Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 13, 1856, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 13, 1856 Page 3
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not quite acquit Mr. Dallas of *11 bl?me in' th to Hi. . and vexatious tianaacion. No motive but that Oi insult could actuate hto subordinate. The London Star, democratic organ, or ??n June BavB:? Mr. Cramp ton, forgetting his position, and negating to remember that he was writing for the consideration of posterity, chooses to u*e dwh in* and offensive language, eveu characterises the State documents or the Washington authorities as an "impudent tisane of falsehoods. The same journal of the 27th ult., says:? Lord Palmerston was called to power in a Wme o* wa r , an impression that he would be the best fitted to conduct it with energy and deciiion ^ut ls he the man to be Intrusted with almost irresponsible power in a time o" peace? The London Chronicle of June 28, observes:? Lovi Clarendon has only to persevere, in order to acquire the ascendency which the gentleman always 'wields over the mere braggart. The Manchester Guardian, a tory trading paper, says: ? We bear a good deal sometimes about the evils ol secret diplomacy, and we are willing to ad mit that official reserve in these natters has often been unreasonably protracted. Lord Clarendon ob serves, however, that he has repeatedly Informed Mr Buchanan that he wished to retire from a trou biesome and worthless possession (in Central Ame rica) as soon as we could do so with honor. ? The London News of June 27, says:? But having acted as he has done, Lord Clarendon appears to have made as dignified and sensible a reply to Mr. Marcy aa the position which he now occupies per mitted. The Ijondon Pott, a Cabinet organ, of June 27, says:? Throughout the question England has felt too powerful tor false pride, and has acted honestly, straightforwardly, and with the utmost temperance. Whether this conduct will be met as it deserves by the United States remains to be seen. The London Shipping Gazette, a mercantile or gan, of June 27, says:? We hoj.e, with L?rd Claren don, that the conferences which are about to take olace between Mr. Dallas and himself will becon filta^U.pirK of cordiality and frankness which is dictated by the true interests of Great Britain and the United States. Letters from Moscow speak of the magnificent preparations made there for the coronation of the Emperor. The ceremonial will be regulated by that which was observed at the coronation ol the late Emperor Nicholas; the changes to be introduced will be owing to the circumstance that the late monarch was only crowned at Moscow as E uperor of all the Kusmus, and took at Warsaw the royal crown of Poland, whereas the present Emperor Alexander II . will unite the two solemnities. Advices from Milan, of the 21st of Jane, mention that a movement on a large scale, Indeed on the whole line of the Italian peninsula, is in course of preparation. This movement is attributed to Maz zinian agency, in order to anticipate another move ment of a more constitutional character. The Bishop of Arras, France, has issued a pasto Tal letter on the present position ot the Roman States. The prelate says :? Tbe people of Rome is certainly one of the happiest in the whole world. Under the calm and mild hand of the government, whose only reproach is its being too paternal, and while everywhere else the minds of men are lowered and materialized, Rome continues to cultivate litera ture and the arts with a serenity, an amplication, and a success which would be impossible without the well-being of each and the security of aU. The Royal Geographical Society of England met on 23d of Jane. A memorial to Lord l almerston was xead by Sir Roderick Murchison. Impressed with the belief that her Majesty s missing ships, the Erebus and Terror, < r their remains, are still trozen no at no great distanoe from the snot whence certain relics of Sir John Franklin and liis crews were ob tained l>y Dr. Rae, the memorialists urge upon his lordship the desirableness of sending out an expedi tion to " satisfy the honor of our country, and clear np a mystery which has excited the sympathy of the Civilized world." The elevation of a prelate of the Greco- Ruthenian rife to the Cardinalate. in the late Consistory ,is a novifty. It is owing to the urgent representations of ?>?nt Colloredo. Tut Confrlrit of the Italian Saccari have been -distiBftuishing themselves at Ancoua by their fanati cal r^t. The Saccari are a religious association, whose men.bers devote tbemcelves in an especial manner to act as Bpiea for the Inquisition. They are rewarded by certain immunities and privileges. * Advices from St Petersburg, of June 23, say:? An Imnerial ukase of the 16th announces the re vision ^t he customs tariff of 1850 The duty on coffee imported by sea is rednced 70 copecks per pond (about 4 centimes per 20 kilogrammes.) From Spain we learn that disturbance* i took place recently at Valladolid and Valencia. The troops were called out and did their duty. An odd thing occurred lately In respect to a Queen. In I'aris, Tbe ex Queen Chnetina paid u visit to Cardinal Patrlzai, the Pope s legate, imme dlately after which his Eminence proceeded to th "Hospital for Incurable Women." ?The late Persian courier from Teheranhsd si^ vices up to the 20th May. announcing that a few davs Lolore his depurate the news had been afloa ofthe capture of Herat, and that the Shahhad or dered rejoicings, illuminations, and salvos of artil lery, to celebrate tbe event. On di^overing, how ?ver that the news waa fatoe, his Ms,?sty waxed wroth, had the oourier from Herat bastinadoed vigo rously, and ordered bis ZengDgi B?ch{. *Uo ^ introduced the messenger . to lujw hta head, which punishment, however, was remitted on payment of 400 tomauna. The Msricipal Council of Nantes having decided ttat a palace in that city should be offered to the Prinoe Imperial, they nave almost come to an ??emiht with the government for the purchase STthT?3d lillU of thi I)uke. of Brittany. A decree In the Paris Momitmr appoints M. Oon ton ssslst at astronomer at tbe O&ervatory at to be antroDomer at the Mime eetabhjhinent. Another decree nominates the Abbe Mouloufet do^ tor In theology, to the p<wt of Profesaor of Hebrew and Sacred eloquence at Aix. It to proposed to vote, this year, the ?um or ?10,000, ss a contribution In respect of the revenue derived from the British Crown the metropolis, towards tbe formation of a rtind If >r tbe building of additional churches and parsonages in London* An old lady belonging to a durtingnUhed arUt^ M.SU family one of the member* of whici wn one ofthe most eminent ministers of the vrsterdav tried by the Tribunal of Correc tional YtJSjm mendicity. It was proved had for a long time frequented churches, and espe cially the Madeleine, to beg. ^ _ , .. There me now 4.996 petitions on the tsWe of the F.Delish Commons Houi?e, sgainst opening the Un tlsh Museum on Sundays, signed by ?W,17* The receipts of the home treasury of the East In dia Company, from the 1st of May, IWi *** J^e 3" th of April. IWM5. amounted to ?3,"M.S77, ? Mng^wlth the balance in favor in May, IH55, a grand total Inf X10^43,!t'JO. The concurrent dUburiieruentam.>unted to 17,112.436, leaving a balance in favor ?f April last of 13,431 A53. Tbe estimated re?eipt< of the home treasury for next year are fT^l.lS , and tbe disbursements ?8,254.106. Tbe Con-ul of hew Orana4a, in 1/?b<1ob, wrltos tow* lj,m don TWj Urns, with reft-renc to Hie in Na? Crsua<ls (i'?.<00) ? t ?o mrorm yon U?*? in' S.bbe nw Wned an d ..ecuted in U-lellln, and pot t&Cartnag< na. Michigan and Krte Trlrgrtph ('omptnjr Cm*. [From the Cleveland Herald. Jul/ *.) //. Cmk 4 Cn rt. Thf Miikigan mthl KrU TA* orttfh f ? Cuyahoga OaiiBly Court 01 Common i'ku, Judg. loot prewiUlnif. PeUli?? contained (wo ca??e? o I action The Aral Mt up that plaintiff', wool dealer* In 'rtilo, delivered to defendant, a lelegrnh company, on the Mm ?of June 1KM, to bo transmitted loan angent of th* plnln tiff* at Meadville, Pa., a meaaage directing him to par for certain wool ?? rent* p?r pound, an I (bat the dafVnlanU ?? car*l?-??ly transmittal tha ?amp. thai the agent re weired It directing him to par rnrty iv* c*tt? tor *uch wooii thai. Ac tin* under it, the agent purchased 30 000 at Ibrty lire, which wan worth but lorty conU per |iu? d. The ?eooo<l varied from the flr?t by raylnp thai the defendant '? wire* terminated at Krle, Pa , and that It undertook to transmit antd mc<arc to Krie. and nccn rately deWver W to another telegraph, to ha forwarded, and alleged that II delivered II to the neeond telegraph at rrte. In tba above changed form. Ilnintiff* claimcd ?92.000 Imtmdm* darned everything. On tfee drat trial. Iha Jury having disagreed, the ca?e ?u tried by the Court tL'pon a question of the admUalblllty of taetimony , the Court held that the copy ot a d<>?,?'"h rfceived r?t ?written oat from the character. In Knglch, would, for trie (rarpoaea of proof, be taken a* an original , lo be produced , wr l? nhaenee accounted tor, ki>. hk hi* final iliapoalUon of the ca?e, Judge Foot held? 1. Am in tho abaence of a ape< ial agreement, the lla lily of a telegraph company waa limited to the aecu .-w? traoctniaslon and delivery of a mf-Mage at the end oi la nam wire*, or at a point where tha me??nge would them that IU liability and duty would only cea<e H^rbcn H bad safely delivered an accurate copy of the dla wlcb originally delivered m II. 3 That the proof established the tVt that the ml'tuke metered at the drlendant* office at lleadrllla. In r-ceiv ng the meeange from the wiraa, and wrrtiug It out for da h-er* S. That If the meeaafe. aa received by the plaintiff*' *eat at Hendrllla, waa obvious! v erroneou*. he would lot he justified In acting under It, but und'T the clrcum lancee of this caae he bad a right lo regard H a* correct 4. That tbe rule of damages w*j Ihe difference between price actuary paid under tha dlnpttch. and Ihe mar price of wool at Mandrill* at tha lime; and thia differ * Inclti. rd the nxu of purchase and re "ale at Mead la, that upon ascertaining the mtatake, plaintiff* might ire re ?ohl th wool at Meadvllle, and charged th'' de ndant with the loea Judgment lor Ihe plaintiff* tor $750, with interest TUe MwlM Duttujr rfttw Onlto? M??M la t ticrmw Point of View. The well known German naturaUst and traveller, D. MorlU Wagner, who lately vHUedon ^ BCieutittc toui^ .North and Central America. has, in his last work, Costa wi.-a," the following hi* hi) interesting wmartM an tM futu."? of the Anglo American and bpanwU American r"inth? greater part of Central America, which, alnco its and civil wars people have n ># arnved at a r g point which aeemg to au?ur a change tor a .bettor r g lated and happier condlUon. From the table lana oi Mexico to the Isthmus of fanarna there pr evalU i a gener preaentlment among the population* that they wiu 10 , probably at no very distant Uiwcom^UedforthebeneUt of their own country, althou|!h W tbe ruin o[ th r which has till cow governed them, to join tne atrip banner or the "Union," and to follow, like satellited, in the orbit or the name planet. nilnful fort. The Spanish- American* look with a ?ort or mmuiimi ing at tbi- new movement, into *^ich t ey r(wUUlu.J Providential power strouger tha which tllU tn?m They have a welt founded pmenUmenl wftMl UlU itttwn w ith apprehension, tha^ ^#^Jr w??mu?t ?uc junih, or WTO Se bi? buT AS vegeUto Neve, thole ?. m&mum ?h American nice, in that b lowed tropical region ,wher i ...... bountifully supplies whatever m iu Inn need ot to M- ?ust^ance will also lose the privilege ot indulgiug i i pleasant indolence, without caring tor the gig*atiu P"> ^S??SSr?.?wt;12l!' i he Suanlsh American race should be Inspired b> thesainj spirit of energy and instinct or association by wliu .1 tii > J-rthern reoubllc has grown strong and mighty. All the petty rivalries or the se reral States, all tin parUcotaf iiitei e-u of provinces and capitals, and, above all, the ecoUf ni and ambition of party chlets, must necessarily cease- all private passions must be rendered subordinate to n 'greater, national aim, and all must unite in the watchword? Independence of the Spanish-American na tionality, close alliance of all who speak the Sp.ini.~U tongue," and no league with a foreign race. Sinn. (>f all this the direct contrary was done. Tho old Span ish vice kingdom* and general governments were dis solved Into small republic*; every province struggle! to withdraw from the political Influence of the i capital, in stead of uniting against the foreign race, one state waged war against the other, ono Province Invaded Hi n?oot ates The old gpnntali provincial spirit, which had been Violently kept under 'by the despotism of the royal governors, raised again its hydra head alter its dcluc. mice Iron the SpJnUli dominion; egoistical passions burst forth with all their old virulence; noboly was willing 10 yield to the general interest; nobody attended to the voice of those who called for political union against the greater danger of un Invasion by a stroager foreign rationality. Tin rulers of the republic of Honduras of ItreU even to sell to the North Americans a portion of their territory and to inter into a political alliance, not Horn sympntnv with the Yankees, but from lratrel, jea lousy and thirst of vengeance against the neighboring re '"?The must* 'pr eminent trait in the charaotar^of nS^Xr'bhgl.W every "effort "[t^^^s mT tf ^h & i ican republicans to everlasting ^ihtkal lmpoteuoj in the presence of the North Americans, even il th< y possessed the right intelligence of their situation and a Li.,., (.leant' their future, whilst only ft rague tear fltU their ^oul- and |>aralyie? their energy. Instead efattompt Ibk Uy acorrwt knowledge of their own la-i ts, to ele vate ttiem-elves from their political degradatiou^ lo leai 11 from their enemies ttio aecret of their strength, they latterlv Intoxicate themselves with Mexican brav.v doc But scriouily, nobody believes In tlie capacity toi.ta Anna, Carrera; and heroes of similar sump to re si^t the 'trenirih und power or the men ol the Nurth. Ail this bragging serves them but as a narcotic agains gloomy llifhas rightly understood the political incapacity o; these iKipulatlon.,' and the holple * ol all the Spanish- American republics, to which thoro I hut onearemedy? a peaceful immigration of Northern men who l?y inter marriage, would gradually change tho character 'of the Southern race? would feel tempted to ai'oDt in regard to those republics, the awful motto th<M>oct oi tiie ' ? 1 ? vitui Couimedta' ' placed over the *n; trance to hell " l ei <&? ten tr ale kuciaie aym. tptraiuA. due should simply a-lvlsethe 8l?*Uh ? j tniL m ith Astatic resignation, to their destiny. Nature itself 'eciiis to have rc^od to those iK.pulat.ons ol mixed In dian blood the means of mastering, by their owu illoru S5T2?i, that destiny which leads nation* I nrtlj siK.utaneously, partly in spit.- of tkenuelves, OB II ,? nath murke4 out lor them ? the one upwards, the i.thcri <io? n wat ds. KesUtaace U or no avail agalu t that 'U V h'oevcr is familiar with history will admit ttat there nro at present UftuBf all nations on earth, on.y tho North American republic, In the Western hemisphere and the great Russian empire, on the oldeonliu.uil whiOi have an u..n.ta.ui able future, Wlar??odowed with an ui.liu.ited loree ot expansion (Hher gre it nat ?n* l ave either already attained to the het?ht ot tneir *^r and are r^.servatlve, line Kn?la..d, which will for a long time continue to rule the ocean, bu cannot ?nv loiter reckon upou au eitensio.i o. the colo i ut or ti.ey are visibly declining, like h ranee, and u.i Lb*' to break through the hmlte In which nature has en c-lwu d tb?m. Many a Fieuch staWman ha* admitted tins truth however painful II may be to V rench vanity ^ live* already, fn a gre* tha camtal of bytfooe times. Ui Gl?irr lias grown oapairioc of acquiring *utllclent strength u> accomplish whi? Frederick the Great propoaed to himself In th ? event of destiny placing liim on the J rench throne. UmHy-'-to h-rhid the rest of Kuro|? to tire a cannon nhot without the permission or France. France was i to Uc me like Inland ana the I'niled States, a gr??t com merc?!audn>auuta<'turinR nation, and. a* tion for 'Blory," to have colonie* and to grow rtca. But Ins Mt iu the power of morul autocrats to endow a na^ tion with the quaWlea which nature ha* refu*od It. The >? daily decreasing, and cau not even n nns-te with Uiat or natiou* of inierlor rank, *tlll les* with the mercantile marine North Ai..wlea_a^ l^wn bv the tea communication between H?WM4 MewYort, mhrre the creat superiority oT the Ameri? ane over the ? i. i .,lwi ktr.kinu Al?''rla ha* remained a *terile ind exw^ vi ?se^,<m g The French coionle* have ? l"^rved wlr by high dutlea on beet *ugar. fi r Vrance nature lias gilted her with xood wine, and hswilly tor' her, too, foreign natlot* have not condemned !lbriTto?.Mitat "t " ? .^1 " wht h?e veil' ualoMhe SSsrJwaMnar-ftrjss !?;>' Xre, .h'e ukase tr.n-fer* Whole populations ^.m ile end of this V a.t empire to the other .pother .i,.,. unhinge custom-" and dress. TU< laicno ' are MtJd t? leave the M.Ik rix er, and 10 oolonl** the rough mountain* of Achalwcb; the J?w< or Utth 1-m/Tv lay aside their k-.tan, to shave the* beard* :,n.i to he drilled on their Hah'.aUi a* on other dayi; iho Mihducd I oles to learn the Kursian language. In Norm Ani'Tlca fimiinr, ?vou still gee.iier cnsn, e? title place, but under the influence of enllrely different ? Mint An ionutnorublc migration goe< on from to Weat. not n r I no by the Unce* of i)oni<?h k?, but pushed by their own thirst of action. desire of g<tln, ta.-tc for novo meat, |?rli.ipln-tinit Even the groat I immigration whirl. erery year pour* in from Earopa u nic i Inron-.dcrabic compared with Oil* homo uovo ti > 1 1 ? if. t i, t : -u< h thfuvrlvi - T > tho > in, inhabitant of Mv#wby*U> the New England v ?;> i oar already too thickly |<oi>ulated. nmi thojr do not offer rim n flk i til space for nl? activity. The son of tho Pennsyh anla f.irmor will no longer stay la the Key?tone Malt, triMl (JormiH i i ?<> t, garili n. lie know* that land on the othor side of th* < >hi? ii* an Tortile, and rout* onlv a flflh of the price. There fore he lewras bm boni'\ builds on tho bank - of the Ml*?onri a new bh? khouae. aioi cultivate* the <le-ert with hn ac c?t?t?me<l iaduriry. Rut even there many already begin to feel resile** . lor lliey have heard on the other **!? of the Hotky Moutii . n* the climate I* milder, and soil , rich In tfobl. Tltey again m?ke a move and cn>?, the Rocky Mountain* to Oregon and Cahlornui. Tlie Yankee* loo. like the Ru<siaas. po? ?o*s the secret of transforming the desert. Instead of OtMaacks, they eaad ia ad . ance their colonics of Battler*, With rifle and plovgh, batore which the nomad* and the buffalo"* toon disappear The new territory ia Mettled and organised In Ibe American manner, vl* Instead m the T'prawnik and the polios order. It receives It* communal catiMltution. school, church and lu-tlce of the peaaa ; It governs itaeif, and pro* pen. Dwelling ho?i?e* arc built, malte, wheat, potatoes every where bkw*?m and grow ripe, not by order o' "In sprvtor* of pjtatoes," who Inspire the Tartar* of the Crimea with a sacred respect, but because every colonist withes to rat his S1I and to grow rich 11,0 dollar e*er< Ises in the Now Wor d a similar power to that of the Tear of the police and the kaout in the old one; that ia to *ay, It urges on to activity and i* re spooled by everybody Kren the Wour and Trokee?e* get a< fu-tomed to counting, and the orthodox Jew on li II id-on lee!- his coaactrnee tranquil when lie ket* null') on a Salitiath. I lie Am;lo Ameri i an chariicter npreadt Itself Irresistibly, givea every newly acquired territory if particular stamp, and re cetves little or nothing from the foreign element. Both the European 'mmigrant and the old settler sacrifice thetr own laagMg*. Krei la NeW tirlean* French I* *poken I e rarely, ami Uu children of Creole* go to An. 01 ioan fdiools. The progress of culture in the steppe* of Mouther n Rus sla oannotbe compared wltn the Increasing go aheadls ? of the wood and prairie regions in Illinois, Ml*?l*slppi and on the western part of thegieat lake*. Th^ \fl*?^-<|ppl river and its tributaries possess alone more *tcamer* than the whole war and commercial fleet of Russia numb*ri phi .^s Willi thre?- mast* In Ihe States of Iowa aad Wn i on* in more cities are built la one year than on the Black Sea in flfty. Ixwomotlves already rush through the dosort bot aeon Uko Mielnffsn and the rpj r \t iT, and Ihe prt^ect of continuing Ihe railroad thrmtgh the In dian (lesort across the Rocky Moaitaio* to Oalirornla isseiiooaly spoken of, whilst the .merchant* of Ode?? silently oo?pl?ln of tlie absence of roads ot communlca lion, which rendara tka aappllea of corn irom Mfef nla and Podolla so MMk This enlraordlnary bustle aad mo*ement af productive activity winch I* fermenting and tlirlrlng from the Hud son to the fiacramento, Is. if not the most brilliant, car tainly tha noblest aad most Interesting spei taole ersr offered by a youthful nation. No people ever before < otomeni ed their career in such a grand and ??>' not even old Rome, which needed centnrlea to aKCBd to the rank of a lint raU l'ower. ?<l buitt op ber great now on the uuserr ,oT aubju?*t?d nations, whilst the Americans, are over rct>^ to ad Bit all, 6tm tlion they have subdued, to the ben*.11',0' U4elr 'mrtituttons, with the exception, or course, or U,# ? Yankee does not consider his e^. ' rather as a do mestic animal. , No political adversary will find fam.' Trit" ''{J* cans protlting and making use, as nw#J M P03*""?. or their conquests, but he will less excuse theli growing ap atite for tlie acquisition or such line ceuni.'lw '? ;lxa West and in the South. You have taken Oregon, , , nia, Texas and New Mexico with all their open adw den treasures? why do you desire more f By what fijbt does your greediness pretend to posaeiu the "Queen o' the Antilles," or to swallow up the whole or Mexico? Why do you quarrel with the Japanese, ir not for a pretext to make conquests on the other Bide or the I'acilic t Why do you send your agitators to Central America to work lor the annexation of countries which are separated from your Southern Slates by so many degrees or latitude ? Those who complain or tills unsaied cupidity Tor now acquisitions or the Americans, do n Jt take in account the necessary consequences of their position, or do not know the force of destiny, l.ike the Russians, the Americans obey but their Irresistible instinct, which urges them oa to exteud and to ex(iaud. Like the avalanche in iu its ro tatory profjreu, they are not ?liowed to limit the incrcas j of their territorial ex ten ,ion, or stop where thoy choo?e. When Jetrersou made 1 10 acquisition of Louisiana from France, lie was not u? .ire that thereby the conquest of Cubu would, in alter times, become a necessity, in orde' that it should become a market for the rfiirpltit alav p>p uiatiou of the So ithcru Mates. Kelloctui{ men or tli ? South behold iu the acquisition or Cuba? wu-re a colore I man Is worth a third more than in the Carolina* or Lou isiana? the only means of g^ttiug rid of slavery ou tlu continent. Ouly a third part of the surrtce of Cuba ii cultivated, and slave work ou a soil so favorable to tb? culture of sugar and tobacco yields the double of that 01 Virginia and Missouri. By the acquisition of thw island, the United sute- would save the considerable tri bute they yearly pay to Spain for the iiu;>ort ition of colonfil products from Cuba, whilst they would considerably in crease the exjMn tatiou of their breadstuff* and cheap manufactures, tor at pre.1 eut Spain tries to diminish by excessive duties the im(>ortatiou of American produc ttons. The annexation of Texas brought aboat the war with Mexico. Inet-asaut colttstona, and, as a necessary ? quence, another war with the Mexican republic, are not improbable, tor uo authority in the United Slates cau pre vent the settlers of T<>xaH"lrom aivawlug to the south. That the old empire ofMoutezunu will aud must take 1U place among the stars of the banner ot the Northern re public, but tew iloubt, aud least ol'all the Mexican* them selves. who, amidst all their braggardism. feel terribly apprehensive on the subject. The possession of Oregon and California render* it necessary to extend, first, com merce and navigation, and after ttiat con quest to Asia, to acquire strong position* in Japan and China, and to force upon Eastern despot*, either by diplomacy or by cuuuou, the same conditions which have beeu grunted to the Hol landers and to the Tnillall When peaceable whigs, or the moderat ; portion of the democrat* in the L'nileu M iter, complain et this th.rst for new acquisitions, aud point to the diltl^ultios wtihh "Young America," bv his deMre of conquest, casts in the iwth of the political chief- 01 tli ' Union, you fre quently hear the answer "tli it 1 1 ? goveraaeut ol Wash ington may lot them alone aud uot trotib'.' iuelt with the diroctieu of the march of events, that lit - spirit of as*o ciation alone wilt get the better of those i -a States, aud tiud a terrible ally in propagation of lib ii. . that if the President will let them alone an association Will soon b* formed for tilling out an expedition to Cuba stiong enough to drive away the Spauish mercenaries and to pull out of the crown of Spain tlio "pearl of the Antilles." As to the war witti Mexico, lie had better let It out on least, instead of malting it, as formerly, at the expense of the State Treasury . A company of private In dividual* would expedite the aifair 1. a shorter tiui", and cheaper. Japan couii be conquered In the same e ?-y way, as the riches of Jcddo and the treasure of the Kubo woulu promise good dividends, aul tins the g >vermn<-ut of Washington might save pains, expense, and a gool deal oi diplomatic complication The North American Union forms; p?1 hips, th? most Mngular political community which ever existed; forces of a peculiar character are there employed on a greater scale than was ever adopted by any uutoc-at or nation. The Yankees inherited the spirit of association l'.oni their hug i.-h psreuU; but ouly on American soi: lia-s it assumed this new form and developed itself to its present gigantic .size. What ? cor in Kigl.tul lia* been accooili.ished in tbe sam e wsy, railroads, the wonders of industry ? even the conquest of llimto-taii by a company of merchant* appears almost iu igiullciut cor:. par. J with what association in North America las atrtaoy partly accomplished, partly pre |?red tor the future. Everybody knows that the Encash East India Company possesses a monopoly; it governs India by a numerous an.i costly army ; it carries on com merce, but does not col >nlaa: it ha- uot inipre-sed a new htamp on, or renovated the olil spirit of ori" tal nation*; moreover, Ike government of the freest State of Europe lias not been ali le to break down the aut quated exclu si\ eness of caste which oppose- all ci\ Ulxiag progress. 11,0 Amp' lean.- accomplished their oonquets with v*'ry small military forces; the countries they look possession ot liave been transformed without any violence, stone oy tbeiuperior influence of activity and as- ?c ition. Tue old hunting tribes were bought out with mjasy, anl re ceded. Forests ba ?e been cleared, a id vast tracts of country connected by railroads an 1 oilier ways of com muulcatlon. \\ lierevcr the Yankee settles, soldiers aui gendarmes become useless. The nb tor lung and amslgimating force of the America element admit* uo reftstanuO. 'Ihe spirt oforler \a i onion which follows everywhere the American fo itstep the example of lucrative act.vity Which communicate itself to others, produce here wosKlers still greater tha those which me due elsewhere to constraint a id terror In t> rmlnatln^ the-!- consideration* upon the pr 'J"0 end the future of the two mightiest people of the earth we arrive at the con I union that all things are combiumj : to gradually assimulute Um condition ot' Europe to tha of Ituxsla, and the condition of Central Atn rica t ? that o North America. If all tlie s> mptoms in the political Lori /on are uot delusive, the asatnnlatioa hero an I there will be, in a few decenniums. an accomplished Cart. The con trast between the social and political institutions ol both bsmUpheres, and the well being ot their re-pxtive in habitant*. will then appear more striking an I geueral. and all bastard and intermediate forms ol political or ganisation will have disappeared. Ill ?* ?? contrast are al ready, at pre-ient. the principal causes of one of tbo rn?st Mgntftcant phenomena, vis. ; ? <X 'hat imnnue at ion from the Kast to the We t, w Inch might be as well called a light before the future. Tboee hundreds of thousands of emigrants, who every year cress the Atlantic Ocean, are pushed by the idea, not always distinct, but still deep tooted, of t>capll>g, by ioartog their hotne. tli -ir wretched present condition and the still worse calam' tie - of tbe future. They, |?-rhaps. fly before a chaotic anarchy, ??r they escape the Hu- stall systems- ills practised by the BereMM autocrats, no matter whether they reside on the Neva or on tbe feine. This system may well call forth hordes of Cossacks or armies of m "rcenariea, and urge them on to strife and death ? it may produce gigantic forced loan.-, but It will never create th.?*e liar moniotis and noble fruits which are the result of a f ree de velopement ol nation-*; even poetry, tb ? art < aud scienoe, will, at last, wither under tho blighting influence of so baneful asyst* m. Tlie sa'iie large and commodious dwelling house of freedom will wltliln a few years shelter all the Inhabi tants of America from the extreme Nortn down to tbe equator ? a*s< nthle nil vigototis and reaovafed nat, >us, and offer an asylum to all thiee who wish to escape the damp, enervating |>rlaon air of the old continent. Should, in the progress of tims. sny happy invention of rh"aj> anp easy trsnsport sid this general drelre ior eml^ra tlon, there la no doubt but that it w.ll as- m still grester tirn|mr ttons. and even the poorest will then fl". I Ihe means sf talisfytag bis desire tor a change, aud escape trom his prrsent misery . It the Kussian principle lias built up a kind sf uniform barracks where there Is heard but one \oice, thst of the commander, and the monotonous taton of iHe dt imm^ra, the Wiitern World otTers the spectacle ot an immense beehive. Every swarm tjoe* where It plsasei. every body works by his own free wi I. ohserve-i In-t nrttveiy iswi aid customs, gathers up in bis own bbuM lion ?? to the ?hn|? of dollar-, and la well convinced that In e*er rising his rwn Industry he work* as well for bis own bear lit as for tbe greatoesa and the well being ot the whole na ion. The free ciUiens of the great bea hue " North America" recognises also a queen? the rep ibllc. Wash ont the CJattera. TO TBE KDITOR Or TOE HEW TORE BEP.ALD. Kbit York. July 10 1W. In your paper of UM? morning you suggest to (Uc Crotou Water Board the propriety of letting the water run ao hour, each morning from the liy lrant<. You may U'.k about impure air and dirty >trceU forever, ao 1 we ?UaU always live la ? tench nnloaa Uii plan rao be adopted. In eone parte of the city yon may clean er<>ry tiny . hut. unlet* there la water to waeh down the gutter*, It will imell terribly in hot weather. Now. I am a storekeeper in one of the leading MM up t?wn, aad I bare pro vailed upon the neighbor* on my block to allow the wa ter to run for a little time in the morning, and each one sweep down hi* gutter with a broom? commencing at tbe head of the block, they paas along Ute atagnaut water an>l tilth, aad a* it oom<t along each one glvea it a puah Tie c?*?equrnce now la, we Imve n clean, aweet block, com Bred with the other blocks of our avenue. The only dif ulty in. that It Is against the law to open tb* Cr ?! in hrdrante after 7 o'clock ? {l<na't tbe law aay 4 o'clock j ?in the morning, and aometim** our stores are not open ?nearly, but we manage to watch tbe policeman, and keep the water running for a half hour, until we get n pure stream the whole length of the block. I to, Mr. Mltor. apeak ot this again. Wo shall it war* atlnk la New York , tmtoa* Wo MB have water to purify tn? fitter* carrying off tbe bad water and garbage that will collect there, be aa vigilant a# m will. Ife*peci filly youro, A OOX.^TaNT KKAI'KH. Fiuherttm or NnwRt RTPORT, MtM-A corro* ? lent ol the Hnston / un-ler 1st.' o noBi Powbnfypuit, ? ya ? ?>'ir ? "v i c.-et have >u returned and packed out. but Urn low pricea at wbiob mackerel are now aellintf, will not rofnun<<rate the owner*. Home fkrea hare been sold a* low aa 50: 98 71 per barrel la the hiuheat we have beard pa d. Moo of tbe fleet arc ready anil otbera bare aailed for the Biy i hiiirnr. while 'inite a number ar.? .lett ?? .| - win' >t b irn is Advantage having been taken of the arc ' t run them up from sijtv to seventy cent-", the ordinary price, to on<' dollar aad flv? cents, and a sufficient sop ply not coming forward at this exorbitant price, some fire thousand barrel* are now wanted la thu city, aid we presume, the aame deficiency eilata in otbet aealxiaM towni. Two of our merahant* flegraoh ed to the (Jut of Canao. to have their veaaol* on their way up purchase their annply on the bay shore; but owing i to s number of Cape Ann v short of barrels and supplying their deficiency. ha* < auseil an upward tetdency to them, and they had a<! vanced from ?? to 7? cent*. and would probably go atll! higher, notwithstanding they are much Inferior to our barrels Tbe number of fish barret* ? hich are annually sold on the seaboar I of this Htate do?? not fall abort of <0,000 Fifteen towns i.iat year purchased npwant* of *00,000 Tbe number trirchneed in Uiia city is uHually ftom fifteen to twenty thoufUJ OptaM ?<??? Cotton. *0 TU UHTOC or TBI BUUI. The British are studying incessantly haw to render themselvet independent or our cotton, and bow to reduce <tt value by an increased production in foreign part*, especially ao in their Indian provlnoes, Cutch and Guxu rate, in Port Katal, in Egy pt and in Brazil. Thoy are quite unapprehensive of a retaliation on this score, wbich yet we'might so easily exercise on a very tender part of our rival's commercial vitality ? say, in tbe production of Opium in Southern California and in Central America. The (act is not so generally known and considered as it 0U?ht to be, that China receives from us in exchange

for its tea tup-thirds in silvor and but one-third in nnuu foctures, gtnsoB< and a trifle in Turkish opium imported from Smyrna. I say a trifle, in regard to the thirty mil lions or dollars worth of thia drug imported annually into China from the British dominions ia India. The idea to introduje the cultivation of the poppy m Southern California w*. started by m s, already six years : ago, in a Southern paper, but the excitecnuat created then by the California gold lett my publication unnoticvL ' An arUcle publutofr* ftr-ite- of the 20th of June, 1853, which camo to my notice during a rccent sojouru iu Kg) pt, awakoued in me this idea anew, but I positioned the republication till I could attoud t> the matter jtersoiially. Tlie newspaper nrticle inentioiial above is beaded, " Bough draft of a petition to l'a.-iia ment Irom ths Kuro'wau community in Bombay, unto til Honorable the Commons oi Ureal Britain tnd Ireland iu Parliament assembled"? and paragraph four, concern ing the opium monopoly, eays:? -Your "petitioners would point to the acknowledged fact of the ?utte want o( public thoroughf ires of any description, an 1 the deliclency in the means of communication and transport betwixt one part of the country aud another. Tha same circumstances that all'ect the progress of industry and interest of trade equally aflft'Ot tha rernuN ot' tho coun try, which, from 1B41 to 1800, wore neror once able to meet the public charges, and which hug on such a pre carious tenure, that wore the Chinese government to sanction the production ol opium within the emxre.o* the Americans to nettle themselves anywhere in tho Kast where the i?oi?i>y might be grown, ?3,000,000 a wrliug would be swept l m>di our revenues at ouci?. ' ' Happily it Leeds no new settlement at all to carry Into effect this wise suggestion: Ut no* amii let ennmts. Clmiatu and soil in tue vicinity of St. Diogo, Cal., are highly propitious to tuo proluotion of opium? better , I dare say, than any part oi A-;a M.nor; and the Pueblo In dians, under proper directions, arc us well qualillsd as the FeUibevn, Hindoos or Osmanloes o: the Eastern hemisphere to att.-nd to this new, mid as I aba' 1 prove here, also easy cultivation, ,-;o much more, as it wants neither chemical nor mechanical skill in tlie production of opium, unlike iuJign, sugar, cotton, rice, Jtc, In the vicinity ot St. Diego laud, labor and cattle are at norm*! prices, yet unaltered by gold excitement and Immigration. Any amount of opium produced there woul I tl:iU a ready mir ket in the capita! ot tlie ."-lat. , ' se population contains u very large number of Chinese, nuil wu'ise cotamorcUl relations with China and Japan are improving daily. According to iulori.utiou collected on the spot, the cost of the production of opium iu lfeypt Is 00 cents, and in . Anatclg (Asia Minor) 75 cents the pound. Tiie greater co-t in the latter country comes apparently from its higher latitude and the less conjenla climate- In British India opium is sti'ia monopoly o: gu.'et nui 'M. t'he leasehold ers of certain districts aro bound to produce and to de liver annually a given quantity of this drug to the Honor able Company a; the flxod price of il&o the ofeeit of 140 pouuds, whicn leaves st;ll a small remuneration to t lie producer. This traffic amounts to over 5 ), 00) cheats a year, and the priCiM of the drug in the Presidencies vary from ti 'Hi to $700 the chest, according to quality anl de man J. The cost ol supei latcailllg ami collecting this im portsnt revenue absorbs near a million aai a liall of pounds Opium U OBBsumed n:l over India an I in th" Mala) an Archipelago. In Java the saie of this drug is a mouoplj of the Dutch Company. The value of opium in the Hasten market varies f-om #4 to $0 the pound, according to quality and d 'Ui m I; whereas tho co-t o: production, as befare stated, does hardly reach a dollar the pound. "John Company" would lose by far more than ?3, 000, #00, with tho los- of Ler last and only monopoly in India, and < od know < if the British could go on 111 I bust -ring and mis ruiiiif; India an they do with ).it those millions. The cul tivut.oo ol' aoium ou our l'a::0c chores, comb. ue I with the projected iViQc railroad, is Wound to create a com lturcial revolution In the Ea-t, which will be a dead stop to the British supremacy, uot only there, but lu aU quart ers of the g'efee. receives annually over 200,000 bale* of cotton fro:n Bombay and Sural , also a I the Ion.' sttplo CXtoS |Wwn In Manilla goes to the nm ? marcet. Way f>lio;:la American planters, sottie I iu fret California, as -i-ted by all tho modern improvements in the til'age of the soil anl the gtnnnu of cotton, t.ot be ab'.e to outstrip :u the cheap production of this Maple the lai\ and Ignorant Creole Spaniards aud Hindoos, oppressed by misrule and taxation t Also, the drying ot grapes an l tigs might become an objsst to the opium planter In Southern California. The economy o: loity |H.r ceutof luiiwrt duty, and of the heavy loss occasioned liy corruption to which these fruits are subject ed on account ol the protracted pa- - age tiey have to per form from the Mediterranean to the I'actdc ceast, would nuke this a very profitable cal Jvation in teed. No* that the usefulness of tha cam"! on our Southwestern frontiers Las been admitted l>> our legislative body, the pro|H).sitlou to import at the same time some camels from Ama Minor and Egypt aigng with the date |>a!m the llg, the olive, the sesame and the poppy seed, I hope will no more be scoOcd at, as was the case when I started this idea in the summer ef D<49, in the Nattm Ml Intstli Ml- cr, the Boston Daily A-ltrrtiier, aud the A. Louis WVWsrn h i*v. The species of poppy cultivated in the F.i t for the sake of its tap (opium) is the so called garden poppy, or pnjmtrr $ontr<f<Tuw, ol which there aro two Winds? the romni'C, white aid the Mmon black poppy ? both cous: Icre l equally ric'a in sap The |iod* of the while poppy are larger wber as the bl iek is mire abundant in s<*ds. but thea its oil Is inferior to that of this former. Th' black poppy couUias more morpbin- and the white mere narcotinc; then, again, the white poppy, will rosiod or compressisl pods, contains still less morphine than tin ' one with oval pods. Tho poppy with brownish inirple flowers is -aid to contain the m >st morphine. The poppy with Oiled blossoms is not so rich in sap a- the one with simple blossom'. The poppy It callcl in Ara bic aim n uwm ? the meaning of the latin word mm fit/.rii, and its dri d sap, ajf 'm, a sound which shows the origin if the word '-opium " This drug was known to the ancients two thousand years ago, and it is esti mated that four hundred millions ot souls are addioted to Its u -e n the Astern hemi?pbere. I'ereira. tn his "Opera Medics,' says ? ' Opium is undoubtedly the most impor taut Si d valuable roni-'ur. Wo have for oth-<r medicines one or more subitltutss, but far opium we have none, at least in tne large majority of case* In which lis peculiar ainl bene'li ml Influence is regarded" In F.ugland the consumption of opium has double! In theie last twenty years, an I Is increasing still. The poppy suffers nothing from insects, and Its flowers give rich I'jod to the bees. The oil of lite whits p>?ppf is considered In Europe the be t after the olive oil. The poppy wants calm, warmth aa<! a loose soil; manure sgrtes with it on the heat sf lands. A subsoil of c lav is prejodlc'sl to Its growth. The poppy thrive* well after failow produce, which leaves a clear s oil. such as l-efBe? cabbage and potatoes . on a rich soil it may i>e cultivate i also, iu continuance Alter tli* poppv crop a crop of b?r, -r can be raised the too year, wet does not agree w th the poppy, and a rain oi two days duration at the maturity of th? plant will spoil the whole opium crip. The boss opium pro lu< ed In Asia Minor com *s Irom the elevated piain (p at au) In tho vicinity of the town at Kara Htsaar. The so.l of this plain is of volcan.c or gin, bel -rging to the tranhytlc formation. During thre>' month.- this plain Is covered with snow mostly every winter? the great ti -at there com m, but a:t ;r tlie opium crtp. In the disflcts of Beaa-it an 1 Debar, In the vailey of the fisnges, the poppy Is sown In November. " ' .'per Eg) pt in January, and in U>*er Kg/P* at the lime <>r the spring eqti.ii' i The soil m 1st be pi eigheti an 1 harrowed cartfidlj befbre the poppy cat be -own, alio the applica tion ofpulrer'se l manure (guati ?) li recommen led. To an acre but two pounds of seed are required, which are mixed with earth, tn order to throw them thlu and regu larly rno igh. As soon as the we? ds spring np they must be ieot< I out carefully, anl whea th> young poppies stand too cVwe they most bit thinned so that over;, plant .has almut nine square inctiee room and an easy arcest to rarilltat<< tberolieetloa of th i aap This is done when the plant has reached the height of two >r three Inchee: bet ter not um early. In orW not to d sturb It la Its growth lhe wider tbe plant* stand apait the more caps lies Ui?y drive; vet this rrrist not be curried too far. esp->cljily on a loo?e ground, itera-ise tbe plants would be exposed to be l?vHI"d by the wia<l A month alter the sowing the ground is hoed, and as soon as the bl.Meoasshow. the earth round the plant is heaped up. This must he done in dry weather, No pains shou! I b" spared ia the Ullage of the soil, as they will be amply repaid by the inereaee, and the improvement, t o, of thq sap of the plant. Ttie t-ippv plant tbr ws out from four to sis and more posts; hail ami otien two thirds of tbem are cut off. and oal} the Orst hes I or tsro, as being tbe largest, are left AIUT the fall of the Uloesoma, when the capsules or po<la are Ollesl with asp sml have attained tbeir normal si/.e? yet before they bar leu and begin to turn yellow ? bori ronts I incisions are made with an lastrumeat < omposed of four or Ave blades, unite I and shaj<ed So that tbe r:nd of the pods rannot be cm through by this djmr Utnn. fweira says " A few days after the (lower has fallen men an t women repair to the fteldr an I cut the heads of tbe poppy horisortall v. taking care that the incisions do not psne rat* the internal cav.ty of the shell. A white suhstsnce im mediately flows o'i'. and collects In tears on the edge of the cuts In this state the fle<d Is left for 94 Honrs, and on tbe fbihtwing day the opium Is collerted by tne same people, provided w'th lariie blunt knives. Each head furnishes o{rtum but oo<-e only, and mat Ui an extent ot but a few grains. According to a IT tenderer, in Athens, who got bis Information from some people of Magnesia ia Asm Minor, one lactsaon only Is made at tmce. aid this early In tbe morning, with the said instrument, and In tbe evening already tne sap is scraped off This opera tion is continued till tbe capsules are covered with cuts, which may require seven or eight days According to snother authority, who also g? t his informstloa behind tlie desk, the bleeding is performed in two ilays, as it la said to be the oaee in India; but as I waa told in Alexan dria, Egypt, the pods hut once are sapped lengthwise, in the twilight of the evening, and only tour or Iro dtyi after this operation the sap Is collected. This 1st er pro ceeding seems tHt most pro table, Inasmuch as the sap hardens quickly and Is not liaMa to drop to the ground Or* w<nds and dew contribute tb a copious flow, and also to tbe better quality of the sap Whea tlie pods give no more sap, they ?re cut eff and dried for tbe seesla and the oil they contain, but for sow Itig these weds are of no use, becan?# the plants t'iey produce aro w<?ak, poor la tap sad of inferior quality too Therefore tbe se?lt iter sowing mutt be taken from nn hurt pods. Tn this purpose large capsules of orange ?ha| f are selected, which are dried in the shade, then (lied on atringi by the stem and hung up in a dry room, with sot too much draft, whore they remain snopeaed till eeedtinf*. Seed* of the last gathering are preU,rr#4 *? tbene of the >*?ar before. In Turkey, in^n#<ti?.Vely after Um pods are remd% "*! aliso the btoms an J leaves are collected and well botla. * in water on the ."vot. The decoction, without being strained, la poured on u?to pens along with the aap of the podb boiled down to consistency of pitsh, formed Into loaves of about one po^ttd weight, and wrapped into poppy leaves to keep them fr>"?m sticking together. The deooction ol the plant U said *0 contain a* much mor phine as the sap ol the pods; ,<till, the ''Theriakees" (Turkish opium eaters), who, of^urse, most be con | uoioseuru, preior the latter, i. e., lS? opium in drops. Cue day's ripening too much will greyly diminish the quantity of morphine in the sap ol the* pod", and, pro bably, also of the whole plaut; the sooner therefore the incisions are made aud the quicker the operation is end ed, the better the opium, 1. e., the richer in morphine It will be. Smyrna opium, as above stated, composed both *? the nap obtained by Incisions and the decoction of the p '*nt, contains in the mercantile quality about uine per cent ?f , uoiphiueiniy, while thesap ol the pod* u said to contain J a* much ay IS. J he oompouUon uourfiatu of about two third* of the decoct too and one-third of the sap of the pods; the former, aim, nut apparently be poorer in morphine than the latter. weed* of the injured porta are used ftr oil; the oil cake* of Urn need are much liked by the cattle, and the stems ana lea vim may bo used as manure or fuel, their allien containing much alkaline matter. A gentleman fanner at Winsiow (England) made, in 1R21, an experiment with the |>oppy on 4>j acre* of land, which rave the following result ?60 11m of dried opinm, 71>, gallons of oil and toe oilcake*. In tins experiment the stems and leaven were not u?ed. At about tt?e name time a similar experiment was made in Erfurt (tier many), tlie result of which wu the average pain of one grain (4S0 to the ounce) of opium from every pod. Calculating ntue *<|uare inched of land and two pojipy heads to every plant, the results 01 the latter ex p. risnent coiucide very Willi the Conner. Thi* ha t result is not to be wobderetk at, but rather the (tinny idea ol' the European experimen talist, in their wet ami changeable climate to eutir into competition with the producers of opium in the *unny climes of the Kast ?ome twenty years a?o ?n attempt to produce opium was made by a I>r. Webster tewi*. of Eewisburg, YorK county, Pa., who informs the public, through the Jfaiicat Recorder of 1 S:,4, that alter many unsuccessful experi ment he lias fallen ou a mode of cultivation both easy and profitable, and that good |>oppy seeds mar be hat from him. It seems he was not successful in Ins poppy need trade, to Judge by the continued importation of this drug here and in Uo-tou. Pennsylvania i* not a whit better situated, or, rather, is a< ill favored by nature, f?r the production of opium a* either Kngland, France or liermany. In old Europe the poppy attain* hot 3)f to 4 leot in height, and the |*m1* the size of a li-n's egg;, whereas in a more congenial climate the plant readies ex feet and more, and the pods the size of a little child'* head. Considering this, the fact will not be found a*to 1.. shing that one acre of poppie* in the East produces up to one hundred and thirty pound* ol mercantile opium, and more, too. " EMANUKI. WE133. Nkw Yoku, July 3, lH.ld. Diabolical Attempt to Destroy Life. [From the B?>*t6u i'ravollpr, July 10. J A mo.-t luul attempt to commit wholesale murder by blowing up the house of Mr L'Qomxs Wetheren was the ot gnat excitement iu Bu<htou yesterday morning. The liou>e In question is captrMi and strongly built, two stories a half high iu front aud three in the rear, with a cupola on the top, aud ta worth several thou- ana dollars. It is situated on I'niou square. opposite the new Baptist meeting house, aud is occupied l?y Mr. Wetheren. whose family numbers seven, aud by hU partner, Mr. Cyrus Brown aud family, five in number. 'lho explosion occurred about 1 A. M. Mr. Wetheren and liis wife slept in a chamber in the rear, above the sitting room; ami below the latter la the cellar kitchen, in which, as it supposed Irom the lave? that were found, the keg ?l jMJWder wxs placed. Mrs. Wetheren was arouaed by the none of the explo i-lon, and though she had no di-tlnct idoa of whit hid occurred, spoke to her husband, who immediately b? i ame aware th it a dense sni1 k* was tilling the room, the plastering of the Kitting room b? low having been torn olT iu hucli a manner as to admit its free passage. He hur ned down stairs ti.e back w*y. but could not enter thj kitchen on account of tha thick emoke. He perceived, however, t> at the house was ou tire, and directing his w;!e and children to leave b> another passage way, he obtained a llrkln of water standing near tne bmise, and with tin- aid of the ne.glibors, who soon assembled, suc ceeded in mencbiiif tiie tin met, though the powder -m >kr which till' d the house for aeveraJ hours led th? inmates to search repeatedly during the night, from fear that in Home part It was Hill on tire The chief sceM of disaster wa* in the rear "The kitchen is a mass of ruins. A stout brick wail is in some |mrfc thrown do* u aud iu others crai'^od and br >ken ho that it must be demoli-hed. The window fram<M and blinds are blown out baddy, aorae of them lauding at a consi derable distance from the houtc. The stout partition of a. -bed adjoining the kitchen Was thrown down, the doors being blown off and broken The wall above the kitchen wa> blown up, and the furniture of the sitting room had fell down, Idling the kltehen with brok >n stuff, furniture, boards, crockery, &c , A;c., In one mass of ruins. The Urge cooking stove in the kitchen was broken. A consi derable quantity of matches were found upon the top of it of a different kind from lllote used in the house. In the cellar a partition was blowu down aud .he beams started. The parlor, which i< in front, on the aame floor With the sitting room, H till d with the fragments of the furniture w ith which it was tarnished. A heavy sofa lies In froat of the llreplace, having been thrown aero* a the room by the rising of a portion of the tloor for about a foot. Ms hogauy chair* were brokeu into am til piece*, and a card table wan nearly demolished, together wlthmauy dataller article*, A looking glvs fell with the lace downward u|>on the floor an 1 was not broken. Hie window frtme* Of this rconi ??(? blown out ThU u the chief damage In the jiart occupied by Mr. Wetheren The tloor of the parlor on the op|KMlte side of the front entry was raised so as to make It impossible to opca the door. A stove near the fireplace was thrown across the room and broken. A room adloiolug this. In the rear, appears to have escaped serious injury, but the kitchen endemcnth was a good deal damaged, a partition between lliat and the kitchen of Mr. Wetheren having been thrown down and a stove started from the fireplace and broken. The windows of this kitch?n and of the cellar were blown out and throwu Into the field beyond. It was fortunate for the inmates that they all slept In the upper part of the house, which is uninjured, the puw. erfii! powder blast tludiug vent by bursting out the -dde* oi the lower part of the building. The clock in the kitch en of Mr. Wetheren utopied at half past one, which In dicates very nearly the time of the explosion. The tnmates of the a 't Joining houses were all awakened by the shock, which sho>k the furniture as if an earth quake had orcu -red This morning a targe erowd were ? (amining the rains, and measures we>e taken to have a Irgal investigation hy call ug on a Justice of the Pence to hold a Arc inquest. Mr. Wetheren has an Insnr inoe upon the htuseof 91.100 at the Brighton odlee. His furniture, which Is badly da nmged, l? not Iniured. As to the cause of this murderous set nothing Is known. Ou the 4th of July Mr. Wetheren im i some words with several boy* who were firing crackers on bis premises, and at night they came to the house and called upon him to come out ; but It is not probable that for *o si ghl a < ause they would deliberately attempt to take the lives of twelve human lielngs i me gentleman. In wonder and astonishment at the ?oene. filed up hts bands and declared that Im would not have believed socb an outrage could hare been perpe trated this side of Kanaas. Drilrurtlri Fir* In (HlraRo. [From Uie Chicago l're??, July ST) CHILD Bt'RKKD ? NIK! HWEI.MN08 DE-TROTKD? TWBNTT IOKW AND ML' I. KM Bt'RMBD Alxwit four o'clock ye*teriay aft rnooo, a Are broke out In the naif liable of tfeorge O. Sutherland, on the northeast corner ?f ftate anl Adan is streets, which speedily destroy*! it, anil around the b lor it and across A Urn* *tre?t, until uiot dwelling* war* in ruin*. Ona nf the upper room* of the ws* occupied bp the 'nmlly of an employe about th.' building, on* of wlmse children wa < |? ft rick in bed, aad b irned to death before the room could he reached. The stable contained a'Mint a hut. 'red horses A<me i v'bt or nine of lhn?e lak< n out were burned en that they were k.lW to< ii afVr. Two or three bor*e< and a pau nf mules were literally rnatlcd, but atill able hi stand when knocked In the bead. There vutrn in*< <>n the stable which wa* Just ? otnph'te?l. The proprietor rafnsed tlO.OOO ft>r It last work. A blacksmith shop next north nf the stable mi* street, occ upied by .1 (?oo.! win * Co . waa wholly burn ed Hi* f.imlly m4 la the upper story, and saved a part of tbeir faraiture The next house. No 1*7 Wate street, wan occapled as a dwel'lngby Mr ?.ag'\ whoee furniture wa* partly *ared. The home Is 4 part of the Ullea Spring eetate, belonging to minor htirr. The brick house Wo. lift "Hate street, was aornewhat damaged. It Is occupied byKdwin Hunt, whoa* fiirsl tore wis partly removed. The house also belong* to the Pprtag eetate The lr\ ing House, opposite the stable, was badly aeorched, sad was only protected by treat exertion* by wet blanket* from the roof and the shad* treea la front ? fit. In the window of a * rug store below, a Jar of alan hol was so hoateil that It Ignited while being retaored, but was extlngulabed without damage The buiMicx on tho south eaet corner of Main and Adam*. orcaptad by H A Fairmaa, waa nearly eon sume. i Hie furniture waa rotnoTad and greatly damaged The rurnltnre of Mr L. P. Douglas. So 21 I sui.\ w.u removed, but the house wa* untouched by the flam*a The hoaae on ibe north sl<le of Adam* street, nest east Oftlip 'IjI'Ik *?S M 'l pied 1/)- Wiiham MB, bookkeeper for Maasrs. (ioas k Moag The fnrnlture was oaly partly takea out, aad the bulldtag nearly destroyed. Another houae unoccu Mod wa* destroyed, aa was sleo one which wa* occupied by Mr. Olderabaw, whoee fuml ture waa greatly damage.) by ha*ty removal. The furnitnra waa all removed from the house of Mr* Mirble, or \t oast on A da ma street, but the hou*e escaped with a bad scorching. A glri in one of these houaea, staying too long, la order to save furniture, was surrounded by Hams* and badly bnraed. on the south side of Adams street the ftarnitare wa* all removed from the house No. 42, occupied by Hiraaa Browa, but the house was unhurt. The house next west, owned by Rafe Schneider , waa burned The flirnlture wa* partly sared. A double brown house, next weat, wa* occupied br Mr. Granni? and Mr I'enuy. and wa* totally oonsumed. Only a small part of the fhraitura waa sared. Tgi What Cwcr in TraannA? We notloe by our Virginia exchanges that they ield of wheat la gener ally larger than wae expected. Th.- BTIncltestor Hrr/toi/m *ays there ia a good yield In I hat county, and the qtmltty of the grain ha* rarely been bettor. 8U11, In Clarke and J. fTerson, the fhrmer* wtll aot concede more than half an average crop, and in Frederick the case ia warae. tn Warren an avarag* will not he raached tn Page, a latter *a)S, the crop has turned out bevond the amst sanguine aectat oo*. notwithstanding the hue aad cry of tha fly Jotot waras a saenth a?a. Ow Uw? fnrrrsp? iIihh , ? L*om, Iowa, June ST, ISM. Letter / rem Lyons?Location of Uie Place? BaCwaa #k* cT~l*rTm ^ Wat~A oJ^ZZ Men, Sc., dc. 1 write kom the city of Lyons, situ tted on UM lIlto. lMlppi river, about sixty miles south of Dubuque, II being- flP poslta to Fulton, in the State or Illinois, the termi nus of t ? ?1 lWl recently completed from Chicago. The distanoe from Chicago to Lyons by this road is but 1M miles, less by 36 wiles than an/ other point in the State of Iowa having a raUroad connection. Lyons is beautifully situated on a plat o( ground rising by a gentle acclivity Srom the Mississippi, while at ? short distance from the river are blutfr of moderate height, allordlng the most eligible sites for residence*. A number of these are In prooes* of erection, and in a few years the summits of thoce bluffs will be covered wiUa elegant and tasteful edifices. 4 The recent grant by Congress of taad to the Stale at lows for railroad purposes bus given great encourage ment to tbe holders of real estate here, as It secures be yond a d.subt tbe completion of Ihe ralircad in progress from this place to tbe Mif souri river. This raad is already graded for s'sae miles, and will in all probability be in running order by January next. or soou after, to Unquckcta, a dwtance ot 36 miles. It is estl mated that the Congressional grant secures to Mm Lyons road at lent 8(10, 006 seres of laort. which at the raUi of $& per acre, a moderate estimate upao tbe completion of the road, would yield four sMIlions of dollars. The country back of Lyons, as I knew from' personal observation, in of tbe most beautiful and productlroniiar acter. After amending the blulf-. you reach n roilinff prairie, the seil being deep uul exceedingly prolific, at thH sea?nn entered with grass of richest verdure, except where tho Heidi* ef wheat and corn diversify the proa pect. The scene to truly enchanting. aiul Ihe beholder no longer wonders at tbe praises that have been lavished ui?n trie magnificent and fertile prairie* of tha West. Here and there nuty be seen the hardy settlers, with their oxen, engaged in "breaking" the virgin' prairie. For this purpose it is necessary #o use from twelve to aix tasto mm. Ilia snd Mm vsry tough aud unyielding. it is turned over and suffered to rot. and ? tlien ready for cultivation the ensuing fail or spring. Alter the prairie is "broken" subsequent ploughing u comparatively easy. Tlie pane causes which have contributed to make Dn buque anil m?venj>ort cities of iiu(>oi tance and centra* of trade must inevitably secure to Lyons a position second to but few poiLts in the State of Iowa. Chicago Is the point towards which trade tends, until yew get some what further down tho river, when St. Louw becomes ? competitor. Lyons being nearer by thirty five miles to Chicago than any other point having direct railroad com munication and with a hack country of th* greatest beauty, fertility and liealthfulness. pouring its products into her lap her future is truly bright and promising. The populat on is rapidly increasing on every side; new buildings are in progress, and yet the supply of stores and dwel ings is very inadequate. 1-ulton, opposite to Lyons, is likewise a thriving town; but the universal iuw that cities on the Iowa side of tha Mississippi have the advantage, in a business point S i view, comi>are<l with those oa the Illinois si ie, establishaa beyond a doubt the pre eminence of Lyons. Kxcept within a few mil> s of Fulton. produce seeks an Eastern market, away tioin the city, wlnleen the Iowa side every thing tends towards the river, there to ins res hipped at this point, princi al'y to Chicago. This advantageous position is illurtratcd in the cases of Dubuque and Davtn port. At Fulton is located one of tbe finest hotels in the West ern coi titry, erected by Mr. Dement, the original pro prietor dt the til'- ol Fulton. Its ctal was about $100, OtO. *::0,000 ad< itional having been es^tatded for tbia furniture. The traveller through the Western country, who again visits it alter a short absence, Is ainiaed at tb> rapid progress of everything here. Transformations which it takes years to eflect at the East are here produced in al most as ninny months. Everywhere life and activity prevail lbe prices ot land and town lots, and the fo lure prospects and comparative advantages of different points, are Ihe principal topics of conversation Thoao who have predicted u revulsion throughout tin- West, maintaining I hat prices are fictitious, and cannot bo sns tamed, and fiat ere long tbe crash must OStne, have not yet seen their predictions verified. As yet there are no signs ol it. 1'rices of real estate instead of receding; are steadily advancing, and although there must bo n limit, it seems not yet lo have been reached. To tbe man of energy and enterprise, U.0 West pre sents a very iu\ ding field. With judgment an.i sag-icity, and a little capital, bis pro* porta are undoubtedly (ar b rtter than they are at Uie Kist, and lew who como to this part of the country i eturn disappointed. There are yet many opportunities tor investing money with a cer tainty ot reaping a rich harvest. I ?hall pursue my travel further along the river, and into the interior of the State, and, should rircumstancsn allow, I may write you again from some other point. Our Minnesota Cormpondrnr*. tir. Pavl, Mix. Tm., June M. 1AM. Territorial Prr>grct*?A * Historical Sx.iety Building M St. Paul ? .S'j Jm /wf Aiyrarance of the l'n>plt ? 1 'Italy qf lAidift ? 1\e Military anil yiretttm?A Settler' i Semi nitcrnce ? llinlt to Emigrant*- Scenery Around St. P*ml ?Otttrui Ihxirinet PuliAeit As the growth aud progress of this interacting corner Of our country are bringing thousands ot people op the '?Father ot Waters," to behold for themselves the cliancee for iwcunlary ten strikes, perhaps a short account of on day '4 proceedings, and a few reflections upon the mani fest destiny thereby chalked out, nay be worth the paper and ink to print them. Yesterday ths corner stone of the building for the Historical Society of Minnesota was laid, and, compar ing the newness of everything, and the short notice, M was moat creditable. The masses of well dressed, intelligent and respectable people, of both sexes, who joined in the procession and lilted up the grounds ?>?! the eere monlm were performed, were the best iadioMs? of the solid foundations upon which the prosperity of MM Territory rest*. The ladies were out la crowd*, and. If ? stranger may be allowed to have a say, the happy has bands are evidently men of taste, and the bachelors are just the contrary for slaying single, when there a re se many pretty girls about them ? that is, provided their lietng single is a self infliction. The Flying Artillery, an tler Major Sherman, added greatly to the effect , as did tho tin men, dlilercut orders of masons, butchers and beys: M of all, Ihe MM took mv eye. N-veral very good aiiceches were made by the Mayor. Ueul. 'Usury, If. It. N , of worUlwide reputation, sod Mr. iiashrook, of Use York, When It Is remembered that In 1M7 or '4d. the Indiana were the occn|?nt* of the m il ufxin which Ht. Paul Ktanda. snd where nourishing -treeU are now running out in all directions, a tew years ago were the bunting grounds of the MMfk the min i ? an hnnlly MMN tb* reality, tor wonder The same advancement bold* good as It appltoo to the Territory gen?r*lly. Everything tint MM intelligence, energy, and a considerable quantity, too, af ' ? do, are dom( their -tm.. t to liauen tba time when this Territory will be one of the m ><t wealth/ States in the lokm. St Paul, at you know, ?tani* at the legitimate bead of navigation, and at thai happy spot where the iliderent wliu h the MeeMNtM or agri culture and eommeree will bring into existence, mu?t ap proach , The mercbandM* from below, ai a general thing, must stop here, and the surplns productions from the great West Will here flad their Orat market. Such are the facts and the manifest destiny resting upon UmM must be obviona to every one. This country combines in a rare degree the advantages f"r wealth. h<-altb snd pleasure, and, above all, is a spM ? here those pence loving, orderly people can On J a boats, free tro.n three dangers to wbich the Extern Mate t are expoeed by the schemes ol wicked pslittctane. The river scene*. St. Anthony * Kails, Fort Hnelttng, and the charm ing tails of Minnebobn, a fit place for lh? bride of Hia watha to play the mermaid, besile* the cooatlees sum her of lake*, abounding in Ash. make up a combination ef attractions snd eo'iroes of am iseiaent fur the ?traa*er and resident which can scarcely be (bead In any other part of the conotry. In a low years Ml. Paul must be a large city ; and If the country is only hle? ?ed with ordinary prosperity, that day i* not tor dKtant Kverythlng here, however, do pends upon peace both M home and abroad. A civil would be utterly ruinous, and a foreign war would ai the devolpement of the West generally for years If emigration la stopped, and our sxportaUoa* est 1 which would of courae be the result ol a foreign war West would be ruined, it seems like a sin that an many 1 1 opes and toir prospects should be saarifijed by poli tician*, who rlek the happiness of the industrious sad peaceable In order to get the aupp<irt ?f the unruly an* filibustering outlaws who add nothing to the country bet dtagrace. 1 do not think that the filibustering platform of Clncta nati will take so well ae Its author* thought Ihe Mi people are getting tired of K. This part ef the platform will keep off many good men who otherwise would go With the democrats If sorb doctrines are carried ana ruiaous wars and demoralisation mast be the result. Iks democrats ought to take it beck before it Is too lata. 8otrrBMtxBAri.iiOAPOoiivwTiow.-The WohHtoi papers contain roll re|?-rt* of the proceeding* of tha South ern Railroad A?er? lati-in which assembled M Ashland, Vlrftola, on Tne?day The following are the most im portant item* In addltioa to those already pulliebed:? The President, as chairmaa of the oommltiea on foti ilay malls, reports*! He stated that the Postmaster (Jetx rsl had consented to permit tho-e eompnniee thM desired (1 to mi?a oce mail on Sunday, If the other wae carried regular. A committee of three was appointed to arm upon tbo officers of railroads, north at Weldon, North Carolina, tho re-establishment of tha second Sunday trains. Th* following Motion was adopted ? fteaolvsd, ThM to* snmmMss b* taatrotfed to tasair* Ms the proprtaty of oztag a through foat maU aad passenger ?module from Montgomery to Washington at a speed of ahoM *1 miles per hoar, with ao aaaaeessary iMiatoai Iks se cond train to be run a* an areommodauoa train, but to make ?? Ike < ommittee on fixing tba prtoe of a through Uckst between Washington and Now Orleans, reduced the prtco V' Wfi. The former prtoa was HI. The report of tho oommittee was adopted. On niMton, the Assooiattoe adjourned nntll the Than day after the first Moaday la May aext, at Augusta, Oe-rgla Oa Tuesday evening the members of the CoovenUoM were entertait ed at a supper given by the citlasm* af Rlcbm'ipd. Among the peaker* oa the oOM lice the name of Ma(or Trimble <4 Delaware. ***atio?. ? Tlie negro** of this m.i . trill ^csMbrat* the anaiversary ot the ema rvnl lD<* Dliin llllvi1^ nil thM lit* a flf Springs. * ,h* lM ?* at CUfV*