Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 21, 1856, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 21, 1856 Page 2
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but a smooth sea, and all goes well. American ice cools tie water ai-d hardens the butter, aid a better table in spread thau was expected, The officers seem obliging; bnt the passenger* ? good gracious, iow frigh-.ully still ! ? for most of them are servants of the Company, from the highest to the lowest, each vaiu of his position, out nil forgetting that a voyage at sea generally brings them all to a loveL Nothing but dignity thus far, however. When will they unbeud, unless they wish to bo eccentric? I'll 1 content m) self by exchanging a friendly word with flbose who, from crying, have be^an to talk, and iu reading Macau la J *h last volume till I get to Aden. ; Hp to thia tune not even a moonlight song. How different from the courtesy on board of the North Atlaiitic steamships! There all ia chterlulness and ! good nature Here yen are froze a with the dignity ttf office. Of course, there are exceptions. On the 17th, ato P. M., after luxuriating in the beautiful scenery ol Ceylon, which had attracted our notice since the morning ? scenery of the tropi cal kind, .>ud celebrated for its resplendent beauty ? we got a pilot, and made last our author otl the alone fort of Point de <!alle. Another style of na tive is alongsiae ? the men woaring long hair rolled up behind wt^h a circular tortoise shell comb, like woven, ?? -hat you und it a difficult thing to distin guish them from the ottier gender. Aiintoer style ot b< ,.t waits to take von oil. tor a shilling ? a boat more pet nliar than any 1 have wen since leaving Port I'hiiip. remarkable tor its siugular construction ? more singular than the catamaran at Madris. where two logs tied together n;ake a jrood surf boat. Tld:- '*ne consists of one log, b illowed out and boxud up, the top part about twelve >n<:hes wide; and y>u ?iu stt upon a platform overhanging the water. o keep The thing trom capsizing, they have ail ??trigger, so-ie ten fceilong, running parallel with the b* it, made ot hoavy wood. I a-ned the boat- | man they ever t irned over, and he promptly 1 replved " Frequently." Tfiere were several hotels on shore, bat the New Mausicu House seems to be the favorite. 1 had no fault to tind my board, und the only objection touching the bw was on account ot the parti j lions 1 1 the se\e-al I ,lrooni3 e.vondinar only half wa< to the ceiling, giving your neighbor the oppor tunity of hearing every movement in ths? room. There is but oue two horse carriage in the pi ice, and that was private so our partv were obliged to | put up with a "jerry: ' and having no time to iose, vre were driven out to where the ciutumoa grows. The only things you see there, however, are a few etuuted rini anion trees: but the ride along the snore was the best, the whole li istau .e shaded by groves of coc?a and beetle nut trees: and the little that: hed aotlagee or hub of the Singalese give an interesting picture to those unaccustomed to the island. We went beyond the grove, to " see the elephint " draw stone to'where a new bridge is being built across one of the little rivers Hemming, we visited oue or two of the Buddhist temples, none of which b<>re any comparison to those in China: gaudy pictures on the walls, without any idea of perspective, repre senting all the chractenstks of their creed, were the only things noticeable. We also visited the Kng'ish and the Dutch burial place*, where the number id tombs tell that the fate of ma" is the same in every land, but that some climates shorten life. John Black, a Scotsman, who has been a resident here for msuy years, is the representative of the United Mates, and the time will be long distant when he h is any one to oppose him a' Washington, for I fancy that there an few Americans desirous of locating in (>a!Je; fur the arrival and departures of the Company's Sioats, and the occasional anpearance of s freight seeking ship is all you have to break the inono'ony ot living there, or adding commissions to your account. Point D* (ialle is a walied city, and though built so long ago, the fort ramparts and embankments are still strong, and show little decay. The Dutch and the Portuguese hav given their features to many of tboae you meet within the wads. but the number ji Europeans in the city are under twenty. The l'ui'?d >tate* steum?hip S*n Ja 4nt ? has ja<t coaled here and none on to Peuang, ^ iicre Mr liar tin hart been twuung her. A.* a taal station th ? port la important, l ot f..r little ei-e; were it not for the *t?anien? it would be unknown as a shipping place for a dav en rout*. It la a tlosrer girdeu n comparison with the onnbarrit desert of Mad ran. I find letter# and paperi here f.-om Melbourne to the 23d January. Ou the 1-th at 3 P. M , we sailed for Aden, aul arr.vt d a: noon ou the 26tU, one of the mcr<t rapid pa*e?gi s recorded between ttie port-*. I found the place of more inteiert that) I c.;pe> ted. hut there la* a d'earine-m at out it that {('.wo a man the blue*. It mu*-t he now pome twenty year* >ince tbi* rock bound port we* taken fnwn ti e" A nib- by tue Kwt India (Joe, racy. Mter getting Tvu-w-^ioa tiey had tome t|. ;.i le t.i'll '.he lu;tni<,' ? n sever. i ti'lle# trie J to ie>.;.in they u.^d l<wt. '1 > conipromi<ie, the C ompany I ?::i i!irorci*-d, agreed t > pay live lacs in rip? es to t'.e .oltan oi Labm!*, hat I d .n't re iwnNr of bis ever geuiiig a penny Aden u an ancien port. IV brightest history in In tlie pa.t ?Koran peneitK T'.rk *b mcrh*nte, and t.Id navig 'tor. or "ye day* of \e (Te(.l king Solynian, ' were familiar with the harf>or ind tti. rock, which ri*?s np H>n.e two thoufa^d !e?t n tiie air. (Jem i lie* afc'o A len must Date been a port of some coo -iteration. It* importance nov i? considerable. Kngland want* it ? the Ea.-t India Conijiauv require* K, i..r it i* jnat tiie pbee fur a <<>ai ^Ltiha? but nothing moi? It ts thr (jtbralUr of Arabia, b it it* fafUfiations are not commanding. The barter fori* would fbake to piece* l?* the discharge of tb?-.r own guns, but the Turki?h wail i? iu> re rc-pe tabic. I *?? surpri-ed to find some 20 <x? natives here, twit Knropean* aie ixH n mcrou?. One win/ of ? Kuf peen regiment? a regiment >??;?>> ?. fr > u India nay about tw. thousand troops? the tl >nor? ble Company are "hliifed to keep here to hol<f t ie piece against the icpcnUd attack* ?f the horde* uf - <-n the other i-oaat, who, f allowing out th mi/it" ?>f rc Honorable Company tint "migut 1 ? right," are da*ifoni ot r? taking the domain. The rock, the plain, and the wnde shore, lookn Uirun; nor bird, r.or l?e.i<l. nor plant, nor rreep nf tli np? you nji/Ul alm'^t *ay, with- >;t n. repreoe tiug n ithintf of not* ? <an be *r?n from oar anchorage or f i oDi the fori and vJIag* on tar l*ach Too m'it-t li?Te a d >uk*y f?r an Ar t1* km the m< sent yco gei, and take a rid" a). Lff tlie liea<ii. thr .ugn tne Uut< bed finage. pa<t lie ioa? of grii<ite r? ck oftr t .e loug military Md di wn > n ler tlie bridge. thr??uh the d.e i dark paar. xe way cut rvit of the ??! d rtv k. to the cautottnent* or l amrka in the valley heneatb. wb?re you will find the native t>?wn. Ute S-poy barr ? ks, t?;?- Kurm^ari *? tti> m- its, tlv < u.ipel on Ute Mh i rtne L|44Xip?Uatajuw< tlie a'4<ndrai hal>w lor tiie Hon an t'ttboiua the unit gr mnd, aid a 1 tba: there u to :.<>te .it Aden. Oa eri-rv -ide <?f ?o i aotbi. giut rn*k. rr> k rock- It wo dd be bvna'i i.t to live ber< . The Company hav -pent pienty of n < n??y n Jon:fji''g. hut the money ha? not l?e. i well invenicd '?ay M'i e <1 our military pa^n-jT*. A partj of feli.iW;. p i-?e<l a fe v h irn at tlie n .w-l n< -t pleasantly with opj?r. with MntimeBt and with - >u#r- il* pinee wa< cton?ten?1 aod will ke^i tiii we mv it again. 1 atu v'om.h. l t ? ? e I h (<oorly fortihcd are many of tbe porta of Kuj 1 . d ? eolonie* I a i not well up in rach ?a- t; a. and never ?tudi? d v?-.lwn. but it would appear to me that bad Uw 1 -ml tleet l*eo wlliinff to ran (be ri?k of liriti it cruieer*. they mi?rht have bimliarded Siiigi p?re. 1 . nai.g, W??lraa. and Aden, hut the dartim* ti??n of property would Lave loen tbe <*ly indui e B>eiit for they . nil. I not have heid tie place* for any length f.f lime, for tbe Or ental ?trtmem ran trait* Btroopa po?t haote to protect th Hag ol Knrlan-I. there i* one thing pretty <ertaln; India can ?pit re no troop* for the rrim^a. H?i? want* t:??"n all within her em p. re, for tbe native* are alwava pMUaff. -Tf ?M1K4 ID TMF RKO ?K*. Is m* R?d h?a, o?r irw, ) MoWimt. Aran. 1, I*4<5, > On tiour>i tbe -t?ani*hip Nuhia. S LWiH( Plan of th* hrnrlttf ? European* gotwg Hirmi Mnrmtrt of wn* In han Rfmrtmii?E.'. qmrit* *f En?t*rn OJfiruit*?H'iat th*y Think of th* t!mt*d SltUf ? Ifmti to 7V<*eW/er?. We * teamed out of Aden on tbe 2?th InaL. and two hour* later Ve *hall anchor a little he low where the lmelit** trowed tbe Red Hea (probably at low Ide). Onr voyage from India ha* l>eeo mo*t plea aant ,aa well a* rapid? only twenty-two day* from Cal cutta to Hoe*, a <ii*tance nf 4.T67 mile*. The NnMa to one of the moet magnifloent of the ?plendld fleet belonging to tbe Oriental Company: i* aome 310 feet in length, and ton* regiater. and accom modate* about one hundred and thirty pawagerM. HUrting from tbe Hoogly with a goodly nnmber. we have added to it at Madras Oalle and Aden till we I have a fnll < omplement, among which are thirty-fan r I rMJdren under ten yeara of agr>. which number iarlude* eight ha be*. The *ew?n i* nearly over, and thoee who have tbe n^an* and '?? get permMon frill the Hnrornble C'>mpany are flocking hom?\ bat the next steamer* from May to Aagn*t, will he le? crowded, for tbe hot season is not the time for crowing tbe Pe-ert or the Indian ocean, ft ha* sf fouled ae no litt!*' *mo?ement to note the rtifMfcfe manners of the Kast Indiar*. Although now *one h tee week* together, tbe dirbKyof nftior and the r?rs -s, - ? s--r *" n. h.?uu^ e-?? ? ?? '?Cv.o ..,.b? u^--?-ssrr srsrtsfsrs - **? irrrs^^t i to have "HIV. ^ m0#t T'^Tof'1 SwtoS h* he been oat-and wbaf doea be reccive per month ? U he a ooUec U,f ?f a '**???? ST h^ ? ?VS?S <?* qaeriee wbeu the new comer -# b- ^r'a'^nted on board our i? r .. i collector to the contort ot a men !? irnfti' Council: from a lieutenant In the Indian wniv (not unit*) to a commander-in-chief. Wj> *e arm} U'ot V " ' i k Wave, others on a three we gong home on ?? or two have bee.t a ?tuar vacation *h ^.v^;and retirv with u lire eroi a f? jt^. 4 f wy h they nave paid L^.ho l??w b"???? " .1. innate ? their names do uoi heart the lift an 1 me . Zfr %SLS . Ik h i Miv Th?* meuibt r 01 Couucil , wb > f- S fiftS Sits *j: If thoopht ec.-*n,rU. if you a a, candi<iite a*?' sJ? sysjsss s?ss IUU. SSJS' do what tn y P fur and wide, nay amen. S3 hszz sss r-s *:???? what surpiited one tine uiorim-K s ?yv* for aCHn ^ai^ tie kine and millions of acres of fertile SS^??i3?iffSfi lb. ?.;? A& The directors will give nj n wJU ?f rl^te, Ae^tn wvl^tertm mrn^ receive the peixju* a*k him, through but Parliamentary ^ch will the treari-O ? j m aj j,rme an on op?na^b^.andthJt ?^0Eg1?(ni,. Three fortunate one for ^ * (ti.-mi)peaml wince Warren Brtiah politician* are ?rri raws ?*i "whkrlyffetteKtlto.ii h?* DO an lnui^ W- ending a few ragi* | npbt to lolU.w Dtr ???* d Atnerica I mu te into ^ Se MaW Oude L l u? rifrlit > * Uintory of India, and ? ?'? ?~i bra,L,"t in* the J?.k .mBl(l ma.le the voyacc I oinitrl> the ^ the? ie!t t^eir couacieuce; totS:?^the old ?}lng.thev forgot bikt, pxrarge w m?u, r^tnrti Now the over to tnke it up af ain ustoBi, and vou m'utt lam I .one la. chauRcd ^ ot Uke t>?M?ee in th . ^ b-it meet many offidaT lite in . Jot v0(1 are brought in v"n i*r:S K wb^U ime what they do not Tmi v. u fu l d -pitted with the envy aiM ^;;!A?i"ma"S.ShoM^r at the oth^J, u the Mtirv who*- ren?u?er?tii?o u> lenn-- mouata h ^^,"k^?-?harterrd hnmmn. by Lord! -M *.is. ssis. rtSa'Sac uent de-1 atcue- ^Terti-emeut. B it n?ave* ahl enouirh of my I, a now will nn?y all that may -tin 1'ar.tiJ^r { ?? Tr V ol the Nubia ? partv -etHMB I rru,n ,*t?a?n O.r -fficer, were m . t , lK^v. n ?ett#tt n^iior. without a cabin polWi; mail. buy a ch dr. or el 5 . .i.Vt 'tia the cuatom. K??< h [?a-.?*n?jur rfflSL' .Wurb-?iwjjl?ti ..a^or Ref K.0,t '/'^Uteg "h?P*' but it an ^en. Itrf -u-am era in norrr. C.wmr>. Eotit, Ipril 1, l<tM, I \t Hhxpblrb - Hotel. \ i ,lt;rfSt:rr III PfifmiiU" Hutrl* ami Trudr - II'! a/ 1 1 fl'w ? itttd li'hiil if li?Trar*! to Cn<r? I toIm t arm ant :nd l'U?r m - A It i mpu cf tht I 'if av.ttii. W< :r t D' t lor tb* Indian tr ul* th?* name of Sue wonld ? rf b* m< nli'wl. ev?-pt by 'hp Orin'U ?ot.,-i?t, who, ,n hi* enth'tdwn. jnur-wya * r -m the ? r ' ? I'f ? :.?? . ?o thai h may *? ? where tri-l lion b?? trac?d th< track of l?ra?l ? where Pharaoh |o?t lit* amy. Fv?n with the mmecuw traffic 1ntrf? d> ?*??! by the f'tiin-uUr and Oriental Company, h-ner in atill dead to modern li'e- a rniaerable bou*l, a branch of thi*. a chapel, a dilapidated ml n for a town numbering *orne 5,000 in it* population of the lower riM of Arab*, ami a few *? ient and mo lem recolkctloM, an all 'hat gne it notice. The ?l ?re trade ia aboliahed. and the tnonop dy of tra<le wi h Jeddn. f >rm*rly in the hand* of the ! <evaatine n< r chant*. la alao broken np. There are *ome fifty fo reigner* reaklent. nine of which are Rulidi. tb* other* Icing French aud Malta**. The port l? * t* an Fngll*b f'onaul. I pity bin. Tbe overland rou'e ? ae opened in 1 <40, by Lie-it Waghorn. after which Hill A Co. t>ok It up; thei the Fa-Vrn Transit Company, ia 1H4.1. Hat tw > rear* later tbe l'.i*ha went into the carrying trade and tbe Egyptian government ha* *ince eoadcaoend ed. for a lundwrtne oonoidera'ion, to vt a* aervant* to tin1 Fnffuah Meant Company, in taking their pa* aengera an<l freight acroa* the de?ert. Tbi*. of ooorae. ha* given Suea what little notVe It etijoj-a. Homo *ix'y year* ago N*a[H>l?on encamp ed here, anl hi* bendqt arter* ahow how poor ware hla Egyptian Kcomm'dationa. It will i? remem bered 'that Rtw* waa the town that Ixwarne very nearly being th? grave of Mahctn?t All. Th?* Mum hike* had planned hi* anamination well. but the aecnt leaked oat. and in the night time the great general escaped on a ?wifl dromedary, and llred to return tbe Mameluke* trea> hery in the citadel, but more ancceaafnlly, Tbe Tranait Company hare w?me fifty van*, a? they aro railed? tw? whwled carriage*? a klml of Black Maria -intended for aix nwide paewngera? ancomfirtaMe and inconve nient each drawn by four h -r*e* The tana arr m*d? in F^rypt: no Engh?b mannlacnr r iroold >wn mh traf?*. Tbe ooapany al*o have aomo 009 Arab ard wjn-ian boraea, nnd t?ro hundred m il?<; hot the Mki or flfiO cam*la recjnlred to tr*n* nlf t'ie inland and ontward freight and luifgage l*"li*uar to the Kh?>ik?. The d 'tance fmm Nner to Ctlm i* elsr'ity fmr milea.entnpoaed of aiticin -ti?* of live mile* eich. We chance 1 B(;een limea, and fonr ni'-al- w re fhr. ntabed for the trip.batsoch meals as would disgrace a F'Vf Prints rcHtnumnt ? camel stew, and a desert chicken . and coflfee that gives you the nausea beiore y< u taste it The Pasha, I am doahdent, has order ed the Met, and moat likely the fault ia with the subs. 1 ol serve that moat of the vaus have mule* in the sba'ts and horses on the lead; that both mules and hort-es are ahod with a round shoe, leaving only an open air hole in the centre; that they are Led by the teet to a long rope in ftn>nt ot the stables, which aie c<m'oi table buildings; that the wheels of the vehicle* are far apart, and that a semophoric tele graph post ia at each station. But along the whole range <1 desert is naught but a dry yellow sand aud gru\ el, us iar as the eve can reach. Part of the road is c at adanked , but most ol it is opeu and exposed. It tlic oveiland journey is so tedioas and void of com toit in carriages, what must it have been when you bad to cruMt on camels ? it ia a dreary, desolate jounev. Not a single tree ? yes, there was one. a nmtiuiile scrub, ana now and then a bush or thistle; but nothing green? nothing instinct with life ? not t v en roc ks. to vary the scene ? uau _ ht but au e verl ant ing res oi said- band ou ever) aide ? mountains of it id tLe disiam e; but plains near at band. for our track ? it can t be called road ? lies direcily through the * ulle\ 1 be aitistic. p* nhng ol the " Dying Camel'' ? Hi o was it Ly i? liequemly came up before me as 1 taw tLt decaying cat arcs ol the laithiul quadru i ? d fcutieu ii along the desert, in aU stages oi decay ; Liii i L? b< btf? vok td ce.-eri buds are ever shrieking near, k<t|U>K dbcoidunt tine with the jack all's ci> iik, sharp yell, ami when Hie has departed, they on n Hi' e tl.tii solitary u eal, giuttenizing in their gifulii i t-c t.Jl rat:ny makes them disgorge, only to {.litti.Di/t again, lne shrill wail of those carrion ? uds and tl e lierce, whistling, ghost like noise of il.e da lit wir.d is the morning and evening musicoi ibe .* rab retn ii gly an eternal requiem. To hiiu, n 'liter? bis lonely jot. ruty? to me it sounded as fum a t-epLlcb e 1 Lave spoken disparagingly of the mode of ti?t?it and our hold accommodations; but, to itltct, what muHt they have oeeu only thirty years ago? lieicre tile English go-. erniueut and English money aud English enterprise taught Ibe PuAiu Mime of tbe couitort* of civilized ale ? hotels in an inhospitable dt sert? oases pi u ted tij the V\ t stain Company in the heart of deflation. 1 elon*. no water, no reeling place, n> shelter, no Lioirifebii ei.t rave wlmt you carried ? uo humau beitg, save tbe act ldei.tiil meeting of tbe camel dtivtr oi the n.uieii . r, to relieve you in diuresis, and no im or peel o' reaching your journey's end for d*ys ulid w< eks, ii.sU nd ot hours, as now. Verily tbe charge is worthy ol contemplation, fii* Cape it'i.le wa.> a long journey, the nauels motion wis too slow who*. tbe shorter one across the desert was lii nt established. England saw her Indian em pire; li.diun hervabts a anted more coimort and despitch, and hug land i-aul to Egypt, **Let there ne i*tter anai.genicnts made, ' and tuey were made, lint tbe w edge only waslutioduced; * telegraphic Wire Las been ordered, "a railroad is under w:iy, aud shortly the whistling ot a Western locomotive will startle the lieoouin from his sleep on his sandy pillow, aud the rattling of a railway tr. in across bleacned skeletons of tbe ass. the mule and tbe camel will prove the sweetest of all sounds to those poor beasts of burden , whose labors have lieen so greatly lessened by the g .niuh and the ingenuity of civilued nun Towards tbe close of our journey several caravans of Arabs and native* passed us, their camels loaded with every possible kind f package. At Aden 1 saw a ship loaded down like a North Atlautic emi grant packet, with pilgrims bound to Mecca, but there were m>ne at Suez Tbe caravans iu our track were mostly for tbe purposes of commerce. Fot miles before we reached tne last station we saw w bat we supposed a lake oi dark blue water, shaded by trad, which were reflected from below, bat the distance dii not lessen? tbe deception was per ?.ct No wonder that Napoleon's anny began to show signs of mutiny and insubordination, for hopes iai>ed to be tb waited maktth tbe heart sick. It is a rcnarkable sight to witness the action of the sun a rays upon a sea of sand; tbe panoramic coagic of the lantern lulls into pttilul insigniliance wheu compMitd to tbe mirage of the Egyptian desert Thirteen stages had ended, when a shout froui the leading carriage announced the appearance of Cairo in tbt distance, and another shout us we timed tbe lend discovert d to >.s at the leit ot the city the won der of the world ? the pyramids of Egypt. Caimo. ^ypt, Aprl 3, I -<56, 1 AT SUKl'KKKD'^ Hurt. l. ( A Cairo Holt I and its Chargti ? A Ramblt through the City ? Royal Trugrdirs ? Haw to 1/tok ut Altjundria ? Emrvpean* in the City ? Entry to the i iruglio . Shepherd* Hotel, I believe, is the only decent onr u Cairo? where jou have to pay New York puce for Otegou comfoita. The proprietor boa beca ca teiin# lor the travelling public aoine iirteeu yearn, tut b is idta* of living do not aeem to profit by the ex ;*-iitm e. Tbe hou*>e ia crowded ? Luauy of our In dian piu-tTDgtra who were in the hut carriage have t ? in flmt out, and bud to muke the moat of the Oriental, where tbe.v sleep, anl pay for food? which tbevcotue over and Wke with us. After getting once over tbt- dexcrt they object to bem# starved in a popi.lout city. Lord lMlhoaaie ai.d l.ady Susan Kann-sy got in before us; and aa the Governor liene ral it- the (meat of Haid l'anba while parsing throu,(ii Egjpt. his Excellency engage 1 eight room* for I in at shepherd's, and the atate cariia.'e, with pompuu* eaoort, await* tue order* of the lute bead of the In dian ? mpire. On reference to the register, I find tlie flags o. Uie re*j*ctivt IiohV up the Nile litis *eaaou. Ame rican*, C? rn.ans. Englwh and French hive in*d? up their partiea. aud have note>! d >wu tht.r tours ther to tbe fl?t or aecond cataract. The b ?at'a ilax mk well as the national one, it p tinted in the bm?k o\er the names of tue party, fjr th ? Iteneiit of their (rtend*. I am told bat thore an' iu ?v \tucn cans up the Nile thla acaaon than any other 1. 1 tion. Veaterduy 1 tramped through tue city, on dragoman taking na in o cathedral* au<l mo*|Ut ?, through narrow patlia? for the.e are no 4 ret .a i j tie hart ? into ?hrt> la/aura, wnd d >wn deep kit i tbe ?"Tetrbetine* ol Oriental life. Several time* we |. .HM il funerals and marriages, both of winch are ? lowiiiab - L-ajrhtr.le -absurd ? muaic that bath u > ew? eteee^? weddi ig garment* as unci* i :i a* t.'i r< who wear them ? long prooe^oos ? all me in anl mtabinglcas. fbally. an E yptian marriage Ap pram tin- very ?? bi? of all 'huT*. a <J the funeral ? do better; while tbacircuin<:i*ing tb?* cbildnn seem the most iidi?'ulo .? uf ?U, I haw one l*jy per;h<i upon to Arab liorae, d >nenp ?a tiiw I led r > bes, with < inwn aD>) bell*. foil >wed t.y a tram <?f about ttfty <>f hli circuoi iv-4 nod tircim u>\att !r.eui* aud (a Hilly. No romunoeti would ev? r I *? written in Lgypt aft- r the writer* hud lived a *b?>rt 1 -ne in it* capi ta!. TheOritiit ->01 .n.'s tiMt' uii ? fitly ? it ia a i.t 1 liftooca worn, do: . up in irnat iu?ti?r /rand'-or ? 1? .t one day will an-wer lor f'atm. Km' o of the ni"*qne.? must have c*t million*" moi.ey; that known the < udel. or .be to:ni> of Mebtiet All. in considered tn?- pr ndest in the hflxt: it * fn reality a wonderful ?tr i ture, built of mart le, granite, and free?t oe. a I much of if ornanenUl matble work ha* b<<n rnportad from France. Ilrt ire entering we had to tike ofl our t**>t-, ?nd en? a-e our feet in ?lipr.. r-< n h cordHii " with 1a*trrn etiquette. Tl ? >tixin that stimulated the early Egyptian*, tlioi -and* of JTMT4 to mark the bnnal ;>l?<-e< ol their king* by t- Bibetoree more wonderful th in anything in hi? lory, ha* tieen banded down through ?o many Bene ration* to the ?>n? of the founder o f the present dynaetr a* may iw evinced by the tomb of Mehemet All- ?fwt in the rear of this coatly t.rople you are thown the tomb of tlie Mam? hikes. to whom thin aam?' monafh proved bints. II tin- king ot modern aasa* sin*. The story la an oM one. The king and the N i meluke* were deadly ? m>triie*. each trying to' puish the other. At 1**' an urnn-tict and a treaty we?e eonclnded. Mchemct'e aon wi< about to leave the capital and a splendid bioquet wai given by Uk father' n tlie 1st March, 1*11, ana token o!' (food will to tlie Mamelukes. The flower of their order were prt r< nt. The banquet over they mounted tlieir Ikmiu tlful Worses? the V?t Arab* in the land to take their departure, lavtf pledged th? i r b?r (?^ ?? friendship, but the gates were ckwed, and quietly and mjntetionrly their entertainer* had leh the batiq?et. Tr?*Brbery flashed across their mind, and M t i hey could hardly < i line a rat of nn^ket'ry. tbinr ing ' ?> on< ?aw the (leep laid trap: the Kgyptian chief had t h >i ji? <1 to liecnme an assassin, hi* mni? that, ol the modem Napoleon fur the rrmp H itnt "Had I not l*i n flr*t, Ihey would have Triple red me." What could the Mameluke* do ' ThdrkflnvyiHtf M accovnt: their enemy was behind "tone walls, p air ing d?wn a continual ahower of l>?i|]ets. Ont of some five hundred of the braves* of the brave ? sol diers who won the admiration of Napoleon only ??re ? ? ? ? ? ''-ah m It. ? i. id hia faith fnl bend. lay weltering in a pond or blood. The same slaughter waa going on outside, wherever a Mameluke could 1m found. Some twelve hundred or more were alain, which broke the power of that brave order forever. One on|j was saved of those who attended the banquet. Kmin llev, seeing ileath awaited him in the citadel, plunged off the preel flee a fearful leap. Pn'nam '* death ride down the (hti'ch steps waa wonderf il. b t th? Mamebike's Ifutd taniN flrst ar^nng l. ,ld d*"ds Ills hor-e i wafc k'lled 1i?it the soldier ev apeil w tho'it Injurv. In the af'erti'on I vi?1'< d some of the Fash ?'s ?*? I i ?e?. some of which ?re cha-?1el/ furnished: hut yon most cross the threshold before yoa can admire, lor outwardly they are stiabby enough, like a beautiful iiim ite o the harem clothed in the tattered, fiithy ? armour* of E?rypt. I hhall harry over Alexa* dria, and hasten out of Egypt, f >r i am ?'ck of the nauseating tilth that meets you at e very turn. Slave -i of hereditary cus tom* and ancient prejudices, marrying the moment they arrive at the age of puberty, acknowledging polygamy and possessing Mich unprecedented laot litie* for 'divorce, knowing no such word us inde pendence, liowing and pros'mting t lem^elves under the bwtinado, the women hiding t'leir sore-eyed ug liOMB uuder the same kind of veil as that worn by Rebecca, and the men i-till wearing the garments of many colore, like that which Joseph wore; without the extraordinary industry of the Chinese, the bravery of the Malay; the grace, the beauty ami ingenuity of the native of Hindottan ; void of all manliness or nobility of purpose, wallowing in their sloth and their debasing seusua ity, under trie decimating scourge of the conscription, ground down by relent Ubs, agonizing tyiauny, the Egyptians of todty, unworthy of their ancestral honors, live on, regard less ol their fate as ot their own? without the vital spark ot active labor, of religious freedom or of civil liberty. Plague, pestilence uud famine m.iy con surne them, war and revolution destroy their habi tations, without stimulating them o more energetic or mo<e ambitious measures, standing on a preci p ce, stooping to the bowsiring, death staring them in the (ace, the everlasting AUah kenm (< Axl is great)! of the Arao is all the cousolation he re quires. Today and to-morrow i shall hasten over Alexan dria, tor aiterwaros i am booked tor Jerusalem. Murray appears to oe the Bradatiaw of Egypt, as well as of Europe and Asia Minor Fake Murray with you, and your dragoman, and if you arc indus trious, ai:d not too sentimental, you may do up Alexandria in a day. Pompey a pillar, Cleopatra's liteule ? theieiabuo one remaining ? uftd the catt comt.s; these three are the living liuks that bind one with the dead. Their immensity, their gran deur, their proud antiquity, make them the signal stations between the era of the pyramids and our own time. The two thousand yeais have again

come round? the age that has twice given birth to the mastidonic beaoons that distinguished the two gi eat eras that have lived and died; b <t what is there now to a. ark the thiid? Two thoiuind years hence the children of Egypt will expect s >me tow eling monument to maik the thud gicat epoch of their < ountrr's history. What halt be the me mory that binds the present period with the Pillar am the Needle ? to the Py ranuds and the Sphinx. Shall it not be the railway, the, ttie teio griiph, bringing about the moral aud the physical change that everywhere toilows the iOotstejiaoi'the Anglo-Saxon race? No better fame cau rest upon the Pasha's reign; no fitter mamie cau fall upon the tombstone of the present dynasty tluu the in Uoductiou of the art-* and sciences of civilized mau but 1 tear that Said Pasha has not the ability nor the MV1 e to make the moral change, unless ipuM on by the energy ol the American, the capital 01 England, or the sword of France. Inheritii g ail the tyranny and despotism of his father, without any of hi* military genius; wishing to be thought a great mili tary tactician, but possessing neither brains mr bravery for the science of war; spreading gloom and mi ery , and discontent throu. h every mud cabin in his kingdom ? even carrying the harassing torture of the conscription into the Soudan, where his pos session* are six times the size of Prance , that he may rai>e the army from 8,000 to 40,00U men; speaking English and French, and keeping tho roughly posted iu the political chauges or Europe; jealous of the Consuls who rnle him with a rod of iron; cunningly trying to strengthen his own posi tion by pitting France against the encroaching power of England and America against them botk; professing peace to all mankind and friendship for the Sultan of Stamboul. yet all the while increasing, drilling and equipping a powerful army, Said Pacha continues to battle those about him with an ingenui ty and success worthy of a better reputation than be enjoys, managing always to bury his future Clans in an impenetrable mystery? remembering ow insiruatingly Nicholas (lung Egypt at the he id of Aberdeen, and how disgusted Maliemet Ali wa with the interference of Englunl, France and Rus sia in l-'i7, when those three MM in the buttle ot Navarino stopped the former king irom riding over (ireece ard walking imo Constantinople ? who knows but what the present sovereign may not l ose his empire by foolishly following his lather s fruit less scheme*? Who would have thonght of finding twenty thou cand Europeans- nne-lif'th ui the pop ilation? inini floe old "Macedonian clocked .-haped Alexandria,'' w I. ilt at Caiio, with a population of Sftt^N#, the." are but five thousand foreigners? I am agreeably surprised to hud this ancient school of arts and ?cit n es ? the great entrepot of Ea*t? rn commerce ? fiuodid with (iieciau men hunts before it became hgypManiiced ? *o animated with modern life. Alexandria, w>th its wonderful manuscript library of n million volumes, any <>ne of which. had it been fcuved fr< m the burning pile, or the ruthle-t* deatrue tmn of the plt.noeiiiig Arab*, might have toid u tbe whole bihtory of the pyramids, and saved Ui - tinkTtiirii* <i antiquaries and Havana macli u*ele^ hW ui floundering over heirenglyphics that have lallltd them, and will continue ao to do for cem i rits? no matter how learned ?>iue ol their decipher ings ma> appear? with it* famous Ptolemic mu-eum and it* remarkable structures, nuc ol which is bent with ag* ai.d ill usage, while th? other in still ap parently as Ireah as when erected ? the ikilutc ptav ? thingH of tfce voluptuous Cleopatra ? the wondrmi piece of Htiral granite -how rained no inan can tell ? giving Pi tnpey the credit which belongs to I>io cieiian; VIexanuria, with it* gigantic tomb*, when king* ai d emperors, conquered and conquering. alept their long ale* p. while the storm and t?ra|H**t of war throughout their wide MMs?*eioa>, sweeping like a whirlwind oter the land, met the storm and of the great levant me Hea, that washed the gi c *tot< a of the princely dead. composing an eui.ial requiem amid?t the breakers and the wind*, leaving an e< l.o t ha' shall last the life of history ! ? Afauu dria, withit* inte:c*ting associations. was am ug the ancient cities ?b<M history most impressed im when at school. With the tn'l of the Roman emju c tie r cnuiuuo drooped, a? il.e choked c tuel an tin reduced population, are willing to ittuti One l iam h alter another was lopped off, till < lama s discovery made the Routberu Capo the toll gate of the Indian race course. When the proud relic of th< gieat Alexander, * ho conquered Hucephslu* before he conquered Worlds. and shed tears wbeu tlx ?? were no mote world* to play with? Alexandria, tla seat ol ( hristlauity, the great outlet of Indian and Egyptian tiade. ni only kuo^n for it* smient re nown. Although the caual to Mi ez would short. >u the routt iioin the l?vantto India som" 8,000 mil . * and would bring New York m lei nearer 1 1 China; ai d, n t? itb landing the recent discission of the enterprise in Ens iaad. 1 doubt if the under takir g will ? ver he accomplHied. Tb?- ttcafatiar and the finding would not I* difflca.t, ami ax ID* lied Sin u> some thirty fe^t higher than the Medi tcininenn, ?be surplus waW of the Nile would ic upeft.l in irrigating tf>e I>e-ert. Vet the project wmliltwr cin oe?',| without Wcdn capital, and 'tin not likely that Krgland will furnWi the me&iia to open a bijrhwny for nil nations to her Indian i** pewiona. b? side*. f rom what I n?w of the MTln tiou of the I(4-<1 Hea In atesming through in the Nu bia. I nh'mld think it very dangerou* to milling ves sel*. and a canal i*'lu>'i\ely f.?r stearnera would lw expensive. Another thine : Two year* hence * rail road will le complete*) batweea Cairo and Hue/, and before tlir canal could be tiui-hed Stephen* ri, if be lives, will have the " world'a highway," ax ha term* It, opened fnui Knglaod to India in twelve dav?, a hil< O Sliai gt> nei?y I* negotiating for a telegimphlc. station among the rulM ol Htaaeaa ! Alexandria. with it* harbor where Nelaon ao sea manlike worked hi* fleet in spite of pilot* or of buoy*, before the battle of the Nile, annoonua Bi>t cla*a railway In in operation acn>?* the De?ert, will commence a new era in her history. Commerce will agaio flow into her warehouie*. and *l?e wiil prove herself worthy of her past glory. Alrcaly you me the atlmulant which the Indian' traffic haw given to her trade. Building* are shooting up, ftrwtn are being widened . peal estate ia advancing. Kgyrtian exporta will he brought to the seaport market; the cotton and the indigo which Mofantnal Alt introduced will increane if his egotistical *uc (e-'or does not impre>? all the hiwhandroeu, in hi short sighted p??licy to enlarge hi* army. Import* and i xtHirt* will enliven exchai res. and Alexan drift, like the tabled biid, will riae again Into a flou i i-luug commercial < ity. The hotel* are overflowing with the aatgofor iq| the inc< ming pHswnin ra. Four steamer* arrived yesterday. The IVaMa'a passenger* wj|| hnre to wait *??rie day?, for the Bombay mail ha'* not ar rived at Suez, and the M:?r*eilie'? and the Southamp ton taata can't move their paddle* till the Indian and China pa**enger* all concentrate at Alexandria. I am at the Hotel d'Knrope.QWhen you come thia way I recommend It; tliry will treat yon well. The peninwilar and Oriental and t^e Vk toria are al*o well p*troni*ed; in fact, juat now everything la full. Tb?"c ate no Arm ri< an noaaaa, and no Americana, save lie Ijeon of Catalonia, our Conwil General here, in ?'ario. He i- popular at the Palace, and make* friend* among the European ?ettler*. I wiah all oor foreign representatives were aa well appointed. The conjuration of the (.reek Cathedral today wan a magnificent exhibition. The tieautifnl Palace < htirch wa* crowded the hall, with Greek Chris tiana and m.iny ?trangcr*- -while the (rallerie* were on amented with Grecian ladie*. wh<?e fair form" and grweftil (Inures attracted from tlie foreigners r.n? h more novice than the cumbrous service of nu meration. Trootw of flower girls, choirs of atnging lioya . dorens of gaily garmented prie*t*. a ? hurrh povessiag much architectural beauty- the front of which, near the cm*. IHng covered with pai'iCna* of f hn?t and the Apostle* were among the> hlef j iittrnction^ of the entertainment. Bit whi' was r f meat interest, were several of the spiral columns 1h Ing jointed to ire aa belonging to the nld Alex af dr i ?' n library. In the rqpr of the church, 1 aaw * lit re they had hfi'n excavating. Already many ancient rvlics have been discovered. I saw tw > or three more pillars just breaking into the lii?ht of day after a atop of twt nty centuries, stiJl ad perleot as when they first telt the chisel. The baitle field of Aboukir is too far from the city for n e to nee the stone that marks .he grave of aIh rcromby, but our steamer will, to-morrow, pass wi'hin range of Nelaon'x victory at (he battle af the Nile, where young Casibionca perished iu the flames of ilie Hag snip rather than leave his post before the order of the Admiral, who lay faint in death be low. The city seraglio of the Pasha is as dirty and uninviting outside as the Custo q House at Dublin; but j on 8 -e obliged to take off your shoes before you cuii cress ihe inlaid palace floor. These ptlaces are emblematic of an Egyptian dynasty -they last a monarch'" reign. There is nothing substantial about them The ornaments are ch*$te and costly; the inlr d floor of pearl and ebony and rosewood and ctdar are very beautiful; the polish dazzles yon; the silver framed bed attracts yon; (he marble, so Im auii fully veined and variegated, both pleases \ou; the oriental appearance of all, however, gives it the chief attraction. In accordance with Egyp tian custom Raid Posl'a will take an extra cup of rrif ee tome fine morning, and Egypt will have an other sovereign. Mehemet Ali, however, who rose trom farmer to men-bant. from merchant to soldier, from soldier to general, and from general to kiug, born the same year tha' g ive birth to his illustrious com i eers, Wellington and Napoleon, like the former lived to a ripe old age. Ilis eldest son, Ibrahim Pasha, did not survive him, and \bas Pasha, who n ade bimseli notorious by keeping a harem of b >ys, was asf-asHinated by two of them, who had become eulons of his favors. Rut Said Pasha still lives, bat his people hate him more than ever; for his love fo rt lauding artny makes his name a demon in every family injured by his press gangs. Albxan?bia, Apri' 6, 1?50. Said Pasha's Improvement* -Railway Progress in Egypt ? Donkey Buys at the Pyramids? A Look at the Great Wwuters. Srid Pasha deserved much credit for boilding so good a railway, and for introducing carriages more comfortable than you ?cnerall> and; but his transit I arrangements are disgraceful. There seems to be do head nor tail to anything. At Cairo, in the aMe hands of the Superintendent, Mr. lielt.s, an English man, the baggage of the overland is received and despatched with more e >m; bat even there my trunk till went wrong, althoigh the laLJs wero distinctly punted. Each camel across the desert brings about six or seven trunk*, and with a cara van of three or lour hundred camels, there needs must be more or less confusion. The baggage train came through yesterday, and I am glad enough to find Try packages, which should have beeu at Cairo. We make but one change between the two cities, and that is where we cross the Nile in an Englifah steamer, which cune very near sink ing by overloading her. The changing of the freight into the boat, and from the boat into the cars on the opposite side, would make a hermit groan with laughter. Every movement shoves the cart before the horse. Four or live strapping fall grown Arar?s are to be teen urging and whipping 011 a dozen little ragged boys, who tag away at the cotton bales with all their strength, tne me a taking no share of the labor. While this farce was being euacted, the head Shiek came oat, and one of the largest of the men was seized by the other four and thrown down on his face, while the Sheik gave him a tremendous beating with his caw across his back. When the man got up he assisted in bastinadoing the rest of his compa nions, who had just been whipping him. After wards they all went lazily to work till the old man got out of sight, when they went to boating the b jys as before. I never saw a more dirty, shittless set of able bodied men. We were detained nearly two hours to allow Said Pasha to get away in his des patch carriage. Banners were flying, guns roar ilk and regiments marching ull the while, to the maitial airs of Arab musiciau*. During thin gay pngennt there were about one hundred and th ii ty of our Indian party shivering on the bunks of the Nile, consigning in our misery the Pasha and his satellites to uuy place but Alex andiia. We count distance in this country by hours; lefore the railway, with cauiel or donKey, it was three miles to the hoar. Now, if yon ask how far it is to Cairo, you aie told eight hours. The rail in laid down through the alluvial soil that larders <>d the Delta, and the road required but little grading. The whole entei price is tins private pro perty of the I 'tuba. in fact, ever si n< e that start ling edict of Mehcmet All, that all Kgytian property belonged to the government? trgo, bimseli ? every eute#fl%<c. every uudei taking, every improvement in the kingdom belong* exclusively to the reigniug dynasty. The stri.nge doctrine of toe peasant Prince arou.ed even the sleepy nature of the truta, but only to Icel more severely the grinding heel of the d< |x ta. The camels and the <tonkeya on our route have become accustomed to ilie iooomottve; but occasionally th'^e from far inland sheer off at a tearing ] are ><\cr ditcbe- and through grain fields, much to the dugout of their driver, who has lost all control over his frightened brates. Af ?r our de parture from the chief Oriental city, oar ride was di\ entitled with Oriental fruit tn.<"i and Oriental grain plantation* und cotton olants, growing luxu riantly ui the bla< k loamy soil. 1 he s|>arrows were as thick as locusts, and the road was titled with caravun* of country Arabs, going from and to the fair, which took place once a year. This seatoa there were about SOOjQQO piesent- We passed the grci.i tis, coured with tents aud camel* aud horses, where the Cairo dancing girl.- delight the youths of the country by the disgusting exposure of their forms, imd "the revolting inoretnenta of the Almch, w In M tlie I m] ?ii i ii tiiul ? i niai ket tor his horse, the Arab bargoina with the Levantine merchant for his grain, tl^* plimtcr liaiters his cotton ami bisindigi with the Greek, who so well understauJs the tricks oftiadc for when Gretk meets Greek, the Arab tben get? Hp <exed ? white, in spite oi firmans from Htamboiil, the Turk km* ks down to the highest bid der hut pretty women mid his uglf men; where honesty is btmght aud sold, for honor ami integrity an ?tiHiige sounding words in Kgypt. As von get further Into the country, the villages and cities be come mere and more like the mud dwelliaga of aboriginal races. The wretchedness of Cairo nt^ be liixnnou Icrtidc the souallid filth of the coautrv town. The ratth tr?p itulMiti of the cftjr ar? Caiacfmompared to the beaver hut* outride. pta-* tred over with cow dang, which they dry and u-h- for frel, like tie Argol* of the Nomadic tribe* of North, crn < liina. K.ive a view of 1'ompey'a pillar, there Ik t imposing in the inland approaches to Alexandria. At one place we saw about a thousand wretched obje? t? mending * break In the embank mi nt but they had no shovel . no spade. no Imrr.jw, do implements wbaU vcr. Half naked thev stood to lcng rows along the ditch. pacing a handtid of inud cne to the other, like bricks out of the hold of a chip lhe right waa pitiful. Degrading Tie t?ho?hrey Garden* are the moxt attractive, cohering a laige space of ground, and beautified ay all kind* of Oriental flowera, trees and plants, which are amngtd with more than u?ual regard to ?}tnm< try; fountains ami grotto* >?re interspersed througbis.t the extensive paths and winding walk* through orange grovee and tig tree*, the lemon, the apricot, the date and the pomegranite; a beaut i tul green tolinge shades the bea -h stone, and a delicious perfume delights one with the arti ficial nnture. in mo*t agrcenhle contrast to the per fuse that ai b-es from the laues and alleys ol the eity. 7 be palate grounds are more extensive than the palace; the l>u tiding is but one ftory, of square proportions, snrrotinding a lake, with fountain* in the centra. There are but fmir rooms, one in each corner? a billiard room, a dining room, a l*>dro >m, and a driving room. Thin is the favorite painoe of the Pasha, where be comes to sport with the fair inmate* of the harem* Then no viMter or ruitive, save th? huge uiarse form ol the tnutilat??i Nubian, is permitted to enter the sacred Mdneto; then the garde n gate, are cloaed to all but wires, atd Hrc??-?-isn ai d OMlgiaa concubines, 'he vo ltiptnous I'saha, the Impotent, is-astly eunif.h. who can only live to curse the demon who depiitcd him of his nature) I resene for the last the Unit of Kgyptian won ders?the Pyramid*. Hesicged by doukey hoy* .whose infernal mr??-ri r-t ill haunt* my sleep, our party at Isst were mounted, and, crossing the Nile, we scam pered through the mud walled \illageol Ohizcli to the colosml pillnr ot ages, dirk with mystery, (if course I went to the top of the monster tomb. Of conrse I dived down into the cavern chambers in its l?*e. and groped through its dismal passages. Of conrse I made the uwnal commonplace observations of astonishment, working mjsell up to the necessary pit< h of the enthusiastic traveller. Of course the Atab guides who hand you up the mountain of r?ck demanded " backsheesh" before their task was done, and you refuse, at the risk of meeting with violence. Of course you select the choicest lan guage in describing vour sensations to your com panions, while gazing from the diwy height nron the barren object iem d*oert, the fertile valley of the T" !fa, the sister pyramids of Ohlxeh and Bflkara. the minarets, the mosques of old Cairo, the flr?t among Arabinn cities, and yon express sur pri'e to find Jennv Kind's name cut among the thrtt*snds scratchtd upon the sandstone, and think >( u weald Itke to have henttl the Nightingale sing so Mfh in air among the cloud". It is difficult to C nci ire that these lermt'inn t?n>t stores were erected so ? any iMnlhil year* itfoie Solomon luipovcti <h? d UidmII in building I the Temple. " The generations of forty cei Mild Napoleon to his army, "are looking do* the battlefield as the Marmchiko cavalry tbe desert ; 'him, in his soul stirring proefa HtiiiiulatidkC bis tadruod soldiers to be led o I to ry, Tht great pyramid wan complete I years before our present era, and lias lived | the interesting bistori -al changes of Egypt. I i ly four thousand years it hos watched the t , up of dynasties, age after ape. nutfiving tl of its k<ngs? tbe burial of Piiilip, of A1 and of Cleopatra? the invasion of the I torn under Cajsar, of tbe Turkish host under St lim, in 1617, and of the French in 1793, wl \earsattei were expelled by the English? < the peasant prince who founded, in 1800, tent dynasty ? astonishing all who have b siuce its erection, aud will yet stand to anto tiocB yet uuborn. The oase of the pyratni some twelve acres of land, and it is e.itima it consumed 85, 000,000 cubic feet of stone; can estimate tbe lavish waste of lite cause* vanity of man, in crecting so preposteroa costing years of labor aud thousands of men o giatlt'y the egotism of a prince, who- v ame menus might hat e made portions of th blossom as the ros<- ? The American Consular agent at Cairo is who speaks most, of the languages of th cent. These pub-O-nsuls receive their appoi rem the Consul ti< neral at Alexandria. To-morrow 1 shall see something of rail) eling in Egypt. Jaffa, Syria, April 12, Sensations after a Journey to Jerusalem? C in Sytia ? 1 he City of Jaffa ? Pcopl* M< IVay The American Universality ? Rej the Hu/y Tombs ? Mount of Olivet and the ? The Arab ? and the Missionaries ? An ment and Incidents. 1 have been to Jerusalem, and bave i again, delighted and disgasted; delight? levelling in the hallowed associations of ages ? dirgusted at the utter desolation of My ride was teuious, my lunch bad, aiy boi footed and sore backed. There is no such thing as comfort in Sy yet, &o long as time lasts, pilgrims will be in> by a visit to tbe II >ly Laud, la fort.v bo steamer, the Tanned, reached this tncici near where Zebedee flourished anong the Ik and Panl lodged with Simon among tbe t wbere Egyptian commerce was cr idled, wb crossbow, the javelin and tbe arquebus were tbe Crusaders, and where Napoleon's enem matt-rial for their abuse. I was ou the b<Jncn wh said Le coolly shot dowu th * prisoners who si-rr on condition of their lives being spared ? shot t cause be bud no food, aud m prisoners they mus and I also visited the Armenian convent, wuere serted that he poisoned his wounded Botdicrs, to them from falling into tbe enemy's lianik. Tbi serious charge may be true, but irieudly and writers diner. The fertility that winds itself afeeu land Ride of Tada by no means prepares ooe for t renness about Jerusalem. Alter leaving the p4t( half orange-shaped site of the quaint old tow walking j our hornet! Uirougu the sofi, loamy fctl ou either side by the cactus or prickly pear, to ti able fence? alter the odor of the orange sin! th trees is left on tbe shore, ind the luxuriant proves den Irom tbe view ? after pallopplng over .be pi fore you get to Ramleh, fertile with tba wealthy of Indian corn, of millet aud ol Syrian barley? al bave rode through ti e valley of Sharon, admit butterfly beauty of the wild poppy, occasionally with what, 1 suppose, was tbe u lily of tbe valle looking in vain to lind the " rose of Hharon'' ther you have wandered about tbe old stone towers ( leh, wiUi ita Armenian convent, now shut toad bi Ilea. and partaken ol the cheese paring accosan ol the In Consular Uoiol. at Astor House price* lieas tatten and vermin gloat upon your carcas you bave mounted up tbe ancient tow?r, wb liobinsou becune so enchanted with Syrian aati retraced your ?teps to resume your joarnoy, rkui through fertile hills and valley, where grain ue olive plantation* and cactus fauces form live c traction? ufttr these ar- pa^t and t^e,rg'a.'1^ P vour journey is completed, prepare your?elt u> b Shocked at nature void of reUnemeat, at *e<?n?;r; nuWUand dreary leaturea turtle you ??o. The pliH.-unt latrrn or /.he mort^^ towar in* verge id to one, m<l It U now that you beg ilnd wbU IUU niaK.) a tour to Jerusalem. iUIig ol the ol China aud lock of Aden. I W3i 'l?' ar.azea at the Strang* ?|?|>e?-ance or thfl iouj^ n all) 1 mv?r before saw a mountain d"??r* ** ,, ir loot i alb, lor it w--> nothing more, for < arnjig ik i i ? -tbrou; utho e rav:ne^, no more thwi ftaU i-u, bigger#? for mbe* our way waa over i , L L ?, down rugg-d heijjUti, d? rn. n tnujh more t . beast. aa.i -p tbo u?*nU? I, tain on.* to nnd it worse beyond; naught m* j e hut roeka? rojki n <*" I'1*1" t.uu. and ro-'k. tu -crveMng-an 1?'n'1^ our vision tired it-ell to Hl.-cp atgaa g rM UowerletM moi uuin l*Uh But you iW with renew, d vigor when you at tl,< nttir imn'h <-f Olive tr en, utile l>i an< liw Ar.-.ha and T rk-. and tnc < tiri-tiaikh Iium le-ted lor r*tre?hinent for year# ' y? S. n.e ol the tree are ,?X. .an I. ... A rhii ken and M'tnu but iey bread our dr tgoi.?o, ? n ik if wrote**, Whl-.h I mail prooably " ?*-.r?f.d,V^ ..ways in reading. wh*b i I run orange ( a?u the co'd water wh,:b tU.Ai art n bring you txpectlng biujahu**, K>-1> J ""'Jur hail^wajr Ul.on wa? alive w;th Arabl lui kirb i ai avan ? ax. emainpm?l ot e",'x"u*' . tli.v |h rfoi.f ? at om families bound en :'r?mny to the Holy ? ?) ? I'ltrihuliug the re? !,ur lunch the I^or .title famr^? cbjdr. ?h.w.d tne.r l y haurtinj^l-r^Jj tontu. i?d our journ. y, b?l tho a The 1 nth beran.e more and more Irregular, wo region" n.ore i.nd m-re loM.lab-, tho wl?'O Coj afw r hour we ride through the alrnoat unpeueW able "????&. Abrahar, ?eru.tomjd to .ucU Idenee ?, b? 'anrt'thef'e are I-"- Hons Ot m." th. toitt.rih. Jumping ?i the lu\hl.VT.c'tlol^ ?? n.oi nu.ii ? n.o.e, terraced wiA rot^?Ufl p-k only one more, an I Jerusalem .be c e lUaT J, I,' buret* out I'.n, the mounUina ? n. .rU but a !? * Male '?>ul urrt v.ew a. ?ubUl...- and your 1 . ot hue It fc^am A Utile n?"re than a day * r ib? I "vai.t, % httle le*, a day 'a rvdelrom the . tl * annenl .-ale it. ol the Met. the Jebua of Uie t anaan the J. r-. v. u. of the Uraelttoa "le.juh iii i,er ihe ktrlphug who ?o .l?*teroualy u->ert U M ilt/Z M the rhiltaUnee At abro^ .1. . . . n -1 r WAV tl!*' hr??l WAH DCliDlM Cti WilWt Jin mark" the 'meeting of I?arld and , ij i it! r < u ol the Nix. n mother Jeruxateiu * aJ"' rotuiu'tic ev i u In ? ,r.y day it ?? ' ... .t ... . rv ra< ?? l?-.ivld ronnuered iV ? the Ch -i, l'u. jnl It tha itTrl rebuilt it. About 'ii.'san* Jh^ cXfuelua aw .ter.olypu.g hU rrruark^brt m, '4k iii on the ("hine-e mind, hiug l,er ^ ing hta Hi lUtary eh. Ht in hai i uuai lei * Of aont.rjr b' lore ihe ? 're, th I coTqueror, Tit.- l e gk,rlou,S,lo?oo 1 led hetora hi* vtPVTious army , j quept* Of whirlwind, ot earthquake ^ U.e J | ? ,,ta..tlne a.,1 ol J. liaa-rapJo loUo^ J nMinimtnl mlntory. wher, I k.i.e*, Thri'tlai." aud lntl^eli., lurw* a u. < ' -t- ail ah- ne tr.i.mphantly in U??t/ tiiro?t irey ?f ih'l'li<?. m th" '?"l >' ir of ^ el''u* viu ' ,smjn tl>c banner ol tbo croaa. Aitn -ugb Bffij since I pored over tliei n^rkllng l*tf ration wherein Tor.|uato u^uv? 1?>* go< ; ,D,| 111* v clnry ? 1 imMtUK- WI.1 Ir 0,e fate of Salomon, cotitemplall.m qui^kanj Xn.^l awe 'Ith which 1 g-re u.K.n U>? UnM our I'.il le our religion and our ^v ,''"r - ; ? ere full Of brave memorlea A cenViry alter th. Oriental Sultan, tn.ah. athe.1 hla ? *rranJ ** Hag on. e again wbk unfurled from that*^?1 ,u? e that -lay, it? |. by tU p, we ?e? the w kinfJ lation. latm prime#, hgyptian emperor# aod IZnun have n?^.e,i a..i bave re?ued ha and (lied within the walla of .leru-ah-m Th Tohh. .way m Hyri .?- on 'very . de veilad w?h 1,?k.?h ...Idler., The th? "jrirrr n,? JlT^iJ miwt ..grcabieby #*ym? llttl* iha l ma .|) p , D| iinn At h met lorded It ? I"*. ?s5 writtta on Ky'ia have been iPJ*t ln.1.1 H od man, t'eorge ^ - ^0 th. Mnr tl ill 1W: the frenchman. Cnateiwibrlan "?^r Vlaoderlng Bona, -trie, travelled In Syria 1 1 ?iiiiriii.r twenty Vl* year# later, wl.ofe boa v'i#Tonly? b.Hk If iMtenis for fWtJalort in .if *x\ l? later UiurtM*, <?ur own couulr>r? n, . t m 6 and Kobtitfon, in 1M1, tnd num^n* tiot* up lo the present day, but from what I rat from the Oriental*, the accomplished Mhvlar am ? uiahe 1 divine ot New York bear* away the f ne written the be* work oil the; tl?e Syrian t.mriM carefully P"uae It. ?ud t eel well prepared to vi# it .lernanlem. H?im uriier- many ol havo marked oak infl.ltla, < hrifUan?, all ha^ > daT? every year ?omething n"W tur??* up l?l are changed, writers tli".r and re?eert ofien terminate In confi.sion t "iwmg <*ir g<| were hurried through Ihe city ami miborbe Union*#, 'he Holy Sepulchre on Mount Oal^y. g ot w.iry. ol Uaarwi, of lwvltl, ^ A '"^? ol ,r 1 Mr, n the Valley of Jel.c ph it Ihe t-m' > <* ? -r.??rr,s 1 a..* r?'. ? *