sen t rauw o, i lid I In tlie Jodgr ? i ' Of the MHer or m mbeM of ilia t mnuttee | ri-i i nt. |i lw- ?ui h an act iJaatlflc* tlht lotnrfen n^-e i i ho rommWee cither In ahtlng in im efrullon of the I n . ? or .hep ri'intit iihI ?in?ni*ry | im'*hii' ot f the otlbnle-. ihe ? ?no ' ? ?h> i VMnan ?? wlihtfiT the p llff *' m*' nflrtl|| ? h .11 ma i- a ma, or..y v. the njonuiUca ? l.aa a* mtikl riMll det? rml:i 'i' 1 n i th -t ? ?:iai: tbedntrof any metn'ier nr m-mhern >f tbenn.muifoa duly al 'he cutnmlttea room, whenever % Kilter* I aaaeir 'age of the ? mml'in l? di-tned nec Mar\ . u> er u?>- a e*# to be mix - ' ? I n Mr' kM upot. a bell, h lib h hull be ri |.?.i" J ? Hh a w ot on mliiitu- lietw. eo ach e irtn Tb? nli.-tu lo b? - ruck M il ? ler\ to be ?RMH, i fliai when 'rr h re a'-'-mMed ior ai-tmn the ieeM 'I of a i V'orln t reaeiit ?ball be l>:n hn? nwii ie oho'e ci n : tt'e. ami tbat tbow no 'nli?-r? of ibe e-m.ioir >e whoac r.nmet are bereuntn alta' In I ?ln , .cilyr (Mil h "??r. and heri' b) i II, ' 'In m*i !re? lo ileleii'l ami ail '.um oncb ?lin r tn carry It'g mo ihe deti rmlae.' a- i on of Urta cwtmltUn ml the ha/arii ot toe r ll? ? i a'' : 'In r fortitaMk a. tMilkfttil llbi ili#fi n mlli'f a 'Ve*! Ii lit, SecriiiarT ami Trenmt i. Hi I ll ahnifW III' 'I'd J X i n 1'icnbMj lo il" Mil ih< mnwl 'iK rf"iti!ri<t lo he In dallt mi?? ndar ?" *? llie eomnttti<e rimni A llefyt ant al arm* vball bo ap|>oii.teii. w '"??e lw . It ?hall be tn Mtfi ?m li to mb?n of lb"lr dctalla tul dn r. The hnt ri! a' irimehall rc?IJe at nnd lie In n ? '.nit Iteti'lat.ci' al iln* roMHilt. o room, fll're ahe i >e a utaadlna c"t>. mlitee <4 I. in- and una' tk alkov n * tta?( ?f lire ei h n.il atwalC N klmCled ? ' ? . i-r of iliin . ,a?i?r, ?ir.loi I ? I ' ? fe?peelalili' eMtea, aad apprort I of ' y the roirmHce on ijtw>ltk aii n l rl ra a imlaaion, An nrci it-n ne 'ti Ii et il fa |i I ttn (tutrvKf nil ii-i oftbi II '"lev ir 'uary ? octBU<*. t Ml the i?rr;i lokoflii ' lOtbo'.' iw, IBM it pei-on id tlo nitme i?f Jilut .'?iikiti ? felom iv-tf entereil .i toed on Mnu WlMff ?inl ^Uil* a -nle. He wn- - .1 1 > eqrenUy m on with a Urga littrtli n -Itifig vn?i III* liailt. and. alum I., inj? rub-eil, Van pnr*lwC lb' then ro( ?f'o ?> bos' 'awl mllo i out Utlo tlic lit>, followe<l hy a ?' ? "ier bc?ta in kern |itir-ult. Iho ffigit ve wa? ?. Maki'it; 'mt hrl>lt?hi< rn|>tor rrarlinl nim he wa t> ttii w tiie burden into llie wafer. Tin-5 wa ooft i.?wn up, and prnvisl lo lie tin- -tuli-n afe. Tlio prlioner *m next tAkon to the roomii of tli Vigttnct OoMMlNM, in flattery *tre*t. near tho corner of 1 ine street. About |rn o'clock of thn ?anie mulil, n f ictt.il tw> given on the bell of the MouunvnUI Kng'M f omrany; and shortly aflirwanla about eighty tiKii ber- ol Ihe conmilttie fmrrioil to th? atM>ointed nlnce, and on giving tlie ?erret pa?<wor ! woro idn-.itteil Moanwhllr, V in-tei id1 people, aonie of whom know and all WwpM'Iti wfcwt wae going on, cathered about Iho pre mbe?, and Impnticatly awaitc l Hie further i>roi<r'>* of etcni*. For tWf> N?g hotn ?, r?iinmitt<<n tertcMy ottnp '><1 In i-xatnlnltiK ir um< , and ?oon Uieyh. id no rea son to doubt the prWWer'* guilt ? lhou<h t'm ho doni'il ?o the lact. Al n . Itilght, the bi'll of thi California rngiti* hounr wn.- tolled, a* neatenot of doatb l<y ban.;tng was t>ii-i>ed tipon tlie wret heii tn.ui. Tlie ao'emn noi.ad* at that tinu-ual ti' iir IM 'ho MXtoM firowd# with awe. ilie cotiili tuned it thn lima win a*ked If ho ha<l an>t'ung to >a) for liimself. when he answered:? !'No I have (Hdliing to ray onlr I wl-h to lia* * a =eg? " Thi , wa? |i*|4m lo liim, AM antmwrd*, al hh r ,je-l. it httlj I brand) nnd water. Ho wait perfeetlj iix>i, and i-e lug. ly caiole,-*, condd" > y ?trertSif, it was b?dic\ e 1, a rcoCtic tip to tbc la?; o ..mi .t A ii"le before one o'r' < " P. Itr^'inan eam? out of tbe romr.lttPl rootrs, a- - or lirp a moi ? d of - 1)4 to the ? a?t of th' R*i--'t' i" . addre-i-'id tlii* | ? ople j|<a had Iren d' J' il? d, lie akt, by t!i" ?o?mnitt"e fo infhrm th in that the ptlBfoi 'I (Me h' l been fairly tried, that h'* liar' been proved guilty, and wta fon<!emnH to be hatiged, and thet the "etitmce would M e*eeate<l wltkia one limir u|>on th" plar.a He then aekod the |*op|e if liiey cjij ryyvJ 0 |h at Hon of th? gommittco, wh n great ??bouts of "Ay' a> 4" l?ur?t furth, muiglod with it few crnai j o!' - 'No f Jii tbe itik i vul it clergy man ha'l beeu *cn4 for, who ailMliijBU'red Ibt? last cou-olutiou* oi' religion to tho COIld< U.IK U. I Mjortlj bolore two o'clock, the committee Isried from the- building, beating tbe |irle<HMr (wbo bad hu> uniw tightly j>iiik?ued) ulong with tliein "lliu coiuiuitW Were till arme<l, and Hourly clustered around tbe culprit to prcvcut any itoshible < bnuoe ot rescue. A procession *u formed - and tbe wnoiu |?rty, followed by the crowd, proceeded to the plaza. through ?an?oiue, Caluorin.t, Moi.lpi mery and Clay htroeta. Arrived at the tlng-dall, fi'tnv thoughtlessly suggested that it might nerve to Dang the condemned u|a>n, but the j?to|.?(.-al win indignantly < veirUt-d, us dceocruting tne liborty polo. Those iu ill' 'ge ol it e execution then proceeded to the south end o! Uu- teioje building, whi- fa then hUmmI on tbe northwest ci.ii.er ol the piaza. The opposite end of the rope which v, o' already about tbe neck ol tbo victim, wv* hastily thrown over a projecting t>eam. Some of the authorities attempted at this *t..ge of affair* to interfere, but their effort* were unavailing. Thejr were civilly deiirod to t-Uu.d t hi k, and not delay what wu .-till to be done The crowd, which numbered upwards or a tliou Mind, wore Jicrfectly quiescent, or only applauled by look, gesture, ? lid subiluod voice the action of the committee. Before the prisoner had reached tbe building, a score of portmaa m i zed tbe loose end of the rope uuil ran backwards, dragging the wretch along the ground and raising him to tbe beam, "lhustbey held liitu till he was dead. Nor did they let th body go until ?onie hours afterwards, new volunteers relieving those who were tired holding ; the ro|>e. Little noise or confusion took place. Muttered whit |*ts amen;: the spectator* guided their movements or betrayed their feelings. The prisoner had not sjtokcn a word, either tipon the march or during the rapid pro|>a rations lor his execution. At the end he was perliap* stmig up almost before lie was aware or what was so immediately coming. He was a stroug built, healthy man, ?nd his struggles w lien hanging were very violent for a few minutes. 'ibis Jenkins was one of the notorious "Sydney coves,' and warf Relieved to be a inan of desperate and crime stained character. The committee who tried him were generally people of respectability in San Erauclsco. Met n necessity had led tliern to make tbis tirst terrible example, ami their conduct was almost unanimously ap pit uded by the citizens. The public press, with one ex Ccption, likewise gave a hearty approval or their proceed ings. That tho execution was conducted during the dead of night was simply owing to the fact that the criminal had b< en apprehended only late in the preceding evening. The crime, apprehension, trial, sentence and execution, all took place within n few consecutive hours. Tho latter steps were managed as swiftly as convenient to tbo ends or justice. If the crime had been committed in the morn ing, the rc.-ult would have been the tame, and the con demnod would then only have been hanged iu tho open day. Tl.at the trial took place in secret was owiug to the constitution ol the committee, which was devised to pre vent the excesses and turbuleuce of a mere mob sitting in juogment upon offenders. A coroner's inquest was held the 11th or June upon the iiody of the banged man. V |? >u the evidence the jury, on the 12th June, return*! the following verdict: ? We. Ihe jurors of a Jury of Inquest. empannelled by the Coroner of the county of San Franelsco, to Inquire Into tbo death of one John Jenkins, ?t'i?? Slmpton, do luid upon our oaths that the said Jenkins. Slmpton. came to his dealh on the morntnc of the lltli of June, between the honrs of two and three o'clock, by violent means, by strangulation, oaused by being suspended by the neck, with a rope attached to tbe end of the adobe buildiug on tho plaza, at the bands of. and in pursuance of a preconcerted action on the part of an associa tion of citizens. Ktvllng themkelve* a Committee of Vigilance, of whom tbe following meint.ers are implicated by direct tes timony. to wit ? Captain Edgar Wakeman. Win. H. Jones. James C. Waid, Edward A. King. T. K. Hattelle, Henjamin Reynolds. John S Kagan. J. C. Derby and Samuel lirannan; and the following member* by their voluntary avowal ot par ticipation iu the act. (Here followed a list of the members of the N'lgllaiice Committee.) In consequence of tliis verdict, (which, it may be Just Mid in leasing, was n? ver attempted to be followed up by tbe authorities), the Vigilance Committee held umeet on the 13tli June, when a unanimous resolution to the following effect won po^ed, aud ordered to bo published:? Resolved That we. members of the Vigilance Committee, remark wtih surprise tbo Invidious verdict rendered by the coroner's jury, after their inquest upon the body of Jenkins. aitmt Simptoii, alter we ba\e all notilied to the said jury and tho public that we were nil participators In the trial and exe t ton of said Jenklas. We desire thai the public will under stand I hat ('apt K. Wnkenian. W. II. Jones. James C. Ward, Kdward A. King, T. K. Itattelle, Henjamin Reynolds, J. S. Kagan, J.C. Derby slid Samuel Hrannan. have been unne cesrartlv picked from our numbers, as Uie coroner's jury have had full e\ idenrr of tbe fact, tbat all the undersigned have been equally implicated, aud are equa'ly responsible will* their above named associates. S. K. Woodworth. A. Wheelwright. Wm O. Itadger, F. A. Woodworth, C. F. Kouraosnd. J. Mead Huxley, Krsncls K. Webster, A. Jackson McDuflie.S. J. Stabler, Wm. N. Thoaapton, P. D. Headley. <!?>. Clifford, CI nton Wlnton. S. H. Mari-baU, rharlea Son e Jr., Jsmes H. Utile. II. Hszeltine, Robert 11. lieldeii. It Krsnk llillard, W. Ikon. N. Smith, S W Hstiiht Ueo. 1). Ijimhert, Randolph M. Coolsy Oeo. H. Howard, John 1*. Half. Chaa. H. Hill, ( aleb Hyatt. Jowpb T. lUrmer. J. Neal, Jr Samuel R. CurWMt, J. Hellgnaan, F. A. Atkinson, James F. Curtis, II. F. Von Kenyerk, ? harles Miller, I.. Ilulsemiin. J. F Derby, John O F.arle, A O. Randall, T. J. West, N. T. Tlmmpson. ? Hrannan, Wm. T. Coleman, X. Reynolda Dafla, OrorgeJ. Oskes, J. R. Clark, Oabriel Winter, R. P. W. Davis, C. H. tMark, (Hi* F. Sawyer, Wm H. Jones. Herman R. Haste, Wm. Meyer, Kdward A. King, II. F. Teachemuciter.W. S. Uostin, ,te?se Houihsm, Wm. A. Howard, John C., Mckaftihcr, T H. Robln^iu, llenry Dreschlektt, Eugene Hart, Oeo. K Wsrd, James Ryan, John Haynss, <; I,. Wilson, Wm. Urowne, J. C. TresdwelL, W. II. Tsber, Robert WelU, John II Walson, Isaac lllnxome, Jr., II. I?. Kvans. Wm. BurUng, I..ithr >p I.. Itulliak, John J. llryant, F. yuln< ey Coal?\ JobnW. Rider. K. Klrtus, ? Thoa. N. Cazn. au, Theodore K uhlman.Thos. N. Heblois, <leo. W. Douglass, Joseph K. Hale, K. <1 or bam. Wm. C. Uraham, Julius D. Shultx, Franks Mahoney, Cbas.ll. tall. J. F. Steven*. James C. Ward, Charles Minium, Thoo. Mc< ahill, R. S. Watson, 11. Cunningham, Wm. I'eake, ticorge MrUua Charles I. Case, Jonas Mint urn. J. IV Stevenson, Charles Mo. -re, Ll,,*d Mini urn. Chas. R. Hond. Jsmeo R. Duff, ?? u J-jp^ayiiOi. K. M. Karle. Wm h or*t. P. K. T? ml. , - - John W Js< kson, C. II. Hrlnley, ?jMr)^ W. WMw. J.me, Shlnaler. J W. Salmon. J W Rteliman. Renjsmm Reynolds, Mwsrd t . Uaker, W. S. I?r tnlev, A W Mscpln-raon, F. ArgeuU, A. (MtevheimtT, JohnS. Ka*an, Mrpbvn raj ran. It Jl. Dav'?. J. C. UWadsworth ?.Spring. P. I roth Ini'lMin, William llart, Wm. J. Hherwood, K E sc beni k. Ocrge M Oarwood W. fa. llot.s<>o. tJeo. Ausilnworn, R. S. I^not, E W. Travera. K Hotcher A. C. 'lubha, W H. Tllllnghast, Ssmnei Mart. J R. Curtia, Wm. Eangennan, ln.nl J.Tbuoiaa.Jr., A II HO. _ J. K. "u'jj*'. ? J K Fsrwell Wra H. ?irahan?, Thos. K. Haltelle, Jacob r. I.e< mi. It. K. lml^o. k. Horace Morrison. K ' ar Wakiman. J A. Hater. Anauirtua Helknap, A. Markwell. Hartford Joy, F. I*. Dana, Samuel A. sloane, Joshus Hilton. lloratto S. Uatea, W. H. I.uces, John F. Osr-od, O. HeniyM .Vsglee J, .me, Pratt, f "1 hoiitrss' Ti Half. K. fCrBTIp, A. J. Kill*. Ji.bn M <1.114.1' a, William i ll. Samuel R Philippe, Snu.u' l *?ss Jr., James Dow Chas. I?el \ eechjo, C ti lir. water F W Crow. -II. J(n?h I i?t, Charles L Wisil. A. II. Uildemoesier. Jaaking of William lii were tlie Ignatt res of ,?omo of the rtrhtat, mo-i inllu?'iiti >:. orderly and ri |?e table rilix.'iu of N?n Fran ri-ro, Tlu-y . how, however, only a -mall |<ortlrm of the l? pie who nubM>?|u< hIIt joim-d the Vigilance Committee, f!m o f\i ry il.ij u tni eu-li# it- muuim.-* by the .uvea non of I lie tent I'llmMUkMa of (!i ? i 1 ice. At lint (lino when (lie aluivu ro??!iition waa form'"! .m l published the toti'mittcc likcwiae put forth tho following bye lawa, m mi uutlrrv to the ? When jr. The rillrrnaof fan Franrisro, eonvinerd that there e: ata wMhln Ita limit* it ban I of tobb'-ra ami ineeadlailea, *Im hm r uef ral li.n * l nrni | ?ml aiti iniit' il to burn tbeir r My oho utghily a'tack thulr piraona am] break tolo their btiikllnga i le tmy their iulrt jeogwrww their it*"-" n4M l-erty. Hfi'i k nrrelly temrt ibe mliwl ardar of mr My; And wb?.reti?, n?nj ? U? -t taken bjr the police burr ?ucceeded in e i aping Irani their pr wim l>> MrclWMH, by runurutee. or from w.iut o; |.( .per im-ana or force to n-curc thetr cuaUar trent; thcr. lo-r he It K oh, i. Ti .it th'- elilrena of thla place he mad* aw?r* lhat tl. I'ommH'ee of Vtg"anre will !>?? er.-r ready to rerrlac Infor mutton a* to ike a liercabouia at any diaonli rly or anapicliiiu |.<r> n or rm n?, an well aa the peraona tkrmHrei, ohto inspected of ci .no . iVnt *? It i' the r rvlrtimi of a large portion of our rltlmia. thai tl.i re r ,iat? in tbta e 'y a Mrtotta of courteU and u.?cr ler li | rrvopm arumi't which etna er t1 ?e w' o hare ?rnnialr ?iiMnrlx'd thr pr ice ati .! alfacted the l>e?i h4a:eata 01 our il'y? amh a* hi ? to tl. ? poller of the eit* or to the BirBibem >f the ft ibm.ttu* ot Vlg ?in e. ?? lei i* by r> uduct c cia'ton, he i.otipi I to leave thla pot within li*'- ilaya from IN* Jul"; ami a' 'he eintrat' >u of vh.ch \uri*U?ey? .11 |c 'ompf'.'rd 'o >i art, if th< t ha*t but i? tit m> roltu'arily vlthin 'ne ItM Hi ol?. d, lh*t a aafety committee of thirty p *>* *P fotnted, who*" Meredilnlj It ?bnll heto *i?i?er<r> ,?il nr ru inn ? ith i. lo-l ri4 i?i * wp.t . >u? cti.i ac "r* on nonr.l. una nnl ? t'.iev r?n pre??ii' 'o enld etnunW- evl irn * ot *.i>d rharartar and h"nr?iy. thry ?hAll re nM/pr<l to 'he pla<e fuBi ?hetitc lb. j e?roe. aurt not be ^irrn'Med to pol'u'e our ?nll. RcolvPil That a'1 food 'H'rrn* l?e l0T"rd t > Join rr. I ??? it ih tnurii'i.co \ .ii. tai.r In rarrytaff o'it tfir alm/r timhi aurra no ni'< rwiry for the j?-rf? ei r< .' iratiou of ii?e |>citc?. ? 'My ami (frit ^rd'r of r>ir cimmi iff. fomp !i)<;utd'*.r'* uaetnu ohewen to throw olwtaele* to tin nay oi t k Yt,,'ian?-e ?'< mnilf e'a am. n, tint iH?ly I" >nod l^o Ml- * .ni; not ii " to thr puhlk' II i< here (ftren to ?1? w the 'mmi ni tin ir | ri'< nhrg*, i i: 1 th. ? ? a-ri. a .ti I fult.r w ith wbh h tlioy were eouilueloil Not a wc>r?' vi tm be lai't as lo th -ir ill v?iit> , (hat ia cot?le??od by ?II .? Vir.ii i? i ? ror*m ?? Rf..,* ? It ha*ln? tierome n?rr?Mry to thr (inn mil nmet ol tht* rommnnlty. that all rrlralnala and ?l etyi ra In c r nir abnild tw dnn n from ainoiuf ii?. n? *ond elt'refi, hatina the Wi !' ire of San I' ranrtaro at hurt, a III deny the I ommltve ?>< VtKilaner anrh Informa' Ion a? will enable th'tn to rarry enl thr atairr object Nor will they tnterfrre will "aid rot' miitre whrn they may d'-rm tt brat toaearrh any prrmitea ior a??|?tcto?e eharaeura or atolrn property; then 'or*. Re-olnd. That we, Ihe Tlfllanee rontmlftee. do elalm lo ourarlvr* thr right to t titer any prriain or prraoaa' pn miae* ?i h rr wr hat e rood rraaon to brllrrc that wr aMIIfltld efl drnrr to autietannata ami earry out the object of thta body vi. I tnrther. di rutins onrarlvra rngafrif in a (oo'laoljna CMuae. we In I mil to maintain tt Ity onlrr of Tub Coaairrn or Vienuara. h'o. 67, froretary. Pah Fa/tanaco. July ? 1*31. Tlie next j trki'ig oceacion when the VisiUnce rommlt tea ennfchcd it power wm on t!ia lath of July Mlow'n* A (? r - hi of Ibe name of Jn?io* Stun.t? tho real |iuly (I that tmnio ami for whom Huron* hail been mi-t.ikrn in iho affair of iba Itnh 'd t'i brnary preenllnK ? hwl beon Tor a"mr I'aya in tho hamla nf Ihn roinaiitlee u|>on varioiu ehnrifea. Ho bail been regularly and fair It trh?l, found ft; Itj, and rrtitoni*d to be h-iiin u. Suli-wquently he made a fnll confe -tlnn f hia ctunea, and aranow'^dgod tho ju'tlreof hi- | 'ir iil niKiit Ho wa* an i'jigUhtnan. ai d lia.i many yi tt' before b?en lrau?portod from firoat P, 'din to Australia, for forg-ry. At tbat lime ba wait c oly ninteou yrara of age Hi- Whole life afterward* w? ?ib? ronttaineil tlaau> of the mir?t daring erlmoa. Alt^r wander in* nl<r ut ?a- ions parla of tbe l^a' tlie lighted

at laM upon Cnlllornia. and during bin alioi ? rpiidenoe then war gttppoaed t? havo |n rpi lr?fo<l mwo nurdera, bui^lm t-a, aid cdlier erimo? of rv"r? dirlr and ite^per.t'.is dcM-ript'on Ihiin aaiy other \ (Haiti .d Caiifornia. Hi? con ftvHon reTOHli-d all ex(raordinary i-(a(e of wa i tl impurity, htnl showed, rliarty and mitmti'lr, the alnrmli g nuv-tc of t limy wl i'h edi ted among the eomm tnHr, and the t?'pp< it It rrcdved from (bo In* anj ouliwhlo b^h'Tior o( the I'Jtrt ?t(ivf. TIiIh eitifr ..-ion in immedlnloiy p- (lib ed, and the Jetph warded agnln-t the many iiu w hr m it named anil impiieatid in Ihe cnm<M a t'^w Wdaed. Aboi t nine o'clock on the morning of (he llUi, the roMotnar) ??(?? on the bell of (he Monumental mirlne hot,fe, whii h rhowi d (ha( a mf\(lar of lite and death wm i ( > con ideralion. aiiimnonoil (Ogi tli^ (he Vigllat Vvu.Bi.ttcc, Immediately a aumcroua HMcnbla|c of a member* mu\ cncd ut tin ir roonij, and proceeded to try the prisoner. Kv idcnce wax duly lut ami MHiiUcrN, mid Muart's K > 1 1 It bomg fully established, ho wa.i sen Uuctsi by a unanimous t inm to immediate deat.'l by luuil'ltig. Before the execution, Col. J. I>. Stevenson v flit forth to the crowd of people waiting outside, and .id dressing them, Hatod the facts of the ca*e briefly, an established l.y t \ idonoe, the subsequent confession of the prisoner hinuclf, uud the proposed judgment of tha committee. lb* then ln<|ulrod whether tin* javiple ap proved of tbclr proceed in gx, aiid would confirm lite sen tence. A loud shout in the alliruistive from a^riMt crowd uii.-u ered his inquiry, against which there were only Fev er ai voice* tat the nc^ativo. During this time the committee were iu t ousiiltalloti as to their iurther proccoditigg, vdiile the pri-ouer remained tuul aclod in an adjoining k I", lie appeared quite reckless of his fate, uud only at times said that tlio business wu <ld d tiresome." He begged a piece of tobacco from one of the members, which he continued to chow until he heard his dOs*~ 0 Wh< n sentence was delivered, he wax permitted to a delay of two hour*, to frame his mind to the solemnity of the occasion; and to that end the assistance of a cler gj man was given, although the prisoner seemed very inditlerent about religious duties. This clergyman, the Key. Mr. Mines, was closeted with the condemned during the time granted In the interval, the members present of the committee ? borne lour fhuudred in number ? sat grimly on their seats. siieut and determined. They felt the responsibility and unpleasant nature of the task be fore them, but they did not hesitate. It was for the good of the commuuity and their own safety tliat they bad been laboring, and while conscience approve 1 of their proceedings, they did not to much court, a* they hoped and expected, the contidcuce uud applause of their fellow Citizens. The silence in that chamber of Judgment was profound; a pin could have beeu heard to fall on the floor. Alter the two hours' grace, the condemned win led forth, Mill manacled, and closoly surrounded by those who had the direct charge of watching over him. Thu -rest of Ihe committee formed in a line behind. They were all well armed, and prepared to resist any attempted rescue, either by the prisoner's friends, or the authorities thetnseh es. In tlits order they marched, two by two. as in funeral procession, after Stuart and his gimvis, along I lattery street to Market street wharf, down which t hey proceeded to its extremity. A great crowd of citi zens followed. Hitherto the Jinsoner had preserved much coolness, but toward# the close fear was beginning tO overcome him, and he was at last obliged to be supported by two of his guards. At the end of the wharf every thing had been ha-tily arranged for the execution. So soon as the procession reached tlie spot, tho iatal rope was fastened, and the condemned quickly hoisted up with a Jerk upon a derrick, lie did not straggle much. After hanging a few seconds bis hat tell otf, and a slight breeze stirred and gently waved his hair. This was a sorry spectaclc ? a human being dying like a dog, while thou Bauds ol erring mortals, who<>o wickedness ouly had not yet been iound out, looked on and applauded! Km ne cessity, which dared not trust itself to feelings of com pension, commanded the deed, and unprofitable senti ment sunk aba-lied. Reason loudly declared? "So perish every villain who would hurt his uoighbor!" and all the people said "Amen!" At out twenty live minutes afterwards, when life was supposed to have fled, the body was lowered, and (Kisses .siou allowed to bo taken on tho part of the authorities. These hud, previous to the execution, made some at tempts to recover the person of the deceased; but were resolutely opposed, though no overt act of violeaee took place. The verdict ot the coroni r's jury wa? as follows ; ? "We, the jury, llnd .that the deceased came to his death by strangulation by ' hanging, at the hands of a body of men styling themselves the Vigilance Committee of San Francisco." It is, perhaps, unnecessary to say that tho authorities took no legal action on this verdict. The Grand Jury ciupanuellcd for the special .Tuly_torm by tho Court of Sessions, towards the close of a long re|*irt on the state of crime in San Francisco, and in which they hail made allusion to the Vigilance Committee, took occa sion to say : ? When we recall the delays and the inefficient, and we be lievc I hat w itli Irtilh 11 may lie said, the em nipt administration of the law, the incapacity and iudiitereuce of those who are it* sworn guardians and ministers, the frequent und unnecessary postponement of important trials in thelttstrirt Court, the ills regard of duty and impatience while attending to perform it manifested l>y some of our judges having criminal jurisdiction, the ninny notorious villains who have gone unw hipped of jus tlce, lead us to believe that the members of that association havribeen governed by a feeling of opposition to the manner In w hieh the law has been administered and thos* who have administered it, rather thau a determination to disregard the law itself. Older institutions so eminently popular as thoss under which we live, the power of correcting all these abuses is with the people themselves. If our otlicers are unlit for Ihe stations the) occupy, if the laws are not faithfully executed, if an ar raigncil criminal procures his owu friends tu be placed on ilae jm \ i in ? i Iritis Mas, where Is Ihe nrit sad w hers the remedy * It those of our citizens who are most inter -fitted In having MM and wholesome laws, and in seeing llieiu well and purely ad ministered, Will nut give sulliclent attention loour elections to secure proper and sober legislators, judicial und other olllcers, and neglect to obey the mandates of our courts when sum inoned as Juror* and witnesses, as has been too often Ihe case can they export to see justice prevail or crime punished ? Aud is it not in the neglect of their duties in these important par ticulars that they may lind the true fountains from whene. have sprung many of the evils we have MMfMl The Orate! Jurors believing, w hilst they deplore their acts, that the ssso I elation styling themselves the ''Vigilance I'ommlttee," at a latent personal sacrifice to thenuche*. huvo been Influenced iu ihetr action* by no personal or private malice, but for the best ini crest of the whole, and at a tune, too, when all oile r , means of preventing crime and bringing criminals to direct punishment bad failed, here dismiss the matter, as among thrme peculiar results of circumstance* thst sometimes start 1>* communities, which they can neither Justify, or by a present ment eltect any henetit to individuals or the country; and with the IISSIII Slice that there is a determination on the part of *11 well dtsposi d citizens to correct the abuses referred to by se lectlng proper otlicers to lake the place of 'teste who have vio lated their truets, uud by performing each hi* part in the ail nuntsl rui ion of the laws. When this Is done, the axe will htv been laid at Ihe root of the treo ? the proper remedy applle i for the corn* Hon of the grievous evil* our city and rounlr have *? long suffered, and there will he no necessity for th further III t Ion ot Ihat committee. To ih* in w ar*- lnJebti*d for much t aluable iulormatiou aud many Important witnesses. The above tertimony to tbe purity of motive an>t pru drm Of conduct in tho Vigilance Committee l-t highly lni|ortaut and abow* the cMimation la which they were krMkf a?M of Mm aio^t NMMMMitMMbafH af thy VV'-'iWillJP'v.YSlf? tbrmwrive* li*?l a It-sal ilaty u> |>crform cepting a.- before, conttan&'tCKjn, J public, prc?-, ?* aiii, ami even I'rom the ptil|dt waa hoard a noumV fiT'lfff pl?n-e. Ax tor lli)' commonalty, It wait almost unam motu-ly in tuvor of the conMitteo. In ciwoquencn of the example* made of Jenkins and Stuart, crimp w*.-, now f.-vt dimmi - lung in Snn Franci-co, and the number of uulurluua criminal* wax much reduced. The next (treat oct anion on winch the committer figured wa* in Atigu>l lollovung. They had had In their custody for some time hack two per*oe? of the name of Samuel Wbittaker and Robert McKenzie, who wore charm! with tl* variotu Crimea of bu-gkiry, robbery and araoa. Thei* |>er.-onii liad been fairly tried, had eonfe-wed tholr guilt, and were aentet ed |o b? banged. The )*r titular time for the execution had not yet btvn fixed, although a rumor -plead abroad, on the evening of lac 'Juth August, tluit it would take I'U p neat day. Meanwhile the t.ov mor 01 the State, thp lion John Md'ongal. itr'icd ^on the 'Joth Augu-t,) a proclamation to tbe Maaato in tba county ot San Kr aMlam .directed MM the Vi^ilaoct Ccmmittei hy name, and which called upon ' all good ciureii* of aaM county to utile tor tlir pnrpo-e of MiFtairiiiK public la.v and tranquillity, to aid tho public ( Ilict'O in the dii-i lutrge ol their duty, and hy all lawful menus to illscomtttanoe any and every attempt which may be tniidc to ? ub?tltlib Ihe do (mile control of a aell ceii. titutid iio-m iatlon, unknt wn and neting In dellaiice ol the liiw . in the p!a. " of lli" r? K'il?r1r organized govern Rient < I the country." To tin* proclamation, the lbtlow ilig rt range ct rlUjiaU; wai" ptibl lied in au.-wi i f?a* ruiKtav, Auguat an ISJL Wp, IhP nn'. rirtiif P'l. do htTPl.y#vcr, ibat ?h>- prcaaot I Jo Vt-raor, MclK>u>alj aaked I" le wtri lured to Wie Carcu<ire tVfii! Hipp M the ( ommWepp of Vigilance which *?< iiiuw p*l. and ai hour flu d. The flefrrtwr, upon l""ti* ln.rodur. d. rfated that he apprr fed th" ee*?of the potwmillee, and that mm It good hail lak r pb.ee. lie hone d th*" they woiid go no. and en?"*noi In .irt ii ceocrti Wtth 'hp anthorltlea, an ! m rr??e any .lntlg< ? *? guthr ol nuil >tlminuiratk>n, to ban*; bun, and be v ? tiki appoint copra. Hp. ObMr.< nt upon the ahore document la mutrMiwy. It hhowx tliat altboti|Ch llw 1..j? ornof, In pro-i^uU; / tiicdu tic of I<la o(Rce, fMi botitWI in oppose tbe prueeedio^a of the > pilancp Committee on the gronad of their Illegality, ? uii ii.' it ,'li.al, ne wn willing to at ?n"wle.l,;u tl . ,r eni flcri! effect ? It dee l, the private opinion and %I I! t?i ! ?# t< Hie "j;i? d iitlzen-'' upon whom fc>> called i >r aio a;-a ? ?t the actlonn of tho con mitt- r. ?- re nearly nn?nioK>ti? m thrtr iav?r. i? the moriuiiii of tb" ll-Ubelore cUw>\. the fueriit, f t John C. H#vc?, l.i Idinj a warrant of tafcnu cnrjH' pre< ured npt n toe ali'dattt if flort rnor Mdonjal luin *elf. w ? nt ? t i one of In* iawtte?to like rtx in- of tbe cofeml"ee, whu b h. entered with" it experiencing any rt?ii>tei'i e. A fairly afpolrMM* !ol?owe<l twhind. to be r? a. I.- m tt?e ?a need. There were t euttcient number of the con rr'ttep ?t hand to bare f reiiily and *? r^i rnily reak-t' d tl e a1 'I ? nt , b'rt, t tkeii tiy kU' pr.-i- and i i.u illtbg to j.f t evvl to -tool Mow* and bloodshed. tb >> mffi rfd thi |irXc nr? to t>a removetl. Come of ttie com Dilttee, htWi t er, |?..(,1 ng iron the .ipartm nt, imntf.li ?iti ly In tran to riar the bell of U?p ("alitornia engine luwe llri- ?tK>n afoii?pi! the ntitiiermie member- ot the commit let frrtn sh niticr. and -< at Ihetn nmckly toth ? tceaa of actl? n By lite lino they arriretl, Hip (Sheriff I tad left with the prlacw r-. Tin re w^. m>im tlnng itrang'' and weapfcted in the vkok affhlr, lad trewhefy on th" jiart of nomo of the pri*nnpr?' gtiani* wa- awaperm. Tho an thoritiea had known P r week* that Whitt.iker and M< Krtivie bad hoi n In th" Kinds of the committee, and dtirn k that time tltej Kid made no efloit to procure tbeir releoae. It waa generally bt ;ierett, indeed that the an thortiie*. knowlBK tl*> gotel the committer had done a dimtnifliing ci une, took ii-ady ad\ antaga of their >it ia t ion In proii etinr that P ehlene -? alone kept ttlem auiet. Yet now tliet were perili ng all tbe beneflt* that had al ready reeultc ! m m the ,n ..on of the comnnttee. The latter deeply deplored the l.A-ty I OcdnCt rf the eTi iala Imt re olvi 'i to be cool and proreed cnutknialy in tonr (uitliet utep Villainy Meanwhile looked at?a Duly ou, and liegnii to bret>tii " more frtely. The old tnbtmaU. and tdti delay * ? perjnr j ? qnibblei and It . hnlcal error*? ft rrept and "bribed [raaciMi laaataoee and corrup lion amon>! the pirt? mb'undcr'iood and misapplied law ? a> , lilt* n?>elf, and freetlom ag.ru to run a '.org coarne of taptno ami murttfr ? all were attideely opened, hy thui legal ftrt'ke ot the 1 xecutitrr, to the a"'."nu"hed and de liuliU'it crMiinal I A* tor the autborttiea themaelvoa, they W re wonder- trtit k al. and almoat afraid of the r own botdaegK aMI MMwaa; aai m'uiy could acan ely tieliere that they batl i .anaged. at laet. to Hrt iimeent Uie forml dable Vigilant e Committee. Mo they made prrp.tratema to re-;*t any atltinfl that might be tried to rescue the pn onern, wl tie f. ar and trembling, arising IhiM many oiimUrawia, filled the Icarte of nil ? good t iti*ru??. " Alx'ut bal |?'-t twoo'cb* k on the afternoon of H iinlay, the 24lh ot Aognat. an armed parly. coOM-ting of thirty *1* member- oi the Vigilam e Conimitte^ fori ibl> brotM into tho jail, at a time when the Rev Mr. William* hap pencd to be engaced at derotiotal enen i-ct witktbo pritofcera, am. ng whom were Whittaker and McKctuie. Tbe ctlght Mtebco of the iailera and guardj' waa of no avail. Ti t peraow named were sriwil, and hurried to mo placed t* ttl.ln a coach that had been ke|>t in roatiin<>.*a a few -tt tf in the prW n. Tlie carruufe inatan'.ly waa driven nfl at full afteeit, and nearly nt the aamt moment the t nunot.it bell ot the Monumental Kngfno tvanpany 1a (?4ti'y and bnitll) toile I lor tbe immediate a^emblage of the it t? mi'tt e ami lb* ktie". Haell ot the doomed, fhe w ho|< 1 1.| illation leaped Wllb ex- itemeitl at the aonnd and immni e cfota d- ftt m the ri rm t.-et q tarter b'lrri'ti to ratttry itrttl Tl.ero Ho> ka, ?!tb tbo neceaaary Mable, I id been |ih lily taatewed to twe beam" which prajeeted over the ta itotu w -t of the preat hall of the t omnnttee Wtttnn sevititei ii mintltaa after the arrival of the prison er* tbt) wcr? bvtb Oa?f img bj tUc bkW trvn tbw? bt trnu-, the loose extremities of the haltiTS being taken ' within the building iU. IT and forcibly held fcy mi-mhr< of tne fi-mm.ili* Full six tliou.-alMi were pri*-cai, j who kept au awful r 1 1 met' (luring the abort time these preparations lasted. liut so soon a^ the wretches were swung off, one trenn ndmis shout of satisfaction burst froin the excited multitude, ami then there w a. silence stain. After the bodies had him? about half an hour, the poo- j pie were addressed by Mr. Brunnan, l?r. Hoblnsoa and ' Mr. I'eyran.aiid i-hortl) afterward.- they slowly dispersed. j Jt. the course Of ub houi later, tin b<slii* were delivered I over t?' the author ities, aiu the mine evening a coroner'* 1 jury returned the following verdict: ? "fn accordance v itb the foregoing testimony, the Jury, after deliberate consideration, have route tu the conclusion and accord ingly render their verdict, tliat Samuel Whittaker and Hubert M< Kcnzie came to their death by being hauled by the neck, tle reby producing straugulation, by tbe act of a lody of citiaeus styliug th< -nt-elvrs the 'Vigilance Com iMiitee of Sau Francisco,' on the afternoon of Sunday, August, 24th instant, at about three o'clock, in front of the Vigilance Committee Boons, on ltuttery street, uear California street, from tbe second story thereof." As heretofore, no steps wer* taken by tbe authorities to im pk-tubnt the verdict of the jury. 'lit is wits the last tune the committee took or found oc ca ii ii to exercise their iunctions. Henceforward the ad ministration of justice might be i-afoly left in the h mil- or the usual officials. The city now was pretty well doansed ol crime. The fate of Jenkins, Stuart, Whittaker and McKtuzic showed that rogues and roguery, of wliatcver kind, could no longer exj>ect to find a safe lurking place in San Francisco. Many of the suspected, and such a- were warned on by the committee, had ibnirted and gooe, ?ac to other lutft, aad SOBM into im nMag ngfoi* and town* of the interlir. Those, however, who Mill clung to California found no refuge an> where in the State. Previously, different ca*e* of Lynch law had oceur red in the gold districts, but these were solitary instances which had been caused by the atrocity of particular crimes. Whe n, however, the Vigtlaucc Committee of Sau Francisco had started up, fully organized, and bocan their great work, Sacramento, Stockton, San Jose, a- well a.- other towns, and the more thickly peopled mining quarters, likewise formed their committees of vigilance and safety, aud jiounced ujou all the rascals within tboir bounds. These associations inten hanged information with each other as to the movements of the suspected; and all, with the hundred eyes of au Argus and the htin Uri^l arms o! a Briaretis, watched, pursued, harrasstvl, and finally caught the worst de-peradoes of the ceiuitry. I.ike Cain, a murderer and wanderer, as most of them were, they bore n mark on the brow, by which they were known. Some were hanged at various places, some were lashed and branded, but the greater uumber were simply ordered to leave the countrj , within a limit ed time, under penalty of immediate d .ith if found after a stated period wilhiu it> limits. Justice Was uo* longer blind <>r leaden heeled. With the perseverance and sj>eed of a bloodhound, she track sl criminals to their lair, and smote them were they lay. Thus by almrist a universal ? a national effort, was our beautiful country, which had so long containod and been deUied by the sweepings from the prisons and the thieves' alleys of other lands, once more made pure, sweet and safe, llercules did no greater labor when he cleansed the Augean stable by turning a river through 1 it. The people of California, and more particularly the people of San Francisco, hail turned the great stream of justice from its former slow, devious and uncertain course, and sent its waters headlong to overwhelm crimi nals und wash society clean iroui the stains that crime had left. For a long time afterward-, the whole of Cali fornia remained comparatively free from outrage^ ag.unst pci. -on and property. From all the c\ idence that can be obtained, it is not supposed that a single In-tance occurred in which a milly innocent man suffered the ? xtrcmc penalty of death. Tbo.-e who wore executed generally confessed their guilt, anil udmitted the punishment to have been merited. We have seen that it was so in the case of three of those hanged at San Francisco. The Vigilance Committee has long ceased to act, but the association has never been formally dissolved. The original members are doubtle.ss ready, if ever sad occa sion should require, again to insert the njlit of self pre servation, and the supremacy of natural law over defec tive civil rules, tedious II not corrupt tribunals, ma-tory of scoundrels and the quirks of professional tricksters, if thereby the substantial ends of J u- tiro can bo be-d or alone obtained, and societ) relieved from the horrors of unchecked and triumphant villany. l,et rogues, then, beware I It is, however, to be sincerely hoped that never again shall there need to be revived tli)se terrible times oi 1K01. California Is perhaps not yet quite so sub ject to the influence and strength of luw .is most of the Atlantic States or the more civilized countries in Kuro|w?; but she is fast being gently and securely broken in to its majestic and salutary -way. Her career has been .miiko I bat of any other modern nation, and the many anomalies in her history mu-t he peculiarly aud leniently judged, tiod save California I Stliitrr of th? Arm* of Ihr Chicago Kmiim Rnlgnnti. PRO-fll.AVRKY ACCOUNTS. (From tha l,e\ington, Mo., Kxpreaa, J'ino 28 ] It our duty a?am Jo chronicle the seizure of armH by our citlscns. Before, w? luund them eareftlUy packed away in boiei, marked '-Carpenter's Tool,?:" bat thin time wo found th id 1b the ban in of regularly Irs l"d aud orgaui7>eU bands, who were boldly and ojienly pas ting through the Main, for the purpo-o? not o! beaming peaciable, Urn Jul* settlers in Kaiisaw ? but for the pur - J -"??* ot waging war against the people and governmenl of the I'nited states. We found them in the hinds of open rebels to law aud order, and, as law and order men, we have interfered to i rev em violence and bloutlahsd. Several weeks ago the nuw?pu;iers informed us that military fompani^ wore being formed In Chicago and other Northern citlee, for tho pur|>oee ?>( invading Kansas They utart' d with threats to lay open the hoari ot Mj sour:, and their i>rogrr?i wad uninterrupted until they reached thid place. Here they expected ubjoctioo would be made to their further progress, and we are happy to i*ay their Npn tations were not disappointed. The tm u are ua follow i ?A company or eighty men, under the command ot Ca|Kain Andrews, from Chi c?p?, in mod w ith ride* and bayonets, were in ii i ud lor 'TUuMtfc'. 'to?" Har of the Wojt, liko private citizens, bat an soldiers, auJVuoiVSreU A# purporc was to enter Kansas an soldier*, to aid the abo litlon^ta there in re?b?tin>{ the law* of the Territory, and lighting the pro slavery |?rty in that Tor rito y. Being so informed, and the President having issued hU pro I i Inmation lor bidding any armed ii>\ a iioq ol Kansas, our | citizens quietly and soberly renolveJ that it w is thixr duty, as loyal citizen*, t<> Interfere and p. event tins war like foray into a neighboring Territory. Th y accord ingly appointed a committee to wait on Captain Andrew., and inlorm hltti of the determination of our "enple When the boat arrived, which wa* late on the night ot the 2M, the ronimitUi , rjceed^l to discharge its dill*. Hie alio litioclsts raced and swore considerably, hut after a few minute* of parleying the whole thing w.u >a ts&ctarlly arranged. It wu> agreed that the soldiers should be allow. -u to retain all small arms, and arm* that were pri vate property, but tho public arias? the rites and bayo n< ti ? were to be 1< ft at Iextncton, subject to the order of tho Governor of Kaunas T rritory. The men were al ii wid to pa. on * ithout further interruption. It was expected that this would end the a .mie matter, and that these poor, deluded IXnattr v would he allowed to enter Kiiti-.u without farther Interruption This, how ever, wa cot the case; under tho ftwMwit'1 ptoclatua Uon m> organised bad tea of men were to he alio# 1 to li ter Kansas, and these filibuster were accordingly met it It venworth City bv the people of Kansas, wh > roquiri J ol i',em that they cfioiild lmined itely return paacetbly t" their hott.iv. Tbfr order vu rigidly enforced, wl they ret'irmd to St Louis on lUe saoi boat which bod ||! eghl th' m out. The iii.n.oi r of titles txken wis fl eight No man ? in lor a ti'<n nl doubt the propriety of all Uirito pro ce ding I'.ven If the Pre?ideut and (to . ..| nor hid nut tr -iied their prnekaattoM forbidding such arun >1 Ir a ?Ion- of K O.I- 1-1. ,t Would neverth l? 4 iiavo been tight *i,.l |<roper for tV j "pie of Mis* art to prevent ttu w.?r ? ike fwtade in our Mate. We Justify tho whole proccod u it, ei.d liope our ctti/?iu> may a< t with eqnal prompt ?ti -h should mother att mot o ? ma te to pit * tliru'igli our .-lute l>y armed bands from the Kuril*. [Horn tin Ht. (jomih Itepal ii 'in. June SO.] X? 1 avmg b en niade. in dat n bed t?n 'tig* iph*, of the late trip ot tin -learner Mar of the West, with her It isgo i tuifcrat t?, t> rati worth Ci.y, wt nave ob t ncJlVoaiBa ?ye w.tneai the WiHoHlin |>arti uli ? H i < 11 >') rs uf the >!? 1 1 , i ? -r Mar of the M ent mute a con tract w tb :ic n. to..., ,.i. kottae < f tbi- city to go to Alton, ?ml len lM' a bun Ired iui<t twetKy-i va en <rtn*>? net ?riueii n.u.? 'or i > rfv<<nwoith City. They ? t to Aitoa Tl urrday ev? tilo^, Jnne 19. aad round, io->tee . ? - i.un drul mhI twenty tire melt "tily >-o\. nty mx m- u ai .t 'wo w. tnen .!? iit.il), their arrival Ibey had very little hntvage, an?* ? ti r tha. *v tat-n at'iHiiitlie iRiigrant.? went to a war<ho -e nd re ??ih provided with a Carbine, a I ot them loaned. The 'team' r left Alton about 1'- o'clork at night. T! ? ? ii | tain of the l? at iiid m>t learn until Uie i ext nioruing tfwt (lie (una Were loadec, bat a.- soon as be dot to he OTOered thi guy to be tii.-<cliar|.< d, which _or.ler w a pti mptl> C?B"'9N WllL. A fi t th gun.- ha' I be .1 'i.i i hnrgi il they wete taken IWo or ? of l*>e *tate r'?otii<. ' ? tore the boet had arrivtd at l<r>xingtnu the ??nugrv b 1 1 toat ag<d eacrrtlj to reload tlietr gu,.s and supply ib ;a with I ayouet*, aad one Ht tin* m<ii wa caughi in the C0C'kL u?e making bulWU . in uDUay, bt'lor< tkeir irr.vaJ it I "xaigtooa good di alot e*i it* inent preraned ..inoiuret itiem. The com I mi y aaa> mbl <t in ?"quada. and seemed t ? be holding con atittatlow. Having by ?ome m<?na gaiiod Information that tliey wen to be intercepted at Islington, their he rn. ?tu bt k s i ? \ iei'ulj toui lie, ami 'hey nib -ed the ce"> tatr f1 ?(? for I eoti. e-,t nc? to lan I at l#*inctoo The i mill Informed them that he had fretgb' for 'hat place, ? iii. waa t I'JIged to land to diHliarge N, and vould luuii iLeie at all e\ent*. frc'gnt or no ft' 'ght. Ho anuouiRimcnt of ihi.i detsrmination increased their aUrtn. and at me twenty of the mer took reftige in the adteh' cal n an 1 on the ladiea' g-ia. da. with their guns in ImihI, ami twailei'. their amnoacb to l^au.gb'n. <m their arrival al tltet dreaded f fare, a eommittf ? of tl' 1 citlaen* tame ob b.iarJ anu t mianiied an audlroce with the cap ta'n of the party Ux !.ader? were d'T.cult to bud, but as Memrs. A. C. UtiiSr an t A. A Ohffln had f tten up the ci m|*ny in Chit ago, tin y at length cauie foi ward to m w?r. The committee, in a rreper-tfttl manner aannuneed their etilect, and <t<'msiide<l tLelr artiv. After '>m < hiwi t; tli.n. l"bo ? nilg'snle finally otn hide 1 tint ' 'discretion w a* the hetiet part of ? slor," ar. I aurrend?reil. The gun.j wore iboni! Ferreted In the ?taterooiw h diea' cabin, texai, and in altnoi.1 every Htw portion of 'be bn.d. They wtre oerried ashore. *nd placjdtca warebtn:-e ft" Hai' V i plug, ioi I a rereipt traa glve^ for all the artna t ikec. IHirmg this sct-.ie which lafted some titne, nohaid wt ds a >r di ree|**tful la.ift. paMel on e th? r Fete The w>rk was done very quiet , , s ... the ' ri grant, wen' on their way wah only a porti m of their aide trtna it tbflr pwseealoe. It -y arrived at Kansas ?t i'ty ngbt next mi rtilnf, where the steamer ?r awaited i y t cn .To ,ea, with :? cmflpan) of th rty Houth Carotl manf (tl tin r ?r op tne r ? er. (Jen Atiiiiaon, (Jen ciitngti 'low, and *r Wm Tl Bu??ell, alto git on U^-r i. Hm p tl.itae f nticaen l-art<d what had ria?wil, tin y reui f ? ted a s dience wiwi the leader* of tn? i iminny, and toil t thiiu tha. order* had In en give, to dish id ail aimed pbtHaa lit tf1" TrrrltoJJ, ar. I sihi-'.! theftitori urn hi me Thet ha t **in I by evtierience that Ihla nl v ce vt is good, and condo led to act < M It They hail all j aerwtl to return before thry r iclied l^avmworth Otv? Uitu JtavuiaboB. When t^e boat tlr?w up at that f>l*o? ft very Urge cr?wd were on ahore to rec mrf them Die crowd were luformod Uua the pert/ had conclude*' Dot to lit ltd, but pass OS to We, ton nod return with tb4 boat This announcement wns nnuliwcUiry , and an esoort was (?cut with them from Leavenworth Vo W.wtuo, Where the> dlil not attempt to land? lm\ giveu up ail 'idea at nettling in Kansas One incident occurred at Weston worth mentioning. A free .State ludy left the boat there, who bade the company un affectionate good by, and said alio hoped they ?oul4 boon return, rointbrred, and whip every pro slavery ma* Ui the Territory. We are not sure thit she did not uss even stronger language than this. A committee was n.p. pointed from Ix-Rvenworth and Kansas to escort the com (Any out of the river. Nothing further of note occurred on tho trip down. T 4 Captain til the Star of the We*t liaviug agreed to land hi < luc-sengers either at the mouth of the river or bring Utnct to St. Ixjuis, tin they desired, about forty chose to be put oil at the nearest jsiesible |>oint in Illinois, and the re mainder arrived here yesterday morning, without hiring received any serious injury , and all, it U to he bo|?ed, wi.-er men. It is worthy of remark that on the passage down of tht Star of the West she met the Sultan ou ber way up, with about forty more emigrants belonging to tho save ooa< I?ny. These people having learuod the fate of the fir 4^ detachment. expressed a general desire to return w Ik tli' ni, but for some reason their request was not granted? We liave learned from a reliable source that this company were to he paid by u s icloty in Chicago the sum of I1N each for going to Ksusa.s, part of wnicb m mey was M be expended iu urni- and ammunition, and the remainder remitted to them after landing at their destination. They were also to I.e. provi lod with thirty dayi' pre visions. Soon after leAving Alton they found that their had been "sold," ni-d that tho contract would not In fm filled, which caused considerable dn satisfaction among them. On leaving the Territory they expressed then sclves much pleaded with the courteous rninnur in wtliok they had been treated ? said that the border ruffians were better men than they had been represented, and some stf them offered to return to the Territory in the character tt buna Jde pro-slavery advocates. FKEI PTATK ACCOUNT. [Correspondence of tlie St. Louis Oemocrat.) Sr. Lni'M, June '29, ISM Having been identified with tho "iirst division CW cngo Kansas settlers," which leli Alton on the evemug at thy I'.'th test., on tho Star ol the Wast, rn rout* for Km las, I am enabled to give the m;un fait-i connected with that afillr. They are substantially as Allows:? We were sixty eight men, all told, two ladies and three children. Our object war to bocome bona fide settler* it Kamaa. We were armed with breech loading rillee, with bayonets, and many of us carried revolvers au2 bowie kuivoe We were in no sense a military com* any, as has bwn reported, many of us not even know lug Ik w to use oui arms. We had provisious, carpenters' tools, tent.-> and other things necessary for a pioneer lifo. Most of us intendod to take claims and become farmers. A few miles b< low Islington a gentleman lelt the tteemcr, leaving his baggage behind, and went up the river on horseliack. We wore informed that a largo fort* would be concentrated at Lexington to dispute inar pasiage. We arrived at that place In the cvoniug. AH we drew near a largo force ol armed men was distinctly discernible on the levee, and on landing <w.irmi tf am 7< w came on board, tilling the cabin A c minittee at citizens wailed on our officers, demanding the surrender of all nrtr>s belonging to the company guaranteeing to as tin- possession of our private arms of wlialover kind. Mr. Andreas, our president, told me he w is shown three p.ecea of artilli-ry, aud inlormed me that four more were in ri adine?s ou the opjiobito side to sink the boat, should we resist the execution of ttiia demand. After some ne gotiations tho conditions above Mated were agfeed te, and our rifles were given up, a receipt being taken for them for tln-ir rot irn wheu the troubles in Kansas shal cease. Few, I think, will be found willing t" blame our ( dicers for this capitulation, for there were little, if any short ol one thousaid armed men ou the ground; but! must pay a tribute to the men ? they wore at their pouts, and ready to light. 1 saw one of them actually* shed team ? from pure chagrin at the result of the negotiations. We were treated very civilly by the pi'opli ol Lexington, end they did not seem in lake t lie ad mission from your corres pondent that they were 'the pink of harder ruffian otvd ity" at all aniLss. In the morning we proceeded on our voyage. At Kansas City tin' bo.it laid by for sevenC hours. Tho reason given for the delay was tin' I n rknpsi It might be the true one, but in the morning a company of Joues men, with himself at tneir head, came on bonrl | They * ere armed with United State-- muskets, revolver* and bowi* knives, and carried cartridge b.ixoe? soldiers aft but tho imtfbrm. They were rather a hard looking set. At Loin en worth Cil) a largo crowd ol armed men collect ed nnd formed into line, and we were told that we must light or return to St. I.011U. With only a few ride* nnd small arms ? many of us entirely wttiout arm'? your correspondent had none? it was again thought thai discretion was the best part of valor, and we agreed M the conditions. Uen. Atcblaon was on ooard, and assured us that no exertions should be wanting on his part to make our May agreeable and jur return safe. TheUea e.flU looks like a good naturod old blubber, and one would hardly tal e him to bo the demi god of the border rulIlaiM. (Jeneral Stringlellow wes there, and conducted us up to WeetOS, where we laid overono day (la t Wednesday) tinder arre_>t. and tarb-d on our return voyage the next day. He loofca very different from Atchi-on, nnd if pliy. Kiognomy ha.- anything of truth n it, fr-o State enngranMl would learn to dance a hornpipe on notiilng in his hand*, provided "the ;>arty" would not suffer for it. Our prt vate baggage wis s"arche?l for arms. All were takes away; the su.all arms were returned, but tho ritlee haw not been seen since by their rightful owners, save in tte JwmU of our ''guard." Fusing by Fort Ixtav on worth, ili? questions occurred to my mind, "What are the tnio|M about/ Where are the United States authorities? Where ii the federal arm/" We wcro kept under guard until below any. And here 1 forgot to state that a Mr. Groves, a citiaea at Kansas, who own.- a farm about two miles from Law rence, came with ua Irom Chicago, on hu return hoeee. lie did not, however, b?long to our conf|?Dy, anil on?se quently , as a private citisen, |siy ing his own wty, and net being a "pauper," a Mate p.uou convict, or an mhMa tantof the "Sanua" of Chicago, as we were reported t? be. was permitted to paas uumoimted On our return ta I^ravcnworth, however, lie was brought >n hoard a pWV lUter, and not even allowed to w<urene with us. At Kaa be ymircorresi>oB.TI!iff kftftJI'KArf.- ?n-i what hist ite tat* a paasenger on board the boat, from Madison, Wuicoa^L by the name of Johnson, who was going on his pM<iH business up the river to Neb t-ka was al<od?tai!i.4l, Us bagg i?re taken from him. and he was s^nt i.^ck with' us. Soiu -bodv had mu! that they thought he was a apy , ar.l 4 appears that is <e \iction with thenarons of the border*. All the le?- ling men declared that any private titixen tra velling to whatsoever (>oint or the river, rould do s? un mole-ted, no n itter w..at w?re his isilitical prociivOM?, but taking the f*' ts staUd Into consideration may tturs net lie a Mr ng doubt as to the validity or this lectara I.ul' (in >riday we met the Sultan, a;.* >g on boatrd nh >,t forty Kansas emigrants from Massachusetts. Wo advised them to return, and thev wcild iinve none a* had raiu boat wait.d long enougu to cfl'Xt a tri a?ter ot the b .ggsge I?uring the convers;iti.,a otneofth grnnts attempted to boerd our boat, but were opposed by <.ti of Col. Hutrord'a li 'Utenanu. who rtltoti J him.-etf cm Ihe guar I with a revolver, declaring that none of them should c.. me boar 1. I'apt. DlX ordered h m to ytMf ht^ position, and he refti .d, swearing that he su t-' < captain ol tLo h'>at as much as he (D'x) wis. Tli* - p tam then armed hitn-elf nnd went i>e!iw, wtixreupoa onler wi.i restored. Said lienb n int ?liaclarge<l one tt the barn Is ol hi- revolver, some : a I nt our pi . lwL bciig | reverted from -h< ot ;iK h.-n only by a by Mod*, who knocked hls.irtn from Its aim; other' caic it win tc citient.il. une of the M.l a< litis, its en g'anwi cma am buird our boat, sud was tin Into to get on 'he Suits* n ilb He c< n-e.p,ently came down w ith us. fheee i 0 the maic facts, staled with as little bias as potaihle, aid, I belie, e, tntui | corn it. The following call lor a meting has b n .<aae4 U Oiii ago to taki Uie matter uaeuhon . J alio . e iuto ronstdsc* atior. .? The FTr^mive Committee of ihe Km.<a: iters' Bo re t> toque t. a meeting Ot th t; .i? ol Clii <g? rf In ?ri'wrn Park, this even g, ui > 'M mi . at ' r M. ' A grea' ?rtrnge lia- t.een |. ?- trat d ujuo cit./.ea-' at tliic.igi who had migrated t ? tv.m :is. A great tmtic al hlgBway of the I'Bitcd ."titiM Is in Ui? lands of <* lawless banditti. The Mis.teurt river is as iW'-'i'r esi ^,-al ie for fr? e -tat" i ? :?!?. iva? ei ui s. Liier* are robbed, di^nrtr 4, tmpri?nod, aiwt drives bark by brutsvio .no, while qniet:) travoidng ,r' ,:1 or e ?ect n of the I mon to an ther, ch*rg d with as crime Inn v?n to the h.a . Tin' border rull.ai ! \ e declared lliat e-> emgraa^ fi >Bi fiee -tai . -ha is permitted to travel to t he i < *rrl - tori of Kan?as. Dm i ir./eiw ?f Clih a^o are reqsssted to meet, d .!ib9> rate and take .-uch aet.oo a- the o gescv Uem ?uda. 1'liMliirtl. Mmtril, Ar, Kwu '/? The K?vel- ?nd their di<t iu;<itahe4 I iiTit- niimlc ?n*iliarti*, M'lle Rnwert sad thl gr-it hallet troupe, llccgWr. the gTeat \ suiter, ?ml his aM'ittnta, will all ?pne..r to morrow evenin* in a *er!e< "f Um** nio?l attn.ctlre |<erforirmneea. Tip niece* aele.-tad v? the idmirata ballot dcnonnn.tM "Figaro" and tb? great cetpic (f "Robert and Bertrand " B. a >aT Tm-ir ?The popular play called Uw*i iitu' Face* " 1? to I ? , vcn to-m< tow pt> ning by a g?u4 cart, Ui which la em i t .:c' llie name* of Madam Poo Ml, Met r? I*hcr, raoe, \ mo!'., W: iting, kC. A *arietf of ringing and dam ing I >i ows, an' the whole la in clofe* with tho highly ;ntere?-'Ji.g patriotic i*-ama entitled ? IK. U. of l>e?dom, '' in whl:b Mr. Brougham and lb* leatlng member* of hi* company play. R*o>i>wat Vai ?'nn*.? Tb.> int<*<ely interesting drama rtyled " Itgomar, the Bar! trian, and rnr?'?enia. tho <ir>' V Ma. b n " i. to be performed to morrow r <-??** by ttie rer-aU'e and talented company of m i utter* urtor* and artr^M*. Miaa 1 ouwe et.irVi th? hero MM* Wary tbe heroine, and Master ttoorge tbe part c< r<dyd?r be Mwer. Wooo'e MrtPraB^ ? Theae merrymaVert keep up flu* up it* of their patron aa effectually a* erer, desptt* lb* warm weather, ard, In retrrn, wo alwafi cheer >d them aelroa by the presence of tar"* atiiliem**. To me -oi? evening they offer a food "election of aonji and .In, ?*, and the If -u-hable (arce of the " IVwble FbMded R.> jta." 1 Mnni Hi) t? M Keller ha,* provided a varlad an* I ighly attractive ielei Uon of tabl. ;iux for Ilia amu= io<a< of h ? pat-oTij to morrow wight. Ho also oilers the *cr* vl<c* of the llofer Kan- 'y, a oompauy of vocallste, wb# will introdm e several favorite *or>>r . Tr* Tihc!?iia* rRaajmr A<w< lATtnw are t? perfo'Bi Fhai pere'a t.ageily " Macbeth " ?>a Um Hat mat ? l? to be prod, i i-it with M? *<eii.?r*, ? ppofnt-nent", an^ tl.e crt> ?l n.tific Mm Im 111 wt'l i>?> ?in-.*nie-l hy K sell, and I Ad) V u .belli b? Mut? .l.?ck"-on Tf***ypT in M tit > l %nik ? TV CenlrerUI*, Mil.# >IM -tatea tl at tbe wh?wt ard rre oarv,-1 baa ?<-? erally commenced in Uiat eoiinty. It hear* ot no ;l?i4k that have btvu lu lb? lcwl aUtilcd 1>J wUivf iu?t 4C gmut.